In order to protect its interest, the ICAF study says, the nation should develop a cogent energy policy that should: * Focus the nation on creating and encouraging energy efficiencies. * Diversify the U.S. energy portfolio to ensure security of supply and price stability. * Promote sustained, increased development of nuclear power, along with long-term waste disposal procedures and facilities. * Create incentives aimed at transformative research, developing new, renewable environmentally-friendly energy sources. * Accelerate available technologies for controlling greenhouse gas emissions that come from fossil fuels. * Upgrade the U.S. transmission and distribution infrastructure to meet future demand. The industry is nearly dormant in the United States, and the nuclear power generation infrastructure is aging, with most of its nuclear power plants nearing the end of their expected life.