The expedition is under the patronage of Bulgarian Federation of Speleology, Balkan Speleological Union , European Federation of Speleology Speleo Clubs”Streshero” and “Veslets”-Vratca , Municipality of Vratsa and Natural Park “Vratchanski Balkan” have the pleasure to invite the cavers and speleologists from the Balkan countries to take part in the Balkan Speleological Expedition “ Vratsa- Mizhishnica’2010” Dates of implementation: from 01 May to 08 May 2010 Place: Vratsa Mountain – Vraanski Balkan Natral Park - region "Mizhinitsa" Departure – 2 o’clock p.m 1 May 2010 Venue: The Visitors Centre of Vraanski Balkan Natral Park – Vratsa Town Necessary equipment : Camping gear, individual caving equipment for caves and potholes. Accommodation: Camping equipment (tents, sleeping bags etc.) Tasks of the expedition: Discovering and exploring new caves, surveying on recent detailed maps of the already known caves and establish links between them, a study of groundwater, promoting natural, cultural and historical realities of Vratsa Vratsa region and mountains, creating conditions for establishing friendly relations and cooperation between speleologists from the Balkan countries. Expected outcomes: to be discovered and explored new and interesting caves, to establish a new modern documentation of some famous sites in the area of the mountain, fix the exact locations of the cave sites in conjunction with their conservation and rational use of Vraanski Balkan Natural Park. Participants: Rrepresentatives of 2 cavers from each Balkan country! Preliminary program: 01.05.2010 - Arrival of participants in the expedition. 03.05.2010 - 06.05.2010 – Field work 06.05.2010 – Cultural program – Closing 08.05.2010 - Departure of participants How to reach Vratsha ? When you come to Bulgaria, you should take a bus or train to the city of Vratsa, North Bulgaria. The best way to reach Vratsha is your own vehicle! Some important road information: Distance from place to place: Sofia – Vratsha – 116 km , Plovdiv – Sofia – 149 km.; Svilengrad-Plovdiv – 141 km; Vratsa region Within this region, most of the mountain Vrachnska Planina is situated – a band oriented NE-SW. It rises sharply above the plain of Vratsa and the hilly area of Mezdra – bordering it on the northeast. The slopes are abrupt, rocky, about 600 - 700 m high. The valley of Leva River subdivides it into two parts: Bazovska (southeastern) and Stresherska (northwestern), with the highest summits respectively Buk (1394 m) and Streshero (1212 m). The valley of Leva River has formed the picturesque gorge Vratsata between Zgorigrad and Vratsa. In general, plateau-like relief is typical here with peneplenized surface, mainly between 1000 and 1200 m a.s.l. The peneplenized area features a typical karst relief with residual tumuli, separated by poljes, blind dolines and blind valleys. Other surface forms are developed as well - funnels, karren, karren fields. Vrachanski Balkan Nature Park has a territory of 28,844 hectares, most of which is covered with karst limestones, 1,300 meters thick. Unique in their beauty caves and chasms can be seen in the park. Their total number is above 500. On the territory of the park about 950 species of high plants have been registered, of which more than 80 are rare species. From a scientific and preservation point of view the most interesting species are the groups living in the caves (vertebrates and bats) and the day birds of prey. There are 214 registered species of vertebrates in the park. Within the limits of the park lies the reserve Vrachanski karst. It covers an area of 1453.1 hectares, situated along the northern stone cliff slopes of Vrachanska Mountain. The territory of the reserve is inhabited by the rare and endangered species of Egyptian vulture, peregrine falcon, short-toed eagle, long-legged buzzard, 8 species of bats etc. The Natural park “Vratchanski Balkan” occupies the biggest area of the Vrachanska mountain and the massive of the Lakatnishkite skali. For the forming of karstic features here, especially important is the thick Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous limestone. Underneath, there are rocks of Middle and Lower Jurassic (aleurolyths and aleuryths), missing in some places. A Trias carbonate complex (karstified limestone and dolomite) follows. In their base, they transit into Lower Trias sandstone and aleurolyths. As a whole, in the area there are more than 250 caves and potholes were known More numerous, although smaller are the caves in the eastern part. However, in the western part most of the bigger cave potholes are situated. So far, in Vratsa There are seven cave potholes and proper potholes over 100 m deep (some of them also of considerable length). The impassion form the Vratsa Region you can obtain in: http://vrbalkan.bulgariapictures.net/ Applications Please inform us about your interest to take part in the Expedition by making application. You can do this by using free text, but you should include your full name and contact address. The cavers from the countries outside the European Union should add to their application the number and date of issue of their international passport. This is necessary for preparing of an official invitation, which will make easier the visa procedures for Bulgaria! The deadline for application is 15 April 2010! You can make application on e-mails: firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com Please let us know if nobody if your country do not intent to participate befor 10 April 2010 so to make possible the participation of more cavers from other countries! Do not hesitate to contact us for more information! WELCOME TO BULGARIA AND BULGARIAN CAVES ! BALKAN SPELEOLOGICAL EXPEDITION “Vratsa – Mizhishnica’ 2010 REGISTRATION FORM Family Name First Name Speleo Club, Union or Federation Country Email address Phone number Date of arrival Date of departure Transportation underline the necessary car , bus ,train, plane Please fullfill and e-mail befor 15 April 2010 Please let us know if nobody if your country do not intent to participate befor 10 April 2010 So to make possible the participation of more cavers from other countries!
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