DEVELOPMENT OF ANTHROPOMETRY DATABASE FOR MALAYSIAN UNIVERSITY

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					DEVELOPMENT OF ANTHROPOMETRY DATABASE FOR MALAYSIAN UNIVERSITY STUDENT

by

SARAVANAN A/L PERIANAN

Report submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Manufacturing Engineering

APRIL 2008
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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I would like to take this opportunity to express my sincere appreciation to everyone who were involved in my final year project, either directly or indirectly, and have aided me through the difficult and crucial times. Though I had a tough time, with the help of caring, understanding and helpful people, I have managed to finish this report. This final year project has truly been an educational and significant experience for me. First of all, I wish to express my sincere gratitude to my supervisor, Mr. Lee Chang Chuan of School of Manufacturing Engineering, UniMAP for his inestimable assistance and guidance to complete my final year project. My thanks also go to all my fellow friends for their patience, cooperation and assistance provided in completing my final year project. They have put a lot of effort and sacrificed their time in guiding me. Their ideas, suggestions, advice and guidance have really helped me to improve and realize the objective of this final year project and my career in future. Also not forgotten are my family members who have always been there for through my ups and downs in completing this project. Last but not least, I hope that this report could give further information about anthropometry which can be highly recommended to our designers as its application is relatively new in Malaysia and could also be used in the near future and be improved from time to time according to its user’s requirements.

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APPROVAL AND DECLARATION SHEET

This project report titled Development of Anthropometry Database For Malaysian University Student was prepared and submitted by Saravanan a/l Perianan (Matric Number: 041050571) and has been found satisfactory in terms of scope, quality and presentation as partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Bachelor of Engineering (Manufacturing Engineering ) in Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UNIMAP).

Checked and Approved by

_______________________ (Mr Lee Chang Chuan) Project Supervisor

School of Manufacturing Engineering Universiti Malaysia Perlis

May 2008

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PEMBANGUNAN PANGKALAN DATA ANTROPOMETRI UNTUK PELAJAR UNIVERSITI RAKYAT MALAYSIA

ABSTRAK

Antropometri ditakrifkan sebagai satu ukuran badan dan kelakuan biomekanikal manusia. Sistem pangkalan data ditakrifkan sebagai satu koleksi rekod-rekod yang terancang. Tujuan projek ini adalah untuk membangunkan satu sistem pangkalan data untuk pereka. Sistem pangkalan data ini dihasilkan dengan menggunakan Microsoft Access sebagai tempat simpanan data dan Visual Basic pula digunakan untuk menghasilkan keputusan. Satu sistem pangkalan data yang sesuai dengan Pelajar Universiti yang berumur dari 18 sehingga 25 tahun telah dibangunkan. Seramai, 50 orang lelaki dan 50 orang wanita dipilih secara rawak untuk mengumpulkan data-data yang bekenaaan seperti persentil ke-5 dan ke-95, min dalam perkataan lain adalah persentil ke-50 dan Sisihan Piawai. Sebanyak 26 dimensi diukur dan direkodkan daripada setiap individu. Pangkalan sistem data ini amat mudah digunakan oleh sesiapa sahaja.

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ABSTRACT

Anthropometry defined as a measurement of the human body and its biomechanical characteristic. Database defined as an organized collection of related records. The purpose of this project is to develop a Database System for designer. A database system has been created using Microsoft Access as data storing and Visual Basic as the output. This study aimed at providing a proper database system on University Student ranged from 18 till 25 years old. The subjects, 50 male and 50 female we randomly selected to group according to their stature in 5th and 95th percentile, mean in other word is 50th percentile and Standard Deviation Value. A set of 26 dimensions was measured and recorded on each individual. It is also frequently assumed that anthropometric dimensions are normally distributed. The result shows that this system is being very easy to handle by anyone.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page ACKNOWLEDGMENT APPROVAL AND DECLARATION SHEET ABSTRAK ABSTRACT TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES LIST OF SYMBOLS, ABBREVIATIONS OR NOMENCLATURE i ii iii iv v-vii viii ix-x xi

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 What is Anthropometry? 1.1.1 History 1.1.2 Anthropometry Application 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Problem Statement 1.2.1 Concept of Anthropometric Database Significance of the Research Objective Scope/ Limitation Project Outcomes Organization of Thesis Gantt Chart 1 2 3 4 4-5 5 5 6 6 6 7

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CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 Introduction 2.1.1 2.1.2 2.2 2.2.1 2.2.2 2.3 Definition of Anthropometry Definition of Database Design for Extreme Individuals Designing for Adjustable Range 8 8-9 9 9-10 10 10 10-11 11 12 12 12 12 13 14

Principles in the Applications of Anthropometry Data

2.2.3 Designing for Average Anthropometric Review 2.3.1 Variability 2.3.1.1 Variability in Measurement 2.3.1.2 Intra-individual Variability 2.3.1.3 Inter-individual Variability 2.3.1.4 Secular Variation 2.3.2 2.3.3 2.3.4 2.4 2.5 Anatomical Planes and Orientations

Anatomical and Anthropometric Landmarks-Anterior Perspective 15 Anatomical and Anthropometric Landmarks–Sagittal Perspective 16 17 17-18 18 18-19 19

Changes in Anthropometry Use of Anthropometrical Data 2.5.1 2.5.2 2.5.3 Structural Anthropometric Data Functional Anthropometric Data Newtonian Anthropometric Data

CHAPTER 3 METHODOLOGY 3.1 Introduction 3.1.1 Phase 1: Planning of the Project 3.1.2 Phase 2: Design the Project Phase 20 20-22 22

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3.1.3 3.1.4 3.1.5 3.2 3.3 3.4

Phase 3: Conducting the Project Phase Phase 4: Analyzing the Data Phase 5: Preparing Final Report & Presentation

23 23 23 24 25 25-27 27-29 29-35 35-36 37-38 38-39

Data Collection Method Stature Percentile Selection Selection and Measurement of Body Dimensions 3.4.1 3.4.2 3.4.4 Equipment Used Microsoft Office Access Microsoft Office Excel

3.4.3 Visual Basic 3.4.5 SPC IV Excel

CHAPTER 4 RESULT AND DISCUSSION 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Introduction Anthropometry Database Results Factor Analysis, Reliability and Accuracy of Anthropometry Data Findings of Study 40-42 42-46 47-51 51 52-53

CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSIONS & RECOMMENDATION 5.1 5.2 5.3 Summary Recommendation for future project Commercialization Potential 54 55 55

REFERENCE

56-57

APPENDICES APPENDIX A vii

APPENDIX B

LIST OF TABLES

Table No. 2.1 2.2 3.1 3.2 4.1 4.2

Common Structural Anthropometrical Measurement Typical Functional Anthropometry Measurement List of Dimensional Measurement Calculation Using Microsoft Excel Data Collection Form Percentiles, Mean, Standard Deviation For Anthropometric Dimensions of Female University Student (n=50), values in milimeters (mm) Percentiles, Mean, Standard Deviation For Anthropometric Dimensions of Male University Student (n=50), values in milimeters (mm) Percentiles, Mean, Standard Deviation For Anthropometric Dimensions of Male University Student (n=12), values in milimeters (mm) aged 22. Annoted List of Body Dimensions and Their Applications

Page 18 19 29 37-38 41-42 48

4.3

49

4.4

51

4.3

52-53

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LIST OF FIGURES

Figures No. 1.1 1.2 2.1 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13

Gantt Chart Semester 1 (2007/2008) Gantt Chart Semester 2 (2007/2008) Anatomical Planes and Orientations [11] Anatomical and Anthropometric Landmarks– Anterior Perspective [11] Anatomical and Anthropometric Landmarks– Sagittal Perspective [11] Flows for Anthropometry Database Process Development Measurement Dimensions (Standing Position) Measurement Dimensions (Sitting Position) Measuring Tape (3.5 meter) Ruler (30cm) Chair MOA New Button MOA Blank Database MOA Click on New icon MOA Select Design View MOA Blank Table appears MOA Selection Process MOA 3 Field Name Inserted

Page 7 7 14 15 16 21 26 26 28 28 29 29 30 31 31 32 32 33 ix

3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4

MOA 26 Dimensions Inserted MOA New Table being created for Data Storage MOA Complete Data Storage of 100 subjects Normal Distribution Graph Obtained form SPC IV EXCEL Main Body of the Database Selected Data as an Example Results Obtained from Example Selection on Males Age 22

33 34 35 39 44 45 46 50

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LIST OF SYMBOLS, ABBREVIATIONS OR NOMENCLATURE

MOA VB MOE SPC s/σ 5th %tile 95th %tile Eqn

Microsoft Office Access Visual Basic Microsoft Office Excel Statistical Process Control Standard Deviation 5th Percentile 95th Percentile Equation

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