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COUNTRY PROFILE ethiopia 2

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COUNTRY PROFILE ethiopia 2 Powered By Docstoc
					COUNTRY PROFILE

            ETHIOPIA
                            Demographics

                       Area:1,127,127 sq km

                 Population:78,254,090

                 Languages:Amarigna 32.7%, Oromigna 31.6%, Tigrigna 6.1%,
                           Somaligna 6%, Guaragigna 3.5%, Sidamigna 3.5%,
                           Hadiyigna 1.7%, other 14.8%, English (major
                           foreign language taught in schools)
                    Literacy:total population: 42.7%

                     Capital:Addis Ababa

Population below poverty line:38.7% (FY05/06 est.)
            Economy

GDP (official exchange rate): $19.43 billion (2\0 0 7 est.)
     GDP - real growth rate:11.4% (2007 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:agriculture: 47%
                            industry: 13.2%
                            services: 39.8% (2007 est.)

   Exports:$1.216 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
   Imports:$4.783 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
    Currency (code):birr (ETB)

      Exchange rates:birr per US dollar - 8.96 (2007), 8.69
                     (2006), 8.68 (2005), 8.6356 (2004),
                     8.5997 (2003)

          Fiscal year:8 July - 7 July

Internet country code:.et
        Internet hosts:89 (2007)
        Internet users:164,000 (2005)
It is the fastest growing non-oil dependent African nation in 2007




     Ethiopia is one of the oldest countries in the world and Africa's
     second-most populous nation




                 Official languages               Amharic
           Economy trends
REAL GDP TREND
GDP BY SECTOR
SIZE OF ECONOMY
                  REGIONS
Divided into 9 ethnically-based
administrative regions

               •Afar
               •Amhara
               •Benishangul-Gumuz
               •Gambela
               •Oromia
               •Somali
               •Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region
               •Tigray
     CITIES

       Name          Adm.   POPULATION
1      Adis Abeba    AA     2,973,000
2      Dire Dawa     DD     281,800
3      Nazret        OR     228,600
4      Gonder        AM     194,800
5      Mekele        TI     169,200
6      Dese          AM     169,100
7      Bahir Dar     AM     167,300
8      Jima          OR     159,000
9      Debre Zeyit   OR     131,200
10     Awasa         SN     125,300
11     Harer         HA     122,000
                       EDUCATION

oEthiopia is undergoing a major transition in its educational system

o Higher education in Ethiopia has been financed mainly by the government.

o Tertiary enrollment is about 1 percent.

o Only about 10-15 % of those who complete high school education are admitted
to higher education each year.

 o At present there are 6 universities and 20 colleges including 10 private
 colleges accredited by the MOE.
                       A number of public and private universities and colleges
                       exist in Ethiopia
The four officially recognized PRIVATE colleges are:
•Unity College in Addis Ababa,
•Alfa College of Distance Education,
•People to People College in Harar,
•Awassa Adventist College.


The ministry of education has devised a strategy to improve the level of English
language in Ethiopia

Information technology is introduced in the secondary level to boost
the technical skills of the work force in the country

Distance education is encouraged in the country
                ICT TRENDS

            Personal computers per 1000 people


10
 8                                          Personal
 6                                          computers per
                                            1000 people
 4
 2
 0
     Ethiopia   Kenya   Sudan Tanzania
                        Internet users (thousands)


100
 80
 60                                                  Internet users
 40                                                  (thousands)
 20
  0


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                    Tele-Density


    50

    40

    30
%                                     Series1
    20

    10

     0
         Ethiopia     World Average
         Government Initiatives

• WEREDA - NET- satellite network system connecting about 540
  administrative districts in all regional as well as the federal government
  institutions;

• SCHOOL -NET, is aimed at broadcasting and disseminating educational
  content to all high schools in the country;

• Optical Fiber Network in eight major directions installed b y ETC, (4,000
  km long) laying a foundation for delivering current and future
  multimedia services.
Actions taken:
• ICT Policy was drafted & revised by the (EICTDA) from 2003 to 2006;
• EICTDA was established in 2003;
• ICT Capacity Building program was launched 2003;

Challenges Recognized:
• An economy dominated b y back ward agriculture with low output and
   productivity; aggravated by global declines in commodity prices;
• Erratic GDP growth arising from extreme variations in weather conditions;
• Low per capita income and near-endemic poverty;
• Low health service coverage and life expectancy aggravated by the
   prevalence of AIDS;
The Strategic Focus of the policy:
• Physical and ICT infrastructure;
• Human resource development;
• ICT industry and private sector development and e-commerce
• The legal and regulatory environment;

Other strategic focus areas
• ICT for governance/E-Government;
• Community access and service delivery;
• Local content and applications development;
• ICT for research and development;
• ICT systems security and standards;
• Promotion of ICTs in education;
• Use of ICTs in health; ICT for agricultural modernization.
                       Franchising

Difficulties in product quality control, banking regulations and continuing
foreign exchange convertibility issues make franchising difficult.


 Currently, there are no U.S. franchise operations in the country, though there
are local Sheraton and Hilton hotels that run under U.S.-linked management
contracts.
CCNA –training is given in the university
THANK YOU