Freedom of the Mass Media and Access to Information Proclamation No. 590

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               FEDERAL NE«                                                                             RIT GAZETA




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                                            OF THE FEDERAL DEMOCF                                          EPUB1.IC OF ETHIOPIA




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                               °'1 lJ)'6T.1.                                        1=                                              CONTENTS

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           h'P~ cfI1'C ~f'1ll7t                                                                                                                        -'"''''-''''''''.

                                                                                                     r1rl      A 1\/1 A TION        TO   POOVlnI<'             I<'OO       I<'OI<'I<'nOl\J1
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 '/?i   Ui'i.rr~r         t...~ut..A. ~;Jt:"   ;J1f.n/ <IITC ~!i "t~ C 11{; ""J f7i./i      '}.SIP Federal   Negarit Gazeta No. .64 4th December, 2008.."   page   4323



        (101/,."f1     ~'Ph6,(a,.fcr.   ()Ch~1         I\OO11'l~                                Aware that a free, independent and diverse mass
rO".f.~ 101' '1'~~          ()h.:rll? r°?tf'1aJ-          OOrf'tt.1                          media with high ethical standards and professional
rl\.l\aJ-       :1'-11:" o?C; OO66J,01~ rOY."fA             t."'"                            competence plays an indispensable role in the national
(1hC;::'f'9 ()'1?1JC'J'lC (10"'1,) Oh~"';;:      00. .f~ 11:P~                               endeavour to build democratic order in E~hiopia;
r°?14>tt 4>()         '1'C; LC 1: 1111, rOO1C;;;: 11".."
(a."°c 11;F OOtf'1-1 (1OO111111T
                                                                                                Recalling the role of the mass media in ensuring
       OO1C;;;: 11".01                      nU1      OO1"1()i: 1\"'~;J1m'                    respect for the fundamental rights and freedoms
OO(a~.-rcr. 'I""'" "fc,'                   OOl1.,.:f    ootlnc    h 1"tV.?"                  guaranteed by the Constitution, and in promoting
I\(all?":  I\hh.A'1~T                      "C;::~UC; 1\~'fPh6<(a.     f~aD'                  peace, democracy, equality and justi~e;
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                                                                                                 Recognising the right of the media. to collect and
            UU11j':;:     -IJH,'!")   h;JII6l.b    f(f~,:""}     lJJ.9"r.'     uut.1i9'      disseminate information, including df a critical nature;
1-"} fUUrHIfHllj'    f°'lr'M,lJJ."" uu.I)""     .f'II:fm,                      UUl1'~,"}     realizing that an independent mass media that serves as
I)UU'l1H.n: (lU11n1'     UlJtJhA ~~ f'!"'-IIIj'     fOlJlojf                    Am,a),
                                                                                             a public forum for uninhibited democratic dialogue




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1'"} f°'l..f'OIJ:r1,Ij'        H."I1' (l~~ UlJlo'P,'r, ili'lrf'.f'f""")         t'\OI'fI     thrives on a viable freedom of information system that
.nfl'IF     t'\OI'<#>(lf.\Ij' t'\°?i'lr,.."t'\lJ:    .f''':fm'"}     OI'.n""      OP't'\,
                                                                                             facilitates the free flaw of information and ideas
(lOP,t'\,    },"}~,.f'lo;J'1m'        fO?,.f'i'l1,,,:t:m,         m.r,°7      fOlJlo1i
                                                                             0lJ .(' loti    among citizens by enabling them to exercise their right
i'ICf}"" .f' tI. T 1 Yo ~/IPtl ~fI,.f're
                            (l                     fU11 -II m. f, f,""
Ouu(f")      t'\°'l..f'1t'\'1A    ~~ fuu1r,:;:           -IJH-:)"} uAiJJ-r, h~'1             to seek, receive and impart information and opinions
                uuln,"}       (lOl"l1H.n:                                                    freely;     .
ili'l~"1.
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              fOO1"1()~                  "IA,)           h(a6,C:             n".".e?1J            .   Affirming the fundamental importance, in a
fU'l19aJ-?" 0/1\(a11 (1OO1"1()~ ht)II~ h~ f°?1}.                                             democracy; transparent conduct of government affairs
OO~~-$P:f1         fU'/"I}~     0011:"    "~'fPh6'()'«p'                                     and, in particular, the right of individuals to access
                                                                                             information held by public bodies;
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         (1U1OO1°/()'I:      frt'~;J1m-~1                                        "lA')           Determined to promote and consofidate the values
                                                                                              of transparency and accountability in the conduct of
fOO 1 "I():1'-(e ~(at.Cfj      f'f'm.f~ .,:,..t                               h(a.,f"f
"11,/~(1Cc; .enA'1'     l\U?mc;hC      h 1"tV.?"                               fU'JIl1        public affairs, as guaranteed by the Constitution, and to
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                                                                                              impose a legal obligation on public officials to
'1'~?"1     fOY.oot\hi:       1,~f-:f     .e4. cD'1'1'aJ- U'JIl1
h1~.cD1.e'l:faJ-       "u'lf:~"1     .e!FA 111f:1 fOO1"1"'~                                   facilitate access to individuals and the mass media to
;}IIt.9':f   ""lI\(ap:fC;      1\001'19     11".."   OO~~$P'.f1                               information so that matters of public interest may be
fll'l:"~ 11 "I~n:1'- nuo/       h 1~, "/A'l:t:aJ- ft°,/ f:~"lT                                disclosed and discussed publicly;
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                                                          .
      n()6, II.e .f"aJ-1       fT&'() ~tp~ nU??PfA          Convinced of the need to amend the existing press
                                                        law and to replace it by a new law that is
n~ ""f-A'.f nool}~f: I'\.e tJ°?17aJ- ~D'fPh6,(a,.fcr.
p.'CC}~ ..,'}(I:J' ;JC n°'/."I"I?" h~,() U"I OO'f'I-J1: commensurable      with the ongoing           democratic
h()LII1, OOlr~1 noo~~~:                                 transformation that is taking place in Ethiopia;
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                                                                                                 Now, therefore, in accordance with Article 55(1) of
    n~, ~{~*.f ~~6,I'\cr. ~, 'fPh6,fi..f(P. t :l1l\.h
                                                                                              the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of
rh1 OO1°11P:" h14'f1' :ll;(/i) OOlP~~ f°?h~f'I\aJ-
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                                                     .
                                                                                              Ethiopia, it is hereby proclaimed as follows:
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                                       h~l\ ;;,1:                                                                        PART ONE
                                         m .r IIII                                                                    General Provisions

                                                                                            II.        Short Title
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                                                                                                       This Proclamation may be cited as the "Freedom
            ,el' 1',tp~ "fOO1C,'9 1111.'/1'1 fOO~~ '1'''~
            htp~   c#l'1'C ?;f.1./flo," rf'l1ft.. I\,m"'() ,e:fl'\A::                                  of the Mass Media and Access to Information
                                                                                                       Proclamation No. 590/2008"
.,~   !ii'i.rnl'!!   ~.Y./..A '1:J{..}. :J/I,n/ "I'I'r. ;.;!! 'VH:       iI?; ""J     Mo.?! 'UI"   Fcderal    Negarit    Gazeta No. .64 4th December, 2008...   page   4324



I. TCa"l                                                                                     2.         Definition

      f ~4»1\."111.n 1\.4'\ ~rr.1.9\J {.I~J.I()tnOJ'                          .IAUJI,                   In this proclamation unless the context requires
      nil'I'(f>C (lII.U ,,«pJ: OJ'h'J':-                                                                otherwise:

      /il "fUD1'1~ ~"."'"    °71\+ nf'l.tt.a>' fDll.                                                    1/ "Mass Media" means printed matter that
          a>m. uroo-f :'f'1c; ~c: ~l1h,r'1'1 fDll.f                                                        includes periodicals and broadcasters
          I1rr rUroo~). J» Ir ~a>'::

      fll      "I'U""UP"" 1»&," °71''''' ur'1~'r,: 1Jn.",},}~' h,}                                      2/   "Printed Matter" means all material intended
               ~.II.?" 4\U"I'f) h ,}~...l',c/"l. ...1-(100)' f°7.flt..'1;1:                                  for public distribution, including mass media
               f"~"I.:J> {M.S"1''}:          f Mlr-:     ffl1f:«PA     OJ~9u                                 but also other printed material-including




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               r ;r,Jlr-fl W'PA 1» t,.PJ:f.'}:           il6ft->:f.'}:   ~"O1'                               musical works, plays, pictures, cartoons,
               ~"'1''}:       I'Jc.f:(i1''}:   UP~IJCf:"'-'}: 0&." ~IJ.                                      books, pamphlets, posters and commercial
               G:1''}: ~A(fU1''} : 7'1Ii'(~1''}:              f'}"/.(' °711:J-                               advertisings as well as audio, visual and
               OJ+',f'9':'1.'}1      filS    "1A QJi\"'}'111 °7,}r,:O)'?"                                    audiovisual recordings, motion pictures and




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               ,,~.,..,. 1\.4\"1' u""ur""1''}        fa?.pl,.}..}. C\tf11
                                                                                                             the likes, excluding;

               U/       OU"? hOJ'{J;}.1 O~~"'}-'I                        O;hol hft                           a)       official printed matters, notices, minutes,
                        ~..,~          h.I~'}         ;1'+ 00      OJ'     r~(I)(n'                                   reports, and decisions of legislative,
                         fA~ 'l~ OD"11\ (.fi/.9' l' ') 1                        ~
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                                                                                                                      judicial or executive organs; or
                         9'1.')1     :PI\ '1-111..9,':;.')1 t7~CT
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                         1'~) (I)J",9" OJ''''). 9' 1'~) 1 (I)J",9"

               1\/         1\')O/.4!,'Cj 1\'}Ir')h7~(>"'1         I\o..}                                     b)       materials only intended for the purpose
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                         OJ.ft'f' h1A "1/\"'}'I l\"'ItJ()t,(/~ .,.~                                                   of commerce .and transport, domestic
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                         r'1' ;1'ft()OJ. rOt;J'TtJDo L:C'l""""~)T                                                     and social life, such as forms ,price lists,
                         r'l';J ()')tnl1r1")I       r~)"1.4!:'1 ro.T                                                  printed    advertising    matter,    family
                         ().(J "'Ift;1'CD~.f'9'"f')1 ;rft+ ~Cj!..                                                     advertisements, post cards, pictorial
                                                                                                                      reproductions, annual business and
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                         1.')1 TI11H'OJ' r~7im'           ft,,/\..':j'~)1
                                                                                                                      administrative reports, as well as election
                         r')"J.('C; hhT~S'.C        hOD;J''l~ tTC
                                                                                                                      documents.
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                       h.f'.)   +
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      e/         "Of1.u.aJo fa7.tDfl, U+oo+"          "71\+ n1~
                                                                                                   3/        "Periodical" means printed material which is
              . way' h!OIL (l00!1I (lTCO""" f1.U. htt:~1'+
                                                              ;J-o:J>p.                                      scheduled to appear in regular sequences of
                   e*l.'J'   (lTh;J-o;J-o.e "'~,COfl'
                                                                                                             at least twice a year, which has a fixed title
                o.f1h      n~oor     u.1\+ 'l.tt.      fDll.;rT9";
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                                                                                                             and which has a general' distribution aimed at
                nm:l"".e        hC~r       fl\ a>''I     nm:J>""a>'                                          the entire public or a section thereof, and
                U~lT"'~        a>.e9" nn1~       (I'"a>''''' fUlI~                                           includes newspapers and magazines.
                htt:t.\    h 1.it ~n~ ;rhn fDll."'Ir~         :Jtt.(Tl
                ':['1'1 00(Jl/.-f""'1 fDll.fl1rr         fih+oo+
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      9.1 " .,. (~.(' I'JIIi' C " °71\
                                              ..,.
                                                      f"/ A (0 ~ 9" r UP '}"/ II""
                                                                                                        4/ "Broadcaster" means a body which disseminates
                                                                                                    .
                                                                                                            broadcast      programming,      including through
           Y:C ~;"')            O)'II",1f. "/'}1-H"1''}                f07,f'I'J""""ij
                                                         ,,~ ..,.t.-'}iI °7. .,. ~ l' '} 1                  terrestrial transmitters, cable or satellite, for public
           ?" .(' c 4\?" .(' C "IIi'''                                                                      consumption and for simultaneous reception.
           h.1)4\" T'}ij          I)i'''~'''''}            OUP/"It\, °7/"lt.-6liA. l'9'
                                                                                                            whether or not by subscription, through a radio
           h07I'J~"""             o&.           .('f'       OJ~?"       0-tl\.ii.1f'}                       and/or television broadcast receiver or other
           r'n~ .('I'JII""          UPAhh""                 UP+O,f'S"l'           OJ~?"                     related electronic equipment, but does not include
           01\."           I\. h""~". hll UP'" 0 ,f'9' :'1, "07I'J ~ 'I""                                   communications internal to a private organization
                       '"
           OhCf:,f'           OJ~?"            ,f'4\hCf:,f'      f1)~'          .('hll""
                                                                                                            or a government body.
           T~"/t.-qo1''}                    Oh'}.('          1.11. U1f>O h,}~.
           ,f'..l'.?,,",=fOJ'        "II    
				
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Description: Legislation on the Right Access to Information and on the Mass Media in Ethiopia
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PARTNER Tamrat Assefa Liban
Tamrat Assefa Liban is an Ethiopian lawyer who practices law in his own law firm in Ethiopia and also manages Digital Ethiopia Private Limited Company, a company that publishes, compiles and consolidates Ethiopian Law in electronic format and in hard copy.