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					American Memories, Japanese American Internment
            Social Studies, History
             Web Resources with Adobe Acrobat

                          Teacher
                  Alexandra Drazulowsky
            Northern Valley Regional High School
                   Demarest, New Jersey




  December 8, Oakland, a sign appears outside the store owned by a
    Japanese American, a graduate of the University of California.

        The sign is in protest to the order giving only days to

         prepare to be relocated to an unknown destination,
                   along with all other West Coast
             American residents of Japanese descent.

            From the National Japanese American Historical Society.
            http://www.geocities.com/Athens/8420/timeline.html#iam
                                              American Memories, Japanese American Internment




                            Contents Page

1. Teacher Statement
2. Course Overview
     •   Course goals
     •   State Standards
     •   Hardware specifications
     •   Software list
3. Research Resources

4. Lesson Plan Table

5. Detailed Lesson Plans

6. Forms and Handouts
7. Tutorials-See Separate Tutorial Files or Go to:
http://www.adobe.com/education/curriculum/acrobat_curriculum.html




                                                                              Unloading people at one of the Internment camps.
                                                                                      Japanese Relocation photographs
                                                                                 http://www.lib.utah.edu/spc/photo/9066/9066.htm




                                                                                                                                   -1-
                                                American Memories, Japanese American Internment



                                                              Teacher’s Statement
                                                          Alexandra Drazuiowsky
                                                    Northern Valley Regional High School
                                                               Demarest, NJ

The American Memories courses developed by the Social Studies
faculty at Northern Valley Regional High School began when District
Media Specialist, Janice Cooper, attended Library of Congress
Resources training as a part of an education grant, and suggested an
approach to expanding the use of technology in the classroom by
making use of Library of Congress resources.
To facilitate the project, District Technology Coordinators offered
workshops in the use of online resources in combination with Adobe
Acrobat for project development. Course modules were then
developed to combine traditional and web research with technology
based projects that have added greatly to the curriculum on a range of
topics covering American society and history. In addition, these
projects were used as proofs for a technology grant that were
successful in bringing new computers into the Social Studies
department.
We have discovered that access to technology greatly changes what
students can do and the level of course work that can be expected of
them. Using the internet eliminates the need to compete for limited
library resources, but the resources on the internet offer too much
information to be processed properly by individual students, so that the
opposite problem occurs. To facilitate consistent research the web
resources are best identified and evaluated by the teachers in
advance. This takes time but insures that web resources will offer
focus and consistently high information content.
Research guidelines and on-line documents for note taking also                           Alexandra Drazulowsky
proved helpful to students. When researching historic materials,                            Social Studies Teacher
students soon learn that there are no pat answers to the questions                   Northern Valley Regional High School
they are exploring. The point of these projects is to evaluate life as it is                Demarest, New Jersey
experienced in the United States today in comparison to conditions
and events of the past and using research guidelines offer points of
focus to insure the success of this exploration.




                                                                                                                            -2-
                                                  American Memories, Japanese American Internment



                                                                   Course Overview
Course Goals                                                                      Technology Specifications
At the end of the lesson students will be able to :                               Hardware
1. Compare and contrast visual and written historical evidence.                   - Standard desktop computers
                                                                                  - Internet Access
2. Evaluate visual evidence critically.
                                                                                  - On-line Video viewing: Broadband Internet service :(e.g., cable modem,
                                                                                  DSL or other 300kbs connection).
3. Evaluate the nature and consequences of the Japanese-American
internment experience using both visual and written primary sources.              1. For a Windows computer:
                                                                                  - Check your display settings. We require a display resolution of at least 800x600 pixels
                                                                                  (1024x768 is recommended) and 16-bit color depth.
4. Evaluate how the perception of Japanese-American Internment has
changed over time.                                                                - You can change your display settings by right-clicking on the desktop and choosing
                                                                                  Properties from the pop-up menu. Click the Settings tab in the Display Properties dialog
                                                                                  box.
New Jersey State Standards
                                                                                  - If the setting indicated under Screen area is less than 800x600 pixels, move the slider
NJ Core content Curriculum Standards: 6.3 D                                       toward More until the resolution meets our minimum requirements.
                                                                                  Colors should be set to High Color (16 bit). To implement these settings, click OK.
http://www.state.nj.us/education/
                                                                                  2. For a Macintosh computer:
http://www.state.nj.us/njded/cccs/                                                - Ensure you have at least 64 MB of RAM installed in your computer.
                                                                                  - Check your monitor settings:
National Education Technology Standards 9-12                                      - Choose Control Panels -> Monitors from the Apple Menu.
                                                                                  - Set the Resolution to at least 800x600 (1024x768 is recommended).
IV. Individual Development and Identity                                           - Set the Color Depth to Thousands (Macintosh G4 users should use Millions).
V. Individuals, Groups and Institutions                                           NOTE: - Some computers do not support large screen sizes with higher color settings. In
                                                                                  this case, try reducing your Color setting to 256. This will give you larger screen size
VI. Power, Authority, Governance                                                  options.
                                                                                    - Allocate at least 25 MB of RAM to your Web browser (check the specific
X. Civic Ideals and Practices                                                     recommendation in your browser's help information).
                                                                                  - Locate your Web browser on your hard disk. Click once on the icon.
NETS Performance Indicators                                                       NOTE: You must locate the application itself, not an alias.
                                                                                  - Choose Get Info -> Memory from the File menu.
5. Us technology tools and resources for managing and communicating               - In the Info dialog box, indicate 25,000 for Preferred Size. Click OK.
personal/professional information.
7. Routinely and efficiently use online information resources to meet needs for   Software
collaboration, research, publications, communications and productivity.                -    Adobe® Acrobat™
10. Collaborate with peers, experts, and others to contribute to a content-            -    (Flash 5 required for the Rich-media)
related knowledge base by using technology to compile, synthesize, produce
and disseminate information, models, and other creative work.                     Training
                                                                                  http://www.adobe.com/education/curriculum/acrobat_curriculum.html




                                                                                                                                                                     -3-
                                              American Memories, Japanese American Internment



Research Resources:                                                   Densho Project
                                                                      Oral histories by survivors of the Japanese American Internment
The Virtual Museum of the City of San Francisco                       available as on-line video.
http://www.sfmuseum.org/war/evactxt.html                              http://www.densho.org/
                                                                      Specifications for Playing Media from Online Video Library:
Smithsonian National Museum of American History                       To view video, you must have broadband Internet service (e.g., cable
http://www.americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/index.html   modem, DSL or other 300kbs connection).

Japanese American National Museum                                     A to Z Library of Congress Website
http://www.janm.org                                                   http://www.loc.gov/resdev/browse/a.html

National Park Service, Department of the Interior
Manzanar Internment Camp Website:                                     “Suffering a Great Injustice: Photographs of Manzanar”
http://www.nps.gov/manz/                                              http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/aamhtml/aamhome.html

Early 1900’s Timelines
http://www.geocities.com/Athens/8420/timeline.html#iam                The Equal Protection Clause, 14th Amendment
                                                                      http://www.law.cornell.edu/topics/equal_protection.html
Japanese American History Archives, San Francisco
http://www.amacord.com/fillmore/museum/jt/jaha/jaha.html
                                                                      Japanese Relocation photographs
Japanese American Museum of San Jose                                  http://www.lib.utah.edu/spc/photo/9066/9066.htm
http://www.jamsj.org/kteh.html


100 442 Combat Team, Ethics, Internment and Relocation
http://library.thinkquest.org/26074/allied/internment.htm




                                                                                                                                      -4-
                                         American Memories, Japanese American Internment



                                                   One Page Lesson Plan Table
Lesson   Summarize each lesson and include URLs and reading materials for       Handouts and URL’s     Tutorials
         each lesson
1.       Use the Ansel Adams photo series “Suffering a Great Injustice:
         Photographs of Manzanar” as a basis for discussion of the 14th
         Amendment.
2.       Create an outline to compare and contrast the intention of the 14th    Compare and Contrast
         Amendment and the visual and historical evidence of the Japanese       Form
         Internment experience.
3.       Select three photographs and complete activity sheet on knowledge      KWI Form               Tutorial 1
         of the photos. Search various museum sites and read 5 articles on                             Working with the Web
         the subject.
4.       Search various museum sites and read 5 articles on the subject.                               Tutorial 2
         Select 3 Photos that best define the Internment experience for you.                           Making Bookmarks

5.       Visit the Smithsonian web site to review oral histories completing a   Tip Notation Sheet
         TIP Notation sheet created by the teacher.

6.       Referencing the Photos, Articles and Oral Histories on the Japanese                           Tutorial 3
         American Internment experience, complete an essay to review how                               Working with Images
         the perception of the Japanese American Internment has changed
         over time.
7.       Creation of an essay, journal, drawing, sketch, poem, song, etc.       KWI Notation Sheet
         which describes the nature of the Japanese-American Internment
         experience. Use photos, be aware of color selection.

         Discussion and de-briefing of student discoveries using their KWI,
         TIP and Compare/Contrast sheets.

         Student Debate: “In time of war or crisis, civil liberties may be
         curtailed.”




                                                                                                                             -5-
                                              American Memories, Japanese American Internment



                                                       Detailed Lesson Plans

Lesson 1.                                        Lesson 2.                                        Lesson 3.
Read and discuss:                                Using the Compare/Contrast sheet as a guide,     Go to the Manzanar Photos, research
- Amendment 14                                   type an outline to compare and contrast the      database and select three photos. Complete
- Introduction from Ansel Adams’ book: Born      intention of the 14th Amendment and the visual   the KWI activity, referencing the photos as
Equal.                                           and historical evidence of the Japanese          visual illustrations of your outline of points.
                                                 Internment experience.
                                                                                                  Go to Museum of San Fran site and read the
KWI Notation Sheet                               Compare and Contrast Form                        following 5 articles:
                                                                                                  a) New Order on Aliens Awaited, March 2,
                                                                                                  1942

                                                                                                  b) Mass Exodus of Japs Begun, March 23,
                                                                                                  1942

                                                                                                  c) Hundred of Japs Get Ouster Orders, April 2,
                                                                                                  1942

                                                                                                  d) Manzanar Nice Place--It Better Than
                                                                                                  Hollywood, April 21, 1942

                                                                                                  e) S.F. Clear of All But 6 sick Japs, May 21,
                                                                                                  1942

                                                                                                  Also read Relocation of Japanese Americans
                                                                                                  written by War Relocation Authority in May,
                                                                                                  1943

                                                                                                  KWI Form
                                                                                                  Tutorial 1




                                                                                                                                            -6-
                                             American Memories, Japanese American Internment



                                              Detailed Lesson Plans (continued)
Lesson 4.                                       Lesson 5.                                        Lesson 6.
                                                                                                 Complete Compare/Contrast Sources Chart.
Go to Smithsonian Web site and review oral      Complete TIP activity on the articles and oral
histories in Internment Section.                histories. Be sure to note which written
                                                sources or oral histories you selected.
                                                                                                 Tutorial 3
Tutorial 2
                                                Tip Handout



                                                                                                 Lesson 7.
                                                                                                 Possible final activities (depending on
                                                                                                 available time):
                                                                                                 a. Discussion and de-briefing of student
                                                                                                 discoveries using their KWI, TIP and
                                                                                                 Compare/Contrast sheets.

                                                                                                 b. Creation of an essay, drawing, sketch,
                                                                                                 poem, song, etc. which describes the nature of
                                                                                                 the Japanese-American Internment
                                                                                                 experience.

                                                                                                 c. Debate: In time of war or crisis, civil liberties
                                                                                                 may be curtailed.




                                                                                                                                             -7-
                                      American Memories, Japanese American Internment




                                              FORMS AND HANDOUTS
1. ‘KWI’ notation sheet.
As they view the photographs, students fill out a sheet which asks them
a) What they know about the photo
b) What they want to know
c) What impressions they have of the photo

2. ‘TIP’ notation sheet.
As students read the 1942 news articles and oral histories they note Tone, Information, and Point of View of the source.

3. Compare/Contrast Chart.
This chart will help students see how various types of primary sources offer different views or perspectives of a historical
event.




                                                                                                                       -8-
                          Compare and Contrast Photos, Articles, and Oral Histories

                          Photos                       Articles                       Oral Histories

               Type Text Here


Similarities




____________________________________________________________________________________________


               Type Text Here
Differences
                               “TIP” Notation Sheet
Article or Oral History   Tone                Information   Point of Vie
 Type Text Here
                             “KWI” Notation Sheet
Photograph        What I know.        What I want to know.   Impressions of phot
 Type text here
                                   American Memories, Japanese American Internment



                       Evaluation Form for Ongoing Teacher and Student Evaluations.
Course Name___________________________________________________________________________________
Student Name__________________________________________________________________________________
Assignment        Criteria                                               Student Evaluation Teacher evaluation

                  I.



                  II.


                  III.


.                 IV.


                  V.




                                                                                                          -9-
     American Memories, Japanese American Internment



                          Tutorials
          See Separate Acrobat Tutorial Files
                      Or Go To
http://www.adobe.com/education/curriculum/acrobat_curriculum.html

         Tutorial 1, Working with the Web, Lesson 8

         Tutorial 2, Making Acrobat Bookmarks, Lesson 3

         Tutorial 3, Working with Images, Lesson 7



                    Training Resources
                   www.adobe.com/education




                                                                    -10-

				
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