An Introduction by vaza18

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									           An Introduction
                 Miklos Marschall
Regional Director for Europe and Central Asia (ECA)
            Transparency International

                   Kyiv, Ukraine

                   May 20, 2010
What is Transparency International?

The largest global anti-corruption coalition:

- 82 National Chapters worldwide (34 from ECA)
- 24 more in process of accreditation ( 10 from ECA)
- 31 Individual Members globally
- Board of Directors & Advisory Council
- International Secretariat in Berlin
- Highly qualified senior advisors

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History and Vision

  Founded in 1993 as a non-investigatory, non-partisan
                NGO to fight corruption

    TI‘s vision is a world in which government, politics,
   business, civil society and the daily lives of people are
                       free of corruption

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How Does TI Define Corruption?

             The abuse of entrusted power
                    for private gain.

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The Role of Civil Society in Fighting Corruption

  To capture and raise citizen concerns on corruption
  To advocate for greater public accountability and
  To support the informed participation of citizens
  To monitor government compliance with existing
   policies and laws
  To represent longer term public interests outside
   short-term considerations of electoral politics

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   TI’s Approach
• TI fights corruption at its roots
• TI analyses and diagnoses
 corruption                                        Government &
                                                   Public Sector
• TI develops coalitions and
 works with volunteer
 specialists                                           INTEGRITY

• TI does not undertake
 investigations                       Private Sector               Civil Society

• TI is politically non-partisan
• TI combines local roots
 with international expertise
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TI: Taking a Step Back

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National Chapters

 TI National Chapters are independent NGOs, who set
  their own national agendas of work
 National Chapters do not as a rule investigate
  individual cases of corruption
 Like the movement as a whole, National Chapters are
  politically non-partisan
 National Chapters build coalitions with public, private
  and NGO sectors as appropriate
 There can only be one Chapter per country
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Accreditation of National Chapters

To achieve and maintain accredited status, Chapters go
  through the following process:

             – National Contact
             – National Chapter in Formation
             – National Chapter
             – Review

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                                  Asia        & ME

                                                                 Policy &
             Europe &                                            Research
              C Asia

                 HR &
                 Office        Finance & IT
                 mgmt                                  Communications


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TI 2010 Framework

 The TI2010 Framework is the strategic document agreed on by the whole movement
 that highlights the coalition’s aims for the period until 2010. The objectives it includes
 are to:
•     Increase knowledge production
•     Promote anti-corruption norms and principles
•     Enhance communication and knowledge sharing
•     Cultivate strategic partnerships
•     Reach a broader base of citizens
•     Monitor global trends
•     Strengthen capacities

1.   The tools, indexes and reports we use for advocacy
2.   Continue our advocacy work and spread best practice
3.   Strengthening ability of TI and others to fight corruption
4.   Private Sector, Government, Foundations or Individuals
5.   Corruption is global, a global response is needed
6.   As corruption evolves, TI needs to see the next threat/opportunity
7.   In National Chapters to improve the impact of work within the coalition, including diversification of funding
How TI Works in Practice

TI-S and the Global Agenda:

 Leads on issues that cannot be addressed by a single Chapter
 Creates policy and research tools to assist in advocacy work
 Develops and implements global programmes to share best practice
 Plans and executes global campaigns on key issues

At the National Level, TI-S:

 Offers sector and issue-specific expertise
 Provides direct financial support
 Builds capacities of Chapters (by training on media, accounting, etc)
 Adds the weight/reputation of a global coalition to Chapters
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   TI’s Global Priorities

• Enhancing private sector anti-corruption standards
   (e.g. Business Principles)
• Curbing corruption in public contracting
   (e.g. Through use of Integrity Pacts)
• Advancing international conventions against corruption
   (e.g. UNCAC, OECD)
• Reducing corruption in poverty and development
   (e.g. EDIPs)
• Reducing corruption in politics
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 Policy and Research

TI has some well-known indices but produces much more:

 National Integrity Studies (NIS)
 Integrity Pacts (IP)
 Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)
 Bribe Payers Index (BPI)
 Global Corruption Barometer (GCB)
 Corruption Fighters’ Tool Kit
 Promoting Revenue Transparency (PRT)
 The Global Corruption Report (GCR) GCR 2009 – Private Sector

   In addition to these, TI also offers sector-specific advice and produces a range of
   other reports, working papers and policy papers as necessity requires.

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  TI Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

 Ranks countries in terms of the degree to which
  corruption is perceived to exist among public officials
  and politicians.
 The 2007 CPI ranks 180 countries
 Composite index, drawing on 14 different polls and
  surveys from 12 independent institutions carried out
  among business people and country analysts, including
  surveys of residents, both local and expatriate

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   TI Bribe Payers Index (BPI 2006)

 Ranks 30 leading countries in terms of the degree to which
  their corporations are perceived to be bribing abroad
 Results from responses of 11,000 business people in 125
  countries polled in the WEF’s Executive Opinion Survey
 It shows that companies from many leading exporting
  nations are widely seen as using bribes to win business
 TI is pressing for OECD governments to enforce the OECD
  Anti-Bribery Convention that outlaws bribery of foreign
  public officials

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 Global Corruption Barometer (GCB)

 A public opinion survey carried out in 60 countries
  (2007 sample approx. 63,000 people)
 Broad spectrum of data on:
- common experiences of corruption
- institutions most frequently demand bribes
- citizens’ view on both the future development of
  corruption and their governments' efforts to eradicate it
 Complements TI’s other main global indicators on
  corruption, by polling public, rather than expert, opinion

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   Policy Positions and Working Papers

 Policy Positions

    - Reflect TI’s view on critical issues in the fight against corruption

    - Product of TI’s global anti-corruption work reflecting TI movement-wide activities
        and debate

    - Concise expert research and recommendations

 Working Papers

    - Detail TI’s ongoing work on its five global priorities and address other key anti-
        corruption issues

    - Profile innovative and succinct perspectives and highlight areas for follow-up

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  Challenges for the Future: TI-2015

1. Increasing and diversifying funding to enhance financial
   transfers to National Chapters
2. Strengthening TI’s existing National Chapters and
   introducing new National Chapters to the coalition
3. Improving our impact with a better focus on people as
   victims of corruption
4. Extending TI’s reach through strategic partnerships
5. Expanding TI’s dialogue with the Private Sector
6. Initiating a Global Campaign on anti-corruption issues

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