APPENDIX K ABORIGINAL ARCHAEOLOGY AND CULTURAL HERITAGE IMPACT by iiw15426

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									                           APPENDIX K
ABORIGINAL ARCHAEOLOGY AND CULTURAL
          HERITAGE IMPACT ASSESSMENT
3UHSDUHG IRU
Hansen Bailey
PO Box 473
Singleton, NSW, 2330




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Document No.: S6067101_RPTFinalRev01_28Aug09
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Contents
GLOSSARY OF TERMS ...................................................................................................................... VII
ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS.................................................................................................. XV
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .................................................................................................................... ES1
1.0    INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................................1
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2.0         METHODOLOGY .....................................................................................................................7
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3.0         EXISTING ENVIRONMENT.................................................................................................... 15
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4.0         ABORIGINAL COMMUNITY CONSULTATION..................................................................... 43
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5.0         SURVEY RESULTS ............................................................................................................... 63
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6.0         SIGNIFICANCE ASSESSMENT ............................................................................................ 85
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7.0         IMPACT ASSESSMENT ...................................................................................................... 109
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8.0         APPLICABLE POLICY AND LEGISLATION ....................................................................... 121
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9.0         MITIGATION AND MANAGEMENT OF ABORIGINAL CULTURAL HERITAGE
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10.0          REFERENCES ..................................................................................................................... 159




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Glossary of Terms


Activity Area            $ SDWWHUQ RI DUWHIDFWV LQ D VLWH LQGLFDWLQJ WKDW D VSHFLILF DFWLYLW\ WRRN SODFH

Adaptation               $GDSWDWLRQ PHDQV PRGLI\LQJ D SODFH WR VXLW SURSRVHG FRPSDWLEOH XVHV

Alluvial                 3HUWDLQLQJ WR VHGLPHQW PDVV GHSRVLWHG IURP WUDQVSRUW E\ FKDQQHOOHG VWUHDP IORZ
                         RU RYHUEDQN VWUHDP IORZ

Anvil                    2EMHFW WKDW VXSSRUWV D VWRQH DUWHIDFW WKDW LV EHLQJ VWUXFN ZLWK D KDPPHU

Archaeological           7KH OLNHOLKRRG RI WKH SUHVHQFH RI DUFKDHRORJLFDO HYLGHQFH DVFHUWDLQHG WKURXJK
Potential                SK\VLFDO HYDOXDWLRQ VXUYH\ WHVW H[FDYDWLRQV DQG KLVWRULFDO UHVHDUFK

Artefact Scatter         $ FROOHFWLRQ RI DUWHIDFWV XVXDOO\ GLVWULEXWHG DFURVV WKH VXUIDFH RI WKH JURXQG

Aboriginal               ‘…any deposit, object or material evidence (not being a handicraft made for sale)
Object                   relating to the Aboriginal habitation of the area that comprises New South Wales,
                         being habitation before or concurrent (or both) the occupation of that area by
                         persons of non-Aboriginal extraction, and includes Aboriginal remains’ V 13:
                         $FW

Aboriginal Place         $Q\ SODFH GHFODUHG WR EH DQ $ERULJLQDO SODFH XQGHU V RI WKH National Parks
                         and Wildlife Act 1974 13: $FW EHFDXVH WKH SODFH LV RU ZDV RI VSHFLDO
                         VLJQLILFDQFH ZLWK UHVSHFW WR $ERULJLQDO FXOWXUH ,W PD\ RU PD\ QRW FRQWDLQ
                         $ERULJLQDO REMHFWV

Aboriginal               $ WUHH WKDW EHDUV D VFDU RU VFDUV ZKLFK DUH ZRXQGV IRUPHG IURP WKH GHOLEHUDWH
Scarred Tree             UHPRYDO RI EDUN RU ZRRG E\ $ERULJLQDO SHRSOH $ERULJLQDO VFDUUHG WUHHV DUH RIWHQ
                         DQ LQGLFDWRU RI DQ DFWLYLW\ DUHD

Aboriginal Site          ,Q WKLV VWXG\ WKH WHUP LV XVHG WR GHILQH WKH SUHVHQW SK\VLFDO H[WHQW RI YLVLEOH
                         $ERULJLQDO DUFKDHRORJLFDO PDWHULDO

Archaeological           $ WHUP XVHG WR GHQRWH DUHDV RI D ODQGVFDSH EDVHG RQ WZR LPSRUWDQW
Terrain Unit             HQYLURQPHQWDO YDULDEOHV ODQGIRUP HOHPHQW DQG FODVV RI VORSH 7KHVH DUH
(ATU)                    GLVFUHWH UHFXUULQJ DUHDV RI ODQG IRU ZKLFK LW LV DVVXPHG WKDW WKH $ERULJLQDO ODQG
                         XVH DQG UHVXOWDQW KHULWDJH HYLGHQFH LQ RQH ORFDWLRQ FDQ EH H[WUDSRODWHG WR RWKHU
                         VLPLODU ORFDWLRQV .XVNLH D 

Artefact                 $Q\ REMHFW ZKLFK LV SK\VLFDOO\ PRGLILHG E\ KXPDQV

Assemblage               $ FROOHFWLRQ RI DUWHIDFWV DVVRFLDWHG E\ D SDUWLFXODU SODFH RU WLPH DQG DVVXPHG
                         JHQHUDWHG E\ D VLQJOH JURXS RI SHRSOH $Q DVVHPEODJH FDQ FRPSULVH GLIIHUHQW
                         DUWHIDFW W\SHV


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                                                                                                                ,PSDFW $VVHVVPHQW
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Attribute                  $ ZHOO GHILQHG IHDWXUH RI DQ DUWHIDFW WKDW FDQQRW EH IXUWKHU VXEGLYLGHG
                           $UFKDHRORJLVWV LGHQWLI\ W\SHV RI DWWULEXWHV LQFOXGLQJ IRUP VW\OH DQG WHFKQRORJ\
                           LQ RUGHU WR FODVVLI\ DQG LQWHUSUHW DUWHIDFWV

Axe                        $ VWRQHKHDGHG D[H FKDUDFWHULVWLFDOO\ FRQWDLQLQJ WZR JURXQG VXUIDFHV ZKLFK
                           PHHW DW D EHYHO

Backed Artefact            $ VWRQH WRRO ZKHUH RQH PDUJLQ RI D IODNH LV UHWRXFKHG DW D VWHHS DQJOH DQG WKDW
                           PDUJLQ LV RSSRVLWH D VKDUS HGJH

Background                 $ WHUP VRPHWLPHV XVHG WR GHVFULEH D ORZ GHQVLW\ VFDWWHU RI LVRODWHG ILQGV WKDW DUH
Scatter                    GLVWULEXWHG WKURXJK WKH ODQGVFDSH ZLWKRXW DQ\ REYLRXV IRFDO SRLQW

Basalt                     ,JQHRXV YROFDQLF URFN VRPHWLPHV XVHG WR PDNH VWRQH DUWHIDFWV DOWKRXJK LW LV
                           RIWHQ XQVXLWDEOH IRU VWRQH LPSOHPHQW SURGXFWLRQ %DVDOW LV FRPPRQ LQ HDVWHUQ
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Bipolar Flake              $ VWRQH DUWHIDFW PDGH E\ VWULNLQJ LQWR DQ DQYLO ZLWK D KDPPHUVWRQH %LSRODU
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Blade                      $ IODNH WKDW LV DW OHDVW WZLFH DV ORQJ DV LW LV ZLGH

Bondi Point                $ VPDOO DV\PPHWULFDO EDFNHG DUWHIDFW ZLWK D SRLQW DW RQH HQG DQG EDFNLQJ
                           UHWRXFK

Burin                      $ VWRQH WRRO IODNHG RQ RQH RU ERWK HQGV WR IRUP D VPDOO FKLVHO RU JURRYLQJ WRRO

Burra Charter              7KH %XUUD &KDUWHU SURYLGHV JXLGDQFH IRU WKH FRQVHUYDWLRQ DQG PDQDJHPHQW RI
                           SODFHV RI FXOWXUDO VLJQLILFDQFH $XVWUDOLD ,W VHWV D VWDQGDUG RI SUDFWLFH IRU WKRVH
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                           $XVWUDOLDQ 1DWLRQDO &RPPLWWHH RI ,&2026 RQ  1RYHPEHU 

Chert                      $ FU\SWRFU\VWDOOLQH VHGLPHQWDU\ VLOLFHRXV URFN FRPPRQO\ XVHG LQ WKH
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Conjoin                    $ SK\VLFDO OLQN EHWZHHQ DUWHIDFWV EURNHQ LQ DQWLTXLW\

Conjoin Set                $ QXPEHU RI DUWHIDFWV UHILWWHG WRJHWKHU

Conservation               $V GHILQHG LQ 7KH %XUUD &KDUWHU FRQVHUYDWLRQ PHDQV DOO WKH SURFHVVHV RI
                           ORRNLQJ DIWHU D SODFH VR DV WR UHWDLQ LWV FXOWXUDO VLJQLILFDQFH

Conservation               $ GHILQHG DUHD RI WKH ODQGVFDSH FRQVHUYHG LQ SHUSHWXLW\ IRU WKH PDQDJHPHQW RI
Area                       WKH KHULWDJH YDOXHV RI WKDW ODQGVFDSH


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Conservation             $ GRFXPHQW WKDW RXWOLQHV WKH FXOWXUDO KHULWDJH VLJQLILFDQFH RI DQ REMHFW RU DUHD
Management               DQG SROLFLHV JXLGHOLQHV PDLQWHQDQFH DQG VWUDWHJLHV IRU WKH FRQVHUYDWLRQ RI WKH
Plan                     REMHFW RU DUHD

Contact Site             $ VLWH WKDW GLVSOD\V DQ LQWHUDFWLRQ EHWZHHQ HDUO\ FRORQLVWV DQG $ERULJLQDO
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Core                     $ SLHFH RI IODNHG VWRQH ZKLFK KDV RQH RU PRUH QHJDWLYH IODNH VFDUV EXW QR
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Cortex                   :HDWKHUHG RXWHU VXUIDFH RI D URFN XVXDOO\ FKHPLFDOO\ DOWHUHG

Country                  $ WHUP XVHG E\ $ERULJLQDO SHRSOH WR UHIHU WR WKH ODQG WR ZKLFK WKH\ EHORQJ

Cultural                 &XOWXUDO VLJQLILFDQFH PHDQV DHVWKHWLF KLVWRULF VFLHQWLILF VRFLDO RU VSLULWXDO YDOXH
significance             IRU SDVW SUHVHQW RU IXWXUH JHQHUDWLRQV $XVWUDOLD ,&2026 %XUUD &KDUWHU $UWLFOH
                         

Datum                    7KH GDWXP SRLQW LV WKH ORFDWLRQ IURP ZKLFK DOO PHDVXUHPHQWV RQ D VLWH DUH PDGH
                         7KH GDWXP SRLQW LV WLHG LQWR ORFDO VXUYH\ PDSV

Desktop Survey           $ VWXG\ WKDW GRHV QRW LQYROYH DQ\ ILHOGEDVHG DFWLYLW\ DQG RQO\ LQYROYHV
                         EDFNJURXQG UHVHDUFK DQG UHSRUWLQJ

Diffusion                7KH VSUHDG RI D FXOWXUDO WUDLW IURP RQH DUHD WR DQRWKHU E\ PHDQV RI FRQWDFW
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Distal                   7KH WHUPLQDWLQJ HQG RI D IODNH RSSRVLWH WKH EXOE

Edge Damage              7KH UHPRYDO RI VPDOO IODNHV RU FUXVKLQJ IURP WKH HGJH RI DQ DUWHIDFW

Effective                $ TXDQWLILDEOH HVWLPDWH RI WKH DUHD LQ ZKLFK DUFKDHRORJLFDO PDWHULDOV DUH
Coverage                 ³GHWHFWDEOH´ LH H[SRVHG JURXQG VXUIDFH DUHD

Elouera                  $ W\SH RI EDFNHG EODGH WULDQJXODU VHFWLRQHG DQG UHVHPEOLQJ DQ RUDQJH VHJPHQW
                         LQ VKDSH

Excavation               $Q DUFKDHRORJLFDO ILHOG PHWKRG WKDW LQYROYHV WKH GLVWXUEDQFH RI WKH HDUWK WR
                         UHYHDO SUHYLRXVO\ EXULHG DUFKDHRORJLFDO PDWHULDOV

Exposure                 $Q DUHD RI ODQG VXUIDFH ZKHUH WKH JURXQG VXUIDFH LV YLVLEOH XVXDOO\ DV WKH UHVXOW
                         RI HLWKHU WKLQQHU YHJHWDWLRQ FRYHU HURVLYH IRUFHV RU KXPDQFDXVHG GLVWXUEDQFH
                         ,Q DUFKDHRORJLFDO VXUYH\V WKH SHUFHQWDJH RI JURXQG VXUIDFH WKDW LV YLVLEOH LV
                         UHFRUGHG 7KHVH SHUFHQWDJHV RI H[SRVXUH DUH WKHQ XVHG WR FDOFXODWH HIIHFWLYH
                         FRYHUDJH



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Feature                  $Q DUWHIDFW WKDW FDQQRW EH QRUPDOO\ UHPRYHG IURP D VLWH HJ IRXQGDWLRQV

Fish Trap                $ VWUXFWXUH ZLWKLQ D FUHHN RU ULYHU LQWHQGHG WR JXLGH ILVK RU HHOV LQWR D FRQILQHG
                         VSDFH IRU FROOHFWLRQ 8VXDOO\ PDGH ZLWK VWRQH EXW PD\ EH IRUPHG IURP ZRRG RU
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Flake                    $Q\ SLHFH RI VWRQH VWUXFN RII D FRUH ,W KDV D VHULHV RI FKDUDFWHULVWLFV VKRZLQJ
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Flaked                   $Q XQPRGLILHG DQG XQXVHG IODNH XVXDOO\ WKH E\ SURGXFW RI WRRO PDQXIDFWXUH RU
Piece/Waste              FRUH SUHSDUDWLRQ
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Fluvial                  3HUWDLQLQJ WR ULYHUV DQG VWUHDPV 'HSRVLWV E\ IORZLQJ ZDWHU

Grinding Groove          $ GHSUHVVLRQ IRUPHG LQ URFN IURP WKH VKDUSHQLQJ RI D VWRQH KDWFKHW KHDG RU XVH
                         RI D PXOOHU WRSVWRQH

Grinding Stone           7KH DEUDVLYH VWRQH XVHG WR DEUDGH DQRWKHU DUWHIDFW RU WR SURFHVV IRRG

Ground Edge              $ VWRQH D[H WKDW LV RYDO RU URXQG LQ VKDSH DQG KDV HGJHV IRUPHG E\ JULQGLQJ DQG
Hatchet                  VKDUSHQLQJ *URXQG HGJH D[HV ZHUH KDIWHG WR ZRRGHQ KDQGOHV XVLQJ UHVLQ ZD[
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Ground Visibility        $ WHUP XVHG WR GHVFULEH WKH DUHD RI WKH JURXQG¶V VXUIDFH WKDW LV YLVLEOH GXULQJ
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Hafting                  7KH SURFHVV RI DWWDFKLQJ D VWRQH DUWHIDFW RQWR D KDQGOH RU VSHDU

Hammerstone              $ VWRQH WKDW KDV EHHQ XVHG WR VWULNH D FRUH WR UHPRYH D IODNH RIWHQ FDXVLQJ
                         SLWWLQJ RU RWKHU ZHDU RQ WKH VWRQH¶V VXUIDFH

Hearth                   )LUHSODFH RIWHQ UHFRJQLVHG DUFKDHRORJLFDOO\ WKURXJK WKH SUHVHQFH RI FKDUFRDO RU
                         EXUQW JURXQG +LVWRULFDO KHDUWKV DUH XVXDOO\ DVVRFLDWHG ZLWK D EULFN RU VWRQH
                         VWUXFWXUH

Heritage                 7KH ZRUG µKHULWDJH¶ LV FRPPRQO\ XVHG WR UHIHU WR RXU LQKHULWDQFH IURP WKH SDVW
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                         FXOWXUHV

Heritage                 $Q DUHD RI WKH ODQGVFDSH VHW DVLGH IRU VSHFLILF KHULWDJH PDQDJHPHQW SXUSRVHV
Management               7KHVH PDQDJHPHQW DUHDV DUH QRW HVWDEOLVKHG LQ SHUSHWXLW\ &RPSDUH ZLWK
Zone (HMZ)               &RQVHUYDWLRQ $UHD


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Holocene                 7KH JHRORJLFDO SHULRG FRYHULQJ WKH ODVW  \HDUV

Indurated                ,QGXUDWHG PXGVWRQH VRPHWLPHV UHIHUUHG WR DV ³WXII´ LV D JHQHUDO WHUP WKDW
Mudstone                 HQFRPSDVVHV VHGLPHQWDU\ URFNV IURP YHU\ ILQH PXGVL]HG SDUWLFOHV WKDW DUH
                         LQYLVLEOH WR WKH QDNHG H\H 7KH WHUP PD\ DOVR HQFRPSDVV VLOWVWRQHV DQG
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In Situ                  ,Q WKH QDWXUDO RU RULJLQDO SRVLWLRQ $SSOLHG WR D URFN VRLO RU IRVVLO ZKHQ RFFXUULQJ
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In situ                  6WUDWHJLHV DQG LQLWLDWLYHV GHVLJQHG IRU WKH SUHVHUYDWLRQ DQG FRQVHUYDWLRQ RI
conservation             KLVWRULFDO DUFKDHRORJLFDO PDWHULDOV ZLWKRXW WKH QHHG WR FROOHFW RU H[FDYDWH
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Interpretation           $ ZD\ RI FRPPXQLFDWLQJ PHDQLQJ DQG UHODWLRQVKLSV XVLQJ RULJLQDO DUWHIDFWV E\
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Isolated Find            $ VLQJOH DUWHIDFW QRW ORFDWHG ZLWK DQ\ RWKHU

Knapping                 7KH SURFHVV RI VWULNLQJ URFNV DQG FDXVLQJ WKHP WR IUDFWXUH

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Element                  DWWULEXWHV

Lithics                  2I RU SHUWDLQLQJ WR VWRQH

Manuport                 $Q REMHFW WKDW LV XQPRGLILHG EXW KDV EHHQ WUDQVSRUWHG WR LWV ORFDWLRQ E\ KXPDQV

Microlith                6PDOO EDFNHG VWRQH DUWHIDFWV

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Natural                  &KDQJH LQ WKH DUFKDHRORJLFDO UHFRUG DV D UHVXOW RI QDWXUDO SURFHVVHV
Transformation

Object                   6HH $ERULJLQDO REMHFW

Place                    6HH $ERULJLQDO SODFH

Pleistocene              7KH JHRORJLFDO SHULRG HTXLYDOHQW WR WKH ODVW LFH DJH DQG SUHFHGLQJ WKH +RORFHQH
                         IURP DERXW  PLOOLRQ \HDUV WR  \HDUV DJR 7KH /DWH 3OHLVWRFHQH JHQHUDOO\
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Post-                    $IWHU GHSRVLWLRQ $ WHUP FRPPRQO\ XVHG ZLWK UHIHUHQFH WR IDFWRUV DIIHFWLQJ WKH
depositional             SUHVHUYDWLRQ RI DUWHIDFWV DQG DUFKDHRORJLFDO IHDWXUHV


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Quartz                      $ KDUG WUDQVSDUHQW PLQHUDO FRPPRQO\ XVHG LQ WKH PDQXIDFWXUH RI VWRQH DUWHIDFWV

Quartzite                   $ PHWDPRUSKLF VLOLFHRXV URFN FRPPRQO\ XVHG LQ WKH PDQXIDFWXUH RI VWRQH
                            DUWHIDFWV

Retouched Flake             $ IODNH WKDW KDV EHHQ IODNHG DJDLQ LQ D PDQQHU WKDW PRGLILHV DQ HGJH FRPPRQO\
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Salvage                     7KH DUFKDHRORJLFDO H[FDYDWLRQ RI D VLWH FRQGXFWHG WR REWDLQ DQ H[DPSOH RI WKH
Excavation                  KHULWDJH YDOXHV HQWDLOHG ZLWKLQ WKDW VLWH

Scarred Tree                $ WUHH WKDW EHDUV D VFDU RU VFDUV ZKLFK DUH ZRXQGV IRUPHG IURP D UDQJH RI
                            QDWXUDO DFFLGHQWDO RU GHOLEHUDWH LPSDFWV WKDW FDXVH GDPDJH WR OLYLQJ SODQW WLVVXH
                            RQ D WUXQN RU OLPE 6HH DOVR Aboriginal Scarred Tree

Scraper                     $ VWRQH WRRO PDGH RQ D IODNH RU FRUH ZLWK VWHHS UHWRXFK DORQJ RQH RU PRUH
                            HGJHV

Seriation                   0HWKRG XVHG WR SODFH DUWHIDFWV LQ FKURQRORJLFDO RUGHU 6LPLODU DUWHIDFWV DUH
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Settlement                  'LVWULEXWLRQ RI KXPDQ VHWWOHPHQW RQ WKH ODQGVFDSH
Pattern

Significance                $ WHUP W\SLFDOO\ XVHG WR GHILQH WKH OHYHO RI LPSRUWDQFH RI D KHULWDJH VLWH RU SODFH

Silcrete                    $ VLOLFHRXV URFN FRPPRQO\ XVHG LQ WKH PDQXIDFWXUH RI VWRQH DUWHIDFWV

Site                        $Q DUHD ZKHUH DUFKDHRORJLFDO HYLGHQFH LV REVHUYHG

Stone                       $Q DUUDQJHPHQW RI VWRQHV LQWR D VKDSH RU SDWWHUQ 2IWHQ XVHG IRU FHUHPRQLDO
Arrangement                 SXUSRVHV RU SODFH PDUNHUV

Surface Site                $ VLWH ZKHUH DUWHIDFWV DUH IRXQG RQ WKH JURXQG VXUIDFH

Survey Coverage             7KH DUHD RI D VWXG\ DUHD VXUYH\HG XVXDOO\ H[SUHVVHG DV D SHUFHQWDJH 6HH
                            DOVR Effective Coverage

Sustainability              6XVWDLQDELOLW\ LV WKH DELOLW\ WR PDLQWDLQ WKH TXDOLWLHV WKDW DUH YDOXHG LQ WKH EXLOW DQG
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Test Excavation             ([FDYDWLRQ RI VPDOO VHFWLRQV RI DQ DUHD WR GHWHUPLQH WKH DUFKDHRORJLFDO UHPDLQV
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Toe-Hold                    6PDOO VFDU RQ WKH WUXQN DQG EUDQFKHV RI D WUHH RULJLQDOO\ WR IDFLOLWDWH FOLPELQJ

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Tuff                        6ROLGLILHG YROFDQLF DVK 8VHG E\ VRPH DUFKDHRORJLVWV WR UHIHU WR LQGXUDWHG
                            PXGVWRQH

Usewear                     7KH ZHDU GLVSOD\HG RQ DQ DUWHIDFW DV D UHVXOW RI LWV XVH




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Abbreviations and Acronyms


AFT                        $UWHIDFW 8VHG LQ WKH $+,06 GDWDEDVH WR UHIHU WR DQ $ERULJLQDO VLWH IHDWXUHV
                           FRPSULVLQJ VWRQH DUWHIDFWV

ACHMP                      $ERULJLQDO &XOWXUDO +HULWDJH 0DQDJHPHQW 3ODQ

AHILA                      $ERULJLQDO +HULWDJH ,QIRUPDWLRQ /LFHQFH $JUHHPHQW /LFHQFH DJUHHPHQW
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Archaeological Terrain Unit                                                    Description
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2.2.2         Landform Elements
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Table 2: Landform Elements Identified in the Survey Area
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2.2.3              Aboriginal Site Definition
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2
    The term “survey area” in this context was defined by Kuskie (1999: 69) as “an area of a single [ATU] that is bounded on all
sides by different ATUs.” These survey areas are not to be confused with the definition of survey area used in this report
meaning the three individual areas surveyed during this Project.

3
    The term “locus” refers to “each spatially separate location of heritage evidence within a site” (Kuskie 1999: 71).


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        …belt of lowlands developed on relatively weak sedimentary rocks. These lowlands
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        either side. A line of alluvial flats between 0.5 and 2.5 km wide extends along the Hunter
        River and its major tributaries where they flow through the lowland belt.




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Saddlers Creek

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3.1.3         Geology and Soils
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Bayswater Soil Landscape (bz)

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Dartbrook Soil Landscape (db)

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Hunter Soil Landscape (db)

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3.1.4         Vegetation
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Table 3

Table 3: Vegetation Communities Recorded in the EA Boundary
     Vegetation Community                                                       Description
                                                  6SRWWHG JXP Corymbia maculata JUH\ JXP Eucalyptus
 &HQWUDO +XQWHU ,URQEDUN6SRWWHG
                                                punctata JUH\ ER[ E. moluccana QDUURZOHDYHG LURQEDUN E.
     *XP*UH\ %R[ )RUHVW
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                                                   *UH\ JXP E. punctata JUH\ ER[ E. moluccana NXUUDMRQJ
                                                     Brachychiton populneus VVS populneus DQG IRUHVW RDN
                                                 $OORFDVXDULQD WRUXORVD $OVR %ODNHO\¶V UHG JXP E. blakelyi
  0RXQW $UWKXU )RUHVW &RPSOH[                     URXJKEDUNHG DSSOH Angophora floribunda 3RUW -DFNVRQ ILJ
                                                   Ficus rubiginosa I rubiginosa EODFN F\SUHVV SLQH Callitris
                                                    endlicheri DQG ZKLWH ER[ JUH\ ER[ LQWHUJUDGH E. albens [
                                                                           E. moluccana
                                                  6SRWWHG JXP Corymbia maculata 2FFDVLRQDO NXUUDMRQJ
        6SRWWHG *XP )RUHVW                      Brachychiton populneus QDUURZOHDYHG LURQEDUN E. crebra
                                                 IRUHVW UHG JXP E. tereticornis DQG VODW\ JXP E. dawsonii



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     Vegetation Community                                                        Description
                                                     1DUURZOHDYHG LURQEDUN E. crebra ZKLWH ER[ JUH\ ER[
                                                        LQWHUJUDGH E. albens [ E. moluccana $OVR EXORDN
   &HQWUDO +XQWHU %R[,URQEDUN                    Allocasuarina luehmannii URXJKEDUNHG DSSOH Angophora
            :RRGODQG                               floribunda EODFN F\SUHVV SLQH Callitris endlicheri KLFNRU\
                                                  ZDWWOH Acacia implexa FRRED A. salicina DQG VKLQ\OHDYHG
                                                                  FDQWKLXP Canthium odoratum
  %ODNHO\¶V 5HG *XP :RRGODQG                                3XUH VWDQGV RI %ODNHO\¶V UHG JXP E. blakelyi
                                                      1DUURZOHDYHG LURQEDUN E. crebra IRUHVW UHG JXP E.
   +XQWHU )ORRGSODLQ 5HG *XP
                                                    tereticornis JUH\ ER[ E. moluccana URXJKEDUNHG DSSOH
      :RRGODQG FRPSOH[
                                                                       Angophora floribunda
                                                   6ODW\ JXP E. dawsonii DQG JUH\ ER[ E. moluccana $OVR
                                                   NXUUDMRQJ Brachychiton populneus VVS populneus EXORDN
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                                                     Allocasuarina luehmannii EODFN F\SUHVV SLQH Callitris
          :RRGODQG
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                                                                 crebra DQG JUH\ JXP E. punctata
                                                   8ELTXLWRXV QDUURZOHDYHG LURQEDUN E. crebra $OVR LQ ORZ
                                                 QXPEHUV %ODNHO\¶V UHG JXP E. blakelyi ZKLWH ER[ E. albens
  8SSHU +XQWHU +LOOV ([SRVHG ±
                                                   JUH\ ER[ E. moluccana URXJKEDUNHG DSSOH Angophora
      ,URQEDUN :RRGODQG
                                                    floribunda DQG NXUUDMRQJ Brachychiton populneus VVS
                                                                           populneus
                                               1DUURZOHDYHG LURQEDUN E. crebra ZKLWH ER[ E. albens DQGRU
                                               ZKLWH ER[ JUH\ ER[ LQWHUJUDGH E. albens [ E. moluccana $OVR
    8SSHU +XQWHU :KLWH %R[ ±
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    ,URQEDUN *UDVV\ :RRGODQG
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                                                                  JXP Corymbia maculata
                                                  %XORDN Allocasuarina luehmannii 2FFDVLRQDO QDUURZOHDYHG
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                                                LURQEDUN E. crebra URXJKEDUNHG DSSOH Angophora floribunda
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                                                               DQG VZDPS RDN Casuarina glauca
                                                    .DQJDURR JUDVV Themeda australis EDUEHG ZLUH JUDVV
                                                 Cymbopogon refractus VOHQGHU EDPERR JUDVV Austrostipa
                                                 verticillata SOXPS ZLQGPLOO JUDVV Chloris vetricosa ZLQGPLOO
          'HULYHG *UDVVODQG                     JUDVV C. trunctata VOHQGHU UDW¶V WDLO JUDVV Sporobolus creber
                                                     WKUHHDZQ VSHDUJUDVV Aristida vagrans \HOORZ EXWWRQV
                                                   Chrysocephalum apiculatum FOLPELQJ VDOWEXVK Einadia
                                                                              nutans
          3ODQWHG 9HJHWDWLRQ                                            9DULRXV LQWURGXFHG VSHFLHV
Source: Cumberland Ecology 2009

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Table 4: Aboriginal Prey Species in the EA Boundary
         Class                                  Common Name                                        Scientific Name
       $PSKLELD W                                       XUWOH                                        Chelodina VS.
                                            HDVWHUQ JUH\ NDQJDURR                                Macropus giganteus
                                               FRPPRQ ZDOODURR                                   Macropus robustus
                                              UHGQHFNHG ZDOODE\                                Macropus rufogriseus
                                          EUXVKWDLOHG URFN ZDOODE\                              Petrogale penicillata
      0DPPDOLD                                  VZDPS ZDOODE\                                      Wallabia bicolour
                                                   VXJDU JOLGHU                                  Petaurus breviceps
                                                  VTXLUUHO JOLGHU                               Petaurus norfolcensis
                                           FRPPRQ ULQJWDLO SRVVXP                            Pseudocheirus peregrinus
                                         FRPPRQ EUXVKWDLO SRVVXP                               Trichosurus vulpecular
                                           UHGEHOOLHG EODFN VQDNH                           Pseudechis porphyriacus
        5HSWLOLD                               UHGQDSHG VQDNH                                      Furina diadema
                                                  ODFH PRQLWRU                                      Varanus varius
                                                  VWXEEOH TXDLO                                   Coturnix pectoralis
                                                   EODFN VZDQ                                       Cygnus atratus
                                            $XVWUDOLDQ ZRRG GXFN                                 Chenonnetta jubata
                                               3DFLILF EODFN GXFN                                 Anas superciliosa
         $YHV
                                                     JUH\ WHDO                                       Anas gracilis
                                                KDUGKHDG GXFN                                    Aythya australis
                                              $XVWUDODVLDQ JUHEH                           Tachybaptus novaehollandie
                                                GXVN\ PRRUKHQ                                    Gallinula tenebrosa

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          Class                                  Common Name                                        Scientific Name
                                                  (XUDVLDQ FRRW                                         Fulica atra
                                                 PDVNHG ODSZLQJ                                      Vanellus miles
                                                  FUHVWHG SLJHRQ                                  Ocyphaps lophotes
           )LVK HH                                           O                                       Anguilladae VS.
Source: NSW Wildlife Atlas; Umwelt 2007, 2008.


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3.3             Archaeological Context
3.3.1           Previous Research and Archaeology of the EA Boundary
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Dyall (1981): Mount Arthur South

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Koettig and Hughes (1985): Mount Arthur North, Mount Arthur South

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Mt Arthur North (MAN)

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Table 5: Artefact Distribution at MAN Recorded by Koettig and Hughes (1985)
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Note: the above numbers have been derived from analysis of maps within Koettig and Hughes (1985: Vol .1).

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Table 6: Artefact Distributions at MAS recorded by Koettig and Hughes (1985)
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Davidson, James and Fife (1993): Bayswater Colliery No. 3

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McDonald (1997) and McDonald and Davidson (n.d.): Bayswater Colliery No. 3

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Kuskie (1999a): Mt Arthur North (MAN)

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Table 7: Artefact Distributions Recorded at MAN by Kuskie (1999)
                                                                      Effective Site Loci                Artefact Density
        Landform                        No. Artefacts
                                                                          Area (m2)                          (No./m2)
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           Totals                           17,330                            94,765                             0.183
Note: the percentage in brackets refers to the relative percentage of that landform unit to the whole study area.

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Table 8: Artefact Distribution at Drayton Rail Loop Recorded by Kuskie (1999b)
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      5LGJH FUHVW                                                                                         
       6SXU FUHVW                                                                                          
     6LPSOH VORSH                                                                                        
           )ODW                                                                                                
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Table 9: Artefact Distributions Recorded at South Pit Extension by Umwelt (2007)
                                                                     Effective Site Loci                Artefact Density
       Landform                       No. Artefacts
                                                                         Area (m2)                          (No./m2)
  5LGJH FUHVW JHQWOH                                                                                           
       6SXU FUHVW                                                                                               
6LPSOH VORSH Y JHQWOH                                                                                    
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    0RGLILHG WHUUDLQ                                                                                      
         Totals                              810                             36,479                            0.0222


Umwelt (2008): Mt Arthur Underground Project

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Table 10: Artefact Distributions Recorded at MAU by Umwelt (2008)
                                                                     Effective Site Loci                Artefact Density
       Landform                       No. Artefacts
                                                                         Area (m2)                          (No./m2)
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5LGJH FUHVW 5LGJH /LQH                                                                                 
       6SXU FUHVW                                                                                      

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                                                                           Area (m2)                          (No./m2)
     0RGLILHG WHUUDLQ                                                                                    
           Totals                             9,603                           378,969                            0.0253
Note: for the purposes of calculating total number of artefacts for an ATU, where a range of artefacts is given for a site (loci) the
higher number is used for the calculation. Therefore the number of artefacts shown is the upper limit and consequently the
actual artefact densities may be lower.

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Table 11: AHIMS Registered Aboriginal Sites within the EA Boundary
                Site Type                                     Features                                   No. of Sites
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                                   $)7                                            
                   Total                                                                                      663
* the figures in brackets reflect the actual number of site types allowing for the recognition of site 37-2-0731 as primarily a
grinding groove site which also has an open stone artefact scatter.
** this site (37-1-0097) may be erroneously positioned due to incorrect coordinates within the AHIMS database. See below for
further discussion.
*** the AHIMS database does not always define the site type and a site type is often categorised as ‘None’. However it is often
possible to determine the toe of site from the listed site features. Fore example, there are seven sites categorised as scarred
trees within the EA Boundary. However one site categorised as ‘None’ has a scarred tree listed as its feature. Therefore there
a total of eight previously recorded scarred trees within the EA Boundary.


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4
    Note that Kuskie’s (1999a) survey did not differentiate between isolated finds and artefact scatters (all were identified as
artefact scatters), so in actuality there is likely to be many more isolated finds than those identified in the AHIMS database (and
correspondingly fewer artefact scatters).


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Table 12: AHIMS Registered Aboriginal Sites within the Edderton Road, Mount Arthur and
Offset Search Areas
                                                                               Number of Sites (Search Area)
           Site Type                      Site Feature(s)            Edderton
                                                                                        Mount Arthur             Offset Area
                                                                      Road
     6KHOWHU ZLWK 'HSRVLW                         $)7                      
    $[H *ULQGLQJ *URRYH                          *'*                                            
       2SHQ &DPS 6LWH                             $)7                                                                
         ,VRODWHG )LQG                            $)7                                                                  
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 1RQH 6LWH W\SH QRW GHILQHG                    75(                                                                    
 1RQH 6LWH W\SH QRW GHILQHG                 $)7 3$'                                                                  
              Total                                                        1                   65                     111

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Table 13: Consulted Aboriginal Stakeholder Groups
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Table 14: Registered Aboriginal Stakeholder Groups that Participated in Archaeological Survey
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5
    For the purposes of this report survey coverage means the area actually traversed within transects. Conversely, effective
coverage means the area of “detectability” where ground surface visibility is sufficient to detect surface artefacts.


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Table 16: Effective Coverage for the Edderton Road Survey Area
                                                                                  Survey                                                                                      Effective
                                           Survey             Transect                               Exposure           Exposure             Visibility      Detection
            Landform                                                             Coverage                                                                                     Coverage
                                          Area (Ha)           Area (Ha)                                  (%)                (Ha)                (%)          Area (Ha)
                                                                                      (%)                                                                                        (%)
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      6LPSOH 6ORSH *HQWOH                                                                                                                          
  6LPSOH 6ORSH 0RGHUDWH6WHHS                                                                                                                        
              Total                          37.31               22.23              59.58                                   0.27                                0.25              0.67


Table 17: Effective Coverage for the Mount Arthur Survey Area
                                                                                  Survey                                                                                      Effective
                                           Survey             Transect                               Exposure           Exposure             Visibility      Detection
            Landform                                                             Coverage                                                                                     Coverage
                                          Area (Ha)           Area (Ha)                                (%)                (Ha)                  (%)          Area (Ha)
                                                                                   (%)                                                                                           (%)

  6LPSOH 6ORSH 0RGHUDWH6WHHS                                                                                                                      
      5LGJH &UHVW 5LGJHOLQH                                                                                                                           
           6SXU &UHVW                                                                                                                                      
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              Total                          86.29               60.78              70.44                                   1.72                                1.49              1.73




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Table 18: Effective Coverage for the Offset survey area
                                                                                 Survey                                                                                      Effective
                                         Survey             Transect                               Exposure            Exposure            Visibility         Detection
            Landform                                                            Coverage                                                                                     Coverage
                                        Area (Ha)           Area (Ha)                                   (%)                (Ha)                (%)            Area (Ha)
                                                                                    (%)                                                                                         (%)
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  6LPSOH 6ORSH 0RGHUDWH6WHHS                                                                                                                   
      5LGJH &UHVW5LGJHOLQH                                                                                                                     
            6SXU &UHVW                                                                                                                          
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         0RGLILHG 7HUUDLQ                                                                                                                       
              Total                       495.89              360.65               72.73                                  11.27                                 10.46           2.11




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5.2              Previously Recorded Sites in the Survey Areas
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Table 19: Previously Recorded Aboriginal Sites in the Survey Areas (Offset survey area)
                                                                                     No. Artefacts
                                 AHIMS Site                                                                    No. Artefacts
 AHIMS Site No.                                              Site Type                 (Original
                                   Name                                                                      (Relocated 2009)
                                                                                      Recording)
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5.3              New Sites Recorded During the Present Survey
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Table 20: Site Types Identified within the Survey Areas
                                                                                    Potential Offset
                              Edderton Road                Mount Arthur                                               Total
                                                                                         Area
  $UWHIDFW VFDWWHU                                                                                                  
      ,VRODWHG ILQG                                                                                                
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         Total                          1                         26                         67                         94


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Table 21: Summary of Sites Recorded within the Edderton Survey Area
                                        PAD Associated              Archaeological
 Site ID            Site Type              with Site                 Terrain Units                   Description of Site
                                           (Yes/No)                   within Site
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Table 22: Summary of Sites Identified within the Mount Arthur Survey Area
                                            PAD                  Archaeological
 Site ID          Site Type           Associated with             Terrain Units                   Description of Site
                                       Site (Yes/No)               within Site
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Table 24: Stone Artefacts Found Within the Survey Areas
  Artefact Type             Edderton Road                Mount Arthur                Offset Area                    Total
    %RQGL SRLQW                                                                                                       1
   %URNHQ IODNH                                                                                                    39
      &REEOH
                                                                                                                      1
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         &RUH                                                                                                      40
     &RUH WRRO                                                                                                        1
        )ODNH                                                                                                   200
   )ODNHG SLHFH                                                                                                    15
   +DWFKHW KHDG                                                                                                      2
 5HWRXFKHG IODNH                                                                                                   19
        6KDWWHU                                                                                                      5
        Total                         1                         49                        273                        323



5.3.5           Raw Material for Stone Artefacts
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Table 25: Raw Materials Used for Stone Tool Manufacture in the Survey Areas
   Raw Material             Edderton Road                Mount Arthur                Offset Area                    Total
         %DVDOW                                                                                                       1
         &KHUW                                                                                                        2
    *UH\ FKHUW                                                                                                        3
        +RUQIHOV                                                                                                     2
     0XGVWRQH                                                                                                   130
  3HWULILHG ZRRG                                                                                                      6
     3RUSK\U\                                                                                                         1
        4XDUW]                                                                                                     43
     4XDUW]LWH                                                                                                       3
        6LOFUHWH                                                                                                121
 9ROFDQLF PDWHULDO                                                                                                  11
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Table 26: Sites and their Distance to Nearest Watercourse
   Distance to
                                Edderton Rd               Mount Arthur                 Offset Area                    Total
   Watercourse
         P                                                                                                        47
       P                                                                                                       18
       ! P                                                                                                      27
         Total                          1                         26                         65                         92*
* the total number of stone tool artefact sites (i.e. the scarred tree sites are not included as distance from a water source is not
generally considered a factor in their location).




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Table 27: Assemblage Size
 Assemblage Size Class                    Edderton Rd              Mount Arthur                Offset Area              Total
          DUWHIDFWV                                                                                              84
 WR OHVV WKDQ  DUWHIDFWV                                                                                             4
 WR OHVV WKDQ  DUWHIDFWV                                                                                             2
      WR OHVV WKDQ 
                                                                                                                         1
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                                                                                                                          0
           DUWHIDFWV
     WR  DUWHIDFWV                                                                                                 0
               Total                              1                        26                      64                    91
* the total number of stone tool artefact sites (i.e. the scarred tree sites are not included).



Table 28: Distribution of Sites in Archaeological Terrain Units
  Archaeological Terrain
                                          Edderton Rd             Mount Arthur                 Offset Area             Total
          Unit
       0RGLILHG 7HUUDLQ                                                                                                   0
6LPSOH 6ORSH OHYHO WR YHU\
                                                                                                                       15
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    6LPSOH 6ORSH JHQWOH                                                                                                1
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                                                                                                                       12
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                                                                                                                         3
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  5LGJH &UHVW5LGJH /LQH                                                                                              15
       6SXU &UHVW6SXU                                                                                                  4
               Total                              1                       26                       67                    94*
* the total number of sites including both stone tool artefact sites and scarred tree sites.




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Table 29: Summary of Site Type and Site Contents
                                       Edderton Rd             Mount Arthur              Offset Area                 Total
         ,VRODWHG )LQGV                                                                                           51
        $UWHIDFW 6FDWWHUV                                                                                          40
         6FDUUHG 7UHHV                                                                                                 2
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     The discrepancy between the AHIMS database results (Figure15) and the MAN EIS results is accounted for by the
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of the ‘site’, which is outside the HMZ.

9
     The environmental/cultural contexts are interpreted as meaning a combination of ATUs with cultural sub-contexts as defined
by Kuskie (1999).

10
     The MAN EIS (Kuskie 1999a) did not differentiate isolated finds from artefact scatters. All sites were identified as artefact
scatters.


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Table 31: Comparison of Existing Heritage Management Zones with Proposed Offset Area
           Item              Macleans Hill            Eddertonn            North West              Total HMZs           Offset Area
                                 HMZ                  Road HMZ             Slopes HMZ
$UHD KD                                                                                      408                   495
1R RI VLWHV                     ORFL             ORFL              ORFL        40 (111 loci)               74*
1R VLWHV +

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VLWHV
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12
     The number of site loci consists of the total number of site loci listed in Tables 31-33, which includes the actual site loci
identified by Kuskie (1999) (108 loci) and previously identified sites that do not have loci (n=3). For the purposes of this
assessment, the latter are treated as loci, bringing the total loci to 111.


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1R                                                                                            Avg 6.3                  12
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* includes seven previously recorded sites and 67 new sites.
** H = High significance; M-H = moderate-high significance; M = moderate significance; L-M = low-moderate significance and L
= low significance. The significance ratings are taken from the revised significance assessment in this report rather than
Kuskie’s (1999a) original significance ratings which were based on significance of ATUs rather than individual sites.


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6.6.1            Assessment
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Appendix B 6SHFLILF ZULWWHQ FRPPHQWV LQFOXGH

Wanaruah Local Aboriginal Land Council

,Q LWV UHVSRQVH WR WKH GUDIW RI WKLV UHSRUW GDWHG  -XO\  :/$/& PDGH WKH IROORZLQJ FRPPHQWV
UHJDUGLQJ WKH FXOWXUDO KHULWDJH YDOXHV RI WKH DUHD

        “The area surrounding and including Mount Arthur has great cultural and social
        significance to Aboriginal peoples of this area. Some of the elders tell of being taken by
        their parents and grandparents and having much of their early traditional teaching done
        here. There was at the time many of the traditional food sources and resources to be
        found within easy walking distance of the town of Muswellbrook, still very much as it was
        before European settlement. It should also be noted that this area is within easy walking
        distance of several significant sites and ceremonial grounds. It is also situated in very

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        close the [sic] proximity of the song line between the Hunter valley and the Coast. This
        very important cultural and economic transit way was in use for thousands of years.

        Aboriginal Cultural heritage is not limited to the relics and art that have survived the
        impact of European settlement. It is a living culture and includes landforms, water holes,
        vegetation zones, habitats and peoples.

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Yinaar Cultural Services

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        “Yinaar Cultural Services recommend that the Saddlers Pit grinding grooves are of high
        cultural significance.”

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($ %RXQGDU\ RU WKH VFLHQWLILF VLJQLILFDQFH DVVHVVPHQW SUHVHQWHG LQ WKH GUDIW UHSRUW

Cacatua Culture Consultants

,Q LWV UHYLHZ RI WKH GUDIW RI WKLV UHSRUW GDWHG  -XO\  &&& IRXQG WKDW WKH ³proposed impact on
significant items is high due to the expansion of Mt Arthur…´ 1R IXUWKHU FODULILFDWLRQ ZDV PDGH

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        “…the location is just as significant as the grooves. This location we feel should be
        gazette[d], as the large number of grooves in such a small area gives the impression that
        the place was of high significance to the aboriginal’s inhabitance [sic].”

&&& GLG QRW SURYLGH VSHFLILF FRPPHQW RQ WKH VLJQLILFDQFH YDOXHV RI DQ\ RWKHU LQGLYLGXDO VLWH ZLWKLQ WKH
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6.7              Aboriginal Heritage Significance
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SUHVHQWHG LQ Section 9.0

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Table 32: Aboriginal Sites Recorded within the Macleans Hill Heritage Management Zone
                                                                                                                                             No. of             Scientific          Revised
                                                                                                                             No. of
                                AHIMS Site                                                                 No. of                             Raw              Significance        Scientific
Site Name      Site Loci                                Site Type                      ATU                                  Artefact
                                No. (DECC)                                                                Artefacts                         Material          Rating (Kuskie      Significance
                                                                                                                             Types
                                                                                                                                             Types                1999a)             Rating
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Table 33: Aboriginal Sites Recorded within the West of Edderton Road Heritage Management Zone
                                                                                                                                           No. of          Scientific             Revised
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                               AHIMS Site                                                                 No. of                            Raw           Significance           Scientific
Site Name      Site Loci                               Site Type                      ATU                                 Artefact
                               No. (DECC)                                                                Artefacts                        Material       Rating (Kuskie         Significance
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                                                                                                                                           Types             1999a)                Rating
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Site Name    Site Loci                             Site Type                      ATU                                 Artefact
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Table 34: Aboriginal Sites Recorded within the Mount Arthur North West Slopes Heritage Management Zone
                                                                                                                                           No. of              Scientific          Revised
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                                                                                                                                           Types                 1999a              Rating
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Table 35: Aboriginal Sites Impacted by the Proposed Mine Extension Area 1
                                                                                             Significance
                                                 AHIMS Site                                                             Within
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                                                 No. (DECC)                                                             HMZ?
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                                                 No. (DECC)                                                            HMZ?
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Table 36: Aboriginal Sites Impacted by the Proposed Mine Extension Area 2
                                                                                               Significance
                                                 AHIMS Site                                                            Within
   Site Name                Site Loci                                  Site Type              Rating (Kuskie
                                                 No. (DECC)                                                            HMZ?
                                                                                                  1999a)
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                                              No. (DECC)                                                             HMZ?
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                                                 No. (DECC)                                                            HMZ?
                                                                                                  1999a)
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*AHIMS sites located within Kuskie’s (1999a) defined loci.
** Kuskie’s significance ratings are presented as local significance/regional significance.
*** Sites identified during this survey. Site loci were not used during this survey. Note also, that significance assessments for
these sites should be differentiated from significance ratings of sites assessed by Kuskie (1999a).

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Section 9.5.2

7.1.3           Mine Extension Areas 3 and 4
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Table 37: Aboriginal Sites Impacted by the Proposed Mine Extension Areas 3 and 4
                                                       AHIMS Site No.                                          Significance
    Site Name                   Site Loci                                             Site Type
                                                          (DECC)                                                  Rating
                              8QVSHFLILHG
     -)0-6                                                             2SHQ FDPS VLWH                 QRW JLYHQ
                             8PZHOW 
        +5                 1RW $SSOLFDEOH                              2SHQ FDPS VLWH                 QRW JLYHQ
Source: Umwelt (2006); AHIMS database.



7.1.4          Mine Extension Area 5
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FRQWDLQV D WRWDO RI HLJKW SUHYLRXVO\ UHFRUGHG $ERULJLQDO VLWHV ZLWK  ORFL 7KHUH DUH QR FRQVHUYDWLRQ
DUHDV LPSDFWHG RU DGMDFHQW WR WKH SURSRVHG RYHUEXUGHQ HPSODFHPHQW DUHD KRZHYHU WKH SURSRVHG
6DGGOHUV &UHHN &$ OLHV DSSUR[LPDWHO\  P WR WKH VRXWK

Table 38: Aboriginal Sites Impacted by the Proposed Mine Extension Area 5
                                                         AHIMS Site No.                                         Significance
     Site Name                    Site Loci                                             Site Type
                                                            (DECC)                                                 Rating
                                                                        $UWHIDFW VFDWWHU                  /RZ
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                                                         AHIMS Site No.                                         Significance
     Site Name                    Site Loci                                             Site Type
                                                            (DECC)                                                 Rating
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Table 39: Aboriginal Sites Impacted by the Proposed Edderton Road Realignment (Option 1)
                                                        AHIMS Site No.                                          Significance
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                                                           (DECC)                                                  Rating
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Table 40: Aboriginal Sites Impacted by the Proposed Edderton Road Realignment (Option 2)
                                                         AHIMS Site No.                                          Significance
      Site Name                   Site Loci                                             Site Type
                                                            (DECC)                                                  Rating
       
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Source: AHIMS database.

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8.1             Commonwealth Legislation
8.1.1           Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Protection Act 1984
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8.2.1           Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979
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        The conservation of objects, places or features (including biological diversity) of cultural
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               x       Bayswater Rail Loading Facility and Rail Loop Development Consent:
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               x       Mt Arthur North Development Consent: 'HYHORSPHQW &RQVHQW '$ 
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Table 41: Status of Development Consent Conditions for Aboriginal Sites at Bayswater No. 3 mine
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Table 42: Status of Development Consent Conditions for Aboriginal Heritage Assessment, Management and Monitoring at Bayswater Rail Loading
Facility and Rail Loop
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Table 43: Status of Development Consent Conditions for Aboriginal Heritage Assessment, Management and Monitoring at Mt Arthur North
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Table 44: Status of Project Approval Conditions for Aboriginal Heritage at Mt Arthur Coal Exploration Adit
                            Conditions                                                       Status                                                     Comment
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Table 45: Status of Project Approval Conditions (Statement of Commitments) for Aboriginal Heritage in the South Pit Extension Project Area
                            Conditions                                                       Status                                                    Comments
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Table 46: Status of Development Consent Conditions for Aboriginal Sites at the Mt Arthur Underground Project Area
                          Conditions                                                        Status                                                   Comments
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 Note: The Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Management Plan may
form part of the Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Management
Plan, as referred to in the Mt Arthur North mine consent (DA 144-
                             05-2000).


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        …relies on the concept that Aboriginal behaviour was continuous across space.
        Therefore the physical evidence of that behaviour is widely distributed and is variable in
        nature, and typically correlated, at least in part, with environmental factors. With area-
        based management, the emphasis shifts to decision-making on what areas, rather than
        sites, are representative. By preserving a representative suite of environmental contexts
        (such as landform elements or archaeological terrain units), the range of Aboriginal
        evidence across the landscape is preserved, regardless of the precise nature of
        variations in the density or distribution of relics…Protection is therefore afforded to
        samples of the potential heritage resource, as well as to the identified resource.

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9.4.2          Sites within the Mt Arthur North Survey Area
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Table 47: Amended Management Recommendations for Aboriginal Sites Impacted by the Proposed Mine Extension Area 1
                                                                        Significance                                 Original Management
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Table 48: Amended Management Recommendations for Aboriginal Sites Impacted by the Proposed Mine Extension Area 2
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                                                                             Significance                               Original Management
                                  AHIMS Site                                                         Within                                                      Amended Management
 Site Name          Site Loci                           Site Type               Rating                                Recommendation (Kuskie
                                  No. (DECC)                                                         HMZ?                                                         Recommendation****
                                                                               (Kuskie)                                        1999a)*
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*Source: Kuskie (1999: 213-218)

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** Consent to Destroy was originally recommended by Kuskie (1999) prior to the area becoming a Heritage Management Zone. These sites were then managed in situ as a conservation area.
Amended management recommendations indicate “No change”, meaning sites will be destroyed under this Project, or “Surface collection”, meaning sites of high significance will be salvaged prior
destruction. Note that under the provisions of Part 3A of the EP&A Act, Consents to Destroy (NPWS Section 90 AHIPs) are not required. Approval is vested in the Minister for Planning (see
Section 8.2.2).
*** BSC Conservation Area. This is one of two conservation areas in Bayswater No. 3 ML originally recommended by Kuskie (1999) as an offset for development of the MAN mine. It was not
subsequently created. Alternative management zones were created within MAN ML instead, and part of the BSC Conservation Area has been incorporated into the Saddlers Creek Conservation
Area (refer Section 3.5).
**** Sites that are recommended for “Destroy without Salvage” are sites that are not considered to have low archaeological significance. However, further advice is required from the Aboriginal
community regarding the cultural (social) significance of these sites, and this may alter the management recommendation.



Table 49: Amended Management Recommendations for Aboriginal Sites Impacted by the Proposed Mine Extension Areas 3 and 4
                                                                                                         Original Management
   Site                             AHIMS Site                                 Significance                                                                     Amended Management
                   Site Loci                               Site Type                                 Recommendation (Umwelt 2007,
  Name                              No. (DECC)                                    Rating                                                                          Recommendation
                                                                                                                 2008)
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Table 50: Amended Management Recommendations for Aboriginal Sites Impacted by the Overburden Emplacement Area
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10.0          References

$(&20  Salvage of Aboriginal Heritage Sites, Mt Arthur Coal, Hunter Valley, NSW 5HSRUW WR
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%UD\VKDZ +  Archaeological survey of proposed Black Hill Coal Mine near Muswellbrook,
Upper Hunter Valley 5HSRUW IRU 6LQFODLU .QLJKW 3DUWQHUV

%UD\VKDZ +  The Hunter Valley and its Aboriginal inhabitants. NSW National Parks and
Wildlife Service Hunter Valley Region archaeology project stage 1, Vol 2 $QXWHFK

%UD\VKDZ +  Archaeological investigation of 132 kV transmission line route near Muswellbrook
NSW 5HSRUW IRU 6KRUWODQG &RXQW\ &RXQFLO

%XUHDX RI 0HWHRURORJ\  &OLPDWH 6WDWLVWLFV IRU $XVWUDOLDQ /RFDWLRQV ± -HUU\V 3ODLQV 3RVW 2IILFH
KWWSZZZERPJRYDXFOLPDWHDYHUDJHVWDEOHVFZBVKWPO UHWULHYHG  -DQXDU\ 

&XUU ( 0  The Australian race. Its origins, languages, customs, places of landing in Australia
and the routes by which it spread itself over that continent 9ROV  -RKQ )HUUHV 0HOERXUQH

'DYLGVRQ , -DPHV 5 DQG )LIH 5  Archaeological investigations proposed Bayswater No 3
Colliery Authorisation Area (A437) 5HSRUW WR 5HVRXUFH 3ODQQLQJ 3W\ /WG

'(&  Draft Interim Community Consultation Requirements for Applicants 'HSDUWPHQW RI
&RQVHUYDWLRQ +XUVWYLOOH

'(&  Guidelines for Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Impact Assessment and Community
Consultation 'HSDUWPHQW RI (QYLURQPHQW DQG &RQVHUYDWLRQ +XUVWYLOOH

'(&  Part 3A EP&A Act Guidelines for Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Impact Assessment and
Community Consultation 'HSDUWPHQW RI (QYLURQPHQW DQG &RQVHUYDWLRQ'HSDUWPHQW RI 3ODQQLQJ

'MHNLF $  An Archaeological survey of the route of the Tamworth Gunnedah 132kV
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'\DOO /  Report on Aboriginal relics from Mount Arthur North Coal Lease Muswellbrook 5HSRUW
WR 16: 1DWLRQDO 3DUNV DQG :LOGOLIH 6HUYLFH

'\DOO /  Environmental studies – Mt Arthur Project (Hunter Valley): full report on Aboriginal
relics 5HSRUW WR 16: 1DWLRQDO 3DUNV DQG :LOGOLIH 6HUYLFH

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5HSRUW WR %D\VZDWHU &ROOLHU\ &RPSDQ\ 3W\ /WG

+XJKHV 3 -  An archaeological survey of the Bayswater No 2 Colliery proposed lease
extension area, Muswellbrook, the Hunter Valley 5HSRUW WR 165 3W\ /WG

.RHWWLJ 0  Bulga Lease Authorisation 219 salvage excavations, Vol 1: overview of results
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.RHWWLJ 0 DQG 3 - +XJKHV  Archaeological Investigations at Plashett Dam, Mount Arthur
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.XVNLH 3 - D An Aboriginal Archaeological Assessment of the Proposed Mount Arthur North
Coal Mine, Near Muswellbrook, Hunter Valley, New South Wales 5HSRUW WR 'DPHV DQG 0RRUH 7KH
0RXQW $UWKXU 1RUWK &RDO 3URMHFW (QYLURQPHQWDO ,PSDFW 6WDWHPHQW $SSHQGL[ / $SULO  856

.XVNLH 3 - E An Aboriginal archaeological assessment of the proposed Bayswater Rail
Loading Facility, near Muswellbrook, Hunter Valley, NSW 5HSRUW WR 8PZHOW $XVWUDOLD 3W\ /WG

.XVNLH 3 DQG &ODUNH ( $  Salvage of Aboriginal heritage sites in the Mount Arthur North coal
mine lease, Hunter Valley, NSW 5HSRUW WR %+3 %LOOLWRQ+XQWHU 9DOOH\ (QHUJ\ &RDO

+ROGDZD\ 6 DQG 6WHUQ 1  A record in stone: the study of Australia’s flaked stone artefacts
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/RQJ $  Aboriginal scarred trees in New South Wales: a field manual 'HSDUWPHQW RI
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Archaeology and Physical Anthropology in Oceania  

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RI +XPDQ DQG (QYLURQPHQWDO 6WXGLHV 8QLYHUVLW\ RI 1HZ (QJODQG

0F%U\GH ,  Aboriginal prehistory in New England: an archaeological survey of north-eastern
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6FKRRO RI +XPDQ DQG (QYLURQPHQWDO 6WXGLHV 8QLYHUVLW\ RI QHZ (QJODQG

0F'RQDOG 5 & 5 ) ,VEHOO - & 6SHLJKW - :DONHU DQG 0 6 +RSNLQV  Australian Soil
Survey and Land Survey Field Handbook &6,52 &DQEHUUD

0F,OYHHQ *5  Singleton 1:25,000 Geological Sheet 9132-IV-N 16: *HRORJLFDO 6XUYH\
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13:6  Aboriginal Cultural heritage Standards and Guidelines Kit 16: 1DWLRQDO 3DUNV DQG
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5LFK (  Archaeological survey for Aboriginal sites, proposed Bengalla Coal Mine,
Muswellbrook 5HSRUW SUHSDUHG IRU %HQJDOOD -RLQW 9HQWXUH

7LQGDOH 1%  Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution,
Limits and Proper Names 8QLYHUVLW\ RI &DOLIRUQLD 3UHVV %HUNHOH\

8PZHOW $XVWUDOLD 3W\ /WG 8PZHOW  Mt Arthur North Mine environmental management plan:
archaeology and cultural heritage 5HSRUW IRU %+3 %LOOLWRQ+XQWHU 9DOOH\ (QHUJ\ &RDO

8PZHOW $XVWUDOLD 3W\ /WG 8PZHOW  Aboriginal archaeological assessment – South Pit
Extension project 5HSRUW WR 0RXQW $UWKXU &RDO

8PZHOW $XVWUDOLD 3W\ /WG 8PZHOW  Proposed Mount Arthur Underground Project 5HSRUW WR
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Figure 2   Aboriginal Heritage Survey Areas
                                                                                                                     Edderton Heritage Management Zone                                                    1             Bayswater 3 Mining Area
                                                                                                                     Macleans Hill Heritage Management Zone                                               2             Mount Arthur Extraction Area
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Hansen Bailey
                                                                      NP
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Aboriginal Heritage Assessment
                                                                                                                     Mount Arthur Northwest Slopes Heritage Management Zone                                             Southern Disturbance Boundary
                                                                                                                                                                                                          4
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                                                                                                                     Proposed Mount Arthur Conservation Area                                                            Mount Arthur North 21 year Disturbance Boundary
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                                                                                                                     Proposed Saddlers Creek Conservation Area
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G:\Projects\S6\S60600_S60699\S60671\S60671 F3 27 07 2009 TO




                                                                         Survey area
                                                                                                                                      Figure 3   Archaeological Terrain Units -
                                                                         Simple slope (level to very gentle)                                     Edderton Road Survey Area
                                                              0   125m   Simple slope (gentle)
                                                                                                                                                 Hansen Bailey
                                                                         Simple slope (moderate to steep)
                                                                                                                                                 Aboriginal Heritage Assessment
                                                                                                                                                 Mt Arthur Coal Consolidation Project
                                                                                                                                                 Environmental Assessment
G:\Projects\S6\S60600_S60699\S60671\S6067101 F4 27 07 2009 TO




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                                                                              Survey area                                Spur Crest                                                                   Figure 4   Archaeological Terrain Units -
                                                                              Modified Terrain                           Drainage Depression (level to very gentle)
                                                                              Simple slope (moderate to steep)           Drainage Depression (moderate to steep)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Mount Arthur Survey Area
                                            0                   250m
                                                                              Ridge Crest/Ridge Line                                                                                                             Hansen Bailey
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Aboriginal Heritage Assessment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Mt Arthur Coal Consolidation Project
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Environmental Assessment
G:\Projects\S6\S60600_S60699\S60671\S6067101 F5 27 07 2009 TO




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                                                                       Survey area                          Spur Crest                                                                          Figure 5   Archaeological Terrain Units-
                                                                       Modified Terrain                     Drainage Depression (level to very gentle)
                                                                       Simple slope (gentle)                Drainage Depression (gentle)
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Offset Survey Area
                                              0                 250m
                                                                       Simple slope (moderate to steep)                                                                                                    Hansen Bailey
                                                                       Ridge Crest/Ridge Line                                                                                                              Aboriginal Heritage Assessment
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Mt Arthur Coal Consolidation Project
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Environmental Assessment
G:\Projects\S6\S60600_S60699\S60671\S6067101 F6 27 08 2009 TO




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Figure 6   Boundaries of Previous Major
                                                                                                                Mt Arthur North (Kuskie, 1999a; Kuskie & Clarke 2004)
                                                                                                                Mt Arthur Underground (Umwelt, 2008)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Archaeological Survey Areas
                                                                    NP
                                                                                                                Bayswater No. 3 Mining Area (MacDonald and Davidson, 1997 & n.d.)                                                                             Hansen Bailey
                                                                                                                Mt Arthur South Pit Extension (Umwelt, 2007)                                                                                                  Aboriginal Heritage Assessment
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G:\Projects\S6\S60600_S60699\S60671\S6067101 F7 27 07 2009 TO




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                                                                                             Edderton Road Survey Area

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                                                                                                                                         37-2-1445                                          Mount Arthur Survey Area
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 EA BOUNDARY
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Figure 7   AHIMS Search Results - EA Boundary
                                                                                                                             Mt Arthur North (Kuskie, 1999; Kuskie & Clarke 2004)                                 Axe Grinding Groove             AHIMS site destroyed by mining activities
                                                                                                                             Mt Arthur Underground (Umwelt, 2008)                                                 Isolated Find                   AHIMS site with “Destroyed” validity status
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Hansen Bailey
                                                                             NP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Aboriginal Heritage Assessment
                                                                                                                             Bayswater 3 Mining Area (MacDonald and Davidson, 1999 & 2005)                        No Type Defined
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0W $UWKXU &RDO &RQVROLGDWLRQ 3URMHFW
                                                                                                                             Mt Arthur South Pit Extension (Umwelt, 2007)                                         Open Camp Site
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Quarry
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Scarred Tree
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Shelter with Deposit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Stone Arrangement
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G:\Projects\S6\S60600_S60699\S60671\S60671 F8 27 07 2009 TO




                                                                         Survey area
                                                                                                                                                Figure 8   AHIMS Search Results -
                                                                         Shelter with deposit (AHIMS Record)                                               Edderton Road Survey Area
                                                              0   125m
                                                                                                                                                           Hansen Bailey
                                                                                                                                                           Aboriginal Heritage Assessment
                                                                                                                                                           Mt Arthur Coal Consolidation Project
                                                                                                                                                           Environmental Assessment
G:\Projects\S6\S60600_S60699\S60671\S6067101 F9 27 07 2009 TO




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                                                                              Survey area                                                                                                                     Figure 9    AHIMS Search Results -
                                                                              Axe grinding groove (1) - AHIMS Record
                                                                              Open camp site (56) - AHIMS Record
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Mount Arthur Survey Area
                                            0                   250m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hansen Bailey
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Aboriginal Heritage Assessment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Mt Arthur Coal Consolidation Project
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Environmental Assessment
G:\Projects\S6\S60600_S60699\S60671\S6067101 F10 27 07 2009 TO


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                                                                             37-2-2032               37-2-2057
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                                                                                                      37-2-2058                       37-2-2559




                                                                                    37-2-1919                                                37-2-0113                                                                                                                                                                  37-2-0184

                                                                    37-2-1600                                                                                                                                                         37-2-0178


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                                        37-2-0351                   37-2-1809                         37-2-1808



                                                                                                                                      37-2-1804
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                                       37-2-1768                    37-2-1835                                37-2-1807                      37-2-1800                  37-2-1751                   37-2-1818
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                                                           37-2-0123                37-2-0350
                                                            37-2-0060                                                           37-2-1803
                                                        37-2-1643                        37-2-0349
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                                                                                    37-2-0058       37-2-1669                                                           37-2-0172                     37-2-1819
                                                                                    37-2-1670               37-2-0354
                                                                             37-2-1769                             37-2-1802                                                                                   37-2-1820
                                                                                                37-2-0057

                                                                                                                  Survey area                                                                                                                                                        Figure 10 AHIMS Search Results -
                                                                                                                  Isolated find (6) - AHIMS Record
                                                                                                                  None (31) - AHIMS Record
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Offset Survey Area
                                              0                          250m
                                                                                                                  Open camp site (74) - AHIMS Record                                                                                                                                           Hansen Bailey
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Aboriginal Heritage Assessment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Mt Arthur Coal Consolidation Project
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Environmental Assessment
G:\Projects\S6\S60600_S60699\S60671\S6067101 F1 27 08 2009 TO




                                                                                                                                                                        Potential Offset Survey Area




                                                                      Edderton Road Survey Area




                                                                                                                                             Mount Arthur Survey Area


                                                                                                                                                                            EA BOUNDARY




                                                                                                                                                                                                       Figure 11 Conservation Areas and Heritage
                                                                                              Edderton Heritage Management Zone
                                                                                              Macleans Hill Heritage Management Zone
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Management Zones at Mt Arthur Coal
                                                               NP
                                                                                              Mount Arthur Northwest Slopes Heritage Management Zone                                                             Hansen Bailey
                                                                                              Proposed Mount Arthur Conservation Area                                                                            Aboriginal Heritage Assessment
                                                                                              Proposed Saddlers Creek Conservation Area                                                                          0W $UWKXU &RDO &RQVROLGDWLRQ 3URMHFW
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 (QYLURQPHQWDO $VVHVVPHQW
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G:\Projects\S6\S60600_S60699\S60671\S60671 F12 27 07 2009 TO




                                                                                                                                            Previous MAU



                                                                          Survey area                                     Shelter with deposit (AHIMS Record)
                                                                                                                                                                         Figure 12 Survey Results and AHIMS Records -
                                                                          EA Boundary                                     Isolated find (Survey Result)                            Edderton Road Survey Area
                                                               0   125m   Transect (50m wide)
                                                                                                                                                                                   Hansen Bailey
                                                                          Simple slope (level to very gentle)
                                                                                                                                                                                   Aboriginal Heritage Assessment
                                                                          Simple slope (gentle)
                                                                          Simple slope (moderate to steep)
                                                                                                                                                                                   Mt Arthur Coal Consolidation Project
                                                                                                                                                                                   Environmental Assessment
G:\Projects\S6\S60600_S60699\S60671\S6067101 F13 27 07 2009 TO




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                                                                                         Survey area                                 Spur Crest                                     Artefact Scatter (35) - Survey Result                                           Figure 13 Survey Results and AHIMS Records -
                                                                                         Transect (50m Wide)                         Drainage Depression (level to very gentle)     Isolated Find (3) - Survey Result
                                                                                         Modified Terrain                            Drainage Depression (moderate to steep)        Grinding Grooves (1) - Survey Result
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Mount Arthur Survey Area
                                            0                    250m
                                                                                         Simple slope (moderate to steep)            Axe grinding groove (1) - AHIMS Record         Isolated Find and PAD (1) - Survey Result                                                 Hansen Bailey
                                                                                         Ridge Crest/Ridge Line                      Open camp site (56) - AHIMS Record                                                                                                           Aboriginal Heritage Assessment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Mt Arthur Coal Consolidation Project
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Environmental Assessment
G:\Projects\S6\S60600_S60699\S60671\S6067101 F14 27 07 2009 TO


                                                                                                                                                                                                 37-2-2706
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                      37-2-2700                                                                37-2-2625
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                                                                                                                                                           MAC40                                                                37-2-2699

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                                                                             37-2-2032               37-2-2057
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                                                                                                      37-2-2058

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                                                                                    37-2-1919                                                37-2-0113            MAC43                                                                                                                                                          37-2-0184
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                                                                    37-2-1600                                              MAC82                                                                                                                  37-2-0178

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                                                        37-2-1816                                         MAC79
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                                                                                                                                      37-2-0185      37-2-0185                                                       MAC45
                                                        37-2-0324                                                                                                                                                   MAC44                     MAC22                  MAC18
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     MACB24                                            170
                                                                                                                                                      MAC93                                                                                MAC19


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                                                                                                                                                          MAC94                               MAC84                         MAC25                      MAC90             180
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                                                                 37-2-1812                                                                                                                                      MAC87                                                           MAC17
                                                                                                                                                                  MAC55          MAC54                                     22
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         NB880                                          190
                                                                                                                                                                                                      MAC57                NB89
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                                                                                                                                                                          B2     37-2-0183                                  MAC86
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                                                                                                                                                                            B2                                                                                    200
                                                                 37-2-1811                                                                                                         MAC62
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                                                                                    37-2-1596
                                                                                                                                                                                           MAC53         MAC60
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                                                        37-2-1737                                                                                                                            MAC52       MAC60
                                                                                                                                                                            MAC71 17
                                                                                    37-2-1810                                                             MAC71                          0       MAC51 MAC61
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                                                                                                                                                                                           MAC69 B1
                                                                                                                                                                          180                      B1
                                                                                                                                                                         MAC75                     B1 37-2-0182                                          210
                                                                                                                                                                                                    B1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      200
                                                                                                                                                                         190                   MAC92
                                                                                                                                     MAC50                                                                 MAC63
                                                                                                             37-2-1595                                    MAC74 2                                                                               190
                                                                                                                                                                 10                                                      MAC64
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                                                                                                                                                                                 MAC72                                                        MAC68
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            180
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          B3 MAC67
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                                                                                                             37-2-1597                                           230
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                                        37-2-0351                   37-2-1809                         37-2-1808



                                                                                                                                      37-2-1804
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                                                                                                                                                                       37-2-1753
                                       37-2-1768                    37-2-1835                                37-2-1807                       37-2-1800                      37-2-1751                     37-2-1818
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 37-2-0032
                                                           37-2-0123                37-2-0350
                                                            37-2-0060                                                           37-2-1803
                                                        37-2-1643                        37-2-0349
                                                                  37-2-0059
                                                                                    37-2-0058       37-2-1669                                                              37-2-0172                            37-2-1819
                                                                                    37-2-1670               37-2-0354
                                                                             37-2-1769                             37-2-1802                                                                                           37-2-1820
                                                                                                37-2-0057

                                                                                                                  Survey area                                      Spur Crest                                       Artefact Scatter (274) - Survey Result                                    Figure 14 Survey Results and AHIMS Records -
                                                                                                                  Transect (50m Wide)                              Drainage Depression (level to very gentle)       Isolated Find (36) - Survey Result
                                                                                                                  Modified Terrain                                 Drainage Depression (gentle)                     Isolated Find and PAD (1) - Survey Result
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Offset Survey Area
                                              0                          250m
                                                                                                                  Simple slope (gentle)                            Isolated find (6) - AHIMS Record                 PAD (1) - Survey Result                                                             Hansen Bailey
                                                                                                                  Simple slope (moderate to steep)                 No Type Defined (31) - AHIMS Record              Scarred Tree (2) - Survey Result                                                       Aboriginal Heritage Assessment
                                                                                                                  Ridge Crest/Ridge Line                           Open camp site (74) - AHIMS Record                                                                                                      Mt Arthur Coal Consolidation Project
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Environmental Assessment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              37-2-0608
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           37-2-0607

G:\Projects\S6\S60600_S60699\S60671\S6067101 F15 27 08 2009 TO

                                                                                                                                                                               37-2-1920




                                                                                                                      EA BOUNDARY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           37-2-1738       37-2-1817
                                                                                                                                                                                 37-2-1601             37-2-1742                                                                    37-2-1814
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       37-2-1740                                                      37-2-1600
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Macleans Hill Heritage Management Zone
                                                                                             37-2-0330