History 3001. Historical Research Methods by iht11609


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History 3001. Historical Research Methods.
       FINDING BOOKS in Reese Library
       Use GIL, the library catalog, for finding books in Reese Library. A link to the catalog (GIL) is available
       on the Reese Library Home Page.

   s    Search for books by author, title, or subject, e.g.,
   s    Buffalo (N.Y.) as a Subject, or
   s    Pan American Exposition as a Keyword in Title/Subject, to be more specific.
       Library collection locations:

   s   Library collection locations by floorplan.
       Reese Library Special Collections

   s  Includes Augusta State University, local history and genealogy materials
   s  Includes archival materials, manuscripts, maps and photographs
   s Vertical filea include material relating to local history and Augusta State University , including minutes

      from ASU committees
   s The Special Collections Policy is posted at the entrance to Special Collections. Information about the

      archives and when archival materials are accessible is included. This can also be found online at
      Special Collection Policy
Identifying Articles in Periodicals
Resources on GALILEO:

You may access GALILEO from the Reese Library Home Page, or by typing the URL ( http://galileo.usg.
edu/ ) in the Location bar of your web browser from any computer on the campus network.

NOTE : GALILEO requires a password for all ASU users who are not on campus. You may get the password
from GIL.

Under "Access my GIL account to:" click on "Get GALILEO password"

   sClick on the down arrow next to "Patron Barcode"
   sChoose either the barcode number from your ASU ID card or your Social Security number, and enter it
    in the box (no spaces, no punctuation).
  s Enter your complete last name on the third line, and click on Logon

  s Click on OK on the next screen to request GALILEO password. The password will be near the top of

    the form that appears on the next screen.
How do you begin to find materials about your research topic?

One way is to search for whatever words you know. Another way is to use the words that database
developers use to describe the contents of the articles, books, etc. in the database. These subject headings
are sometimes called DESCRIPTORS in the research databases. Databases that use subject descriptors
usually allow the user to search for terms in the subject field to increase precision. Steps for beginning a
literature review:

   s   Write down your topic and select important keywords for which to search. Include synonyms for each
       keyword. Use a dictionary or encyclopedia for your discipline from the reference collection if
       necessary. Start with the terminology with which you are familiar, and refine it as needed.
   s   Select the best database for your particular topic in to begin your search. If your topic is based more
       on United States history, start in America: History & Life; if your primary topic deals with history of
       places or persons outside the United States, start with Historical Abstracts; if there is overlap (e.g.,
       discovery and exploration of the Americas, Christopher Columbus), use both. In any case, be
       prepared to use more than one database, as each has unique and important content.
   s   Use the 'advanced search' interface wherever possible. It will give you more intuitive ways to combine
       concepts, and easier ways to find research studies.
   s   If your database of choice has a controlled vocabulary (America: History & Life and Historical
       Abstracts do), use it. Subject headings or descriptors that describe a useful study will give you good
       terms to use to redefine or expand a search. Looking at the relationships between terms is also useful
       in deciding how to define your search.
   s   Generally speaking, the more terms you combine in a database search, the more precise -- and
       narrow -- your results will be. If you retrieve too few items, try dropping some combinations from
       your search strategy.
   s   Scan the first 10-20 records of the results. If they don't match what you want, try a different
       combination. PERSEVERE!
   s   Look at the reference lists of the sources you're using. If the same studies are cited over and over, no
       matter how old they are, be sure to look up those studies too, whether they appear in your list of
       database results or not.
   s   When you find an article, research study, book, or other source that fits well with your topic, make
       note of the author's sources, as these may also be good leads for you to follow in your own review.
       This is particularly important when you are reviewing a topic which has not had a lot of research or
       publication devoted to it.

Suggested GALILEO databases for research on topics of general interest (all resources listed here are part
of the database offerings in GALILEO, Georgia's Virtual Library):

   s   Academic Search Complete -provides abstracts and indexing for over 9,300, as well as full text for
       over 5,300, scholarly journals and general magazines.

   s   Academic Search Premier (from EBSCO) is designed specifically for academic institutions, is the
       world's largest scholarly, multidisciplinary full text database containing full text for nearly 4,000
       scholarly publications, including more than 3,100 peer-reviewed publications. In addition to the full
       text, this database offers indexing and abstracts for all 7,690 journals in the collection. This scholarly
       collection offers information in nearly every area of academic study.

   s   America: History and Life indexes approximately 2,000 scholarly journals covering the history and
       culture of the U.S. and Canada from prehistoric times to the present. The database contain links to
       full text articles from JSTOR and Project MUSE.

   s   ArchivesUSA does not offer the documents themselves, but it is a current directory of over 5,400
       repositories and nearly 118,000 collections of primary source material across the United States. Using
       ArchivesUSA, researchers are able to read descriptions of a repository's holdings to determine
       whether a collection contains material useful to their work as well as find the information they need
       to contact the repository directly. Repository records provide detailed information including phone
       and fax numbers, hours of service, materials solicited, email and home page URLs when available.
       Each collection record links to its corresponding repository record. Available at http://archives.

   s   Historical Abstracts A comprehensive reference guide to the history of the world from 1450 to the
       present (excluding the United States and Canada). Published by the same company as America:
       History and Life. Both databases contain links to full text articles from JSTOR and Project MUSE.

   s   Current Contents is a multidisciplinary database that covers approximately 7,000 scholarly journals in
       the sciences, the social sciences, and the arts and humanities. The database provides article citations,
       many with abstracts, from 1995 to the present. Coverage for earlier years, going back to 1988, will
       be added in the future. Coverage: 1995 to present. Updates: Weekly.

   s   Dissertation Abstracts Online covers dissertations accepted at accredited U.S. institutions since 1861.
       It selectively covers masters theses, Canadian dissertations, and British and other European
       dissertations. Abstracts are included for dissertations beginning July 1980 and for masters theses
       beginning spring 1988. (NOTE: For dissertations and theses completed prior to those dates,
       references are given to the print edition of Dissertation Abstracts, American Doctorial Dissertations
       and Master Abstracts. Abstracts may be consulted in those publications. Check with your librarian for
    further information.) Available in GALILEO.

s   Humanities International Index a comprehensive database covering journals, books and other
    important reference sources in the humanities. Produced by Whitston Publishing (an imprint of EBSCO
    Publishing), Humanities International Index provides cover-to-cover indexing and abstracting for
    over 1,900 titles with coverage dating as far back as 1925. HII contains more than 1.6 million records
    and includes all data from American Humanities Index plus bibliographic records from a multitude of
    international journals, books and reference works. This database provides citations and abstracts for
    articles, essays and reviews, as well as original creative works including poems, fiction, photographs,
    paintings and illustrations.

s   JSTOR JSTOR provides electronic access to back issues (from the date of first publication) of selected,
    core journals. The goal of the project is to build a "reliable and comprehensive archive of important
    scholarly journal literature." The journals are organized into the Arts and Sciences Collections I & II,
    the General Sciences Collection, the Ecology and Botany Collection, and the Business Collection.
    Coverage Dates: 1800s- (dates vary)

s   The MLA International Bibliography indexes critical literary and language scholarship, covering
    literature, languages, linguistics, and folklore from over 4,000 journals and serials published world
    wide, as well as books, essay collections, working papers, proceedings, dissertations, and
    bibliographies. Approximately 45,000 records are added annually. Classical Greek and Latin literature
    are not covered. This database is produced by the Modern Language Association. The print edition
    counterpart to this database began in 1921. Click on GALILEO databases and select the "Arts and
    Humanities" subject area, then "Literature, Language, & Criticism". On the next page, click on"MLA
    International Bibliography" at the top of the page to search the database.

s   Native American Documents - 1730 - 1842 - This database contains over 1,000 documents and
    images relating to the Native American population of the Southeastern United States from the
    collections of the University of Georgia Libraries, the University of Tennessee at Knoxville Library, the
    Frank H. McClung Museum, and the Tennessee State Library and Archives. The documents are
    comprised of letters, legal proceedings, military orders, financial papers, and archaeological images
    relating to Native Americans in the Southeast. Available in GALILEO.

s   netLibrary provides access to over 15,000 electronic books (eBooks), both copyright-free and
    copyright-protected published materials, such as reference books, scholarly monographs,
    publications of many University Presses, and consumer books that have been converted into digital
    format. It is possible to perform full-text searches of a single eBook, search thousands of volumes
    simultaneously, browse topic categories, or read eBooks directly online. Other search options are
    available as well (subject, publisher, title, author, etc.). See the blue circle with the "i" in it next to the
    netLibrary entry in GALILEO for instructions on using the service!

s   Project Muse Project Muse, similar to JSTOR, is a full-text journal database for over 100 journals in
    the fields of literature and criticism, history, the visual and performing arts, cultural studies,
    education, political science, and gender studies.

s   Research Library (from ProQuest) provides abstracts and indexing for nearly 2,500, as well as full text
    for over 1,000 scholarly journals and general magazines. The database may be searched individually
    or in conjunction with other ProQuest databases. Updates: Weekly. Click on GALILEO databases, then
    on "Research Library" to search the database.

s   Wilson Omni-File Wilson OmniFile: Full Text Select Edition is a multidisciplinary, 100% full-text
    database providing full text articles, with their accompanying indexing and abstracts, from the
    following Wilson periodical databases: Art Full Text, Applied Science & Technology Full Text,
    Biological & Agricultural Index, Education Full Text, General Science Full Text, Humanities Full Text,
    Index to Legal Periodicals & Books, Library Literature & Information Science Full Text, Readers' Guide
    Full Text, Social Sciences Full Text, Wilson Business Full Text. Coverage Dates: 1994 to present.
    Other potentially useful databases and indexes:

s   African American Biographical Database (AABD) brings together the biographies of thousands of
    African Americans, many not to be found in any other reference source. These biographical sketches
    (including photographs and illustrations) have been assembled from biographical dictionaries and
    other sources. Available in GALILEO.

s   American Colonist's Library - Early American History primary sources

s   American Memory at the Library of Congress

s   EuroDocs: Primary Historical Documents From Western Europe

s   Georgia Historic Newspapers Database is currently in development. At this time it includes three
    newspapers, The Cherokee Phoenix (1828, 1829), The Colored Tribune (1876), and The Dublin Post
    (1878, 1879,1880, 1881, 1884, 1885, 1886, 1887). Other papers will be added when available.
    Available in GALILEO.

s   Making of America digital library of primary sources in American social history from the antebellum
    period through reconstruction.

s   Organization of American Historians

s   Religion and Philosophy Collection a database with more than 243 full-text journals. It covers topics
    in spiritual, ethical, philosophical, cultural, and historical aspects of the world's major religions.

s   Vanishing Georgia, a new project of the Digital Library of Georgia, comprises nearly 18,000
    photographs. Ranging from daguerreotypes to Kodachrome prints, the images span over 100 years of
    Georgia history. It includes, but is not limited to, family and business life, street scenes and
    architecture, agriculture, school and civic activities, important individuals and events in Georgia
    history, and landscapes.
    Primary Source Web sites.

s   A Chronology of US Historical Documents

s   Perseus Digital Library primary sources for Greek, Rome, papyrii, English Rennaissance.

s   Repositories of Primary Sources

s   Rutgers American and British Primary Sources
    General Portals for History

s   History Matters - best history sites, arranged by period, from George Mason University

s   HUMBUL Humanities Hub Oxford University

s   Refdesk.com
    Search Engines

s   Google- Among the most popular of all search engines. Includes ability to search for images. Ranks
    results by frequency of use.

s   AltaVista - Allows precise searching with advanced search tools.

    Search Directories

s   The Internet Public Library - maintained by a consortium of schools of information and library
    studies, it covers a wide range of interdisciplinary topics.

s    About.com - employs "experts" in each field to collect links, covering topics from scholarly to leisure
    Librarian's Index to the Internet
   s   Librarian's Index to the Internet offers a searchable, browsable collection of over 16,000 high-quality
       Websites. Every site entered in the LII database is reviewed at least twice--sometimes three or four
       times--before it goes "live."

Locating the Articles

For articles without full text you will find just a reference to an article; then you will need to check GIL or
the list of E-Journals to find out how to retrieve the article. Further information is available in the handout
on locating journal articles.

Note: In GIL, a current subscription is indicated by a hyphen at the end of the year or volume. Magazines
and Journals to which the Library subscribes are located on the 2nd floor, shelved alphabetically by title.

Interlibrary Loan - For articles or books which are not in the Library's collections in either print or
electronic form, you will need to request each item you need. If you only need to request a book, you may
use GIL Express, from the GIL Universal Catalog, to order it from another library in the University System of
Georgia that has a copy of the book available. For books and articles not available through GIL Express,
from the Reese Library Home Page, click on ILLiad to register for this service and fill out an Interlibrary
Loan form for a book or an article not available in the Reese Library's collections.

Other Internet Sources:

Use search engines for finding information on the Internet , e.g., http://www.google.com

Some search engines also provide directories as part of their services; take a look at SKS WebSelect and the
Librarian's Index to the Internet for some examples of how subject directories to the web work.

Be sure to evaluate all your sources carefully, especially those you retrieve yourself by searching the web.

Document your work.

For additional information and guidance on good documentation practices, the following sites may be

Avoiding Plagiarism - a series of pages from the Online Writing Lab at Purdue University. Defines what
plagiarism is in the context of academic writing, and presents steps during the writing process to help
steer clear of plagiarizing.

Plagiarism handout - from UNC-Chapel Hill. Written from a student's point of view, it discusses why you
need to be aware of good citation practices, and why plagiarism is such a "big deal".

UWC's Helpful Handouts - from the University Writing Center at the University of Central Florida. Contains a
lengthy list of links to documentation guides developed by professional organizations and other
universities [note: link to guides is found by clicking the Writing Resources link on the left]. When using
another institution's citation guides, be sure to double-check the edition of the documentation manual that
the guide was based on. Don't use a guide for anything older than the edition of the manual that you're
using in your course.

Citation Guidelines for GALILEO Resources - Guidelines for citing materials that you retrieve from any of
the GALILEO databases. Examples are given for MLA, APA, and Turabian styles.

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