Passive I) Make the following sentences passive 1. They built a house. 2. They have not caught the thieves. 3. Our uncle takes Susan to hospital. 4. We have cleaned the car. 5. They speak English. 6. Kerrie has paid the bill. 7. Policemen help the children. 8. A robber broke the window of the shop. 9. My mother sends me to the butcher. 10. Peter will look after my little brother. 11. Mr Jones watches the film. 12. Has she phoned him? 13. Somebody built the house last year. 14. They speak English in the shop. 15. The waiter brought me a big steak. 16. She gave me the box. 17. Max will look after him. 18. You have not sent the parcel. 19. We saw her in Dresden last week. 20. No one has ever beaten me at chess. 21. Have they noticed us? 22. John collects money. 23. Anna opened the window. 24. We have done our homework. 25. I will ask a question. 26. He can cut out the picture. 27. The sheep ate a lot. 28. We do not clean our rooms. 29. William will not repair the car. 30. Did Sue draw this circle? 31. Could you feed the dog? 32. She would carry the box. 33. He must fill in the form. 34. We might play cards. 35. You ought to wash the car. 36. They grow coffee in Kenya. 37. They publish The Times newspaper in London. 38. They make shoes in Calatayud. 39. They transport oranges from Valencia to Germany in special crates. 40. They are sending the parcel by sea. 41. They are destroying the forests in Indonesia. 42. The shark ate the man. 43. The arsonist started the fire. 44. The police took him away. 45. They've treated him very well. 46. They haven't cleaned the kitchen yet. 47. They didn't punish him for what he did. 48. They fined him $100. 49. Have they cleaned the swimming pool yet? 50. They will tell you your results next week. II) Make the sentences passive (use the verbs and tenses given in brackets) 1. The words_____________ by the teacher today. (to explain - Simple Present) 2. We _____________ a letter the day before yesterday. (to send - Simple Past) 3. This car _____________. It's too old. (not/to steal - will-future) 4. This street _____________ because of snow. (already/to close - Present Perfect) 5. A new restaurant _____________ next week. (to open - will-future) 6. He _____________ to the party yesterday. (to invite - Simple Past) 7. The blue box _____________ by anyone. (can/not/to open - Simple Present) 8. I the book _____________ by my friend today. (to give - Simple Present) III) Make the sentences passive (use the words in bold as objects of the passive sentences) 1. Rachel will give you some advice. 2. I sent him a letter. 3. The police officer showed us the way. 4. Our neighbour gave me a lift. 5. We have asked him a favour. 6. She told them a lie. 7. They have written her a postcard. 8. Kerrie will make you a cup of tea. 9. The waiter has not brought us the coffee. 10. They did not offer her a seat. IV) Personal passive (put these sentences into the passive voice) 1. People know that she is a good swimmer. 2. They say that Francis is in hospital. 3. They think that the children are in bed. 4. People believe that the robber has worked in the bank. 5. People believe that nuclear power stations are dangerous. 6. His collegues thought that he was on holiday. 7. People know that cars pollute the environment. 8. They suppose that the new product will come out soon. 9. They found that the mission was impossible. 10. They believe that she will win a gold medal. V) Make the sentences passive 1. They make shoes in that factory. 2. People must not leave bicycles in the driveway. 3. They built that skyscraper in 1934. 4. The students will finish the course by July. 5. They are repairing the streets this month. 6. They make these tools of plastic. 7. They have finished the new product design. 8. They were cooking dinner when I arrived. 9. Smithers painted 'Red Sunset' in 1986. 10. Did the plan interest you? 11. They had finished the preparations by the time the guests arrived. 12. You should take care when working on electrical equipment. 13. They are going to perform Beethoven's Fifth Symphony next weekend. 14. Someone will speak Japanese at the meeting. 15. Karen is going to prepare the refreshments. VI) Make the sentences active 1. The instructions have been changed. 2. She will have to be taught. 3. This car was manufactured in Japan by Toyota. 4. Why aren't the exercises being finished on time? 5. Last year 2,000 new units had been produced by the time we introduced the new design. 6. Casual clothes must not be worn. 7. $400,000 in profit has been reported this year. 8. The test will be given at five o'clock this afternoon. 9. Students are required to wear uniforms at all times. 10. This rumor must have been started by our competitors. 11. All work will have been completed by five o'clock this evening. 12. We were told to wait here. 13. Lunch was being served when we arrived. 14. Lectures are recorded and posted on the Internet. 15. Portuguese has always been spoken in this village. VII) Decide whether to use simple present, simple past, present perfect, active or passive voice. The Fellowship of the Ring (be) _____________ the first book of J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings trilogy, which (set) _____________ in a fictive world, Middle Earth. It (tell) _____________ the story of Frodo, a hobbit, and a magic ring. As the story (begin) _____________, Frodo (give) _____________ a magic ring. The wizard Gandalf then (tell) _____________ him of the Rings of Power and of Sauron, the Dark Lord, who (make) _____________ the Master Ring to rule all other Rings. Gandalf (advise) _____________ Frodo to leave home and keep the ring out of Sauron's hands who already (send) _____________ his Black Riders in search for it. Frodo's ring (give) _____________ Sauron the power to enslave Middle Earth. Frodo (leave) _____________ the shire with three travelling companions: Sam, Merry and Pippin. First they (know/not) _____________ that the Dark Riders (pick up) _____________ their trail already. But soon the four friends (find out) _____________ about that. They (have) _____________ a few encounters with the Dark Riders which Frodo and his friends (can) _____________ only just escape. In one attack by the Dark Riders, however, Frodo (wound) _____________ badly. Still, his friends (manage) _____________ to escape with him. Travelling on, they (reach) _____________ the country of the elves. There Frodo (heal) _____________ by Elrond, a half-elven. A council then (decide) _____________ that the ring (must / destroy) _____________ and (send) _____________ nine individuals, the fellowship of the ring, to the Cracks of Doom to fulfil this task. The group (travel) _____________ through the lands of Hollom and finally (come) _____________ to the mines of Moria. There they (have to) _____________ fight against orcs and a demon of flames called Balrog. Fighting Balrog on the bridge of Khazad-Dum, Gandalf (save) _____________ his friends. Gandalf himself, however, (drag) _____________ into the depths by the demon. The others (manage) _____________ to escape. When Boromir, one of the fellowship, (try) _____________ to steal the ring, Frodo (realise) _____________ that he (have to) _____________ continue on his own. His dear friend Sam, however, (want/not) _____________ to let him go alone. So he (accompany) _____________ him and eventually the two of them (reach) _____________ the evil land of Mordor. IX) Write passive sentences with the given words (use present simple) 1. the documents / print - 2. the window / open - 3. the shoes / buy - 4. the car / wash - 5. the litter / throw away - 6. the letter / send - 7. the book / read / not - 8. the songs / sing / not - 9. the food / eat / not - 10. the shop / close / not - X) Write passive sentences with the given words (use past simple) 1. the test / write - 2. the table / set - 3. the cat / feed - 4. the lights / switch on - 5. the house / build - 6. dinner / serve - 7. this computer / sell / not - 8. the car / stop / not - 9. the tables / clean / not - 10. the children / pick up / not- XI) Write passive sentences with the given words (use present perfect) 1. the postcard / send - 2. the pencils / count - 3. the door / close - 4. the beds / make - 5. the mail / write - 6. the trees / plant - 7. the money / spend - 8. the room / book / not - 9. the rent / pay / not - 10. the people / inform / not - XII) Write passive sentences with the given words (use future simple) 1. he exhibition / visit - 2. the windows / clean - 3. the message / read - 4. the thief / arrest - 5. the photo / take - 6. these songs / sing - 7. the sign / see / not - 8. a dictionary / use / not - 9. credit cards / accept / not - 10. the ring / find / not - XIII) Write passive sentences with the given words (use present continuous) Sheila is drinking a cup of tea. - My father is washing the car. - Farmer Joe is milking the cows. - She is taking a picture of him. - I am writing a poem. - We are not playing football. - He is not wearing a tie. - Is she preparing the party? - Are they talking about the meeting? - Is she watering the flowers? – XIV) Write passive sentences with the given words (use past continuous) We were talking about Francis. - He was playing the guitar. - She was watching a film. - I was repairing their bikes. - They were not eating dinner. - We were not painting the gate. - You were not driving him home. - He was not feeding the dogs. - Was she reading these lines? - Were they carrying bags? – XV) Write passive sentences with the given words (use past perfect) I had worn blue shoes. - Joe had cleaned the tables. - We had lost the key. - They had started a fight. - I had been reading an article. - I had not closed the window. - They had not bought the paper. - She had not noticed me. - Had she solved the problem? - Had he recorded that song? – XVI) Write passive sentences with the given words (use future perfect) Frank will have ordered the drinks. - You will have spent all the money. - I will have taken the dog for a walk. - She will have sold the car. - They will have solved the problem. - She will not have read the book. - They will not have trusted him. - He won't have rung Barbara. - Will they have paid the bill? - Will you have washed my socks? – XVII) Használjon szenvedõ szerkezetet a következõ mondatoknál! 1. Elragad bennünket a lelkesedés. 2. Úgy érzem, ránk erõszakolnak egy egyezséget, amit nem akarunk. 3. Szerintem az egész ügy fel van fújva. 4. Úgy éreztem, mintha figyelnének. 5. Attól tartok, foltos lett a szõnyeg. 6. Még soha nem rúgtak ki az állásomból. 7. Szolgálatom során csak egyszer lõttek rám, de nem találtak el. 8. Nem arra tervezték, hogy magas nyomásnak ellenálljon. 9. Kell, hogy legyen döntés, úgyhogy feltételezem. Lesz döntés. 10. Brian több mint négy hónapja tudta, hogy csalással fogják vádolni, de Anne-nek egy szót sem szólt róla. 11. A fegyverek alkalmazása soha nem igazolható. 12. Lehet, hogy kényszerítették, hogy engedje be õket. 13. Példát kell statuálni. 14. Át kellene ütemezni az adósságokat. 15. A jelen vizsgálat során a kísérleti macska hátsó lábait 5000 áramütés érte. 16. Teréz Anyának ítélték a Nobel díjat. 17. Egész kellemes a parkban, kivéve, amikor megkergetnek a kutyák. 18. Teljesen összezavarsz a sok barátnõddel. 19. Remélhetõ, hogy az infláció ebben az évben nem haladja meg a 20 %-ot. 20. A forróság sok helyen erdõtüzet okozott.