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					Spring 2008                                            The EDGE

                          THE EDGE
                     SPRING 2008 VOL 12 NO 3
                       TEXT ONLY VERSION

GAZETTE                    PAGE 2
BISHOP'S LETTER               PAGES 3 - 4
GIFFORD LECTURE                PAGE 4
AROUND THE DIOCESE             PAGES 6 - 7
TOGETHER AT LAMBETH - 2        PAGES 10 - 11
CONNOR LINK                PAGE 12
APPRECIATION               PAGE 12
SYNOD REPORT                   PAGE 13

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THE EDGE                                                               SPRING 2008

The Revd Lorna Mortis, Assistant Priest, St Peter‟s Musselburgh and St Andrew‟s, Prestonpans, w.e.f.
4 May 2008. Currently Priest in Charge (part-time) of St Margaret‟s Easter Road, Edinburgh.
The Revd Ross Bell, w.e.f. 5 February 2008. Community Development Co-ordinator for the Granton
Waterfront Churches Project and Old St Paul‟s Church, Edinburgh.
The Revd John Pelham, w.e.f. 25 January 2008.
The Revd Lewis Shand Smith, w.e.f. 5 February 2008.
                                      Permission to officiate
The Revd John McLuckie, w.e.f. 23 January 2008.
The Revd Ian Walter, w.e.f. 31 May 2008, Rector of St Cuthbert‟s, Hawick. Retirement.

                                     CANON 35 PERMISSIONS
                             St David’s, Pilton Commemorative plaque
                St Paul‟s and St George’s Retrospective permission for baptistery pool
                              St John’s, Jedburgh Lowering of reredos

The Right Reverend Kenneth Woollcombe, who died on 3rd March 2008, aged 84, was Principal of
Edinburgh Theological College, Pantonian Professor and Canon of St Mary's Cathedral, Edinburgh, from
1963 to 1971.
He was subsequently Bishop of Oxford from 1971 to 1978, later Assistant Bishop of London, and Canon
Residentiary of St Paul's Cathedral until his retirement in 1989.
He was also a member of the Central Committee of the World Council of Churches and Chairman of SPCK.

Editor's Note
 This issue of The Edge concentrates on the two important and very interesting conferences that
were held in February, at Haddington, to help in our understanding about the agenda of the
Lambeth Conference. They were concerned with the relationship between the Scottish Episcopal
Church and the Anglican Communion, and deserve an even wider audience. I hope that the
reports will give something of their flavour.
David Treherne transferred the templates, for compiling The Edge, to 'Open Office', which has enabled
this issue to be to be compiled reasonably easily by someone else. This has taken the weight and
pressure off David, who has done this task for so many years. Many thanks to David for his hard, and
often un-recognised, work over so long a period. Apart from anything else, he has ensured that each
issue has always come out at the right time. It is good news that he has recovered so well from his short
spell in hospital.
                                                                                          Allan Maclean
            The Edge, Diocesan Centre, 21A Grosvenor Crescent, Edinburgh EH12 5EL.
            Tel: 0131 538 7033 Fax: 0131 538 7088 Email:
                     Diocese of Edinburgh, Scottish Charity Number SC001214.

Spring 2008                                                                                        The EDGE
Bishop Brian's Letter
If one looks up the word „list‟ in a dictionary (I used the Shorter Oxford to do this) one can be amazed at the
variety of senses the word has. It has meaning in the textile industry and in the world of tin-plating. It is part of the
verb „to listen‟, and can also mean „to lean‟. And that by not means exhausts the list, for it also means, well, „a
list‟, a catalogue of items.
Books and websites supply us with interesting lists. Drafting this letter I went to the internet to see what new lists
had been recently compiled by those who do that sort of thing. The five most recent, as I write, were; „20
Examples of Why You Should Enjoy Poetry‟, „Top 15 Science Fiction Book Series‟, „Top 10 Rogue Traders‟, „Top
10 Toys Parents Dread‟ and „10 Memorable Rock Performances‟.
Yet, more important lists have recently been in our minds. In March the Pope listed what the press picked up as a
list of „seven new deadly sins‟. The traditional „deadly sins‟ were pride, envy, gluttony, lust, anger, greed and
sloth. To this the Pope has added as mortal sins, genetic modification, human experimentation, polluting the
environment, causing social injustice, causing poverty, financial gluttony, and taking drugs. Significant debate
The desire to do this lay in a sense that it was necessary to bring sin into a crisper focus in the complexity of
contemporary life, while also giving greater emphasis to the communal and social aspects of sin.
Traditionally there have also been „lists‟ on the other side. There is the ancient list of the four ‘cardinal virtues‟
of courage, temperance, prudence and justice, to which theologians added the three ‘theological virtues‟ of faith,
hope and charity.
What might happen if we were to consider the traditional cardinal virtues, and the traditional theological virtues in
the light of some features of contemporary life, with the question in our minds, “Do they too need complementing
today?” I hasten to say that our task would that of complementing, not replacing!
The four cardinal virtues (virtues that make no explicit reference to God) highlight significant strengths of an
individual human character - courage, self-control, sound practical judgment, and sound moral judgment. What is
absent from them, are those specific moral strengths that can create strength in others. We might also say that
they all have particular application in a small society characterised by a strong unity of moral belief and purpose.
May there not be four further virtues that the inhabitants of a large varied and pluriform society, such as ours,
Let me set the ball rolling by suggesting a further four.
      The ability to listen to one another – not assuming we know what a person will say to us before they have
        spoken, and being attentive to what we hear. We need to be able to appreciate difference, and take time to
        do this.
      The ability to help another person to feel valued – we may do this by a smile or another friendly gesture,
        as much by a long gift of time in conversation. Much in society works to erode self-esteem, it is important
        to counteract the trend.
      The ability to work for peace (and where possible reconciliation) in big or trivial disputes between
        people. We live in a world of diverse opinions, and these can flare up into anger, bitterness and violence.
        Differences will always exist in our society, but bitterness need not exist. There is a skill that can prevent
        a destructive anger getting the upper hand as dispute begins.
      Having an evident love of truth – with no temptation to distort or exaggerate either for rhetorical effect, or
        out of cynical disregard. There is a clear virtue in an ability to argue ones case, while at the same time
        showing due respect to one‟s opponent.
And if I list these as complementing our list of cardinal virtues, what about complementing our three theological
virtues – did not Paul in I Cor 13 say that “There are three things that last for ever: faith, hope and love.” Should
we not therefore leave these well alone? Are these not an adequate characterisation of the contours of the
Christian life?
When Paul spoke about faith he did this in a world where a general belief in God was less problematic than it is
today. Faith was about having a right belief and proper trust in the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. But
today even the most general of beliefs in God is less central in people‟s lives. Opinion polls will show that many
people will give assent to some belief in God, but it is an open question as to how far this is crisply formed or
understood. In our world we need people of faith who are disposed to talk about what a belief in God is, and
share this with others. This is an important virtue in a world where belief in God has certainly faded, but not yet
vanished, from the scene
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        Faith, but also a keenness to understand and talk about that faith in God.
Hope is our second theological virtue. As a virtue it directs us forward to a future, to see that life can get meaning
from a vision of a future under God, into which we are moving. Yet once again this very idea that life might
„have‟ a meaning is one that is alien to much contemporary thinking. We are easily distracted from questions such
as „What is the meaning of life?‟ [don‟t let anyone dare to say 42], yet this question points to a cluster of issues on
which both traditional talk of hope and more general talk of spiritual aspiration and purpose depends.
      Hope, but also a desire to hold on to, and bring out, the importance of wider concern with „the meaning
         and purpose of life‟
Disposed to talk of God, and disposed to hold to those puzzling matters of „purpose‟ and „meaning‟ in life , I
would say can be seen as complementing two of our traditional theological virtues.
What about the third theological virtue – love? Can anything complement this? Paul in I Cor 13, which I cited
earlier, goes on to say, “the greatest of these is love”. Surely that one theological virtue under girds everything,
both the original and in my complementary list! It grounds our concern for the welfare of people throughout the
world, who live in poverty or need. How can one possibly complement it?
But, for a moment, hold this alongside the words of the shorter Westminster Catechism which asks the question
“What is our chief end?” and answers, “It is to glorify God and enjoy him forever”. We have then before us three
words, „love‟, „glorify‟ and „enjoy‟. The ability to love God and our neighbour is the heart of our religious
responsibility; the ability to worship God is fundamental to our religious duty; what about „enjoy‟? Although the
force of the Catechism is to direct our attention to eternity, as a „virtue‟ for life on earth „enjoyment‟ needs to be
taken to heart by us. The general busyness and seriousness of much of life can distract us from giving attention to
where simple joy is to be found, and indeed many people will live lives without any real joy.
       The ability to enjoy, and so to spread joy is a virtue which we must not allow to be neglected in the midst
        of other proper concerns with the serious elements of our religion.
And so it is that the habit of talking with others about our God, of wrestling with current questions of meaning and
purpose in life, and of enjoying and spreading joy, could all make a good claim to be a complementary list of
theological virtues - offering us three fundamental aspects of Christian life today.


                                          THE GIFFORD LECTURES
Edinburgh is very fortunate that for over a hundred years the University has hosted the Gifford Lectures. These
lectures have offered to the people of Edinburgh a unique opportunity to hear scholars of international renown
such as Albert Schweitzer, Arnold Toynbee, Iris Murdoch, Noam Chomsky and Jurgen Moltmann contribute to
the advancement of philosophical and theological thought.
This year‟s speaker was Alexander Nehamas, Edmund N Carpenter Professor in Humanities, Philosophy, and
Comparative Literature at Princeton University, in America, and his topic was „Friendship and its place in life‟.
The lectures were fascinating and led to many questions, but as those who have attended the lectures in the past
will know, discussion afterwards is often limited. For this reason, the University Chaplaincy and Adventures in
Faith arranged with the University for a fuller discussion to be chaired by Bishop Brian following the fourth
lecture. Invitations went out with university publicity and the Bishop‟s Notices and despite the lectures ending in
Holy Week, over thirty people stayed to a drinks reception and discussion. With bottles of wine and soft drinks in
hand, people settled in an ad hoc circle in the Playfair Library and an excellent conversation ensued, most ably
chaired by our very own philosopher - Bishop Brian. A great variety of people were present, the majority, regular
attenders at the lectures (including a number of professional philosophers), and the discussion was wide-ranging
and fascinating with many people taking part.
We could have stayed all night, but the University had kindly granted us the use of the Playfair Library and the
time of the servitors, so reluctantly we had to go home. The event was organised by Frances Burberry, Curate at
St Peter‟s Lutton Place and Honorary Chaplain at the University, and Elspeth Strachan, who works for the diocese
with Adventures in Faith. We plan to do this again after individual Gifford Lectures on 8th May and 18
November, so do consider joining us for more fascinating and challenging philosophical and theological
conversations on these dates.

Spring 2008                                                                                     The EDGE

                        Choir Anniversary at St Mary’s Cathedral
This year is the 30th anniversary of the introduction of girls into the choir of St Mary‟s Cathedral, and to mark it
„The Times‟ carried a full page article, entitled „Girls allowed‟, largely about the Edinburgh choir and how its
has managed, successfully, to integrate boys and girls together. The topic was also taken up in the paper‟s
Editorial. On following days there was correspondence about it, both pro and con, including a letter from Philip
Allison, the former Headmaster of St Mary‟s Music School, explaining how successful it had been.
Congratulations to Duncan Ferguson, who has been appointed the new Organist and Master of Music at St
Mary‟s, a position in which he has been acting for the last six months.
Duncan writes:
St Mary‟s Cathedral Choir was the first in Britain to offer girls the opportunity of choristerships, a unique musical
education formerly only open to boys. The first girl was admitted in 1978 when the choir was under the direction
of Dr Dennis Townhill, now Organist Emeritus at the Cathedral, and girls have been an important part of the St
Mary‟s choir ever since.
It wasn‟t until 1991 that Salisbury Cathedral introduced a girls‟ choir, and St Mary‟s is still unusual in allowing
boys and girls to sing in the same treble line; Manchester is the only English foundation with a near-daily tradition
to have followed St Mary‟s‟ lead. Dr Townhill‟s pioneering move was truly ahead of its time, and yet even now,
thirty years on, the „traditionalists‟ argue that girls just don‟t fit into cathedral choirs, or at least not singing
alongside boys. Yet, as St Mary‟s has shown over the past thirty years, and as the editorial of The Times makes
clear, those who argue that girls and boys sound „different‟ are misinformed. With proper and consistent training
that is the same for girls and boys, it is simply not the case that the voices do not work together: many would
argue that trained boys‟ and girls‟ voices are indistinguishable, as the famous „blind‟ test demonstrated [carried
out by Dennis Townhill before the Cathedral Organist‟s Association in Edinburgh in 1990]. Whilst other
cathedrals have included girls in separate choirs, and this arrangement can certainly work, it is to the great credit
of those who acted against the majority view in 1978 that we now have a choir in which boys and girls sing
together on equal terms: each day, for all concerts, broadcasts, and tours. To sing in separate choirs could never
offer the same opportunities for all, regardless of sex, and nor would St Mary‟s benefit from such such richness of
musical expression.

                                  QUOTES FROM THE TIMES, 14TH MARCH 2008.
„It was a very dramatic change, but I am where I am today because of that education‟
                                                            Susan Hamilton, founder-member of the Dunedin Consort
'Would composers really have written different music if they had had girls singing? It's far more important to
have a choir that sings this music from the past pretty well.'
                                                                  Duncan Ferguson, Organist and Master of the Music
„Girls are totally up to the task and it‟s ridiculous to exclude them.‟
                                                                  Gareth Malone, choral campaigner and TV presenter

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                                      AROUND THE DIOCESE
                                            WITH JOHN HOWARD
New titles
The Link is what we must now call the new magazine of St Mary's, Dalkeith, and St Leonard's, Lasswade. In neat
A5 format it replaces its two floppy A4 predecessors, and even if there are a lot other "Links" about, it has a nice
logo of two silhouetted figures dancing together holding up the Cross, with the words 'Together in Christ'. In the
March issue the Revd Peter Harris asks 'Do we really need Easter Sunday?' and after a quick review of the
evidence for the resurrection says 'I for one look forward to the Easter cry "Alleluia, Christ is risen", and at the
same time long to hear your reply.'
St Catharine's, Bo'ness, and St Mary's, Grangemouth, have also re- christened their magazine Home-LINK , partly
to complement their weekly notice sheet LINK 52 and their website LINK Online, and partly to avoid the
implications of the joke which is going round "Churches are like helicopters - people keep their distance in case
they get sucked into the rotors".
Issue no 1 of St John's Voice (St John's, Selkirk) appeared in March. It is of local and general interest, and has
touches of colour, especially in the gallery of eight faces who make up their Ministry Leadership Team. There is
an extract from the James Gregory Lecture by Tom Wright, the Bishop of Durham, 'Can a scientist believe in the
Resurrection?', and 'Why I support Motivation' by Pam Lumsden - a charity supported by B & Q and Marks &
Spencer for providing wheelchairs for Bangladesh, Tanzania and elsewhere.
Organ donors and a new chorister
Many of our churches have fine organs but like the buildings themselves they need repair and renewal. St Peter's,
Lutton Place, has begun a Fundraising Appeal for the refurbishment of theirs (St Peter's News & Views, March).
Once you have given you can say with pride "I'm an organ donor"!
In Touch (St Mary's, Dalmahoy, Dec/Jan) has a more detailed account of the contract for refurbishment of their
organ, written by John Blaber. Henry Willis & Sons Ltd will be removing the entire instrument to their works in
Liverpool, but the timetable is uncertain because they have many jobs under way, including two new major organs
in Florence (Italy) and in New Zealand.
St Cuthbert's, Colinton (in The Sign, March) have been looking into the history of their organ. Sylvia Prior writes
about the Vestry Sub-Committee which considered the provision of an organ during the year 1908. They were
fortunate in having Sir Oliver Riddell who contributed £250 towards the cost, and Sir Rowand Anderson, the
architect, as adviser. They voted 'to accept the offer of Messrs Ingram & Co, Edinburgh, to supply and erect the
organ for a cost of £322. Sir Rowand Anderson was authorised to accept the offer of Messrs Burn
Bros to supply and fix a hydraulic engine etc at a cost of £34:14s and to arrange with the Water Trust to supply
and fix a water meter on the supply pipe to the engine.'
In the March magazine of the Church of the Good Shepherd, Murrayfield, the retiring Rector, the Revd Canon
Tim Morris describes how he joined the choir. Never trained to sing or read music, he learned to sing with the
rest of their small choir just by listening and doing it. Of course, he recommends others to try.

Christian education & Christians involved in education
'The Gospels and Matthew's Jesus - the human face of God' is the heading of five pages of Gloria (Holy Trinity,
Haddington, February) by the Rector, the Revd Paul Keown. He encourages the systematic study of the First
Gospel (as in this year's lectionary) with its emphasis on Jesus as both Son of God and Son of Man, together with
his news that the Kingdom of Heaven is close at hand. 'There is much current interest in apocryphal writings
such as the Gospels of Thomas and of Philip, the Secret Books of St John and about Mary Magdalene...but one
has only to go back to the four Gospels of the New Testament to experience the difference.'
'Educating Edinburgh' by the Revd Dr Bob Gould (Movement, St Columba's-by-the-Castle, Christmas) explains
how he was
chosen to be one of the 'Religious Representatives' on the Education Committee of the new Edinburgh City
Council. The task appears to be not so much discussion of religious affairs, as having lay people with religious
beliefs taking part in policy decisions which affect education in the whole city.

Spring 2008                                                                                     The EDGE
The 'Mad scientist page' in Outlook (St James the Less, Penicuik, March) is contributed by the Revd Dr Neville
Suttle. He writes about the fossil hoax of 'Archaeoraptor' which deceived even the National Geographic
Magazine. Subsequent expert examination of the specimen showed that it was indeed half reptile and half bird,
but from two different skeletons glued together. But rather than exploding evolutionary theory, it showed that
each half came from a reptile that was capable of flight. Is it really a case of unquestioning certainty versus
uncertain questioning? 'How much of the new millennium will pass before the dinosaur that is the church will
learn to fly?'
Mark my Words (St Mark's, Portobello, Feb/March) relates Pat Cant's "holiday" with a difference. She and a
friend volunteered to help with CHICKS, a charity which provides free respite breaks for disadvantaged children
of 8-15 from all parts of the U.K. regardless of race or religion. It involved much outdoor physical activity, and
not a lot of holiday for the carers.
The Vine Trust involves volunteers in house building for the street children of Lima and Iquitos in Peru. Emily
Fitchett writes about the work and fund raising she is doing in the Lent issue of St Fillan's, Buckstone, magazine.
Alistair Armitage gives an update on the work of Hope-into-Homes (under the charity Habitat for Humanity) in
Bishkek in Kyrgyzstan. Because of the extremes of temperature in winter and summer in Central Asia, the houses
need to be built with cane reeds as an insulating layer in stout walls, but skilled craftsmen were not necessarily
needed. These projects are supported by the Edinburgh Inter-Faith Association, and were featured in last
Autumn's Edge. (Magnificat, St Mary's Cathedral, February.)
Gloria (Holy Trinity, Haddington, October) reports on the proposed link with a parish in the Diocese of the Cape
Coast, Ghana.
John Starr Jr writes about another part of his gap year, this time working in Ecuador and the Galapagos Islands (In
Touch, St Mary's, Dalmahoy, Feb/March).
The Revd Charles Finnie, in a pulpit exchange, told the congregation of St Cuthbert's, Hawick (printed in their
March magazine) of his visits to The Gambia (West Africa) to take motorbikes (Honda C90s) and
medical supplies. Part of the consignment was to service bikes that they taken two years ago for the Child
Advocacy International. There were also materials like 20 reams of paper, hundreds of pens, pencils and erasers
for a school at Sambel Kunda, and 1600 packets of paracetamol and other drugs for the hospital at Bansang,
which serves half the population of the territory. He lost a tent in a storm, had to camp in a minefield, and of
course went everywhere by motorbike. Thomas Cook got them home.
'A view from the West Door' by Allan Hood in Magnificat (October) gives an account of a new 'Welcomer's'
experience of the variety of people who go into the Cathedral. They come from all over Europe, and the other
continents - even from Glasgow and Inverness. 'and a surprising number of long-standing Edinburgh citizens who
have never brought themselves across the threshold till that day'. Some of his visitors:
The Polish couple who are thrilled when the pianist, rehearsing for a lunchtime concert, starts to play a piece by
'their' Chopin;
The German who had last seen The Presence as an illustration in his religious instruction book at a Roman
Catholic secondary school over 30 years ago.

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                            TOGETHER AT LAMBETH, AT HADDINGTON 1
In February, the Diocese arranged two day conferences, so that people could be better informed about the
Scottish Episcopal Church and about the Anglican Communion of Churches, and how the two inter-related.
This was a time of learning, a time of thinking and a time of consolidation, so that when the Lambeth
Conference of Bishops meets in July, we can put into context the media and press reports, of which there
will no doubt be many, and know that our Communion is going through a period of intense challenge
and change, most of which the Press will not be concerned about, but which is vital for the future well-
being of our Church.
So many people subscribed that the original venue in the Trinity Centre, the church hall for Holy
Trinity Church in Haddington, had to be changed to the church itself, with meals in the Centre.
The first day was concerned with the Scottish Episcopal Church, what made us, what makes us as we are, and
what we value most. The day was chaired by the Bishop, who opened the conference by saying that we are a
diverse church, and one purpose of the day was to listen to each other as well as listening to the speakers. We
were warned to be prepared to be surprised by the differing perspectives we would find to be present in the
The history of the SEC was introduced by Dr Alison Peden, who reminded us that our Church has a different
history from the other churches of the Anglican Communion. Our roots lie in the long history of Scottish
Christianity, and in particular we have evolved from the turmoils of the Reformation, and the political upsets of
the 17th century. Overtaken by disestablishment and persecution, and the founding of separate Anglican
chaplaincies in Scotland, the SEC finally emerged as a small distinctive Scottish Church, slightly prickly about
our identity but definitely a part of the Anglican Communion [which, with the Consecration of Bishop Seabury in
the USA, we can claim to have founded]. However the last forty years have witnessed much change, including an
enthusiasm for the ecumenical movement, the growth of women‟s and lay ministry, experimentation with liturgy
and the development of strong evangelical congregations.
Duncan MacLaren then viewed the SEC of today with a sociological profile.
He showed that, although the SEC thinks of itself as being quite significant in the Scottish scene, statistically,
except in Edinburgh, we are a very small church. He suggested that we feel significant because we represent the
world-wide Anglican tradition, its theology and liturgical practice; also because we know that we are firmly
Scotland-based, with hundreds of years of life as part of Scottish Christianity. We are a Scotland-wide
organisation always prepared to be involved in the life of the nation and of the local community. We are known
for our strong pastoral sense, especially to the older members of our churches. We preserve a strong musical and
choral tradition, and we maintain many significant architectural buildings.
Lewis Shand Smith, experienced in the local and national political scene, talked of the SEC‟s commitment to
the country, and its influence through the work of the Scottish Churches Parliamentary Office.
Douglas Galbraith, Ecumencial Officer of the Church of Scotland, gave a view of the place of the SEC in the
ecclesiastical life of the country.
He spoke of the valued influence that the SEC has had on the Church of Scotland. Our new liturgies have shown
what can be achieved in new theology and fresh language, while our musical tradition has made a large
contribution in the life of the Royal School of Church Music in Scotland. The breadth of practice and views of
the SEC, as well as its inclusiveness, the theological work on membership and belonging, local collaborative
ministry, and the development of patterns of spirituality, are an inspiration to other denominations.
In many places the SEC has set the pace in ecumenical developments. The SEC contributes significantly on a
national level and at a local level has, from the beginning, been a major partner in the Livingston ecumenical team
ministry, as well as being involved in many local ecumenical partnerships.
Bishop Brian, standing in for Elizabeth Templeton, spoke about the contribution of the SEC to the academic and
theological world in Scotland.
He talked about the life of the Theological College as the theological agent of the SEC, and how its closure in
1994 caused a significant bereavement. While, in the past, the theological faculties and universities in England
were filled with Anglican theologians, which under-girded the Church of England, in Scotland the positions were
filled with Presbyterians. When denominational credentials began to be less significant in both countries, far
fewer Anglicans were appointed to academic positions in England, but in Scotland by contrast Anglicans began to

Spring 2008                                                                                         The EDGE
staff the theological faculties. The SEC thus has a new resource to draw on.
In other academic disciplines, however, there have always been significant Episcopal contributions to the life of
the nation and church from such intellectual giants in recent times as Gordon Donaldson in Scottish History,
William Montgomery-Watt in Islamic studies and Donald MacKinnon in Philosophy.
In the afternoon, we moved on to think about some of the distinctive patterns in our life as a Church.

John Armes introduced the subject of Churchmanship, and spoke about how there is a huge diversity within the
Scottish Episcopal Church as regards both worship and doctrine. This seems to be very different from the past
where Anglicanism was defined by the Prayer Book, which contained the services, and, through the content of the
services, the beliefs of the church. The SEC has moved from a reasonably monochrome uniformity to a rainbow
of different practice.
The choice of which congregation we join to some extent boils down to preference, but the differences do
represent underlying principles. Some place a great emphasis on Scripture, others on the theology of the Church
and the Eucharist, and there is a danger of everything in between appearing to be less committed to either
principle, rather than a considered balance between the two. The SEC seems to have the whole range of Christian
practice within its one family.
Two examples of different worshipping patterns in the Scottish Episcopal Church were then displayed.
Steve Butler, from St James, Leith, described new forms of liturgical practice, that the current climate in the
SEC allows. The biblical images and ideas of thanksgiving and feeding, along with every member ministry, can
be developed in the liturgy. These strands demand a commitment to „whole person participation in the
Eucharistic community‟ which should lead to the participation of all, be they children, old people, single people,
young families, professional people or people with learning difficulties.
Ian Paton, from Old St Paul’s, defined Liturgy literally as the „Work of the People of God‟, and showed that it is
a tradition handed on from the earliest days. He defined „traditionalism‟ as the „dead faith of the living‟, but
„tradition‟ as the „living faith of the dead‟. The Scottish Liturgy of 1982 has broken away from the constraints of
the Prayer Book to revert to earliest practice, which is fresh and vibrant. Liturgy should be „Experiential,
Participatory, Image-rich and Communal‟, which echoes many of the ideas that Steve Butler uses too.
The gathering then broke into groups to compare ideas as to what are the distinctive features of the SEC, and
what it has to offer to the Anglican Communion. Many ideas were shared.
We are a small church, but we have a very wide diversity of practice and thought. We recognise each other as
being within the same family.
 We are a national church and we are an independent church but we also exercise a wide influence. Living
alongside two large churches, we are not insular, but can learn from others. Although in some respects we are
hierarchical, yet we try to respect everyone‟s views and ideas, with strong lay participation. We are not
judgemental, but inclusive, ready to listen to others, including those of other faiths. We have a liturgy and a rich
inheritance of Christian experience. We are a thinking person‟s church and we are a cosmopolitan church where
many find a home.
At the end Bishop Brian spoke about the need to appreciate and work for that special kind of unity found in the
Anglican Communion. The diversity that is found in the Global Communion, is a diversity found within our own
life too. The challenge to us is to hold together, so that difficult, or divisive, issues that we find in our own life, in
the global communion, and indeed in contexts outside of the church can be addressed honestly and openly. If
we sense that we are „broken‟, or in significant „pain‟ as a church, there may be a purpose in that pain; it may be
the birth pangs of a new type of life together, not our death throes. As we listen to each other in debate we must
always seek to see something of God in the positions that are not our own, something that may be being lost in our
own position. It is fundamental that we recover the confidence to live with that „brokenness,‟ not wanting too
neat a pattern of unity, and to recapture our faith in the God that sustains us in such a life.

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THE EDGE                                                                        SPRING 2008

The second day was concerned with the world-wide or global Anglican Communion of Churches, what it is,
what makes us as we are, and what we value most.
The day, again chaired by Bishop Brian, was led by Dr Kevin Ward, who is a senior lecturer in African Studies in
the Department of Theology and Religious Studies at Leeds University, and author of A History of Global
Anglicanism. He was a fellow student of Bishop Brian at Edinburgh University and ordained in Uganda, where he
taught for many years.
Bishop Brian set the scene by looking at the Anglican Communion, in which there is currently much
disagreement. Some bishops are not going to attend the Lambeth Conference while the rest are gathering as
usual for fellowship, prayer and discernment. One item they will be discussing is the possibility of devising an
„Anglican Covenant,‟ by which some discipline might be exercised on those who do not agree with the majority.
He suggested that although the media, and others, describe the current state of the Communion as a sickness, he
prefers to think of it as „turbulence‟ which will lead to new beginnings. The turbulence can be viewed in
different ways; be it the difficulty of dealing with differences of opinion, or the inability to discipline „deviant‟
provinces, or the shift of power away from the UK, to Africa or to the USA. What is certain is that we need to be
far more positive about the virtues of the Anglican Communion. He argued that the root problem is that „trust‟
has broken down, and it needs to be recaptured. The communion needs criticism, but it needs criticism that arises
out of „informed love‟, preferably through „informed love‟.
The SEC with its independent history, small numbers, yet very diverse composition, which has not broken up and
lost confidence, should have something to say to the Anglican Communion at large. The SEC has made a short
response to the draft „Anglican Covenant‟, which has been produced by the Primates [Archbishops etc] as a way
forward. Important in the Scottish response is the comment on the omission of „reason‟ from the traditional „three
legged-stool‟ of Anglicanism, scripture, tradition and reason.
Kevin Ward spoke of the contributions of Scots to the spread of Christianity world-wide, especially in India and
Africa, and then mentioned specific Scots who were influential in the spread of Anglicanism, including Bishop
Charles Mackenzie [from Edinburgh diocese] in Central Africa. He pointed out that the SEC was the first non-
established church in the Anglican Communion, and it assisted in the founding of the second, in the USA. He
then explained that many churches within the global Anglican Church, still bear the stamp of their original
founders and can be quite different from each other. He stressed that although the missionary movement exported
the different party/churchmanship expressions of Anglicanism, they were subservient to the basic tenet of being
Christian, and there was always a trend away from „Englishness‟ to making the church indigenous and concerned
with local issues. This is reflected in many different ways. Local nationalisms were promoted, as in the Maori
Anglican Church in NZ before 1841 and in Southern Sudan in the late 20th century. Racism was challenged,
especially in the fight against apartheid. Women‟s rights were promoted in India and Nigeria. In India, Pakistan
and Bangladesh, the Anglican Church was a leading influence that brought the denominations into the united
churches, as in China also it helped to bring into being the Three Selves Patriotic Church.
Contemporary Anglicanism ranges from the small churches in places such as Mexico and Korea, where it tends to
be among the middle classes and supports democratic tendencies, to the great „folk‟ churches of Nigeria and
Uganda, with their mass membership and evangelical commitment.
In a separate topic about homosexuality, Kevin said that Africans were not traditionally homophobic. It was a
state tolerated along with before-marriage sex and polygamy, but that within the context of their own traditions
(particularly a very strong emphasis on the importance of procreating children) the Church has always been
reluctant to sanction such life-styles. He suggested that in Africa, as here, the problems are cultural rather than
religious, but that now it has become a defining issue. In North America it is also the defining matter, this time in
the long „culture war,‟ which includes Prayer Book Reform, divorce and abortion, between liberals and
conservatives. However, South Africa takes a different attitude from other African provinces.
Two speakers were then invited to contribute:
Marion Chatterley talked of the challenges for the SEC in a time of Scottish Nationalism, and how she believed
that the Church has changed to meet the changed times, becoming more distinctly Scottish and very definitely not
English. She then talked about Anglicans finding a home in the SEC, when they moved to Scotland. There was
quite a discussion about why Africans in Scotland choose to worship in African-led Pentecostal churches, despite
being Anglicans at home.

Spring 2008                                                                                      The EDGE
Duncan MacLaren asked „what can a liberal post-enlightenment church in gentle decline say to a global group of
Anglicans?‟ This was particularly difficult when many congregations in Scotland have little idea that they are
associated with a world-wide fellowship of Churches. It is difficult to believe in a family, if you do not know who
you are related to.
A straw poll taken of those present showed that about 30 were born into the SEC, 15 were converts to Episcopacy
and 85 were from other Anglican Churches.
Further snapshots about aspects of the global Anglican Communion came from three members of the diocese who
have been involved in its workings. John Stuart, the Secretary General of the SEC, told us of his attendance at
the Provincial Secretaries Conferences, and how he wore the kilt to fly the flag for Scotland. Sarah Tomlinson
represents Scotland in the International Anglican Youth Network, and has attended gatherings in many different
countries. John Rae has been involved at various levels of the Anglican Communion, including serving as a
Scottish member of the Anglican Consultative Council. The Mothers Union is another aspect of our global
involvement, which was raised in discussion.
There was then group discussion as to whether we felt part of global Anglicanism and whether we are drawing
strength from it. As part of this, the SEC‟s response to the draft Anglican Covenant was re-visited. An objection
to the necessity of having a Covenant at all was raised during the final plenary. Another comment from the floor
was from Michael Round, the rector of St Mungo‟s, Balerno, who gently reminded everyone that the majority
inclination of those present did not represent the whole SEC, and that his congregation represented a different
emphasis and struggle to understand the will of God.
Bishop Brian concluded the day by reiterating his thoughts about the need for a right use of „reason‟ in our
Christian life. He stressed that Anglican Churches are „embedded Churches‟ in that they relate strongly to the
society in which they are set, while also relating to other Provinces in the communion. These two factors can give
rise to tension, but can also be the occasion of theological creativity.
The contradictions and tensions within the life of the Church often mirror tensions in the life of the world. The
Church is privileged through its shared scripture, its shared tradition, and its global fellowship to have an
informed common global life out of which it is called to share in debate of these global differences. Anglicanism
has a powerful theological approach - dialogue with scripture and tradition, hearing the voice of the neighbour,
whilst being thoroughly embedded in differing societies.
Anglicanism does not want a uniformity of provinces. It wants provinces which are in prayerful dialogue both
with the society in which they are embedded, and in dialogue with each other. Naturally, any province could
become corrupted by a corrupt society. If this is ever felt to be so, that is precisely not the time for expulsion or
walking apart. Here is a time for increasing challenging dialogue within our koinonia. Sustained moral challenges
made in love are more powerful than the ruling of an outside body.
The Bishop reminded people of what he had said at the first conference that, “What the whole Communion needs
is criticism that arises out of informed love.” The challenge facing us is whether we can give this to it?

The two conferences were enjoyed by everyone, testimony to the hard work and preparation put in by Elspeth
Strachan, Anne Pankhurst and Dean Fostekew, who were thanked for all their work, as were also Margaret
Fairbairn and the ladies of Holy Trinity, Haddington, who provided delicious soup and other refreshments on
both days.

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THE EDGE                                                                      SPRING 2008

                   Companion link with the Diocese of Connor
The Diocesan International Committee had the great pleasure of hosting a visit, in February, from our link diocese
of Connor, in the Church of Ireland. Archdeacon Stephen Forde, Peter Hamill (Training Coordinator) and Mrs.
Joyce Bond (Mothers‟ Union) spent two days with a group from our own diocese, largely in friendly discussion
but also making some visits and socialising happily together.
In our covenant we agreed that we should challenge and learn from each other, to develop better mutual
understanding. The dominant issue at the moment as members of the Anglican Communion is our differing
attitude to human sexuality. Northern Ireland is more conservative than the diocese of Edinburgh, but we engaged
in a very full discussion of the issues and in the end learned a great deal from each other. Stephen encapsulated
this process in morning worship on our second day, when we prayed with and for each other.
To put some fresh air into our conversations we went to St. John‟s Princes Street for a hospitable lunch while Rev.
Donald Reid explained the principles and the open discussion, with its interfaith dimension, behind the Festival of
Spirituality and Peace, It is hoped that some Connor people will come over in the summer to join it. A second
outing took us up to the waterfront development at Granton, and a conversation with Rev. Dean Fostekew and
Mrs. Donna Cooper about the work being done ecumenically in the new housing development. Appropriately, we
had our meeting over coffee in the main hall of the newly built Telford College, surrounded by students..
Our final session led to an affirmed commitment by all of us present to the link. It is due for review in November
2009 and we promised each other a real celebration of what has been achieved. Many joint activities will continue
through church to church links, youth and music exchanges, and the Mothers‟ Union. For those who wish simply
to visit each other informally, Connor and Edinburgh dioceses are close geographically, culturally and
theologically, with just that bit of difference which can make knowing each other stimulating. Not the least of our
achievements is the Covenant, which we wrote together, and which is also the basis of our covenant with the
diocese of Cape Coast.
Anne Pankhurst, Convenor of the International Committee

                                                 Joan Basden
                                             1920 - 2008
Joan, who died on 1 March 2008, was a much loved member of St Leonard‟s, Lasswade. Joan grew up
in Kent where her father had a smallholding. It gave her a lifelong interest in the natural world. Joan
attended the local Grammar School and became head girl. She studied at London University - evacuated
to Cambridge during the war - attained a degree in Zoology and went on to do a Doctorate. Marriage to
Eric brought her to Edinburgh, to the house and cheery garden in Bonnyrigg where she still lived. Joan
was a devoted mother, grandmother, and great-grandmother, and immensely proud of her sons Andrew,
Martin and Nick, and daughter Judith.
The relatively early death of her husband coincided with the children growing up and leaving home. St
Leonard‟s became a place of welcome where her faith and witness grew with the years. As a senior
citizen she completed the Diocesan Training for Ministry Course, and participated in Cursillo, taking on
many leadership roles. Her commitment to any task, and her support for the rectors she served, was total
- Vestry member, Lay Representative, Diocesan and General Synod member. Joan led regular groups in
her house, right up to the time she was taken into hospital; one very practical ministry was the writing of
letters in support of Prisoners of Conscience and Action by Christians against Torture.
A service of thanksgiving in celebration of Joan’s life was held in St Leonard’s on 11 March. There were warm
tributes from family, friends and rectors past and present. In the words of Bishop Douglas Cameron 'Thank
you Joan, good and faithful servant.’

Spring 2008                                                                                      The EDGE

                                                Diocesan Synod
The Lambeth Conference and our own two pre Lambeth Conferences were the backdrop as well as the forefront
concern of the Synod. Following a quiet reflective Eucharist, clergy and lay representatives shared coffee and
gathered in Palmerston Place Church. As ever the Synod Meeting was shared between our own housekeeping and
vision building and incarnation. The first, the housekeeping, included, for example, revision of Canons, matters
of money, elections – those practicalities which need to be in place to enable the diocese as an organisation to
move forward, outwards and upwards along already agreed pathways. The second, vision building, was led by our
Bishop in his Charge, with consequent discussion and other agenda which related to his challenges.
Bishop Brian posed four questions which he wishes us to continue to explore in our varied local contexts:
What are we? A diocese in the Scottish Episcopal Church within the Anglican Communion, shaped by our
history since the early days and reshaped by the Reformation and the years since; so we need to attend to what
binds us together.
What do we know? We know and experience turbulence – not sickness – in our life as a communion and as a
diocese. We share strong world fellowship and real local autonomy in a specific locality and these interact with
each other.
What should we now do? We should „talk matters up‟ – not being paralysed by our very real differences whether
over authority of scripture, sexuality or understanding of God. We need to restore trust in God and in each other
and recover confidence in what we are about.
So what may we hope for? We need to assess our own life and structure with informed critical love, to cope with
tensions in the life of the church and in life all around us. As the Anglican Communion we may be entrusted with
pain for the healing of the nations, and have to dialogue with scripture and tradition and with the culture in which
we are embedded. Here trust and hope are the supreme virtues. [Does anyone remember Bishop Kenneth Carey
emphasising that hope is the most difficult of the virtues?]
Bishop Brian summed up his Charge: We can only take up the charge of the church laid on us, the task of a
ministry of reconciliation in our own life and for the benefit of those outside, in the power of the Holy Spirit, and
with all the power and energy that the fruits of the Spirit give to us.
Following Bishop Brian‟s lead, Elspeth Strachan summed up the two pre Lambeth conferences; a booklet will be
produced and full details are given elsewhere in this magazine. She pointed to the family atmosphere which had
pervaded even our diversities, and described how we had begun to explore, with highly competent help, who we
are, as the Scottish Episcopal Church and as part of the world wide Anglican Communion.
Anne Pankhurst set out some of the practical information for those days, July11-15, when we will welcome with
true Scottish hospitality eight bishops with their spouses, from dioceses ranging from Brazil to Papua New
Guinea. We hope to listen to them, talk with them, worship together, have fun together and enjoy each other‟s
In groups we tried to identify from a given list what we felt were the most important subject areas for the bishops
to discuss at Lambeth. It was agreed that many topics were inter-related and that listening - really listening –
though not necessarily agreeing, came high on the list. For the rest we held varied views but all this was summed
up in a message proposed by Donald Reid, and supported by the whole Synod, for the Bishop to take to the
General Synod and to the Lambeth Conference:
The members of this synod affirm that our experience is that we can hold together as brothers and sisters
in the faith and that we do not wish to be forced apart. We acknowledge that there are sincerely held views
that differ, but we are determined not to be divided.
We pray that God will call deeper truths out of our present experience. We commend this spirit of waiting
on God to the wider Anglican Communion.
Later we heard more of the new relationship we are forming with Cape Coast, Ghana, of our companion diocese
Connor, of the nurture of our children and youth with Morag Buxel‟s help, of the next important step that St
John‟s, Princes Street, Edinburgh, is taking to form an ecumenical parish with the surrounding churches.
All these matters and others were animated by the same ideals of learning to live together through turbulence in
diversity and of listening to, though not necessarily agreeing with, each other.

Report by Sari Salvesen

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THE EDGE                                                                SPRING 2008

                                      Bishop's Lent Appeal
                                       Thanks from L’Arche
Dear Bishop Brian,
Please would you pass on my very grateful thanks to all the churches in the diocese for their fantastic
response to last year‟s Lent appeal? A total of £11,000 was raised, for L’Arche Uganda, through the
kindness and generosity of people in the diocese.
A second house was needed to cope with the growing numbers of core members, and to split up the age
groups. L‟Arche in Africa cares for children as well as adults. We bought the second house with the
help of grants from two charitable trusts. We were lucky that this house came up for sale because it is
very close to the first house, which minimises transport problems, and because it is large enough to
accommodate our community members. However, it was in a dilapidated state, as I myself have seen,
and in need of quite a lot of adaptation to make it usable by people with disabilities. The community
raises money locally in Kampala, through the sale of craft goods made in the workshops, and this helps
to meet deficits in running costs and to pay for extras. Larger sums, such as the new house purchase and
its renovation costs, are completely beyond local fund raising capacity at present. It is a real life-line,
therefore, to be able to find help such as yours.
Essential repairs have already been completed, such as to the provision of water and electricity, and
some assistants and core members have moved in. Some quite major structural works still await the
completion of procedural legal matters. No problems are foreseen, though, and we are confident of
being able to move quickly ahead to complete the programme of works within the next few months.
In Africa, there is a stigma attached to people with learning disabilities, which L‟Arche seeks to
dispel by the way life is lived in community, by all sorts of people sharing life together. L’Arche
Uganda is something of a beacon, an exemplar. It is much visited by others, not only from elsewhere
in Uganda, and but also from further afield in Africa, who are curious about L‟Arche. It is good to think
that we can illustrate, in a demonstrable, tangible fashion, the way that we rate the worth of people with
learning disabilities, through the housing that we provide. So again, thank you, to the people in the
Edinburgh diocese, for the key role you have played in helping to provide the quality of setting we
would wish, for some very important people in Uganda.
With all good wishes,
Jane C Salmonson,
Co-ordinator, L‟Arche Overseas Development Fund,

Spring 2008                                                                                  The EDGE

I've just returned from a trip to Cape Coast, Ghana on behalf of Holy Trinity, Haddington.
The school at which Dorothy de Graaft-Johnson (Kofi's wife) teaches, Christ the King Secondary, is in
desperate need of manual and electric typewriters (yes - typewriters!) and sewing machines for its
vocational classes. If anyone has either or both lurking in the attic or basement, and you no longer need
it, would you kindly donate it to the school? I shall collect it if you are unable to deliver it to me. They
do need to be in working order. If anyone has any typewriter ribbons stashed away that will never be
used, may I have those too please? When I have a decent number (I have collected eight typewriters and
four sewing machines so far), I shall ship them to the school. The cost of shipping will hopefully be met
by some fund raising events/special collections. I hope that someone in our diocese can help me.
                        Judith Wilkinson, 81 Wellside, Haddington. Tel. 01620-826110.

Church Without Walls 2008
                                       The National Gathering
3rd & 4th May
        The Diocese of Edinburgh Youth & Children's Team have a storytelling tent at this exciting event.
Come and share your stories and our chocolate!
There are special Kidzone and Youthzone programmes as well as seminars and worship for all the family.
Come on your own, with your family or bring a group for a great day out.
Guests at the event include the Archbishop of York, Dr John Sentamu, John Bell, Fischy Music and Michele
A full programme can be seen at:

                                         EDINBURGH SERVERS
                16 April 2008 Quiz Night St Mark‟s Portobello, 7.00 for 7.30 pm 21 June2008

Worship and Garden Party Holy Trinity, Haddington 12.30 pm Mass Garden Party from 1.30 pm
                                         Sheena Liddell, 01506 843734

                                       The Mission to Seafarers
                              Holy Cross Church, Davidson's Mains Edinburgh
                         Coffee Morning Saturday, 12 April 2008 10.30am - 12.30pm
                                  St Andrew's Rectory, 6 Forestfield, Kelso
                             Sea Tea Wednesday, 16 April 2008 2.00pm - 4.00pm

                            Both to support the new chaplaincy in the Forth ports.

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THE EDGE                                                                          SPRING 2008

                                  St Mary’s Cathedral Choir Edinburgh
                                       30th Anniversary Concert
                                   Saturday 19th April 7.30 pm
               Marking the coming together of boys and girls singing in the treble line.
    Choristers past and present join to perform an exciting programme featuring Mozart
  Coronation Mass, Tippett 5 Spirituals, and other works reflecting the past thirty years at St
                                     Mary's. Entry is £10

                                              Adventures in Faith
 is planning a new autumn programme which will be distributed in early summer to allow time for people to put
events in their diaries. Meanwhile the following two collaborative events are part of the post Easter Programme:
                                              „Learning for Mission’
 a day conference on resourcing lay ministry and mission in the diocese with Adventures in Faith, Local
                Collaborative Ministry and Continuing Congregational Development.
Saturday May 31 11am – 4pm St Peter‟s Church, Musselburgh. Please bring a car- load from your church and lunch
to share.

                          „How do we as Christians ‘walk the talk’ in the 21st Century?’
         An ecumenical conference for laity, led by Professor Larry Hurtado and Alison Moody. May 23-25
                                        Scottish Churches House, Dunblane
  For more information about both events contact Elspeth Strachan, 21a Grosvenor Crescent Edinburgh EH12 5EL
                              Tel 0131 538 7033

                              COPY DATE FOR THE NEXT ISSUE OF THE EDGE
                                             2 June 2008

Articles, which may be edited, can be submitted in a variety of formats, preferably by email as attachments, but
typewritten or on disc in Rich Text Format (RTF) is acceptable. Most files can be read (IBM PC compatible or Open
Document Format - if using Microsoft Office 2007 please send as .doc).                  PLEASE DO NOT EMBED
HYPERLINKS IN TEXT as they are of no use for the printed version.
Articles should normally be a maximum of 650 words in length. Photographs are welcomed and the contributor holds
the copyright unless otherwise stated.
The views expressed in articles are the views of the authors and are not necessarily the views of the Scottish Episcopal
Church or of the Diocese

The EDGE is available in colour online as a PDF file from the Publications page on the Diocesan website:
A special text only version is also available in Rich Text Format (RTF) on the website.
Back issues of both versions can also be downloaded.
The Bishop’s weekly Newsletters (which are sent to all incumbents) and all Media Releases are
available from the News and Media page on the website.


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