Unit 3 When lightning struck Pre-reading quesions • Suppose you were on a plane, which, suddenly got hit by a lightning and needed emergency landing. The attendant now ask the passengers to write down their “last words”, what will you say? And list three things that you want most. Tips: • Misfortune is a good teacher. 不幸是 良师。 Misfortunes tell us what fortune is. 经过灾难方知福。 Misfortunes test the sincerity of friends. 患难见友情。 • Value, cherish, treat others and do everything with heart and soul, filial children, sincere friend, responsible parents, sweet beloved, moral citizen We should… • We should live each day with a gentleness, a vigor, and a keenness of appreciation which are often lost when time stretches before us. Some words: • “Sometimes I have thought it would be an excellent rule to live each day as if we should die tomorrow. Such an attitude would emphasize sharply the values of life.” ---Hellen Keller Text analysis • 1. Retell the story: • 2. Main idea of the story: • 3.What is the writer’s purpose of presenting her extradinary and unforgettable travel experience on an airplane? Retell the story • The author / bathroom / slamming jolt/ swerve/ plane/ hit/ landing/ vivid accounts / rough journey/ the plane rocked and screeched downward/ passengers were scared/ comfort/ behaving well/ I / received and witnessed many acts of kindness / girl/ young wowan/ pround/ • After the safe landing/ going through the danger/ felt colser/ more attached to beloved ones / looking back / count / pass it on Main idea: • Narration of extraordinary, unforgettale travle experience • Praise good people and fine deeds • Describe the touching human relations witnessed at the critical moments. Purpose of the writer? • Highly praise her fellow passengers • Praise their fine deeds and their kindness • Pass on their kindness and help more people After- class task: • Read the text fluently ( stress & sense group) • Recite para1-5 • Make 4 sentences for each following words on your notebook: • Scramble / suppose/ put away/ vaguely/ procedure/ figure v. / equivalent/ confide / panic Text explanation ( para1-4) • Introductory part • Setting • Unexpected happening • Main characters • Q: what do you know about the girl who was seating beside the author? • Q: Why did the young businessman look worried? Scramble: 1.To move or climb hurriedly, especially on the hands and knees. 2.To struggle or contend frantically in order to get something: • 35 teams from all over Australia and New Zealand will again scramble for the Holden Championship. • 大雨瓢泼而下，许多人争先恐后地奔向 遮雨处。 • It was raining cats and dogs, and many people were scrambling madly for shelter. Strap:1.To fasten or secure with a strap. Vt. 2. to beat with a strap • 他用带子把包捆在自行车上。 • He strapped the bag onto his bicycle. • Make sure that you are firmly strapped in before the plane takes off. • 现在有很多年轻人被助学贷款，昂贵的房和各 种各样的信用卡捆住了。 • Many youngsters are now strapped by schooling loans, expensive rent and all kinds of credic cards. Strap in: • Experienced travleers strap in without waiting to be asked. • 你给孩子系好安全带了吗？ • Have you strapped your child in? Suppose: v.tr. 1.To assume to be true or real for the sake of argument or explanation: 2. To believe, especially on uncertain or tentative grounds:3. should, to be allowed • Suppose we win the lottery. • Scientists supposed that large dinosaurs lived in swamps. • We are not supposed to play football on Sundays. Put away • 你应该为老年而储蓄一些钱。 • You should put some money away for your old age. • 把书收起来整齐地放在橱里Put the books away neatly in the cupboard. • 我存了一大笔钱； • I have a nice sum of money put away • 她摒弃一切成见. • She put away all prejudices. Precedure: • 在第一次会议上大部分时间都花在程序德建立 上了，因此我们直到第二次谈判才开始实际的 业务。 • So much time was spent establishing the precedre at our first meeting that we did not start any actual business until our second. • What is the correct precedure for renewing your car tax? • The new work procedure is a great improvement on / over the old one. Figure : vt: consider, believe • 我觉得我赢的机会几乎是零。 • I figured that my chances of getting win was roughly zero. • Can you figure out the puzzle? • I never figured that this would happen. Para. 5-9 • This part narrate and picture the feelings, thought, and actions of the writer, the kindness of the glamorous young woman and the behaviour of other fellow passengers when confronted with danger. Q: How did the writer reassure the high school girl? Q: How did the glamorous young woman comfort the writer? Q: Why did the writer feel pround of her fellow passenger? Pull oneself together • He's finding it hard to pull himself together after the accident. • 他能够面对危险和困难的时候保持镇定。 • 过了一段时间他才从震惊中恢复过来，重新镇 定了下来。 • It took some time for him to recover from the shock and pull himself together . • 他经历世事沉浮，但总能设法使自己重新振作 起来。 • He had his ups and downs, but he had always managed to pull herself together. Reassure: vt. • Residents have been reassured their water supply is not in danger of running out. • What did the government do to reassure and restore public confidence in national banks during the great depression?“ • 政府废除农业税的决心使农民们感到欣慰。 • The government’s decision to abolish agricultural tax really reassured farmers. • Reassuring ----adj. Reassuring voice Equivalent: .adj. / n. • 他的回答等於是拒绝。 • His reply is equivalent to a refusal. • A meter is equivalent to 39.37 inches. • 有些英文字在中文里沒有对应的詞。 • Some English words have no Chinese equivalents. • 相当于命令的请求 • a wish that was equivalent to a command. • 缄默有时等于允许 • An egg is said to be the equivalent of a pound of meat. • be equivalent to Confide: v. 1.To tell (something) in confidence. 2.To put into another's keeping. • Why didn’t you confide the secret to me? • She confided her personal documents to her lawyer. • 有一天晚上他到我家来向我吐露他曾坐过五年 牢。 • One evening he came and confided to me that he had spent five years in prison. • Confide in : 信任…而吐露 • 琼觉得她只能向她妈妈倾吐心中的秘密。 • Jone felt she could only confide in her mother. Indiscriminate: 1.adj.Not making or based on careful distinctions; unselective 2. without careful thought or planning • We do not like her indiscriminat application of cosmetics. • Though she is not rich, she is fond of indiscriminate spending. • an indiscriminate shopper; indiscriminate taste in music. • 她过度的挥霍和她丈夫的节俭用钱形成鲜明的 对比。 • Her indiscriminate use of money is in sharp contrast to her husband’s economical use of his income. Squeeze: n.压榨, 挤 v.压榨, 挤, 挤榨 • 实践就像海绵里的水，只要愿挤，总还 是有的。 • Time is like the water in the sponge, if you like, it can still be squeezed out. • A close/ narrow/ tight /squeeze • 九死一生，千钧一发 Panic; A sudden, overpowering terror, often affecting many people at once • 股市恐慌 a stock-market panic. • He panicked and ran as fast as he could to safety. • 枪炮声使群众惊慌失措。 • The crowd panicked at the sound of the guns. • 银行惊恐地抛售美元。 • The banks were panicked into selling dollars. Jolt: shake forcefully • The fall jolted every bone in his body. • 父亲的话摇醒了他的白日梦。 • His father’s words jolted him out of his daydream. • Soothe: To ease or relieve (pain, for example). • She soothed the child who was afraid. He had died peacefully, as if not to alarm any of them about an experience they would all have to go through someday • As if: + 虚拟/+ 不定式/分词短语 • 他装做若无其事的样子。 • 她仿佛不知道身在何处，犹犹豫豫向四处打量。 • He behaved as if nothing had happened. • As if unsure wherer she was, she hesitated and looked around. Alarm; v.tr.1.（及物动词)To fill with alarm; frighten. 2.To give warning to. • My mother was alarmed when I fell over. • Several parents were alarmed to hear that a gun was found in a local school. Para. 10-12 • Tell us what the passengers saw and did after they landed safely. • Q: How did the passengers react to their safe landing? • Q:What acts of kindness were done after the safe landing? • Q: What had the writer’s husband been complaining about? Transfer:v. To move oneself from one location or job to another. • 我先由汽车转乘地铁，再由地铁转另一辆汽车， 最后到达目的地(destination)。 • I transferred from the train to a bus,from which I fransferred to anthor bus, before I reached my destination. • 公司总部已由北京转到大连。 • The head office has been transferred form Beijing to Dalian. • 老板把他调到了另一个部门。 • His employer transferred him to another office. Alternative • 这条路被挡住了，因此我们走了另一条路。 • The way was blocked, so we went by an alternative road. • 可替代能源是一种从对环境无害的资源中提取 出来的能源。 • Alternative energy is energy derived from sources that do not harm the environment. Cling to :粘紧, 附着, 紧贴, 坚持(意 见), 墨守(习惯) PP. clung, clung • 墨守陈规/坚持己见/紧紧抱在一起/抱最后的 希望 • 小猴子紧紧偎着它妈妈。 • 衣服上的烟味长时间洗不掉。 • 树叶上挂满露珠，树看上去清新葱绿。 • Dew drops clinging on their leaves, the trees looked green and fresh. blessed[blesid]: crooked, learned, naked, wicked, wreched, rugged • Bitter pills may have blessed effects. • an‘ticipate: vt. 预期, 期望, 过早使用, 先人一着, 占先 • 对于交通管理新计划，我们预料会遇到 不少反对意见(opposition to)。 • Anticipate+ + n/ gerund in'tense; adj: Extreme in degree, strength, or size __intensity n. infensify. V. • 我怀着浓厚的兴趣倾听。 • 紧张的评估工作过后，我们现在放松了。 • After intense work for the evaluation was done, we are now relaxed. • The heat in summer is no less __ here in this mountain. • A. concentrated B.expand. C. intense • D. intensive Para 13-14 • Q:Why does the writer sometimes look up at an airplane? • Q:For what is the writer indebted to her fellow passengers? • Q:What is the most important thing that writer thinks she ought to do ? Indebted:负债的, 感恩的 • 我十分感激一直如此努力学习和工作的全班同 学。 • I'm indebted to the whole class who have been studying and working so hard. • In- +p.p. • Inbred ---breed • Inbuilt ---- build • indebted-----debt • Inlaid -----lay • Be indebted fo sb. For sth. Get in: 1.arrive at its destination 2.be elected to a political position 3. collect or gather • 我们都认为他这一次当选的机会很大。 • 在秋天，农民忙着秋收。 Assignments: • Exercises on text book • Retell the story • Acquire fluency in reading text1 • discussion: • 1. describe one thing( moment) that touches you most. • 2. role play: suppose your were the narrator. Tell your husband what you have experienced on the plane after you get home Translate the following sentences • Our suggestion will be brought up at the next meeting. • She was brought up by her grandmother and educated at the local school. • How does she keep smiling after all she’s gone through? • She went through the company’s accounts, looking for evidence of fraud. • I am indebted to my advisor, Dr. Rau, a lot for helping me go through this paper. • How can he pay people back for all their kindness ? • Have you got an alternative suggestion? • The judge offered him the alternative of a fine or six months in prison. • Indiscriminate use of medicine may cause extremely harmful reactions.