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    q   ai-faq/alife: Multipart
        Subject: comp.ai.alife Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
        Maintainer: brown@krl.caltech.edu
        Last Posted: 20 Dec 1995 12:34:47 GMT
        Posting-Frequency: monthly

    q   ai-faq/expert/part1: Multipart
        Subject: FAQ: Expert System Shells 1/1 [Monthly posting]
        Maintainer: Mark Kantrowitz <mkant+ai-faq@cs.cmu.edu>
        FAQ Home Page: http://www.cs.cmu.edu/Web/Groups/AI/html/faqs/ai/expert/part1/faq.html
        Last Posted: 13 Aug 1997 07:43:21 GMT
        Last-modified: Wed Apr 30 14:01:59 1997 by Mark Kantrowitz
        Version: 1.41

    q   ai-faq/general/part1: Multipart
        Subject: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: General Questions & Answers 1/6 [Monthly posting]
        Maintainer: Ric Crabbe <crabbe@usna.edu> and Amit Dubey <adubey@coli.uni-sb.de>
        FAQ Home Page: http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general
        Last Posted: Mon, 2 Jun 2003 04:12:01 +0000 (UTC)
        Last-modified: 01-Nov-02 rc by Ric Crabbe
        Posting-Frequency: monthly
        Version: 2.1

    q   ai-faq/general/part2: Multipart
        Subject: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Newsgroups and Mailing Lists 2/6 [Monthly posting]
        Maintainer: Ric Crabbe <crabbe@usna.edu> and Amit Dubey <adubey@coli.uni-sb.de>
        FAQ Home Page: http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/preamble.html
        Last Posted: Mon, 2 Jun 2003 04:12:06 +0000 (UTC)
        Posting-Frequency: monthly
        Version: 2.1



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AI FAQ Index

    q   ai-faq/general/part3: Multipart
        Subject: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Associations and Journals 3/6 [Monthly posting]
        Maintainer: Ric Crabbe <crabbe@usna.edu> and Amit Dubey <adubey@coli.uni-sb.de>
        FAQ Home Page: http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/preamble.html
        Last Posted: Mon, 2 Jun 2003 04:12:01 +0000 (UTC)
        Posting-Frequency: monthly
        Version: 2.1

    q   ai-faq/general/part4: Multipart
        Subject: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Bibliography 4/6 [Monthly posting]
        Maintainer: Ric Crabbe <crabbe@usna.edu> and Amit Dubey <adubey@coli.uni-sb.de>
        FAQ Home Page: http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/preamble.html
        Last Posted: Mon, 2 Jun 2003 04:12:10 +0000 (UTC)
        Posting-Frequency: monthly
        Version: 2.1

    q   ai-faq/general/part5: Multipart
        Subject: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: AI Web Directories & Online Papers 5/6 [Monthly
        posting]
        Maintainer: Ric Crabbe <crabbe@usna.edu> and Amit Dubey <adubey@coli.uni-sb.de>
        FAQ Home Page: http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part5/preamble.html
        Last Posted: Mon, 2 Jun 2003 04:12:04 +0000 (UTC)
        Posting-Frequency: monthly
        Version: 2.1

    q   ai-faq/general/part6: Multipart
        Subject: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Open Source AI Software 6/6 [Monthly posting]
        Maintainer: Ric Crabbe <crabbe@usna.edu> and Amit Dubey <adubey@coli.uni-sb.de>
        FAQ Home Page: http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part6/preamble.html
        Last Posted: Mon, 2 Jun 2003 04:12:01 +0000 (UTC)
        Posting-Frequency: monthly
        Version: 2.1

    q   ai-faq/genetic/part1: Multipart
        Subject: FAQ: comp.ai.genetic part 1/6 (A Guide to Frequently Asked Questions)
        Maintainer: David.Beasley@cs.cf.ac.uk (David Beasley)
        Last Posted: 11 Apr 2001 20:23:07 GMT
        Last-modified: 4/12/01

    q   ai-faq/genetic/part2: Multipart

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        Subject: FAQ: comp.ai.genetic part 2/6 (A Guide to Frequently Asked Questions)
        Maintainer: David.Beasley@cs.cf.ac.uk (David Beasley)
        Last Posted: 11 Apr 2001 20:23:13 GMT
        Last-modified: 4/12/01

    q   ai-faq/genetic/part3: Multipart
        Subject: FAQ: comp.ai.genetic part 3/6 (A Guide to Frequently Asked Questions)
        Maintainer: David.Beasley@cs.cf.ac.uk (David Beasley)
        Last Posted: 11 Apr 2001 20:23:23 GMT
        Last-modified: 4/12/01

    q   ai-faq/genetic/part4: Multipart
        Subject: FAQ: comp.ai.genetic part 4/6 (A Guide to Frequently Asked Questions)
        Maintainer: David.Beasley@cs.cf.ac.uk (David Beasley)
        Last Posted: 11 Apr 2001 20:23:45 GMT
        Last-modified: 4/12/01

    q   ai-faq/genetic/part5: Multipart
        Subject: FAQ: comp.ai.genetic part 5/6 (A Guide to Frequently Asked Questions)
        Maintainer: David.Beasley@cs.cf.ac.uk (David Beasley)
        Last Posted: 11 Apr 2001 20:24:01 GMT
        Last-modified: 4/12/01

    q   ai-faq/genetic/part6: Multipart
        Subject: FAQ: comp.ai.genetic part 6/6 (A Guide to Frequently Asked Questions)
        Maintainer: David.Beasley@cs.cf.ac.uk (David Beasley)
        Last Posted: 11 Apr 2001 20:24:14 GMT
        Last-modified: 4/12/01

    q   ai-faq/neural-nets/part1: Multipart
        Subject: comp.ai.neural-nets FAQ, Part 1 of 7: Introduction
        Maintainer: saswss@unx.sas.com (Warren S. Sarle)
        FAQ Home Page: ftp://ftp.sas.com/pub/neural/FAQ.html
        Last Posted: 30 Dec 2002 20:49:21 GMT
        Last-modified: 2002-05-17

    q   ai-faq/neural-nets/part2: Multipart
        Subject: comp.ai.neural-nets FAQ, Part 2 of 7: Learning
        Maintainer: saswss@unx.sas.com (Warren S. Sarle)
        FAQ Home Page: ftp://ftp.sas.com/pub/neural/FAQ2.html

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        Last Posted: 30 Dec 2002 21:06:17 GMT
        Last-modified: 2002-10-11

    q   ai-faq/neural-nets/part3: Multipart
        Subject: comp.ai.neural-nets FAQ, Part 3 of 7: Generalization
        Maintainer: saswss@unx.sas.com (Warren S. Sarle)
        FAQ Home Page: ftp://ftp.sas.com/pub/neural/FAQ3.html
        Last Posted: 30 Dec 2002 21:23:08 GMT
        Last-modified: 2001-05-21

    q   ai-faq/neural-nets/part4: Multipart
        Subject: comp.ai.neural-nets FAQ, Part 4 of 7: Books, data, etc.
        Maintainer: saswss@unx.sas.com (Warren S. Sarle)
        FAQ Home Page: ftp://ftp.sas.com/pub/neural/FAQ4.html
        Last Posted: 30 Dec 2002 21:40:01 GMT
        Last-modified: 2002-11-24

    q   ai-faq/neural-nets/part5: Multipart
        Subject: comp.ai.neural-nets FAQ, Part 5 of 7: Free software
        Maintainer: saswss@unx.sas.com (Warren S. Sarle)
        FAQ Home Page: ftp://ftp.sas.com/pub/neural/FAQ5.html
        Last Posted: 30 Dec 2002 21:56:48 GMT
        Last-modified: 2002-08-19

    q   ai-faq/neural-nets/part6: Multipart
        Subject: comp.ai.neural-nets FAQ, Part 6 of 7: Commercial software
        Maintainer: saswss@unx.sas.com (Warren S. Sarle)
        FAQ Home Page: ftp://ftp.sas.com/pub/neural/FAQ6.html
        Last Posted: 30 Dec 2002 22:13:32 GMT
        Last-modified: 2002-03-28

    q   ai-faq/neural-nets/part7: Multipart
        Subject: comp.ai.neural-nets FAQ, Part 7 of 7: Hardware
        Maintainer: saswss@unx.sas.com (Warren S. Sarle)
        FAQ Home Page: ftp://ftp.sas.com/pub/neural/FAQ7.html
        Last Posted: 30 Dec 2002 22:30:17 GMT
        Last-modified: 2002-10-14


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                                                              PLEASE NOTE:

        The official FAQ Home Page is available by selecting the link listed as the 'FAQ Home Page'.

        The maintainers of this archive are NOT the authors or maintainers of the individual FAQs. To correct or
        contribute to these documents, send email to the specific FAQ maintainers identified in each of the FAQs.


                                                Last Update June 20 2003 @ 00:29 AM




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 comp.ai.alife Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

                                                                   Single Page




    comp.ai.alife Frequently Asked Questions
                      (FAQ)

Archive-name: ai-faq/alife
Posting-Frequency: monthly

Last updated: Saturday, November 18th, 1995.

                              Frequently Asked Questions for comp.ai.alife
                              --------------------------------------------

Contact the author, Titus Brown (brown@krl.caltech.edu) before redistributing
this FAQ commercially. Also, please read the legal disclaimers at the bottom.



Section Contents

    q   News Headers
    q   1. Introduction
    q   2. Table of Contents




                                                                   Single Page


                                                                Rate this FAQ


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                                         Send corrections/additions to the FAQ Maintainer:

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/alife/preamble.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:40:44]
comp.ai.alife Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

                                                          brown@krl.caltech.edu

                                                  Last Update June 20 2003 @ 00:12 AM




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                                                                     MultiPage




      comp.ai.alife Frequently Asked Questions
                        (FAQ)

From: brown@krl.caltech.edu
Newsgroups: comp.ai.genetic, comp.ai.alife
Subject: comp.ai.alife Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Date: 20 Dec 1995 12:34:47 GMT
Message-ID: <4b8vt7$cra@gap.cco.caltech.edu>
Summary: This article is a collection of answers to frequently asked questions
         on the comp.ai.alife newsgroup. Please read this before posting
         to comp.ai.alife.

Archive-name: ai-faq/alife
Posting-Frequency: monthly

Last updated: Saturday, November 18th, 1995.

                             Frequently Asked Questions for comp.ai.alife
                             --------------------------------------------

Contact the author, Titus Brown (brown@krl.caltech.edu) before redistributing
this FAQ commercially. Also, please read the legal disclaimers at the bottom.




Subject: 1. Introduction

This document is intended to serve as an immediate resource for the readers
of the newsgroup comp.ai.alife. It is intended to be lightweight; for more
detailed information, follow the references. The only abbreviation used
is AL, which stands for "Artificial Life".

If you would like to make an addition to the FAQ, contact the author at
brown@krl.caltech.edu.




Subject: 2. Table of Contents

The only complete part of this FAQ is the introductory section, which contains
answers to some commonly asked questions. General pointers to electronic

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 comp.ai.alife Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

resources are available on the FAQ-associated Web site, at:

              http://www.krl.caltech.edu/~brown/alife/

In addition, the FAQs of the following newsgroups contain quite a bit of
relevant information:

              sci.bio.evolution
              comp.ai.genetic
              comp.theory.cell-automata
              alt.memetics

These are available on the FTP server rtfm.mit.edu, as well as many other
FTP servers. Contact brown@krl.caltech.edu for more details, or go to
those newsgroups.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Part 1: Introductions and General Questions

* Q1: What is Artificial Life, and where is some introductory material?

* Q2: What is the purpose and charter of comp.ai.alife?

* Q3: How         do I find/compile a particular AL program/demo?
        -         General info on finding and compiling AL programs.
        -         Tom Ray's Tierra.
        -         Karl Sim's movie from SIGGRAPH/ALIFE IV.
        -         Craig Reynolds' boids simulation.

* Q4: How are Artificial Life and Artificial Intelligence related?

* Q5: Where is this newsgroup archived?

* Q6: Where can I get a doctorate in Artificial Life or related areas?

* Q7: Where can I find information on simulating or developing the mechanics
        of locomotion?

* Q8: I'm interested in reading up on evolutionary biology.                                  Where do I start?

* Q9: I'm looking for a particular mailing list.                                   Does it exist, and if so,
        how do I find it?

------------------------------

Q1: What is Artificial Life, and where is some introductory material?

What is Artificial Life?
------------------------

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 comp.ai.alife Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)



Biology is the scientific study of life - in principle, anyway. In
practice, biology is the scientific study of life on Earth based on
carbon-chain chemistry. There is nothing in its charter that restricts
biology to carbon-based life; it is simply that this is the only kind
of life that has been available to study. Thus, theoretical biology
has long faced the fundamental obstacle that it is impossible to
derive general principles from single examples.

Without other examples, it is difficult to distinguish essential
properties of life - properties that would be shared by any living
system - from properties that may be incidental to life in principle,
but which happen to be universal to life on Earth due solely to a
combination of local historical accident and common genetic descent.

In order to derive general theories about life, we need an ensemble
of instances to generalize over. Since it is quite unlikely that alien
lifeforms will present themselves to us for study in the near future,
our only option is to try to create alternative life-forms ourselves -
Artificial Life - literally ``life made by Man rather than by
Nature.''

Artificial Life (``AL'' or ``Alife'') is the name given to a new
discipline that studies "natural" life by attempting to recreate
biological phenomena from scratch within computers and other
"artificial" media. Alife complements the traditional analytic
approach of traditional biology with a synthetic approach in which,
rather than studying biological phenomena by taking apart living
organisms to see how they work, one attempts to put together systems
that behave like living organisms.

The process of synthesis has been an extremely important tool in many
disciplines. Synthetic chemistry - the ability to put together new
chemical compounds not found in nature - has not only contributed
enormously to our theoretical understanding of chemical phenomena, but
has also allowed us to fabricate new materials and chemicals that are
of great practical use for industry and technology.

Artificial life amounts to the practice of ``synthetic biology'' and,
by analogy with synthetic chemistry, the attempt to recreate
biological phenomena in alternative media will result in not only
better theoretical understanding of the phenomena under study, but
also in practical applications of biological principles in the
technology of computer hardware and software, mobile robots,
spacecraft, medicine, nanotechnology, industrial fabrication and
assembly, and other vital engineering projects.

By extending the horizons of empirical research in biology beyond the
territory currently circumscribed by life-as-we-know-it, the study of
Artificial Life gives us access to the domain of life-as-it- could-be,

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 comp.ai.alife Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

and it is within this vastly larger domain that we must ground general
theories of biology and in which we will discover practical and useful
applications of biology in our engineering endeavors.

                                                                            -- Chris G. Langton


Where can I find some good introductory material?
-------------------------------------------------

There are several "popular science" books out there. _Artificial Life:
the Quest for a New Creation_, by Steven Levy, was one of the first;
Levy presents a large amount of material detailing the genesis of the
field, including a description of many still-active projects. This
would be my first recommendation for a newcomer.

There is a World-Wide-Web page for this book at the URL
http://mosaic.echonyc.com/~steven/ArtificialLife.html.

M. Mitchell Waldrop's _Complexity: The Emerging Science at the Edge of
Order and Chaos_ (ISBN 0-671-76789-5) discusses the history of complex
systems study. In specific, it details the founding of the Santa Fe
Institute, which is actively researching most aspects of complex systems,
including Artificial Life.

Rudy Rucker's _Artificial Life Lab_ has been recommended as a good way to
get involved; a short review (by Wally Raisanen) is available on the
FAQ-resources Web page, http://www.krl.caltech.edu/~brown/alife/.

Finally, the book _Out of Control_ by Kevin Kelly is an *excellent*
1994 overview of technology, with an emphasis on emergent behavior and
modelling life in a computer environment. A must-read for those
interested in the social impact of our work, as well as those interested
in a general cross-section of the entire field and related areas.

------------------------------

Q2: What is the purpose and charter of the comp.ai.alife newsgroup?

The purpose of comp.ai.alife is to provide an unmoderated forum in which
to discuss topics related to the field of Artificial Life, as well as
providing a centralized resource base for queries regarding AL research.

* Topics for discussion in the newsgroup can include, but not be limited to:

  -- optimization techniques (such as genetic algorithms) and modelling
        algorithms
  -- the definition of a living system and "Life"
  -- self-organizing systems
  -- the origin of life


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 comp.ai.alife Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

  --    evolutionary learning
  --    the development of ecosystems
  --    complex system dynamics (with specific relation to living systems)
  --    book and software reviews (non-commercial advertisements, as well)

Contact brown@krl.caltech.edu for the Request-For-Discussions posted to
news.announce.newgroups.

------------------------------

Q3: How do I find/compile a particular AL program/demo?

There are three good ways to find a particular AL program or demo:
        1) Look at the list below, which contains references to some frequently
                requested programs and demos.
        2) The World Wide Web resource of 'ZOOland', available at the WWW URL
                http://research.germany.eu.net:8080/public/zooland/ or off of
                the Artificial Life Resources WWW page mentioned above.
        3) Asking on the newsgroup. Even if the people from the particular
                project don't actually read the newsgroup, someone who knows
                them probably does...

Send questions about compilation (e.g. how do I compile tierra on XXX) to
the author of the package, not to the newsgroup. The author's address should
be included with the package; if it's not, then it's likely an unsupported
package. In addition, there are quite a few topical newsgroups for specific
platform; e.g. comp.unix.osf.osf1 for DEC OSF/1 questions. These are likely
more helpful places to ask specific questions about platforms.

How do I find...
----------------

1. Tierra

        The complete source code and documentation (NOT the executables)
for Tom Ray's tierra program are available via anonymous FTP at

              ftp://alife.santafe.edu [ 192.12.12.130 ]
              ftp://tierra.slhs.udel.edu [ 128.175.41.34 ] and
              ftp://life.slhs.udel.edu [ 128.185.41.33 ]

        in the directory /SOFTWARE/Tierra, file tierra.tar.Z. Tom Ray does
not permit the executables to any version of tierra to be freely distributed;
contact him at the e-mail address ray@santafe.edu for more information.

2. Karl Sim's movie (from the ALIFE IV conference)

        Karl Sim's movie, presented at the ALIFE IV conference, is apparently
not available. However, the SIGGRAPH movie, which shows some of the same
work, is available via FTP at:

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 comp.ai.alife Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)



              ftp://ftp.think.com/users/karl/creatures-demo.mpg

3. More information on Craig Reynold's "boids" simulation?

        Craig Reynold's "boids" simulation, presented at the ARTIFICIAL LIFE
conference in 1987, has a page at the WWW address:

              http://reality.sgi.com/employees/craig/boids.html

------------------------------

Q4: How are Artificial Life and Artificial Intelligence related?

There is a connection between the two fields in both methodology and
research. AI is much older, with conceptual work dating to 1950 and
earlier, while AL coagulated in the late 1980s, when people recognized
similarities in the work they were doing. AI methodologies play a
large part in AL work, partly because of the recognizable similarities
in the two disciplines: AI studying intelligence, AL studying life,
both with an eye to usefulness and reproducibility. And, in recent years,
"traditional" AI researchers have focussed on AL techniques for
autonomous learning, among other things.

In spite of these similarities, there are several dissimilarities.
AL is grounded in biology, physics, chemistry and mathematics,
while AI is pursued mainly by computer scientists, engineers, and
psychologists. Also, the general philosophy of researchers in the fields
seems to approach similar problems from different sides; AL from the
ground up, in an attempt to study synthesis, AI from the top down,
focussing on results and not implementation.

[ The text above is my opinion; I welcome alternative viewpoints on the
  subject, of course. --Titus ]

------------------------------

Q5: Where is this newsgroup archived?

comp.ai.alife is archived weekly at the CMU CS archive site;

              ftp.cs.cmu.edu:/user/ai/pub/news/comp.ai.alife/

Contact ai+news-archives@cs.cmu.edu for more information.

In addition, an HTMLized archive of the newsgroup (and several other
related newsgroups) is available:

              http://www.krl.caltech.edu/~brown/alife/news/

------------------------------

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 comp.ai.alife Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)



Q6: Where can I get a doctorate in Artificial Life or related areas?

Ben Marcotte (ben@chinook.uoregon.edu) has made a guide available via the WWW:

              http://chinook.uoregon.edu/~ben/ga-grad.html

------------------------------

Q7: Where can I find information on simulating or developing the mechanics
        of locomotion?

Here are some places to start:

  Karl Sims' work with evolving novel "virtual creatures" for tasks
  including walking, swimming, jumping and more:

      ftp://think.com/users/karl/Welcome.html

  The work of Jessica Hodgins et al. building controllers for balanced
  locomotion (and other athletic tasks) for "human" characters:

      http://www.cc.gatech.edu/gvu/animation/Animation.html

-- Craig Reynolds (craig@studio.sgi.com)

------------------------------

Q8: I'm interested in reading up on some evolutionary biology.                                    Where
        do I start?

Charles Taylor (of UCLA) recommends the following books for people interested
in evolutionary theory:

              Evolutionary Biology, by Douglas J. Futuyma.

              Evolutionary Genetics, by John Maynard Smith.

From the perspective of mathematical modelling:

              Theory of population genetics and evolutionary ecology : an
                      introduction, by Jonathan Roughgarden. ('bit old, but good')

              Principles of population genetics, by Daniel L. Hartl and
                      Andrew G. Clark. ('a class of its own; contains ref. list')

------------------------------

Q9: I'm looking for a particular mailing list.                                     Does it exist, and if so,
        how do I find it?



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 comp.ai.alife Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

1.    Autopoiesis: there is an autopoiesis mailing list. To subscribe, e-mail
          a message with "subscribe autopoiesis" in the text body to
          listserv@think.com, or send "help" for more information.

2.    Genetic Programming: there's a GP mailing list. To subscribe, e-mail
          genetic-programming-REQUEST@cs.stanford.edu with your name and
          the e-mail address with which you'd like to subscribe.

If you're interested in finding other mailing lists, take a look at the
FTP directory ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet-by-group/news.lists/. There's
an exhaustive list of mailing lists there.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Before you sue my pants off for information I've misrepresented in this
file, read the...

Legal Necessities:

            This article is provided as is without any express or implied
            warranties. While every effort has been taken to ensure the
            accuracy of the information contained in this article, the
            author/maintainer/contributors (take your pick) assume(s) no
            responsibility for errors or omissions, or for damages resulting
            from the use of the information contained herein.

            The contents of this article reflect my opinions only and not
            necessarily those of my employer.

And, finally, copied right off of the FAQs-about-FAQs guide, by Russ Hersch:

Copyright (c) 1995 by C. Titus Brown, all rights reserved.

This FAQ may be posted to any USENET newsgroup, on-line service, or BBS
  as long as it is posted in its entirety and includes this copyright
  statement.
This FAQ may not be distributed for financial gain.
This FAQ may not be included in commercial collections or compilations
   without express permission from the author.

---
--
Titus Brown, brown@krl.caltech.edu.



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                                         Send corrections/additions to the FAQ Maintainer:
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                                                   Last Update June 20 2003 @ 00:12 AM




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 News Headers

                                                                   Single Page

                                     Top Document: comp.ai.alife Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
                                                   Next Document: 1. Introduction




                                                  News Headers

From: brown@krl.caltech.edu
Newsgroups: comp.ai.genetic,comp.ai.alife,comp.answers,news.answers
Subject: comp.ai.alife Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Followup-To: comp.ai.alife
Date: 20 Dec 1995 12:34:47 GMT
Organization: California Institute of Technology, Pasadena
Message-ID: <4b8vt7$cra@gap.cco.caltech.edu>
Summary: This article is a collection of answers to frequently asked questions
         on the comp.ai.alife newsgroup. Please read this before posting
         to comp.ai.alife.




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                                                 1. Introduction

This document is intended to serve as an immediate resource for the readers
of the newsgroup comp.ai.alife. It is intended to be lightweight; for more
detailed information, follow the references. The only abbreviation used
is AL, which stands for "Artificial Life".

If you would like to make an addition to the FAQ, contact the author at
brown@krl.caltech.edu.




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 2. Table of Contents

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                                      Top Document: comp.ai.alife Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
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                                          2. Table of Contents

The only complete part of this FAQ is the introductory section, which contains
answers to some commonly asked questions. General pointers to electronic
resources are available on the FAQ-associated Web site, at:

              http://www.krl.caltech.edu/~brown/alife/

In addition, the FAQs of the following newsgroups contain quite a bit of
relevant information:

              sci.bio.evolution
              comp.ai.genetic
              comp.theory.cell-automata
              alt.memetics

These are available on the FTP server rtfm.mit.edu, as well as many other
FTP servers. Contact brown@krl.caltech.edu for more details, or go to
those newsgroups.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Part 1: Introductions and General Questions

* Q1: What is Artificial Life, and where is some introductory material?

* Q2: What is the purpose and charter of comp.ai.alife?

* Q3: How          do I find/compile a particular AL program/demo?
        -          General info on finding and compiling AL programs.
        -          Tom Ray's Tierra.
        -          Karl Sim's movie from SIGGRAPH/ALIFE IV.
        -          Craig Reynolds' boids simulation.

* Q4: How are Artificial Life and Artificial Intelligence related?

* Q5: Where is this newsgroup archived?

* Q6: Where can I get a doctorate in Artificial Life or related areas?


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 2. Table of Contents



* Q7: Where can I find information on simulating or developing the mechanics
        of locomotion?

* Q8: I'm interested in reading up on evolutionary biology.                                      Where do I start?

* Q9: I'm looking for a particular mailing list.                                       Does it exist, and if so,
        how do I find it?

------------------------------

Q1: What is Artificial Life, and where is some introductory material?

What is Artificial Life?
------------------------

Biology is the scientific study of life - in principle, anyway. In
practice, biology is the scientific study of life on Earth based on
carbon-chain chemistry. There is nothing in its charter that restricts
biology to carbon-based life; it is simply that this is the only kind
of life that has been available to study. Thus, theoretical biology
has long faced the fundamental obstacle that it is impossible to
derive general principles from single examples.

Without other examples, it is difficult to distinguish essential
properties of life - properties that would be shared by any living
system - from properties that may be incidental to life in principle,
but which happen to be universal to life on Earth due solely to a
combination of local historical accident and common genetic descent.

In order to derive general theories about life, we need an ensemble
of instances to generalize over. Since it is quite unlikely that alien
lifeforms will present themselves to us for study in the near future,
our only option is to try to create alternative life-forms ourselves -
Artificial Life - literally ``life made by Man rather than by
Nature.''

Artificial Life (``AL'' or ``Alife'') is the name given to a new
discipline that studies "natural" life by attempting to recreate
biological phenomena from scratch within computers and other
"artificial" media. Alife complements the traditional analytic
approach of traditional biology with a synthetic approach in which,
rather than studying biological phenomena by taking apart living
organisms to see how they work, one attempts to put together systems
that behave like living organisms.

The process of synthesis has been an extremely important tool in many
disciplines. Synthetic chemistry - the ability to put together new
chemical compounds not found in nature - has not only contributed
enormously to our theoretical understanding of chemical phenomena, but


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 2. Table of Contents

has also allowed us to fabricate new materials and chemicals that are
of great practical use for industry and technology.

Artificial life amounts to the practice of ``synthetic biology'' and,
by analogy with synthetic chemistry, the attempt to recreate
biological phenomena in alternative media will result in not only
better theoretical understanding of the phenomena under study, but
also in practical applications of biological principles in the
technology of computer hardware and software, mobile robots,
spacecraft, medicine, nanotechnology, industrial fabrication and
assembly, and other vital engineering projects.

By extending the horizons of empirical research in biology beyond the
territory currently circumscribed by life-as-we-know-it, the study of
Artificial Life gives us access to the domain of life-as-it- could-be,
and it is within this vastly larger domain that we must ground general
theories of biology and in which we will discover practical and useful
applications of biology in our engineering endeavors.

                                                                            -- Chris G. Langton


Where can I find some good introductory material?
-------------------------------------------------

There are several "popular science" books out there. _Artificial Life:
the Quest for a New Creation_, by Steven Levy, was one of the first;
Levy presents a large amount of material detailing the genesis of the
field, including a description of many still-active projects. This
would be my first recommendation for a newcomer.

There is a World-Wide-Web page for this book at the URL
http://mosaic.echonyc.com/~steven/ArtificialLife.html.

M. Mitchell Waldrop's _Complexity: The Emerging Science at the Edge of
Order and Chaos_ (ISBN 0-671-76789-5) discusses the history of complex
systems study. In specific, it details the founding of the Santa Fe
Institute, which is actively researching most aspects of complex systems,
including Artificial Life.

Rudy Rucker's _Artificial Life Lab_ has been recommended as a good way to
get involved; a short review (by Wally Raisanen) is available on the
FAQ-resources Web page, http://www.krl.caltech.edu/~brown/alife/.

Finally, the book _Out of Control_ by Kevin Kelly is an *excellent*
1994 overview of technology, with an emphasis on emergent behavior and
modelling life in a computer environment. A must-read for those
interested in the social impact of our work, as well as those interested
in a general cross-section of the entire field and related areas.


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------------------------------

Q2: What is the purpose and charter of the comp.ai.alife newsgroup?

The purpose of comp.ai.alife is to provide an unmoderated forum in which
to discuss topics related to the field of Artificial Life, as well as
providing a centralized resource base for queries regarding AL research.

* Topics for discussion in the newsgroup can include, but not be limited to:

  -- optimization techniques (such as genetic algorithms) and modelling
        algorithms
  -- the definition of a living system and "Life"
  -- self-organizing systems
  -- the origin of life
  -- evolutionary learning
  -- the development of ecosystems
  -- complex system dynamics (with specific relation to living systems)
  -- book and software reviews (non-commercial advertisements, as well)

Contact brown@krl.caltech.edu for the Request-For-Discussions posted to
news.announce.newgroups.

------------------------------

Q3: How do I find/compile a particular AL program/demo?

There are three good ways to find a particular AL program or demo:
        1) Look at the list below, which contains references to some frequently
                requested programs and demos.
        2) The World Wide Web resource of 'ZOOland', available at the WWW URL
                http://research.germany.eu.net:8080/public/zooland/ or off of
                the Artificial Life Resources WWW page mentioned above.
        3) Asking on the newsgroup. Even if the people from the particular
                project don't actually read the newsgroup, someone who knows
                them probably does...

Send questions about compilation (e.g. how do I compile tierra on XXX) to
the author of the package, not to the newsgroup. The author's address should
be included with the package; if it's not, then it's likely an unsupported
package. In addition, there are quite a few topical newsgroups for specific
platform; e.g. comp.unix.osf.osf1 for DEC OSF/1 questions. These are likely
more helpful places to ask specific questions about platforms.

How do I find...
----------------

1. Tierra

              The complete source code and documentation (NOT the executables)

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for Tom Ray's tierra program are available via anonymous FTP at

              ftp://alife.santafe.edu [ 192.12.12.130 ]
              ftp://tierra.slhs.udel.edu [ 128.175.41.34 ] and
              ftp://life.slhs.udel.edu [ 128.185.41.33 ]

        in the directory /SOFTWARE/Tierra, file tierra.tar.Z. Tom Ray does
not permit the executables to any version of tierra to be freely distributed;
contact him at the e-mail address ray@santafe.edu for more information.

2. Karl Sim's movie (from the ALIFE IV conference)

        Karl Sim's movie, presented at the ALIFE IV conference, is apparently
not available. However, the SIGGRAPH movie, which shows some of the same
work, is available via FTP at:

              ftp://ftp.think.com/users/karl/creatures-demo.mpg

3. More information on Craig Reynold's "boids" simulation?

        Craig Reynold's "boids" simulation, presented at the ARTIFICIAL LIFE
conference in 1987, has a page at the WWW address:

              http://reality.sgi.com/employees/craig/boids.html

------------------------------

Q4: How are Artificial Life and Artificial Intelligence related?

There is a connection between the two fields in both methodology and
research. AI is much older, with conceptual work dating to 1950 and
earlier, while AL coagulated in the late 1980s, when people recognized
similarities in the work they were doing. AI methodologies play a
large part in AL work, partly because of the recognizable similarities
in the two disciplines: AI studying intelligence, AL studying life,
both with an eye to usefulness and reproducibility. And, in recent years,
"traditional" AI researchers have focussed on AL techniques for
autonomous learning, among other things.

In spite of these similarities, there are several dissimilarities.
AL is grounded in biology, physics, chemistry and mathematics,
while AI is pursued mainly by computer scientists, engineers, and
psychologists. Also, the general philosophy of researchers in the fields
seems to approach similar problems from different sides; AL from the
ground up, in an attempt to study synthesis, AI from the top down,
focussing on results and not implementation.

[ The text above is my opinion; I welcome alternative viewpoints on the
  subject, of course. --Titus ]


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------------------------------

Q5: Where is this newsgroup archived?

comp.ai.alife is archived weekly at the CMU CS archive site;

              ftp.cs.cmu.edu:/user/ai/pub/news/comp.ai.alife/

Contact ai+news-archives@cs.cmu.edu for more information.

In addition, an HTMLized archive of the newsgroup (and several other
related newsgroups) is available:

              http://www.krl.caltech.edu/~brown/alife/news/

------------------------------

Q6: Where can I get a doctorate in Artificial Life or related areas?

Ben Marcotte (ben@chinook.uoregon.edu) has made a guide available via the WWW:

              http://chinook.uoregon.edu/~ben/ga-grad.html

------------------------------

Q7: Where can I find information on simulating or developing the mechanics
        of locomotion?

Here are some places to start:

  Karl Sims' work with evolving novel "virtual creatures" for tasks
  including walking, swimming, jumping and more:

      ftp://think.com/users/karl/Welcome.html

  The work of Jessica Hodgins et al. building controllers for balanced
  locomotion (and other athletic tasks) for "human" characters:

      http://www.cc.gatech.edu/gvu/animation/Animation.html

-- Craig Reynolds (craig@studio.sgi.com)

------------------------------

Q8: I'm interested in reading up on some evolutionary biology.                         Where
        do I start?

Charles Taylor (of UCLA) recommends the following books for people interested
in evolutionary theory:

              Evolutionary Biology, by Douglas J. Futuyma.

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/alife/section-2.html (6 of 8) [20/06/2003 22:40:52]
 2. Table of Contents



              Evolutionary Genetics, by John Maynard Smith.

From the perspective of mathematical modelling:

              Theory of population genetics and evolutionary ecology : an
                      introduction, by Jonathan Roughgarden. ('bit old, but good')

              Principles of population genetics, by Daniel L. Hartl and
                      Andrew G. Clark. ('a class of its own; contains ref. list')

------------------------------

Q9: I'm looking for a particular mailing list.                                         Does it exist, and if so,
        how do I find it?

1.    Autopoiesis: there is an autopoiesis mailing list. To subscribe, e-mail
          a message with "subscribe autopoiesis" in the text body to
          listserv@think.com, or send "help" for more information.

2.    Genetic Programming: there's a GP mailing list. To subscribe, e-mail
          genetic-programming-REQUEST@cs.stanford.edu with your name and
          the e-mail address with which you'd like to subscribe.

If you're interested in finding other mailing lists, take a look at the
FTP directory ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet-by-group/news.lists/. There's
an exhaustive list of mailing lists there.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Before you sue my pants off for information I've misrepresented in this
file, read the...

Legal Necessities:

            This article is provided as is without any express or implied
            warranties. While every effort has been taken to ensure the
            accuracy of the information contained in this article, the
            author/maintainer/contributors (take your pick) assume(s) no
            responsibility for errors or omissions, or for damages resulting
            from the use of the information contained herein.

            The contents of this article reflect my opinions only and not
            necessarily those of my employer.

And, finally, copied right off of the FAQs-about-FAQs guide, by Russ Hersch:

Copyright (c) 1995 by C. Titus Brown, all rights reserved.

This FAQ may be posted to any USENET newsgroup, on-line service, or BBS

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/alife/section-2.html (7 of 8) [20/06/2003 22:40:52]
 2. Table of Contents

  as long as it is posted in its entirety and includes this copyright
  statement.
This FAQ may not be distributed for financial gain.
This FAQ may not be included in commercial collections or compilations
   without express permission from the author.

---
--
Titus Brown, brown@krl.caltech.edu.



                                      Top Document: comp.ai.alife Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
                                                  Previous Document: 1. Introduction

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                                                    Last Update June 20 2003 @ 00:12 AM




 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/alife/section-2.html (8 of 8) [20/06/2003 22:40:52]
 FAQ: Expert System Shells 1/1 [Monthly posting]

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        FAQ: Expert System Shells 1/1 [Monthly
                      posting]

Archive-name: ai-faq/expert/part1
Last-Modified: Wed Apr 30 14:01:59 1997 by Mark Kantrowitz
Version: 1.41
Maintainer: Mark Kantrowitz <mkant+ai-faq@cs.cmu.edu>
URL: http://www.cs.cmu.edu/Web/Groups/AI/html/faqs/ai/expert/part1/faq.html
Size: 77655 bytes, 1437 lines

;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Expert System Shells *******************************************
;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Written by Mark Kantrowitz
;;;   expert_1.faq

This post contains the Expert System Shells FAQ.

If you think of questions that are appropriate for this FAQ, or would
like to improve an answer, please send email to us at mkant+ai-faq@cs.cmu.edu.

CONTRIBUTIONS to this summary should be sent to mkant+ai-faq@cs.cmu.edu.
Companies wishing to expand their entries should send product
summaries no longer than the RTworks or CLIPS entries, and should
focus on features and facts. Hype and vague generalizations will be removed.

*** Copyright:

Copyright (c) 1992-95 by Mark Kantrowitz. All rights reserved.

This FAQ may be freely redistributed in its entirety without
modification provided that this copyright notice is not removed. It
may not be sold for profit or incorporated in commercial documents
(e.g., published for sale on CD-ROM, floppy disks, books, magazines,
or other print form) without the prior written permission of the
copyright holder. Permission is expressly granted for this document
to be made available for file transfer from installations offering
unrestricted anonymous file transfer on the Internet.

If this FAQ is reproduced in offline media (e.g., CD-ROM, print form,
etc.), a complimentary copy should be sent to Mark Kantrowitz, School

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/expert/part1/preamble.html (1 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:41:01]
 FAQ: Expert System Shells 1/1 [Monthly posting]

of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue,
Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3891 USA.

This article is provided AS IS without any express or implied warranty.

*** Recent changes:

;;;   1.32:
;;;    8-AUG-95 mk                    Updated COMDALE entry in [1-6].
;;;
;;;   1.33:
;;;   21-DEC-95 mk                    Deleted GEST entry, per Stefan Roth.
;;;   22-DEC-95 mk                    Updated Gensym entry. New URL.
;;;
;;;   1.34:
;;;   18-JAN-96 mk                    Updated M.4 entry.
;;;   19-JAN-96 mk                    Updated the C-PRS entry.
;;;
;;;   1.35:
;;;    7-MAR-96 mk                    Updated various Haley Enterprises entries.
;;;   19-MAR-96 mk                    Updated ACQUIRE entry.
;;;
;;;   1.36:
;;;   10-MAY-96           mk          Updated EXSYS entry.
;;;    4-JUN-96           mk          Added TechMate entry.
;;;   20-JUN-96           mk          Updated telephone numbers for ILOG France.
;;;   23-JUL-96           mk          Updated XpertRule for Window entry.
;;;   29-JUL-96           mk          Replaced AIM entry with ModelQuest entry.
;;;   18-NOV-96           mk          Updated wxCLIPS entry.


*** Topics Covered:

  [1-1]  Introduction
  [1-2]  Other Sources of Information
  [1-3]  Bibliography of Expert Systems books, introductions,
         documentation, periodicals, and conference proceedings.
  [1-4] Note about 'Real-Time' expert systems
  [1-5a] Free/Cheap Expert System Shells
  [1-5b] Free/Cheap Expert System Shells: CLIPS and Related Systems
  [1-6] Commercial Expert System Shells
  [1-7] Associations
  [1-8] Glossary
  [1-A] Acknowledgements

Search for [#] to get to question number # quickly.




 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/expert/part1/preamble.html (2 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:41:01]
 FAQ: Expert System Shells 1/1 [Monthly posting]

Section Contents

    q   News Headers
    q   [1-1] Introduction
    q   [1-2] Other Sources of Information
    q   [1-3] Bibliography of Expert Systems books, introductions, documentation, periodicals, and conference proceedings.
    q   [1-4] Note about 'Real-Time' expert systems
    q   [1-5a] Free/Cheap Expert System Shells
    q   [1-5b] Free/Cheap Expert System Shells: CLIPS and Related Systems
    q   [1-6] Commercial Expert System Shells
    q   [1-7] Associations
    q   [1-8] Glossary
    q   [1-A] Acknowledgements




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                                                               Rate this FAQ


                                                                    N/A




                                 [ Usenet FAQs | Search | Web FAQs | Documents | RFC Index ]


                                          Send corrections/additions to the FAQ Maintainer:
                                                     mkant+ai-faq@cs.cmu.edu

                                                   Last Update June 20 2003 @ 00:12 AM




 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/expert/part1/preamble.html (3 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:41:01]
 FAQ: Expert System Shells 1/1 [Monthly posting]

                                                                    MultiPage




         FAQ: Expert System Shells 1/1 [Monthly
                       posting]

From: mkant+@cs.cmu.edu (Mark Kantrowitz)
Newsgroups: comp.ai, comp.ai.shells
Subject: FAQ: Expert System Shells 1/1 [Monthly posting]
Date: 13 Aug 1997 07:43:21 GMT
Message-ID: <EXPERT_1_871455620@CS.CMU.EDU>
Reply-To: mkant+ai-faq@cs.cmu.edu
Keywords: Expert Systems, RETE, OPS

Archive-name: ai-faq/expert/part1
Last-Modified: Wed Apr 30 14:01:59 1997 by Mark Kantrowitz
Version: 1.41
Maintainer: Mark Kantrowitz <mkant+ai-faq@cs.cmu.edu>
URL: http://www.cs.cmu.edu/Web/Groups/AI/html/faqs/ai/expert/part1/faq.html
Size: 77655 bytes, 1437 lines

;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Expert System Shells *******************************************
;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Written by Mark Kantrowitz
;;;   expert_1.faq

This post contains the Expert System Shells FAQ.

If you think of questions that are appropriate for this FAQ, or would
like to improve an answer, please send email to us at mkant+ai-faq@cs.cmu.edu.

CONTRIBUTIONS to this summary should be sent to mkant+ai-faq@cs.cmu.edu.
Companies wishing to expand their entries should send product
summaries no longer than the RTworks or CLIPS entries, and should
focus on features and facts. Hype and vague generalizations will be removed.

*** Copyright:

Copyright (c) 1992-95 by Mark Kantrowitz. All rights reserved.

This FAQ may be freely redistributed in its entirety without
modification provided that this copyright notice is not removed. It
may not be sold for profit or incorporated in commercial documents


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/expert/part1/index.html (1 of 31) [20/06/2003 22:41:07]
 FAQ: Expert System Shells 1/1 [Monthly posting]

(e.g., published for sale on CD-ROM, floppy disks, books, magazines,
or other print form) without the prior written permission of the
copyright holder. Permission is expressly granted for this document
to be made available for file transfer from installations offering
unrestricted anonymous file transfer on the Internet.

If this FAQ is reproduced in offline media (e.g., CD-ROM, print form,
etc.), a complimentary copy should be sent to Mark Kantrowitz, School
of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue,
Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3891 USA.

This article is provided AS IS without any express or implied warranty.

*** Recent changes:

;;;   1.32:
;;;    8-AUG-95 mk                   Updated COMDALE entry in [1-6].
;;;
;;;   1.33:
;;;   21-DEC-95 mk                   Deleted GEST entry, per Stefan Roth.
;;;   22-DEC-95 mk                   Updated Gensym entry. New URL.
;;;
;;;   1.34:
;;;   18-JAN-96 mk                   Updated M.4 entry.
;;;   19-JAN-96 mk                   Updated the C-PRS entry.
;;;
;;;   1.35:
;;;    7-MAR-96 mk                   Updated various Haley Enterprises entries.
;;;   19-MAR-96 mk                   Updated ACQUIRE entry.
;;;
;;;   1.36:
;;;   10-MAY-96          mk          Updated EXSYS entry.
;;;    4-JUN-96          mk          Added TechMate entry.
;;;   20-JUN-96          mk          Updated telephone numbers for ILOG France.
;;;   23-JUL-96          mk          Updated XpertRule for Window entry.
;;;   29-JUL-96          mk          Replaced AIM entry with ModelQuest entry.
;;;   18-NOV-96          mk          Updated wxCLIPS entry.


*** Topics Covered:

  [1-1]  Introduction
  [1-2]  Other Sources of Information
  [1-3]  Bibliography of Expert Systems books, introductions,
         documentation, periodicals, and conference proceedings.
  [1-4] Note about 'Real-Time' expert systems
  [1-5a] Free/Cheap Expert System Shells
  [1-5b] Free/Cheap Expert System Shells: CLIPS and Related Systems
  [1-6] Commercial Expert System Shells
  [1-7] Associations

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/expert/part1/index.html (2 of 31) [20/06/2003 22:41:07]
 FAQ: Expert System Shells 1/1 [Monthly posting]

  [1-8]         Glossary
  [1-A]         Acknowledgements

Search for [#] to get to question number # quickly.



Subject: [1-1]               Introduction

Certain questions and topics come up frequently in the various network
discussion groups devoted to and related to Expert Systems. This
file/article is an attempt to gather these questions and their answers
into a convenient reference for AI researchers, students, and
practitioners. It is posted on a monthly basis. The hope is that this
will cut down on the user time and network bandwidth used to post,
read and respond to the same questions over and over, as well as
providing education by answering questions some readers may not even
have thought to ask.

Currently this FAQ is a primarily a list of free and commercial expert
system shells, but other questions and answers will be added as they
arise.

The latest version of this file is available by anonymous FTP from
   ftp.cs.cmu.edu:/user/ai/pubs/faqs/expert/expert_1.faq [128.2.206.173]
using username "anonymous" and password "name@host" (substitute your
email address) or via AFS in the Andrew File System directory
   /afs/cs.cmu.edu/project/ai-repository/ai/pubs/faqs/expert/expert_1.faq

You can also obtain a copy of the FAQ by sending a message to
ai+query@cs.cmu.edu with
   Send ESS FAQ
in the message body.

The FAQ postings are also archived in the periodic posting archive on
   rtfm.mit.edu:/pub/usenet/news.answers/ai-faq/expert/ [18.181.0.24]
If you do not have anonymous ftp access, you can access the archive by
mail server as well. Send an E-mail message to mail-server@rtfm.mit.edu
with "help" and "index" in the body on separate lines for more
information.

An automatically generated HTML version of this FAQ is accessible by
WWW as part of the AI-related FAQs Mosaic page. The URL for this
resource is
   http://www.cs.cmu.edu/Web/Groups/AI/html/faqs/top.html
The direct URL for the Expert Systems FAQ is
   http://www.cs.cmu.edu/Web/Groups/AI/html/faqs/ai/expert/top.html

If you need to cite the FAQ for some reason, use the following format:


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    Mark Kantrowitz, "Answers to Frequently Asked Questions about
    Expert System Shells", comp.ai.shells, <month>, <year>,
    ftp.cs.cmu.edu:/user/ai/pubs/faqs/expert/expert_?.faq,
    mkant+ai-faq@cs.cmu.edu.



Subject: [1-2]               Other Sources of Information

In addition to the free expert system shells listed below, the Prolog
Resource Guide lists a variety of Prolog implementations and products.
In addition to being backward-chaining systems, many Prolog
implementations provide support for forward-chaining rules and other
expert systems requirements. For example, Amzi! Inc. sells Dennis
Merritt's book, "Building Expert Systems in Prolog", Springer-Verlag,
1989, for $52 (see entry in bibliography below).

The July/August 1992 issue of PC AI magazine includes their annual
product guide for expert systems and related tools. AI Expert Magazine
publishes an "Expert Systems Resource Guide" once per year, usually in
April.

The February 1991 issue of IEEE Computer has an article about Expert
System Tools. Another article of possible interest is "Selection
Criteria for Expert System Shells: A Socio-Technical Framework", by
Anthony C. Stylianou, Gregory R. Madey, and Robert D. Smith, CACM
35(10):30-48, October 1992.

The AI FAQ contains pointers to other resources that may be of
interest to readers of this FAQ. If you can't find the information
you're looking for here, try looking in the AI FAQ. The AI FAQ is
posted monthly to the newsgroup comp.ai and is also available from the
anonymous ftp locations mentioned above.

The Prime Time Freeware for AI CD-ROM collection includes several expert
system shells, including Babylon, CLIPS, ESIE, Frulekit, and OPS5, among
others. The sells (list) for $60 US plus applicable sales tax and
shipping and handling charges. Payable through Visa, Mastercard, postal
money orders in US funds, and checks in US funds drawn on a US bank. For
more information write to Prime Time Freeware, 370 Altair Way, Suite
150, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 USA, call 408-433-9662, fax 408-433-0727, or
send email to ptf@cfcl.com.



Subject: [1-3] Bibliography of Expert Systems books, introductions,
               documentation, periodicals, and conference proceedings.

This section contains a list of key references and introductions about
Production Systems, Expert Systems, and Match Algorithms. For other

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AI-related books, see part 4 of the AI FAQ.

Overviews and Texts:

    Bruce G. Buchanan and Edward H. Shortliffe, "Rule-Based Expert
    Systems: The MYCIN Experiments of the Stanford Heuristic Programming
    Project", Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1985. The Davis and King
    paper (chapter 4, "An overview of production systems") provides
    a good overview.

    Frederick Hayes-Roth, "The knowledge based expert system: A tutorial",
    IEEE Computer 17(9):11-28, 1984.

    Bruce G. Buchanan and R.O. Duda, "Principles of Rule-Based Systems",
    Tech Report HPP-82-14, 1982. (Discusses the design of expert
    systems, including representation, inference, and uncertainty
    management. Examples from numerous specific systems, and discusses
    which problems are suitable for attack by rule-based systems.)
    Send email to gsmith@hpp.stanford.edu for information on getting
    the tech report, or see the later report:
       Bruce Buchanan and Reid Smith, "Fundamentals of Expert
       Systems", Annual Review of Computer Science 3, 23-58, 1988.

    Joseph Giarratano and Gary Riley, "Expert Systems Principles and
    Practice", PWS Publishing (20 Park Plaza, Boston, MA 02116-4324
    1-800-842-3636, 1-617-542-3377, fax 1-617-338-6134), 1993, 644
    pages, ISBN 0-534-93744-6, $53.94.
      [This is the second edition of "Expert Systems: Principles and
       Programming" and comes with an MS-DOS CLIPS 6.0 interpreter. The
       book includes a good tutorial on using CLIPS.]

    James P. Ignizio, "Introduction to Expert Systems: The Development
    and Implementation of Rule-Based Expert Systems", McGraw-Hill,
    1991. 402 pages, ISBN 0-07-909785-5 ($37.50). [Focuses on the
    building of the knowledge-base model and its proper implmentation
    from a decision-making perspective. Also covers knowledge
    acquisition, inference, and validation. Especially good for
    students in fields besides computer science, such as business,
    engineering, and the social sciences. There are exercises at the
    end of every chapter. Clear and concise explanations with good
    examples. Also provides an introduction to EXSYS with an EXSYS demo disk.]

    Samuel J. Biondo, "Fundamentals of Expert Systems Technology:
    Principles and Concepts", Ablex, Norwood, NJ, 1990. 160 pages, ISBN
    0-89391-701-X paper ($35).

    Dennis Merritt, "Building Expert Systems in Prolog", Springer-Verlag, 1989.
    358 pages, ISBN 0-387-97016-9 hardcover ($52).
    Explains how to build various expert system shells in Prolog, including
    forward/backward chaining, FOOPS, rete-network, frames, solving

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    Rubik's cube and more. Includes complete source code listings.
    (Source code from the book is also sold on disk by Amzi! Inc. and
    is available by anonymous FTP from
       ftp.std.com:/ftp/vendors/amzi/programs/
       ftp.cs.cmu.edu:/user/ai/areas/expert/systems/amzi/programs/
    as the files xsip.*) Their Web page is http://world.std.com/~amzi/

    David Hu, "C/C++ for Expert Systems", Management Information
    Source, Portland, OR, 1989. 565 pages, ISBN 0-943518-86-5 ($24.95).
    [Includes a diskette of source code from the book.]

General AI books with extensive coverage of expert systems:

    Firebaugh, Morris W., "Artificial Intelligence: A Knowledge-Based
    Approach", PWS-Kent, Massachusetts, 1989. ISBN 0-87835-325-9

OPS5:

    Charles L. Forgy, "OPS5 User's Manual", Technical Report
    CMU-CS-81-135, Carnegie Mellon University, School of Computer
    Science, Pittsburgh, PA 1981.

    Thomas Cooper and Nancy Wogrin, "Rule-based Programming with OPS5",
    Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 1988, ISBN 0-934613-51-6, $49.95.

Match Algorithms:

    RETE:
       Charles L. Forgy, "RETE: A fast algorithm for the many
       pattern/many object pattern match problem", Artificial
       Intelligence 19(1):17-37, September 1982.

    TREAT:
       Daniel P. Miranker, "TREAT: A better match algorithm for AI
       production systems". In Proceedings of the Sixth National
       Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-87), pages 42-47,
       August 1987.

          Daniel P. Miranker, "TREAT: A New and Efficient Match Algorithm
          for AI Production Systems", Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 1990,
          143 pages, ISBN 0-934613-71-0, $29.95.

    MatchBox:
       Mark Perlin, "The match box algorithm for parallel production
       system match", Technical Report CMU-CS-89-163, Carnegie Mellon
       University, School of Computer Science, Pittsburgh,
       Pennsylvania, May 1989.

    DRETE:
       Michael A. Kelly and Rudolph E. Seviora, "An evaluation of DRETE

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          on CUPID for OPS5 matching", in Proceedings of the Eleventh
          International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI-89),
          pages 84-90, Detroit MI, August 1989, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.

Journals -- Expert Systems:

    EXPERT SYSTEMS WITH APPLICATIONS
    Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0957-4174.
    Subscriptions: Institutions L85 ($155), Individuals L45 ($72).
    Pergamon Press Inc., 660 White Plains Road, Tarrytown, NY 10591-5153,
    email PPI@pergamon.com, or Pergamon Press Ltd., Headington Hill Hall,
    Oxford OX3 0BW, England.

    EXPERT SYSTEMS: THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING
    Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0266-4720.
    Subscriptions: L85 ($110)
    Learned Information Ltd., Woodside, Hinksey Hill, Oxford OX1 5AU, UK.
    Tel: +44 (0)865-730275 Fax: +44 (0)085-736354

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EXPERT SYSTEMS
    Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0894-9077.
    Subscriptions: Institutions $135; Individuals $75. Outside the US add
    $10 for surface mail and $20 for airmail.
    JAI Press Inc., 55 Old Post Road -- No. 2, PO Box 1678, Greenwich, CT
    06836-1678.

    KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING REVIEW
    Published quarterly, ISSN 0269-8889.
    In the UK: Cambridge University Press, The Edinburgh Building,
    Cambridge CB2 1BR, UK.
    In N. America: Cambridge University Press, Journals Department, 40 West
    20th Street, New York, NY 10011-4211.

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED EXPERT SYSTEMS (IJAES)
    Published three times annually. ISSN 0969-9317
    Subscriptions: BP60.00/US$117.00.
    Taylor Graham Publishing, 500 Chesham House, 150 Regent Street,
    London W1R 5FA UK.
    Editor: Alan Sangster <a.sangster@aberdeen.ac.uk>
    URL: http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~acc025/ijaes.html



Subject: [1-4] Note about 'Real-Time' expert systems

Many "real-time" expert systems are 'soft' real-time systems, in that
they claim to be fast. A 'hard' real-time system would have features
that guarantee a response within a fixed amount of real-time (e.g.,
bounded computation, not just a fast match-recognize-act cycle).
Systems like G2 use event-driven processing (restricting certain rules

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to execute only when specific WM elements change in a particular way)
as a method of limiting forward chaining.



Subject: [1-5a] Free/Cheap Expert System Shells

Remember, when ftping compressed or compacted files (.Z, .gz, .arc, .fit,
etc.) to use binary mode for retrieving the files.

Files that end with a .gz suffix were compressed with the patent-free
gzip (no relation to zip). Source for gzip is available from:
  prep.ai.mit.edu:pub/gnu/{gzip-1.2.3.shar,gzip-1.2.3.tar,gzip-1.2.3.msdos.exe}

If you do not have ftp access, you can FTP files by E-mail. Send a
message with the word "help" in the body to ftpmail@decwrl.dec.com.


FOCL is an expert system shell and machine learning program written in
Common Lisp. The machine learning program extends Quinlan's FOIL
program by containing a compatible explanation-based learning
component. FOCL learns Horn Clause programs from examples and
(optionally) background knowledge. The expert system includes a
backward-chaining rule interpreter and a graphical interface to the
rule and fact base. For details on FOCL, see: Pazzani, M. and Kibler,
D., "The role of prior knowledge in inductive learning", Machine
Learning 9:54-97, 1992. It is available by anonymous ftp from
   ics.uci.edu:/pub/machine-learning-programs/
as the files README.FOCL-1-2-3, FOCL-1-2-3.cpt.hqx (a binhexed,
compacted Macintosh application), FOCL-1-2-3.tar.Z (Common Lisp
source code), and FOCL-1-2-3-manual.hqx (binhexed manual). If you
use a copy of FOCL, or have any comments or questions, send mail to
pazzani@ics.uci.edu.

SOAR              -- ftp.cs.cmu.edu:
                      /afs/cs.cmu.edu/project/soar/public/Soar5/ -- Lisp Version
                      /afs/cs.cmu.edu/project/soar/public/Soar6/ -- C Version
                    Contact: soar-request@cs.cmu.edu
                    Integrated Agent Architecture. Supports learning through chunking.

OPS5              -- ftp.cs.cmu.edu:/user/ai/areas/expert/systems/ops5/ops5.tar.gz

BABYLON is a development environment for expert systems. It
includes frames, constraints, a prolog-like logic formalism, and a
description language for diagnostic applications. It is implemented in
Common Lisp and has been ported to a wide range of hardware platforms.
Available by anonymous ftp from
   ftp.gmd.de:/gmd/ai-research/Software/Babylon/ [129.26.8.84]
as a BinHexed stuffit archive, on the Web via the URL


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   http://www.gmd.de/
on the Apple CD-ROM, or with the book "The AI Workbench BABYLON",
which contains *full source code* of BABYLON and the stand-alone
version for the Mac. The book describes the use of BABYLON in detail.

MOBAL is a system for developing operational models of application
domains in a first order logic representation. It integrates a manual
knowledge acquisition and inspection environment, an inference engine,
machine learning methods for automated knowledge acquisition, and a
knowledge revision tool. By using MOBAL's knowledge acquisition
environment, you can incrementally develop a model of your domain in
terms of logical facts and rules. You can inspect the knowledge you
have entered in text or graphics windows, augment the knowledge, or
change it at any time. The built-in inference engine can immediately
execute the rules you have entered to show you the consequences of
your inputs, or answer queries about the current knowledge. MOBAL also
builds a dynamic sort taxonomy from your inputs. If you wish, you can
use several machine learning methods to automatically discover
additional rules based on the facts that you have entered, or to form
new concepts. If there are contradictions in the knowledge base due to
incorrect rules or facts, there is a knowledge revision tool to help
you locate the problem and fix it. MOBAL (release 3.0b) is available
free for non-commercial academic use by anonymous ftp from
   ftp.gmd.de:/gmd/mlt/Mobal/
The system runs on Sun SparcStations, SunOS 4.1, and includes a
graphical interface implemented using Tcl/TK.

MIKE (Micro Interpreter for Knowledge Engineering) is a full-featured,
free, and portable software environment designed for teaching purposes
at the UK's Open University. It includes forward and backward
chaining rules with user-definable conflict resolution strategies, and
a frame representation language with inheritance and 'demons' (code
triggered by frame access or change), plus user-settable inheritance
strategies. Automatic 'how' explanations (proof histories) are
provided for rule exectuion, as are user-specified 'why' explanations.
Coarse-grained and fine-grained rule tracing facilities are provided,
along with a novel 'rule graph' display which concisely shows the
history of rule execution. MIKE, which forms the kernel of an Open
University course on Knowledge Engineering, is written in a
conservative and portable subset of Edinburgh-syntax Prolog, and is
distributed as non-copy-protected source code. MIKE version 1 was
described in the October/November 1990 issue of BYTE. MIKE v1.50,
which was formerly available from a range of ftp servers, has been
superseded by two newer versions: MIKEv2.03, a full Prolog source code
version, incorporating a RETE algorithm for fast forward chaining, a
truth maintenance system, uncertainty handling, and hypothetical
worlds, and MIKEv2.50, a turnkey DOS version with menu-driven
interface and frame- and rule-browsing tools, fully compatible with


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MIKEv2.03, but without source code. They are available by anonymous
ftp from hcrl.open.ac.uk [137.108.81.16] as the files
   MIKEv2.03: /pub/software/src/MIKEv2.03/*
   MIKEv2.50: /pub/software/pc/MIKEV25.ZIP
They are also available from the CMU AI Repository.
For further information, please contact Marc Eisenstadt,
M.Eisenstadt@open.ac.uk, Human Cognition Research Lab, The Open
University, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, UK, phone +44 908-65-3149, fax +44
908-65-3169.

ES: The October/November 1990 issue of BYTE also described the ES
expert system. ES supports backward/forward chaining, fuzzy set
relations, and explanation, and is a standalone executable for
IBM-PCs. ES is available by anonymous ftp from
ftp.uu.net:/pub/ai/expert-sys/ [192.48.96.9] as summers.tar.Z.
ftp.uu.net is mirrored on unix.hensa.ac.uk [129.12.21.7] under
/pub/uunet/.

WindExS (Windows Expert System) is a fully functional Windows-based
forward chaining expert system. Its modular architecture allows the
user to substitute new modules as required to enhance the capabilites
of the system. WindExS sports Natural Language Rule Processor,
Inference Engine, File Manager, User Interface, Message Manager and
Knowledge Base modules. It supports forward chaining, and graphical
knowledge base representation. Write etoupin@aol.com for documentation
and operational system.

RT-Expert is a shareware expert system that lets C programmers
integrate expert systems rules into their C or C++ applications.
RT-Expert consists of a rule-compiler that compiles rules into C code,
and a library containing the rule execution engine. RT-Expert for DOS
works with Borland Turbo C, Borland C++, and Microsoft C/C++
compilers. The personal edition is licensed for educational, research,
and hobby use. Applications created with RT-Expert personal edition
are not licensed for commercial purposes. Professional editions are
available for commercial applications using DOS, Windows, and Unix
environments. RT-Expert is available by anonymous ftp from
   world.std.com:/vendors/rtis/rtexpert
For more information, write to Real-Time Intelligent Systems Corporation
<rtis@world.std.com>.



Subject: [1-5b] Free/Cheap Expert System Shells: CLIPS and Related Systems

CLIPS 6.0 (C Language Integrated Production System) is an OPS-like
forward chaining production system written in ANSI C by NASA. The
CLIPS inference engine includes truth maintenance, dynamic rule
addition, and customizable conflict resolution strategies. CLIPS,

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including the runtime version, is easily embeddable in other
applications. CLIPS includes an object-oriented language called COOL
(CLIPS Object-Oriented Language) which is directly integrated with the
inference engine. CLIPS runs on many platforms including IBM PC
compatibles (including Windows 3.1 and MS-DOS 386 versions),
Macintosh, VAX 11/780, Sun 3/260, and HP9000/500. CLIPS is available
from COSMIC at a "nominal" fee (the MS-DOS/Windows 3.1 version $350
for the software and $115 more for the documentation, with discounts
for US academic institutions; for update orders $100 and $200,
respectively) for unlimited copies with no royalties. (CLIPS is
available free to NASA, USAF, and their contractors for use on NASA
and USAF projects.) For more information, send email to
service@cossack.cosmic.uga.edu, write COSMIC, University of Georgia,
382 East Broad Street, Athens, GA 30602, call 706-542-3265, or fax
706-542-4807. To subscribe to the CLIPS mailing list, send a message
to the list server
   listserv@cossack.cosmic.uga.edu (128.192.14.4)
with message body
   SUBSCRIBE CLIPS-LIST
The CLIPS help desk phone number is 713-286-8919 (fax 713-286-4479/244-5698)
and email address is stbprod@fdr.jsc.nasa.gov. (The address is STB
Products Help Desk, LinCom Corporation, 1020 Bay Area Boulevard, #200,
Houston, TX 77058-2628.) The Software Technology Branch's home page is
   http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/stb/STB_homepage.html
NASA Information Services's home page is
   http://hypatia.gsfc.nasa.gov/NASA_homepage.html
and the CLIPS home page is
   http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/~clips/CLIPS.html
[Note: Folks who obtain CLIPS from COSMIC can do anything they wish
with it, including redistribute it. Folks who obtain CLIPS directly
from NASA are restricted to using it for US government purposes only.]
The CLIPS FAQ list and bug fixes are available from
   hubble.jsc.nasa.gov:/pub/clips/
and are maintained by Gary Riley <riley@gothamcity.jsc.nasa.gov>.
Joseph Giarratano and Gary Riley's book, "Expert Systems Principles
and Practice", comes with an MS-DOS CLIPS 6.0 interpreter (see [1-3]
above). CLIPS is also available on the various AI CD-ROMs, and the
MS-DOS version is available for $50 from Austin Code Works <info@acw.com>,
11100 Leafwood Lane, Austin, Texas 78750-3409, phone 512-258-0785,
fax 512-258-8831, or BBS 512-258-8831.

DYNACLIPS (DYNAamic CLIPS Utilities), is a set of blackboard, dynamic
knowledge exchange, and agent tools for CLIPS 5.1 and 6.0. It is
implemented as a set of libraries that can be linked with CLIPS 5.1 or
CLIPS 6.0. Versions 3.0 and 3.1 will work with either CLIPS 5.1 or CLIPS 6.0.
Source code is not available. Agents use the blackboard to
communicate with other intelligent agents in the framework. Each


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intelligent agent can send and receive facts, rules, and commands.
Rules and facts are inserted and deleted dynamicly while the agents
are running. Knowledge can be transfered on a temporary or permanent
basis. For more information, please contact Yilmaz Cengeloglu, PO Box
4142, Winter Park, FL 32793-4142, or send email to
cengelog@escmail.orl.mmc.com, yil@engr.ucf.edu or 73313.775@compuserve.com.
It is available from the CMU AI Repository in
   ftp.cs.cmu.edu:/user/ai/areas/expert/systems/clips/dyna/

AGENT_CLIPS is a multi-agent tool for MACINTOSH. Multiple copies of CLIPS
run at the same time on MACINTOSH. Each Agent (CLIPS) can send CLIPS
commands to other active agents at run time. AGENT_CLIPS handles incoming
commands automatically. Command transfer is also mean that agents can
exchange facts, rules at run time. This is a form of Knowledge Exchange
Among Intelligent Agents. AGENT_CLIPS does NOT use Blackboard Architecture.
Library for AGENT_CLIPS is also included in this package. You can link
this library with other CLIPS applications such as fuzzyCLIPS.
AGENT_CLIPS can be obtained by anonymous ftp from
   ftp.cs.cmu.edu:/user/ai/areas/expert/systems/clips/agent/
It is also available from Compuserve, AIEXPERT Forum, Libraries,
Expert System. For more information contact Yilmaz Cengeloglu at
73313.775@compuserve.com.

FuzzyCLIPS 6.02 is a version of the CLIPS rule-based expert system
shell with extensions for representing and manipulating fuzzy facts
and rules. In addition to the CLIPS functionality, FuzzyCLIPS can deal
with exact, fuzzy (or inexact), and combined reasoning, allowing fuzzy
and normal terms to be freely mixed in the rules and facts of an
expert system. The system uses two basic inexact concepts, fuzziness
and uncertainty. Versions are available for UNIX systems, Macintosh
systems and PC systems. There is no cost for the software, but please
read the terms for use in the FuzzyCLIPS documentation. FuzzyCLIPS is
available via WWW (World Wide Web). It can be accessed indirectly
through the Knowledge Systems Lab Server using the URL
   http://ai.iit.nrc.ca/home_page.html
or more directly by using the URL
   http://ai.iit.nrc.ca/fuzzy/fuzzy.html
or by anonymous ftp from
   ai.iit.nrc.ca:/pub/fzclips/
For more information about FuzzyCLIPS send mail to fzclips@ai.iit.nrc.ca.

wxCLIPS provides a simple graphical front end to CLIPS 5.1, CLIPS 6.0 and
CLIPS 6.0 with fuzzy extensions. It is essentially CLIPS modified to work
with an event driven style of programming, and a set of GUI functions.
wxCLIPS is available as Sun Open Look, Sun Motif, Linux Open Look, Windows
3.1, Windows 32-bit, and Windows 95 binaries. wxCLIPS is available by
anonymous FTP from



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      ftp.aiai.ed.ac.uk:/pub/packages/wxclips/ [192.41.104.6]

or the URL

      http://www.aiai.ed.ac.uk/~jacs/wxclips/wxclips.html

To be added to the wxclips-users or wxclips-announce mailing lists, send
mail to wxclips-users-request@aiai.edinburgh.ac.uk. For more information,
write to Julian Smart <J.Smart@ed.ac.uk>.



Subject: [1-6] Commercial Expert System Shells

The commercial products below are listed in alphabetical order.

ACQUIRE is knowledge acquisition system and expert system shell. It is a
complete development environment for building and maintaining
knowledge-based applications. It provides a step-by-step methodology for
knowledge engineering that allows the domain experts themselves to be
directly involved in structuring and encoding the knowledge. (The direct
involvement of the domain expert improves the quality, completeness and
accuracy of acquired knowledge, lowers development and maintenance
costs, and increases their control over the form of the software
application.) Features include a structured approach to knowledge
acquisition; a model of knowledge acquisition based on pattern
recognition; knowledge represented as objects, production rules and
decision tables; handling uncertainty by qualitative, non-numerical
procedures; extremely thorough knowledge bases; sophisticated report
writing facilities; and self documenting knowledge bases in a hypertext
environment.
ACQUIRE-SDK, their Software Development Kit, provides: callable libraries for
MS-DOS,and SCO Unix; DLL's for Asmetrix TooBook, Windows, Windows NT,
Windows 95 and Win 32; and custom controls for Visual Basic. Call or email
them for information on how to utilize the SDK to deliver applications over
the WWW.
The ACQUIRE development package (knowledge acquisition system and expert
system shell) costs $995 for Windows 3.1 and includes manual, a tutorial,
on-line help and telephone helpline. For more information please visit their
web page at
   http://vvv.com/ai/
For an example of an ACQUIRE application that is running over the web
try their Whale Watcher demonstration at
   http://vvv.com/ai/demos/whale.html
For more information, write to Acquired Intelligence Inc, Suite 205,
1095 McKenzie Avenue, Victoria, Canada V8P 2L5, call 604-479-8646, fax
604-479-0764, or send email <sales@aiinc.bc.ca>.

ACTIVATION FRAMEWORK runs on personal computers (DOS, Windows) and UNIX

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workstations. This tool is not a traditional expert system shell,
rather is a tool for building real-time data interpretation
applications. The vendor claims the tool competes with Gensym's G2 in
terms of application domains. For more information, write to the sales
office at The Real-Time Intelligent Systems Corporation, 26 Worthen,
Chelmsford, MA 01824, call 508-250-4633, or fax 508-256-8132. To reach
the development office write to 76 Otis Street, Westborough, MA 01581,
call 508-870-0043, fax 508-870-0148, or send email to rtis@world.std.com.

Aion Development System (ADS) runs on numerous platforms, including
DOS, OS/2, SunOS, Microsoft Windows, and VMS. It includes an object
oriented knowledge representation, forward, backward, bidirectional,
and pattern matching rules, graphics, calls to/from other languages
(C, Pascal, ...), and the Choreographer graphical user interface. For
more information, write to Aion Corporation, 101 University Avenue,
Palo Alto, CA 94301, call 800-845-2466 (415-328-9595), or fax
415-321-7728. For Europe, write to Software Generation,
Kontichsesteenweg 40, B 2630 Aartselaar, Belgium, call
32-(0)3-877.12.93, or fax 32-(0)3-877.13.55

Angoss Knowledge Seeker. Angoss is a data-mining tool that can be used
to produce knowledge bases of rules by infering cause and effect
relationships from a database. The DOS version costs $799 and the
Windows version $899. For more information, write to Angoss Software
International Ltd., 430 King Street W., Suite 201, Toronto M5V 1J5,
Canada, call 416-593-1122, or fax 416-593-5077.

ART*Enterprise (Brightware, Inc., formerly a division of Inference
Corporation). ART*Enterprise is the latest of the family of rule-based
development environments originating with ART in the mid-1980s. It is a
development environment for enterprise-wide applications,
incorporating rules, a full object system which includes features
currently not present in C++ or Smalltalk, and a large collection of
object classes for UI development across platforms (from Windows to
OS/2 to Unix), access to databases (SQL-based and ODBC-based), and
multi-person development. The ART*Enterprise environment provides a
forward chaining engine where backward chaining can be implemented,
though it is not supported directly. ART*Enterprise also provides a
CBR kernel for those who are interested in incorporating it into their
applications. For further information, contact Brightware, Inc.,
101 Rowland Way, Suite 310, Novato, CA 94945, call 1-800-532-2890
(1-415-899-9070), fax 415-899-9080, or email info@brightware.com.
Their home page is located at the URL
  http://www.brightware.com/
In addition to the usual company and product information, this page features
several job openings.

Arity Expert Development Package is an expert system that integrates
rule-based and frame-based representations of knowledge with several

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different kinds of certainty factors. The OS/2 version costs $495 and
the DOS version $295. For more information, write to Arity Corporation,
Damonmill Square, Concord, MA 01742, call 800-722-7489 (508-371-1243),
fax 508-371-1487, or send email to 73677.2614@compuserve.com or Paul G.
Weiss <pgweiss@netcom.com>.

BABYLON. For more information, write to VW-GEDAS GmbH, Pascalstrasse
11, W-1000 Berlin 10, call +49 30-39-970-0, or fax +49 30-39-970-999.

CAM Software sells two expert system tools, DClass and LogicTree.
DClass is a decision-tree system used for manufacturing applications.
LogicTree is a decision-making system designed for non-programmers.
For more information, write to CAM Software, 390 W. 800 N., Suite 103,
PO Box 276, Orem, UT 84059-0276, call 800-293-6777, or fax 801-225-0286.

CBR Express (Inference Corporation). CBR Express family of
products supports case-based retrieval of information. For further
information contact Inference Corporation, 550 N. Continental Blvd., El
Segundo, CA 90245, call 800-322-9923 (310-322-0200), fax 310-322-3242,
or email marketing@inference.com. Their home page is located at the URL
   http://www.inference.com/
In addition to the usual company and product information, this page
features a live demo of case-based retrieval in action and several job
openings.

COGSYS. For more information, write to COGSYS Ltd., Enterprise House,
Unit 37, Salford University Business Park, Salford M6 6AJ, England, or
call 061-745-7604.

COMDALE/C, COMDALE/X, and ProcessVision. COMDALE/C is a real-time
expert system designed for industrial process monitoring and control.
   + COMDALE/C allows requests for justification of recommendations,
      conclusions, and control actions without interrupting the decision
      making process. It can deal with uncertainty in knowledge and data,
      and has an open architecture and time-based reasoning. Other features
      include: full object-oriented configuration; full networking
      capabilities; alarm processing; an interrupt driven controller;
      trending and historical data collection; time-scheduled events; a
      realtime database, and interfaces with DCSs, PLCs and other I/O
      devices.
   + COMDALE/X is an off-line consultative expert system which
      queries the user for information required to make its decisions.
      COMDALE/X is included with COMDALE/C as the development tool for
      real-time expert systems. COMDALE/X has the capability to incorporate
      hypertext documents with the reasoning abilities of the expert system
      to produce expert hyper manuals which provide information and generate
      advice through an easy to use interface.
   + ProcessVision is a real-time process monitoring and control
      software package. Based on an open and modular architecture,

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      ProcessVision provides a graphical operator interface; intuitive
      object-oriented display configuration, smart alarming, sensor
      validation, hot standby, and unlimited connectivity to all your
      process instrumentation in one global environment.
For more information, write to Comdale Technologies (Canada) Inc., The
Comdale Building, 701 Evans Avenue, Suite 600, Toronto, Ontario, CANADA,
M9C 1A3, call 416-620-1234, fax 416-620-4526, or send email to
info@comdale.com, or see their web site,
   http://www.comdale.com/

C-PRS (Procedural Reasoning System in C) aims at representing and
executing operating procedures. It allows the user to express and
represent the conditional sequences of complex operations and to
ensure their execution in real time while embedded in the application
environment. C-PRS is useful for process control and supervision
applications. The PRS technology has been applied to different tasks
with real-time constraints and demands including the monitoring of
several subsystems of the NASA space shuttle, the diagnosis and
supervision of telecommunication networks (Telecom Australia), the
control of mobile robots (SRI, LAAS), the control system of
surveillance aircrafts (Grumman) and air traffic management (Civil
Aviation Authority). The procedural reasoning technology was
initially developed at the Artificial Intelligence Center of the
Stanford Research Institute (Menlo Park, California). ACS
Technologies has further developed and now markets C-PRS, the first
commercial implementation of the Procedural Reasoning technology.
C-PRS was developed with the most currently recognized standards: C,
UNIX, X11, MOTIF. It guarantees some real time properties. It is
available on numerous platforms and operating systems, including
SPARC, DECstation, Sony News, Hewlett Packard, VxWorks, and others.
For more information write to ACS Technologies, 5, Place du Village
d'Entreprises, B.P. 556 31674 LABEGE Cedex, FRANCE, call
33-62-24-99-20, fax 33-61-39-86-74, or send email to email to
<ingrand@ingenia.fr> or <cprs@ingenia.fr>.

CPR (Case-based Problem Resolution) is a C++ class library and
Help!CPR is a helpdesk and knowledge authoring application that uses
CPR. CPR is being embedded within call tracking systems and Help!CPR
competes directly with Inference Corporations's CBR Express and
CasePoint (CasePoint being CBR Express without authoring
capabilities). For more information, write to The Haley Enterprise,
Inc., 413 Orchard Street, Sewickley, PA 15143, call 800-233-2622
(412-741-6420), fax 412-741-6457, send email to info@haley.com, or see
their web site
   http://www.haley.com/
or ftp site
   ftp://ftp.haley.com/
These sites include their literature in PostScript and HTML, as well

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as their software.


CRYSTAL runs on personal computers and is available from Intelligent
Environemnts. For more information, write to Intelligent Environments
Europe Ltd., Crystal House, PO Box 51, Sunbury-on-Thames, Middlesex TW16
7UL, England, call 44-0-932-772266, or fax 44-0-932-771499.
See PC Magazine 8(2), January 31, 1989.

CxPERT is an expert system shell that produces royalty-free C code. For
more information, write to Software Plus Ltd., 1315 Pleasant Meadow
Road, Crofton, MD 21114, or call 301-261-0264.

The Easy Reasoner (TM) is a Case-Based Retrieval (CBR) tool with
Reasoning that provides an adaptive associative memory; retrieves
similar cases from memory given a new case; extends Query-by-Example
(QBE) by providing Query-by-Similarity(TM) (QBS); indexes existing
databases using decision trees; supports xBase, ODBC, and SQL
databases; maximizes information while minimizing complexity;
automatically filteres noise to simplifies decision trees; induces
automatically or under explicit control; ranks and retrieves
classified cases by similarity; efficiently retrieves similar cases
from large databases; efficiently retrieves most similar case from
large DBs; efficiently retrieves "next most similar" case; supports
multiple decision tree indices per database; supports multiple
decision trees per field; classifies new information using any
decision tree; automatically or interactively classifies new cases;
handles missing data and "don't know" responses; provides customizable
thesaurus for nominal fields; provides adaptive, context-sensitive,
default reasoning; provides adaptive estimation using decision trees;
predicts or ranks values for nominal or ordinal fields; automatically
learns N-dimensional similarity spaces; quickly retrieves closest case
from similarity space; ranks cases by distance in similarity space;
retrieves records where similarity depends on text; circumvents
spelling problems with N-M-grams; recognizes various forms of English
dictionary words; automatically determines information content per
word; automatically determines thesaural information content. Easy
Reasoner. The Easy Reaoner 16 bit Windows Toolkit costs $249, The Easy
Reaoner 32 bit Windows Toolkit costs $499, The Easy Reasoner OS/2
Toolkit costs $499, and The Easy Reasoner UNIX X/Motif Toolkit costs
$999. UNIX Versions available for Sun OS, Sun Solaris, HP UX, Data
General, AIX. For more information, write to The Haley Enterprise,
Inc., 413 Orchard Street, Sewickley, PA 15143, call 800-233-2622
(412-741-6420), fax 412-741-6457, send email to info@haley.com, or see
their web site
   http://www.haley.com/
or ftp site
   ftp://ftp.haley.com/
These sites include their literature in PostScript and HTML, as well

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as their software.

ECLIPSE runs on personal computers (DOS, Windows). System V Unix and
POSIX versions are also available. The syntax is derived from
Inference Corporations' ART and is compatible with NASA's CLIPS.
Features include data-driven pattern matching, forward and backward
chaining, truth maintenance, support for multiple goals, relational
and object-oriented representations, and integration with dBase. For
more information, write to The Haley Enterprise, Inc., 413 Orchard
Street, Sewickley, PA 15143, call 800-233-2622 (412-741-6420), fax
412-741-6457, or send email to info@haley.com, or see their web site
   http://www.haley.com/
or ftp site
   ftp://ftp.haley.com/
These sites include their literature in PostScript and HTML, as well
as their software. See also IEEE Computer, February 1991, pages
4-12. The cost is $499 for the Eclipse 16 bit Windows Toolkit, $999
for Eclipse 32 bit Windows Toolkit or Eclipse OS/2 Toolkit, and $1,999
for Eclipse UNIX X/Motif Toolkit. Versions are available for Sun OS,
Sun Solaris, HP UX, Data General, AIX.

Emerald Empower Procedural Advisor for Macintosh or PC Windows. $6800
Fault trees are built graphically to automate the decision path that an
expert uses for troubleshooting a problem. Emerald Intelligence, Inc,
3850E Research Park Dr, Ann Arbor, MI 48108, call 313-663-8757, or fax
313-663-8757.

Esteem is a case-based reasoning tool for Windows that integrates
case-based reasoning with rules. For more information write to Esteem
Software Inc., 302 E. Main, Cambridge City, IN 47327, call
317-478-3955, or fax 317-478-3550.

EXSYS Professional runs under MS-DOS, MS-Windows, Macintosh, SunOS,
Solaris, Unix and Vax. It supports backward and forward chaining, linear
programming, fuzzy logic, neural networks, and has a SQL interface.
For more information please visit their
web page at
   http://www.exsysinfo.com/
For examples of EXSYS applications running over the web
try their Web Runtime Engine demonstrations at
   http://www.exsysinfo.com/Wren/wren.html
For an MS-Windows executable demo of EXSYS Professional/EXSYS RuleBook
ftp://ftp.exsysinfo.com/pub/demos/
These sites include their literature in PDF and HTML, as well as their
software.
For more information, send Email to info@exsysinfo.com,
write to Exsys, Inc., 1720 Louisiana Boulevard, NE, Suite 312,
Albuquerque, NM 87110, call 800-676-8356 (505-256-8356), or fax


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505-256-8359. See also PC Tech Journal 7(1):115, January, 1989.

FLEX is a hybrid expert system toolkit available across a wide range of
different hardware platforms which offers frames, procedures and rules
integrated within a logic programming environment. FLEX supports
interleaved forward and backward chaining, multiple inheritance,
procedural attachment, an automatic question and answer system. Rules,
frames and questions are described in a English-like Knowledge
Specification Language (KSL) which enables the development of easy-to-read
and easy-to-maintain knowledge bases. FLEX is implemented in, and has
access to, Prolog. FLEX is available from LPA (who originally developed
flex on the PC), and also from most major Prolog vendors under license,
including Quintus, BIM, Interface, and ISL. FLEX has been used in
numerous commercial expert systems, and prices on a PC running Windows or
on a Macintosh start at around $1,000. [A review of Quintus-flex is
expected in an upcoming issue of PC-AI. --mk] For more information contact:
Logic Programming Associates Ltd, Studio 4, R.V.P.B., Trinity Road,
London, SW18 3SX. Tel: +44 (0) 181-871-2016; Fax: +44 (0) 181-874-0449.
Email: lpa@cix.compulink.co.uk. In the US call 1-800-949-7567.
Their web page is located at the URL
   http://www.lpa.co.uk

Foundation Technologies sells expert system products and services for
financial applications, such as pension management. For more
information write to Foundation Technologies Inc., One Kendall Square,
Cambridge, MA 02139, call 617-720-2760, or fax 617-720-4153.

Gensym's G2 offers a graphical, object-oriented environment for
creating intelligent applications that monitor, diagnose, and control
dynamic events in on-line and simulated environments. Featuring a
structured natural language for creating rules, models, and
procedures, G2 is the foundation of all Gensym application products
and end-user applications. Gensym's application products include the G2
Diagnostic Assistant (GDA), which provides a visual programming
environment for creating intelligent process management applications.
NeurOn-Line, another Gensym product, allows users to easily create
neural network applications. G2 includes concurrent execution of
rules and procedures and the ability to reason about behavior over
time. G2 GUIDE allows users to easily create graphical end user
interfaces and real-time displays. Gensym's Telewindows provides a
powerful multi-user client/server environment that allows users to share G2
applications. Gensym also offers G2 Bridge Products for connectivity to other
programs (C and ADA) and real-time data systems including relational
databases, distributed control systems, and programmable logic controllers.
Gensym supports its products worldwide through 26 direct sales offices and a
network of over 100 marketing partners. For more information, please write
to Gensym Corporation, 125 Cambridge Park Drive, Cambridge, MA 02140 USA,
call +617-547-2500, fax +617-547-1962, or send email to info@gensym.com.
Gensym's homepage is located at

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   http://www.gensym.com
(The Gensym page was formerly located at http://www.industry.net/gensym.
The IndustryNet page will be removed this spring.)

GBB, generic blackboard framework: provides:
 -- A high-performance blackboard database compiler and
      runtime library, which support pattern-based, multidimensional
      range-searching algorithms for efficient proximity-based retrieval
      of blackboard objects
 -- KS representation languages
 -- Generic control shells and agenda-management utilities
 -- Interactive, graphic displays for monitoring and examining
    blackboard and control components
These components provide the infrastructure needed to build
blackboard-based applications. GBB is available for DOS/Windows, Mac,
Unix workstations (Sun, HP/Apollo, IBM, DEC, Silicon Graphics),
Symbolics and TI Explorer Lisp machines. (GBB is a significantly enhanced,
commercial version of the UMass GBB research framework, available via
FTP from ftp.cs.umass.edu:/gbb/.) NetGBB, distributed extension to
GBB, provides to GBB the communication and coordination facilities
needed to build heterogenous distributed blackboard applications.
For more information write to Blackboard Technology Group, Inc., 401 Main
Street, Amherst, MA 01002, call 800-KSS-8990 or 413-256-8990, or fax
413-256-3179. To be added to the mailing lists, send mail to
gbb-user-request@bn.cs.umass.edu. There are two mailing lists, gbb-user
(moderated) and gbb-users (unmoderated). Blackboard Technlogy has a
WWW page at the URL
   http://www.bbtech.com/

GOLDWORKS III. For more information, write to Gold Hill Computers, Inc.,
26 Landsdowne Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, call 800-242-5477
(617-621-3300), or fax 617-621-0656.

GURU is an expert system development environment and RDBMS that offers a
wide variety of information processing tools combined with
knowledge-based capabilities such as forward chaining, backward
chaining, mixed chaining, multi-value variables, and fuzzy reasoning.
For more information about GURU and the other database engines,
development tools, and services offered by Micro Data Base Systems,
please write to Micro Data Base Systems, Inc., 1305 Cumberland Avenue,
P.O. Box 2438, West Lafayette, IN 47906-0438, call 800-445-MDBS/6327
(317-463-7200), fax 317-463-1234, or send email to info@mdbs.com.

HUGIN System is a software package for construction of model based expert
systems in domains characterized by inherent uncertainty. The Hugin System
contains an easy to use probability based deduction system, applicable to
complex networks with cause-effect causal relations subject to uncertainty.
The Hugin System presents a novel development. The implementation is based


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on an improvement of the award winning work by Lauritzen and Spiegelhalter:
Local Computation with Probabilities on Graphical Structures and their
Application to Expert Systems. The Hugin Demonstration, for
Sun Workstations and PC-Windows, is available for anonymous ftp from
   hugin.dk:/pub/README [130.225.63.15]
The WWW home page for HUGIN is accessible by the URL
   http://hugin.dk/
For more information write to Hugin Expert A/S, Niels Jernes Vej 10,
DK-9220 Aalborg O, Phone +45 9815 6644, Fax: +45 9815 8550, Email:
info@hugin.dk.

Icarus is an expert systems development tool for PCs. It includes
links to Lotus and dBASE files, forward and backward chaining, and
Bayesian confidence factors. For more information, write to Icarus,
11300 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 02852-3088, call 301-881-9350, or
fax 301-881-2542.

ILOG RULES is a high performance embeddable rule-based inference
engine. It is a forward chaining tool, written in C++ (hence it is
object-oriented and supports inheritance mechanisms) and is also
provided as a C++ library. It runs virtually on any Unix platform
(e.g., HP97X0, Sun4, RS/6000, DecStations) as well as on PCs running
DOS (with or without MS/Windows) or OS/2. It extends OPS/5 with
nested premises (objects as values), rule packets (logical grouping of
rules), a full Truth Maintenance System (TMS) for efficient
non-monotonic reasoning, compilation of rules into C/C++ code, and an
object oriented data-model in C++. ILOG RULES work directly on user
objects, so interfacing is straightforward. C/C++ code may be included
in rule conditions and actions. ILOG RULES is based on the fast XRETE
implementation of the RETE algorithm developed by Thomson-CSF. For
more information, contact ILOG, Inc., 2073 Landings Drive, Mountain
View, CA 94043, tel 415-390-9000, fax 415-390-0946, e-mail
info@ilog.com. European customers should contact ILOG SA, 9, rue de
Verdun, BP 85, 94253 Gentilly CEDEX, France,
tel +33 (1) 49-08-35-00, fax +33 (1) 49-08-35-10, e-mail info@ilog.fr.
The URL of ILOG's web page is
   http://www.ilog.fr

INTELLIGENCE COMPILER. For more information, write to Intelligence
Ware 9800 S. Sepulveda Blvd. Los Angeles, CA 90045-5228 call
213-417-8896, or fax 213-417-8897.

KDS is a case-based system that produces rules from cases. For more
information, write to KDS Corporation, 934 Cornell Street, Wilmeete, IL
60091-1405, call 708-251-2621, or fax 708-251-6489.

KEE, ProKappa, and Kappa are expert system development packages that run
on personal computers, workstations, and Lisp machines. Features include
ATM, rule-based reasoning, and OOP support. For more information, write

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to IntelliCorp, Inc., 1975 El Camino Real West, Suite 101, Mountain View, CA
94040-2216, call 415-965-5700/5500 or fax 415-965-5647. In Europe call
+44-344-305305. See also CACM 31(4):382-401, April, 1988.

KES and SNAP run on personal computers (KES $4,000), workstations (KES
$10,000, SNAP $40,000 on most platforms), minicomputers (KES $25,000),
IBM mainframes (KES $60,000). Although KES can be purchased
separately, it is part of SNAP. For more information write to Software
Architecture and Engineering, Inc., 1600 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 500,
Arlington, VA 22209, call 703-276-7910, or fax 703-284-3821. Write to
Template Software, 13100 Worldgate Drive, Suite 340, Herndon, Virginia
22070, call 703-318-1000, or fax 703-318-7378.

Knowledge Craft is an expert-system development toolkit for
scheduling, design, and configuration applications. For more
information, write to Carnegie Group, 5 PPG Place, Pittsburgh, PA
15222, call 800-284-3424 (412-642-6900), or fax 412-642-6906.

KnowledgeWorks from Harlequin runs on a variety of Unix platforms,
including Sun Sparc and clones (SunOS and Solaris), IBM RS/6000 (AIX),
DEC MIPS (Ultrix), DEC Alpha (OSF/1), HP PA (HP-UX), and SGI (IRIX).
It includes a CLOS-based object system, OPS compatible forward chainer
(2500 firings/sec on a Sparc2), Prolog compatible backward chainer
(40 KLIPS), graphical programming environment, user-defined conflict
resolution, MetaRule Protocol for extending execution model, and a
SQL interface for relational databases. For further information,
contact by e-mail worldwide:
   knowledgeworks-request@harlequin.com (OR @harlequin.co.uk)
or in the US:
   FAX:   617-252-6505
   Voice: 800-WORKS-4-YOU (800-967-5749) or 617-374-2400 or 617-252-0052
   Mail: Harlequin Inc., One Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142
or in Europe:
   FAX:   0223-872-519 (OR 44-1223-872-519 from outside UK)
   Voice: 0223-873-800 OR -872-522 (OR 44-1223-873-800 from outside UK)
   Telex: 818440 harlqn g
   Mail: Harlequin Ltd., Barrington Hall, Barrington, Cambridge, CB2 5RG
Harlequin also sells LispWorks (a Common Lisp and Prolog programming
environment described in part 4 of the Lisp FAQ), MLWorks (an ML
programming environment), and Watson (an intelligence analysis tool).

K-Vision is a knowledge acquisition and visualization tool. It runs on
Windows, DOS, and UNIX workstations. For more information write to
Ginesys Corporation, 1200 Woodruff Road, Suite C-9, Greenville, SC
29607-5731, call 800-277-8338 (803-288-8338), or fax 803-458-9050.

Laser. For more information, write to Bell Atlantic Knowledge Systems,
Inc., P.O. Box 3528, Princeton, NJ 08543-3528, or call 800-552-2257
(609-275-8393).

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LEVEL5 OBJECT for Microsoft Windows runs on an IBM PC compatible
computer using Windows 3.1 or above. LEVEL5 OBJECT is a robust
object-oriented application development system with a tunable inference
engine product. For more information, write to Information Builders,
503 Fifth Avenue, Indialantic, FL 32903, call 800-444-4303
(407-729-9046), fax 407-727-7615, or email to 76366.323@compuserve.com,
techsup@l5r.com, or sales@l5r.com. Their Web server is located at the URL
   http://www.l5r.com/level5.html
For Customer Support call 407-984-8705.

There are several versions of the M.4 product. M.4 VB is a Visual
Basic custom control that sells for $199. The full M.4 package runs on
personal computers (DOS, Windows) and sells for $995. It features a modular
kernel library that can be linked into C-language applications, backward and
forward chaining, pattern matching, certainty factors, procedural control,
an object-oriented representation, and ODBC hooks. M.4 is embeddable,
configurable, and extendable and is provided as libraries, a custom control
(VBX), and as a DDE Server. Working VB, Visual C++, ToolBook, and DOS GUIs
are provided to illustrate various integration techniques. M.4 is also
available as embeddable libraries for Sun SPARCstations for $2,495 and as
embeddable libraries for Macintosh System 7 for $995. For more information,
write to Teknowledge Corporation (formerly Cimflex Teknowledge Corporation),
1810 Embarcadero Road, Palo Alto, CA 94303, or call 800-285-0500
(415-424-0500), fax 415-493-2645, or visit http://www.teknowledge.com/M4

MailBot, from Daxtron Labs, is a personal E-Mail agent for Microsoft Mail.
MailBot provides filtering, forwarding, notification, automatic
question answering and listserv like capabilities. MailBot can act as a
expert system shell for mail. The front-end translates user rule inputs
into a variant of Prolog. A API exists for writting action code in
Visual Basic. More information is available from the URL
   http://www.polaris.net/~daxtron/mailbot.htm

MEM-1 is a Lisp-based language that aids in the development of
Case-Based Reasoning systems; provides facilities to define case
structures, create cases, divide cases into sub-cases, weigh case
attributes, define indexing schemes and similarity functions, adapt
solutions and define procedural adaptation rules. Runs on Windows, DOS,
Sun, DECStation, RS/6000, and Macintosh. Price: $199 ($50 for
educational institutions). For more information, write to CECASE, 2291
Irving Hill Drive, Lawrence, KS 66045, call 913-864-4896, fax
913-864-7789, or send email to mem1info@cecase.ukans.edu

ModelQuest 4.0. Runs on Windows 3+, NT, 95 ($995). ModelQuest is easy to
learn and use so you can quickly take advantage of its power. ModelQuest
produces more accurate and robust models as well as royalty-free C code.
For more information, write to Abtech Corporation, 1575 State Farm
Boulevard, Charlottesville, VA 22901, call 804-977-0686, fax

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804-977-9615, e -mail sales@abtech.com, or visit their web page
   http://www.abtech.com/

MUSE. For more information, write to Cambridge Consultants, Science
Park, Milton Road, Cambridge CB4 4DW, England, or call
0223-420024 Cambridge.

NEXPERT OBJECT runs on over 30 platforms supported including personal
computers ($5000), Macintosh ($5000), workstations ($12,000),
minicomputers, and mainframes. Nexpert Object is written in C, and
includes a graphical user interface, knowledge acquisition tools, and
forms system. For more information, write to Neuron Data, 156
University Avenue, Palo Alto, CA 94301, call 800-876-4900
(415-321-4488), or fax 415-321-3728. Other offices include New York,
212-832-8900; Philadelphia, 215-941-2981; Washington, DC,
703-821-8800; Los Angeles, 714-851-4621; Chicago, 708-955-3688;
Houston, 713-739-9020; United Kingdom, 44-71-408-2333, fax
44-71-495-6274; France, 33-1-40-70-04-21, fax 33-1-47-23-71-43; and
Japan, 81-3-3746-4371, fax 81-3-3746-4374. See also IEEE Software
5(5):98, September, 1988, PC Tech Journal 6(11):112, November, 1988,
MacUser 4(12):134, December, 1988, MacUser 4(9):136, September, 1989,
Computer Language 6(12):123, December, 1989, PC Week 7(26):43, July 2,
1990, MacWeek 4(25):10, July 10, 1990, and IEEE Expert December, 1991,
page 72. [This entry is a bit out of date. Nexpert Object is now part
of a larger product called "Smart Elements", which includes Open
Interface 2.0 -- an object-oriented GUI developer -- in addition to
Nexpert Object 3.0. Any Neuron Data folks out there want to redo this entry?]

Object Management Workbench* (OMW) is the first object-oriented
analysis and design tool which incorporates directly executable
diagrams and business rules. OMW works with Kappa(, an integrated,
visual programming environment for developing client/server
applications. Kappa applications are developed on Unix and can be
delivered on either Unix or MS Windows. With Kappa CommManager*, an
object request broker, customers can distribute Kappa applications,
including program logic, across Unix, MS Windows and MVS. Kappa-PC(
is IntelliCorps' integrated MS Windows-based programming environment
for departmental developers. For more information, write to
IntelliCorp, Inc., 1975 El Camino Real West, Mountain View, CA
94040-2216, call 415-965-5700 or fax 415-965-5647. In Europe call
+44-344-305305. See also CACM 31(4):382-401, April, 1988.

OPS83 was developed by the developers of OPS5 as a successor to OPS5.
OPS83 is written in C, and OPS83 rule bases can be embedded in C
programs. OPS83 was the first OPS-like language to provide this
integration of rule bases with C. OPS83 supports Generalized Forward
Chaining (GFC), a new control structure that permits rules to be more
expressive; one GFC rule can replace several conventional flat rules.
(Details and examples are available on request.) The current version

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of OPS83 uses the proprietary Rete II algorithm to enable it to handle
large, complex rule sets efficiently. A multi-windowed,
point-and-click development environment called the OPS83 Workbench is
offered. OPS83 is available for DOS, OS/2, UNIX, VMS, and some
proprietary operating systems. For information, write Production
Systems Technologies, Inc., 5001 Baum Blvd., Pittsburgh, PA 15213,
call 412-683-4000, or fax 412-683-6347.

Personal Consultant Plus. For more information, write to Texas Instruments
PO Box 2909, MS/2240, Austin, TX 78769, or call 800-527-3500.

PowerSMARTS (multimedia rule-based logic), DataSMARTS (database mining),
NeuroSMARTS (neural net) for Macintosh or PC Windows. Costs range from
$495 to $4995. Cognition Technology Corporation, 1000 Massachusetts Ave,
Cambridge, MA 02138, 617-492-0246, FAX 617-492-0247, Internet ctcma@aol.com

RAL (Rule-extended Algorithmic Language) is a high-performance C-based
expert systems tool. It was designed to permit seamless integration
of rules and objects into C programs. RAL is a superset of C. RAL
rules can operate directly on the data types used by the C code in
your application. RAL "understands" C type declarations, function
prototypes, #define constants, etc. C expressions, statements,
macros, function calls, etc. can be embedded directly in the rules.
RAL has an open architecture that permits it to be used with any GUI
builder, data base library, or other library that can be used with C.
No bridges are required. For efficiency, RAL rules are compiled into
C code. Charles Forgy, the inventor of Rete, has developed a more
efficient match algorithm called Rete II for RAL. (Benchmark results
are available on request.) A special version of the language, called
RAL/RT, adds the features that are required for real-time expert
systems. RAL and RAL/RT have a multi-windowed, point-and-click
development environment called the RAL Workbench. RAL and RAL/RT are
available for DOS, MS Windows, OS/2, and UNIX. License fees for
development systems are available on request. There are no run-time
fees charged for distributing applications developed using RAL. For
information, write Production Systems Technologies, Inc., 5001 Baum
Blvd., Pittsburgh, PA 15213, call 412-683-4000, or fax 412-683-6347.

ReMind. ReMind is a case-based reasoning tool. For more information,
write to Cognitive Systems Inc., 880 Canal Street, Stamford, CT 06907,
call 203-356-7756, or fax 203-356-7760.

Rete++ supports both forward and backward chaining. With Rete++ the
programmer can develop object hierarchies and instantiate, manipulate,
and access them using either C++, the standard rule-based syntax, or
C. Asserting and modifying the data that is considered by rules is
done by creating a C++ instance and performing assignments to and
accessing the member data of the instance. Rete++ automatically
generates C++ class taxonomies. The C++ components of Rete++

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applications use these generated classes directly or further subclass
them as needed. The Rete++ inference engine automatically considers
any instances of a generated class (or its subclasses) in the matching
of rule conditions. C++ data types provided by Rete++ allow more
flexible representation and automatic reasoning using standard C++
syntax without extraneous function calls. Rete++ automatically
monitors changes to C++ objects without requiring programmers to
explicitly code function calls. Rete++ is provided as a C++ class
library. As such, it may be linked as part of your C++ application.
You may completely embed Rete++, with or without its graphical
development environment. Modules for developing Case Based Reasoning
and integration with databases are available for Rete++ applications.
Rete++ integrates a dependency based Truth Maintenance System to
preserve logically sound and complete reasoning in spite of
non-monotonicity. Multiple rulesets and agendas support modular
development and cooperating expert systems. Rete++ has an advanced
browser for rule based programming. The Rete++ windowing development
environment monitors the knowledge base with multiple views that are
all updated in real-time, allowing for debugging, browsing, the
monitoring and setting of break points, and the tracing of rules,
facts and goals. Rete++ 16 bit Windows Toolkit costs $999, Rete++ 32
bit Windows Toolkit costs $1,999, Rete++ OS/2 Toolkit costs $1,999,
and Rete++ UNIX X/Motif Toolkit costs $2,999. UNIX Versions available
for Sun OS, Sun Solaris, HP UX, Data General, AIX. For more
information write to The Haley Enterprise, Inc. 413 Orchard St.,
Sewickley, PA 15143, call 800-233-2622 (412-741-6420 or 412-967-1100), fax
412-741-6457, or send email to info@haley.com, or see
their web site
   http://www.haley.com/
or ftp site
   ftp://ftp.haley.com/
These sites include their literature in PostScript and HTML, as well
as their software.

RT/Expert is an expert system development package integrated into the
SystemBuild development environment that runs on PCs, UNIX, and VMS
systems. For more information, write to Integrated Systems Inc., 3260
Jay Street, Santa Clara, CA 95054, call 408-980-1500, or fax 408-980-0400.

RTworks is a family of independent software modules developed for
intelligent real-time data acquisition and monitoring, data analysis,
message/data distribution, and message/data display. RTworks offers a
number of sophisticated problem-solving strategies including
knowledge-based systems, a point-and-click graphical user interface,
temporal and statistical reasoning, and the ability to distribute an
application over a heterogeneous network. Included with RTworks is a
high-speed inference engine (RTie) which is used to analyze the data
using objects, classes, procedures, and rules. The IE can perform


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trending, prediction and temporal reasoning of rapidly changing data.
Displays can be built by non-programmers using a user-friendly DRAW
program. More than 60 different formats are provided for displaying
input data including strip charts, bar charts, control charts, dials,
pie charts, and high-low graphs. Graphical objects can be tied to
variables which dynamically control attributes such as color, scale,
rotation, motion, animation, and more. RTworks runs in a
client-server architecture in which the RTserver process intelligently
distributes the application's messages and data to only the client
prcoesses which need them. User-defined client processes can connect
to the RTserver and send and receive messages with other processes in
the application. Possible applications include process control,
network monitoring, financial trading, and command and control.
RTworks is available on a variety of Unix and VMS platforms under a
floating license in which you pay only for the number of simultaneous
users, and the software is not node-locked to a particular machine.
Current RTworks customers include Lockheed, NASA, Dow Chemical, PG&E
(Pacific, Gas, and Electric), SWIFT, Mazda, and NTT. For further
information, write to Talarian Corporation, 444 Castro Street, Suite
140, Moutain View, CA 94041, call 415-965-8050, fax 415-965-9077, or
send E-mail to info@talarian.com, or look on the world-wide web at
   http://www.mainstreet.net/talarian/

SMECI is an expert system shell based on Lisp. For more information,
contact ILOG, Inc., 2073 Landings Drive, Mountain View, CA 94043, tel
415-390-9000, fax 415-390-0946, email info@ilog.com. European
customers should write to ILOG, 2, av. Gallieni, BP 85, 94253 Gentilly
Cedex, France, tel +33 (1) 46-63-66-66, fax +33 (1) 46-63-15-82, email
info@ilog.fr.

Sophos. For more information, write to Cognisys Consultants Inc., 7355
Trans Canada Highway, Suite 210, Saint-Laurent, Quebec, CANADA H4T
1T3, call 514-856-2311, or fax 514-856-2368.

STATUTE Corporate V3.0 for Windows. Includes facilities for automatic
document generation. Interfaces for Visual Basic, C, C++, and
applications that can link to DLLs. Phone: 1-800-229-1954 (616-242-1982).
Fax: 1-800-229-1959 (616-242-1948).

TechMate is a real life expert system designed to serve as a decision
aid and productivity tool for maintenance engineers and technicians.
TechMate minimizes the expertise required from the technician to
troubleshoot and diagnose problems in even highly sophisticated and
complex units. Oriented for the functional level, TechMate can
troubleshoot units that contain analog, digital and mechanical modules
in electronic, electro-optic, hydraulic, or mechanical systems and
devices. TechMate is used in many fault isolation applications in
field service, depot facilities, and production lines. Its learning
algorithms make TechMate grow smarter with use. TechMate is a

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model-based system that derives its intelligence from universal
built-in knowledge bases and inference mechanisms, and from specific
knowledge about the UUT (Unit Under Test) supplied by the test
designer. It generates diagnostic assessments from the equipments
block diagram (which can be entered manually or imported
electronically) and the characteristics of the symptoms and tests. It
is also capable of diagnosing multiple faults. For a given set of
symptoms and test results (including BIT results), TechMate's
diagnostic algorithms rank candidate faulty modules by their
likelihood of failure. It may also zoom in to further assess the fault
likelihood of each individual sub-module. Next, TechMate identifies
and evaluates the tests that may be used to isolate a fault, and
proposes the most cost-efficient tests. The sequence of tests is
dynamically reordered based on the symptoms, BIT and test responses,
thereby eliminating redundant tests. TechMate provides on-line
documentation of the device and its tests. It also includes a database
tool for storing and retrieving administrative data and sharing it
with commercial DBMS. TechMate can be interfaced with a wide variety
of test instruments and ATE systems. TechMate runs on Microsoft
Windows and on UNIX/X-Windows. TechMate customers include Texas
Instruments, Northrop, Raytheon, Honeywell, BARCO, British Gas,
Deutche Aerospace, and Siemens Plessey. For further information, call
IET Intelligent Electronics at 617-229-5855, fax 617-221-5692, or send
E-mail to sales@ietusa.com, or look on the world-wide web at
http://www.ietusa.com/

TestBench, Shell is available from the Carnegie Group, Pittsburgh,
Pennsylvania. The development environment runs on the SUN
workstations and the production environment on a number of platforms
including PCs and NeXT machines. For more information, write to
Carnegie Group, 5 PPG Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15222, call 800-284-3424
(412-642-6900), or fax 412-642-6906.

VBXpert is a VBX custom control that uses the Rete Algorithm to add
expertise to Visual Basic applications. VBXpert extends Visual Basic
to support rule-based knowledge-based systems development by encapsulating
the Rete Algorithm within a VBX custom control. It is a true custom
control with Visual Basic property and event editing support and provides
convenient properties that can be accessed and set by VB code to control
embedded reasoning. VBXpert also provides: inference engine events that
execute code you enter using the Visual Basic editor; a general-purpose
"Callback" event to call Visual Basic from the actions of rules; efficient
processing, even for a thousand if-then rules; automatic subgoaling and
logical deduction; automatic retraction of invalid or outdated conclusions;
Visual Basic declarations for Eclipse DLLs; supports Visual Basic's ANY
and Variant data types; supports multiple concurrent Visual Basic apps;
includes Eclipse DLLs and executable; includes C source code for the VBX;
VBXpert for Windows $99 (price shown is for domestic check, VISA,


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MasterCard, and American Express orders only.) The Haley Enterprise, Inc.
413 Orchard St., Sewickley, PA 15143-2029 (800) 233-2622, 412-741-6420,
Info@Haley.COM, or see their web site
   http://www.haley.com/
or ftp site
   ftp://ftp.haley.com/
These sites include their literature in PostScript and HTML, as well
as their software.

Visual Expert is a GUI-based expert system development tool for Windows.
For more information, write to SoftSell Technologies, 16150 NE 85th
Avenue, Suite 224, Redmond, WA 98052, call 206-556-1436, or fax 206-883-9002.

VP-EXPERT version 3.1 runs on the IBM PC under DOS. It costs $349. A
student version of the product is available for around $40. The
student version is fully functional but limited to 16k in the total
size of the system. For more information, write to Wordtech Systems
Inc., PO Box 1747, Orinda, CA 94563, call 510-689-1200, or fax
510-689-1263. See also MacUser 4(12):134, December, 1988.

XpertRule for Windows represents knowledge as decision trees, tables
of decision examples, exception trees and sets of pattern rules. It
can produce C code. Fuzzy Logic and Genetic Algorithm optimization
are included. For more information, write to Attar Software USA, PO Box
68, Harvard, MA 01451-0068, call 800-456-3966, or fax 508-456-8383.
European customers should write to Attar Software Limited, Newlands
House, Leigh, Lancashire, UK WN7 4HN, or send email to info@attar.co.uk
See also their home page at http://www.attar.com/

YAPS is a tool for building expert systems and other programs that use
a rule-based knowledge representation in Lisp. The YAPS library
provides a CLOS class and appropriate methods which the programmer may
mix into his/her own classes or use directly. Rules and facts about
an instance are associated with the instance. Instead of one large
knowledgebase with many rules which are hard to debug and maintain,
the programmer creates smaller knowledge-bases which are modular and
more efficient. The YAPS knowledge-bases can interact with and be
controlled by the programmer's other modules, making hybrid systems
straightforward. Introduced by Liz Allen at AAAI-83, YAPS is now
available on Apple Macintosh, Sun3 and Sun4 (SPARC), DEC VAX under VMS
and Ultrix, and 88Open platforms. On workstations, a single license
costs $3995 and on the Macintosh (under Macintoch Common Lisp), it is
$445. YAPS runs in most commercial Common Lisps including Allegro CL,
Harlequin LispWorks, Lucid CL, IBUKI CL, and Macintosh Common Lisp.
YAPS is also available for the TI Explorer and Symbolic Lisp Machines,
and a Flavors version is available for Sun3 in Franz Lisp. Other
ports are underway -- for price and availability contact College Park
Software at 461 W. Loma Alta Dr., Altadena, CA 91001-3841, USA; or by


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email at info@cps.altadena.ca.us, or call 818-791-9153 (voice) or
818-791-1755 (FAX).



Subject: [1-7] Associations

INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERS (IAKE)
IAKE, 973-D Russell Avenue, Gaithersburg, MD 20879-3276.
301-948-5390, fax 301-926-4243. Email: iake@umuc.umd.edu
$65 regular ($110 2-year), $30 students in US/Canada.
Add $10/year for Carribean, Central America, Mexico.
Add $25/year for Europe, North Africa, South America.
Add $30/year for Asia, USSR, Central and South Africa, Australia, and
New Zealand.



Subject: [1-8] Glossary

Expert System Shell                          A shell is a program that facilitates the
                                             development of expert systems.



Subject: [1-A] Acknowledgements

This FAQ was originally based on posts by Jason Trenouth
<jason@harlequin.co.uk>, George Betzos <gabetzos@mailbox.syr.edu>, and
Douglas Foxvog <foxvog@cyc.com>, as well as parts of the
commercial products section of the AI FAQ. Thanks also to Arnold
Bloemer <bloemer@tnt.uni-hannover.de>, Hans Voss, Stephan Weber, Tom
Laffey, ljs@zycor.lgc.com, Hal Waters, Philip Vanneste, Daniel
Corkill, Bruce Chih-Lung Lin, Willem Van Dyk, Kan-Lee Liou, Les
Degroff, Alex Kean, Bob Orchard, Steve Witt, Cameron Laird, Thomas A.
Russ, Peter Pavek, Ingemar Hulthage, Jerry Franke, Julian Smart,
Andrew Verden, Remi Lissajoux, Patrick Albert, Patrick Suel, Liz
Allen. Thanks to Richard Fozzard for information about MIKE and ES.

----------------------------------------------------------------
;;; *EOF*



                                                                    MultiPage




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                                              News Headers

From: mkant+@cs.cmu.edu (Mark Kantrowitz)
Newsgroups: comp.ai,comp.ai.shells,news.answers,comp.answers
Subject: FAQ: Expert System Shells 1/1 [Monthly posting]
Supersedes: <EXPERT_1_868777228@CS.CMU.EDU>
Followup-To: poster
Date: 13 Aug 1997 07:43:21 GMT
Organization: School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University
Expires: 24 Sep 1997 07:00:20 GMT
Message-ID: <EXPERT_1_871455620@CS.CMU.EDU>
Reply-To: mkant+ai-faq@cs.cmu.edu
Keywords: Expert Systems, RETE, OPS




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                                            [1-1] Introduction

Certain questions and topics come up frequently in the various network
discussion groups devoted to and related to Expert Systems. This
file/article is an attempt to gather these questions and their answers
into a convenient reference for AI researchers, students, and
practitioners. It is posted on a monthly basis. The hope is that this
will cut down on the user time and network bandwidth used to post,
read and respond to the same questions over and over, as well as
providing education by answering questions some readers may not even
have thought to ask.

Currently this FAQ is a primarily a list of free and commercial expert
system shells, but other questions and answers will be added as they
arise.

The latest version of this file is available by anonymous FTP from
   ftp.cs.cmu.edu:/user/ai/pubs/faqs/expert/expert_1.faq [128.2.206.173]
using username "anonymous" and password "name@host" (substitute your
email address) or via AFS in the Andrew File System directory
   /afs/cs.cmu.edu/project/ai-repository/ai/pubs/faqs/expert/expert_1.faq

You can also obtain a copy of the FAQ by sending a message to
ai+query@cs.cmu.edu with
   Send ESS FAQ
in the message body.

The FAQ postings are also archived in the periodic posting archive on
   rtfm.mit.edu:/pub/usenet/news.answers/ai-faq/expert/ [18.181.0.24]
If you do not have anonymous ftp access, you can access the archive by
mail server as well. Send an E-mail message to mail-server@rtfm.mit.edu
with "help" and "index" in the body on separate lines for more
information.



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An automatically generated HTML version of this FAQ is accessible by
WWW as part of the AI-related FAQs Mosaic page. The URL for this
resource is
   http://www.cs.cmu.edu/Web/Groups/AI/html/faqs/top.html
The direct URL for the Expert Systems FAQ is
   http://www.cs.cmu.edu/Web/Groups/AI/html/faqs/ai/expert/top.html

If you need to cite the FAQ for some reason, use the following format:
   Mark Kantrowitz, "Answers to Frequently Asked Questions about
   Expert System Shells", comp.ai.shells, <month>, <year>,
   ftp.cs.cmu.edu:/user/ai/pubs/faqs/expert/expert_?.faq,
   mkant+ai-faq@cs.cmu.edu.




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 Next Document: [1-3] Bibliography of Expert Systems books, introductions, documentation, periodicals, and conference
                                                   proceedings.




             [1-2] Other Sources of Information

In addition to the free expert system shells listed below, the Prolog
Resource Guide lists a variety of Prolog implementations and products.
In addition to being backward-chaining systems, many Prolog
implementations provide support for forward-chaining rules and other
expert systems requirements. For example, Amzi! Inc. sells Dennis
Merritt's book, "Building Expert Systems in Prolog", Springer-Verlag,
1989, for $52 (see entry in bibliography below).

The July/August 1992 issue of PC AI magazine includes their annual
product guide for expert systems and related tools. AI Expert Magazine
publishes an "Expert Systems Resource Guide" once per year, usually in
April.

The February 1991 issue of IEEE Computer has an article about Expert
System Tools. Another article of possible interest is "Selection
Criteria for Expert System Shells: A Socio-Technical Framework", by
Anthony C. Stylianou, Gregory R. Madey, and Robert D. Smith, CACM
35(10):30-48, October 1992.

The AI FAQ contains pointers to other resources that may be of
interest to readers of this FAQ. If you can't find the information
you're looking for here, try looking in the AI FAQ. The AI FAQ is
posted monthly to the newsgroup comp.ai and is also available from the
anonymous ftp locations mentioned above.

The Prime Time Freeware for AI CD-ROM collection includes several expert
system shells, including Babylon, CLIPS, ESIE, Frulekit, and OPS5, among
others. The sells (list) for $60 US plus applicable sales tax and
shipping and handling charges. Payable through Visa, Mastercard, postal
money orders in US funds, and checks in US funds drawn on a US bank. For
more information write to Prime Time Freeware, 370 Altair Way, Suite

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[1-2] Other Sources of Information

150, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 USA, call 408-433-9662, fax 408-433-0727, or
send email to ptf@cfcl.com.




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 [1-3] Bibliography of Expert Systems books,
  introductions, documentation, periodicals,
         and conference proceedings.

This section contains a list of key references and introductions about
Production Systems, Expert Systems, and Match Algorithms. For other
AI-related books, see part 4 of the AI FAQ.

Overviews and Texts:

    Bruce G. Buchanan and Edward H. Shortliffe, "Rule-Based Expert
    Systems: The MYCIN Experiments of the Stanford Heuristic Programming
    Project", Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1985. The Davis and King
    paper (chapter 4, "An overview of production systems") provides
    a good overview.

    Frederick Hayes-Roth, "The knowledge based expert system: A tutorial",
    IEEE Computer 17(9):11-28, 1984.

    Bruce G. Buchanan and R.O. Duda, "Principles of Rule-Based Systems",
    Tech Report HPP-82-14, 1982. (Discusses the design of expert
    systems, including representation, inference, and uncertainty
    management. Examples from numerous specific systems, and discusses
    which problems are suitable for attack by rule-based systems.)
    Send email to gsmith@hpp.stanford.edu for information on getting
    the tech report, or see the later report:
       Bruce Buchanan and Reid Smith, "Fundamentals of Expert
       Systems", Annual Review of Computer Science 3, 23-58, 1988.

    Joseph Giarratano and Gary Riley, "Expert Systems Principles and
    Practice", PWS Publishing (20 Park Plaza, Boston, MA 02116-4324
    1-800-842-3636, 1-617-542-3377, fax 1-617-338-6134), 1993, 644
    pages, ISBN 0-534-93744-6, $53.94.
      [This is the second edition of "Expert Systems: Principles and
       Programming" and comes with an MS-DOS CLIPS 6.0 interpreter. The


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          book includes a good tutorial on using CLIPS.]

    James P. Ignizio, "Introduction to Expert Systems: The Development
    and Implementation of Rule-Based Expert Systems", McGraw-Hill,
    1991. 402 pages, ISBN 0-07-909785-5 ($37.50). [Focuses on the
    building of the knowledge-base model and its proper implmentation
    from a decision-making perspective. Also covers knowledge
    acquisition, inference, and validation. Especially good for
    students in fields besides computer science, such as business,
    engineering, and the social sciences. There are exercises at the
    end of every chapter. Clear and concise explanations with good
    examples. Also provides an introduction to EXSYS with an EXSYS demo disk.]

    Samuel J. Biondo, "Fundamentals of Expert Systems Technology:
    Principles and Concepts", Ablex, Norwood, NJ, 1990. 160 pages, ISBN
    0-89391-701-X paper ($35).

    Dennis Merritt, "Building Expert Systems in Prolog", Springer-Verlag, 1989.
    358 pages, ISBN 0-387-97016-9 hardcover ($52).
    Explains how to build various expert system shells in Prolog, including
    forward/backward chaining, FOOPS, rete-network, frames, solving
    Rubik's cube and more. Includes complete source code listings.
    (Source code from the book is also sold on disk by Amzi! Inc. and
    is available by anonymous FTP from
       ftp.std.com:/ftp/vendors/amzi/programs/
       ftp.cs.cmu.edu:/user/ai/areas/expert/systems/amzi/programs/
    as the files xsip.*) Their Web page is http://world.std.com/~amzi/

    David Hu, "C/C++ for Expert Systems", Management Information
    Source, Portland, OR, 1989. 565 pages, ISBN 0-943518-86-5 ($24.95).
    [Includes a diskette of source code from the book.]

General AI books with extensive coverage of expert systems:

    Firebaugh, Morris W., "Artificial Intelligence: A Knowledge-Based
    Approach", PWS-Kent, Massachusetts, 1989. ISBN 0-87835-325-9

OPS5:

    Charles L. Forgy, "OPS5 User's Manual", Technical Report
    CMU-CS-81-135, Carnegie Mellon University, School of Computer
    Science, Pittsburgh, PA 1981.

    Thomas Cooper and Nancy Wogrin, "Rule-based Programming with OPS5",
    Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 1988, ISBN 0-934613-51-6, $49.95.

Match Algorithms:

    RETE:


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 [1-3] Bibliography of Expert Systems books, introductions, documentation, periodicals, and conference proceedings.

          Charles L. Forgy, "RETE: A fast algorithm for the many
          pattern/many object pattern match problem", Artificial
          Intelligence 19(1):17-37, September 1982.

    TREAT:
       Daniel P. Miranker, "TREAT: A better match algorithm for AI
       production systems". In Proceedings of the Sixth National
       Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-87), pages 42-47,
       August 1987.

          Daniel P. Miranker, "TREAT: A New and Efficient Match Algorithm
          for AI Production Systems", Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 1990,
          143 pages, ISBN 0-934613-71-0, $29.95.

    MatchBox:
       Mark Perlin, "The match box algorithm for parallel production
       system match", Technical Report CMU-CS-89-163, Carnegie Mellon
       University, School of Computer Science, Pittsburgh,
       Pennsylvania, May 1989.

    DRETE:
       Michael A. Kelly and Rudolph E. Seviora, "An evaluation of DRETE
       on CUPID for OPS5 matching", in Proceedings of the Eleventh
       International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI-89),
       pages 84-90, Detroit MI, August 1989, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.

Journals -- Expert Systems:

    EXPERT SYSTEMS WITH APPLICATIONS
    Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0957-4174.
    Subscriptions: Institutions L85 ($155), Individuals L45 ($72).
    Pergamon Press Inc., 660 White Plains Road, Tarrytown, NY 10591-5153,
    email PPI@pergamon.com, or Pergamon Press Ltd., Headington Hill Hall,
    Oxford OX3 0BW, England.

    EXPERT SYSTEMS: THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING
    Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0266-4720.
    Subscriptions: L85 ($110)
    Learned Information Ltd., Woodside, Hinksey Hill, Oxford OX1 5AU, UK.
    Tel: +44 (0)865-730275 Fax: +44 (0)085-736354

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EXPERT SYSTEMS
    Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0894-9077.
    Subscriptions: Institutions $135; Individuals $75. Outside the US add
    $10 for surface mail and $20 for airmail.
    JAI Press Inc., 55 Old Post Road -- No. 2, PO Box 1678, Greenwich, CT
    06836-1678.

    KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING REVIEW


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[1-3] Bibliography of Expert Systems books, introductions, documentation, periodicals, and conference proceedings.

   Published quarterly, ISSN 0269-8889.
   In the UK: Cambridge University Press, The Edinburgh Building,
   Cambridge CB2 1BR, UK.
   In N. America: Cambridge University Press, Journals Department, 40 West
   20th Street, New York, NY 10011-4211.

   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED EXPERT SYSTEMS (IJAES)
   Published three times annually. ISSN 0969-9317
   Subscriptions: BP60.00/US$117.00.
   Taylor Graham Publishing, 500 Chesham House, 150 Regent Street,
   London W1R 5FA UK.
   Editor: Alan Sangster <a.sangster@aberdeen.ac.uk>
   URL: http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~acc025/ijaes.html




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           [1-4] Note about 'Real-Time' expert
                        systems

Many "real-time" expert systems are 'soft' real-time systems, in that
they claim to be fast. A 'hard' real-time system would have features
that guarantee a response within a fixed amount of real-time (e.g.,
bounded computation, not just a fast match-recognize-act cycle).
Systems like G2 use event-driven processing (restricting certain rules
to execute only when specific WM elements change in a particular way)
as a method of limiting forward chaining.




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          [1-5a] Free/Cheap Expert System Shells

Remember, when ftping compressed or compacted files (.Z, .gz, .arc, .fit,
etc.) to use binary mode for retrieving the files.

Files that end with a .gz suffix were compressed with the patent-free
gzip (no relation to zip). Source for gzip is available from:
  prep.ai.mit.edu:pub/gnu/{gzip-1.2.3.shar,gzip-1.2.3.tar,gzip-1.2.3.msdos.exe}

If you do not have ftp access, you can FTP files by E-mail. Send a
message with the word "help" in the body to ftpmail@decwrl.dec.com.


FOCL is an expert system shell and machine learning program written in
Common Lisp. The machine learning program extends Quinlan's FOIL
program by containing a compatible explanation-based learning
component. FOCL learns Horn Clause programs from examples and
(optionally) background knowledge. The expert system includes a
backward-chaining rule interpreter and a graphical interface to the
rule and fact base. For details on FOCL, see: Pazzani, M. and Kibler,
D., "The role of prior knowledge in inductive learning", Machine
Learning 9:54-97, 1992. It is available by anonymous ftp from
   ics.uci.edu:/pub/machine-learning-programs/
as the files README.FOCL-1-2-3, FOCL-1-2-3.cpt.hqx (a binhexed,
compacted Macintosh application), FOCL-1-2-3.tar.Z (Common Lisp
source code), and FOCL-1-2-3-manual.hqx (binhexed manual). If you
use a copy of FOCL, or have any comments or questions, send mail to
pazzani@ics.uci.edu.

SOAR              -- ftp.cs.cmu.edu:
                      /afs/cs.cmu.edu/project/soar/public/Soar5/ -- Lisp Version
                      /afs/cs.cmu.edu/project/soar/public/Soar6/ -- C Version
                    Contact: soar-request@cs.cmu.edu
                    Integrated Agent Architecture. Supports learning through chunking.

OPS5              -- ftp.cs.cmu.edu:/user/ai/areas/expert/systems/ops5/ops5.tar.gz

BABYLON is a development environment for expert systems. It

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 [1-5a] Free/Cheap Expert System Shells

includes frames, constraints, a prolog-like logic formalism, and a
description language for diagnostic applications. It is implemented in
Common Lisp and has been ported to a wide range of hardware platforms.
Available by anonymous ftp from
   ftp.gmd.de:/gmd/ai-research/Software/Babylon/ [129.26.8.84]
as a BinHexed stuffit archive, on the Web via the URL
   http://www.gmd.de/
on the Apple CD-ROM, or with the book "The AI Workbench BABYLON",
which contains *full source code* of BABYLON and the stand-alone
version for the Mac. The book describes the use of BABYLON in detail.

MOBAL is a system for developing operational models of application
domains in a first order logic representation. It integrates a manual
knowledge acquisition and inspection environment, an inference engine,
machine learning methods for automated knowledge acquisition, and a
knowledge revision tool. By using MOBAL's knowledge acquisition
environment, you can incrementally develop a model of your domain in
terms of logical facts and rules. You can inspect the knowledge you
have entered in text or graphics windows, augment the knowledge, or
change it at any time. The built-in inference engine can immediately
execute the rules you have entered to show you the consequences of
your inputs, or answer queries about the current knowledge. MOBAL also
builds a dynamic sort taxonomy from your inputs. If you wish, you can
use several machine learning methods to automatically discover
additional rules based on the facts that you have entered, or to form
new concepts. If there are contradictions in the knowledge base due to
incorrect rules or facts, there is a knowledge revision tool to help
you locate the problem and fix it. MOBAL (release 3.0b) is available
free for non-commercial academic use by anonymous ftp from
   ftp.gmd.de:/gmd/mlt/Mobal/
The system runs on Sun SparcStations, SunOS 4.1, and includes a
graphical interface implemented using Tcl/TK.

MIKE (Micro Interpreter for Knowledge Engineering) is a full-featured,
free, and portable software environment designed for teaching purposes
at the UK's Open University. It includes forward and backward
chaining rules with user-definable conflict resolution strategies, and
a frame representation language with inheritance and 'demons' (code
triggered by frame access or change), plus user-settable inheritance
strategies. Automatic 'how' explanations (proof histories) are
provided for rule exectuion, as are user-specified 'why' explanations.
Coarse-grained and fine-grained rule tracing facilities are provided,
along with a novel 'rule graph' display which concisely shows the
history of rule execution. MIKE, which forms the kernel of an Open
University course on Knowledge Engineering, is written in a
conservative and portable subset of Edinburgh-syntax Prolog, and is
distributed as non-copy-protected source code. MIKE version 1 was
described in the October/November 1990 issue of BYTE. MIKE v1.50,


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which was formerly available from a range of ftp servers, has been
superseded by two newer versions: MIKEv2.03, a full Prolog source code
version, incorporating a RETE algorithm for fast forward chaining, a
truth maintenance system, uncertainty handling, and hypothetical
worlds, and MIKEv2.50, a turnkey DOS version with menu-driven
interface and frame- and rule-browsing tools, fully compatible with
MIKEv2.03, but without source code. They are available by anonymous
ftp from hcrl.open.ac.uk [137.108.81.16] as the files
   MIKEv2.03: /pub/software/src/MIKEv2.03/*
   MIKEv2.50: /pub/software/pc/MIKEV25.ZIP
They are also available from the CMU AI Repository.
For further information, please contact Marc Eisenstadt,
M.Eisenstadt@open.ac.uk, Human Cognition Research Lab, The Open
University, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, UK, phone +44 908-65-3149, fax +44
908-65-3169.

ES: The October/November 1990 issue of BYTE also described the ES
expert system. ES supports backward/forward chaining, fuzzy set
relations, and explanation, and is a standalone executable for
IBM-PCs. ES is available by anonymous ftp from
ftp.uu.net:/pub/ai/expert-sys/ [192.48.96.9] as summers.tar.Z.
ftp.uu.net is mirrored on unix.hensa.ac.uk [129.12.21.7] under
/pub/uunet/.

WindExS (Windows Expert System) is a fully functional Windows-based
forward chaining expert system. Its modular architecture allows the
user to substitute new modules as required to enhance the capabilites
of the system. WindExS sports Natural Language Rule Processor,
Inference Engine, File Manager, User Interface, Message Manager and
Knowledge Base modules. It supports forward chaining, and graphical
knowledge base representation. Write etoupin@aol.com for documentation
and operational system.

RT-Expert is a shareware expert system that lets C programmers
integrate expert systems rules into their C or C++ applications.
RT-Expert consists of a rule-compiler that compiles rules into C code,
and a library containing the rule execution engine. RT-Expert for DOS
works with Borland Turbo C, Borland C++, and Microsoft C/C++
compilers. The personal edition is licensed for educational, research,
and hobby use. Applications created with RT-Expert personal edition
are not licensed for commercial purposes. Professional editions are
available for commercial applications using DOS, Windows, and Unix
environments. RT-Expert is available by anonymous ftp from
   world.std.com:/vendors/rtis/rtexpert
For more information, write to Real-Time Intelligent Systems Corporation
<rtis@world.std.com>.




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[1-5a] Free/Cheap Expert System Shells



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       [1-5b] Free/Cheap Expert System Shells:
              CLIPS and Related Systems

CLIPS 6.0 (C Language Integrated Production System) is an OPS-like
forward chaining production system written in ANSI C by NASA. The
CLIPS inference engine includes truth maintenance, dynamic rule
addition, and customizable conflict resolution strategies. CLIPS,
including the runtime version, is easily embeddable in other
applications. CLIPS includes an object-oriented language called COOL
(CLIPS Object-Oriented Language) which is directly integrated with the
inference engine. CLIPS runs on many platforms including IBM PC
compatibles (including Windows 3.1 and MS-DOS 386 versions),
Macintosh, VAX 11/780, Sun 3/260, and HP9000/500. CLIPS is available
from COSMIC at a "nominal" fee (the MS-DOS/Windows 3.1 version $350
for the software and $115 more for the documentation, with discounts
for US academic institutions; for update orders $100 and $200,
respectively) for unlimited copies with no royalties. (CLIPS is
available free to NASA, USAF, and their contractors for use on NASA
and USAF projects.) For more information, send email to
service@cossack.cosmic.uga.edu, write COSMIC, University of Georgia,
382 East Broad Street, Athens, GA 30602, call 706-542-3265, or fax
706-542-4807. To subscribe to the CLIPS mailing list, send a message
to the list server
   listserv@cossack.cosmic.uga.edu (128.192.14.4)
with message body
   SUBSCRIBE CLIPS-LIST
The CLIPS help desk phone number is 713-286-8919 (fax 713-286-4479/244-5698)
and email address is stbprod@fdr.jsc.nasa.gov. (The address is STB
Products Help Desk, LinCom Corporation, 1020 Bay Area Boulevard, #200,
Houston, TX 77058-2628.) The Software Technology Branch's home page is
   http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/stb/STB_homepage.html
NASA Information Services's home page is
   http://hypatia.gsfc.nasa.gov/NASA_homepage.html
and the CLIPS home page is


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   http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/~clips/CLIPS.html
[Note: Folks who obtain CLIPS from COSMIC can do anything they wish
with it, including redistribute it. Folks who obtain CLIPS directly
from NASA are restricted to using it for US government purposes only.]
The CLIPS FAQ list and bug fixes are available from
   hubble.jsc.nasa.gov:/pub/clips/
and are maintained by Gary Riley <riley@gothamcity.jsc.nasa.gov>.
Joseph Giarratano and Gary Riley's book, "Expert Systems Principles
and Practice", comes with an MS-DOS CLIPS 6.0 interpreter (see [1-3]
above). CLIPS is also available on the various AI CD-ROMs, and the
MS-DOS version is available for $50 from Austin Code Works <info@acw.com>,
11100 Leafwood Lane, Austin, Texas 78750-3409, phone 512-258-0785,
fax 512-258-8831, or BBS 512-258-8831.

DYNACLIPS (DYNAamic CLIPS Utilities), is a set of blackboard, dynamic
knowledge exchange, and agent tools for CLIPS 5.1 and 6.0. It is
implemented as a set of libraries that can be linked with CLIPS 5.1 or
CLIPS 6.0. Versions 3.0 and 3.1 will work with either CLIPS 5.1 or CLIPS 6.0.
Source code is not available. Agents use the blackboard to
communicate with other intelligent agents in the framework. Each
intelligent agent can send and receive facts, rules, and commands.
Rules and facts are inserted and deleted dynamicly while the agents
are running. Knowledge can be transfered on a temporary or permanent
basis. For more information, please contact Yilmaz Cengeloglu, PO Box
4142, Winter Park, FL 32793-4142, or send email to
cengelog@escmail.orl.mmc.com, yil@engr.ucf.edu or 73313.775@compuserve.com.
It is available from the CMU AI Repository in
   ftp.cs.cmu.edu:/user/ai/areas/expert/systems/clips/dyna/

AGENT_CLIPS is a multi-agent tool for MACINTOSH. Multiple copies of CLIPS
run at the same time on MACINTOSH. Each Agent (CLIPS) can send CLIPS
commands to other active agents at run time. AGENT_CLIPS handles incoming
commands automatically. Command transfer is also mean that agents can
exchange facts, rules at run time. This is a form of Knowledge Exchange
Among Intelligent Agents. AGENT_CLIPS does NOT use Blackboard Architecture.
Library for AGENT_CLIPS is also included in this package. You can link
this library with other CLIPS applications such as fuzzyCLIPS.
AGENT_CLIPS can be obtained by anonymous ftp from
   ftp.cs.cmu.edu:/user/ai/areas/expert/systems/clips/agent/
It is also available from Compuserve, AIEXPERT Forum, Libraries,
Expert System. For more information contact Yilmaz Cengeloglu at
73313.775@compuserve.com.

FuzzyCLIPS 6.02 is a version of the CLIPS rule-based expert system
shell with extensions for representing and manipulating fuzzy facts
and rules. In addition to the CLIPS functionality, FuzzyCLIPS can deal
with exact, fuzzy (or inexact), and combined reasoning, allowing fuzzy

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and normal terms to be freely mixed in the rules and facts of an
expert system. The system uses two basic inexact concepts, fuzziness
and uncertainty. Versions are available for UNIX systems, Macintosh
systems and PC systems. There is no cost for the software, but please
read the terms for use in the FuzzyCLIPS documentation. FuzzyCLIPS is
available via WWW (World Wide Web). It can be accessed indirectly
through the Knowledge Systems Lab Server using the URL
   http://ai.iit.nrc.ca/home_page.html
or more directly by using the URL
   http://ai.iit.nrc.ca/fuzzy/fuzzy.html
or by anonymous ftp from
   ai.iit.nrc.ca:/pub/fzclips/
For more information about FuzzyCLIPS send mail to fzclips@ai.iit.nrc.ca.

wxCLIPS provides a simple graphical front end to CLIPS 5.1, CLIPS 6.0 and
CLIPS 6.0 with fuzzy extensions. It is essentially CLIPS modified to work
with an event driven style of programming, and a set of GUI functions.
wxCLIPS is available as Sun Open Look, Sun Motif, Linux Open Look, Windows
3.1, Windows 32-bit, and Windows 95 binaries. wxCLIPS is available by
anonymous FTP from

      ftp.aiai.ed.ac.uk:/pub/packages/wxclips/ [192.41.104.6]

or the URL

      http://www.aiai.ed.ac.uk/~jacs/wxclips/wxclips.html

To be added to the wxclips-users or wxclips-announce mailing lists, send
mail to wxclips-users-request@aiai.edinburgh.ac.uk. For more information,
write to Julian Smart <J.Smart@ed.ac.uk>.




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         [1-6] Commercial Expert System Shells

The commercial products below are listed in alphabetical order.

ACQUIRE is knowledge acquisition system and expert system shell. It is a
complete development environment for building and maintaining
knowledge-based applications. It provides a step-by-step methodology for
knowledge engineering that allows the domain experts themselves to be
directly involved in structuring and encoding the knowledge. (The direct
involvement of the domain expert improves the quality, completeness and
accuracy of acquired knowledge, lowers development and maintenance
costs, and increases their control over the form of the software
application.) Features include a structured approach to knowledge
acquisition; a model of knowledge acquisition based on pattern
recognition; knowledge represented as objects, production rules and
decision tables; handling uncertainty by qualitative, non-numerical
procedures; extremely thorough knowledge bases; sophisticated report
writing facilities; and self documenting knowledge bases in a hypertext
environment.
ACQUIRE-SDK, their Software Development Kit, provides: callable libraries for
MS-DOS,and SCO Unix; DLL's for Asmetrix TooBook, Windows, Windows NT,
Windows 95 and Win 32; and custom controls for Visual Basic. Call or email
them for information on how to utilize the SDK to deliver applications over
the WWW.
The ACQUIRE development package (knowledge acquisition system and expert
system shell) costs $995 for Windows 3.1 and includes manual, a tutorial,
on-line help and telephone helpline. For more information please visit their
web page at
   http://vvv.com/ai/
For an example of an ACQUIRE application that is running over the web
try their Whale Watcher demonstration at
   http://vvv.com/ai/demos/whale.html
For more information, write to Acquired Intelligence Inc, Suite 205,
1095 McKenzie Avenue, Victoria, Canada V8P 2L5, call 604-479-8646, fax
604-479-0764, or send email <sales@aiinc.bc.ca>.



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ACTIVATION FRAMEWORK runs on personal computers (DOS, Windows) and UNIX
workstations. This tool is not a traditional expert system shell,
rather is a tool for building real-time data interpretation
applications. The vendor claims the tool competes with Gensym's G2 in
terms of application domains. For more information, write to the sales
office at The Real-Time Intelligent Systems Corporation, 26 Worthen,
Chelmsford, MA 01824, call 508-250-4633, or fax 508-256-8132. To reach
the development office write to 76 Otis Street, Westborough, MA 01581,
call 508-870-0043, fax 508-870-0148, or send email to rtis@world.std.com.

Aion Development System (ADS) runs on numerous platforms, including
DOS, OS/2, SunOS, Microsoft Windows, and VMS. It includes an object
oriented knowledge representation, forward, backward, bidirectional,
and pattern matching rules, graphics, calls to/from other languages
(C, Pascal, ...), and the Choreographer graphical user interface. For
more information, write to Aion Corporation, 101 University Avenue,
Palo Alto, CA 94301, call 800-845-2466 (415-328-9595), or fax
415-321-7728. For Europe, write to Software Generation,
Kontichsesteenweg 40, B 2630 Aartselaar, Belgium, call
32-(0)3-877.12.93, or fax 32-(0)3-877.13.55

Angoss Knowledge Seeker. Angoss is a data-mining tool that can be used
to produce knowledge bases of rules by infering cause and effect
relationships from a database. The DOS version costs $799 and the
Windows version $899. For more information, write to Angoss Software
International Ltd., 430 King Street W., Suite 201, Toronto M5V 1J5,
Canada, call 416-593-1122, or fax 416-593-5077.

ART*Enterprise (Brightware, Inc., formerly a division of Inference
Corporation). ART*Enterprise is the latest of the family of rule-based
development environments originating with ART in the mid-1980s. It is a
development environment for enterprise-wide applications,
incorporating rules, a full object system which includes features
currently not present in C++ or Smalltalk, and a large collection of
object classes for UI development across platforms (from Windows to
OS/2 to Unix), access to databases (SQL-based and ODBC-based), and
multi-person development. The ART*Enterprise environment provides a
forward chaining engine where backward chaining can be implemented,
though it is not supported directly. ART*Enterprise also provides a
CBR kernel for those who are interested in incorporating it into their
applications. For further information, contact Brightware, Inc.,
101 Rowland Way, Suite 310, Novato, CA 94945, call 1-800-532-2890
(1-415-899-9070), fax 415-899-9080, or email info@brightware.com.
Their home page is located at the URL
  http://www.brightware.com/
In addition to the usual company and product information, this page features
several job openings.


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Arity Expert Development Package is an expert system that integrates
rule-based and frame-based representations of knowledge with several
different kinds of certainty factors. The OS/2 version costs $495 and
the DOS version $295. For more information, write to Arity Corporation,
Damonmill Square, Concord, MA 01742, call 800-722-7489 (508-371-1243),
fax 508-371-1487, or send email to 73677.2614@compuserve.com or Paul G.
Weiss <pgweiss@netcom.com>.

BABYLON. For more information, write to VW-GEDAS GmbH, Pascalstrasse
11, W-1000 Berlin 10, call +49 30-39-970-0, or fax +49 30-39-970-999.

CAM Software sells two expert system tools, DClass and LogicTree.
DClass is a decision-tree system used for manufacturing applications.
LogicTree is a decision-making system designed for non-programmers.
For more information, write to CAM Software, 390 W. 800 N., Suite 103,
PO Box 276, Orem, UT 84059-0276, call 800-293-6777, or fax 801-225-0286.

CBR Express (Inference Corporation). CBR Express family of
products supports case-based retrieval of information. For further
information contact Inference Corporation, 550 N. Continental Blvd., El
Segundo, CA 90245, call 800-322-9923 (310-322-0200), fax 310-322-3242,
or email marketing@inference.com. Their home page is located at the URL
   http://www.inference.com/
In addition to the usual company and product information, this page
features a live demo of case-based retrieval in action and several job
openings.

COGSYS. For more information, write to COGSYS Ltd., Enterprise House,
Unit 37, Salford University Business Park, Salford M6 6AJ, England, or
call 061-745-7604.

COMDALE/C, COMDALE/X, and ProcessVision. COMDALE/C is a real-time
expert system designed for industrial process monitoring and control.
   + COMDALE/C allows requests for justification of recommendations,
      conclusions, and control actions without interrupting the decision
      making process. It can deal with uncertainty in knowledge and data,
      and has an open architecture and time-based reasoning. Other features
      include: full object-oriented configuration; full networking
      capabilities; alarm processing; an interrupt driven controller;
      trending and historical data collection; time-scheduled events; a
      realtime database, and interfaces with DCSs, PLCs and other I/O
      devices.
   + COMDALE/X is an off-line consultative expert system which
      queries the user for information required to make its decisions.
      COMDALE/X is included with COMDALE/C as the development tool for
      real-time expert systems. COMDALE/X has the capability to incorporate
      hypertext documents with the reasoning abilities of the expert system

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      to produce expert hyper manuals which provide information and generate
      advice through an easy to use interface.
   + ProcessVision is a real-time process monitoring and control
      software package. Based on an open and modular architecture,
      ProcessVision provides a graphical operator interface; intuitive
      object-oriented display configuration, smart alarming, sensor
      validation, hot standby, and unlimited connectivity to all your
      process instrumentation in one global environment.
For more information, write to Comdale Technologies (Canada) Inc., The
Comdale Building, 701 Evans Avenue, Suite 600, Toronto, Ontario, CANADA,
M9C 1A3, call 416-620-1234, fax 416-620-4526, or send email to
info@comdale.com, or see their web site,
   http://www.comdale.com/

C-PRS (Procedural Reasoning System in C) aims at representing and
executing operating procedures. It allows the user to express and
represent the conditional sequences of complex operations and to
ensure their execution in real time while embedded in the application
environment. C-PRS is useful for process control and supervision
applications. The PRS technology has been applied to different tasks
with real-time constraints and demands including the monitoring of
several subsystems of the NASA space shuttle, the diagnosis and
supervision of telecommunication networks (Telecom Australia), the
control of mobile robots (SRI, LAAS), the control system of
surveillance aircrafts (Grumman) and air traffic management (Civil
Aviation Authority). The procedural reasoning technology was
initially developed at the Artificial Intelligence Center of the
Stanford Research Institute (Menlo Park, California). ACS
Technologies has further developed and now markets C-PRS, the first
commercial implementation of the Procedural Reasoning technology.
C-PRS was developed with the most currently recognized standards: C,
UNIX, X11, MOTIF. It guarantees some real time properties. It is
available on numerous platforms and operating systems, including
SPARC, DECstation, Sony News, Hewlett Packard, VxWorks, and others.
For more information write to ACS Technologies, 5, Place du Village
d'Entreprises, B.P. 556 31674 LABEGE Cedex, FRANCE, call
33-62-24-99-20, fax 33-61-39-86-74, or send email to email to
<ingrand@ingenia.fr> or <cprs@ingenia.fr>.

CPR (Case-based Problem Resolution) is a C++ class library and
Help!CPR is a helpdesk and knowledge authoring application that uses
CPR. CPR is being embedded within call tracking systems and Help!CPR
competes directly with Inference Corporations's CBR Express and
CasePoint (CasePoint being CBR Express without authoring
capabilities). For more information, write to The Haley Enterprise,
Inc., 413 Orchard Street, Sewickley, PA 15143, call 800-233-2622
(412-741-6420), fax 412-741-6457, send email to info@haley.com, or see


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their web site
   http://www.haley.com/
or ftp site
   ftp://ftp.haley.com/
These sites include their literature in PostScript and HTML, as well
as their software.


CRYSTAL runs on personal computers and is available from Intelligent
Environemnts. For more information, write to Intelligent Environments
Europe Ltd., Crystal House, PO Box 51, Sunbury-on-Thames, Middlesex TW16
7UL, England, call 44-0-932-772266, or fax 44-0-932-771499.
See PC Magazine 8(2), January 31, 1989.

CxPERT is an expert system shell that produces royalty-free C code. For
more information, write to Software Plus Ltd., 1315 Pleasant Meadow
Road, Crofton, MD 21114, or call 301-261-0264.

The Easy Reasoner (TM) is a Case-Based Retrieval (CBR) tool with
Reasoning that provides an adaptive associative memory; retrieves
similar cases from memory given a new case; extends Query-by-Example
(QBE) by providing Query-by-Similarity(TM) (QBS); indexes existing
databases using decision trees; supports xBase, ODBC, and SQL
databases; maximizes information while minimizing complexity;
automatically filteres noise to simplifies decision trees; induces
automatically or under explicit control; ranks and retrieves
classified cases by similarity; efficiently retrieves similar cases
from large databases; efficiently retrieves most similar case from
large DBs; efficiently retrieves "next most similar" case; supports
multiple decision tree indices per database; supports multiple
decision trees per field; classifies new information using any
decision tree; automatically or interactively classifies new cases;
handles missing data and "don't know" responses; provides customizable
thesaurus for nominal fields; provides adaptive, context-sensitive,
default reasoning; provides adaptive estimation using decision trees;
predicts or ranks values for nominal or ordinal fields; automatically
learns N-dimensional similarity spaces; quickly retrieves closest case
from similarity space; ranks cases by distance in similarity space;
retrieves records where similarity depends on text; circumvents
spelling problems with N-M-grams; recognizes various forms of English
dictionary words; automatically determines information content per
word; automatically determines thesaural information content. Easy
Reasoner. The Easy Reaoner 16 bit Windows Toolkit costs $249, The Easy
Reaoner 32 bit Windows Toolkit costs $499, The Easy Reasoner OS/2
Toolkit costs $499, and The Easy Reasoner UNIX X/Motif Toolkit costs
$999. UNIX Versions available for Sun OS, Sun Solaris, HP UX, Data
General, AIX. For more information, write to The Haley Enterprise,
Inc., 413 Orchard Street, Sewickley, PA 15143, call 800-233-2622

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(412-741-6420), fax 412-741-6457, send email to info@haley.com, or see
their web site
   http://www.haley.com/
or ftp site
   ftp://ftp.haley.com/
These sites include their literature in PostScript and HTML, as well
as their software.

ECLIPSE runs on personal computers (DOS, Windows). System V Unix and
POSIX versions are also available. The syntax is derived from
Inference Corporations' ART and is compatible with NASA's CLIPS.
Features include data-driven pattern matching, forward and backward
chaining, truth maintenance, support for multiple goals, relational
and object-oriented representations, and integration with dBase. For
more information, write to The Haley Enterprise, Inc., 413 Orchard
Street, Sewickley, PA 15143, call 800-233-2622 (412-741-6420), fax
412-741-6457, or send email to info@haley.com, or see their web site
   http://www.haley.com/
or ftp site
   ftp://ftp.haley.com/
These sites include their literature in PostScript and HTML, as well
as their software. See also IEEE Computer, February 1991, pages
4-12. The cost is $499 for the Eclipse 16 bit Windows Toolkit, $999
for Eclipse 32 bit Windows Toolkit or Eclipse OS/2 Toolkit, and $1,999
for Eclipse UNIX X/Motif Toolkit. Versions are available for Sun OS,
Sun Solaris, HP UX, Data General, AIX.

Emerald Empower Procedural Advisor for Macintosh or PC Windows. $6800
Fault trees are built graphically to automate the decision path that an
expert uses for troubleshooting a problem. Emerald Intelligence, Inc,
3850E Research Park Dr, Ann Arbor, MI 48108, call 313-663-8757, or fax
313-663-8757.

Esteem is a case-based reasoning tool for Windows that integrates
case-based reasoning with rules. For more information write to Esteem
Software Inc., 302 E. Main, Cambridge City, IN 47327, call
317-478-3955, or fax 317-478-3550.

EXSYS Professional runs under MS-DOS, MS-Windows, Macintosh, SunOS,
Solaris, Unix and Vax. It supports backward and forward chaining, linear
programming, fuzzy logic, neural networks, and has a SQL interface.
For more information please visit their
web page at
   http://www.exsysinfo.com/
For examples of EXSYS applications running over the web
try their Web Runtime Engine demonstrations at
   http://www.exsysinfo.com/Wren/wren.html

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For an MS-Windows executable demo of EXSYS Professional/EXSYS RuleBook
ftp://ftp.exsysinfo.com/pub/demos/
These sites include their literature in PDF and HTML, as well as their
software.
For more information, send Email to info@exsysinfo.com,
write to Exsys, Inc., 1720 Louisiana Boulevard, NE, Suite 312,
Albuquerque, NM 87110, call 800-676-8356 (505-256-8356), or fax
505-256-8359. See also PC Tech Journal 7(1):115, January, 1989.

FLEX is a hybrid expert system toolkit available across a wide range of
different hardware platforms which offers frames, procedures and rules
integrated within a logic programming environment. FLEX supports
interleaved forward and backward chaining, multiple inheritance,
procedural attachment, an automatic question and answer system. Rules,
frames and questions are described in a English-like Knowledge
Specification Language (KSL) which enables the development of easy-to-read
and easy-to-maintain knowledge bases. FLEX is implemented in, and has
access to, Prolog. FLEX is available from LPA (who originally developed
flex on the PC), and also from most major Prolog vendors under license,
including Quintus, BIM, Interface, and ISL. FLEX has been used in
numerous commercial expert systems, and prices on a PC running Windows or
on a Macintosh start at around $1,000. [A review of Quintus-flex is
expected in an upcoming issue of PC-AI. --mk] For more information contact:
Logic Programming Associates Ltd, Studio 4, R.V.P.B., Trinity Road,
London, SW18 3SX. Tel: +44 (0) 181-871-2016; Fax: +44 (0) 181-874-0449.
Email: lpa@cix.compulink.co.uk. In the US call 1-800-949-7567.
Their web page is located at the URL
   http://www.lpa.co.uk

Foundation Technologies sells expert system products and services for
financial applications, such as pension management. For more
information write to Foundation Technologies Inc., One Kendall Square,
Cambridge, MA 02139, call 617-720-2760, or fax 617-720-4153.

Gensym's G2 offers a graphical, object-oriented environment for
creating intelligent applications that monitor, diagnose, and control
dynamic events in on-line and simulated environments. Featuring a
structured natural language for creating rules, models, and
procedures, G2 is the foundation of all Gensym application products
and end-user applications. Gensym's application products include the G2
Diagnostic Assistant (GDA), which provides a visual programming
environment for creating intelligent process management applications.
NeurOn-Line, another Gensym product, allows users to easily create
neural network applications. G2 includes concurrent execution of
rules and procedures and the ability to reason about behavior over
time. G2 GUIDE allows users to easily create graphical end user
interfaces and real-time displays. Gensym's Telewindows provides a


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powerful multi-user client/server environment that allows users to share G2
applications. Gensym also offers G2 Bridge Products for connectivity to other
programs (C and ADA) and real-time data systems including relational
databases, distributed control systems, and programmable logic controllers.
Gensym supports its products worldwide through 26 direct sales offices and a
network of over 100 marketing partners. For more information, please write
to Gensym Corporation, 125 Cambridge Park Drive, Cambridge, MA 02140 USA,
call +617-547-2500, fax +617-547-1962, or send email to info@gensym.com.
Gensym's homepage is located at
   http://www.gensym.com
(The Gensym page was formerly located at http://www.industry.net/gensym.
The IndustryNet page will be removed this spring.)

GBB, generic blackboard framework: provides:
 -- A high-performance blackboard database compiler and
      runtime library, which support pattern-based, multidimensional
      range-searching algorithms for efficient proximity-based retrieval
      of blackboard objects
 -- KS representation languages
 -- Generic control shells and agenda-management utilities
 -- Interactive, graphic displays for monitoring and examining
    blackboard and control components
These components provide the infrastructure needed to build
blackboard-based applications. GBB is available for DOS/Windows, Mac,
Unix workstations (Sun, HP/Apollo, IBM, DEC, Silicon Graphics),
Symbolics and TI Explorer Lisp machines. (GBB is a significantly enhanced,
commercial version of the UMass GBB research framework, available via
FTP from ftp.cs.umass.edu:/gbb/.) NetGBB, distributed extension to
GBB, provides to GBB the communication and coordination facilities
needed to build heterogenous distributed blackboard applications.
For more information write to Blackboard Technology Group, Inc., 401 Main
Street, Amherst, MA 01002, call 800-KSS-8990 or 413-256-8990, or fax
413-256-3179. To be added to the mailing lists, send mail to
gbb-user-request@bn.cs.umass.edu. There are two mailing lists, gbb-user
(moderated) and gbb-users (unmoderated). Blackboard Technlogy has a
WWW page at the URL
   http://www.bbtech.com/

GOLDWORKS III. For more information, write to Gold Hill Computers, Inc.,
26 Landsdowne Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, call 800-242-5477
(617-621-3300), or fax 617-621-0656.

GURU is an expert system development environment and RDBMS that offers a
wide variety of information processing tools combined with
knowledge-based capabilities such as forward chaining, backward
chaining, mixed chaining, multi-value variables, and fuzzy reasoning.
For more information about GURU and the other database engines,

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development tools, and services offered by Micro Data Base Systems,
please write to Micro Data Base Systems, Inc., 1305 Cumberland Avenue,
P.O. Box 2438, West Lafayette, IN 47906-0438, call 800-445-MDBS/6327
(317-463-7200), fax 317-463-1234, or send email to info@mdbs.com.

HUGIN System is a software package for construction of model based expert
systems in domains characterized by inherent uncertainty. The Hugin System
contains an easy to use probability based deduction system, applicable to
complex networks with cause-effect causal relations subject to uncertainty.
The Hugin System presents a novel development. The implementation is based
on an improvement of the award winning work by Lauritzen and Spiegelhalter:
Local Computation with Probabilities on Graphical Structures and their
Application to Expert Systems. The Hugin Demonstration, for
Sun Workstations and PC-Windows, is available for anonymous ftp from
   hugin.dk:/pub/README [130.225.63.15]
The WWW home page for HUGIN is accessible by the URL
   http://hugin.dk/
For more information write to Hugin Expert A/S, Niels Jernes Vej 10,
DK-9220 Aalborg O, Phone +45 9815 6644, Fax: +45 9815 8550, Email:
info@hugin.dk.

Icarus is an expert systems development tool for PCs. It includes
links to Lotus and dBASE files, forward and backward chaining, and
Bayesian confidence factors. For more information, write to Icarus,
11300 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 02852-3088, call 301-881-9350, or
fax 301-881-2542.

ILOG RULES is a high performance embeddable rule-based inference
engine. It is a forward chaining tool, written in C++ (hence it is
object-oriented and supports inheritance mechanisms) and is also
provided as a C++ library. It runs virtually on any Unix platform
(e.g., HP97X0, Sun4, RS/6000, DecStations) as well as on PCs running
DOS (with or without MS/Windows) or OS/2. It extends OPS/5 with
nested premises (objects as values), rule packets (logical grouping of
rules), a full Truth Maintenance System (TMS) for efficient
non-monotonic reasoning, compilation of rules into C/C++ code, and an
object oriented data-model in C++. ILOG RULES work directly on user
objects, so interfacing is straightforward. C/C++ code may be included
in rule conditions and actions. ILOG RULES is based on the fast XRETE
implementation of the RETE algorithm developed by Thomson-CSF. For
more information, contact ILOG, Inc., 2073 Landings Drive, Mountain
View, CA 94043, tel 415-390-9000, fax 415-390-0946, e-mail
info@ilog.com. European customers should contact ILOG SA, 9, rue de
Verdun, BP 85, 94253 Gentilly CEDEX, France,
tel +33 (1) 49-08-35-00, fax +33 (1) 49-08-35-10, e-mail info@ilog.fr.
The URL of ILOG's web page is
   http://www.ilog.fr

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INTELLIGENCE COMPILER. For more information, write to Intelligence
Ware 9800 S. Sepulveda Blvd. Los Angeles, CA 90045-5228 call
213-417-8896, or fax 213-417-8897.

KDS is a case-based system that produces rules from cases. For more
information, write to KDS Corporation, 934 Cornell Street, Wilmeete, IL
60091-1405, call 708-251-2621, or fax 708-251-6489.

KEE, ProKappa, and Kappa are expert system development packages that run
on personal computers, workstations, and Lisp machines. Features include
ATM, rule-based reasoning, and OOP support. For more information, write
to IntelliCorp, Inc., 1975 El Camino Real West, Suite 101, Mountain View, CA
94040-2216, call 415-965-5700/5500 or fax 415-965-5647. In Europe call
+44-344-305305. See also CACM 31(4):382-401, April, 1988.

KES and SNAP run on personal computers (KES $4,000), workstations (KES
$10,000, SNAP $40,000 on most platforms), minicomputers (KES $25,000),
IBM mainframes (KES $60,000). Although KES can be purchased
separately, it is part of SNAP. For more information write to Software
Architecture and Engineering, Inc., 1600 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 500,
Arlington, VA 22209, call 703-276-7910, or fax 703-284-3821. Write to
Template Software, 13100 Worldgate Drive, Suite 340, Herndon, Virginia
22070, call 703-318-1000, or fax 703-318-7378.

Knowledge Craft is an expert-system development toolkit for
scheduling, design, and configuration applications. For more
information, write to Carnegie Group, 5 PPG Place, Pittsburgh, PA
15222, call 800-284-3424 (412-642-6900), or fax 412-642-6906.

KnowledgeWorks from Harlequin runs on a variety of Unix platforms,
including Sun Sparc and clones (SunOS and Solaris), IBM RS/6000 (AIX),
DEC MIPS (Ultrix), DEC Alpha (OSF/1), HP PA (HP-UX), and SGI (IRIX).
It includes a CLOS-based object system, OPS compatible forward chainer
(2500 firings/sec on a Sparc2), Prolog compatible backward chainer
(40 KLIPS), graphical programming environment, user-defined conflict
resolution, MetaRule Protocol for extending execution model, and a
SQL interface for relational databases. For further information,
contact by e-mail worldwide:
   knowledgeworks-request@harlequin.com (OR @harlequin.co.uk)
or in the US:
   FAX:   617-252-6505
   Voice: 800-WORKS-4-YOU (800-967-5749) or 617-374-2400 or 617-252-0052
   Mail: Harlequin Inc., One Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142
or in Europe:
   FAX:   0223-872-519 (OR 44-1223-872-519 from outside UK)
   Voice: 0223-873-800 OR -872-522 (OR 44-1223-873-800 from outside UK)
   Telex: 818440 harlqn g

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   Mail: Harlequin Ltd., Barrington Hall, Barrington, Cambridge, CB2 5RG
Harlequin also sells LispWorks (a Common Lisp and Prolog programming
environment described in part 4 of the Lisp FAQ), MLWorks (an ML
programming environment), and Watson (an intelligence analysis tool).

K-Vision is a knowledge acquisition and visualization tool. It runs on
Windows, DOS, and UNIX workstations. For more information write to
Ginesys Corporation, 1200 Woodruff Road, Suite C-9, Greenville, SC
29607-5731, call 800-277-8338 (803-288-8338), or fax 803-458-9050.

Laser. For more information, write to Bell Atlantic Knowledge Systems,
Inc., P.O. Box 3528, Princeton, NJ 08543-3528, or call 800-552-2257
(609-275-8393).

LEVEL5 OBJECT for Microsoft Windows runs on an IBM PC compatible
computer using Windows 3.1 or above. LEVEL5 OBJECT is a robust
object-oriented application development system with a tunable inference
engine product. For more information, write to Information Builders,
503 Fifth Avenue, Indialantic, FL 32903, call 800-444-4303
(407-729-9046), fax 407-727-7615, or email to 76366.323@compuserve.com,
techsup@l5r.com, or sales@l5r.com. Their Web server is located at the URL
   http://www.l5r.com/level5.html
For Customer Support call 407-984-8705.

There are several versions of the M.4 product. M.4 VB is a Visual
Basic custom control that sells for $199. The full M.4 package runs on
personal computers (DOS, Windows) and sells for $995. It features a modular
kernel library that can be linked into C-language applications, backward and
forward chaining, pattern matching, certainty factors, procedural control,
an object-oriented representation, and ODBC hooks. M.4 is embeddable,
configurable, and extendable and is provided as libraries, a custom control
(VBX), and as a DDE Server. Working VB, Visual C++, ToolBook, and DOS GUIs
are provided to illustrate various integration techniques. M.4 is also
available as embeddable libraries for Sun SPARCstations for $2,495 and as
embeddable libraries for Macintosh System 7 for $995. For more information,
write to Teknowledge Corporation (formerly Cimflex Teknowledge Corporation),
1810 Embarcadero Road, Palo Alto, CA 94303, or call 800-285-0500
(415-424-0500), fax 415-493-2645, or visit http://www.teknowledge.com/M4

MailBot, from Daxtron Labs, is a personal E-Mail agent for Microsoft Mail.
MailBot provides filtering, forwarding, notification, automatic
question answering and listserv like capabilities. MailBot can act as a
expert system shell for mail. The front-end translates user rule inputs
into a variant of Prolog. A API exists for writting action code in
Visual Basic. More information is available from the URL
   http://www.polaris.net/~daxtron/mailbot.htm

MEM-1 is a Lisp-based language that aids in the development of

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Case-Based Reasoning systems; provides facilities to define case
structures, create cases, divide cases into sub-cases, weigh case
attributes, define indexing schemes and similarity functions, adapt
solutions and define procedural adaptation rules. Runs on Windows, DOS,
Sun, DECStation, RS/6000, and Macintosh. Price: $199 ($50 for
educational institutions). For more information, write to CECASE, 2291
Irving Hill Drive, Lawrence, KS 66045, call 913-864-4896, fax
913-864-7789, or send email to mem1info@cecase.ukans.edu

ModelQuest 4.0. Runs on Windows 3+, NT, 95 ($995). ModelQuest is easy to
learn and use so you can quickly take advantage of its power. ModelQuest
produces more accurate and robust models as well as royalty-free C code.
For more information, write to Abtech Corporation, 1575 State Farm
Boulevard, Charlottesville, VA 22901, call 804-977-0686, fax
804-977-9615, e -mail sales@abtech.com, or visit their web page
   http://www.abtech.com/

MUSE. For more information, write to Cambridge Consultants, Science
Park, Milton Road, Cambridge CB4 4DW, England, or call
0223-420024 Cambridge.

NEXPERT OBJECT runs on over 30 platforms supported including personal
computers ($5000), Macintosh ($5000), workstations ($12,000),
minicomputers, and mainframes. Nexpert Object is written in C, and
includes a graphical user interface, knowledge acquisition tools, and
forms system. For more information, write to Neuron Data, 156
University Avenue, Palo Alto, CA 94301, call 800-876-4900
(415-321-4488), or fax 415-321-3728. Other offices include New York,
212-832-8900; Philadelphia, 215-941-2981; Washington, DC,
703-821-8800; Los Angeles, 714-851-4621; Chicago, 708-955-3688;
Houston, 713-739-9020; United Kingdom, 44-71-408-2333, fax
44-71-495-6274; France, 33-1-40-70-04-21, fax 33-1-47-23-71-43; and
Japan, 81-3-3746-4371, fax 81-3-3746-4374. See also IEEE Software
5(5):98, September, 1988, PC Tech Journal 6(11):112, November, 1988,
MacUser 4(12):134, December, 1988, MacUser 4(9):136, September, 1989,
Computer Language 6(12):123, December, 1989, PC Week 7(26):43, July 2,
1990, MacWeek 4(25):10, July 10, 1990, and IEEE Expert December, 1991,
page 72. [This entry is a bit out of date. Nexpert Object is now part
of a larger product called "Smart Elements", which includes Open
Interface 2.0 -- an object-oriented GUI developer -- in addition to
Nexpert Object 3.0. Any Neuron Data folks out there want to redo this entry?]

Object Management Workbench* (OMW) is the first object-oriented
analysis and design tool which incorporates directly executable
diagrams and business rules. OMW works with Kappa(, an integrated,
visual programming environment for developing client/server
applications. Kappa applications are developed on Unix and can be


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delivered on either Unix or MS Windows. With Kappa CommManager*, an
object request broker, customers can distribute Kappa applications,
including program logic, across Unix, MS Windows and MVS. Kappa-PC(
is IntelliCorps' integrated MS Windows-based programming environment
for departmental developers. For more information, write to
IntelliCorp, Inc., 1975 El Camino Real West, Mountain View, CA
94040-2216, call 415-965-5700 or fax 415-965-5647. In Europe call
+44-344-305305. See also CACM 31(4):382-401, April, 1988.

OPS83 was developed by the developers of OPS5 as a successor to OPS5.
OPS83 is written in C, and OPS83 rule bases can be embedded in C
programs. OPS83 was the first OPS-like language to provide this
integration of rule bases with C. OPS83 supports Generalized Forward
Chaining (GFC), a new control structure that permits rules to be more
expressive; one GFC rule can replace several conventional flat rules.
(Details and examples are available on request.) The current version
of OPS83 uses the proprietary Rete II algorithm to enable it to handle
large, complex rule sets efficiently. A multi-windowed,
point-and-click development environment called the OPS83 Workbench is
offered. OPS83 is available for DOS, OS/2, UNIX, VMS, and some
proprietary operating systems. For information, write Production
Systems Technologies, Inc., 5001 Baum Blvd., Pittsburgh, PA 15213,
call 412-683-4000, or fax 412-683-6347.

Personal Consultant Plus. For more information, write to Texas Instruments
PO Box 2909, MS/2240, Austin, TX 78769, or call 800-527-3500.

PowerSMARTS (multimedia rule-based logic), DataSMARTS (database mining),
NeuroSMARTS (neural net) for Macintosh or PC Windows. Costs range from
$495 to $4995. Cognition Technology Corporation, 1000 Massachusetts Ave,
Cambridge, MA 02138, 617-492-0246, FAX 617-492-0247, Internet ctcma@aol.com

RAL (Rule-extended Algorithmic Language) is a high-performance C-based
expert systems tool. It was designed to permit seamless integration
of rules and objects into C programs. RAL is a superset of C. RAL
rules can operate directly on the data types used by the C code in
your application. RAL "understands" C type declarations, function
prototypes, #define constants, etc. C expressions, statements,
macros, function calls, etc. can be embedded directly in the rules.
RAL has an open architecture that permits it to be used with any GUI
builder, data base library, or other library that can be used with C.
No bridges are required. For efficiency, RAL rules are compiled into
C code. Charles Forgy, the inventor of Rete, has developed a more
efficient match algorithm called Rete II for RAL. (Benchmark results
are available on request.) A special version of the language, called
RAL/RT, adds the features that are required for real-time expert
systems. RAL and RAL/RT have a multi-windowed, point-and-click
development environment called the RAL Workbench. RAL and RAL/RT are

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available for DOS, MS Windows, OS/2, and UNIX. License fees for
development systems are available on request. There are no run-time
fees charged for distributing applications developed using RAL. For
information, write Production Systems Technologies, Inc., 5001 Baum
Blvd., Pittsburgh, PA 15213, call 412-683-4000, or fax 412-683-6347.

ReMind. ReMind is a case-based reasoning tool. For more information,
write to Cognitive Systems Inc., 880 Canal Street, Stamford, CT 06907,
call 203-356-7756, or fax 203-356-7760.

Rete++ supports both forward and backward chaining. With Rete++ the
programmer can develop object hierarchies and instantiate, manipulate,
and access them using either C++, the standard rule-based syntax, or
C. Asserting and modifying the data that is considered by rules is
done by creating a C++ instance and performing assignments to and
accessing the member data of the instance. Rete++ automatically
generates C++ class taxonomies. The C++ components of Rete++
applications use these generated classes directly or further subclass
them as needed. The Rete++ inference engine automatically considers
any instances of a generated class (or its subclasses) in the matching
of rule conditions. C++ data types provided by Rete++ allow more
flexible representation and automatic reasoning using standard C++
syntax without extraneous function calls. Rete++ automatically
monitors changes to C++ objects without requiring programmers to
explicitly code function calls. Rete++ is provided as a C++ class
library. As such, it may be linked as part of your C++ application.
You may completely embed Rete++, with or without its graphical
development environment. Modules for developing Case Based Reasoning
and integration with databases are available for Rete++ applications.
Rete++ integrates a dependency based Truth Maintenance System to
preserve logically sound and complete reasoning in spite of
non-monotonicity. Multiple rulesets and agendas support modular
development and cooperating expert systems. Rete++ has an advanced
browser for rule based programming. The Rete++ windowing development
environment monitors the knowledge base with multiple views that are
all updated in real-time, allowing for debugging, browsing, the
monitoring and setting of break points, and the tracing of rules,
facts and goals. Rete++ 16 bit Windows Toolkit costs $999, Rete++ 32
bit Windows Toolkit costs $1,999, Rete++ OS/2 Toolkit costs $1,999,
and Rete++ UNIX X/Motif Toolkit costs $2,999. UNIX Versions available
for Sun OS, Sun Solaris, HP UX, Data General, AIX. For more
information write to The Haley Enterprise, Inc. 413 Orchard St.,
Sewickley, PA 15143, call 800-233-2622 (412-741-6420 or 412-967-1100), fax
412-741-6457, or send email to info@haley.com, or see
their web site
   http://www.haley.com/
or ftp site


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   ftp://ftp.haley.com/
These sites include their literature in PostScript and HTML, as well
as their software.

RT/Expert is an expert system development package integrated into the
SystemBuild development environment that runs on PCs, UNIX, and VMS
systems. For more information, write to Integrated Systems Inc., 3260
Jay Street, Santa Clara, CA 95054, call 408-980-1500, or fax 408-980-0400.

RTworks is a family of independent software modules developed for
intelligent real-time data acquisition and monitoring, data analysis,
message/data distribution, and message/data display. RTworks offers a
number of sophisticated problem-solving strategies including
knowledge-based systems, a point-and-click graphical user interface,
temporal and statistical reasoning, and the ability to distribute an
application over a heterogeneous network. Included with RTworks is a
high-speed inference engine (RTie) which is used to analyze the data
using objects, classes, procedures, and rules. The IE can perform
trending, prediction and temporal reasoning of rapidly changing data.
Displays can be built by non-programmers using a user-friendly DRAW
program. More than 60 different formats are provided for displaying
input data including strip charts, bar charts, control charts, dials,
pie charts, and high-low graphs. Graphical objects can be tied to
variables which dynamically control attributes such as color, scale,
rotation, motion, animation, and more. RTworks runs in a
client-server architecture in which the RTserver process intelligently
distributes the application's messages and data to only the client
prcoesses which need them. User-defined client processes can connect
to the RTserver and send and receive messages with other processes in
the application. Possible applications include process control,
network monitoring, financial trading, and command and control.
RTworks is available on a variety of Unix and VMS platforms under a
floating license in which you pay only for the number of simultaneous
users, and the software is not node-locked to a particular machine.
Current RTworks customers include Lockheed, NASA, Dow Chemical, PG&E
(Pacific, Gas, and Electric), SWIFT, Mazda, and NTT. For further
information, write to Talarian Corporation, 444 Castro Street, Suite
140, Moutain View, CA 94041, call 415-965-8050, fax 415-965-9077, or
send E-mail to info@talarian.com, or look on the world-wide web at
   http://www.mainstreet.net/talarian/

SMECI is an expert system shell based on Lisp. For more information,
contact ILOG, Inc., 2073 Landings Drive, Mountain View, CA 94043, tel
415-390-9000, fax 415-390-0946, email info@ilog.com. European
customers should write to ILOG, 2, av. Gallieni, BP 85, 94253 Gentilly
Cedex, France, tel +33 (1) 46-63-66-66, fax +33 (1) 46-63-15-82, email
info@ilog.fr.


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Sophos. For more information, write to Cognisys Consultants Inc., 7355
Trans Canada Highway, Suite 210, Saint-Laurent, Quebec, CANADA H4T
1T3, call 514-856-2311, or fax 514-856-2368.

STATUTE Corporate V3.0 for Windows. Includes facilities for automatic
document generation. Interfaces for Visual Basic, C, C++, and
applications that can link to DLLs. Phone: 1-800-229-1954 (616-242-1982).
Fax: 1-800-229-1959 (616-242-1948).

TechMate is a real life expert system designed to serve as a decision
aid and productivity tool for maintenance engineers and technicians.
TechMate minimizes the expertise required from the technician to
troubleshoot and diagnose problems in even highly sophisticated and
complex units. Oriented for the functional level, TechMate can
troubleshoot units that contain analog, digital and mechanical modules
in electronic, electro-optic, hydraulic, or mechanical systems and
devices. TechMate is used in many fault isolation applications in
field service, depot facilities, and production lines. Its learning
algorithms make TechMate grow smarter with use. TechMate is a
model-based system that derives its intelligence from universal
built-in knowledge bases and inference mechanisms, and from specific
knowledge about the UUT (Unit Under Test) supplied by the test
designer. It generates diagnostic assessments from the equipments
block diagram (which can be entered manually or imported
electronically) and the characteristics of the symptoms and tests. It
is also capable of diagnosing multiple faults. For a given set of
symptoms and test results (including BIT results), TechMate's
diagnostic algorithms rank candidate faulty modules by their
likelihood of failure. It may also zoom in to further assess the fault
likelihood of each individual sub-module. Next, TechMate identifies
and evaluates the tests that may be used to isolate a fault, and
proposes the most cost-efficient tests. The sequence of tests is
dynamically reordered based on the symptoms, BIT and test responses,
thereby eliminating redundant tests. TechMate provides on-line
documentation of the device and its tests. It also includes a database
tool for storing and retrieving administrative data and sharing it
with commercial DBMS. TechMate can be interfaced with a wide variety
of test instruments and ATE systems. TechMate runs on Microsoft
Windows and on UNIX/X-Windows. TechMate customers include Texas
Instruments, Northrop, Raytheon, Honeywell, BARCO, British Gas,
Deutche Aerospace, and Siemens Plessey. For further information, call
IET Intelligent Electronics at 617-229-5855, fax 617-221-5692, or send
E-mail to sales@ietusa.com, or look on the world-wide web at
http://www.ietusa.com/

TestBench, Shell is available from the Carnegie Group, Pittsburgh,
Pennsylvania. The development environment runs on the SUN

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workstations and the production environment on a number of platforms
including PCs and NeXT machines. For more information, write to
Carnegie Group, 5 PPG Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15222, call 800-284-3424
(412-642-6900), or fax 412-642-6906.

VBXpert is a VBX custom control that uses the Rete Algorithm to add
expertise to Visual Basic applications. VBXpert extends Visual Basic
to support rule-based knowledge-based systems development by encapsulating
the Rete Algorithm within a VBX custom control. It is a true custom
control with Visual Basic property and event editing support and provides
convenient properties that can be accessed and set by VB code to control
embedded reasoning. VBXpert also provides: inference engine events that
execute code you enter using the Visual Basic editor; a general-purpose
"Callback" event to call Visual Basic from the actions of rules; efficient
processing, even for a thousand if-then rules; automatic subgoaling and
logical deduction; automatic retraction of invalid or outdated conclusions;
Visual Basic declarations for Eclipse DLLs; supports Visual Basic's ANY
and Variant data types; supports multiple concurrent Visual Basic apps;
includes Eclipse DLLs and executable; includes C source code for the VBX;
VBXpert for Windows $99 (price shown is for domestic check, VISA,
MasterCard, and American Express orders only.) The Haley Enterprise, Inc.
413 Orchard St., Sewickley, PA 15143-2029 (800) 233-2622, 412-741-6420,
Info@Haley.COM, or see their web site
   http://www.haley.com/
or ftp site
   ftp://ftp.haley.com/
These sites include their literature in PostScript and HTML, as well
as their software.

Visual Expert is a GUI-based expert system development tool for Windows.
For more information, write to SoftSell Technologies, 16150 NE 85th
Avenue, Suite 224, Redmond, WA 98052, call 206-556-1436, or fax 206-883-9002.

VP-EXPERT version 3.1 runs on the IBM PC under DOS. It costs $349. A
student version of the product is available for around $40. The
student version is fully functional but limited to 16k in the total
size of the system. For more information, write to Wordtech Systems
Inc., PO Box 1747, Orinda, CA 94563, call 510-689-1200, or fax
510-689-1263. See also MacUser 4(12):134, December, 1988.

XpertRule for Windows represents knowledge as decision trees, tables
of decision examples, exception trees and sets of pattern rules. It
can produce C code. Fuzzy Logic and Genetic Algorithm optimization
are included. For more information, write to Attar Software USA, PO Box
68, Harvard, MA 01451-0068, call 800-456-3966, or fax 508-456-8383.
European customers should write to Attar Software Limited, Newlands
House, Leigh, Lancashire, UK WN7 4HN, or send email to info@attar.co.uk


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See also their home page at http://www.attar.com/

YAPS is a tool for building expert systems and other programs that use
a rule-based knowledge representation in Lisp. The YAPS library
provides a CLOS class and appropriate methods which the programmer may
mix into his/her own classes or use directly. Rules and facts about
an instance are associated with the instance. Instead of one large
knowledgebase with many rules which are hard to debug and maintain,
the programmer creates smaller knowledge-bases which are modular and
more efficient. The YAPS knowledge-bases can interact with and be
controlled by the programmer's other modules, making hybrid systems
straightforward. Introduced by Liz Allen at AAAI-83, YAPS is now
available on Apple Macintosh, Sun3 and Sun4 (SPARC), DEC VAX under VMS
and Ultrix, and 88Open platforms. On workstations, a single license
costs $3995 and on the Macintosh (under Macintoch Common Lisp), it is
$445. YAPS runs in most commercial Common Lisps including Allegro CL,
Harlequin LispWorks, Lucid CL, IBUKI CL, and Macintosh Common Lisp.
YAPS is also available for the TI Explorer and Symbolic Lisp Machines,
and a Flavors version is available for Sun3 in Franz Lisp. Other
ports are underway -- for price and availability contact College Park
Software at 461 W. Loma Alta Dr., Altadena, CA 91001-3841, USA; or by
email at info@cps.altadena.ca.us, or call 818-791-9153 (voice) or
818-791-1755 (FAX).




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[1-7] Associations

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                                        [1-7] Associations

INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERS (IAKE)
IAKE, 973-D Russell Avenue, Gaithersburg, MD 20879-3276.
301-948-5390, fax 301-926-4243. Email: iake@umuc.umd.edu
$65 regular ($110 2-year), $30 students in US/Canada.
Add $10/year for Carribean, Central America, Mexico.
Add $25/year for Europe, North Africa, South America.
Add $30/year for Asia, USSR, Central and South Africa, Australia, and
New Zealand.




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[1-8] Glossary

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                                               [1-8] Glossary

Expert System Shell                             A shell is a program that facilitates the
                                                development of expert systems.




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[1-A] Acknowledgements

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                           [1-A] Acknowledgements

This FAQ was originally based on posts by Jason Trenouth
<jason@harlequin.co.uk>, George Betzos <gabetzos@mailbox.syr.edu>, and
Douglas Foxvog <foxvog@cyc.com>, as well as parts of the
commercial products section of the AI FAQ. Thanks also to Arnold
Bloemer <bloemer@tnt.uni-hannover.de>, Hans Voss, Stephan Weber, Tom
Laffey, ljs@zycor.lgc.com, Hal Waters, Philip Vanneste, Daniel
Corkill, Bruce Chih-Lung Lin, Willem Van Dyk, Kan-Lee Liou, Les
Degroff, Alex Kean, Bob Orchard, Steve Witt, Cameron Laird, Thomas A.
Russ, Peter Pavek, Ingemar Hulthage, Jerry Franke, Julian Smart,
Andrew Verden, Remi Lissajoux, Patrick Albert, Patrick Suel, Liz
Allen. Thanks to Richard Fozzard for information about MIKE and ES.

----------------------------------------------------------------
;;; *EOF*



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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/expert/part1/section-10.html [20/06/2003 22:41:20]
 Artificial Intelligence FAQ: General Questions & Answers 1/6 [Monthly posting]

                                             Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page




Artificial Intelligence FAQ: General Questions
        & Answers 1/6 [Monthly posting]

Archive-name: ai-faq/general/part1
Posting-Frequency: monthly
Last-Modified: 01-Nov-02 rc by Ric Crabbe
Version: 2.1
Maintainer: Ric Crabbe <crabbe@usna.edu> and Amit Dubey <adubey@coli.uni-sb.de>
URL: http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general
Size: 46550 bytes, 1051 lines

;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Answers to Questions about Artificial Intelligence *************
;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Maintained by: Amit Dubey <adubey@coli.uni-sb.de>
;;;                  Ric Crabbe <crabbe@usna.edu>
;;;   Written by Ric Crabbe, Amit Dubey, and Mark Kantrowitz
;;;   ai_1.faq

If you think of questions that are appropriate for this FAQ, or would
like to improve an answer, please send email to the maintianers.

*** Copyright:

Some portions of this FAQ are Copyright (c) 1992-94 by Mark
Kantrowitz. The rest are Copyright (c) 1999,2000-02 by Ric Crabbe and Amit
Dubey

*** Disclaimer:

            This article is provided as is without any express or implied
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            accuracy of the information contained in this article, the
            author/maintainer/contributors assume(s) no responsibility for
            errors or omissions, or for damages resulting from the use of
            the information contained herein.

***   What's new?
;;;   29-May-03 rc                            Added question on A*
;;;   27-Nov-02 rc                            Updated the bibliography some. Still needs work.
;;;   01-Nov-02 rc                            More on grad schools plus FAQ for SOAR and ACT-R
;;;   01-Jul-02 rc                            Usual errors fixed.

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part1/preamble.html (1 of 5) [20/06/2003 22:41:25]
 Artificial Intelligence FAQ: General Questions & Answers 1/6 [Monthly posting]

;;; 07-May-02 rc                              Small additions and updates. [1-1] inserted.
;;; 01-Feb-02 rc                              New software added. Update to games entry.


*** Topics Covered:

Part 1:

  [1-0]         What is the purpose of this newsgroup?
  [1-1]         I have a Question not covered in the FAQ...
  [1-2]         What is AI?
  [1-3]         What's the difference between strong AI and weak AI?
  [1-4]         I'm a programmer interested in AI. Where do I start?
  [1-5]         What's an agent?
  [1-6]         History of AI.
  [1-7]         What has AI accomplished?
  [1-8]         What are the branches of AI?
  [1-9]         What are good programming languages for AI?
  [1-10]         What's the difference between "classical" AI and "statistical" AI?
  [1-11]         I have the idea for an AI Project that will solve all of AI...
  [1-12]         Glossary of AI terms.
  [1-13]         In A*, why does the heuristic have to always underestimate?
  [1-14]         I'm considering studying AI. What information is there for me?
  [1-15]         What are good graduate schools for AI?
  [1-16]         No really, just give me a ranking of the best
                 graduate schools for AI!
  [1-17]         What are the ratings of the various AI journals?
  [1-18]         Where can I find conference information?
  [1-19]         How can I get the email address for Joe or Jill Researcher?
  [1-20]         What does it mean to say a game is 'solved'? Is tic-tac-toe
                 solved? How about X?
  [1-21]         What are the rules for the game of "Life"?
  [1-22]         What AI competitions exist?
  [1-23]         Open source software and AI.
  [1-24]         AI Job Postings
  [1-25]         Future Directions of AI
  [1-26]         Where are the FAQs for...neural nets? natural language?
                 artificial life? fuzzy logic? genetic algorithms?
                 philosophy? Lisp? Prolog? robotics?

Part 2 (AI-related News, Newsgroups and Mailing Lists):

  - List of all known AI-related newsgroups, newsgroup archives, mailing
  lists, and electronic bulletin board systems.

Part 3 (AI-related Associations and Journals):

  -     List of AI-related associations and journals, organized by subfield.

Part 4 (Bibliography):

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part1/preamble.html (2 of 5) [20/06/2003 22:41:25]
 Artificial Intelligence FAQ: General Questions & Answers 1/6 [Monthly posting]



  -     Bibliography of introductory texts, overviews and references
  -     Addresses and phone numbers for major AI publishers
  -     Finding conference proceedings
  -     Finding PhD dissertations

Part 5 (FTP and WWW Resources and Repositories):

  -     Information on Web resources and software repositories for AI.
  -     Information on Technical Papers in AI
  -     Web journals
  -     Part 5 concentrates mostly on documents and collections of links
        to other AI resources

Part 6 (AI Open-Source Software by Sub-field)
  - An A-Z (well A-T anyway) of Open source (or at least free)
    software with relation to AI.


Search for [#] to get to question number # quickly.

*** Introduction:

Certain questions and topics come up frequently in the various network
discussion groups devoted to and related to Artificial Intelligence
(AI). This file/article is an attempt to gather these questions and
their answers into a convenient reference for AI researchers. It is
posted on a monthly basis. The hope is that this will cut down on the
user time and network bandwidth used to post, read and respond to the
same questions over and over, as well as providing education by
answering questions some readers may not even have thought to ask.

The latest version of this FAQ is NO-LONGER available via anonymous
FTP from:
   ftp://ftp.cs.ucla.edu/pub/AI/
as the files ai_[1-7].faq.

The cannonical source is now:
   http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general

The FAQ postings are also archived in the periodic posting archive on

      rtfm.mit.edu:/pub/usenet/news.answers/ai-faq/general/ [18.181.0.24]

If you do not have anonymous ftp access, you can access the archive by
mail server as well. Send an E-mail message to mail-server@rtfm.mit.edu
with "help" and "index" in the body on separate lines for more
information.




 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part1/preamble.html (3 of 5) [20/06/2003 22:41:25]
 Artificial Intelligence FAQ: General Questions & Answers 1/6 [Monthly posting]


Section Contents

    q   News Headers
    q   [1-0] What is the purpose of the newsgroup comp.ai?
    q   [1-1] I have a Question not covered in the FAQ...
    q   [1-2] What is AI?
    q   [1-3] What's the difference between strong AI and weak AI?
    q   [1-4] I'm a programmer interested in AI. Where do I start?
    q   [1-5] What's an agent?
    q   [1-6] History of AI.
    q   [1-7] What has AI accomplished?
    q   [1-8] What are the branches of AI?
    q   [1-9] What are good programming languages for AI?
    q   [1-10] What's the difference between "classical" AI and
    q   [1-11] I have the idea for an AI Project that will solve all
    q   [1-12] Glossary of AI terms.
    q   [1-13] In A*, why does the heuristic have to always underestimate?
    q   [1-14] I'm a student considering further study AI. What information is there for me?
    q   [1-15] What are best graduate schools for AI?
    q   [1-16] No really, just give me a ranking of the best graduate schools for AI!
    q   [1-17] What are the ratings of the various AI journals?
    q   [1-18] Where can I find conference information?
    q   [1-19] How can I get the email address for Joe or Jill Researcher?
    q   [1-20] What does it mean to say a 2-player game is 'solved'?
    q   [1-21] What are the rules for the game of "Life"?
    q   [1-22] What AI competitions exist?
    q   [1-23] Open Source Software and AI
    q   [1-24] AI Job Postings
    q   [1-25] Future Directions of AI
    q   [1-26] Where are the FAQs for...neural nets? natural




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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part1/preamble.html (4 of 5) [20/06/2003 22:41:25]
Artificial Intelligence FAQ: General Questions & Answers 1/6 [Monthly posting]

                                                crabbe@usna.edu, adubey@coli.uni-sb.de

                                                    Last Update June 20 2003 @ 00:12 AM




http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part1/preamble.html (5 of 5) [20/06/2003 22:41:25]
 Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Newsgroups and Mailing Lists 2/6 [Monthly posting]

                                             Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page




   Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Newsgroups and
         Mailing Lists 2/6 [Monthly posting]

Archive-name: ai-faq/general/part2
Posting-Frequency: monthly
Version: 2.1
Maintainer: Ric Crabbe <crabbe@usna.edu> and Amit Dubey <adubey@coli.uni-sb.de>
URL: http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/preamble.html
Size: 69914 bytes, 1790 lines

;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Answers to Questions about Artificial Intelligence *************
;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Written by Amit Dubey, Ric Crabbe and Mark Kantrowitz
;;;   ai_2.faq

Part 2 (AI-related Newsgroups and Mailing Lists):
  List of all known AI-related newsgroups, mailing lists, and
  electronic bulletin board systems.

Outline:
   ----------------
   [2-1] AI-related Newsgroups and News Sources
   [2-1a] AI-related Newsgroup Archives
   [2-1b] AI-related Newsgroup FAQ postings
   [2-2] AI Research in a particular country
   ----------------
   [2-3] Agents
   [2-4] Artificial Life
   [2-5] AI for Development
   [2-6] AI in Education
   [2-7] AI and Law
   [2-8] AI in Medicine
   [2-9] AI and Statistics
   [2-10] Blackboard Architectures
   [2-11] Business, Economics, Finance (IE-Digest, AT-Finance)
   [2-12] Cellular Automata
   [2-13] Classification and Clustering
   [2-14] Cognitive Science and Psychology
   [2-15] Connectionism and Neural Networks
   [2-16] Constraint Satisfaction


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/preamble.html (1 of 4) [20/06/2003 22:41:26]
 Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Newsgroups and Mailing Lists 2/6 [Monthly posting]

    [2-17] Cybernetics and Systems
    [2-18] Diagrams
    [2-19] Distributed AI
    [2-20] Expert Systems in Agriculture
    [2-21] Use of Computers in the Fine Arts
    [2-22] Fuzzy Logic
    [2-23] Game Playing
    [2-24] Genetic Algorithms and Genetic Programming
    [2-25] HCI: AI Applications to Human-Computer Interface Design
    [2-26] Knowledge Acquisition
    [2-27] Knowledge-based Scheduling
    [2-28] Knowledge Representation
    [2-29] Logic Programming, Prolog
    [2-30] Machine Discovery
    [2-31] Machine Learning
    [2-33] Natural Language Processing
    [2-34] Qualitative Physics
    [2-35] Robotics
    [2-36] Simulated Annealing
    [2-37] Simulation
    [2-38] Symbolic Math
    [2-39] Theorem Provers
    [2-40] Case-Based Reasoning
    [2-41] Uncertainty
    [2-45] Vision Research
    [2-50] Commercial Systems: Kappa PC, ...
    [2-60] Miscellaneous: Artificial Morality, Intelligent Control,
              Intelligent Decision Support Systems, Frogs,
              Meteorology, Natural World Problems, OOP Frameworks
    ----------------

Search for [#] to get to question number # quickly.



Section Contents

    q   News Headers
    q   [2-1] AI-related Newsgroups and News Sources
    q   [2-1a] AI-related Newsgroup Archives
    q   [2-1b] AI-related Newsgroup FAQ postings
    q   [2-2] AI Research in a particular country
    q   [2-3] Agents
    q   [2-4] Artificial Life
    q   [2-5] AI for Development
    q   [2-6] AI in Education
    q   [2-7] Artificial Intelligence and Law
    q   [2-8] AI in Medicine
    q   [2-9] AI and Statistics


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/preamble.html (2 of 4) [20/06/2003 22:41:26]
Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Newsgroups and Mailing Lists 2/6 [Monthly posting]

   q   [2-10] Blackboard Architectures
   q   [2-11] Business, Economics, Finance (IE-Digest, AT-Finance)
   q   [2-12] Cellular Automata
   q   [2-13] Classification and Clustering
   q   [2-14] Cognitive Science and Psychology
   q   [2-15] Connectionism and Neural Networks
   q   [2-16] Constraint Satisfaction
   q   [2-17] Cybernetics and Systems
   q   [2-18] Diagrams
   q   [2-19] Distributed AI
   q   [2-20] Expert Systems in Agriculture
   q   [2-21] Use of Computers in the Fine Arts
   q   [2-22] Fuzzy Logic
   q   [2-23] Game Playing
   q   [2-24] Genetic Algorithms and Genetic Programming
   q   [2-25] HCI: AI Applications to Human-Computer Interface Design
   q   [2-26] Knowledge Acquisition
   q   [2-27] Knowledge-based Scheduling
   q   [2-28] Knowledge Representation
   q   [2-29] Logic Programming, Prolog
   q   [2-30] Machine Discovery
   q   [2-31] Machine Learning
   q   [2-33] Natural Language Processing
   q   [2-34] Qualitative Physics
   q   [2-35] Robotics
   q   [2-36] Simulated Annealing
   q   [2-37] Simulation
   q   [2-38] Symbolic Math
   q   [2-39] Theorem Provers
   q   [2-40] Case-Based Reasoning
   q   [2-41] Uncertainty
   q   [2-45] Vision Research
   q   [2-50] Commercial Systems: Kappa PC, ...
   q   [2-60] Miscellaneous: Artificial Morality, Kappa PC, OOP Frameworks




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                                  [ Usenet FAQs | Search | Web FAQs | Documents | RFC Index ]


                                           Send corrections/additions to the FAQ Maintainer:
                                                           crabbe@usna.edu

                                                     Last Update June 20 2003 @ 00:12 AM




http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/preamble.html (4 of 4) [20/06/2003 22:41:26]
 Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Associations and Journals 3/6 [Monthly posting]

                                              Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page




  Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Associations and
          Journals 3/6 [Monthly posting]

Archive-name: ai-faq/general/part3
Posting-Frequency: monthly
Version: 2.1
Maintainer: Ric Crabbe <crabbe@usna.edu> and Amit Dubey <adubey@coli.uni-sb.de>
URL: http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/preamble.html
Size: 66172 bytes, 1568 lines

;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Answers to Questions about Artificial Intelligence *************
;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Written by Ric Crabbe, Amit Dubey, and Mark Kantrowitz
;;;   ai_3.faq

This part of the AI FAQ provides a list of AI-related associations and
journals.

****NOTE**** that on 13 October 1999, all the http and ftp links were
checked and corrected. Email and snail mail remains unchecked.

Part 3 (AI-related Associations and Journals):
   List of AI-related associations and journals, organized by subfield.

Outline:
   [3-0]           General Information

    [3-1a]         Associations              (General AI)
    [3-1b]         Associations              (General AI, in a particular country)
    [3-1c]         Associations              (Applied AI)
    [3-1d]         Associations              (Natural Language Processing)
    [3-1e]         Associations              (Cognitive Science)
    [3-1f]         Associations              (Robotics)
    [3-1g]         Associations              (Philosophy of AI)
    [3-1h]         Associations              (Neural Networks)
    [3-1i]         Associations              (Fuzzy Logic)
    [3-1j]         Associations              (Genetic Algorithms)
    [3-1k]         Associations              (AI and Law)
    [3-1l]         Associations              (Logic Programming)

    [3-2a] Journals (General AI)

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/preamble.html (1 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:41:27]
 Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Associations and Journals 3/6 [Monthly posting]

    [3-2b] Journals (Applied AI)
    [3-2c] Journals (AI and ???, where ??? is Database Management,
                     Education, Engineering, Law, Manufacturing,
                     Medicine, or Society)
    [3-2d] Journals (Automated Reasoning)
    [3-2e] Journals (Cognitive Science)
    [3-2f] Journals (Complex Systems, Artificial Life, Adaptive Behavior)
    [3-2g] Journals (Concurrent Engineering)
    [3-2h] Journals (Engineering)
    [3-2i] Journals (Expert Systems)
    [3-2j] Journals (Fuzzy Logic)
    [3-2k] Journals (Genetic Algorithms)
    [3-2l] Journals (HCI, User Modeling)
    [3-2m] Journals (Logic Programming)
    [3-2n] Journals (Machine Learning)
    [3-2o] Journals (NLP/Speech/MT)
    [3-2p] Journals (Neural Nets/Connectionism)
    [3-2q] Journals (Object-oriented Programming)
    [3-2r] Journals (Pattern Recognition)
    [3-2s] Journals (Reasoning Under Uncertainty)
    [3-2t] Journals (Robotics)
    [3-2v] Journals (Virtual Reality)
    [3-2w] Journals (Vision)
    [3-2x] Miscellaneous (Design, ...)

    [3-3]          Newsletters

Search for [#] to get to question number # quickly.



Section Contents

    q   News Headers
    q   [3-0] General Information
    q   [3-1a] Associations (General AI)
    q   [3-1b] Associations (General AI, in a particular country)
    q   [3-1c] Associations (Applied AI)
    q   [3-1d] Associations (Natural Language Processing)
    q   [3-1e] Associations (Cognitive Science)
    q   [3-1f] Associations (Robotics)
    q   [3-1g] Associations (Philosophy of AI)
    q   [3-1h] Associations (Neural Networks)
    q   [3-1i] Associations (Fuzzy Logic)
    q   [3-1j] Associations (Genetic Algorithms)
    q   [3-1k] Associations (AI and Law)
    q   [3-1k] Associations (Logic Programming)
    q   [3-2a] Journals (General AI)
    q   [3-2b] Journals (Applied AI)


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/preamble.html (2 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:41:27]
Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Associations and Journals 3/6 [Monthly posting]

   q   [3-2c] Journals (AI and ???, where ??? is Database Management, Education, Engineering, Law, Manufacturing, or Medicine)
   q   [3-2d] Journals (Automated Reasoning)
   q   [3-2e] Journals (Cognitive Science)
   q   [3-2f] Journals (Complex Systems, Artificial Life, Adaptive Behavior)
   q   [3-2g] Journals (Concurrent Engineering)
   q   [3-2h] Journals (Engineering)
   q   [3-2i] Journals (Expert Systems)
   q   [3-2j] Journals (Fuzzy Logic)
   q   [3-2k] Journals (Genetic Algorithms)
   q   [3-2l] Journals (HCI, User Modeling)
   q   [3-2m] Journals (Logic Programming)
   q   [3-2n] Journals (Machine Learning)
   q   [3-2o] Journals (NLP/Speech/MT)
   q   [3-2p] Journals (Neural Nets/Connectionism)
   q   [3-2q] Journals (Object-oriented Programming)
   q   [3-2r] Journals (Pattern Recognition)
   q   [3-2s] Journals (Reasoning Under Uncertainty)
   q   [3-2t] Journals (Robotics)
   q   [3-2v] Journals (Virtual Reality)
   q   [3-2w] Journals (Vision)
   q   [3-2x] Miscellaneous (Design, ...)
   q   [3-3] Newsletters




                                             Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page


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                                                                        N/A




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/preamble.html (3 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:41:27]
 Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Bibliography 4/6 [Monthly posting]

                                              Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page




    Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Bibliography 4/6
                   [Monthly posting]

Archive-name: ai-faq/general/part4
Posting-Frequency: monthly
Version: 2.1
Maintainer: Ric Crabbe <crabbe@usna.edu> and Amit Dubey <adubey@coli.uni-sb.de>
URL: http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/preamble.html
Size: 78739 bytes, 2019 lines

;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Answers to Questions about Artificial Intelligence *************
;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Written by Ric Crabbe, Amit Dubey, and Mark Kantrowitz
;;;   ai_4.faq

This part of the AI FAQ provides a bibliography of good introductory
texts, overviews of AI and specific subfields of AI, and some
important papers in those subfields. If you feel that there is a
reference or set of references which should be added to this FAQ, or
references which should be removed, please send email to
crabbe@usna.edu or adubey@coli.uni-sb.de. When suggesting references
to be included in a particular subfield, only suggest the best two or
three references (or a particularly well-written overview). It is NOT
the intention of this listing to be a comprehensive AI bibliography.

Books suggested by their authors must present a strongly argued case.

Part 4 (Bibliography):
  Bibliography of introductory texts, overviews and references
  Addresses and phone numbers for major AI publishers

Outline:
   [4-0]          General web repositories(was: Research Index (nee Citeceer))
   [4-1]          AI in general (Introductions, Overviews)
   [4-2]          Search and Game Playing
   [4-3]          Knowledge Representation
   [4-4]          Logic
   [4-5]          Planning
   [4-6]          Natural Language Processing (NLP)
   [4-7]          Speech Recognition and Synthesis


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/preamble.html (1 of 4) [20/06/2003 22:41:28]
 Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Bibliography 4/6 [Monthly posting]

    [4-8]         Connectionism and Neural Nets
    [4-9]         Machine Learning
    [4-10]         Case-Based Reasoning
    [4-11]        Genetic Algorithms
    [4-12]        Production Systems, Expert Systems and Match Algorithms
    [4-13]        Integrated AI Architectures
    [4-14]        Fuzzy Logic
    [4-15]        Artificial Life and Cellular Automata
    [4-16]        Qualitative Physics and Model Based Reasoning
    [4-17]        Task-specific Architectures for Problem Solving
    [4-18]        Automated Deduction/Theorem Proving
    [4-19]        Probabilistic Reasoning
    [4-20]        Nonmonotonic Reasoning and Truth Maintenance Systems (TMS)
    [4-21]        Robotics and Computer Vision
    [4-22]        Animats and Autonomous Agents
    [4-23]        Distributed AI
    [4-24]        User/Agent Modeling
    [4-25]        Philosophy of AI
    [4-26]        Cyc
    [4-27]        Constraint-based Scheduling
    [4-28]        Music and AI
    [4-29]        AI and Education
    [4-30]        Blackboard Architectures
    [4-31]        Temporal Reasoning and Modal Logic
    [4-32]        Data Mining
    [4-33]        Medicine/Biology/Bioinformatics
    [4-34]        AI book publication announcements mailing list
    [4-35]        Who are the major AI publishers?
    [4-36]        How do I get a copy of the proceedings to conference <x>?
    [4-37]        How do I get a copy of <x>'s PhD dissertation?
    [4-38]        How do I get Tech Report X?
    [4-39]        Videotapes and Magazines

Search for [#] to get to question number # quickly.



Section Contents

    q   News Headers
    q   [4-0] General web repositories(was: Research Index (nee Citeceer))
    q   [4-1] AI in general (Introductions, Overviews)
    q   [4-2] Search, Game Playing and Video Game AI
    q   [4-3] Knowledge Representation
    q   [4-4] Logic
    q   [4-5] Planning
    q   [4-6] Natural Language Processing (NLP)
    q   [4-7] Speech Recognition and Synthesis
    q   [4-8] Connectionism and Neural Nets


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/preamble.html (2 of 4) [20/06/2003 22:41:28]
Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Bibliography 4/6 [Monthly posting]

   q   [4-9] Machine Learning
   q   [4-10] Case-Based Reasoning
   q   [4-11] Genetic Algorithms
   q   [4-12] Production Systems, Expert Systems and Match Algorithms
   q   [4-13] Integrated AI Architectures
   q   [4-14] Fuzzy Logic
   q   [4-15] Artificial Life and Cellular Automata
   q   [4-16] Qualitative Physics and Model Based Reasoning
   q   [4-17] Task-specific Architectures for Problem Solving
   q   [4-18] Automated Deduction/Theorem Proving
   q   [4-19] Probabilistic Reasoning
   q   [4-20] Nonmonotonic Reasoning and Truth Maintenance Systems (TMS)
   q   [4-21] Robotics and Computer Vision
   q   [4-22] Animats and Autonomous Agents:
   q   [4-23] Distributed AI
   q   [4-24] User/Agent Modeling
   q   [4-25] Philosophy of AI
   q   [4-26] Cyc.
   q   [4-27] Constraint-based Scheduling
   q   [4-28] Music and AI
   q   [4-29] AI and Education
   q   [4-30] Blackboard Architectures
   q   [4-31] Temporal Reasoning and Modal Logic
   q   [4-32] Data Mining
   q   [4-33] Medicine/Biology/Bioinformatics
   q   [4-34] AI book publication announcements mailing list
   q   [4-35] Who are the major AI publishers?
   q   [4-36] How do I get a copy of the proceedings to conference ?
   q   [4-37] How do I get a copy of 's PhD dissertation?
   q   [4-38] How do I get Tech Report X?
   q   [4-39] Videotapes and Magazines




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/preamble.html (3 of 4) [20/06/2003 22:41:28]
Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Bibliography 4/6 [Monthly posting]

                                           Send corrections/additions to the FAQ Maintainer:
                                                           crabbe@usna.edu

                                                     Last Update June 20 2003 @ 00:12 AM




http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/preamble.html (4 of 4) [20/06/2003 22:41:28]
 Artificial Intelligence FAQ: AI Web Directories & Online Papers 5/6 [Monthly posting]

                                             Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page




Artificial Intelligence FAQ: AI Web Directories
    & Online Papers 5/6 [Monthly posting]

Archive-name: ai-faq/general/part5
Posting-Frequency: monthly
Version: 2.1
Maintainer: Ric Crabbe <crabbe@usna.edu> and Amit Dubey <adubey@coli.uni-sb.de>
URL: http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part5/preamble.html
Size: 46277 bytes, 1114 lines

;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Answers to Questions about Artificial Intelligence *************
;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Written by Amit Dubey, Ric Crabbe, and Mark Kantrowitz
;;;   ai_5.faq

If you think of questions that are appropriate for this FAQ, or would
like to improve an answer, please send email to the maintainers.

Parts 5 and 6 of the FAQ are now under heavy construction. The FTP & WWW
resources have been combined, since both are browser accessible these
days. We're also pruning the entries to sites that include
information other than whatever project is being done at that
University, etc.

Part 5 (WWW & FTP Resources):
  [5-0] Research Index (nee Citeseer)
  [5-1] Weblogs, repositories, web directories and communities not
        aimed primarily at researchers
  [5-2] Repositories and web directories aimed primarily at researchers
  [5-3] Web books (textbooks and otherwise)
  [5-4] AI Bibliographies available by FTP and WWW
  [5-5] Technical Reports available by FTP and WWW
  [5-6] Technical Reports for/by undergraduate students
  [5-7] Where can I get a machine readable dictionary, thesaurus, and
        other text corpora?
  [5-8] Where can I get training sets for machine learning algorithms?
  [5-9] What on-line journals are there?

Search for [#] to get to question number # quickly.



 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part5/preamble.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:29]
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Section Contents

    q   News Headers
    q   [5-0] Research Index (nee Citeceer)
    q   [5-1] Repositories and directories not aimed primarily at researchers
    q   [5-2] Repositories aimed primarily for researchers
    q   [5-3] Web books (textbooks and otherwise)
    q   [5-4] AI Bibliographies available by FTP
    q   [5-5] Technical Reports available by WWW/FTP
    q   [5-6] Technical resources for/by undergraduate students
    q   [5-7] Where can I get a machine readable dictionary, thesaurus, and other text corpora?
    q   [5-8] Where can I get training sets for machine learning algorithms?
    q   [5-9] What on-line Journals are there?




                                             Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page


                                                                   Rate this FAQ


                                                                        N/A




                                   [ Usenet FAQs | Search | Web FAQs | Documents | RFC Index ]


                                            Send corrections/additions to the FAQ Maintainer:
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                                                      Last Update June 20 2003 @ 00:12 AM




 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part5/preamble.html (2 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:29]
 Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Open Source AI Software 6/6 [Monthly posting]

                                             Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page




      Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Open Source AI
             Software 6/6 [Monthly posting]

Archive-name: ai-faq/general/part6
Posting-Frequency: monthly
Version: 2.1
Maintainer: Ric Crabbe <crabbe@usna.edu> and Amit Dubey <adubey@coli.uni-sb.de>
URL: http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part6/preamble.html
Size: 82158 bytes, 1700 lines

;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Answers to Questions about Artificial Intelligence *************
;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Written by Amit Dubey, Ric Crabbe, and Mark Kantrowitz
;;;   ai_6.faq

If you think of questions that are appropriate for this FAQ, or would
like to improve an answer, please send email to the maintainers.

Part 6 (AI Open-Source and Other Software by Sub-field)
  [6-1] Languages
  [6-2] General AI Software
  [6-3] Well-known Classics

  the rest of the sections are an alphabetical listing by topic:

  [6-4] Agent Modelling, Artificial Life
  [6-5] Blackboard Architectures, Case Based Reasoning, Chatbots,
  Chess, Constraint Programming
  [6-6] Data Mining, Defeasible Reasoning, Expert Systems
  [6-7] Frame Systems, Fuzzy Logic, Games, General, Genetic Algorithms, ICOT
  [6-8] Knowledge Representation, Machine Learning, Medical
  [6-9] Natural Language Processing
  [6-9a] Speech
  [6-10] Neural Networks
  [6-11] Organizations, Pedegogy, Probability, Planning, Qualitative Reasoning
  [6-12] Robotics
  [6-13] Temporal Reasoning, Theorem Proving, Truth Maintenance
  [6-14] Search, Simulated Annealing

Search for [#] to get to question number # quickly.


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part6/preamble.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:30]
 Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Open Source AI Software 6/6 [Monthly posting]




Section Contents

    q   News Headers
    q   [6-1] Languages
    q   [6-2] General AI Software
    q   [6-3] Well-known Classics
    q   [6-4] Agent Modelling - Artificial Life
    q   [6-5] Blackboard Architectures - Constraint Programming
    q   [6-6] Data Mining - Expert Systems
    q   [6-7] Frame Systems - ICOT
    q   [6-8] Knowledge Representation - Medical
    q   [6-9] Natural Language Processing
    q   [6-9a] Speech
    q   [6-10] Neural Networks
    q   [6-11] Organizations - Qualitative Reasoning
    q   [6-12] Robotics
    q   [6-13] Temporal Reasoning - Truth Maintenance
    q   [6-14] Search




                                             Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page


                                                                   Rate this FAQ


                                                                        N/A




                                  [ Usenet FAQs | Search | Web FAQs | Documents | RFC Index ]


                                           Send corrections/additions to the FAQ Maintainer:
                                              crabbe@usna.edu, adubey@coli.uni-sb.de

                                                     Last Update June 20 2003 @ 00:12 AM




 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part6/preamble.html (2 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:30]
 Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Newsgroups and Mailing Lists 2/6 [Monthly posting]

                                              Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - MultiPage




   Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Newsgroups and
         Mailing Lists 2/6 [Monthly posting]

From: crabbe@usna.edu (Ric Crabbe and Amit Dubey)
Newsgroups: comp.ai
Subject: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Newsgroups and Mailing Lists 2/6 [Monthly
posting]
Date: Mon, 2 Jun 2003 04:12:06 +0000 (UTC)
Message-ID: <bbeiqm$tc3$1@crab.cs.usna.edu>
Reply-To: crabbe@usna.edu
Summary: Artificial Intelligence Related Newsgroups and Mailing Lists

Archive-name: ai-faq/general/part2
Posting-Frequency: monthly
Version: 2.1
Maintainer: Ric Crabbe <crabbe@usna.edu> and Amit Dubey <adubey@coli.uni-sb.de>
URL: http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/preamble.html
Size: 69914 bytes, 1790 lines

;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Answers to Questions about Artificial Intelligence *************
;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Written by Amit Dubey, Ric Crabbe and Mark Kantrowitz
;;;   ai_2.faq

Part 2 (AI-related Newsgroups and Mailing Lists):
  List of all known AI-related newsgroups, mailing lists, and
  electronic bulletin board systems.

Outline:
   ----------------
   [2-1] AI-related Newsgroups and News Sources
   [2-1a] AI-related Newsgroup Archives
   [2-1b] AI-related Newsgroup FAQ postings
   [2-2] AI Research in a particular country
   ----------------
   [2-3] Agents
   [2-4] Artificial Life
   [2-5] AI for Development
   [2-6] AI in Education
   [2-7] AI and Law

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    [2-8]  AI in Medicine
    [2-9]  AI and Statistics
    [2-10] Blackboard Architectures
    [2-11] Business, Economics, Finance (IE-Digest, AT-Finance)
    [2-12] Cellular Automata
    [2-13] Classification and Clustering
    [2-14] Cognitive Science and Psychology
    [2-15] Connectionism and Neural Networks
    [2-16] Constraint Satisfaction
    [2-17] Cybernetics and Systems
    [2-18] Diagrams
    [2-19] Distributed AI
    [2-20] Expert Systems in Agriculture
    [2-21] Use of Computers in the Fine Arts
    [2-22] Fuzzy Logic
    [2-23] Game Playing
    [2-24] Genetic Algorithms and Genetic Programming
    [2-25] HCI: AI Applications to Human-Computer Interface Design
    [2-26] Knowledge Acquisition
    [2-27] Knowledge-based Scheduling
    [2-28] Knowledge Representation
    [2-29] Logic Programming, Prolog
    [2-30] Machine Discovery
    [2-31] Machine Learning
    [2-33] Natural Language Processing
    [2-34] Qualitative Physics
    [2-35] Robotics
    [2-36] Simulated Annealing
    [2-37] Simulation
    [2-38] Symbolic Math
    [2-39] Theorem Provers
    [2-40] Case-Based Reasoning
    [2-41] Uncertainty
    [2-45] Vision Research
    [2-50] Commercial Systems: Kappa PC, ...
    [2-60] Miscellaneous: Artificial Morality, Intelligent Control,
              Intelligent Decision Support Systems, Frogs,
              Meteorology, Natural World Problems, OOP Frameworks
    ----------------

Search for [#] to get to question number # quickly.



Subject: [2-1] AI-related Newsgroups and News Sources


Newsgroups:
Subscribe to these using your newsreader.


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comp.ai                                                 Artificial Intelligence (moderated)
comp.ai.alife                                           Artificial Life
comp.ai.fuzzy                                           Fuzzy Logic. Gatewayed to NAFIPS-L and Fuzzy-Mail.
comp.ai.games                                           AI in Games and Game Playing
comp.ai.genetic                                         Genetic Algorithms
comp.ai.nat-lang                                        Natural Language Processing (unmoderated)
comp.ai.neural-nets                                     Neural Networks
comp.ai.philosophy                                      Philosophical Foundations of AI
comp.ai.shells                                          Expert System Shells
comp.robotics                                           Robotics
comp.speech                                             Speech related research, including speech
                                                        recognition and synthesis.
comp.ai.vision                                          Vision Research. Also available through
                                                        the Vision List Digest (see [45] below).
comp.ai.jair.papers                                     Online papers of the Journal of AI Research. (M)
comp.ai.jair.announce                                   Announcements & abstracts of JAIR papers. (M)

comp.theory.info-retrieval                              Information Retrieval
comp.cog-eng                                            Cognitive Engineering
sci.cognitive                                           Cognitive Science
sci.psychology.research                                 Psychology. Bi-directionally gatewayed to
                                                        the psy-research mailing list; send mail to
                                                           psy-research-request@psy.psych.nova.edu
                                                        to subscribe.
comp.simulation                                         Simulation
sci.lang                                                Linguistics
sci.math.symbolic                                       Symbolic Math
sci.virtual-worlds                                      Virtual Reality. Also available through
                                                        the bi-directional gateway, VIRTU-L on
                                                        LISTSERV@UIUCVMD.BITNET or
                                                        LISTSERV@VMD.CSO.UIUC.EDU
comp.theory.cell-automata                               Cellular Automata
comp.theory.self-org-sys                                Self-organizing systems

AI Programming Languages

comp.constraints                                        Constraint Processing
comp.lang.clos                                          Common Lisp Object System
comp.lang.dylan                                         Dylan
comp.lang.functional                                    Functional Programming Languages
comp.lang.lisp                                          Common Lisp
comp.lang.lisp.franz                                    Franz Lisp
comp.lang.lisp.mcl                                      Macintosh Common Lisp
comp.lang.lisp.x                                        XLisp


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comp.lang.ml                                            Standard ML. Gatewayed to sml-list@cs.cmu.edu.
comp.lang.prolog                                        Prolog and Logic Programming
comp.lang.scheme                                        Scheme
comp.lang.scheme.c                                      MIT C Scheme
comp.lang.smalltalk                                     Smalltalk
comp.lang.pop                                           POPLOG integrated programming language &
                                                        environment for Lisp, Prolog, ML and Pop11
comp.object                                             Object Oriented Programming
comp.object.logic                                       Integrating Object-Orientend and Logic Paradigms
comp.org.lisp-users                                     Association of Lisp Users
comp.std.lisp                                           Lisp Standards

German AI newsgroup:
   de.sci.informatik.ki
(thanks to Michael Schillo for the update)


News Sources:
Computists International maintain a set of newsletters concerning AI. They
come with membership ($22.50 students $47.50 professionals), or if you can
wait 2 weeks, you can get them for free. Go to: <http://www.computists.com>




Subject: [2-1a] AI-related Newsgroup Archives

Newsgroup archives of comp.ai are no longer maintained because google
(http://www.google.com/grphp) does such a fine job.



Subject: [2-1b] AI-related Newsgroup FAQ postings

Of the newsgroups listed in [2-1], the following have FAQ postings:

    comp.ai, comp.ai.fuzzy, comp.ai.shells, comp.ai.genetic, comp.robotics,
    comp.speech, comp.ai.neural-nets, comp.lang.lisp, comp.lang.scheme,
    comp.lang.clos, comp.lang.prolog, comp.object, comp.theory.cell-automata,
    comp.constraints, comp.ai.nat-lang, comp.lang.smalltalk

Many of the FAQ postings are available from

  http://www.faqs.org/faqs/

In general FAQs should be downloaded from rtfm.mit.edu:/pub/faqs




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Subject: [2-2] AI Research in a particular country

British AI                                              alvey jws%ib.rl.ac.uk@nsfnet-relay.ac.uk
Japanese AI                                             fj-ai%etl.jp@relay.cs.net
Mexican AI                                              IAMEX-L on listserv@tecmtyvm.mty.itesm.mx
Florida AI                                              FLAIRS on listserv@ucf1vm.cc.ucf.edu

The IAMEX-L list is administrated by the AI Invetigation Center in
Instituto Tecnologico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (ITESM)
in Monterrey, N.L. To be added to that list, please contact:
     pl500368@tecmtyvm.bitnet (Juana Maria Gomez Puertos)
     pl157961@tecmtyvm.bitnet (Fernando Careaga Sanchez)

The newsgroup de.sci.ki.discussion is the German equivalent of comp.ai.
The newsgroup de.sci.ki.announce is for announcements about AI.

The newsgroup aus.ai is the (unmoderated) Australian equivalent of comp.ai.

BCINFO-IT is a mailing list for information about information
technology in Britain. To subscribe, send mail to

    bcifunit@solomon.technet.sg

with

    ADD BCINFO-IT <your email address here>

in the Subject line of the message. For more information, contact
Mrs Yu-Toh Yin Yin, Information Officer, The British Council,
30 Napier Road, Singapore 1025, call 473-1111 x145, fax 479-7481, or
send email to bcifunit@solomon.technet.sg.



Subject: [2-3] Agents

http://www.cs.umbc.edu/agentslist/

The Software Agents Mailing List is devoted to the issues of software
agents, personal digital assistants, software robots, knowbots,
intelligent interface agents, etc. The term agent is ill-defined and
because of this the scope of this mailing list will also be somewhat
ill-defined. However, it should be restricted to software agents as
opposed to hardware (robots) and human agents (your travel agent).
(Although the interface from software agents to other agents is fair
game.) The list was begun in 1994 by Ray Johnson, then at the Lockheed
Palo Alto AI Center and now at Sun. In the Fall of 1996 it moved to
UMBC.




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Subject: [2-4] Artificial Life

alife@cognet.ucla.edu

The alife mailing list is for communications regarding artificial
life, a formative interdisciplinary field involving computer science,
the natural sciences, mathematics, medicine and others. Send mail to
alife-request@cognet.ucla.edu to be added to the list.

See also the UCLA Artificial Life Depository in question [5-1].



Subject: [2-5] AI for Development

aidev@aisb.ed.ac.uk

An occasional newsletter for folk interested in AI applications in
and for developing countries. The newsletter is sent to the mailing
list and to the newsgroup comp.society.development.

Send requests to be added to the mailing list to Kathleen King
<kk@aisb.ed.ac.uk>.



Subject: [2-6] AI in Education

AI-ED:
   ai-ed@sun.com (was ai-ed@sumex-aim.stanford.edu)

    Includes ICAI (intelligent computer aided instruction) and
    ITS (intelligent tutoring systems).

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems, questions,
    etc., should be sent to ai-ed-request@sun.com.

    [As of 12/12/94, this list seems to have moved. Anybody know where?]

HUMANIST:       [Mail from utorepas bounces. 8/18/93 mk]
   humanist%utorepas.bitnet@cornellc.ccs.cornell.edu

    HUMANIST is an international mailing list for discussion of
    applications of computers to scholarship in the humanities. AI
    or NLP topics sometimes come up.

    Interested individuals should send a note together with a brief
    biography to the Coordinator in the following format:

        *Family-name, Given-names <e-mail address>

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        Title, mailing address(es), telephone number(s).

        Body of biography. This should not be a c.v. and need not be very
        detailed but should cover the full range of your professional
        activities and interests, both present and past. Mention other things
        at your discretion. Biographies vary considerably in length, though
        few are less than 100 words or more than 500.

    Coordinator:
      Willard McCarty <mccarty%utorepas.bitnet@cornellc.ccs.cornell.edu>

NEWEDU-L:

    NEWEDU-L@vm.usc.edu

    NEWEDU-L is dedicated to exploring new paradigms in education and
    how they can be implemented, including, among other things, the role
    of artificial intelligence in education.

    To subscribe, send a message to listserv@uscvm.bitnet or
    listserv@vm.usc.eduwith the following line in the message body:
       SUBSCRIBE NEWEDU-L Your_full_name
    To remove yourself from the mailing list, send a message with the line
       SIGNOFF NEWEDU-L

    For further information, contact the moderators, Greg Swan and Paul
    Privateer, at npadmin@mc.maricopa.edu.



Subject: [2-7] Artificial Intelligence and Law

ail-l@austin.onu.edu

To subscribe to AIL-L you should send a message to the internet address
     listserv@austin.onu.edu
The body of the message should consist of:
     subscribe AIL-L <your full name>



Subject: [2-8] AI in Medicine

AI in Medicine:
   ai-medicine@med.stanford.edu

    Focus is on computer-based medical decision support. Currently over
    1,000 subscribers in more than 35 countries.

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems, questions,

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    etc., should be sent to ai-medicine-request@med.stanford.edu. The list
    is coordinated by Wanda Pratt and Serdar Uckun.

    Archives of the mailing list are available by anonymous ftp from
    lhc.nlm.nih.gov:/pub/ai-medicine/ [130.14.1.128].

CBR-MED:
   cbr-med@cs.uchicago.edu

    Case-Based Reasoning in Medicine.

    To subscribe to the list, send a message to listproc@cs.uchicago.edu
    with
       subscribe CBR-MED <your first name> <your last name>
    in the message body. To get the FAQ, include
       get cbr-med faq

    If you need to speak with a human being, send mail to
    Jeff Berger <OWNER-CBR-MED@cs.uchicago.edu>.

Other medicine lists with some AI content include:

    SMDM-L on listserv@dartcms1.dartmouth.edu (medical decision making)

    MedInf-L on listserv@dearn.bitnet (medical data processing and informatics)



Subject: [2-9] AI and Statistics

AI and Statistics:
   ai-stats@watstat.uwaterloo.ca

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems, questions,
    etc., should be sent to ai-stats-request@watstat.uwaterloo.ca



Subject: [2-10] Blackboard Architectures

GBB-Users:
   gbb-users@bn.cs.umass.edu

    The list covers both the commercial GBB framework and the UMass
    research prototype (mostly the former these days).

    To be added to the list, send mail to
      gbb-users-request@bn.cs.umass.edu

    See also http://www.bbtech.com


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Subject: [2-11] Business, Economics, Finance (IE-Digest, AT-Finance)

Intelligent Systems for Business and Economics (IE-Digest):

    IE-list@cs.ucl.ac.uk

    The IE-digest aims to act as a forum to exchange ideas on using
    `intelligent' techniques to model economic and financial systems.
    Calls for papers, paper announcements and queries are welcome.

    Techniques which were originally developed to model psychological and
    biological processes are now receiving considerable attention as tools
    for modelling and understanding economic and financial processes.
    These techniques, which include neural networks, genetic algorithms
    and expert systems are now being used in a wide variety of
    applications including the modelling of economic cycles, modelling of
    artificial economies, portfolio optimisation and credit evaluation.

    To be added to the list, send mail to IE-list-request@cs.ucl.ac.uk. An
    archive of back issues of the digest, as well as papers,
    bibliographies and software, may be obtained by anonymous ftp from
    cs.ucl.ac.uk:/ie/ [128.16.5.31].

    List moderated by Suran Goonatilake, Dept. of Computer Science,
    University College London, Gower St., London WC1E 6BT, UK,
    <surang@cs.ucl.ac.uk>.

Advanced Technology for Finance:

    at-finance-board@invnext.worldbank.org

    The Advanced Technology for Finance Special Interest Group of the INNS
    maintains the AT-Finance mailing list for discussions of financial or
    economic applications of advanced technology. Discussion sometimes
    involves Neural Networks, Genetic Algorithms, Fuzzy Logic, Statistics,
    Complexity theory, Artificial Life, and Nonlinear and Chaos Theory.

    To subscribe, send mail to at-finance-request@invnext.worldbank.org.

    For further information, send mail to the AT-Finance administrator at
    <at-finance@invnext.worldbank.org>.

    [This list seems to be defunct. --mk]



Subject: [2-12] Cellular Automata


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cellular-automata@think.com                             (aka ca@think.com)

Gatewayed to the newsgroup comp.theory.cell-automata.

Archived messages may be found at
   ftp.think.com:/mail/
in the files ca.archive*.

All other requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
questions, etc., should be sent to cellular-automata-request@think.com.



Subject: [2-13] Classification and Clustering

class-l%sbccvm.bitnet@cunyvm.cuny.edu

Mailing list and file server for researchers in classification,
clustering, phylogenetic estimation, and related areas of data
analysis.

To subscribe to CLASS-L you should send a message to the internet address
     listserv%sbccvm.bitnet@cunyvm.cuny.edu
The body of the message should consist of:
     subscribe CLASS-L <your full name>
To have your name removed from the CLASS-L subscriber list, send:
     signoff CLASS-L



Subject: [2-14] Cognitive Science and Psychology

PSYCGRAD (The Psychology Graduate Student Journal) is an online
journal of technical papers by psychology graduate students and is
edited by a team of 18 graduate student editors. To submit a paper or
article, send email to psygrd-j@acadvm1.uottawa.ca. To subscribe, send
a message "sub psygrd-j <firstname> <lastname>" to
listserv@acadvm1.uottawa.ca or read the newsgroup bit.listserv.psycgrad.

PSYCHE is a refereed electronic journal concerning the
interdisciplinary exploration of the nature of consciousness and its
relationship to the brain. To subscribe, send a message with
"SUBSCRIBE PSYCHE-L Firstname Lastname" in the body to
<listserv@iris.rfmh.org>. There is also a web version of the journal at:
<http://psyche.cs.monash.edu.au/>. Submissions may be sent to the
Executive Editor, Patrick Wilken, Computer Science Dept., Monash
University, Clayton, 3167, AUSTRALIA, <patrickw@cs.monash.edu.au>.
A discussion group PSYCHE-D has also been created for discussion of


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the contents of the journal and related topics. To subscribe, send a
message with "SUBSCRIBE PSYCHE-D Firstname Lastname" in the body to
<listserv@iris.rfmh.org>. The moderator of PSYCHE-D is Patrick Wilken
<patrickw@cs.monash.edu.au>.

COGNEURO (Cognitive Neuroscience) is a low volume mailing list for
discussing matters at the interface of cognitive science and
neuroscience. For more information about the list, send mail to
cogneuro-request@ptolemy.arc.nasa.gov with Subject line "cogneuro:
send info". To subscribe, use the Subject line "cogneuro: subscribe",
and to unsubscribe, "cogneuro: unsubscribe". Only members of the list
may post to the list. The mailing list archives are available by
anonymous ftp from
   ego.psych.mcgill.ca:/pub/cogneuro/ [132.206.106.211]
and are maintained by Phil A. Hetherington <het@blaise.psych.mcgill.ca>.
The list is moderated by Kimball Collins <kpc@ptolemy.arc.nasa.gov>.

COGPSY is a moderated mailing list concerned with connectionist
research in cognitive psychology. To be added to the list, send mail
to cogpsy-request@phil.ruu.nl. Submissions should be sent to the same
address.



Subject: [2-15] Connectionism and Neural Networks

Connectionists:
   connectionists@cs.cmu.edu

    This is a restricted mailing list for discussion of technical
    issues relating to neural computation, and for dissemination of
    information directly relevant to researchers in the field. Membership
    is restricted to students and faculty who are actively involved in
    connectionist research.

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
    questions, etc., should be sent to connectionists-request@cs.cmu.edu.

Neural Networks (moderated):
   Neuron@cattell.psych.upenn.edu

    Neuron-Digest is a moderated list (in digest form) dealing with all
    aspects of neural networks (and any type of network or neuromorphic
    system). Topics include both connectionist models (artificial neural
    networks) and biological systems ("wetware"). The digest is posted to
    comp.ai.neural-nets.

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
    questions, etc., should be sent to neuron-request@psych.upenn.edu

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    Send submissions to neuron@psych.upenn.edu.

    Neuron Digest archives are kept in the OSU Neuroprose collection
    and in psych.upenn.edu:/pub/Neuron-Digest/ [130.91.68.31]

    Back issues of Neuron Digest are now also available from an email
    archive server. Send a message with "help" in the subject line to
    archive-server@psych.upenn.edu for more information.

    Hypertext versions of the Neuron Digest are available via the URL
       http://www.erg.abdn.ac.uk/projects/neuralweb/digests/

Neuron-UK:
   neuron-uk@mailbase.ac.uk

    Neural networks in Europe.

    To subscribe, send mail to mailbase@mailbase.ac.uk with
       subscribe neuron-uk yourname
    in the message body.

Users of the Rochester Connectionist Simulator:
   simulator-users@cs.rochester.edu
   simulator-bugs@cs.rochester.edu

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
    questions, etc., should be sent to simulator-request@cs.rochester.edu.

    The simulator is available in ftp.cs.rochester.edu:/pub/packages/simulator/

Users of the Stuttgart Neural Network Simulator:
   snns@informatik.uni-stuttgart.de

    To be added to the mailing list, send a message to
    listserv@informatik.uni-stuttgart.de with
      subscribe snns <Your Full Name>
    in the message body.

    The simulator is available in
    ifi.informatik.uni-stuttgart.de:/pub/SNNS/SNNSv2.1.tar.Z [129.69.211.1]

RNA:
   RNA on LISTSERV@UTFSM.BITNET

    RNA is a Neural Net list in Spanish.

    RNA es una lista dedicada a todas aquellas personas interesadas en el
    desarrollo e investigacion en el campo de las Redes de Neuronas
    Artificiales. El proposito de esta lista es intercambiar

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    informacion, favorecer el encuentro de personas con intereses
    afines, promover la formacion de grupos de trabajos y servir de
    apoyo a quienes se integran al area.

    Para subscribirse enviar una nota a LISTSERV@UTFSM.BITNET con el
    siguiente mensaje en el cuerpo de la nota:
       SUB RNA nombre apellido

Cells:
   cells@tce.ing.uniroma1.it

    A mailing list about cellular neural networks. According to the
    list announcement, Cellular Neural Networks are continuous-time
    dynamical systems consisting of a grid of processing elements
    connected only to neighbours within a given (small) distance. They are
    silicon-efficient locally recurrent networks such as artificial retinas.

    To subscribe, send mail to Marco Balsi <mb@tce.ing.uniroma1.it>.



Subject: [2-16] Constraint Satisfaction

See also comp.constraints. The FAQ is available via WWW as
   http://web.cs.city.ac.uk/archive/constraints/constraints.html
and by anonymous ftp as
   ftp.cs.city.ac.uk:/pub/constraints/ [138.40.91.9]
The comp.constraints newsgroup is archived in
   ftp.cs.city.ac.uk:/pub/constraints/archive/
Questions about the FAQ should be directed to Michael Jampel
<jampel@cs.city.ac.uk>; questions about the archive should be directed
to Andy Whitcroft <andy@cs.city.ac.uk>.

csp-list@saturne.cert.fr

    A moderated mailing list for topics related to Constraint
    Satisfaction Problems, including algorithms, properties, extensions,
    benchmarks, applications, calls for papers, and so on.

    To subscribe, send a message to listserver@saturne.cert.fr with
       sub csp-list <Your Full Name>
    in the message body.

    If you prefer to receive a digest once a week, send the listserv
    a command like
       set csp-list mail digest
    after successfully subscribing to the list.

    Archives and various informative files can be found by sending the

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    "index csp-list" and "get" commands to listserver@saturne.cert.fr. See
    the explanations in "help" for full details.

    For further questions, please get in contact with Thomas Schiex,
    CERT-ONERA (GIA), 2 Avenue Edouard Belin, BP 4025, 31055 Toulouse
    CEDEX, FRANCE, call +33 61-55-70-65, fax +33 61-55-71-94, or send
    email to schiex@cert.fr.



Subject: [2-17] Cybernetics and Systems

Cybernetics and Systems:

    cybsys-l@bingvmb.cc.binghamton.edu
    cybsys-l%bingvmb.bitnet@cunyvm.cuny.edu

    The Cybernetics and Systems mailing list is an open list serving those
    working in or just interested in the interdisciplinary fields of
    Systems Science, Cybernetics, and related fields (e.g. General
    Systems Theory, Complex Systems Theory, Dynamic Systems Theory,
    Computer Modeling and Simulation, Network Theory, Self-Organizing
    Systems Theory, Information Theory, Fuzzy Set Theory). The list is
    coordinated by members of the Systems Science department of the Watson
    School at SUNY-Binghamton, and is affiliated with the International
    Society for the Systems Sciences (ISSS) and the American Society for
    Cybernetics (ASC).

    To subscribe to cybsys-l you should send a message to the internet address
         listserv@bingvmb.cc.binghamton.edu
         listserv%bingvmb.bitnet@cunyvm.cuny.edu
    The body of the message should consist of:
         SUB CYBSYS-L <your full name>
    To unsubscribe send the following command: UNSUB CYBSYS-L

Autopoiesis:

    Mailing list concerning autopoietic (self-producing) systems, as
    described in
       H. Maturana and F. Varela in "Autopoiesis and Cognition" (D. Reidel,
       1980) and "The Embodied Mind."

  To subscribe, send a message to listserv@thinknet.net with
     sub autopoiesis <your name> <your netaddress>
  in the message body.

Complex Systems:
  complex@life.anu.edu.au



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  The Complex Systems List is concerned with all aspects of
  Complex Systems, including cellular automata, artificial life,
  genetic algorithms, and fractals.

  To subscribe, send mail to listserv@life.anu.edu.au with
     subscribe complex "your name"
  in the message body.



Subject: [2-18] Diagrams

diagrams@cs.swarthmore.edu

A mailing list for discussions on (and announcements about activities
concerning) computational and cognitive issues related to diagrams and
imagery. Issues covered include problem solving with diagrammatic
representations, visual reasoning, computational imagery, etc.

To subscribe, send a request to
        diagrams-request@cs.swarthmore.edu

Maintained by Dr. David Barker-Plummer, Computer Science, Swarthmore College.



Subject: [2-19] Distributed AI

DAI-List:
   DAI-List@ece.sc.edu

    Send subscription requests to DAI-List-request@ece.sc.edu.
    Back issues archived on ftp.mcc.com [128.62.130.101].

Distributed-AI Discussion List:
   To subscribe or get help send COMMAND (e.g. HELP) to mailbase@mailbase.ac.uk
   Send contributions to distributed-ai@mailbase.ac.uk
   For other questions, contact the list owner, lyndon@sx.ac.uk.



Subject: [2-20] Expert Systems in Agriculture

ag-exp-l%ndsuvm1.bitnet@cunyvm.cuny.edu

To subscribe to ag-exp-l you should send a message to the internet address
     listserv%ndsuvm1.bitnet@cunyvm.cuny.edu
The body of the message should consist of:
     subscribe AG-EXP-L <your full name>



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Subject: [2-21] Use of Computers in the Fine Arts

fineart%ecs.umass.edu@relay.cs.net

The FINEART Forum is dedicated to International collaboration between
artists and scientists. It is subsidized by the International Society for
the Arts, Science, and Technology (ISAST), 2020 Milvia, Berkeley, CA 94704.

The purpose of this bulletin board is to disseminate information regarding
the use of computers in the Fine Arts. One of the general areas of
interest is Art & AI.



Subject: [2-22] Fuzzy Logic

Both the NAFIPS-L and Fuzzy-Mail mailing lists are now gatewayed to
comp.ai.fuzzy.

NAFIPS Fuzzy Logic Mailing List at Georgia State University:
   NAFIPS-L@gsuvm1.gsu.edu

    To subscribe send the following command to LISTSERV@GSUVM1.BITNET:
       SUB NAFIPS-L your_full_name
    where "your_full_name" is your real name, not your login Id.
    Non-BitNet users can join by sending the above command as the only
    line in the text/body of a message to LISTSERV@GSUVM1.GSU.EDU.
    (NAFIPS = "North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society")

    Postings to this mailing list are automatically archived.

Technical University of Vienna Fuzzy Logic Mailing List:
   fuzzy-mail@vexpert.dbai.tuwien.ac.at

    To subscribe send the following command to
    listproc@vexpert.dbai.tuwien.ac.at:
       SUB FUZZY-MAIL your_full_name
    where "your_full_name" is your real name, not your login Id.

    This mailing list is two-way gatewayed to the NAFIPS-L list and to
    the comp.ai.fuzzy newsgroup.

    The listserver also gives access to some files, including the
    "Who is Who in Fuzzy Logic" database that is currently under
    construction by Robert Fuller <rfuller@finabo.abo.fi>.



Subject: [2-23] Game Playing

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Go:

      computer-go@prg.ox.ac.uk

      List for discussion of programs that play the game of GO. The list
      was set up by Fletch <m92mjb@ecs.ox.ac.uk>.

      To subscribe, send mail to computer-go-request@prg.ox.ac.uk.



Subject: [2-24] Genetic Algorithms and Genetic Programming

Genetic Algorithms Digest:

      GA-List@AIC.NRL.NAVY.MIL (moderated; digest format)

      Send subscription requests to the -request form of the list
      or to gref@aic.nrl.navy.mil.

      Past copies of the digest are archived on
         ftp.aic.nrl.navy.mil:/pub/galist/
      Some software is also archived there.

Discussion of genetic algorithms also appears from time to time in
comp.ai.neural-nets and comp.theory.self-org-sys.

Genetic Programming:

      genetic-programming@cs.stanford.edu

      A mailing list for discussion of Genetic Programming. See Koza's
      book for details.

      All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
      questions, etc., should be sent to
         genetic-programming-request@cs.stanford.edu

      The genetic-programming mailing list is archived on
      ftp.cc.utexas.edu:/pub/genetic-programming/ along with some code and papers.

Evolutionary Programming Email Digest:

      [This adress appears to have gone away- I am looking into it.]

      The digest is intended to promote discussions on a wide range of
      technical issues in evolutionary optimization, as well as provide
      information on upcoming conferences, events, journals, special issues,
      and other items of interest to the EP community. Discussions on all


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    areas of evolutionary computation are welcomed, including artificial
    life, evolution strategies, and genetic algorithms. The digest is
    meant to encourage interdisciplinary communications.

    To subscribe to the digest, send mail to ep-list-request@magenta.me.fau.edu
    and include the line "subscribe ep-list" in the body of the text. Further
    instructions will follow your subscription.

    The digest will be moderated by N. Saravanan of Florida Atlantic
    University, <saravan@amber.me.fau.edu>.

Evolutionary Computing:

    This is a UK discussion group for genetic programming, artificial
    life, and other topics in evolutionary computing.

    To subscribe, send mail to mailbase@mailbase.ac.uk with
        join evolutionary-computing <Your Full Name>
    in the message body.

GEnetic Algorithms Research Students (GEARS):
   gaphd-list@dcs.warwick.ac.uk

    A mailing list for students conducting research in the field of
    genetic algorithms. Example topics may include
       "How do I get started in GA research?",
       "Has x ever been tried before?"
       "Does anyone else get these results?"
       "Where can I obtain this paper?"
       "My supervisor's annoying me!"

    To subscribe, send mail to gaphd-list-request@dcs.warwick.ac.uk.

    The list is maintained by Martyn Amos <martyn@dcs.warwick.ac.uk>.

GANN:
   gann@cs.iastate.edu

    GANN is a mailing list concerned with the use of evolutionary
    algorithms (genetic algorithms, genetic programming and their
    variants) in the exploration of the design space of (artificial)
    neural network architectures and algorithms. The list will be
    semi-moderated to keep the signal to noise ratio as high as possible.

    To subscribe to the list, send mail to gann-request@cs.iastate.edu
    with
       subscribe
    in the Subject line.



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    Moderated by Dr. Vasant Honavar <honavar@cs.iastate.edu>,
    Dr. Mike Rudnick <rudnick@cs.tulane.edu> and Mr. Karthik
    Balakrishnan <balakris@cs.iastate.edu>.



Subject: [2-25] HCI: AI Applications to Human-Computer Interface Design

STUDENTS.CHI:
   students.chi@xerox.com

    The STUDENTS.CHI mailing list has been established by the SIGCHI
    Extended Executive Committee (EEC) and Xerox (the corporate sponsor of
    the CHI email distribution lists).

    The objective of STUDENTS.CHI is to distribute information and
    share perspectives of particular concern to students involved in any
    aspect of the human factors and computing field. The Human-Computer
    Interaction field (HCI) focuses on the research, design, development and
    evaluation of human-computer communication and interaction.

    Other distribution lists include:
       announcements.chi       Broadcasts messages of general interest
       educators.chi           Discussion of education in HCI issues
       ii.chi                  Messages related to intelligent interfaces
       intercultural.chi       Cross-cultural issues and SIGCHI
       socialaction.chi        Discussion of CHI-related Social Issues
       techprogram.chi         Long range planning of CHI conf. program
       vision.chi              Discussions related to the future of SIGCHI

    To be added to a mailing list, send a list of the CHI lists that you
    want to receive to Nick Briggs at "Registrar.chi@xerox.com".


AI-CHI:
   wiley!ai-chi@lll-lcc.llnl.gov

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems, questions,
    etc., should be sent to wiley!ai-chi-request@LLL-LCC.LLNL.GOV.

    [This machine seems to be defunct. Anybody knowing the new location
    of the mailing list should send mail to mkant+ai-faq@cs.cmu.edu.]



Subject: [2-26] Knowledge Acquisition

kaw@swi.psy.uva.nl

KAW is a list server provided by the University of Amsterdam for

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the knowledge acquisition community. It will carry news and
discussion relating to KA activities.

To join the KAW list, send a message with
   subscribe KAW <your name>
in the body to service@swi.psy.uva.nl. For more information about the
list server, send
   help
in the body instead.



Subject: [2-27] Knowledge-based Scheduling

sched-l@vexpert.dbai.tuwien.ac.at

Covers topics related to advanced scheduling techniques and
applications, especially knowledge-based scheduling of manufacturing
processes.

To subscribe, send mail to listserver@vexpert.dbai.tuwien.ac.at, with
the following line in the message body:
   SUB SCHED-L <name>
where <name> should be replaced by your real name.

If you prefer getting a digest once a week, send additionally a
   SET SCHED-L MAIL DIGEST
after subscribing as described above.

If you need to talk to a human being, talk to Sandford Bessler
<Sandford.Bessler@kapsch.co.at> or Wolfgang Slany
<wsi@vexpert.dbai.tuwien.ac.at>. Mail sent to
sched-owner@vexpert.dbai.tuwien.ac.at will reach both of them.



Subject: [2-28] Knowledge Representation

Conceptual Graphs:
   cg@cs.umn.edu

    Conceptual Graphs are a general semantic network representation of
    knowledge invented by John Sowa. They have the expressive power of
    logic, but with an easy mapping to natural language.

    See, for example,

          John F. Sowa, "Conceptual Structures: Information Processing in
          Man and Machine", Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass, 1984.



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          John Florian Sowa, "Knowledge Representation", forthcoming.

    To join, contact tjan@cs.umn.edu.

KQML:
   kqml@cs.umbc.edu

    Discussion of the conceptual design and use of KQML (Knowledge
    Query and Manipulation Language), a protocol for exchanging
    information and knowledge.

    To subscribe, send mail to majordomo@cs.umbc.edu
    with
      subscribe kqml
    in the message body.

    The mailing list archives are accessible by WWW to
       http://www.cs.umbc.edu/kqml/mail/
    The KQML WWW page is
       http://www.cs.umbc.edu/kqml/
    and is also accessible by anonymous ftp to
       ftp.cs.umbc.edu:/pub/kqml/

Knowledge Sharing:
   srkb@cs.umbc.edu

    For the shared-ontologies part of the Knowledge Sharing Effort of ARPA.

    To join send a message to majordomo@cs.umbc.edu with
       subscribe srkb
    in the message body.

Interlingua:
   interlingua@isi.edu

    For the KIF language (Knowledge Interchange Format) of the ARPA
    Knowledge Sharing Effort. KIF resembles predicate logic with many
    added parentheses, plus some set theory.



Subject: [2-29] Logic Programming, Prolog

Prolog and Logic Programming:
   prolog@sushi.stanford.edu (general)
   prolog-hackers@sushi.stanford.edu (nitty gritty)

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
    questions, etc., should be sent to prolog-request@sushi.stanford.edu


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    [The host sushi.stanford.edu no longer exists, as of 11/24/92.
     Does anybody know the new location of the mailing lists?]

Concurrent Logic Programming: [Mail to jlevy bounces. 8/18/93 mk]
   clp.x@xerox.com
   clp-request.All_Areas@xerox.com ??

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
    questions, etc., should be sent to clp-request.x@xerox.com or to
    Jacob Levy <jlevy.pa@xerox.com>.

Constraint Logic Programming:
   clp-request@cis.ohio-state.edu

LOGIC-L:
   logic-l@bucknell.edu

    Mailing list for the teaching and study of elementary logic.

    To subscribe, send a message to listserv@bucknell.edu with
       sub logic-l <your name>
    in the message body.

LPNMR:
   lpnmr@ms.uky.edu

    Mailing list for logic programming and non-monotonic reasoning.

    Send mail to lpnmr-request@ms.uky.edu to subscribe.



Subject: [2-30] Machine Discovery

Knowledge Discovery in Databases:
   kdd@gte.com

    KDD Nuggets is a moderated mailing list for the dissemination of
    information relevant to Knowledge Discovery in Databases (KDD), such as
    announcements of conferences/workshops, tool reviews, application
    examples, information requests, interesting ideas, outrageous opinions,
    and so on.

    Moderator:              Gregory Piatetsky-Shapiro <gps@gte.com>

    To subscribe, send mail to kdd-request@gte.com.

    The KDD Nuggets archive is accessible by anonymous ftp from
       ftp.gte.com:/pub/kdd/

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    or by WWW from
       http://info.gte.com/~kdd/
    It includes the KDD FAQ, a catalog of commercial and public domain
    tools, a list of AI resources compiled by Chris Matheus
    <cjm1%scintilla@gte.com>, and workshop reports.



Subject: [2-31] Machine Learning

Machine Learning List (moderated):
   ml@ics.uci.edu

    The Machine Learning List is moderated. Contributions should be
    relevant to the scientific study of machine learning. Mail requests
    to be added or deleted to ml-request@ics.uci.edu.

    URL for back-issues is
       http://www.ics.uci.edu/AI/ML/Machine-Learning.html

Machine learning List (unmoderated):
   http://www.egroups.com/group/machine-learning
   machine-learning-subscribe@egroups.com

    The Machine Learning mailing list is an unmoderated mailing list
    intended for people in Computer Sciences, Statistics, Mathematics,
    and other areas or disciplines with interests in Machine
    Learning. Researchers, practitioners, and users of Machine Learning
    in academia, industry, and government are encouraged to join the
    list and participate.

    You're invited to discuss and exchange ideas regarding any aspect
    of Machine Learning, e.g., various learning algorithms, data
    pre-processing, variable selection mechanism, instance selection,
    and applications to real-world problems. Software, conferences,
    courses, jobs, and others related announcements are also welcome.

Reinforcement Learning:
   reinforce@cs.uwa.edu.au

    This is an informal unmoderated mailing list devoted to
    reinforcement learning.
    To join, send mail to reinforce-request@cs.uwa.edu.au.

Inductive:
   inductive@unb.ca

    INDUCTIVE is a moderated mailing list dedicated to the discussion
    of inductive (learning) processes.


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    To subscribe, send a message to inductive-server@unb.ca with
       subscribe inductive YOUR NAME
    in the message body.

Support Vector Machines:
   http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/support-vector-machines.html



Subject: [2-33] Natural Language Processing

Information Retrieval:
   irlist <ir-l%uccvma.bitnet@vm1.nodak.edu>

    To subscribe send the following command to LISTSERV@UCCVMA.BITNET:
       SUB IR-L your_full_name
    where "your_full_name" is your real name, not your login Id.
    Non-BitNet users can join by sending the above command as the only
    line in the text/body of a message to
    LISTSERV%UCCVMA.BITNET@VM1.NODAK.EDU.

    Moderator: IRLUR%UCCMVSA.BITNET@VM1.NODAK.EDU

Natural Language and Knowledge Representation (moderated):
   nl-kr@ai.sunnyside.com (formerly nl-kr@cs.rpi.edu, nl-kr@cs.rochester.edu)
   Gatewayed to the newsgroup comp.ai.nlang-know-rep.

    To subscribe, send LISTSERV commands to NL-KR-REQUEST@ai.sunnyside.com.

    Back issues are available from
       ai.sunnyside.com:/pub/nl-kr/
    in the subdirectories Vxx/ as the files Nyy.Z. For example, issue
    number 1 of volume 1 will be found as /nl-kr/V01/N01.Z. Mail requests
    for backissues will not be promptly satisfied. The gopher server is
       gopher://ai.sunnyside.com:70/pub/nl-kr
    and the URL is
       http://ai.sunnyside.com/pub/nl-kr

    The NL-KR Digest will be slowly evolving into a citeable electronic journal.

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
    questions, etc., should be sent to nl-kr-request@ai.sunnyside.com.

Natural Language Generation:
   siggen@black.bgu.ac.il

    Mailing list for the ACL Special Interest Group on Natural Language
    Generation. Open to anybody interested in NLG.


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    The FTP repository,
       black.bgu.ac.il:/pub/siggen/ [132.72.40.7]
    contains archives of SIGGEN messages, the Dale and Kantrowitz NLG
    bibliographies, and some software.

    Moderated by Michael Elhadad. The siggen mailing list includes roughly
    170 people.

Parsing:
   sigparse@cs.cmu.edu

Speech Interfaces:

    Electronic Communal Temporal Lobe (or ECTL) is a moderated mailing list
    for speech interface enthusiats. To subscribe, send a message with your
    name, institution, department, daytime phone and an email address to
    ectl-request@snowhite.cis.uoguelph.ca. If you have trouble with this mail
    address, call David Leip at (519) 824-4120 x3709 (office) x4297 (lab).

    ECTL has an anonymous ftp archive which is located at
       snowhite.cis.uoguelph.ca:/pub/ectl/ [131.104.48.1]
    Included in the archive are: all issues of ECTL, as well as a list
    of subscribers, lists of speech related products (s/w & h/w), and a
    list of speech related technical report abstracts. If you would
    like to contribute to the archive, please send mail to
       ectl-sub@snowhite.cis.uoguelph.ca
    If you need information about how to ftp, or such things, please
    send mail to
       ectl-request@snoehite.cis.uoguelph.ca

Statistics, Natural Language, and Computing:
   empiricists@csli.stanford.edu

    Corpus-based studies of natural language, statistical natural language
    processing, methods that enable systems to deal with and scale up to
    real-world usage, as well as how the various techniques can be useful
    in such areas as information retrieval and human-computer interaction.

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
    questions, etc., should be sent to empiricists-request@csli.stanford.edu

Dependency Grammar
   dg@ai.uga.edu

    Syntactic theory, analysis, and parsing using dependency grammar
    (i.e., using links between individual words rather than a constituency
    tree).



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    All requests for subscriptions or other assistance should be addressed
    to mcovingt@ai.uga.edu.

Prosody:

    To subscribe, send a one-line message to listserv@purccvm.bitnet
    in the following format:

          subscribe prosody <Your Full Name>


Translation and Interpretation of Natural Language:
   lantra-l%finhutc.bitnet@cunyvm.cuny.edu

    To add or remove yourself from the list, send a message to
    listserv%finhutc.bitnet@cunyvm.cuny.edu. The sender of the message
    you send must be the name (E-mail address) you want to add or remove
    from the list. The text body of the message should be:
        SUBSCRIBE LANTRA-L your_full_name
    or:
        SIGNOFF LANTRA-L
    where your_full_name is your normal name, not your E-mail address.


Text Analysis and Natural Language Applications:
   SCHOLAR%CUNYVM.BITNET@uga.cc.uga.edu

    SCHOLAR is an online information service covering all aspects of
    natural language processing in such fields as literary studies,
    linguistics, history and lexicography. It consists of information like
    book reviews, project reports database listings, a conference
    calendar, and news of hardware and software relevant to the field.
    SCHOLAR is distributed occasionally as the quantity of information
    received allows. Contributions should be sent to Joseph Raben
    <jqrqc@cunyvm.cuny.edu>.

    To add or remove yourself from the list, send a message to
    listserv@cunyvm.cuny.edu. The sender of the message
    you send must be the name (E-mail address) you want to add or remove
    from the list. The text body of the message should be:
        SUBSCRIBE SCHOLAR your_full_name
    or:
        SIGNOFF SCHOLAR
    where your_full_name is your normal name, not your E-mail address.
    For technical assistance, send mail to <lnaqc@cunyvm.cuny.edu>.

    SCHOLAR files are available by anonymous ftp from jhuvm.hcf.jhu.edu
    [128.220.2.2]. Use username scholar and type your login userid as a
    password. The index of SCHOLAR files is SCHOLAR.INDEX. The WWW for


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    SCHOLAR is
       gopher://jhuniverse.hcf.jhu.edu/11/.HAC/Journals/.SCHOLAR/
    and includes a WAIS search engine.

    The files are also available by listserv. For an explanation of
    the coding system for items in SCHOLAR, send mail to
       <listserv@cunyvm.cuny.edu>
    with the following as the body of the message:
            Get SCHOLAR COD
    To retrieve the entire release send mail to <listserv@cunyvm.cuny.edu>
    with the folowing as the body of the message:
            Get AZ Package

Text Corpora:
   corpora@nora.hd.uib.no

    Text corpora compilation, availability, and use.

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
    questions, etc., should be sent to corpora-request@nora.hd.uib.no.

    Files relating to the mailing list are available by anonymous ftp from
       nora.hd.uib.no:/pub/corpora/ [129.177.24.42]
    by mailserver from fileserv@nora.hd.uib.no (send a message with "help"
    and "index" in the body to get help), or by gopher from
       gopher://nora.hd.uib.no:70/

    The list is hosted at the Norwegian Computing Centre for the Humanities
    in Bergen, Norway. Questions about these services can be directed to:
    Knut Hofland <knut@x400.hd.uib.no>.

Speech production and perception:
   foNETiks <fonetiks@mailbase.ac.uk>

    foNETiks is a monthly newsletter distributed by e-mail. The
    focus is on speech production, speech perception, speech disorders,
    automatic speech recognition and speech synthesis. It carries
    job advertisements, notices of conferences, and other news of
    general interest to phoneticians and speech scientists.

    To be added to the list, send a message to
       mailbase@mailbase.ac.uk
    with
       join fonetiks first_name last_name
    in the message body, replacing "first_name" and "last_name" with your
    first and last names respectively. To get an index of files
    associated with the list (e.g., archives of previous issues), put
       index FONETIKS
    in the message body. To get off the list, put

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       leave fonetiks
    in the message body.

    The current editors are Linda Shockey and Gerry Docherty. They can
    be reached at fonetiks-request@mailbase.ac.uk.

    Contributions should be sent to fonetiks@mailbase.ac.uk.

LN:
    ln@frmop11.bitnet

    LN is an international electronic distribution list for computational
    linguistics, with a French emphasis. Although the list is primarily
    French-speaking, there are some posts in English. Topics of interest
    include computational lexicography, study and use of corpora,
    statistical models, as well as the usual calls for papers, conference
    announcements, requests and discussions. The list is jointly
    sponsored by the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL) and
    the Association for Computers and the Humanities (ACH).

    To join LN, send a message to LISTSERV@FRMOP11.BITNET, containing only
    the following line:
       SUBSCRIBE LN your name

    Send messages to be transmitted on the list to LN@FRMOP11.BITNET.
    The list is moderated by Jean Veronis <veronis@vassar.bitnet>
    (GRTC-CNRS, France) and Pierre Zweigenbaum <zweig@frsim51.bitnet>
    (DIAM-INSERM, France).

Linguist:
   linguist@tamvm1.tamu.edu

    The LINGUIST list is a moderated international list containing discussion
    primarily of linguistics, although discussion of related fields is welcome.

    To subscribe to the list, send a message to
       listserv@tamvm1.tamu.edu
    containing as its first and only line:
       sub linguist <Your Full Name>

    The URL for the linguist list archive is:
       gopher://nic.merit.edu:7055/11/linguistics/linguist.list/

BILDIL:
   BILDIL is a Turkish NLP Discussion Group.

    To subscribe, send a message to listserv@trmetu.bitnet with
       sub bildil <your name> <your last name>
    in the message body.


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ELSNET:
   elsnet-list@cogsci.ed.ac.uk

    ELSNET is the European Network in Language and Speech mailing list.
    This mailing list is used to announce activities, post job openings,
    or discuss issues which are relevant to persons in the European
    natural language and speech communities.

    To join, send mail to elsnet@cogsci.ed.ac.uk

GESTURE-L:
   gesture-l@coombs.anu.edu.au

    The GESTURE-L mailing list discusses the study of gestures, sign
    language, and related topics.

    To subscribe to the list, send mail to
       majordomo@coombs.anu.edu.au
    with
       subscribe gesture-l <your email address>
    in the message body.

    Archives are available as
      gopher://coombs.anu.edu.au:70/

Paramind:
   Paramind@eskimo.com

    The Paramind mailing list is for discussion of concepts of
    computer-generated writing, especially those related to the theory of
    the "telical exhaustion of the interaction of words". Telical means,
    "towards an useful end".

    To be added to the list, send a message to Paramind-request@eskimo.com.

    The list's FAQ can be obtained by anonymous ftp from
       eskimo.com:/usr/ftp/paramind/paramind.faq

    The list is coordinated by telical@eskimo.com.

LFG:

    This mailing list concerns Lexical-Functional Grammar.

    To subscribe, send mail to majordomo@list.stanford.edu.
    with
       subscribe lfg
    in the message body.

ConLang:

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    conlang@diku.dk

    For discussion of any constructed or planned languages (from
    Esperanto to Loglan/Lojban to Klingon, including AI-based languages).

    To subscribe, write conlang-request@diku.dk or listserv@diku.dk.



Subject: [2-34] Qualitative Physics

qphysics@cs.washington.edu

To join, send mail to qphysics-request@cs.washington.edu.



Subject: [2-35] Robotics

Robot Controller Boards:

    robot-board@oberon.com

    The purpose of the Robot Board mailing list is to discuss robot
    controller boards, and robot control in general. In particular, this
    list will be used to support the Miniboard 2.0 and 6.270 board design
    by Fred Martin and Randy Sargent of MIT. However, any and all traffic
    related to robot controllers is welcome.

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
    questions, etc., should be sent to robot-board-request@oberon.com.
    You can also use ListServ to be added to or removed (send a message
    with "help" in the body to listserv@oberon.com for more information).

IS Robotics Robots:

    isrug@cs.umd.edu

    Users' mailing list for those using or interested in the IS Robotics
    Robots. This list is read by members of the company, but is primarily
    intended for users wishing to contact each other.

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
    questions, etc., should be sent to isrug-requests@cs.umd.edu.

Hero Robots:
   hero-owners@smcvax.smcvt.edu

    Hero-owners is a mailing list for owners of HERO robots.



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    To subscribe to the list, send mail to
       Hero-owners-request@smcvax.smcvt.edu
    with
       Subscribe Hero-owners
    in the message body.

    Questions or problems should be directed to Dave Goodwin
    <Goodwin@smcvax.smcvt.edu>.

SPIE INFO-ROBO:
   info-robo@mom.spie.org

    INFO-ROBO is a mailing list from the International Society for
    Optical Engineering (SPIE). Membership in SPIE is not required
    to join the list.

    To subscribe, send an e-mail message to
       info-optolink-request@mom.spie.org
    with the line
       subscribe info-robo
    in the message body.

    For an up-to-date list of SPIE listserver groups
    at any time, send the word LISTS to the same address.

Autonomous Vehicle - Mine Counter Measure:
   av-mcm@stl.nps.navy.mil

    The     AV-MCM list is for discussion of the use of autonomous vehicles
    and     associated work packages and control concepts in the tasks of mine
    (or     hazardous materials) clearance on land, in the sea, or from the
    air     and space.

    To subscribe to the list send a message to
       av-mcm-request@stl.nps.navy.mil
    without a subject line and
       subscribe av-mcm your-email-address
    in the message body. For information on mail archives, type
       help
    instead.

    To talk to a human being send mail to Gary R. Porter
    <gporter@stl.nps.navy.mil>.



Subject: [2-36] Simulated Annealing

anneal@sti.com                (formerly anneal-request@cs.ucla.edu (Daniel R. Greening))


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This mailing list is for discussion of simulated annealing techniques,
analysis, and related issues such as stochastic optimization,
Boltzmann machines, and metricity of NP-complete move spaces.

Membership in this list is restricted to those doing active research
in simulated annealing or related areas. The list itself is
unmoderated.

To subscribe to anneal, send the following in an email message to
"majordomo@sti.com":
        subscribe anneal
This will subscribe the account from which you send the message to the
anneal list.

If you wish to subscribe another address instead (such as a local
redistribution list), you can use a command of the form:
        subscribe anneal other-address@your_site.your_net

To find out more about the automated server, send the following command
to "majordomo@sti.com":
        help

If you feel you need to reach a human, send email to
        anneal-approval@sti.com



Subject: [2-37] Simulation

simulation@ufl.edu
Gatewayed to the newsgroup comp.simulation.

All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems, questions,
etc., should be sent to simulation-request@ufl.edu.



Subject: [2-38] Symbolic Math

Symbolic Math <leff%smu.uucp@UUNET.UU.NET>
Gatewayed to the newsgroup sci.math.symbolic.

Mailing list covering symbolic math algorithms, applications and problems
relating to the various symbolic math languages.

Mail to be forwarded to the list should be sent to
leff%smu.uucp@uunet.uu.net (ARPANET/MilNet) or sci.math.symbolic (USENET).
Requests to be included on the list should be sent to
leff%smu.uucp@uunet.uu.net.

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Subject: [2-39] Theorem Provers

theorem-provers@ai.mit.edu

This (unmoderated) list is intended for announcements of interest to
people interested in automated theorem proving.

To subscribe, send your email address to theorem-provers-request@ai.mit.edu.



Subject: [2-40] Case-Based Reasoning

AI-CBR:

    AI-CBR is an e-mail forum for CBR researchers. Many of the
    companies developing, selling and supporting CBR tools such as
    ReMind, KATE, ReCall, CBR Express, and Esteem are members of the
    mailing list. The mailing list also carries other information of
    interest to CBR researchers.

    To join AI-CBR send a message to Ian Watson
    <i.d.watson@surveying.salford.ac.uk>.



Subject: [2-41] Uncertainty

John Mark Agosta's uncertainty mailing list is defunct, but the
archives of the list can be found on
   sumex-aim.stanford.edu:/var/ftp/pub/unc/

A new list has replaced it. To subscribe, send mail to
majordomo@maillist.cs.orst.edu with
   subscribe uai
in the message body.



Subject: [2-45] Vision Research

vision-list@teleos.com

The Vision List is a bidirectional gateway to the comp.ai.vision
newsgroup. It provides copies of articles posted to the newsgroup in
the form of weekly digests.

Send submissions to vision-list@teleos.com. All requests to be added

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to or deleted from this list, problems, questions, etc., should be
sent to Phil Kahn, the list's moderator, at <vision-list-request@teleos.com>.
Archived in
   teleos.com:/VISION-LIST-ARCHIVE/

cvnet%yorkvm1.bitnet@cunyvm.cuny.edu
Color and vision research.



Subject: [2-50] Commercial Systems: Kappa PC, ...

Kappa PC:

    ai-kappa-pc@mailbase.ac.uk

    Discussion list for users of Intellicorp's Kappa PC (a                                   KBS/OOP/Windows
    application development package). The list is intended                                   for discussion
    of any issues relevant to Kappa PC users, from OOP and                                   KBS theory and
    practice to specific bugs or niggles with the product.                                    A library of
    code and extensions to the product will be attached to                                   the list.

    To join the list, send a message to mailbase@mailbase.ac.uk containing
    the line:

            join ai-kappa-pc <firstname> <lastname>

    For further information, contact Andy Vann <A.M.Vann@bristol.ac.uk>,
    Dept of Civil Engineering, University of Bristol, UK, Tel (+44) 272
    303030 x3312, Fax (+44) 272 303889.



Subject: [2-60] Miscellaneous: Artificial Morality, Kappa PC, OOP Frameworks

Artificial Morality:

    artmoral-list@unixg.ubc.ca

    This is a mailing list for discussion of Peter Danielson's book,
    "Artificial Morality: Virtuous Robots for Virtual Games" (Routledge,
    New York, 1992) and related issues. It explores theories of rational
    morality with Prolog.

    To join the list, send an email message to
       artmoral-list-request@unixg.ubc.ca

Frog Net:
   frog-net@rana.usc.edu



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    Frog Net is a mailing list for researchers interested in the
    behavior and underlying neural mechanisms of amphibians.

    To subscribe, send mail to Jim Liaw <liaw@rana.usc.edu>.

Rough Sets:
   roughset@cs.uregina.ca

    EBRSC is the Electronic Bulletin of the Rough Set Community. Its
    goal is to encourage the rapid dissemination of research related to
    the study of Rough Set Theory, as first introduced by Z. Pawlak
    (Z.Pawlak, "Rough Sets" Int. J. Inform. & Comput. Sci. 11:344-356, 1982.).

    If you would like to subscribe, please send a short note with your
    name and email address to roughset@cs.uregina.ca. Submissions should
    be sent to the same address.

    The archives of the bulletin are located at
       ftp.cs.uregina.ca:/pub/ebrsc/ [142.3.200.53]
    and include back issues of the Bulletin as well as data and
    software contributions and a bibliography. They are also available
    by gopher at gopher.cs.uregina.ca.

    The EBRSC is edited by Mike Hadjimichael <mike@cs.uregina.ca> and
    Robert Golan <golan@cs.uregina.ca>.

HOTT:

    HOTT is a free monthly newsletter summarizing the latest developments
    in computer, communications, and electronics technologies, as reported
    in the popular press, trade magazines, research journals, mailing
    lists, and newsgroups. Topics will include VR, neural networks, PDAs,
    GUIs, intelligent agents, ubiquitous computing, genetic and
    evolutionary programming, nanotechnology, and massively parallel
    programming, among others.

    To subscribe, send mail to listserv@ucsd.edu with
        SUBSCRIBE HOTT-LIST
    in the message body.

    If you need to speak to a human being, send mail to hott@ucsd.edu.

    HOTT is edited by David Scott Lewis <d.s.lewis@ieee.org>.

Intelligent Control (INTCON):

    The INTCON (Intelligent Control) Special Interest Group is intended to
    provide a forum for communication and exchange of ideas among
    researchers in neuro-control, fuzzy logic control, reinforcement


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    learning and other related subjects grouped under the topic of
    Intelligent Control. The emphasis is on application in control; by
    "intelligence" we mean using ideas, techniques and procedures inspired
    partly from biology, psychology, and so on.

    To subscribe to INTCON, send mail to bahrami@syscon.ee.unsw.edu.au

    INTCON is moderated by Mohammad Bahrami, School of Electrical
    Engineering, University of New South Wales, P. O. Box 1, Kensington,
    2033, NSW Australia.

CSGnet:

    The Control Systems Group Network (CSGnet) is a mailing list for
    folks interested in Perceptual Control Theory (PCT). PCT claims that a
    fundamental aspect of organisms is their ability to control their
    environment.

    To subscribe, send a message to
       listserv@vmd.cso.uiuc.edu
    with
       subscribe csg-l <name, affiliation, city, state>
       help
       get csg/Index
    in the message body.

    Several MS-DOS demonstration programs are available from the LISTSERV.

    If you need to speak to a human being about subscription problems,
    send mail to Gary Cziko <g-cziko@uiuc.edu>, the network manager.

Intelligent Decision Support Systems (IDSS):
   idss@socs.uts.edu.au

    The IDSS Mailing list aims to act as a forum to exchange ideas on the
    design, implementation and maintenance of Intelligent Decision Support
    Systems (IDSS). IDSSs have proven to be successful at supporting
    complex decision making problems at all levels of an organisation.

    To subscribe to the IDSS mailing list, send e-mail to
       listproc@socs.uts.edu.au
    with the following line as the first and only line in the body of the
    message:
       subscribe IDSS <your-full-name>
    Do not include the brackets when specifying your full name.

    If you have any problems with using the IDSS mailing list
    please send e-mail to idss-request@socs.uts.EDU.AU

    The list is a free service provided by the IDSSs laboratory in the

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    School of Computing Sciences at the University of Technology, Sydney (UTS).
    It is maintained by Andrew Blair <andrew@socs.uts.edu.au>.

UNIPEN:
   SCRIB-L is a mailing list for on-line handwriting recognition. The
   main focus of the mailing list is to exchange data and benchmarks.
   The list is organized by Isabelle Guyon and Lambert Schomaker.
   Send mail to isabelle@neural.att.com to be added to the mailing list.

MET-AI:
   met-ai@comp.vuw.ac.nz

    MET-AI is a mailing list concerned with applications of artificial
    intelligence to meteorology. Topics include applications of machine
    learning to weather forecasting, artificial neural networks in
    meteorology, automatic interpretation and analysis of satellite
    imagery, automatic synthesis of weather forecast texts, case-based
    reasoning and meteorology, expert systems and decision aids for
    weather forecasting, high-level interfaces to archives of
    meteorological data, and statistical pattern recognition.

    To subscribe, send an email message to
         met-ai-request@comp.vuw.ac.nz
    with
         subscribe
    in the message body. MET-AI is an unmoderated mailing list.

    Problems and suggestions to Eric Jones <Eric.Jones@comp.vuw.ac.nz>.

AI-NAT:
   ai-nat@adfa.oz.au

    Application of AI techniques to domains involving the natural world,
    including natural resource management, mining, water resources,
    defence, development planning and so on.

    To subscribe, send a message to
       Majordomo@adfa.oz.au
    containing the line
       subscribe ai-nat <your email address>

OOP Frameworks:
   FWList@AOL.COM

    FWList is a moderated mailing list for discussion of Object Oriented
    Frameworks, including Taligent's framework-based system, Microsoft's
    MFC, and Apple's OpenDoc Parts Framework.

    To subscribe to the list send a message to FWList@AOL.COM, with the word


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       subscribe
    in the subject line and your name and preferred e-mail address in the
    message body.

Wisdom List:
   wisdom@mcs.com

    For CYC-like ontologies for story understanding, human activities
    in the real world, and especially interactive fiction and adventures.

    To join write to wisdom-request@mcs.com.

---
[ comp.ai is moderated. To submit, just post and be patient, or if ]
[ that fails mail your article to <comp-ai@moderators.isc.org>, and ]
[ ask your news administrator to fix the problems with your system. ]



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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/index.html (38 of 38) [20/06/2003 22:41:39]
 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/header.html

                                                 Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

                         Top Document: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Newsgroups and Mailing Lists 2/6 [Monthly posting]
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                                                        News Headers

From: crabbe@usna.edu (Ric Crabbe and Amit Dubey)
Newsgroups: comp.ai,news.answers,comp.answers
Subject: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Newsgroups and Mailing Lists 2/6 [Monthly
posting]
Followup-To: comp.ai
Date: Mon, 2 Jun 2003 04:12:06 +0000 (UTC)
Organization: United States Naval Academy
Expires: 10 MAR 2003 21:54:49 GMT
Message-ID: <bbeiqm$tc3$1@crab.cs.usna.edu>
Reply-To: crabbe@usna.edu
X-Trace: news.usna.navy.mil 1054527294 20141 131.122.89.100 (2 Jun 2003 04:14:54 GMT)
X-Complaints-To: news@usna.navy.mil
NNTP-Posting-Date: 2 Jun 2003 04:14:54 GMT
Summary: Artificial Intelligence Related Newsgroups and Mailing Lists




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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/header.html [20/06/2003 22:41:39]
 [2-1] AI-related Newsgroups and News Sources

                                           Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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                                                   Previous Document: News Headers
                                       Next Document: [2-1a] AI-related Newsgroup Archives




            [2-1] AI-related Newsgroups and News
                             Sources


Newsgroups:
Subscribe to these using your newsreader.

comp.ai                                               Artificial Intelligence (moderated)
comp.ai.alife                                         Artificial Life
comp.ai.fuzzy                                         Fuzzy Logic. Gatewayed to NAFIPS-L and Fuzzy-Mail.
comp.ai.games                                         AI in Games and Game Playing
comp.ai.genetic                                       Genetic Algorithms
comp.ai.nat-lang                                      Natural Language Processing (unmoderated)
comp.ai.neural-nets                                   Neural Networks
comp.ai.philosophy                                    Philosophical Foundations of AI
comp.ai.shells                                        Expert System Shells
comp.robotics                                         Robotics
comp.speech                                           Speech related research, including speech
                                                      recognition and synthesis.
comp.ai.vision                                        Vision Research. Also available through
                                                      the Vision List Digest (see [45] below).
comp.ai.jair.papers                                   Online papers of the Journal of AI Research. (M)
comp.ai.jair.announce                                 Announcements & abstracts of JAIR papers. (M)

comp.theory.info-retrieval                            Information Retrieval
comp.cog-eng                                          Cognitive Engineering
sci.cognitive                                         Cognitive Science
sci.psychology.research                               Psychology. Bi-directionally gatewayed to
                                                      the psy-research mailing list; send mail to
                                                         psy-research-request@psy.psych.nova.edu
                                                      to subscribe.
comp.simulation                                       Simulation
sci.lang                                              Linguistics
sci.math.symbolic                                     Symbolic Math


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-1.html (1 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:41:40]
 [2-1] AI-related Newsgroups and News Sources

sci.virtual-worlds                                    Virtual Reality. Also available through
                                                      the bi-directional gateway, VIRTU-L on
                                                      LISTSERV@UIUCVMD.BITNET or
                                                      LISTSERV@VMD.CSO.UIUC.EDU
comp.theory.cell-automata                             Cellular Automata
comp.theory.self-org-sys                              Self-organizing systems

AI Programming Languages

comp.constraints                                      Constraint Processing
comp.lang.clos                                        Common Lisp Object System
comp.lang.dylan                                       Dylan
comp.lang.functional                                  Functional Programming Languages
comp.lang.lisp                                        Common Lisp
comp.lang.lisp.franz                                  Franz Lisp
comp.lang.lisp.mcl                                    Macintosh Common Lisp
comp.lang.lisp.x                                      XLisp
comp.lang.ml                                          Standard ML. Gatewayed to sml-list@cs.cmu.edu.
comp.lang.prolog                                      Prolog and Logic Programming
comp.lang.scheme                                      Scheme
comp.lang.scheme.c                                    MIT C Scheme
comp.lang.smalltalk                                   Smalltalk
comp.lang.pop                                         POPLOG integrated programming language &
                                                      environment for Lisp, Prolog, ML and Pop11
comp.object                                           Object Oriented Programming
comp.object.logic                                     Integrating Object-Orientend and Logic Paradigms
comp.org.lisp-users                                   Association of Lisp Users
comp.std.lisp                                         Lisp Standards

German AI newsgroup:
   de.sci.informatik.ki
(thanks to Michael Schillo for the update)


News Sources:
Computists International maintain a set of newsletters concerning AI. They
come with membership ($22.50 students $47.50 professionals), or if you can
wait 2 weeks, you can get them for free. Go to: <http://www.computists.com>




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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-1.html (2 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:41:40]
[2-1] AI-related Newsgroups and News Sources

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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-1.html (3 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:41:40]
[2-1a] AI-related Newsgroup Archives

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     [2-1a] AI-related Newsgroup Archives

Newsgroup archives of comp.ai are no longer maintained because google
(http://www.google.com/grphp) does such a fine job.




             Top Document: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Newsgroups and Mailing Lists 2/6 [Monthly posting]
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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-2.html [20/06/2003 22:41:41]
 [2-1b] AI-related Newsgroup FAQ postings

                                            Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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                                  Previous Document: [2-1a] AI-related Newsgroup Archives
                                    Next Document: [2-2] AI Research in a particular country




  [2-1b] AI-related Newsgroup FAQ postings

Of the newsgroups listed in [2-1], the following have FAQ postings:

    comp.ai, comp.ai.fuzzy, comp.ai.shells, comp.ai.genetic, comp.robotics,
    comp.speech, comp.ai.neural-nets, comp.lang.lisp, comp.lang.scheme,
    comp.lang.clos, comp.lang.prolog, comp.object, comp.theory.cell-automata,
    comp.constraints, comp.ai.nat-lang, comp.lang.smalltalk

Many of the FAQ postings are available from

  http://www.faqs.org/faqs/

In general FAQs should be downloaded from rtfm.mit.edu:/pub/faqs




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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-3.html [20/06/2003 22:41:41]
 [2-2] AI Research in a particular country

                                             Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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      [2-2] AI Research in a particular country

British AI                                                alvey jws%ib.rl.ac.uk@nsfnet-relay.ac.uk
Japanese AI                                               fj-ai%etl.jp@relay.cs.net
Mexican AI                                                IAMEX-L on listserv@tecmtyvm.mty.itesm.mx
Florida AI                                                FLAIRS on listserv@ucf1vm.cc.ucf.edu

The IAMEX-L list is administrated by the AI Invetigation Center in
Instituto Tecnologico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (ITESM)
in Monterrey, N.L. To be added to that list, please contact:
     pl500368@tecmtyvm.bitnet (Juana Maria Gomez Puertos)
     pl157961@tecmtyvm.bitnet (Fernando Careaga Sanchez)

The newsgroup de.sci.ki.discussion is the German equivalent of comp.ai.
The newsgroup de.sci.ki.announce is for announcements about AI.

The newsgroup aus.ai is the (unmoderated) Australian equivalent of comp.ai.

BCINFO-IT is a mailing list for information about information
technology in Britain. To subscribe, send mail to

     bcifunit@solomon.technet.sg

with

     ADD BCINFO-IT <your email address here>

in the Subject line of the message. For more information, contact
Mrs Yu-Toh Yin Yin, Information Officer, The British Council,
30 Napier Road, Singapore 1025, call 473-1111 x145, fax 479-7481, or
send email to bcifunit@solomon.technet.sg.




                   Top Document: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Newsgroups and Mailing Lists 2/6 [Monthly posting]


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-4.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:42]
[2-2] AI Research in a particular country

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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-4.html (2 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:42]
[2-3] Agents

                                      Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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                                             Next Document: [2-4] Artificial Life




                                                  [2-3] Agents

http://www.cs.umbc.edu/agentslist/

The Software Agents Mailing List is devoted to the issues of software
agents, personal digital assistants, software robots, knowbots,
intelligent interface agents, etc. The term agent is ill-defined and
because of this the scope of this mailing list will also be somewhat
ill-defined. However, it should be restricted to software agents as
opposed to hardware (robots) and human agents (your travel agent).
(Although the interface from software agents to other agents is fair
game.) The list was begun in 1994 by Ray Johnson, then at the Lockheed
Palo Alto AI Center and now at Sun. In the Fall of 1996 it moved to
UMBC.




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-5.html [20/06/2003 22:41:43]
[2-4] Artificial Life

                                      Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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                                        [2-4] Artificial Life

alife@cognet.ucla.edu

The alife mailing list is for communications regarding artificial
life, a formative interdisciplinary field involving computer science,
the natural sciences, mathematics, medicine and others. Send mail to
alife-request@cognet.ucla.edu to be added to the list.

See also the UCLA Artificial Life Depository in question [5-1].




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-6.html [20/06/2003 22:41:45]
[2-5] AI for Development

                                      Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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                               [2-5] AI for Development

aidev@aisb.ed.ac.uk

An occasional newsletter for folk interested in AI applications in
and for developing countries. The newsletter is sent to the mailing
list and to the newsgroup comp.society.development.

Send requests to be added to the mailing list to Kathleen King
<kk@aisb.ed.ac.uk>.




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-7.html [20/06/2003 22:41:45]
 [2-6] AI in Education

                                           Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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                                        [2-6] AI in Education

AI-ED:
   ai-ed@sun.com (was ai-ed@sumex-aim.stanford.edu)

    Includes ICAI (intelligent computer aided instruction) and
    ITS (intelligent tutoring systems).

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems, questions,
    etc., should be sent to ai-ed-request@sun.com.

    [As of 12/12/94, this list seems to have moved. Anybody know where?]

HUMANIST:       [Mail from utorepas bounces. 8/18/93 mk]
   humanist%utorepas.bitnet@cornellc.ccs.cornell.edu

    HUMANIST is an international mailing list for discussion of
    applications of computers to scholarship in the humanities. AI
    or NLP topics sometimes come up.

    Interested individuals should send a note together with a brief
    biography to the Coordinator in the following format:

        *Family-name, Given-names <e-mail address>

        Title, mailing address(es), telephone number(s).

        Body of biography. This should not be a c.v. and need not be very
        detailed but should cover the full range of your professional
        activities and interests, both present and past. Mention other things
        at your discretion. Biographies vary considerably in length, though
        few are less than 100 words or more than 500.

    Coordinator:
      Willard McCarty <mccarty%utorepas.bitnet@cornellc.ccs.cornell.edu>

NEWEDU-L:



 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-8.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:46]
[2-6] AI in Education

   NEWEDU-L@vm.usc.edu

   NEWEDU-L is dedicated to exploring new paradigms in education and
   how they can be implemented, including, among other things, the role
   of artificial intelligence in education.

   To subscribe, send a message to listserv@uscvm.bitnet or
   listserv@vm.usc.eduwith the following line in the message body:
      SUBSCRIBE NEWEDU-L Your_full_name
   To remove yourself from the mailing list, send a message with the line
      SIGNOFF NEWEDU-L

   For further information, contact the moderators, Greg Swan and Paul
   Privateer, at npadmin@mc.maricopa.edu.




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-8.html (2 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:46]
[2-7] Artificial Intelligence and Law

                                         Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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            [2-7] Artificial Intelligence and Law

ail-l@austin.onu.edu

To subscribe to AIL-L you should send a message to the internet address
     listserv@austin.onu.edu
The body of the message should consist of:
     subscribe AIL-L <your full name>




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-9.html [20/06/2003 22:41:46]
 [2-8] AI in Medicine

                                           Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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                                          [2-8] AI in Medicine

AI in Medicine:
   ai-medicine@med.stanford.edu

    Focus is on computer-based medical decision support. Currently over
    1,000 subscribers in more than 35 countries.

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems, questions,
    etc., should be sent to ai-medicine-request@med.stanford.edu. The list
    is coordinated by Wanda Pratt and Serdar Uckun.

    Archives of the mailing list are available by anonymous ftp from
    lhc.nlm.nih.gov:/pub/ai-medicine/ [130.14.1.128].

CBR-MED:
   cbr-med@cs.uchicago.edu

    Case-Based Reasoning in Medicine.

    To subscribe to the list, send a message to listproc@cs.uchicago.edu
    with
       subscribe CBR-MED <your first name> <your last name>
    in the message body. To get the FAQ, include
       get cbr-med faq

    If you need to speak with a human being, send mail to
    Jeff Berger <OWNER-CBR-MED@cs.uchicago.edu>.

Other medicine lists with some AI content include:

    SMDM-L on listserv@dartcms1.dartmouth.edu (medical decision making)

    MedInf-L on listserv@dearn.bitnet (medical data processing and informatics)




 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-10.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:47]
[2-8] AI in Medicine

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 [2-9] AI and Statistics

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                                      [2-9] AI and Statistics

AI and Statistics:
   ai-stats@watstat.uwaterloo.ca

     All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems, questions,
     etc., should be sent to ai-stats-request@watstat.uwaterloo.ca




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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-11.html [20/06/2003 22:41:48]
[2-10] Blackboard Architectures

                                      Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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                    Next Document: [2-11] Business, Economics, Finance (IE-Digest, AT-Finance)




                [2-10] Blackboard Architectures

GBB-Users:
   gbb-users@bn.cs.umass.edu

    The list covers both the commercial GBB framework and the UMass
    research prototype (mostly the former these days).

    To be added to the list, send mail to
      gbb-users-request@bn.cs.umass.edu

    See also http://www.bbtech.com




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-12.html [20/06/2003 22:41:48]
 [2-11] Business, Economics, Finance (IE-Digest, AT-Finance)

                                          Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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  [2-11] Business, Economics, Finance (IE-
             Digest, AT-Finance)

Intelligent Systems for Business and Economics (IE-Digest):

     IE-list@cs.ucl.ac.uk

     The IE-digest aims to act as a forum to exchange ideas on using
     `intelligent' techniques to model economic and financial systems.
     Calls for papers, paper announcements and queries are welcome.

     Techniques which were originally developed to model psychological and
     biological processes are now receiving considerable attention as tools
     for modelling and understanding economic and financial processes.
     These techniques, which include neural networks, genetic algorithms
     and expert systems are now being used in a wide variety of
     applications including the modelling of economic cycles, modelling of
     artificial economies, portfolio optimisation and credit evaluation.

     To be added to the list, send mail to IE-list-request@cs.ucl.ac.uk. An
     archive of back issues of the digest, as well as papers,
     bibliographies and software, may be obtained by anonymous ftp from
     cs.ucl.ac.uk:/ie/ [128.16.5.31].

     List moderated by Suran Goonatilake, Dept. of Computer Science,
     University College London, Gower St., London WC1E 6BT, UK,
     <surang@cs.ucl.ac.uk>.

Advanced Technology for Finance:

     at-finance-board@invnext.worldbank.org

     The Advanced Technology for Finance Special Interest Group of the INNS


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-13.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:49]
[2-11] Business, Economics, Finance (IE-Digest, AT-Finance)

    maintains the AT-Finance mailing list for discussions of financial or
    economic applications of advanced technology. Discussion sometimes
    involves Neural Networks, Genetic Algorithms, Fuzzy Logic, Statistics,
    Complexity theory, Artificial Life, and Nonlinear and Chaos Theory.

    To subscribe, send mail to at-finance-request@invnext.worldbank.org.

    For further information, send mail to the AT-Finance administrator at
    <at-finance@invnext.worldbank.org>.

    [This list seems to be defunct. --mk]




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-13.html (2 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:49]
[2-12] Cellular Automata

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                               [2-12] Cellular Automata

cellular-automata@think.com                               (aka ca@think.com)

Gatewayed to the newsgroup comp.theory.cell-automata.

Archived messages may be found at
   ftp.think.com:/mail/
in the files ca.archive*.

All other requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
questions, etc., should be sent to cellular-automata-request@think.com.




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-14.html [20/06/2003 22:41:50]
 [2-13] Classification and Clustering

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             [2-13] Classification and Clustering

class-l%sbccvm.bitnet@cunyvm.cuny.edu

Mailing list and file server for researchers in classification,
clustering, phylogenetic estimation, and related areas of data
analysis.

To subscribe to CLASS-L you should send a message to the internet address
     listserv%sbccvm.bitnet@cunyvm.cuny.edu
The body of the message should consist of:
     subscribe CLASS-L <your full name>
To have your name removed from the CLASS-L subscriber list, send:
     signoff CLASS-L




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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-15.html [20/06/2003 22:41:50]
[2-14] Cognitive Science and Psychology

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 [2-14] Cognitive Science and Psychology

PSYCGRAD (The Psychology Graduate Student Journal) is an online
journal of technical papers by psychology graduate students and is
edited by a team of 18 graduate student editors. To submit a paper or
article, send email to psygrd-j@acadvm1.uottawa.ca. To subscribe, send
a message "sub psygrd-j <firstname> <lastname>" to
listserv@acadvm1.uottawa.ca or read the newsgroup bit.listserv.psycgrad.

PSYCHE is a refereed electronic journal concerning the
interdisciplinary exploration of the nature of consciousness and its
relationship to the brain. To subscribe, send a message with
"SUBSCRIBE PSYCHE-L Firstname Lastname" in the body to
<listserv@iris.rfmh.org>. There is also a web version of the journal at:
<http://psyche.cs.monash.edu.au/>. Submissions may be sent to the
Executive Editor, Patrick Wilken, Computer Science Dept., Monash
University, Clayton, 3167, AUSTRALIA, <patrickw@cs.monash.edu.au>.
A discussion group PSYCHE-D has also been created for discussion of
the contents of the journal and related topics. To subscribe, send a
message with "SUBSCRIBE PSYCHE-D Firstname Lastname" in the body to
<listserv@iris.rfmh.org>. The moderator of PSYCHE-D is Patrick Wilken
<patrickw@cs.monash.edu.au>.

COGNEURO (Cognitive Neuroscience) is a low volume mailing list for
discussing matters at the interface of cognitive science and
neuroscience. For more information about the list, send mail to
cogneuro-request@ptolemy.arc.nasa.gov with Subject line "cogneuro:
send info". To subscribe, use the Subject line "cogneuro: subscribe",
and to unsubscribe, "cogneuro: unsubscribe". Only members of the list
may post to the list. The mailing list archives are available by
anonymous ftp from
   ego.psych.mcgill.ca:/pub/cogneuro/ [132.206.106.211]


http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-16.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:51]
[2-14] Cognitive Science and Psychology

and are maintained by Phil A. Hetherington <het@blaise.psych.mcgill.ca>.
The list is moderated by Kimball Collins <kpc@ptolemy.arc.nasa.gov>.

COGPSY is a moderated mailing list concerned with connectionist
research in cognitive psychology. To be added to the list, send mail
to cogpsy-request@phil.ruu.nl. Submissions should be sent to the same
address.




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-16.html (2 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:51]
 [2-15] Connectionism and Neural Networks

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   [2-15] Connectionism and Neural Networks

Connectionists:
   connectionists@cs.cmu.edu

    This is a restricted mailing list for discussion of technical
    issues relating to neural computation, and for dissemination of
    information directly relevant to researchers in the field. Membership
    is restricted to students and faculty who are actively involved in
    connectionist research.

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
    questions, etc., should be sent to connectionists-request@cs.cmu.edu.

Neural Networks (moderated):
   Neuron@cattell.psych.upenn.edu

    Neuron-Digest is a moderated list (in digest form) dealing with all
    aspects of neural networks (and any type of network or neuromorphic
    system). Topics include both connectionist models (artificial neural
    networks) and biological systems ("wetware"). The digest is posted to
    comp.ai.neural-nets.

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
    questions, etc., should be sent to neuron-request@psych.upenn.edu

    Send submissions to neuron@psych.upenn.edu.

    Neuron Digest archives are kept in the OSU Neuroprose collection
    and in psych.upenn.edu:/pub/Neuron-Digest/ [130.91.68.31]

    Back issues of Neuron Digest are now also available from an email
    archive server. Send a message with "help" in the subject line to
    archive-server@psych.upenn.edu for more information.

    Hypertext versions of the Neuron Digest are available via the URL
       http://www.erg.abdn.ac.uk/projects/neuralweb/digests/


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-17.html (1 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:41:52]
 [2-15] Connectionism and Neural Networks



Neuron-UK:
   neuron-uk@mailbase.ac.uk

    Neural networks in Europe.

    To subscribe, send mail to mailbase@mailbase.ac.uk with
       subscribe neuron-uk yourname
    in the message body.

Users of the Rochester Connectionist Simulator:
   simulator-users@cs.rochester.edu
   simulator-bugs@cs.rochester.edu

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
    questions, etc., should be sent to simulator-request@cs.rochester.edu.

    The simulator is available in ftp.cs.rochester.edu:/pub/packages/simulator/

Users of the Stuttgart Neural Network Simulator:
   snns@informatik.uni-stuttgart.de

    To be added to the mailing list, send a message to
    listserv@informatik.uni-stuttgart.de with
      subscribe snns <Your Full Name>
    in the message body.

    The simulator is available in
    ifi.informatik.uni-stuttgart.de:/pub/SNNS/SNNSv2.1.tar.Z [129.69.211.1]

RNA:
   RNA on LISTSERV@UTFSM.BITNET

    RNA is a Neural Net list in Spanish.

    RNA es una lista dedicada a todas aquellas personas interesadas en el
    desarrollo e investigacion en el campo de las Redes de Neuronas
    Artificiales. El proposito de esta lista es intercambiar
    informacion, favorecer el encuentro de personas con intereses
    afines, promover la formacion de grupos de trabajos y servir de
    apoyo a quienes se integran al area.

    Para subscribirse enviar una nota a LISTSERV@UTFSM.BITNET con el
    siguiente mensaje en el cuerpo de la nota:
       SUB RNA nombre apellido

Cells:
   cells@tce.ing.uniroma1.it



 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-17.html (2 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:41:52]
[2-15] Connectionism and Neural Networks

   A mailing list about cellular neural networks. According to the
   list announcement, Cellular Neural Networks are continuous-time
   dynamical systems consisting of a grid of processing elements
   connected only to neighbours within a given (small) distance. They are
   silicon-efficient locally recurrent networks such as artificial retinas.

   To subscribe, send mail to Marco Balsi <mb@tce.ing.uniroma1.it>.




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-17.html (3 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:41:52]
 [2-16] Constraint Satisfaction

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                         [2-16] Constraint Satisfaction

See also comp.constraints. The FAQ is available via WWW as
   http://web.cs.city.ac.uk/archive/constraints/constraints.html
and by anonymous ftp as
   ftp.cs.city.ac.uk:/pub/constraints/ [138.40.91.9]
The comp.constraints newsgroup is archived in
   ftp.cs.city.ac.uk:/pub/constraints/archive/
Questions about the FAQ should be directed to Michael Jampel
<jampel@cs.city.ac.uk>; questions about the archive should be directed
to Andy Whitcroft <andy@cs.city.ac.uk>.

csp-list@saturne.cert.fr

     A moderated mailing list for topics related to Constraint
     Satisfaction Problems, including algorithms, properties, extensions,
     benchmarks, applications, calls for papers, and so on.

     To subscribe, send a message to listserver@saturne.cert.fr with
        sub csp-list <Your Full Name>
     in the message body.

     If you prefer to receive a digest once a week, send the listserv
     a command like
        set csp-list mail digest
     after successfully subscribing to the list.

     Archives and various informative files can be found by sending the
     "index csp-list" and "get" commands to listserver@saturne.cert.fr. See
     the explanations in "help" for full details.

     For further questions, please get in contact with Thomas Schiex,
     CERT-ONERA (GIA), 2 Avenue Edouard Belin, BP 4025, 31055 Toulouse
     CEDEX, FRANCE, call +33 61-55-70-65, fax +33 61-55-71-94, or send

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-18.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:52]
[2-16] Constraint Satisfaction

    email to schiex@cert.fr.




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-18.html (2 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:52]
 [2-17] Cybernetics and Systems

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                     [2-17] Cybernetics and Systems

Cybernetics and Systems:

    cybsys-l@bingvmb.cc.binghamton.edu
    cybsys-l%bingvmb.bitnet@cunyvm.cuny.edu

    The Cybernetics and Systems mailing list is an open list serving those
    working in or just interested in the interdisciplinary fields of
    Systems Science, Cybernetics, and related fields (e.g. General
    Systems Theory, Complex Systems Theory, Dynamic Systems Theory,
    Computer Modeling and Simulation, Network Theory, Self-Organizing
    Systems Theory, Information Theory, Fuzzy Set Theory). The list is
    coordinated by members of the Systems Science department of the Watson
    School at SUNY-Binghamton, and is affiliated with the International
    Society for the Systems Sciences (ISSS) and the American Society for
    Cybernetics (ASC).

    To subscribe to cybsys-l you should send a message to the internet address
         listserv@bingvmb.cc.binghamton.edu
         listserv%bingvmb.bitnet@cunyvm.cuny.edu
    The body of the message should consist of:
         SUB CYBSYS-L <your full name>
    To unsubscribe send the following command: UNSUB CYBSYS-L

Autopoiesis:

    Mailing list concerning autopoietic (self-producing) systems, as
    described in
       H. Maturana and F. Varela in "Autopoiesis and Cognition" (D. Reidel,
       1980) and "The Embodied Mind."

  To subscribe, send a message to listserv@thinknet.net with
     sub autopoiesis <your name> <your netaddress>
  in the message body.

Complex Systems:

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-19.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:53]
[2-17] Cybernetics and Systems

 complex@life.anu.edu.au

 The Complex Systems List is concerned with all aspects of
 Complex Systems, including cellular automata, artificial life,
 genetic algorithms, and fractals.

 To subscribe, send mail to listserv@life.anu.edu.au with
    subscribe complex "your name"
 in the message body.




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-19.html (2 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:53]
 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-20.html

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                                                   [2-18] Diagrams

diagrams@cs.swarthmore.edu

A mailing list for discussions on (and announcements about activities
concerning) computational and cognitive issues related to diagrams and
imagery. Issues covered include problem solving with diagrammatic
representations, visual reasoning, computational imagery, etc.

To subscribe, send a request to
        diagrams-request@cs.swarthmore.edu

Maintained by Dr. David Barker-Plummer, Computer Science, Swarthmore College.




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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-20.html [20/06/2003 22:41:53]
 [2-19] Distributed AI

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                                         [2-19] Distributed AI

DAI-List:
   DAI-List@ece.sc.edu

    Send subscription requests to DAI-List-request@ece.sc.edu.
    Back issues archived on ftp.mcc.com [128.62.130.101].

Distributed-AI Discussion List:
   To subscribe or get help send COMMAND (e.g. HELP) to mailbase@mailbase.ac.uk
   Send contributions to distributed-ai@mailbase.ac.uk
   For other questions, contact the list owner, lyndon@sx.ac.uk.




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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-21.html [20/06/2003 22:41:54]
 [2-20] Expert Systems in Agriculture

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                                  Next Document: [2-21] Use of Computers in the Fine Arts




            [2-20] Expert Systems in Agriculture

ag-exp-l%ndsuvm1.bitnet@cunyvm.cuny.edu

To subscribe to ag-exp-l you should send a message to the internet address
     listserv%ndsuvm1.bitnet@cunyvm.cuny.edu
The body of the message should consist of:
     subscribe AG-EXP-L <your full name>




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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-22.html [20/06/2003 22:41:55]
 [2-21] Use of Computers in the Fine Arts

                                             Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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                                                Next Document: [2-22] Fuzzy Logic




     [2-21] Use of Computers in the Fine Arts

fineart%ecs.umass.edu@relay.cs.net

The FINEART Forum is dedicated to International collaboration between
artists and scientists. It is subsidized by the International Society for
the Arts, Science, and Technology (ISAST), 2020 Milvia, Berkeley, CA 94704.

The purpose of this bulletin board is to disseminate information regarding
the use of computers in the Fine Arts. One of the general areas of
interest is Art & AI.




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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-23.html [20/06/2003 22:41:55]
[2-22] Fuzzy Logic

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                                        [2-22] Fuzzy Logic

Both the NAFIPS-L and Fuzzy-Mail mailing lists are now gatewayed to
comp.ai.fuzzy.

NAFIPS Fuzzy Logic Mailing List at Georgia State University:
   NAFIPS-L@gsuvm1.gsu.edu

    To subscribe send the following command to LISTSERV@GSUVM1.BITNET:
       SUB NAFIPS-L your_full_name
    where "your_full_name" is your real name, not your login Id.
    Non-BitNet users can join by sending the above command as the only
    line in the text/body of a message to LISTSERV@GSUVM1.GSU.EDU.
    (NAFIPS = "North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society")

    Postings to this mailing list are automatically archived.

Technical University of Vienna Fuzzy Logic Mailing List:
   fuzzy-mail@vexpert.dbai.tuwien.ac.at

    To subscribe send the following command to
    listproc@vexpert.dbai.tuwien.ac.at:
       SUB FUZZY-MAIL your_full_name
    where "your_full_name" is your real name, not your login Id.

    This mailing list is two-way gatewayed to the NAFIPS-L list and to
    the comp.ai.fuzzy newsgroup.

    The listserver also gives access to some files, including the
    "Who is Who in Fuzzy Logic" database that is currently under
    construction by Robert Fuller <rfuller@finabo.abo.fi>.



http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-24.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:56]
[2-22] Fuzzy Logic




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-24.html (2 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:56]
[2-23] Game Playing

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                                    [2-23] Game Playing

Go:

      computer-go@prg.ox.ac.uk

      List for discussion of programs that play the game of GO. The list
      was set up by Fletch <m92mjb@ecs.ox.ac.uk>.

    To subscribe, send mail to computer-go-request@prg.ox.ac.uk.




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-25.html [20/06/2003 22:41:56]
 [2-24] Genetic Algorithms and Genetic Programming

                                           Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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            [2-24] Genetic Algorithms and Genetic
                        Programming

Genetic Algorithms Digest:

    GA-List@AIC.NRL.NAVY.MIL (moderated; digest format)

    Send subscription requests to the -request form of the list
    or to gref@aic.nrl.navy.mil.

    Past copies of the digest are archived on
       ftp.aic.nrl.navy.mil:/pub/galist/
    Some software is also archived there.

Discussion of genetic algorithms also appears from time to time in
comp.ai.neural-nets and comp.theory.self-org-sys.

Genetic Programming:

    genetic-programming@cs.stanford.edu

    A mailing list for discussion of Genetic Programming. See Koza's
    book for details.

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
    questions, etc., should be sent to
       genetic-programming-request@cs.stanford.edu

    The genetic-programming mailing list is archived on
    ftp.cc.utexas.edu:/pub/genetic-programming/ along with some code and papers.

Evolutionary Programming Email Digest:

    [This adress appears to have gone away- I am looking into it.]

    The digest is intended to promote discussions on a wide range of
    technical issues in evolutionary optimization, as well as provide
    information on upcoming conferences, events, journals, special issues,

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-26.html (1 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:41:57]
 [2-24] Genetic Algorithms and Genetic Programming

    and other items of interest to the EP community. Discussions on all
    areas of evolutionary computation are welcomed, including artificial
    life, evolution strategies, and genetic algorithms. The digest is
    meant to encourage interdisciplinary communications.

    To subscribe to the digest, send mail to ep-list-request@magenta.me.fau.edu
    and include the line "subscribe ep-list" in the body of the text. Further
    instructions will follow your subscription.

    The digest will be moderated by N. Saravanan of Florida Atlantic
    University, <saravan@amber.me.fau.edu>.

Evolutionary Computing:

    This is a UK discussion group for genetic programming, artificial
    life, and other topics in evolutionary computing.

    To subscribe, send mail to mailbase@mailbase.ac.uk with
        join evolutionary-computing <Your Full Name>
    in the message body.

GEnetic Algorithms Research Students (GEARS):
   gaphd-list@dcs.warwick.ac.uk

    A mailing list for students conducting research in the field of
    genetic algorithms. Example topics may include
       "How do I get started in GA research?",
       "Has x ever been tried before?"
       "Does anyone else get these results?"
       "Where can I obtain this paper?"
       "My supervisor's annoying me!"

    To subscribe, send mail to gaphd-list-request@dcs.warwick.ac.uk.

    The list is maintained by Martyn Amos <martyn@dcs.warwick.ac.uk>.

GANN:
   gann@cs.iastate.edu

    GANN is a mailing list concerned with the use of evolutionary
    algorithms (genetic algorithms, genetic programming and their
    variants) in the exploration of the design space of (artificial)
    neural network architectures and algorithms. The list will be
    semi-moderated to keep the signal to noise ratio as high as possible.

    To subscribe to the list, send mail to gann-request@cs.iastate.edu
    with
       subscribe
    in the Subject line.


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-26.html (2 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:41:57]
[2-24] Genetic Algorithms and Genetic Programming



   Moderated by Dr. Vasant Honavar <honavar@cs.iastate.edu>,
   Dr. Mike Rudnick <rudnick@cs.tulane.edu> and Mr. Karthik
   Balakrishnan <balakris@cs.iastate.edu>.




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-26.html (3 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:41:57]
 [2-25] HCI: AI Applications to Human-Computer Interface Design

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            [2-25] HCI: AI Applications to Human-
                 Computer Interface Design

STUDENTS.CHI:
   students.chi@xerox.com

    The STUDENTS.CHI mailing list has been established by the SIGCHI
    Extended Executive Committee (EEC) and Xerox (the corporate sponsor of
    the CHI email distribution lists).

    The objective of STUDENTS.CHI is to distribute information and
    share perspectives of particular concern to students involved in any
    aspect of the human factors and computing field. The Human-Computer
    Interaction field (HCI) focuses on the research, design, development and
    evaluation of human-computer communication and interaction.

    Other distribution lists include:
       announcements.chi       Broadcasts messages of general interest
       educators.chi           Discussion of education in HCI issues
       ii.chi                  Messages related to intelligent interfaces
       intercultural.chi       Cross-cultural issues and SIGCHI
       socialaction.chi        Discussion of CHI-related Social Issues
       techprogram.chi         Long range planning of CHI conf. program
       vision.chi              Discussions related to the future of SIGCHI

    To be added to a mailing list, send a list of the CHI lists that you
    want to receive to Nick Briggs at "Registrar.chi@xerox.com".


AI-CHI:
   wiley!ai-chi@lll-lcc.llnl.gov

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems, questions,
    etc., should be sent to wiley!ai-chi-request@LLL-LCC.LLNL.GOV.

    [This machine seems to be defunct. Anybody knowing the new location
    of the mailing list should send mail to mkant+ai-faq@cs.cmu.edu.]

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-27.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:57]
[2-25] HCI: AI Applications to Human-Computer Interface Design




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[2-26] Knowledge Acquisition

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                 Previous Document: [2-25] HCI: AI Applications to Human-Computer Interface Design
                                 Next Document: [2-27] Knowledge-based Scheduling




                   [2-26] Knowledge Acquisition

kaw@swi.psy.uva.nl

KAW is a list server provided by the University of Amsterdam for
the knowledge acquisition community. It will carry news and
discussion relating to KA activities.

To join the KAW list, send a message with
   subscribe KAW <your name>
in the body to service@swi.psy.uva.nl. For more information about the
list server, send
   help
in the body instead.




             Top Document: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Newsgroups and Mailing Lists 2/6 [Monthly posting]
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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-28.html [20/06/2003 22:41:58]
[2-27] Knowledge-based Scheduling

                                       Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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                                  Previous Document: [2-26] Knowledge Acquisition
                                   Next Document: [2-28] Knowledge Representation




       [2-27] Knowledge-based Scheduling

sched-l@vexpert.dbai.tuwien.ac.at

Covers topics related to advanced scheduling techniques and
applications, especially knowledge-based scheduling of manufacturing
processes.

To subscribe, send mail to listserver@vexpert.dbai.tuwien.ac.at, with
the following line in the message body:
   SUB SCHED-L <name>
where <name> should be replaced by your real name.

If you prefer getting a digest once a week, send additionally a
   SET SCHED-L MAIL DIGEST
after subscribing as described above.

If you need to talk to a human being, talk to Sandford Bessler
<Sandford.Bessler@kapsch.co.at> or Wolfgang Slany
<wsi@vexpert.dbai.tuwien.ac.at>. Mail sent to
sched-owner@vexpert.dbai.tuwien.ac.at will reach both of them.




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-29.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:58]
[2-27] Knowledge-based Scheduling

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                                               Last Update June 20 2003 @ 00:12 AM




http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-29.html (2 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:58]
 [2-28] Knowledge Representation

                                         Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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                                  Previous Document: [2-27] Knowledge-based Scheduling
                                     Next Document: [2-29] Logic Programming, Prolog




                [2-28] Knowledge Representation

Conceptual Graphs:
   cg@cs.umn.edu

    Conceptual Graphs are a general semantic network representation of
    knowledge invented by John Sowa. They have the expressive power of
    logic, but with an easy mapping to natural language.

    See, for example,

           John F. Sowa, "Conceptual Structures: Information Processing in
           Man and Machine", Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass, 1984.

           John Florian Sowa, "Knowledge Representation", forthcoming.

    To join, contact tjan@cs.umn.edu.

KQML:
   kqml@cs.umbc.edu

    Discussion of the conceptual design and use of KQML (Knowledge
    Query and Manipulation Language), a protocol for exchanging
    information and knowledge.

    To subscribe, send mail to majordomo@cs.umbc.edu
    with
      subscribe kqml
    in the message body.

    The mailing list archives are accessible by WWW to
       http://www.cs.umbc.edu/kqml/mail/
    The KQML WWW page is
       http://www.cs.umbc.edu/kqml/
    and is also accessible by anonymous ftp to


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-30.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:59]
 [2-28] Knowledge Representation

           ftp.cs.umbc.edu:/pub/kqml/

Knowledge Sharing:
   srkb@cs.umbc.edu

    For the shared-ontologies part of the Knowledge Sharing Effort of ARPA.

    To join send a message to majordomo@cs.umbc.edu with
       subscribe srkb
    in the message body.

Interlingua:
   interlingua@isi.edu

    For the KIF language (Knowledge Interchange Format) of the ARPA
    Knowledge Sharing Effort. KIF resembles predicate logic with many
    added parentheses, plus some set theory.




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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-30.html (2 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:41:59]
[2-29] Logic Programming, Prolog

                                       Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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                                 Previous Document: [2-28] Knowledge Representation
                                       Next Document: [2-30] Machine Discovery




            [2-29] Logic Programming, Prolog

Prolog and Logic Programming:
   prolog@sushi.stanford.edu (general)
   prolog-hackers@sushi.stanford.edu (nitty gritty)

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
    questions, etc., should be sent to prolog-request@sushi.stanford.edu

    [The host sushi.stanford.edu no longer exists, as of 11/24/92.
     Does anybody know the new location of the mailing lists?]

Concurrent Logic Programming: [Mail to jlevy bounces. 8/18/93 mk]
   clp.x@xerox.com
   clp-request.All_Areas@xerox.com ??

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
    questions, etc., should be sent to clp-request.x@xerox.com or to
    Jacob Levy <jlevy.pa@xerox.com>.

Constraint Logic Programming:
   clp-request@cis.ohio-state.edu

LOGIC-L:
   logic-l@bucknell.edu

    Mailing list for the teaching and study of elementary logic.

    To subscribe, send a message to listserv@bucknell.edu with
       sub logic-l <your name>
    in the message body.

LPNMR:

http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-31.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:42:00]
[2-29] Logic Programming, Prolog

    lpnmr@ms.uky.edu

    Mailing list for logic programming and non-monotonic reasoning.

    Send mail to lpnmr-request@ms.uky.edu to subscribe.




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 [2-30] Machine Discovery

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                              [2-30] Machine Discovery

Knowledge Discovery in Databases:
   kdd@gte.com

    KDD Nuggets is a moderated mailing list for the dissemination of
    information relevant to Knowledge Discovery in Databases (KDD), such as
    announcements of conferences/workshops, tool reviews, application
    examples, information requests, interesting ideas, outrageous opinions,
    and so on.

    Moderator:               Gregory Piatetsky-Shapiro <gps@gte.com>

    To subscribe, send mail to kdd-request@gte.com.

    The KDD Nuggets archive is accessible by anonymous ftp from
       ftp.gte.com:/pub/kdd/
    or by WWW from
       http://info.gte.com/~kdd/
    It includes the KDD FAQ, a catalog of commercial and public domain
    tools, a list of AI resources compiled by Chris Matheus
    <cjm1%scintilla@gte.com>, and workshop reports.




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[2-30] Machine Discovery




                                      Send corrections/additions to the FAQ Maintainer:
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                                                Last Update June 20 2003 @ 00:12 AM




http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-32.html (2 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:42:00]
[2-31] Machine Learning

                                       Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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                                     Previous Document: [2-30] Machine Discovery
                                 Next Document: [2-33] Natural Language Processing




                             [2-31] Machine Learning

Machine Learning List (moderated):
   ml@ics.uci.edu

    The Machine Learning List is moderated. Contributions should be
    relevant to the scientific study of machine learning. Mail requests
    to be added or deleted to ml-request@ics.uci.edu.

    URL for back-issues is
       http://www.ics.uci.edu/AI/ML/Machine-Learning.html

Machine learning List (unmoderated):
   http://www.egroups.com/group/machine-learning
   machine-learning-subscribe@egroups.com

    The Machine Learning mailing list is an unmoderated mailing list
    intended for people in Computer Sciences, Statistics, Mathematics,
    and other areas or disciplines with interests in Machine
    Learning. Researchers, practitioners, and users of Machine Learning
    in academia, industry, and government are encouraged to join the
    list and participate.

    You're invited to discuss and exchange ideas regarding any aspect
    of Machine Learning, e.g., various learning algorithms, data
    pre-processing, variable selection mechanism, instance selection,
    and applications to real-world problems. Software, conferences,
    courses, jobs, and others related announcements are also welcome.

Reinforcement Learning:
   reinforce@cs.uwa.edu.au

    This is an informal unmoderated mailing list devoted to

http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-33.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:42:01]
[2-31] Machine Learning

    reinforcement learning.
    To join, send mail to reinforce-request@cs.uwa.edu.au.

Inductive:
   inductive@unb.ca

    INDUCTIVE is a moderated mailing list dedicated to the discussion
    of inductive (learning) processes.

    To subscribe, send a message to inductive-server@unb.ca with
       subscribe inductive YOUR NAME
    in the message body.

Support Vector Machines:
   http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/support-vector-machines.html




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-33.html (2 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:42:01]
 [2-33] Natural Language Processing

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                                              Next Document: [2-34] Qualitative Physics




                [2-33] Natural Language Processing

Information Retrieval:
   irlist <ir-l%uccvma.bitnet@vm1.nodak.edu>

    To subscribe send the following command to LISTSERV@UCCVMA.BITNET:
       SUB IR-L your_full_name
    where "your_full_name" is your real name, not your login Id.
    Non-BitNet users can join by sending the above command as the only
    line in the text/body of a message to
    LISTSERV%UCCVMA.BITNET@VM1.NODAK.EDU.

    Moderator: IRLUR%UCCMVSA.BITNET@VM1.NODAK.EDU

Natural Language and Knowledge Representation (moderated):
   nl-kr@ai.sunnyside.com (formerly nl-kr@cs.rpi.edu, nl-kr@cs.rochester.edu)
   Gatewayed to the newsgroup comp.ai.nlang-know-rep.

    To subscribe, send LISTSERV commands to NL-KR-REQUEST@ai.sunnyside.com.

    Back issues are available from
       ai.sunnyside.com:/pub/nl-kr/
    in the subdirectories Vxx/ as the files Nyy.Z. For example, issue
    number 1 of volume 1 will be found as /nl-kr/V01/N01.Z. Mail requests
    for backissues will not be promptly satisfied. The gopher server is
       gopher://ai.sunnyside.com:70/pub/nl-kr
    and the URL is
       http://ai.sunnyside.com/pub/nl-kr

    The NL-KR Digest will be slowly evolving into a citeable electronic journal.

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
    questions, etc., should be sent to nl-kr-request@ai.sunnyside.com.

Natural Language Generation:
   siggen@black.bgu.ac.il

    Mailing list for the ACL Special Interest Group on Natural Language

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-34.html (1 of 7) [20/06/2003 22:42:02]
 [2-33] Natural Language Processing

    Generation. Open to anybody interested in NLG.

    The FTP repository,
       black.bgu.ac.il:/pub/siggen/ [132.72.40.7]
    contains archives of SIGGEN messages, the Dale and Kantrowitz NLG
    bibliographies, and some software.

    Moderated by Michael Elhadad. The siggen mailing list includes roughly
    170 people.

Parsing:
   sigparse@cs.cmu.edu

Speech Interfaces:

    Electronic Communal Temporal Lobe (or ECTL) is a moderated mailing list
    for speech interface enthusiats. To subscribe, send a message with your
    name, institution, department, daytime phone and an email address to
    ectl-request@snowhite.cis.uoguelph.ca. If you have trouble with this mail
    address, call David Leip at (519) 824-4120 x3709 (office) x4297 (lab).

    ECTL has an anonymous ftp archive which is located at
       snowhite.cis.uoguelph.ca:/pub/ectl/ [131.104.48.1]
    Included in the archive are: all issues of ECTL, as well as a list
    of subscribers, lists of speech related products (s/w & h/w), and a
    list of speech related technical report abstracts. If you would
    like to contribute to the archive, please send mail to
       ectl-sub@snowhite.cis.uoguelph.ca
    If you need information about how to ftp, or such things, please
    send mail to
       ectl-request@snoehite.cis.uoguelph.ca

Statistics, Natural Language, and Computing:
   empiricists@csli.stanford.edu

    Corpus-based studies of natural language, statistical natural language
    processing, methods that enable systems to deal with and scale up to
    real-world usage, as well as how the various techniques can be useful
    in such areas as information retrieval and human-computer interaction.

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
    questions, etc., should be sent to empiricists-request@csli.stanford.edu

Dependency Grammar
   dg@ai.uga.edu

    Syntactic theory, analysis, and parsing using dependency grammar
    (i.e., using links between individual words rather than a constituency
    tree).


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-34.html (2 of 7) [20/06/2003 22:42:02]
 [2-33] Natural Language Processing



    All requests for subscriptions or other assistance should be addressed
    to mcovingt@ai.uga.edu.

Prosody:

    To subscribe, send a one-line message to listserv@purccvm.bitnet
    in the following format:

          subscribe prosody <Your Full Name>


Translation and Interpretation of Natural Language:
   lantra-l%finhutc.bitnet@cunyvm.cuny.edu

    To add or remove yourself from the list, send a message to
    listserv%finhutc.bitnet@cunyvm.cuny.edu. The sender of the message
    you send must be the name (E-mail address) you want to add or remove
    from the list. The text body of the message should be:
        SUBSCRIBE LANTRA-L your_full_name
    or:
        SIGNOFF LANTRA-L
    where your_full_name is your normal name, not your E-mail address.


Text Analysis and Natural Language Applications:
   SCHOLAR%CUNYVM.BITNET@uga.cc.uga.edu

    SCHOLAR is an online information service covering all aspects of
    natural language processing in such fields as literary studies,
    linguistics, history and lexicography. It consists of information like
    book reviews, project reports database listings, a conference
    calendar, and news of hardware and software relevant to the field.
    SCHOLAR is distributed occasionally as the quantity of information
    received allows. Contributions should be sent to Joseph Raben
    <jqrqc@cunyvm.cuny.edu>.

    To add or remove yourself from the list, send a message to
    listserv@cunyvm.cuny.edu. The sender of the message
    you send must be the name (E-mail address) you want to add or remove
    from the list. The text body of the message should be:
        SUBSCRIBE SCHOLAR your_full_name
    or:
        SIGNOFF SCHOLAR
    where your_full_name is your normal name, not your E-mail address.
    For technical assistance, send mail to <lnaqc@cunyvm.cuny.edu>.

    SCHOLAR files are available by anonymous ftp from jhuvm.hcf.jhu.edu
    [128.220.2.2]. Use username scholar and type your login userid as a
    password. The index of SCHOLAR files is SCHOLAR.INDEX. The WWW for

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-34.html (3 of 7) [20/06/2003 22:42:02]
 [2-33] Natural Language Processing

    SCHOLAR is
       gopher://jhuniverse.hcf.jhu.edu/11/.HAC/Journals/.SCHOLAR/
    and includes a WAIS search engine.

    The files are also available by listserv. For an explanation of
    the coding system for items in SCHOLAR, send mail to
       <listserv@cunyvm.cuny.edu>
    with the following as the body of the message:
            Get SCHOLAR COD
    To retrieve the entire release send mail to <listserv@cunyvm.cuny.edu>
    with the folowing as the body of the message:
            Get AZ Package

Text Corpora:
   corpora@nora.hd.uib.no

    Text corpora compilation, availability, and use.

    All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
    questions, etc., should be sent to corpora-request@nora.hd.uib.no.

    Files relating to the mailing list are available by anonymous ftp from
       nora.hd.uib.no:/pub/corpora/ [129.177.24.42]
    by mailserver from fileserv@nora.hd.uib.no (send a message with "help"
    and "index" in the body to get help), or by gopher from
       gopher://nora.hd.uib.no:70/

    The list is hosted at the Norwegian Computing Centre for the Humanities
    in Bergen, Norway. Questions about these services can be directed to:
    Knut Hofland <knut@x400.hd.uib.no>.

Speech production and perception:
   foNETiks <fonetiks@mailbase.ac.uk>

    foNETiks is a monthly newsletter distributed by e-mail. The
    focus is on speech production, speech perception, speech disorders,
    automatic speech recognition and speech synthesis. It carries
    job advertisements, notices of conferences, and other news of
    general interest to phoneticians and speech scientists.

    To be added to the list, send a message to
       mailbase@mailbase.ac.uk
    with
       join fonetiks first_name last_name
    in the message body, replacing "first_name" and "last_name" with your
    first and last names respectively. To get an index of files
    associated with the list (e.g., archives of previous issues), put
       index FONETIKS


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-34.html (4 of 7) [20/06/2003 22:42:02]
 [2-33] Natural Language Processing

    in the message body. To get off the list, put
       leave fonetiks
    in the message body.

    The current editors are Linda Shockey and Gerry Docherty. They can
    be reached at fonetiks-request@mailbase.ac.uk.

    Contributions should be sent to fonetiks@mailbase.ac.uk.

LN:
    ln@frmop11.bitnet

    LN is an international electronic distribution list for computational
    linguistics, with a French emphasis. Although the list is primarily
    French-speaking, there are some posts in English. Topics of interest
    include computational lexicography, study and use of corpora,
    statistical models, as well as the usual calls for papers, conference
    announcements, requests and discussions. The list is jointly
    sponsored by the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL) and
    the Association for Computers and the Humanities (ACH).

    To join LN, send a message to LISTSERV@FRMOP11.BITNET, containing only
    the following line:
       SUBSCRIBE LN your name

    Send messages to be transmitted on the list to LN@FRMOP11.BITNET.
    The list is moderated by Jean Veronis <veronis@vassar.bitnet>
    (GRTC-CNRS, France) and Pierre Zweigenbaum <zweig@frsim51.bitnet>
    (DIAM-INSERM, France).

Linguist:
   linguist@tamvm1.tamu.edu

    The LINGUIST list is a moderated international list containing discussion
    primarily of linguistics, although discussion of related fields is welcome.

    To subscribe to the list, send a message to
       listserv@tamvm1.tamu.edu
    containing as its first and only line:
       sub linguist <Your Full Name>

    The URL for the linguist list archive is:
       gopher://nic.merit.edu:7055/11/linguistics/linguist.list/

BILDIL:
   BILDIL is a Turkish NLP Discussion Group.

    To subscribe, send a message to listserv@trmetu.bitnet with
       sub bildil <your name> <your last name>
    in the message body.

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-34.html (5 of 7) [20/06/2003 22:42:02]
 [2-33] Natural Language Processing



ELSNET:
   elsnet-list@cogsci.ed.ac.uk

    ELSNET is the European Network in Language and Speech mailing list.
    This mailing list is used to announce activities, post job openings,
    or discuss issues which are relevant to persons in the European
    natural language and speech communities.

    To join, send mail to elsnet@cogsci.ed.ac.uk

GESTURE-L:
   gesture-l@coombs.anu.edu.au

    The GESTURE-L mailing list discusses the study of gestures, sign
    language, and related topics.

    To subscribe to the list, send mail to
       majordomo@coombs.anu.edu.au
    with
       subscribe gesture-l <your email address>
    in the message body.

    Archives are available as
      gopher://coombs.anu.edu.au:70/

Paramind:
   Paramind@eskimo.com

    The Paramind mailing list is for discussion of concepts of
    computer-generated writing, especially those related to the theory of
    the "telical exhaustion of the interaction of words". Telical means,
    "towards an useful end".

    To be added to the list, send a message to Paramind-request@eskimo.com.

    The list's FAQ can be obtained by anonymous ftp from
       eskimo.com:/usr/ftp/paramind/paramind.faq

    The list is coordinated by telical@eskimo.com.

LFG:

    This mailing list concerns Lexical-Functional Grammar.

    To subscribe, send mail to majordomo@list.stanford.edu.
    with
       subscribe lfg
    in the message body.


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-34.html (6 of 7) [20/06/2003 22:42:02]
 [2-33] Natural Language Processing

ConLang:
   conlang@diku.dk

    For discussion of any constructed or planned languages (from
    Esperanto to Loglan/Lojban to Klingon, including AI-based languages).

    To subscribe, write conlang-request@diku.dk or listserv@diku.dk.




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                             [2-34] Qualitative Physics

qphysics@cs.washington.edu

To join, send mail to qphysics-request@cs.washington.edu.




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-35.html [20/06/2003 22:42:03]
 [2-35] Robotics

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                                               [2-35] Robotics

Robot Controller Boards:

     robot-board@oberon.com

     The purpose of the Robot Board mailing list is to discuss robot
     controller boards, and robot control in general. In particular, this
     list will be used to support the Miniboard 2.0 and 6.270 board design
     by Fred Martin and Randy Sargent of MIT. However, any and all traffic
     related to robot controllers is welcome.

     All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
     questions, etc., should be sent to robot-board-request@oberon.com.
     You can also use ListServ to be added to or removed (send a message
     with "help" in the body to listserv@oberon.com for more information).

IS Robotics Robots:

     isrug@cs.umd.edu

     Users' mailing list for those using or interested in the IS Robotics
     Robots. This list is read by members of the company, but is primarily
     intended for users wishing to contact each other.

     All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems,
     questions, etc., should be sent to isrug-requests@cs.umd.edu.

Hero Robots:
   hero-owners@smcvax.smcvt.edu

     Hero-owners is a mailing list for owners of HERO robots.

     To subscribe to the list, send mail to
        Hero-owners-request@smcvax.smcvt.edu

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-36.html (1 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:42:03]
 [2-35] Robotics

     with
        Subscribe Hero-owners
     in the message body.

     Questions or problems should be directed to Dave Goodwin
     <Goodwin@smcvax.smcvt.edu>.

SPIE INFO-ROBO:
   info-robo@mom.spie.org

     INFO-ROBO is a mailing list from the International Society for
     Optical Engineering (SPIE). Membership in SPIE is not required
     to join the list.

     To subscribe, send an e-mail message to
        info-optolink-request@mom.spie.org
     with the line
        subscribe info-robo
     in the message body.

     For an up-to-date list of SPIE listserver groups
     at any time, send the word LISTS to the same address.

Autonomous Vehicle - Mine Counter Measure:
   av-mcm@stl.nps.navy.mil

     The     AV-MCM list is for discussion of the use of autonomous vehicles
     and     associated work packages and control concepts in the tasks of mine
     (or     hazardous materials) clearance on land, in the sea, or from the
     air     and space.

     To subscribe to the list send a message to
        av-mcm-request@stl.nps.navy.mil
     without a subject line and
        subscribe av-mcm your-email-address
     in the message body. For information on mail archives, type
        help
     instead.

     To talk to a human being send mail to Gary R. Porter
     <gporter@stl.nps.navy.mil>.




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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-36.html (2 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:42:03]
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                              [2-36] Simulated Annealing

anneal@sti.com                 (formerly anneal-request@cs.ucla.edu (Daniel R. Greening))

This mailing list is for discussion of simulated annealing techniques,
analysis, and related issues such as stochastic optimization,
Boltzmann machines, and metricity of NP-complete move spaces.

Membership in this list is restricted to those doing active research
in simulated annealing or related areas. The list itself is
unmoderated.

To subscribe to anneal, send the following in an email message to
"majordomo@sti.com":
        subscribe anneal
This will subscribe the account from which you send the message to the
anneal list.

If you wish to subscribe another address instead (such as a local
redistribution list), you can use a command of the form:
        subscribe anneal other-address@your_site.your_net

To find out more about the automated server, send the following command
to "majordomo@sti.com":
        help

If you feel you need to reach a human, send email to
        anneal-approval@sti.com




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                                            [2-37] Simulation

simulation@ufl.edu
Gatewayed to the newsgroup comp.simulation.

All requests to be added to or deleted from this list, problems, questions,
etc., should be sent to simulation-request@ufl.edu.




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 [2-38] Symbolic Math

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                                     [2-38] Symbolic Math

Symbolic Math <leff%smu.uucp@UUNET.UU.NET>
Gatewayed to the newsgroup sci.math.symbolic.

Mailing list covering symbolic math algorithms, applications and problems
relating to the various symbolic math languages.

Mail to be forwarded to the list should be sent to
leff%smu.uucp@uunet.uu.net (ARPANET/MilNet) or sci.math.symbolic (USENET).
Requests to be included on the list should be sent to
leff%smu.uucp@uunet.uu.net.




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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-39.html [20/06/2003 22:42:05]
 [2-39] Theorem Provers

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                                  [2-39] Theorem Provers

theorem-provers@ai.mit.edu

This (unmoderated) list is intended for announcements of interest to
people interested in automated theorem proving.

To subscribe, send your email address to theorem-provers-request@ai.mit.edu.




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[2-40] Case-Based Reasoning

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                   [2-40] Case-Based Reasoning

AI-CBR:

    AI-CBR is an e-mail forum for CBR researchers. Many of the
    companies developing, selling and supporting CBR tools such as
    ReMind, KATE, ReCall, CBR Express, and Esteem are members of the
    mailing list. The mailing list also carries other information of
    interest to CBR researchers.

    To join AI-CBR send a message to Ian Watson
    <i.d.watson@surveying.salford.ac.uk>.




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[2-41] Uncertainty

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                                        [2-41] Uncertainty

John Mark Agosta's uncertainty mailing list is defunct, but the
archives of the list can be found on
   sumex-aim.stanford.edu:/var/ftp/pub/unc/

A new list has replaced it. To subscribe, send mail to
majordomo@maillist.cs.orst.edu with
   subscribe uai
in the message body.




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-42.html [20/06/2003 22:42:06]
 [2-45] Vision Research

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                                    [2-45] Vision Research

vision-list@teleos.com

The Vision List is a bidirectional gateway to the comp.ai.vision
newsgroup. It provides copies of articles posted to the newsgroup in
the form of weekly digests.

Send submissions to vision-list@teleos.com. All requests to be added
to or deleted from this list, problems, questions, etc., should be
sent to Phil Kahn, the list's moderator, at <vision-list-request@teleos.com>.
Archived in
   teleos.com:/VISION-LIST-ARCHIVE/

cvnet%yorkvm1.bitnet@cunyvm.cuny.edu
Color and vision research.




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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part2/section-43.html [20/06/2003 22:42:07]
 [2-50] Commercial Systems: Kappa PC, ...

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 [2-50] Commercial Systems: Kappa PC, ...

Kappa PC:

     ai-kappa-pc@mailbase.ac.uk

     Discussion list for users of Intellicorp's Kappa PC (a                                               KBS/OOP/Windows
     application development package). The list is intended                                               for discussion
     of any issues relevant to Kappa PC users, from OOP and                                               KBS theory and
     practice to specific bugs or niggles with the product.                                                A library of
     code and extensions to the product will be attached to                                               the list.

     To join the list, send a message to mailbase@mailbase.ac.uk containing
     the line:

             join ai-kappa-pc <firstname> <lastname>

     For further information, contact Andy Vann <A.M.Vann@bristol.ac.uk>,
     Dept of Civil Engineering, University of Bristol, UK, Tel (+44) 272
     303030 x3312, Fax (+44) 272 303889.




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[2-50] Commercial Systems: Kappa PC, ...

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         [2-60] Miscellaneous: Artificial Morality,
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Artificial Morality:

    artmoral-list@unixg.ubc.ca

    This is a mailing list for discussion of Peter Danielson's book,
    "Artificial Morality: Virtuous Robots for Virtual Games" (Routledge,
    New York, 1992) and related issues. It explores theories of rational
    morality with Prolog.

    To join the list, send an email message to
       artmoral-list-request@unixg.ubc.ca

Frog Net:
   frog-net@rana.usc.edu

    Frog Net is a mailing list for researchers interested in the
    behavior and underlying neural mechanisms of amphibians.

    To subscribe, send mail to Jim Liaw <liaw@rana.usc.edu>.

Rough Sets:
   roughset@cs.uregina.ca

    EBRSC is the Electronic Bulletin of the Rough Set Community. Its
    goal is to encourage the rapid dissemination of research related to
    the study of Rough Set Theory, as first introduced by Z. Pawlak
    (Z.Pawlak, "Rough Sets" Int. J. Inform. & Comput. Sci. 11:344-356, 1982.).

    If you would like to subscribe, please send a short note with your
    name and email address to roughset@cs.uregina.ca. Submissions should
    be sent to the same address.

    The archives of the bulletin are located at
       ftp.cs.uregina.ca:/pub/ebrsc/ [142.3.200.53]
    and include back issues of the Bulletin as well as data and

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    software contributions and a bibliography. They are also available
    by gopher at gopher.cs.uregina.ca.

    The EBRSC is edited by Mike Hadjimichael <mike@cs.uregina.ca> and
    Robert Golan <golan@cs.uregina.ca>.

HOTT:

    HOTT is a free monthly newsletter summarizing the latest developments
    in computer, communications, and electronics technologies, as reported
    in the popular press, trade magazines, research journals, mailing
    lists, and newsgroups. Topics will include VR, neural networks, PDAs,
    GUIs, intelligent agents, ubiquitous computing, genetic and
    evolutionary programming, nanotechnology, and massively parallel
    programming, among others.

    To subscribe, send mail to listserv@ucsd.edu with
        SUBSCRIBE HOTT-LIST
    in the message body.

    If you need to speak to a human being, send mail to hott@ucsd.edu.

    HOTT is edited by David Scott Lewis <d.s.lewis@ieee.org>.

Intelligent Control (INTCON):

    The INTCON (Intelligent Control) Special Interest Group is intended to
    provide a forum for communication and exchange of ideas among
    researchers in neuro-control, fuzzy logic control, reinforcement
    learning and other related subjects grouped under the topic of
    Intelligent Control. The emphasis is on application in control; by
    "intelligence" we mean using ideas, techniques and procedures inspired
    partly from biology, psychology, and so on.

    To subscribe to INTCON, send mail to bahrami@syscon.ee.unsw.edu.au

    INTCON is moderated by Mohammad Bahrami, School of Electrical
    Engineering, University of New South Wales, P. O. Box 1, Kensington,
    2033, NSW Australia.

CSGnet:

    The Control Systems Group Network (CSGnet) is a mailing list for
    folks interested in Perceptual Control Theory (PCT). PCT claims that a
    fundamental aspect of organisms is their ability to control their
    environment.

    To subscribe, send a message to
       listserv@vmd.cso.uiuc.edu

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    with
       subscribe csg-l <name, affiliation, city, state>
       help
       get csg/Index
    in the message body.

    Several MS-DOS demonstration programs are available from the LISTSERV.

    If you need to speak to a human being about subscription problems,
    send mail to Gary Cziko <g-cziko@uiuc.edu>, the network manager.

Intelligent Decision Support Systems (IDSS):
   idss@socs.uts.edu.au

    The IDSS Mailing list aims to act as a forum to exchange ideas on the
    design, implementation and maintenance of Intelligent Decision Support
    Systems (IDSS). IDSSs have proven to be successful at supporting
    complex decision making problems at all levels of an organisation.

    To subscribe to the IDSS mailing list, send e-mail to
       listproc@socs.uts.edu.au
    with the following line as the first and only line in the body of the
    message:
       subscribe IDSS <your-full-name>
    Do not include the brackets when specifying your full name.

    If you have any problems with using the IDSS mailing list
    please send e-mail to idss-request@socs.uts.EDU.AU

    The list is a free service provided by the IDSSs laboratory in the
    School of Computing Sciences at the University of Technology, Sydney (UTS).
    It is maintained by Andrew Blair <andrew@socs.uts.edu.au>.

UNIPEN:
   SCRIB-L is a mailing list for on-line handwriting recognition. The
   main focus of the mailing list is to exchange data and benchmarks.
   The list is organized by Isabelle Guyon and Lambert Schomaker.
   Send mail to isabelle@neural.att.com to be added to the mailing list.

MET-AI:
   met-ai@comp.vuw.ac.nz

    MET-AI is a mailing list concerned with applications of artificial
    intelligence to meteorology. Topics include applications of machine
    learning to weather forecasting, artificial neural networks in
    meteorology, automatic interpretation and analysis of satellite
    imagery, automatic synthesis of weather forecast texts, case-based
    reasoning and meteorology, expert systems and decision aids for
    weather forecasting, high-level interfaces to archives of

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    meteorological data, and statistical pattern recognition.

    To subscribe, send an email message to
         met-ai-request@comp.vuw.ac.nz
    with
         subscribe
    in the message body. MET-AI is an unmoderated mailing list.

    Problems and suggestions to Eric Jones <Eric.Jones@comp.vuw.ac.nz>.

AI-NAT:
   ai-nat@adfa.oz.au

    Application of AI techniques to domains involving the natural world,
    including natural resource management, mining, water resources,
    defence, development planning and so on.

    To subscribe, send a message to
       Majordomo@adfa.oz.au
    containing the line
       subscribe ai-nat <your email address>

OOP Frameworks:
   FWList@AOL.COM

    FWList is a moderated mailing list for discussion of Object Oriented
    Frameworks, including Taligent's framework-based system, Microsoft's
    MFC, and Apple's OpenDoc Parts Framework.

    To subscribe to the list send a message to FWList@AOL.COM, with the word
       subscribe
    in the subject line and your name and preferred e-mail address in the
    message body.

Wisdom List:
   wisdom@mcs.com

    For CYC-like ontologies for story understanding, human activities
    in the real world, and especially interactive fiction and adventures.

    To join write to wisdom-request@mcs.com.

---
[ comp.ai is moderated. To submit, just post and be patient, or if ]
[ that fails mail your article to <comp-ai@moderators.isc.org>, and ]
[ ask your news administrator to fix the problems with your system. ]




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 Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Associations and Journals 3/6 [Monthly posting]

                                                 Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - MultiPage




       Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Associations and
               Journals 3/6 [Monthly posting]

From: crabbe@usna.edu (Ric Crabbe and Amit Dubey)
Newsgroups: comp.ai
Subject: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Associations and Journals 3/6 [Monthly posting]
Date: Mon, 2 Jun 2003 04:12:01 +0000 (UTC)
Message-ID: <bbeiqh$tbu$1@crab.cs.usna.edu>
Reply-To: crabbe@usna.edu
Summary: AI-related Associations and Journals

Archive-name: ai-faq/general/part3
Posting-Frequency: monthly
Version: 2.1
Maintainer: Ric Crabbe <crabbe@usna.edu> and Amit Dubey <adubey@coli.uni-sb.de>
URL: http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/preamble.html
Size: 66172 bytes, 1568 lines

;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Answers to Questions about Artificial Intelligence *************
;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Written by Ric Crabbe, Amit Dubey, and Mark Kantrowitz
;;;   ai_3.faq

This part of the AI FAQ provides a list of AI-related associations and
journals.

****NOTE**** that on 13 October 1999, all the http and ftp links were
checked and corrected. Email and snail mail remains unchecked.

Part 3 (AI-related Associations and Journals):
   List of AI-related associations and journals, organized by subfield.

Outline:
   [3-0]         General Information

    [3-1a]       Associations             (General AI)
    [3-1b]       Associations             (General AI, in a particular country)
    [3-1c]       Associations             (Applied AI)
    [3-1d]       Associations             (Natural Language Processing)
    [3-1e]       Associations             (Cognitive Science)
    [3-1f]       Associations             (Robotics)
    [3-1g]       Associations             (Philosophy of AI)
    [3-1h]       Associations             (Neural Networks)
    [3-1i]       Associations             (Fuzzy Logic)


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    [3-1j] Associations (Genetic Algorithms)
    [3-1k] Associations (AI and Law)
    [3-1l] Associations (Logic Programming)

    [3-2a] Journals (General AI)
    [3-2b] Journals (Applied AI)
    [3-2c] Journals (AI and ???, where ??? is Database Management,
                     Education, Engineering, Law, Manufacturing,
                     Medicine, or Society)
    [3-2d] Journals (Automated Reasoning)
    [3-2e] Journals (Cognitive Science)
    [3-2f] Journals (Complex Systems, Artificial Life, Adaptive Behavior)
    [3-2g] Journals (Concurrent Engineering)
    [3-2h] Journals (Engineering)
    [3-2i] Journals (Expert Systems)
    [3-2j] Journals (Fuzzy Logic)
    [3-2k] Journals (Genetic Algorithms)
    [3-2l] Journals (HCI, User Modeling)
    [3-2m] Journals (Logic Programming)
    [3-2n] Journals (Machine Learning)
    [3-2o] Journals (NLP/Speech/MT)
    [3-2p] Journals (Neural Nets/Connectionism)
    [3-2q] Journals (Object-oriented Programming)
    [3-2r] Journals (Pattern Recognition)
    [3-2s] Journals (Reasoning Under Uncertainty)
    [3-2t] Journals (Robotics)
    [3-2v] Journals (Virtual Reality)
    [3-2w] Journals (Vision)
    [3-2x] Miscellaneous (Design, ...)

    [3-3]        Newsletters

Search for [#] to get to question number # quickly.



Subject: [3-0] General Information

When looking for a particular journal, please also check the list of
associations, as some journals have been listed with the association
that publishes them.

The scholarly societies project home page lists Web pages and gophers
for many scholarly societies. The URL for this resource is
   http://www.lib.uwaterloo.ca/society/overview.html

For rankings of the impact of various journals, see question [1-10].



Subject: [3-1a] Associations (General AI)

AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AAAI)
AAAI, 445 Burgess Drive, Menlo Park, CA 94025.

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phone 415-328-3123, fax 415-328-4457, info@aaai.org, membership@aaai.org,
URL: http://www.aaai.org,
Membership includes AI Magazine, and the AI Directory:
$50 regular, $20 student, $75 institution/library (US/Canadian)
$75 regular, $45 student, $100 institution/library (Foreign)
AAAI has several special interest groups (SIGs) on medicine,
manufacturing, business, and law. (Add $10/year for each subgroup.)
Life memberships $700 (US/Canadian), $1000 (Foreign)

ASSOCIATION FOR COMPUTING MACHINERY (ACM)
ACM, 1515 Broadway, New York, NY 10036.
ACM, PO Box 12105, Church St. Station, New York, NY 10257.
Member Services, 11 West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036.
800-342-6626 (212-626-0500), 212-869-7440. Fax 212-944-1318.
Email: acm_help@acm.org, acmhelp@acmvm.bitnet.
In Europe: ACM European Service Center, Avenue Marcel Thiry 204, 1200
Brussels, Belgium, +32-2-774-9602, fax +32-2-774-9690, email
acm_europe@acm.org.
To get ACM news bulletins, send a message with
   subscribe info_flash <your name here>
in the body to mailserv@acm.org.
URL: http://www.acm.org
$82 regular, $25 student (includes Communications of the ACM)
$15 ($8 students) extra for SIGART membership (gets Sigart Bulletin;
    non-member subscription is $25)
$12 ($7 students) extra for Lisp Pointers.
$18 ($13 students) extra for Computing Surveys
$37 ($32 students) extra for Computing Reviews

INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERS (IAKE)
IAKE, 973-D Russell Avenue, Gaithersburg, MD 20879-3276.
301-948-5390, fax 301-926-4243. Email: iake@umuc.umd.edu
$65 regular ($110 2-year), $30 students in US/Canada.
Add $10/year for Carribean, Central America, Mexico.
Add $25/year for Europe, North Africa, South America.
Add $30/year for Asia, USSR, Central and South Africa, Australia, and
New Zealand.

INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS (IEEE)
IEEE Service Center, 445 Hoes Lane, PO Box 1331, Piscataway, NJ 08855.
1-800-678-IEEE, 908-981-0060 (IEEE Computer Society 908-981-1393)
URLs: http://www.computer.org, http://www.ieee.org
IEEE membership is $95 regular ($28 students)
For membership in the IEEE Computer Society, add $22 ($13 students).
$20 for IEEE Expert (Intelligent Systems and their Applications)
$12 for Transactions on Neural Networks
$12 for Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics
$15 for Transactions on Robotics and Automation
$19 for Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering
$24 for Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND SIMULATION OF BEHAVIOR (AISB)

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c/o AISB Executive Officer, School of Cognitive Science,
University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QH, UK.
Tel: +44-0-273-678448
Fax: +44-0-273-671320
Email: aisb@cogs.susx.ac.uk
Established in 1964, AISB is the UK's original and foremost AI
society. Publishes the AISB Newsletter. UK members also receive AI
Communications (the European Journal on Artificial Intelligence).
Membership is 25 pounds Sterling (15 for students) in the UK, 28 pounds in
Europe (19 pounds for students), and forty pounds elsewhere (25 pounds for
students).



Subject: [3-1b] Associations (General AI, in a particular country)

AAAI is listed in [3-1a] because its membership is international in
nature, more so than other country-specific organizations.

EUROPEAN COORDINATING COMMITTEE FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (ECCAI)
The representative body for the European AI community. Established
July 1982. Organizes the biennail European Conference on Artificial
Intelligence (ECAI), the leading conference on AI in Europe.
Individuals do not become members of ECCAI directly, but by belonging
to one of ECCAI's member organizations, many of which are described in
this section. [Not every organization listed in this section is part
of ECCAI, of course.]
   Els van der Heijden, ECCAI Secretariat, c/o Knowledge-based Systems Group,
   Department of Computer Science, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217,
   7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
   Tel: +31 53 489 4283
   Fax: +31 53 489 2927
   Email: els@cs.utwente.nl
   URL: http://www.eccai.org
Members of associations that are part of ECCAI receive subscriptions
to the journal AI Communications, currently edited by Ramon Lopez de
Mantaras, IIIA - Institut d'Investigacio en Intel.ligencia Artificial,
CSIC - Spanish Scientific Research Council, Campus Universitat
Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Catalunya, Spain, fax +34 3
5809661, phone +34 3 5809570, email mantaras@iiia.csic.es.

  ...

ASSOCIAZIONE ITALIANA PER L'INTELLIGENZA ARTIFICIALE (AI*IA)
ITALIAN ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
c/o Fondazione Ugo Borboni, Roma - Italy
Contact: Oliviero Stock <stock@irst.it>
Tel: +39 6 54803428
Fax: +39 6 54804405
URL: gopher://gopher.di.unito.it/11/assoc/aiia [mostly in Italian]

AUSTRIAN SOCIETY FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (ASAI)
OSTERREICHISCHE GESELLSCHAFT FUR AI (OGAI)

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Postfach 177, A-1014 Vienna, AUSTRIA
Tel: (43) 1 535-32810
Fax: (43) 1 532-0652 (attn: OGAI)
Email: harald@ai.univie.ac.at

BELGIAN ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (BAAI)
Walter Van de Velde, ArtiLab., Free University Brussels, Pleinlaan 2,
gebouw k, B-1050 Brussel
Email: walter@arti17.vub.ac.be

BRITISH COMPUTER SOCIETY SPECIALIST GROUP ON EXPERT SYSTEMS (BCS-SGES)
Chairman: Prof. M.A. Bramer, Department of Information Science,
University of Portsmouth, Milton, Southsea PO4 8JF, England
Tel: +44-705-844444
Fax: +44-705-844006
Email: bramerma@csovax.portsmouth.ac.uk
Membership/Mailings: Dr. Rob Milne, Intelligent Applications Ltd.,
Kirkton Business Centre, Kirk Lane, Livingston Village, West Lothian
EH54 7AY, Scotland
Tel: +44-506-410242
Fax: +44-506-410243
Email: rmilne@cix.compulink.co.uk

BULGARIAN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ASSOCIATION (BAIA)
Institute of Informatics - BAS, Acad. Bonchev str. bl. 29A, Sofia
1113, Bulgaria
Fax: +359-2-72-01-66
Chairman: Vassil Sgurev, +359-2-70-52-25
Secretary: Danail Dochev, +359-2-70-75-86, email ari@iinf.bg

CANADIAN SOCIETY FOR COMPUTATIONAL STUDIES OF INTELLIGENCE (CSCSI)
Members receive a subscription to Canadian Artificial Intelligence.
CSCSI/SCEIO, c/o CIPS, 430 King Street West, Suite 205, Toronto,
Ontario M5V 1L5, CANADA
416-593-4040, fax 416-593-5184
Membership: $40 individuals, $30 students
URL: http://ai.iit.nrc.ca/cscsi_point.html

CATALAN ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (ACIA)
URL:   http://www.acia.org/
Email: acia@lsi.upc.es
President: Enric Plaza i Cervera <enric@iiia.csic.es> http://www.iiia.csic.es
IIIA - Institut d'Investigacio en Intel.ligencia Artificial
CSIC - Spanish Scientific Research Council,
Campus Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona
08193 Bellaterra, Catalonia, Spain
Voice: +34 3 5809570         Fax: +34 3 5809661
Secretary: Jordi Vitria <jordi@upisun1.uab.es>

CZECH SOCIETY FOR CYBERNETICS AND INFORMATICS (CSCI)
President: Jaroslav Vlcek, Czech Technical University, Zikova 4, 166 35
Prague 6, Czech Republic

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Tel: +42-2-311-3475
Fax: +42-2-311-9692
Scientific Secretary: Radim Jirousek, Institute for Inf. Theory and
Automation Pod vodarenskou vezi 4, 182 08 Praha 8, Czech Republic
Tel: +42-2-815-20-46
Fax: +42-2-84-74-52
E-mail: radim@cspgas11.bitnet

DANISH ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE SOCIETY (DAIS)
Brian Mayoh, Computer Science Department, Aarhus University, Ny
Munkegade, Bldg.540, DK-8000 Aarhus C
Tel: +45-86-12-71-88
Fax: +45-86-13-57-25
Email: brian@daimi.aau.dk

FINISH ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE SOCIETY (FAIS)
Dr. Eero Hyvonen, VTT/TIK, Lehtisaarentie 2, SF-00340 Helsinki, FINLAND
Tel: +358-0-456-6043
Fax: +358-0-489-519
Email: Eero.Hyvonen@vtt.fi

FRENCH ASSOCIATION FOR COGNITIVE SCIENCE (ARC)
Chairman: Daniel Kayser, Department d'Informatique, Universite de
Paris XIII, Avenue Jean-Baptiste Clement, 93430 Villetaneuse, France
   Tel: +33-1-49-40-30-00
   Email: dk@lipn.univ-paris13.fr
Secretary: Pierre-Yves Raccah, 4 rue du Roi de Sicile, 75004 Paris, France
   Tel: +33-1-42-71-69-76
   Email: pyr@ccr.jussieu.fr

FRENCH ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AFIA)
Chairman: Jean-Paul Haton, CRIN - Universite de Nancy I, BP 239, 54506
Vandouvre-les-Nancy Cedex
   Tel: 83-59-20-50
   Fax: 83-41-30-79
   Email: jph@loria.fr
Secretary: Marie-Odile Cordier, IRISA - Campus de Beaulieu, Avenue du
General Leclerc, BP 25A, 35042 Rennes Cedex
   Tel: 99-84-73-14
   Fax: 99-38-38-32
   Email: cordier@irisa.fr

FRENCH SOCIETY FOR INFORMATION AND SYSTEMS SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY (AFCET)
AFCET, Sabine Forgeot, 156, boulevard Pereire, F - 75017 Paris

GERMAN INFORMATICS ASSOCIATION (GI)
Chair of AI Chapter of GI:
   Dr. Otthein Herzog
   PRGS Germany - GSDL - Information Warehouse/7030-91
   IBM Deutschland Entwicklung GmbH
   Hanns-Klemm-Stasse 45
   D-71034 Boeblingen, Germany


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   Tel: +49-7031-16-6813
   Fax: +49-7031-16-6440
   Email: otthein_herzog@vnet.ibm.com
International Relations Officer of GI:
   Prof. Wolfgang Wahlster
   DFKI
   Stuhlsatzenhausweg 3
   D-66123 Saarbruecken, Germany
   Tel: +49-681-302-5252
   Fax: +49-681-302-5341
   Email: wahlster@dfki.uni-sb.de

[Hungary] JOHN VON NEUMANN SOCIETY FOR COMPUTING SCIENCES (NJSZT)
Ljuba Kornis, John von Neumann Society for Computing Sciences, Bathori
u. 16, H - 1054, BUDAPEST V.
Tel: +361-132-9349
Fax: +361-131-8140

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ASSOCIATION OF IRELAND (AIAI)
Dr. Mark Keane, Dept. of Computer Science, Trinity College, Dublin 2, IRELAND
Email: mkeane@cs.tcd.ie

ISRAELI ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (IAAI)
Contact: Prof. Martin Charles Golumbic, Dept. of Mathematics and
Computer Science, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
   Email: golumbic@bimacs.cs.biu.ac.il
Secretary: Mrs. Ruth Kuperman, secretary, Israeli Association for
Artificial Intelligence (IAAI), Kfar HaMacabia, Ramat Gan, Israel

ITALIAN ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI*IA)
President: Oliviero Stock, IRST - Instituto per la Ricerca Scientifica
e Tecnologica, 38050 Povo, Trento, Italy
Tel: +39-(0)461-814443
Fax: +39-(0)461-810851
Email: stock@irst.it

JAPANESE ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (JSAI)
OS Bldg. Suite #402
4-7 Tsukudo-cho, Shinjuku-ku
Tokyo 162 Japan
Phone:   +81-3-5261-3401
Telfax: +81-3-5261-3402

[Mexico] SOCIEDAD MEXICANA DE INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL (SMIA)
Ofelia Cervantes V, Apartado Postal #5, Universidad de las Americas,
Sta. Catarina Martir Puebla 72820, MEXICO
(52-22) 47-0522, (52-22) 47-4319

[Netherlands] DUTCH ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (NVKI)
Chairman: Jaap van den Herik, University of Limburg, Faculty of
General Sciences, Department of Computer Science, PO Box 616, NL-6200
MD Maastricht, the Netherlands
   Tel: +31-43-883477

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   Fax: +31-43-252392
   Email: herik@cs.rulimburg.nl
Secretary: Jan Treur, Vrije Universiteit, Faculty of Mathematics and
Computer Science, Department of Computer Science, De Boelelaan 1081a,
NL-1081 HV Amsterdam, the Netherlands
   Tel: +31-20-5485326/7273
   Fax: +31-20-6427705
   Email: treur@cs.vu.nl

NORWEGIAN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE SOCIETY (NAIS)
President: Dr. Bernt Bremdal, Geoknowledge, 1300 Sandvika, Norway
Tel: +47-67-54-72-44
Fax: +47-67-54-72-34
Email: nais@ifi.uio.no

SOVIET ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (SAAI)
DSc. Stefanuk, L. Vadim
SAAI - (Soviet) Association for Artificial Intelligence, Institute for
Information Transmission Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Ermolovoy str. 19, 101447 Moscow GSP-4, Russia
Tel: 7-095-2995002; 7-095-2094981
Fax: 7-095-2090579
Email: stefanuk@ippi.msk.su

SLOVAK SOCIETY FOR CYBERNETICS AND COMPUTER SCIENCE (SSKI)
Chairman: Dr. Eng. Jan Mikles, Dept. of Process Control, Faculty of
Chemical Technology, Slovak Technical University, Radlinskeho 9, 812 37
Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Secretariat: Dr. Maria Psotulkova, Institute of Control Theory and
Robotics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dubravska cesta 9, 842 37
Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Tel: +427-373271
Fax: +427-376045

SLOVENIAN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE SOCIETY (SLAIS)
Chairman: Ivan Bratko, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer
Science, Trzaska 25, 61000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Tel: +38-61-265-16
Fax: +38-61-264-990
Email: Ivan.Bratko@ijs.si
Secretary: Bogdan.Filipic@ijs.si

SPANISH ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AEPIA)
President: Federico Barber. University of Valencia.
Camino de Vera s/n. 46022-Valencia (Spain) Tel: (34-1)
mail: fbarber@dsic.upv.es
Phone:(+34)963879357
Fax:(+34) 963877359
http://www.aepia.org

SWEDISH ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE SOCIETY (SAIS)
Chairman: Carl-Gustaf Jansson, Dept. of Computer and Systems Sciences,


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KTH/University of Stockholm, Electrum 230, 16440 KISTA, Sweden
   Tel: +46-8-161605
   Fax: +46-8-7039025
   Email: calle@dsv.su.se
Secretary: Sture Hagglund, Dept. of Computer and Information Science,
Linkoping University, S-58183 Linkoping, Sweden
   Tel: +46-13-281431
   Fax: +46-13-142231
   Email: sth@ida.liu.se

SWISS GROUP FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND COGNITIVE SCIENCE (SGAICO)
President: Rene Bach, Ingenieurschule Bern HTL, 3014 Bern
   Tel: 41-31-495-111
   Fax: 41-31-400-625
   Email: bach@isbe.ch
Secretary: Frank Ade, ETH, 8092 Zurich.
   Tel: 41-1-256-52-80
   Fax: 41-1-261-34-29
   Email: ade@vision.eth.zh
URL: http://www.expasy.ch/sgaico/



Subject: [3-1c] Associations (Applied AI)

INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF APPLIED INTELLIGENCE (ISAI)
Membership is US$25 for associate members and US$85 for full members.
Full members receive a personal subscription to the International Journal of
Applied Intelligence (normal institutional rate is US$312) and discounted
registration for the IEA/AIE conferences. To apply contact ISAI, Department
of Computer Science, Southwest Texas State University, San Marcos, TX
78666-4616, phone +1 (512) 245 3409, fax +1 (512)245 3804, or send email to
Moonis Ali, President, <ma04@academia.swt.edu>.
See WWW page at <http://pirates.cs.swt.edu/isai.shtml> for more details.
Working groups include CIM -- Learning in Intelligent Manufacturing
Systems, Automatic Failure Diagnostics, Production Management,
Finance, Building Architecture, Scheduling and Planning.
[On October 13, 1999, the above URL was not working. -Maintainer]



Subject: [3-1d] Associations (Natural Language Processing)

ASSOCIATION FOR COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS (ACL)
Natural language processing research and applications.
Members receive the journal Computational Linguistics, ISSN 0891-2017.
Regular membership $40 ($25 full-time students not earning a regular
income; $25 for retired and unemployed), $10 extra for first
class/air postage in North America, $20 elsewhere. For more
information write to Association for Computational Linguistics,
PO Box 6090, Somerset, NJ 08875, or send email to acl@cs.columbia.edu.
Institutions must subscribe to the journal through MIT Press Journals,
55 Hayward Street, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA, phone 617-253-2889, fax

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617-258-6779, e-mail journals-orders@mit.edu.
To get information about the ACL listserver, send mail to
   listserv@cs.columbia.edu
with
   index acl-l
in the message body. To get the membership form, include
   get acl-l membership-form.txt
in the message body. The ACL archive can also be accessed by
anonymous ftp from ftp.cs.columbia.edu:/acl-l/. The ACL Web page is
accessible through the URL
   http://www.aclweb.org/

ASSOCIATION FOR MACHINE TRANSLATION IN THE AMERICAS (AMTA)
655 Fifteenth Street, NW, Suite 310, Washington, DC 20005
Membership: $40 Associate members, $65 active members, Institutional $200,
Corporate $400. Members receive the MT News International and the
MT Yellow Pages.

SIGNLL is the ACL Special Interest Group on Natural Language Learning
(language acquisition and related topics). To join, send mail to
walter.daelemans@kub.nl or use the forms on the SIGNLL home page. For
more information, see the SIGNLL home page at the URL
   http://signll.aclweb.org/~signll/

See also the Cognitive Science Society.



Subject: [3-1e] Associations (Cognitive Science)

COGNITIVE SCIENCE SOCIETY
Membership: $50 individuals, $25 student. Add $15 overseas postage.
Members receive a copy of the journal Cognitive Science without
additional charge. Write to Alan Lesgold, Secretary/Treasurer,
Cognitive Science Society, LRDC, University of Pittsburgh, 3939
O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, fax 1-412-624-9149, email
al+@pitt.edu.

See AISB in [3-1a].



Subject: [3-1f] Associations (Robotics)

For a list of organizations that are robotics related, see the FAQ
posting for comp.robotics, maintained by Kevin Dowling <nivek@cs.cmu.edu>.
http://www.frc.ri.cmu.edu/robotics-faq



Subject: [3-1g] Associations (Philosophy of AI)

SOCIETY FOR MACHINES AND MENTALITY


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James H. Moor, Treasurer, Society for Machines and Mentality,
Department of Philosophy, Dartmouth College, 6035 Thornton Hall,
Hanover, NH 03755-3592 U.S.A.
603-646-2155. Email: James.H.Moor@Dartmouth.edu
$5 Membership only
$50 Membership with subscription to _Minds and Machines_



Subject: [3-1h] Associations (Neural Networks)

INTERNATIONAL NEURAL NETWORK SOCIETY (INNS)
Membership is $55/year for non-students and $45/year for students, and
includes a subscription to "Neural Networks", the official journal of
the society.
INNS Membership, Suite 300, 1250 24th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20037
70712.3265@compuserve.com, 202-466-4667, fax 202-466-2888.
INNS Membership, P.O. Box 491166, Ft. Washington, MD 20749

INTERNATIONAL STUDENT SOCIETY FOR NEURAL NETWORKS (ISSNNets)
Membership is $5 per year.
ISSNNet, Inc., P.O. Box 15661, Boston, MA 02215
See also comp.org.issnnet.

JAPANESE NEURAL NETWORK SOCIETY (JNNS)
Department of Engineering, Tamagawa University,
6-1-1, Tamagawa Gakuen, Machida City, Tokyo,
194 JAPAN
Phone: +81 427 28 3457
Fax:   +81 427 28 3597
URL: http://jnns.inf.eng.tamagawa.ac.jp/main.html

EUROPEAN NEURAL NETWORK SOCIETY (ENNS)
URL: http://www.ida.his.se/ida/enns/



Subject: [3-1i] Associations (Fuzzy Logic)

INTERNATIONAL FUZZY SYSTEMS ASSOCIATION (IFSA)
Membership $180, includes a subscription to the International Journal
of Fuzzy Sets and Systems, ISSN 0165-0114.
Write to Prof. Philippe Smets, University of Brussels, IRIDIA, 50 av.
F. Roosevelt, CP 194/6, 1050 Brussels, Belgium.

NORTH AMERICAN FUZZY INFORMATION PROCESSING SOCIETY (NAFIPS)
For more information, contact Thomas H. Whalen, Secretary/Treasurer,
Decision Sciences Department, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303,
404-651-4080, <qmdthw@gsuvm1.gsu.edu>. NAFIPS holds a conference and
a workshop in alternating years.

SPANISH ASSOCIATION FOR FUZZY LOGIC AND TECHNOLOGIES (FLAT)
For more information, contact decsai@ugr.es, Prof. J. L. Verdegay


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<jverdegay@ugr.es> (President), or Dr. F. Herrera <fherrera@ugr.es>
(Secretary), Department of Computer Science and Artificial
Intelligence of the University of Granada, Faculty of Sciences, 18071
Granada, Spain, call +34.58.244017 (19) (95), or fax +34.58.243317.



Subject: [3-1j] Associations (Genetic Algorithms)

EVOLUTIONARY PROGRAMMING SOCIETY
9363 Towne Centre Dr., San Diego, CA 92121, Attn: Bill Porto, Treasurer
Membership: $40/year ($10/year for students with id)
Members get a discounted registration at the annual conference.



Subject: [3-1k] Associations (AI and Law)

THE INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND LAW (IAAIL)
Contact: Prof. Carole Hafner, IAAIL, College of Computer Science,
Northeastern University, 360 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 USA
fax 617-373-5121, e-mail hafner@ccs.neu.edu.
Membership: $60 Regular, $35 student (incuding AI and Law Journal)
            $25 Reduced (without journal subscription)



Subject: [3-1k] Associations (Logic Programming)

Association of Logic Programming homepage at

http://www.cwi.nl/projects/alp/index.html



Subject: [3-2a] Journals (General AI)

JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH (JAIR)
  JAIR is a refereed publication, covering all areas of AI, that is
distributed free of charge over the internet by WWW, ftp, electronic mail,
gopher, and the newsgroups comp.ai.jair.announce (announcements and
abstracts of new papers) and comp.ai.jair.papers (papers, code, and other
materials, distinguished by subject line). In addition, each complete
volume of JAIR is published by Morgan Kaufmann.
   Submissions in all areas of AI are invited. Papers should
describe work that has both practical and theoretical significance.
Only papers of the highest quality will be accepted. JAIR aims for
a review turn-around time of about 7 weeks, with electronic publication
occurring immediately after the editor receives the final version of an
accepted article.
  JAIR can be accessed by via the World Wide Web using the URL
     http://www.cs.washington.edu/research/jair/home.html
  or by anonymous ftp to
     ftp.mrg.dist.unige.it:/pub/jair/pub/

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  For more information, send electronic mail to jair@cs.cmu.edu with
the subject AUTORESPOND and the message body HELP. Or contact
jair-ed@ptolemy.arc.nasa.gov.

COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE, AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL (CI)
Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0824-7935
This leading international journal promotes and stimulates research in
the field of artificial intelligence (AI). Covering a wide range of
issues - from the tools and languages of AI to its philosophical
implications - Computational Intelligence provides a vigorous forum
for the publication of both experimental and theoretical research, as
well as surveys and impact studies. The journal is designed to meet
the needs of a wide range of AI workers in academic and industrial
research.
Society for Computational Studies of Intelligence (CSCSI).
Editors: Nick Cercone, University of Waterloo, Canada
          Randy Goebel, University of Alberta, Canada
          Gordon McCalla, University of Saskatchewan, Canada
URL: http://www.blackwellpublishers.co.uk/journals/COIN/
It contains information on upcoming articles and issues, subscription
information, author instructions, and tables of contents.


ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE REVIEW (Survey and Tutorial Journal)
ISSN 0269-2821.
Kluwer Academic Publishers,
101 Philip Drive, Norwell, MA 02061, 617-871-6600, fax 617-871-6528.
PO Box 358, Accord Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358.
PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The Netherlands
Email: kluwer@world.std.com
The institutional subscription rate is $233.50 per volume (4 issues).
Editor: Masoud Yazdani <masoud@dcs.exeter.ac.uk>, Dept. of Computer Science,
University of Exeter, Prince of Wales Road, Exeter, EX4 4PT, Great Britain

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE - AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL
Published 14 times annually. ISSN 0004-3702.
Subscriptions: $85 individuals (must be a member of one of the major
AI societies), $1278.75 institutions (Dfl 2366.00).
To order in the US, write to AAAI, AI Journal, 445 Burgess Drive, Menlo
Park, CA 94025-3496, or to Elsevier Science Publishing, 655 Avenue of
the Americas, New York, NY 10017, 212-633-3827. Outside the US,
contact Elsevier Science Publishers, Attn: Petra van der Meer, PO Box 103,
1000 AC Amsterdam, The Netherlands, call +31-20-5862-602, or
fax +31-20-5862-616.
You can find information on the journal at the Elsevier web site:
http://www.elsevier.nl . The journal's home page is currently
http://www.elsevier.nl:80/inca/publications/store/5/0/5/6/0/1/ but
this seems to change often. If If you want to read a paper online,
then you're probably out of luck. Unless you or your institution has
a subscription to the journal already, you will be deniel access to
the abstracts or full versions of the papers.



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JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (JETAI)
Published quarterly, ISSN 0952-813X.
Subscriptions (1995): institutions $231; individuals $116.
Current prices are not on the web page (2001)
Submissions: Eric Dietrich, SUNY, Binghamton, NY 13902-6000, USA,
<dietrich@binsuns.cc.binghamton.edu>.
To order go to:
http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/tf/0952813x.html

SPANG ROBINSON REPORT ON INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS
Published monthly. ISSN 0885-9957.
Subscriptions: $405 US & Canada, $455 elsewhere.
John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 605 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10158-0012,
212-850-6347, fax 212-850-6088.

JOURNAL OF INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS
Published quarterly, since 1985.
Freund Publishing House, London
http://http2.brunel.ac.uk:8080/~hs92jis/

MINDS AND MACHINES
Journal for Artificial Intelligence, Philosophy, and                                         Cognitive Science
ISSN 0924-6495
Subscription information and sample copies available                                         from:
Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, P.O. Box 322, 3300                                         AH Dordrecht,
The Netherlands. In the US, write to Kluwer Academic                                         Publishers, 101
Philip Drive, Norwell, MA 02061.

COMPUTERS AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
I. Plander (ed.)
VEDA Publishing House of the Slovak Academy of Sciences,
Klemenosova 19, 814 30 Bratislava, Slovakia.
Published bimonthly, order from:
Lange & Springer GmbH, Foller Str.2, P.O.B. 10 16 10,
5000 Koln 1, Germany.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AI TOOLS
World Scientific Publishing Co., Inc.
1060 Main Street, River Edge, NJ 07661
Tel: 1-800-227-7562

ANNALS OF MATHEMATICS AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
ISSN 1012-2443.
J.C. Baltzer AG Scientific Publishing Company, Wettsteinplatz 10,
CH-4058 Basel, Switzerland, tel 41-61-691-89-25, fax 41-61-692-42-62.
In the United States, send orders to J. C. Baltzer AG, Scientific
Publishing Company, PO Box 8577, Red Bank, NJ 07701-8577.
Subscriptions: Individuals Sfr. 130.00/$80.00
Editor: M. C. Golumbic <golumbic@haifasc3.vnet.ibm.com>, fax +972-4-320894.

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND SOCIETY
Published quarterly, since 1987.
Subscriptions: UK pounds 110 + carriage charges

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Springer Verlag, Heidelberger Platz 3, D-100 Berlin 33, Germany, phone
30-82071, fax 30-8214091.

JOURNAL OF SYMBOLIC COMPUTATION
Published monthly, since 1985.
Academic Press Ltd., 24-28 Oval Road, London, NW1 7DX, UK.
Subscriptions (includes postage): Individuals UK pounds 111, US $204;
Institutions UK pounds 222, US $408. Subscribers in Canada should add GST
at the current rate of 7%.
Send subscription orders to: Academic Press Ltd., Foots Cray, Sidcup,
Kent DA14 5HP, UK, phone 81-300-3322.

INFORMATICA
ISSN 0350-5596.
An International Journal of Computing and Informatics.
Published by The Slovene Society Informatika and The Jozef Stefan
Institute, Ljubjana, Slovenia.
Subscriptions: individuals $17, students $4, institutions $34
Mr. R. Murn, Department for Computer Science, Jozef Stefan Institute:
Tel (+386) 61 1259 199, Fax (+386) 61 219 385
Submissions: Matjaz Gams <matjaz.gams@ijs.si> (Europe, Africa, main
contact), Marcin Paprzycki <paprzycki_m@gusher.pb.utexas.edu> (North
and South America), or Xindong Wu <xindong@insect.sd.monash.edu.au> (Asia,
Australia).



Subject: [3-2b] Journals (Applied AI)

APPLIED ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0883-9514
Subscriptions: Institutions $300; Individuals $142.
http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/tf/08839514.html

APPLIED INTELLIGENCE
The International Journal of Artificial Intelligence, Neural Networks,
and Complex Problem-Solving Technologies
Subscriptions: Institutions $217; Individuals $75.
Editor in Chief: Dr. Moonis Ali, Professor of Computer Science, The
University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, TN 37388
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers, P.O. Box 358, Accord Station,
Hingham, MA 02018-0358, <kluwer@world.std.com>.



Subject: [3-2c] Journals (AI and ???, where ??? is Database Management,
              Education, Engineering, Law, Manufacturing, or Medicine)

AI and Database Management:

    JOURNAL OF INTELLIGENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS (JIIS)
    INTEGRATING AI AND DATABASE TECHNOLOGIES
    Published quarterly. ISSN: 0925-9902


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    Subscriptions: Individuals, $85; Institutions $193.
    Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 358/Accord Station,
    Hingham, MA 02018-0358, 617-871-6600, fax 617-871-6528, e-mail
    Kluwer@world.std.com.

AI and Education:

    JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN EDUCATION
    Published quarterly, since 1989.
    Subscriptions: $65. Outside the US add $10 Canada/Mexico and $15 all
    others for postage. Student and institutional rates available upon request.
    Published by the Association for the Advancement of Computing in
    Education (AACE), PO Box 2966, Charlottesville, VA 22902, phone
    804-973-3987.

AI and Engineering:

    ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN ENGINEERING
    Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0954-1810.
    Subscriptions: 193 pounds ($295). Sample copies available upon request.
    Claire Coakley, Elsevier Applied Science, Crown House, Linton Road,
    Barking, Essex, IG11, 8JU, UK, phone 081-594-7272, fax 081-594-5140.
    US info: Journal Information Center, Elsevier Science Publishers, 655
    Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10010, phone 212-633-3650, fax
    212-633-3990.

    INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS ENGINEERING JOURNAL
    Published by Inst. Elect. Engrs for the British Computer Soc. and the IEE.
    Executive Editor: Kathryn Lenton (Mrs), Intelligent Systems
    Engineering, IEE Publishing Dept., Michael Faraday House, Six Hills
    Way, Stevenage, Herts., SG1 2AY, UK, phone 0438-313311, fax
    0438-742849.

    ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN ENGINEERING DESIGN, ANALYSIS
    AND MANUFACTURE (AI EDAM)
    Published 4 times annually.
    Editor: Clive L. Dym <dym@hmcvax.ac.hmc.edu>, Fletcher Jones Professor
    of Engineering Design, Harvey Mudd College, Claremont CA 91711-5990
    USA, phone 909-621-8853, fax 909-621-8967.
    Subscriptions: $75 individual, $160 institution (US, Canada, Mexico).
    Cambridge University Press, 40 West 20th Street, New York, NY
    10011-4211 USA, fax 914-937-4712. Outside US, Canada, and Mexico,
    write to Cambridge University Press, The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge
    CB2 2RU, UNITED KINGDOM.

AI and Finance:

    THE MAGAZINE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN FINANCE
    Published quarterly.
    415-905-2200

AI and Law:

    ARTICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND LAW

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    Subscriptions: $158, including postage
    Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The
    Netherlands, or Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 358, Accord
    Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358.

AI and Manufacturing:

    JOURNAL OF INTELLIGENT MANUFACTURING (JIM)
    Published quarterly, since 1990.
    Chapman and Hall, London
    Editor: Prof. Andrew Kusiak, Department of Industrial Engineering,
    4132 Engineering Building, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242

    JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS
    Published quarterly, since 1982.
    Published by the Computer and Automated Systems Association of the SME.
    Society of Manufacturing Engineers, One SME Drive, PO Box 930,
    Dearborn, MI 48121. 313-271-1500

AI and Medicine:

    ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN MEDICINE
    Published 6 times annually. ISSN Number 0933-3657.
    Subscriptions: $175.
    To order in the US, write to Elsevier Science Publishing, 655 Avenue of
    the Americas, New York, NY 10017, 212-633-3827. Outside the US,
    contact Elsevier Science Publishers, Journal Department, PO Box 211,
    1000 AE Amsterdam, The Netherlands, call +31-20-5803-642, or fax
    +31-20-5803-598.

AI and Society:

    AI & SOCIETY
    Published quarterly. ISSN 0951-5666.
    The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence
    Topics include impact of AI and information technology on social
    and cultural values and vice versa.
    Editors: Karamuit S. Gill and James Finkelstein.
    Springer-Verlag New York Inc., Journal Fulfillment Services, 44 Hartz
    Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094, 1-800-SPRINGER.
    Subscriptions: $197.



Subject: [3-2d] Journals (Automated Reasoning)

JOURNAL OF AUTOMATED REASONING
Published 6 times annually. ISSN 0168-7433
Subscriptions: Individuals $131; Institutions $263; AAR members $65.
Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The
Netherlands, or Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 358, Accord
Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358.

AUTOMATED SOFTWARE ENGINEERING

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The International Journal of Automated Reasoning and Artificial
Intelligence in Software Engineering.
Published quarterly. ISSN 0928-8910.
Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The
Netherlands, or Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 358, Accord
Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358, phone 617-871-6600, fax 617-871-6528,
email kluwer@world.std.com.
Subscriptions: individuals $95, institutions $255.50. Special reduced
rates available for ACM-SIGART and KBSE members.

ANNUAL REVIEW IN AUTOMATIC PROGRAMMING
Published annually, since 1960.
Supplement of "International tracts in computer science and technology
and their applications".
Published by Pergamon Press, 395 Saw Mill River Road, Elmsford, NY
10523, phone 800-257-5755 (914-592-7700).
Subscriptions: UK pounds 105 or US $200 (approximate). Postage included.



Subject: [3-2e] Journals (Cognitive Science)

COGNITIVE SYSTEMS RESEARCH
ISSN: 1389-0417
Co-Editors-in-Chief
Ron Sun , University of Missouri-Columbia.
Vasant Honavar, Iowa State University.
Gregg Oden, University of Iowa.
Publisher Elsevier
http://www.elsevier.nl/locate/cogsys

COGNITIVE SCIENCE
Ablex Publishing Company,
355 Chestnut Street, Norwood, NJ 07648
201-767-8450, fax 201-767-6717
$50 individual, $125 institution.

BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES
Published quarterly, since 1978.
In the UK: Cambridge University Press, The Edinburgh Building,
Shaftesbury Road, Cambridge CB2 2RU, UK.
In the US: Cambridge University Press, Journals Department, 40 West
20th Street, New York, NY 10011-4211.

BRAIN AND COGNITION
Published quarterly, since 1982.
Academic Press, 11, Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10003

BRAIN AND LANGUAGE
Published bimonthly, since 1974
Academic Press, 1250 Sixth Avenue, San Diego, CA 92101
Orders: 800-321-5068
Fax:    619-699-6715


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COGNITION
Published quarterly, since 1972.
The Hague; Paris:Mouton, subscription orders must be sent to:
Subscriptions: US$670
Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., P.O. Box 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam,
phone (31)-20-5803642, fax (31)-20-5803598.
Cognition, Publication Expediting, Inc., 200 Meacham Avenue,
Elmont, NY 11003

COGNITION AND BRAIN THEORY
Published 1980-84, subsequently absorbed into Cognitive Science.

COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
Published quarterly, since 1970
Academic Press, 1250 Sixth Avenue, San Diego, CA 92101
Orders: 800-321-5068
Fax:    619-699-6715



Subject: [3-2f] Journals (Complex Systems, Artificial Life, Adaptive Behavior)

COMPLEXITY INTERNATIONAL
This is a refereed journal for scientific papers relating to work
in complex systems research.
Send manuscripts to                ci-submissions@life.anu.edu.au,
 and editorial correspondence to   ci-editor@life.anu.edu.au
To subscribe, send mail to ci-subscribe@life.anu.edu.au with
   subscribe ci "your name"
in the message body.

ARTIFICIAL LIFE
Published quarterly. ISSN 1064-5462.
Subscriptions: $45 individual ($25 student/retired), $125 institution.
Canadians add 7% GST, shipping outside US add $14 postage and handling.
MIT Press Journals, 55 Hayward Street, Cambridge, MA 02142,
call 617-253-2889, fax 617-258-6779, or e-mail journals-orders@mit.edu.
Submissions: Christopher G. Langton, Santa Fe Institute, 1660 Old
Pecos Trail, Santa Fe, NM 87501, call 505-984-8800, fax 505-982-0565,
or e-mail cgl@santafe.edu. See also http://alife.santafe.edu/

ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR
Published quarterly. ISSN 1059-7123.
Concerned with understanding the behaviors and underlying
mechanisms that allow animals (and potentially robots) to adapt and
survive in uncertain environments. Emphasis on well-defined models,
computer simulations, and built robots.

       The International Society for Adaptive Behavior
       2430 Campus Road
       Honolulu, HI 96822
       USA


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Volumes 1-6 Published by

     MIT Press.
     5 Cambridge Center
     Cambrdige MA 02142-1493
Subscriptions are entered for the volume year only. You can use this form to
subscribe.

     Individual              $ 50.00
     Institution             $148.00
     Student & Retired       $ 35.00
     ISAB Members            Free (Included in membership dues)
http://www.adaptive-behavior.org/journal/

Submissions:
 http://www.adaptive-behavior.org/journal/instructions.html




Subject: [3-2g] Journals (Concurrent Engineering)

CONCURRENT ENGINEERING: RESEARCH & APPLICATIONS (CERA)
Published quarterly.
Official journal of the Concurrent Engineering Institute of the
International Society for Productivity Enhancement (ISPE).
Academic Press Ltd., 24-28 Oval Road, London, NW1 7DX, UK. Call
71-267-4466, fax 71-482-2293 or 71-485-4752, or email ac2@ib.rl.ac.uk.
Relevant to parallel processing, blackboard systems, distributed AI,
and AI in manufacturing.
For information about submissions, write to Biren Prasad, Managing
Editor, CERA Institute, PO Box 250254, West Bloomfield, MI 48325, call
313-492-0551, fax 313-661-8333, or send email to bprasad@cmsa.gmr.com.



Subject: [3-2h] Journals (Engineering)

ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
Published 6 times annually.
Subscriptions: Institutions (1992) 235.00 or approx US$425.00; two year
institutional rate (1992/93) 446.50 or approx US$807.50.
North America: Pergamon Press Inc., 660 White Plains Road,
Tarrytown, NY 10591-55153, USA.
Rest of the World: Pergamon Press Ltd, Headington Hill Hall,
Oxford OX3 0BW, England. Tel: Oxford (0865)794141

ENGINEERING OPTIMISATION
Published quarterly, since 1974.
Gordon and Breach, London




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Subject: [3-2i] Journals (Expert Systems)

See the Expert System Shells FAQ.



Subject: [3-2j] Journals (Fuzzy Logic)

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF
UNCERTAINTY, FUZZINESS AND KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEMS (IJUFKS)
Published 4 times annually. ISSN: 0218-4885
Intended as a forum for research on methods for managing imprecise,
vague, uncertain and incomplete knowledge.
Subscriptions: Individuals $90, Institutions $180. (add $25 for airmail)
World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd, Farer Road, PO Box 128,
SINGAPORE 9128, e-mail phua@ictp.trieste.it, phone 65-382-5663, fax
65-382-5919.
Submissions: B Bouchon-Meunier, editor in chief, Laforia-IBP,
Universite Paris VI, Boite 169, 4 Place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05,
FRANCE, phone 33-1-44-27-70-03, fax 33-1-44-27-70-00, e-mail
bouchon@laforia.ibp.fr.

MATHWARE AND SOFT COMPUTING
2 regular issues and one monographic issue a year. ISSN 0210-7821.
Partially supported by the Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya (UPC)
and the Spanish Association of Logic and Fuzzy Technologies (FLAT).
Topicsinclude Approximate Reasoning, Fuzzy Logic and Functional
Equations, applied to Soft Computing, Logic, Consensus, Possibilistic
Reasoning and other fields.
Editor: Prof. J. Jacas <jacas@ea.upc.es> Seccio de Matematiques i
Informatica, E.T.S. d'Arquitectura de Barcelona, Universitat
Politecnica de Catalunya, Diagonal 649, E-08028 Barcelona Spain,
fax 34-3-4016367.
Subscriptions: $50 (surface; $10 extra for air mail)



Subject: [3-2k] Journals (Genetic Algorithms)

EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTATION
Published 4 times annually, beginning April/May 1993.
100 pages per issue, 7x10. ISSN 1063-6550.
Editor-in-chief: Kenneth De Jong
Subscription Rates: individuals $45 (student/retired $30.00),
institutions $125.00. Canadians add 7% GST, shipping outside US add
$14 postage and handling.
MIT Press Journals, 55 Hayward Street, Cambridge, MA 02142-1399,
617-253-2889, fax 617-258-6779, E-mail hiscox@mitvma.mit.edu.



Subject: [3-2l] Journals (HCI, User Modeling)

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN-COMPUTER STUDIES

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(formerly INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MAN-MACHINE STUDIES)
Published monthly, since 1969. ISSN 1071-5819.
Subscriptions (including postage): Individuals 161 pounds UK, US $291;
Institutions 437 pounds UK, US $792. Canadian subscribers should add
GST at current rate of 7%.
Publisher: Academic Press Ltd., 24-28 Oval Road, London, NW1 7DX, UK, phone
71-267-4466, fax 71-482-2293 or 71-485-4752, or email ac2@ib.rl.ac.uk.
Send subscription orders to: Academic Press Ltd., Foots Cray, Sidcup,
Kent DA14 5HP, UK, phone 81-300-3322.
Air freight and mailing in the USA by Publications Expediting, Inc.,
200, Meacham Avenue, Elmont, NY 10003.

USER MODELING AND USER-ADAPTED INTERACTION
4 issues per annum, ISSN 0924-1868,
$153.50 p.a. ($50 for individuals)
Kluwer Academic Publishers Group,
P.O. Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht,
The Netherlands.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN-COMPUTER SIMULATION
Editors: Gavriel Salvendy, Purdue; Michael J. Smith, Univ. of
Wisconsin; and Masamitsu Oshima, MISDC.
Subscriptions: individual $45, institutions $125.
Ablex Publishing Company, 355 Chestnut Street, Norwood, NJ 07648
201-767-8450, fax 201-767-6717



Subject: [3-2m] Journals (Logic Programming)

JOURNAL OF LOGIC PROGRAMMING
Published bimonthly, since 1984.
Society rate available through Elsevier for members of the Association
of Logic Programming.
Subscriptions: Institutions $486 (outside US add $48 p&h).
Elsevier Science Publishing (direct orders to Cindy Williams) 655
Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10010, phone 212-633-3815, fax
212-633-3820 or Elsevier Science Publishing PO Box 211, Amsterdam,
1000 AE, The Netherlands, phone 020-580-3641, fax 020-580-3769.

THEORY AND PRACTICE OF LOGIC PROGRAMMING
for more info see http://uk.cambridge.org/journals/tlp/


NEW GENERATION COMPUTING
Published quarterly, since 1983.
Published in Japan in English by Ohmsha Ltd., 3-1 Kanda Nishiki-cho,
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101 Japan, phone 03-3233-0641.
Subscriptions:
  Japan: yen 28,000 including carriage charges.
  Springer Verlag Tokyo, 37-3, Hongo 3-chome, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113,
  phone 03-3812-0331, fax 03-3812-0719.
  North America: US $242 including carriage charges.


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  Springer Verlag New York Inc., Service Center Secaucus,
  44, Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094, phone 212-460-1500.
  All other countries: DM 338 plus carriage charges. Airmail delivery
  on request only. Springer Verlag, Journal Fulfillment Department,
  Heidelberger Platz 3, D-1000 Berlin 33, Germany, phone 30-82071

LOGIC PROGRAMMING NEWSLETTER
Published quarterly.
Included with membership in the Association for Logic Programming
($20 regular, $10 students). For membership information, write to
Cheryl Anderson (ALP), DoC-ICSTM, 180 Queens Gate, London SW7 2BZ,
UK, phone +44-71-589-5111 x5011, fax +44-71-589-1552, or send email
to alp@doc.ic.ac.uk. Contributions are welcome and should be sent
to Andrew Davidson <ad@cs.mu.oz.au>.

METHODS OF LOGIC IN COMPUTER SCIENCE
Published quarterly since 1994.
Editors: Rick L. Smith, Univ. of Florida, and Ralph W. Wilkerson,
Univ. of Missouri-Rolla.
Subscriptions: individuals $55, institutions $130.
Ablex Publishing Company, 355 Chestnut Street, Norwood, NJ 07648
201-767-8450, fax 201-767-6717

INFORMATION AND COMPUTATION
http://theory.lcs.mit.edu/~iandc/
Includes bibliography, list of editors, and author information.



Subject: [3-2n] Journals (Machine Learning)

MACHINE LEARNING
Published 8 times annually. ISSN 0885-6125
Subscriptions: Institutions $301; Individuals $140. (AAAI Individual
Members $88)
Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The
Netherlands, or Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 358, Accord
Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358.

JOURNAL OF MACHINE LEARNING RESEARCH

e Journal of Machine Learning Research (JMLR) provides an
international forum for the electronic and paper publication of
high-quality scholarly articles in all areas of machine learning.
JMLR seeks previously unpublished papers that contain:

      new algorithms with empirical, theoretical, psychological, or
      biological justification;
      experimental and/or theoretical studies yielding new insight
      into the design and behavior of learning in intelligent systems;
      accounts of applications of existing techniques that shed light
      on the strengths and weaknesses of the methods;
      formalization of new learning tasks (e.g., in the context of


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      new applications) and of methods for assessing performance on
      those tasks;
      development of new analytical frameworks that advance theoretical
      studies of practical learning methods;
      computational models of data from natural learning systems at
      the behavioral or neural level; or
      extremely well-written surveys of existing work.

JMLR has a commitment to rigorous yet rapid reviewing; our goal is to
return reviews within six weeks of paper submission. Final versions
are published electronically (ISSN 1533-7928) immediately upon
receipt, and a quarterly paper volume (ISSN 1532-4435) is published
and sold to libraries and individuals by the MIT Press.

http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/jmlr/



Subject: [3-2o] Journals (NLP/Speech/MT)

COMPUTER SPEECH & LANGUAGE (CS&L)
Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0885-2308.
Subscriptions: Institutions $170, Individuals $75.
   Harcourt Brace and Company Limited, High Street, Foots Cray, Sidcup,
   Kent, DA14 SHP. England.
Editors: Prof. S.J. Young & Dr. S.E. Levinson
Submissions (outside Americas): Prof. Steve Young, Cambridge
   University Engineering Dept., Trumpington Street, Cambridge, CB2
   1PZ, England. Email: sjy@eng.cam.ac.uk
Submissions (from Americas): Dr. Steve Levinson, Head Linguistics
   Reseach, AT&T Bell Laboratories, 600 Mountain Ave., Murray Hill,
   New Jersey 07974. USA. Email: sel@research.att.com

MACHINE TRANSLATION
Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0922-6567.
Subscriptions: Institutions $141 plus $16 postage; Individuals $55
(members of ACL $46).
Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The
Netherlands, or Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 358, Accord
Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358.

SPEECH TECHNOLOGY
Published quarterly, since 1981.
Media Dimensions, New York, NY, USA

NATURAL LANGUAGE & LINGUISTIC THEORY (NALA)
Published quarterly. ISSN 0167-806X
Subscriptions: Individual $59,-/Dfl.156,-; Institutional $200,-/Dfl.383,-
including p&h. Kluwer Academic Publishers
USA: Order Dept, Box 358, Accord Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358. Phone
(617) 871-6600; Fax (617) 871-6528; E-mail: Kluwer@world.std.com
Other: P.O.Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The Netherlands. Phone (31) 78
524400; Fax (31) 78 183273; Telex: kadc nl; E-mail: vanderLinden@wkap.nl

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JOURNAL OF NATURAL LANGUAGE ENGINEERING (JNLE)
Published quarterly, starting in March 1995.
Emphasis: Practical (commercial) applications of computational linguistics.
Cambridge University Press, 40 West 20th Street, New York, NY
10011-4211, fax 914-937-4712.
Subscriptions: individuals $59, institutions $118. (These prices for
USA, Canada, and Mexico only. Outside these countries write to
Cambridge University Press, The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 2RU,
UK.) [Note: Subtract 20% pre-publication discount through December 1, 1994.]
Editors: Branimir Boguraev, Roberto Garigliano, and John Tait
Submissions: From North and South America and Oceania, submit to
Branimir Boguraev <bkb@apple.com>. From Europe, Asia, and Africa,
submit to Roberto Garigliano <Roberto.Garigliano@durham.ac.uk>.

See also Computational Linguistics in the ACL entry.



Subject: [3-2p] Journals (Neural Nets/Connectionism)

CONNECTION SCIENCE
Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0954-0091.
Subscriptions: Individual $82, Institution $184, Institution (UK) 74 pounds
Carfax Publishing Company, PO Box 25, Abingdon, Oxfordshire OX14 3UE, UK.
Submissions: Julie Clarke <j.clarke@dcs.shef.ac.uk>, Connection Science,
Department of Computer Science, Regent Court, University of Sheffield,
S1 4DP, Sheffield, UK.

THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NEURAL NETWORKS RESEARCH & APPLICATIONS
Published quarterly. ISSN 0954-9889.
Learned Information Ltd., Woodside, Hinksey Hill, Oxford OX1 5AU, UK.
Tel: +44 (0)865-730275 Fax: +44 (0)085-736354

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NEURAL SYSTEMS (IJNS)
Published quarterly. ISSN 0129-0657
Information processing in natural and artificial neural systems.
Subscriptions: Individual $42, Institution $88 (plus $9-$17 for postage)
USA: World Scientific Publishing Co., 687 Hartwell Street, Teaneck, NJ
07666, 201-837-8858; Eurpoe: World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte.
Ltd., 73 Lynton Mead, Totteridge, London N20-8DH, England, (01)
4462461; Other: World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., Farrer
Road, P.O. Box 128, Singapore 9128, 2786188.

NEURAL COMPUTING AND APPLICATIONS
Published quarterly. ISSN 0941-0643.
Official journal of the Neural Computing Applications Forum.
Subscriptions: $215. (Free to NCAF members.)
Springer Verlag, Service Center Secaucus, 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094
Tel: 201-348-4033
Springer-Verlag, Springer House, 8 Alexandra Road, LONDON SW19 7JZ
Tel: ..44/0 81 947 1280 Fax: 0 81 947 1274
Spqringer-Verlag, Heidelberger Platz 3, D-1000 BERLIN, Germany


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Tel: (0)30 8207-1

NEURAL COMPUTATION
Published quarterly since 1989. ISSN 0899-7667.
MIT Press Journals, 55 Hayward Street Cambridge, MA 02142-9949, 617-253-2889
Subscriptions: Individual $65 (Student/Retired $40), Institution $166.
Canadians add 7% GST, shipping outside US add $22 postage and handling.
Editor: Terrence Sejnowski.

NEURAL NETWORK WORLD
Published 6 times annually.
Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Mirko Novak <mirko@uivt.cas.cz>
   Institute of Computer Science, Czech Academy of Sciences, 18207 Prague,
   Pod vodarenskou vezi 2, Czech Republic
   Tel: (0042) 82 16 39
   Fax: (0042) 85 85 789
Subscriptions: The subscription price for Volume 5 (1995) is DM 360,
   including postage and handling charges.
Publisher: The IDG, Czechoslovakia, 160 00 Prague 6, Luzna 2, Czech Republic.

NEURAL NETWORKS
Published 6 times annually. ISSN 0893-6080.
Official journal of the International Neural Network Society.
Subscriptions: $380
Pergamon Press, Ltd., Headington Hill Hall, Oxford OX3 0BW, UK.
Pergamon Press, Inc., 660 White Plains Road, Tarrytown, NY 10591-5153.

IEEE CONTROL SYSTEMS MAGAZINE
Published bimonthly, since 1985, by the IEEE Control Systems Society.
(Often has articles about NNs and fuzzy systems.)

JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL NEURAL SYSTEMS (JANS)
Published quarterly.
Subscriptions: $192/year ($64 for contributors).
The Bellwood Research Center, 17 Briston Private, Ottawa, Ontario,
Canada, K1G 5R5

JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS
Published quarterly.
Editor: Omid M. Omidvar
Subscriptions: individuals $45, institutions $110.
Ablex Publishing Company, 355 Chestnut Street, Norwood, NJ 07648
201-767-8450, fax 201-767-6717

NEURAL PROCESSING LETTERS
Published bimonthly starting in September 1994.
Emphasis on ideas, developments, and work in progress.
Francois Blayo (France) and Michel Verleysen (Belgium),
+32 2 245 43 63, + 32 2 245 46 94 Fax.
Subscriptions: BEF 4400
D facto publications, 45 rue Masui, B-1210 Brussels, Belgium
phone +32-2-245-43-63, fax +32-2-245-46-94.
URL: http://www.wkap.nl/journalhome.htm/1370-4621


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Subject: [3-2q] Journals (Object-oriented Programming)

OBJECT-ORIENTED SYSTEMS
Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0969-9767.
Subscriptions: Institutions US$210/120 pounds EC/130 pounds RoW
               Individuals US$93/50 pounds EC/50 pounds RoW
USA/Canada: Journals Promotion Dept., Chapman & Hall, 29 West 35th
Street, New York, NY 20001-2299, USA, 212-244-3336, fax 212-244-3426,
E-mail 71201.1651@compuserve.com.
EC/RoW: Journals Promotions Dept., Chapman & Hall, 2-6 Boundary Row,
London SE1 8HN, UK, +44 (0)71-865-0066, fax +44 (0)71-522-9623, E-mail
journal@chall.mhs.compuserve.com.

JOURNAL OF OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING
9 issues/year, since 1988.
SIGS Publications Inc., 588 Broadway, Suite 604, New York, NY 10012,
phone 212-274-0640. Order service number: 1-800-783-4903
Subscriptions: $59 individuals, $153 institutions. (Add $40 postage
for foreign orders).



Subject: [3-2r] Journals (Pattern Recognition)

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PATTERN RECOGNITION AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
Annual subscription, 1992/3, $340; individual subscription, $138. Add
$34 for airmail. Published 5 times a year by World Scientific
Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., Farrer Road, PO Box 128, Singapore 9128.
(In the US, write to World Scientific Publishing Co., Inc., River Edge,
NJ 07661; in Europe to World Scientific Publishing Co., Inc., Totteridge,
London N20 8DH, England.)

PATTERN RECOGNITION
Journal of the Pattern Recognition Society. Members receive the
journal free of charge as part of their membership in the Society.
Institutions may subscribe for $845.
Pergamon Press, Ltd., Headington Hill Hall, Oxford OX3 0BW, UK.
Pergamon Press, Inc., 660 White Plains Road, Tarrytown, NY 10591-5153.

PATTERN RECOGNITION LETTERS
Published 12 times annually. ISSN 0167-8655.
Official publication of the International Association for Pattern
Recognition. Subscriptions: $462 Institutions.
Elsevier Science Publishing, 655 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY
10017, 212-633-3827. Outside the US, contact Elsevier Science
Publishers, Attn: Ursula van Dijk, PO Box 103, 1000 AC Amsterdam, The
Netherlands, or call +31-20-5862-608.



Subject: [3-2s] Journals (Reasoning Under Uncertainty)

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPROXIMATE REASONING
The treatment of Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence
Published 8 times a year. ISSN 0888-613X.
Subscriptions: Institutions $282; included with NAFIPS membership
(see NAFIPS entry above).
North-Holland, Elsevier Science Publishing Co., Inc., 655 Avenue of the
Americas, New York, NY 10010



Subject: [3-2t] Journals (Robotics)

AUTONOMOUS ROBOTS
Published twice yearly. ISSN 0929-5593.
Editor: George A. Bekey, Univ. of Southern California.
Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The
Netherlands, or Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 358, Accord
Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358, phone 617-871-6600, fax 617-871-6528,
email kluwer@world.std.com.
Subscriptions: individuals $50, institutions $114.

INDUSTRIAL ROBOT
ISSN 0143-991X
Published quarterly. $145/year
MCB University Press Limited, 62 Toller Lane, Bradford, West
Yorkshire, England BD8 9BY, (44) 274-499821, fax (44) 274-547143. In
the US, write to MCB University Press Limited, PO Box 10812,
Birmingham, AL 35201-0812, 1-800-633-4931 (1-205-995-1567), fax
1-205-995-1588.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ROBOTICS AND AUTOMATION
Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0826-8185
Subscriptions: $165 US or 313.50 SFr. ($12 US or 22.80 SFr postage and
handling). A special rate is available to members of IASTED.
Write to ACTA Press, PO Box 354, CH-8053, Zurich, Switzerland or ACTA
Press, PO Box 2481, Anaheim, CA 92814.
IASTED is the International Association of Science and Technology for
Development. Individual memberships are $60 US or $120 SFr and
corporate memberships $100 US or $200.00 SFr. Members receive a
complimentary subscription to the journal of their choice; the annual
cost of additional journals for members is $20US/$40SFr per journal.
Write to IASTED, PO Box 25, Station G, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T3A
2G1, or IASTED, PO Box 354, CH-8053, Zurich, Switzerland.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ROBOTICS RESEARCH
MIT Press, 28 Carleton Street, Cambridge, MA 02142
Subscriptions: individuals $80 (student/retired $50), institution $185.
Canadians add 7% GST, shipping outside US add $22 postage and handling.

JOURNAL OF INTELLIGENT & ROBOTIC SYSTEMS
Three issues per volume, $58.50 per volume (individual)
Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht,


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The Netherlands. In the US write to Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 358,
Accord Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358.

ROBOTICS TODAY
Society of Manufacturing Engineers, One SME Drive, PO Box 930,
Dearborn, MI 48121. 313-271-1500

ROBOTICS WORLD
Published quarterly.
Communication Channels, 6255 Barfield Road, Atlanta, GA 30328
404-256-9800
A magazine of flexible automation for the end-user.
They also publish the Robotics World Directory for $49.95

ROBOT (Japanese)
Industrial Robots and Application Systems
Published bimonthly.
Japan Industrial Robot Association (JIRA)
Kikai-Shinko Building, 3-5-8, Shiba-Kohen, Mina To-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Tokyo (03) 3434-2919, fax (03) 3578-1404

ROBOTICA
International Journal of Information, Education and                                          Research
in Robotics and Artificial Intelligence.
Published quarterly, US $179/year.
Cambridge University Press, The Edinburgh Building,                                          Shaftesbury Road,
Cambridge CB2 2RU, UK. In the US write to Cambridge                                          University Press,
Journals Department, 40 West 20th Street, New York,                                          NY 10011-4211.

ROBOTICS AND AUTONOMOUS SYSTEMS
8 issues/year, since 1988.
Subscriptions: Dfl. 766 including postage/handling (surface delivery)
Published by Elsevier Science Publishers, B.V. Journals Department,
P.O. Box 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
http://www.elsevier.nl/locate/robot

ROBOTICS AND C.I.M.
Published quarterly, since 1984.
Pergamon Press, NY

ROBOTICS AGE
Published 1979-1985, now defunct.
Replaced by Robotics Engineering (monthly since 1986).



Subject: [3-2v] Journals (Virtual Reality)

PRESENCE
Subscriptions: $50 individual (student/retired $40), $135 institutions
Canadians add 7% GST, shipping outside US add $14 postage and handling.
MIT Press Journals
55 Hayward Street, Cambridge, MA 02142-1399
617-253-2889, fax 617-258-6779

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/index.html (29 of 32) [20/06/2003 22:42:13]
 Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Associations and Journals 3/6 [Monthly posting]

hiscox@mitvma.mit.edu



Subject: [3-2w] Journals (Vision)

MACHINE VISION AND APPLICATIONS
Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0932-8092.
Subscriptions: Institutions $191 (plus $11 p&h); Individuals $54 (incl p&h).
Springer-Verlag New York Inc., Journal Fulfillment Services, 44 Hartz
Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094, 1-800-SPRINGER.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTER VISION
Published 6 times annually. ISSN 0920-5691.
Subscriptions: Institutions $229; Individuals $115. Add $8 for airmail.
Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The
Netherlands, or Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 358, Accord
Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358.

COMPUTER VISION, GRAPHICS AND IMAGE PROCESSING
Published monthly, 1983-1990, now defunct.



Subject: [3-2x] Miscellaneous (Design, ...)

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DESIGN SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY (DST)
Published twice annually.
DST is a multidisciplinary forum dealing with all facets and fields of
design. It endeavours to provide a framework with which to support
debates on the different economical, historical, pedagogical,
philosophical, scientific and technological issues surrounding design.
Subscriptions: FF 580
Editions HERMES, 14, rue Lantiez, 75017 Paris - France, call (33) (1)
42-29-44-66, or fax (33) (1)-42-29-15-56.
Submissions: Khaldoun Zreik, Journal of Design Sciences and
Technology, Editions HERMES - 14, rue Lantiez - 75017 Paris - France

INTERACTIVE LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS
Editor: Elliot Soloway, Univ. of Michigan.
Topics include computational models of learning, intelligent tutoring
systems, micro-worlds, interface design, student modeling and
cognitive diagnosis, and architectures for interactive learning environments.
Subscriptions: individuals $45, institutions $105.
Ablex Publishing Company, 355 Chestnut Street, Norwood, NJ 07648
201-767-8450, fax 201-767-6717



Subject: [3-3] Newsletters

The Computists' Communique (ISSN 1084-015X) is a weekly online
newsletter for AI/IS/CS scientists. It covers research and funding
news; career, consulting, and entrepreneurial issues; AI-related job


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postings and journal calls; FTPable & other resource leads; market
trends; analysis and discussion. The Communique serves members of
Computists International, a professional mutual-aid society.
Membership in Computists International runs $135 for new professional
members, $55 for students and the unemployed. There is a 25% discount
for Canada, Western Europe, the UK, Japan, and Australia; other
countries and territories outside the U.S. get a 50% discount. Free
copies are available on the day of each full moon. For more
information, contact Dr. Kenneth I. Laws (laws@ai.sri.com),
415-493-7390, 4064 Sutherland Drive, Palo Alto, CA 94303.

INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS REPORT
Editor: David Blanchard <blanchardd@aol.com>
ISR is a monthly newsletter featuring news and applications of such
intelligent technologies as expert systems, neural networks, fuzzy logic,
virtual reality, natural language, and speech recognition.
Subscriptions: $299 (US and Canada); $349 (elsewhere).
Lionheart Publishing, 2555 Cumberland Parkway, Suite 299, Atlanta, GA
30339, (404) 431-0867, fax (404) 432-6969

INTELLIGENT SOFTWARE STRATEGIES
Covers expert systems, OOP, case systems, neural networks, and natural
language.
Subscriptions: $425 (add $60 if outside North America)
Editor: Paul Harmon
Cutter Information Corp., 37 Broadway, Arlington, MA 02174-5539
Tel: 800-964-8702 (617-648-8702)
Fax: 800-888-1816 (617-648-1950)
Email: 64107.653@compuserve.com
---------------------------------------------------------



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                                                   News Headers

From: crabbe@usna.edu (Ric Crabbe and Amit Dubey)
Newsgroups: comp.ai,news.answers,comp.answers
Subject: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Associations and Journals 3/6 [Monthly posting]
Followup-To: comp.ai
Date: Mon, 2 Jun 2003 04:12:01 +0000 (UTC)
Organization: United States Naval Academy
Expires: 10 MAR 2003 21:54:49 GMT
Message-ID: <bbeiqh$tbu$1@crab.cs.usna.edu>
Reply-To: crabbe@usna.edu
X-Trace: news.usna.navy.mil 1054527290 20138 131.122.89.100 (2 Jun 2003 04:14:50 GMT)
X-Complaints-To: news@usna.navy.mil
NNTP-Posting-Date: 2 Jun 2003 04:14:50 GMT
Summary: AI-related Associations and Journals




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                                     Next Document: [3-1a] Associations (General AI)




                              [3-0] General Information

When looking for a particular journal, please also check the list of
associations, as some journals have been listed with the association
that publishes them.

The scholarly societies project home page lists Web pages and gophers
for many scholarly societies. The URL for this resource is
   http://www.lib.uwaterloo.ca/society/overview.html

For rankings of the impact of various journals, see question [1-10].




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 [3-1a] Associations (General AI)

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                     [3-1a] Associations (General AI)

AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AAAI)
AAAI, 445 Burgess Drive, Menlo Park, CA 94025.
phone 415-328-3123, fax 415-328-4457, info@aaai.org, membership@aaai.org,
URL: http://www.aaai.org,
Membership includes AI Magazine, and the AI Directory:
$50 regular, $20 student, $75 institution/library (US/Canadian)
$75 regular, $45 student, $100 institution/library (Foreign)
AAAI has several special interest groups (SIGs) on medicine,
manufacturing, business, and law. (Add $10/year for each subgroup.)
Life memberships $700 (US/Canadian), $1000 (Foreign)

ASSOCIATION FOR COMPUTING MACHINERY (ACM)
ACM, 1515 Broadway, New York, NY 10036.
ACM, PO Box 12105, Church St. Station, New York, NY 10257.
Member Services, 11 West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036.
800-342-6626 (212-626-0500), 212-869-7440. Fax 212-944-1318.
Email: acm_help@acm.org, acmhelp@acmvm.bitnet.
In Europe: ACM European Service Center, Avenue Marcel Thiry 204, 1200
Brussels, Belgium, +32-2-774-9602, fax +32-2-774-9690, email
acm_europe@acm.org.
To get ACM news bulletins, send a message with
   subscribe info_flash <your name here>
in the body to mailserv@acm.org.
URL: http://www.acm.org
$82 regular, $25 student (includes Communications of the ACM)
$15 ($8 students) extra for SIGART membership (gets Sigart Bulletin;
    non-member subscription is $25)
$12 ($7 students) extra for Lisp Pointers.
$18 ($13 students) extra for Computing Surveys
$37 ($32 students) extra for Computing Reviews

INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERS (IAKE)
IAKE, 973-D Russell Avenue, Gaithersburg, MD 20879-3276.

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 [3-1a] Associations (General AI)

301-948-5390, fax 301-926-4243. Email: iake@umuc.umd.edu
$65 regular ($110 2-year), $30 students in US/Canada.
Add $10/year for Carribean, Central America, Mexico.
Add $25/year for Europe, North Africa, South America.
Add $30/year for Asia, USSR, Central and South Africa, Australia, and
New Zealand.

INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS (IEEE)
IEEE Service Center, 445 Hoes Lane, PO Box 1331, Piscataway, NJ 08855.
1-800-678-IEEE, 908-981-0060 (IEEE Computer Society 908-981-1393)
URLs: http://www.computer.org, http://www.ieee.org
IEEE membership is $95 regular ($28 students)
For membership in the IEEE Computer Society, add $22 ($13 students).
$20 for IEEE Expert (Intelligent Systems and their Applications)
$12 for Transactions on Neural Networks
$12 for Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics
$15 for Transactions on Robotics and Automation
$19 for Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering
$24 for Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND SIMULATION OF BEHAVIOR (AISB)
c/o AISB Executive Officer, School of Cognitive Science,
University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QH, UK.
Tel: +44-0-273-678448
Fax: +44-0-273-671320
Email: aisb@cogs.susx.ac.uk
Established in 1964, AISB is the UK's original and foremost AI
society. Publishes the AISB Newsletter. UK members also receive AI
Communications (the European Journal on Artificial Intelligence).
Membership is 25 pounds Sterling (15 for students) in the UK, 28 pounds in
Europe (19 pounds for students), and forty pounds elsewhere (25 pounds for
students).




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[3-1a] Associations (General AI)


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 [3-1b] Associations (General AI, in a particular country)

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               [3-1b] Associations (General AI, in a
                        particular country)

AAAI is listed in [3-1a] because its membership is international in
nature, more so than other country-specific organizations.

EUROPEAN COORDINATING COMMITTEE FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (ECCAI)
The representative body for the European AI community. Established
July 1982. Organizes the biennail European Conference on Artificial
Intelligence (ECAI), the leading conference on AI in Europe.
Individuals do not become members of ECCAI directly, but by belonging
to one of ECCAI's member organizations, many of which are described in
this section. [Not every organization listed in this section is part
of ECCAI, of course.]
   Els van der Heijden, ECCAI Secretariat, c/o Knowledge-based Systems Group,
   Department of Computer Science, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217,
   7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
   Tel: +31 53 489 4283
   Fax: +31 53 489 2927
   Email: els@cs.utwente.nl
   URL: http://www.eccai.org
Members of associations that are part of ECCAI receive subscriptions
to the journal AI Communications, currently edited by Ramon Lopez de
Mantaras, IIIA - Institut d'Investigacio en Intel.ligencia Artificial,
CSIC - Spanish Scientific Research Council, Campus Universitat
Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Catalunya, Spain, fax +34 3
5809661, phone +34 3 5809570, email mantaras@iiia.csic.es.

  ...

ASSOCIAZIONE ITALIANA PER L'INTELLIGENZA ARTIFICIALE (AI*IA)
ITALIAN ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
c/o Fondazione Ugo Borboni, Roma - Italy
Contact: Oliviero Stock <stock@irst.it>
Tel: +39 6 54803428


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 [3-1b] Associations (General AI, in a particular country)

Fax: +39 6 54804405
URL: gopher://gopher.di.unito.it/11/assoc/aiia [mostly in Italian]

AUSTRIAN SOCIETY FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (ASAI)
OSTERREICHISCHE GESELLSCHAFT FUR AI (OGAI)
Postfach 177, A-1014 Vienna, AUSTRIA
Tel: (43) 1 535-32810
Fax: (43) 1 532-0652 (attn: OGAI)
Email: harald@ai.univie.ac.at

BELGIAN ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (BAAI)
Walter Van de Velde, ArtiLab., Free University Brussels, Pleinlaan 2,
gebouw k, B-1050 Brussel
Email: walter@arti17.vub.ac.be

BRITISH COMPUTER SOCIETY SPECIALIST GROUP ON EXPERT SYSTEMS (BCS-SGES)
Chairman: Prof. M.A. Bramer, Department of Information Science,
University of Portsmouth, Milton, Southsea PO4 8JF, England
Tel: +44-705-844444
Fax: +44-705-844006
Email: bramerma@csovax.portsmouth.ac.uk
Membership/Mailings: Dr. Rob Milne, Intelligent Applications Ltd.,
Kirkton Business Centre, Kirk Lane, Livingston Village, West Lothian
EH54 7AY, Scotland
Tel: +44-506-410242
Fax: +44-506-410243
Email: rmilne@cix.compulink.co.uk

BULGARIAN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ASSOCIATION (BAIA)
Institute of Informatics - BAS, Acad. Bonchev str. bl. 29A, Sofia
1113, Bulgaria
Fax: +359-2-72-01-66
Chairman: Vassil Sgurev, +359-2-70-52-25
Secretary: Danail Dochev, +359-2-70-75-86, email ari@iinf.bg

CANADIAN SOCIETY FOR COMPUTATIONAL STUDIES OF INTELLIGENCE (CSCSI)
Members receive a subscription to Canadian Artificial Intelligence.
CSCSI/SCEIO, c/o CIPS, 430 King Street West, Suite 205, Toronto,
Ontario M5V 1L5, CANADA
416-593-4040, fax 416-593-5184
Membership: $40 individuals, $30 students
URL: http://ai.iit.nrc.ca/cscsi_point.html

CATALAN ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (ACIA)
URL:   http://www.acia.org/
Email: acia@lsi.upc.es
President: Enric Plaza i Cervera <enric@iiia.csic.es> http://www.iiia.csic.es

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 [3-1b] Associations (General AI, in a particular country)

IIIA - Institut d'Investigacio en Intel.ligencia Artificial
CSIC - Spanish Scientific Research Council,
Campus Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona
08193 Bellaterra, Catalonia, Spain
Voice: +34 3 5809570         Fax: +34 3 5809661
Secretary: Jordi Vitria <jordi@upisun1.uab.es>

CZECH SOCIETY FOR CYBERNETICS AND INFORMATICS (CSCI)
President: Jaroslav Vlcek, Czech Technical University, Zikova 4, 166 35
Prague 6, Czech Republic
Tel: +42-2-311-3475
Fax: +42-2-311-9692
Scientific Secretary: Radim Jirousek, Institute for Inf. Theory and
Automation Pod vodarenskou vezi 4, 182 08 Praha 8, Czech Republic
Tel: +42-2-815-20-46
Fax: +42-2-84-74-52
E-mail: radim@cspgas11.bitnet

DANISH ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE SOCIETY (DAIS)
Brian Mayoh, Computer Science Department, Aarhus University, Ny
Munkegade, Bldg.540, DK-8000 Aarhus C
Tel: +45-86-12-71-88
Fax: +45-86-13-57-25
Email: brian@daimi.aau.dk

FINISH ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE SOCIETY (FAIS)
Dr. Eero Hyvonen, VTT/TIK, Lehtisaarentie 2, SF-00340 Helsinki, FINLAND
Tel: +358-0-456-6043
Fax: +358-0-489-519
Email: Eero.Hyvonen@vtt.fi

FRENCH ASSOCIATION FOR COGNITIVE SCIENCE (ARC)
Chairman: Daniel Kayser, Department d'Informatique, Universite de
Paris XIII, Avenue Jean-Baptiste Clement, 93430 Villetaneuse, France
   Tel: +33-1-49-40-30-00
   Email: dk@lipn.univ-paris13.fr
Secretary: Pierre-Yves Raccah, 4 rue du Roi de Sicile, 75004 Paris, France
   Tel: +33-1-42-71-69-76
   Email: pyr@ccr.jussieu.fr

FRENCH ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AFIA)
Chairman: Jean-Paul Haton, CRIN - Universite de Nancy I, BP 239, 54506
Vandouvre-les-Nancy Cedex
   Tel: 83-59-20-50
   Fax: 83-41-30-79
   Email: jph@loria.fr
Secretary: Marie-Odile Cordier, IRISA - Campus de Beaulieu, Avenue du


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 [3-1b] Associations (General AI, in a particular country)

General Leclerc, BP 25A, 35042 Rennes Cedex
   Tel: 99-84-73-14
   Fax: 99-38-38-32
   Email: cordier@irisa.fr

FRENCH SOCIETY FOR INFORMATION AND SYSTEMS SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY (AFCET)
AFCET, Sabine Forgeot, 156, boulevard Pereire, F - 75017 Paris

GERMAN INFORMATICS ASSOCIATION (GI)
Chair of AI Chapter of GI:
   Dr. Otthein Herzog
   PRGS Germany - GSDL - Information Warehouse/7030-91
   IBM Deutschland Entwicklung GmbH
   Hanns-Klemm-Stasse 45
   D-71034 Boeblingen, Germany
   Tel: +49-7031-16-6813
   Fax: +49-7031-16-6440
   Email: otthein_herzog@vnet.ibm.com
International Relations Officer of GI:
   Prof. Wolfgang Wahlster
   DFKI
   Stuhlsatzenhausweg 3
   D-66123 Saarbruecken, Germany
   Tel: +49-681-302-5252
   Fax: +49-681-302-5341
   Email: wahlster@dfki.uni-sb.de

[Hungary] JOHN VON NEUMANN SOCIETY FOR COMPUTING SCIENCES (NJSZT)
Ljuba Kornis, John von Neumann Society for Computing Sciences, Bathori
u. 16, H - 1054, BUDAPEST V.
Tel: +361-132-9349
Fax: +361-131-8140

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ASSOCIATION OF IRELAND (AIAI)
Dr. Mark Keane, Dept. of Computer Science, Trinity College, Dublin 2, IRELAND
Email: mkeane@cs.tcd.ie

ISRAELI ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (IAAI)
Contact: Prof. Martin Charles Golumbic, Dept. of Mathematics and
Computer Science, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
   Email: golumbic@bimacs.cs.biu.ac.il
Secretary: Mrs. Ruth Kuperman, secretary, Israeli Association for
Artificial Intelligence (IAAI), Kfar HaMacabia, Ramat Gan, Israel

ITALIAN ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI*IA)
President: Oliviero Stock, IRST - Instituto per la Ricerca Scientifica
e Tecnologica, 38050 Povo, Trento, Italy
Tel: +39-(0)461-814443

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 [3-1b] Associations (General AI, in a particular country)

Fax: +39-(0)461-810851
Email: stock@irst.it

JAPANESE ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (JSAI)
OS Bldg. Suite #402
4-7 Tsukudo-cho, Shinjuku-ku
Tokyo 162 Japan
Phone:   +81-3-5261-3401
Telfax: +81-3-5261-3402

[Mexico] SOCIEDAD MEXICANA DE INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL (SMIA)
Ofelia Cervantes V, Apartado Postal #5, Universidad de las Americas,
Sta. Catarina Martir Puebla 72820, MEXICO
(52-22) 47-0522, (52-22) 47-4319

[Netherlands] DUTCH ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (NVKI)
Chairman: Jaap van den Herik, University of Limburg, Faculty of
General Sciences, Department of Computer Science, PO Box 616, NL-6200
MD Maastricht, the Netherlands
   Tel: +31-43-883477
   Fax: +31-43-252392
   Email: herik@cs.rulimburg.nl
Secretary: Jan Treur, Vrije Universiteit, Faculty of Mathematics and
Computer Science, Department of Computer Science, De Boelelaan 1081a,
NL-1081 HV Amsterdam, the Netherlands
   Tel: +31-20-5485326/7273
   Fax: +31-20-6427705
   Email: treur@cs.vu.nl

NORWEGIAN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE SOCIETY (NAIS)
President: Dr. Bernt Bremdal, Geoknowledge, 1300 Sandvika, Norway
Tel: +47-67-54-72-44
Fax: +47-67-54-72-34
Email: nais@ifi.uio.no

SOVIET ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (SAAI)
DSc. Stefanuk, L. Vadim
SAAI - (Soviet) Association for Artificial Intelligence, Institute for
Information Transmission Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Ermolovoy str. 19, 101447 Moscow GSP-4, Russia
Tel: 7-095-2995002; 7-095-2094981
Fax: 7-095-2090579
Email: stefanuk@ippi.msk.su

SLOVAK SOCIETY FOR CYBERNETICS AND COMPUTER SCIENCE (SSKI)
Chairman: Dr. Eng. Jan Mikles, Dept. of Process Control, Faculty of
Chemical Technology, Slovak Technical University, Radlinskeho 9, 812 37


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 [3-1b] Associations (General AI, in a particular country)

Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Secretariat: Dr. Maria Psotulkova, Institute of Control Theory and
Robotics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dubravska cesta 9, 842 37
Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Tel: +427-373271
Fax: +427-376045

SLOVENIAN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE SOCIETY (SLAIS)
Chairman: Ivan Bratko, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer
Science, Trzaska 25, 61000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Tel: +38-61-265-16
Fax: +38-61-264-990
Email: Ivan.Bratko@ijs.si
Secretary: Bogdan.Filipic@ijs.si

SPANISH ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AEPIA)
President: Federico Barber. University of Valencia.
Camino de Vera s/n. 46022-Valencia (Spain) Tel: (34-1)
mail: fbarber@dsic.upv.es
Phone:(+34)963879357
Fax:(+34) 963877359
http://www.aepia.org

SWEDISH ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE SOCIETY (SAIS)
Chairman: Carl-Gustaf Jansson, Dept. of Computer and Systems Sciences,
KTH/University of Stockholm, Electrum 230, 16440 KISTA, Sweden
   Tel: +46-8-161605
   Fax: +46-8-7039025
   Email: calle@dsv.su.se
Secretary: Sture Hagglund, Dept. of Computer and Information Science,
Linkoping University, S-58183 Linkoping, Sweden
   Tel: +46-13-281431
   Fax: +46-13-142231
   Email: sth@ida.liu.se

SWISS GROUP FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND COGNITIVE SCIENCE (SGAICO)
President: Rene Bach, Ingenieurschule Bern HTL, 3014 Bern
   Tel: 41-31-495-111
   Fax: 41-31-400-625
   Email: bach@isbe.ch
Secretary: Frank Ade, ETH, 8092 Zurich.
   Tel: 41-1-256-52-80
   Fax: 41-1-261-34-29
   Email: ade@vision.eth.zh
URL: http://www.expasy.ch/sgaico/




 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-3.html (6 of 7) [20/06/2003 22:42:16]
[3-1b] Associations (General AI, in a particular country)




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-3.html (7 of 7) [20/06/2003 22:42:16]
 [3-1c] Associations (Applied AI)

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                     [3-1c] Associations (Applied AI)

INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF APPLIED INTELLIGENCE (ISAI)
Membership is US$25 for associate members and US$85 for full members.
Full members receive a personal subscription to the International Journal of
Applied Intelligence (normal institutional rate is US$312) and discounted
registration for the IEA/AIE conferences. To apply contact ISAI, Department
of Computer Science, Southwest Texas State University, San Marcos, TX
78666-4616, phone +1 (512) 245 3409, fax +1 (512)245 3804, or send email to
Moonis Ali, President, <ma04@academia.swt.edu>.
See WWW page at <http://pirates.cs.swt.edu/isai.shtml> for more details.
Working groups include CIM -- Learning in Intelligent Manufacturing
Systems, Automatic Failure Diagnostics, Production Management,
Finance, Building Architecture, Scheduling and Planning.
[On October 13, 1999, the above URL was not working. -Maintainer]




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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-4.html [20/06/2003 22:42:17]
 [3-1d] Associations (Natural Language Processing)

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        [3-1d] Associations (Natural Language
                     Processing)

ASSOCIATION FOR COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS (ACL)
Natural language processing research and applications.
Members receive the journal Computational Linguistics, ISSN 0891-2017.
Regular membership $40 ($25 full-time students not earning a regular
income; $25 for retired and unemployed), $10 extra for first
class/air postage in North America, $20 elsewhere. For more
information write to Association for Computational Linguistics,
PO Box 6090, Somerset, NJ 08875, or send email to acl@cs.columbia.edu.
Institutions must subscribe to the journal through MIT Press Journals,
55 Hayward Street, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA, phone 617-253-2889, fax
617-258-6779, e-mail journals-orders@mit.edu.
To get information about the ACL listserver, send mail to
   listserv@cs.columbia.edu
with
   index acl-l
in the message body. To get the membership form, include
   get acl-l membership-form.txt
in the message body. The ACL archive can also be accessed by
anonymous ftp from ftp.cs.columbia.edu:/acl-l/. The ACL Web page is
accessible through the URL
   http://www.aclweb.org/

ASSOCIATION FOR MACHINE TRANSLATION IN THE AMERICAS (AMTA)
655 Fifteenth Street, NW, Suite 310, Washington, DC 20005
Membership: $40 Associate members, $65 active members, Institutional $200,
Corporate $400. Members receive the MT News International and the
MT Yellow Pages.

SIGNLL is the ACL Special Interest Group on Natural Language Learning
(language acquisition and related topics). To join, send mail to

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-5.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:42:17]
 [3-1d] Associations (Natural Language Processing)

walter.daelemans@kub.nl or use the forms on the SIGNLL home page. For
more information, see the SIGNLL home page at the URL
   http://signll.aclweb.org/~signll/

See also the Cognitive Science Society.




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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-5.html (2 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:42:17]
[3-1e] Associations (Cognitive Science)

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 [3-1e] Associations (Cognitive Science)

COGNITIVE SCIENCE SOCIETY
Membership: $50 individuals, $25 student. Add $15 overseas postage.
Members receive a copy of the journal Cognitive Science without
additional charge. Write to Alan Lesgold, Secretary/Treasurer,
Cognitive Science Society, LRDC, University of Pittsburgh, 3939
O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, fax 1-412-624-9149, email
al+@pitt.edu.

See AISB in [3-1a].




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-6.html [20/06/2003 22:42:18]
 [3-1f] Associations (Robotics)

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                        [3-1f] Associations (Robotics)

For a list of organizations that are robotics related, see the FAQ
posting for comp.robotics, maintained by Kevin Dowling <nivek@cs.cmu.edu>.
http://www.frc.ri.cmu.edu/robotics-faq




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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-7.html [20/06/2003 22:42:18]
[3-1g] Associations (Philosophy of AI)

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    [3-1g] Associations (Philosophy of AI)

SOCIETY FOR MACHINES AND MENTALITY
James H. Moor, Treasurer, Society for Machines and Mentality,
Department of Philosophy, Dartmouth College, 6035 Thornton Hall,
Hanover, NH 03755-3592 U.S.A.
603-646-2155. Email: James.H.Moor@Dartmouth.edu
$5 Membership only
$50 Membership with subscription to _Minds and Machines_




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-8.html [20/06/2003 22:42:19]
[3-1h] Associations (Neural Networks)

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    [3-1h] Associations (Neural Networks)

INTERNATIONAL NEURAL NETWORK SOCIETY (INNS)
Membership is $55/year for non-students and $45/year for students, and
includes a subscription to "Neural Networks", the official journal of
the society.
INNS Membership, Suite 300, 1250 24th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20037
70712.3265@compuserve.com, 202-466-4667, fax 202-466-2888.
INNS Membership, P.O. Box 491166, Ft. Washington, MD 20749

INTERNATIONAL STUDENT SOCIETY FOR NEURAL NETWORKS (ISSNNets)
Membership is $5 per year.
ISSNNet, Inc., P.O. Box 15661, Boston, MA 02215
See also comp.org.issnnet.

JAPANESE NEURAL NETWORK SOCIETY (JNNS)
Department of Engineering, Tamagawa University,
6-1-1, Tamagawa Gakuen, Machida City, Tokyo,
194 JAPAN
Phone: +81 427 28 3457
Fax:   +81 427 28 3597
URL: http://jnns.inf.eng.tamagawa.ac.jp/main.html

EUROPEAN NEURAL NETWORK SOCIETY (ENNS)
URL: http://www.ida.his.se/ida/enns/




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-9.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:42:19]
[3-1h] Associations (Neural Networks)

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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-9.html (2 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:42:19]
 [3-1i] Associations (Fuzzy Logic)

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                  [3-1i] Associations (Fuzzy Logic)

INTERNATIONAL FUZZY SYSTEMS ASSOCIATION (IFSA)
Membership $180, includes a subscription to the International Journal
of Fuzzy Sets and Systems, ISSN 0165-0114.
Write to Prof. Philippe Smets, University of Brussels, IRIDIA, 50 av.
F. Roosevelt, CP 194/6, 1050 Brussels, Belgium.

NORTH AMERICAN FUZZY INFORMATION PROCESSING SOCIETY (NAFIPS)
For more information, contact Thomas H. Whalen, Secretary/Treasurer,
Decision Sciences Department, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303,
404-651-4080, <qmdthw@gsuvm1.gsu.edu>. NAFIPS holds a conference and
a workshop in alternating years.

SPANISH ASSOCIATION FOR FUZZY LOGIC AND TECHNOLOGIES (FLAT)
For more information, contact decsai@ugr.es, Prof. J. L. Verdegay
<jverdegay@ugr.es> (President), or Dr. F. Herrera <fherrera@ugr.es>
(Secretary), Department of Computer Science and Artificial
Intelligence of the University of Granada, Faculty of Sciences, 18071
Granada, Spain, call +34.58.244017 (19) (95), or fax +34.58.243317.




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[3-1i] Associations (Fuzzy Logic)

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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-10.html (2 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:42:20]
[3-1j] Associations (Genetic Algorithms)

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 [3-1j] Associations (Genetic Algorithms)

EVOLUTIONARY PROGRAMMING SOCIETY
9363 Towne Centre Dr., San Diego, CA 92121, Attn: Bill Porto, Treasurer
Membership: $40/year ($10/year for students with id)
Members get a discounted registration at the annual conference.




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-11.html [20/06/2003 22:42:20]
 [3-1k] Associations (AI and Law)

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                  [3-1k] Associations (AI and Law)

THE INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND LAW (IAAIL)
Contact: Prof. Carole Hafner, IAAIL, College of Computer Science,
Northeastern University, 360 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 USA
fax 617-373-5121, e-mail hafner@ccs.neu.edu.
Membership: $60 Regular, $35 student (incuding AI and Law Journal)
            $25 Reduced (without journal subscription)




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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-12.html [20/06/2003 22:42:21]
[3-1k] Associations (Logic Programming)

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[3-1k] Associations (Logic Programming)

Association of Logic Programming homepage at

http://www.cwi.nl/projects/alp/index.html




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-13.html [20/06/2003 22:42:21]
 [3-2a] Journals (General AI)

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                                [3-2a] Journals (General AI)

JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH (JAIR)
  JAIR is a refereed publication, covering all areas of AI, that is
distributed free of charge over the internet by WWW, ftp, electronic mail,
gopher, and the newsgroups comp.ai.jair.announce (announcements and
abstracts of new papers) and comp.ai.jair.papers (papers, code, and other
materials, distinguished by subject line). In addition, each complete
volume of JAIR is published by Morgan Kaufmann.
   Submissions in all areas of AI are invited. Papers should
describe work that has both practical and theoretical significance.
Only papers of the highest quality will be accepted. JAIR aims for
a review turn-around time of about 7 weeks, with electronic publication
occurring immediately after the editor receives the final version of an
accepted article.
  JAIR can be accessed by via the World Wide Web using the URL
     http://www.cs.washington.edu/research/jair/home.html
  or by anonymous ftp to
     ftp.mrg.dist.unige.it:/pub/jair/pub/
  For more information, send electronic mail to jair@cs.cmu.edu with
the subject AUTORESPOND and the message body HELP. Or contact
jair-ed@ptolemy.arc.nasa.gov.

COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE, AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL (CI)
Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0824-7935
This leading international journal promotes and stimulates research in
the field of artificial intelligence (AI). Covering a wide range of
issues - from the tools and languages of AI to its philosophical
implications - Computational Intelligence provides a vigorous forum
for the publication of both experimental and theoretical research, as
well as surveys and impact studies. The journal is designed to meet
the needs of a wide range of AI workers in academic and industrial
research.
Society for Computational Studies of Intelligence (CSCSI).
Editors: Nick Cercone, University of Waterloo, Canada

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-14.html (1 of 4) [20/06/2003 22:42:23]
 [3-2a] Journals (General AI)

         Randy Goebel, University of Alberta, Canada
         Gordon McCalla, University of Saskatchewan, Canada
URL: http://www.blackwellpublishers.co.uk/journals/COIN/
It contains information on upcoming articles and issues, subscription
information, author instructions, and tables of contents.


ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE REVIEW (Survey and Tutorial Journal)
ISSN 0269-2821.
Kluwer Academic Publishers,
101 Philip Drive, Norwell, MA 02061, 617-871-6600, fax 617-871-6528.
PO Box 358, Accord Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358.
PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The Netherlands
Email: kluwer@world.std.com
The institutional subscription rate is $233.50 per volume (4 issues).
Editor: Masoud Yazdani <masoud@dcs.exeter.ac.uk>, Dept. of Computer Science,
University of Exeter, Prince of Wales Road, Exeter, EX4 4PT, Great Britain

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE - AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL
Published 14 times annually. ISSN 0004-3702.
Subscriptions: $85 individuals (must be a member of one of the major
AI societies), $1278.75 institutions (Dfl 2366.00).
To order in the US, write to AAAI, AI Journal, 445 Burgess Drive, Menlo
Park, CA 94025-3496, or to Elsevier Science Publishing, 655 Avenue of
the Americas, New York, NY 10017, 212-633-3827. Outside the US,
contact Elsevier Science Publishers, Attn: Petra van der Meer, PO Box 103,
1000 AC Amsterdam, The Netherlands, call +31-20-5862-602, or
fax +31-20-5862-616.
You can find information on the journal at the Elsevier web site:
http://www.elsevier.nl . The journal's home page is currently
http://www.elsevier.nl:80/inca/publications/store/5/0/5/6/0/1/ but
this seems to change often. If If you want to read a paper online,
then you're probably out of luck. Unless you or your institution has
a subscription to the journal already, you will be deniel access to
the abstracts or full versions of the papers.

JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (JETAI)
Published quarterly, ISSN 0952-813X.
Subscriptions (1995): institutions $231; individuals $116.
Current prices are not on the web page (2001)
Submissions: Eric Dietrich, SUNY, Binghamton, NY 13902-6000, USA,
<dietrich@binsuns.cc.binghamton.edu>.
To order go to:
http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/tf/0952813x.html

SPANG ROBINSON REPORT ON INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS
Published monthly. ISSN 0885-9957.

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-14.html (2 of 4) [20/06/2003 22:42:23]
 [3-2a] Journals (General AI)

Subscriptions: $405 US & Canada, $455 elsewhere.
John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 605 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10158-0012,
212-850-6347, fax 212-850-6088.

JOURNAL OF INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS
Published quarterly, since 1985.
Freund Publishing House, London
http://http2.brunel.ac.uk:8080/~hs92jis/

MINDS AND MACHINES
Journal for Artificial Intelligence, Philosophy, and                                            Cognitive Science
ISSN 0924-6495
Subscription information and sample copies available                                            from:
Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, P.O. Box 322, 3300                                            AH Dordrecht,
The Netherlands. In the US, write to Kluwer Academic                                            Publishers, 101
Philip Drive, Norwell, MA 02061.

COMPUTERS AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
I. Plander (ed.)
VEDA Publishing House of the Slovak Academy of Sciences,
Klemenosova 19, 814 30 Bratislava, Slovakia.
Published bimonthly, order from:
Lange & Springer GmbH, Foller Str.2, P.O.B. 10 16 10,
5000 Koln 1, Germany.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AI TOOLS
World Scientific Publishing Co., Inc.
1060 Main Street, River Edge, NJ 07661
Tel: 1-800-227-7562

ANNALS OF MATHEMATICS AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
ISSN 1012-2443.
J.C. Baltzer AG Scientific Publishing Company, Wettsteinplatz 10,
CH-4058 Basel, Switzerland, tel 41-61-691-89-25, fax 41-61-692-42-62.
In the United States, send orders to J. C. Baltzer AG, Scientific
Publishing Company, PO Box 8577, Red Bank, NJ 07701-8577.
Subscriptions: Individuals Sfr. 130.00/$80.00
Editor: M. C. Golumbic <golumbic@haifasc3.vnet.ibm.com>, fax +972-4-320894.

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND SOCIETY
Published quarterly, since 1987.
Subscriptions: UK pounds 110 + carriage charges
Springer Verlag, Heidelberger Platz 3, D-100 Berlin 33, Germany, phone
30-82071, fax 30-8214091.

JOURNAL OF SYMBOLIC COMPUTATION
Published monthly, since 1985.


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-14.html (3 of 4) [20/06/2003 22:42:23]
 [3-2a] Journals (General AI)

Academic Press Ltd., 24-28 Oval Road, London, NW1 7DX, UK.
Subscriptions (includes postage): Individuals UK pounds 111, US $204;
Institutions UK pounds 222, US $408. Subscribers in Canada should add GST
at the current rate of 7%.
Send subscription orders to: Academic Press Ltd., Foots Cray, Sidcup,
Kent DA14 5HP, UK, phone 81-300-3322.

INFORMATICA
ISSN 0350-5596.
An International Journal of Computing and Informatics.
Published by The Slovene Society Informatika and The Jozef Stefan
Institute, Ljubjana, Slovenia.
Subscriptions: individuals $17, students $4, institutions $34
Mr. R. Murn, Department for Computer Science, Jozef Stefan Institute:
Tel (+386) 61 1259 199, Fax (+386) 61 219 385
Submissions: Matjaz Gams <matjaz.gams@ijs.si> (Europe, Africa, main
contact), Marcin Paprzycki <paprzycki_m@gusher.pb.utexas.edu> (North
and South America), or Xindong Wu <xindong@insect.sd.monash.edu.au> (Asia,
Australia).




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[3-2b] Journals (Applied AI)

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                                            Manufacturing, or Medicine)




                        [3-2b] Journals (Applied AI)

APPLIED ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0883-9514
Subscriptions: Institutions $300; Individuals $142.
http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/tf/08839514.html

APPLIED INTELLIGENCE
The International Journal of Artificial Intelligence, Neural Networks,
and Complex Problem-Solving Technologies
Subscriptions: Institutions $217; Individuals $75.
Editor in Chief: Dr. Moonis Ali, Professor of Computer Science, The
University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, TN 37388
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers, P.O. Box 358, Accord Station,
Hingham, MA 02018-0358, <kluwer@world.std.com>.




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[3-2b] Journals (Applied AI)

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 [3-2c] Journals (AI and ???, where ??? is Database Management, Education, Engineering, Law, Manufacturing, or Medicine)

                                            Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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      [3-2c] Journals (AI and ???, where ??? is
          Database Management, Education,
         Engineering, Law, Manufacturing, or
                      Medicine)

AI and Database Management:

    JOURNAL OF INTELLIGENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS (JIIS)
    INTEGRATING AI AND DATABASE TECHNOLOGIES
    Published quarterly. ISSN: 0925-9902
    Subscriptions: Individuals, $85; Institutions $193.
    Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 358/Accord Station,
    Hingham, MA 02018-0358, 617-871-6600, fax 617-871-6528, e-mail
    Kluwer@world.std.com.

AI and Education:

    JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN EDUCATION
    Published quarterly, since 1989.
    Subscriptions: $65. Outside the US add $10 Canada/Mexico and $15 all
    others for postage. Student and institutional rates available upon request.
    Published by the Association for the Advancement of Computing in
    Education (AACE), PO Box 2966, Charlottesville, VA 22902, phone
    804-973-3987.

AI and Engineering:

    ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN ENGINEERING
    Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0954-1810.
    Subscriptions: 193 pounds ($295). Sample copies available upon request.
    Claire Coakley, Elsevier Applied Science, Crown House, Linton Road,
    Barking, Essex, IG11, 8JU, UK, phone 081-594-7272, fax 081-594-5140.
    US info: Journal Information Center, Elsevier Science Publishers, 655
    Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10010, phone 212-633-3650, fax


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-16.html (1 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:42:24]
 [3-2c] Journals (AI and ???, where ??? is Database Management, Education, Engineering, Law, Manufacturing, or Medicine)

    212-633-3990.

    INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS ENGINEERING JOURNAL
    Published by Inst. Elect. Engrs for the British Computer Soc. and the IEE.
    Executive Editor: Kathryn Lenton (Mrs), Intelligent Systems
    Engineering, IEE Publishing Dept., Michael Faraday House, Six Hills
    Way, Stevenage, Herts., SG1 2AY, UK, phone 0438-313311, fax
    0438-742849.

    ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN ENGINEERING DESIGN, ANALYSIS
    AND MANUFACTURE (AI EDAM)
    Published 4 times annually.
    Editor: Clive L. Dym <dym@hmcvax.ac.hmc.edu>, Fletcher Jones Professor
    of Engineering Design, Harvey Mudd College, Claremont CA 91711-5990
    USA, phone 909-621-8853, fax 909-621-8967.
    Subscriptions: $75 individual, $160 institution (US, Canada, Mexico).
    Cambridge University Press, 40 West 20th Street, New York, NY
    10011-4211 USA, fax 914-937-4712. Outside US, Canada, and Mexico,
    write to Cambridge University Press, The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge
    CB2 2RU, UNITED KINGDOM.

AI and Finance:

    THE MAGAZINE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN FINANCE
    Published quarterly.
    415-905-2200

AI and Law:

    ARTICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND LAW
    Subscriptions: $158, including postage
    Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The
    Netherlands, or Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 358, Accord
    Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358.

AI and Manufacturing:

    JOURNAL OF INTELLIGENT MANUFACTURING (JIM)
    Published quarterly, since 1990.
    Chapman and Hall, London
    Editor: Prof. Andrew Kusiak, Department of Industrial Engineering,
    4132 Engineering Building, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242

    JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS
    Published quarterly, since 1982.
    Published by the Computer and Automated Systems Association of the SME.
    Society of Manufacturing Engineers, One SME Drive, PO Box 930,
    Dearborn, MI 48121. 313-271-1500



 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-16.html (2 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:42:24]
 [3-2c] Journals (AI and ???, where ??? is Database Management, Education, Engineering, Law, Manufacturing, or Medicine)

AI and Medicine:

    ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN MEDICINE
    Published 6 times annually. ISSN Number 0933-3657.
    Subscriptions: $175.
    To order in the US, write to Elsevier Science Publishing, 655 Avenue of
    the Americas, New York, NY 10017, 212-633-3827. Outside the US,
    contact Elsevier Science Publishers, Journal Department, PO Box 211,
    1000 AE Amsterdam, The Netherlands, call +31-20-5803-642, or fax
    +31-20-5803-598.

AI and Society:

    AI & SOCIETY
    Published quarterly. ISSN 0951-5666.
    The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence
    Topics include impact of AI and information technology on social
    and cultural values and vice versa.
    Editors: Karamuit S. Gill and James Finkelstein.
    Springer-Verlag New York Inc., Journal Fulfillment Services, 44 Hartz
    Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094, 1-800-SPRINGER.
    Subscriptions: $197.




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[3-2d] Journals (Automated Reasoning)

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                                 Next Document: [3-2e] Journals (Cognitive Science)




   [3-2d] Journals (Automated Reasoning)

JOURNAL OF AUTOMATED REASONING
Published 6 times annually. ISSN 0168-7433
Subscriptions: Individuals $131; Institutions $263; AAR members $65.
Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The
Netherlands, or Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 358, Accord
Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358.

AUTOMATED SOFTWARE ENGINEERING
The International Journal of Automated Reasoning and Artificial
Intelligence in Software Engineering.
Published quarterly. ISSN 0928-8910.
Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The
Netherlands, or Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 358, Accord
Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358, phone 617-871-6600, fax 617-871-6528,
email kluwer@world.std.com.
Subscriptions: individuals $95, institutions $255.50. Special reduced
rates available for ACM-SIGART and KBSE members.

ANNUAL REVIEW IN AUTOMATIC PROGRAMMING
Published annually, since 1960.
Supplement of "International tracts in computer science and technology
and their applications".
Published by Pergamon Press, 395 Saw Mill River Road, Elmsford, NY
10523, phone 800-257-5755 (914-592-7700).
Subscriptions: UK pounds 105 or US $200 (approximate). Postage included.




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-17.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:42:24]
[3-2d] Journals (Automated Reasoning)

                                                    Manufacturing, or Medicine)
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[3-2e] Journals (Cognitive Science)

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          [3-2e] Journals (Cognitive Science)

COGNITIVE SYSTEMS RESEARCH
ISSN: 1389-0417
Co-Editors-in-Chief
Ron Sun , University of Missouri-Columbia.
Vasant Honavar, Iowa State University.
Gregg Oden, University of Iowa.
Publisher Elsevier
http://www.elsevier.nl/locate/cogsys

COGNITIVE SCIENCE
Ablex Publishing Company,
355 Chestnut Street, Norwood, NJ 07648
201-767-8450, fax 201-767-6717
$50 individual, $125 institution.

BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES
Published quarterly, since 1978.
In the UK: Cambridge University Press, The Edinburgh Building,
Shaftesbury Road, Cambridge CB2 2RU, UK.
In the US: Cambridge University Press, Journals Department, 40 West
20th Street, New York, NY 10011-4211.

BRAIN AND COGNITION
Published quarterly, since 1982.
Academic Press, 11, Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10003

BRAIN AND LANGUAGE
Published bimonthly, since 1974
Academic Press, 1250 Sixth Avenue, San Diego, CA 92101
Orders: 800-321-5068
Fax:    619-699-6715

http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-18.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:42:25]
[3-2e] Journals (Cognitive Science)



COGNITION
Published quarterly, since 1972.
The Hague; Paris:Mouton, subscription orders must be sent to:
Subscriptions: US$670
Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., P.O. Box 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam,
phone (31)-20-5803642, fax (31)-20-5803598.
Cognition, Publication Expediting, Inc., 200 Meacham Avenue,
Elmont, NY 11003

COGNITION AND BRAIN THEORY
Published 1980-84, subsequently absorbed into Cognitive Science.

COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
Published quarterly, since 1970
Academic Press, 1250 Sixth Avenue, San Diego, CA 92101
Orders: 800-321-5068
Fax:    619-699-6715




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 [3-2f] Journals (Complex Systems, Artificial Life, Adaptive Behavior)

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 [3-2f] Journals (Complex Systems, Artificial
           Life, Adaptive Behavior)

COMPLEXITY INTERNATIONAL
This is a refereed journal for scientific papers relating to work
in complex systems research.
Send manuscripts to                ci-submissions@life.anu.edu.au,
 and editorial correspondence to   ci-editor@life.anu.edu.au
To subscribe, send mail to ci-subscribe@life.anu.edu.au with
   subscribe ci "your name"
in the message body.

ARTIFICIAL LIFE
Published quarterly. ISSN 1064-5462.
Subscriptions: $45 individual ($25 student/retired), $125 institution.
Canadians add 7% GST, shipping outside US add $14 postage and handling.
MIT Press Journals, 55 Hayward Street, Cambridge, MA 02142,
call 617-253-2889, fax 617-258-6779, or e-mail journals-orders@mit.edu.
Submissions: Christopher G. Langton, Santa Fe Institute, 1660 Old
Pecos Trail, Santa Fe, NM 87501, call 505-984-8800, fax 505-982-0565,
or e-mail cgl@santafe.edu. See also http://alife.santafe.edu/

ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR
Published quarterly. ISSN 1059-7123.
Concerned with understanding the behaviors and underlying
mechanisms that allow animals (and potentially robots) to adapt and
survive in uncertain environments. Emphasis on well-defined models,
computer simulations, and built robots.

         The International Society for Adaptive Behavior
         2430 Campus Road
         Honolulu, HI 96822
         USA

Volumes 1-6 Published by

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-19.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:42:25]
 [3-2f] Journals (Complex Systems, Artificial Life, Adaptive Behavior)



     MIT Press.
     5 Cambridge Center
     Cambrdige MA 02142-1493
Subscriptions are entered for the volume year only. You can use this form to
subscribe.

     Individual              $ 50.00
     Institution             $148.00
     Student & Retired       $ 35.00
     ISAB Members            Free (Included in membership dues)
http://www.adaptive-behavior.org/journal/

Submissions:
 http://www.adaptive-behavior.org/journal/instructions.html




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[3-2g] Journals (Concurrent Engineering)

CONCURRENT ENGINEERING: RESEARCH & APPLICATIONS (CERA)
Published quarterly.
Official journal of the Concurrent Engineering Institute of the
International Society for Productivity Enhancement (ISPE).
Academic Press Ltd., 24-28 Oval Road, London, NW1 7DX, UK. Call
71-267-4466, fax 71-482-2293 or 71-485-4752, or email ac2@ib.rl.ac.uk.
Relevant to parallel processing, blackboard systems, distributed AI,
and AI in manufacturing.
For information about submissions, write to Biren Prasad, Managing
Editor, CERA Institute, PO Box 250254, West Bloomfield, MI 48325, call
313-492-0551, fax 313-661-8333, or send email to bprasad@cmsa.gmr.com.




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[3-2h] Journals (Engineering)

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                      [3-2h] Journals (Engineering)

ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
Published 6 times annually.
Subscriptions: Institutions (1992) 235.00 or approx US$425.00; two year
institutional rate (1992/93) 446.50 or approx US$807.50.
North America: Pergamon Press Inc., 660 White Plains Road,
Tarrytown, NY 10591-55153, USA.
Rest of the World: Pergamon Press Ltd, Headington Hill Hall,
Oxford OX3 0BW, England. Tel: Oxford (0865)794141

ENGINEERING OPTIMISATION
Published quarterly, since 1974.
Gordon and Breach, London




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-21.html [20/06/2003 22:42:26]
[3-2i] Journals (Expert Systems)

                                      Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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                [3-2i] Journals (Expert Systems)

See the Expert System Shells FAQ.




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-22.html [20/06/2003 22:42:27]
[3-2j] Journals (Fuzzy Logic)

                                       Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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                        [3-2j] Journals (Fuzzy Logic)

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF
UNCERTAINTY, FUZZINESS AND KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEMS (IJUFKS)
Published 4 times annually. ISSN: 0218-4885
Intended as a forum for research on methods for managing imprecise,
vague, uncertain and incomplete knowledge.
Subscriptions: Individuals $90, Institutions $180. (add $25 for airmail)
World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd, Farer Road, PO Box 128,
SINGAPORE 9128, e-mail phua@ictp.trieste.it, phone 65-382-5663, fax
65-382-5919.
Submissions: B Bouchon-Meunier, editor in chief, Laforia-IBP,
Universite Paris VI, Boite 169, 4 Place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05,
FRANCE, phone 33-1-44-27-70-03, fax 33-1-44-27-70-00, e-mail
bouchon@laforia.ibp.fr.

MATHWARE AND SOFT COMPUTING
2 regular issues and one monographic issue a year. ISSN 0210-7821.
Partially supported by the Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya (UPC)
and the Spanish Association of Logic and Fuzzy Technologies (FLAT).
Topicsinclude Approximate Reasoning, Fuzzy Logic and Functional
Equations, applied to Soft Computing, Logic, Consensus, Possibilistic
Reasoning and other fields.
Editor: Prof. J. Jacas <jacas@ea.upc.es> Seccio de Matematiques i
Informatica, E.T.S. d'Arquitectura de Barcelona, Universitat
Politecnica de Catalunya, Diagonal 649, E-08028 Barcelona Spain,
fax 34-3-4016367.
Subscriptions: $50 (surface; $10 extra for air mail)




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[3-2j] Journals (Fuzzy Logic)

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[3-2k] Journals (Genetic Algorithms)

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       [3-2k] Journals (Genetic Algorithms)

EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTATION
Published 4 times annually, beginning April/May 1993.
100 pages per issue, 7x10. ISSN 1063-6550.
Editor-in-chief: Kenneth De Jong
Subscription Rates: individuals $45 (student/retired $30.00),
institutions $125.00. Canadians add 7% GST, shipping outside US add
$14 postage and handling.
MIT Press Journals, 55 Hayward Street, Cambridge, MA 02142-1399,
617-253-2889, fax 617-258-6779, E-mail hiscox@mitvma.mit.edu.




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 [3-2l] Journals (HCI, User Modeling)

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             [3-2l] Journals (HCI, User Modeling)

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN-COMPUTER STUDIES
(formerly INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MAN-MACHINE STUDIES)
Published monthly, since 1969. ISSN 1071-5819.
Subscriptions (including postage): Individuals 161 pounds UK, US $291;
Institutions 437 pounds UK, US $792. Canadian subscribers should add
GST at current rate of 7%.
Publisher: Academic Press Ltd., 24-28 Oval Road, London, NW1 7DX, UK, phone
71-267-4466, fax 71-482-2293 or 71-485-4752, or email ac2@ib.rl.ac.uk.
Send subscription orders to: Academic Press Ltd., Foots Cray, Sidcup,
Kent DA14 5HP, UK, phone 81-300-3322.
Air freight and mailing in the USA by Publications Expediting, Inc.,
200, Meacham Avenue, Elmont, NY 10003.

USER MODELING AND USER-ADAPTED INTERACTION
4 issues per annum, ISSN 0924-1868,
$153.50 p.a. ($50 for individuals)
Kluwer Academic Publishers Group,
P.O. Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht,
The Netherlands.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN-COMPUTER SIMULATION
Editors: Gavriel Salvendy, Purdue; Michael J. Smith, Univ. of
Wisconsin; and Masamitsu Oshima, MISDC.
Subscriptions: individual $45, institutions $125.
Ablex Publishing Company, 355 Chestnut Street, Norwood, NJ 07648
201-767-8450, fax 201-767-6717




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[3-2l] Journals (HCI, User Modeling)

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[3-2m] Journals (Logic Programming)

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     [3-2m] Journals (Logic Programming)

JOURNAL OF LOGIC PROGRAMMING
Published bimonthly, since 1984.
Society rate available through Elsevier for members of the Association
of Logic Programming.
Subscriptions: Institutions $486 (outside US add $48 p&h).
Elsevier Science Publishing (direct orders to Cindy Williams) 655
Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10010, phone 212-633-3815, fax
212-633-3820 or Elsevier Science Publishing PO Box 211, Amsterdam,
1000 AE, The Netherlands, phone 020-580-3641, fax 020-580-3769.

THEORY AND PRACTICE OF LOGIC PROGRAMMING
for more info see http://uk.cambridge.org/journals/tlp/


NEW GENERATION COMPUTING
Published quarterly, since 1983.
Published in Japan in English by Ohmsha Ltd., 3-1 Kanda Nishiki-cho,
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101 Japan, phone 03-3233-0641.
Subscriptions:
  Japan: yen 28,000 including carriage charges.
  Springer Verlag Tokyo, 37-3, Hongo 3-chome, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113,
  phone 03-3812-0331, fax 03-3812-0719.
  North America: US $242 including carriage charges.
  Springer Verlag New York Inc., Service Center Secaucus,
  44, Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094, phone 212-460-1500.
  All other countries: DM 338 plus carriage charges. Airmail delivery
  on request only. Springer Verlag, Journal Fulfillment Department,
  Heidelberger Platz 3, D-1000 Berlin 33, Germany, phone 30-82071

LOGIC PROGRAMMING NEWSLETTER
Published quarterly.

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[3-2m] Journals (Logic Programming)

Included with membership in the Association for Logic Programming
($20 regular, $10 students). For membership information, write to
Cheryl Anderson (ALP), DoC-ICSTM, 180 Queens Gate, London SW7 2BZ,
UK, phone +44-71-589-5111 x5011, fax +44-71-589-1552, or send email
to alp@doc.ic.ac.uk. Contributions are welcome and should be sent
to Andrew Davidson <ad@cs.mu.oz.au>.

METHODS OF LOGIC IN COMPUTER SCIENCE
Published quarterly since 1994.
Editors: Rick L. Smith, Univ. of Florida, and Ralph W. Wilkerson,
Univ. of Missouri-Rolla.
Subscriptions: individuals $55, institutions $130.
Ablex Publishing Company, 355 Chestnut Street, Norwood, NJ 07648
201-767-8450, fax 201-767-6717

INFORMATION AND COMPUTATION
http://theory.lcs.mit.edu/~iandc/
Includes bibliography, list of editors, and author information.




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[3-2n] Journals (Machine Learning)

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          [3-2n] Journals (Machine Learning)

MACHINE LEARNING
Published 8 times annually. ISSN 0885-6125
Subscriptions: Institutions $301; Individuals $140. (AAAI Individual
Members $88)
Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The
Netherlands, or Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 358, Accord
Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358.

JOURNAL OF MACHINE LEARNING RESEARCH

e Journal of Machine Learning Research (JMLR) provides an
international forum for the electronic and paper publication of
high-quality scholarly articles in all areas of machine learning.
JMLR seeks previously unpublished papers that contain:

      new algorithms with empirical, theoretical, psychological, or
      biological justification;
      experimental and/or theoretical studies yielding new insight
      into the design and behavior of learning in intelligent systems;
      accounts of applications of existing techniques that shed light
      on the strengths and weaknesses of the methods;
      formalization of new learning tasks (e.g., in the context of
      new applications) and of methods for assessing performance on
      those tasks;
      development of new analytical frameworks that advance theoretical
      studies of practical learning methods;
      computational models of data from natural learning systems at
      the behavioral or neural level; or
      extremely well-written surveys of existing work.

JMLR has a commitment to rigorous yet rapid reviewing; our goal is to

http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-27.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:42:30]
[3-2n] Journals (Machine Learning)

return reviews within six weeks of paper submission. Final versions
are published electronically (ISSN 1533-7928) immediately upon
receipt, and a quarterly paper volume (ISSN 1532-4435) is published
and sold to libraries and individuals by the MIT Press.

http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/jmlr/




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 [3-2o] Journals (NLP/Speech/MT)

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                  [3-2o] Journals (NLP/Speech/MT)

COMPUTER SPEECH & LANGUAGE (CS&L)
Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0885-2308.
Subscriptions: Institutions $170, Individuals $75.
   Harcourt Brace and Company Limited, High Street, Foots Cray, Sidcup,
   Kent, DA14 SHP. England.
Editors: Prof. S.J. Young & Dr. S.E. Levinson
Submissions (outside Americas): Prof. Steve Young, Cambridge
   University Engineering Dept., Trumpington Street, Cambridge, CB2
   1PZ, England. Email: sjy@eng.cam.ac.uk
Submissions (from Americas): Dr. Steve Levinson, Head Linguistics
   Reseach, AT&T Bell Laboratories, 600 Mountain Ave., Murray Hill,
   New Jersey 07974. USA. Email: sel@research.att.com

MACHINE TRANSLATION
Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0922-6567.
Subscriptions: Institutions $141 plus $16 postage; Individuals $55
(members of ACL $46).
Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The
Netherlands, or Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 358, Accord
Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358.

SPEECH TECHNOLOGY
Published quarterly, since 1981.
Media Dimensions, New York, NY, USA

NATURAL LANGUAGE & LINGUISTIC THEORY (NALA)
Published quarterly. ISSN 0167-806X
Subscriptions: Individual $59,-/Dfl.156,-; Institutional $200,-/Dfl.383,-
including p&h. Kluwer Academic Publishers
USA: Order Dept, Box 358, Accord Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358. Phone
(617) 871-6600; Fax (617) 871-6528; E-mail: Kluwer@world.std.com
Other: P.O.Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The Netherlands. Phone (31) 78
524400; Fax (31) 78 183273; Telex: kadc nl; E-mail: vanderLinden@wkap.nl


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-28.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:42:30]
 [3-2o] Journals (NLP/Speech/MT)

JOURNAL OF NATURAL LANGUAGE ENGINEERING (JNLE)
Published quarterly, starting in March 1995.
Emphasis: Practical (commercial) applications of computational linguistics.
Cambridge University Press, 40 West 20th Street, New York, NY
10011-4211, fax 914-937-4712.
Subscriptions: individuals $59, institutions $118. (These prices for
USA, Canada, and Mexico only. Outside these countries write to
Cambridge University Press, The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 2RU,
UK.) [Note: Subtract 20% pre-publication discount through December 1, 1994.]
Editors: Branimir Boguraev, Roberto Garigliano, and John Tait
Submissions: From North and South America and Oceania, submit to
Branimir Boguraev <bkb@apple.com>. From Europe, Asia, and Africa,
submit to Roberto Garigliano <Roberto.Garigliano@durham.ac.uk>.

See also Computational Linguistics in the ACL entry.




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 [3-2p] Journals (Neural Nets/Connectionism)

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[3-2p] Journals (Neural Nets/Connectionism)

CONNECTION SCIENCE
Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0954-0091.
Subscriptions: Individual $82, Institution $184, Institution (UK) 74 pounds
Carfax Publishing Company, PO Box 25, Abingdon, Oxfordshire OX14 3UE, UK.
Submissions: Julie Clarke <j.clarke@dcs.shef.ac.uk>, Connection Science,
Department of Computer Science, Regent Court, University of Sheffield,
S1 4DP, Sheffield, UK.

THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NEURAL NETWORKS RESEARCH & APPLICATIONS
Published quarterly. ISSN 0954-9889.
Learned Information Ltd., Woodside, Hinksey Hill, Oxford OX1 5AU, UK.
Tel: +44 (0)865-730275 Fax: +44 (0)085-736354

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NEURAL SYSTEMS (IJNS)
Published quarterly. ISSN 0129-0657
Information processing in natural and artificial neural systems.
Subscriptions: Individual $42, Institution $88 (plus $9-$17 for postage)
USA: World Scientific Publishing Co., 687 Hartwell Street, Teaneck, NJ
07666, 201-837-8858; Eurpoe: World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte.
Ltd., 73 Lynton Mead, Totteridge, London N20-8DH, England, (01)
4462461; Other: World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., Farrer
Road, P.O. Box 128, Singapore 9128, 2786188.

NEURAL COMPUTING AND APPLICATIONS
Published quarterly. ISSN 0941-0643.
Official journal of the Neural Computing Applications Forum.
Subscriptions: $215. (Free to NCAF members.)
Springer Verlag, Service Center Secaucus, 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094
Tel: 201-348-4033
Springer-Verlag, Springer House, 8 Alexandra Road, LONDON SW19 7JZ
Tel: ..44/0 81 947 1280 Fax: 0 81 947 1274
Spqringer-Verlag, Heidelberger Platz 3, D-1000 BERLIN, Germany
Tel: (0)30 8207-1

NEURAL COMPUTATION

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 [3-2p] Journals (Neural Nets/Connectionism)

Published quarterly since 1989. ISSN 0899-7667.
MIT Press Journals, 55 Hayward Street Cambridge, MA 02142-9949, 617-253-2889
Subscriptions: Individual $65 (Student/Retired $40), Institution $166.
Canadians add 7% GST, shipping outside US add $22 postage and handling.
Editor: Terrence Sejnowski.

NEURAL NETWORK WORLD
Published 6 times annually.
Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Mirko Novak <mirko@uivt.cas.cz>
   Institute of Computer Science, Czech Academy of Sciences, 18207 Prague,
   Pod vodarenskou vezi 2, Czech Republic
   Tel: (0042) 82 16 39
   Fax: (0042) 85 85 789
Subscriptions: The subscription price for Volume 5 (1995) is DM 360,
   including postage and handling charges.
Publisher: The IDG, Czechoslovakia, 160 00 Prague 6, Luzna 2, Czech Republic.

NEURAL NETWORKS
Published 6 times annually. ISSN 0893-6080.
Official journal of the International Neural Network Society.
Subscriptions: $380
Pergamon Press, Ltd., Headington Hill Hall, Oxford OX3 0BW, UK.
Pergamon Press, Inc., 660 White Plains Road, Tarrytown, NY 10591-5153.

IEEE CONTROL SYSTEMS MAGAZINE
Published bimonthly, since 1985, by the IEEE Control Systems Society.
(Often has articles about NNs and fuzzy systems.)

JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL NEURAL SYSTEMS (JANS)
Published quarterly.
Subscriptions: $192/year ($64 for contributors).
The Bellwood Research Center, 17 Briston Private, Ottawa, Ontario,
Canada, K1G 5R5

JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS
Published quarterly.
Editor: Omid M. Omidvar
Subscriptions: individuals $45, institutions $110.
Ablex Publishing Company, 355 Chestnut Street, Norwood, NJ 07648
201-767-8450, fax 201-767-6717

NEURAL PROCESSING LETTERS
Published bimonthly starting in September 1994.
Emphasis on ideas, developments, and work in progress.
Francois Blayo (France) and Michel Verleysen (Belgium),
+32 2 245 43 63, + 32 2 245 46 94 Fax.
Subscriptions: BEF 4400
D facto publications, 45 rue Masui, B-1210 Brussels, Belgium

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 [3-2p] Journals (Neural Nets/Connectionism)

phone +32-2-245-43-63, fax +32-2-245-46-94.
URL: http://www.wkap.nl/journalhome.htm/1370-4621




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[3-2q] Journals (Object-oriented Programming)

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               [3-2q] Journals (Object-oriented
                        Programming)

OBJECT-ORIENTED SYSTEMS
Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0969-9767.
Subscriptions: Institutions US$210/120 pounds EC/130 pounds RoW
               Individuals US$93/50 pounds EC/50 pounds RoW
USA/Canada: Journals Promotion Dept., Chapman & Hall, 29 West 35th
Street, New York, NY 20001-2299, USA, 212-244-3336, fax 212-244-3426,
E-mail 71201.1651@compuserve.com.
EC/RoW: Journals Promotions Dept., Chapman & Hall, 2-6 Boundary Row,
London SE1 8HN, UK, +44 (0)71-865-0066, fax +44 (0)71-522-9623, E-mail
journal@chall.mhs.compuserve.com.

JOURNAL OF OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING
9 issues/year, since 1988.
SIGS Publications Inc., 588 Broadway, Suite 604, New York, NY 10012,
phone 212-274-0640. Order service number: 1-800-783-4903
Subscriptions: $59 individuals, $153 institutions. (Add $40 postage
for foreign orders).




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[3-2q] Journals (Object-oriented Programming)

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 [3-2r] Journals (Pattern Recognition)

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          [3-2r] Journals (Pattern Recognition)

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PATTERN RECOGNITION AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
Annual subscription, 1992/3, $340; individual subscription, $138. Add
$34 for airmail. Published 5 times a year by World Scientific
Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., Farrer Road, PO Box 128, Singapore 9128.
(In the US, write to World Scientific Publishing Co., Inc., River Edge,
NJ 07661; in Europe to World Scientific Publishing Co., Inc., Totteridge,
London N20 8DH, England.)

PATTERN RECOGNITION
Journal of the Pattern Recognition Society. Members receive the
journal free of charge as part of their membership in the Society.
Institutions may subscribe for $845.
Pergamon Press, Ltd., Headington Hill Hall, Oxford OX3 0BW, UK.
Pergamon Press, Inc., 660 White Plains Road, Tarrytown, NY 10591-5153.

PATTERN RECOGNITION LETTERS
Published 12 times annually. ISSN 0167-8655.
Official publication of the International Association for Pattern
Recognition. Subscriptions: $462 Institutions.
Elsevier Science Publishing, 655 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY
10017, 212-633-3827. Outside the US, contact Elsevier Science
Publishers, Attn: Ursula van Dijk, PO Box 103, 1000 AC Amsterdam, The
Netherlands, or call +31-20-5862-608.




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[3-2r] Journals (Pattern Recognition)



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[3-2s] Journals (Reasoning Under Uncertainty)

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             [3-2s] Journals (Reasoning Under
                        Uncertainty)

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPROXIMATE REASONING
The treatment of Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence
Published 8 times a year. ISSN 0888-613X.
Subscriptions: Institutions $282; included with NAFIPS membership
(see NAFIPS entry above).
North-Holland, Elsevier Science Publishing Co., Inc., 655 Avenue of the
Americas, New York, NY 10010




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-32.html [20/06/2003 22:42:33]
 [3-2t] Journals (Robotics)

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                              [3-2t] Journals (Robotics)

AUTONOMOUS ROBOTS
Published twice yearly. ISSN 0929-5593.
Editor: George A. Bekey, Univ. of Southern California.
Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The
Netherlands, or Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 358, Accord
Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358, phone 617-871-6600, fax 617-871-6528,
email kluwer@world.std.com.
Subscriptions: individuals $50, institutions $114.

INDUSTRIAL ROBOT
ISSN 0143-991X
Published quarterly. $145/year
MCB University Press Limited, 62 Toller Lane, Bradford, West
Yorkshire, England BD8 9BY, (44) 274-499821, fax (44) 274-547143. In
the US, write to MCB University Press Limited, PO Box 10812,
Birmingham, AL 35201-0812, 1-800-633-4931 (1-205-995-1567), fax
1-205-995-1588.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ROBOTICS AND AUTOMATION
Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0826-8185
Subscriptions: $165 US or 313.50 SFr. ($12 US or 22.80 SFr postage and
handling). A special rate is available to members of IASTED.
Write to ACTA Press, PO Box 354, CH-8053, Zurich, Switzerland or ACTA
Press, PO Box 2481, Anaheim, CA 92814.
IASTED is the International Association of Science and Technology for
Development. Individual memberships are $60 US or $120 SFr and
corporate memberships $100 US or $200.00 SFr. Members receive a
complimentary subscription to the journal of their choice; the annual
cost of additional journals for members is $20US/$40SFr per journal.
Write to IASTED, PO Box 25, Station G, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T3A
2G1, or IASTED, PO Box 354, CH-8053, Zurich, Switzerland.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ROBOTICS RESEARCH


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-33.html (1 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:42:33]
 [3-2t] Journals (Robotics)

MIT Press, 28 Carleton Street, Cambridge, MA 02142
Subscriptions: individuals $80 (student/retired $50), institution $185.
Canadians add 7% GST, shipping outside US add $22 postage and handling.

JOURNAL OF INTELLIGENT & ROBOTIC SYSTEMS
Three issues per volume, $58.50 per volume (individual)
Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht,
The Netherlands. In the US write to Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 358,
Accord Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358.

ROBOTICS TODAY
Society of Manufacturing Engineers, One SME Drive, PO Box 930,
Dearborn, MI 48121. 313-271-1500

ROBOTICS WORLD
Published quarterly.
Communication Channels, 6255 Barfield Road, Atlanta, GA 30328
404-256-9800
A magazine of flexible automation for the end-user.
They also publish the Robotics World Directory for $49.95

ROBOT (Japanese)
Industrial Robots and Application Systems
Published bimonthly.
Japan Industrial Robot Association (JIRA)
Kikai-Shinko Building, 3-5-8, Shiba-Kohen, Mina To-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Tokyo (03) 3434-2919, fax (03) 3578-1404

ROBOTICA
International Journal of Information, Education and                                             Research
in Robotics and Artificial Intelligence.
Published quarterly, US $179/year.
Cambridge University Press, The Edinburgh Building,                                             Shaftesbury Road,
Cambridge CB2 2RU, UK. In the US write to Cambridge                                             University Press,
Journals Department, 40 West 20th Street, New York,                                             NY 10011-4211.

ROBOTICS AND AUTONOMOUS SYSTEMS
8 issues/year, since 1988.
Subscriptions: Dfl. 766 including postage/handling (surface delivery)
Published by Elsevier Science Publishers, B.V. Journals Department,
P.O. Box 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
http://www.elsevier.nl/locate/robot

ROBOTICS AND C.I.M.
Published quarterly, since 1984.
Pergamon Press, NY



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 [3-2t] Journals (Robotics)

ROBOTICS AGE
Published 1979-1985, now defunct.
Replaced by Robotics Engineering (monthly since 1986).




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PRESENCE
Subscriptions: $50 individual (student/retired $40), $135 institutions
Canadians add 7% GST, shipping outside US add $14 postage and handling.
MIT Press Journals
55 Hayward Street, Cambridge, MA 02142-1399
617-253-2889, fax 617-258-6779
hiscox@mitvma.mit.edu




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 [3-2w] Journals (Vision)

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                                 [3-2w] Journals (Vision)

MACHINE VISION AND APPLICATIONS
Published 4 times annually. ISSN 0932-8092.
Subscriptions: Institutions $191 (plus $11 p&h); Individuals $54 (incl p&h).
Springer-Verlag New York Inc., Journal Fulfillment Services, 44 Hartz
Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094, 1-800-SPRINGER.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTER VISION
Published 6 times annually. ISSN 0920-5691.
Subscriptions: Institutions $229; Individuals $115. Add $8 for airmail.
Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The
Netherlands, or Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 358, Accord
Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358.

COMPUTER VISION, GRAPHICS AND IMAGE PROCESSING
Published monthly, 1983-1990, now defunct.




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                      [3-2x] Miscellaneous (Design, ...)

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DESIGN SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY (DST)
Published twice annually.
DST is a multidisciplinary forum dealing with all facets and fields of
design. It endeavours to provide a framework with which to support
debates on the different economical, historical, pedagogical,
philosophical, scientific and technological issues surrounding design.
Subscriptions: FF 580
Editions HERMES, 14, rue Lantiez, 75017 Paris - France, call (33) (1)
42-29-44-66, or fax (33) (1)-42-29-15-56.
Submissions: Khaldoun Zreik, Journal of Design Sciences and
Technology, Editions HERMES - 14, rue Lantiez - 75017 Paris - France

INTERACTIVE LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS
Editor: Elliot Soloway, Univ. of Michigan.
Topics include computational models of learning, intelligent tutoring
systems, micro-worlds, interface design, student modeling and
cognitive diagnosis, and architectures for interactive learning environments.
Subscriptions: individuals $45, institutions $105.
Ablex Publishing Company, 355 Chestnut Street, Norwood, NJ 07648
201-767-8450, fax 201-767-6717




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                                            [3-3] Newsletters

The Computists' Communique (ISSN 1084-015X) is a weekly online
newsletter for AI/IS/CS scientists. It covers research and funding
news; career, consulting, and entrepreneurial issues; AI-related job
postings and journal calls; FTPable & other resource leads; market
trends; analysis and discussion. The Communique serves members of
Computists International, a professional mutual-aid society.
Membership in Computists International runs $135 for new professional
members, $55 for students and the unemployed. There is a 25% discount
for Canada, Western Europe, the UK, Japan, and Australia; other
countries and territories outside the U.S. get a 50% discount. Free
copies are available on the day of each full moon. For more
information, contact Dr. Kenneth I. Laws (laws@ai.sri.com),
415-493-7390, 4064 Sutherland Drive, Palo Alto, CA 94303.

INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS REPORT
Editor: David Blanchard <blanchardd@aol.com>
ISR is a monthly newsletter featuring news and applications of such
intelligent technologies as expert systems, neural networks, fuzzy logic,
virtual reality, natural language, and speech recognition.
Subscriptions: $299 (US and Canada); $349 (elsewhere).
Lionheart Publishing, 2555 Cumberland Parkway, Suite 299, Atlanta, GA
30339, (404) 431-0867, fax (404) 432-6969

INTELLIGENT SOFTWARE STRATEGIES
Covers expert systems, OOP, case systems, neural networks, and natural
language.
Subscriptions: $425 (add $60 if outside North America)
Editor: Paul Harmon
Cutter Information Corp., 37 Broadway, Arlington, MA 02174-5539
Tel: 800-964-8702 (617-648-8702)
Fax: 800-888-1816 (617-648-1950)
Email: 64107.653@compuserve.com
---------------------------------------------------------

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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part3/section-37.html (2 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:42:36]
 Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Bibliography 4/6 [Monthly posting]

                                               Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - MultiPage




    Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Bibliography 4/6
                   [Monthly posting]

From: crabbe@usna.edu (Ric Crabbe and Amit Dubey)
Newsgroups: comp.ai
Subject: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Bibliography 4/6 [Monthly posting]
Date: Mon, 2 Jun 2003 04:12:10 +0000 (UTC)
Message-ID: <bbeiqq$tbv$1@crab.cs.usna.edu>
Reply-To: crabbe@usna.edu
Summary: Bibliography of AI introductory texts, overviews and references

Archive-name: ai-faq/general/part4
Posting-Frequency: monthly
Version: 2.1
Maintainer: Ric Crabbe <crabbe@usna.edu> and Amit Dubey <adubey@coli.uni-sb.de>
URL: http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/preamble.html
Size: 78739 bytes, 2019 lines

;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Answers to Questions about Artificial Intelligence *************
;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Written by Ric Crabbe, Amit Dubey, and Mark Kantrowitz
;;;   ai_4.faq

This part of the AI FAQ provides a bibliography of good introductory
texts, overviews of AI and specific subfields of AI, and some
important papers in those subfields. If you feel that there is a
reference or set of references which should be added to this FAQ, or
references which should be removed, please send email to
crabbe@usna.edu or adubey@coli.uni-sb.de. When suggesting references
to be included in a particular subfield, only suggest the best two or
three references (or a particularly well-written overview). It is NOT
the intention of this listing to be a comprehensive AI bibliography.

Books suggested by their authors must present a strongly argued case.

Part 4 (Bibliography):
  Bibliography of introductory texts, overviews and references
  Addresses and phone numbers for major AI publishers

Outline:


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/index.html (1 of 43) [20/06/2003 22:42:42]
 Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Bibliography 4/6 [Monthly posting]

    [4-0]         General web repositories(was: Research Index (nee Citeceer))
    [4-1]         AI in general (Introductions, Overviews)
    [4-2]         Search and Game Playing
    [4-3]         Knowledge Representation
    [4-4]         Logic
    [4-5]         Planning
    [4-6]         Natural Language Processing (NLP)
    [4-7]         Speech Recognition and Synthesis
    [4-8]         Connectionism and Neural Nets
    [4-9]         Machine Learning
    [4-10]         Case-Based Reasoning
    [4-11]        Genetic Algorithms
    [4-12]        Production Systems, Expert Systems and Match Algorithms
    [4-13]        Integrated AI Architectures
    [4-14]        Fuzzy Logic
    [4-15]        Artificial Life and Cellular Automata
    [4-16]        Qualitative Physics and Model Based Reasoning
    [4-17]        Task-specific Architectures for Problem Solving
    [4-18]        Automated Deduction/Theorem Proving
    [4-19]        Probabilistic Reasoning
    [4-20]        Nonmonotonic Reasoning and Truth Maintenance Systems (TMS)
    [4-21]        Robotics and Computer Vision
    [4-22]        Animats and Autonomous Agents
    [4-23]        Distributed AI
    [4-24]        User/Agent Modeling
    [4-25]        Philosophy of AI
    [4-26]        Cyc
    [4-27]        Constraint-based Scheduling
    [4-28]        Music and AI
    [4-29]        AI and Education
    [4-30]        Blackboard Architectures
    [4-31]        Temporal Reasoning and Modal Logic
    [4-32]        Data Mining
    [4-33]        Medicine/Biology/Bioinformatics
    [4-34]        AI book publication announcements mailing list
    [4-35]        Who are the major AI publishers?
    [4-36]        How do I get a copy of the proceedings to conference <x>?
    [4-37]        How do I get a copy of <x>'s PhD dissertation?
    [4-38]        How do I get Tech Report X?
    [4-39]        Videotapes and Magazines

Search for [#] to get to question number # quickly.



Subject: [4-0] General web repositories(was: Research Index (nee Citeceer))

http://citeseer.nj.nec.com/cs



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"ResearchIndex is a scientific literature digital library that aims to
improve the dissemination and feedback of scientific literature, and
to provide improvements in functionality, usability, availability,
cost, comprehensiveness, efficiency, and timeliness.

Rather than creating just another digital library, ResearchIndex
provides algorithms, techniques, and software that can be used in
other digital libraries. ResearchIndex indexes Postscript and PDF
research articles on the Web..."

http://citeseer.nj.nec.com/cs

Research index (though most people still call it citeseer) is the
currently best way to find published papers AND TRACK CITATIONS. It
is so cool, it's in the FAQ twice. (now 3 times).

      ==================

All of the AI Memos and Tech Reports from the MIT AI Lab, going back
to 1959, can be found here:
http://www.ai.mit.edu/publications/pubsDB/pubs.html . Great
historical documents, plus everything new. Need Winograd's Thesis?
There it is.



Subject: [4-1]                 AI in general (Introductions, Overviews)

The lack of a review or the presence of a short review should not be
interpreted as indicating anything about the quality of the text.

Introductory texts:

    Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig, "Artificial Intelligence: A Modern
    Approach", Prentice Hall, 1994. 840 pages, $57.95. [Uses
    intelligent agents as a unifying theme. Currently the most widely
    used textbook. Excellent depth, incredible breadth.]

    Thomas L. Dean, James Allen, John Aloimonons, "Artificial
    Intelligence: Theory and Practice", Benjamin/Cummings, 1994. 680
    pages, ISBN 0-8053-25476. [Lisp/Scheme/C++ code is available from
    http://yoda.cis.temple.edu:8080/books/dean]

    Matthew L. Ginsberg, "Essentials of AI", Morgan Kaufmann
    Publishers, 1993, ISBN 1-55860-221-6, 430 pages, $49.95.
       [Topics include search, knowledge representation, logic,
       assumption-based truth maintenance, nonmonotonic reasoning,
       probability, frames, semantic nets, planning, learning, vision,
       natural language processing, and expert systems.]



 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/index.html (3 of 43) [20/06/2003 22:42:42]
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    George Luger and William Stubblefield, "Artificial Intelligence:
    Structures and Strategies for Complex Problem Solving", 2nd
    Edition, The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, Inc., 1993.
    720 pages, ISBN 0-8053-4780-1.
    [Includes algorithms implemented in Lisp and Prolog.]

    D. Poole, A. Mackworth and R. Goebel, "Computational Intelligence: A
    Logical Approach", Oxford University Press, 1998, 576 pages,
    ISBN 0-19-510270-3. [Prolog code and other resources are available from
    http://www.cs.ubc.ca/spider/poole/ci.html]

    Ian Pratt, "Artificial Intelligence", Macmillan, London, 1994. 280
    pages, ISBN 0-333-59755-9 ($35). [In-depth introduction to several
    AI topics, using inference as a central theme. As a result, omits
    topics like NLP, expert systems, vision, and robotics. Hence this
    book is a good themed introduction to a subset of AI, but is not
    suitable for a general purpose overview of AI.]

    Elaine Rich & Kevin Knight, "Artificial Intelligence", 2nd edition,
    McGraw-Hill, New York, 1991. ISBN 0-07-052263-4. [One of the more
    popular introductory texts to AI, giving a very good general
    overview of most AI topics. In some places the book sacrifices
    depth for breadth, and a few more recent topics are neglected.
    Nevertheless this book provides an excellent foundation in areas
    central to AI. Source code is available from
       ftp.cs.cmu.edu:/user/ai/areas/bookcode/knight/.]

    Patrick Henry Winston, "Artificial Intelligence", Third Edition,
    Addison Wesley, Reading, MA, 1992, ISBN 0-201-53377-4.
    [A classic early AI text. This text is very much hands-on, with
    actual toy examples. Source code is in ftp.ai.mit.edu:/pub/ai3/.]

Overviews and References:

    Gerhard Lakemeyer and Bernhard Nebel, "Exploring Artifical
    Intelligence in the New Millennium", Morgan Kaufmann, 2003.
    [highlights of the current state of AI as of the IJCAI2001
    conference. 13 papers by distinguished researchers in their
    fields.]

    Avron Barr and Edward A. Feigenbaum, "The Handbook of Artificial
    Intelligence", volumes 1-4, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1986.

    Alan Bundy, editor, "Catalogue of Artificial Intelligence
    Techniques", 3rd Edition, Springer Verlag, 1990, ISBN 0-387-52959-4,
    179 pages, $29.50.

    Stan Gibilisco, editor, "The McGraw-Hill Illustrated Encyclopedia of
    Robotics and Artificial Intelligence", Tab Books, Blue Ridge Summit,
    PA, 1994. 512 pages, ISBN 0-07-023613-5 hardcover ($40), ISBN

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/index.html (4 of 43) [20/06/2003 22:42:42]
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    0-07-023614-3 paper ($25). [This entry tentative -- I haven't seen a
    copy of the book yet.]

    Raymond Kurzweil's "The Age of Intelligent Machines", MIT Press,
    1990, 565 pages, ISBN 0-262-11121-7, $39.95. [General Introduction]

    Minsky, Marvin, "The Society of Mind", Simon and Schuster, New
    York, 1988. 339 pages, ISBN 0-67-160740-5 ($21.95).

    Shapiro, Stuart C. (ed), "Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence",
    2nd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1992. (1st ed, 1987)

    Sundermeyer, K., "Knowledge-Based Systems: Terminology and References",
    Wissenschaftverlag, 1991. ISBN 3-411-14941-8

    Bonnie Lynn Webber and Nils J. Nilsson, "Readings in Artificial
    Intelligence", Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo, CA, 1981.

Glossaries and Dictionaries:

    Colin Beardon "Artificial Intelligence Terminology: a reference guide"
    John Wiley & Sons, NY, 1989, 283 pages. ISBN 0-7458-0718-6

    Dennis Mercadal, "Dictionary of Artificial Intelligence", Van
    Nostrand Reinhold, 1994. ISBN 0-442-00451-6, $36.95.

    Online Dictionary of Computing
       http://wombat.doc.ic.ac.uk/
    Contains a glossary of computer science terminology with
    cross-references and links to related Internet resources.

    P610.8, "Draft Standard Glossary of Artificial Intelligence Terminology"
    referenced in "IEEE Std 610.12-1990, IEEE Standard Glossary of
    Software Technology, December 1990".

    Jerry M. Rosenberg, "Dictionary of Artificial Intelligence and
    Robotics", Wiley, New York, 1986, 203 pages.

    Raoul N. Smith, editor, "The Facts on File Dictionary of Artificial
    Intelligence", Facts on File, New York, 1989, 211 pages.
    ISBN 0-8160-1593-3.

    Ellen Thro, "The Artificial Intelligence Dictionary", Microtrend Books,
    San Marcos, CA, 1991, 407 pages, ISBN 0-915391-36-8.

Surveys:

    Howard E. Shrobe, editor, "Exploring Artificial Intelligence",
    Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, San Mateo, CA, 1988.
    (Survey talks from the AAAI 1986 and 1987 conferences.)


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/index.html (5 of 43) [20/06/2003 22:42:42]
 Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Bibliography 4/6 [Monthly posting]

Applied AI:

    Hugh Cartwright <HCART@vax.ox.ac.uk>, "Applications of Artificial
    Intelligence in Chemistry" Oxford University Press, 1994. 92 pages,
    ISBN 0-19-855736-1.
       [An inexpensive text that is aimed at undergraduate and graduate
       students in engineering, physical and life sciences who have little or
       no prior knowledge of AI. It provides an overview of the use and
       potential of AI methods in the sciences.]

AI for C People:

    Herbert Schildt, "Artificial Intelligence Using C", McGraw-Hill,
    1987. 412 pages. ISBN 0-07-881255-0.

    Herbert Schildt, "Artificial Intelligence Using C++", McGraw-Hill.




Subject: [4-2] Search, Game Playing and Video Game AI

Search:

    Hermann Kaindl, "Minimaxing: Theory and Practice", AI Magazine,
    9(3):69-76, Fall 1988.

    L. Kanal and V. Kumar, "Search in Artificial Intelligence",
    Springer-Verlag, 1988.

    Kirkpatrick, S. Gelatt, CD, and Vecchi, MP, "Optimization by Simulated
    Annealing", Science 220(4589):671-680, 1983.

    R. Korf, "Search: A survey of recent results" in Shrobe's Exploring
    Artificial Intelligence, pages 197-237, August 1990.

    Pearl, J. and Korf, R. E., "Search techniques", Annual Review of
    Computer Science, volume 2, J.F. Traub, B.J. Grosz, B.W. Lampson and
    N.J. Nilsson, editors, pages 451-467, Annual Reviews Inc., Palo
    Alto, CA, 1987.

    Pearl, J., "Heuristics: Intelligent Search Strategies for Computer
    Problem Solving", Addison-Wesley, 1984.

    Chris Thornton & Benedict du Boulay, "Artificial Intelligence
    Through Search" Kluwer Academic (Paperback version Intellect Books),
    Dordrecht Netherlands & Norwell, MA USA (Intellect at Oxford), 1992

Game Playing:

    Richard Bartle, "Artificial Intelligence and Computer Games",


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    Century Communications Ltd., UK, 1985. ISBN 0-7126-0661-0.

    Elwyn R. Berlekamp, John H. Conway and Richard K. Guy, "Winning Ways,
    for Your Mathematical Plays", Academic Press, New York, 1982. Volume
    1: Games in General (ISBN 0-12-091101-9). Volume 2: Games in
    Particular (ISBN 01-12-091102-7).

    Richard E. Korf, "Learning to solve problems by searching for
    macro-operators", Pitman, Boston, 1985. 147 pages, ISBN 0-273-08690-1.
       [Solution to Rubik's Cube, among other problems. This book is a
       revision of Korf's PhD thesis at CMU.]

    David Levy, "Computer Gamesmanship: Elements of Intelligent Game
    Design", Simon & Schuster, ISBN 0-671-49532-1.

    David Levy, editor, "Computer Chess Compendium", Springer-Verlag,
    1989. 440 pages, ISBN 0-387-91331-9 ($48).

    Richard Bartle, "Artificial Intelligence and Computer Games",
    Century Communications Ltd., UK, 1985. ISBN 0-7126-0661-0.

Video Game AI:

    Steve Rabin, ed. "AI Game Programming Wisdom (with CD-ROM)",
    Charles River Media, Boston, 2002 ISBN: 1584500778



Subject: [4-3] Knowledge Representation

[Several papers in "Readings in Artificial Intelligence" are relevant,
including S. Amarel "On Representations of Problems on Reasoning about
Actions" and P.J. Hayes "The Frame Problem and Related Problems in AI".]

Overviews/Surveys:

    Ronald J. Brachman, "The Future of Knowledge Representation", in
    Proceedings of the Eighth National Conference on Artificial
    Intelligence, 1990.

    Hector J. Levesque, "Knowledge Representation and Reasoning",
    Annual Review of Computer Science 1:255-287, 1986.

General Papers:

    Ronald J. Brachman, " ``I lied about the trees'', or, defaults and
    definitions in knowledge representation", AI Magazine 6(3):80-93, 1985.

    Brachman, Ronald J. and Levesque, Hector J., editors,
    "Readings in Knowledge Representation", Morgan Kaufmann
    Publishers, 1985.


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    Brachman, Ronald J., Levesque, Hector J. and Reiter, Ray, editors,
    Special Volume on Knowledge Representation, Artificial Intelligence
    49(1-3), January, 1991.

    Ronald J. Brachman and James G. Schmolze, "An overview of the
    KL-ONE knowledge representation system", Cognitive Science,
    9:171-216, 1985.

    Nick Cercone and Gordon McCalla, editors, "The Knowledge Frontier:
    Essays in the Representation of Knowledge", Springer-Verlag, New York,
    1987. 512 pages, $40.00, ISBN 0-38796-557-2. (This is the much
    revised version of a special issue of COMPUTER on KR.)

    Allen Newell, "The Knowledge Level", Artificial Intelligence,
    18:87-127, 1982.

    Allen Newell and Herb Simon, "Computer Science as Empirical
    Enquiry: Symbols and Search", Communications of the ACM,
    19(3):113-126, 1976.

    Bernhard Nebel and Gert Smolka, "Attributive Description Formalisms
    ... and the Rest of the World", in Otthein Herzog and Claus-Rainer
    Rollinger, editors, Text Understanding in LILOG, Springer Verlag,
    Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence #546, pages 439-452, 1991.
    [Theoretical results in the area of description logics.]

Semantic Networks:

    Fritz Lehmann, Editor, "Semantic Networks in Artificial Intelligence",
    Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1992. (Appeared as a double special issue
    of Computers and Mathematics with Applications 23(2-9), 1992.)

    James G. Schmolze and William A. Woods, "The KL-ONE Family", in
    F. Lehmann, editor, Semantic Networks in Artificial Intelligence,
    Pergamon Press, 1992. [History of description logics (KL-ONE style
    systems).]

    John Sowa, Editor, "Principles of Semantic Networks", Morgan Kaufmann,
    San Mateo, CA, 1991.

    W.A. Woods, "What's in a link: Foundations for semantic networks", In
    D.G. Bobrow & A. Collins (Eds.), "Representation and Understanding",
    Academic Press, New York, 1975. Reprinted in "Readings in Cognitive
    Science", Collins & Smith (eds.), section 2.2.



Subject: [4-4] Logic

Logic in AI:

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    M.R. Genesereth and N.J. Nilsson, "Logical Foundations of Artificial
    Intelligence", Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Los Altos, CA, 1987.

Constraint Logic Programming:

    Pascal Van Hentenryck, "Constraint Satisfaction in Logic Programming",
    MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1989, ISBN 0-262-08181-4.



Subject: [4-5]                 Planning

Intros, Overviews, Paper Collections:

    James Allen, James Hendler and Austin Tate, editors,
    "Readings in Planning", Morgan-Kaufmann Publishers, 1990. 754 pages,
    ISBN 1-55860-130-9 paper ($49.95).

    Georgeff, M. P., "Planning," in Annual Review of Computer Science,
    Annual Reviews Inc., pages 359-400, 1987.

    James Hendler, Austin Tate and Mark Drummond, "AI Planning:
    Systems and Techniques", AI Magazine, May, 1990. (Review article.)

    Drew McDermott, "Robot Planning", AI Magazine 13(2):55-79, Summer 1992.

    William R. Swartout, "DARPA Workshop on Planning", AI Magazine,
    9(2):115-131, Summer, 1988. (Survey of current work and issues in
    planning.)

    [See also Waldinger's "Achieving several goals simultaneously", in
     "Readings in Artificial Intelligence".]

STRIPS:

    Fikes, R.E. and Nilsson, N.J., "STRIPS: A new approach to the
    application of theorem proving to problem solving", Artificial
    Intelligence 2:189-208, 1971.

ABSTRIPS:

    Sacerdoti, E. D., "Planning in a Hierarchy of Abstraction Spaces,"
    Artificial Intelligence, 5:115-135, 1974.

Conjunctive Goals:

    Chapman, D., "Planning for Conjunctive Goals", Artificial Intelligence
    32:333-377, 1987.

NOAH:


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    Sacerdoti, E., "A Structure for Plans and Behavior", Artificial
    Intelligence, pages 1-65, American Elsevier, New York, 1977.

    Sacerdoti, E. D., "The Nonlinear Nature of Plans," Proc. of the Fourth
    Joint Conf. on Artificial Intelligence, Morgan Kaufmann, 1975, 206-214.

Reactive Planning:

    Agre P.E. and Chapman, D., "Pengi: An Implementation of a Theory of
    Activity", in Proceedings of the Sixth National Conference on
    Artificial Intelligence, Seattle, WA, July 1987.

    Georgeoff, M.P. and Lansky, A.L., "Reactive Reasoning and
    Planning", in Proceedings of the Sixth National Conference on
    Artificial Intelligence, Seattle, WA, pages 677-682, July 1987.

    Simmons, R.G., "A theory of debugging plans and interpretations", in
    Proceedings of the Seventh National Conference on Artificial
    Intelligence (AAAI-88), Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Palo Alto,
    CA, pages 94-99, 1988.

Case-based Planning:

    Hammond, K., "Case-based Planning: Viewing Planning as a Memory Task",
    Academic Press, Cambridge, MA, 1989.

Miscellaneous:

    R.S. Aylett and A.N. Fish and S.R. Bartrum, "Task planning in an
    uncertain world", International Conference on Control 2:801-806, 1991.

    Thomas Dean and R. James Firby and David Miller, "Hierarchical
    Planning Involving Deadlines, Travel Time, and Resources", Computing
    Intelligence 4:381-398, 1988.

    Thomas Dean and Michael Wellman, "Planning and Control", Morgan
    Kaufmann Publishers, 1991, 486 pages, ISBN 1-55860-209-7, $49.95.

    Stefik, M.J., "Planning with Constraints", Artificial Intelligence
    15:111-140 and 16:141-170, 1981.

    R. Wilensky, "Meta-Planning: Representing and Using Knowledge About
    Planning in Problem Solving and Natural Language Understanding",
    Cognitive Science 5:197-233, 1981. Reprinted in Readings in Cognitive
    Science, Collins & Smith (eds.), section 5.6.

    Wilkins, D.E., "Domain-Independent Planning: Representation and Plan
    Generation", Artificial Intelligence 22:269-301, 1984.




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Subject: [4-6]                 Natural Language Processing (NLP)

General:

    Fred Jelinek, "Statistical Methods for Speech Recognition", MIT
    Press.

    Christopher D. Manning, Hinrich Schutze, "Foundations of
    Statistical Natural Language Processing", MIT Press 1999. [A
    review can be found at:
    http://www.cs.cornell.edu/home/llee/papers/pre-msrev.html ]

    Eugene Charniak, Statistical Language Learning. MIT Press. 1993.

    Allen, James F., "Natural Language Understanding", 2nd edition, The
    Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, Menlo Park, California,
    (Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Reading, Massachusetts), 1995.
    625 pages, ISBN 0-8053-0335-9. Code for the book is available from
       bc.aw.com:/bc/allen/
       ftp.cs.rochester.edu:/pub/u/james/NLcode/
       ftp.cs.cmu.edu:/user/ai/areas/nlp/bookcode/allen/

    Robert C. Berwick, "Computational Linguistics", MIT Press,
    Cambridge, MA, 1989, ISBN 0262-02266-4.

    Brady, Michael, and Berwick, Robert C., "Computational Models
    of Discourse", MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1983.

    Michael A. Covington, "Natural Language Processing for Prolog
    Programmers", Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1994. ISBN
    0-13-629213-5.

    Gazdar, G. and Mellish, C., "Natural Language Processing in Lisp:
    An Introduction to Computational Linguistics", Addison-Wesley,
    Reading, Massachusetts, 1989. (There are three different editions
    of the book, one for Lisp, one for Prolog, and one for Pop-11.)

    Grosz, Barbara J., Sparck-Jones, Karen, and Webber, Bonnie L.,
    "Readings in Natural Language Processing", Morgan Kaufmann
    Publishers, Los Altos, CA, 1986, 664 pages. ISBN 0-934613-11-7, $44.95.

    Klaus K. Obermeier, "Natural Language Processing Technologies
    in Artificial Intelligence: The Science and Industry Perspective",
    John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1989.

    Fernando C.N. Pereira and Barbara Grosz, "Natural Language
    Processing", MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1994. 531 pages, ISBN
    0-262-66092-X ($35).

    Schank, R. and Abelson, R.                               "Scripts, Plans, Goals, and Understanding,"

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    Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, New Jersey, 1977.

    Terry Winograd, "Language as a Cognitive Process", Addison-Wesley,
    Reading, MA, 1983.

Terminology:

    David Crystal, "A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics", 3rd Edition,
    Basil Blackwell Publishers, New York, 1991.

Parsing:

    Dick Grune and Ceriel J.H. Jacobs, "Parsing Techniques -- A Practical
    Guide", Ellis Horwood, Chichester, England, 1990.
    320 pages, ISBN 0-13-651431-6. [Covers most parsing algorithms and
    includes an extensive annotated bibliography.]
    For more information, see http://www.cs.vu.nl/~dick/PTAPG.html or
    ftp://ftp.cs.vu.nl/pub/dick/PTAPG/

    Marcus, M. "A Theory of Syntactic Recognition for Natural Language,"
    The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1980.

    Pereira, F. and Sheiber, S. "Prolog and Natural-Language Analysis,"
    Center for the Study of Language and Information, 1987.

    Tomita, M. (Editor), "Current Issues in Parsing Technology",
    Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, MA, 1991.

    Tomita, M., "An Efficient Context-Free Parsing Algorithm",
    Computational Linguistics 13:31-46, 1987.

Statistical Parsing and Modeling:

    Peter F. Brown and Stephen A. DellaPietra and Vincent
    J. DellaPietra and Jennifer C. Lai and Robert L. Mercer, "An
    Estimate of an Upper Bound for the Entropy of English",
    Computational Linguistics, 18:1 pp31-40, 1992.

    Eugene Charniak, "Statistical Language Learning", MIT Press, 1993.
    [Easy-to-read text, if a bit dated.]

    Eugene Charniak, "Statistical Parsing with a Context-Free Grammar
    and Word Statistics", AAAI, 1997.

    Stanley F. Chen and Joshua T. Goodman, "An Empirical Study of
    Smoothing Techniques for Language Modeling", Proceedings of the
    34th Annual Meeting of the ACL, 1996.

    Michael Collins, "Three Generative, Lexicalised Models for
    Statistical Parsing", Proceedings of the 35th Annual Meeting of the
    ACL, 1997.

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    F. Jelinek and J. D. Lafferty and R. L. Mercer, "Basic Methods of
    Probabilistic Context-Free Grammars", Computational Linguistics, 1992/

    K. Lari and S.J. Young, "Applications of Stochastic Context-Free
    Grammars using the Inside-Outside Algorithm", Computer Speech and
    Language 5:237-257, 1991.

    David Magerman, "Natural Language Parsing as Statistical Pattern
    Recognition", PhD thesis, Stanford University, 1994.

    M. Marcus and B. Santorini and M. Marcinkiewicz, "Building a Large
    Annontated Corpus of English: the Penn Treebank", Computational
    Linguistics, 19:2, 1993

    Fernando Pereira and Naftali Tishby and Lillian Lee,
    "Distributional Clustering of English Words", Proceedings of the
    31st Annual Meeting of the ACL, 1993.

    Wright, J., "LR Parsing of Probabilistic Grammars with Input
    Uncertainty for Speech Recognition", Computer Speech and Language
    4:297-323, 1990.

    Zhi Biao Wu, Loke Soo Hsu, and Chew Lim Tan, "A Survey of Statistical
    Approaches to Natural Language Processing", Technical report TRA4/92,
    Department of Information Systems and Computer Science, National
    University of Singapore, 1992

Natural Language Understanding:

    Bertram C. Bruce, "Case systems for natural language", Artificial
    Intelligence 6:327-360, 1975.

    E. Charniak, "Passing Markers: A Theory of Contextual Influence in
    Language Comprehension", Cognitive Science, 7:171-190, 1983.

    Cohen, P. R., Morgan, J. and Pollack, M., editors, "Intentions in
    Communication", MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1990.

    Dyer, M. "In-Depth Understanding: A Computer Model of Integrated
    Processing for Narrative Comprehension," MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1983.

    Grosz, Barbara J. and Sidner, Candace L., "Attention, Intention, and
    the Structure of Discourse", Computational Linguistics 12(3):175-204, 1986.

    Aravind Joshi, Bonnie Webber and Ivan Sag, "Elements of Discourse
    Understanding", Cambridge University Press, New York, 1981.

    Yorick Wilks, "A Preferential, Pattern-Seeking, Semantics For
    Natural Language Inference", Artificial Intelligence, 6:53-74, 1975.


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Natural Language Interfaces:

    Raymond C. Perrault and Barbara J. Grosz, "Natural Language
    Interfaces", Annual Review of Computer Science, volume 1, J.F. Traub,
    editor, pages 435-452, Annual Reviews Inc., Palo Alto, CA, 1986.

Natural Language Generation:

    McKeown, Kathleen R. and Swartout, William R., "Language
    Generation and Explanation", in Zock, M. and Sabah, G.,
    editors, Advances in Natural Language Generation, Volume 1, Pages
    1-51, Ablex Publishing Company, Norwood, NJ, 1988. (Overview of
    the state of the art in natural language generation.)

    There are several books published as a result of the international
    workshops on natural language generation.

Machine Translation:

    Bonnie J. Dorr, "Machine Translation: A View from the Lexicon" MIT
    Press, Cambridge, MA 1993. 408 pages, ISBN 0-262-04138-3 ($45).

    Kenneth Goodman and Sergei Nirenburg., editors, "The KBMT Project: A
    Case Study in Knowledge-Based Machine Translation", Morgan Kaufmann
    Publishers, San Mateo, CA, 1991. 331 pages, ISBN 1-558-60129-5, $34.95.

    W. John Hutchins and Harold L. Somers, "An Introduction to Machine
    Translation", Academic Press, San Diego, 1992. 362 pages, ISBN
    0-123-62830-X.

    A review of MT systems on the market appeared in BYTE 18(1), January 1993.
    (can anyone give me a proper citation for this?)

Linguistics:

    Vivian J. Cook, "Chomsky's Universal Grammar: An Introduction", Basil
    Blackwell Publisher, New York, 1988, 201 pages.

    Victoria Fromkin and Robert Rodman, "An Introduction to Language",
    Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, New York, 4th edition, 1988, 474 pages.

    Ralph Grishman, "Computational Linguistics: An Introduction",
    Cambridge University Press, New York, 1986, 193 pages. [Mainly parsing.]

    Liliane M.V. Haegeman, "Introduction to Government and Binding
    Theory", Basil Blackwell Publishers, Oxford, 1991, 618 pages.

    Michael A. K. Halliday, "An Introduction to Functional Grammar",
    Edward Arnold, London, 1985.

    Geoffrey C. Horrocks, "Generative Grammar", Longman, London, 1987,

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    339 pages.

    Andrew Radford, "Transformational Grammar: A First Course", Cambridge
    University Press, New York, 1988, 625 pages.



Subject: [4-7] Speech Recognition and Synthesis

Speech Recognition and Synthesis:

    John Allen, Sharon Hunnicut and Dennis H. Klatt, "From Text to Speech:
    The MITalk System", Cambridge University Press, 1987. [Synthesis,
    precursor of DECtalk.]

    Frank Fallside and William A. Woods (editors), "Computer Speech Processing"
    Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1985.

    X. D. Huang, Y. Ariki and M. A. Jack, "Hidden Markov Models for Speech
    Recognition", Edinburgh University Press, 1990. [Analysis]

    A. Nejat Ince (editor), "Digital Speech Processing: Speech Coding,
    Synthesis, and Recognition", Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston,
    1992. [Analysis and Synthesis]

    Dennis H. Klatt, "Review of Text-To-Speech Conversion for English",
    Journal of the Acoustic Society of America (JASA), 82(3):737-793,
    September 1987. [Synthesis. Seminal article; biased toward formant
    synthesis.]

    Kai-Fu Lee, "Automatic Speech Recognition: The Development of the
    SPHINX System", Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, MA, 1989. [Analysis]

    S. E. Levinson, L. R. Rabiner and M. M. Sondhi, "An Introduction to the
    Application of the Theory of Probabilistic Functions of a Markov Process
    to Automatic Speech Recognition" in Bell Syst. Tech. Journal
    62(4):1035-1074, April 1983. [Analysis]

    R. P. Lippmann, "Review of Neural Networks for Speech Recognition",
    Neural Computation, 1(1):1-38, 1989. [Analysis]

    Martin, P., et. al., SpeechActs: A Spoken Language Framework. IEEE
    Computer, 29(7), 1996.

    Douglas O'Shaughnessy, "Speech Communication: Human and Machine"
    Addison-Wesley, MA, 1987. [Analysis and Synthesis]

    Lawrence R. Rabiner and Ronald W. Schafer, "Digital Processing of
    Speech Signals", Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1978.
    [Analysis and Synthesis]



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    Lawrence R. Rabiner and Biing-Hwang Juang, "Fundamentals of Speech
    Recognition", Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1993.
    ISBN 0-13-015157-2. [Analysis]

    Ronald W. Schafer and John D. Markel (editors), "Speech Analysis",
    IEEE Press, New York, 1979. [Analysis]

    Alex Waibel and Kai-Fu Lee (editors), "Readings in Speech Recognition"
    Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, San Mateo, CA, 1990, 680 pages.
    ISBN 1-55860-124-4, $49.95. [Analysis]

    Alex Waibel, "Prosody and Speech Recognition", Morgan Kaufmann
    Publishers, San Mateo, CA, 1988. [Analysis]

Speaker Recognition:

    B. S. Atal, "Automatic recognition of speakers from their voices",
    Proc. IEEE, 64:460-475, April 1976.

    G.R. Doddington, "Speaker recognition -- identifying people by their
    voices", Proc. IEEE, 73:1651-1664, March 1985.

    A. E. Rosenberg, "Automatic speaker verification: A review",
    Proc. IEEE, 64:475-487, April 1976.

    A.E. Rosenberg and F.K. Soong, "Recent research in automatic speaker
    recognition," in S. Furui and M. Sondhi, editors, Advances in Speech
    Sigmal Processing, 1991.




Subject: [4-8]                 Connectionism and Neural Nets

See the comp.ai.neual-nets faq at:
ftp://ftp.sas.com/pub/neural/FAQ.html
It is more up to date and more complete.

Introductions and Overviews:

    Andy Clark, "Associative Engines: Connectionism, Concepts, and
    Representational Change", MIT Press, Cambridge, MA 1993. 252 pages,
    ISBN 0-262-03210-4.

    Judith Dayhoff, "Neural Network Architectures: An Introduction", Van
    Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1990, 259 pages, ISBN 0-442-20744-1.

    Scott Fahlman and Geoffrey Hinton, "Connectionist Architectures for
    Artificial Intelligence", IEEE Computer 20(1):100-109, January 1987.

    Fausett, L. V., "Fundamentals of Neural Networks: Architectures,


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    Algorithms, and Applications", Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1994.
    ISBN 0-13-334186-0.

    Freeman, James A., and Skapura, David M., "Neural Networks:
    Algorithms, Applications and Programming Techniques", Addison Wesley,
    Reading, MA, 1991. 401 pages, ISBN 0-201-51376-5.

    Simon S. Haykin, "Neural Networks: A Comprehensive Foundation",
    Macmillan, New York, 1994. 696 pages, ISBN 0-02352-761-7.

    Hecht-Nielsen, Robert, "Neurocomputing", Addison-Wesley, 1990, 433 pages.
    ISBN 0-201-09355-3.

    John Hertz, Anders Krogh, and Richard G. Palmer, "Introduction to
    the Theory of Neural Computation", Addison-Wesley, 1991. 327 pages,
    ISBN 0-201-51560-1. [Heavy on the math.]

    Geoffrey E. Hinton, "Connectionist Learning Procedures",
    Artificial Intelligence 40(1-3):185-234, 1989. Reprinted in
    J. Carbonell, editor, "Machine Learning: Paradigms and Methods",
    MIT Press, 1990. Also appears as Technical Report CMU-CS-87-115
    (version 2), Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, December 1987.

    Kevin Knight, "A gentle introduction to subsymbolic
    computation: Connectionism for the AI researcher". Technical Report
    CMU-CS-89-150, Carnegie Mellon University, School of Computer Science,
    Pittsburgh, PA, May 30, 1989.

    Murray Smith, "Neural Networks For Statistical Modeling", Van
    Nostrand Reinhold, 1993. ISBN 0-442-01310-8 ($40). [Good explanations of
    backpropagation.]

    Wasserman, Phillip D., "Neural Computing: Theory and Practice",
    Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1989. 230 pages, ISBN 0-442-20743-3.

    Rumelhart, D.E, and McClelland, J.L., editors, "Parallel Distributed
    Processing: Explorations in the Microstructure of Cognition" (Vol. 1:
    Foundations; Vol. 2: Psychological and Biological Models), Cambridge,
    MA: MIT Press, 1986. (See also McClelland, J.L. and D.E. Rumelhart,
    "Explorations in Parallel Distributed Processing, A Handbook of Models,
    Programs, and Exercises", MIT Press, Cambridge, 1988, 344 pages, for
    a companion volume with some code.]

Connectionist Language Processing:

    See the special issue of _Connection Science_, Volume 2 Numbers 1-2, 1990.
    Also the Hinton collection "Connectionist Symbol Processing", above.

    Ronan G. Reilly and Noel E. Sharkey, editors, "Connectionist
    approaches to natural language processing", Lawrence Erlbaum


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    Associates, 1992.                      472 pages, ISBN 0-863-77179-3. [Paper collection.]

Connectionist Cognitive Science:

    Barnden, J.A., and Pollack, J.B., "Advances in Connectionist and Neural
    Computation Theory Vol. 1: High-Level Connectionist Models", Ablex, 1991.

    McCloskey, M., "Networks and theories: The place of connectionism in
    cognitive science", Psychological Science 2:387-395, 1991.

    Quinlan, P., "Connectionism and Psychology: A Psychological Perspective on
    New Connectionist Research", University of Chicago Press, 1991.

    Waltz, D., and Feldman, J.A., editors, "Connectionist Models and their
    Implications: Readings from _Cognitive Science_", Ablex, 1988.

Philosophical Foundations:

    Clark, A., "Microcognition: Philosophy, Cognitive Science, and Parallel
    Distributed Processing", MIT Press, 1989.

    Pinker, S., and Mehler, J, editors, "Connections and Symbols", MIT Press,
    1988. [Was Cognition special issue Volume 28, 1988]



Subject: [4-9]                 Machine Learning

General:

    Tom Mitchell, "Machine Learning", McGraw Hill, 1997.

    Christopher Bishop, "Neural Networks for Pattern Recognition", Oxford
    University Press, 1996. ISBN 0-19-853849-9 Hardback, ISBN 0-19-853864-2
    Paperback.

    J. G. Carbonell, editor, "Machine Learning: Paradigms and Methods", MIT
    Press, Cambridge, MA 1990.

    Alan Hutchinson, "Algorithmic Learning", Oxford University Press,
    Oxford, England, 1994. 434 pages, ISBN 0-19-853848-0 paper (27.50
    Sterling), ISBN 0-19-853766-2 hardcover (55.00 Sterling). Corrections and
    additions are available by anonymous ftp from
       dcs.kcl.ac.uk:/ftp/pub/alg-learn/ [137.73.8.10]

    Tom Mitchell, Jaime G. Carbonell, and Ryszard S. Michalski,
    "Machine Learning: A guide to current research", Kluwer Academic
    Publishers, Boston, 1986. [A bit out of date.]

    Jude W. Shavlik and Thomas D. Dietterich, editors, "Readings in
    Machine Learning", Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 1990, 853 pages.


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    ISBN 1-55860-143-0, $49.95.

Reinforcement Learning
   General:
   Sutton, R.S. and Barto, A.G. (1998) Reinforcement Learning: An
   introduction. MIT Press, Cambridge Mass.

    Games:
    Tesauro, G (1992) Practical issues in temporal difference
    learning. Machine Learning, 8(3-4):257-277.

    Lee, K.-F., and Mahajan S. (1988) A pattern classification approach to
    evaluation function learning. Artificial Intelligence, 36(1):1-26

Support Vector Machines
   N. Cristianini and J. Shawe-Taylor, "An Introduction To Support
   Vector Machines", Cambridge University Press,
   2000. (www.support-vector.net)

Decision Trees:

    Quinlan, J. Ross, "Induction of Decision Trees", Machine Learning
    1(1):81-106, 1986.

    Quinlan, J. Ross, "C4.5: Programs for Machine Learning", Morgan Kaufmann
    Publishers, 1992. ISBN 1-55860-238-0. $44.95 US, $49.45 International.
    For a slight additional charge ($25), the book comes with software (ISBN
    1-55860-240-2). For software only, (ISBN 1-55860-239-9) $34.95 US,
    $38.45 International.

Probabilistic Clustering:

    Fisher, D.H., "Knowledge Acquisition Via Incremental Conceptual
    Clustering", Machine Learning 2:139-172, 1987. (Probabilistic
    clustering methods.)

    Clancey, W.J., "Classification Problem Solving", Proceedings of the
    National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 49-55, Los Altos, CA,
    Morgan Kaufmann. 1984.

Version Spaces:

    Tom M. Mitchell, "Generalization as Search", Artificial Intelligence
    18:203-226, 1982.

Machine Discovery:

    Langley, P., and Zytkow, J. M., "Data-driven approaches to empirical
    discovery", Artificial Intelligence 40:283-312, 1989.

    Langley, P., Simon, H.A., Bradshaw, G.L., and Zytkow, J.M.,

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    "Scientific Discovery: Computational Explorations of the Creative
    Processes", MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1987.

    Langley, P., Simon, H.A. and Bradshaw, G.L., "Heuristics for
    Empirical Discovery", in L. Bolc, editor, Computational Models
    of Learning, Springer-Verlag, 1987. Also appears as CMU CS
    Tech Report CMU-CS-84-14.

Chunking:

    Laird J.E., Rosenbloom, P.S. and Newell, A., "Chunking in SOAR: The
    Anatomy of a General Learning Mechanism", Machine Learning
    1:1-46, 1986.

Explanation-Based Learning:

    Mitchell, Tom M., Keller, R. M., and Kedar-Cabelli, S. T.,
    "Explanation-based learning: A unified view", Machine Learning
    1:47-80, 1986.

Derivational Analogy:

    Carbonell, J. G., "Derivational analogy: A theory of
    reconstructive problem solving and expertise acquisition." In R.S.
    Michalski, Jaime G. Carbonell, and Tom M. Mitchell, editors, Machine
    Learning: An Artificial Intelligence Approach, Morgan Kaufmann
    Publishers, San Mateo, CA, 1986.

Theoretical Results:

    Haussler, D., "Quantifying Inductive Bias: AI Learning
    Algorithms and Valiant's Learning Framework", Artificial Intelligence,
    36:177-221, 1988.

    Leslie G. Valiant, "A theory of the learnable", Communications
    of the ACM, 27(11):1134--1142, 1984.



Subject: [4-10]                  Case-Based Reasoning

    Brigitte Bartsch-Speroel, Hans-Dieter Burkhard, Stefan Wess (Eds.):
    Case-Based Reasoning Technology: From Foundations to Applications.
    Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 1400, Springer Verlag, 1998 -

    Ian Watson: Applying Case-Based Reasoning: Techniques for Enterprise
    Systems, Morgan Kaufman 1997 (for an industry view)

    Leake, D., Ed., "Case-Based Reasoning: Experiences, Lessons, and
    Future Directions", AAAI Press/MIT Press, 1996.



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    Janet Kolodner, "Case-Based Reasoning", Morgan Kaufmann
    Publishers, San Mateo, CA, 1993, 612 pages, ISBN 1-55860-237-2,
    $54.95.

    Janet L. Kolodner, editor, "Special issue on Case-Based Reasoning",
    Machine Learning 10(3), 1993.

    Roger C. Schank and C. Riesbeck, "Inside Case-Based Reasoning",
    Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, 1989.

    Roger C. Schank, Alex Kass, and Christopher K. Riesbeck, "Inside
    Case-Based Explanation", Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, 1994. 416
    pages, ISBN 0-8058-1029-3.

    Craig Stanfill and David Waltz, "Toward Memory-Based
    Reasoning", Communications of the ACM, 29(12):1213-1228,
    December 1986. (Memory-based reasoning.)



Subject: [4-11] Genetic Algorithms

For an extended bibliography, see the FAQ posting for comp.ai.genetic.
http://www.cs.purdue.edu/coast/archive/clife/FAQ/www/

Overviews:

    L. B. Booker, D.E. Goldberg and J.H. Holland, "Classifier Systems and
    Genetic Algorithms", Artificial Intelligence 40(1-3):235-282,
    September 1989.

    David E. Goldberg, "Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization, and
    Machine Learning", Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1989, 412 pages.
    ISBN 0-201-15767-5.

    Davis, Lawrence (editor), "Handbook of Genetic Algorithms", Van
    Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1991, ISBN 0-442-00173-8.

    D.B. Fogel, "An Introduction to Simulated Evolutionary Optimization",
    IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks 5(1):3-14, 1994.
       [Survey of evolutionary computation, including genetic
        algorithms, evolution strategies and evolutionary programming.]

    M. Srinivas and Lalit M. Patnaik, "Genetic Algorithms: A Survey",
    IEEE Computer 27(6):17-26, July 1994.

    Jose L. Ribeiro Filho, Philip C. Treleaven, and Cesare Alippi,
    "Genetic-Algorithm Programming Environments", IEEE Computer
    27(6):28-43, July 1994.

See also [4-15] Artificial Life and Cellular Automata.

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Subject: [4-12] Production Systems, Expert Systems and Match Algorithms

See the Expert System Shells FAQ.
http://www.cs.cmu.edu/Web/Groups/AI/html/faqs/ai/expert/part1/faq.html



Subject: [4-13] Integrated AI Architectures

    Kurt VanLehn, editor, "Architectures for Intelligence",
    Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, 1991.

SOAR:

    John E. Laird, Allen Newell, and Paul S. Rosenbloom, "SOAR: An
    Architecture for General Intelligence", Artificial
    Intelligence, 33(1):1-64, 1987.

    Paul S. Rosenbloom, John E. Laird, and Allen Newell, editors, "The
    SOAR Papers", MIT Press, 1993. 1,510 pages in 2 volumes,
    ISBN 0-262-68071-8 paper ($65).

PRODIGY:

    Steven Minton, Jaime G. Carbonell, Craig A. Knoblock,
    Daniel R. Kuokka, Oren Etzioni, and Yolanda Gil.
    "Explanation-based learning: A problem solving perspective".
    Technical Report CMU-CS-89-103, Carnegie Mellon University,
    School of Computer Science, Pittsburgh, PA, 1989.

THEO:

    Tom M. Mitchell, J. Allen, P. Chalasani, J. Cheng, Oren Etzioni,
    Marc Ringuette, and Jeffrey Schlimmer, "THEO: A Framework for
    Self-Improving Systems", in Kurt VanLehn, editor, Architectures for
    Intelligence, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, 1991.

Subsumption Architectures:

    Brooks, R., "A Robust Layered Control System for a Mobile Robot",
    IEEE Journal of Robotics and Automation, RA-2, pages 14-23, April 1986.



Subject: [4-14] Fuzzy Logic

Introductions/Textbooks:

    Earl Cox, "The Fuzzy Systems Handbook: A Practitioner's Guide to

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    Building, Using, and Maintaining Fuzzy Systems", Academic Press,
    Boston, MA 1994. 615 pages, ISBN 0-12-194270-8 ($49.95). [Includes
    disk with ANSI C++ source code.]

    Klir, George J. and Folger, Tina A., "Fuzzy Sets, Uncertainty, and
    Information", Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1988, 355 pages.
    ISBN 0-13-345984-5

    Kosko, B., "Neural Networks and Fuzzy Systems", Prentice Hall,
    Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1992.

    Zimmermann, Hans J., "Fuzzy Set Theory and its Applications",
    Boston, MA, Kluwer-Nijhoff Publishing, 1985. [Discusses fuzzy set
    theory but not much about fuzzy control.]

    Earl Cox, "The Fuzzy Systems Handbook: A Practitioner's Guide to
    Building, Using, and Maintaining Fuzzy Systems", Academic Press,
    Boston, MA 1994. 615 pages, ISBN 0-12-194270-8 ($49.95). [Includes
    disk with ANSI C++ source code.]

Readings:

    Didier Dubois, Henri Prade, and Ronald R. Yager, editors,
    "Readings in Fuzzy Sets for Intelligent Systems", Morgan Kaufmann
    Publishers, 1993. 916 pages, ISBN 1-55860-257-7 paper ($49.95).

    R. Yager and L. Zadeh, editors, "An Introduction to Fuzzy Logic:
    Applications in Intelligent Systems" Kluwer, 1992. $90. [Collection of
    papers about fuzzy applications.]

Papers:

    Zadeh, L.A., "Fuzzy Sets," Information and Control, 8, 338-353, 1965.

    Brubaker, D.I., "Fuzzy-logic Basics: Intuitive Rules Replace
    Complex Math," EDN, June 18, 1992.

    Schwartz, D.G. and Klir, G.J., "Fuzzy Logic Flowers in Japan,"
    IEEE Spectrum, July 1992.



Subject: [4-15] Artificial Life and Cellular Automata

The best source for information is the proceedings of the Artificial
Life conferences. The proceedings were edited by Christopher G.
Langton and published by Addison-Wesley.

    Langton, Chris G., editor, "Artificial Life" (Proceedings of the First
    International Conference '87), Addison-Wesley, 1989. ISBN 0-201-09356-1.


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    Langton, C.G., Taylor, C., Farmer, J.D., and Rasmussen, S., editors,
    "Artificial Life II", Addison-Wesley, 1991. ISBN 0-201-52751-2.

    Langton, C.G., editor, "Artificial Life III", Addison-Wesley, 1994.
    ISBN 0-201-62494-X.

Artificial Life:

    Levy, S., "Artificial Life", Pantheon, New York, 1992. ISBN 0-679-40774-X.
    [An excellent popularization]

    Przemyslaw Prusinkiewicz and Aristid Lindenmayer, "The Algorithmic
    Beauty of Plants", Springer-Verlag, 1990. 228 pages, ISBN
    0-387-97297-8 hardcover ($40).

See also [4-11] Genetic Algorithms.



Subject: [4-16]                  Qualitative Physics and Model Based Reasoning

QP Theory:
   Forbus, K. D., Qualitative Process Theory, Artificial Intelligence,
   24:85-168, 1984.

QSIM:
   Kuipers, B., Qualitative Reasoning with Causal Models in
   Diagnosis of Complex Systems, In D. S. Weld & J. deKleer, editors,
   Readings in Qualitative Reasoning about Physical Systems,
   pages 257-274, chapter 10, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 1989.

MBR-based Diagnosis:
   Davis, R., Diagnostic Reasoning Based on Structure and Behavior,
   Artificial Intelligence, 24:347-410, 1984.

Function-based MBR:
   Sticklen, J., Chandrasekaran, B., & Bond, W.
   Distributed Causal Reasoning. Knowledge Acquisition, 1:139-162, 1989.



Subject: [4-17] Task-specific Architectures for Problem Solving

Generic Tasks:
    Chandrasekaran, B., Towards a Functional Architecture for
    Intelligence Based on Generic Information Processing Tasks, In
    IJCAI-87, pages 1183-1192, Milan, 1987.

Components of Expertise:
    Steels, L., The Components of Expertise. AI Magazine, Summer, 1990.



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KADS:
    Breuker, J., & Wielinga, B., Models of Expertise in Knowledge
    Acquisition, in G. Guida & C. Tasso, editors, Topics in
    Expert Systems Design: Methodologies and Tools, Amsterdam:
    North Holland Publishing Company, 1989.

Role-limiting Methods:
    McDermott, J., Preliminary Steps Toward a Taxonomy of
    Problem-Solving Methods, in S. Marcus, editor, Automating
    Knowledge Acquisition for Expert Systems, pages 225-255,
    Boston: Kluver Academic Publishers, 1988.



Subject: [4-18] Automated Deduction/Theorem Proving

    Alan Bundy, "The Computer Modelling of Mathematical Reasoning",
    Academic Press, 1983. [Contains Prolog code for a simple
    resolution-based theorem prover.]

    C. Chang and R.C. Lee, "Symbolic Logic and Mechanical Theorem
    Proving", Academic Press, 1973.

    David Duffy, "Principles of Automated Theorem Proving", John
    Wiley and Sons, 1991.

    Larry Wos and Ross Overbeek and Ewing Lusk and Jim Boyle,
    "Automated Reasoning. Introduction and Applications", Second Edition,
    McGraw-Hill, 1992.

    Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Automated
    Deduction (CADE-11), D. Kapur (editor), Saratoga Springs, NY, USA,
    June 15-18, 1992, Lecture Notes in AI 607, Springer-Verlag, 1992, 793
    pages. ISBN 0-387-55602-8 and 3-540-55602-8.
     [The CADE proceedings have a systems abstracts section with short
      descriptions of implemented systems, many of which are available
      by anonymous ftp.]



Subject: [4-19] Probabilistic Reasoning

    R.O. Duda, P.E. Hart, and N.J. Nilsson, "Subjective Bayesian Methods
    for Rule-Based Inference Systems", In Proceedings of the 1976 National
    Computer Conference, pages 1075-1082, AFIPS, 1976.

    Neapolitan, Richard E., "Probabilistic Reasoning in Expert Systems:
    Theory and Algorithms", John Wiley and Sons, 1990. [Practical guide
    to implementation.]

    Oliver, Robert M., and Smith, James Q., editors, "Influence Diagrams,

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    Belief Nets and Decision Analysis", John Wiley and Sons, 1990.

    Pearl, Judea, "Probabilistic Reasoning in Intelligent Systems:
    Networks of Plausible Inference", Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo,
    California, 1988. [Theoretical framework for Bayesian networks]

    Shafer, Glenn, and Pearl, Judea, "Readings in Uncertain Reasoning",
    Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo, California, 1990. 768 pages,
    ISBN 1-55860-125-2 paper ($49.95).

    Charniak, Eugene, "Bayesian Networks without tears", AI Magazine
    12(4):50-63, Winter 1991. [Intro to Bayesian networks for beginners]

Abduction & Uncertainty:

    Charniak, E., "Motivation analysis, abductive unification, and
    nonmonotonic equality", Artifical Intelligence 34:275-95.

    Hobbs, J., et al., "Interpretation as abduction", SRI AI TR #499.

    Kass, A., "Adaptation-based explanation", 11th IJCAI, pages 141-47.

Current Research:

    Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence [2|3|4|5], North-Holland.

    Proceedings of the Nth Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial
    Intelligence, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.

See also:

      [4-9], Machine learning.



Subject: [4-20] Nonmonotonic Reasoning and Truth Maintenance Systems (TMS)

    Matthew L. Ginsberg, "Readings in Nonmonotonic Reasoning",
    Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo, CA, 1987.

    Reiter, Ray, "Nonmonotonic Reasoning", Annual Review of Computer
    Science, 2:147-186, 1987. (Appears in Ginsberg.)

    Doyle, J., "Truth Maintenance Systems", Artificial Intelligence,
    12(3):231-272, 1979.

    Reiter, Raymond and de Kleer, Johan, "Foundations of Assumption-Based
    Truth Maintenance Systems: Preliminary Report", Proceedings of AAAI-87,
    pages 183-188.

    J.P. Martins, "The Truth, The Whole Truth And Nothing But the Truth:
    An Indexed Bibliography to the Literature of TMS's", AI Magazine

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    (Special Issue), AAAI, 1990.

    De Kleer, J., "An assumption-based TMS", Artificial Intelligence
    28:127-162, 1986.
    De Kleer, J., "Extending the ATMS", Artificial Intelligence
    28:163-196, 1986.
    De Kleer, J., "Problem Solving with the ATMS", Artificial Intelligence
    28:197-224, 1986.

    De Kleer, J., "A comparison of ATMS and CSP techniques", IJCAI 1989,
    pages 290-296.

    Kenneth D. Forbus and Johan de Kleer, "Building Problem Solvers",
    MIT Press, Cambridge, MA 1994, 700 pages, $50. ISBN 0-262-06157-0.
    [Good textbook.]

    Proceedings of AAAI 1988.

    Alex Kean and George Tsiknis, "Assumption based Reasoning and Clause
    Management Systems", Computational Intelligence 8(1):1-24, 1992.

    Alex Kean and George Tsiknis, "Clause Management Systems (CMS)",
    Computational Intelligence 9(1):11-40, 1993.

    Martins, Joao, & Shapiro, Stuart C., "A Model for Belief Revision,"
    Artificial Intelligence 35:25-79 1988.

    Martins & Reinfrank (eds), "Truth Maintenance Systems", published
    by Springer Verlag in their 'Lecture Notes in Computer Science'
    series, 1991.

    Reinfrank, M., Dressler, O. and Brewka, G., On the Relation
    Between Truth Maintenance and Autoepistemic Logic, IJCAI 1989.

    Selman, B. and Levesque, H.J., "Abductive and Default Reasoning: A
    Computational Core", Proceedings of AAAI-90.



Subject: [4-21] Robotics and Computer Vision

Introductions (Robotics):

    Robin Murphy, "Introduction to AI Robotics", MIT Press, 2000.

    Gregory Dudek, Michael Jenkin, "Computational Principles of Mobile
    Robotics", Cambridge University Press, 2000.

    John J. Craig, "Introduction to Robotics", Addison-Wesley,
    Reading, MA, 1989.



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    Joseph L. Jones, and Anita M. Flynn, "Mobile Robots: Inspiration to
    Implementation", A.K. Peters, Publisher, Wellesley, MA, 1993. 349
    pages, $39.95. ISBN 1-56881-011-3.

    [Two papers in the Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence are relevant:
        Path planning and obstacle avoidance, pages 708-715
        Mobile robots, pages 957-961]

Introductions (Vision):

    David Marr, "Vision: a computational investigation into the human
    representation and processing of visual information", W.H. Freeman,
    San Francisco, CA, 1982. [The classic text, still good.]

    Berthold K.P. Horn, "Robot Vision", MIT Press and McGraw-Hill,
    Cambridge, MA, 1986. 509 pages. ISBN 0-2620-815-98 (MIT Press),
    0-0703-034-95 (McGraw-Hill).

    Vicki Bruce and Patrick R. Green, "Visual Perception: Physiology,
    Psychology and Ecology", 2nd Edition, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates,
    Hillsdale, NJ, 1990. ISBN 0-86377-146-7.

    Martin D. Levine, "Vision in Man and Machine", McGraw-Hill, New York, 1985.

    Roger Watt, "Visual Processing: computational, psychophysical, and
    cognitive research", Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, 1988,
    152 pages.

    Harry Wechsler, "Computation Vision", Academic Press, Boston, MA,
    1990, 558 pages.

    E. Bruce Goldstein, "Sensation and Perception", 3rd edition,
    Wadsworth, Belmont CA, 1989, 598 pages, ISBN 0-534-09672-7. [Emphasis
    on the physiological aspects of visual perception.]

    Linda G. Shapiro and Azriel Rosenfeld, "Computer Vision and Image
    Processing", Academic Press, Boston, MA 1992, 623 pages.

    [One paper in the Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence is relevant:
        Sensors, pages 1031-1036]

Surveys (Vision):

    Michael I. Jordan (editor), "Learning in Graphical Models", MIT Press,
    1998, 648 pages, ISBN 0-262-60032-3.

    J. Michael Brady, "Computational approaches to image understanding",
    ACM Computing Surveys 14(1):3-71, March 1982. (Survey of methods in
    computer vision.)

Paper Collections:

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    Martin A. Fischler and Oscar Firschein, editors, "Readings in
    Computer Vision", Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo, CA, 1987.

    Michael S. Landy and Anthony J. Movshon, "Computational Models of
    Visual Processing", MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1991, 394 pages.
    [Collection of research papers.]

Miscellaneous:

    The 6.270 Robot Builder's Guide, by Fred Martin. Available by
    anonymous ftp from
       kame.media.mit.edu:/pub/fredm/README [18.85.0.45]
       cherupakha.media.mit.edu:/pub/6270/docs/ [18.85.0.47]
    This directory contains "The 6.270 Robot Builder's Guide", the
    course notes to the 1992 MIT LEGO Robot Design Competition. For
    more information, contact Fred Martin <fredm@media.mit.edu>.



Subject: [4-22] Animats and Autonomous Agents:

    Pfeifer and Scheier, "Understanding Intelligence", MIT Press, 2000.

    R. Beer, "Intelligence as Adaptive Behavior. An Experiment in
    Computational Neuroethology", Academic Press, San Diego, 1990.
    ISBN: 0-12-084730-2

    V. Braitenberg, "Vehicles: Experiments in Synthetic
    Psychology". MIT Press, Cambridge, MA. 1984. ISBN 0-262-02208-7

    Rodney A. Brooks, "A Robust Layered Control System for a Mobile
    Robot", IEEE Journal of Robotics and Automation, 2:14-23, 1986.

    Rodney A. Brooks, "A Robot that Walks: Emergent Behaviour from a
    Carefully Evolved Network", Neural Computation, 1(2), 1989.

    W. Lim and J. Eilbert, "Plan-behaviour interaction in autonomous
    navigation", Proceedings of the SPIE, 1388:464-475, 1991.

    Pattie Maes and Rodney A. Brooks, "Learning to Coordinate Behaviours",
    Proceedings of AAAI-90, 1990.

    Pattie Maes, "Designing Autonomous Agents: Theory and Practice from
    Biology to Engineering and Back", MIT Press, 1991.

    T. Tyrrell, "The Use of Hierarchies for Action Selection", From
    animals to animats2: Proceedings of the Second International
    Conference on Simulation of Adaptive Behavior, 1993.

    T. Tyrrell, "Computational Mechanism for Action Selection", PhD

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    Thesis University of Edinburgh, 1993.

Animals to Animats Conferences:

    Jean-Arcady Meyer and Stewart W. Wilson, "From Animals to Animats:
    Proceedings of the First International Conference on Simulation of
    Adaptive Behavior (1990, Paris, France)", MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1991.
    551 pages, $55, ISBN 0-262-63138-5.

    Jean-Arcady Meyer, Herbert L. Roitblat, and Stewart W. Wilson,
    editors, "From Animals to Animats: Proceedings of the Second
    International Conference on Simulation of Adaptive Behavior", MIT
    Press, Cambridge, MA, 1993. 523 pages, $55, ISBN 0-262-63149-0.

    Francisco J. Varela and Paul Bourgine, editors, "Toward a Practice of
    Autonomous Systems: Proceedings of the First European Conference on
    Artificial Life", Complex Adaptive Systems Series, MIT Press,
    Cambridge, MA, 1992. 515 pages, $55.00, ISBN 0-262-72019-1.



Subject: [4-23] Distributed AI

Annotated Bibliography:

    B. Chaib-draa, R. Mandiau, and P. Millot, "Distributed Artificial
    Intelligence, An Annotated Bibliography", SIGART Bulletin
    3(3):20-37, August 1992.

Collections:

    Alan H. Bond and Les Gasser, "Readings in Distributed
    Artificial Intelligence", Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo, CA, 1988.

    Les Gasser and Michael N. Huhns, eds., "Distributed
    Artificial Intelligence, Volume II", Morgan Kaufmann, 1989.

    Michael N. Huhns, ed., "Distributed Artificial
    Intelligence", Morgan Kaufmann, 1987.

    M. Wooldridge and N. R. Jennings, eds., "Intelligent Agents",
    Springer-Verlag, 1995. (Lecture Notes in AI Vol 890)

    (Special Issue on Distributed AI) IEEE Transactions on
    Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Vol. 11, No. 1, Jan 1981.

    (Special Issue on Distributed AI---10 years later) IEEE
    Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Vol. 21,
    No. 6, Nov/Dec 1991.

    Decentralized Artificial Intelligence, Y. Demazeau ed. 1990,


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    Decentralized AI 2, Demazeau, Y. & Muller, J-P, eds. 1991,
    Decentralized AI 3, Werner & Demazeau eds. 1992,
    all published by Elsevier Science Publishers .

    (Special Issue on Intelligent and Cooperative Problem Solving)
    International Journal of Intelligent & Cooperative Information
    Systems, Vol. 1, No. 2, June 1992.

    (Special Issue on Distributed AI) Group Decision and
    Negotiation, Vol. 2, No. 3, 1993.

    (Special Issue on Mathematical and Computational Models of
    Organizations: Models and Characteristics of Agent Behavior)
    International Journal of Intelligent Systems in Accounting,
    Finance, and Management, Vol 2., No. 4, December 1993.

    (Special issue on Intelligent Agents and Multi-Agent Systems)
    Journal of Applied Artificial Intelligence,
    9(4) July/August 1995 (part I), and 10(1), January/February 1995
    (part 2).



Subject: [4-24] User/Agent Modeling

    Afzal Ballim and Yorick Wilks, "Artifical Believers", Lawrence
    Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, 1991. ISBN 0-8058-0453-6.
    Contains a 92 page background section on belief modeling in AI,
    Philosophy, NLP and Linguistics.

    Kobsa, A. & Wahlster, W. (1989) "User Models in Dialog Systems."
    Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg.

    Rapaport, William J., "Belief Representation Systems", in S. C.
    Shapiro (ed.), Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence, 2nd edition
    John Wiley, New York, pages 98-110, 1992.

See also the journal User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction in
part 3 of the AI FAQ.



Subject: [4-25] Philosophy of AI

    Margaret A. Boden, editor, "The Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence",
    Oxford University Press, New York, 1990, 452 pages.

    Margaret A. Boden, "Artificial Intelligence and Natural Man",
    Harvester Press and Basic Books, 1977. 2nd edition, MIT Press, 1986.

    Leslie Burkholder, editor, "Philosophy and the Computer", Westview

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   Press, Boulder, CO, 1992.

   Robert Cummins and John Pollock, editors, "Philosophy and AI:                            Essays
   at the Interface", MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1991.

   Daniel C. Dennett, "Consciousness explained", 1st edition, Little,
   Brown and Company, Boston, 1991, 511 pages, $27.95.

   Daniel C. Dennett, "Brainstorms", Harvester Press, 1978.

   Hubert L. Dreyfus, "What computers can't do: a critique of artificial
   reason", Harper and Row, Publishers, New York, 1972. ISBN 0-06011082-1

   James H. Fetzer, editor, "Aspects of Artificial Intelligence",
   Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Holland, 1988.

   John Haugeland, "Artificial Intelligence: The very idea", MIT Press,
   Cambridge, MA, 1985, 287 pages.

   John Haugeland, editor, "Mind Design: Philosophy, Psychology,
   Artificial Intelligence", MIT Press, Cambridge, MA 1981, 368 pages.

   Douglas R. Hofstadter and Daniel C. Dennett, "The Mind's I:
   Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul", Basic Books, New
   York, 1981, 501 pages, $15.50.

   Douglas R. Hofstadter, "Godel Escher Bach: Eternal Golden Braid",
   Harvester Press, and Penguin books, 1979.

   Kirsh, D., editor, "Foundations of Artificial Intelligence, Special
   issues of Artificial Intelligence", The MIT Press, 1991. Reprinted
   from Artificial Intelligence 47(1--3), 1991.

   D. McDermott, "Artificial Intelligence Meets Natural Stupidity," in
   Mind Design: Philosophy, Psychology, Artificial Intelligence, J.
   Haugeland, editor, chapter 5, pp. 143-160, MIT Press, 1981.

   Hans Moravec, "Mind Children: The future of robot and human intelligence",
   Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1988, 214 pages.

   Roger Penrose, "The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning computers,
   minds, and the laws of physics", Oxford University Press, New York,
   1989, 466 pages, $30. [A summary appears in The Behavioral and Brain
   Sciences, 13(4):643-705, 1990, accompanied by an extended set of
   commentaries and a reply by Penrose. See also Aaron Sloman, "The
   emperor's real mind: Review of Roger Penrose's `The Emperor's New
   Mind: Concerning computers minds and the laws of physics'",
   Artificial Intelligence 56:355-396, 1992.]

   John R Searle, `Minds Brains and Programs' in The Behavioral and
   Brain Sciences, 3(3), 1980. [This article presents Searle's

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    "chinese room" argument. There's also an extended set of
    commentaries and reply by Searle.]

    H.A. Simon, "Sciences of the Artificial", 2nd Edition, MIT Press, 1981.

    A.M. Turing, "Computing Machinery And Intelligence," Mind, vol. LIX,
    no. 236, 1950. Reprinted in "Computers and Thought", Feigenbaum &
    Feldman (eds.), 1963. Also reprinted in "The Mind's I", Hofstadter &
    Dennett (eds.). Also reprinted in "Readings in Cognitive Science",
    Collins & Smith (eds.), section 1.1.

In addition to the references cited above, there is also a fair amount
of philosophical discussion in R.J. Brachman and H.J. Levesque,
editors, "Readings in Knowledge Representation", Morgan Kaufmann, 1985.



Subject: [4-26] Cyc.

Cyc is a project begun MCC and spun off into its own company, with the
aim to build an enCYClopedic database and reasoning engine for common
sense knowledge. There is now an open source version of Cyc. See
section 6 of the FAQ.

    Lenat, D. B. "Cyc: A Large-Scale Investment in Knowledge
    Infrastructure." Communications of the ACM 38, no. 11 (1995)

    Lenat, D. B. "Steps to Sharing Knowledge." In Toward Very Large
    Knowledge Bases, edited by N.J.I. Mars. IOS Press, 1995.

    R.V. Guha and Douglas B. Lenat, "Enabling agents to work together",
    CACM 37(7):127-142, 1994.

    "CYC", AI Magazine 1986, 7(1), 1986.

    "Cyc: A Mid-Term Report," AI Magazine, 11(3):32-59, Fall 1990.

    "Cyc: Toward Programs With Common Sense," CACM, 33(8):30-49,
    August 1990.

    "Knowledge and Natural Language Processing," CACM, Aug 1990.

    "When will machines learn?," Machine Learning, 4(3-4):255-257,
    December 1989.

    Douglas B. Lenat and R.V. Guha, "Building Large Knowledge-Based
    Systems", Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1990. ISBN 0-201-51752-3.

For a critique of Cyc, see Stefik and Smoliar, "The Commonsense
Reviews", Artificial Intelligence 61(1):37-40 1993.



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Subject: [4-27] Constraint-based Scheduling

Operations Research books:

    Kenneth R. Baker, "Introduction to Sequencing and Scheduling",
    John Wiley and Sons, 1974.

    Jacques Carlier and Philippe Chretienne, "Problemes d'ordonnancement:
    Modelisation / Complexite / Algorithmes", Masson, 1988.

    Edward G. Coffman Jr., editor, "Computers and Job-Shop Scheduling
    Theory", John Wiley and Sons, 1976.

Review articles:

    Stephen C. Graves, "A Review of Production Scheduling",
    Operations Research, 29(4):646-675, 1981.

    Karl G. Kempf, "Manufacturing Planning and Scheduling: Where We Are
    and Where We Need To Be", Proceedings of the IEEE International
    Conference on Artificial Intelligence Applications, Miami, Florida, 1989.

    Karl Kempf, Claude Le Pape, Stephen F. Smith and Barry R. Fox, "Issues
    in the Design of AI-Based Schedulers: A Workshop Report", AI Magazine,
    11(5):37-46, 1991.

    Karl Kempf, Bruce Russell, Sanjiv Sidhu and Stu Barrett, "AI-Based
    Schedulers in Manufacturing Practice: Report of a Panel Discussion",
    AI Magazine, 11(5):46-55, 1991.

    Mitchell S. Steffen, "A Survey of Artificial Intelligence-Based
    Scheduling Systems", Proceedings of the Fall Industrial Engineering
    Conference, Boston, MA, 1986.

Miscellaneous:

    S.H. Clearwater, B.A. Huberman, and T. Hogg, "Cooperative solution of
    constraint satisfaction problems", Science 254(5035):1181-1183,
    November 22, 1991.

    Mark S. Fox and Norman Sadeh, "Why is scheduling difficult? A CSP
    perspective." In Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Artificial
    Intelligence (ECAI-90), pages 754-767, 1990.

    P. J. M. Val Laarhoven, E. H. L. Aarts, and J. K. Lenstra, "Job shop
    scheduling by simulated annealing", Operations Research 40(1):113-125,
    January-February 1992.




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Subject: [4-28] Music and AI

    Mira Balaban, Kemal Ebcioglu, and Otto Laske, editors, "Understanding
    Music with AI: Perspectives on Music Cognition", MIT Press, Cambridge,
    MA, 1992. 512 pages, ISBN 0-262-52170-9, $39.95.

    David Cope, "Computers and Musical Style", A-R Editions, Madison, WS,
    1991. 246 pages, ISBN 0-895-79256-7.
      [Music composition by computer using ATNs.]

    Minds and Machines 2(4) November 1992 was devoted to music and cognition,
    and there were some relevant book reviews in 3(1) February 1993.



Subject: [4-29] AI and Education

    Jill H. Larkin and Ruth W. Chabay, "Computer-assisted instruction
    and intelligent tutoring systems: Shared goals and complementary
    approaches", Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, 1992, 280 pages.
    ISBN 0-80580-233-9.

    Etienne Wenger, "Artificial Intelligence and Tuturing Systems",
    Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Los Altos, CA, 1987.



Subject: [4-30] Blackboard Architectures

    Daniel D. Corkill, "Blackboard Systems", AI Expert 6(9):40-47,
    September 1991. [An unabridged copy of this paper can be found
    at http://www.bbtech.com/bibli.html]

    Ian D. Craig, "Blackboard Systems", Ablex, Norwood, NJ, 1994.
    240 pages, ISBN 1-56750-029-3 paper ($24.50).
    [Tutorial introduction/text.]

    Robert S. Engelmore and Anthony Morgan, editors, "Blackboard
    Systems", Addison-Wesley, 1988.
    [Contains all classic papers on blackboard systems up to around
     1986; some papers were revised for this book.]

    V. Jagannathan, Rajendra Dodhiawala, and Lawrence S. Baum, editors,
    "Blackboard Architectures and Applications", Academic Press, 1989
    [Research efforts from 1986 to 1988.]

    Penny Nii, "Blackboard Systems", AI Magazine 7(3), 1986.



Subject: [4-31] Temporal Reasoning and Modal Logic

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Mehmet A. Orgun, "Temporal and Modal Logic Programming: An Annotated
Bibliography", SIGART Bulletin 5(3):52-59, July 1994.



Subject: [4-32] Data Mining

Introductions:

      Cios, K.J., Pedrycz, W., and Swiniarski, R.W., "Data Mining
      Methods for Knowledge Discovery", Kluwer Academic Publishers,
      1998. ISBN: 0792382528

Article Collections:

    International Journal of Intelligent Systems 7(7), September 1992.

    IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering 5(6), December 1993.

    Gregory Piatetsky-Shapiro and William J. Frawley, editors, "Knowledge
    Discovery in Databases", MIT Press, 1991.



Subject: [4-33]                  Medicine/Biology/Bioinformatics

Bioinformatics : The Machine Learning Approach (Adaptive Computation and
Machine Learning) by Pierre Baldi, Soren Brunak
360 pages (February 13, 1998), MIT Press; ISBN: 026202442X

Computational Methods in Molecular Biology by Steven L. Salzberg
(Editor), David B. Searls (Editor), Simon Kasif (Editor) (January
1999) Elsevier Science; ISBN: 0444502041



Subject: [4-34] AI book publication announcements mailing list

The AI BOOK ANNOUNCEMENTS mailing list exists to inform the AI
community about the publication of new AI-related books.

This list hasn't been active since 1995.



Subject: [4-35] Who are the major AI publishers?

Ablex Publishing Corporation
355 Chestnut Street, Norwood, NJ 07648-2090
201-767-8455/8450
Fax: 201-767-6717

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Academic Press
1250 Sixth Avenue, San Diego, CA 92101
Orders: 800-321-5068
Fax:    619-699-6715

AP Professional (imprint of Academic Press)
Marketing: 525 B Street, Suite 1900, San Diego, CA 92101-4495
Orders: 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32821-9816
Tel:    1-800-3131-APP (1-405-345-2525)
Fax:    1-800-336-7377
Email: app@acad.com

Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Inc.
Route 128, 1 Jacob Way, Reading, MA 01867
800-447-2226 (617-944-3700)
Fax:   617-944-8243 617-944-7273
E-mail: bexpress@aw.com (must register with Book Express via paper mail first)

Benjamin Cummings Publishing Company
2727 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025
415-854-0300
390 Bridge Parkway, Redwood City, CA 94065
800-552-2499, 415-594-4400
Email: bookinfo@bc.aw.com
Orders: Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, Inc., Reading, MA 01867,
       800-447-2226, fax 800-333-3328
Canadian Orders: Addison-Wesley Publishers Ltd., PO Box 580, 26 Prince
       Andrew Place, Don Mills Ontario, CANADA M3C 2T8
       416-447-5101, fax 416-443-0948
International Orders: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, International
       Publishing Group, Jacob Way, Reading, MA 01867
       617-944-3700, fax 617-944-0826
Information/Examination Copies: 800-950-2665

Blackwell Scientific Publications, Inc.
3 Cambridge Center, Suite 208, Cambridge, MA 02142
617-225-0401
Fax:   617-225-0412
Osney Mead, PO Box 88, Oxford, 0X2 0EL, UK 0865-240201

Cambridge University Press
40 West 20th Street, New York, NY 10022
Orders: 800-221-4512, 212-924-3900, 800-872-7423

Chapman & Hall
One Penn Plaza, 41st Floor, New York, NY 10119
Tel: 1-800-634-7064 (212-244-6412)
Fax: 1-800-248-4724 (212-268-9964)


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E-mail: 71201.1651@compuserve.com
In the UK call 0264-342923 or fax 0264-364418.
Overseas call 44-264-342830 or fax 44-264-342761.

Columbia University Press
562 West 113th Street, New York, NY 10025
800-944-8648

Computer Science Press, Inc.
41 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10010-3546
212-576-9400

Computing Reviews
11 West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036

Cornell University Press
Box 250, 124 Roberts Place, Ithica, NY 14851
800-666-2211

Digital Press
225 Wildwood Street
Woburn, MA 01801 USA
Tel: 800-366-2665 (USA) or 617-928-2527
Fax: 800-446-6520 (USA) or 617-933-6333

Elsevier Science Publishing
655 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10017
212-633-3827/3650
PO Box 211, Amsterdam, 1000 AE, The Netherlands
020-580-3641
Fax:    020-580-3769

Harvard University Press
79 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138
617-495-2600/2480

Houghton Miflin Company
One Memorial Drive, Cambridge, MA 02142
617-252-3000
One Beacon Street, Boston, MA 02108
800-225-3362

John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
605 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10158
212-850-6000

Kluwer Academic Publishers
101 Philip Drive, Norwell, MA 02061.
PO Box 358, Accord Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358.
617-871-6600

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Fax:   617-871-6528
Email: kluwer@world.std.com
Ftp-server: ftp.std.com:/Kluwer/ (See journals/ and books/ subdirectories.)
   The Kluwer ftp server offers the complete table of contents for
   Kluwer's EE & CS journals, the Aims & Scope, Instruction for Authors,
   Ordering information, and LaTeX style files. This service can also be
   reached using gopher.
Gopher-server: gopher.wkap.nl
Outside US:
   Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The Netherlands
   Tel: +31-78-524400
   Fax: +31-78-183273
   E-mail: services@wkap.nl

Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
365 Broadway, Hillsdale, NJ 07642
800-926-6579, (201-666-4110)
Fax:   201-666-2394
Email: orders@leahq.mhs.compuserve.com

Little Brown & Company
34 Beacon Street, Boston, MA 02108
617-227-0730
Fax: 617-227-4633

Macmillan Publishing
866 Third Avenue, Third Floor, New York, NY 10022
800-257-5755 (212-702-2000)

McGraw Hill Book Company
1221 Avenue of the Americas, 43rd Floor, New York, NY 10020
800-442-9685 (212-512-2000)

MIT Press
55 Hayward Street, Cambridge, MA 02139-1399
617-253-5642
Customer Service: 617-625-8481
Orders: 800-356-0343 (617-625-8569)
Fax: 617-625-6660/9080
E-mail (orders): mitpress-orders@mit.edu
E-mail (inquiries): mitpress-orders-inq@mit.edu
Online catalogs: telnet techinfo.mit.edu and look under
     Around MIT \ Offices & Services \ MIT Press
     or use the gopher server,
       gopher://gopher.mit.edu:70/
In Europe, contact MIT Press, 14 Bloomsbury Square, London WC1A
2LP England, phone 071-404-0712, fax 071-404-0610 or via e-mail
100315.1423@compuserve.com. In Australia, contact Astam Books, 57-61


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John Street, Leichhardt, NSW 2040 Australia, phone 02-566-4400, fax
02-566-4411.

Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Inc.
340 Pine Street, Sixth Floor, San Francisco, CA 94104 USA
Orders: 800-745-7323 (415-392-2665)
Fax:    415-982-BOOK (= 415-982-2665)
Email: orders@mkp.com
URL: http://market.net/literary/mkp/index.html
   Their "Readings in X" series is a good source of information
   on various AI topics. (Many of them are listed below.)
In Europe: Direct Distribution, 27 Church Road, Hove, East Sussex, BN3 2FA, UK
Tel (+44 273) 748427, Fax (+44 273) 722180

Oxford University Press
200 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016
800-451-7556

Pergamon Press
395 Saw Mill River Road, Elmsford, NY 10523
800-257-5755 (914-592-7700)

Prentice Hall Inc.
College Division, 440 Sylvan Avenue, Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632
201-592-2377
Orders: 800-223-1360 (fax to 800-495-6991) 800-526-0485
Fax: 201-461-4573
Email: books@prenhall.com, catalogs@prenhall.com

Princeton University Press
41 William Street, Princeton, NJ 08540
800-777-4726

Random House Publishing
201 East 50th Street, New York, NY 10022
212-751-2600

Springer Verlag
175 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10010
800-SPRINGER/800-777-4643 (201-348-4033)
Fax: 201-348-4505

University Microfilms International
300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106
313-761-4700
   Copies of PhD theses off of microfilm.

University of Chicago Press
5801 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637
800-621-2736 (312-702-7700)

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Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, Inc.
115 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10003
212-254-3232
Orders: 1-800-544-0550 or fax 606-525-7778

W. H. Freeman & Company
41 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10010
212-576-9400
Fax:   212-689-2383

W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.
500 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10010
800-233-4830 (212-354-5500)



Subject: [4-36] How do I get a copy of the proceedings to conference <x>?

First, ask your librarian for help. If your local library doesn't have it,
they may be able to get it on interlibrary loan.

If you want to buy your own copy, first check with the organization
that ran the conference. See part 3 of the AI FAQ for a list of many
of the AI organizations that sponsor conferences.

If they can't help you, contact the Institute for Scientific Information
(ISI), and look up the proceedings in their Index to Scientific and
Technical Proceedings (ISTP volumes). You can contact the ISI at

    Institute for Scientific Information, Inc.
    3501 Market Street
    Philadelphia, PA 19104
    Phone: 215-386-0100
    Fax: 215-386-6362

Another source for proceedings author and subject indexes is:

    Directory of Published Proceedings.
    Series SEMT: Science/Engineering/Medicine/Technology.
    Published monthly with annual cumulations by InterDok, Harrison, NY.
    ISSN 0012-3293.



Subject: [4-37] How do I get a copy of <x>'s PhD dissertation?

Most dissertations from US universities are available from

University Microfilms International, Inc.
300 North Zeeb Road

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Ann Arbor, MI 48106
Phone: 800-521-0600 (313-761-4700)
       800-343-5299 (in Canada)

They will print a copy of the dissertation from microfilm and bind it
in paperbound or cloth for a reasonable fee.



Subject: [4-38] How do I get Tech Report X?

The easiest and cheapest way to get a copy of a tech report, paper, or
thesis is to send email to the author. Most researchers will be happy
to drop a copy of the report to you in the mail, or give you a pointer
to an online copy. In some cases they may direct you to a central
technical report coordinator for their department (see [6-2]), and
getting a copy may involve a nominal fee.

Scientific DataLink publishes AIDA (AI Database of Abstracts), a
CD-ROM of abstracts from AI technical reports on a subscription basis
with a new CD every 6 months. For more information, write to
Scientific DataLink, 270 Lafayette Street, Suite 704, New York, NY
10012, call 1-800-735-8655 or fax 212-966-3417. Ask



Subject: [4-39] Videotapes and Magazines

Videotapes:

    The 4th episode of the PBS series "The Machine That Changed the World" is
    a good introduction to AI. It is available for $90 from Films for the
    Humanities, 1-800-257-5126.

    Morgan Kaufmann also has a good set of tapes of AI-related lectures, but
    it runs on the expensive side.

    University Video Communications sells a few AI-related videotapes,
    including Allen Newell's "Desires & Diversions". For more
    information, write to UVC, PO Box 5129, Stanford, CA 94309, call
    415-813-0506, fax 415-813-0315, or email uvc.lemon@forsythe.stanford.edu.

AI-related magazines include:

    AI EXPERT
    Miller Freeman, Inc., 600 Harrison Street, San Francisco, CA 94107.
    Subscriptions: 1-800-274-2534 (303-447-9330) or 71572.341@compuserve.com
    $42/year (12 issues), $6 extra in Canada and Mexico,
    $15 extra (surface mail) or $40 (air mail) for overseas.
    Canadian GST# 124513185. For back-issues, call 1-800-444-4881.


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    Submissions: Larry O'Brien, Editor in Chief, <72212.3256@compuserve.com>
    [AI Expert has ceased publication with the July 1995 issue.]

    PC AI (ISSN 0894-0711)
    3310 West Bell Road, Suite 119, Phoenix, AZ 85023.
    Subscriptions: 602-971-1869, fax 602-971-2321.
    $28/year (6 issues); $54 for two years; $78 for three years.
    $9 extra in Canada and Mexico, $25 extra (air mail) for all
    other countries.

    Both magazines are excellent sources of commercial product reviews
    and frequently publish "Product Guides/Showcases" that list many of the
    commercial products available in a particular area of AI, such as
    expert systems, neural nets, natural language processing, and so on.

    BYTE Magazine does occasional features on AI topics. Program
    listings for those articles are available by anonymous ftp from

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Subject: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Bibliography 4/6 [Monthly posting]
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Summary: Bibliography of AI introductory texts, overviews and references




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         [4-0] General web repositories(was:
            Research Index (nee Citeceer))

http://citeseer.nj.nec.com/cs

"ResearchIndex is a scientific literature digital library that aims to
improve the dissemination and feedback of scientific literature, and
to provide improvements in functionality, usability, availability,
cost, comprehensiveness, efficiency, and timeliness.

Rather than creating just another digital library, ResearchIndex
provides algorithms, techniques, and software that can be used in
other digital libraries. ResearchIndex indexes Postscript and PDF
research articles on the Web..."

http://citeseer.nj.nec.com/cs

Research index (though most people still call it citeseer) is the
currently best way to find published papers AND TRACK CITATIONS. It
is so cool, it's in the FAQ twice. (now 3 times).

      ==================

All of the AI Memos and Tech Reports from the MIT AI Lab, going back
to 1959, can be found here:
http://www.ai.mit.edu/publications/pubsDB/pubs.html . Great
historical documents, plus everything new. Need Winograd's Thesis?
There it is.




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                    [4-1] AI in general (Introductions,
                                 Overviews)

The lack of a review or the presence of a short review should not be
interpreted as indicating anything about the quality of the text.

Introductory texts:

     Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig, "Artificial Intelligence: A Modern
     Approach", Prentice Hall, 1994. 840 pages, $57.95. [Uses
     intelligent agents as a unifying theme. Currently the most widely
     used textbook. Excellent depth, incredible breadth.]

     Thomas L. Dean, James Allen, John Aloimonons, "Artificial
     Intelligence: Theory and Practice", Benjamin/Cummings, 1994. 680
     pages, ISBN 0-8053-25476. [Lisp/Scheme/C++ code is available from
     http://yoda.cis.temple.edu:8080/books/dean]

     Matthew L. Ginsberg, "Essentials of AI", Morgan Kaufmann
     Publishers, 1993, ISBN 1-55860-221-6, 430 pages, $49.95.
        [Topics include search, knowledge representation, logic,
        assumption-based truth maintenance, nonmonotonic reasoning,
        probability, frames, semantic nets, planning, learning, vision,
        natural language processing, and expert systems.]

     George Luger and William Stubblefield, "Artificial Intelligence:
     Structures and Strategies for Complex Problem Solving", 2nd
     Edition, The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, Inc., 1993.
     720 pages, ISBN 0-8053-4780-1.
     [Includes algorithms implemented in Lisp and Prolog.]

     D. Poole, A. Mackworth and R. Goebel, "Computational Intelligence: A
     Logical Approach", Oxford University Press, 1998, 576 pages,
     ISBN 0-19-510270-3. [Prolog code and other resources are available from
     http://www.cs.ubc.ca/spider/poole/ci.html]


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 [4-1] AI in general (Introductions, Overviews)



     Ian Pratt, "Artificial Intelligence", Macmillan, London, 1994. 280
     pages, ISBN 0-333-59755-9 ($35). [In-depth introduction to several
     AI topics, using inference as a central theme. As a result, omits
     topics like NLP, expert systems, vision, and robotics. Hence this
     book is a good themed introduction to a subset of AI, but is not
     suitable for a general purpose overview of AI.]

     Elaine Rich & Kevin Knight, "Artificial Intelligence", 2nd edition,
     McGraw-Hill, New York, 1991. ISBN 0-07-052263-4. [One of the more
     popular introductory texts to AI, giving a very good general
     overview of most AI topics. In some places the book sacrifices
     depth for breadth, and a few more recent topics are neglected.
     Nevertheless this book provides an excellent foundation in areas
     central to AI. Source code is available from
        ftp.cs.cmu.edu:/user/ai/areas/bookcode/knight/.]

     Patrick Henry Winston, "Artificial Intelligence", Third Edition,
     Addison Wesley, Reading, MA, 1992, ISBN 0-201-53377-4.
     [A classic early AI text. This text is very much hands-on, with
     actual toy examples. Source code is in ftp.ai.mit.edu:/pub/ai3/.]

Overviews and References:

     Gerhard Lakemeyer and Bernhard Nebel, "Exploring Artifical
     Intelligence in the New Millennium", Morgan Kaufmann, 2003.
     [highlights of the current state of AI as of the IJCAI2001
     conference. 13 papers by distinguished researchers in their
     fields.]

     Avron Barr and Edward A. Feigenbaum, "The Handbook of Artificial
     Intelligence", volumes 1-4, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1986.

     Alan Bundy, editor, "Catalogue of Artificial Intelligence
     Techniques", 3rd Edition, Springer Verlag, 1990, ISBN 0-387-52959-4,
     179 pages, $29.50.

     Stan Gibilisco, editor, "The McGraw-Hill Illustrated Encyclopedia of
     Robotics and Artificial Intelligence", Tab Books, Blue Ridge Summit,
     PA, 1994. 512 pages, ISBN 0-07-023613-5 hardcover ($40), ISBN
     0-07-023614-3 paper ($25). [This entry tentative -- I haven't seen a
     copy of the book yet.]

     Raymond Kurzweil's "The Age of Intelligent Machines", MIT Press,
     1990, 565 pages, ISBN 0-262-11121-7, $39.95. [General Introduction]

     Minsky, Marvin, "The Society of Mind", Simon and Schuster, New
     York, 1988. 339 pages, ISBN 0-67-160740-5 ($21.95).

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     Shapiro, Stuart C. (ed), "Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence",
     2nd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1992. (1st ed, 1987)

     Sundermeyer, K., "Knowledge-Based Systems: Terminology and References",
     Wissenschaftverlag, 1991. ISBN 3-411-14941-8

     Bonnie Lynn Webber and Nils J. Nilsson, "Readings in Artificial
     Intelligence", Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo, CA, 1981.

Glossaries and Dictionaries:

     Colin Beardon "Artificial Intelligence Terminology: a reference guide"
     John Wiley & Sons, NY, 1989, 283 pages. ISBN 0-7458-0718-6

     Dennis Mercadal, "Dictionary of Artificial Intelligence", Van
     Nostrand Reinhold, 1994. ISBN 0-442-00451-6, $36.95.

     Online Dictionary of Computing
        http://wombat.doc.ic.ac.uk/
     Contains a glossary of computer science terminology with
     cross-references and links to related Internet resources.

     P610.8, "Draft Standard Glossary of Artificial Intelligence Terminology"
     referenced in "IEEE Std 610.12-1990, IEEE Standard Glossary of
     Software Technology, December 1990".

     Jerry M. Rosenberg, "Dictionary of Artificial Intelligence and
     Robotics", Wiley, New York, 1986, 203 pages.

     Raoul N. Smith, editor, "The Facts on File Dictionary of Artificial
     Intelligence", Facts on File, New York, 1989, 211 pages.
     ISBN 0-8160-1593-3.

     Ellen Thro, "The Artificial Intelligence Dictionary", Microtrend Books,
     San Marcos, CA, 1991, 407 pages, ISBN 0-915391-36-8.

Surveys:

     Howard E. Shrobe, editor, "Exploring Artificial Intelligence",
     Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, San Mateo, CA, 1988.
     (Survey talks from the AAAI 1986 and 1987 conferences.)

Applied AI:

     Hugh Cartwright <HCART@vax.ox.ac.uk>, "Applications of Artificial
     Intelligence in Chemistry" Oxford University Press, 1994. 92 pages,
     ISBN 0-19-855736-1.
        [An inexpensive text that is aimed at undergraduate and graduate

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 [4-1] AI in general (Introductions, Overviews)

           students in engineering, physical and life sciences who have little or
           no prior knowledge of AI. It provides an overview of the use and
           potential of AI methods in the sciences.]

AI for C People:

     Herbert Schildt, "Artificial Intelligence Using C", McGraw-Hill,
     1987. 412 pages. ISBN 0-07-881255-0.

     Herbert Schildt, "Artificial Intelligence Using C++", McGraw-Hill.




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        [4-2] Search, Game Playing and Video
                       Game AI

Search:

     Hermann Kaindl, "Minimaxing: Theory and Practice", AI Magazine,
     9(3):69-76, Fall 1988.

     L. Kanal and V. Kumar, "Search in Artificial Intelligence",
     Springer-Verlag, 1988.

     Kirkpatrick, S. Gelatt, CD, and Vecchi, MP, "Optimization by Simulated
     Annealing", Science 220(4589):671-680, 1983.

     R. Korf, "Search: A survey of recent results" in Shrobe's Exploring
     Artificial Intelligence, pages 197-237, August 1990.

     Pearl, J. and Korf, R. E., "Search techniques", Annual Review of
     Computer Science, volume 2, J.F. Traub, B.J. Grosz, B.W. Lampson and
     N.J. Nilsson, editors, pages 451-467, Annual Reviews Inc., Palo
     Alto, CA, 1987.

     Pearl, J., "Heuristics: Intelligent Search Strategies for Computer
     Problem Solving", Addison-Wesley, 1984.

     Chris Thornton & Benedict du Boulay, "Artificial Intelligence
     Through Search" Kluwer Academic (Paperback version Intellect Books),
     Dordrecht Netherlands & Norwell, MA USA (Intellect at Oxford), 1992

Game Playing:

     Richard Bartle, "Artificial Intelligence and Computer Games",
     Century Communications Ltd., UK, 1985. ISBN 0-7126-0661-0.



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     Elwyn R. Berlekamp, John H. Conway and Richard K. Guy, "Winning Ways,
     for Your Mathematical Plays", Academic Press, New York, 1982. Volume
     1: Games in General (ISBN 0-12-091101-9). Volume 2: Games in
     Particular (ISBN 01-12-091102-7).

     Richard E. Korf, "Learning to solve problems by searching for
     macro-operators", Pitman, Boston, 1985. 147 pages, ISBN 0-273-08690-1.
        [Solution to Rubik's Cube, among other problems. This book is a
        revision of Korf's PhD thesis at CMU.]

     David Levy, "Computer Gamesmanship: Elements of Intelligent Game
     Design", Simon & Schuster, ISBN 0-671-49532-1.

     David Levy, editor, "Computer Chess Compendium", Springer-Verlag,
     1989. 440 pages, ISBN 0-387-91331-9 ($48).

     Richard Bartle, "Artificial Intelligence and Computer Games",
     Century Communications Ltd., UK, 1985. ISBN 0-7126-0661-0.

Video Game AI:

     Steve Rabin, ed. "AI Game Programming Wisdom (with CD-ROM)",
     Charles River Media, Boston, 2002 ISBN: 1584500778




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                  [4-3] Knowledge Representation

[Several papers in "Readings in Artificial Intelligence" are relevant,
including S. Amarel "On Representations of Problems on Reasoning about
Actions" and P.J. Hayes "The Frame Problem and Related Problems in AI".]

Overviews/Surveys:

    Ronald J. Brachman, "The Future of Knowledge Representation", in
    Proceedings of the Eighth National Conference on Artificial
    Intelligence, 1990.

    Hector J. Levesque, "Knowledge Representation and Reasoning",
    Annual Review of Computer Science 1:255-287, 1986.

General Papers:

    Ronald J. Brachman, " ``I lied about the trees'', or, defaults and
    definitions in knowledge representation", AI Magazine 6(3):80-93, 1985.

    Brachman, Ronald J. and Levesque, Hector J., editors,
    "Readings in Knowledge Representation", Morgan Kaufmann
    Publishers, 1985.

    Brachman, Ronald J., Levesque, Hector J. and Reiter, Ray, editors,
    Special Volume on Knowledge Representation, Artificial Intelligence
    49(1-3), January, 1991.

    Ronald J. Brachman and James G. Schmolze, "An overview of the
    KL-ONE knowledge representation system", Cognitive Science,
    9:171-216, 1985.

    Nick Cercone and Gordon McCalla, editors, "The Knowledge Frontier:
    Essays in the Representation of Knowledge", Springer-Verlag, New York,
    1987. 512 pages, $40.00, ISBN 0-38796-557-2. (This is the much
    revised version of a special issue of COMPUTER on KR.)

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 [4-3] Knowledge Representation



    Allen Newell, "The Knowledge Level", Artificial Intelligence,
    18:87-127, 1982.

    Allen Newell and Herb Simon, "Computer Science as Empirical
    Enquiry: Symbols and Search", Communications of the ACM,
    19(3):113-126, 1976.

    Bernhard Nebel and Gert Smolka, "Attributive Description Formalisms
    ... and the Rest of the World", in Otthein Herzog and Claus-Rainer
    Rollinger, editors, Text Understanding in LILOG, Springer Verlag,
    Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence #546, pages 439-452, 1991.
    [Theoretical results in the area of description logics.]

Semantic Networks:

    Fritz Lehmann, Editor, "Semantic Networks in Artificial Intelligence",
    Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1992. (Appeared as a double special issue
    of Computers and Mathematics with Applications 23(2-9), 1992.)

    James G. Schmolze and William A. Woods, "The KL-ONE Family", in
    F. Lehmann, editor, Semantic Networks in Artificial Intelligence,
    Pergamon Press, 1992. [History of description logics (KL-ONE style
    systems).]

    John Sowa, Editor, "Principles of Semantic Networks", Morgan Kaufmann,
    San Mateo, CA, 1991.

    W.A. Woods, "What's in a link: Foundations for semantic networks", In
    D.G. Bobrow & A. Collins (Eds.), "Representation and Understanding",
    Academic Press, New York, 1975. Reprinted in "Readings in Cognitive
    Science", Collins & Smith (eds.), section 2.2.




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 [4-4] Logic

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                                                       [4-4] Logic

Logic in AI:

     M.R. Genesereth and N.J. Nilsson, "Logical Foundations of Artificial
     Intelligence", Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Los Altos, CA, 1987.

Constraint Logic Programming:

     Pascal Van Hentenryck, "Constraint Satisfaction in Logic Programming",
     MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1989, ISBN 0-262-08181-4.




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 [4-5] Planning

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                                                  [4-5] Planning

Intros, Overviews, Paper Collections:

     James Allen, James Hendler and Austin Tate, editors,
     "Readings in Planning", Morgan-Kaufmann Publishers, 1990. 754 pages,
     ISBN 1-55860-130-9 paper ($49.95).

     Georgeff, M. P., "Planning," in Annual Review of Computer Science,
     Annual Reviews Inc., pages 359-400, 1987.

     James Hendler, Austin Tate and Mark Drummond, "AI Planning:
     Systems and Techniques", AI Magazine, May, 1990. (Review article.)

     Drew McDermott, "Robot Planning", AI Magazine 13(2):55-79, Summer 1992.

     William R. Swartout, "DARPA Workshop on Planning", AI Magazine,
     9(2):115-131, Summer, 1988. (Survey of current work and issues in
     planning.)

     [See also Waldinger's "Achieving several goals simultaneously", in
      "Readings in Artificial Intelligence".]

STRIPS:

     Fikes, R.E. and Nilsson, N.J., "STRIPS: A new approach to the
     application of theorem proving to problem solving", Artificial
     Intelligence 2:189-208, 1971.

ABSTRIPS:

     Sacerdoti, E. D., "Planning in a Hierarchy of Abstraction Spaces,"
     Artificial Intelligence, 5:115-135, 1974.

Conjunctive Goals:



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 [4-5] Planning

     Chapman, D., "Planning for Conjunctive Goals", Artificial Intelligence
     32:333-377, 1987.

NOAH:

     Sacerdoti, E., "A Structure for Plans and Behavior", Artificial
     Intelligence, pages 1-65, American Elsevier, New York, 1977.

     Sacerdoti, E. D., "The Nonlinear Nature of Plans," Proc. of the Fourth
     Joint Conf. on Artificial Intelligence, Morgan Kaufmann, 1975, 206-214.

Reactive Planning:

     Agre P.E. and Chapman, D., "Pengi: An Implementation of a Theory of
     Activity", in Proceedings of the Sixth National Conference on
     Artificial Intelligence, Seattle, WA, July 1987.

     Georgeoff, M.P. and Lansky, A.L., "Reactive Reasoning and
     Planning", in Proceedings of the Sixth National Conference on
     Artificial Intelligence, Seattle, WA, pages 677-682, July 1987.

     Simmons, R.G., "A theory of debugging plans and interpretations", in
     Proceedings of the Seventh National Conference on Artificial
     Intelligence (AAAI-88), Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Palo Alto,
     CA, pages 94-99, 1988.

Case-based Planning:

     Hammond, K., "Case-based Planning: Viewing Planning as a Memory Task",
     Academic Press, Cambridge, MA, 1989.

Miscellaneous:

     R.S. Aylett and A.N. Fish and S.R. Bartrum, "Task planning in an
     uncertain world", International Conference on Control 2:801-806, 1991.

     Thomas Dean and R. James Firby and David Miller, "Hierarchical
     Planning Involving Deadlines, Travel Time, and Resources", Computing
     Intelligence 4:381-398, 1988.

     Thomas Dean and Michael Wellman, "Planning and Control", Morgan
     Kaufmann Publishers, 1991, 486 pages, ISBN 1-55860-209-7, $49.95.

     Stefik, M.J., "Planning with Constraints", Artificial Intelligence
     15:111-140 and 16:141-170, 1981.

     R. Wilensky, "Meta-Planning: Representing and Using Knowledge About
     Planning in Problem Solving and Natural Language Understanding",

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[4-5] Planning

    Cognitive Science 5:197-233, 1981. Reprinted in Readings in Cognitive
    Science, Collins & Smith (eds.), section 5.6.

    Wilkins, D.E., "Domain-Independent Planning: Representation and Plan
    Generation", Artificial Intelligence 22:269-301, 1984.




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       [4-6] Natural Language Processing (NLP)

General:

    Fred Jelinek, "Statistical Methods for Speech Recognition", MIT
    Press.

    Christopher D. Manning, Hinrich Schutze, "Foundations of
    Statistical Natural Language Processing", MIT Press 1999. [A
    review can be found at:
    http://www.cs.cornell.edu/home/llee/papers/pre-msrev.html ]

    Eugene Charniak, Statistical Language Learning. MIT Press. 1993.

    Allen, James F., "Natural Language Understanding", 2nd edition, The
    Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, Menlo Park, California,
    (Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Reading, Massachusetts), 1995.
    625 pages, ISBN 0-8053-0335-9. Code for the book is available from
       bc.aw.com:/bc/allen/
       ftp.cs.rochester.edu:/pub/u/james/NLcode/
       ftp.cs.cmu.edu:/user/ai/areas/nlp/bookcode/allen/

    Robert C. Berwick, "Computational Linguistics", MIT Press,
    Cambridge, MA, 1989, ISBN 0262-02266-4.

    Brady, Michael, and Berwick, Robert C., "Computational Models
    of Discourse", MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1983.

    Michael A. Covington, "Natural Language Processing for Prolog
    Programmers", Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1994. ISBN
    0-13-629213-5.

    Gazdar, G. and Mellish, C., "Natural Language Processing in Lisp:
    An Introduction to Computational Linguistics", Addison-Wesley,
    Reading, Massachusetts, 1989. (There are three different editions
    of the book, one for Lisp, one for Prolog, and one for Pop-11.)

    Grosz, Barbara J., Sparck-Jones, Karen, and Webber, Bonnie L.,

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 [4-6] Natural Language Processing (NLP)

    "Readings in Natural Language Processing", Morgan Kaufmann
    Publishers, Los Altos, CA, 1986, 664 pages. ISBN 0-934613-11-7, $44.95.

    Klaus K. Obermeier, "Natural Language Processing Technologies
    in Artificial Intelligence: The Science and Industry Perspective",
    John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1989.

    Fernando C.N. Pereira and Barbara Grosz, "Natural Language
    Processing", MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1994. 531 pages, ISBN
    0-262-66092-X ($35).

    Schank, R. and Abelson, R. "Scripts, Plans, Goals, and Understanding,"
    Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, New Jersey, 1977.

    Terry Winograd, "Language as a Cognitive Process", Addison-Wesley,
    Reading, MA, 1983.

Terminology:

    David Crystal, "A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics", 3rd Edition,
    Basil Blackwell Publishers, New York, 1991.

Parsing:

    Dick Grune and Ceriel J.H. Jacobs, "Parsing Techniques -- A Practical
    Guide", Ellis Horwood, Chichester, England, 1990.
    320 pages, ISBN 0-13-651431-6. [Covers most parsing algorithms and
    includes an extensive annotated bibliography.]
    For more information, see http://www.cs.vu.nl/~dick/PTAPG.html or
    ftp://ftp.cs.vu.nl/pub/dick/PTAPG/

    Marcus, M. "A Theory of Syntactic Recognition for Natural Language,"
    The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1980.

    Pereira, F. and Sheiber, S. "Prolog and Natural-Language Analysis,"
    Center for the Study of Language and Information, 1987.

    Tomita, M. (Editor), "Current Issues in Parsing Technology",
    Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, MA, 1991.

    Tomita, M., "An Efficient Context-Free Parsing Algorithm",
    Computational Linguistics 13:31-46, 1987.

Statistical Parsing and Modeling:

    Peter F. Brown and Stephen A. DellaPietra and Vincent
    J. DellaPietra and Jennifer C. Lai and Robert L. Mercer, "An
    Estimate of an Upper Bound for the Entropy of English",
    Computational Linguistics, 18:1 pp31-40, 1992.


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 [4-6] Natural Language Processing (NLP)

    Eugene Charniak, "Statistical Language Learning", MIT Press, 1993.
    [Easy-to-read text, if a bit dated.]

    Eugene Charniak, "Statistical Parsing with a Context-Free Grammar
    and Word Statistics", AAAI, 1997.

    Stanley F. Chen and Joshua T. Goodman, "An Empirical Study of
    Smoothing Techniques for Language Modeling", Proceedings of the
    34th Annual Meeting of the ACL, 1996.

    Michael Collins, "Three Generative, Lexicalised Models for
    Statistical Parsing", Proceedings of the 35th Annual Meeting of the
    ACL, 1997.

    F. Jelinek and J. D. Lafferty and R. L. Mercer, "Basic Methods of
    Probabilistic Context-Free Grammars", Computational Linguistics, 1992/

    K. Lari and S.J. Young, "Applications of Stochastic Context-Free
    Grammars using the Inside-Outside Algorithm", Computer Speech and
    Language 5:237-257, 1991.

    David Magerman, "Natural Language Parsing as Statistical Pattern
    Recognition", PhD thesis, Stanford University, 1994.

    M. Marcus and B. Santorini and M. Marcinkiewicz, "Building a Large
    Annontated Corpus of English: the Penn Treebank", Computational
    Linguistics, 19:2, 1993

    Fernando Pereira and Naftali Tishby and Lillian Lee,
    "Distributional Clustering of English Words", Proceedings of the
    31st Annual Meeting of the ACL, 1993.

    Wright, J., "LR Parsing of Probabilistic Grammars with Input
    Uncertainty for Speech Recognition", Computer Speech and Language
    4:297-323, 1990.

    Zhi Biao Wu, Loke Soo Hsu, and Chew Lim Tan, "A Survey of Statistical
    Approaches to Natural Language Processing", Technical report TRA4/92,
    Department of Information Systems and Computer Science, National
    University of Singapore, 1992

Natural Language Understanding:

    Bertram C. Bruce, "Case systems for natural language", Artificial
    Intelligence 6:327-360, 1975.

    E. Charniak, "Passing Markers: A Theory of Contextual Influence in
    Language Comprehension", Cognitive Science, 7:171-190, 1983.

    Cohen, P. R., Morgan, J. and Pollack, M., editors, "Intentions in


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 [4-6] Natural Language Processing (NLP)

    Communication", MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1990.

    Dyer, M. "In-Depth Understanding: A Computer Model of Integrated
    Processing for Narrative Comprehension," MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1983.

    Grosz, Barbara J. and Sidner, Candace L., "Attention, Intention, and
    the Structure of Discourse", Computational Linguistics 12(3):175-204, 1986.

    Aravind Joshi, Bonnie Webber and Ivan Sag, "Elements of Discourse
    Understanding", Cambridge University Press, New York, 1981.

    Yorick Wilks, "A Preferential, Pattern-Seeking, Semantics For
    Natural Language Inference", Artificial Intelligence, 6:53-74, 1975.

Natural Language Interfaces:

    Raymond C. Perrault and Barbara J. Grosz, "Natural Language
    Interfaces", Annual Review of Computer Science, volume 1, J.F. Traub,
    editor, pages 435-452, Annual Reviews Inc., Palo Alto, CA, 1986.

Natural Language Generation:

    McKeown, Kathleen R. and Swartout, William R., "Language
    Generation and Explanation", in Zock, M. and Sabah, G.,
    editors, Advances in Natural Language Generation, Volume 1, Pages
    1-51, Ablex Publishing Company, Norwood, NJ, 1988. (Overview of
    the state of the art in natural language generation.)

    There are several books published as a result of the international
    workshops on natural language generation.

Machine Translation:

    Bonnie J. Dorr, "Machine Translation: A View from the Lexicon" MIT
    Press, Cambridge, MA 1993. 408 pages, ISBN 0-262-04138-3 ($45).

    Kenneth Goodman and Sergei Nirenburg., editors, "The KBMT Project: A
    Case Study in Knowledge-Based Machine Translation", Morgan Kaufmann
    Publishers, San Mateo, CA, 1991. 331 pages, ISBN 1-558-60129-5, $34.95.

    W. John Hutchins and Harold L. Somers, "An Introduction to Machine
    Translation", Academic Press, San Diego, 1992. 362 pages, ISBN
    0-123-62830-X.

    A review of MT systems on the market appeared in BYTE 18(1), January 1993.
    (can anyone give me a proper citation for this?)

Linguistics:

    Vivian J. Cook, "Chomsky's Universal Grammar: An Introduction", Basil


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[4-6] Natural Language Processing (NLP)

   Blackwell Publisher, New York, 1988, 201 pages.

   Victoria Fromkin and Robert Rodman, "An Introduction to Language",
   Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, New York, 4th edition, 1988, 474 pages.

   Ralph Grishman, "Computational Linguistics: An Introduction",
   Cambridge University Press, New York, 1986, 193 pages. [Mainly parsing.]

   Liliane M.V. Haegeman, "Introduction to Government and Binding
   Theory", Basil Blackwell Publishers, Oxford, 1991, 618 pages.

   Michael A. K. Halliday, "An Introduction to Functional Grammar",
   Edward Arnold, London, 1985.

   Geoffrey C. Horrocks, "Generative Grammar", Longman, London, 1987,
   339 pages.

   Andrew Radford, "Transformational Grammar: A First Course", Cambridge
   University Press, New York, 1988, 625 pages.




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        [4-7] Speech Recognition and Synthesis

Speech Recognition and Synthesis:

    John Allen, Sharon Hunnicut and Dennis H. Klatt, "From Text to Speech:
    The MITalk System", Cambridge University Press, 1987. [Synthesis,
    precursor of DECtalk.]

    Frank Fallside and William A. Woods (editors), "Computer Speech Processing"
    Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1985.

    X. D. Huang, Y. Ariki and M. A. Jack, "Hidden Markov Models for Speech
    Recognition", Edinburgh University Press, 1990. [Analysis]

    A. Nejat Ince (editor), "Digital Speech Processing: Speech Coding,
    Synthesis, and Recognition", Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston,
    1992. [Analysis and Synthesis]

    Dennis H. Klatt, "Review of Text-To-Speech Conversion for English",
    Journal of the Acoustic Society of America (JASA), 82(3):737-793,
    September 1987. [Synthesis. Seminal article; biased toward formant
    synthesis.]

    Kai-Fu Lee, "Automatic Speech Recognition: The Development of the
    SPHINX System", Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, MA, 1989. [Analysis]

    S. E. Levinson, L. R. Rabiner and M. M. Sondhi, "An Introduction to the
    Application of the Theory of Probabilistic Functions of a Markov Process
    to Automatic Speech Recognition" in Bell Syst. Tech. Journal
    62(4):1035-1074, April 1983. [Analysis]

    R. P. Lippmann, "Review of Neural Networks for Speech Recognition",
    Neural Computation, 1(1):1-38, 1989. [Analysis]

    Martin, P., et. al., SpeechActs: A Spoken Language Framework. IEEE
    Computer, 29(7), 1996.

    Douglas O'Shaughnessy, "Speech Communication: Human and Machine"
    Addison-Wesley, MA, 1987. [Analysis and Synthesis]

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 [4-7] Speech Recognition and Synthesis



    Lawrence R. Rabiner and Ronald W. Schafer, "Digital Processing of
    Speech Signals", Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1978.
    [Analysis and Synthesis]

    Lawrence R. Rabiner and Biing-Hwang Juang, "Fundamentals of Speech
    Recognition", Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1993.
    ISBN 0-13-015157-2. [Analysis]

    Ronald W. Schafer and John D. Markel (editors), "Speech Analysis",
    IEEE Press, New York, 1979. [Analysis]

    Alex Waibel and Kai-Fu Lee (editors), "Readings in Speech Recognition"
    Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, San Mateo, CA, 1990, 680 pages.
    ISBN 1-55860-124-4, $49.95. [Analysis]

    Alex Waibel, "Prosody and Speech Recognition", Morgan Kaufmann
    Publishers, San Mateo, CA, 1988. [Analysis]

Speaker Recognition:

    B. S. Atal, "Automatic recognition of speakers from their voices",
    Proc. IEEE, 64:460-475, April 1976.

    G.R. Doddington, "Speaker recognition -- identifying people by their
    voices", Proc. IEEE, 73:1651-1664, March 1985.

    A. E. Rosenberg, "Automatic speaker verification: A review",
    Proc. IEEE, 64:475-487, April 1976.

    A.E. Rosenberg and F.K. Soong, "Recent research in automatic speaker
    recognition," in S. Furui and M. Sondhi, editors, Advances in Speech
    Sigmal Processing, 1991.




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             [4-8] Connectionism and Neural Nets

See the comp.ai.neual-nets faq at:
ftp://ftp.sas.com/pub/neural/FAQ.html
It is more up to date and more complete.

Introductions and Overviews:

    Andy Clark, "Associative Engines: Connectionism, Concepts, and
    Representational Change", MIT Press, Cambridge, MA 1993. 252 pages,
    ISBN 0-262-03210-4.

    Judith Dayhoff, "Neural Network Architectures: An Introduction", Van
    Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1990, 259 pages, ISBN 0-442-20744-1.

    Scott Fahlman and Geoffrey Hinton, "Connectionist Architectures for
    Artificial Intelligence", IEEE Computer 20(1):100-109, January 1987.

    Fausett, L. V., "Fundamentals of Neural Networks: Architectures,
    Algorithms, and Applications", Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1994.
    ISBN 0-13-334186-0.

    Freeman, James A., and Skapura, David M., "Neural Networks:
    Algorithms, Applications and Programming Techniques", Addison Wesley,
    Reading, MA, 1991. 401 pages, ISBN 0-201-51376-5.

    Simon S. Haykin, "Neural Networks: A Comprehensive Foundation",
    Macmillan, New York, 1994. 696 pages, ISBN 0-02352-761-7.

    Hecht-Nielsen, Robert, "Neurocomputing", Addison-Wesley, 1990, 433 pages.
    ISBN 0-201-09355-3.

    John Hertz, Anders Krogh, and Richard G. Palmer, "Introduction to
    the Theory of Neural Computation", Addison-Wesley, 1991. 327 pages,
    ISBN 0-201-51560-1. [Heavy on the math.]

    Geoffrey E. Hinton, "Connectionist Learning Procedures",
    Artificial Intelligence 40(1-3):185-234, 1989. Reprinted in

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 [4-8] Connectionism and Neural Nets

    J. Carbonell, editor, "Machine Learning: Paradigms and Methods",
    MIT Press, 1990. Also appears as Technical Report CMU-CS-87-115
    (version 2), Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, December 1987.

    Kevin Knight, "A gentle introduction to subsymbolic
    computation: Connectionism for the AI researcher". Technical Report
    CMU-CS-89-150, Carnegie Mellon University, School of Computer Science,
    Pittsburgh, PA, May 30, 1989.

    Murray Smith, "Neural Networks For Statistical Modeling", Van
    Nostrand Reinhold, 1993. ISBN 0-442-01310-8 ($40). [Good explanations of
    backpropagation.]

    Wasserman, Phillip D., "Neural Computing: Theory and Practice",
    Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1989. 230 pages, ISBN 0-442-20743-3.

    Rumelhart, D.E, and McClelland, J.L., editors, "Parallel Distributed
    Processing: Explorations in the Microstructure of Cognition" (Vol. 1:
    Foundations; Vol. 2: Psychological and Biological Models), Cambridge,
    MA: MIT Press, 1986. (See also McClelland, J.L. and D.E. Rumelhart,
    "Explorations in Parallel Distributed Processing, A Handbook of Models,
    Programs, and Exercises", MIT Press, Cambridge, 1988, 344 pages, for
    a companion volume with some code.]

Connectionist Language Processing:

    See the special issue of _Connection Science_, Volume 2 Numbers 1-2, 1990.
    Also the Hinton collection "Connectionist Symbol Processing", above.

    Ronan G. Reilly and Noel E. Sharkey, editors, "Connectionist
    approaches to natural language processing", Lawrence Erlbaum
    Associates, 1992. 472 pages, ISBN 0-863-77179-3. [Paper collection.]

Connectionist Cognitive Science:

    Barnden, J.A., and Pollack, J.B., "Advances in Connectionist and Neural
    Computation Theory Vol. 1: High-Level Connectionist Models", Ablex, 1991.

    McCloskey, M., "Networks and theories: The place of connectionism in
    cognitive science", Psychological Science 2:387-395, 1991.

    Quinlan, P., "Connectionism and Psychology: A Psychological Perspective on
    New Connectionist Research", University of Chicago Press, 1991.

    Waltz, D., and Feldman, J.A., editors, "Connectionist Models and their
    Implications: Readings from _Cognitive Science_", Ablex, 1988.

Philosophical Foundations:



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[4-8] Connectionism and Neural Nets

   Clark, A., "Microcognition: Philosophy, Cognitive Science, and Parallel
   Distributed Processing", MIT Press, 1989.

   Pinker, S., and Mehler, J, editors, "Connections and Symbols", MIT Press,
   1988. [Was Cognition special issue Volume 28, 1988]




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                                   [4-9] Machine Learning

General:

    Tom Mitchell, "Machine Learning", McGraw Hill, 1997.

    Christopher Bishop, "Neural Networks for Pattern Recognition", Oxford
    University Press, 1996. ISBN 0-19-853849-9 Hardback, ISBN 0-19-853864-2
    Paperback.

    J. G. Carbonell, editor, "Machine Learning: Paradigms and Methods", MIT
    Press, Cambridge, MA 1990.

    Alan Hutchinson, "Algorithmic Learning", Oxford University Press,
    Oxford, England, 1994. 434 pages, ISBN 0-19-853848-0 paper (27.50
    Sterling), ISBN 0-19-853766-2 hardcover (55.00 Sterling). Corrections and
    additions are available by anonymous ftp from
       dcs.kcl.ac.uk:/ftp/pub/alg-learn/ [137.73.8.10]

    Tom Mitchell, Jaime G. Carbonell, and Ryszard S. Michalski,
    "Machine Learning: A guide to current research", Kluwer Academic
    Publishers, Boston, 1986. [A bit out of date.]

    Jude W. Shavlik and Thomas D. Dietterich, editors, "Readings in
    Machine Learning", Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 1990, 853 pages.
    ISBN 1-55860-143-0, $49.95.

Reinforcement Learning
   General:
   Sutton, R.S. and Barto, A.G. (1998) Reinforcement Learning: An
   introduction. MIT Press, Cambridge Mass.

    Games:
    Tesauro, G (1992) Practical issues in temporal difference
    learning. Machine Learning, 8(3-4):257-277.

    Lee, K.-F., and Mahajan S. (1988) A pattern classification approach to

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 [4-9] Machine Learning

    evaluation function learning. Artificial Intelligence, 36(1):1-26

Support Vector Machines
   N. Cristianini and J. Shawe-Taylor, "An Introduction To Support
   Vector Machines", Cambridge University Press,
   2000. (www.support-vector.net)

Decision Trees:

    Quinlan, J. Ross, "Induction of Decision Trees", Machine Learning
    1(1):81-106, 1986.

    Quinlan, J. Ross, "C4.5: Programs for Machine Learning", Morgan Kaufmann
    Publishers, 1992. ISBN 1-55860-238-0. $44.95 US, $49.45 International.
    For a slight additional charge ($25), the book comes with software (ISBN
    1-55860-240-2). For software only, (ISBN 1-55860-239-9) $34.95 US,
    $38.45 International.

Probabilistic Clustering:

    Fisher, D.H., "Knowledge Acquisition Via Incremental Conceptual
    Clustering", Machine Learning 2:139-172, 1987. (Probabilistic
    clustering methods.)

    Clancey, W.J., "Classification Problem Solving", Proceedings of the
    National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 49-55, Los Altos, CA,
    Morgan Kaufmann. 1984.

Version Spaces:

    Tom M. Mitchell, "Generalization as Search", Artificial Intelligence
    18:203-226, 1982.

Machine Discovery:

    Langley, P., and Zytkow, J. M., "Data-driven approaches to empirical
    discovery", Artificial Intelligence 40:283-312, 1989.

    Langley, P., Simon, H.A., Bradshaw, G.L., and Zytkow, J.M.,
    "Scientific Discovery: Computational Explorations of the Creative
    Processes", MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1987.

    Langley, P., Simon, H.A. and Bradshaw, G.L., "Heuristics for
    Empirical Discovery", in L. Bolc, editor, Computational Models
    of Learning, Springer-Verlag, 1987. Also appears as CMU CS
    Tech Report CMU-CS-84-14.

Chunking:


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 [4-9] Machine Learning

    Laird J.E., Rosenbloom, P.S. and Newell, A., "Chunking in SOAR: The
    Anatomy of a General Learning Mechanism", Machine Learning
    1:1-46, 1986.

Explanation-Based Learning:

    Mitchell, Tom M., Keller, R. M., and Kedar-Cabelli, S. T.,
    "Explanation-based learning: A unified view", Machine Learning
    1:47-80, 1986.

Derivational Analogy:

    Carbonell, J. G., "Derivational analogy: A theory of
    reconstructive problem solving and expertise acquisition." In R.S.
    Michalski, Jaime G. Carbonell, and Tom M. Mitchell, editors, Machine
    Learning: An Artificial Intelligence Approach, Morgan Kaufmann
    Publishers, San Mateo, CA, 1986.

Theoretical Results:

    Haussler, D., "Quantifying Inductive Bias: AI Learning
    Algorithms and Valiant's Learning Framework", Artificial Intelligence,
    36:177-221, 1988.

    Leslie G. Valiant, "A theory of the learnable", Communications
    of the ACM, 27(11):1134--1142, 1984.




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                     [4-10] Case-Based Reasoning

    Brigitte Bartsch-Speroel, Hans-Dieter Burkhard, Stefan Wess (Eds.):
    Case-Based Reasoning Technology: From Foundations to Applications.
    Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 1400, Springer Verlag, 1998 -

    Ian Watson: Applying Case-Based Reasoning: Techniques for Enterprise
    Systems, Morgan Kaufman 1997 (for an industry view)

    Leake, D., Ed., "Case-Based Reasoning: Experiences, Lessons, and
    Future Directions", AAAI Press/MIT Press, 1996.

    Janet Kolodner, "Case-Based Reasoning", Morgan Kaufmann
    Publishers, San Mateo, CA, 1993, 612 pages, ISBN 1-55860-237-2,
    $54.95.

    Janet L. Kolodner, editor, "Special issue on Case-Based Reasoning",
    Machine Learning 10(3), 1993.

    Roger C. Schank and C. Riesbeck, "Inside Case-Based Reasoning",
    Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, 1989.

    Roger C. Schank, Alex Kass, and Christopher K. Riesbeck, "Inside
    Case-Based Explanation", Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, 1994. 416
    pages, ISBN 0-8058-1029-3.

    Craig Stanfill and David Waltz, "Toward Memory-Based
    Reasoning", Communications of the ACM, 29(12):1213-1228,
    December 1986. (Memory-based reasoning.)




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[4-11] Genetic Algorithms

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                            [4-11] Genetic Algorithms

For an extended bibliography, see the FAQ posting for comp.ai.genetic.
http://www.cs.purdue.edu/coast/archive/clife/FAQ/www/

Overviews:

    L. B. Booker, D.E. Goldberg and J.H. Holland, "Classifier Systems and
    Genetic Algorithms", Artificial Intelligence 40(1-3):235-282,
    September 1989.

    David E. Goldberg, "Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization, and
    Machine Learning", Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1989, 412 pages.
    ISBN 0-201-15767-5.

    Davis, Lawrence (editor), "Handbook of Genetic Algorithms", Van
    Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1991, ISBN 0-442-00173-8.

    D.B. Fogel, "An Introduction to Simulated Evolutionary Optimization",
    IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks 5(1):3-14, 1994.
       [Survey of evolutionary computation, including genetic
        algorithms, evolution strategies and evolutionary programming.]

    M. Srinivas and Lalit M. Patnaik, "Genetic Algorithms: A Survey",
    IEEE Computer 27(6):17-26, July 1994.

    Jose L. Ribeiro Filho, Philip C. Treleaven, and Cesare Alippi,
    "Genetic-Algorithm Programming Environments", IEEE Computer
    27(6):28-43, July 1994.

See also [4-15] Artificial Life and Cellular Automata.




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[4-11] Genetic Algorithms


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           [4-12] Production Systems, Expert
             Systems and Match Algorithms

See the Expert System Shells FAQ.
http://www.cs.cmu.edu/Web/Groups/AI/html/faqs/ai/expert/part1/faq.html




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 [4-13] Integrated AI Architectures

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                  [4-13] Integrated AI Architectures

     Kurt VanLehn, editor, "Architectures for Intelligence",
     Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, 1991.

SOAR:

     John E. Laird, Allen Newell, and Paul S. Rosenbloom, "SOAR: An
     Architecture for General Intelligence", Artificial
     Intelligence, 33(1):1-64, 1987.

     Paul S. Rosenbloom, John E. Laird, and Allen Newell, editors, "The
     SOAR Papers", MIT Press, 1993. 1,510 pages in 2 volumes,
     ISBN 0-262-68071-8 paper ($65).

PRODIGY:

     Steven Minton, Jaime G. Carbonell, Craig A. Knoblock,
     Daniel R. Kuokka, Oren Etzioni, and Yolanda Gil.
     "Explanation-based learning: A problem solving perspective".
     Technical Report CMU-CS-89-103, Carnegie Mellon University,
     School of Computer Science, Pittsburgh, PA, 1989.

THEO:

     Tom M. Mitchell, J. Allen, P. Chalasani, J. Cheng, Oren Etzioni,
     Marc Ringuette, and Jeffrey Schlimmer, "THEO: A Framework for
     Self-Improving Systems", in Kurt VanLehn, editor, Architectures for
     Intelligence, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, 1991.

Subsumption Architectures:

     Brooks, R., "A Robust Layered Control System for a Mobile Robot",
     IEEE Journal of Robotics and Automation, RA-2, pages 14-23, April 1986.




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[4-13] Integrated AI Architectures




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                                          [4-14] Fuzzy Logic

Introductions/Textbooks:

     Earl Cox, "The Fuzzy Systems Handbook: A Practitioner's Guide to
     Building, Using, and Maintaining Fuzzy Systems", Academic Press,
     Boston, MA 1994. 615 pages, ISBN 0-12-194270-8 ($49.95). [Includes
     disk with ANSI C++ source code.]

     Klir, George J. and Folger, Tina A., "Fuzzy Sets, Uncertainty, and
     Information", Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1988, 355 pages.
     ISBN 0-13-345984-5

     Kosko, B., "Neural Networks and Fuzzy Systems", Prentice Hall,
     Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1992.

     Zimmermann, Hans J., "Fuzzy Set Theory and its Applications",
     Boston, MA, Kluwer-Nijhoff Publishing, 1985. [Discusses fuzzy set
     theory but not much about fuzzy control.]

     Earl Cox, "The Fuzzy Systems Handbook: A Practitioner's Guide to
     Building, Using, and Maintaining Fuzzy Systems", Academic Press,
     Boston, MA 1994. 615 pages, ISBN 0-12-194270-8 ($49.95). [Includes
     disk with ANSI C++ source code.]

Readings:

     Didier Dubois, Henri Prade, and Ronald R. Yager, editors,
     "Readings in Fuzzy Sets for Intelligent Systems", Morgan Kaufmann
     Publishers, 1993. 916 pages, ISBN 1-55860-257-7 paper ($49.95).

     R. Yager and L. Zadeh, editors, "An Introduction to Fuzzy Logic:
     Applications in Intelligent Systems" Kluwer, 1992. $90. [Collection of
     papers about fuzzy applications.]



 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-15.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:42:55]
 [4-14] Fuzzy Logic

Papers:

     Zadeh, L.A., "Fuzzy Sets," Information and Control, 8, 338-353, 1965.

     Brubaker, D.I., "Fuzzy-logic Basics: Intuitive Rules Replace
     Complex Math," EDN, June 18, 1992.

     Schwartz, D.G. and Klir, G.J., "Fuzzy Logic Flowers in Japan,"
     IEEE Spectrum, July 1992.




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    [4-15] Artificial Life and Cellular Automata

The best source for information is the proceedings of the Artificial
Life conferences. The proceedings were edited by Christopher G.
Langton and published by Addison-Wesley.

    Langton, Chris G., editor, "Artificial Life" (Proceedings of the First
    International Conference '87), Addison-Wesley, 1989. ISBN 0-201-09356-1.

    Langton, C.G., Taylor, C., Farmer, J.D., and Rasmussen, S., editors,
    "Artificial Life II", Addison-Wesley, 1991. ISBN 0-201-52751-2.

    Langton, C.G., editor, "Artificial Life III", Addison-Wesley, 1994.
    ISBN 0-201-62494-X.

Artificial Life:

    Levy, S., "Artificial Life", Pantheon, New York, 1992. ISBN 0-679-40774-X.
    [An excellent popularization]

    Przemyslaw Prusinkiewicz and Aristid Lindenmayer, "The Algorithmic
    Beauty of Plants", Springer-Verlag, 1990. 228 pages, ISBN
    0-387-97297-8 hardcover ($40).

See also [4-11] Genetic Algorithms.




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[4-15] Artificial Life and Cellular Automata




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[4-16] Qualitative Physics and Model Based Reasoning

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        [4-16] Qualitative Physics and Model
                 Based Reasoning

QP Theory:
   Forbus, K. D., Qualitative Process Theory, Artificial Intelligence,
   24:85-168, 1984.

QSIM:
   Kuipers, B., Qualitative Reasoning with Causal Models in
   Diagnosis of Complex Systems, In D. S. Weld & J. deKleer, editors,
   Readings in Qualitative Reasoning about Physical Systems,
   pages 257-274, chapter 10, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 1989.

MBR-based Diagnosis:
   Davis, R., Diagnostic Reasoning Based on Structure and Behavior,
   Artificial Intelligence, 24:347-410, 1984.

Function-based MBR:
   Sticklen, J., Chandrasekaran, B., & Bond, W.
   Distributed Causal Reasoning. Knowledge Acquisition, 1:139-162, 1989.




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[4-16] Qualitative Physics and Model Based Reasoning




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[4-17] Task-specific Architectures for Problem Solving

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      [4-17] Task-specific Architectures for
                Problem Solving

Generic Tasks:
    Chandrasekaran, B., Towards a Functional Architecture for
    Intelligence Based on Generic Information Processing Tasks, In
    IJCAI-87, pages 1183-1192, Milan, 1987.

Components of Expertise:
    Steels, L., The Components of Expertise. AI Magazine, Summer, 1990.

KADS:
    Breuker, J., & Wielinga, B., Models of Expertise in Knowledge
    Acquisition, in G. Guida & C. Tasso, editors, Topics in
    Expert Systems Design: Methodologies and Tools, Amsterdam:
    North Holland Publishing Company, 1989.

Role-limiting Methods:
    McDermott, J., Preliminary Steps Toward a Taxonomy of
    Problem-Solving Methods, in S. Marcus, editor, Automating
    Knowledge Acquisition for Expert Systems, pages 225-255,
    Boston: Kluver Academic Publishers, 1988.




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[4-17] Task-specific Architectures for Problem Solving

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       [4-18] Automated Deduction/Theorem
                     Proving

    Alan Bundy, "The Computer Modelling of Mathematical Reasoning",
    Academic Press, 1983. [Contains Prolog code for a simple
    resolution-based theorem prover.]

    C. Chang and R.C. Lee, "Symbolic Logic and Mechanical Theorem
    Proving", Academic Press, 1973.

    David Duffy, "Principles of Automated Theorem Proving", John
    Wiley and Sons, 1991.

    Larry Wos and Ross Overbeek and Ewing Lusk and Jim Boyle,
    "Automated Reasoning. Introduction and Applications", Second Edition,
    McGraw-Hill, 1992.

    Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Automated
    Deduction (CADE-11), D. Kapur (editor), Saratoga Springs, NY, USA,
    June 15-18, 1992, Lecture Notes in AI 607, Springer-Verlag, 1992, 793
    pages. ISBN 0-387-55602-8 and 3-540-55602-8.
     [The CADE proceedings have a systems abstracts section with short
      descriptions of implemented systems, many of which are available
      by anonymous ftp.]




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                      [4-19] Probabilistic Reasoning

     R.O. Duda, P.E. Hart, and N.J. Nilsson, "Subjective Bayesian Methods
     for Rule-Based Inference Systems", In Proceedings of the 1976 National
     Computer Conference, pages 1075-1082, AFIPS, 1976.

     Neapolitan, Richard E., "Probabilistic Reasoning in Expert Systems:
     Theory and Algorithms", John Wiley and Sons, 1990. [Practical guide
     to implementation.]

     Oliver, Robert M., and Smith, James Q., editors, "Influence Diagrams,
     Belief Nets and Decision Analysis", John Wiley and Sons, 1990.

     Pearl, Judea, "Probabilistic Reasoning in Intelligent Systems:
     Networks of Plausible Inference", Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo,
     California, 1988. [Theoretical framework for Bayesian networks]

     Shafer, Glenn, and Pearl, Judea, "Readings in Uncertain Reasoning",
     Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo, California, 1990. 768 pages,
     ISBN 1-55860-125-2 paper ($49.95).

     Charniak, Eugene, "Bayesian Networks without tears", AI Magazine
     12(4):50-63, Winter 1991. [Intro to Bayesian networks for beginners]

Abduction & Uncertainty:

     Charniak, E., "Motivation analysis, abductive unification, and
     nonmonotonic equality", Artifical Intelligence 34:275-95.

     Hobbs, J., et al., "Interpretation as abduction", SRI AI TR #499.

     Kass, A., "Adaptation-based explanation", 11th IJCAI, pages 141-47.

Current Research:

     Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence [2|3|4|5], North-Holland.

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-20.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:43:00]
 [4-19] Probabilistic Reasoning



     Proceedings of the Nth Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial
     Intelligence, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.

See also:

       [4-9], Machine learning.




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[4-20] Nonmonotonic Reasoning and Truth
        Maintenance Systems (TMS)

   Matthew L. Ginsberg, "Readings in Nonmonotonic Reasoning",
   Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo, CA, 1987.

   Reiter, Ray, "Nonmonotonic Reasoning", Annual Review of Computer
   Science, 2:147-186, 1987. (Appears in Ginsberg.)

   Doyle, J., "Truth Maintenance Systems", Artificial Intelligence,
   12(3):231-272, 1979.

   Reiter, Raymond and de Kleer, Johan, "Foundations of Assumption-Based
   Truth Maintenance Systems: Preliminary Report", Proceedings of AAAI-87,
   pages 183-188.

   J.P. Martins, "The Truth, The Whole Truth And Nothing But the Truth:
   An Indexed Bibliography to the Literature of TMS's", AI Magazine
   (Special Issue), AAAI, 1990.

   De Kleer, J., "An assumption-based TMS", Artificial Intelligence
   28:127-162, 1986.
   De Kleer, J., "Extending the ATMS", Artificial Intelligence
   28:163-196, 1986.
   De Kleer, J., "Problem Solving with the ATMS", Artificial Intelligence
   28:197-224, 1986.

   De Kleer, J., "A comparison of ATMS and CSP techniques", IJCAI 1989,
   pages 290-296.

   Kenneth D. Forbus and Johan de Kleer, "Building Problem Solvers",
   MIT Press, Cambridge, MA 1994, 700 pages, $50. ISBN 0-262-06157-0.
   [Good textbook.]

   Proceedings of AAAI 1988.

http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-21.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:43:00]
[4-20] Nonmonotonic Reasoning and Truth Maintenance Systems (TMS)



   Alex Kean and George Tsiknis, "Assumption based Reasoning and Clause
   Management Systems", Computational Intelligence 8(1):1-24, 1992.

   Alex Kean and George Tsiknis, "Clause Management Systems (CMS)",
   Computational Intelligence 9(1):11-40, 1993.

   Martins, Joao, & Shapiro, Stuart C., "A Model for Belief Revision,"
   Artificial Intelligence 35:25-79 1988.

   Martins & Reinfrank (eds), "Truth Maintenance Systems", published
   by Springer Verlag in their 'Lecture Notes in Computer Science'
   series, 1991.

   Reinfrank, M., Dressler, O. and Brewka, G., On the Relation
   Between Truth Maintenance and Autoepistemic Logic, IJCAI 1989.

   Selman, B. and Levesque, H.J., "Abductive and Default Reasoning: A
   Computational Core", Proceedings of AAAI-90.




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             [4-21] Robotics and Computer Vision

Introductions (Robotics):

    Robin Murphy, "Introduction to AI Robotics", MIT Press, 2000.

    Gregory Dudek, Michael Jenkin, "Computational Principles of Mobile
    Robotics", Cambridge University Press, 2000.

    John J. Craig, "Introduction to Robotics", Addison-Wesley,
    Reading, MA, 1989.

    Joseph L. Jones, and Anita M. Flynn, "Mobile Robots: Inspiration to
    Implementation", A.K. Peters, Publisher, Wellesley, MA, 1993. 349
    pages, $39.95. ISBN 1-56881-011-3.

    [Two papers in the Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence are relevant:
        Path planning and obstacle avoidance, pages 708-715
        Mobile robots, pages 957-961]

Introductions (Vision):

    David Marr, "Vision: a computational investigation into the human
    representation and processing of visual information", W.H. Freeman,
    San Francisco, CA, 1982. [The classic text, still good.]

    Berthold K.P. Horn, "Robot Vision", MIT Press and McGraw-Hill,
    Cambridge, MA, 1986. 509 pages. ISBN 0-2620-815-98 (MIT Press),
    0-0703-034-95 (McGraw-Hill).

    Vicki Bruce and Patrick R. Green, "Visual Perception: Physiology,
    Psychology and Ecology", 2nd Edition, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates,
    Hillsdale, NJ, 1990. ISBN 0-86377-146-7.

    Martin D. Levine, "Vision in Man and Machine", McGraw-Hill, New York, 1985.

    Roger Watt, "Visual Processing: computational, psychophysical, and
    cognitive research", Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, 1988,
    152 pages.

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-22.html (1 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:43:01]
 [4-21] Robotics and Computer Vision



    Harry Wechsler, "Computation Vision", Academic Press, Boston, MA,
    1990, 558 pages.

    E. Bruce Goldstein, "Sensation and Perception", 3rd edition,
    Wadsworth, Belmont CA, 1989, 598 pages, ISBN 0-534-09672-7. [Emphasis
    on the physiological aspects of visual perception.]

    Linda G. Shapiro and Azriel Rosenfeld, "Computer Vision and Image
    Processing", Academic Press, Boston, MA 1992, 623 pages.

    [One paper in the Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence is relevant:
        Sensors, pages 1031-1036]

Surveys (Vision):

    Michael I. Jordan (editor), "Learning in Graphical Models", MIT Press,
    1998, 648 pages, ISBN 0-262-60032-3.

    J. Michael Brady, "Computational approaches to image understanding",
    ACM Computing Surveys 14(1):3-71, March 1982. (Survey of methods in
    computer vision.)

Paper Collections:

    Martin A. Fischler and Oscar Firschein, editors, "Readings in
    Computer Vision", Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo, CA, 1987.

    Michael S. Landy and Anthony J. Movshon, "Computational Models of
    Visual Processing", MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1991, 394 pages.
    [Collection of research papers.]

Miscellaneous:

    The 6.270 Robot Builder's Guide, by Fred Martin. Available by
    anonymous ftp from
       kame.media.mit.edu:/pub/fredm/README [18.85.0.45]
       cherupakha.media.mit.edu:/pub/6270/docs/ [18.85.0.47]
    This directory contains "The 6.270 Robot Builder's Guide", the
    course notes to the 1992 MIT LEGO Robot Design Competition. For
    more information, contact Fred Martin <fredm@media.mit.edu>.




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[4-21] Robotics and Computer Vision




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     [4-22] Animats and Autonomous Agents:

    Pfeifer and Scheier, "Understanding Intelligence", MIT Press, 2000.

    R. Beer, "Intelligence as Adaptive Behavior. An Experiment in
    Computational Neuroethology", Academic Press, San Diego, 1990.
    ISBN: 0-12-084730-2

    V. Braitenberg, "Vehicles: Experiments in Synthetic
    Psychology". MIT Press, Cambridge, MA. 1984. ISBN 0-262-02208-7

    Rodney A. Brooks, "A Robust Layered Control System for a Mobile
    Robot", IEEE Journal of Robotics and Automation, 2:14-23, 1986.

    Rodney A. Brooks, "A Robot that Walks: Emergent Behaviour from a
    Carefully Evolved Network", Neural Computation, 1(2), 1989.

    W. Lim and J. Eilbert, "Plan-behaviour interaction in autonomous
    navigation", Proceedings of the SPIE, 1388:464-475, 1991.

    Pattie Maes and Rodney A. Brooks, "Learning to Coordinate Behaviours",
    Proceedings of AAAI-90, 1990.

    Pattie Maes, "Designing Autonomous Agents: Theory and Practice from
    Biology to Engineering and Back", MIT Press, 1991.

    T. Tyrrell, "The Use of Hierarchies for Action Selection", From
    animals to animats2: Proceedings of the Second International
    Conference on Simulation of Adaptive Behavior, 1993.

    T. Tyrrell, "Computational Mechanism for Action Selection", PhD
    Thesis University of Edinburgh, 1993.

Animals to Animats Conferences:

    Jean-Arcady Meyer and Stewart W. Wilson, "From Animals to Animats:
    Proceedings of the First International Conference on Simulation of


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-23.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:43:01]
[4-22] Animats and Autonomous Agents:

   Adaptive Behavior (1990, Paris, France)", MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1991.
   551 pages, $55, ISBN 0-262-63138-5.

   Jean-Arcady Meyer, Herbert L. Roitblat, and Stewart W. Wilson,
   editors, "From Animals to Animats: Proceedings of the Second
   International Conference on Simulation of Adaptive Behavior", MIT
   Press, Cambridge, MA, 1993. 523 pages, $55, ISBN 0-262-63149-0.

   Francisco J. Varela and Paul Bourgine, editors, "Toward a Practice of
   Autonomous Systems: Proceedings of the First European Conference on
   Artificial Life", Complex Adaptive Systems Series, MIT Press,
   Cambridge, MA, 1992. 515 pages, $55.00, ISBN 0-262-72019-1.




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[4-23] Distributed AI

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                                     [4-23] Distributed AI

Annotated Bibliography:

    B. Chaib-draa, R. Mandiau, and P. Millot, "Distributed Artificial
    Intelligence, An Annotated Bibliography", SIGART Bulletin
    3(3):20-37, August 1992.

Collections:

    Alan H. Bond and Les Gasser, "Readings in Distributed
    Artificial Intelligence", Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo, CA, 1988.

    Les Gasser and Michael N. Huhns, eds., "Distributed
    Artificial Intelligence, Volume II", Morgan Kaufmann, 1989.

    Michael N. Huhns, ed., "Distributed Artificial
    Intelligence", Morgan Kaufmann, 1987.

    M. Wooldridge and N. R. Jennings, eds., "Intelligent Agents",
    Springer-Verlag, 1995. (Lecture Notes in AI Vol 890)

    (Special Issue on Distributed AI) IEEE Transactions on
    Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Vol. 11, No. 1, Jan 1981.

    (Special Issue on Distributed AI---10 years later) IEEE
    Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Vol. 21,
    No. 6, Nov/Dec 1991.

    Decentralized                 Artificial Intelligence, Y. Demazeau ed. 1990,
    Decentralized                 AI 2, Demazeau, Y. & Muller, J-P, eds. 1991,
    Decentralized                 AI 3, Werner & Demazeau eds. 1992,
    all published                 by Elsevier Science Publishers .


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[4-23] Distributed AI

    (Special Issue on Intelligent and Cooperative Problem Solving)
    International Journal of Intelligent & Cooperative Information
    Systems, Vol. 1, No. 2, June 1992.

    (Special Issue on Distributed AI) Group Decision and
    Negotiation, Vol. 2, No. 3, 1993.

    (Special Issue on Mathematical and Computational Models of
    Organizations: Models and Characteristics of Agent Behavior)
    International Journal of Intelligent Systems in Accounting,
    Finance, and Management, Vol 2., No. 4, December 1993.

    (Special issue on Intelligent Agents and Multi-Agent Systems)
    Journal of Applied Artificial Intelligence,
    9(4) July/August 1995 (part I), and 10(1), January/February 1995
    (part 2).




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[4-24] User/Agent Modeling

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                       [4-24] User/Agent Modeling

    Afzal Ballim and Yorick Wilks, "Artifical Believers", Lawrence
    Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, 1991. ISBN 0-8058-0453-6.
    Contains a 92 page background section on belief modeling in AI,
    Philosophy, NLP and Linguistics.

    Kobsa, A. & Wahlster, W. (1989) "User Models in Dialog Systems."
    Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg.

    Rapaport, William J., "Belief Representation Systems", in S. C.
    Shapiro (ed.), Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence, 2nd edition
    John Wiley, New York, pages 98-110, 1992.

See also the journal User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction in
part 3 of the AI FAQ.




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[4-24] User/Agent Modeling


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[4-25] Philosophy of AI

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                                   [4-25] Philosophy of AI

   Margaret A. Boden, editor, "The Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence",
   Oxford University Press, New York, 1990, 452 pages.

   Margaret A. Boden, "Artificial Intelligence and Natural Man",
   Harvester Press and Basic Books, 1977. 2nd edition, MIT Press, 1986.

   Leslie Burkholder, editor, "Philosophy and the Computer", Westview
   Press, Boulder, CO, 1992.

   Robert Cummins and John Pollock, editors, "Philosophy and AI:                                           Essays
   at the Interface", MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1991.

   Daniel C. Dennett, "Consciousness explained", 1st edition, Little,
   Brown and Company, Boston, 1991, 511 pages, $27.95.

   Daniel C. Dennett, "Brainstorms", Harvester Press, 1978.

   Hubert L. Dreyfus, "What computers can't do: a critique of artificial
   reason", Harper and Row, Publishers, New York, 1972. ISBN 0-06011082-1

   James H. Fetzer, editor, "Aspects of Artificial Intelligence",
   Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Holland, 1988.

   John Haugeland, "Artificial Intelligence: The very idea", MIT Press,
   Cambridge, MA, 1985, 287 pages.

   John Haugeland, editor, "Mind Design: Philosophy, Psychology,
   Artificial Intelligence", MIT Press, Cambridge, MA 1981, 368 pages.

   Douglas R. Hofstadter and Daniel C. Dennett, "The Mind's I:
   Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul", Basic Books, New
   York, 1981, 501 pages, $15.50.

   Douglas R. Hofstadter, "Godel Escher Bach: Eternal Golden Braid",
   Harvester Press, and Penguin books, 1979.



http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-26.html (1 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:43:03]
 [4-25] Philosophy of AI

    Kirsh, D., editor, "Foundations of Artificial Intelligence, Special
    issues of Artificial Intelligence", The MIT Press, 1991. Reprinted
    from Artificial Intelligence 47(1--3), 1991.

    D. McDermott, "Artificial Intelligence Meets Natural Stupidity," in
    Mind Design: Philosophy, Psychology, Artificial Intelligence, J.
    Haugeland, editor, chapter 5, pp. 143-160, MIT Press, 1981.

    Hans Moravec, "Mind Children: The future of robot and human intelligence",
    Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1988, 214 pages.

    Roger Penrose, "The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning computers,
    minds, and the laws of physics", Oxford University Press, New York,
    1989, 466 pages, $30. [A summary appears in The Behavioral and Brain
    Sciences, 13(4):643-705, 1990, accompanied by an extended set of
    commentaries and a reply by Penrose. See also Aaron Sloman, "The
    emperor's real mind: Review of Roger Penrose's `The Emperor's New
    Mind: Concerning computers minds and the laws of physics'",
    Artificial Intelligence 56:355-396, 1992.]

    John R Searle, `Minds Brains and Programs' in The Behavioral and
    Brain Sciences, 3(3), 1980. [This article presents Searle's
    "chinese room" argument. There's also an extended set of
    commentaries and reply by Searle.]

    H.A. Simon, "Sciences of the Artificial", 2nd Edition, MIT Press, 1981.

    A.M. Turing, "Computing Machinery And Intelligence," Mind, vol. LIX,
    no. 236, 1950. Reprinted in "Computers and Thought", Feigenbaum &
    Feldman (eds.), 1963. Also reprinted in "The Mind's I", Hofstadter &
    Dennett (eds.). Also reprinted in "Readings in Cognitive Science",
    Collins & Smith (eds.), section 1.1.

In addition to the references cited above, there is also a fair amount
of philosophical discussion in R.J. Brachman and H.J. Levesque,
editors, "Readings in Knowledge Representation", Morgan Kaufmann, 1985.




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[4-26] Cyc.

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                                                     [4-26] Cyc.

Cyc is a project begun MCC and spun off into its own company, with the
aim to build an enCYClopedic database and reasoning engine for common
sense knowledge. There is now an open source version of Cyc. See
section 6 of the FAQ.

    Lenat, D. B. "Cyc: A Large-Scale Investment in Knowledge
    Infrastructure." Communications of the ACM 38, no. 11 (1995)

    Lenat, D. B. "Steps to Sharing Knowledge." In Toward Very Large
    Knowledge Bases, edited by N.J.I. Mars. IOS Press, 1995.

    R.V. Guha and Douglas B. Lenat, "Enabling agents to work together",
    CACM 37(7):127-142, 1994.

    "CYC", AI Magazine 1986, 7(1), 1986.

    "Cyc: A Mid-Term Report," AI Magazine, 11(3):32-59, Fall 1990.

    "Cyc: Toward Programs With Common Sense," CACM, 33(8):30-49,
    August 1990.

    "Knowledge and Natural Language Processing," CACM, Aug 1990.

    "When will machines learn?," Machine Learning, 4(3-4):255-257,
    December 1989.

    Douglas B. Lenat and R.V. Guha, "Building Large Knowledge-Based
    Systems", Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1990. ISBN 0-201-51752-3.

For a critique of Cyc, see Stefik and Smoliar, "The Commonsense
Reviews", Artificial Intelligence 61(1):37-40 1993.


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[4-26] Cyc.




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               [4-27] Constraint-based Scheduling

Operations Research books:

    Kenneth R. Baker, "Introduction to Sequencing and Scheduling",
    John Wiley and Sons, 1974.

    Jacques Carlier and Philippe Chretienne, "Problemes d'ordonnancement:
    Modelisation / Complexite / Algorithmes", Masson, 1988.

    Edward G. Coffman Jr., editor, "Computers and Job-Shop Scheduling
    Theory", John Wiley and Sons, 1976.

Review articles:

    Stephen C. Graves, "A Review of Production Scheduling",
    Operations Research, 29(4):646-675, 1981.

    Karl G. Kempf, "Manufacturing Planning and Scheduling: Where We Are
    and Where We Need To Be", Proceedings of the IEEE International
    Conference on Artificial Intelligence Applications, Miami, Florida, 1989.

    Karl Kempf, Claude Le Pape, Stephen F. Smith and Barry R. Fox, "Issues
    in the Design of AI-Based Schedulers: A Workshop Report", AI Magazine,
    11(5):37-46, 1991.

    Karl Kempf, Bruce Russell, Sanjiv Sidhu and Stu Barrett, "AI-Based
    Schedulers in Manufacturing Practice: Report of a Panel Discussion",
    AI Magazine, 11(5):46-55, 1991.

    Mitchell S. Steffen, "A Survey of Artificial Intelligence-Based
    Scheduling Systems", Proceedings of the Fall Industrial Engineering
    Conference, Boston, MA, 1986.

Miscellaneous:

    S.H. Clearwater, B.A. Huberman, and T. Hogg, "Cooperative solution of


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-28.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:43:05]
[4-27] Constraint-based Scheduling

   constraint satisfaction problems", Science 254(5035):1181-1183,
   November 22, 1991.

   Mark S. Fox and Norman Sadeh, "Why is scheduling difficult? A CSP
   perspective." In Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Artificial
   Intelligence (ECAI-90), pages 754-767, 1990.

   P. J. M. Val Laarhoven, E. H. L. Aarts, and J. K. Lenstra, "Job shop
   scheduling by simulated annealing", Operations Research 40(1):113-125,
   January-February 1992.




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                                        [4-28] Music and AI

   Mira Balaban, Kemal Ebcioglu, and Otto Laske, editors, "Understanding
   Music with AI: Perspectives on Music Cognition", MIT Press, Cambridge,
   MA, 1992. 512 pages, ISBN 0-262-52170-9, $39.95.

   David Cope, "Computers and Musical Style", A-R Editions, Madison, WS,
   1991. 246 pages, ISBN 0-895-79256-7.
     [Music composition by computer using ATNs.]

   Minds and Machines 2(4) November 1992 was devoted to music and cognition,
   and there were some relevant book reviews in 3(1) February 1993.




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[4-29] AI and Education

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                                 [4-29] AI and Education

   Jill H. Larkin and Ruth W. Chabay, "Computer-assisted instruction
   and intelligent tutoring systems: Shared goals and complementary
   approaches", Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, 1992, 280 pages.
   ISBN 0-80580-233-9.

   Etienne Wenger, "Artificial Intelligence and Tuturing Systems",
   Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Los Altos, CA, 1987.




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[4-30] Blackboard Architectures

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                [4-30] Blackboard Architectures

    Daniel D. Corkill, "Blackboard Systems", AI Expert 6(9):40-47,
    September 1991. [An unabridged copy of this paper can be found
    at http://www.bbtech.com/bibli.html]

    Ian D. Craig, "Blackboard Systems", Ablex, Norwood, NJ, 1994.
    240 pages, ISBN 1-56750-029-3 paper ($24.50).
    [Tutorial introduction/text.]

    Robert S. Engelmore and Anthony Morgan, editors, "Blackboard
    Systems", Addison-Wesley, 1988.
    [Contains all classic papers on blackboard systems up to around
     1986; some papers were revised for this book.]

    V. Jagannathan, Rajendra Dodhiawala, and Lawrence S. Baum, editors,
    "Blackboard Architectures and Applications", Academic Press, 1989
    [Research efforts from 1986 to 1988.]

    Penny Nii, "Blackboard Systems", AI Magazine 7(3), 1986.




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    [4-31] Temporal Reasoning and Modal
                    Logic

Mehmet A. Orgun, "Temporal and Modal Logic Programming: An Annotated
Bibliography", SIGART Bulletin 5(3):52-59, July 1994.




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-32.html [20/06/2003 22:43:06]
 [4-32] Data Mining

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                                          [4-32] Data Mining

Introductions:

      Cios, K.J., Pedrycz, W., and Swiniarski, R.W., "Data Mining
      Methods for Knowledge Discovery", Kluwer Academic Publishers,
      1998. ISBN: 0792382528

Article Collections:

    International Journal of Intelligent Systems 7(7), September 1992.

    IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering 5(6), December 1993.

    Gregory Piatetsky-Shapiro and William J. Frawley, editors, "Knowledge
    Discovery in Databases", MIT Press, 1991.




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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-33.html [20/06/2003 22:43:07]
[4-33] Medicine/Biology/Bioinformatics

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                            Next Document: [4-34] AI book publication announcements mailing list




    [4-33] Medicine/Biology/Bioinformatics

Bioinformatics : The Machine Learning Approach (Adaptive Computation and
Machine Learning) by Pierre Baldi, Soren Brunak
360 pages (February 13, 1998), MIT Press; ISBN: 026202442X

Computational Methods in Molecular Biology by Steven L. Salzberg
(Editor), David B. Searls (Editor), Simon Kasif (Editor) (January
1999) Elsevier Science; ISBN: 0444502041




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-34.html [20/06/2003 22:43:07]
[4-34] AI book publication announcements mailing list

                                        Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

                         Top Document: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Bibliography 4/6 [Monthly posting]
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                         [4-34] AI book publication
                        announcements mailing list

The AI BOOK ANNOUNCEMENTS mailing list exists to inform the AI
community about the publication of new AI-related books.

This list hasn't been active since 1995.




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-35.html [20/06/2003 22:43:08]
 [4-35] Who are the major AI publishers?

                                           Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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         [4-35] Who are the major AI publishers?

Ablex Publishing Corporation
355 Chestnut Street, Norwood, NJ 07648-2090
201-767-8455/8450
Fax: 201-767-6717

Academic Press
1250 Sixth Avenue, San Diego, CA 92101
Orders: 800-321-5068
Fax:    619-699-6715

AP Professional (imprint of Academic Press)
Marketing: 525 B Street, Suite 1900, San Diego, CA 92101-4495
Orders: 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32821-9816
Tel:    1-800-3131-APP (1-405-345-2525)
Fax:    1-800-336-7377
Email: app@acad.com

Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Inc.
Route 128, 1 Jacob Way, Reading, MA 01867
800-447-2226 (617-944-3700)
Fax:   617-944-8243 617-944-7273
E-mail: bexpress@aw.com (must register with Book Express via paper mail first)

Benjamin Cummings Publishing Company
2727 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025
415-854-0300
390 Bridge Parkway, Redwood City, CA 94065
800-552-2499, 415-594-4400
Email: bookinfo@bc.aw.com
Orders: Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, Inc., Reading, MA 01867,
       800-447-2226, fax 800-333-3328
Canadian Orders: Addison-Wesley Publishers Ltd., PO Box 580, 26 Prince
       Andrew Place, Don Mills Ontario, CANADA M3C 2T8
       416-447-5101, fax 416-443-0948
International Orders: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, International


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-36.html (1 of 6) [20/06/2003 22:43:09]
 [4-35] Who are the major AI publishers?

       Publishing Group, Jacob Way, Reading, MA 01867
       617-944-3700, fax 617-944-0826
Information/Examination Copies: 800-950-2665

Blackwell Scientific Publications, Inc.
3 Cambridge Center, Suite 208, Cambridge, MA 02142
617-225-0401
Fax:   617-225-0412
Osney Mead, PO Box 88, Oxford, 0X2 0EL, UK 0865-240201

Cambridge University Press
40 West 20th Street, New York, NY 10022
Orders: 800-221-4512, 212-924-3900, 800-872-7423

Chapman & Hall
One Penn Plaza, 41st Floor, New York, NY 10119
Tel: 1-800-634-7064 (212-244-6412)
Fax: 1-800-248-4724 (212-268-9964)
E-mail: 71201.1651@compuserve.com
In the UK call 0264-342923 or fax 0264-364418.
Overseas call 44-264-342830 or fax 44-264-342761.

Columbia University Press
562 West 113th Street, New York, NY 10025
800-944-8648

Computer Science Press, Inc.
41 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10010-3546
212-576-9400

Computing Reviews
11 West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036

Cornell University Press
Box 250, 124 Roberts Place, Ithica, NY 14851
800-666-2211

Digital Press
225 Wildwood Street
Woburn, MA 01801 USA
Tel: 800-366-2665 (USA) or 617-928-2527
Fax: 800-446-6520 (USA) or 617-933-6333

Elsevier Science Publishing
655 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10017
212-633-3827/3650
PO Box 211, Amsterdam, 1000 AE, The Netherlands
020-580-3641
Fax:    020-580-3769


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-36.html (2 of 6) [20/06/2003 22:43:09]
 [4-35] Who are the major AI publishers?



Harvard University Press
79 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138
617-495-2600/2480

Houghton Miflin Company
One Memorial Drive, Cambridge, MA 02142
617-252-3000
One Beacon Street, Boston, MA 02108
800-225-3362

John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
605 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10158
212-850-6000

Kluwer Academic Publishers
101 Philip Drive, Norwell, MA 02061.
PO Box 358, Accord Station, Hingham, MA 02018-0358.
617-871-6600
Fax:   617-871-6528
Email: kluwer@world.std.com
Ftp-server: ftp.std.com:/Kluwer/ (See journals/ and books/ subdirectories.)
   The Kluwer ftp server offers the complete table of contents for
   Kluwer's EE & CS journals, the Aims & Scope, Instruction for Authors,
   Ordering information, and LaTeX style files. This service can also be
   reached using gopher.
Gopher-server: gopher.wkap.nl
Outside US:
   Kluwer Academic Publishers, PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The Netherlands
   Tel: +31-78-524400
   Fax: +31-78-183273
   E-mail: services@wkap.nl

Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
365 Broadway, Hillsdale, NJ 07642
800-926-6579, (201-666-4110)
Fax:   201-666-2394
Email: orders@leahq.mhs.compuserve.com

Little Brown & Company
34 Beacon Street, Boston, MA 02108
617-227-0730
Fax: 617-227-4633

Macmillan Publishing
866 Third Avenue, Third Floor, New York, NY 10022
800-257-5755 (212-702-2000)

McGraw Hill Book Company

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-36.html (3 of 6) [20/06/2003 22:43:09]
 [4-35] Who are the major AI publishers?

1221 Avenue of the Americas, 43rd Floor, New York, NY 10020
800-442-9685 (212-512-2000)

MIT Press
55 Hayward Street, Cambridge, MA 02139-1399
617-253-5642
Customer Service: 617-625-8481
Orders: 800-356-0343 (617-625-8569)
Fax: 617-625-6660/9080
E-mail (orders): mitpress-orders@mit.edu
E-mail (inquiries): mitpress-orders-inq@mit.edu
Online catalogs: telnet techinfo.mit.edu and look under
     Around MIT \ Offices & Services \ MIT Press
     or use the gopher server,
       gopher://gopher.mit.edu:70/
In Europe, contact MIT Press, 14 Bloomsbury Square, London WC1A
2LP England, phone 071-404-0712, fax 071-404-0610 or via e-mail
100315.1423@compuserve.com. In Australia, contact Astam Books, 57-61
John Street, Leichhardt, NSW 2040 Australia, phone 02-566-4400, fax
02-566-4411.

Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Inc.
340 Pine Street, Sixth Floor, San Francisco, CA 94104 USA
Orders: 800-745-7323 (415-392-2665)
Fax:    415-982-BOOK (= 415-982-2665)
Email: orders@mkp.com
URL: http://market.net/literary/mkp/index.html
   Their "Readings in X" series is a good source of information
   on various AI topics. (Many of them are listed below.)
In Europe: Direct Distribution, 27 Church Road, Hove, East Sussex, BN3 2FA, UK
Tel (+44 273) 748427, Fax (+44 273) 722180

Oxford University Press
200 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016
800-451-7556

Pergamon Press
395 Saw Mill River Road, Elmsford, NY 10523
800-257-5755 (914-592-7700)

Prentice Hall Inc.
College Division, 440 Sylvan Avenue, Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632
201-592-2377
Orders: 800-223-1360 (fax to 800-495-6991) 800-526-0485
Fax: 201-461-4573
Email: books@prenhall.com, catalogs@prenhall.com

Princeton University Press

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-36.html (4 of 6) [20/06/2003 22:43:09]
 [4-35] Who are the major AI publishers?

41 William Street, Princeton, NJ 08540
800-777-4726

Random House Publishing
201 East 50th Street, New York, NY 10022
212-751-2600

Springer Verlag
175 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10010
800-SPRINGER/800-777-4643 (201-348-4033)
Fax: 201-348-4505

University Microfilms International
300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106
313-761-4700
   Copies of PhD theses off of microfilm.

University of Chicago Press
5801 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637
800-621-2736 (312-702-7700)

Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, Inc.
115 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10003
212-254-3232
Orders: 1-800-544-0550 or fax 606-525-7778

W. H. Freeman & Company
41 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10010
212-576-9400
Fax:   212-689-2383

W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.
500 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10010
800-233-4830 (212-354-5500)




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[4-35] Who are the major AI publishers?

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                                                  Last Update June 20 2003 @ 00:12 AM




http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-36.html (6 of 6) [20/06/2003 22:43:09]
 [4-36] How do I get a copy of the proceedings to conference <x>?

                                           Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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                                 Next Document: [4-37] How do I get a copy of 's PhD dissertation?




                   [4-36] How do I get a copy of the
                     proceedings to conference ?

First, ask your librarian for help. If your local library doesn't have it,
they may be able to get it on interlibrary loan.

If you want to buy your own copy, first check with the organization
that ran the conference. See part 3 of the AI FAQ for a list of many
of the AI organizations that sponsor conferences.

If they can't help you, contact the Institute for Scientific Information
(ISI), and look up the proceedings in their Index to Scientific and
Technical Proceedings (ISTP volumes). You can contact the ISI at

     Institute for Scientific Information, Inc.
     3501 Market Street
     Philadelphia, PA 19104
     Phone: 215-386-0100
     Fax: 215-386-6362

Another source for proceedings author and subject indexes is:

     Directory of Published Proceedings.
     Series SEMT: Science/Engineering/Medicine/Technology.
     Published monthly with annual cumulations by InterDok, Harrison, NY.
     ISSN 0012-3293.




                            Top Document: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Bibliography 4/6 [Monthly posting]
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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-37.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:43:09]
[4-36] How do I get a copy of the proceedings to conference <x>?




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-37.html (2 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:43:09]
[4-37] How do I get a copy of <x>'s PhD dissertation?

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         [4-37] How do I get a copy of 's PhD
                    dissertation?

Most dissertations from US universities are available from

University Microfilms International, Inc.
300 North Zeeb Road
Ann Arbor, MI 48106
Phone: 800-521-0600 (313-761-4700)
       800-343-5299 (in Canada)

They will print a copy of the dissertation from microfilm and bind it
in paperbound or cloth for a reasonable fee.




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-38.html [20/06/2003 22:43:11]
[4-38] How do I get Tech Report X?

                                      Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

                        Top Document: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Bibliography 4/6 [Monthly posting]
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                                     Next Document: [4-39] Videotapes and Magazines




          [4-38] How do I get Tech Report X?

The easiest and cheapest way to get a copy of a tech report, paper, or
thesis is to send email to the author. Most researchers will be happy
to drop a copy of the report to you in the mail, or give you a pointer
to an online copy. In some cases they may direct you to a central
technical report coordinator for their department (see [6-2]), and
getting a copy may involve a nominal fee.

Scientific DataLink publishes AIDA (AI Database of Abstracts), a
CD-ROM of abstracts from AI technical reports on a subscription basis
with a new CD every 6 months. For more information, write to
Scientific DataLink, 270 Lafayette Street, Suite 704, New York, NY
10012, call 1-800-735-8655 or fax 212-966-3417. Ask




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http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-39.html [20/06/2003 22:43:11]
 [4-39] Videotapes and Magazines

                                          Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

                            Top Document: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: Bibliography 4/6 [Monthly posting]
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                  [4-39] Videotapes and Magazines

Videotapes:

    The 4th episode of the PBS series "The Machine That Changed the World" is
    a good introduction to AI. It is available for $90 from Films for the
    Humanities, 1-800-257-5126.

    Morgan Kaufmann also has a good set of tapes of AI-related lectures, but
    it runs on the expensive side.

    University Video Communications sells a few AI-related videotapes,
    including Allen Newell's "Desires & Diversions". For more
    information, write to UVC, PO Box 5129, Stanford, CA 94309, call
    415-813-0506, fax 415-813-0315, or email uvc.lemon@forsythe.stanford.edu.

AI-related magazines include:

    AI EXPERT
    Miller Freeman, Inc., 600 Harrison Street, San Francisco, CA 94107.
    Subscriptions: 1-800-274-2534 (303-447-9330) or 71572.341@compuserve.com
    $42/year (12 issues), $6 extra in Canada and Mexico,
    $15 extra (surface mail) or $40 (air mail) for overseas.
    Canadian GST# 124513185. For back-issues, call 1-800-444-4881.
    Submissions: Larry O'Brien, Editor in Chief, <72212.3256@compuserve.com>
    [AI Expert has ceased publication with the July 1995 issue.]

    PC AI (ISSN 0894-0711)
    3310 West Bell Road, Suite 119, Phoenix, AZ 85023.
    Subscriptions: 602-971-1869, fax 602-971-2321.
    $28/year (6 issues); $54 for two years; $78 for three years.
    $9 extra in Canada and Mexico, $25 extra (air mail) for all
    other countries.

    Both magazines are excellent sources of commercial product reviews
    and frequently publish "Product Guides/Showcases" that list many of the
    commercial products available in a particular area of AI, such as


 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-40.html (1 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:43:12]
 [4-39] Videotapes and Magazines

    expert systems, neural nets, natural language processing, and so on.

    BYTE Magazine does occasional features on AI topics. Program
    listings for those articles are available by anonymous ftp from

---
[ comp.ai is moderated. To submit, just post and be patient, or if ]
[ that fails mail your article to <comp-ai@moderators.isc.org>, and ]
[ ask your news administrator to fix the problems with your system. ]




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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part4/section-40.html (2 of 2) [20/06/2003 22:43:12]
 Artificial Intelligence FAQ: AI Web Directories & Online Papers 5/6 [Monthly posting]

                                                Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - MultiPage




  Artificial Intelligence FAQ: AI Web Directories &
         Online Papers 5/6 [Monthly posting]

From: crabbe@usna.edu (Ric Crabbe and Amit Dubey)
Newsgroups: comp.ai
Subject: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: AI Web Directories & Online Papers 5/6 [Monthly
posting]
Date: Mon, 2 Jun 2003 04:12:04 +0000 (UTC)
Message-ID: <bbeiqk$tbt$1@crab.cs.usna.edu>
Reply-To: crabbe@usna.edu
Summary: FTP Resources for AI

Archive-name: ai-faq/general/part5
Posting-Frequency: monthly
Version: 2.1
Maintainer: Ric Crabbe <crabbe@usna.edu> and Amit Dubey <adubey@coli.uni-sb.de>
URL: http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part5/preamble.html
Size: 46277 bytes, 1114 lines

;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Answers to Questions about Artificial Intelligence *************
;;;   ****************************************************************
;;;   Written by Amit Dubey, Ric Crabbe, and Mark Kantrowitz
;;;   ai_5.faq

If you think of questions that are appropriate for this FAQ, or would
like to improve an answer, please send email to the maintainers.

Parts 5 and 6 of the FAQ are now under heavy construction. The FTP & WWW
resources have been combined, since both are browser accessible these
days. We're also pruning the entries to sites that include
information other than whatever project is being done at that
University, etc.

Part 5 (WWW & FTP Resources):
  [5-0] Research Index (nee Citeseer)
  [5-1] Weblogs, repositories, web directories and communities not
        aimed primarily at researchers
  [5-2] Repositories and web directories aimed primarily at researchers
  [5-3] Web books (textbooks and otherwise)
  [5-4] AI Bibliographies available by FTP and WWW
  [5-5] Technical Reports available by FTP and WWW
  [5-6] Technical Reports for/by undergraduate students
  [5-7] Where can I get a machine readable dictionary, thesaurus, and
        other text corpora?

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part5/index.html (1 of 23) [20/06/2003 22:43:17]
 Artificial Intelligence FAQ: AI Web Directories & Online Papers 5/6 [Monthly posting]

  [5-8] Where can I get training sets for machine learning algorithms?
  [5-9] What on-line journals are there?

Search for [#] to get to question number # quickly.



Subject: [5-0] Research Index (nee Citeceer)

http://citeseer.nj.nec.com/cs

"ResearchIndex is a scientific literature digital library that aims to
improve the dissemination and feedback of scientific literature, and
to provide improvements in functionality, usability, availability,
cost, comprehensiveness, efficiency, and timeliness.

Rather than creating just another digital library, ResearchIndex
provides algorithms, techniques, and software that can be used in
other digital libraries. ResearchIndex indexes Postscript and PDF
research articles on the Web..."

http://citeseer.nj.nec.com/cs

Research index (though most people still call it citeseer) is the
currently best way to find published papers AND TRACK CITATIONS. It
is so cool, it's in the FAQ twice.



Subject: [5-1] Repositories and directories not aimed primarily at researchers

AI Topics:
   http://www.aaai.org/Pathfinder/html/welcome.html
   Presented by AAAI, AI Topics is a "...web site provided ... for
   students, teachers, journalists, and everyone who would like to
   learn more about what artificial intelligence is, and what AI
   scientists do.

    [Their] goal is to offer a limited number of authoritative,
    non-technical resources that [they] have organized and annotated
    to provide you with meaningful access to basic information about
    the AI universe. Each of the AI Topics (see the navigation buttons
    to the left) will lead you to online and in-print sources of
    information.

    There has been an explosion in the number of Websites that catalog
    locations of AI information in a Yahoo-style directory. Although they
    often duplicate functionality, in the interest of fairness, I will list all
    the ones I know about here.

AboutAI.com:
   http://www.aboutai.net/
   It is a second generation portal and a successor to the former
   ai.about.com. aboutAI.Net contains dozens of AI-related essays and


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    thousands of Web links. It will be focused on the technical side,
    describing the implementation of a wide range of AI
    techniques. Site actively uses data mining techniques for
    collaboration filtering, information retrieval, automatic
    classification of retrieved information, etc.

Kurzweilai.Net:
   http://www.kurzweilai.net
   An entertaining mix of flashy demos and interesting essays on AI,
   many by important poeple in the field. Much philosophical
   discussion, less hard-core technical discussion.

Neuron AI Directory
   http://www.neuron.co.uk

Neural Network Information in Polish:
   http://www.neuron.of.pl

Generation 5:
   http://www.generation5.org

    "Generation5 is aimed at presenting a website that will educate the
    viewer on Artificial Intelligence -- whatever the level of
    expertise. We have essays on the applications and history of AI for
    those unfamiliar, to essays on programming and philosophy, all the way
    to full blown mathematically-orientated essays on genetic algorithms
    and neural networks. Generation5 prides itself also in its interviews
    sections with exclusive interviews from top AI scientists like Marvin
    Minsky, Craig Reynolds, Roger Schank, Andre LaMothe and many
    others. Generation5 also has a comprehensive collection of original
    programs, all with source included. Demonstration programs like image
    recognizors, number recognizors, cellular automata creators, NLP
    demonstrator and more. All programs have an accompanying essay
    describing the workings of the programs.

    The aim of Generation5 is not only to educate the viewer, but to allow
    the viewer to contribute to further other people's knowledge. They can
    do this through the discussion boards, voting systems, and soon
    through AI Solutions (a scheme to submit code - with a accompanying
    monthly competition)."


Yahoo Clubs:
   Yahoo maintains a number of AI clubs. There is the general
   AI Group, an online community that discusses AI (a resource
   for beginners). Their website is:

         http://clubs.yahoo.com/clubs/artificialintelligencegroup

    There is also a resource for amateur robot enthusiasts at:

         http://clubs.yahoo.com/clubs/theroboticsclub



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Pentomino Site:
   http://home.planetinternet.be/~odettedm
   Student run site at T.I.D. Ronse Belgium on searching Pentomino
   spaces.



Subject: [5-2] Repositories aimed primarily for researchers


CMU AI Repository:

    The CMU Artificial Intelligence Repository was established by
    Carnegie Mellon University to contain public domain and freely
    distributable software, publications, and other materials of
    interest to AI researchers, educators, students, and practitioners.
    The AI Repository currently contains more than a gigabyte of
    material and is growing steadily.

    The AI Repository is accessible from:

         http://www.cs.cmu.edu/Web/Groups/AI/html/repository.html

ACT-R Faq:

    http://acs.ist.psu.edu/act-r-faq/
    "ACT-R is a proposed unified theory of cognition realised as a
    production system. It is a unified theory of cognition, in the
    spirit proposed by Newell (1990, Unified theories of cognition,
    Harvard, Cambridge, MA), in that it is designed to predict human
    behavior by processing information and generating intelligent
    behavior itself."



Soar Faq:

    http://acs.ist.psu.edu/soar-faq/soar-faq.html
    "Soar is used by AI researchers to construct integrated intelligent
    agents and by cognitive scientist for cognitive modeling. It can
    basically be considered in three different ways:
    1. A theory of cognition. As such it provides the principles behind
    the implemented Soar system.
    2. A set of principles and constraints on (cognitive)
    processing. Thus, it provides a (cognitive) architectural
    framework, within which you can construct cognitive models. In this
    view it can be considered as an integrated architecture for
    knowledge-based problem solving, learning and interacting with
    external environments.
    3. An AI programming language."



Fast Replanning Methods:


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    Techniques for replaning under plan failure without starting from
    scratch:
    http://www.cc.gatech.edu/fac/Sven.Koenig/fastreplanning.html

Artificial Life Online:

    Sponsored by MIT Press and the Santa Fe Institute, Artificial Life
    Online is intended to be a central information collection and
    distribution site on the Internet for any and all aspects of the
    Artificial Life endeavor.

    A special feature of the BBS is a collection of 40 or so local
    newsgroups dedicated to a wide variety of topics in Artificial Life.

    Artificial Life Online is accessible by World-Wide Web from

         http://alife.santafe.edu/

Case based reasoning:
   http://www.ai-cbr.org/
   ai-cbr aims to provide a comprehensive information base to
   Case-Based Reasoning academics and commercial developers. Through
   the dissemination of information it is hoped a stronger world-wide
   community of people interested in Case-Based Reasoning will be
   fostered and the commercial use of Case-Based Reasoning will
   increase. (added to the FAQ 2/2/00)

    http://www.aic.nrl.navy.mil/~aha/research/case-based-reasoning.html
    A very complete list of resources including tutorials

Consortium for Lexical Research:

    clr.nmsu.edu:/CLR/ [128.123.1.12]

    Archive containing a variety of programs and data files related to
    natural language processing research, with a particular focus on
    lexical research. The file 00README.clr.site is a good place to start.
    See the file catalog or catalog.ps for a listing of the contents of
    the archive. Long descriptions are in the info/ subdirectory.
    Materials for paid-up members of the Consortium are in the
    members-only/ subdirectory. Public materials include the Alvey Natural
    Language Tools, Sowa's Conceptual Graph parser implemented in YACC by
    Maurice Pagnucco, a morphological parsing lexicon of English, a
    phonological rule compiler for PC-KIMMO, C source code for the NIST
    SGML parser, PC-KIMMO sources, the 1911 Roget Thesaurus, and a variety
    of word lists (including English, Dutch, and male/female/last names).
    Comments and questions may be directed to lexical@nmsu.edu.

    There are also some materials in clr.nmsu.edu:/pub/ unrelated to
    the archive.

Fuzzy Logic Repositories:



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    ntia.its.bldrdoc.gov:/pub/fuzzy/ [132.163.64.201] contains information
    concerning fuzzy logic, including bibliographies (bib/), product
    descriptions and demo versions (com/), machine readable published
    papers (lit/), miscellaneous information, documents and reports (txt/),
    and programs, code and compilers (prog/). You may download new items
    into the new/ subdirectory. If you deposit anything in new/, please
    inform fuzzy@its.bldrdoc.gov. The repository is maintained by
    Timothy Butler, tim@its.bldrdoc.gov.

Genetic Algorithms:

    The Genetic Algorithms Repository is accessible is also a WWW version at

         http://www.aic.nrl.navy.mil/galist/

    The information files includes Nici Schraudolph's survey of free and
    commercial GA software (send email to <schraudo@cs.ucsd.edu> to add to
    the list).

    The software includes GAC (a simple GA written in C), GAL (a simple GA
    written in Common Lisp), GAucsd, GECO (a Common Lisp toolbox for
    constructing genetic algorithms), GENESIS, GENOCOP, Paragenesis (a
    parallel version of GENESIS that runs on the CM-200), SGA-C (a C
    implementation/extension of Goldberg's SGA system).

Intelliwise:

    Sergio Navega maintains a large collection of AI links:

         http://www.intelliwise.com/links.htm

Funic Neural Nets Archive Site:

    The Finnish University maintains an archive site containing a large
    collection of neural network papers and public domain software.
    The files are available through the web interface at
    http://www.nic.funet.fi/pub/sci/neural or through FTP from
    ftp://funic.funet.fi:/pub/sci/neural. FTP users: see the file 01README
    for details.   There's also a directory for non-neural net AI stuff
    in the directory /pub/sci/ai. (Web service is still experimental as
    of 05/29/99).

    There is a list of mirrored ftp sites is in 04Neural_FTP_Sites.                                          For
    further information, contact neural-adm@funic.funet.fi or Marko
    Gronroos <magi@funic.funet.fi> (or <magi@utu.fi>).

OSU Neuroprose:

       archive.cis.ohio-state.edu:/pub/neuroprose/                                          [128.146.8.52]

    This directory contains technical reports, mostly from the early 90's, as a
    public service to the connectionist and neural network scientific community
    which has an organized mailing list (for info:


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    connectionists-request@cs.cmu.edu)

NL Software Registry:
[maintainer's note: links upto this point haven't been checked]

    The Natural Language Software Registry is a catalogue of software
    implementing core natural language processing techniques, whether
    available on a commercial or noncommercial basis. Some of the topics
    listed include speech signal processing, morphological analysis,
    parsers, natural language generation systems, and knowledge
    representation systems. The second edition of the catalog contains
    more than 100 descriptions of natural language processing software.
    The catalogue is available from the German Research Institute for
    Artificial Intelligence (DFKI) in Saarbruecken (Germany) at the URL

         http://www.dfki.de/lt/registry

    The email contact for the site is lt-www@dfki.de

Essex ROBOTS Archive:
   Contains robotics related information, hasn't been updated since 1995 or so:
   ftp.essex.ac.uk:/pub/robots/

AI IN DESIGN WEBLIOGRAPHY
   http://www.cs.wpi.edu/Research/aidg/AIinD-hotlist.html
   These web pages contain links to pretty much everything
   concerned with the application of AI to Design.

Miscellaneous AI:

    Some miscellaneous AI programs may be found on ftp.uu.net:/pub/ai/
    Most are mirrors of programs available at other sites.

    AI_ATTIC is an anonymous ftp collection of classic AI programs and
    other information maintained by the University of Texas at Austin. It
    includes Parry, Adventure, Shrdlu, Doctor, Eliza, Animals, Trek, Zork,
    Babbler, Jive, and some AI-related programming languages.     This
    archive is available by anonymous ftp from ftp.cc.utexas.edu
    in the directory /pub/AI_ATTIC. For more information, contact
    atticmaster@bongo.cc.utexas.edu.

    The QWERTZ toolbox, a library of Standard ML modules with an emphasis
    on symbolic Artificial Intelligence programming, (including
    implementations of heuristic search and an ATMS reason maintenance
    system) may be obtained by anonymous ftp from

         ftp.gmd.de:/gmd/ai-research/Software/qwertz.tar.gz

    For more information, write to Tom Gordon <thomas.gordon@gmd.de>.



Subject: [5-3] Web books (textbooks and otherwise)


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[This is a new topic, and we're just building the list.                                       Please submit
any web-based books you know about.]

Practical Artificial Intelligence Programming in Java, by Mark Watson.
"...covers AI programming techniques using Java."
http://www.markwatson.com/



Subject: [5-4] AI Bibliographies available by FTP

General:

    There are many recent papers at:

         http://www.cora.whizbang.com

    You can both browse and search; the searching ranks papers based on
    how often they have been referenced.

    [I think whizbang.com went away in the .com bust.                                       -ric]

Fuzzy Logic:

    A BibTeX database of references addressing neuro-fuzzy issues can be
    obtained by anonymous ftp from

         ftp.tu-bs.de:/local/papers/ [134.169.34.15]

    as the (ascii) file fuzzy-nn.bib.

Genetic Algorithms:

         http://www.cogs.susx.ac.uk/users/ezequiel/alife-page/alife.html

Logic Programming, Constraints:

    A BibTeX bibliography for Constraint Logic Programming is available
    by anonymous ftp from

         archive.cis.ohio-state.edu:/pub/clp/

    in the bib/ and papers/ subdirectories.

NLP/CL:

    For information on a fairly complete bibliography of computational
    linguistics and natural language processing work from the 1980s, send
    mail to clbib@csli.stanford.edu with the subject HELP.

    The CSLI linguistics bibliography contains 3,300 entries in
    bib/tib/refer format. The bibliography is heavily slanted towards
    phonetics and phonology but also includes a fair amount of
    computational morphology, syntax, semantics, and psycholinguistics.
    The bibliography can be used with James Alexander's tib

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    bibliography system, which is available from minos.inria.fr
    [128.93.39.5] among other places. The bibliography itself is available
    by anonymous ftp from

         csli.stanford.edu:/pub/bibliography/

    Contributions are welcome, but should be in tib format.
    For more information, contact Andras Kornai <kornai@csli.stanford.edu>

NLG:

    Robert Dale's Natural Language Generation (NLG) bibliography is
    available by anonymous ftp from

         scott.cogsci.ed.ac.uk:/pub/nlg/ [129.215.144.3]

    Note that it is formatted for A4 paper. Stick in a line
       .94 .94 scale
    after the %! line to print on 8.5 x 11 paper. For further information,
    write to Robert Dale, University of Edinburgh, Centre for Cognitive
    Science, 2 Buccleuch Place, Edinburgh EH8 9LW Scotland, or
    <R.Dale@edinburgh.ac.uk> or <rdale@microsoft.com>.

    Mark Kantrowitz's Natural Language Generation (NLG) bibliography is
    available by anonymous ftp from

         ftp.cs.cmu.edu:/user/ai/areas/nlp/nlg/bib/mk/ [128.2.206.173]

    In addition to the tech report, the BibTeX file containing the
    bibliography is also available. The bibliography contains more than
    1,200 entries. A searchable index to the bibliography is
    available via the URL

         http://liinwww.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Ai/nlg.html

    Additions and corrections should be sent to mkant@cs.cmu.edu.

Neural Nets, Learning:

    A bibliography of over 1000 entries about Self-Organizing Map
    (SOM) and Learning vector Quantization (LVQ) studies is
    available by anonymous ftp from

         cochlea.hut.fi:/pub/ref/

    as the files references.bib.Z (BibTeX file) and references.ps.Z
    (PostScript file). Please send additions and corrections to
    biblio@cochlea.hut.fi.

    An extensive collection of references on Principal Component Analysis
    (PCA) neural networks and learning algorithms is available by
    anonymous ftp from dendrite.hut.fi:/pub/ref/ in LaTeX and PostScript
    formats. The list was compiled by Liu-Yue Wang, a graduate student of
    Erkki Oja, and updated by Juha Karhunen, all from Helsinki University

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    of Technology, Finland.                       For more information, contact Erkki Oja
    <oja@dendrite.hut.fi>.

    A bibliography of PCA algorithms is available by anonymous ftp from
    ftp.ai.mit.edu:/pub/sanger-papers/ as pca.bib. For more information,
    contact Terry Sanger <tds@ai.mit.edu>.

    A 36-page bibliography of connectionist models with symbolic
    processing is available by anonymous ftp from Neuroprose

         archive.cis.ohio-state.edu:/pub/neuroprose/ [128.146.8.52]

    as the file sun.nn-sp-bib.ps.Z. For more information, contact
    Ron Sun <rsun@athos.cs.ua.edu>.

Nonmonotonic Logic, Belief Revision:

    A bibliography on belief revision and nonmonotonic logics with
    about 2,000 items is available by anonymous ftp from

         tarski.phil.indiana.edu:/pub/morado/                                   [129.79.134.34]

    as nonmono.bib or nonmono.bib.Z. The file is also available by WAIS as

         wais://tarski.phil.indiana.edu/nonmono.bib?

    and by gopher/WWW. Please send additions and corrections to Raymundo
    Morado <morado@phil.indiana.edu>.

Speech:

    A bibliography of papers on Silicon Auditory Models (VLSI
    implementations of auditory representations) is available by anonymous
    ftp from

         hobiecat.pcmp.caltech.edu:/pub/anaprose/lazzaro/sa-biblio.ps.Z

    For more information, write to John Lazzaro <lazzaro@boom.cs.berkeley.edu>

Multi-agent Systems

    http://dis.cs.umass.edu/research/agents-learn.html



Subject: [5-5] Technical Reports available by WWW/FTP

This section lists the anonymous ftp sites for technical reports from
several universities and other organizations. Some of the sites
provide only an online catalog of technical reports, while the rest
make the actual reports available online. The email address listed is
that of the appropriate person to contact with questions about
ordering technical reports.



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The main source of tech reports is now from Networked Computer Science
Technical Reference Library or NCSTRL (pronounced "ancestral").
It's home page is: http://www.ncstrl.org/
If that is a problem, you can go directly to:
http://cs-tr.cs.cornell.edu/


Other general locations for technical reports from several
universities include:

    wuarchive.wustl.edu:/doc/techreports/ [128.252.135.4]
    cs-archive.uwaterloo.ca:/cs-archive/ (see Index for an index)
       AKA watdragon.uwaterloo.ca [129.97.140.24]

The uwaterloo archive includes tech reports from the Logic Programming
and Artificial Intelligence Group (LPAIG) of the University of Waterloo.

There is also a WAIS server containing tech report abstracts that can be
searched. To use, create the file ~/wais-sources/cs-techreport-abstracts.src
containing
   (:source
      :version 3
      :ip-address "130.194.74.201"
      :ip-name "daneel.rdt.monash.edu.au"
      :tcp-port 210
      :database-name "cs-techreport-abstracts"
      :cost 0.00
      :cost-unit :free
      :maintainer "wais@daneel.rdt.monash.edu.au")
and invoke your local wais client. To add to it, email abstracts of
your papers to wais@rdt.monash.edu.au in the following format:
   %TI Title
   %AU Author (use multiple %AU lines for multiple authors)
   %PU Published In (citation information)
   %AV Availability (e.g., ftp reports.adm.cs.cmu.edu:/1992/CMU-CS-92-101.ps)
   %OR Organization (see cs-techreport-archives.src for institution codes)
   %LT Local title (e.g., tech report number)
   %DA Date (and, if you want, %MN Month, %YR Year)
   %AB Abstract
If your papers are not available by FTP, you can use a %AV line such as:
   %AV mail harry.bovik@cs.cmu.edu
Further instructions are available from
   daneel.rdt.monash.edu.au:/pub/techreports/reports/README
[Based on a post by Ashwin Ram.]

Also see the Unified Computer Science Technical Report Index
    http://cs.indiana.edu/cstr/search
[this archive appears to be out of date -ed]

A list of FTP sites for technical reports and papers can be found in
    http://www.rdt.monash.edu.au/tr/siteslist.html



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A list of more than 230 sites publishing CS tech reports may be
obtained by anonymous ftp from

     ftp.rdt.monash.edu.au:/pub/techreports/sites/sites-list-data

To receive notification of new tech report sites, send mail to
compdoc-techreports-request@ftp.cse.ucsc.edu to join the mailing list.

An archive of linguistics papers and preprints is available from
linguistics.archive.umich.edu:/linguistics/papers/. Contact John Lawler
(jlawler@umich.edu) or linguistics-archivist@umich.edu for more
information.

The Concurrent Engineering Research Center (CERC) at West Virginia
University has placed ASCII versions of the concurrent
engineering-related abstracts (over 500) that were on CERCnet, ASCII
back issues of the Concurrent Engineering Research in Review journal
(now discontinued), and Postscript copies of CERC technical reports in
the gopher server gopher.cerc.wvu.edu. In addition, many of the CERC
technical reports, including journal articles, symposium papers,
theses, dissertations, and issues of the Concurrent Engineering
Research in Review journal, are available as Postscript versions via
anonymous ftp from

    babcock.cerc.wvu.edu:/pub/techReports/ [157.182.44.36]

An index to all the reports, including some that are
available only in hardcopy, is contained in the file "CERC-TR-INDEX".
If you need additional information, contact Mary Carriger, CERC Office
of Information Services, at carriger@cerc.wvu.edu.

The newsgroup comp.doc.techreports is devoted to distributing lists of
tech reports and their abstracts.

    MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory:
       ftp    -- publications.ai.mit.edu:/ai-publications/
       email -- publications@ai.mit.edu
       www    -- http://www.ai.mit.edu/research/publications/publications.shtml

         A full catalog of MIT AI Lab technical reports (and a listing of recent
         updates) may be obtained from the above location, by writing to
         Publications, Room NE43-818, M.I.T. Artificial Intelligence Laboratory,
         545 Technology Square, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA, or by calling
         1-617-253-6773. The catalog lists the technical reports ("AI Memos")
         with a short abstract and their current prices. There is also a charge
         for shipping. Some recent tech reports (since 1991) are available in the
         ai-publications/ subdirectory; older technical reports are NOT
         available by ftp. A bibliography is in the bibliography/ directory.

    CMU School of Computer Science:
       ftp   -- reports.adm.cs.cmu.edu
       email -- Technical.Reports@cs.cmu.edu


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        www        -- reports-archive.adm.cs.cmu.edu/cs.html

   CMU Software            Engineering Institute:
      ftp   --             ftp.sei.cmu.edu:/pub/documents
      email --             bjz@sei.cmu.edu
      www   --             www.sei.cmu.edu/publications/publication.html

   Yale:
      ftp          --      dept.cs.yale.edu:/pub/TR/

   University of Washington CSE Tech Reports:
      ftp   -- june.cs.washington.edu:/tr
      email -- tr-request@cs.washington.edu

   ================

   AT&T Bell Laboratories:
      ftp   -- netlib.att.com:/netlib/research/cstr/
      bib.Z contains short bibliography, including all the technical
      reports contained in this directory.

        ftp        -- research.att.com:/dist/ai

        [Maintainer's note: I assume these have been moved over to Lucent's
         domain?]

   Argonne National Laboratory:
      ftp   -- anagram.mcs.anl.gov:/pub/tech_reports
      email -- wright@mcs.anl.gov

        Contains MCS Division preprints and technical memoranda,
        available as either .dvi or .ps files. For descriptions of the
        contents, see the subdirectory pub/tech_reports/abstracts; for
        the files themselves see the subdirectory pub/tech_reports/reports.

   Boston University:
      ftp   -- cs.bu.edu:/techreports/
      email -- techreports@cs.bu.edu

   Brown University:
      ftp   -- wilma.cs.brown.edu:/techreports/
      email -- techreports@cs.brown.edu

   Cambridge University: Speech, Vision & Robotics Group
      ftp   -- svr-ftp.eng.cam.ac.uk:/reports/

   Columbia University:
      ftp   -- cs.columbia.edu:/pub/reports
      email -- tech-reports@cs.columbia.edu

   DEC Cambridge Research Lab:
      ftp   -- crl.dec.com:/pub/DEC/CRL/abstracts/


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                           crl.dec.com:/pub/DEC/CRL/tech-reports/

   DEC Paris Research Lab:
      email -- doc-server@prl.dec.com
                Put commands in Subject: line of the message.
                To get a list of articles, use
                        send index articles
                To get a list of tech reports, use
                        send index reports

   DEC WRL:
      email -- wrl-techreports@decwrl.dec.com
               To get a helpfile, send a message with
                  help
               in the subject line.

   DFKI:
      ftp   -- duck.dfki.uni-sb.de:/pub/papers
      email -- Martin Henz (henz@dfki.uni-sb.de)

   Duke University:
      ftp   -- cs.duke.edu:/dist/papers/
                cs.duke.edu:/dist/theses/
      email -- techreport@cs.duke.edu [unknown user, 7/7/93]

   Edinburgh:
      A list of available reports can be sent via email. Send requests
      for information about reports from the Center for Cognitive Science
      to cogsci%ed.ac.uk@nsfnet-relay.ac.uk, and from the Human Communication
      Research Center to HCRC%ed.ac.uk@nsfnet-relay.ac.uk.

   Electrotechnical Laboratory, Japan:
      Reports from the Cooperative Architecture project (half AI, half
      software engineering).
      ftp   -- etlport.etl.go.jp:/pub/kyocho/Papers [192.31.197.99]
               See file Index.English.
      email -- Hideyuki Nakashima <nakashim@etl.go.jp>.

   Georgia Tech College of Computing, AI Group:
      ftp   -- ftp.cc.gatech.edu:/pub/ai (130.207.3.245)
      email -- Professor Ashwin Ram <ashwin@cc.gatech.edu>

   HCRC (Human Communication Research Centre):
      ftp   -- scott.cogsci.ed.ac.uk:/pub/HCRC-papers/
      mail -- Fiona-Anne Malcolm
               Human Communication Research Centre
               2 Buccleuch Place, Edinburgh, UK

   Illinois:
      email -- Erna Amerman <erna@uiuc.edu>

   Illinois Genetic Algorithms Laboratory (IlliGAL):

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        email -- Eric Thompson <library@gal1.ge.uiuc.edu>
        phone -- 217-333-2346 (9AM to 5PM CT, M-F)
        mail -- Illinois Genetic Algorithms Laboratory
                 Department of General Engineering
                 117 Transportation Building
                 104 South Mathews Avenue
                 Urbana, IL 61801-2996
        ftp   -- gal4.ge.uiuc.edu:/pub/papers/IlliGALs/
                 Includes the GA bibliography and the Messy GA code in C
                 (in /pub/src/) and preprints (in /pub/papers/Publications)
        www   -- http://gal4.ge.uiuc.edu/illigal.home.html

   Indiana:
      ftp   -- cogsci.indiana.edu:/pub         [129.79.238.12]
      ftp   -- ftp.cs.indiana.edu:/pub/techreports [129.79.254.191]

   INRIA, France:
      ftp   -- ftp.inria.fr:/INRIA/publication/

   Institute for Learning Sciences at Northwestern University:
      ftp   -- aristotle.ils.nwu.edu:/pub/papers/
      phone -- 708-491-3500

   Mechanized Reasoning Group (MRG):
      ftp   -- ftp.mrg.dist.unige.it:/pub/mrg-ftp
      email -- Fausto Giunchiglia <fausto@irst.it>
                Mechanized Reasoning Group, IRST
                38050 Povo Trento, Italy
                Tel: +39 461-314444 (secr.)
                     +39 461-314436 (office)
                Fax: +39 461-302040 / 314591

   National University of Singapore:
      ftp   -- ftp.nus.sg:/pub/NUS/ISCS/techreports

   New York University (NYU):
      ftp   -- cs.nyu.edu:/pub/tech-reports

   OGI:
      ftp   --             cse.ogi.edu:/pub/tech-reports
      email --             csedept@cse.ogi.edu

   Ohio State University, Laboratory for AI Research
      ftp   -- nervous.cis.ohio-state.edu:/pub/papers
      email -- lair-librarian@cis.ohio-state.edu

   OSU Neuroprose:
      ftp   -- archive.cis.ohio-state.edu:/pub/neuroprose                                   (128.146.8.52)

        This directory contains technical reports as a public service to the
        connectionist and neural network scientific community which has an
        organized mailing list (for info: connectionists-request@cs.cmu.edu)

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        Includes several bibliographies.

   Stanford:
      ftp    -- elib.stanford.edu:/cs

        Very spotty collection.

   SRI:
      email -- Donna O'Neal, donna@ai.sri.com

   SUNY Buffalo:
      ftp   -- ftp.cs.buffalo.edu:/pub/tech-reports/

   SUNY at Stony Brook:
      ftp   -- sbcs.sunysb.edu:/pub/TechReports
      email -- rick@cs.sunysb.edu or stark@cs.sunysb.edu

        The /pub/sunysb directory contains the SB-Prolog implementation
        of the Prolog language. Contact warren@sbcs.sunysb.edu for more
        information.

   TCGA (The Clearinghouse for Genetic Algorithms):
      email -- Robert Elliott Smith <rob@comec4.mh.ua.edu>
               Department of Engineering of Mechanics
               Room 210 Hardaway Hall
               The University of Alabama
               PO Box 870278
               Tuscaloosa, AL 35487
               205-348-1618, fax 205-348-6419

   Thinking Machines:
      ftp   -- ftp.think.com:/think/techreport.list

        This file contains a list of Thinking Machines technical reports.
        Orders may be placed by email (limit 5) to t-rex@think.com, or by US
        Mail to Thinking Machines Corporation, Attn: Technical reports, 245
        First Street, Cambridge, MA 01241. In addition, the directories
        cm/starlisp and cm/starlogo contain code for the *Lisp and *Logo
        simulators.

   Tulane University:
      ftp   -- rex.cs.tulane.edu:/pub/tech/                                      [129.81.132.1]

   University of Alabama:
      ftp   -- aramis.cs.ua.edu:/pub/tech-reports/

   University of Arizona:
      ftp   -- cs.arizona.edu:/reports/
      email -- tr_libr@cs.arizona.edu

        The directory /japan/kahaner.reports contains reports on AI in
        Japan, among other things, written by Dr. David Kahaner, a
        numerical analyst on sabbatical to the Office of Naval

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        Research-Asia (ONR Asia) in Tokyo from NIST. The reports are not
        written in any sort of official capacity, but are quite interesting.

   University of California/Los Angeles:
      ftp   -- ftp.cs.ucla.edu:/tech-report/

   University of California/Santa Cruz:
      ftp   -- ftp.cse.ucsc.edu:/pub/bib/
               ftp.cse.ucsc.edu:/pub/tr/
      email -- jean@cs.ucsc.edu

   University of Cambridge Computer Lab:
      email -- tech-reports@cl.cam.ac.uk

   University of Colorado:
      ftp   -- ftp.cs.colorado.edu:/pub/cs/techreports

   University of Florida:
      ftp   -- bikini.cis.ufl.edu:/cis/tech-reports

   University of Genoa, Mechanized Reasoning Group:
      ftp   -- ftp.mrg.dist.unige.it:/pub/mrg-ftp/
      email -- Fausto Giunchiglia <fausto@irst.it>

   University of Georgia:
      ftp   -- ai.uga.edu:/pub/ai.reports/

   University of Illinois at Urbana:
      ftp   -- a.cs.uiuc.edu:/pub/dcs
      email -- e-amerman@a.cs.uiuc.edu

   University of Indiana, Center for Research on Concepts and Cognition:
      ftp   -- cogsci.indiana.edu:/pub/
      email -- helga@cogsci.indiana.edu

   University of Kaiserslautern, Germany:
      ftp   -- ftp.uni-kl.de:/reports_uni-kl/computer_science/

   University of Kentucky:
      ftp   -- ftp.ms.uky.edu:/pub/tech-reports/UK/cs/

   University of Massachusetts at Amherst:
      email -- techrept@cs.umass.edu

   University of Melbourne, Australia,
   Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Laboratory (CVPRL):
      ftp   -- krang.vis.mu.oz.au:/pub/articles

   University of Michigan:
      ftp   -- ftp.eecs.umich.edu:/techreports

   University of North Carolina:


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         ftp        -- ftp.cs.unc.edu:/pub/technical-reports/

    University of Pennsylvania:
       ftp   -- ftp.cis.upenn.edu:/pub/papers/
       email -- publications@upenn.edu [email bounced 7/7/93]

    USC/Information Sciences Institute:
       email -- Sheila Coyazo <scoyazo@isi.edu> is the contact. [email
                bounced 7/7/93]

    University of Toronto:
       ftp   -- ftp.cs.toronto.edu:/pub/cogrob/                                          (Cognitive Robotics)
                ftp.cs.toronto.edu:/pub/reports/
       email -- tech-reports@cs.toronto.edu

    University of Virginia:
       ftp   -- uvacs.cs.virginia.edu:/pub/techreports/cs

    University of Western Australia:
       ftp   -- ciips.ee.uwa.edu.au
       Centre for Intelligent Information Processing Systems (CIIPS)
       EE Engineering Department

    University of Wisconsin:
       ftp   -- ftp.cs.wisc.edu:/tech-reports
                ftp.cs.wisc.edu:/machine-learning
                ftp.cs.wisc.edu:/computer-vision
       email -- tech-reports-archive@cs.wisc.edu


Some AI authors have set up repositories of their own papers:

    Matthew Ginsberg: t.stanford.edu:/u/ftp/papers



Subject: [5-6] Technical resources for/by undergraduate students

Brainsciences http://www.brainsciences.com

    A group of students at Brown University have created a web site to
    "provide a forum for undergraduates to publish their work. We feature
    reports of original research, book reviews, term papers, and other work
    in a similar vein."




Subject: [5-7] Where can I get a machine readable dictionary, thesaurus, and
               other text corpora?

Linguistic Data Consortium:

    The Linguistic Data Consortium was established to broaden the

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part5/index.html (18 of 23) [20/06/2003 22:43:17]
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    collection and distribution of speech and natural language data
    bases for the purposes of research and technology development in
    automatic speech recognition, natural language processing, and
    other areas where large amounts of linguistic data are needed. LDC
    corpora are the most commonly used in published research.
    Information about the LDC is at http://www.ldc.upenn.edu/

Free:

    On unix systems, /usr/dict/words is a fine word list.

    ===========
    The Moby Thesaurus (25,000 roots/1.2 million synonyms), Moby Words
    (560,000 entries), Moby Hyphenator (155,000 entries), and the Moby
    Part-of-Speech (214,000 entries), Moby Pronunciator (167,000
    entries with IPA encoding, syllabification, and primary, secondary,
    and tertiary stress marks) and Moby Language (100,000 word word
    lists in five major world languages) lexical databases are
    available at:

    http://www.dcs.shef.ac.uk/research/ilash/Moby/

    This was once commercial but is now in the public domain.
    [thanks to Robert Bechtel]
    ===========

    Roget's 1911 Thesaurus is available by anonymous FTP from the
    Consortium for Lexical Research

         clr.nmsu.edu:/CLR/lexica/roget-1911 [128.123.1.12]

    It is also available from

         src.doc.ic.ac.uk:/literary/collections/project_gutenberg/roget11.txt.Z

    An old Webster's dictionary is in /text/dict/{DICT.Z,DICT.INDEX.Z}.
    Project Gutenberg also has Roget's 1911 Thesaurus. The Project
    Gutenberg archive is at mrcnext.cso.uiuc.edu:/pub/etext/. The
    Project Gutenberg archive collects public domain electronic books. For more
    information, write to Michael S. Hart, Professor of Electronic Text,
    Executive Director of Project Gutenberg Etext, Illinois Benedictine
    College, 5700 College Road, Lisle, IL 60532 or send email to
    hart@vmd.cso.uiuc.edu.

    The Online Book Initiative maintains a text repository at
    /obi.std.com:/obi/">http://obi.std.com:/obi/

    The CHILDES project at Carnegie                            Mellon University has a lot of data of
    children speaking to adults, as                            well as the adult written and adult
    spoken corpora from the CORNELL                            project. Contact Brian MacWhinney
    <brian@andrew.cmu.edu> for more                            information.

    The Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL) has a Data


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   Collection Initiative. For more information, contact Donald Walker at
   Bellcore, walker@flash.bellcore.com.

   Two lists of common female first names (4967 names) and male first
   names (2924 names) are available for anonymous ftp from

        ftp.cs.cmu.edu:/user/ai/areas/nlp/corpora/names/

   Read the file README first. Send mail to mkant@cs.cmu.edu for more
   information.

   A list of 110,000 English words (one per line, in ASCII) is
   available in the PD1:<MSDOS.LINGUISTICS> directory on SIMTEL20 as the
   files WORDS1.ZIP, WORDS2.ZIP, WORDS3.ZIP, and WORDS4.ZIP. Although the
   list is in MS-DOS files, it can easily be used on other machines (but
   first you'll have to unzip the files on a DOS machine). The list
   includes inflected forms of the words, such as plural nouns and the
   -s, -ed, and -ing forms of verbs; thus the number of lexical stems in
   the list is considerably smaller than the total number of word forms.
   These files are available via FTP from WSMR-SIMTEL20.ARMY.MIL
   [192.88.110.20]. SIMTEL20 files are mirrored on wuarchive.wustl.edu.

   The Collins English Dictionary encoded as a Prolog fact base is
   available from the Oxford Text Archive by anonymous ftp from

        ota.ox.ac.uk:/pub/ota/dicts/1192/                                 [129.67.1.165]

   The Oxford Text Archive includes many other texts, dictionaries,
   thesauri, word lists, and so on, most of which are available for
   scholarly use and research only. See the files

        ota.ox.ac.uk:/pub/ota/textarchive.form
        ota.ox.ac.uk:/pub/ota/textarchive.info
        ota.ox.ac.uk:/pub/ota/textarchive.list
        ota.ox.ac.uk:/pub/ota/textarchive.sgml

   for more information, or write to archive@ox.ac.uk, Oxford Text Archive,
   Oxford University Computing Services, 13 Banbury Road, Oxford OX2
   6NN, UK, call 44-865-273238 or fax 44-865-273275.

   Chuck Wooters <wooters@icsi.berkeley.edu> has extracted the most
   likely pronunciation for each of about 6100 words in the hand-labeled
   TIMIT database, and made them available by anonymous ftp from
   ftp.icsi.berkeley.edu:/pub/speech/TIMIT.mostlikely.Z.

   A list of homophones from general American English is available by
   anonymous ftp from svr-ftp.eng.cam.ac.uk:/comp.speech/data/ as the file
   homophones-1.01.txt. To receive the list by email, send mail to
   Evan.Antworth@sil.org. The list was compiled by Tony Robinson.

   Sigurd P. Crossland <sig@seuss.vantage.gte.com> has been compiling
   a dictionary of English words, including most common American words,


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    abbreviations, hyphenations, and even incorrect spellings. The most
    recent version is available by anonymous ftp from

         wocket.vantage.gte.com:/pub/standard_dictionary/dic-0394.tar.gz

    The tar file includes 31 text files, one for each word-length from 2
    to 32. The compressed tar file takes up just over 4mb of space, and
    includes approximately 870,000 words.

    WordNet is an English lexical reference system based on current
    psycholinguistic theories of human lexical memory. It organizes nouns,
    verbs and adjectives into synonym sets corresponding to lexical
    concepts. The sets are linked by a variety of relations. Besides being
    of scientific interest,
    it makes a handy thesaurus. WordNet is available by anonymous ftp from

         clarity.princeton.edu:/pub/

    If you retrieve a copy of wordnet by ftp, please send mail to
    wordnet@princeton.edu.

Commercial:

    The Oxford Text Archive has hundreds of online texts in a wide variety
    of languages, including a few dictionaries (the OED, Collins, etc.).
    The Lancaster-Oslo-Bergen (LOB), Brown, and London-Lund corpii are also
    available from them. For more information, write to Oxford Electronic
    Publishing, Oxford University Press, 200 Madison Avenue, New York, NY
    10016, call 212-889-0206, or send mail to archive@vax.oxford.ac.uk.
    (Their contact information in England is Oxford Text Archive, Oxford
    University Computing Service, 13 Banbury Road, Oxford OX2 6NN, UK, +44
    (865) 273238.)

Mailing Lists:

    CORPORA is a mailing list for Text Corpora. It welcomes information
    and questions about text corpora such as availability, aspects of
    compiling and using corpora, software, tagging, parsing, and
    bibliography. To be added to the list, send a message to
    corpora-request@x400.hd.uib.no. Contributions should be sent to
    corpora@x400.hd.uib.no.




Subject: [5-8] Where can I get training sets for machine learning algorithms?

UC/Irvine (UCI) AI/Machine Learning Repository:

    ftp.ics.uci.edu has a variety of AI-related materials, with a special
    focus on machine learning. For example,

         ftp.ics.uci.edu:/pub/machine-learning-databases/



 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part5/index.html (21 of 23) [20/06/2003 22:43:17]
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    contains over 80 benchmark data sets for classifier systems (30mb).

MLnet Machine Learning Archive
MLnet Online Information Service

    In 1988 the Special Interest Group on Machine Learning of the German
    Society for Computer Science (GI e.V.) decided to establish a library
    of PROLOG implementations of Machine Learning algorithms. By 1994 the
    library had a sizable collection of GLPed PROLOG software. The site
    has grown, and now, according to the webpage it "offers a growing
    collection of ML information, datasets, software and pointers to other
    ML resources." The homepage is at:

             http://www.mlnet.org

    Send your contributions to Mathias Kirsten (info@mlnet.org) at the GMD -
    German National Research Center, or use the contribution facilities within
    the MLnet OiS.



Subject: [5-9] What on-line Journals are there?

[this question is still in progress]

Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research. See [3-2a].
Journal of Machine learning Reasearch. See [3-2n].

---
[ comp.ai is moderated. To submit, just post and be patient, or if ]
[ that fails mail your article to <comp-ai@moderators.isc.org>, and ]
[ ask youa news administrator to fix the problems with your system. ]



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 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part5/index.html (22 of 23) [20/06/2003 22:43:17]
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                                                      Last Update June 20 2003 @ 00:12 AM




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                                                   News Headers

From: crabbe@usna.edu (Ric Crabbe and Amit Dubey)
Newsgroups: comp.ai,news.answers,comp.answers
Subject: Artificial Intelligence FAQ: AI Web Directories & Online Papers 5/6 [Monthly
posting]
Followup-To: comp.ai
Date: Mon, 2 Jun 2003 04:12:04 +0000 (UTC)
Organization: United States Naval Academy
Expires: 3 MAR 2003 21:54:49 GMT
Message-ID: <bbeiqk$tbt$1@crab.cs.usna.edu>
Reply-To: crabbe@usna.edu
X-Trace: news.usna.navy.mil 1054527293 20139 131.122.89.100 (2 Jun 2003 04:14:53 GMT)
X-Complaints-To: news@usna.navy.mil
NNTP-Posting-Date: 2 Jun 2003 04:14:53 GMT
Summary: FTP Resources for AI




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          [5-0] Research Index (nee Citeceer)

http://citeseer.nj.nec.com/cs

"ResearchIndex is a scientific literature digital library that aims to
improve the dissemination and feedback of scientific literature, and
to provide improvements in functionality, usability, availability,
cost, comprehensiveness, efficiency, and timeliness.

Rather than creating just another digital library, ResearchIndex
provides algorithms, techniques, and software that can be used in
other digital libraries. ResearchIndex indexes Postscript and PDF
research articles on the Web..."

http://citeseer.nj.nec.com/cs

Research index (though most people still call it citeseer) is the
currently best way to find published papers AND TRACK CITATIONS. It
is so cool, it's in the FAQ twice.




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  [5-1] Repositories and directories not aimed
            primarily at researchers

AI Topics:
   http://www.aaai.org/Pathfinder/html/welcome.html
   Presented by AAAI, AI Topics is a "...web site provided ... for
   students, teachers, journalists, and everyone who would like to
   learn more about what artificial intelligence is, and what AI
   scientists do.

    [Their] goal is to offer a limited number of authoritative,
    non-technical resources that [they] have organized and annotated
    to provide you with meaningful access to basic information about
    the AI universe. Each of the AI Topics (see the navigation buttons
    to the left) will lead you to online and in-print sources of
    information.

    There has been an explosion in the number of Websites that catalog
    locations of AI information in a Yahoo-style directory. Although they
    often duplicate functionality, in the interest of fairness, I will list all
    the ones I know about here.

AboutAI.com:
   http://www.aboutai.net/
   It is a second generation portal and a successor to the former
   ai.about.com. aboutAI.Net contains dozens of AI-related essays and
   thousands of Web links. It will be focused on the technical side,
   describing the implementation of a wide range of AI
   techniques. Site actively uses data mining techniques for
   collaboration filtering, information retrieval, automatic
   classification of retrieved information, etc.

Kurzweilai.Net:
   http://www.kurzweilai.net
   An entertaining mix of flashy demos and interesting essays on AI,
   many by important poeple in the field. Much philosophical

 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/ai-faq/general/part5/section-2.html (1 of 3) [20/06/2003 22:43:19]
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    discussion, less hard-core technical discussion.

Neuron AI Directory
   http://www.neuron.co.uk

Neural Network Information in Polish:
   http://www.neuron.of.pl

Generation 5:
   http://www.generation5.org

    "Generation5 is aimed at presenting a website that will educate the
    viewer on Artificial Intelligence -- whatever the level of
    expertise. We have essays on the applications and history of AI for
    those unfamiliar, to essays on programming and philosophy, all the way
    to full blown mathematically-orientated essays on genetic algorithms
    and neural networks. Generation5 prides itself also in its interviews
    sections with exclusive interviews from top AI scientists like Marvin
    Minsky, Craig Reynolds, Roger Schank, Andre LaMothe and many
    others. Generation5 also has a comprehensive collection of original
    programs, all with source included. Demonstration programs like image
    recognizors, number recognizors, cellular automata creators, NLP
    demonstrator and more. All programs have an accompanying essay
    describing the workings of the programs.

    The aim of Generation5 is not only to educate the viewer, but to allow
    the viewer to contribute to further other people's knowledge. They can
    do this through the discussion boards, voting systems, and soon
    through AI Solutions (a scheme to submit code - with a accompanying
    monthly competition)."


Yahoo Clubs:
   Yahoo maintains a number of AI clubs. There is the general
   AI Group, an online community that discusses AI (a resource
   for beginners). Their website is:

           http://clubs.yahoo.com/clubs/artificialintelligencegroup

    There is also a resource for amateur robot enthusiasts at:

           http://clubs.yahoo.com/clubs/theroboticsclub

Pentomino Site:
   http://home.planetinternet.be/~odettedm
   Student run site at T.I.D. Ronse Belgium on searching Pentomino
   spaces.




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              [5-2] Repositories aimed primarily for
                           researchers


CMU AI Repository:

    The CMU Artificial Intelligence Repository was established by
    Carnegie Mellon University to contain public domain and freely
    distributable software, publications, and other materials of
    interest to AI researchers, educators, students, and practitioners.
    The AI Repository currently contains more than a gigabyte of
    material and is growing steadily.

    The AI Repository is accessible from:

          http://www.cs.cmu.edu/Web/Groups/AI/html/repository.html

ACT-R Faq:

    http://acs.ist.psu.edu/act-r-faq/
    "ACT-R is a proposed unified theory of cognition realised as a
    production system. It is a unified theory of cognition, in the
    spirit proposed by Newell (1990, Unified theories of cognition,
    Harvard, Cambridge, MA), in that it is designed to predict human
    behavior by processing information and generating intelligent
    behavior itself."



Soar Faq:

    http://acs.ist.psu.edu/soar-faq/soar-faq.html
    "Soar is used by AI researchers to construct integrated intelligent
    agents and by cognitive scientist for cognitive modeling. It can
    basically be considered in three different ways:
    1. A theory of cognition. As such it provides the principles behind
    the implemented Soar system.
    2. A set of principles and constraints on (cognitive)

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 [5-2] Repositories aimed primarily for researchers

    processing. Thus, it provides a (cognitive) architectural
    framework, within which you can construct cognitive models. In this
    view it can be considered as an integrated architecture for
    knowledge-based problem solving, learning and interacting with
    external environments.
    3. An AI programming language."



Fast Replanning Methods:
   Techniques for replaning under plan failure without starting from
   scratch:
   http://www.cc.gatech.edu/fac/Sven.Koenig/fastreplanning.html

Artificial Life Online:

    Sponsored by MIT Press and the Santa Fe Institute, Artificial Life
    Online is intended to be a central information collection and
    distribution site on the Internet for any and all aspects of the
    Artificial Life endeavor.

    A special feature of the BBS is a collection of 40 or so local
    newsgroups dedicated to a wide variety of topics in Artificial Life.

    Artificial Life Online is accessible by World-Wide Web from

          http://alife.santafe.edu/

Case based reasoning:
   http://www.ai-cbr.org/
   ai-cbr aims to provide a comprehensive information base to
   Case-Based Reasoning academics and commercial developers. Through
   the dissemination of information it is hoped a stronger world-wide
   community of people interested in Case-Based Reasoning will be
   fostered and the commercial use of Case-Based Reasoning will
   increase. (added to the FAQ 2/2/00)

    http://www.aic.nrl.navy.mil/~aha/research/case-based-reasoning.html
    A very complete list of resources including tutorials

Consortium for Lexical Research:

    clr.nmsu.edu:/CLR/ [128.123.1.12]

    Archive containing a variety of programs and data files related to
    natural language processing research, with a particular focus on
    lexical research. The file 00README.clr.site is a good place to start.
    See the file catalog or catalog.ps for a listing of the contents of
    the archive. Long descriptions are in the info/ subdirectory.
    Materials for paid-up members of the Consortium are in the

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 [5-2] Repositories aimed primarily for researchers

    members-only/ subdirectory. Public materials include the Alvey Natural
    Language Tools, Sowa's Conceptual Graph parser implemented in YACC by
    Maurice Pagnucco, a morphological parsing lexicon of English, a
    phonological rule compiler for PC-KIMMO, C source code for the NIST
    SGML parser, PC-KIMMO sources, the 1911 Roget Thesaurus, and a variety
    of word lists (including English, Dutch, and male/female/last names).
    Comments and questions may be directed to lexical@nmsu.edu.

    There are also some materials in clr.nmsu.edu:/pub/ unrelated to
    the archive.

Fuzzy Logic Repositories:

    ntia.its.bldrdoc.gov:/pub/fuzzy/ [132.163.64.201] contains information
    concerning fuzzy logic, including bibliographies (bib/), product
    descriptions and demo versions (com/), machine readable published
    papers (lit/), miscellaneous information, documents and reports (txt/),
    and programs, code and compilers (prog/). You may download new items
    into the new/ subdirectory. If you deposit anything in new/, please
    inform fuzzy@its.bldrdoc.gov. The repository is maintained by
    Timothy Butler, tim@its.bldrdoc.gov.

Genetic Algorithms:

    The Genetic Algorithms Repository is accessible is also a WWW version at

          http://www.aic.nrl.navy.mil/galist/

    The information files includes Nici Schraudolph's survey of free and
    commercial GA software (send email to <schraudo@cs.ucsd.edu> to add to
    the list).

    The software includes GAC (a simple GA written in C), GAL (a simple GA
    written in Common Lisp), GAucsd, GECO (a Common Lisp toolbox for
    constructing genetic algorithms), GENESIS, GENOCOP, Paragenesis (a
    parallel version of GENESIS that runs on the CM-200), SGA-C (a C
    implementation/extension of Goldberg's SGA system).

Intelliwise:

    Sergio Navega maintains a large collection of AI links:

          http://www.intelliwise.com/links.htm

Funic Neural Nets Archive Site:

    The Finnish University maintains an archive site containing a large
    collection of neural network papers and public domain software.
    The files are available through the web interface at


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 [5-2] Repositories aimed primarily for researchers

    http://www.nic.funet.fi/pub/sci/neural or through FTP from
    ftp://funic.funet.fi:/pub/sci/neural. FTP users: see the file 01README
    for details.   There's also a directory for non-neural net AI stuff
    in the directory /pub/sci/ai. (Web service is still experimental as
    of 05/29/99).

    There is a list of mirrored ftp sites is in 04Neural_FTP_Sites.                                             For
    further information, contact neural-adm@funic.funet.fi or Marko
    Gronroos <magi@funic.funet.fi> (or <magi@utu.fi>).

OSU Neuroprose:

        archive.cis.ohio-state.edu:/pub/neuroprose/                                            [128.146.8.52]

    This directory contains technical reports, mostly from the early 90's, as a
    public service to the connectionist and neural network scientific community
    which has an organized mailing list (for info:
    connectionists-request@cs.cmu.edu)

NL Software Registry:
[maintainer's note: links upto this point haven't been checked]

    The Natural Language Software Registry is a catalogue of software
    implementing core natural language processing techniques, whether
    available on a commercial or noncommercial basis. Some of the topics
    listed include speech signal processing, morphological analysis,
    parsers, natural language generation systems, and knowledge
    representation systems. The second edition of the catalog contains
    more than 100 descriptions of natural language processing software.
    The catalogue is available from the German Research Institute for
    Artificial Intelligence (DFKI) in Saarbruecken (Germany) at the URL

          http://www.dfki.de/lt/registry

    The email contact for the site is lt-www@dfki.de

Essex ROBOTS Archive:
   Contains robotics related information, hasn't been updated since 1995 or so:
   ftp.essex.ac.uk:/pub/robots/

AI IN DESIGN WEBLIOGRAPHY
   http://www.cs.wpi.edu/Research/aidg/AIinD-hotlist.html
   These web pages contain links to pretty much everything
   concerned with the application of AI to Design.

Miscellaneous AI:

    Some miscellaneous AI programs may be found on ftp.uu.net:/pub/ai/
    Most are mirrors of programs available at other sites.

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[5-2] Repositories aimed primarily for researchers



   AI_ATTIC is an anonymous ftp collection of classic AI programs and
   other information maintained by the University of Texas at Austin. It
   includes Parry, Adventure, Shrdlu, Doctor, Eliza, Animals, Trek, Zork,
   Babbler, Jive, and some AI-related programming languages.     This
   archive is available by anonymous ftp from ftp.cc.utexas.edu
   in the directory /pub/AI_ATTIC. For more information, contact
   atticmaster@bongo.cc.utexas.edu.

   The QWERTZ toolbox, a library of Standard ML modules with an emphasis
   on symbolic Artificial Intelligence programming, (including
   implementations of heuristic search and an ATMS reason maintenance
   system) may be obtained by anonymous ftp from

         ftp.gmd.de:/gmd/ai-research/Software/qwertz.tar.gz

   For more information, write to Tom Gordon <thomas.gordon@gmd.de>.




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[5-3] Web books (textbooks and otherwise)

                                        Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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                [5-3] Web books (textbooks and
                          otherwise)

[This is a new topic, and we're just building the list.                                               Please submit
any web-based books you know about.]

Practical Artificial Intelligence Programming in Java, by Mark Watson.
"...covers AI programming techniques using Java."
http://www.markwatson.com/




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 [5-4] AI Bibliographies available by FTP

                                            Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Single Page

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         [5-4] AI Bibliographies available by FTP

General:

    There are many recent papers at:

           http://www.cora.whizbang.com

    You can both browse and search; the searching ranks papers based on
    how often they have been referenced.

    [I think whizbang.com went away in the .com bust.                                                 -ric]

Fuzzy Logic:

    A BibTeX database of references addressing neuro-fuzzy issues can be
    obtained by anonymous ftp from

           ftp.tu-bs.de:/local/papers/ [134.169.34.15]

    as the (ascii) file fuzzy-nn.bib.

Genetic Algorithms:

           http://www.cogs.susx.ac.uk/users/ezequiel/alife-page/alife.html

Logic Programming, Constraints:

    A BibTeX bibliography for Constraint Logic Programming is available
    by anonymous ftp from

           archive.cis.ohio-state.edu:/pub/clp/

    in the bib/ and papers/ subdirectories.

NLP/CL:

    For information on a fairly complete bibliography of computational


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 [5-4] AI Bibliographies available by FTP

    linguistics and natural language processing work from the 1980s, send
    mail to clbib@csli.stanford.edu with the subject HELP.

    The CSLI linguistics bibliography contains 3,300 entries in
    bib/tib/refer format. The bibliography is heavily slanted towards
    phonetics and phonology but also includes a fair amount of
    computational morphology, syntax, semantics, and psycholinguistics.
    The bibliography can be used with James Alexander's tib
    bibliography system, which is available from minos.inria.fr
    [128.93.39.5] among other places. The bibliography itself is available
    by anonymous ftp from

           csli.stanford.edu:/pub/bibliography/

    Contributions are welcome, but should be in tib format.
    For more information, contact Andras Kornai <kornai@csli.stanford.edu>

NLG:

    Robert Dale's Natural Language Generation (NLG) bibliography is
    available by anonymous ftp from

           scott.cogsci.ed.ac.uk:/pub/nlg/ [129.215.144.3]

    Note that it is formatted for A4 paper. Stick in a line
       .94 .94 scale
    after the %! line to print on 8.5 x 11 paper. For further information,
    write to Robert Dale, University of Edinburgh, Centre for Cognitive
    Science, 2 Buccleuch Place, Edinburgh EH8 9LW Scotland, or
    <R.Dale@edinburgh.ac.uk> or <rdale@microsoft.com>.

    Mark Kantrowitz's Natural Language Generation (NLG) bibliography is
    available by anonymous ftp from

           ftp.cs.cmu.edu:/user/ai/areas/nlp/nlg/bib/mk/ [128.2.206.173]

    In addition to the tech report, the BibTeX file containing the
    bibliography is also available. The bibliography contains more than
    1,200 entries. A searchable index to the bibliography is
    available via the URL

           http://liinwww.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Ai/nlg.html

    Additions and corrections should be sent to mkant@cs.cmu.edu.

Neural Nets, Learning:

    A bibliography of over 1000 entries about Self-Organizing Map
    (SOM) and Learning vector Quantization (LVQ) studies is

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 [5-4] AI Bibliographies available by FTP

    available by anonymous ftp from

           cochlea.hut.fi:/pub/ref/

    as the files references.bib.Z (BibTeX file) and references.ps.Z
    (PostScript file). Please send additions and corrections to
    biblio@cochlea.hut.fi.

    An extensive collection of references on Principal Component Analysis
    (PCA) neural networks and learning algorithms is available by
    anonymous ftp from dendrite.hut.fi:/pub/ref/ in LaTeX and PostScript
    formats. The list was compiled by Liu-Yue Wang, a graduate student of
    Erkki Oja, and updated by Juha Karhunen, all from Helsinki University
    of Technology, Finland. For more information, contact Erkki Oja
    <oja@dendrite.hut.fi>.

    A bibliography of PCA algorithms is available by anonymous ftp from
    ftp.ai.mit.edu:/pub/sanger-papers/ as pca.bib. For more information,
    contact Terry Sanger <tds@ai.mit.edu>.

    A 36-page bibliography of connectionist models with symbolic
    processing is available by anonymous ftp from Neuroprose

           archive.cis.ohio-state.edu:/pub/neuroprose/ [128.146.8.52]

    as the file sun.nn-sp-bib.ps.Z. For more information, contact
    Ron Sun <rsun@athos.cs.ua.edu>.

Nonmonotonic Logic, Belief Revision:

    A bibliography on belief revision and nonmonotonic logics with
    about 2,000 items is available by anonymous ftp from

           tarski.phil.indiana.edu:/pub/morado/                                      [129.79.134.34]

    as nonmono.bib or nonmono.bib.Z. The file is also available by WAIS as

           wais://tarski.phil.indiana.edu/nonmono.bib?

    and by gopher/WWW. Please send additions and corrections to Raymundo
    Morado <morado@phil.indiana.edu>.

Speech:

    A bibliography of papers on Silicon Auditory Models (VLSI
    implementations of auditory representations) is available by anonymous
    ftp from



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 [5-4] AI Bibliographies available by FTP

           hobiecat.pcmp.caltech.edu:/pub/anaprose/lazzaro/sa-biblio.ps.Z

    For more information, write to John Lazzaro <lazzaro@boom.cs.berkeley.edu>

Multi-agent Systems

    http://dis.cs.umass.edu/research/agents-learn.html




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 [5-5] Technical Reports available by WWW/FTP

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               [5-5] Technical Reports available by
                            WWW/FTP

This section lists the anonymous ftp sites for technical reports from
several universities and other organizations. Some of the sites
provide only an online catalog of technical reports, while the rest
make the actual reports available online. The email address listed is
that of the appropriate person to contact with questions about
ordering technical reports.

The main source of tech reports is now from Networked Computer Science
Technical Reference Library or NCSTRL (pronounced "ancestral").
It's home page is: http://www.ncstrl.org/
If that is a problem, you can go directly to:
http://cs-tr.cs.cornell.edu/


Other general locations for technical reports from several
universities include:

    wuarchive.wustl.edu:/doc/techreports/ [128.252.135.4]
    cs-archive.uwaterloo.ca:/cs-archive/ (see Index for an index)
       AKA watdragon.uwaterloo.ca [129.97.140.24]

The uwaterloo archive includes tech reports from the Logic Programming
and Artificial Intelligence Group (LPAIG) of the University of Waterloo.

There is also a WAIS server containing tech report abstracts that can be
searched. To use, create the file ~/wais-sources/cs-techreport-abstracts.src
containing
   (:source
      :version 3
      :ip-address "130.194.74.201"
      :ip-name "daneel.rdt.monash.edu.au"
      :tcp-port 210
      :database-name "cs-techreport-abstracts"


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 [5-5] Technical Reports available by WWW/FTP

      :cost 0.00
      :cost-unit :free
      :maintainer "wais@daneel.rdt.monash.edu.au")
and invoke your local wais client. To add to it, email abstracts of
your papers to wais@rdt.monash.edu.au in the following format:
   %TI Title
   %AU Author (use multiple %AU lines for multiple authors)
   %PU Published In (citation information)
   %AV Availability (e.g., ftp reports.adm.cs.cmu.edu:/1992/CMU-CS-92-101.ps)
   %OR Organization (see cs-techreport-archives.src for institution codes)
   %LT Local title (e.g., tech report number)
   %DA Date (and, if you want, %MN Month, %YR Year)
   %AB Abstract
If your papers are not available by FTP, you can use a %AV line such as:
   %AV mail harry.bovik@cs.cmu.edu
Further instructions are available from
   daneel.rdt.monash.edu.au:/pub/techreports/reports/README
[Based on a post by Ashwin Ram.]

Also see the Unified Computer Science Technical Report Index
    http://cs.indiana.edu/cstr/search
[this archive appears to be out of date -ed]

A list of FTP sites for technical reports and papers can be found in
    http://www.rdt.monash.edu.au/tr/siteslist.html

A list of more than 230 sites publishing CS tech reports may be
obtained by anonymous ftp from

      ftp.rdt.monash.edu.au:/pub/techreports/sites/sites-list-data

To receive notification of new tech report sites, send mail to
compdoc-techreports-request@ftp.cse.ucsc.edu to join the mailing list.

An archive of linguistics papers and preprints is available from
linguistics.archive.umich.edu:/linguistics/papers/. Contact John Lawler
(jlawler@umich.edu) or linguistics-archivist@umich.edu for more
information.

The Concurrent Engineering Research Center (CERC) at West Virginia
University has placed ASCII versions of the concurrent
engineering-related abstracts (over 500) that were on CERCnet, ASCII
back issues of the Concurrent Engineering Research in Review journal
(now discontinued), and Postscript copies of CERC technical reports in
the gopher server gopher.cerc.wvu.edu. In addition, many of the CERC
technical reports, including journal articles, symposium papers,
theses, dissertations, and issues of the Concurrent Engineering
Research in Review journal, are available as Postscript versions via

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 [5-5] Technical Reports available by WWW/FTP

anonymous ftp from

    babcock.cerc.wvu.edu:/pub/techReports/ [157.182.44.36]

An index to all the reports, including some that are
available only in hardcopy, is contained in the file "CERC-TR-INDEX".
If you need additional information, contact Mary Carriger, CERC Office
of Information Services, at carriger@cerc.wvu.edu.

The newsgroup comp.doc.techreports is devoted to distributing lists of
tech reports and their abstracts.

    MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory:
       ftp    -- publications.ai.mit.edu:/ai-publications/
       email -- publications@ai.mit.edu
       www    -- http://www.ai.mit.edu/research/publications/publications.shtml

          A full catalog of MIT AI Lab technical reports (and a listing of recent
          updates) may be obtained from the above location, by writing to
          Publications, Room NE43-818, M.I.T. Artificial Intelligence Laboratory,
          545 Technology Square, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA, or by calling
          1-617-253-6773. The catalog lists the technical reports ("AI Memos")
          with a short abstract and their current prices. There is also a charge
          for shipping. Some recent tech reports (since 1991) are available in the
          ai-publications/ subdirectory; older technical reports are NOT
          available by ftp. A bibliography is in the bibliography/ directory.

    CMU School of Computer Science:
       ftp   -- reports.adm.cs.cmu.edu
       email -- Technical.Reports@cs.cmu.edu
       www   -- reports-archive.adm.cs.cmu.edu/cs.html

    CMU Software             Engineering Institute:
       ftp   --              ftp.sei.cmu.edu:/pub/documents
       email --              bjz@sei.cmu.edu
       www   --              www.sei.cmu.edu/publications/publication.html

    Yale:
       ftp           --      dept.cs.yale.edu:/pub/TR/

    University of Washington CSE Tech Reports:
       ftp   -- june.cs.washington.edu:/tr
       email -- tr-request@cs.washington.edu

    ================

    AT&T Bell Laboratories:
       ftp   -- netlib.att.com:/netlib/research/cstr/


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[5-5] Technical Reports available by WWW/FTP

         bib.Z contains short bibliography, including all the technical
         reports contained in this directory.

         ftp        -- research.att.com:/dist/ai

         [Maintainer's note: I assume these have been moved over to Lucent's
          domain?]

   Argonne National Laboratory:
      ftp   -- anagram.mcs.anl.gov:/pub/tech_reports
      email -- wright@mcs.anl.gov

         Contains MCS Division preprints and technical memoranda,
         available as either .dvi or .ps files. For descriptions of the
         contents, see the subdirectory pub/tech_reports/abstracts; for
         the files themselves see the subdirectory pub/tech_reports/reports.

   Boston University:
      ftp   -- cs.bu.edu:/techreports/
      email -- techreports@cs.bu.edu

   Brown University:
      ftp   -- wilma.cs.brown.edu:/techreports/
      email -- techreports@cs.brown.edu

   Cambridge University: Speech, Vision & Robotics Group
      ftp   -- svr-ftp.eng.cam.ac.uk:/reports/

   Columbia University:
      ftp   -- cs.columbia.edu:/pub/reports
      email -- tech-reports@cs.columbia.edu

   DEC Cambridge Research Lab:
      ftp   -- crl.dec.com:/pub/DEC/CRL/abstracts/
                crl.dec.com:/pub/DEC/CRL/tech-reports/

   DEC Paris Research Lab:
      email -- doc-server@prl.dec.com
                Put commands in Subject: line of the message.
                To get a list of articles, use
                        send index articles
                To get a list of tech reports, use
                        send index reports

   DEC WRL:
      email -- wrl-techreports@decwrl.dec.com
               To get a helpfile, send a message with
                  help

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[5-5] Technical Reports available by WWW/FTP

                          in the subject line.

   DFKI:
      ftp   -- duck.dfki.uni-sb.de:/pub/papers
      email -- Martin Henz (henz@dfki.uni-sb.de)

   Duke University:
      ftp   -- cs.duke.edu:/dist/papers/
                cs.duke.edu:/dist/theses/
      email -- techreport@cs.duke.edu [unknown user, 7/7/93]

   Edinburgh:
      A list of available reports can be sent via email. Send requests
      for information about reports from the Center for Cognitive Science
      to cogsci%ed.ac.uk@nsfnet-relay.ac.uk, and from the Human Communication
      Research Center to HCRC%ed.ac.uk@nsfnet-relay.ac.uk.

   Electrotechnical Laboratory, Japan:
      Reports from the Cooperative Architecture project (half AI, half
      software engineering).
      ftp   -- etlport.etl.go.jp:/pub/kyocho/Papers [192.31.197.99]
               See file Index.English.
      email -- Hideyuki Nakashima <nakashim@etl.go.jp>.

   Georgia Tech College of Computing, AI Group:
      ftp   -- ftp.cc.gatech.edu:/pub/ai (130.207.3.245)
      email -- Professor Ashwin Ram <ashwin@cc.gatech.edu>

   HCRC (Human Communication Research Centre):
      ftp   -- scott.cogsci.ed.ac.uk:/pub/HCRC-papers/
      mail -- Fiona-Anne Malcolm
               Human Communication Research Centre
               2 Buccleuch Place, Edinburgh, UK

   Illinois:
      email -- Erna Amerman <erna@uiuc.edu>

   Illinois         Genetic Algorithms Laboratory (IlliGAL):
      email         -- Eric Thompson <library@gal1.ge.uiuc.edu>
      phone         -- 217-333-2346 (9AM to 5PM CT, M-F)
      mail          -- Illinois Genetic Algorithms Laboratory
                       Department of General Engineering
                       117 Transportation Building
                       104 South Mathews Avenue
                       Urbana, IL 61801-2996
         ftp        -- gal4.ge.uiuc.edu:/pub/papers/IlliGALs/
                       Includes the GA bibliography and the Messy GA code in C


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[5-5] Technical Reports available by WWW/FTP

                       (in /pub/src/) and preprints (in /pub/papers/Publications)
         www        -- http://gal4.ge.uiuc.edu/illigal.home.html

   Indiana:
      ftp   -- cogsci.indiana.edu:/pub         [129.79.238.12]
      ftp   -- ftp.cs.indiana.edu:/pub/techreports [129.79.254.191]

   INRIA, France:
      ftp   -- ftp.inria.fr:/INRIA/publication/

   Institute for Learning Sciences at Northwestern University:
      ftp   -- aristotle.ils.nwu.edu:/pub/papers/
      phone -- 708-491-3500

   Mechanized Reasoning Group (MRG):
      ftp   -- ftp.mrg.dist.unige.it:/pub/mrg-ftp
      email -- Fausto Giunchiglia <fausto@irst.it>
                Mechanized Reasoning Group, IRST
                38050 Povo Trento, Italy
                Tel: +39 461-314444 (secr.)
                     +39 461-314436 (office)
                Fax: +39 461-302040 / 314591

   National University of Singapore:
      ftp   -- ftp.nus.sg:/pub/NUS/ISCS/techreports

   New York University (NYU):
      ftp   -- cs.nyu.edu:/pub/tech-reports

   OGI:
      ftp   --              cse.ogi.edu:/pub/tech-reports
      email --              csedept@cse.ogi.edu

   Ohio State University, Laboratory for AI Research
      ftp   -- nervous.cis.ohio-state.edu:/pub/papers
      email -- lair-librarian@cis.ohio-state.edu

   OSU Neuroprose:
      ftp   -- archive.cis.ohio-state.edu:/pub/neuroprose                                      (128.146.8.52)

         This directory contains technical reports as a public service to the
         connectionist and neural network scientific community which has an
         organized mailing list (for info: connectionists-request@cs.cmu.edu)
         Includes several bibliographies.

   Stanford:
      ftp    -- elib.stanford.edu:/cs


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[5-5] Technical Reports available by WWW/FTP

         Very spotty collection.

   SRI:
      email -- Donna O'Neal, donna@ai.sri.com

   SUNY Buffalo:
      ftp   -- ftp.cs.buffalo.edu:/pub/tech-reports/

   SUNY at Stony Brook:
      ftp   -- sbcs.sunysb.edu:/pub/TechReports
      email -- rick@cs.sunysb.edu or stark@cs.sunysb.edu

         The /pub/sunysb directory contains the SB-Prolog implementation
         of the Prolog language. Contact warren@sbcs.sunysb.edu for more
         information.

   TCGA (The Clearinghouse for Genetic Algorithms):
      email -- Robert Elliott Smith <rob@comec4.mh.ua.edu>
               Department of Engineering of Mechanics
               Room 210 Hardaway Hall
               The University of Alabama
               PO Box 870278
               Tuscaloosa, AL 35487
               205-348-1618, fax 205-348-6419

   Thinking Machines:
      ftp   -- ftp.think.com:/think/techreport.list

         This file contains a list of Thinking Machines technical reports.
         Orders may be placed by email (limit 5) to t-rex@think.com, or by US
         Mail to Thinking Machines Corporation, Attn: Technical reports, 245
         First Street, Cambridge, MA 01241. In addition, the directories
         cm/starlisp and cm/starlogo contain code for the *Lisp and *Logo
         simulators.

   Tulane University:
      ftp   -- rex.cs.tulane.edu:/pub/tech/                                         [129.81.132.1]

   University of Alabama:
      ftp   -- aramis.cs.ua.edu:/pub/tech-reports/

   University of Arizona:
      ftp   -- cs.arizona.edu:/reports/
      email -- tr_libr@cs.arizona.edu

         The directory /japan/kahaner.reports contains reports on AI in
         Japan, among other things, written by Dr. David Kahaner, a
         numerical analyst on sabbatical to the Office of Naval


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[5-5] Technical Reports available by WWW/FTP

         Research-Asia (ONR Asia) in Tokyo from NIST. The reports are not
         written in any sort of official capacity, but are quite interesting.

   University of California/Los Angeles:
      ftp   -- ftp.cs.ucla.edu:/tech-report/

   University of California/Santa Cruz:
      ftp   -- ftp.cse.ucsc.edu:/pub/bib/
               ftp.cse.ucsc.edu:/pub/tr/
      email -- jean@cs.ucsc.edu

   University of Cambridge Computer Lab:
      email -- tech-reports@cl.cam.ac.uk

   University of Colorado:
      ftp   -- ftp.cs.colorado.edu:/pub/cs/techreports

   University of Florida:
      ftp   -- bikini.cis.ufl.edu:/cis/tech-reports

   University of Genoa, Mechanized Reasoning Group:
      ftp   -- ftp.mrg.dist.unige.it:/pub/mrg-ftp/
      email -- Fausto Giunchiglia <fausto@irst.it>

   University of Georgia:
      ftp   -- ai.uga.edu:/pub/ai.reports/

   University of Illinois at Urbana:
      ftp   -- a.cs.uiuc.edu:/pub/dcs
      email -- e-amerman@a.cs.uiuc.edu

   University of Indiana, Center for Research on Concepts and Cognition:
      ftp   -- cogsci.indiana.edu:/pub/
      email -- helga@cogsci.indiana.edu

   University of Kaiserslautern, Germany:
      ftp   -- ftp.uni-kl.de:/reports_uni-kl/computer_science/

   University of Kentucky:
      ftp   -- ftp.ms.uky.edu:/pub/tech-reports/UK/cs/

   University of Massachusetts at Amherst:
      email -- techrept@cs.umass.edu

   University of Melbourne, Australia,
   Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Laboratory (CVPRL):
      ftp   -- krang.vis.mu.oz.au:/pub/articles


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 [5-5] Technical Reports available by WWW/FTP

    University of Michigan:
       ftp   -- ftp.eecs.umich.edu:/techreports

    University of North Carolina:
       ftp   -- ftp.cs.unc.edu:/pub/technical-reports/

    University of Pennsylvania:
       ftp   -- ftp.cis.upenn.edu:/pub/papers/
       email -- publications@upenn.edu [email bounced 7/7/93]

    USC/Information Sciences Institute:
       email -- Sheila Coyazo <scoyazo@isi.edu> is the contact. [email
                bounced 7/7/93]

    University of Toronto:
       ftp   -- ftp.cs.toronto.edu:/pub/cogrob/                                                 (Cognitive Robotics)
                ftp.cs.toronto.edu:/pub/reports/
       email -- tech-reports@cs.toronto.edu

    University of Virginia:
       ftp   -- uvacs.cs.virginia.edu:/pub/techreports/cs

    University of Western Australia:
       ftp   -- ciips.ee.uwa.edu.au
       Centre for Intelligent Information Processing Systems (CIIPS)
       EE Engineering Department

    University of Wisconsin:
       ftp   -- ftp.cs.wisc.edu:/tech-reports
                ftp.cs.wisc.edu:/machine-learning
                ftp.cs.wisc.edu:/computer-vision
       email -- tech-reports-archive@cs.wisc.edu


Some AI authors have set up repositories of their own papers:

    Matthew Ginsberg: t.stanford.edu:/u/ftp/papers




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