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Africa Africa Political aspects Many authoritarian regimes

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Africa - political, economic, cultural, and geographical / environmental aspects.

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									Africa
Political
aspects
Many authoritarian regimes in Africa




Source:
http://a330.g.akamai.net/7/330/25828/20081021185552/graphics.eiu.com/PDF/Democracy%20Index%202008.pdf
Economic
 aspects
GDP per capita




Sources
International Monetary Fund.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:GDP_nominal_per_capita_world_map_IMF_2007.PNG
Source
https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Economic_Studies/Productivity_Performance/Whats_driving_Africas_growth_2601
      The continent’s 4 most advanced economies -
      Egypt, Morocco, South Africa, and Tunisia - are
      already broadly diversified.

      Manufacturing and services together total 83% of
      their combined GDP.

      Domestic services, such as construction, banking,
      telecom, and retailing, have accounted for more
      than 70% of their growth since 2000.



Source
https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Economic_Studies/Productivity_Performance/Whats_driving_Africas_growth_2601
GDP in billions of USD in strongest African economies




Source
http://appfrica.net/blog/2009/11/13/infostate-of-africa/#utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=infostate-of-africa
GDP per capita



The average gross national income per capita
across all 53 African nations in 2006 was about
$1,066 – more than $200 above India’s.




Source: Mahajan, Vijay: Africa Rising, p. 29.
                        40% of Africans (360 million people)
                        live on less than USD 1.25 per day.




Source
http://emagazine.credit-suisse.com/app/article/index.cfm?fuseaction=OpenArticle&aoid=263337&WT.mc_id=In%20Focus%20International%2007.07.2009-264099 =EN
Annual average GDP growth in %




Source: http://www.economist.com/displaystory.cfm?story_id=12376610
Share of Africa’s exports and imports in world trade




Source: http://www.weforum.org/pdf/AFCR09/AFCR09_full_report.pdf
         From 1990 through 2008, Asia’s share of African
         trade doubled, to 28%, while Western Europe’s
         portion shrank, to 28%, from 51 percent.




Source
https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Economic_Studies/Productivity_Performance/Whats_driving_Africas_growth_2601
Monthly labor cost per worker




Source: http://www.weforum.org/pdf/AFCR09/AFCR09_full_report.pdf
Tax rates




Source: http://www.weforum.org/pdf/AFCR09/AFCR09_full_report.pdf
 Sub-Saharan destination of exports in percent




Source
http://a330.g.akamai.net/7/330/25828/20070904125121/graphics.eiu.com/upload/Heading%20for%20the%20rocks.pdf, p. 28.
    In 2009, the Chinese Ministry of Commerce reported
    that about 1,000 Chinese enterprises do business in
    Africa, spanning fields such as trade, transportation,
    agriculture, and the processing of agricultural products.




Source
https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Public_Sector/Economic_Policy/Making_the_most_of_Chinese_aid_to_Africa_2609
 Low wealth and low happiness in Africa




Source: http://pewglobal.org/reports/pdf/257.pdf
      Sub-Saharan Africa’s hydrocarbon-resource
      wealth will lead to economic development only if
      governments manage wisely and honestly the
      development of the sector and the revenues
      that accrue.




Source: http://www.worldenergyoutlook.org/docs/weo2008/fact_sheets_08.pdf
Infrastructure
 Road density in Africa
 7 km. per 100 km2

 Road density in Asia
 21 km. per 100 km2




Source
http://emagazine.credit-suisse.com/app/article/index.cfm?fuseaction=OpenArticle&aoid=263327&WT.mc_id=In%20Focus%20International%2007.07.2009-264099 =EN
       Although road transport makes up 90% of intra-urban
       transport in Africa, only 19% of Africa's roads are
       paved.




Source
http://emagazine.credit-suisse.com/app/article/index.cfm?fuseaction=OpenArticle&aoid=263327&WT.mc_id=In%20Focus%20International%2007.07.2009-264099 =EN
       Since 2000, Africa’s annual private infrastructure
       investments have tripled, averaging $19 billion from
       2006 to 2008.




Source
https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Economic_Studies/Productivity_Performance/Whats_driving_Africas_growth_2601
   It cost more to ship a ton of wheat from Mombasa
   in Kenya to Kampala in neighboring Kenya than it
   did to ship it from Mombasa to Chicago, USA




Source
Global Investor, Credit Suisse. October, 2009.
Resources
      Resource                                      World share                               Location
      Chromium                                      More than 80%                             Central and Southern Africa


      Platinum                                      More than 80%                             Central and Southern Africa


      Cocoa                                         More than 70%


      Diamonds                                      More than 60%                             Central and Southern Africa


      Gold                                          More than 40%                             Central and Southern Africa


      Cobalt                                        More than 40%                             Central and Southern Africa


      Phosphate                                     More than 30%                             North Africa


      Bauxite                                       More than 30%                             West Africa


      Titanium                                      More than 20%


      Uranium                                       More than 15%                             West, Central and Southern Africa.


      Oil                                           More than 10%


Sources
Credit Suisse Magazine ”bulletin”, May/June 2009.
http://emagazine.credit-suisse.com/app/article/index.cfm?fuseaction=OpenArticle&aoid=263337&WT.mc_id=In%20Focus%20International%2007.07.2009-264099 =EN
https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Economic_Studies/Productivity_Performance/Whats_driving_Africas_growth_2601
https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Economic_Studies/Productivity_Performance/Africas_path_to_growth_Sector_by_sector_2602
Agriculture
 Africa’s share of the world’s
    arable land: 25%.
    agricultural output: 10%.




Source
https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Economic_Studies/Productivity_Performance/Africas_path_to_growth_Sector_by_sector_2602
Farms in Africa are small




Source
https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Economic_Studies/Productivity_Performance/Africas_path_to_growth_Sector_by_sector_2602
 Little fertilizer is used


  Africa on average uses just 12.4 kilograms of fertilizer
  per hectare - against 96.2 kilograms in North America
  and 71.5 kilograms in Europe.

  On average, Africa uses only 13% of the amount of
  average fertiliser used per hectare on a global level.




Sources:
http://viewswire.eiu.com/report_dl.asp?mode=fi&fi=1523246737.PDF&rf=0
http://emagazine.credit-
suisse.com/app/article/index.cfm?fuseaction=OpenArticle&aoid=263327&WT.mc_id=In%20Focus%20International%2007.07.2009-
264099 =EN
Few tractors are used



           Africa has just 1 tractor for every 868 hectares
           compared with the global average of 1 tractor
           per 56 hectares.




Source
http://emagazine.credit-suisse.com/app/article/index.cfm?fuseaction=OpenArticle&aoid=263327&WT.mc_id=In%20Focus%20International%2007.07.2009-264099 =EN
Agriculture in Africa is higly concentrated


        Agriculture is Africa’s largest economic sector,
        representing 15% of the continent’s total GDP,
        or more than $100 billion annually.

        Agriculture is highly concentrated, with Egypt
        and Nigeria alone accounting for one-third of
        total agricultural output




 Source
 https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Economic_Studies/Productivity_Performance/Africas_path_to_growth_Sector_by_sector_2602
               The cumulative effect of this underutilization
               of Africa's large arable land resources is that
               African agricultural yields are a staggering
               66% below the global average.




Source
http://emagazine.credit-suisse.com/app/article/index.cfm?fuseaction=OpenArticle&aoid=263327&WT.mc_id=In%20Focus%20International%2007.07.2009-264099 =EN
Energy
Petroleum industry investments in exploration
and production activity in Africa 1990 - 2010:



                     US$ 70 billion


Source: http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.cfm?articleid=1830
                  Africa will produce 13% of global oil
                  by 2015, up from 9% in 1998.




Source
https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Economic_Studies/Productivity_Performance/Africas_path_to_growth_Sector_by_sector_2602
Africa has the 3rd largest coal reserves in the world.




 Source
 Global Investor, Credit Suisse. October, 2009.
     Africa has 33% of the world’s hydro resources.




Source
Global Investor, Credit Suisse. October, 2009.
              Africa has plenty of wind and sunshine
              to generate wind and solar power.




Source
Global Investor, Credit Suisse. October, 2009.
        The World Bank estimates that the expansion of the
        Inga hydro project on the Congo River could provide
        enough electricity to power the whole continent.




Source
http://emagazine.credit-suisse.com/app/article/index.cfm?fuseaction=OpenArticle&aoid=263327&WT.mc_id=In%20Focus%20International%2007.07.2009-264099 =EN
     Africa generates just 3% of the world’s electricity.




Source
Global Investor, Credit Suisse. October, 2009.
Financial industry
Largest banks in Africa



   Standard Bank Group.
   Absa Group, a part of Barclays.
   Nedbank Group.
   Investec.
   FirstRand Banking Group.




 Source: Mahajan, Vijay: Africa Rising, p. 47.
 Other banks in Africa


 The pan-African Ecobank Transnational
 Has more than 11,000 employees in more than 750 branches
 in 30 African countries.

 Capitec Bank, South Africa

 African Bank, South Africa

 Guaranty Trust Bank, Nigeria




Source
https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Economic_Studies/Productivity_Performance/Africas_path_to_growth_Sector_by_sector_2602
Source: https://www.myc4.com/
            The annual flow of foreign direct investment
            into Africa increased from $9 billion in 2000
            to $62 billion in 2008.




Source
https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Economic_Studies/Productivity_Performance/Whats_driving_Africas_growth_2601
    Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Africa shot to
    about $39 billion in 2006, double the level 2004.

    Top destinations for foreign direct investment were
    Egypt, Nigeria, Sudan, and Tunisia.

    With more than $1 billion in capital under
    management, Emerging Capital Partners (ECP) is
    one of the largest private equity fund managers
    targeting Africa.


Sources:
Mahajan, Vijay: Africa Rising, p. 38.
        100 million people from Africa live in other
        countries. They send USD 40 billion home
        to their families each year.




Source:
Interview with Vijay Mahajan.
http://www.ideaconnection.com/articles/00130-Innovation-in-Africa.html?ref=nl072109
Retail industry
Largest retailer in Africa




Sources:
Mahajan, Vijay: Africa Rising, p. 80.
http://www.shoprite.co.za/
        Coca-Cola is the largest single employer in
        the private sector, employing something like
        120,000 people.




Source:
Interview with Vijay Mahajan.
http://www.ideaconnection.com/articles/00130-Innovation-in-Africa.html?ref=nl072109
Telecommunications
Millions of mobile phone subscriptions




Source
https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Economic_Studies/Productivity_Performance/Africas_path_to_growth_Sector_by_sector_2602
Celtel


   Started by Mo Ibrahim.

   In 2005, Celtel was sold to MTC Kuwait for $3.4 billion,
   making it one of Africa’s most successful commercial
   ventures.

   The company, now in more than 15 countries,
   has invested in excess of $750 million in Africa.




Source: Mahajan, Vijay: Africa Rising, p. 21-22.
Source
http://appfrica.net/blog/2009/11/13/infostate-of-africa/#utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=infostate-of-africa
Cultural
aspects
      By 2050, roughly 20% of the world population
      is going to be in Africa, up from 9% in 1900.




Source: http://www.strategy-business.com/article/10105?pg=all
Africa is one of the youngest markets in the world,
with more than half its population under 24.

Whereas Europe’s population is expected to decline
by 60 million people by 2050, Africa will add 900
million people.




Sources:
Mahajan, Vijay: Africa Rising, p. 38.
The Population Reference Bureau.
Africa’s population




Source
https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Economic_Studies/Productivity_Performance/Checking_Africas_vital_signs_2606
40% of the African population live in cities




Source
https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Economic_Studies/Productivity_Performance/Whats_driving_Africas_growth_2601
East Africa culture




                    Power                                              Uncertainty
                                    Individualism        Masculinity
                   distance                                            avoidance
Source: http://www.geert-hofstede.com/hofstede_east_africa.shtml
West Africa culture




                  Power                                                  Uncertainty
                                   Individualism           Masculinity
                 distance                                                avoidance
Source: http://www.geert-hofstede.com/hofstede_west_africa.shtml
    High
power distance
 In Scandinavian countries it is no problem that a a
 direct report of the CEO becomes his project leader,
 whereas in African countries where I have been
 working recently, this is impossible.

                                           Thorsten Weber, HLP, Germany




Source: http://themindfulinternationalmanager.com/mim_4_6.pdf
                        ”The biggest dangers facing Africa are
                        political instability and ancient feuds.”

                                                                                               Sir John Major




Source
http://emagazine.credit-suisse.com/app/article/index.cfm?fuseaction=OpenArticle&aoid=225238&WT.mc_id=In%20Focus%20INT%205.5.2008-225617&lang=EN
     Low
individualism
     "The family is a crowd", goes an African saying,
     illustrating the notion of extended family - including
     parents and children, grandparents, uncles and
     aunts, in-laws, cousins of varying degrees etc.




Source: http://www.culture-relations.ch/html/pop/up3.htm
  High
masculinity
Source: Global Gender Cap Index 2007.

								
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