The World Bank and Building Codes Challenges and Opportunities

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					The World Bank and Building
  Codes: Challenges and

                      Sanjaya Bhatia
                    GFDRR, World Bank
What is the true challenge?


      World Bank Experience
• Mexico Earthquake 1985 damage - based
  on codes assuming ground motion
  assessment which was exceeded
• Inappropriate knowledge of seismic risk as
  well as inappropriate building techniques
              World Bank Experience
• Disaster Risk Mitigation and Adaptation Project

• To invest in the protection of vital infrastructure adaptation
  measures include revisions of building codes and land use
  plans, etc.

• Component 3: Development of Building Codes
• The component objective is to
   – reduce risks from seismic activities through development of improved
     building codes
   – mechanisms for introduction of improved standards

• The activities include:
   – development of a national building code;
   – train engineers in new design standards; and
   – developing a mechanism for licensing of engineers
          World Bank Experience
Mainstreaming Climate and Disaster Risk Management
  into Economic Development MADAGASCAR

• Up gradation and Adoption of cyclone-proof
  norms and standards for public infrastructure–
  roads, schools and health centers.
  – Updating and adoption of cyclone proof standards
  – Awareness
  – Training on norms - Ministries, Academia, Private
    sector - Construction companies, Technicians, Rural
• Workshops to disseminate new norms
• Simple brochures/posters distributed strategically
  to region and local level
               World Bank Experience
• Uganda: Refurbishment of health facilities in projects
  directly managed by communities.
• Government and donor have stipulated key conditions
  which the communities must meet – including use of
  standard plans and specifications.
• Direct community participation can work if special
  structures are created in the project design - Ugandan
  experience supports this assertion.
• A guide-book following these lines has been developed by
  the Ministry of Health in Mozambique

• Building for health care : a guide for planners and architects of first
  and second level facilities; Michael Hopkinson, Kees Kostermans
        World Bank Experience

• Insurance sector can reduce vulnerability: 1960
  Agadir EQ Morocco the only 29 high rise buildings
  that resisted the EQ were those that were insured
• Insurance ensures compliance - Ensure to Insure
• Public awareness
• Training / Capacity development