Financed by the World Bank and the Government of by asb28647

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									    Financed by the World Bank and
       the Government of Georgia



Irrigation and Drainage Community
         Development Project

          (2002 – 2008)
        Lake Ritsa
                        Bzip
                               i


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              Gudauta
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                                                                                                                                                                                           Akhalkalaki                                   Lake Paravani
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Bolnisi                            
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Lake Djandara                        Iori
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Lake Sagamo                    Dmanisi
                                                                                                                                                                                       Lake Khancali
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Lake Mada
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Population and Ground Area




 Total ground area    69.494 km2
 Total population     4.409.800
   Rural population      1.874.800   42,5%
   Urban population      2.535.000   57,5%
Land resources


 Total ground area        6,949,400 ha
 Agricultural lands       3,022,700 ha
     Arable land             795,300 ha
     Perennials              267,900 ha
     Meadows                 142,500 ha
     Pastures              1,797,200 ha
     Premises and yards       19,800 ha
 Privatized land

                                     % of total land resources

 Total area of private land;   943,400hа 13,6%
 Agricultural lands            763,000hа 25,2%
     Arable land                436,600hа 54,8%
     Perennials                 181,100hа 67,6%
     Meadows                     41,900hа 29,4%
     Pastures                    83,600hа 4,6%
     Premises and yards          19,800 hа 100%
QUANTITY OF RIVERS IN GEORGIA
AND THEIR ANNUAL RUNOFF (KM3)



   West Georgia                  East Georgia                         Total
 Quantity         Runoff       Quantity         Runoff        Quantity         Runoff

Number   %      Kм3    %      Number      %   Kм3     %      Number      %   Kм3     %

18.109   69,5   48,0   78,0   7.951    30,5   13,45   22,0   26.060   100    61,45   100
 Water resources of main rivers
 in West Georgia
№           River   Average Annual   Maximum     Average annual
                      discharge      discharge     runoff (Км3)
                       (м3/sec )     (м3/sec )

1 Rioni                  420          3.145          13,25
2 Chorokhi               275          4.800          8,67
3 Inguri                 173          1.500          5,45
4 Tskhenistskali        82,0          1.250          2,58
5 Kvirila               65,0          1.220          2,05
6 Supsa                 46,0          1.440          1,45
7 Ajaristskali          45,0          1.170          1,42
8 Khobi                 43,4          1.530          1,37
 Water resources of main rivers
 in East Georgia
№         River   Average Annual   Maximum     Average annual
                    discharge      discharge     runoff (Км3)
                     (м3/sec )     (м3/sec )

1 Кура                 206          2.370          6,50
2 Алазани              102          1.235          3,22
3 Храми               55,5          1.190          1,75
4 Арагви              47,5          1.050          1,50
5 Лиахви              40,0           735           1,26
6 Поцхови             22,0           530           0,69
7 Иори                15,0           850           0,47
Agricultural production in 2006



 Share of agriculture in GDP   18%

 Employment in agriculture
- Of the total labour force      57%
- Of the total population        24%
Dynamics of the irrigated areas
in 1988-2006
thousand ha
450

400
      412 414 422
                        400 400 390
350
                                          350
300
                                                300 299
250                                                         279
200                                                               242 230
                                                                              214
150
                                                                                    175 175
                                                                                                150 150
100

 50

  0
  88

        90

              92

                    93

                          94

                                95

                                      96

                                            97

                                                  98

                                                        99

                                                              00

                                                                    01

                                                                          02

                                                                                03

                                                                                      04

                                                                                            05

                                                                                                  06
 19

       19

             19

                   19

                         19

                               19

                                     19

                                           19

                                                 19

                                                       19

                                                             20

                                                                   20

                                                                         20

                                                                               20

                                                                                     20

                                                                                           20

                                                                                                 20
                                                                                                       Year
Dynamics of the drained areas
in 1988-2006
   Thous. ha
140

120   130 130 130
                         125
                               120
100                                  115
                                           110
                                                 100
 80
                                                        80
 60                                                           75
                                                                    70
                                                                          65
 40
                                                                                45
                                                                                      40    40    40    40
 20

  0
   88

         90

               92

                     93

                           94

                                 95

                                       96

                                             97

                                                   98

                                                         99

                                                               00

                                                                     01

                                                                           02

                                                                                 03

                                                                                       04

                                                                                             05

                                                                                                   06
 19

        19

              19

                    19

                          19

                                19

                                      19

                                            19

                                                  19

                                                        19

                                                              20

                                                                    20

                                                                          20

                                                                                20

                                                                                      20

                                                                                            20

                                                                                                  20
                                                                                                         Year
Financing of the DASM from the State
Budget
 Million USD
50
             44,60
45
     41,24
40

35

30

25

20

15                   12,19

10
                                                  4,66   5,03
                             3,58   3,25   2,72                 2,52                 3,10
 5                                                                     2,22   1,94
                                                                                            0,59
 0
     1988 1990       1992 1993      1994 1995     1996 1997 1998       1999 2000     2001 2002
                                                                                                   Year
 Chart of amelioration infrastructure management
           and financing (Soviet period)




                         Management                           Financing

                                       Major schemes and
 State organization of                 main amelioration                   State budget
   water resources                       infrastructure
     management




                                      Onfarm infrastructure          Budgets of collective and
Collective and state farms                                                 state farms
       Chart of amelioration infrastructure
      management and financing (until 2007)


                            Management                                    Financing

Department of Amelioration                     Main amelioration
  Scheme management                             infrastructure                         State budget
         DASM




                                         Amelioration infrastructure in           Amelioration Association
 Amelioration Association                    the AA service area
            AA                                                                               AA




                                         Other minor schemes, bank
     Local authorities                    protection and hydraulic                      Local budget
                                                 structures
Chart of amelioration infrastructure management
          and financing (current situation)


                           Management                                 Financing
                                            Main amelioration
 Regional LTDs                               infrastructure                        Regional LTDs




                                        Amelioration infrastructure           Amelioration Association
Amelioration Association                      served by AAs
           AA                                                                            AA




                                          Local schemes, river
   Local authorities                       embankments and                          Local budget
                                          hydraulic structures
Organization chart of water
resources management
    Annual O&M Costs

                                                Annual costs
                                                    GEL/ha

   Irrigation Schemes:                               80
        Headworks, main canals, structures            50
        Secondary and tertiary canals                 30

   Drainage Schemes :                                60
        Main drain, pump station, structures          40
        Collectors and drains                         20
Charge for irrigation water delivery and
drainage services per hectare (until 2007)


   Wholesale charge:
       GEL 6/ha for 1,000 m3 irrigation water delivery
       GEL 3/ha for drainage services per hectare


   Retail charge
       Wholesale charge + AA costs of onfarm infrastructure
        O&M (determined by the AA General Assembly)
Charge for irrigation water delivery and
drainage services per hectare (since 2007)


   Wholesale charge:
       GEL 75/ha for per hectare service of the irrigation
        scheme regardless the number of irrigations
       GEL 40/ha for drainage services per hectare
    Retail charge:
       Wholesale charge + AA costs of onfarm infrastructure
        O&M (determined by the AA General Assembly
Original Project Funding Sources


           Sources of financing              Million USD    %

  а) International Development Association      27,0       82,3%
  (IDA) credit

  б) Government of Georgia contribution          4,3       13,1%


  в) AA member fees                              1,5       4,6%

  Total                                         32,8       100%
             IDA Credit Terms



 Years to maturity                   40 лет

 Grace period                       10 лет

 Annual service charge              0,75%
 Credit repayment within 30 years

  by semi-annual installments

 Grant element of credit                      75.57%
Disbursement of credit funds
(USD 27 million)
      USD million
 7

                                                5.9
 6
                                         5.2
 5                                4.7

 4                         3.7
                    3.0
 3
     2.5
                                                       2.0
 2


 1


 0
     2002           2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008
                                                              Year
Five-year project
#                                         Scheme                   Area ha
1 AA establishment and full rehabilitation of irrigation schemes
  (off-farm infrastructure + onfarm infrastructure)                  16.330
        a) Tashiskari (Khashuri and Kareli Districts)                    7.500
        b) Kvemo Alazani (Gurjaani District)                             8.550
        c) Giorgitsminda (Akhaltsikhe District)                              280
2 AA establishment and full rehabilitation of drainage schemes
  (off-farm infrastructure + onfarm infrastructure)                   3.730
        a) Rioni-Choloki (Lanchkhuti District)                           2.030
        b) Rioni-Khobi (Khobi District)                                  1.700
3 AA establishment and rehabilitation of irrigation and drainage     40.000
  onfarm network

    AA establishment and full rehabilitation                         60.060
4 AA establishment                                                    49.940
Total                                                               110.000
                               Five-year project
                                                         110.000 ha
                                                        Total project area




                                   60.060 ha                                   49.940 гa
                        AA establishment and scheme                           AA establishment
                               rehabilitation




         16.330 ha                                    3.730 ha                             40.000 гa
AA establishment and full                    AA establishment and full              AA establishment and
rehabilitation of irrigation             rehabilitation of drainage schemes        rehabilitation of onfarm
                                           (offfarm infrastructure + onfarm
         schemes                                                                   irrigation and drainage
                                                    infrastructure)
(offfarm infrastructure + onfarm                                                        infrastructure
         infrastructure)
Legal Framework of land reclamation


  1.   Constitution
  2.   Law On Ownership of Agricultural Lands
  3.   Law on Land Reclamation – adopted on october 15, 1997
       (amended on March 7, 2000 and January 21, 2002);
  4.   Law on Legal entity under Pubic Law;
  5.   Law on Water Resources;
  6.   Civil Code
  7.   Administrative Code
  8.   Criminal Code
Stages of AA registration

       Defining the AA service area
                  borders
      (based on a hydraulic unit principle)




      Collecting signatures of potential AA members on their
                    agreement to establish AA
   (agreement of at least 51% of the total number of landholders covering
                      at least 51% of AA service area)
Stages of AA registration
(Continued)


 Agreement on the AA service area and list of landholders
 (with the local authorities, DASM local offices and state department
                  of land management within 10 days)




                                                                        Rejection of the agreement should
                                                                               be justified in writing



          Agreement of local authorities on AA
                   establishment
      (Within 20 days from the date of the application )
Stages of AA registration
(Continued)


           AA Founding Meeting
             General Assembly
                                                      Voting approval of AA Charter
    (at least 51% of the potential members
                                                  (at least 2/3 of the total number of votes is
                 participating)
                                                                     required)




   Application for the registration at the
                                                   AA chairman and board elections
          Ministry of Agriculture
  (Charter, minutes of the AA founding meeting,
   minutes of AA chairman election, AA service
    area map, list of members confirmed by
                   signatures)



                                                     Rejection of the registration should
                                                            be justified in writing
Stages of AA registration
(Continued)




       AA registration at the Ministry of
                  Agriculture
        (two weeks after the application receipt date)




      Award of the identification code of the state
          department of statistics to the AA
Stages of AA registration
(Continued)




    Conclusion of the usufruct contract between the AA
     and the Ministry of State Property Management
                     (notary attested)
        on the transfer of the state infrastructure to the AA




      Registration in the State Department on Land
            Resources Management Register
Organization chart of the AA


                             General
                     Assembly/Representatives’
                             meeting


     Auditing
   commission

                          AA Management
                              Board

                              Chairman




                 Financial               Administrative
                management                management
Organization chart of AA financed by the
                IDCDP


                                       General
                               Assembly/Representatives’
                                       meeting


           Audit committee                                    Advisory Council



                                     AA management
                                         Board

                                       Chairman

   Governance

   Management
                                       Manager
                                       Executive                  Procurement
                                      management                  management
                                                                   Committee


                         Financial           Administrative        Procurement
                        management            management           management
AAAAAAAAAs established to date




Number of AAs      Ha            Number of   Number of
                                 members      districts


    263         232,204     191,002            38
        Lake Ritsa
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Lake Djandara                                Iori
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  j
                                                                                                                                                                                            Ninotsminda                                                                                                                                           A
                                                                              Tur key
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Lake Sagamo                       Dmanisi
                                                                                                                                                                                    Lake Khancali
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Lake Mada
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   z
                                                                                                                                                                           Lake Khozapini                                                                                                                                                                                              e
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         r                                        i
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           b
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 A r meni a                                                                                                                                                                   a
Number of AAs established with the IDCDP support and their service areas in
2002-2005



             AA service areas



    30,000
                                            29,171.9
                   27,134.9      27,387



    20,000


                                                           12,146

    10,000



                       29          39         26             12
       -

                 2002           2003       2004          2005       Number of AAs
Number of members in the AAs established with the IDCDP support in 2002-2005




                    2003,                        2004,

                    24,674                      18,261



                                                         2005,
                                                         3,791
                                2002,

                                25,245
Financing of AAs with seed money in USD in 2003-2006




           USD



        2,000,000

        1,800,000                                               1,435,781
        1,600,000

        1,400,000

        1,200,000

        1,000,000

         800,000                                   472,503

         600,000

         400,000                       76,282
                       13,707
         200,000

              -
                    2003        2004            2005         2006           Year
AA training topics

  Agricultural Business Management and General
   Agriculture
  AA Development topics
  Accounting
  Procurement
  Environmental considerations
  Financial monitoring
  Study Tours to FSU
Trainings conducted under the IDCDP in 2003-2005




                             Training pаrticipants

                 Local consultants               5

           DASM representatives                      8                                       14

             Consulting engineers        1   2

          Ministry representatives       1


                   AA Accountant         1               7                                   14

                    AA Manager           1               7                                                       28

       AA Procurement Committee          1           6

              AA Audit committee                                 14

               AA Advisory Board             3                            15

                        AA Board         1               7                                                       28

            Project Technical Unit                   8                         6                                                                         number of trainings

                                     0           2   4       6        8   10       12   14        16   18   20   22   24   26   28   30   32   34   36     38
Selection criteria for scheme rehabilitation :


    Natural and climatic conditions
          precipitation;
          evaporation;
          River runoff (hydrology);
          Soil classes;
    Current cropping patterns and prospects of economically profitable
     cropping patterns
    Water demand of main crops and importance of amelioration;
    Social factors, conditions of farmers, their commitment to the project;
    Land privatization data;
    Technical condition and viability of schemes;
    Environmental situation and sustainability;
    Economic return of planned activities.
Kvemo Alazani Irrigation Scheme map
Kvemo Alazani Irrigation Scheme
rehabilitation

  The scheme was put into operation in 1933. The last reconstruction
   started in 1983 and was stopped in 1990 due to the lack of funds. The
   design discharge of the main canal is 20m3/sec.
  It is the gravity irrigation scheme and its design service area is 27,000
   ha.
    The design envisages the following:
    Full rehabilitation of the irrigation scheme headworks;
    Rehabilitation of the main canal (L =40 km, Q =20m3/sec.) and
   secondaries ( L= 215 км) on 8,550 ha in 4 stages.
    The rehabilitation cost is GEL 14.763 million
   As a result of the design implementation :
    water supply of 22,500 ha agricultural lands in Telavi, Gurjaani,
   Signagi and Dedoplistskaro districts in Kakheti region, 40,000
   households and Alazani hydropower station of 5 megawatt capacity
   will fully improve.
    Irrigation of 11 AA service areas (8,550 ha of agricultural lands) will
   be guaranteed, therefore crop yields will increase for the benefit of
   10,300 households.
Kvemo Alazani Irrigation Scheme Headworks
– flushing sluice gates
Kvemo Alazani Irrigation Scheme Headworks –
flushing sluice gates and regulation gates
Kvemo Alazani Irrigation Scheme Headworks
– emergency spillway
Kvemo Alazani Irrigation Scheme – reinforcement of
the main canal inverted siphon with gabions
Kvemo Alazani Irrigation Scheme - check
structure at the main canal
Kvemo Alazani Irrigation Scheme – secondary canal
Kvemo Alazani irrigation Scheme – rehabilitation of
secondaries
Kvemo Alazani Irrigation Scheme – AA labour
contribution
Tashiskari Irrigation Scheme map
Rehabilitation of Tashiskari Irrigation Scheme

   The scheme was put into operation in 1959. The last reconstruction
    started in 1983 and was stopped in 1990 due to the lack of funds.
    The length is 3,300m.
   It is a gravity irrigation scheme. Its design service area is 11,400 ha.
    Before the rehabilitation the scheme was in an emergency condition
    and carried only 5m3/sec.
     The design envisages the following:
     Full rehabilitation of Khashuri Tunnel (L =3,3 км, Q =9 m3/сек.) ;
     Rehabilitation of the headworks, main canal (L =58,8 км, Q =9
    m3/сек.) and secondaries ( L= 208 км) on 7,500 ha in 4 stages.
     The rehabilitation cost is GEL 14,394 million.
     As a result of the design implementation:
    Irrigation of 10 AA service areas (7,500 ha of agricultural lands) will
    be guaranteed, therefore crop yields will increase for the benefit of
    10,220 households.
Khashuri Tunnel of Tashiskari Irrigation
Scheme before rehabilitation
Khashuri Tunnel of Tashiskari Irrigation
Scheme during the rehabilitation
Khashuri Tunnel of Tashiskari Irrigation
Scheme after the rehabilitation
Headworks and main canal of Tashiskari
Irrigation Scheme
Tunnel outlet of Tashiskari irrigation
Scheme
Main canal of Tashiskari irrigation Scheme
(view from the tunnel)
 Tashiskari irrigation Scheme – main canal
rehabilitation
Tashiskari irrigation Scheme – trapezoidal
main canal and cross regulator
Tashiskari irrigation Scheme – secondary
canals
Tashiskari Irrigation Scheme –
AA labour contribution
Map of Rioni-Choloki and Rioni-Khobi
drainage schemes
  Rioni-Khobi Drainage Scheme rehabilitation

The scheme was put into operation in 1954. The last reconstruction was carried out in
   the 1980s.
For the most part it is a gravity drainage scheme serving 36,800 ha and only one
   section (900 ha ) is a polder with two pump stations.
     The design envisages the following :
     Scheme rehabilitation on 1,700 ha in 2 stages, namely pump station No1 (Q=3.5m3/sec),
   main drains (11.6km), primary and secondary collectors (L=45.1km).
     The rehabilitation cost is GEL 2.089 million. GEL 2.089 million has been disbursed.
As a result of the design implementation :
Drainage of 4 AA service areas (1,700 ha of agricultural lands) will be guaranteed, therefore
   crop yields will increase for the benefit of 1,270 households
Works :
      Works on 1,700 ha in Khobi District were started in 2002 and completed in two stages in
   2005 (villages of Patar Poti, Chaladidi, Sachochuo, Sagvamichao and Sagvichio)
Rioni-Khobi Drainage Scheme – main drain
Rioni-Khobi Drainage Scheme – rehabilitation
of main drain and bridge
Rioni-Khobi Drainage Scheme –
rehabilitation of collectors
Rioni-Khobi Drainage Scheme –
pumping sump
Rioni-Khobi Drainage Scheme – cross
regulator of the pump station
Rioni-Khobi Drainage Scheme –
AA labour contribution
  Rioni-Choloki Drainage Scheme Rehabilitation

The scheme was put into operation in the 1970s. It serves 36,800 ha. For the most
   part it is a gravity drainage scheme and only one section (900 ha ) is a polder with
   two pump stations. The drainage schemes serves a total of 29,900 ha.
The design envisages the following :
   Scheme rehabilitation on 2.030 ha, namely reconstruction of the main drain (20.5 km) and
   primary and secondary collectors (L=74.5km) in two stages.

   The rehabilitation cost is GEL 2.028 million, out of which GEL 1.451 million has been
   disbursed.
As a result of the design implementation :
Drainage of 5 AA service areas (2,030 ha of agricultural lands) will be guaranteed, therefore
   crop yields will increase for the benefit of 2,750 households
Rioni-Choloki Drainage Scheme – secondary
collector
Rioni-Choloki Drainage Scheme – new bridges
on collectors
Rioni-Choloki Drainage Scheme –
rehabilitation of collectors
Rioni-Choloki Drainage Scheme –
AA labour contribution
Yields of main crops
Tashiskari Irrigation Scheme

    ton/ha                                                                                                                              %
                                                                                            114%        111%
  20.0                                                                                                                                   120%
  18.0                                                                                                            19.0

                                                                                                 15.0                                    100%
  16.0        84%         84%
  14.0
                                                                                                                                         80%
                                                                                                                          67%
  12.0
                                                                     58%                                                       10.0
  10.0                                        52%                                                       9.0                              60%
   8.0                                                                                     7.0
                                                                            6.0                                          6.0             40%
   6.0                         4.6
                   3.5                              3.8            3.8
   4.0                   2.5                 2.5
             1.9                                                                                                                         20%
   2.0
   0.0                                                                                                                                   0%
              wheat       straw                maize                  straw                vegetables    potato            fruit

                                  without project    after rehabilitation     increase %                                              crops
Yields of main crops
Kvemo Alazani Irrigation Scheme
    ton/ha                                                                                                                            %
  40.0                                                                                                                                160%
                                                                                       150%                      35.0
  35.0                                                                                                                    129%        140%

  30.0                                                                                                                                120%
                                           100%            100%
  25.0                                                                                                                                100%
              84%         84%
                                                                                                          20.0
  20.0                                                                                                                                80%
                                                                                                58%                75%         16.0
  15.0                                                                                                                                60%

  10.0                                                                                                                                40%
                                                                   6.4                                                   7.0
                                                                                                    6.0
                               4.6              4.0                                           3.8
   5.0             3.5                                       3.2                                                                      20%
             1.9         2.5              2.0
                                                                                0.6 1.5
   0.0                                                                                                                                0%
             wheat        straw             maize              straw           sunflower      grapes        melons       vegetables
                                     without project   after rehabilitation   increase %                                                  crops
Yields of main crops
Rioni-Choloki and Rioni-Khobi Drainage Schemes

     ton/ha                                                                                                     %
   14.0                                                                                                         152%
                150%
                                                                                                         12.0
   12.0                                                                                                         150%

                                                                                            10.0                148%
   10.0

                                                                                                                146%
    8.0
                                                          6.5                                                   144%
    6.0
                                                141%                                                            142%
                        4.0
    4.0
                                                2.7                                                             140%

    2.0       1.6
                                                                                                                138%
                                                                                     0.0           0.0
    0.0                                                                                                         136%
                    maize                             straw                           vegetables     potato
                              without project    after rehabilitation   increase %
                                                                                                                    crops
Демонстрационная ассоциация «”Либо” (Ланчхутский район,
деревня Леса)
     Схема экономического результата :


                                       cultivated area


       400.0
                                                           (ha) 370.0

       350.0



       300.0      (ha) 267.0


       250.0



       200.0



       150.0



       100.0



        50.0



         0.0
               before rehabilitation                     after rehabilitation
Pilot AA Libo (Lanchkhuti district, Lesa Village)
      Chart of economic results :


                                        maize yields per ha


    6.0
                                                                   ton 5.5

    5.0



    4.0



    3.0
                      ton 2.0

    2.0



    1.0



    0.0
                before rehabilitation                         after rehabilitation
Pilot AA Pirveli Mertskhali (Gurjaani district,
Chumlaki Village)
      Chart of economic results :
                                            yields per ha (tons)

                              before rehabilitation                 after rehabilitation

    40.0


    35.0                                                                                           34.0


    30.0


    25.0


    20.0


    15.0
                 11.7                                              11.0
                                                                                            10.0
    10.0
           7.0
                                                5.2        5.0
     5.0                                                                              3.5
                              2.6
                        1.3              1.7                                   1.0
     0.0
            grapes      sunflower            maize           peaches           strawberry   water melon
PPilot AA Nergi (Akhaltsikhe District, Tsnisi Village)
Chart of economic results:

                                        yields per ha (ton)

                        before rehabilitation                 after rehabilitation


    35.0


                                                                   30.0
    30.0



    25.0



    20.0


                                                       15.0
    15.0



    10.0


                                           3.9                                              4.5
     5.0          3.5
            2.5                 3.0                                                  2.5

     0.0
              wheat                   maize                   potato                   cabbage
Regional offices of the IDCDP


  IDCDP regional offices have been established
  As a result it became possible to:
   more closely collaborate with farmers and AAs and conduct
  trainings in districts;
   more strictly control civil works regardless the time and place of
  works.
Regional Office in West Georgia, Poti
Town
Regional office in Kakheti, Gurjaani Town
Regional Office in Shida Kartli, Kareli Town
Regional Office in Kvemo Kartli, Marneuli Town
AA Office
                                      Increase of rural
                                     population income


                                       Increase of agricultural
                                              produce

                  Proper irrigation/drainage to ensure the sustainability of
                                    agricultural production


                                   Restoration of irrigation and
                                      drainage sub-sector



     Physical infrastructure                                      Institutional framework
         rehabilitation
Reconstruction of dams, intakes, canals,
                  etc                          +                        development
                                                                  AA establishment and support
      Project benefits

    About 80,000 households will benefit from the project implementation
    Guaranteed water supply and irrigation of farmers’ lands                                     48.330 ha
    Drainage of farmers’ land and mitigating the risk of floods in the rehabilitated
    drainage areas                                                                               11.730 hа
    Organization and uniting of farmers in institutional entities
     (Amelioration Associations)                                                                110,000 ha
    Improvement of agricultural production and supply of domestic markets with local products
    Creation of economically sustainable farming communities and poverty reduction
    Restructuring state property, support of private sector development and provision of employment (designers,
     builders, project management staff, etc)
    Introduction of paid water delivery services and gradual exemption of the state budget from O&M costs
KEY ISSUES TO SUSTAIN THE ACHIEVED
PROJECT OUTCOMES

    To ensure operation and maintenance of state amelioration schemes of
     general use;
    To carry out comprehensive flood control, erosion control and
     agrochemical measures;
    Improving the amelioration schemes management structure;
    Improvement of the legislation;
    Ensuring availability of high-quality agricultural input materials (fertilizers,
     agricultural chemicals, etc);
    Establishing agricultural service and extension centers in various districts;
    Building up a marketing system/network (wholesale markets, regional
     assembly centers);
    Restoring primary agricultural production processing plants;
    Insurance of harvest against natural disasters;
    Ensuring availability of financial resources (credit lines) for farmers
    Ensuring the minimum necessary logistical support for AAs;
    Institutional development of regional LTDs.
Lessons learned from AAs functioning in 2002-2007

Required:
     Continuous collaboration with AAs ;
     Trainings for AA boards and members in the issues of their interest;
     Land consolidation;
     Integration of neighboring AAs;
     Improvement of partnership between AAs and regional LTDs;
     Together with regional AAs introduction of water delivery measurement at the secondary
      level;
     Mentality change;
     Imposing sanctions against service fee delinquents and those AA members, whose plots are
      abandoned for years;
     Provision of certain funds in the local budgets for AA financing;
     Provision of AAs with the minimum necessary agricultural machinery .
THANK YOU

								
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