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Innovative Behavior and the Reciprocal Exchange between Employees and Organizations**/Innovatives Verhalten und der wechselseitige Austausch zwischen Mitarbeitern und Organisationen

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									Alexander Pundt, Erko Martins, Friedemann W. Nerdinger*
Innovative Behavior and the Reciprocal Exchange
between Employees and Organizations**
In this study, we investigated if employees’ innovative behavior can be explained in
terms of social exchange between employees and organizations. We developed a re-
search model based on the Organizational Support Theory (Eisenberger et al. 1986).
The model explains how innovative behavior among employees arises out of a feeling
of being obligated, vis-á-vis the organization, to provide innovation-relevant contribu-
tions. It is presumed that this feeling of obligation is the result of perceived organiza-
tional support (POS), in so far as the organization provides resources relevant to in-
novation. Furthermore, we presume that the effect which these provided resources
have on POS is moderated by the organization’s obligation to provide them. The
model was examined with the help of Structural Equation Models, by way of data
from a questionnaire study (N = 461). The results confirm the proposed hypotheses
to a large extent. Only the moderator effect remained unsubstantiated.
Innovatives Verhalten und der wechselseitige Austausch
zwischen Mitarbeitern und Organisationen
In unserer Studie untersuchen wir, ob innovatives Verhalten der Mitarbeiter durch
den Austausch zwischen den Mitarbeitern und der Organisation erklärt werden kann.
Auf der Basis der Organizational Support Theory entwickeln wir ein Modell, nach
dem innovatives Verhalten der Mitarbeiter aus ihrem Gefühl heraus entsteht, gegen-
über der Organisation zur Leistung innovationsrelevanter Beiträge verpflichtet zu sein.
Dieses Gefühl ist dem Modell nach ein Ergebnis innovationsrelevanter Ressourcen
und der daraus resultierenden wahrgenommenen organisationalen Unterstützung
(POS). Weiterhin wird die Wirkung dieser Ressourcen auf POS dem Modell nach
durch die Verpflichtung der Organisation zur Bereitstellung der Ressourcen mode-
riert. Das Modell wurde mittels Strukturgleichungsmodellen anhand der Daten aus ei-
ner Fragebogenstudie (N=461) geprüft. Die Ergebnisse bestätigen weitgehend die
Hypothesen, lediglich der Moderatoreffekt lässt sich nicht belegen.
Key words: social exchange, employee-organization relations, innovative
           behavior, voice behavior, perceived organizational support

*    Alexander Pundt, Erko Martins, Friedemann W. Nerdinger, Universität Rostock, Lehr-
     stuhl für Wirtschafts- und Organisationspsychologie, Ulmenstraße 69, 18057 Rostock,
     Germany. E-mail:
**   The research project on which this publication is based was funded by the Federal Minis-
     try of Education and Research and the ESF as FKZ 01FM07082. The responsibility for
     this publication’s content rests with its authors.
     Article received: November 9, 2009
     Revised version accepted after double blind review: March 26, 2010.

Zeitschrift für Personalforschung, 24(2), 173-193    DOI 10.1688/1862-0000_ZfP_2010_02_Pundt
ISSN (print) 0179-6437, ISSN (internet) 1862-0000   © Rainer Hampp Verlag,
174                             Pundt, Martins, Nerdinger: Innovative Behavior and Reciprocal Exchange

      Innovation is an important factor in helping organizations survive in a world full of
      changes (Fagerberg 2005; Westland 2008). While confronting the challenge of innova-
      tion, orga
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