Identification of the number of home accidents per year involving children in the 0-6 age group and the measures taken by mothers to prevent home accidents

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					The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2010; 52: 150-157                                                        Original



Identification of the number of home accidents per year involving
children in the 0-6 age group and the measures taken by mothers
to prevent home accidents
Sibel Erkal
Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Hacettepe University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences,
Ankara, Turkey



                            SUMMARY: Erkal S. Identification of the number of home accidents per year
                            involving children in the 0-6 age group and the measures taken by mothers
                            to prevent home accidents. Turk J Pediatr 2010; 52: 150-157.
                            This study was designed and carried out to determine the factors effective
                            on the home safety measures taken by mothers with children in the 0-6
                            age group and to detect the frequency of home accidents among children in
                            this group. The study was carried out with the participation of 514 mothers
                            who were registered at the H. Ülgen Health Center affiliated with the
                            Directorate of Mamak Health Group. The study data were collected through a
                            questionnaire form and the “Scale for Identification by Mothers of the Safety
                            Measures Taken by Mothers to Prevent Home Accidents in Children in the
                            0-6 Age Group”. It was found that 37.9% of the 0-6 age group children had
                            had a home accident, with “fall” the most common (75.4%). A statistically
                            significant difference was recorded in the mother’s total mean score from
                            the scale with respect to the factors of educational status, age, family type,
                            and number of children (p<0.05).
                            Key words: children, accident, injuries, mother, home safety.




Accidents are an important health problem                   mechanisms are falls, poisoning and burns5.
throughout the world; they result in disabilities           In 2003 in the United States, more than 1.8
and even death1. Unintentional injuries have                million children under the age of four were
been identified as a major threat to the health             nonfatally injured, and falls were the leading
and well-being of children2. Home accidents                 cause7.
rank highly among all accidents and occur in
                                                            According to a study conducted by the Ministry
or around the house (at home, in the garden,
                                                            of Health in Turkey, 120,000 children were
garage, etc.)3. The home is the place where
                                                            hospitalized and 2,000 people lost their lives
children spend most of their time, and most
                                                            through home accidents over the last five
injuries, especially those among children4,5,
                                                            years8. The mortality data issued by the Turkish
occur at home. Children are in a high-risk
                                                            Statistics Institute (TUIK), on the basis of 150
group for home accidents since they are not
                                                            reasons and age groups, showed that a total
aware of the hazards, are more susceptible to
                                                            of 279 people lost their lives due to falling
environmental risks and are curious1,3. Injury
                                                            (place of the accidents not specified) in 2006
in the home is extremely common, accounting
                                                            and 5.37% of the 279 people were in the 1-4
for approximately one-third of all injuries in
                                                            age group9.
the United States. Children under the age of
five are in the highest risk groups for home                Accidents do not simply happen by chance. The
injury, both fatal and nonfatal6. An alarming               child him/herself, the people
				
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