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The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2010; 52: 150-157 Original Identification of the number of home accidents per year involving children in the 0-6 age group and the measures taken by mothers to prevent home accidents Sibel Erkal Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Hacettepe University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Ankara, Turkey SUMMARY: Erkal S. Identification of the number of home accidents per year involving children in the 0-6 age group and the measures taken by mothers to prevent home accidents. Turk J Pediatr 2010; 52: 150-157. This study was designed and carried out to determine the factors effective on the home safety measures taken by mothers with children in the 0-6 age group and to detect the frequency of home accidents among children in this group. The study was carried out with the participation of 514 mothers who were registered at the H. Ülgen Health Center affiliated with the Directorate of Mamak Health Group. The study data were collected through a questionnaire form and the “Scale for Identification by Mothers of the Safety Measures Taken by Mothers to Prevent Home Accidents in Children in the 0-6 Age Group”. It was found that 37.9% of the 0-6 age group children had had a home accident, with “fall” the most common (75.4%). A statistically significant difference was recorded in the mother’s total mean score from the scale with respect to the factors of educational status, age, family type, and number of children (p<0.05). Key words: children, accident, injuries, mother, home safety. Accidents are an important health problem mechanisms are falls, poisoning and burns5. throughout the world; they result in disabilities In 2003 in the United States, more than 1.8 and even death1. Unintentional injuries have million children under the age of four were been identified as a major threat to the health nonfatally injured, and falls were the leading and well-being of children2. Home accidents cause7. rank highly among all accidents and occur in According to a study conducted by the Ministry or around the house (at home, in the garden, of Health in Turkey, 120,000 children were garage, etc.)3. The home is the place where hospitalized and 2,000 people lost their lives children spend most of their time, and most through home accidents over the last five injuries, especially those among children4,5, years8. The mortality data issued by the Turkish occur at home. Children are in a high-risk Statistics Institute (TUIK), on the basis of 150 group for home accidents since they are not reasons and age groups, showed that a total aware of the hazards, are more susceptible to of 279 people lost their lives due to falling environmental risks and are curious1,3. Injury (place of the accidents not specified) in 2006 in the home is extremely common, accounting and 5.37% of the 279 people were in the 1-4 for approximately one-third of all injuries in age group9. the United States. Children under the age of five are in the highest risk groups for home Accidents do not simply happen by chance. The injury, both fatal and nonfatal6. An alarming child him/herself, the people
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