Kurzban's Immigration Law Sourcebook, 11th Edition - PDF - PDF by ygs12945

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									bleed tab                                                             TABLE OF CASES
                                     Alphabetization is letter-by-letter (e.g., “Sango” precedes “San Juan”)


            ___, Matter of; SRC 07 174 51943 (TSC Dec. 18, 2007) ............................................................................................ 882
            ___, Matter of; LIN 06 164 51652 (AAO Dec. 5, 2007) .............................................................................................. 875
            ___, Matter of (AAO Oct 31, 2007) ................................................................................................................................ 95
            ___, Matter of (AAO Apr. 24, 2007) .............................................................................................................................. 95
            ___, Matter of (AAO Mar. 27, 2007) .............................................................................................................................. 95
            ___, Matter of (AAO Feb. 6, 2007) .............................................................................................................................. 663
            ___, Matter of; EAC 06 216 52028 (AAO Sept. 8, 2006) (VSC) ................................................................................ 677
            ___, Matter of; EAC 03 048 51297 (AAO Nov. 10, 2005) .......................................................................................... 905
            ___, Matter of; WAC 03 158 53192 (AAO Nov. 10, 2005) ........................................................................................ 905
            ___, Matter of; WAC 02 246 52330 (AAO Sept. 16, 2005) ........................................................................................ 904
            ___, Matter of; LIN 04 088 51403 (AAO Aug. 24, 2005) ........................................................................................... 682
            ___, Matter of; WAC 04 172 53199 (AAO Aug. 15, 2006) ........................................................................................ 682
            ___, Matter of; EAC 04 086 52877 (AAO Aug. 3, 2005) ............................................................................................ 682
            ___, Matter of; WAC 02 198 51280 (AAO Apr. 25, 2005) ......................................................................................... 682
            ___, Matter of; WAC 02 273 55874 (AAO Apr. 25, 2005) (Cal. S.C.) ....................................................................... 685
            ___, Matter of; No. LIN 03-165-52241 (AAO Apr. 5, 2005) ...................................................................................... 872
            ___, Matter of; WAC 03-083-53964 (AAO Mar, 7, 2005) .......................................................................................... 878
            ___, Matter of; 2005 WL 2159872, WAC 03 122 53068 (AAO Mar. 7, 2005)........................................................... 885
            ___, Matter of; WAC 03-216-54354 (AAO Mar. 7, 2005) .......................................................................................... 878
            ___, Matter of; 2005 WL 2101359 (AAO Feb. 18, 2005) ........................................................................................... 610
            ___, Matter of; EAC 03-031051783 AAO Jan. 31, 2005) ........................................................................................... 878
            ___, Matter of; EAC 03 143 51185 (AAO Jan. 28, 2005) ........................................................................................... 682
            ___, Matter of; LIN 02-218-51584 (AA) Jan. 18, 2005) .............................................................................................. 878
            ___, Matter of (AAO Jan. 12, 2005) ............................................................................................................................. 901
            ___, Matter of; 2005 WL 2271372 (AAO Jan. 12, 2005) .......................................................................................... 1300
            ___, Matter of; 2005 WL 23742443 (Chicago) (AAO Jan. 12, 2005) ....................................................................... 1304
            ___, Matter of; 2005 WL 2374241 (AAO Jan. 10, 2005) (Phoenix) ......................................................................... 1304
            ___, Matter of; 2005 WL 2374242 (Jan. 10, 2005) .................................................................................................... 1304
            ___, Matter of; 2005 WL 2160025, LIN 03 122 52049 (AAO Jan. 3, 2005) ............................................................... 872
            ___, Matter of (AAO Aug. 12, 2004) ........................................................................................................................... 682
            ___, Matter of (AAO July 7, 2004) ............................................................................................................................... 905
            ___, Matter of; WAC 03 066 50015 (AAO June 9, 2004) ........................................................................................... 683
            ___, Matter of (AAO June 1, 2004) .............................................................................................................................. 870
            ___, Matter of (AAO May 27, 2004) ............................................................................................................................ 871
            ___, Matter of (AAO Apr. 23, 2004) ............................................................................................................................ 801
            ___, Matter of (AAO Apr. 14, 2004) .................................................................................................................... 875, 877
            ___, Matter of (AAO Mar. 22, 2004) ............................................................................................................................ 901
            ___, Matter of; WAC 03-042-54861 (AAO Feb. 24, 2004) ......................................................................................... 879
            ___, Matter of; WAC 02-196-53090 (AAO Dec. 16, 2003) ........................................................................................ 879
            ___, Matter of; EAC 03 085 52660 (AAO Oct. 30, 2003) ................................................................................... 674, 705
            ___, Matter of (AAO Oct. 8, 2003) ............................................................................................................................... 886
            ___, Matter of (AAO Sept. 30, 2003) ..................................................................................................................... 884–85
            ___, Matter of; CSC, WAC 02-207-53549 (AAO Sept. 30, 2003) .............................................................................. 878
            ___, Matter of; WAC 02-254-54529 (AAO Sept. 29, 2003) ....................................................................................... 871
            ___, Matter of (AAO Sept 16, 2003) (Nebraska Service Center) ................................................................................ 871
            ___, Matter of; CSC, WAC 02-208-52485 (AAO Aug. 6, 2003) ................................................................................ 904
            ___, Matter of; NSC LIN 02-248-50383 (AAO July 8, 2003) ..................................................................................... 879
            ___, Matter of; LIN 02-108-51863(AAO June 16, 2003) ............................................................................................ 879
            ___, Matter of; WAC 02-089-52983 (AAO June 3, 2003) .......................................................................................... 879
            ___, Matter of; VSC, EAC 02-099-53226 (AAO Mar. 24, 2003) ......................................................................... 870–71
            ___, Matter of (AAO Mar. 20, 2003) .............................................................................................................................. 89
            ___, Matter of (AAO Mar. 13, 2003) ............................................................................................................................ 898
            ___, Matter of; CSC, WAC 01-283-53346 (AAO Mar. 11, 2003) .............................................................................. 871
            ___, Matter of (AAO Feb. 28, 2003) ............................................................................................................................ 752
            ___, Matter of (AAO Feb. 27, 2003) .......................................................................................................................... 1316
            ___, Matter of; CSC, WAC 02-070-52665 (AAO Feb. 27, 2003) ............................................................................... 871
            ___, Matter of; VSC, EAC 01-010-50438 (AAO Feb. 4, 2003) .................................................................................. 878
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TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                                 1451

___, Matter of; VSC, EAC 01-018-50413 (AAO Jan. 31, 2003) ................................................................................ 904
___, Matter of (AAO Dec. 16, 2002) ........................................................................................................................... 610
___, Matter of; WAC 02-136-52595 (AAO Dec. 13, 2002) ....................................................................................... 682
___, Matter of (AAO Dec. 10, 2002) ........................................................................................................................... 871
___, Matter of; SRC 02-245-52561, TSC (AAO Nov. 1, 2002) ................................................................................. 717
___, Matter of; NSC (AAO Oct. 15, 2002) .................................................................................................................. 878
___, Matter of (AAO Oct. 8, 2002) .............................................................................................................................. 871
___, Matter of; VSC 00-059-54055 (AAO Oct. 2, 2002) ............................................................................................ 879
___, Matter of; WAC 01-245-53659, CSC (AAO Oct. 1, 2002) ................................................................................ 871
___, Matter of; WAC 97-191-51059 (AAO Sept. 24, 2002) ...................................................................................... 878
___, Matter of; 26 Immig. Rptr. B2-92, LIN 02 184 53385 (AAO Sept. 17, 2002) ................................................... 716
___, Matter of; WAC 02-196-50736 CSC (AAO Sept. 16, 2002) .............................................................................. 717
___, Matter of (Aug. 29, 2002) .................................................................................................................................... 879
___, Matter of; NSC (AAO Aug. 29, 2002) ................................................................................................................ 871
___, Matter of; EAC 99-144-51371, VSC (AAO Aug. 22, 2002) .............................................................................. 878
___, Matter of (AAO Aug. 18, 2002) .......................................................................................................................... 878
___, Matter of; TSC (AAO Aug. 18, 2002) ................................................................................................................. 878
___, Matter of (AAO Aug 3, 2002) ............................................................................................................................. 878
___, Matter of; NSC (AAO May 23, 2002) ................................................................................................................. 879
___, Matter of; EAC 00-032-51205 VSC (AAO May 13, 2002) ................................................................................ 879
___, Matter of; EAC 99-012-51220, VSC (AAO Apr. 29, 2002) ............................................................................... 878
___, Matter of; NSC (AAO Apr. 11, 2002) ................................................................................................................. 878
___, Matter of; NSC (AAO Apr. 10, 2002) ................................................................................................................. 878
___, Matter of; WAC 01-250-52367, CSC (AAO 4. 2002) .................................................................................. 716–17
___, Matter of; NSC (AAO, Mar. 11, 2002) ................................................................................................................ 879
___, Matter of; NSC (AAO Dec. 21, 2001) ................................................................................................................. 879
___, Matter of; EAC 99 178 51980, VSC (AAO Dec. 17, 2001), .............................................................................. 879
___, Matter of; EAC 99 14950456, VSC (AAO Dec. 11, 2001) ................................................................................ 878
___, Matter of; NSC (AAO Nov. 2, 2001) .................................................................................................................. 879
___, Matter of (AAO Oct. 18, 2001) ............................................................................................................................ 878
___, Matter of; WAC 99-132-51823 (AAO Oct. 18, 2001) ........................................................................................ 879
___, Matter of; EAC 99 077 51640 (AAO Oct. 2, 2001) ............................................................................................ 878
___, Matter of; WAC 99-051-51587, CSC (AAO, Oct. 2, 2001) ............................................................................... 872
___, Matter of; EAC 99-092-52192 (AAO, Apr. 27, 2001) ........................................................................................ 878
___, Matter of (AAO Mar. 17, 2001) ........................................................................................................................... 878
___, Matter of (AAO Mar. 16, 2001) ........................................................................................................................... 878
___, Matter of; EAC 98 216 50785 (AAO Mar. 16, 2001) ......................................................................................... 878
___, Matter of; EAC 99 011 52474 (AAO Mar. 7, 2001) ........................................................................................... 899
___, Matter of; A74 944 520 (AAO Feb. 7, 2001) ...................................................................................................... 663
___, Matter of; WAC 99-016-52605 (AAO Feb. 6, 2001) .......................................................................................... 872
___, Matter of; A77 851 910 (AAO Oct. 3, 2000) ................................................................................................ 663–64
___, Matter of (AAO Sept. 12, 2000) .......................................................................................................................... 878
___, Matter of; 2000 WL 33538895 (AAO Feb. 14, 2000) ........................................................................................ 664
___, Matter of; EAC 98-075-53938 (AAO Jan. 10, 2000) .......................................................................................... 884
___, Matter of; EAC 97 205 52385 (AAO Sept. 1, 1999) ........................................................................................... 884
___, Matter of; A76 093 176 (AAO Aug. 19, 1999) ................................................................................................... 871
___, Matter of; A76 093 795 EAC 99 034 52692 (AAO Aug. 11, 1999) ................................................................... 777
___, Matter of; EAC 98-126-53308 (AAO, July 19, 1999) ........................................................................................ 879
___, Matter of; EAC 98-120-50192 (AAO June 29, 1999) ......................................................................................... 878
___, Matter of; EAC 98-070-50006 (AAO June 21, 1999) ......................................................................................... 878
___, Matter of; EAC 98-070-50114 (AAO June 21, 1999) ......................................................................................... 878
___, Matter of; EAC 98-076-51659 (AAO June 21, 1999) ......................................................................................... 878
___, Matter of; EAC 98-101-54452 (AAO June 21, 1999) ......................................................................................... 879
___, Matter of; WAC 98-131-50087 (AAO Apr. 6, 1999) ......................................................................................... 878
___, Matter of; LIN-98-230-53484 (AAO Jan. 12, 1999) ........................................................................................... 878
___, Matter of; A76 447 742 (AAO Nov. 9, 1998) ..................................................................................................... 879
___, Matter of; NSC 76-863-824 (AAO Sept 16, 1998) ............................................................................................. 878
___, Matter of; WAC 94-064-50122 (AAU Sept. 9, 1994) ......................................................................................... 682
___, Matter of; EAC 93 056 50872 (AAU Sept. 15, 1993) ......................................................................................... 884
___, Matter of; WAC 93-128-50463 (AAU Sept. 3, 1993) ......................................................................................... 727
___, Matter of; EAC 90-123-50664 (AAU May 14, 1993) ......................................................................................... 736
___, Matter of; No. EAC 92 091 50126 (AAU July 21, 1992) ................................................................................... 877
___, Matter of; WAC89 (AAU Nov. 30, 1989) ........................................................................................................... 682
___, Matter of; EAC 99-019-53051 ............................................................................................................................. 878

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1452                                                                                              KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

___, Matter of (Immigration Court, NY) (Weisel, IJ) .................................................................................................. 278
___, Matter of; LIN 04 065 52086 (2005) (Neb. S.C.) ................................................................................................. 685

1756, Inc. v. Attorney General, 745 F.Supp. 9 (D.D.C. 1990) ..................................................................................... 730
$8850 in U.S. Currency; U.S. v., 461 U.S. 555 (1983) ................................................................................................ 245
22249 Dolorosa St.; U.S. v., 190 F.3d 977 (9th Cir. 1999) ........................................................................................ 1238
$45,940; U.S. v., 739 F.2d 792 (2d Cir. 1984) ............................................................................................................. 252
$60,201 in U.S. Currency; U.S. v., 291 F.Supp.2d 1126 (C.D. Cal. 2003) ................................................................. 246
$67,470, Matter of; 901 F.2d 1540 (11th Cir. 1990) .................................................................................................... 244
$134,752; U.S. v., 706 F.Supp. 1075 (S.D.N.Y. 1989) ................................................................................................ 245
$144,600 in U.S. Currency; U.S. v., 757 F.Supp. 1342 (M.D. Fla. 1991) ................................................................... 245
$4,255,000 in U.S. Currency; U.S. v., 762 F.2d 895 (11th Cir. 1985), cert. denied, 474 U.S. 1056 (1986) .............. 245


                                                                               A
A-, Matter of; 3 I&N Dec. 168 (BIA 1948) .................................................................................................................... 79
A, Matter of; 6 I&N Dec. 762 (BIA 1955) ........................................................................................................... 158, 649
A-, Matter of; 9 I&N Dec. 356 (BIA 1961) .................................................................................................................... 53
A-, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 867 (Comm. 1988) .....................................................................................59, 160, 1284–85
A76 940 152, In re (AAO Aug 10, 2000) ..................................................................................................................... 610
A-A-, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 492 (BIA 1992) ....................................................................198–99, 410, 476, 977, 1043
A-A-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 140 (BIA 1998), aff’d, Anin v. Reno,
         188 F.3d 1273 (11th Cir. 1999) ..................................................................................349, 385, 391, 1055, 1060
Abankwah v. INS, 185 F.3d 18 (2d Cir. 1999) ..................................................................................................... 582, 597
Abassi v. INS, 305 F.3d 1028 (9th Cir. 2002) ............................................................................................490, 592, 1055
Abay v. Ashcroft, 368 F.3d 634 (6th Cir. 2004) ...........................................................................277, 438, 517, 573, 582
Abbassi v. INS, 143 F.3d 513 (9th Cir. 1998) ............................................................................................................ 1191
Abbenante v. Butterfield, 112 F.Supp. 324 (E.D. Mich. 1953) ...................................................................................... 80
Abbott Laboratories v. Gardner, 387 U.S. 136 (1967) ............................................................................................... 1132
Abboud v. INS, 140 F.3d 843 (9th Cir. 1998) ..........................................................................................828, 1141, 1152
ABC Roofing & Waterproofing; U.S. v., 1 OCAHO no. 247 (July 25, 1991),
         aff’d, 2 OCAHO no. 358 (Aug. 26, 1991) .............................................................................................1259–61
Abdala v. INS, 488 F.3d 1061 (9th Cir. 2007) .......................................................................................1155, 1161, 1193
Abdalla v. INS, 43 F.3d 1397 (10th Cir. 1994) ............................................................................................................ 471
Abdelfattah v. DHS, 488 F.3d 178 (3d Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................ 335, 337
Abdelhamid v. Ilchert, 774 F.2d 1447 (9th Cir. 1985) .......................................................................................667, 1163
Abdel-Masieh v. INS, 73 F.3d 579 (5th Cir. 1996) ................................................................................436, 468–69, 598
Abdel-Muhti v. Ashcroft, 314 F.Supp.2d 418 (M.D.Pa. 2004) ............................................................................ 412, 415
Abdelqadar v. Gonzales, 413 F.3d 668 (7th Cir. 2005) ............................................................53, 74, 80, 164, 842, 1147
Abdel-Rahman v. Gonzales, 493 F.3d 444 (4th Cir. 2007) .................................................................................. 443, 445
Abdelwase v. Gonzales, 496 F.3d 904 (8th Cir. 2007) .......................................................................................272, 1027
Abdi v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 430 F.3d 1148 (11th Cir. 2005) .......................................................................................... 1051
Abdi; U.S. v., 498 F.Supp.2d 1048 (S.D. Ohio 2007) .................................................................................................. 107
Abdille v. Ashcroft, 242 F.3d 477 (3d Cir. 2001) ......................................................................................................... 471
Abdulai v. Ashcroft, 239 F.3d 542 (3d Cir. 2001) ..................................................................430, 532–33, 545, 1040–41
Abdul-Khalek v. Jenifer, 890 F.Supp. 666 (E.D. Mich. 1995) .................................................................................. 1306
Abdullah v. INS, 184 F.3d 158 (2d Cir. 1999) .........................................................................................379, 1288, 1296
Abdulle v. Gonzales, 422 F.Supp.2d 774 (W.D. Tex. 2006) ................................ 142, 297, 414, 420, 1073, 1090, 1112
Abdulrahman v. Ashcroft, 330 F.3d 587 (3d Cir. 2003) ....................................................................272, 400, 601, 1133
Abebe v. Gonzales, 432 F.3d 1037 (9th Cir. 2005) (en banc) ....................................................................525, 582, 1134
Abebe v. Gonzales, 493 F.3d 1092 (9th Cir. 2007), petition for reh’g granted .................................................. 120, 984
Abebe-Jira v. Negewo, 72 F.3d 844 (11th Cir. 1996) ................................................................................................ 1222
Abedini v. INS, 971 F.2d 188 (9th Cir. 1992) .............................................................................................................. 603
Abedi-Tajrishi v. INS, 752 F.2d 441 (9th Cir. 1985) ...........................................................................................1082–83
Abel v. U.S., 362 U.S. 217 (1960) ........................................................................................................................ 280, 284
Abela v. Gustafson, 888 F.2d 1258 (9th Cir. 1989) .................................................................................................... 1237
Abghari. v. Gonzales, ___F.Supp.2d ___, No. CV 05-1210 FMC (PLAx) (C.D. Cal. Feb. 15, 2006) ...................... 896
Abidi v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 430 F.3d 1148 (11th Cir. 2005) .................................................................................349, 1060
Abimbola v. Ashcroft, 378 F.3d 173 (2d Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................183, 213, 1187
Abiodun v. Gonzales, 461 F.3d 1210 (10th Cir. 2006) ......................................... 212, 319–20, 1072, 1110, 1310, 1316
Abiola v. Abubakar, 267 F.Supp.2d 907 (N.D. Ill. 2003) ................................................................................1224, 1228
Abi-Rached, Matter of; 10 I&N Dec. 551 (BIA 1964) .................................................................................................. 77
Ablang v. Reno, 52 F.3d 801 (9th Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................................. 1168
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                              1453

Ablett v. Brownell, 240 F.2d 625 (D.C. Cir. 1957) ................................................................................................ 71, 211
Abosi, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 204 (2007) ........................................................................................................126, 1008
Aboud v. INS, 876 F.Supp. 938 (S.D. Ohio 1994) ..................................................................................................... 1307
Abou-Haidar v. Gonzales, 437 F.3d 206 (1st Cir. 2006) .............................................................................................. 319
Abourezk v. Reagan, 785 F.2d 1043 (D.C. Cir. 1986),
          aff’d per curiam by an equally divided court, 108 S.Ct. 252 (1987) ...................................111, 622, 833, 1148
Aboushaban v. Mueller, 475 F.Supp.2d 943 (N.D. Cal. 2007) ..............................................................1232, 1235, 1239
Abovian v. INS, 219 F.3d 972 (9th Cir. 2000) .....................................................................................271, 379, 529, 559
Abreu v. U.S., 796 F.Supp. 50 (D.R.I. 1992) .........................................................................................1086, 1105, 1162
Abreu; U.S. v., 940 F.Supp. 443 (D.R.I. 1996) .................................................................................................... 411, 423
Abreu-Cabrera; U.S. v., 64 F.3d 67 (2d Cir. 1995) ...................................................................................................... 261
Abreu-Semino, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 775 (BIA 1968) ........................................................................................ 72, 84
Abrha v. Gonzales, 433 F.3d 1072 (8th Cir. 2006) ...................................................................................................... 602
Abuagla; U.S. v., 326 F.3d 277 (4th Cir. 2003) ..................................................................................................249, 1329
Abu Ali v. Ashcroft, 350 F.Supp.2d 28 (D.D.C. 2004) ......................................... 33, 310, 623, 1084, 1099, 1132, 1149
Abudu; INS v., 485 U.S. 94 (1988), rev’g 802 F.2d 1096 (9th Cir. 1986) ..... 202, 574, 590–91, 596, 1049, 1063, 1171
Abuhadba v. Gonzales, 512 F.Supp.2d 1347 (N.D. Ga. 2007) .................................................................................. 1325
Abu Hasirah v. DHS, 478 F.3d 474 (2d Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................ 386–87
Abu-Khaliel v. Gonzales, 436 F.3d 627 (6th Cir. 2006) ..................................................327, 329, 332, 971, 1006, 1115
Abur v. Republic of Sudan, 437 F.Supp.2d 166 (D.D.C. 2006) ................................................................................ 1226
Abushaar; U.S. v., 761 F.2d 954 (3d Cir. 1985) ........................................................................................................... 224
Accardi v. Shaughnessy, 347 U.S. 260 (1954) ..................31, 37, 143, 269, 273, 275, 342, 381, 960, 1024, 1163, 1171
Acevedo v. INS, 538 F.2d 918 (2d Cir. 1976) ............................................................................................................ 1197
Acevedo; U.S. v., 229 F.3d 350 (2d Cir. 2000) ............................................................................................................ 231
Acevedo-Aguilar v. Mukasey, 517 F.3d 8 (1st Cir. 2008) ........................................................................................... 990
Acevedo-Carranza v. Ashcroft, 371 F.3d 539 (9th Cir. 2004) ...............................................................1101, 1135, 1195
Acewicz v. INS, 984 F.2d 1056 (9th Cir. 1993) .........................................................................................465, 528, 1044
Achacoso-Sanchez v. INS, 779 F.2d 1260 (7th Cir. 1985) ........................................................................................ 1170
Achaval-Bianco v. Gustafson, 736 F.Supp. 214 (C.D. Cal. 1989) ............................................................................. 1233
Acosta, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 338 (BIA 1973) ........................................................................................................... 81
Acosta, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 211 (BIA 1985) ................................................ 430, 435, 440, 448, 451, 466, 468, 544
Acosta v. Ashcroft, 341 F.3d 218 (3d Cir. 2003) ...........................................................................30, 208, 218–19, 1183
Acosta v. Gaffney, 558 F.2d 1153 (3d Cir. 1977) ..............................................................................................277, 1012
Acosta v. Gonzales, 439 F.3d 550 (9th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................. 95, 845
Acosta de Evans; U.S. v., 531 F.2d 428 (9th Cir. 1976) cert. denied, 429 U.S. 836 (1976) ....................................... 242
Acosta Hidalgo, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 103 (BIA 2007) ...........................................................................318, 1310–11
Acosta, Inc.; U.S. v., 7 OCAHO no. 961 (Aug. 28, 1997) ......................................................................................... 1273
Acree v. Republic of Iraq, 370 F.3d 41 (D.C. Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................... 1227
Action S.A. v. Marc Rich & Co., Inc., 951 F.2d 504 (2d Cir. 1991) ......................................................................... 1323
Adalatkhah, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 404 (BIA 1980) ................................................................................................. 835
Adame-Hernandez v. INS, 769 F.2d 1387 (9th Cir. 1985) ................................................................................315, 1083
Adame-Salgado; U.S. v., 214 F.Supp.2d 853 (N.D. Ill. 2002) ..................................................................................... 237
Adamiak, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 878 (BIA 2006) .........................................................................209, 222, 1023, 1037
Adamo, Matter of; 10 I&N Dec. 593 (BIA 1964) ........................................................................................................ 218
Adams v. Baker, 909 F.2d 643 (1st Cir. 1990) ...................................................................................111, 621, 625, 1148
Adams v. Howerton, 673 F.2d 1036 (9th Cir. 1982) .................................................................................................... 800
Adamu v. Pfizer, 399 F.Supp.2d 495 (S.D.N.Y. 2005) .............................................................................................. 1223
Adarand Constructors v. Pena, 515 U.S. 200 (1995) ...................................................................................................... 30
Addington v. Texas, 441 U.S. 418, 432, 99 S.Ct. 1804 (1979) .................................................................................... 376
Adebisi v. INS, 952 F.2d 910 (5th Cir. 1992) ....................................................................................................... 447, 459
Adedeji v. U.S., 782 F.Supp. 688 (D. Mass. 1992) .................................................................................................... 1219
Adefemi v. Ashcroft, 386 F.3d 1022 (11th Cir. 2004) (en banc) .................................................204, 368–69, 379, 1177
Adekpe v. Gonzales, 480 F.3d 525 (7th Cir. 2007) ......................................................................................556, 560, 564
Ademi v. INS, 31 F.3d 517 (7th Cir. 1994) ..................................................................................................270, 410, 968
Aden v. Ashcroft, 396 F.3d 966 (8th Cir. 2005) ...........................................................................................514, 554, 573
Adeniji, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 1102 (BIA 1999) ......................................................................................294, 303, 305
Adetiba, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 506 (BIA 1992) ...............................................................................53, 80–81, 83, 165
Adeyemo v. Ashcroft, 383 F.3d 558 (7th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................ 387, 390
Adhiyappa v. INS, 58 F.3d 261 (6th Cir. 1995) ........................................................................................................... 459
Administrator, Wage & Hour Div. v. API Accounting and Computer Consulting,
          07-LCA-81 (Jan. 25, 2008) ............................................................................................................................ 693
Administrator, Wage & Hour Div. v. Avenue Dental Care, 6-LCA-29 (ALJ June 28, 2007) ..............676, 688, 691–92
Administrator, Wage & Hour Div. v. Gurukrupa LLC, 07-LCA-19 (ALJ July 5, 2007) ............................................ 692
Administrator, Wage & Hour Div. v. Ken Technologies, Inc., 03-LCA-00015 (OALJ July 18, 2003) ..................... 692
1454                                                                                            KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Administrator, Wage & Hour Div. v. Mohan Kutty, M.D. et al.,
          01-LCA-00010 to 00025 (OALJ Oct. 9, 2002) ............................................................................................. 692
Administrator, Wage & Hour Div. v. Piminco, Inc. 06-LCA-17 (ALJ Oct. 26, 2006) ............................................... 693
Administrator, Wage & Hour Div. v. Synergy Systems, Inc. 04-LCA76 (June 30, 2006) ......................................... 690
Adomako; U.S. v., 150 F.Supp.2d 1302 (M.D. Fla. 2001) .......................................................................................... 302
A. Dow Steam Specialties, Ltd., Matter of ; 19 I&N Dec. 389 (Comm. 1986) ........................................................... 898
Adras v. Nelson, 917 F.2d 1552 (11th Cir. 1990) ............................................................................................1219, 1229
Advance Blinds Corp., 02-INA-302 (BALCA Feb. 10, 2004) .................................................................................... 923
Advanced Digital Corp., 90-INA-137 (BALCA 1991) ................................................................................................ 931
Aelry-Mart, Inc., 88-INA-243 (BALCA 1989) ............................................................................................................ 943
A-E-M-, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 1157 (BIA 1998) ..................................................................................................... 539
Aerolineas Argentinas v. U.S., 77 F.3d 1564 (Fed. Cir. 1996) ..........................................................................263, 1225
A-F-, Matter of; 8 I&N Dec. 429 (AG 1959) ............................................................................................................... 218
Afeta v. Gonzales, 467 F.3d 402 (4th Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................................ 1302
Affinitec Corp., 87-INA-516 (BALCA 1987) .............................................................................................................. 926
Afful v. Ashcroft, 380 F.3d 1 (1st Cir. 2004) .....................................................................................................989, 1002
AFL-CIO v. Dole, 923 F.2d 182 (D.C. Cir. 1991) ..................................................................................................... 1170
Afolayan v. INS, 219 F.3d 784 (8th Cir. 2000) .......................................................................................................... 1002
Afridi v. Gonzales, 442 F.3d 1212 (9th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................166, 479–80, 483, 1117
Afroyim v. Rusk, 387 U.S. 253 (1967) .............................................................................................................1319, 1323
Afshari; U.S. v., 426 F.3d 1150 (9th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................................... 108
Afsharzadehyadzi v. Perryman, 214 F.Supp.2d 884 (N.D. Ill. 2002) ..................................................811, 1104–5, 1122
A-G-, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 502 (BIA 1987),
          aff’d sub nom. M.A. v. INS, 899 F.2d 304 (4th Cir. 1990) ............ 443, 450, 544, 591, 596, 1063, 1065, 1172
Agada v. Ashcroft, 368 F.3d 867 (8th Cir. 2004) ......................................................................................................... 544
Agbanyo v. Cabral, 518 F.Supp.2d 326 (D. Mass. 2007) ............................................................................................ 414
Agbor v. Gonzales, 487 F.3d 499 (7th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................ 581, 598
Agbuya v. INS, 241 F.3d 1224 (9th Cir. 2001) ............................................................................................450, 463, 578
Agha Khan Gems Corp., 88-INA-66 (BALCA 1989) ................................................................................................. 918
Agosto v. INS, 436 U.S. 748, 754–57, 98 S.Ct. 2081 (1978) .................................................................................... 1196
Agripac; U.S. v., 8 OCAHO no. 1028 (1999) ............................................................................................................ 1275
Agri Processor Co., Inc. v. NLRB, 514 F.3d 1 (D.C. Cir. 2008) ............................................................................... 1268
Aguiar v. Gonzales, 438 F.3d 86 (1st Cir. 2006) .......................................................................................................... 178
Aguilar v. Gonzales, 475 F.3d 415 (1st Cir. 2007) .............................................................................................157, 1050
Aguilar v. ICE, 510 F.3d 1 (1st Cir. 2007) ............................................................ 271, 278, 292, 340, 1085, 1133, 1197
Aguilar v. Lewis, 50 F.Supp.2d 539 (E.D. Va. 1999) ............................................. 142, 296, 298, 305, 420, 1109, 1141
Aguilar; U.S. v., 871 F.2d 1436 (9th Cir. 1989) ........................................................................................................... 286
Aguilar; U.S. v., 883 F.2d 662 (9th Cir. 1989) ............................................................................................................. 241
Aguilar-Ayala v. Ruiz, 973 F.2d 411 (5th Cir. 1992) .........................................................................................253, 1235
Aguilar De Polanco v. DOJ, 398 F.3d 199 (2d Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................... 998
Aguilar-Escobar v. INS, 136 F.3d 1240 (9th Cir. 1998) ...................................................................................... 816, 918
Aguilar-Ortiz; U.S. v., 450 F.3d 1271 (11th Cir. 2006) ...............................................................................169, 171, 216
Aguilar-Solis v. INS, 168 F.3d 565 (1st Cir. 1999) .............................................................................................. 398, 568
Aguilera v. Kirkpatrick, 241 F.3d 1286 (10th Cir. 2001) .......................................................................1056, 1095, 1124
Aguilera-Cota v. INS, 914 F.2d 1375 (9th Cir. 1990) ..........................................................................453, 545, 551, 559
Aguilera-Enriquez v. INS, 516 F.2d 565 (6th Cir.), cert. denied, 423 U.S. 1050 (1976) ............................................ 351
Aguilera-Ruiz v. Ashcroft, 348 F.3d 835 (9th Cir. 2003) .......................................................................................... 1030
Aguilero-Cota v. INS, 914 F.3d 1375 (9th Cir. 1990) .................................................................................................. 549
Aguiluz-Arellano v. Gonzales, 446 F.3d 980 (9th Cir. 2006) ...................................................................................... 219
Aguirre v. INS, 79 F.3d 315 (2d Cir. 1996) .......................................................................................................... 171, 191
Aguirre-Aguirre; INS v., 526 U.S. 415 (1999) ...................................................................430, 482–83, 606, 1041, 1181
Aguirre-Tello; U.S. v., 353 F.3d 1199 (10th Cir. 2004) .................................................................37, 234, 238, 333, 961
Agunobi v. Thornburgh, 745 F.Supp. 533 (N.D. Ill. 1990) .................................................................................. 138, 302
Agustin, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 14 (BIA 1979) ....................................................................................................... 1010
Agustino-Hernandez; U.S. v., 14 F.3d 42 (11th Cir. 1994) .......................................................................................... 366
Agyeman v. INS, 296 F.3d 871 (9th Cir. 2002) ...................................................... 270, 343, 357, 797, 799, 1102, 1147
A-H-, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 774 (AG 2005) ................................................. 353, 432, 477–78, 482–83, 527, 547–48,
          ........................................................................................................... 557, 593, 596, 1023, 1033, 1037–38, 1181
Ahmad v. INS, 163 F.3d 457 (7th Cir. 1999) ............................................................................................................... 570
Ahmad v. Russell, ___ F.Supp. ___, No. 88-2-984 (D. Colo. Mar. 6, 1989) ............................................................ 1168
Ahmadi v. Chertoff, 522 F.Supp.2d 816 (N.D. Tex. 2007) ........................................................................................ 1103
Ahmadshah v. Ashcroft, 396 F.3d 917 (8th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................ 545, 577
Ahmed v. Ashcroft, 286 F.3d 611 (2d Cir. 2002) ......................................................................................................... 859
Ahmed v. Ashcroft, 341 F.3d 214 (3d Cir. 2003) ................................................................................................. 435, 439
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                         1455

Ahmed v. Ashcroft, 348 F.3d 611 (7th Cir. 2003) ................................................................................................ 453, 602
Ahmed v. Ashcroft, 388 F.3d 247 (7th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................1029, 1173
Ahmed v. Ashcroft, 396 F.3d 1011 (8th Cir. 2005) ..................................................................................................... 441
Ahmed v. DHS, 328 F.3d 383 (7th Cir. 2003) ....................................................................................................814, 1104
Ahmed v. Gonzales, 398 F.3d 722 (6th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................... 269, 399
Ahmed v. Gonzales, 432 F.3d 709 (7th Cir. 2005) ....................................................................................................... 383
Ahmed v. Gonzales, 447 F.3d 433 (5th Cir. 2006) ............................................ 151, 272, 327, 329–32, 848, 1006, 1115
Ahmed v. Gonzales, 465 F.3d 806 (7th Cir. 2006) .............................................................326, 328, 330, 332, 848, 1006
Ahmed v. Gonzales, 467 F.3d 669 (7th Cir. 2006) ....................................................................................................... 602
Ahmed v. Gonzales, 509 F.Supp.2d 556 (E.D. Va. 2007) ......................................................................................... 1325
Ahmed v. Keisler, 504 F.3d 1183 (9th Cir. 2007) ..................................................................448–49, 453, 456, 573, 599
Ahmed v. Mukasey, 519 F.3d 579 (6th Cir. 2008) ...........................................................................................1033, 1174
Ahmetovic v. INS, 62 F.3d 48 (2d Cir. 1995) ......................................................................................475–76, 481, 1183
Ahrens v. Rojas, 292 F.2d 406 (5th Cir. 1961) ............................................................................................................. 143
Ahumada-Aguilar; U.S. v., 189 F.3d 1121 (9th Cir. 1999), vacated, 533 U.S. 913 (2001) ...................................... 1152
Ahumada-Aguilar; U.S. v., 295 F.3d 943 (9th Cir. 2002) ............................................................................................ 236
Aid Maintenance Co.; U.S. v., 8 OCAHO no. 1023 (1999) ....................................................................................... 1261
AILA v. Reno, 18 F.Supp.2d 38 (D.D.C. 1998) ................................................................................................... 36, 1151
AILA v. Reno, 199 F.3d 1352 (D.C. Cir. 2000) .................................................................................................131, 1153
Air España v. Brien, 165 F.3d 148 (2d Cir. 1999) ............................................................................................1141, 1154
Air Force, Department of, v. Rose, 425 U.S. 352 (1976) ............................................................................................. 335
Air India v. Brien, 261 F.Supp.2d 134 (E.D.N.Y. 2003) ......................................................................................1085–86
Air India Flight No. 101, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 890 (BIA 1997) ...................................................................265, 1034
Air Products & Chemicals, Inc., 89-INA-76 (BALCA 1990) ...................................................................................... 940
Air Transport Ass’n of America v. Reno, 80 F.3d 477 (D.C. Cir. 1996) ...........................................................263, 1151
Aispuro; U.S. v., 127 F.3d 1133 (9th Cir. 1997) .......................................................................................................... 423
Ajami, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 949 (BIA 1999) ...................................................................................................... 72, 76
A.J. Bart; U.S. v., 3 OCAHO no. 538 (July 15, 1993) ............................................................................................... 1278
Ajdin v. USCIS, 437 F.3d 261 (2d Cir. 2006) ..................................................................................................1042, 1170
Ajose v. Gonzales, 408 F.3d 393 (7th Cir. 2005) ....................................................................................................... 1051
Ajurulloski v. INS, 688 F.Supp. 1272 (N.D. Ill. 1988) ............................................................................971, 1095, 1142
A-K-, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 275 (BIA 2007) ....................................................... 277, 375, 517, 574, 582, 1012, 1035
Akbarin v. INS, 669 F.2d 839 (1st Cir. 1982) .............................................................................................................. 317
Akhtar v. Burzynski, 384 F.3d 1193 (9th Cir. 2004) ..........................................................................................758, 1184
Akhtar v. Gonzales, 406 F.3d 399 (6th Cir. 2005) .............................................................................................609, 1033
Akhtar Rahnama, 93-INA-27 (BALCA Jan. 24, 1994) ................................................................................................ 931
Akindemowo v. INS, 61 F.3d 282 (4th Cir. 1995) .............................................................................................165, 1183
Akinfolarin v. Gonzales, 423 F.3d 39 (1st Cir. 2005) .................................................................................................. 359
Akinmade v. INS, 196 F.3d 951 (9th Cir. 1999) ..................................................................509, 532, 547, 550, 556, 559
Akinwale v. Ashcroft, 287 F.3d 1050 (11th Cir. 2002) .......................................................................................... 413–14
Akinwande v. Ashcroft, 380 F.3d 517 (1st Cir. 2004) ......................................................................................... 360, 963
Akinwunmi v. INS, 194 F.3d 1340 (10th Cir. 1999) ..........................................................................................349, 1139
Akinyemi v. INS, 969 F.2d 285 (7th Cir. 1992) .......................................................................................986, 1169, 1176
Akio Kawashima v. Gonzales, 503 F.3d 997 (9th Cir. 2007) ......................................................115, 185–87, 195, 1198
Akrap v. INS, 966 F.2d 267 (7th Cir. 1992) ............................................................................................................... 1082
Alabama Reweaving Co., 89-INA-294 (BALCA 1989) .............................................................................................. 918
Alafyouny v. Chertoff, No. 3:06 CV 0204 M, 2006 WL 1581959 (N.D. Tex. May 19, 2006) .................................. 307
Alaka v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 456 F.3d 88 (3d Cir. 2006) .................................... 186, 479–80, 483, 999, 1109, 1115
Alam v. Gonzales, 438 F.3d 184 (2d Cir. 2006) ......................................................................................................... 1058
Alameh; U.S. v., 341 F.3d 167 (2d Cir. 2003) ............................................................................................................ 1329
Alamprese v. MNSH, Inc., 9 OCAHO no. 1094 (2003) ..................................................................................1229, 1258
Alan Bergman Photography, 88-INA-404 (BALCA 1989) ......................................................................................... 932
Alanis-Bustamante v. Reno, 201 F.3d 1303 (11th Cir. 2000) ....................................................................206, 977, 1205
Alarcon, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 574 (BIA 1980) ....................................................................................................... 828
Alarcon-Chavez v. Ashcroft, 403 F.3d 343 (5th Cir. 2005) ......................................................................................... 387
Alarcon-Gonzalez; U.S. v., 73 F.3d 289 (10th Cir. 1996) ............................................................................................ 280
Alarcon-Serrano v. INS, 220 F.3d 1116 (9th Cir. 2000) ...................................................................................... 85, 1179
Albathani v. INS, 318 F.3d 365 (1st Cir. 2003) ....................................................................................400, 568, 1021–22
Alberto-Gonzalez v. INS, 215 F.3d 906 (9th Cir. 2000) .............................................................................................. 198
Albillo-De Leon v. Gonzales, 410 F.3d 1090 (9th Cir. 2005) ................................. 347, 384, 815, 961, 998, 1059, 1174
Albillo-Figueroa v. INS, 221 F.3d 1070 (9th Cir. 2000) ..........................................................................188, 1163, 1188
Alcantar, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 801 (BIA 1994) .............................................................................................. 176, 193
Alcantara-Perez, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 882 (BIA 2006) .................................................................................. 361, 523
Alcaraz v. INS, 384 F.3d 1150 (9th Cir. 2004) ..........274, 321, 342, 381, 960, 1004, 1124, 1140–41, 1144, 1160, 1164
1456                                                                                              KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Alcarez-Garcia v. Ashcroft, 293 F.3d 1155 (9th Cir. 2002) ....................................................................................... 1300
Aldabesheh, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 983 (BIA 1999) .........................................................................178, 189, 198, 481
Aldana v. Del Monte Fresh Produce, N.A., Inc., 416 F.3d 1242 (11th Cir. 2005) ..............................................1223–24
Aldana v. Fresh Del Monte Produce, Inc. 305 F.Supp.2d 1285 (S.D.Fla. 2003) ....................................................... 1222
Aldecoaotalora, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 430 (BIA 1983) ........................................................................................... 803
Alden Management Services, Inc. v. Chao, 529 F.Supp.2d 882 (N.D. Ill. 2007) ........................................................ 704
Alderete-Deras; U.S. v., 743 F.2d 645 (9th Cir. 1984) ........................................................................................... 362–63
Aleem v. Perryman, 114 F.3d 672 (7th Cir. 1997) ....................................................................................................... 859
Aleman-Fiero v. INS, 481 F.2d 601 (5th Cir. 1973) .................................................................................................. 1030
Alemu v. Gonzales, 403 F.3d 572 (8th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................................ 603
Alemu v. Mukasey, 509 F.3d 907 (8th Cir. 2007) ...................................................................................................... 1057
Aleskerova; U.S. v., 300 F.3d 286 (2d Cir. 2002) ........................................................................................................ 261
Alexander v. INS, 74 F.3d 367 (1st Cir. 1996) ........................................................................................................... 1327
Alexandre v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 452 F.3d 1204 (11th Cir. 2006) ....114–15, 117, 979–81, 1071, 1079, 1090, 1094, 1211
Alexandrov v. Gonzales, 442 F.3d 395 (6th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................269, 357, 558, 959
Alexis v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 431 F.3d 1291 (11th Cir. 2005) .................................................................................... 35, 818
Al-Fara v. Gonzales, 404 F.3d 733 (3d Cir. 2005) .............................................................................441, 527, 601, 1167
Al-Farisi v. Mueller, 492 F.Supp.2d 335 (S.D.N.Y.2007) ......................................................................................... 1325
Alfaro; U.S. v., 408 F.3d 204 (5th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................................... 181
Alferahin; U.S. v., 433 F.3d 1148 (9th Cir. 2006) ...................................................................................................... 1329
Alfonso-Bermudez, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 225 (BIA 1967) ....................................................................................... 76
Alfredo’s Restaurant #2, 90-INA-70 (BALCA June 12, 1991) ........................................................................... 922, 946
Al-Hamdi; U.S. v., 356 F.3d 564 (4th Cir. 2004) ......................................................................................................... 747
Al-Harbi v. INS, 242 F.3d 882 (9th Cir. 2001) .............................................................................................444, 450, 560
Al-Harbi v. INS, 284 F.3d 1080 (9th Cir. 2002) ..............................................................................................1235, 1237
Ali, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 1058 (BIA 1997) ..................................................................................................... 838, 957
Ali v. Achim, 342 F.Supp.2d 769 (N.D. Ill. 2004) ............................................................................................... 145, 307
Ali v. Achim, 468 F.3d 462 (7th Cir. 2006) ....................121, 476, 479–80, 484, 490, 598, 611, 613, 1015, 1109, 1113
Ali v. Ashcroft, 346 F.3d 873 (9th Cir. 2003) ................................................. 299, 1097, 1099, 1107, 1124, 1143, 1203
Ali v. Ashcroft, 366 F.3d 407 (6th Cir. 2004) ....................................................................................................971, 1122
Ali v. Ashcroft, 394 F.3d 780 (9th Cir. 2005) ............................................. 437, 454, 456, 460–61, 472, 478, 580, 1199
Ali v. Ashcroft, 395 F.3d 722 (7th Cir. 2005) ..................................................... 168, 210, 222, 274, 480–81, 961, 1303
Ali v. Barlow, 446 F.Supp.2d 604 (E.D. Va. 2006) ...........................................................................................420, 1154
Ali v. Cangemi, 384 F.3d 989 (8th Cir. 2004) .............................................................................................................. 412
Ali v. Cangemi, 419 F.3d 722 (8th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................................ 1155
Ali v. Gonzales, 401 F.3d 11 (1st Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................................ 553
Ali v. Gonzales, 421 F.3d 795 (9th Cir. 2005) .................................................................................297, 420, 1073, 1091
Ali v. Gonzales, 435 F.3d 544 (5th Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................................. 322
Ali v. Gonzales, 440 F.3d 678 (5th Cir. 2006) ............................................................ 150, 279, 327, 329–30, 848, 1006
Ali v. Gonzales, 448 F.3d 515 (2d Cir. 2006) ...................................................................................................1055, 1060
Ali v. Gonzales, 486 F.Supp.2d 1197 (W.D. Wash. 2007) ..............................................................................1159, 1232
Ali v. INS, 661 F.Supp. 1234 (D. Mass. 1986) ....................................................................799, 1019, 1084, 1145, 1155
Ali v. Mukasey, 521 F.3d 737 (7th Cir. 2008) ..............................................................................73, 187, 195, 370, 1181
Ali v. Reno, 237 F.3d 591 (6th Cir. 2001) .............................................................................................................. 489–90
Ali v. Reno, 829 F.Supp. 1415 (S.D.N.Y. 1993), aff’d, 22 F.3d 442 (2d Cir. 1994) .....................154, 353, 589, 854–55
Ali v. Smith, 39 F.Supp.2d 1254 (W.D. Wash. 1999) ............................................................................1184, 1186, 1305
Ali v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 443 F.3d 804 (11th Cir. 2006) ...................................................................98, 210, 220, 222, 366
Ali; U.S. v., 757 F.Supp. 710 (W.D. Va. 1991) .......................................................................................................... 1311
Alibeaj v. Gonzales, 469 F.3d 188 (1st Cir. 2006) ....................................................................................................... 600
Aliens for Better Immigration Laws v. U.S., 871 F.Supp. 182 (S.D.N.Y. 1994) ........................................................ 884
Aliessa v. Novello, 96 N.Y.2d 418 (2001) ................................................................................................................... 864
Alikhani v. Fasano, 70 F.Supp.2d 1124 (S.D. Cal. 1999) ..................................................142, 297–98, 420, 1109, 1141
Alim v. Gonzales, 446 F.3d 1239 (11th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................209–10, 572, 577
Alimi v. Ashcroft, 391 F.3d 888 (7th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................................970, 1192
Alimi v. Gonzales, 489 F.3d 829 (7th Cir. 2007) .........................................................................................272, 357, 363
Alizoti v. Gonzales, 477 F.3d 440 (6th Cir. 2007) ..................................................................................................... 1047
Al Jabari v. Chertoff, 536 F.Supp.2d 1029 (D. Minn. 2008) ...................................... 361, 793, 1081, 1087, 1117, 1125
Al Jibori; U.S. v., 90 F.3d 22 (2d Cir. 1996) ................................................................................................................ 315
Alkatabi v. DOJ, 777 F.Supp. 271 (S.D.N.Y. 1991) .................................................................................................. 1218
Alkeylani v. DHS, 514 F.Supp.2d 258 (D. Conn. 2007) ..................................................................................1087, 1103
Al-Khayyal v. INS, 818 F.2d 827 (11th Cir. 1987) ...................................................................................................... 667
Al Khouri v. Ashcroft, 362 F.3d 461 (8th Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................... 270, 328
Al-Kudsi v. Gonzales, No. CV.05-1584-PK (D. Or. Mar. 22, 2006) ........................................................................ 1326
Al-Kurna; U.S. v., 808 F.2d 1072 (5th Cir. 1987) ................................................................................................ 247, 802
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                            1457

Allabani v. Gonzales, 402 F.3d 668 (6th Cir. 2005) ..................................................................................................... 591
All Aboard Worldwide Couriers v. Attorney General, 8 F.Supp.2d 379 (S.D.N.Y. 1998) ......................................... 683
All American Computers, 97-INA-143 (BALCA 1998) .............................................................................................. 945
Allan Gee, Inc., Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 296 (R.C. 1979) ........................................................................................... 726
Allen v. Brown, 953 F.Supp. 199 (N.D. Ohio 1997) .................................................................................................... 783
Allende v. Schultz, 605 F.Supp. 1220 (D. Mass. 1988) ............................................................................................... 111
Allessio v. Day, 42 F.2d 217 (2d Cir. 1930) ................................................................................................................... 77
Alleyne v. INS, 879 F.2d 1177 (3d Cir. 1989) .......................................................................................1040, 1043, 1138
Allied Fidelity, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 124 (Comm. 1984) ....................................................................................... 300
All Monies ($477,048.62) in Acc’t No. 90-3617-3, Israel Discount Bank; U.S. v.,
         754 F.Supp. 1467 (D. Hawaii 1991) .............................................................................................................. 245
Almaghzar v. Gonzales, 457 F.3d 915 (9th Cir. 2006) ...............................................................................359, 571, 1139
Almario v. INS, 872 F.2d 147 (6th Cir. 1989) .............................................................................................................. 796
Almeida-Amaral v. Gonzales, 461 F.3d 231 (2d Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................ 279
Almeida-Sanchez v. U.S., 413 U.S. 266 (1973) ..................................................................................................... 31, 287
Almendarez-Torres v. U.S., 523 U.S. 224 (1999) ..............................................................................................225, 1204
Almero v. INS, 18 F.3d 757 (9th Cir. 1994) .....................................................................................................1184, 1314
Almog v. Arab Bank, PLC, 471 F.Supp.2d 257 (E.D.N.Y. 2007) ...................................................................1223, 1225
Almon v. Reno, 192 F.3d 28 (1st Cir. 1999) ........................................................................................................ 117, 982
Al-Mousa v. Mukasey, 518 F.3d 738 (9th Cir. 2008) .......................................................................................... 475, 517
Almuhtaseb v. Gonzales, 453 F.3d 743 (6th Cir. 2006) .................................................................594, 1074, 1078, 1128
Al-Najar v. Mukasey, 515 F.3d 708 (6th Cir. 2008) ..............................................................................84, 201, 210, 212
Al Najjar v. Ashcroft, 186 F.Supp.2d 1235 (S.D. Fla. 2002) .......................................................................144, 148, 292
Al Najjar v. Ashcroft, 257 F.3d 1262 (11th Cir. 2001) ...................................... 410, 435, 450, 591, 596, 606, 974, 989,
         ............................................................................................................... 1003, 1033, 1041, 1050, 1123–24, 1200
Al Najjar v. Ashcroft, 273 F.3d 1330 (11th Cir. 2001) .............................................................................................. 1155
Alonzo, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 292 (Comm. 1979) ................................................................................................... 127
Alonzo v. INS, 915 F.2d 546 (9th Cir. 1990) ............................................................................................................... 443
Alphonse, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 178 (BIA 1981) ............................................................................................... 518–19
Alpine Electronics of America, Inc., 88-INA-107 (BALCA 1989) ............................................................................. 941
Alpine Store Inc, 07-PER-40 (BALCA June 27, 2007) ............................................................................................... 930
Alrefae v. Gonzales, 471 F.3d 353 (2d Cir. 2006) ..................................................................................388, 392–93, 789
Alsagladi v. Gonzales, 450 F.3d 700 (7th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................................476, 508–9
Al-Saher v. INS, 268 F.3d 1143 (9th Cir. 2001) .......................................................................................................... 486
Al-Salehi v. INS, 47 F.3d 390 (10th Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................................ 481
Alsamhouri v. Gonzales, 484 F.3d 117 (1st Cir. 2007) ..............................................................................271, 327, 1115
Alsheweikh v. INS, 990 F.2d 1025 (8th Cir. 1993) ............................................................................................603, 1200
Al-Siddiqi v. Nehls, 521 F.Supp.2d 870 (E.D. Wis. 2007) ........................................................................298, 421, 1141
Altamirano v. Gonzales, 427 F.3d 586 (9th Cir. 2005) ................................................................96, 134, 151, 153, 1166
Altamirano-Lopez v. Gonzales, 435 F.3d 547 (5th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................... 1048
Altawil v. INS, 179 F.3d 791 (9th Cir. 1999) ............................................................................................................. 1200
Alvarado v. Gonzales, 484 F.3d 535 (8th Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................... 174
Alvarado-Alvina, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 718 (BIA 1999) ......................................................................................... 188
Alvarado-Carillo v. INS, 251 F.3d 44 (2d Cir. 2001) .................................................................532, 557, 572, 597, 1177
Alvarado-Delgado; U.S. v., 98 F.3d 492 (9th Cir. 1996) ............................................................................................. 226
Alvarado-Guevara v. INS, 902 F.2d 394 (5th Cir. 1990) ...................................................................................147, 1269
Alvarado-Machado; U.S. v., 867 F.2d 209 (5th Cir. 1989) ..........................................................................239, 241, 243
Alvarado-Ramirez; U.S. v., 975 F.Supp. 906 (W.D. Tex. 1997) ...........................................................281, 283, 286–87
Alvarenga-Villalobos v. Ashcroft, 271 F.3d 1169 (9th Cir. 2001) ......................................................119, 361, 407, 983
Alvarez v. District Director, 539 F.2d 1220 (9th Cir. 1976) ........................................................................................ 859
Alvarez v. Interstate Highway Construction, 1 OCAHO no. 430 (1992) .................................................................. 1258
Alvarez Acosta v. U.S. Attorney General, ___F.3d ___, 2008 WL 1733208 (11th Cir. Apr. 16, 2008) ....84, 202, 1109
Alvarez-Barajas v. Gonzales, 418 F.3d 1050 (9th Cir. 2005) ....................................................................125, 199, 1092
Alvarez-Cardenas; U.S. v., 902 F.2d 734 (9th Cir. 1990) ............................................................................................ 261
Alvarez-Delmuro v. Ashcroft, 360 F.3d 1254 (10th Cir. 2004) .........................................................................999, 1119
Alvarez-Flores v. INS, 909 F.2d 1 (1st Cir. 1990) .............................................................................452, 525, 579, 1137
Alvarez-Garcia v. Ashcroft, 378 F.3d 1094 (9th Cir. 2004) ...........................................................35, 156, 277, 843, 853
Alvarez-Garcia v. INS, 234 F.Supp.2d 283 (S.D.N.Y. 2002) ............................................................................320, 1197
Alvarez-Hernandez v. Acosta, 401 F.3d 327 (5th Cir. 2005) .................................................................114–15, 978, 980
Alvarez-Machain; U.S. v., 504 U.S. 655 (1992) ............................................................................................................ 33
Alvarez-Portillo v. Ashcroft, 280 F.3d 858 (8th Cir. 2002) ....................................................................................... 1209
Alvarez-Quintana, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 255 (BIA 1973) ....................................................................................... 797
Alvarez-Sanchez; U.S. v., 774 F.2d 1036 (11th Cir. 1985) .......................................................................................... 280
Alvarez-Santos v. INS, 332 F.3d 1245 (9th Cir. 2003) ............................................................................549, 1111, 1132
1458                                                                                            KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Alvear v. Kirk, 87 F.Supp.2d 1241 (D.N.M. 2000) .................................................................................................... 1306
Alvidres-Reyes v. Reno, 180 F.3d 199 (5th Cir. 1999) ....................................................................................1105, 1126
Alvidrez v. Ridge, 311 F.Supp.2d 1163 (D. Kan. 2004) ...................................................................................... 758, 809
Alwaday v. Beebe, 43 F.Supp.2d 1130 (D. Or. 1999) .................................................................................................. 305
Alwan v. Ashcroft, 388 F.3d 507 (5th Cir. 2004) .......................................................................189, 319, 1156–57, 1161
Alwya Computer Corp., 88-INA-218 (BALCA 1989) ................................................................................................ 931
Alyas v. Gonzales, 419 F.3d 756 (8th Cir. 2005) .................................................................................................1135–36
Alyeska Pipeline Service Co. v. Wilderness Society, 421 U.S. 240 (1975) .............................................................. 1230
A.M., Matter of; 7 I&N Dec. 332 (BIA 1956) ............................................................................................................ 1301
A-M-, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 737 (BIA 2005) ........................................................ 439, 467, 474, 526, 579, 968, 1031
Amado & Monteiro, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 179 (BIA 1969) .................................................................................. 1024
Amador-Palomares v. Ashcroft, 382 F.3d 864 (8th Cir. 2004) ..........................................................................962, 1001
Amadou v. INS, 226 F.3d 724 (6th Cir. 2000) ............................................................................................................. 379
Amami International, Inc. 96-INA-477 (BALCA May 19, 1998) ............................................................................... 931
Amanfi v. Ashcroft, 328 F.3d 719 (3d Cir. 2003) ................................................................................................ 452, 581
Amanullah v. Cobb, 862 F.2d 362 (1st Cir. 1988) ....................................................................................................... 157
Amanullah v. Nelson, 811 F.2d 1 (1st Cir. 1987) ....................................................................................................... 1168
Amaral v. INS, 977 F.2d 33 (1st Cir. 1992) ................................................................................................................. 172
Amaya, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 583 (BIA 1996) ................................................................................................ 365, 374
Amaya-Artunduaga v. U.S. Att’yAtt’y Gen., 463 F.3d 1247 (11th Cir. 2006) .....................................1134, 1136, 1140
Amaya-Benitez; U.S. v., 69 F.3d 1243 (2d Cir. 1995) ................................................................................................. 261
Amaya-Manzanares; U.S. v., 377 F.3d 39 (1st Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................... 247
Ambartsoumian v. Ashcroft, 388 F.3d 85 (3d Cir. 2004) ............................................................................459, 540, 595
Ambati v. Reno, 233 F.3d 1054 (7th Cir. 2000) ...........................................................................................328, 341, 578
Ambe, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 3 (DD 1968) ............................................................................................................... 664
Ambras Trading Corp., 97-INA-406 (BALCA July 27, 1998) .................................................................................... 945
Ambroise v. Gonzales, 411 F.3d 932 (8th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................... 571
Ameeriar v. INS, 438 F.2d 1028 (3d Cir.), cert. denied, 404 U.S. 801 (1971) ............................................................ 841
A-M-E- & J-G-U-, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 69 (BIA 2007),
         aff’d, Ucelo-Gomez v. Mukasey, 509 F.3d 70 (2d Cir. 2007) ........................................................451–52, 454
American Academy of Religion v. Chertoff, 463 F.Supp.2d 400 (S.D.N.Y. 2006) ................................833, 1104, 1148
American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Comm. v. Ashcroft, 241 F.Supp.2d 1111 (C.D. Cal. 2003) ..................... 150, 642
American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Comm. v. Ashcroft, 272 F.Supp.2d 650 (E.D. Mich. 2003) ..........131, 133, 1102
American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Comm. v. DHS, 516 F.Supp.2d 83 (D.D.C. 2007) .......................................... 336
American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Comm. v. Nelson, 940 F.2d 445 (9th Cir. 1991),
         amended and superseded on denial of reh’g, 970 F.2d 501 (9th Cir. 1991) .......................................111, 1154
American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Comm. v. Reno, 70 F.3d 1045 (9th Cir. 1995),
         rev’d, 525 U.S. 471 (1999) ...........................................................................................36, 824, 842, 1145, 1154
American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Comm. v. Reno, 883 F.Supp. 1365 (C.D. Cal. 1995) ...................................... 373
American Ass’n of Retired Persons v. EEOC, 873 F.2d 402 (D.C. Cir. 1989) ......................................................... 1231
American Baptist Churches v. Meese, 712 F.Supp. 756 (N.D. Cal. 1989) ..............................241, 315, 431, 1145, 1153
American Baptist Churches v. Thornburgh, 760 F.Supp. 796 (N.D. Cal. 1991) ................................................. 497, 995
American Baptist Churches v. Thornburgh, No. C-85-3255-RFP (N.D. Cal. Sept. 11, 1989) ................................... 493
American Bictech, Inc. v. INS, No. Civ-2-88-262 (E.D. Tenn. Mar. 27, 1989) ................................................684, 1157
American Chick Sexing Ass’n, 89-INA-145 (BALCA Dec. 22, 1989) ....................................................................... 919
American Chick Sexing Ass’n & Accu. Co., 89-INA-320 (BALCA Mar. 12, 1991) ................................................. 919
American Civil Liberties Union v. County of Hudson, 799 A.2d 629 (N.J. Super. 2002) .......................................... 147
American Disability Ass’n Inc. v. Chmielarz, 289 F.3d 1315 (11th Cir. 2002) ........................................................ 1232
American Federation of Labor v. Chertoff, No. C 07-04472 CRB, 2007 WL 2972952
         (N.D. Cal. Oct. 10, 2007) .........................................................................................................1150, 1152, 1252
American Friends Service Comm. v. Thornburgh, 961 F.2d 1405 (9th Cir. 1992) ................................................... 1265
American Hospital v. Sullivan, 938 F.2d 216 (D.C. Cir. 1991) ................................................................................. 1230
American Paralegal Academy, Inc., Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 386 (BIA 1986) ........................................................... 354
American Pipe and Construction Co. v. Utah, 414 U.S. 538 (1974) ......................................................................... 1203
American Terrazzo; U.S. v., 6 OCAHO no. 828 (Dec. 13, 1995) ...................................................................1251, 1258
American Trucking Assoc., Inc. v. Smith, 110 S.Ct. 2323 (1990) ............................................................................. 1210
Ameyovi J. Oyassan, 07-PERM-69 (BALCA Dec. 18, 2007) ..................................................................................... 913
Amger Corp., 87-INA-545 (BALCA 1987) ................................................................................................................. 936
Amin, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 209 (R.C. 1969) .......................................................................................................... 664
Amin v. Ashcroft, 388 F.3d 648 (8th Cir. 2004) .......................................................................................................... 571
Amir v. Gonzales, 467 F.3d 921 (6th Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................488, 552, 1186
Amoakowaa v. Reno, 94 F.Supp.2d 903 (N.D. Ill. 2000) ................................................................................1108, 1122
Amos Treat & Co. v. FCC, 306 F.2d 260 (D.C. Cir. 1962) ......................................................................................... 398
Amouzadeh v. Winfrey, 467 F.3d 451 (5th Cir. 2006) ................................................ 73, 82, 165, 973, 977, 1014, 1329
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                       1459

Amtel Group of Florida, Inc. v. Yongmahapakorn, 04-LCA-87, 2006 WL 2821406 (OALJ Sept. 29, 2006) ........... 692
Amunikoro v. Secy. of DHS, 432 F.3d 383 (2d Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................ 1091
Anabelo and Dorothy Borja, 06-INA-54 (BALCA Mar. 13, 2007) ............................................................................. 926
Ana International Inc. v. Way, 393 F.3d 886 (9th Cir. 2005) ............................................................830, 875, 906, 1115
Analysts International Corp., 95-INA-62 (Dec. 23, 1996) ........................................................................................... 923
Ananeh-Firempong v. INS, 766 F.2d 621 (1st Cir. 1985) .................................................................................... 454, 574
Anaya, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 488 (BIA 1973) ...............................................................................................277, 1012
Anaya Castro; U.S. v., 455 F.3d 1249 (11th Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................... 215
Andaloza, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 319 (BIA 2002) ............................................................................................. 993, 999
Anderson, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 596 (BIA 1978) ..........................................................................................993, 1002
Anderson, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 888 (BIA 1994) .............................................................................................. 790–91
Anderson v. Conboy, 156 F.3d 167 (2d Cir. 1998) .................................................................................................... 1217
Anderson v. Creighton, 483 U.S. 635 (1987) .......................................................................................................1229–30
Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242 (1986) .............................................................................................. 1212
Anderson v. McElroy, 953 F.2d 803 (2d Cir. 1992) ...............................................................422, 986, 1029, 1034, 1174
Andia v. Ashcroft, 359 F.3d 1181 (9th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................................ 386, 389
Andrade v. Ashcroft, 270 F.Supp.2d 344 (E.D.N.Y. 2003) ...............................................................................299, 1097
Andrade v. Gonzales, 459 F.3d 538 (5th Cir. 2006) ...................................................... 178–79, 316–17, 413, 421, 1011
Andrade-Partida; U.S. v., 110 F.Supp.2d 1260 (N.D. Cal. 2000) ......................................................................333, 1026
Andreasyan v. Gonzales, 446 F.Supp.2d 1186 (W.D. Wash. 2006) ............................................................................ 412
Andreiu v. Ashcroft, 253 F.3d 477 (9th Cir. 2001) ......................................................................1107, 1191–92, 1204–5
Andrews v. Orr, 851 F.2d 146 (6th Cir. 1988) ........................................................................................................... 1203
Andriasian v. INS, 180 F.3d 1033 (9th Cir. 1999) .......................................................................410, 469, 477, 508, 607
Andron v. Gonzales, 487 F.Supp.2d 1089 (W.D. Mo. 2007) ..................................................................................... 1325
Andújar-Arias; U.S. v., 507 F.3d 734 (1st Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................. 215
Anetekhai v. INS, 876 F.2d 1218 (5th Cir. 1989) ........................................................................................................ 796
Aneyoue v. Gonzales, 478 F.3d 905 (8th Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................. 1047
Ang v. Gonzales, 430 F.3d 50 (1st Cir. 2005) ......................................................................................452–53, 465, 1042
Angamarca v. Gonzales, 415 F.3d 897 (8th Cir. 2005) ..............................................................................988, 991, 1000
Angeles v. District Director, 729 F.Supp. 479 (D. Md. 1990) ..................................................................................... 860
Angeles-Mascote; U.S. v., 206 F.3d 529 (5th Cir. 2000) ............................................................................................. 229
Angel-Guzman; U.S. v., 506 F.3d 1007 (10th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................ 254
Angel-Ramos v. Reno, 227 F.3d 942 (7th Cir. 2000) ........................................................................................... 34, 1002
Angoucheva v. INS, 106 F.3d 781 (7th Cir. 1997) .............................................................................................580, 1042
Angulo-Dominguez v. Ashcroft, 290 F.3d 1147 (9th Cir. 2003) ................................................................................. 774
Angwin; U.S. v., 263 F.3d 979 (9th Cir. 2001),
         reh’g denied, 271 F.3d 786, cert. denied, 535 U.S. 966 (2002) .................................................................... 240
Anifowoshe, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 442 (BIA 2008) ......................................................................................783, 1204
Animal Crackers Café, 99-INA-257 (BALCA Aug. 3, 2000) ..................................................................................... 930
Anin v. Reno, 188 F.3d 1273 (11th Cir. 1999),
         aff’g Matter of A-A-, 22 I&N Dec. 140 (BIA 1998) .................................................349, 385, 391, 1055, 1060
Annar Mangalji, 88-INA-177 (BALCA 1988) ............................................................................................................. 927
Annie and Ronald Baldwin, 05-INA-64 (BALCA Dec. 14, 2006) .............................................................................. 926
Anonymous Mgmt., 87-INA-672 (BALCA 1988) ....................................................................................................... 942
A-N- & R-M-N-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 953 (BIA 1999) .......................................................154, 590, 1056–57, 1064
Anselmo, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 152 (BIA 1977) ..................................................................................................... 801
Anselmo, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 25 (BIA 1989) .................................................................................1023, 1043, 1237
Anssari-Gharachedaghy v. INS, 246 F.3d 512 (6th Cir. 2000) .................................................................................. 1025
Antenor v. D&S Farms, 88 F.3d 925 (11th Cir. 1996) ............................................................................................... 1269
Anthony Borrelli and Sons, Inc.; U.S. v.,; U.S. v., 8 OCAHO no. 1027 (1999) ....................................................... 1247
Anthony T. Lee, M.D., 02-INA-274 (BALCA May 26, 2004) .................................................................................... 923
Antipova v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 392 F.3d 1259 (11th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................. 459, 478
Antoine v. U.S., 204 F.Supp.2d 119 (D. Mass 2002) ................................................................................................... 491
Antonio-Cruz v. INS, 147 F.3d 1129 (9th Cir. 1998) .........................................................................................971, 1122
Antonio-Martinez v. INS, 317 F.3d 1089 (9th Cir. 2003) .......................................................................................... 1159
Antuna-Moran; U.S. v., 488 F.3d 1048 (5th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................... 257
Anwar v. INS, 116 F.3d 140 (5th Cir. 1997) ..........................................................................................1026, 1079, 1145
Anwar; U.S. v., 428 F.3d 1102 (8th Cir. 2005) .................................................................................................... 247, 802
Anwo, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 293 (BIA 1977), aff’d, Anwo v. INS, 607 F.2d 435 (D.C. Cir. 1975) ...................... 976
Anyanwu v. INS, 645 F.Supp. 266 (D.N.J. 1986) ............................................................................................1084, 1174
Aoun v. INS, 342 F.3d 503 (6th Cir. 2003) ................................................................................................975, 990, 1003
A-P-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 468 (BIA 1999) ............................................................................................................ 396
Aparicio v. Blakeway, 302 F.3d 437 (5th Cir. 2002) ...................................................................1154, 1288, 1315, 1325
Aphrodite Investments Ltd., Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 530 (Comm. 1980) .................................................................. 726
1460                                                                                             KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

A-Plus Roofing, Inc. v. INS, 929 F.2d 489 (9th Cir. 1991) ....................................................................................... 1264
Apouviepseakoda v. Gonzales, 475 F.3d 881 (7th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................. 399, 570
Appah v. Sava, 636 F.Supp. 207 (S.D.N.Y. 1986) ....................................................................................................... 144
Appiah v. INS, 202 F.3d 704 (4th Cir. 2000), cert. denied, 531 U.S. 857 (2000) .......................31, 274, 277, 961, 1003
Application of, see name of party
Apprendi v. New Jersey, 530 U.S. 466 (2000) ............................................................ 198, 203, 211, 225, 243, 254, 260
APRA Fuel Oil Buyers Group, 320 NLRB 408 (1995), enforced, 134 F.3d 50 (2d Cir. 1997) ................................ 1268
Aquilera-Medina v. INS, 137 F.3d 1401 (9th Cir. 1998) ............................................................................................... 55
Aquino-Chacon; U.S. v., 109 F.3d 936 (4th Cir. 1997) ............................................................................................... 231
Aquino-Encarnacion v. INS, 296 F.3d 56 (1st Cir. 2002) ...................................................................................... 80, 164
Aragon-Ayon v. INS, 206 F.3d 847 (9th Cir. 2000) .............................................................................................199–200
Aragon-Munoz v. Mukasey, 520 F.3d 82 (1st Cir. 2008) ..................................................................................390, 1053
Arai, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 494 (BIA 1970) ...................................................................................................841, 1005
Arana v. INS, 673 F.2d 75 (3d Cir. 1982) ........................................................................................................1064, 1159
Arango-Aradondo v. INS, 13 F.3d 610 (2d Cir. 1994) .....................................................................................1040, 1137
Arango Marquez v. INS, 346 F.3d 892 (9th Cir. 2003) ......................................................................................152, 1099
Arar v. Ashcroft, 414 F.Supp.2d 250 (E.D.N.Y. 2006) ............................................................................309, 1221, 1224
Araujo v. U.S., 301 F.Supp.2d 1095 (N.D. Cal. 2004) .......................................................................................408, 1219
Arbelaez-Naranjo, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 403 (R.C. 1983) ............................................................................... 293, 300
Arbelo; U.S. v., 288 F.3d 1262 (11th Cir. 2002) (per curiam) ................................................................................... 1303
Arboleda v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 434 F.3d 1220 (11th Cir. 2006) ..................................................................................... 468
Arcadia Enterprises, 87-INA-692 (BALCA 1988) ....................................................................................................... 922
Arce-Hernandez; U.S. v., 163 F.3d 559 (9th Cir. 1998) .................................................................................238–39, 333
Arce-Vences v. Mukasey, 512 F.3d 167 (5th Cir. 2007) ....................................................................................170, 1145
Arctic Catering, Inc. v. Thornburgh, 769 F.Supp. 1167 (D. Colo. 1991) ............................................................ 682, 684
Arden Wood, Inc. v. USCIS, 480 F.Supp.2d 141 (D.D.C. 2007) ....................................................................1150, 1153
Ardestani v. DOJ, 904 F.2d 1505 (11th Cir.), aff’d, 112 S.Ct. 515 (1991) ......................................................1178, 1207
Ardestani v. INS, 502 U.S. 129 (1991) ...................................................................................................1085, 1230, 1237
Ardon-Matute v. INS, 157 F.3d 696 (9th Cir. 1998) .................................................................................................... 998
Areguillin, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 308 (BIA 1980) .....................................................................................98, 153, 834
Arellano-Garcia v. Gonzales, 429 F.3d 1183 (8th Cir. 2005) ....................................................................278, 972, 1208
Arellano-Torres; U.S. v., 303 F.3d 1173 (9th Cir. 2002) ..................................................................................... 173, 258
Aremu v. DHS, 450 F.3d 578 (4th Cir. 2006) ......................................................................................54, 164, 842, 1186
Arenas, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 174 (BIA 1975) ......................................................................................................... 798
Arenas-Yeses v. Gonzales, 421 F.3d 111 (2d Cir. 2005) ...................................................................................311, 1003
Arevalo, Matter of; 352 F.Supp. 215 (D. Haw. 1972) ................................................................................................ 1322
Arevalo v. Ashcroft, 260 F.Supp.2d 347 (D. Mass. 2003) ........................................................................................... 414
Arevalo v. Ashcroft, 344 F.3d 1 (1st Cir. 2003) ..........37, 273, 407–8, 845, 849, 960, 1107, 1132, 1186, 1192, 1204–5
Arevalo v. Woods, 811 F.2d 487 (9th Cir. 1987) .............................................................................................1219, 1221
Arevalo-Franco v. INS, 772 F.Supp. 959 (W.D. Tex. 1991) ..................................................................................... 1241
Arevalo-Franco v. INS, 889 F.2d 589 (5th Cir. 1989) ................................................................................................. 335
Arevalo-Juarez; U.S. v., 464 F.3d 1246 (11th Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................. 214
Arevalo-Tavares; U.S. v., 210 F.3d 1198 (10th Cir. 2000) .......................................................................................... 234
Argaw v. Ashcroft, 395 F.3d 521 (4th Cir. 2005) ..............................................................................84, 201, 1037, 1044
Argentine Republic v. Amerada Hess Shipping Corp. 488 U.S. 428 (1989) ...................................................1222, 1226
Argiz v. INS, 704 F.2d 384 (7th Cir. 1983) .................................................................................................................. 275
Arguelles, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 811 (BIA 1999) .............................................................................................. 965–66
Argueta v. INS, 759 F.2d 1395 (9th Cir. 1985) ............................................................................................................ 448
Arias, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 568 (BIA 1988) ...........................................................................................628, 827, 829
Arias v. Dyncorp, 517 F.Supp.2d 221 (D.D.C. 2007) ................................................................................................ 1223
Arif v. Mukasey, 509 F.3d 677 (5th Cir. 2007) ....................................................................................512, 517, 575, 608
Aris v. Mukasey, 517 F.3d 595 (2d Cir. 2008) .....................................................................................343, 347, 384, 393
Arizona v. Fulminante, 499 U.S. 279 (1991) ........................................................................................................ 343, 381
Arizona v. Youngblood, 488 U.S. 51 (1988) ................................................................................................................ 253
Arizona Contractors Ass’n Inc. v. Napolitano, 526 F.Supp.2d 968 (D. Ariz. 2007) ................................................. 1151
Arjani, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 649 (R.C. 1967) ......................................................................................................... 681
Arkadia, 98-INA-107 (BALCA Oct. 13, 1998) ............................................................................................................ 938
Armand Bouzaglou, 99-INA-152 (BALCA Aug. 30, 2001) ........................................................................................ 930
Armendariz-Montoya v. Sonchik, 291 F.3d 1116 (9th Cir. 2002) ................ 117–18, 206, 277, 311, 978–79, 982, 1211
Armentero v. INS, 412 F.3d 1088 (9th Cir. 2005) ...................................................................................................... 1159
Armstrong; U.S. v., 517 U.S. 456, 464, (1996) ............................................................................................................ 372
Arnold; U.S. v., 454 F.Supp.2d 999 (C.D. Cal. 2006) .................................................................................................. 287
Arreaza-Cruz v. INS, 39 F.3d 909 (9th Cir. 1994) ....................................................................................................... 411
Arreguin, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 38 (BIA 1995) .................................................................................370, 959, 985–86
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                              1461

Arreguin-Moreno v. Mukasey, 511 F.3d 1229 (9th Cir. 2008) ................................................................964, 1021, 1142
Arrellano-Flores v. Hoy, 262 F.2d 667 (9th Cir. 1958) ................................................................................................ 212
Arreola-Arellano v. INS, 223 F.3d 653 (7th Cir. 2000) ............................................................................................. 1287
Arreola-Arreola v. Ashcroft, 383 F.3d 956 (9th Cir. 2004) .................................................................406–7, 1111, 1182
Arriaga v. Florida Pacific Farms, L.L.C., 305 F.3d 1228 (11th Cir. 2002) ............................................................... 1269
Arriaga-Barrientos v. INS, 937 F.2d 411 (9th Cir. 1991) ............................................................................................. 455
Arrieta v. INS, 117 F.3d 429 (9th Cir. 1997) ........................................................................................................ 388, 391
Arrieta; U.S. v., 224 F.3d 1076 (9th Cir. 2000) ....................................................................................125, 236, 333, 403
Arroyo-Garcia; U.S. v., 746 F.Supp. 1039 (D. Nev. 1990) .......................................................................................... 238
Arroyo-Garcia; U.S. v., 751 F.Supp. 172 (D. Nev. 1990) ............................................................................................ 238
Arrozal v. INS, 159 F.3d 429 (9th Cir. 1998) ........................975, 990, 993, 1003, 1064, 1110, 1117, 1169, 1172, 1176
Arteaga v. INS, 836 F.2d 1227 (9th Cir. 1988) ............................................................................................................ 583
Arteaga v. Mukasey, 511 F.3d 940 (9th Cir. 2007) ..............................................................................183, 451, 454, 488
Artee Corp., Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 366 (Comm. 1982) ............................................................................................ 712
Arthur, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 558 (BIA 1978) ........................................................................................................... 97
Arthur, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 475 (BIA 1992) .................................................... 330, 793, 825, 837, 957, 1007, 1054
Artigas, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 99 (BIA 2001) ..................................................................................156, 610, 843, 853
Artiga-Turcios v. INS, 829 F.2d 720 (9th Cir. 1987) ........................................................................................... 528, 546
Arulampalam v. Ashcroft, 353 F.3d 679 (9th Cir. 2003) ..................................................................................... 548, 566
Arulampalam v. Gonzales, 399 F.3d 1087 (9th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................ 1238
Aruna, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 452 (BIA 2008) .................................................................................................. 171, 193
Aruta v. INS, 80 F.3d 1389 (9th Cir. 1996) .................................................................................................................. 466
Arvizu; U.S. v., 122 S.Ct. 744 (2002) ........................................................................................................................... 280
Arzanipour v. INS, 866 F.2d 743 (5th Cir. 1989) ......................................................................................................... 276
Arzate-Nunez; U.S. v., 18 F.3d 730 (9th Cir. 1994) ............................................................................................. 260, 289
A-S-, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 1106 (BIA 1998) ................................................................................547–48, 1036, 1038
Asaba v. Ashcroft, 377 F.3d 9 (1st Cir. 2004) ...................................................................................................... 346, 394
Asaba v. Ashcroft, 377 F.3d 9 (1st Cir. 2004) .............................................................................................................. 347
Asad v. Reno, 67 F.Supp.2d 886 (M.D. Tenn. 1999),
          aff’d, Asad v. Reno, 242 F.3d 702 (6th Cir. 2001) ........................................................117, 206, 311, 978, 982
Asani v. INS, 154 F.3d 719 (7th Cir. 1998) ........................................................................................333, 460, 527, 1146
Asare v. Ferro, 999 F.Supp. 657 (D. Md. 1998) ......................................................................................................... 1106
A-S-B-, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 493 (BIA 2008) ...................................................................................................... 1036
Ascher, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 271 (BIA 1973) ......................................................................................................... 805
Asemani v. Islamic Republic of Iran, 266 F.Supp.2d 24 (D.D.C. 2003) ..................................................................... 319
Asemota v. Gonzales, 420 F.3d 32 (1st Cir. 2005) ..................................................................................................... 1047
Asencio v. INS, 37 F.3d 614 (11th Cir. 1994) .............................................................................................................. 977
Asere v. Gonzales, 439 F.3d 378 (7th Cir. 2006) .................................................................................................1189–90
Ashbrook-Simon-Hartley v. McLaughlin, 863 F.2d 410 (5th Cir. 1989) ............................................................ 922, 926
Ashki v. INS, 233 F.3d 913 (6th Cir. 2000) ......................................................................................................... 274, 961
Ashley v. Ridge, 288 F.Supp.2d 662 (D.N.J. 2003) ...................................................................137, 296, 298, 305, 1145
Ashton v. Gonzales, 431 F.3d 95 (2d Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................................ 1302
Ashwander v. TVA, 297 U.S. 288 (1936) .................................................................................................................. 1208
Asibor; U.S. v., 109 F.3d 1023 (5th Cir. 1997) .................................................................................................... 227, 237
Asika v. Ashcroft, 362 F.3d 264 (4th Cir. 2004) ......................................................................................855, 1138, 1183
Aslam v. Mukasey, 531 F.Supp.2d 736 (E.D. Va. 2008) .......................................................................1087, 1103, 1116
Aslam; U.S. v., 936 F.2d 751 (2d Cir. 1991) ................................................................................................................ 240
Aspire Public Schools, 03-INA-254 (BALCA Sept. 9, 2004) ..................................................................................... 923
Asplundh Expert Co. v. NLRB, 365 F.3d 168 (3d Cir. 2004) .................................................................................... 1268
Assaad, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 553 (BIA 2003), appeal dismissed for lack of jurisdiction,
          Assaad v. Ashcroft, 378 F.3d 471 (5th Cir. 2004) ...................................... 274, 340, 342, 344, 792, 961, 1113
Assa’ad v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 332 F.3d 1321 (11th Cir. 2003) .........................................................................55–56, 1287
Assadi; U.S. v., 223 F.Supp.2d 208 (D.D.C. 2002) ...................................................................................................... 240
Association of Immigration Attorneys v. INS, 675 F.Supp. 781 (S.D.N.Y. 1987) .........................................1150, 1153
Astorga, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 1 (BIA 1979) ........................................................................................................... 402
Astrup v. INS, 402 U.S. 509 (1971) ............................................................................................................................ 1311
A-T-, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 296 (BIA 2007) ......................................................................451, 454, 462, 464, 581–82
Atandi; U.S. v., 228 F.Supp.2d 1285 (D. Utah 2002) .................................................................................................. 251
Ateka v. Ashcroft, 384 F.3d 954 (8th Cir. 2004) ..............................................................................100, 162, 1139, 1253
Atem v. Ashcroft, 312 F.Supp.2d 792 (E.D. Va. 2004) .......................................................320, 1096, 1197, 1317, 1328
Athehortua-Vanegas v. INS, 876 F.2d 238 (1st Cir. 1989) ........................................................................................ 1027
ATI Consultores, 07-INA-64 (BALCA Feb. 11, 2008) ............................................................................................... 937
Atkinson v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 479 F.3d 222 (3d Cir. 2007) ........................................................118, 979, 1209–10
Atlanta Oriental Food Wholesale Co., 08-INA-46 (BALCA Feb. 11, 2008) .............................................................. 918
1462                                                                                              KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Atlantic Cleaners & Dyers, Inc. v. U.S., 286 U.S. 427 (1932) ................................................................................... 1206
Atsilov v. Gonzales, 468 F.3d 112 (2d Cir. 2006) ..............................................................................................792, 1112
Attul v. INS, 42 F.3d 958 (5th Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................................. 206, 322
Au, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 133 (BIA 1968) ............................................................................................................... 295
Auer v. Robbins, 519 U.S. 452 (1997) ..............................................................................................................1181, 1186
Auerbach, 88-INA-103 (BALCA 1988) ....................................................................................................................... 939
Auguste v. Reno, 152 F.3d 1325 (11th Cir. 1998), reh’g denied, 162 F.3d 1179 (11th Cir. 1998) ........644, 1126, 1213
Auguste v. Ridge, 395 F.3d 123 (3d Cir. 2005) ............................................................... 485–87, 491, 1092, 1130, 1182
Augustin v. Attorney General of U.S., 520 F.3d 264 (3d Cir. 2008) ...........................................................972–73, 1185
Augustin v. Harrison, No. 86-0882-Civ-Marcus (S.D. Fla. Sept. 29, 1986) .............................................................. 1267
Augustin v. Sava, 735 F.2d 32 (2d Cir. 1984) ........................................................................................36, 153, 379, 431
Aurelio, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 458 (BIA 1987) ......................................................................................127, 829, 1014
Austin v. INS, 308 F.Supp.2d 125 (E.D.N.Y. 2004) ............................................................................................1327–28
Austin v. U.S., 509 U.S. 602 (1993) ..................................................................................................................... 246, 275
Avanti Restaurant & Club, 93-INA-328 (BALCA Sept. 27, 1994) ............................................................................. 932
Avena v. INS, 989 F.Supp.1 (D.D.C. 1997) .......................................................................................................885, 1043
Avendano-Espejo v. DHS, 448 F.3d 503 (2d Cir. 2006) ..................................................................................1074, 1112
Avendano-Ramirez v. Ashcroft, 365 F.3d 813 (9th Cir. 2004) ........................................................133, 155, 1114, 1202
Averianova v. Mukasey, 509 F.3d 890 (8th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................ 445, 535
Avetova-Elisseva v. INS, 213 F.3d 1192 (9th Cir. 2000) .......................................................................446–47, 467, 526
Aviation Data Service v. FAA, 687 F.2d 1319 (8th Cir. 1982) ................................................................................. 1241
Avicom International, 90?INA-284 (BALCA July 31, 1991) ...................................................................................... 924
Avila-Macias v. Ashcroft, 328 F.3d 108 (3d Cir. 2003) .................................................................................407–8, 1131
Avila-Murrieta v. INS, 762 F.2d 733 (9th Cir. 1985) .........................................................................................381, 1181
Avila-Perez, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 78 (BIA 2007) ................................................................................................... 808
Avila-Ramirez; U.S. v., 170 F.3d 277 (2d Cir. 1999) .................................................................................................. 258
Avila-Sanchez v. Mukasey, 509 F.3d 1037 (9th Cir. 2007) .................................................................116, 119, 980, 983
Aviles-Torres v. INS, 790 F.2d 1433 (9th Cir. 1986) ................................................................................................... 592
Avilez-Granados v. Gonzales, 481 F.3d 869 (5th Cir. 2007) ...................................................................120, 1032, 1034
Avilez-Nava, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 799 (BIA 2005) ....................................................................................... 990, 992
Avramenkov v. INS, 99 F.Supp.2d 210 (D. Conn. 2000) ..................................................................................351, 1113
Awad v. Ashcroft, 328 F.3d 336 (7th Cir. 2003) ................................................................................................441, 1138
Awad v. Gonzales, 463 F.3d 73 (1st Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................................... 600
Awad v. Gonzales, 494 F.3d 723 (8th Cir. 2007) ......................................................................................................... 203
Awaijane, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 117 (BIA 1972) ....................................................................................................... 77
Awaijane, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 117 (BIA 1972) ..................................................................................................... 963
Awale v. Ashcroft, 384 F.3d 527 (8th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................................. 461, 579
Awe v. Ashcroft, 324 F.3d 509 (7th Cir. 2003) .......................................................................................................... 1028
Awolesi v. Ashcroft, 341 F.3d 227 (3d Cir. 2003) .............................................................................................597, 1040
Awwal, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 617 (BIA 1988) ........................................................................................................ 780
Ayala, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 398 (BIA 1998) .......................................................................................................... 126
Ayala-Ayala; U.S. v., 470 F.Supp.2d 281 (W.D.N.Y. 2007) ....................................................................................... 229
Ayala-Gomez; U.S. v., 255 F.3d 1314 (11th Cir. 2001) .......................................................................163, 197, 224, 258
Ayanbadejo v. Chertoff, 517 F.3d 273 (5th Cir. 2008) ..............................................................322, 830, 1115–16, 1121
Aybar-Alejo v. INS, 230 F.3d 487 (1st Cir. 2000) ....................................................................................................... 203
Ayeni; U.S. v., 66 F.Supp.2d 617 (M.D. Pa. 1999) ...................................................................................................... 250
Ayi v. Gonzales, 460 F.3d 876 (7th Cir. 2006) .....................................................................................532, 534, 564, 579
Ayoub v. INS, 222 F.3d 214 (5th Cir. 2000) .............................................................................................................. 1002
Ayuda, Inc. v. Reno, 7 F.3d 246 (D.C. Cir. 1993),
          reh’g denied, 14 F.3d 61 (D.C. Cir. 1994), cert. denied, 513 U.S. 815 (1994) ............1150, 1154, 1283, 1288
Azanor v. Ashcroft, 364 F.3d 1013 (9th Cir. 2004) ....................................................................................346, 488, 1058
Azarte v. Ashcroft, 394 F.3d 1278 (9th Cir. 2005) ..................329, 378, 396, 794, 838, 967, 1007, 1031, 1053, 1204–6
Azevedo, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 611 (Comm. 1970) ................................................................................................... 58
Aziz v. Gonzales, 478 F.3d 854 (8th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................................... 504
Aziz Aityahia v. Sabena Airline Training Center, Inc., 9 OCAHO no. 1122 (Nov. 20, 2006) ................................. 1277
Azizi v. Thornburgh, 719 F.Supp. 86 (D. Conn. 1989), aff’d, 908 F.2d 1130 (2d Cir. 1990) ..................................... 318
Azizi v. Thornburgh, 908 F.2d 1130 (2d Cir. 1990) ..................................................................................................... 796
Azurin, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 695 (BIA 2005) ...........................................................................115, 840, 979, 1007–8
Azziz v. Chertoff, 527 F.Supp.2d 188 (D. Mass. 2007) ............................................................................................. 1307
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                                1463


                                                                                 B
B-, Matter of; 1 I&N Dec. 47 (BIA, A.G. 1941) ............................................................................................................ 71
B, Matter of; 2 I&N Dec. 617 (BIA 1946) ..................................................................................................................... 79
B-, Matter of; 2 I&N Dec. 867 (BIA 1947) .................................................................................................................... 81
B-, Matter of; 3 I&N Dec. 270 (BIA 1948) .................................................................................................................... 82
B, Matter of; 3 I&N Dec. 323 (BIA and AG 1948) ...................................................................................................... 160
B-, Matter of; 3 I&N Dec. 551 (BIA 1949) .................................................................................................................. 220
B, Matter of; 5 I&N Dec. 185 (BIA 1953) ..................................................................................................................... 87
B, Matter of; 5 I&N Dec. 255 (BIA 1953) ................................................................................................................... 322
B-, Matter of; 5 I&N Dec. 405 (BIA 1953) .................................................................................................................... 82
B, Matter of; 5 I&N Dec. 538 (BIA 1953) ..................................................................................................................... 77
B-, Matter of; 5 I&N Dec. 698 (BIA 1954) .................................................................................................................. 798
B-, Matter of; 6 I&N Dec. 98, 106 (BIA 1954) .............................................................................................................. 72
B-, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 427 (BIA 1991) ........................................................................................................ 476, 516
B-, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 66 (BIA 1995) ........................................................................................460, 464, 547, 1038
B-, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 287 (BIA 1996) ........................................................................................................ 179, 197
Babai v. INS, 985 F.2d 252 (6th Cir. 1993) ......................................................... 993, 1002, 1041, 1102, 1169–71, 1176
Babaisakov, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 306 (BIA 2007) ...........................................................186–87, 195, 369–70, 1181
Baballah v. Ashcroft, 335 F.3d 981 (9th Cir. 2003),
          amended, 367 F.3d 1067 (9th Cir. 2004) .....................................................................440, 527, 576, 582, 1199
Babani v. Gonzales, 492 F.3d 20 (1st Cir. 2007) .......................................................................................................... 457
Babel v. DHS, 321 F.Supp.2d 963 (N.D. Ill. 2004) ..........................................................................................1232, 1236
Bace v. Ashcroft, 352 F.3d 1133 (7th Cir. 2003) .............................................................401, 460, 465, 589, 1191, 1199
Bachelier v. INS, 548 F.2d 1157 (5th Cir. 1977) ..............................................................................................1083, 1204
Bachelier v. INS, 625 F.2d 902 (9th Cir. 1980) ..................................................................................................855, 1083
Bachkova v. INS, 109 F.3d 376 (7th Cir. 1997) ........................................................................................................... 465
Bada Apparels, 87-INA-712 (BALCA 1988) ............................................................................................................... 945
Badalamenti, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 623 (BIA 1988) .................................................................................................. 52
Badalamenti v. DOS, 899 F.Supp. 542 (D. Kan. 1995) ............................................................................................... 336
Badrawi v. Commissioner, Conn. Freedom of Info. Comm., FIC #2007-136 (2008)
          (notice of appeal pending) .............................................................................................................................. 147
Badwan v. Gonzales, 494 F.3d 566 (6th Cir. 2007) ...........................................................................................326, 1165
Baeta v. Sonchik, 273 F.3d 1261 (9th Cir. 2001) ...................................................................................1195, 1197, 1328
Baez v. INS, 41 F.3d 19 (1st Cir. 1994), cert. denied, 515 U.S. 1158 (1995) ........................................................... 1161
Baez-Fernandez v. INS, 385 F.Supp.2d 292 (S.D.N.Y. 2005) .........................................................................1108, 1310
Bagamasbad; INS v., 429 U.S. 24 (1976) ................................................................................................................... 1171
Bagot v. Ashcroft, 398 F.3d 252 (2d Cir. 2005) ...............................................................................................1160, 1302
Bah v. Ashcroft, 341 F.3d 348 (5th Cir. 2003) ............................................................................................................. 432
Bah v. Cangemi, 489 F.Supp.2d 905 (D. Minn. 2007) .......................................... 210, 308, 414–15, 421, 496–97, 1114
Bah v. Gonzales, 462 F.3d 637 (6th Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................................ 569
Bah v. Mukasey, 521 F.3d 857 (8th Cir. 2008) .......................................................................................................... 1146
Bahar v. Ashcroft, 264 F.3d 1309 (11th Cir. 2001) ...................................................................................................... 167
Bahena-Cardenas; U.S. v., 70 F.3d 1071 (9th Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................. 226
Bahena-Cardenas; U.S. v., 411 F.3d 1067 (9th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................... 225, 227
Bahramizadeh v. INS, 717 F.2d 1170 (7th Cir. 1983) .................................................................................................. 300
Bahta, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 1381 (BIA 2000) ...........................................................................................182–83, 311
Baidas v. Jennings, 123 F.Supp.2d 1052 (E.D. Mich. 1999) ....................................................................................... 298
Bailey v. Brooks, 688 F.Supp. 575 (W.D. Wash. 1986) ............................................................................................ 1283
Bailey v. U.S., 516 U.S. 137 (1995) ........................................................................................................................... 1205
Bailey; U.S. v., 56 F.Supp.2d 381 (S.D.N.Y. 1999) ..................................................................................................... 237
Bailie, Matter of; 10 I&N Dec. 679 (BIA 1964) ............................................................................................................ 81
Baires, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 467 (BIA 2008) ........................................................................................................ 1302
Baires v. INS, 856 F.2d 89 (9th Cir. 1988) ........................................................................................................... 325, 519
Baires, 856 F.2d 89 (9th Cir. 1988) .............................................................................................................................. 326
Bajaj; U.S. v., No. A92-174-CR (D. Alaska Apr. 8, 1993) ........................................................................................ 1286
Bajakajian; U.S. v., 524 U.S. 321 (1998) ...................................................................................................................... 246
Bajrami v. Greene, __ F.Supp. __, Case No. 94-S-1783 (D. Colo. June 2, 1995) .......................................145, 152, 379
Bajrami v. Greene, __ F.Supp. __, No. 94-S-1783 (D. Colo. June 2, 1995) ................................................................ 379
Bajwa v. Cobb, 727 F.Supp. 53 (D. Mass. 1989) .......................................................................................525, 576, 1137
Bak v. INS, 682 F.2d 441 (2d Cir. 1982) .................................................................................................................... 1138
Baka v. INS, 963 F.2d 1376 (10th Cir. 1992) ............................................................................................................. 1044
Baker, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 50 (BIA 1974) .............................................................................................................. 75
1464                                                                                                  KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Bakhtriger v. Elwood, 360 F.3d 414 (3d Cir. 2004) ................................................................................................... 1093
Bakovic; U.S. v., 3 OCAHO no. 482 (Jan. 15, 1993) ................................................................................................. 1260
Bal v. Moyer, 883 F.2d 45 (7th Cir. 1989) ................................................................................................................. 1175
Balao, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 440 (BIA 1992) .........................................................................81, 155, 159, 1010, 1014
Balasubramanrim v. INS, 143 F.3d 157 (3d Cir. 1998) ...............................................................................371, 554, 597
Balaton, Inc. v. Reno, 93 F.Supp.2d 61 (D.D.C. 2000) ............................................................................732, 1045, 1167
Balazoski v. INS, 932 F.2d 638 (7th Cir. 1991) .................................................................................................436, 1041
Balbuena v. IDR Realty LLC, 2006 NY Slip Op. 01248 (N.Y. 2006) ...................................................................... 1271
Balderas, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 389 (BIA 1991) ...................................................................................................... 165
Baliza v. INS, 709 F.2d 1231 (9th Cir. 1983) .................................................................................................358, 365–66
Ballesteros v. Ashcroft, 452 F.3d 1153 (10th Cir. 2006) .........................................................................326, 1073, 1114
Ballesteros-Garcia, Matter of ........................................................................................................................................ 483
Ballesteros-Ruiz; U.S. v., 319 F.3d 1101 (9th Cir. 2003) .................................................................................... 173, 258
Balliu v. Gonzales, 467 F.3d 609 (7th Cir. 2006) ......................................................................................................... 460
Balogun v. Ashcroft, 270 F.3d 274 (5th Cir. 2001) ............................................................................................492, 1130
Balogun v. Ashcroft, 374 F.3d 492 (7th Cir. 2004) ..............................................................................531, 555, 560, 570
Balogun v. INS, 9 F.3d 347 (5th Cir. 1993) .......................................................................................................414, 1212
Balogun v. INS, 31 F.3d 8 (1st Cir. 1994) .................................................................................................................... 165
Balogun v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 304 F.3d 1303 (11th Cir. 2002) ......................................................56, 273, 852, 961, 1002
Balogun v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 425 F.3d 1356 (11th Cir. 2005) ..........................................................187, 220, 1110, 1182
Balsillie, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 486 (BIA 1992) ....................................................................................................... 790
Balsys; U.S. v., 524 U.S. 666, 118 S.Ct. 2218 (1998) .................................................................................................. 362
Baltazar-Alcazar v. INS, 386 F.3d 940 (9th Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................ 342, 350
Bamba v. Elwood, 252 F.Supp.2d 195 (E.D. Pa. 2003) ............................................................................................... 403
Bamba v. Riley, Jr., 366 F.3d 195 (3d Cir. 2004) ......................................................................................................... 402
Bamidele v. INS, 99 F.3d 557 (3d Cir. 1996) .....................................................................................................855, 1187
Bamondi v. INS, ___ F.Supp. ___, No. 88-1410-EBG (CM) (S.D. Cal. Aug. 16, 1990) ......................................... 1239
Banda-Ortiz v. Gonzales, 445 F.3d 387 (5th Cir. 2006) ................................ 329, 794, 838, 957, 967, 1007, 1031, 1052
Bandari v. INS, 227 F.3d 1160 (9th Cir. 2000) ..........................................................................................559, 576, 1038
Banda-Zamora; U.S. v., 178 F.3d 728 (5th Cir. 1999) ......................................................................................... 197, 224
Bangura v. Hansen, 434 F.3d 487 (6th Cir. 2006) ......................................... 34, 272, 801–2, 827, 1086, 1141–42, 1144
Bankers Trust New York Corp. v. U.S., 225 F.3d 1368 (Fed. Cir. 2000) ................................................................. 1186
Banks v. Gonzales, 453 F.3d 449 (7th Cir. 2006) ..................................... 359, 459, 463, 467, 526, 541, 543, 604, 1165
Bao v. Gonzales, 460 F.3d 426 (2d Cir. 2006) .............................................................................................364, 553, 562
Bao Ge v. Li Peng, 201 F.Supp.2d 14 (D.D.C. 2000) ................................................................................................ 1222
Baptist Educational Center, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 723 (BIA 1993) ........................................................................ 354
Barahona-Gomez v. Ashcroft, 243 F.Supp.2d 1029 (N.D. Cal. 2002) ...................................................................... 1004
Barahona-Gomez v. Reno, 236 F.3d 1115 (9th Cir. 2001) ..........................................................1084, 1107, 1124, 1203
Barajas-Chavez; U.S. v., 162 F.3d 1285 (10th Cir. 1999) ............................................................................................ 241
Barajas-Montiel; U.S. v., 185 F.3d 947 (9th Cir. 1999) ....................................................................................... 240, 248
Barapind v. Reno, 225 F.3d 1100 (9th Cir. 2000) ....................................................................................499, 1102, 1125
Barber v. Gonzalez, 347 U.S. 637 (1954) ...........................................................................................................378, 1206
Barbour, U.S. ex rel.; v. District Director, INS, 491 F.2d 573 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 419 U.S. 873 (1974) ..... 293, 520
Barca v. Holmes, 73 F.Supp.2d 484 (M.D. Pa. 1999) ......................................................................................1126, 1197
Barcenas, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 609 (BIA 1988) .......................................................................................280, 365–66
Barco-Sandoval v. Gonzales, 516 F.3d 35 (2d Cir. 2008) ..............................................................999, 1074, 1078, 1118
Baria v. Reno, 94 F.3d 1335 (9th Cir. 1996),
           aff’d, 180 F.3d 1111 (9th Cir. 1999) ........................................... 358, 382, 855, 1062, 1084, 1125, 1180, 1212
Bark v. INS, 511 F.2d 1200 (9th Cir. 1975) .................................................................................................797, 799, 803
Barker v. Ashcroft, 382 F.3d 313 (3d Cir. 2003) ................................................................................................957, 1138
Barker v. Wingo, 407 U.S. 514 (1972) ......................................................................................................................... 245
Bar-Levy v. INS, 990 F.2d 33 (2d Cir. 1993) .....................................................................................................252, 1159
Barlow v. Collins, 397 U.S. 159 (1970) ...................................................................................................................... 1132
Barmo v. Reno, 899 F.Supp. 1375 (E.D. Pa. 1995) ............................................................................................801, 1155
Barnaby v. Reno, 127 F.Supp.2d 322 (D. Conn. 2001) .............................................................................................. 1098
Barnaby v. Reno, 142 F.Supp.2d 277 (D. Conn. 2001) ................................................................................................ 189
Barnaby-King v. DHS, 485 F.3d 684 (2d Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................. 1118
Barnes; U.S. v., 244 F.3d 331 (2d Cir. 2001) ............................................................................................................... 226
Barnett; U.S. v., 935 F.2d 178 (9th Cir. 1991) .............................................................................................................. 287
Barney v. Rogers, 83 F.3d 318 (9th Cir. 1996) ............................................................................................................. 852
Baron-Cabrera; U.S. v., 119 F.3d 1454 (10th Cir. 1997) ............................................................................................. 280
Baron-Medina; U.S. v., 187 F.3d 1144 (9th Cir. 1999) ................................................................................................ 167
Barragan-Lopez v. Mukasey, 508 F.3d 899 (9th Cir. 2007) .................................................................................. 84, 215
Barraza-Leon; U.S. v., 575 F.2d 218 (9th Cir. 1978) ................................................................................................... 273
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                               1465

Barraza-Rivera v. INS, 913 F.2d 1443 (9th Cir. 1990) ................................................................................................ 443
Barreiro v. INS, 989 F.2d 62 (1st Cir. 1993) ................................................................................................................ 977
Barrera, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 837 (BIA 1989) ........................................................................................................ 466
Barrera-Echavarria v. Rison, 44 F.3d 1441 (9th Cir. 1995) ................................................................................... 35, 143
Barreto-Claro v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 275 F.3d 1334 (11th Cir. 2001) ..................................439, 441, 444, 504–5, 512, 557
Barrett, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 171 (BIA 1990) ................................................................................................. 169, 191
Barrientos, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 100 (BIA 2007) .........................................................................................497, 1204
Barrios v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 399 F.3d 272 (3d Cir. 2005) .............................. 329, 395, 794, 837, 958, 1007, 1053
Barron v. Ashcroft, 358 F.3d 674 (9th Cir. 2004) ...................................................................................................... 1136
Barron-Cabrera; U.S. v., 119 F.3d 1454 (10th Cir. 1997) ............................................................................................ 287
Barroso v. Gonzales, 429 F.3d 1195 (9th Cir. 2005) ............................... 329, 395, 794, 837, 966–67, 1007, 1053, 1204
Barry v. Gonzales, 445 F.3d 741 (4th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................. 345, 582
Barry; U.S. v., 500 F.Supp.2d 125 (N.D.N.Y. 2007) ................................................................................................... 248
Bart, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 436 (BIA 1992) ......................................................................................................... 72, 81
Bartesaghi-Lay v. INS, 9 F.3d 819 (10th Cir. 1993) .................................................................................................... 459
Barthelemy v. Ashcroft, 329 F.3d 1062–68 (9th Cir. 2003) ...................................................................................... 1303
Bartle; U.S. v., 835 F.2d 646 (6th Cir.), cert. denied, 108 S.Ct. 1245 (1989) ............................................................. 247
Bartolini v. Ashcroft, 226 F.Supp.2d 350 (D. Conn. 2002) .............................................................................1083, 1087
Bartolo-Diego v. Gonzales, 490 F.3d 1024 (8th Cir. 2007) ......................................................................................... 602
Barton v. Ashcroft, 152 F.Supp.2d 235 (D. Conn. 2001) ........................................................................................... 1098
Barton v. Sentner, 353 U.S. 963 (1957) ........................................................................................................................ 293
Bartoszewska-Zajac v. INS, 237 F.3d 710 (6th Cir. 2001) .................................................................................... 31, 277
B-A-S-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 57 (BIA 1998), rev’d, Singh v. INS, 213 F.3d 1050 (9th Cir. 2000) ...................... 393
Basch v. Ground Round, Inc., 139 F.3d 6 (1st Cir. 1998) .......................................................................................... 1203
Basova v. Ashcroft, 373 F.Supp.2d 192 (E.D.N.Y. 2005) .......................................................................814, 1123, 1140
Basova v. Ashcroft, 383 F.Supp.2d 390 (E.D.N.Y. 2005) .................................................................................814, 1156
Bass; U.S. v., 404 U.S. 336 (1971) ............................................................................................................................. 1205
Bassey v. INS, 2002 WL 31298854 (N.D. Cal. Oct. 10, 2002) ................................................................................... 858
Bassiouni v. CIA, 392 F.3d 244 (7th Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................................... 336
Bastanipour v. INS, 980 F.2d 1129 (7th Cir. 1992) ..........................................................................576, 985, 1040, 1168
Batalova v. Ashcroft, 355 F.3d 1246 (10th Cir. 2004) .........................................................................................1021–22
Batanic v. INS, 12 F.3d 662 (7th Cir. 1993) ...............................................................................................339, 476, 1187
Batanic v. INS, 12 I&N Dec. 962 (7th Cir. 1993) ...................................................................................................... 1010
Batista v. Ashcroft, 270 F.3d 8 (1st Cir. 2001) .....................................................................408, 1132, 1167, 1302, 1327
Batista-Hernandez, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 955 (BIA 1997) .............................................................................. 189, 202
Batrez Gradiz v. Gonzales, 490 F.3d 1206 (10th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................ 207
Batten, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 271 (BIA 1965) ............................................................................................................ 80
Bauge v. INS, 7 F.3d 1540 (10th Cir. 1993) ................................................................................................................. 364
Baum; U.S. v., 380 F.Supp.2d 187 (S.D.N.Y. 2005) .................................................................................................... 249
Bautista Gomez, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 893 (BIA 2006) .................................................................................. 974, 988
Bavo-Muzquiz; U.S. v., 412 F.3d 1052 (9th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................... 251
Bayani, Estate of v. Islamic Republic of Iran, 530 F.Supp.2d 40 (D.D.C. 2007) ...................................................... 1227
Bay Area Women’s Resource Center, 88-INA-379 (BALCA 1989) .......................................................................... 943
Bayro v. Reno, 142 F.3d 1377 (11th Cir. 1998) ......................................................................................................... 1027
Bazan-Reyes v. INS, 256 F.3d 600 (7th Cir. 2001) ......................................................................................176, 180, 402
Bazargan; U.S. v., 992 F.2d 844 (8th Cir. 1993) .................................................................................................. 251, 652
Bazua-Cota v. Gonzales, 466 F.3d 747 (9th Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................. 1121
B-B-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 309 (BIA 1998) ............................................................................................................ 340
B&B Residential Facility, 01-INA-146 (BALCA July 16, 2002) ................................................................................ 926
Beanal v. Freeport-McMoran, Inc., 197 F.3d 161 (5th Cir. 1999) ............................................................................. 1223
Beato, Matter of; 10 I&N Dec. 730 (BIA 1964) ....................................................................................................... 75, 79
Beaty v. Republic of Iraq, 480 F.Supp.2d 80 (D.D.C. 2007) ..................................................................................... 1227
Becerra-Cobo; U.S. v., 790 F.2d 427 (5th Cir. 1986) ................................................................................................... 302
Becerra-Jimenez v. INS, 829 F.2d 996 (10th Cir. 1987) ............................................................................................ 1202
Becerra-Miranda, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 358 (BIA 1967) ........................................................................................ 560
Bechara; U.S. v., 935 F.Supp. 892 (S.D. Tex. 1996) .................................................................................................... 411
Beck AG Operations Inc., 08-PERM-5 (BALCA Dec. 18, 2007) ............................................................................... 913
Becker v. Gonzales, 473 F.3d 1000 (9th Cir. 2007) ..................................................................................................... 973
Beckford, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 1216 (BIA 2000) ................................................................................................. 1055
Bedoya-Valencia v. INS, 6 F.3d 891 (2d Cir. 1993) .................................................................................................... 276
Beer v. INS, 68 F.3d 216 (8th Cir. 1995) ...................................................................................................................... 519
Begna v. Ashcroft, 392 F.3d 301 (8th Cir. 2004) ......................................................................................................... 571
Begzatowski v. INS, 278 F.3d 665 (7th Cir. 2002) ....................................................................................437, 605, 1178
Beharry v. Ashcroft, 329 F.3d 51 (2d Cir. 2003) ....................................................................................1099, 1136, 1146
1466                                                                                                KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Beharry v. Reno, 183 F.Supp.2d 584 (E.D.N.Y. 2002),
          rev’d on jurisdictional grounds, 329 F.3d 51 (2d Cir. 2003) ......................................................278, 322, 1208
Behzadpour v. U.S., 946 F.2d 1351 (8th Cir. 1991) ..................................................................................................... 442
Beith Aharon, 03-INA-300 (BALCA Nov. 18, 2004) .................................................................................................. 947
Bejacmar v. Ashcroft, 291 F.3d 735 (11th Cir. 2002) ......................................................................................1081, 1197
Bejar v. Ashcroft, 324 F.3d 127 (3d Cir. 2003) ..........................................................................................386, 394, 1140
Bejarano-Urrutia v. Gonzales, 413 F.3d 444 (4th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................... 176, 181
Bejet-Viali Al-Jojo v. Gonzales, 424 F.3d 823 (8th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................. 409–10
Bejjani v. INS, 271 F.3d 670 (6th Cir. 2001) .................................. 408, 1108, 1132, 1184, 1186, 1191–92, 1209, 1211
Bejko v. Gonzales, 468 F.3d 482 (7th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................. 333, 438
Belay-Gebru v. INS, 327 F.3d 998 (10th Cir. 2003) ........................................................................................1055, 1164
Belegradek v. Gonzales, 523 F.Supp.2d 1364 (N.D. Ga. 2007) ............................................................1087, 1103, 1123
Belenzo, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 374 (AG 1981) ........................................................................................................ 855
Belevin-Ramales; U.S. v., 458 F.Supp.2d 409 (E.D. Ky. 2006) .................................................................................. 242
Belhas v. Ya’alon, 515 F.3d 1279 (D.C. Cir. 2008) ................................................................................................... 1226
Belishta v. Ashcroft, 378 F.3d 1078 (9th Cir. 2004) .................................................................................................... 465
Bell v. Chandler, 569 F.2d 556 (10th Cir. 1978) .......................................................................................................... 398
Bell v. INS, 292 F.Supp.2d 370 (D. Conn. 2003) .....................................................................................301, 1095, 1104
Bell v. Reno, 218 F.3d 86 (2d Cir. 2000) .............................................................................................................. 200, 206
Bell v. Wolfish, 441 U.S. 520 (1979) ................................................................................................................... 147, 292
Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, __U.S.___, 127 S.Ct. 1955 (2007) ........................................................................ 1212
Bell Communications Research, Inc., 88-INA-26 (BALCA 1988) ............................................................................. 927
Bellido v. Ashcroft, 367 F.3d 840 (8th Cir. 2004) ............................................... 525, 541, 545, 553, 565, 574, 578, 599
Bello-Bahena; U.S. v., 411 F.3d 1083 (9th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................. 226
Bellout v. Ashcroft, 363 F.3d 975 (9th Cir. 2004) ..............................................................................................470, 1129
Belortaja v. Gonzales, 484 F.3d 619 (2d Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................... 1201
Beltran, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 521 (BIA 1992) ................................................................................................ 201, 215
Beltran v. INS, 332 F.3d 407 (6th Cir. 2003) ....................................................................................................... 324, 388
Beltran-Leon v. INS, 134 F.3d 1379 (9th Cir. 1998) ................................................................................................... 221
Beltran-Leon v. INS, 134 F.3d 1379 (9th Cir. 1998) ................................................................................................. 1110
Beltran-Resendez v. INS, 207 F.3d 284 (5th Cir. 2000) ....................................................................................963, 1254
Beltran-Tirado v. INS, 213 F.3d 1179 (9th Cir. 2000) .............................................................71, 81–83, 360, 382, 1117
Beltran-Zavala v. INS, 912 F.2d 1027 (9th Cir. 1990) ................................................................................................. 480
Beltre v. Kiley, 470 F.Supp. 87 (S.D.N.Y. 1979) ....................................................................................................... 1145
Bencosme De Rodriguez v. Gonzales, 433 F.3d 163 (1st Cir. 2005) ..............................................................1112, 1136
Bendig v. Conoco, Inc., 9 OCAHO no. 1065 (Mar. 8, 2001) ..............................................................................1278–79
Bendig v. Conoco, Inc., 9 OCAHO no. 1077 (Mar. 8, 2001) .................................................................................... 1278
Benitez, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 173 (BIA 1984) ........................................................................................280, 338, 362
Benitez-Villafuerte; U.S. v., 186 F.3d 651 (5th Cir. 1999) .................................................................................. 226, 403
Benjamin v. Bureau of Customs, 383 F.Supp.2d 344 (D. Conn. 2005) ....................................................................... 178
Benjamin v. Bureau of Customs, 401 F.Supp.2d 184 (D. Conn. 2005) ..................................................................... 1327
Benslimane v. Gonzales, 430 F.3d 828 (7th Cir. 2005) ......314, 326–29, 331, 825, 837, 1006, 1029, 1054, 1117, 1122
Berber-Tinoco; U.S. v., 510 F.3d 1083 (9th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................... 282
Berger v. U.S., 255 U.S. 22 (1921) ............................................................................................................................... 398
Bergman v. U.S., 844 F.2d 353 (6th Cir. 1988) .......................................................................................................... 1240
Berhe v. Gonzales, 464 F.3d 74 (1st Cir. 2006) ................................................ 172–73, 195, 593, 604, 606, 1026, 1072
Berishaj v. Ashcroft, 378 F.3d 314 (3d Cir. 2004) .................................... 461, 463, 532, 543, 563, 595, 1029, 1166–67
Berishev v. Chertoff, 486 F.Supp.2d 202 (D. Mass. 2007) ..............................................................................1232, 1235
Berkowitz v. U.S., 486 U.S. 531 (1988) ..................................................................................................................... 1219
Berlanga v. Reno, 56 F.Supp.2d 751 (S.D. Tex. 1999) .............................................................................................. 1212
Bermudez v. State, 603 So.2d 657 (Fla. App. 3 Dist.1992) ......................................................................................... 214
Bernal v. Fainter, 467 U.S. 216 (1984) ........................................................................................................................... 38
Bernal v. INS, 154 F.3d 1020 (9th Cir. 1998) .............................................................................................................. 963
Bernal-Garcia v. INS, 852 F.2d 144 (5th Cir. 1988) ........................................................................................1200, 1232
Bernal-Rendon v. Gonzales, 419 F.3d 877 (8th Cir. 2005) .................................................................................. 474, 573
Bernal-Vallejo v. INS, 195 F.3d 56 (1st Cir. 1999) ..................................................................................349, 1116, 1137
Bernard v. Calejo, 17 F.Supp.2d 1311 (S.D. Fla. 1998) ............................................................................................. 1218
Berri v. Gonzales, 468 F.3d 390 (6th Cir. 2006) .................................................................................................. 327, 601
Berrio-Barrera v. Gonzales, 460 F.3d 163 (1st Cir. 2006) ...............................................................................1137, 1160
Berrios-Centeno; U.S. v., 250 F.3d 294 (5th Cir. 2001) ............................................................................................... 230
Berroteran-Melendez v. INS, 955 F.2d 1251 (9th Cir. 1992) ........................................................................................ 32
Berrum-Garcia v. Comfort, 390 F.3d 1158 (10th Cir. 2004) ...........................................................................88, 95, 845
Berte v. Ashcroft, 396 F.3d 993 (8th Cir. 2005) ......................................................................................................... 1034
Berte v. Ashcroft, 396 F.3d 993 (8th Cir. 2005) .........................................................................................439, 593, 1034
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                                    1467

Bertrand v. Sava, 684 F.2d 204 (2d Cir. 1982) ....................................................................................................... 34, 143
Beshli v. DHS, 272 F.Supp.2d 514 (E.D. Pa. 2003) ...................................................................................185, 322, 1100
Beskovic v. Gonzales, 467 F.3d 223 (2d Cir. 2006) .....................................................................................436, 442, 446
Beslic v. INS, 265 F.3d 568 (7th Cir. 2001) .............................................................................................102, 1122, 1213
Best Manufacturing, Inc., 07-PER-80 (BALCA Dec. 19, 2007) ................................................................................. 910
Best Park, LLC, 07-PER-55 (BALCA Sept 10, 2007) ................................................................................................. 950
Best Western (Sutter House), 03-INA-123 (BALCA June 8, 2004) ............................................................................ 925
Beth & David Dassa, 03-INA-251 (BALCA Sept. 8, 2004) ........................................................................................ 946
Betouche v. Ashcroft, 357 F.3d 147 (1st Cir. 2004) ...........................................................................................346, 1058
Beverly Center; U.S. v., 5 OCAHO no. 762 (May 19, 1995) .................................................................................... 1273
Beverly Enterprises Inc., v. Herman, 119 F.Supp.2d 1 (D.D.C. 2000) ........................................................................ 704
Beximco USA, Ltd., 90-INA-302 (BALCA Apr. 15, 1992) ........................................................................................ 937
Bezmen v. Ashcroft, 245 F.Supp.2d 446 (D. Conn. 2003) ..........................................................................137, 296, 305
B-G-, Matter of; 8 I&N Dec. 182 (BIA 1958) ................................................................................................................ 97
Bhandari v. First Bank of Commerce, 829 F.2d 1343 (5th Cir. 1987) (en banc),
          reinstated after remand, 887 F.2d 609 (5th Cir. 1989) (en banc) ............................................................... 1217
Bhanot v. Chertoff, 474 F.3d 71 (2d Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................................... 390
Bhasin v. Gonzales, 423 F.3d 977 (9th Cir. 2005) ............................................ 453, 573, 1048, 1050, 1062, 1064, 1172
Bhatt v. BIA, 328 F.3d 912 (7th Cir. 2003) ................................................................................................................ 1105
Bhatt v. Reno, 172 F.3d 978 (7th Cir. 1999) ................................................................................................................ 570
Bhatt v. Reno, 204 F.3d 744 (7th Cir. 2000) .............................................................................................................. 1126
Bhiski v. Ashcroft, 373 F.3d 363 (3d Cir. 2004) ................................................. 329, 351, 957, 1026, 1028, 1052, 1135
Biancada v. Turnage, 883 F.2d 836 (9th Cir. 1989) ..................................................................................................... 422
Biao Yang v. Gonzales, 496 F.3d 268 (2d Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................. 504
Bienvenido de la Rosa Basilio; U.S. v., 682 F.Supp. 13 (D.P.R. 1988) ...................................................................... 241
Bieregu v. Ashcroft, 259 F.Supp.2d 342 (D.N.J. 2003) ...........................................................................402, 1217, 1229
Big Apple Educational Center, 07-PER-26 (BALCA May 16, 2007) ......................................................................... 941
Big Bear Market; U.S. v., 1 OCAHO no. 48 (Apr. 12, 1989) .................................................................................... 1262
Big Bear Market; U.S. v., 1 OCAHO no. 48 (Mar. 30, 1989),
          aff’d, Big Bear Market 3 v. INS, 913 F.2d 754 (9th Cir. 1990) ..............................................1248, 1259, 1265
Big Bear Market; U.S. v., No. 88-100038 (OCAHO Apr. 12, 1989) ........................................................................ 1256
Bigby v. INS, 21 F.3d 1059 (11th Cir. 1994) ....................................................................................................... 362, 382
Biggs v. INS, 55 F.3d 1398 (9th Cir. 1995) ..................................................................................................54, 994, 1171
Bigler v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 451 F.3d 728 (11th Cir. 2006) ..................................................................376, 379, 859, 1177
Biheiri; U.S. v., 293 F.Supp.2d 656 (E.D. Va. 2003) ................................................................................................. 1329
Bilali v. Gonzales, 502 F.3d 470 (6th Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................. 316, 792
Billeke-Tolosa v. Ashcroft, 385 F.3d 708 (6th Cir. 2004) .................................................................370, 839, 841, 1122
Bilokumsky v. Tod, 263 U.S. 149 (1923) ............................................................................................................. 315, 362
Bilokumsky, U.S. ex rel.; v. Tod, 163 U.S. 149 (1923) ............................................................................................. 1092
Binrashed v. Gonzales, 502 F.3d 666 (7th Cir. 2007) .......................................................................................... 573, 598
Bisaillon v. Hogan, 257 F.2d 435 (9th Cir.), cert. den. 358 U.S. 872 (1958) ................................................................ 81
Bishop v. Reno, 210 F.3d 1295 (11th Cir. 2000) .......................................................................................................... 263
Biskupski v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 503 F.3d 274 (3d Cir. 2007) ...............................................................188, 191, 200
Bistany’s Oriental Rug Dealers, Inc., 07-INA-9 (BALCA Dec. 10, 2007) ................................................................. 944
Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics,
          403 U.S. 388 (1971) .............................................................................. 144, 309–10, 1220–21, 1233, 1240–41
Biwot v. Gonzales, 403 F.3d 1094 (9th Cir. 2005) ...........................................................326, 331, 339, 350, 1026, 1147
B- & K-, Matter of; 6 I&N Dec. 827 (BIA 1955) ......................................................................................................... 647
Blacher v. Ridge, 436 F.Supp.2d 602 (S.D.N.Y. 2006) .........................................................683, 685, 1113, 1152, 1163
Blackie’s House of Beef, Inc. v. Castillo, 659 F.2d 1211 (D.C. Cir. 1981), cert. denied, 455 U.S. 940
          (1982) ..............................................................................................................................................284–85, 1256
Blackledge v. Allison, 431 U.S. 63 (1977) .........................................................................................................214, 1088
Blackwell v. Thornburgh, 745 F.Supp. 1529 (C.D. Cal. 1989) .............................................................................. 795–96
Blaich, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 304 (R.C. 1975) ......................................................................................................... 885
Blaize; U.S. v., 959 F.2d 850 (9th Cir. 1992) ............................................................................................................. 1030
Blake v. Carbone, 489 F.3d 88 (2d Cir. 2007), rev’g Matter of Blake, 23 I&N Dec. 722 (2005) ..........31, 120, 984–85
Blake v. Gonzales, 481 F.3d 152 (2d Cir. 2007) ......................................................................................176–77, 190–91
Blakely v. Washington, 542 U.S. 296 (2004) ............................................................................................................... 254
Blancada v. Turnage, 891 F.2d 688 (9th Cir. 1989) .........................................................................................1163, 1174
Blancas, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 458 (BIA 2002) ............................................................................................... 113, 972
Blanco v. INS, 68 F.3d 642 (2d Cir. 1995) ...............................................................................................994, 1171, 1176
Blanco v. Mukasey, 518 F.3d 714 (9th Cir. 2008) ......................................................................................................... 82
Blanco-Comarribas v. INS, 830 F.2d 1039 (9th Cir. 1987) ......................................................................................... 606
Blanco De Belbruno v. Ashcroft, 362 F.3d 272 (4th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................ 1020
1468                                                                                               KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Blenkhorn, 91-INA-61 (BALCA May 21, 1992) ......................................................................................................... 932
Blessing v. Freestone, 520 U.S. 329 (1997) ............................................................................................................... 1217
Bliss Smulian, 03-INA-171 (BALCA June 16, 2004) ................................................................................................. 946
Bloom, 88-INA-152 (BALCA Oct. 13, 1989) .............................................................................................................. 916
Bloomberg, L.P., 94-INA-619 (BALCA July 30, 1996) .............................................................................................. 943
Blumenfeld v. Attorney General, 762 F.Supp. 24 (D. Conn. 1991) ............................................................................. 712
B-M-, Matter of; 6 I&N Dec. 806 (BIA 1955) ............................................................................................................... 83
B&M Used Cars; U.S. v., 860 F.2d 121 (4th Cir. 1988) ....................................................................................246, 1236
Boakai v. Gonzales, 447 F.3d 1 (1st Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................1074, 1078
Boatswain v. Ashcroft, 414 F.3d 413 (2d. Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................. 1314
Bobb v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 458 F.3d 213 (3d Cir. 2006) .............................................................................. 187, 189
Bobby McGee’s, 91-INA-39 (BALCA Apr. 15, 1992) ................................................................................................ 944
Boci v. Gonzales, 473 F.3d 762 (7th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................... 400, 602
Bocova v. Gonzales, 412 F.3d 257 (1st Cir. 2005) ...............................................................................438, 969–70, 1192
Boctor v. Gonzales, 474 F.3d 488 (7th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................456, 575, 598
Bodeux v. INS, 668 F.Supp. 1452 (D. Kan. 1987) ...........................................................................................1163, 1170
Bodoff v. Islamic Republic of Iran, 424 F.Supp.2d 74 (D.D.C. 2006) ...................................................................... 1227
Bodre; U.S. v., 948 F.2d 28 (1st Cir.), cert. denied, 503 U.S. 941 (1992) ................................................................... 216
Boer-Sedano v. Gonzales, 418 F.3d 1082 (9th Cir. 2005) .....................................................437, 453, 462, 578, 580–81
Bogart, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 552 (BIA 1976) ......................................................................................................... 356
Boim v. Holy Land Foundation for Relief and Development, 511 F.3d 707 (7th Cir. 2007) ................................... 1225
Bojorques-Villanueva v. INS, 194 F.3d 14 (1st Cir. 1999) .......................................................................................... 555
Bolanos-Hernandez v. INS, 749 F.2d 1316 (9th Cir. 1984) ....................................................................................... 1178
Bolanos-Hernandez v. INS, 767 F.2d 1277 (9th Cir. 1984) ...........................................................448, 526, 529–30, 545
Bolante v. Achim, 457 F.Supp.2d 896 (E.D. Wis. 2006) ...................................... 628, 829–30, 1077, 1094, 1128, 1148
Bolante v. Keisler, 506 F.3d 618 (7th Cir. 2007) .............................................................................137, 298, 1094, 1193
Bollanos v. Gonzales, 461 F.3d 82 (1st Cir. 2006) .............................................................................................464, 1137
Bolling v. Sharpe, 347 U.S. 497 (1954) .......................................................................................................................... 32
Bolshakov v. INS, 133 F.3d 1279 (9th Cir. 1998) ....................................................................................851, 1006, 1056
Bona v. Gonzales, 425 F.3d 663 (9th Cir. 2005) ..................................................................36, 131, 156, 843, 853, 1160
Bonetti v. Rogers, 356 U.S. 691 (1958) ..............................................................................................................378, 1206
Bonetti; U.S. v., 277 F.3d 441 (4th Cir. 2002) ............................................................................................................. 242
Bong Youn Choy v. Barber, 279 F.2d 642 (9th Cir. 1960) .......................................................................................... 279
Bonhometre v. Ashcroft, 414 F.3d 442 (3d Cir. 2005) ............................ 113, 126, 142, 272, 297, 420, 976, 1073, 1090
Bonhometre v. Gonzales, 414 F.3d 442 (3d Cir. 2005) ................. 272, 297, 333, 420, 976, 1073, 1090–92, 1136, 1195
Bonilla-Mungia; U.S. v., 422 F.3d 316 (5th Cir. 2005) ....................................................................................... 181, 192
Bonne-Annee v. INS, 810 F.2d 1077 (11th Cir. 1987) ............................................................................................... 1027
Booker; U.S. v., 543 U.S. 220 (2005) ................................................................................................................... 243, 253
Booth v. Churner, 532 U.S. 731 (2001) ......................................................................................................1136–37, 1146
Borca v. INS, 77 F.3d 210 (7th Cir. 1996) ............................................................................................................ 436, 440
Borges v. Gonzales, 402 F.3d 398 (3d Cir. 2005) ......................................................................339, 348, 384, 394, 1060
Borja v. INS, 175 F.3d 732 (9th Cir. 1999) ..................................................................................................457, 463, 582
Borokinni v. INS, 974 F.2d 442 (4th Cir. 1992) ......................................................................................................... 1063
Boromand, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 450 (BIA 1980) .....................................................................................795–96, 799
Borovikova v. DOJ, 435 F.3d 151 (2d Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................................ 568
Bosede v. Ashcroft, 309 F.3d 441 (7th Cir. 2002) ...................................................................................................... 1140
Bosede v. Mukasey, 512 F.3d 946 (7th Cir. 2008) ........................................................ 269, 481, 589, 1110, 1136, 1144
Botezatu v. INS, 195 F.3d 311 (7th Cir. 1999) ...................................................................................................422, 1126
Bothyo v. INS, 783 F.2d 74 (7th Cir. 1986) ............................................................................................................... 1139
Bouayad v. Holmes, 74 F.Supp.2d 471 (E.D. Pa. 1999) ..................................................................142, 297, 1109, 1197
Boudaguian v. Ashcroft, 376 F.3d 825 (8th Cir. 2004) ......................................................................969–70, 1173, 1194
Boukhtouchen v. Gonzales, 498 F.3d 78 (1st Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................. 600
Boulevard Cafe, 96-INA-33 (BALCA Sept. 30, 1997) ................................................................................................ 926
Boutilier v. INS, 387 U.S. 118 (1967) ............................................................................................................................ 58
Bovkun v. Ashcroft, 283 F.3d 166 (3d Cir. 2002) ........................................................................................179, 191, 198
Bowe, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 488 (BIA 1980) ......................................................................................................... 1023
Bowen v. City of New York, 476 U.S. 467 (1986) ..........................................................................................1013, 1143
Bowen v. Georgetown Univ. Hosp., 488 U.S. 204 (1988) .....................................................................1165, 1188, 1210
Bowen v. Michigan Academy of Family Physicians, 476 U.S. 667 (1986) .............................................................. 1132
Bowler v. INS, 901 F.Supp. 597 (S.D.N.Y. 1995) ..................................................................................................... 1197
Bowles v. Russell, 127 S.Ct. 2360 (2007) ......................................................... 1024–25, 1133, 1137, 1144, 1146, 1189
Bowley; U.S. v., 435 F.3d 426 (3d Cir. 2006) .............................................................................................................. 228
Box, Matter of; 10 I&N Dec. 87 (BIA 1962) ................................................................................................................. 99
Boyanivskyy v. Gonzales, 450 F.3d 286 (7th Cir. 2006) ...................................................................................356, 1117
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                               1469

Boyd v. ICE, 344 F.Supp.2d 869 (E.D.N.Y. 2004) ............................................................................................320, 1328
Boyd v. Nebraska, 143 U.S. 135 (1892) ..................................................................................................................... 1299
Boykov v. Ashcroft, 383 F.3d 526 (7th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................................... 1190
Boz v. U.S. 248 F.3d 1299 (11th Cir. 2001) .....................................................................................298, 420, 1100, 1141
Bracy v. Gramley, 117 S.Ct. 1793 (1997) .................................................................................................................. 1101
Brad Bartholomay Landscape Design & Consultation, 88-INA-332 (BALCA 1989) ................................................ 934
Braden v. 30th Judicial Circuit Court, 410 U.S. 484 (1973) ..............................................................................298, 1097
Bradley v. Heckler, 785 F.2d 954 (11th Cir. 1986) .................................................................................................... 1231
Bradley v. School Bd. of City of Richmond, 416 U.S. 696 (1974) ..........................................................796, 1001, 1212
Bradvica v. INS, 128 F.3d 1009 (7th Cir. 1997) .................................................................................................... 430–31
Brantigan, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 493 (BIA 1966) ....................................................................................623, 727, 823
Braun v. INS, 992 F.2d 1016 (9th Cir. 1993) .........................................................................................1169, 1176, 1179
Bravo v. Ashcroft, 341 F.3d 590 (5th Cir. 2003) ................................................................................................999, 1118
Bravo-Diaz; U.S. v., 312 F.3d 995 (9th Cir. 2002) ...................................................................................................... 221
Bravo-Pedroza v. Gonzales, 475 F.3d 1358 (9th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................311, 315, 338
Brazilian Portuguese Pavilion, 87-INA-606 (BALCA 1987) ...................................................................................... 924
Breard v. Greene, 523 U.S. 371 (1998) ...................................................................................................................... 1207
Breninzon, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 40 (BIA 1984) ..................................................................................................... 782
Brent-Wood Products, Inc., 88-INA-259 (BALCA 1989) ........................................................................................... 923
Brett v. INS, 386 F.2d 439 (2d Cir. 1967) ...................................................................................................................... 77
Brewster v. Gage, 280 U.S. 327 (1930) ...................................................................................................................... 1207
Breyer v. Ashcroft, 350 F.3d 327 (3d Cir. 2003) ........................................................................................................ 1323
Breyer v. Meissner, 214 F.3d 416 (3d Cir. 2000) ...........................................................................33–35, 1152–53, 1300
Breyer; U.S. v., 841 F.Supp. 679 (E.D. Pa. 1993) ...................................................................................................... 1299
Brice v. INS, 806 F.2d 415 (2d Cir. 1986) .................................................................................................................... 381
Brickwood Contrs., Inc. v. U.S., 288 F.3d 1371 (Fed. Cir. 2002) ............................................................................. 1232
Bridges v. Wixon, 326 U.S. 135 (1945) ............................................................................................37, 268–69, 275, 773
Brieva, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 766, 770–73 (BIA 2005),
          aff’d, Brieva-Perez v. Gonzales, 482 F.3d 356 (5th Cir. 2007) .....................................................119, 179, 984
Brignoni-Ponce; U.S. v., 422 U.S. 873 (1975) ...........................................................................................280, 287, 1255
Brima Bah v. Gonzales, 448 F.3d 1019 (8th Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................... 598
Briones, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 355 (BIA 2007) ...........................................................................88, 95–96, 844, 1042
Briones v. INS, 175 F.3d 727 (9th Cir. 1999) .....................................................................................450, 547, 588, 1039
Briones-Sanchez v. Heinauer, 319 F.3d 324 (8th Cir. 2003) ....................................................................................... 407
Briseno v. Ashcroft, 291 F.3d 377 (5th Cir. 2002) ..................................................................................................... 1238
Briseno-Flores v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 492 F.3d 226 (3d Cir. 2007) .............................113, 974–75, 989, 1003, 1182
Brissett v. Ashcroft, 363 F.3d 130 (2d Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................1111, 1302
Brito-Deleon v. Ashcroft, 188 F.Supp.2d 340 (S.D.N.Y. 2002) .......................................................................... 852, 857
Broadway Baptist Child Dev. Ctr., 92-INA-405 (BALCA Sept. 30, 1993) ................................................................ 946
Brock v. Emerson Elec. Co., 834 F.2d 994 (11th Cir. 1987) ..................................................................................... 1255
Brock v. Pierce County, 476 U.S. 253 (1986) .............................................................................................................. 276
Brogan v. U.S., 522 U.S. 398 (1998) ............................................................................................................249–50, 1329
Bronisz v. Ashcroft, 378 F.3d 632 (7th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................................... 1196
Bronx Med. & Dental Clinic, 90-INA-479 (BALCA Oct. 30, 1992) .......................................................................... 942
Brooklyn Amity School, 07-PER-64 (BALCA Sept. 19, 2007) .................................................................................. 914
Brooks v. Ashcroft, 283 F.3d 1268 (11th Cir. 2002) ..............................................................................117–18, 277, 979
Broomes v. Ashcroft, 358 F.3d 1251 (10th Cir. 2004) .......................................................................................213, 1101
Bropleh v. Gonzales, 428 F.3d 772 (8th Cir. 2005) .............................................................................................. 375, 398
Broussard v. Bowen, 828 F.2d 310 (5th Cir. 1987) .................................................................................................... 1234
Brown, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 324 (BIA 1982) ....................................................................................................... 1031
Brown v. Ashcroft, 360 F.3d 346 (2d Cir. 2004) ..........................................................................................199, 960, 976
Brown v. Baltimore City Public Schools, 3 OCAHO no. 480 (June 4, 1992) ........................................................... 1274
Brown; U.S. v., 148 F.Supp.2d 191 (E.D.N.Y. 2001) .................................................................................................. 236
Browne v. Zurbrick, 45 F.2d 931 (6th Cir. 1930) ......................................................................................................... 315
Brucaj v. Ashcroft, 381 F.3d 602 (7th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................................. 461, 464
Brue v. Gonzales, 464 F.3d 1227 (10th Cir. 2006) ...............................................................................275, 320, 374, 480
Bruland v. Howerton, 742 F.Supp. 629 (S.D. Fla. 1990) .................................................................................1233, 1237
Brumme v. INS, 275 F.3d 443 (5th Cir. 2001) ...................................................................................................133, 1102
Bruno v. Albright, 20 F.Supp.2d 51 (D.D.C. 1998) ....................................................................................................... 86
Bruno-Muzquiz; U.S. v., 412 F.3d 1052 (9th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................. 175
Bryan v. U.S. 524 U.S. 184 (1998) .....................................................................................................247, 249, 802, 1329
Bryan v. U.S., 524 U.S. 184 (1998) ................................................................................................................................ 99
Brzuszek v. McElroy, 275 F.Supp.2d 442 (S.D.N.Y. 2003) ..............................................................................116, 1100
BSN Industries, 88-INA-53 (BALCA 1988) ................................................................................................................ 924
1470                                                                                              KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Bu v. Gonzales, 490 F.3d 424 (6th Cir. 2007) ...................................................................................................... 448, 588
Buckhannon Bd. and Care Home, Inc. v. W. Va. Dep’t of Health & Human Res., 532 U.S. 598 (2001) ..........1231–32
Buckingham Limited Partnership; U.S. v., 1 OCAHO no. 151 (Apr. 6, 1990) ...................................................1250–51
Buckland, Matter of; 10 I&N Dec. 706 (R.C. 1964) .................................................................................................... 650
Buckley v. Fitzsimmons, 509 U.S. 259 (1993) ........................................................................................................... 1230
Bucur v. INS, 109 F.3d 399 (7th Cir. 1997) ................................................................................................................. 439
Budget Rent-A-Car, Matter of; No. MIA-N-12807 (R.C. 1981) ................................................................................. 727
Bueno, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 1029 (BIA 1997) ............................................................................................... 781, 824
Buffalo Evening News v. U.S. Border Patrol, 791 F.Supp. 386 (W.D.N.Y. 1992) ..................................................... 336
Bugulu v. Gonzales, 490 F.Supp.2d 965 (W.D. Wis. 2007) ............................................................................1105, 1121
Bui v. INS, 76 F.3d 268 (9th Cir. 1996) .............................................................................................343, 381, 409, 1235
Bui v. INS, 80 F.Supp.2d 1123 (D. Or. 1999) ............................................................................................298, 420, 1141
Builes v. Nye, 239 F.Supp.2d 518 (M.D. Pa. 2003) .............................................................275, 316, 489, 492, 499, 588
Buitrago-Cuesta v. INS, 7 F.3d 291 (2d Cir. 1993) ............................................................................476, 977, 982, 1212
Buletini v. INS, 860 F.Supp. 1222 (E.D. Mich. 1994) .............................................................................870, 1170, 1175
Bulk Farms, Inc. v. Martin, 963 F.2d 1286 (9th Cir. 1992) ......................................................................................... 936
Bull v. INS, 790 F.2d 869 (11th Cir. 1986) ......................................... 314, 328, 330, 825, 837, 1006, 1054, 1109, 1166
Bullfrog Films, Inc. v. Catto, 815 F.Supp. 338 (C.D. Cal. 1993) .....................................................................1235, 1240
Bulos, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 645 (BIA 1976) ........................................................................................................... 968
Bunag, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 103 (D.D. 1967) ........................................................................................................... 88
Burbano, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 872 (BIA 1994) ..............................................................986, 1021, 1035, 1142, 1171
Burger v. Gonzales, 498 F.3d 131 (2d Cir. 2007) ................................................................................269, 528, 1043–44
Burgos-Abril v. INS, 58 F.3d 475 (9th Cir. 1995) ........................................................................................................ 403
Burke v. Mukasey, 509 F.3d 695 (5th Cir. 2007) ......................................................................................................... 183
Burrafato v. DOS, 523 F.2d 554 (2d Cir. 1975), cert. denied, 424 U.S. 910 (1976) .........................................622, 1148
Burt; U.S. v., 410 F.3d 1100 (9th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................................ 243
Buscemi, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 628 (BIA 1988) ...................................................................................................... 986
Buschini, Matter of (AAO June 30, 2006) .................................................................................................................... 610
Bushira v. Gonzales, 442 F.3d 626 (8th Cir. 2006) .............................................................................................. 460, 598
Busquets-Ivars v. Ashcroft, 333 F.3d 1008 (9th Cir. 2003) ......................................................................................... 389
Bussian v. RJR Nabisco, Inc., 223 F.3d 286 (5th Cir. 2000) ..................................................................................... 1185
Bustamante v. Chertoff, 533 F.Supp.2d 373 (S.D.N.Y. 2008) ................................................................................... 1326
Bustamante-Barrera v. Gonzales, 447 F.3d 388 (5th Cir. 2006) ..................................................................782–83, 1302
Bustos-Torres v. INS, 898 F.2d 1053 (5th Cir. 1990) ....................................................................................358, 363–64
Butros v. INS, 804 F.Supp. 1336 (D. Or. 1991) ...................................................................422, 1040, 1053, 1082, 1174
Butt v. Gonzales, 429 F.3d 430 (3d Cir. 2005) .............................................................................................548, 556, 563
Butt v. Gonzales, 500 F.3d 130 (2d Cir. 2007) ....................................................................................................... 331–32
Butt v. Keisler, 506 F.3d 86 (1st Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................................. 600
Butterfield; U.S. v., 223 F.2d 804 (6th Cir. 1955) ........................................................................................................ 220
Butz v. Economou, 438 U.S. 478 (1978) .................................................................................................................... 1230
Buzdygan v. INS, 259 F.3d 891 (7th Cir. 2001) ........................................................................................................... 998
Bygayong v. INS, 442 F.3d 67 (2d Cir. 2006) ..........................................................................................126, 1075, 1118


                                                                               C
C-, Matter of; 1 I&N Dec. 14 (BIA 1941) ...................................................................................................................... 85
C-, Matter of; 2 I&N Dec. 716 (BIA 1947) .................................................................................................................... 81
C-, Matter of; 5 I&N Dec. 65 (BIA 1953) ...................................................................................................................... 72
C-, Matter of; 6 I&N Dec. 709 (BIA 1955) .................................................................................................................. 216
C, Matter of; 7 I&N Dec. 432 (BIA 1957) ..................................................................................................................... 87
C-, Matter of; 8 I&N Dec. 611 (BIA 1960) .................................................................................................................. 221
C-, Matter of; 8 I&N Dec. 696 (BIA 1960) .................................................................................................................. 337
C, Matter of; 9 I&N Dec. 100 (BIA 1960) ........................................................................................................... 158, 655
C, Matter of; 9 I&N Dec. 524 (BIA 1962), rev’d, Costello v. INS, 376 U.S. 120 (1964) .........................165, 320, 1324
C, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 808 (AC 1988) ................................................................................................................. 1281
C, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 529 (BIA 1992) ................................................................................................................. 481
C-, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 529 (BIA 1992) ..................................................................................380, 476, 480–81, 520
C-A-, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 951 (BIA 2006),
         aff’d, Castillo-Arias v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 446 F.3d 1190 (11th Cir. 2006) ...............................451–52, 454, 588
Caballero v. Caplinger, 914 F.Supp. 1374 (E.D. La. 1996) ..................................................................................... 308–9
Caban v. INS, 671 F.2d 1230 (2d Cir. 1982) .............................................................................................................. 1219
Caban v. INS, 728 F.2d 68 (2d Cir. 1984) .................................................................................................................. 1219
Cabasug v. INS, 847 F.2d 1321 (9th Cir. 1988) ........................................................................................................... 203
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                              1471

Cabell v. Chavez-Salido, 454 U.S. 432 (1982) ............................................................................................................... 38
Cabello Barrueto v. Fernandez Lario, 205 F.Supp.2d 1325 (S.D. Fla. 2002) ......................................................1223–24
Cabezas v. Scott, 717 F.Supp. 696 (D. Ariz. 1989) ...................................................................................................... 301
Cable Car Photo & Electronics, 90-INA-141 (BALCA 1991) .................................................................................... 931
Cabral v. INS, 15 F.3d 193 (1st Cir. 1994) ..................................................................................................................... 77
Cabreja-Rojas v. Reno, 999 F.Supp. 493 (S.D.N.Y. 1998) ..........................................................136, 139, 145, 298, 308
Cabrera, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 589 (BIA 1996) ....................................................................................................... 781
Cabrera, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 459 (BIA 2008) ....................................................................................................... 208
Cabrera-Alvarez v. Gonzales, 423 F.3d 1006 (9th Cir. 2005) ..................................... 278, 988, 1072, 1078, 1117, 1208
Cabrera-Perez v. Gonzales, 456 F.3d 109 (3d Cir. 2006) ....................................................................................... 386–87
Cabrera-Sosa; U.S. v., 81 F.3d 998 (10th Cir. 1996) .................................................................................................... 260
Cabrera-Teran; U.S. v., 168 F.3d 141 (5th Cir. 1999) .................................................................................................. 226
Cacho v. Ashcroft, 325 F.Supp.2d 1140 (D. Hawaii 2004) ....................................................................................... 1309
Cacho v. Ashcroft, 403 F.Supp.2d 991 (D. Hawaii 2004) ......................................................................................... 1307
Caddali v. INS, 975 F.2d 1428 (9th Cir. 1992) ........................................................................................................... 1010
Cadenas; U.S. v., 445 F.3d 1091 (8th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................................................... 257
Cadet v. Bulger, 377 F.3d 1173 (11th Cir. 2004) ...............................................................275, 485–87, 491, 1092, 1130
Caesar v. Ashcroft, 355 F.Supp.2d 693 (S.D.N.Y. 2005) .............................................................................................. 80
Cafe Camino Real, Inc.; U.S. v., 1 OCAHO no. 224 (Aug. 28, 1990) ...................................................................... 1258
Café Vallarta, 07-PER-29, -33 (BALCA June 12, 2007) ............................................................................................. 913
C-A-L-, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 754 (BIA 1997) ................................................................................................ 459, 469
Calcagno, Matter of; No. K-87-1819 (D. Md. 1988) .................................................................................................. 1237
Calcano-Martinez v. INS, 533 U.S. 348 (2001) ......................................................................................................... 1077
Calderon v. Reno, 39 F.Supp.2d 943 (N.D. Ill. 1999) .................................................................................................. 485
Calderon; U.S. v., 391 F.3d 370 (2d Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................233, 235, 353, 1026
Calderon-Medina; U.S. v., 591 F.2d 529 (9th Cir. 1979) ..................................................................................... 276, 381
Calderon-Ontiveros v. INS, 809 F.2d 1050 (5th Cir. 1986) ....................................................................................... 1197
Calderon-Pena; U.S. v., 339 F.3d 320 (5th Cir. 2003) ................................................................................................. 197
Calderon-Pena; U.S. v., 383 F.3d 254 (5th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................................. 180
Calderon-Segura; U.S. v., 512 F.3d 1104 (9th Cir. 2008) .................................................................................... 226, 403
Calero v. INS, 957 F.2d 50 (2d Cir. 1992) ..........................................................................................................278, 1208
Calero-Toledo v. Pearson Yacht Leasing Co., 416 U.S. 663 (1974) ........................................................................... 245
Calexico Warehouse, Inc. v. Neufeld, 259 F.Supp.2d 1067 (S.D. Cal. 2002) .........................732–33, 1083, 1118, 1175
Calhelha; U.S. v., 456 F.Supp.2d 350 (D. Conn. 2006) .............................................................................240, 250, 1263
Califano v. Sanders, 430 U.S. 99 (1977) ..........................................................................................................1080, 1085
California v. U.S., 104 F.3d 1086 (9th Cir. 1996), cert. denied, 522 U.S. 806 (1997) ....................................1158, 1164
California Rural Legal Asst. v. Legal Services, 917 F.2d 1171 (9th Cir. 1990) ........................................................ 1151
Calilao, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 104 (BIA 1977) ........................................................................................................ 800
Calle v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 504 F.3d 1324 (11th Cir. 2007) ......................................................................1048, 1052, 1198
Calles-Pineda; U.S. v., 627 F.2d 976 (9th Cir. 1980) ................................................................................................... 237
Calle-Vujiles v. Ashcroft, 320 F.3d 472 (3d Cir. 2003) ...................................................................................1055, 1164
Calvo-Ahumada v. Rinaldi, 435 F.2d 544 (3d Cir. 1970) .............................................................................................. 81
Camacho-Bordes v. INS, 33 F.3d 26 (8th Cir. 1993) ................................................................................................. 1162
Camacho-Lopez; U.S. v., 450 F.3d 928 (9th Cir. 2006) .................................................................................233–34, 236
Camacho-Salinas v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 460 F.3d 1343 (11th Cir. 2006) .................................................................. 33, 125
Camara v. Ashcroft, 378 F.3d 361 (4th Cir. 2004) ...............................................................490, 513, 558, 560, 569, 572
Camara v. DHS, 497 F.3d 121 (2d Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................................ 1118
Camara v. Municipal Court of City and County of San Francisco, 387 U.S. 523 (1967) .................................285, 1256
Camarena v. Meissner, 78 F.Supp.2d 1044 (N.D. Cal. 1999) ........................................................823, 1170, 1176, 1290
Camelback Wedding Center, 08-INA-12 (BALCA Jan. 23, 2008) ............................................................................. 947
Camins v. Gonzales, 500 F.3d 872 (9th Cir. 2007) ....................................................................................55, 1182, 1210
Camp v. Pitts, 411 U.S. 138 (1973) ............................................................................................................................ 1165
Campbell, Matter of; 326 F.2d 101 (2d Cir. 1964) ..................................................................................................... 1322
Campbell v. Chadbourne, 505 F.Supp.2d 191 (D. Mass. 2007) ..............................................142, 296, 298, 1109, 1141
Campbell v. Ganter, 353 F.Supp.2d 332 (E.D.N.Y. 2004) .................................................................................299, 1098
Campbell; U.S. v., 94 F.3d 125 (4th Cir. 1996) ............................................................................................................ 260
Campbell; U.S. v., 167 F.3d 94 (2d Cir. 1999) ............................................................................................................. 258
Campbell; U.S. v., 778 F.2d 764 (11th Cir. 1985) ................................................................................................ 214, 223
Campillo v. Sullivan, 853 F.2d 593 (8th Cir. 1988), cert. denied, 490 U.S. 1082 (1989) .................................301, 1095
Campos v. INS, 16 F.3d 118 (6th Cir. 1994) ................................................................................................................ 977
Campos v. INS, 32 F.Supp.2d 1337 (S.D. Fla. 1999) ..........................................................................................1085–86
Campos v. INS, 62 F.3d 311 (9th Cir. 1995) ................................................................................................................ 404
Campos v. INS, 70 F.Supp.2d 1296 (S.D. Fla. 1998) ................................................................................................ 1313
Campos v. INS, 961 F.2d 309 (1st Cir. 1992) .............................................................................................................. 277
1472                                                                                              KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Campos v. Nail, 43 F.3d 1285 (9th Cir. 1994) ..................................................................................................... 325, 519
Campos v. Nail, 940 F.2d 495 (9th Cir. 1991) ........................................................................................................... 1085
Campos v. Smith, 791 F.Supp. 262 (W.D. Wa. 1991) ................................................................................................... 55
Campos-Asencio; U.S. v., 822 F.2d 506 (5th Cir. 1987) ..................................................................................... 236, 339
Camposeco-Montejo v. Ashcroft, 384 F.3d 814 (9th Cir. 2004) .......................................................................471, 1164
Campos-Granillo v. INS, 12 F.3d 849 (9th Cir. 1993) .......................................................................................971, 1174
Campos-Martinez; U.S. v., 976 F.2d 589 (9th Cir. 1992) ............................................................................................ 261
Campos-Sanchez v. INS, 164 F.3d 448 (9th Cir. 1999) .....................................................................271, 547, 605, 1039
Campos-Serrano; U.S. v., 404 U.S. 293 (1971) ............................................................................................................ 247
Campos-Torres, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 1289 (BIA 2000) .........................................................................114, 974, 989
Campuzano, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 390 (BIA 1983) ................................................................................................. 782
Canada v. Gonzales, 448 F.3d 560 (2d Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................................ 177
Canales-Vargas v. Gonzales, 441 F.3d 739 (9th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................. 436, 525
Canals-Jimenez; U.S. v., 943 F.2d 1284 (11th Cir. 1991) ............................................................................................ 229
Canas, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 697 (BIA 1988) .......................................................................................................... 443
Canas-Segovia v. INS, 902 F.2d 717 (9th Cir. 1990),
          aff’d, 970 F.2d 599 (9th Cir. 1992) ......................................................................430, 443, 448, 450, 529, 1186
Canaveral v. Ashcroft, 385 F.3d 40 (1st Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................350, 1049
Canjura-Flores v. INS, 784 F.2d 885 (9th Cir. 1985) ................................................................................................... 545
Cannon v. Univ. of Chicago, 441 U.S. 677 (1979) ..................................................................................................... 1205
Cano v. Mallory Mgmt., 760 N.Y.S.2d 816, 195 Misc.2d 666 (S.Ct. N.Y. 2003) .................................................... 1271
Cano-Merida v. INS, 311 F.3d 960 (9th Cir. 2002) ...........................................................................270, 489, 513, 1063
Cantarero, 92-INA-70 (BALCA Mar. 31, 1993) .......................................................................................................... 946
Cantec Representatives, Inc., Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 241 (Comm. 1984) ......................................................... 874, 883
Cantu, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 190 (AG 1979) .......................................................................................................... 1299
Cantu; U.S. v., 557 F.2d 1173 (5th Cir. 1977) .............................................................................................................. 242
Cao v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 407 F.3d 146 (3d Cir. 2005) ................................................................................ 563, 583
Cao v. DOJ, 421 F.3d 149 (2d Cir. 2005) ...........................................................................................................583, 1033
Cao v. Gonzales, 442 F.3d 657 (8th Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................................ 602
CAO v. INS, 189 F.Supp.2d 1082 (S.D. Cal. 2001) ..................................................................................................... 419
Cao He Lin v. DOJ, 428 F.3d 391 (2d Cir. 2005) ........................................................................366, 534, 538, 541, 561
Capelli Antiques Furniture Restoration, 03-INA-98 (BALCA Aug. 5, 2004) ............................................................. 937
Capital Area Immigrants’ Rights Coalition v. DOJ, 264 F.Supp.2d 14 (D.D.C. 2003) ..............1021, 1086, 1153, 1164
Capossela, 86-INA-342 (BALCA 1986) ...................................................................................................................... 939
Capric v. Ashcroft, 355 F.3d 1075 (7th Cir. 2004) ....................................................................................................... 441
Carachuri-Rosendo, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 382 (BIA 2007) ..................................................................................... 173
Carbajal, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 272 (Comm. 1978) ................................................................................................. 964
Carbajal, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 461 (BIA 1992) ...................................................................................................... 806
Carbajal-Gonzalez v. INS, 78 F.3d 194 (5th Cir. 1996) ................................................................................................. 54
Carballe, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 357 (BIA 1986) ................................................................................................ 479–81
Carbonell v. INS, 429 F.3d 894 (9th Cir. 2005) ......................................................................................................... 1232
Carcamo v. DOJ, 498 F.3d 94 (2d Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................................... 971
Carcamo-Flores v. INS, 805 F.2d 60 (2d Cir. 1986) .................................................................................................... 539
Carcamo-Recinos v. Ashcroft, 389 F.3d 253 (1st Cir. 2004) ....................................................................................... 578
Cardenas v. INS, 294 F.3d 1062 (9th Cir. 2002) .......................................................................................................... 469
Cardenas-Alvarez; U.S. v., 987 F.2d 1129 (5th Cir. 1993) .......................................................................................... 229
Cardenas Market, Inc., 02-INA-292, 02-INA-306, 03-INA-005 (BALCA Sept. 3, 2003) ......................................... 933
Cardenas-Uriarte v. INS, 227 F.3d 1132 (9th Cir. 2000) .........................................................................220, 1200, 1204
Cardoso v. Reno, 216 F.3d 512 (5th Cir. 2000) ................................................................................................1126, 1138
Cardoso-Tlaseca v. Gonzales, 460 F.3d 1102 (9th Cir. 2006) ................................ 119, 157, 210, 592, 983, 1051, 1162
Cardoza-Fonseca v. INS, 767 F.2d 1448 (9th Cir.), aff’d,
          480 U.S. 421 (1987) ....... 378, 429, 466, 477, 508, 515, 524, 606, 1035, 1038, 1163, 1183, 1186–87, 1204–6
Cariaga, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 716 (BIA 1976) ....................................................................................................... 783
Carlisle v. Landon, 73 S.Ct. 1179 (1953) ..................................................................................................................... 291
Carlisle v. Rogers, 262 F.2d 19 (D.C. Cir. 1958) ......................................................................................................... 337
Carlos-Colmenares; U.S. v., 253 F.3d 276 (7th Cir. 2001) .......................................................................................... 226
Carlos Uy III, 97-INA-304 (BALCA Mar. 3, 1999) (en banc) ....................................................................916, 937, 939
Carlson v. Green, 446 U.S. 14 (1980) ...................................................................................................................1220–21
Carlson v. Landon, 342 U.S. 524 (1952) ............................................................................................................291, 1092
Carlson v. Reed, 249 F.3d 876 (9th Cir. 2001) ............................................................................................................. 640
Carmell v. Texas, 120 S.Ct. 1620 (2000) .................................................................................................................... 1212
Carmenatte-Lopez v. Mukasey,518 F.3d 540 (8th Cir. 2008) ...................................................................................... 588
Carnejo-Molina v. INS, 649 F.2d 1145 (5th Cir. 1981) ............................................................................................. 1174
Caroleo v. Gonzales, 476 F.3d 158 (3d Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................... 120, 984
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                               1473

Carollo; U.S. v., 30 F.Supp. 30 (D. Mo. 1939) ............................................................................................................... 82
Caron International Inc., Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 791 (Comm. 1988) ........................................................................ 683
Carpet Mall, Inc., 87-INA-166 (DOL 1987) ................................................................................................................ 943
Carr v. INS, 86 F.3d 949 (9th Cir. 1996) ........................................................................................................32, 218, 277
Carran Engineering Co., Inc.; U.S. v., 7 OCAHO no. 975 (1997) ............................................................................. 1260
Carranza v. INS, 277 F.3d 65 (1st Cir. 2002) ............................................................................................................. 1101
Carranza-De Salinas v. Gonzales, 477 F.3d 200 (5th Cir. 2007) ......................................................................... 118, 978
Carranza-Hernandez v. INS, 12 F.3d 4 (2d Cir. 1993) .................................................................................450, 578, 597
Carreon-Hernandez v. Levi, 543 F.2d 637 (8th Cir. 1976) .......................................................................................... 319
Carrera-Valdez v. Perryman, 211 F.3d 1046 (7th Cir. 2000) ....................................................................................... 157
Carrette-Michel v. INS, 749 F.2d 490 (8th Cir. 1984) ................................................................................................. 994
Carrillo, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 625 (BIA 1978) ........................................................................................................ 202
Carrillo v. Mohrman, 832 F.Supp. 1412 (D. Idaho 1989) ................................................................................1084, 1165
Carrillo-Gonzalez v. INS, 353 F.3d 1077 (9th Cir. 2003) .................................................................................... 814, 961
Carroll v. U.S., 267 U.S. 132 (1925) ............................................................................................................................. 286
Carson v. State, 755 P.2d 242 (Wyo. 1988) .................................................................................................................. 214
Carter v. INS, 90 F.3d 14 (1st Cir. 1996) ........................................................................................................................ 76
Carter; U.S. v., 6 OCAHO no. 865 (May 23, 1996) ................................................................................................... 1259
Cartier v. Secy. of State, 506 F.2d 191 (D.C. Cir. 1974) ............................................................................................ 1327
Carty v. Ashcroft, 395 F.3d 1081 (9th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................................... 82
Caruncho v. INS, 68 F.3d 356 (9th Cir. 1995) ........................................................................................................... 1065
Carvajales-Cepeda v. Meissner, 966 F.Supp. 207 (S.D.N.Y. 1997) ............................................................................ 260
Carvajal-Munoz v. INS, 743 F.2d 562 (7th Cir. 1984) ...............................................................................508, 545, 1178
Casas-Chavez v. INS, 300 F.3d 1088 (9th Cir. 2002) ................................................................................................ 1028
Case Concerning Avena and Other Mexican Nationals (Mex. v. U.S.), 2004 I.C.J. 12 ...................................... 245, 402
Casem v. INS, 8 F.3d 700 (9th Cir. 1993) .................................................................................................................. 1009
Casillas, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 154 (BIA 1998) ....................................................................................................... 795
Casillas-Figueroa v. Gonzales, 419 F.3d 447 (6th Cir. 2005) ....................................................................974, 989, 1003
Cassisi, Matter of; 10 I&N Dec. 136 (BIA 1963) ........................................................................................................... 73
Castaneda v. INS, 23 F.3d 1576 (10th Cir. 1994) ................................................................................................ 442, 969
Castaneda v. Partida, 430 U.S. 482 (1977) ..................................................................................................................... 39
Castaneda v. U.S., __ F.Supp.2d __, 2008 WL 704073 (C.D. Cal. Mar. 11, 2008) .................................................. 1220
Castaneda-Castillo v. Gonzales, 488 F.3d 17 (1st Cir. 2007) (en banc) ..........................379, 433, 548, 561, 1177, 1195
Castaneda de Esper v. INS, 557 F.2d 79 (6th Cir. 1977) ..................................................................................... 202, 215
Castaneda-Delgado v. INS, 525 F.2d 1295 (7th Cir. 1975) ................................................................................. 331, 339
Castaneda-Hernandez v. INS, 826 F.2d 1526 (6th Cir. 1987) .............................................................................. 539, 606
Castaneda-Suarez v. INS, 993 F.2d 142 (7th Cir. 1993) ..........................................................................328, 1062, 1136
Castano v. INS, 956 F.2d 236 (11th Cir. 1992) ...................................................................................................... 85, 212
Castellano-Chacon v. INS, 341 F.3d 533 (6th Cir. 2003) ............................... 269, 452, 455, 595, 1080, 1129–30, 1195
Castellanos; U.S. v., 518 F.3d 965 (8th Cir. 2008) ............................................................................................... 285, 287
Castellanos-Contreras v. Decatur Hotels, L.L.C., 488 F.Supp.2d 565 (E.D. La. 2007) ....................................713, 1269
Castellanos-Garcia; U.S. v., 270 F.3d 773 (9th Cir. 2001) ........................................................................................... 227
Castellon, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 616 (BIA 1981) ............................................................................................. 483, 511
Castellon-Contreras v. INS, 45 F.3d 149 (7th Cir. 1995) ...................................................................................976, 1184
Castiglia v. INS, 108 F.3d 1101 (9th Cir. 1997) ...............................................................................................1307, 1309
Castillo v. INS, 951 F.2d 1117 (9th Cir. 1991) .................................................................................................1040, 1168
Castillo v. Ridge, 445 F.3d 1057 (8th Cir. 2006) ....................................................................................................... 1104
Castillo-Arias v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 446 F.3d 1190 (11th Cir. 2006),
          aff’g Matter of C-A-, 23 I&N Dec. 951 (BIA 2006) .......................................................................451–54, 588
Castillo-Basa; U.S. v., 483 F.3d 890 (9th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................ 228, 232
Castillo Ison v. INS, 308 F.3d 1036 (9th Cir. 2002) ............................................................................................. 788, 795
Castillo-Manzanarez v. INS, 65 F.3d 793 (9th Cir. 1995) ......................................................................................... 1027
Castillo-Perez v. INS, 212 F.3d 518 (9th Cir. 2000) ....................................................... 344, 346–47, 1010, 1123, 1201
Castillo-Rivera; U.S. v., 244 F.3d 1020 (9th Cir. 2001) ............................................................................................... 174
Castillo-Rodriguez v. INS, 929 F.2d 181 (5th Cir. 1991) ......................................................................1035, 1038, 1041
Castillo-Villagra v. INS, 972 F.2d 1017 (9th Cir. 1992) ................................................. 271, 527–28, 1044, 1142, 1145
Castle v. INS, 541 F.2d 1064 (4th Cir. 1976) ........................................................................................................... 72, 79
Castracani v. Chertoff, 377 F.Supp.2d 71 (D.D.C. 2005) ................................................................................1157, 1325
Castrejon-Garcia v. INS, 60 F.3d 1359 (9th Cir. 1995) .............................................................................54, 1001, 1201
Castro, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 379 (BIA 1996) .......................................................................................................... 851
Castro, Matter of; A43 570 146 (BIA Oct. 22, 1996) ................................................................................................... 396
Castro; U.S. v., 26 F.3d 557 (5th Cir. 1994) ...................................................................................................216–17, 221
Castro-Baez v. Reno, 217 F.3d 1057 (9th Cir. 2000) ........................................................................................... 168, 190
Castro-Cabrera; U.S. v., 534 F.Supp.2d 1156 (C.D. Cal. 2008) .................................................................................. 228
1474                                                                                               KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Castro-Carvache v. INS, 911 F.Supp. 843 (E.D. Pa. 1995) ....................................................................................... 1174
Castro-Cortez v. INS, 239 F.3d 1037 (9th Cir. 2001) ......................................... 408, 1080, 1132, 1140–41, 1167, 1195
Castro-Expinosa v. Ashcroft, 257 F.3d 1130 (9th Cir. 2001) ...................................................................................... 188
Castro Nuno v. INS, 577 F.2d 577 (9th Cir. 1978) ....................................................................................................... 327
Castro-Olmedo, Matter of; A43 570 146 (BIA Oct. 22, 1996) .................................................................................... 363
Castro-O’Ryan v. INS, 847 F.2d 1307 (9th Cir. 1987) ......................................................................152, 351, 378, 1206
Castro-Perez v. Gonzales, 409 F.3d 1069 (9th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................ 447
Castro-Vasquez; U.S. v., 481 F.Supp.2d 664 (W.D. Tex. 2006) ............................................................................... 1329
Cathay Carpet Mills, Inc., 87-INA-161 (BALCA 1988) .............................................................................................. 918
Catholic Social Services v. Ashcroft, 268 F.Supp.2d 1172 (E.D. Cal. 2002) ..............................1157, 1283, 1285, 1289
Catholic Social Services v. INS, 232 F.3d 1139 (9th Cir. 2000) ................................. 1107, 1125, 1203, 1283, 1288–89
Catholic Social Services (CSS) v. Meese, 685 F.Supp. 1149 (E.D. Cal. 1988) and 664 F.Supp. 1378 (E.D. Cal.
     1987); aff’d sub nom. CSS v. Thornburgh [and LULAC v. INS], 956 F.2d 914 (9th Cir. 1992), vacated
     & remanded sub nom. Reno v. CSS, 509 U.S. 43 (1993)
      ..........................................................................................14, 56, 1012, 1085, 1154, 1282–83, 1285, 1288, 1291, 1296
Cato v. INS, 84 F.3d 597 (2d Cir. 1996) ......................................................................................................................... 31
Caushi v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 436 F.3d 220 (3d Cir. 2006) ....................................................................574, 592, 597
Cavazos, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 215 (BIA 1980) ............................................................................................841, 1005
Cavazos v. Moore, No. M-03-347 (S.D. Tex. Jan. 7, 2005) ................................................................................. 304, 306
Cazares, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 188 (BIA 1996) ..................................................................................................... 1023
Cazares-Gonzalez; U.S. v., 152 F.3d 889 (8th Cir. 1998) ............................................................................................ 260
Cazarez-Gutierrez v. Ashcroft, 382 F.3d 905 (9th Cir. 2004) ......................................................................171, 191, 258
C-C-, Matter of; 3 I&N Dec. 221 (BIA 1948) .............................................................................................................. 627
C-C-, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 899 (BIA 2006) ....................................................................................544, 584–85, 1050
CDI Information Services, Inc. v. Reno, 278 F.3d 616 (6th Cir. 2002) ...........................................631, 702, 1113, 1204
C&D Plastics, Inc.; U.S. v., 1 OCAHO no. 240 (Sept. 24, 1990) .............................................................................. 1250
Ceballos, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 765 (BIA 1979) ...................................................................................................... 797
Ceballos de Leon v. Reno, 58 F.Supp.2d 463 (D.N.J. 1999) ..................................................................................... 1095
Ceballos y Arboleda v. Shaughnessy, 352 U.S. 599 (1957) ......................................................................................... 100
Cecaj v. Gonzales, 440 F.3d 897 (7th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................. 446, 598
Cedano-Viera v. Ashcroft, 324 F.3d 1062 (9th Cir. 2003) ...........................................................................167, 217, 259
Cedeno v. Ridge, 336 F.Supp.2d 147 (D.P.R. 2004) ............................................................................802, 827, 1122–23
CEI Washington Bureau v. DOJ, 404 F.Supp.2d 172 (D.D.C. 2005) ..........................................................147, 292, 336
Ceken v. Chertoff, 544 F.Supp.2d 211 (D. Conn. 2008) ........................................................................1087, 1103, 1116
Cekic v. INS, 435 F.3d 167 (2d Cir. 2006) .........................................................................................................348, 1060
Celaj v. Att’y Gen. of U.S., 471 F.3d 483 (3d Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................ 601
Celaj v. Gonzales, 468 F.3d 1094 (8th Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................................ 571
Celeste v. Sullivan, 988 F.2d 1069 (11th Cir. 1992) .................................................................................................. 1231
Celis-Castellano v. Ashcroft, 298 F.3d 888 (9th Cir. 2002) ......................................................................................... 395
Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317 (1986) ........................................................................................................... 1212
Cenatice, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 163 (BIA 1977) ........................................................................................................ 53
Centeno v. Shultz, 817 F.2d 1212 (5th Cir. 1987), cert. denied, 484 U.S. 1005 (1988) ...................................622, 1147
Centeno v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 441 F.3d 904 (11th Cir. 2006) ......................................................................................... 816
Center for National Security Studies v. DOJ, 331 F.3d 918 (D.C. Cir. 2003),
            cert. denied, 124 S.Ct. 1041 (2004) ...............................................................................................147, 292, 336
Central Korean Evangelical Church, 88-INA-336 (BALCA 1988) ............................................................................. 939
Century Wilshire Hotel, 07-INA-22 (BALCA Oct. 15, 2007) (en banc) .................................................................... 927
Cepeda v. INS, 273 F.Supp.2d 222 (E.D.N.Y. 2003) ................................................................................................... 423
Cepeda-Luna; U.S. v., 989 F.2d 353 (9th Cir. 1993) .................................................................................................... 263
Cepero v. BIA, 882 F.Supp. 1575 (D. Kan. 1995) ............................................................................................... 480, 516
Ceraj v. Mukasey, 511 F.3d 583 (6th Cir. 2007) .......................................................................................................... 504
Cerda-Pena; U.S. v., 799 F.2d 1374 (9th Cir. 1986) .................................................................................................... 401
Cerezo v. Mukasey, 512 F.3d 1163 (9th Cir. 2008) ...................................................................................73, 75, 78, 196
Cerna, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 399 (BIA 1991) ........................................................................................................ 1053
Cerrillo-Perez v. INS, 809 F.2d 1419 (9th Cir. 1987) ..................................................................................993–94, 1170
Certain Real Property at 2323 Charms Rd.; U.S. v., 728 F.Supp. 1326 (E.D. Mich. 1990) ........................................ 246
Cervantes, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 351 (BIA 1996) ..........................................................................................278, 1001
Cervantes v. Perryman, 954 F.Supp. 1257 (N.D. Ill. 1997) ......................................................................................... 311
Cervantes-Ascencio v. INS, 326 F.3d 83 (2d Cir. 2003) ..........................................................................32, 89, 271, 965
Cervantes De Hernandez v. Chertoff, 368 F.Supp.2d 896 (E.D. Wis. 2005) ..................................................1093, 1193
Cervantes-Flores; U.S. v., 421 F.3d 825 (9th Cir. 2005) ...................................................................................... 231, 364
Cervantes-Gonzales v. INS, 244 F.3d 1001 (9th Cir. 2001),
            aff’g Matter of Cervantes, 22 I&N Dec. 560 (BIA 1999) .......................................98–99, 126–27, 1014, 1128
Cervantes-Nava; U.S. v., 281 F.3d 501 (5th Cir. 2002) ............................................................................................... 228
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                              1475

Cervantez v. Whitfield, 776 F.2d 556 (5th Cir. 1985) ................................................................................................ 1233
Cespedes, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 730 (BIA 1988) ................................................................................................... 1028
Cespedes-Acquino v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 498 F.3d 221 (3d Cir. 2007) ................................................114, 978, 983
Cevallos v. Ashcroft, No. 04-CIV-23210-SEITZ (S.D. Fla. 2005) ............................................................................. 294
Cevilla v. Gonzales, 446 F.3d 658 (7th Cir. 2006) ...................................................................................999, 1119, 1208
C-H, Matter of; 9 I&N Dec. 265 (Asst. Comm. 1961) ................................................................................................. 156
Chacon-Botero v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 427 F.3d 954 (11th Cir. 2005) .....................................594, 1042, 1075, 1079, 1129
Chacon-Castellanos v. Reno, 943 F.Supp. 26 (D.D.C. 1996) ...................................................................................... 423
Chacon-Corral v. Weber, 259 F.Supp.2d 1151 (D. Colo. 2003) .................................................................................. 406
Chadha; INS v., 462 U.S. 919 (1983) ...................................................................................................................1081–82
Chadha; INS v. 462 U.S. 919 (1983) .............................................................................................................................. 31
Chahid Hayek v. Gonzales, 445 F.3d 501 (1st Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................ 600
Chai v. Carroll, 48 F.3d 1331 (4th Cir. 1995) .....................................................................................................584, 1088
Chaib v. Ashcroft, 397 F.3d 1273 (10th Cir. 2005) .............................................................................................. 559, 566
Chaidez v. Gonzales, 486 F.3d 1079 (9th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................... 390
Chairez v. Van Buren, 790 F.2d 544 (6th Cir. 1986) ................................................................................................. 1229
Chakir v. Gonzales, 466 F.3d 563 (7th Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................357, 577, 602
Chalas-Zapata v. Ashcroft, 305 F.Supp.2d 333 (S.D.N.Y. 2004) ........................................................................ 421, 985
Chaly-Garcia v. U.S., 508 F.3d 1201 (9th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................... 498
Cham v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 445 F.3d 683 (3d Cir. 2006) .....................................................269, 357, 399, 551, 604
Chambers v. Mukasey, 520 F.3d 445 (5th Cir. 2008) ........................................................156, 320, 843, 851, 853, 1005
Chambers v. Office of Chief Counsel, 494 F.3d 274 (2d Cir. 2007) ............................................................................. 96
Chambers v. Reno, 307 F.3d 284 (4th Cir. 2002) ................................................................................................. 117, 979
Champegnie; U.S. v., 925 F.2d 54 (2d Cir. 1991) ........................................................................................................ 226
Chan v. Bell, 464 F.Supp. 125 (D.D.C. 1978) ...................................................................................................... 797, 803
Chan v. Gantner, 464 F.3d 289 (2d Cir. 2006) ...................................................................................................199, 1307
Chan v. INS, 631 F.2d 978 (D.C. Cir. 1980) ................................................................................................................ 906
Chan v. Reno, 113 F.3d 1068 (9th Cir. 1997) ............................................................................................................... 846
Chanan Din Khan v. Barber, 253 F.2d 547 (9th Cir. 1958) ......................................................................................... 165
Chanchavac v. INS, 207 F.3d 584 (9th Cir. 2000) .......................................................................................450, 544, 551
Chanco v. INS, 82 F.3d 298 (9th Cir. 1996) ................................................................................................................. 442
Chang, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 38 (BIA 1989) ............................................................................................................ 584
Chang v. INS, 119 F.3d 1055 (3d Cir. 1997) ......................................................................430, 444, 448, 457, 544, 1184
Chang v. INS, 307 F.3d 1185 (9th Cir. 2002) ...................................................................................185–86, 192–93, 370
Chang v. Reno, 986 F.Supp. 19 (D.D.C. 1997) ..................................................................................................667, 1162
Chang v. Thornburgh, 719 F.Supp. 532 (N.D. Tex. 1989) ...........................................................................898, 904, 952
Chang v. U.S., 327 F.3d 911 (9th Cir. 2003) ............................................... 895, 897, 1140–41, 1146, 1154, 1156, 1210
Chang, 88-INA-536 (BALCA 1989) ............................................................................................................................ 927
Chanmouny v. Ashcroft, 376 F.3d 810 (8th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................ 73, 77
Channer v. Hall, 112 F.3d 214 (5th Cir. 1997) ...........................................................................................147, 404, 1269
Chanthou Hem v. Mukasey, 514 F.3d 67 (1st Cir. 2008) ............................................................................................. 567
Chao Qun Jiang v. USCIS, 520 F.3d 132 (2d Cir. 2008) ............................................................................................. 583
Chapa-Garza; U.S. v., 243 F.3d 921 (5th Cir. 2001) .................................................................................................... 180
Chaparro-Alcantara; U.S. v., 226 F.3d 616 (7th Cir. 2000) ......................................................................................... 253
Chapinski v. Ziglar, 278 F.3d 718 (7th Cir. 2002) ...................................................................................816, 1105, 1126
Chaplain Services, Inc., Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 578 (BIA 1996) ............................................................................... 354
Charleswell; U.S. v., 456 F.3d 347 (3d Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................. 232–34
Charlesworth v. INS, 966 F.2d 1323 (9th Cir. 1992) ................................................................................................. 1035
Charo’s Corp. d/b/a Charo’s Restaurant; U.S. v., 3 OCAHO no. 467 (Oct. 27, 1992) ............................................. 1264
Chartier, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 284 (BIA 1977) .............................................................................................378, 1206
Chartier, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 284 (BIA 1977) ....................................................................................................... 728
Chatila Diamond Corporation d/b/a Blue and White, 05-INA-145 (BALCA Sept. 29, 2006) ................................... 916
Chau v. DHS, 424 F.Supp.2d 1159 (D. Ariz. 2006) ................................................................................................... 1301
Chau v. DOS, 891 F.Supp. 650 (D.D.C. 1995) ................................................................................................1107, 1152
Chau v. INS, 247 F.3d 1026 (9th Cir. 2001) .....................................................................................................1301, 1327
Chaudry v. Mobil Oil Corp., 186 F.3d 502 (4th Cir. 1999) ....................................................................................... 1270
Chaun-Fa v. Kiley, 459 F.Supp. 762 (S.D.N.Y. 1978) ............................................................................................... 1132
Chaunt v. U.S., 364 U.S. 350 (1960) .......................................................................................................................... 1319
Chauvin; U.S. v., No. 88-00236-A (E.D. Va. Oct. 4, 1988) ....................................................................................... 1263
Chavarria v. DOJ, 722 F.2d 666 (11th Cir. 1984) ..................................................... 431, 511, 526, 574, 591, 596, 1178
Chavarria v. Gonzales, 446 F.3d 508 (3d Cir. 2007) ................................................................................597, 1036, 1040
Chavez, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 272 (BIA 2007) ........................................................................................................ 211
Chavez v. Carranza, 413 F.Supp.2d 891 (W.D. Tenn. 2005) ...............................................................................1223–24
Chavez v. INS, 723 F.2d 1431 (9th Cir. 1984) ............................................................................................................. 574
1476                                                                                              KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Chavez v. Superior Court of California, 194 F.Supp.2d 1037 (C.D. Cal. 2002) ...............................................221, 1095
Chavez v. U.S., 499 A.2d 813 (D.C. App. 1985) ......................................................................................................... 220
Chavez-Alonso; U.S. v., 431 F.3d 726 (10th Cir. 2005) .............................................................................................. 233
Chavez-Arreaga v. INS, 952 F.2d 952 (7th Cir. 1991) ................................................................................................. 986
Chavez-Botello; U.S. v., 905 F.2d 279 (9th Cir. 1990) ................................................................................................ 261
Chavez-Calderon, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 744 (BIA 1993) .......................................................................................... 56
Chavez-Chavez; U.S. v., 205 F.3d 145 (5th Cir. 2000) ................................................................................................ 282
Chavez-Diaz; U.S. v., 444 F.3d 1223 (10th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................................... 256–57
Chavez-Huerto; U.S. v., 972 F.2d 1087 (9th Cir. 1992) ............................................................................................... 238
Chavez-Perez v. Ashcroft, 386 F.3d 1284 (9th Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................... 218
Chavez-Ramirez v. INS, 792 F.2d 932 (9th Cir. 1986) ........................................................................................ 860, 887
Chavez-Raya v. INS, 519 F.2d 397 (7th Cir. 1975) ..................................................................................................... 363
Chavez-Rivas v. Olsen, 194 F.Supp.2d 368 (D.N.J. 2002) ..............................................................................1096, 1098
Chawathe, Matter of; A74 254 994 (AAO Jan. 11, 2006) .......................................................................................... 1306
Chay-Velasquez v. Ashcroft, 367 F.3d 751 (8th Cir. 2004) ...........................................................375, 382, 475–76, 482
Checknan v. McElroy, 313 F.Supp.2d 270 (S.D.N.Y. 2004) ...................................................................321, 1004, 1104
Chedad v. Gonzales, 497 F.3d 57 (1st Cir. 2007) .......................................... 329, 794, 838, 957, 967, 1007, 1031, 1052
Cheema v. Ashcroft, 383 F.3d 848 (9th Cir. 2004) ..........................................................................104, 470, 1178, 1180
Cheema v. INS, 383 F.3d 848 (9th Cir. 2004) .............................................................................................................. 483
Chef Rayko, Inc.; U.S. v., 5 OCAHO no. 794 (Sept. 29, 1995) ................................................................................. 1262
Che-Li Shen v. INS, 749 F.2d 1469 (10th Cir. 1984) ................................................................................................ 1082
Chellaurai v. Infinite Solutions, Inc., 03-LCA-72 (April 26, 2006) ............................................................................. 692
Chellen v. John Pickle Co., 446 F.Supp. 2d 1247 (N.D. Okla. 2006) ........................................................................ 1269
Chemical Foundation; U.S. v., 272 U.S. 1, 14–15, (1926) ........................................................................................... 372
Chen, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 16 (BIA 1989) ..............................................................................................464, 517, 574
Chen v. Ashcroft, 362 F.3d 611 (9th Cir. 2004) ...........................................................................................556, 566, 605
Chen v. Ashcroft, 376 F.3d 215 (3d Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................................ 586
Chen v. Ashcroft, 381 F.3d 221 (3d Cir. 2004) ..........................................................................276, 445, 511, 586, 1183
Chen v. BIA, 435 F.3d 141 (2d Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................................... 569
Chen v. BIA, 461 F.3d 153 (2d Cir. 2006) .....................................................................................................535–36, 562
Chen v. DOJ, 417 F.3d 303 (2d Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................................... 585
Chen v. DOJ, 426 F.3d 104 (2d Cir. 2005) .........................................................................................................536, 1198
Chen v. DOJ, 471 F.3d 315 (2d Cir. 2006) ..........................560, 568, 594, 605, 999, 1072, 1074–75, 1078, 1118, 1128
Chen v. Gonzales, 415 F.3d 151 (1st Cir. 2005) ............................................................................348, 1052, 1058, 1061
Chen v. Gonzales, 417 F.3d 268 (2d Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................... 539, 576
Chen v. Gonzales, 418 F.3d 110 (1st Cir. 2005) .......................................................................................................... 567
Chen v. Gonzales, 420 F.3d 707 (7th Cir. 2005) .................................................................................................. 553, 565
Chen v. Gonzales, 434 F.3d 212 (3d Cir. 2005) .............................................. 533, 545, 561, 601, 607, 959, 1130, 1179
Chen v. Gonzales, 435 F.3d 788 (7th Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................................ 1091
Chen v. Gonzales, 436 F.3d 76 (2d Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................................... 1047
Chen v. Gonzales, 447 F.3d 468 (6th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................................................... 563
Chen v. Gonzales, 457 F.3d 670 (7th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................................................... 586
Chen v. Gonzales, 470 F.3d 1131 (5th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................ 543, 601
Chen v. Gonzales, 498 F.3d 758 (7th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................474–75, 585, 1057–58
Chen v. INS, 87 F.3d 5 (1st Cir. 1996) ....................................................................................................................... 1040
Chen v. INS, 95 F.3d 801 (9th Cir. 1996) ..................................................................................................................... 584
Chen v. INS, 195 F.3d 198 (4th Cir. 1999) ...................................................................................................467, 526, 584
Chen v. INS, 266 F.3d 1094 (9th Cir. 2001), vacated by INS v. Chen 123 S.Ct. 549 (2002),
         reinstated as to credibility issue, 326 F.3d 1316 (9th Cir. 2003) .................................................................. 556
Chen v. INS, 344 F.3d 272 (2d Cir. 2003) ............................................................................................................ 547, 569
Chen v. Mukasey, 510 F.3d 797 (8th Cir. 2007) .......................................................................................................... 570
Chen v. Slattery, 842 F.Supp. 597 (D.D.C. 1994) ...................................................................................................... 1239
Chen v. Slattery, 842 F.Supp. 814 (E.D.N.Y. 1994) ............................................................................................ 531, 554
Chen v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 454 F.3d 103 (2d Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................. 568
Chen v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 463 F.3d 1228 (11th Cir. 2006) ..................................................................546, 557, 572, 1038
Chen v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 502 F.3d 73 (2d Cir. 2007) .......................................................................................1029, 1190
Chen v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 513 F.3d 1255 (11th Cir. 2008) ............................................................................................ 432
Chen v. USCIS, 470 F.3d 509 (2d Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................................. 1036
Chen; U.S. v., 2 F.3d 330 (9th Cir. 1993) cert. denied, 511 U.S. 1039 (1994) ..................................................... 33, 288
Chen; U.S. v., 9 OCAHO no. 1092 (2003) ................................................................................................................. 1258
Cheng v. Ilchert, 698 F.Supp. 825 (N.D. Cal. 1988) .................................................................................................... 511
Cheng Fan Kwok v. INS, 392 U.S. 206 (1968) .......................................................................................................... 1081
Cheng Tong Wang v. Gonzales, 449 F.3d 451 (2d Cir. 2006) ............................................................................. 552, 568
Chen Zhou Chih v. Carroll, 48 F.3d 1331 (4th Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................. 53
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                             1477

Cheo v. INS, 162 F.3d 1227 (9th Cir. 1998) ...................................................................................................380, 471–72
Cheromiah; U.S. v., 455 F.3d 1216 (10th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................... 282
Chery v. Ashcroft, 347 F.3d 404 (2d Cir. 2003) ........................................................................................................... 178
Cheshire v. Cheshire, 2006 WL 1208010, No. 3:05-cv-00453-TJC-MCR (M.D. Fla. May 4, 2006) .......................... 66
Chete Juarez v. Ashcroft, 376 F.3d 944 (9th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................... 394
Cheung v. INS, 418 F.2d 460 (D.C. Cir. 1969) .................................................................................................... 339, 518
Chevron Oil v. Huson, 404 U.S. 97 (1971) ................................................................................................................ 1210
Chevron USA v. Natural Resources Defense Council, 467 U.S. 837 (1984) ............................................784, 787, 1181
Chew, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 262 (BIA 1982) ........................................................................................................... 295
Chew v. Boyd, 309 F.2d 857 (9th Cir. 1962) ............................................................................................................... 366
Chew Hoeng v. U.S., 112 U.S. 536 (1884) ................................................................................................................. 1210
Chew-Villasana v. INS, 113 S.Ct. 313 (1992) ............................................................................................................ 1200
Chhetry v. DOJ, 490 F.3d 196 (2d Cir. 2007) ....................................................................................................528, 1043
Chiang v. Skeirik, 529 F.Supp.2d 166 (D. Mass. 2007) ...........................................................................755, 1218, 1221
Chiaramonte v. INS, 626 F.2d 1093 (2d Cir. 1980) ..................................................................................................... 215
Chicago Laser Systems, 88-INA-10 (BALCA 1988) ................................................................................................... 922
Chickwendu v. Gonzales, 415 F.3d 142 (1st Cir. 2005) .....................................................................................271, 1167
Chike v. INS, 948 F.2d 961 (5th Cir. 1991) .................................................................................................37, 269, 1030
Chikkeur v. Mukasey, 514 F.3d 1381 (1st Cir. 2008) .......................................................................................... 450, 600
Children’s Medical Center of Dallas v. INS, No. 3-87-2330-T (N.D. Tex. 1988) ...................................................... 682
Chiles v. Thornburgh, 865 F.2d 1197 (11th Cir. 1988) ............................................................................146, 1152, 1158
Chiles v. U.S., 69 F.3d 1094 (11th Cir. 1995) ..................................................................................................1159, 1164
Chiles v. U.S., 874 F.Supp. 1334 (S.D. Fla. 1994) ..................................................................................................... 1132
Chinchilla-Jimenez v. INS, 226 F.Supp.2d 680 (E.D. Pa. 2002) ...................................................................480–81, 489
Ching, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 710 (BIA 1968) ................................................................................271, 338, 958, 1002
Ching and Chen, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 203 (BIA 1984) ............................................................................................ 53
Chintakuntla v. INS, No. C 99-5211 MMC (N.D. Cal. May 4, 2000) ......................................................................... 876
Chin Yow v. U.S., 208 U.S. 8 (1908) ..................................................................................................................... 36, 152
Chiu v. U.S., 948 F.2d 711 (Fed. Cir. 1991) ............................................................................................................... 1239
Chlomos v. DOJ, 516 F.2d 310 (3d Cir. 1975) ..................................................................................................... 325, 519
Cho v. Gonzales, 404 F.3d 96 (1st Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................789, 792, 1116
Chocallo, Matter of; 2 MSPB 23 (1978), aff’d, 2 MSPB 20 (1980) ............................................................................ 398
Choe v. INS, 11 F.3d 925 (9th Cir. 1993) ............................................................................................................. 630, 856
Choeum v. INS, 129 F.3d 29 (1st Cir. 1997) ..................................................................... 178, 200, 484, 1079, 1110–11
Choi v. INS, 798 F.2d 1189 (8th Cir. 1986) ............................................................................................................... 1166
Chong, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 793 (DD 1968) .......................................................................................................... 663
Chong v. Director, USIA, 821 F.2d 171 (3d Cir. 1987) .....................................................................................667, 1163
Chong v. District Director, INS, 264 F.3d 378 (3d Cir. 2001) .......................... 479, 481, 1023, 1096, 1156, 1161, 1193
Chong v. INS, 890 F.2d 284 (11th Cir. 1989) .............................................................................................................. 209
Chong Shin Chen v. Ashcroft, 378 F.3d 1081 (9th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................... 1021
Chookhae v. INS, 756 F.2d 1350 (9th Cir. 1985) ....................................................................................................... 1065
Chopra v. U.S. Professionals, LLC, 2005 WL 280346 (Tenn. App. Feb. 2, 2005) ................................................... 1271
Chou v. INS, 774 F.2d 1318 (5th Cir. 1985) .............................................................................................................. 1156
Chouchkov v. INS, 220 F.3d 1077 (9th Cir. 2000) ...................................................................................................... 460
Chouinard, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 839 (BIA 1966) ..................................................................................................... 80
Chouliaris, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 169 (BIA 1977) .........................................................................................968, 1031
Chow, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 647 (BIA), aff’d, Chow v. INS, 12 F.3d 34 (5th Cir. 1993) .............................. 203, 326
Chow v. INS, 113 F.3d 659 (7th Cir. 1997) ............................................................................................................... 1110
Chowdhury v. Ashcroft, 241 F.3d 848 (7th Cir. 2001) ....................................................................................1033, 1052
Chowdhury v. INS, 249 F.3d 970 (9th Cir. 2001) ......................................................................................174, 320, 1184
Chowdhury; U.S. v., 169 F.3d 402 (6th Cir. 1999) ........................................................................................99, 247, 802
Chreng v. Gonzales, 471 F.3d 14 (1st Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................. 461, 464
Christensen v. Harris County, 529 U.S. 576 (2000) .............................................................................................1184–85
Christianburg Garment Co. v. EEOC, 434 U.S. 412 (1978) ...................................................................................... 1280
Christopher v. Harbury, 536 U.S. 403 (2002) ............................................................................................................. 1220
Christopher; U.S. v., 239 F.3d 1191 (11th Cir. 2001), cert. denied, 122 S.Ct. 178 (2001) ................................. 198, 260
Chromato Chem, 88-INA-8 (BALCA Jan. 12, 1989) .................................................................................................. 945
Chrzanoski v. Ashcroft, 327 F.3d 188 (2d Cir. 2003) ..................................................................................177, 179, 268
Chu, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 881 (R.C. 1966) ............................................................................................................. 883
Chu, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 241 (R.C. 1972) ..................................................................................................... 749, 774
Chu; U.S. v., 5 F.3d 1244 (9th Cir. 1993) ..................................................................................................................... 247
Chuang v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 382 F.3d 1299 (11th Cir. 2004) .......................................................................117, 167, 982
Chukwu v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 484 F.3d 185 (3d Cir. 2007) ...............................................................532, 562, 1165
Chukwurah v. U.S., 813 F.Supp. 161 (E.D.N.Y. 1993) .....................................................................................299, 1097
1478                                                                                            KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Chun v. Powell, 223 F.Supp.2d 204 (D.D.C. 2002) .................................................................................622, 1148, 1152
Chun v. Sava, 708 F.2d 869 (2d Cir. 1983) .................................................................................................................. 519
Chung, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 681 (R.C. 1976) ......................................................................................................... 737
Chung v. INS, 662 F.Supp. 474 (W.D. Wash. 1987) .................................................................................631, 739, 1084
Chung v. Reno, 886 F.Supp. 1172 (M.D. Pa. 1995),
          rev’d sub nom. Yang v. Maugans, 68 F.3d 1540 (3d Cir. 1995) ............................................................... 51, 53
Chung v. Smith, 640 F.Supp. 1065 (S.D.N.Y. 1986) ...............................................................................606, 1132, 1138
Church of Scientology v. U.S., 113 S.Ct. 447 (1992) ................................................................................................ 1157
Church of Scientology Int’l, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 593 (Comm. 1988) .......................................................... 724, 727
Chuyon Yon Hong v. Mukdasey,518 F.3d 1030 (9th Cir. 2008) ................................................................................. 279
Ciambelli v. Johnson, 12 F.2d 465 (D. Mass. 1926) ...................................................................................................... 77
Cicippio-Puleo v. Islamic Republic of Iran, 353 F.3d 1024 (D.C. Cir. 2004) ........................................................... 1227
Cifuentes Ruiz v. Gonzales, 455 F.3d 661 (6th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................................... 816
Cimmaron Realty Trust, 81-INA-71 (DOL 1981) ........................................................................................................ 924
Cincinnati Bar Assn. v. Massengale, 568 N.E.2d 1222 (Ohio 1991) ........................................................................... 354
Ciorba v. Ashcroft, 323 F.3d 539 (7th Cir. 2003) .........................................................................................272, 400, 439
Cipriano v. INS, 24 F.3d 763 (5th Cir. 1994) .....................................................................................................992, 1001
Circu v. Gonzales, 450 F.3d 990 (9th Cir. 2006) (en banc) ...............................................................................528, 1044
Circuit City Stores v. Adams, 121 S.Ct. 1302 (2001) ................................................................................................ 1208
Cisneros, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 668 (BIA 2004) ....................................................................................974, 989, 1003
Cisneros v. Aragon, 485 F.3d 1226 (10th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................. 1223
Cisneros-Perez v. Gonzales, 465 F.3d 386 (9th Cir. 2006) .................................................................................. 194, 204
Citino, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 427 (BIA 1967) .......................................................................................................... 787
Citizens to Preserve Overton Park, Inc. v. Volpe, 401 U.S. 402 (1971) ....................................................1165, 1167–68
City of, see name of city
Clahar, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 1 (BIA 1981) ............................................................................................................. 782
Clark v. Martinez, 543 U.S. 371 (2005) ........................................... 35, 52, 146, 157, 308, 410, 412–13, 419, 421, 1207
Clark v. Orabona, 59 F.2d 187 (1st Cir.), cert. denied, 287 U.S. 629 (1932) ................................................................ 75
Clark v. Smith, 967 F.2d 1329 (9th Cir. 1992) ............................................................................................................. 144
Clarke v. Securities Industry Assoc., 479 U.S. 388 (1987) ..................................................................................1149–50
Clarke; U.S. v., 312 F.3d 1343 (11th Cir. 2002) ..................................................................................................... 229–31
Clarkston Medical Group, 87-INA-718 (BALCA 1988) ............................................................................................. 917
Clavis v. Ashcroft, 281 F.Supp.2d 490 (E.D.N.Y. 2003) .........................................................116, 318, 982, 1011, 1098
Cleanex House Cleaning Service, Inc., 03-INA-208 (BALCA Sept. 7, 2004) ............................................................ 937
Cleavinger v. Saxner, 474 U.S. 193 (1985) ................................................................................................................ 1230
Cleveland v. QuikCAT.com Inc., 03-LCA-19 (ALJ June 9, 2005) ............................................................................. 691
Clow v. Nelson, 579 F.Supp. 981 (W.D.N.Y. 1984) .................................................................................................. 1105
C-M-, Matter of; 9 I&N Dec. 487 (BIA 1961) ............................................................................................................... 76
CMS, Matter of; No. 90-12 (BAR July 5, 1990) ........................................................................................................ 1324
Coalition of Clergy, Lawyers & Professors v. Bush, 310 F.3d 1153 (9th Cir. 2002),
          cert. denied, 123 S.Ct. 2073 (2003) ............................................................................................................. 1153
Coastal Pipeline Prod. of N.Y. v. Gonzales, No. 04 Civ 8252 (DF) (S.D.N.Y Feb. 27, 2006) ........................... 929, 951
Cobourne v. INS, 779 F.2d 1564 (11th Cir. 1986) ....................................................................................................... 341
Coelho, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 464 (BIA 1992) ............................................................................................1032, 1037
Coelho v. Gonzales, 452 F.3d 104 (1st Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................. 99, 801
Coeur; U.S. v., 196 F.3d 1344 (11th Cir. 1999) ........................................................................................................... 231
Coffman, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 206 (DAC 1969) .................................................................................................... 663
Colaianni v. INS, 490 F.3d 185 (2d Cir. 2007) .......................................................................................1136, 1144, 1301
Coleman v. Thompson, 501 U.S. 722 (1991) ............................................................................................................... 344
Coleman v. U.S., 454 F.Supp.2d 757 (N.D. Ill. 2006) .............................................................................277, 1125, 1149
Coletti, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 551 (BIA 1965) ......................................................................................................... 797
Colima-Monge; U.S. v., 978 F.Supp. 941 (D. Or. 1997) ............................................................................................. 337
Colindres-Aguilar v. INS, 819 F.2d 259 (9th Cir. 1987) ............................................................................327, 344, 1163
Collado-Munoz, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 1061 (BIA 1997) ........................................................55, 136, 164, 861, 1182
Collett v. Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, 362 F.Supp.2d 230 (D.D.C. 2005) ....................................... 1224
Colley, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 117 (Comm. 1981) .................................................................................................... 730
Collins v. Youngblood, 497 U.S. 37, 110 S.Ct. 2715 (1990) ....................................................................................... 274
Collins Food Int’l v. INS, 948 F.2d 549 (9th Cir. 1991) ............................................................................................ 1251
Colmenar v. INS, 210 F.3d 967 (9th Cir. 2000) .......................................................................................271, 1167, 1198
Comite De Apoyo Para Los Trabajadores Agricolas (CATA) v. Dole, 731 F.Supp. 541 (D.D.C. 1990) ................ 1150
Commercial Cleaning Services, LLC v. Colin Service Systems, Inc., 271 F.3d 374 (2d Cir. 2001) ................252, 1271
Commissioner v. Keystone Consolidated Industries Inc., 508 U.S. 152 (1993) ........................................................ 1205
Commissioner, INS v. Jean, 496 U.S. 154 (1990) ..................................................................................1230, 1233, 1240
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                              1479

Committee of Central American Refugees v. INS, 795 F.2d 1434 (9th Cir. 1986),
         modified, 807 F.2d 769 (9th Cir. 1986) ..........................................................................................152, 351, 519
Commonwealth v., see other party
Community Hospital of the Monterey Peninsula, 97-INA-331 (BALCA June 30, 1998) .......................................... 918
Comollari v. Ashcroft, 378 F.3d 694 (7th Cir. 2004) .........................................................................................486, 1166
Compagnie Generale Transatlantique; People v., 107 U.S. 59 (1883) .......................................................................... 29
Compaq Computer Corp., 02-INA-249 (BALCA Sept. 3, 2003) ................................................................................ 946
Compean, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 51 (BIA 1995) ....................................................................................................... 122
Computech Int’l, 94-INA-43 (BALCA Feb. 26, 1996) ........................................................................................ 921, 941
Conceiro v. Marks, 360 F.Supp. 454 (S.D.N.Y. 1973) ................................................................................................ 143
Concepcion, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 10 (BIA 1976) ................................................................................................... 801
Concepcion; U.S. v., 795 F.Supp. 1262 (E.D.N.Y. 1992) ...................................................................................... 82, 224
Conde, Inc., 87-INA-598 (BALCA 1987) .................................................................................................................... 925
Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41 (1957) ........................................................................................................................ 1212
Connecticut Bd. of Pardons v. Dumschat, 452 U.S. 458 (1981) .......................................................................... 274, 961
Connelly, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 156 (BIA 1984) .....................................................................................53, 842, 1009
Connors; U.S. v., 441 F.3d 527 (7th Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................................ 249
Consola v. Karnuth, 108 F.2d 178 (2d Cir. 1939) ........................................................................................................ 315
Consolidated Edison Co. v. NLRB, 305 U.S. 197 (1938) .......................................................................................... 1177
Construction Pros Corp., 07-PERM-77 (BALCA Dec. 18, 2007) ....................................................................... 911, 913
Conteh v. Gonzales, 461 F.3d 45 (1st Cir. 2006) ................189, 193–96, 367, 369–70, 594, 794, 1054, 1074, 1109–10
Continental Grain Co., Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 140 (DD 1972) ................................................................................. 725
Continental PET Technologies, Inc. v. Palacias, 604 S.E.2d 627 (Ga. Ct. App. 2004) ............................................ 1269
Contreras, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 30 (BIA 1981) ........................................................................................................ 97
Contreras v. Cascade Fruit Company, 9 OCAHO no. 1090 (Feb. 4, 2003) ............................................................... 1279
Contreras v. Corinthian Vigor Ins. Brokerage, Inc., 103 F.Supp.2d 1180 (N.D. Cal 2000) ..................................... 1269
Contreras v. Schiltgen, 122 F.3d 30 (9th Cir. 1997) ................................................................................................... 1101
Contreras v. Schiltgen, 151 F.3d 906 (9th Cir. 1998) ................................................................................................... 213
Contreras; U.S. v., 63 F.3d 852 (9th Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................................ 238
Contreras-Aragon v. INS, 852 F.2d 1088 (9th Cir. 1988) ..................................................................................969, 1162
Contreras-Buenfil v. INS, 712 F.2d 401 (9th Cir. 1983) ............................................................................................ 1002
Contreras Palacios; U.S. v., 492 F.3d 39 (1st Cir. 2007) .............................................................................................. 225
Contreras-Rodriguez v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 462 F.3d 1314 (11th Cir. 2006) .................................119, 157, 389, 592, 983,
         ................................................................................................................................1031, 1050, 1054, 1061, 1162
Cooper v. Fed. Reserve Bank of Richmond, 467 U.S. 867 (1984) ..................................................................1263, 1278
Coopers & Lybrand, 92-INA-240 (BALCA July 26, 1993) ........................................................................................ 925
Copeland, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 788 (Comm. 1988) ............................................................................................. 1306
Copeland; U.S. v., 369 F.Supp.2d 275 (E.D.N.Y. 2005) ............................................................................................. 234
Copeland; U.S. v., 376 F.3d 61 (2d Cir. 2004) .....................................................................233–35, 274, 342, 960, 1147
Corado v. Ashcroft, 384 F.3d 945 (8th Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................................ 445
Corado-Rodriguez v. INS, 828 F.2d 622 (9th Cir.), amended and superseded, 841 F.2d 865 (9th Cir. 1987) .. 351, 606
Coraggioso v. Ashcroft, 355 F.3d 730 (3d Cir. 2004) .................................................................................................. 814
Cordero, Matter of; A29 989 441 (BIA Aug. 10, 1995) ............................................................................................... 315
Cordero-Trejo v. INS, 40 F.3d 482 (1st Cir. 1994) ....................................................................527, 561, 579, 604, 1178
Cordes v. Mukasey, 517 F.3d 1094 (9th Cir. 2008) ................................................................................................... 1032
Cordoba-Chaves v. INS, 946 F.2d 1244 (7th Cir. 1991) ............................................................................................ 1035
Cordon-Garcia v. INS, 204 F.3d 985 (9th Cir. 2000) ................................................................................................... 599
Cordova, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 966 (BIA 1999) .............................................................................................. 333, 965
Cordova-Arevalo; U.S. v., 456 F.3d 1229 (10th Cir. 2006) ......................................................................................... 256
Cores; U.S. v., 356 U.S. 405, 407, 78 S.Ct. 875 (1958) ............................................................................................... 230
Coriolan v. INS, 559 F.2d 993 (5th Cir. 1977) ...................................................................................444, 448, 530, 1200
Cornejo v. County of San Diego, 504 F.3d 853 (9th Cir. 2007) ..............................................................402, 1217, 1229
Cornejo-Barreto v. Seifert, 218 F.3d 1004 (9th Cir. 2000) ..................................... 485, 492, 498–99, 1087, 1164, 1208
Corniel-Rodriguez v. INS, 532 F.2d 301 (2d Cir. 1976) ............................................................................317, 829, 1012
Coronado-Durazo v. INS, 123 F.3d 1322 (9th Cir. 1997) ................................. 84, 201–2, 216, 1079, 1163, 1184, 1204
Corona-Sanchez; U.S. v., 291 F.3d 1201 (9th Cir. 2002) .......................................................182–83, 194, 198, 260, 370
Corovic v. Mukasey, 519 F.3d 90 (2d Cir. 2008) ................................................ 358, 364, 444, 535, 537, 542, 561, 959
Corporate Loss Prevention Associates; U.S. v., 6 OCAHO no. 908 (Feb. 5, 1997) .................................................. 1259
Corrales-Beltran; U.S. v., 192 F.3d 1311 (9th Cir. 1999) ............................................................................................ 238
Correa, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 130 (BIA 1984) ...............................................................................986, 993, 995, 1062
Correa; People v., 485 N.E.2d 307 (Ill. 1985) .............................................................................................................. 214
Correa v. Thornburgh, 901 F.2d 1166 (2d Cir. 1990) .............................................................................................. 53, 86
Correa v. Waymouth Farms, Inc. 664 N.W. 2d 324 (Minn. 2003) ............................................................................ 1270
Correa-Garces, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 451 (BIA 1992) .............................................................................................. 81
1480                                                                                               KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Correctional Services Corp. v. Malesko, 534 U.S. 61 (2001) .................................................................................... 1220
Corrie v. Caterpillar, Inc., 403 F.Supp.2d 1019 (W.D. Wash. 2005) ......................................................................... 1224
Cortes-Castillo v. INS, 997 F.2d 1199 (7th Cir. 1993) .......................................................................................986, 1176
Cortez; U.S. v., 449 U.S. 411 (1981) ............................................................................................................280, 282, 289
Cortez-Acosta v. INS, 234 F.3d 476 (9th Cir. 2000) .................................................................................................... 376
Cortez-Felipe v. INS, 245 F.3d 1054 (9th Cir. 2001) .........................................................................................317, 1011
Cosmetic Specialties, Inc., 93-INA-161 (BALCA June 2, 1994) ................................................................................ 925
Costa v. INS, 233 F.3d 31 (1st Cir. 2000) ..................................................................................................311, 317, 1011
Costello v. INS, 376 U.S. 120 (1964), rev’g Matter of C, 9 I&N Dec. 524 (BIA 1962) ...........................165, 320, 1324
Costello v. U.S., 395 U.S. 265 (1961) ......................................................................................................................... 1321
Cota, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 849 (BIA 2005) ..............................................................................163, 198, 211, 222–23
Cottone; U.S. v., 244 F.Supp.2d 126 (E.D.N.Y. 2003) ................................................................................................ 237
Cotton L.A., 00-INA-313 (BALCA Sept. 25, 2001) ............................................................................................ 917, 943
Cottonwood Home, 04-INA-2 (BALCA Mar. 11, 2005) ............................................................................................. 918
Couto; U.S. v., 311 F.3d 179 (2d Cir. 2002) ......................................................................................................... 213, 223
Covarrubia; U.S. v., 911 F.Supp. 1409 (D.N.M. 1994) ................................................................................................ 282
Covarrubias v. Gonzales, 487 F.3d 742, 748-49 (9th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................... 97
Covian-Sandoval; U.S. v., 462 F.3d 1090 (9th Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................... 225
Cox v. Monica, __F.Supp.2d___(M.D. Pa 2007), 2007 WL 1804335 ................................................................ 304, 306
Cox v. Schweiker, 684 F.2d 310 (5th Cir. 1982) ........................................................................................................ 1211
Craig v. Boren, 429 U.S. 190 (1976) .......................................................................................................................... 1152
Crammond, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 9 (BIA 2001),
          vacated on jurisdictional grounds, 23 I&N Dec. 179 (BIA 2001) ................................................168, 172, 191
Crawford; U.S. v., 18 F.3d 1173 (4th Cir. 1994) .......................................................................................................... 260
Crawford v. Washington, 541 U.S. 36 (2004) ........................................................................................................ 364–65
Crawford-El v. Britton, 523 U.S. 574 (1998) ............................................................................................................. 1230
Crawford & Sons, 01-INA-121 (BALCA Jan. 9, 2004) ............................................................................................... 939
Creative Cabinet & Store Fixture, 89-INA-181 (BALCA 1990) ................................................................................. 944
Crespo v. Evergo Corp., 841 A.2d 471 (N.J. Sup. Ct. 2004) ..................................................................................... 1270
Crespo-Gomez v. Richard, 780 F.2d 932 (11th Cir. 1986) ..................................................................480–81, 483, 1165
Crespo-Gomez v. Richard, 780 F.2d 932 (11th Cir. 1986) .......................................................................................... 483
Crews; U.S. v., 445 U.S. 463 (1980) ............................................................................................................................. 279
Crider v. U.S., 885 F.2d 294 (5th Cir. 1989) .............................................................................................................. 1219
Crounsset; U.S. v., 403 F.Supp.2d 475 (E.D. Va. 2005) .............................................................................................. 248
Cruz, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 236 (BIA 1974) ............................................................................................................ 318
Cruz v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 452 F.3d 240 (3d Cir. 2006) .........................................................209, 1055, 1110, 1198
Cruz v. Molerio, 840 F.Supp. 303 (S.D.N.Y. 1994) ............................................................................................. 294, 301
Cruz v. U.S. 387 F.Supp.2d 1057 (N.D. Cal. 2005) ................................................................................................... 1271
Cruz; U.S. v., 701 F.Supp. 440 (S.D.N.Y. 1988) ......................................................................................................... 286
Cruz-Aguilera v. INS, 245 F.3d 1070 (9th Cir. 2001) ................................................................................................ 1101
Cruzan v. Director, Mo. Dep’t of Health, 497 U.S. 261 (1990) ................................................................................... 147
Cruz-Bucheli v. Gonzales 463 F.3d 105 (1st Cir. 2006) ..............................................................................114, 118, 982
Cruz-Camey v. Gonzales, 504 F.3d 28 (1st Cir. 2007) .............................................................................................. 1032
Cruz-Diaz v. INS, 86 F.3d 330 (4th Cir. 1996) ............................................................................................................ 525
Cruz-Escoto; U.S. v., 476 F.3d 1081 (9th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................... 229
Cruz-Funez v. Gonzales, 406 F.3d 1187 (10th Cir. 2005) .................................................................................454, 1041
Cruz-Garcia, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 1155 (BIA 1999) ....................................................................................385, 1061
Cruz-Garza v. Ashcroft, 396 F.3d 1125 (10th Cir. 2005) .............................................................................166, 207, 376
Cruz-Hernandez; U.S. v., 62 F.3d 1353 (11th Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................. 283
Cruz-Mendez; U.S. v., 467 F.3d 1260 (10th Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................... 286
Cruz-Navarro v. INS, 232 F.3d 1024 (9th Cir. 2000) ...................................................................................455, 458, 588
Cruz-Taveras v. McElroy, 1996 WL 455012, No. 96-CV-5068 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 12, 1996) .......................139, 145, 309
Csekinek v. INS, 391 F.3d 819 (6th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................................275, 1138
Csonka, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 254 (R.C. 1978) ....................................................................................................... 735
CSS, see Catholic Social Services
CTS, 91-INA-175 (BALCA June 19, 1992) ................................................................................................................. 945
Cuadra v. Gonzales, 417 F.3d 947 (8th Cir. 2005) ....................................................................................................... 995
Cuadras v. INS, 910 F.2d 567 (9th Cir. 1990) .............................................................................................................. 966
Cuban American Bar Ass’n, Inc. v. Christopher, 43 F.3d 1412 (11th Cir. 1995),
          cert. denied, 515 U.S. 1145 (1995) ..................................................................................33–34, 144, 518, 1148
Cudzich v. INS, 886 F.Supp. 101 (D.D.C. 1995) ................................................................................................. 336, 338
Cuellar Lopez v. Gonzales, 427 F.3d 492 (7th Cir. 2005) .......................................................................................... 1021
Cuello, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 94 (BIA 1989) ................................................................................................... 783, 826
Cuevas v. INS, 43 F.3d 1167 (7th Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................................. 1041
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                              1481

Cuevas-Gaspar v. Gonzales, 430 F.3d 1013 (9th Cir. 2005) ......................................................74, 79–80, 972–73, 1187
Cuevas-Ortega v. INS, 588 F.2d 1274 (9th Cir. 1979) ............................................................................................... 1174
Cunanan v. INS, 856 F.2d 1373 (9th Cir. 1988) ...................................................................................358, 365, 959, 968
Cunningham v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 335 F.3d 1262 (11th Cir. 2003) ....................................................................... 206, 977
Cupa-Guillen; U.S. v., 34 F.3d 860 (9th Cir. 1994) ..................................................................................................... 230
Curri v. Reno, 86 F.Supp.2d 413 (D.N.J. 2000) ......................................................................................................... 1113
Curtis-Wright Export Co.; U.S. v., 299 U.S. 304 (1936) ............................................................................................... 29
Curuta v. OCAHO, 398 F.3d 329 (5th Cir. 2005) ...................................................................................................... 1280
Cutler v. Ilchert, ___ F.Supp. ___ (N.D. Cal. 1985) ..................................................................................................... 682
C-V-T-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec.7 (BIA 1998) ..................................................................................................... 114, 985
C-W-L-, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 346 (BIA 2007) .............................................................................474–75, 1051, 1057
Cyberworld Enterprise Technologies, Inc. d/b/a Tekstrom, Inc.
          v. Administrator, Wage & Hour Div., 04-LCA-49 (May 24, 2006) ............................................................. 693
Cyrus v. Keisler, 505 F.3d 197 (2d Cir. 2007) .................................................... 115–16, 120, 204, 590, 980, 984, 1055
C-Y-Z-, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 915 (BIA 1997) ....................................................................460, 464, 586, 1166, 1183


                                                                               D
D, Matter of; 1 I&N Dec. 186 (BIA 1941) ..................................................................................................................... 79
D-, Matter of; 1 I&N Dec. 190 (BIA 1942) .................................................................................................................... 79
D-, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 827 (BIA 1994) ................................................................................................................ 198
D-, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 915 (BIA 1994) ................................................................................................................ 985
Dababneh v. Gonzales, 471 F.3d 806 (7th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................................... 321, 974
Dabaghian v. Civiletti, 607 F.2d 868 (9th Cir. 1979) ........................................................................................... 797, 803
Dabone v. Thornburgh, 734 F.Supp. 195 (E.D. Pa. 1990) .....................................................................1233, 1235, 1239
Daborne v. Karn, 763 F.2d 593 (3d Cir. 1985) ........................................................................................................... 1202
Dacanay, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 238 (BIA 1977) ...................................................................................................... 159
Dacosta v. Gonzales, 449 F.3d 45 (1st Cir. 2006) ................................................................................794, 838, 957, 967
Da Cruz v. INS, 4 F.3d 721 (9th Cir. 1993) ................................................................................................................ 1025
Dagnachew; U.S. v., 808 F.Supp. 1517 (D. Colo. 1992) ............................................................................................. 251
Dailide v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 387 F.3d 1335 (11th Cir. 2004) ..............................................................161, 322, 397, 1161
Dailide; U.S. v., 227 F.3d 385 (6th Cir. 2000) ............................................................................................................ 1321
Dailide; U.S. v., 316 F.3d 611 (6th Cir. 2003) ............................................................................................................ 1320
Daisy Schimoler, 97-INA-218 (BALCA Mar. 3, 1999) ............................................................................................... 939
Dakane v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 399 F.3d 1269 (11th Cir. 2005) ................................... 36, 339, 344, 349, 1060, 1173, 1189
Dalehite v. U.S., 346 U.S. 15 (1953) .......................................................................................................................... 1219
Dalis v. Brady, 766 F.Supp. 901 (D. Colo. 1991) ....................................................................................413, 1029, 1140
Dallo v. INS, 765 F.2d 581 (6th Cir. 1985) ........................................................................................................365, 1009
Da Lomba, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 616 (BIA 1978) ................................................................................................... 801
Dalombo Fontes v. Gonzales, 483 F.3d 115 (1st Cir.), reh’g denied, 498 F.3d 1 (2007) .........................120, 984, 1189
Dalrymple v. Reno, 334 F.3d 991 (11th Cir. 2003) .................................................................................................... 1221
Dalrymple v. U.S., 460 F.3d 1318 (11th Cir. 2006) .............................................................................................1218–19
Dalton v. Ashcroft, 257 F.3d 200 (2d Cir. 2001) ................................................................................................180, 1188
Damaize-Job v. INS, 787 F.2d 1332 (9th Cir. 1986) ....................................................................469, 508, 545, 549, 579
D’Ambrosio v. INS, 710 F.Supp. 269 (N.D. Cal. 1989) .............................................................................................. 301
Damko v. INS, 430 F.3d 626 (2d Cir. 2005) ......................................................................................................441, 1182
Dammarell v. Islamic Republic of Iran, 404 F.Supp.2d 261 (D.D.C. 2005) ............................................................. 1227
Damon v. Ashcroft, 360 F.3d 1084 (9th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................. 789, 797
Damrah; U.S. v., 412 F.3d 618 (6th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................1319, 1323
Dandan v. Ashcroft, 339 F.3d 567 (7th Cir. 2003) .......................................................................................311, 438, 445
Danesh, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 669 (BIA 1988) .......................................................................................................... 75
Daneshvar v. Ashcroft, 355 F.3d 615 (6th Cir. 2004) .......................................................................................... 104, 160
Dang; U.S. v., 488 F.3d 1135 (9th Cir. 2007) ...................................................................................................1308, 1320
Dangdee; U.S. v., 616 F.2d 1118 (9th Cir. 1980) ...............................................................................................249, 1330
Daniel Ojeda-Ojeda v. Booth Farms, L.P., No. 06E00021 (Sept. 26, 2006) ...................................................1276, 1280
Danilov v. Aguirre, 370 F.Supp.2d 441 (E.D. Va. 2005) .................................................................................1105, 1326
Dankam v. Gonzales, 495 f.3d 113 (4th Cir. 2007) ...................................................................................................... 569
Danso v. Gonzales, 489 F.3d 709 (5th Cir. 2007) ..............................................................................31, 85, 215, 218–20
Darby v. Cisneros, 113 S.Ct. 2539 (1993) .................................................................................................................. 1141
Dare v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 267 F.Supp.2d 987 (D. Minn. 2003) ......................................................................... 1278
Darif; U.S. v., 446 F.3d 701 (7th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................................. 246
Da Rosa Silva v. INS, 263 F.Supp.2d 1005 (E.D. Pa. 2003) .........................................................80, 117, 197, 224, 973
Dar-Salameh v. Gonzales, 468 F.3d 47 (1st Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................ 858
1482                                                                                              KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Darsan; U.S. v., 811 F.Supp. 119 (W.D.N.Y. 1993) .................................................................................................... 241
Darwish, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 307 (BIA 1973) ...................................................................................................... 798
Daryoush, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 352 (BIA 1982) ......................................................................................293–94, 520
Das v. Das, 603 A.2d 139 (N.J. Super. 1992) ............................................................................................................... 798
Dashto v. INS, 59 F.3d 697 (7th Cir. 1995) ................................................................................................................ 1177
Da Silva, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 288 (Comm. 1979) ................................................................................................. 127
Dass, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 120 (BIA 1989) .................................................................................................... 529, 535
Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 509 U.S. 579 (1993) ......................................................................... 359
Daubert-Kumho Tire Company .................................................................................................................................... 359
DavCo Food, Inc.; U.S. v., No. 88-00253-A (E.D. Va. 1988) ................................................................................... 1263
Dave v. Ashcroft, 363 F.3d 649 (7th Cir. 2004) .................................................................................274, 342, 961, 1119
David v. INS, 548 F.2d 219 (8th Cir. 1977) ............................................................................................................... 1013
David Howard of California, 90-INA-241 (BALCA May 12, 1992) .......................................................................... 942
David Razo Gardening Service, 02-INA-129 (BALCA Apr. 23, 2003) ...................................................................... 928
Davila; U.S. v., 6 OCAHO no. 903 (Nov. 21, 1996) .................................................................................................... 267
Davila; U.S. v., 7 OCAHO no. 936 (June 16, 1997) .................................................................................................... 266
Davila-Bardales v. INS, 27 F.3d 1 (1st Cir. 1994) .....................................................................................365, 374, 1042
Davis, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 536 (BIA 1992) .......................................................................................86, 169–71, 190
Davis v. Davis, 2004 WL 2924344 (Ohio App.6 Dist. Dec. 17, 2004) ......................................................................... 66
Davis v. Gonzales, 482 F.Supp.2d 796 (W.D. Tex. 2007) ........................................................................................... 414
Davis v. Passman, 442 U.S. 228 (1979) ...................................................................................................................... 1220
Davis v. U.S., 499 F.3d 590 (6th Cir. 2007) ......................................................................................................... 66, 1154
Davis v. Weiss, 749 F.Supp. 47 (D. Conn. 1990) ................................................................................................. 138, 302
Dawoud v. Gonzales, 424 F.3d 608 (7th Cir. 2005) .................................................... 530, 534, 540, 543–44, 596, 1048
Dawoud v. Gonzales, 424 F.3d 608 (7th Cir. 2005) ..................................................................................................... 544
Daylily Farms, Inc. v. Chao, 357 F.Supp.2d 356 (D. Mass. 2005) .............................................................................. 715
DeAbreu v. State, 593 So.2d 233 (Fla. 1st DCA 1991) ................................................................................................ 213
De Allende v. Baker, 891 F.2d 7 (1st Cir. 1989) ........................................................................................................ 1236
De Anda, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 54 (BIA 1979) ........................................................................................................ 356
Deanda-Romo, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 597 (BIA 2003) ..............................................................................70, 974, 989
De Araujo v. Ashcroft, 399 F.3d 84 (1st Cir. 2005) ...............................................................................1109, 1173, 1196
De Araujo v. Gonzales, 457 F.3d 146 (1st Cir. 2006) ......................................................................................1091, 1134
Dearborn Public Schools, 91-INA-222 (BALCA Dec. 7, 1993) .................................................................939, 948, 951
Dearinger ex rel. Volkova v. Reno, 232 F.3d 1042 (9th Cir. 2000) ............................................................................. 344
Dear Wing Jung v. U.S., 312 F.2d 73 (9th Cir. 1962) .................................................................................................. 224
Debab v. INS, 163 F.3d 21 (1st Cir. 1998) ................................................................................................................... 601
DeBartolo v. Florida Gulf Coast Bldg. & Constr. Trades Council, 108 S.Ct. 1392 (1988) ...................................... 1207
Debeato v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 505 F.3d 231 (3d Cir. 2007) .......................................................................406, 1132
DeBooth; U.S. v., 915 F.2d 697 (11th Cir. 1990) ....................................................................................................... 1256
Debra and Daniel Alpert, 07-PER-109 (BALCA Dec. 17, 2007) ................................................................................ 910
DeBraun v. Meissner, 958 F.Supp. 227 (E.D. Pa. 1997) ............................................................................................ 1086
De Brenner v. Ashcroft, 388 F.3d 629 (8th Cir. 2004) ...........................................................................449, 456–57, 461
DeBrown v. DOJ, 18 F.3d 774 (9th Cir. 1994) ................................................................................................1299, 1327
De Canas v. Bica, 424 U.S. 351 (1976) .......................................................................................................................... 38
De Cardenas v. Reno, 278 F.Supp.2d 284 (D. Conn. 2003) ..............................................................................981, 1211
DeCruz; U.S. v., 82 F.3d 856 (9th Cir. 1996) ............................................................................................................... 248
DeFaria v. INS, 13 F.3d 422 (1st Cir. 1993) ...............................................................................................212, 338, 1048
Defensor v. Meissner, 201 F.3d 384 (5th Cir. 2000) ....................................................................................679, 699, 705
De Figueroa v. INS, 501 F.2d 191 (7th Cir. 1974) ..................................................................................................... 1082
De Fuentes v. Gonzales, 462 F.3d 498 (5th Cir. 2006) .................................................................................................. 36
Degen v. U.S., 517 U.S. 820 (1996) ...........................................................................................................246, 252, 1159
DeGurules v. INS, 833 F.2d 861 (9th Cir. 1987) ........................................................................................................ 1001
De Horta Garcia; U.S. v., 519 F.3d 658 (7th Cir. 2008) ............................................................................................... 237
De Jesus-Batres; U.S. v., 410 F.3d 154 (5th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................... 242
DeJesus Corona v. Derosa, 325 F.Supp.2d 516 (D.N.J. 2004) ................................................................320, 1100, 1328
De Jesus Melendez v. Gonzales, 503 F.3d 1019 (9th Cir. 2007) .................................................................208, 217, 219
De Jesus Ramirez v. Reich, 156 F.3d 1273 (D.C. Cir. 1998) .............................................................................951, 1152
De Jimenez v. Ashcroft, 370 F.3d 783 (8th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................................ 154
Dekoladenu v. Gonzales, 459 F.3d 500 (4th Cir. 2006) ...................... 274, 329, 794, 960, 967, 1007, 1031, 1052, 1207
De La Cruz, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 346 (BIA 1991) ................................................................................................. 294
De La Cruz v. INS, 951 F.2d 226 (9th Cir. 1991) ........................................................................................................ 213
Delacruz-Soto; U.S. v., 414 F.3d 1158 (10th Cir. 2005) .............................................................................................. 238
De La Llana-Castellon v. INS, 16 F.3d 1093 (10th Cir. 1994) ......................................................528, 1040, 1044, 1168
De La Nues, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 140 (BIA 1981) ...................................................................................74, 166, 211
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                            1483

De La Pava; U.S. v., 268 F.3d 157 (2d Cir. 2001) ........................................................................................................ 402
De La Paz Sanchez v. Gonzales, 473 F.3d 133 (5th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................... 179
De Lara Bellajaro v. Schiltgen, 378 F.3d 1042 (9th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................. 1310
De La Rosa, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 728 (BIA 1974) ................................................................................................. 782
De La Rosa v. DHS, 489 F.3d 551 (2d Cir. 2007) .............................................................................................972, 1182
De La Rosa v. U.S., 229 F.3d 80 (1st Cir. 2000) .......................................................................................................... 319
De La Teja v. U.S., 321 F.3d 1357 (11th Cir. 2003) ......................................................................275, 1081, 1100, 1126
DeLaurentiis v. Haig, 686 F.2d 192 (3d Cir. 1982) ...................................................................................................... 337
De La Vega v. Gonzales, 436 F.3d 141 (2d Cir. 2006) ..................................................................999, 1075, 1078, 1118
Delaware v. Prouse, 99 S.Ct. 1391 (1979) .................................................................................................................... 285
Del Carmen Molina v. INS, 170 F.3d 1247 (9th Cir. 1999) ................................................................................. 457, 463
Deldago v. INS, 473 F.Supp. 1343 (S.D.N.Y. 1979) ................................................................................................. 1146
DeLeon v. INS, 115 F.3d 643 (9th Cir. 1997) ............................................................................................................ 1191
De Leon; U.S. v., 270 F.3d 90 (1st Cir. 2001) .............................................................................................................. 227
Deleon; U.S. v., 444 F.3d 41 (1st Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................231, 233, 237
DeLeon-Holguin v. Ashcroft, 253 F.3d 811 (5th Cir. 2001) ................................................................................ 206, 978
De Leon-Reyna; U.S. v., 930 F.2d 396 (5th Cir. 1991) ................................................................................................ 283
De Leon-Reynoso v. Ashcroft, 293 F.3d 633 (3d Cir. 2002) .........................................................................80, 125, 277
Deleon-Rodriguez; U.S. v., 70 F.3d 764 (3d Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................... 258
Delgadillo v. Carmichael, 332 U.S. 388 (1947) ................................................................................................... 52, 1092
Delgado; INS v., 466 U.S. 210 (1984) .................................................................................................................. 280, 284
Delgado v. Mukasey, 508 F.3d 702 (2d Cir. 2007) ..............................................................................436, 449, 455, 488
Delgado v. Mukasey, 516 F.3d 65 (2d Cir. 2008) ............................................................................88, 95, 406, 844, 849
Delgado v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 487 F.3d 855 (11th Cir. 2007) ................................................446, 512, 517, 575, 599, 608
Delgado-Carrera v. INS, 773 F.2d 629 (5th Cir. 1985) .............................................................................................. 1083
Delgado-Chavez v. INS, 765 F.2d 868 (9th Cir. 1985) ........................................................................................ 216, 963
Delgado-Enriquez; U.S. v., 188 F.3d 592 (5th Cir. 1999) ............................................................................................ 179
Delgado-Garcia; U.S. v., 374 F.3d 1337 (D.C.Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................ 240
Delgado-Reynua v. Gonzales, 450 F.3d 596 (5th Cir. 2006) ..................................................................................... 1032
Delia Lazarte-Valverde, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 214 (BIA 1996) .............................................................................. 266
Delitizer of Newton, 88-INA-482 (BALCA 1990) ...................................................................................................... 924
Deljevic v. Baker, 463 F.Supp.2d 699 (E.D. Mich. 2006) .................................. 142, 297, 420, 1073, 1090, 1112, 1176
Delmas v. Gonzales, 422 F.Supp.2d 1299 (S.D. Fla. 2005) ......................................................................................... 776
Delmundo v. INS, 43 F.3d 436 (9th Cir. 1994) ..............................................................................127, 1065, 1169, 1176
Deloitte and Touche, 90-INA-493 (BALCA Feb. 7, 1992) ......................................................................................... 925
Deloso v. Ashcroft, 393 F.3d 858 (9th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................ 446, 456
De Los Santos v. INS, 690 F.2d 56 (2d Cir. 1982) ....................................................................................................... 782
Del Pilar v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 326 F.3d 1154 (11th Cir. 2003) ..........................................................................1032, 1201
Del Risco, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 109 (BIA 1989) .................................................................................................... 202
Del Rosario; U.S. v., 902 F.2d 55 (D.C. Cir. 1990) ............................................................................................. 214, 223
Del Toro-Chacon v. Chertoff, 431 F.Supp.2d 1135 (W.D. Wash. 2006) ..................................................308, 411, 1117
Deluca v. Ashcroft, 203 F.Supp.2d 1276 (M.D. Ala. 2002) ................................................................................. 80, 1308
De Lucia v. Flagg, 297 F.2d 58 (7th Cir. 1962), cert. denied, 369 U.S. 837 (1962) ..................................................... 76
Del Valle v. INS, 776 F.2d 1407 (9th Cir. 1985) ........................................................................................466, 580, 1178
De Martinez v. Ashcroft, 363 F.3d 1022,
          amended on reh’g, 374 F.3d 759 (9th Cir. 2004) ....................................................838, 967, 1007, 1052, 1054
Demjanjuk v. Mukasey, 514 F.3d 616 (6th Cir. 2008) ................................................................................................. 338
Demjanjuk v. Petrovsky, 10 F.3d 338 (6th Cir. 1993) ...............................................................................338, 354, 1321
Demjanjuk; U.S. v., 367 F.3d 623 (6th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................................... 1320
Demore v. Kim, 538 U.S. 510 (2003) ....................................................................... 30, 32, 34, 137, 139, 141, 271, 296,
          ..................................................................................................................... 305–6, 520, 1077, 1089, 1108, 1176
Demos Consulting Group, Ltd., 07-PER-20 (BALCA May 16, 2007) ................................................................. 929–30
DeNieva v. Reyes, 966 F.2d 480 (9th Cir. 1992) ....................................................................................................... 1217
Denko v. INS, 351 F.3d 717 (6th Cir. 2003) ..........................................................................341, 394, 1020, 1022, 1164
Dennis v. ICE, 426 F.Supp.2d 252 (M.D. Pa. 2006) .................................................................................................... 414
Denver Tofu Co. v. District Director, 525 F.Supp. 254 (D. Colo. 1981) ..................................................................... 906
De Oliveira v. Mukasey, 520 F.3d 78 (1st Cir. 2008) .................................................................................................. 575
DeOliviera v. INS, 873 F.Supp. 338 (C.D. Cal. 1994) ......................................................................................... 54, 1283
De Osorio v. INS, 10 F.3d 1034 (4th Cir. 1993) .......................................................................................................... 977
Department of, see other part of department name (except DOJ, DOL, or DOS)
Department of Justice (DOJ), see other party
Department of Labor, Employment Standards Admin. (DOL-ESA), see other party
Department of State (DOS), see other party
Derezinski v. Mukasey, 516 F.3d 619 (7th Cir. 2008) ...................................................................................386, 390–91
1484                                                                                                 KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Desai, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 569 (R.C. 1980) .......................................................................................................... 683
De Sandoval v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 440 F.3d 1276 (11th Cir. 2006) ...........................................................406–7, 845, 849
De Santamaria v. U.S. Att’y Gen., ___ F.3d ___ (11th Cir. Apr. 22, 2008) ................................436, 445, 456, 466, 578
Desert Palace, Inc. v. Costa, 539 U.S. 90 (2003) ........................................................................................................ 1278
Desert Palace, Inc.; U.S. v., 9 OCAHO no. 1067 (May 1, 2001) ............................................................................... 1279
Desir v. Ilchert, 840 F.2d 723 (9th Cir. 1988) ....................................................................450, 460, 527, 582, 589, 1044
Desna v. Gonzales, 454 F.3d 896 (8th Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................340, 552, 571
DeSousa v. Demore, 169 F.Supp.2d 1169 (N.D. Cal. 2001) ................................................................................ 656, 659
DeSousa v. Reno, 190 F.3d 175 (3d Cir. 1999) ............................................................................................117, 277, 982
Despaigne v. Crolew, 89 F.Supp.2d 582 (E.D. Pa. 2000) .......................................................................................... 1217
Desta v. Ashcroft, 329 F.3d 1179 (10th Cir. 2003) ..................................................................273, 410, 472, 1173, 1196
Desta v. Ashcroft, 365 F.3d 741 (9th Cir. 2004) ......................................................................................970, 1192, 1194
Detroit Free Press v. Ashcroft, 303 F.3d 681 (6th Cir. 2002) ...................................................................................... 339
Deutsch v. INS, 943 F.Supp. 276 (W.D.N.Y. 1996) ............................................................................................ 275, 301
De Vega v. Gonzales, 503 F.3d 45 (1st Cir. 2007) .....................................................................................55, 186, 207–8
DeVera, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 340 (DD 1966) ......................................................................................................... 682
Devison, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 1362 (BIA 2000) .......................................................................70, 166, 207, 211, 219
DeWalt v. Sullivan, 963 F.2d 27 (3d Cir. 1992) ......................................................................................................... 1238
De Zavala v. Ashcroft, 385 F.3d 879 (5th Cir. 2004) ...........................................................................272, 315, 341, 352
Dhillon v. Regents of the University of California, 3 OCAHO no. 497 (Mar. 10, 1993) ......................................... 1272
Dhima v. Gonzales, 416 F.3d 92 (1st Cir. 2005) .......................................................................................................... 568
Dhine v. District Director, 818 F.Supp. 671 (S.D.N.Y.), rev’d , 3 F.3d 613 (2d Cir. 1993) ....................................... 542
Dhine v. Slattery, 3 F.3d 613 (2d Cir. 1993) ........................................................................................................ 464, 476
Dhoumo v. BIA, 416 F.3d 172 (2d Cir. 2005) .............................................................................................................. 435
Dia v. Ashcroft, 353 F.3d 228 (3d Cir. 2003) ..............272, 359, 372, 379, 526, 554, 557, 560, 1020, 1080, 1177, 1195
Diab v. Ashcroft, 397 F.3d 35 (1st Cir. 2005) .............................................................................................................. 578
Diakite v. INS, 179 F.3d 553 (7th Cir. 1999) .....................................................................................................492, 1130
Dial Auto Repair Shop, Inc., Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 481 (Comm. 1986) .................................................................. 903
Diallo v. Ashcroft, 381 F.3d 687 (7th Cir. 2004) ......................................................................................................... 471
Diallo v. Gonzales, 439 F.3d 764 (7th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................ 530, 534
Diallo v. Gonzales, 445 F.3d 624 (2d Cir. 2006) .......................................................................................................... 554
Diallo v. Gonzales, 447 F.3d 1274 (10th Cir. 2006) ................................................................474, 595, 609, 1078, 1129
Diallo v. Holmes, 288 F.Supp.2d 442 (E.D.N.Y. 2003) .....................................................................................299, 1097
Diallo v. INS, 232 F.3d 279, 287 .................................................................................................................................. 546
Diallo v. Mukasey, 508 F.3d 451 (8th Cir. 2007) ......................................................................................................... 540
Diallo v. Reno, 61 F.Supp.2d 1361 (N.D. Ga. 1999) .................................................................318, 1012, 1105–6, 1128
Dia Navigation Corp. Ltd. v. Pomeroy, 34 F.3d 1255 (3d Cir. 1994) ....................................................................... 1086
Diane Simon, 02-INA-44 (BALCA Aug. 28, 2002) .................................................................................................... 938
Diarrassouba v. Medallion Financial Corp., 9 OCAHO no. 1076 (Nov. 28, 2001) ........................................1272, 1279
Dias v. INS, 311 F.3d 456 (1st Cir. 2002) .................................................................................................................... 979
Diaz v. McElroy, 134 F.Supp.2d 315 (S.D.N.Y. 2001) ............................................................................................... 309
Diaz v. Pacific Maritime Ass’n, 9 OCAHO no. 1108 (2004) ................................................................1273, 1277, 1279
Diaz v. Pan American World Airways, Inc., 442 F.2d 385 (5th Cir. 1971) ................................................................. 930
Diaz v. Reno, 40 F.Supp.2d 984 (N.D. Ill. 1999) .............................................................................................1105, 1127
Diaz v. Schiltgen, 946 F.Supp. 762 (N.D. Cal. 1996) .................................................................................................. 143
Diaz; U.S. v., 519 F.3d 56 (1st Cir. 2008) .................................................................................................................... 251
Diaz; U.S. v., 936 F.2d 786 (5th Cir. 1991) .................................................................................................................. 241
Diaz-Diaz; U.S. v., 135 F.3d 572 (8th Cir. 1998) ......................................................................................................... 261
Diaz-Magana v. Rogers, 81 F.3d 167 (9th Cir. 1996) ................................................................................................ 1236
Diaz-Nin; U.S. v., 221 F.Supp.2d 584 (D.V.I. 2002) ................................................................................................... 235
Diaz-Resendez v. INS, 960 F.2d 493 (5th Cir. 1992) ...........................................................986, 1041, 1168, 1176, 1179
Diaz-Ruacho, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 47 (BIA 2006) ................................................................................................. 967
Dibi v. Moyer, 801 F.Supp. 214 (E.D. Wis. 1992) ..................................................................................................... 1082
Dickson v. Ashcroft, 346 F.3d 44 (2d Cir. 2003) .................................................................................178, 181, 193, 370
Dielmann v. INS, 34 F.3d 851 (9th Cir. 1994) .................................................................................330, 825, 1007, 1054
Digilab v. U.S. Secy. of Labor, 495 F.2d 323 (1st Cir. 1974) ...................................................................................... 952
Digrado v. Ashcroft, 184 F.Supp.2d 227 (N.D.N.Y. 2002) .........................................................1095, 1100, 1102, 1125
Dill v. INS, 773 F.2d 25 (3d Cir. 1985) ...................................................................................................................... 1063
Dillingham, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 1001 (BIA 1997) ........................................................................................ 215, 218
Dillingham v. INS, 267 F.3d 996 (9th Cir. 2001) .................................................. 31, 85, 215, 218–20, 276, 1117, 1184
D-I-M-, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 448 (BIA 2008) ........................................................................................461, 463, 524
Dimenski v. INS, 275 F.3d 574 (7th Cir. 2001) ............................................................................................................. 56
Dimitrov v. Ashcroft, 368 F.3d 960 (7th Cir. 2004) ...........................................................................................422, 1192
Dina v. Attorney General, 793 F.2d 473 (2d Cir. 1986) .............................................................................662, 667, 1163
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                             1485

Dine v. Gonzales, 464 F.3d 89 (1st Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................................. 567
Ding v. Ashcroft, 387 F.3d 1131 (9th Cir. 2004) .......................................................... 559, 587, 605, 1039, 1177, 1199
Dingena, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 723 (BIA 1966) .................................................................................................. 72, 79
Diniz, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 447 (1975) ................................................................................................................... 801
Dinko Sefic v. Marconi Wireless, 9 OCAHO no. 1123 (Feb. 15, 2007) ................................................................... 1277
Dinko Sefic v. Marconi Wireless, 9 OCAHO no. 1125 (Nov. 29, 2007) .................................................................. 1278
Dinnall v. Gonzales, 421 F.3d 247 (3d Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................1209–10
Dinu v. Ashcroft, 372 F.3d 1041 (9th Cir. 2004) ......................................................................................................... 438
Diogo; U.S. v., 320 F.2d 898 (2d Cir. 1963) ........................................................................................................ 247, 802
Diosa-Ortiz v. Ashcroft, 334 F.Supp.2d 27 (D. Mass. 2004) ....................................................................................... 859
Dipeppe v. Quarantillo, 337 F.3d 326 (3d Cir. 2003) ...................................................................................206, 978, 980
Discipio v. Ashcroft, 417 F.3d 448 (5th Cir. 2005) .............................................................................................. 210, 222
Disu v. Ashcroft, 338 F.3d 13 (1st Cir. 2003) .............................................................................................................. 555
Diversified Technology & Services of Virginia, Inc.; U.S. v., 9 OCAHO no. 1095 (2003) .................1273, 1275, 1279
Dixon; U.S. v., 327 F.3d 257 (3d Cir. 2003) ................................................................................................................ 230
D-J-, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 572 (AG 2003) ....................................................................................291, 293, 336, 1023
Djedovic v. Gonzales, 441 F.3d 547 (7th Cir. 2006) ......................................................................................359–60, 443
Djonda v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 514 F.3d 1168 (11th Cir. 2008) ........................................................................................ 603
Djouma v. Gonzales, 429 F.3d 685 (7th Cir. 2005) .....................................................................................561, 565, 605
D.L.; U.S. v., 453 F.3d 1115 (9th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................374, 389, 402
D-L- & A M , Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 409 (BIA 1991) ................................................................................................ 98
D-Muhumed v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 388 F.3d 814 (11th Cir. 2004) ......................................................................... 489, 572
Doan v. INS, 160 F.3d 508 (8th Cir. 1998) ........................................................................................................500, 1149
Doan v. INS, 311 F.3d 1160 (9th Cir. 2002) ......................................................................................................419, 1109
Dobere, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 188 (BIA 1990) ......................................................................................152, 519, 1024
Dobric, Matter of; 189 F.Supp. 638 (D. Minn. 1960) ................................................................................................ 1308
Dobrota v. INS, 195 F.3d 970 (7th Cir. 1999) ...................................................................................................... 465, 597
Dodig v. INS, 9 F.3d 1418 (9th Cir. 1993) ................................................................................................................... 828
Doe v. Gonzales, 484 F.3d 445 (7th Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................... 211, 432
Doe v. INS, 120 F.3d 200 (9th Cir. 1997) .................................................................................................................... 221
Doe v. INS, 867 F.2d 285 (6th Cir. 1989) ............................................................................................................ 515, 576
Doe v. Islamic Salvation Front, 257 F.Supp.2d 115 (D.D.C. 2003) .......................................................................... 1222
Doe v. Nelson, 703 F.Supp. 713 (N.D. Ill. 1988) ...................................................................................1085, 1133, 1288
Doe v. Roman Catholic Diocese of Galveston-Houston, 408 F.Supp.2d 272 (S.D. Tex. 2005) ............................... 1228
Doe v. Saravia, 348 F.Supp.2d 1112 (E.D.Cal. 2004) ..........................................................................................1222–24
Doe v. State of Israel, 400 F.Supp.2d 86 (D.D.C. 2005) ..................................................................................1225, 1228
Doe v. U.S., 16 Cl. Ct. 412 (Ct. Cl. 1989) .................................................................................................................... 246
Doe; U.S. v., 701 F.2d 819 (9th Cir. 1983) ................................................................................................................... 282
Doe; U.S. v., 862 F.2d 776 (9th Cir. 1988) ................................................................................................................... 253
Doherty; INS v., 502 U.S. 314 (1992), rev’g 908 F.2d 1108 (2d Cir. 1990) ...........................353, 410, 591, 1049, 1063
Doherty v. Meese, 808 F.2d 938 (2d Cir. 1986) .................................................................................................410, 1164
DOJ (Department of Justice), see other party
Dokic v. INS, 899 F.2d 530 (6th Cir. 1990) .....................................................................................................1138, 1202
Dolores v. INS, 772 F.2d 223 (6th Cir. 1985) ....................................................................................................576, 1200
Dominguez v. Ashcroft, 336 F.3d 678 (8th Cir. 2003) ................................................................................................. 458
Dominguez v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 284 F.3d 1258 (11th Cir. 2002) ................................................................................. 388
Dominguez; U.S. v., 6 OCAHO no. 876 (July 1, 1996) ............................................................................................... 267
Dominguez; U.S. v., 8 OCAHO no. 1000 (1998) ........................................................................................................ 267
Dominguez; U.S. v., 479 F.3d 345 (5th Cir. 2007) ...................................................................................................... 177
Dominguez-Capistran v. Gonzales, 438 F.3d 876 (8th Cir. 2006) ....................................................................... 389, 395
Dominican Energy Ltd., Inc. v. Dominican Rep, 903 F.Supp. 1507 (M.D. Fla. 1995) ............................................. 1226
Domond v. INS, 244 F.3d 81 (2d Cir. 2001) ..................................................................................................117–18, 982
Don v. Gonzales, 476 F.3d 738 (9th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................................ 571
Donaire v. NME Hospital, Inc., 27 F.3d 507 (11th Cir. 1994) ................................................................................... 1218
Dong v. Ashcroft, 406 F.3d 110 (2d Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................................ 552
Dong v. Chertoff, 513 F.Supp.2d 1158 (N.D. Cal. 2007) ..............................................................822, 1087, 1103, 1117
Dong v. Gonzales, 421 F.3d 573 (7th Cir. 2005) ......................................................... 477, 532, 554, 565, 579, 583, 605
Dong v. Slattery, 84 F.3d 82 (2d Cir. 1996) ............................................................................................................... 1087
Donovan v. Lone Steer, Inc., 464 U.S. 408 (1984) .................................................................................................... 1256
Dor v. District Director, INS, 891 F.2d 997 (2d Cir. 1989) ......................................................................................... 414
Dorelien v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 317 F.3d 1314 (11th Cir. 2003) ....................................................................1108, 1191–92
Dorisme v. Gonzales, 410 F.Supp.2d 79 (D. Conn. 2006) .........................................................................1071, 1090–91
Dorosh v. Ashcroft, 398 F.3d 379 (6th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................................ 529, 531
Dorsett; U.S. v., 308 F.Supp.2d 537 (D.V.I. 2003) ...................................................................................................... 389
1486                                                                                             KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

DOS (Department of State), see other party
Dos Santos v. Gonzales, 440 F.3d 81 (2d Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................... 178
Douglas v. Ashcroft, 374 F.3d 230 (3d Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................................... 1191
Douglas v. Ashcroft, 374 F.3d 230 (3d Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................................... 1107
Douglas v. Baker, 809 F.Supp. 131 (D.D.C. 1992) ..........................................................................1235, 1237, 1239–40
Douglas v. INS, 28 F.3d 241 (2d Cir. 1994) .......................................................................................................986, 1043
Doug Sik Kwon v. INS, 646 F.2d 909 (5th Cir. 1981) .......................................................................................378, 1206
Doultsinos, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 153 (DD 1957) .................................................................................................... 681
Doumbia v. Gonzales, 472 F.3d 957 (7th Cir. 2007) ...................................................................358, 363, 365, 570, 959
Dove Homes, Inc., 87-INA-680 (BALCA 1988) ......................................................................................................... 945
Downey Orthopedic Medical Group, 87-INA-674 (BALCA 1988) ............................................................................ 918
Downs-Morgan v. U.S., 765 F.2d 1534 (11th Cir. 1985) ..................................................................................... 214, 223
Doyle; U.S. v., 129 F.3d 1372 (10th Cir. 1997) ........................................................................................................... 283
Dr. Afshin Abdollahi DMD, Inc., 08-PERM-9 (BALCA Dec. 17, 2007) ................................................................... 911
Dragan v. Heckler, 1985 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 18961 (D.D.C.) ....................................................................................... 862
Draganova v. INS, 82 F.3d 716 (7th Cir. 1996) ................................................................................................... 573, 606
Dragenice v. Gonzales, 470 F.3d 183 (4th Cir. 2006) .................................................................................................. 319
Dragenice v. Ridge, 389 F.3d 92 (4th Cir. 2004) .............................................................................................1100, 1327
Drakes v. Ashcroft, 323 F.3d 189 (2d Cir. 2003) ....................................................................................................... 1303
Drakes v. INS, 330 F.3d 600 (3d Cir.), cert. denied, 124 S.Ct. 541 (2003) .......................................................213, 1101
Drakes v. Zimski, 240 F.3d 246 (3d Cir. 2001) ............................................................................................188, 192, 197
Drax v. Reno, 338 F.3d 98 (2d Cir. 2003) ............................................................................115, 202–3, 979, 1204, 1211
Dred Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. (19 How.) 393 (1856) ............................................................................................. 1299
Dridi v. Chertoff, 412 F.Supp.2d 465 (E.D. Pa. 2006) ............................................................................................... 1104
Driessen Aircraft Interior Systems, 93-INA-82 (BALCA Jan. 11, 1995) .................................................................... 937
Drigo, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 223 (BIA 1982) ........................................................................................................... 823
Drobny v. INS, 947 F.2d 241 (7th Cir. 1991) ...............................................................................................373, 379, 985
Drozd v. INS, 155 F.3d 81 (2d Cir. 1998) .................................................................................................................. 1300
Drummond; U.S. v., 240 F.3d 1333 (11th Cir. 2001) ................................................................................................... 178
Drysdale, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 815 (BIA 1994) ............................................................................................... 293–94
Drywall Systems, Inc., 03-INA-148 (BALCA Apr. 29, 2004) .................................................................................... 944
Duamutef v. INS, 386 F.3d 172 (2d Cir. 2004) ......................................................................414, 423, 1093, 1105, 1126
Duarte-Acero; U.S. v., 296 F.3d 1277 (11th Cir. 2002) ............................................................................................... 323
Duarte de Guinac v. INS, 179 F.3d 1156 (9th Cir. 1999) .....................................................................440, 461, 463, 540
Duckett, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 493 (BIA 1987) ....................................................................................................... 647
Ducret, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 620 (BIA 1976) .........................................................................................88, 155, 1010
Dulal-Whiteway v. DHS, 501 F.3d 116 (2d Cir. 2007) ....................................................185, 187, 193, 203, 1157, 1188
Dulane v. INS, 46 F.3d 988 (10th Cir. 1995) .........................................................................435, 994, 1065, 1172, 1178
Dunat v. Hurney, 297 F.2d 744 (3d Cir. 1961) ............................................................................................................. 440
Dunaway v. New York, 442 U.S. 200 (1979) ...................................................................................................... 278, 283
Duncan v. Kahanamoku, 327 U.S. 304 (1946) ............................................................................................................. 310
Duncan; U.S. v., 396 F.Supp.2d 210 (D. Conn. 2005) ................................................................................................. 236
Dunlop v. Bachowski, 421 U.S. 560 (1975) ............................................................................................................... 1132
Dunn v. U.S., 775 F.2d 99 (3d Cir. 1985) ................................................................................................................... 1238
Duran, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 1 (BIA 1989) .............................................................................................................. 337
Duran v. INS, 756 F.2d 1338 (9th Cir. 1985) .............................................................................................333, 995, 1146
Duran-Hernandez v. Ashcroft, 348 F.3d 1158 (10th Cir. 2003) ....................................................................407–8, 1132
Durant v. INS, 393 F.3d 113 (2d Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................................... 1110
Durgac v. Gonzales, 430 F.3d 849 (7th Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................... 564, 578
Dusenberry v. U.S., 122 S.Ct. 694 (2002) .................................................................................................................... 391
Duthie Electronic Corp., 89-INA-182 (BALCA 1989) ................................................................................................ 925
Duvall v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 436 F.3d 382 (3d Cir. 2006) ..................................................................316, 397, 1205
Duvall v. Elwood, 336 F.3d 228 (3d Cir. 2003) .....................................................................................1099, 1133, 1143
D-V-, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 77 (BIA 1993) ..............................................................................................437, 460, 580
Dwomoh v. Sava, 696 F.Supp. 970 (S.D.N.Y. 1988) .........................................................................................482, 1035
Dyer; U.S. v., 325 F.3d 464 (3d Cir. 2003) .................................................................................................................. 263
Dynatech/U-Z, Inc., 88-INA-230 (BALCA 1989) ....................................................................................................... 944


                                                                              E
E, Matter of; 1 I&N Dec. 505 (BIA 1943) ...................................................................................................................... 77
E-, Matter of; 2 I&N Dec. 134 (BIA 1944) .............................................................................................................. 76, 78
E-, Matter of; 2 I&N Dec. 328 (BIA 1945) .................................................................................................................... 79
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                               1487

E., Matter of; 4 I&N Dec. 239 (BIA 1951) ................................................................................................................... 797
Eain v. Wilkes, 641 F.2d 504 (7th Cir. 1981) ............................................................................................................... 499
Earle; U.S. v., 488 F.3d 537 (1st Cir. 2007) ......................................................................................................... 177, 364
Eastern Airlines Flight No. 798, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 57 (BIA 1989) ................................................................... 265
Eastern Carpet House, Inc. v. DHS, 430 F.Supp.2d 672 (S.D. Tex. 2006) ...............................................336, 733, 1113
Eberhart v. U.S., 546 U.S. 12 (2005) ................................................................................................349, 385, 1024, 1060
Ebolum; U.S. v., 72 F.3d 35 (6th Cir. 1995) ................................................................................................................. 261
Ebrahim v. Gonzales, 471 F.3d 880 (8th Cir. 2006) ...........................................................................................792, 1114
eBusiness Applications Solutions, Inc. 05-INA-87 (BALCA Dec. 6, 2006) ............................................................... 939
Echevarria v. Keisler, 505 F.3d 16 (1st Cir. 2007) ....................................................................................................... 847
Echeverria-Hernandez v. INS, 923 F.2d 688 (9th Cir. 1991) ....................................................................................... 431
Edelweiss Mfg. Co., 87-INA-562 (BALCA 1988) ...................................................................................................... 921
Eden, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 209 (BIA 1990) .................................................................................................... 197, 224
Edimo-Doualla v. Gonzales, 464 F.3d 276 (2d Cir. 2006) ...........................................................436, 442, 446, 534, 597
Edmond v. Nelson, 575 F.Supp. 532 (E.D. La. 1983) .................................................................................................. 444
Eduard v. Ashcroft, 379 F.3d 182 (5th Cir. 2004) ........................................... 462, 466–67, 469, 492, 526, 576, 512442
Eduardo Velez, M.D., 99-INA-302 (BALCA June 7, 2000) ....................................................................................... 928
Edwards, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 191 (BIA 1990) ............................................................................................985, 1035
Edwards v. INS, 393 F.3d 299 (2d Cir. 2004) ............................................................... 116, 961, 981, 1010, 1039, 1199
Edwards v. Johnson, 209 F.3d 772 (5th Cir. 2000) ................................................................................1140, 1217, 1221
Edwards v. State, 393 So.2d 597 (3d DCA 1981) ........................................................................................................ 214
Edwards Fish Enterprises, Inc. v. INS, ___ F.Supp. ___ (W.D. Wash. 1986) ...................................................... 726–27
EEOC v. City of Joliet, 239 F.R.D. 490 (N.D. Ill. 2006) ........................................................................................... 1271
EEOC v. Hacienda Hotel, 881 F.2d 1504 (9th Cir. 1989) .......................................................................................... 1270
EEOC v. Shell Oil Co., 466 U.S. 54 (1984) ............................................................................................................... 1277
EEOC v. Tortilleria “La Mejor,” 758 F.Supp. 585 (E.D. Cal. 1991) ......................................................................... 1270
Efe v. Ashcroft, 293 F.3d 899 (5th Cir. 2002) ..............................................................................476, 505, 514, 573, 590
Egan v. Weiss, 119 F.3d 106 (2d Cir. 1997) ................................................................................................................. 823
Egbuna v. Time-Life Libraries, Inc., 153 F.3d 184 (4th Cir. 1998) (en banc) .......................................................... 1270
Egbunine, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 478 (BIA 1987) ..................................................................................................... 837
E.G. Enterprises, Inc. v. DHS, 467 F.Supp.2d 728 (E.D. Mich. 2006) ..................................................681, 683–84, 686
Eichenlaub, U.S. ex rel.; v. Shaughnessy, 338 U.S. 521 (1950) .................................................................................. 320
EIMCO Process Equipment Co., 88-INA-216 (BALCA 1989) .................................................................................. 925
Eisenfeld v. Islamic Republic of Iran, 172 F.Supp.2d 1 (D.D.C. 2000) .................................................................... 1227
Ekasinta v. Gonzales, 415 F.3d 1188 (10th Cir. 2005) ...........................................................................1022, 1119, 1180
Eke v. Mukasey, 512 F.3d 372 (7th Cir. 2008) ............................................................................184, 186, 190, 382, 452
Ekekhor v. Aljets, 979 F.Supp. 640 (N.D. Ill. 1997) ......................................................................36, 136, 139, 145, 309
Ekimian v. INS, 303 F.3d 1153 (9th Cir. 2002) ...............................................................................................1051, 1055
Ekiu v. U.S., 142 U.S. 651 (1892) ............................................................................................................................ 29, 31
Ekpin; U.S. v., 214 F.Supp.2d 707 (S.D. Tex. 2002) .................................................................................1309, 1319–20
Elaasar v. Mueller, 522 F.Supp.2d 932 (N.D. Ohio 2007) ...............................................................................1157, 1326
Elastic Stop Nut of America, 90-INA-301 (BALCA Apr. 15, 1993) .......................................................................... 940
Elatos Restaurant Corp. v. Sava, 632 F.Supp. 1049 (S.D.N.Y. 1986) ................................................................. 904, 906
Elbahja v. Keisler, 505 F.3d 125 (2d Cir. 2007) ...................................................................................327, 329–30, 1006
Elbez v. INS, 767 F.2d 1313 (9th Cir. 1985) .............................................................................................................. 1082
El Doour v. Chertoff, 417 F.Supp.2d 679 (W.D. Pa. 2005) ....................................................................................... 1326
Eleven Vehicles; U.S. v., 966 F.Supp. 361 (E.D. Pa. 1997) ..............................................................................246, 1235
Elgendi, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 515 (BIA 2002),
          superseded by U.S. v. Simpson, 319 F.3d 81 (2d Cir. 2002) ........................................................................ 171
E-L-H-, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 700 (AG 2004) ....................................................................................................... 1023
E-L-H-, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 814 (BIA 2005) ...................................................................................................... 1023
El-Hadad v. U.S., 377 F.Supp.2d 42 (D.D.C. 2005) ..............................................................622, 852, 1096, 1099, 1148
Elhaj-Chehade v. University of Texas S.W. Medical School, 8 OCAHO no. 1022 (1999) ...................................... 1279
Elhajomar v. City and County of Honolulu, 1 OCAHO no. 246 (Oct. 4, 1990) .............................................1272, 1280
El Himri v. Ashcroft, 344 F.3d 1261 (9th Cir. 2003) .........................................................................................970, 1194
El Himri v. Ashcroft, 378 F.3d 932 (9th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................................... 474
Elia v. Gonzales, 431 F.3d 268 (6th Cir. 2005) ............................................................. 272, 317, 980, 1011, 1071, 1158
Elian v. Ashcroft, 370 F.3d 897 (9th Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................................... 969
Elias v. DOS, 721 F.Supp. 243 (N.D. Cal. 1989) ..................................................................................................... 33–35
Elias v. Gonzales, 490 F.3d 444 (6th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................................... 550
Elias-Zacarias; INS v., 502 U.S. 478 (1992) ............................................................... 441, 447–49, 526, 583, 596, 1178
Elien v. Ashcroft, 364 F.3d 392 (1st Cir. 2004) ...........................................................................451, 454, 486, 491, 524
Elizour v. Ashcroft, 378 F.3d 1143 (10th Cir. 2004) ..............................................................................471–72, 560, 566
El Jalisco Mexican Restaurant, 07-INA-10 (BALCA Dec.10, 2007) .......................................................................... 943
1488                                                                                              KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

El-Khader v. Monica, 366 F.3d 562 (7th Cir. 2004) ........................................................................874, 906, 1108, 1113
Elkimya v. DHS, 484 F.3d 151 (2d Cir. 2007) .................................................................................136, 297, 1093, 1193
Elkins v. Comfort, 245 F.Supp.2d 1161 (D. Colo. 2003) ............................................................................................. 156
Elkins v. Comfort, 392 F.3d 1159 (10th Cir. 2004) ....................................................................32–33, 215, 218–19, 276
Elkins v. Moreno, 435 U.S. 647 (1978) ................................................................................................618, 640, 658, 750
Ellis, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 641 (BIA 1993) ............................................................................................................. 293
Ellis; U.S. v., 330 F.3d 677 (5th Cir. 2003) .................................................................................................................. 284
Elnager v. INS, 930 F.2d 784 (9th Cir. 1991) .....................................................................................................578, 1041
El-Omrani v. Director, USIA, 638 F.Supp. 430 (W.D. Pa. 1986) ............................................................................... 667
Elrawy; U.S. v., 448 F.3d 309 (5th Cir. 2006) .............................................................................................................. 251
El Rescate Legal Services v. EOIR, 959 F.2d 742 (9th Cir. 1992) (on reh’g) ........................................................... 1085
El Rescate Legal Services, Inc. v. EOIR, 959 F.2d 742 (9th Cir. 1992) .............................................................. 380, 523
El Rio Grande, 98-INA-133 (BALCA, Feb. 4, 2000) .................................................................................................. 934
El Rio Grande, 98-INA-133 (BALCA Feb. 4, 2000) ................................................................................................... 934
El Shami; U.S. v., 434 F.3d 659 (4th Cir. 2005) .................................................................................................. 234, 236
El-Sheikh v. Ashcroft, 388 F.3d 643 (8th Cir. 2004) ...................................................................................529, 531, 533
Eltayeb v. Ingham, 950 F.Supp. 95 (S.D.N.Y. 1997) .......................................................................................1095, 1099
Elysee v. Gonzales, 437 F.3d 221 (1st Cir. 2006) ...................................................................................................... 1075
Elzahabi; U.S. v., 517 F.Supp.2d 1121 (D. Minn. 2007) ..................................................................................... 247, 802
E-M-, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 77 (Comm. 1989) ...................................................................................................... 1286
Emejulu v. INS, 989 F.2d 771 (5th Cir. 1993) ........................................................................................................... 1100
Ememe v. Ashcroft, 358 F.3d 446 (7th Cir. 2004) ...............................................................................379, 523, 558, 565
Emerald Terrace Convalescent Hospital, 03-INA-17 (BALCA June 17, 2004) ......................................................... 925
Emile v. INS, 244 F.3d 183 (1st Cir. 2001) .......................................................................................................... 167, 204
Emily Walder, 03-INA-134 (BALCA June 18, 2004) ................................................................................................. 922
Emmanuel v. INS, 579 F.Supp. 1541 (D.C.V.I. 1984) ............................................................................................... 1084
Empire Bookbinding, Inc. 00-INA-283 (BALCA Jan. 15, 2002) ................................................................................ 944
Employment Standards Administration (DOL), see other party
E-N-, Matter of; 7 I&N Dec. 153 (1956) ..........................................................................................................69, 85, 367
Enahoro v. Abubakar, 408 F.3d 877 (7th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................1224, 1226
Encarnacion; U.S. v., 56 F.Supp.2d 151 (D.P.R. 1999) ............................................................................................... 263
Encarnacion; U.S. v., 239 F.3d 395 (1st Cir. 2001) ...................................................................................................... 232
Encarnacion-Galvez; U.S. v., 964 F.2d 402 (5th Cir. 1992) .................................................................................. 234–35
Encuentro Del Canto Popular v. Christopher, 944 F.Supp. 805 (N.D. Cal. 1996) .................................................... 1148
Engineering Technology, Inc., 89-INA-10 (BALCA 1990) ........................................................................................ 938
English v. Sava, 571 F.Supp. 1029 (S.D.N.Y. 1983) ................................................................................................... 284
Enrique and Adriana Viano, 98-INA-4 (BALCA May 25, 1999) ............................................................................... 938
Enriquez, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 554 (BIA 1988) ............................................................................................. 795, 837
Enwonwu v. Gonzales, 438 F.3d 22 (1st Cir. 2006) .................................................................316, 499, 588, 1130, 1133
Eny Textiles, Inc., 87-INA-641 (BALCA 1988) .......................................................................................................... 942
E-P-, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 860 (BIA 1997) ...........................................................................................463, 527, 1043
Epie v. Caterisano, 402 F.Supp.2d 589 (D. Md. 2005) .............................................................................................. 1325
EPI Limited Partnership, 08-PER-4 (BALCA Apr. 28, 2008) .......................................................................882–83, 911
Equal Access Education v. Merten, 305 F.Supp.2d 585 (E.D. Va. 2004) ...........................................38, 90, 1151, 1153
Erbas v. Parra, 1988 WL 22815 (S.D. Tex. Mar. 8, 1988) ...............................................................................1084, 1266
Errico; INS v., 385 U.S. 214 (1966) .........................................................................................................378, 1010, 1206
Esaka v. Ashcroft, 397 F.3d 1105 (8th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................................ 553
Escobar, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 231 (BIA 2007) ................................................................................................. 972–73
Escobar v. Gonzales, 417 F.3d 363 (3d Cir. 2005) ....................................................................................................... 454
Escobar v. Spartan Security Service, 281 F.Supp.2d 895 (S.D. Tex. 2003) .............................................................. 1270
Escobar Barraza v. Mukasey, 519 F.3d 388 (7th Cir. 2008) ..........................................................................84, 125, 202
Escobar-Grijalva v. INS, 206 F.3d 1331 (9th Cir. 2000) ............................................................................................. 346
Escobar-Ramos v. INS, 927 F.2d 482 (9th Cir. 1991) ...............................................................................1027–28, 1030
Escobar-Turcios, Matter of; No. A24 848 532 (IJ Oct. 21, 1992) ............................................................................... 495
Escutia v. Reno, No. SA CV 00-841 (C.D. Cal. Oct. 28, 2002) ................................................................................ 1290
Esenwah v. Ashcroft, 378 F.3d 763 (8th Cir. 2004) .........................................................................................1174, 1190
Esfandiary, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 659 (BIA 1979) ............................................................................................... 72, 80
Eskite v. District Director, 901 F.Supp. 530 (E.D.N.Y. 1995) ...........................................................220, 318, 476, 1012
Eslamizar, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 684 (BIA 2004) .................................................................................................... 209
Esparza; U.S. v., 882 F.2d 143 (5th Cir. 1989) ............................................................................................................. 242
Esparza-Mendoza; U.S. v., 386 F.3d 953 (10th Cir. 2004) .......................................................................................... 286
Esparza-Ponce; U.S. v., 193 F.3d 1133 (9th Cir. 1999) ...............................................................................80, 250, 1329
Espejo v. INS, 311 F.3d 976 (9th Cir. 2002) ................................................................................................................ 662
Esperdy; U.S. v., 210 F.Supp. 786 (S.D.N.Y. 1962) ...................................................................................................... 52
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                               1489

Espin v. Gantner, 381 F.Supp.2d 261 (S.D.N.Y. 2005) ...................................................................................1104, 1106
Espinal v. Pere, 144 F.Supp.2d 53 (D.P.R. 2001) ............................................................................................1126, 1137
Espinoza, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 522 (BIA 1980) ..................................................................................................... 782
Espinoza, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 889 (BIA 1999) ............................................................................................. 189, 216
Espinoza v. Farah Mfg. Co., 414 U.S. 86 (1973) ....................................................................................................... 1186
Espinoza v. INS, 45 F.3d 308 (9th Cir. 1995) .............................................................................................................. 364
Espinoza v. INS, 991 F.2d 1294 (7th Cir. 1993) ......................................................................................986, 1169, 1176
Espinoza; U.S. v., 433 F.Supp.2d 186 (D. Mass. 2006) ............................................................................................... 281
Espinoza; U.S. v., 490 F.3d 41 (1st Cir. 2007) ..................................................................................................... 281, 283
Espinoza-Castro v. INS, 242 F.3d 1181 (9th Cir. 2001) .............................................................................................. 100
Espinoza-Espinoza v. INS, 554 F.2d 921 (9th Cir. 1977) .............................................................................................. 98
Espinoza-Farlo; U.S. v., 34 F.3d 469 (7th Cir. 1994) ................................................................................................... 235
Espinoza-Franco v. Ashcroft, 394 F.3d 461 (7th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................ 167
Espinoza-Gutierrez v. Smith, 94 F.3d 1270 (9th Cir. 1996),
          reh’g denied, 109 F.3d 551 (9th Cir. 1997) .......................................................................1145, 1231, 1287–88
Espinoza-Leon; U.S. v., 873 F.2d 743 (4th Cir. 1989) ................................................................................................. 226
Espinoza-Santill; U.S. v., 976 F.Supp. 561 (W.D. Tex. 1997) ..................................................................................... 283
Esponda v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 453 F.3d 1319 (11th Cir. 2006) ........................................................378, 1028, 1198, 1206
Esposito, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 1 (BIA 1995) ............................................................................87, 206, 212, 977, 984
Esposito v. Ashcroft, 288 F.Supp.2d 292 (E.D.N.Y. 2003) ....................................................................................... 1102
Esposito v. INS, 936 F.2d 911 (7th Cir. 1991) ............................................................................................................. 127
Esposito v. INS, 987 F.2d 108 (2d Cir. 1993) ..........................................................................................346, 1064, 1159
Esqueda, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 850 (BIA 1994) ............................................................................................84, 201–2
Essential Information, Inc. v. USIA, 134 F.3d 1165 (D.C. Cir. 1998) ......................................................................... 336
Essex Cryogenics Industries, Inc., Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 196 (Comm. 1972) ......................................................... 681
Essohou v. Gonzales, 471 F.3d 518 (4th Cir. 2006) ..................................................................................................... 597
Estados Unidos Mexicanos v. Decoster, 59 F.Supp.2d 120 (D. Me. 1999) ............................................................... 1218
Estate of v., see name of decendent
Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97 (1976) ....................................................................................................................... 1147
Estep v. U.S., 327 U.S. 114 (1946) ............................................................................................................................. 1133
Esteves Gonzales v. Embajada de la Republica Dominicana, 497 F.Supp.2d 279 (D. P.R. 2007) ........................... 1106
Estime, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 450 (BIA 1987) ......................................................................................................... 827
Estrada-Canales v. Gonzales, 437 F.3d 208 (1st Cir. 2006) ...............................................................................828, 1137
Estrada-Escobar v. Ashcroft, 376 F.3d 1042 (10th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................... 588
Estrada-Expinoza v. Gonzales, 498 F.3d 933 (9th Cir. 2007) ...................................................................................... 166
Estrada-Figueroa v. Nelson, 611 F.Supp. 576 (S.D. Cal. 1985) ..................................................................................... 88
Estrada-Henao v. Gonzales, 453 F.3d 38 (1st Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................. 567
Estrada-Plata; U.S. v., 57 F.3d 757 (9th Cir. 1995) ...................................................................................................... 215
Estrada-Quijas; U.S. v., 183 F.3d 758 (8th Cir. 1999) ................................................................................................. 258
Estrada-Rodriguez v. Mukasey, 512 F.3d 517 (9th Cir. 2007) .................................................................................... 178
Estrada-Rosales v. INS, 645 F.2d 819 (9th Cir. 1981) ................................................................................................. 220
Estrada-Torres; U.S. v., 179 F.3d 776 (9th Cir. 1999),
          overruled by U.S. v. Rivera-Sanchez, 247 F.3d 905 (9th Cir. 2001) ..............................................31, 169, 982
Estrada-Trochez; U.S. v., 66 F.3d 733 (5th Cir. 1995) ................................................................................................. 387
Eta-Ndu v. Gonzales, 411 F.3d 977 (8th Cir. 2005) ...........................................................................535, 574, 602, 1042
Etape v. Chertoff, 446 F.Supp.2d 408 (D. Md. 2006) ................................................................................................ 1156
Etape v. Chertoff, 497 F.3d 379 (4th Cir. 2007) ......................................................................................................... 1326
Etchu-Njang v. Gonzales, 403 F.3d 577 (8th Cir. 2005) ....................................................................................349, 1139
Etugh v. INS, 921 F.2d 36 (3d Cir. 1990) ..................................................................................................................... 469
Etuk v. Blackman, 748 F.Supp. 990 (E.D.N.Y. 1990),
          aff’d sub nom. Etuk v. Slattery, 936 F.2d 1433 (2d Cir. 1991) ..................................................................... 857
Etuk v. Slattery, 803 F.Supp. 644 (E.D.N.Y. 1992) ..................................................................................................... 857
Etuk v. Slattery, 936 F.2d 1433 (2d Cir. 1991) .................................................................................858, 861, 1149, 1156
Etuk v. Slattery, 973 F.2d 60 (2d Cir. 1992) ................................................................................................................. 858
Eunique v. Powell, 302 F.3d 971 (9th Cir. 2002) ....................................................................................................... 1318
Eusaph, Matter of; 10 I&N Dec. 453 (BIA 1964) ........................................................................................................ 440
Eusebio v. Ashcroft, 361 F.3d 1088 (8th Cir. 2004) .................................................................................................... 597
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America v. INS, 288 F.Supp.2d 32 (D.D.C. 2003),
          appeal dismissed, 2004 WL 434067 (D.C. Cir. Mar. 3, 2004) .................... 631, 702, 1118, 1125, 1164, 1166
Evangelista v. Ashcroft, 204 F.Supp.2d 405 (E.D.N.Y. 2002) .................................................................................... 136
Evangelista v. Ashcroft, 359 F.3d 145 (2d Cir. 2004) .................................................................................................. 188
Evens, 92-INA-341 (BALCA June 3, 1993) ................................................................................................................ 946
Evola v. Carbone, 365 F.Supp.2d 592 (D.N.J. 2005) ...................................................................................169, 173, 221
Exame, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 303 (BIA 1982) ................................................................................................. 398, 530
1490                                                                                               KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Excellent v. Ashcroft, 359 F.Supp.2d 333 (S.D.N.Y. 2005) ....................................................................299, 1097, 1156
Exilus, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 276 (BIA 1982) .................................................................................................. 380, 523
Ex parte, see real party in interest
Expinoza, Matter of; 10 I&N Dec. 98 (BIA 1962) ......................................................................................................... 83
Express Line Corp., 07-INA-263 (BALCA Mar. 25, 2008) ........................................................................................ 922
Express Photo, 05-INA-128 (BALCA May 16, 2007) (en banc) ................................................................................ 947
Extradition of, see name of party
Exxon Chemical Co., 87-INA-615 (BALCA 1988) ..................................................................................................... 918
Eyoum v. INS, 125 F.3d 889 (5th Cir. 1997) ...................................................................................633, 971, 1119, 1127
Eze v. Gonzales, 478 F.3d 46 (1st Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................................. 1287
Ezeagwuna v. Ashcroft, 325 F.3d 396 (3d Cir. 2003) ............................. 269, 357, 365, 528, 537, 542, 959, 1044, 1198
Ezeta, In re; 62 F. 972 (N.D. Cal. 1894) ....................................................................................................................... 499


                                                                                F
F, Matter of; 2 I&N Dec. 517 (BIA 1946) ...................................................................................................................... 77
F, Matter of; 3 I&N Dec. 361 (BIA 1949) ...................................................................................................................... 80
F, Matter of; 6 I&N Dec. 783 (BIA 1955) ...................................................................................................................... 81
Fadare v. Reno, 819 F.Supp. 1196 (E.D.N.Y. 1993) .................................................................................................... 404
Faddoul v. INS, 37 F.3d 185 (5th Cir. 1994) ........................................................................................................ 439, 969
Fadiga v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 488 F.3d 142 (3d Cir. 2007) ............................. 339–40, 343, 345, 350, 592–93, 1033
Fahim v. Ashcroft, 227 F.Supp.2d 1359 (N.D. Ga. 2002) ................................................................................... 143, 420
Fahim v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 278 F.3d 1216 (11th Cir. 2002) ......................................... 595, 604, 1080, 1129, 1177, 1195
FAIR v. Meese, 643 F.Supp. 983 (S.D. Fla. 1986) .................................................................................................... 1150
FAIR v. Reno, 897 F.Supp. 595 (D.D.C.), aff’d, 93 F.3d 897 (D.C. Cir. 1996) ..............................................1150, 1158
Fairfield Jersey, Inc.; U.S. v., 9 OCAHO no. 1069 (May 9, 2001) ..................................................................1275, 1279
Faith Assembly Church, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 391 (Comm. 1986) ........................................................................ 885
Faiz-Mohammad v. Ashcroft, 395 F.3d 799 (7th Cir. 2005) .............................................................407, 845, 849, 1210
Fajardo v. INS, 300 F.3d 1018 (9th Cir. 2002) ...................................................................................................384, 1061
Falae v. Gonzales, 411 F.3d 11 (1st Cir. 2005) ....................................................................................795, 837, 1033–34
Falaja v. Gonzales, 418 F.3d 889 (8th Cir. 2005) .........................................................................98, 552, 571, 839, 1194
Falcon Carriche v. Ashcroft, 350 F.3d 845 (9th Cir. 2003) ..............................................................................1020, 1041
Falconi v. INS, 240 F.Supp.2d 215 (E.D.N.Y. 2002) ................................................................................................... 981
Falek v. Gonzales, 475 F.3d 285 (5th Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................. 55, 1138
Family Inc v. USCIS, 469 F.3d 1313 (9th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................................... 729, 874
Fang-Sui Yau v. Gustafson, 623 F.Supp. 1515 (C.D. Cal. 1985) ................................................................................ 511
Fano v. O’Neill, 806 F.2d 1262 (5th Cir. 1987) ...............................................................................316, 811, 1012, 1157
Farag v. USCIS, 531 F.Supp.2d 602 (S.D.N.Y. 2008) ............................................................................................... 1106
Farah v. Ashcroft, 348 F.3d 1153 (9th Cir. 2003) ........................................................................................................ 503
Fares v. INS, 29 F.Supp.2d 259 (W.D.N.C. 1998) ...........................................................................................1221, 1230
Fares; U.S. v., 978 F.2d 52 (2d Cir. 1992) .................................................................................................................... 235
Farghaly v. Frazier, 404 F.Supp.2d 1125 (D. Minn. 2005) ........................................................................................ 1310
Farhoud v. INS, 122 F.3d 794 (9th Cir. 1997) .............................................................................................................. 391
Farias, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 269 (BIA 1996) .................................................................................................. 122, 159
Farinas, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 467 (BIA 1967) ......................................................................................1010, 1013–14
Farley, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 51 (BIA 1965) .......................................................................................................... 1300
Farmers Bros. Coffee v. Workers Compensation Appeal Board, 35 Cal.Rptr.3d 23 (2d Dist. 2005) ...................... 1269
Farm Labor Organizing Comm. v. Ohio Hwy. Patrol, 991 F.Supp. 895 (N.D. Ohio 1997),
          rev’d in part, 308 F.3d 523 (6th Cir. 2002 ............................................................................................. 282, 291
Farquharson v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 246 F.3d 1317 (11th Cir. 2001) ................................................................158, 977, 984
Faruk v. Ashcroft, 378 F.3d 940 (9th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................437, 446, 575, 582
Fashions From India, Inc., 92-INA-26 (BALCA Feb. 4, 1993) ................................................................................... 923
Fatehi v. INS, 729 F.2d 1086 (6th Cir. 1984) ............................................................................................................. 1082
Fatin v. INS, 12 F.3d 1233 (3d Cir. 1993) ............................................................................................................ 453, 581
Faulkner Radio, Inc. v. FCC, 557 F.2d 866 (D.C. Cir. 1977) ...................................................................................... 398
Favela, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 753 (BIA 1979) ......................................................................................................... 212
Faveloa, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 753 (BIA 1979) ......................................................................................................... 85
Fay v. Noia, 372 U.S. 391 (1963) ............................................................................................................................... 1089
Featherland Farms, Inc., 03-INA-6 (Mar. 29, 2004) .................................................................................................... 942
Fede, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 35 (BIA 1989) ..................................................................................................1043, 1237
Federal Communications Comm’n (FCC) v. Beach Communications, Inc., 508 U.S. 307 (1993)) ............................. 30
Federal Election Comm’n (FEC) v. Political Contributions Data, 995 F.2d 383 (2d Cir. 1993) .............................. 1237
Federal Power Comm. (FPC) v. Texaco, Inc., 417 U.S. 380 (1974) ......................................................................... 1165
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                            1491

Fedin Bros. Co., Ltd. v. Sava, 724 F.Supp. 1103 (E.D.N.Y. 1989) ............................................................................. 729
Fedorca v. Perryman, 197 F.3d 236 (7th Cir. 1999) ...........................................................................................422, 1126
Fedorenko v. U.S., 449 U.S. 490 (1981) .......................................................................................................432, 1319–21
Fedosseeva v. Gonzales, 492 F.3d 840 (7th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................ 435, 602
Fedunyak v. Gonzales, 477 F.3d 1126 (9th Cir. 2007) .......................................................................448, 491, 588, 1199
Fefe, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 116 (BIA 1989) ............................................................................................................. 515
Feleke v. INS, 118 F.3d 594 (8th Cir. 1997) ......................................................................................................544, 1200
Felipe; U.S. v., 1 OCAHO no. 93 (Oct. 11, 1989) ...................................................................................................... 1262
Feliz v. Gonzales, 487 F.3d 71 (1st Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................................. 327
Felker v. Turpin, 518 U.S. 651, 116 S.Ct. 2333 (1996) ............................................................................................. 1089
Felzcerek v. INS, 75 F.3d 112 (2d Cir. 1996) ...............................................................................................364, 968, 971
Fequiere v. Ashcroft, 279 F.3d 1325 (11th Cir. 2002) ...................................................................................204, 368–69
Ferdinandus v. Gonzales, 504 F.3d 61 (1st Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................. 438
Fergiste v. INS, 138 F.3d 14 (1st Cir. 1998) .....................................................................461, 463, 478, 528, 1043, 1199
Fermin-Rodriguez; U.S. v., 5 F.Supp.2d 157 (S.D.N.Y. 1998) ............................................................................. 226–27
Fernandes Pereira v. Gonzales, 417 F.3d 38 (1st Cir. 2005) ......................................................................116, 981, 1011
Fernandez, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 24 (BIA 1972) ....................................................................................................... 81
Fernandez v. Gonzales, 439 F.3d 592 (9th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................ 1119
Fernandez v. Keisler, 502 F.3d 337 (4th Cir. 2007) .................................................................................319, 1163, 1182
Fernandez v. Mukasey, 512 F.3d 553 (9th Cir. 2008) .................................................................................................. 988
Fernandez-Antonia; U.S. v., 278 F.3d 150 (2d Cir. 2002) ................................................................................... 183, 235
Fernandez-Bernal v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 257 F.3d 1304 (11th Cir. 2001) ...........................................208, 219, 1112
Fernandez-Collado v. INS, 644 F.Supp. 741 (D. Conn. 1986) .................................................................................... 301
Fernandez-Gonzalez v. INS, 347 F.2d 737 (7th Cir. 1965) ........................................................................................ 1174
Fernandez Luiz v. Luttrell, 46 F.Supp.2d 754 (W.D. Tex. 1999) .............................................................................. 1102
Fernandez-Ruiz v. Gonzales, 410 F.3d 585 (9th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................. 197, 204
Fernandez-Ruiz v. Gonzales, 466 F.3d 1121 (9th Cir. 2006) (en banc) ....................................................176, 180, 1199
Fernandez-Ruiz v. Gonzales, 468 F.3d 1159 (9th Cir. 2006) ..........................................................77–78, 183, 198, 594,
          ..................................................................................................................... 1072, 1078, 1090, 1105, 1110, 1131
Fernandez-Vargas v. Gonzales, 126 S.Ct. 2422 (2006) ...........................................................89, 406, 1013, 1207, 1209
Feroz v. INS, 22 F.3d 225 (9th Cir. 1994) .................................................................................................................... 476
Ferraras v. Ashcroft, 160 F.Supp.2d 617 (S.D.N.Y. 2001) ..............................................................36, 55, 136, 139, 145
Ferreira v. Ashcroft, 382 F.3d 1045 (9th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................................... 171
Ferreira v. Ashcroft, 390 F.3d 1091 (9th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................... 185–86
Ferreira; U.S. v., 275 F.3d 1020 (11th Cir. 2001) ..................................................................................................... 32, 39
Ferris v. INS, 303 F.Supp.2d 103 (D. Conn. 2004) .................................................................................................... 1106
Ferry v. Gonzales, 457 F.3d 1117 (10th Cir. 2006) ............................................................................508, 643, 840, 1130
Fesale, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 114 (BIA 1995) .......................................................................................................... 844
Fesseha v. Ashcroft, 333 F.3d 13 (1st Cir. 2003) ...................................................................591, 596, 1049, 1063, 1171
Fessehaye v. Gonzales, 414 F.3d 746 (7th Cir. 2005) ................................... 534, 576, 596, 607, 959, 1130, 1172, 1179
Feto v. Gonzales, 433 F.3d 902 (7th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................................... 547
Fiadjoe v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 411 F.3d 135 (3d Cir. 2005) .....................................................360, 446, 554–55, 563
Fiallo v. Bell, 430 U.S. 787 (1977) .........................................................................................................31, 34, 781, 1168
Fibermaster, Ltd. v. INS, ___ F.Supp. ___, No. 88-2001 (D.D.C. July 3, 1990) ........................................................ 731
Fieran v. INS, 268 F.3d 340 (6th Cir. 2001) ................................................................................................................. 998
Fierro v. INS, 66 F.Supp.2d 229 (D. Mass. 1999) ........................................................................................................ 318
Fierro v. Reno, 217 F.3d 1 (1st Cir. 2000) ........................................................................................................1111, 1302
Fierros; U.S. v., 692 F.2d 1291 (9th Cir. 1982), cert. denied, 462 U.S. 1120 (1983) .................................................. 241
Figeroa v. INS, 886 F.2d 76 (4th Cir. 1989) ................................................................................................................. 346
Figueroa-Rincon v. INS, 770 F.2d 766 (9th Cir. 1985) ......................................................................................995, 1065
Filartiga v. Pena-Irala, 630 F.2d 876 (2d Cir. 1980) ...........................................................................................431, 1222
Filja v. Gonzales, 447 F.3d 241 (3d Cir. 2006) ..........................................................................................1040, 1058–59
Filsaime v. Ashcroft, 393 F.3d 315 (2d Cir. 2004) ...........................................................................................1102, 1160
Finnair Flight AY103, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 140 (BIA 2001) ................................................................................. 265
Firishchak; U.S. v., 468 F.3d 1015 (7th Cir. 2006) .................................................................................................... 1320
Firmansjah v. Ashcroft, 347 F.3d 625 (7th Cir. 2003) ...........................................................................1025, 1029, 1190
Firmansjah v. Gonzales, 424 F.3d 598 (7th Cir. 2005) ..........................................................................439, 470–72, 602
Firstland International, Inc. v. INS, 377 F.3d 127 (2d Cir. 2004) ....................................................827, 830, 1116, 1184
Fisher v. INS, 79 F.3d 955 (9th Cir. 1996) ...................................................... 438, 444, 450, 458, 577, 580, 1174, 1178
Fisher v. INS, 291 F.3d 491 (8th Cir. 2002) ................................................................................................................. 439
Fitzgerald v. Landon, 238 F.2d 864 (1st Cir. 1956) ............................................................................................... 79, 165
F.L. v. Thompson, 293 F.Supp.2d 86 (D.D.C. 2003) ...........................................................888, 1125, 1150, 1155, 1185
Flatow v. Islamic Republic of Iran, 999 F.Supp. 1 (D.D.C. 1998) ......................................................................1227–28
Flemming v. Nestor, 363 U.S. 603 (1960) .................................................................................................................... 863
1492                                                                                                KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Fleurinor v. INS, 585 F.2d 129 (5th Cir. 1978) ..........................................................................................509, 574, 1200
Flight SR-4, Matter of; 10 I&N Dec. 197 (BIA 1963) ......................................................................................... 265, 760
Flores, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 225 (BIA 1980) ..........................................................................................71–72, 74, 81
Flores v. Amigon, 233 F.Supp.2d 462 (E.D.N.Y. 2002) ..................................................................................1269, 1271
Flores v. Ashcroft, 350 F.3d 666 (7th Cir. 2003) .........................................................................................177, 179, 205
Flores v. Ashcroft, 354 F.3d 727 (8th Cir. 2003) ................................................................................................... 89, 849
Flores v. INS, 68 F.3d 1069 (9th Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................................... 1001
Flores v. Meese, 681 F.Supp. 665 (C.D. Cal. 1988) ..................................................................................................... 147
Flores [by Galvez-Maldonado] v. Meese, 942 F.2d 1352 (9th Cir. 1991) (en banc),
          rev’d, Reno v. Flores, 507 U.S. 292 (1993) ................................................................................................... 401
Flores v. Southern Peru Copper Corp., 343 F.3d 140 (2d Cir. 2003) .......................................................................... 322
Flores v. Southern Peru Copper Corp., 414 F.3d 233 (2d Cir. 2003) ........................................................................ 1222
Flores; U.S. v., 404 F.3d 320 (5th Cir. 2005) ...............................................................................................175, 251, 495
Flores-Arellano v. INS, 5 F.3d 360 (9th Cir. 1993) ...................................................................................................... 202
Flores-Calderon v. Gonzales, 472 F.3d 1040 (8th Cir. 2007) ...................................................................................... 602
Flores-Chavez v. Ashcroft, 362 F.3d 1150 (9th Cir. 2004) ....................................... 37, 270, 374, 389, 396, 1188, 1207
Flores-Diaz v. U.S., 516 F.Supp.2d 818 (S.D. Tex. 2007) ........................................................................................... 261
Flores-Garcia; U.S. v., 198 F.3d 1119 (9th Cir. 2000) ................................................................................................. 246
Flores-Garza v. Reno, 369 F.Supp.2d 894 (S.D. Tex. 2005) ..................................................................................... 1166
Flores-Ledezma v. Gonzales, 415 F.3d 375 (5th Cir. 2005) ......................................................33, 276, 403, 1110, 1124
Flores-Leon v. INS, 272 F.3d 433 (7th Cir. 2001) .......................................................................................199, 294, 401
Flores-Miramontes v. INS, 212 F.3d 1133 (9th Cir. 2000) ..............................................................................1093, 1197
Flores-Peraza; U.S. v., 58 F.3d 164 (5th Cir. 1995) ..................................................................................................... 231
Flores-Salgado v. Caplinger, 872 F.Supp. 1521 (E.D. La. 1995) .......................................................................... 55, 789
Flores-Uribe; U.S. v., 106 F.3d 1485 (9th Cir. 1997) ................................................................................................... 404
Flores-Villar; U.S. v., 497 F.Supp.2d 1160 (S.D. Cal. 2007) ..................................................................................... 1300
Florez de Solis v. INS, 796 F.2d 330 (9th Cir. 1986) ................................................................................................. 1139
Florida v. Bostick, 111 S.Ct. 2382 (1991) .................................................................................................................... 284
Florida v. Royer, 460 U.S. 491 (1983) .................................................................................................................. 283, 287
Florida Azalea Specialists; U.S. v., 19 F.3d 620 (11th Cir. 1994),
          reh’g en banc denied, 26 F.3d 1123 (11th Cir. 1994) .......................................................................1157, 1275
Florida Bar v. Corpa Immigration, 642 So.2d 548 (Fla. 1994) .................................................................................... 354
Florida Immigrant Advocacy Center v. National Security Agency, 380 F.Supp.2d 1332 (S.D. Fla. 2005) ............... 336
Florida Ordnance, Inc., 89-INA-106 (BALCA Feb. 14, 1990) .................................................................................... 941
Florida Power and Light Co. v. Lorion, 470 U.S. 729 (1985) .................................................................................... 1165
Floroiu v. Gonzales, 481 F.3d 970 (7th Cir. 2007) .......................................................................................269, 399, 550
Floroiu v. Gonzales, 498 F.3d 746 (7th Cir. 2007) ...........................................................................................1235, 1239
Fofanah v. Gonzales, 447 F.3d 1037 (8th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................... 571
Fong, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 212 (BIA 1980) ............................................................................................................ 780
Fong Haw Tan v. Phelan, 333 U.S. 6 (1948) ............................................................................165, 268, 378, 1092, 1206
Fongwo v. Gonzales, 430 F.3d 944 (8th Cir. 2005) ...................................................................................505, 550, 1062
Fong Yue Ting v. U.S., 149 U.S. 698 (1893) ................................................................................................................. 29
Fonseca-Leite v. INS, 961 F.2d 60 (5th Cir. 1992) .............................................................................................. 164, 964
Fonseca-Sanchez v. Gonzales, 484 F.3d 439 (7th Cir. 2007) ................................... 767, 1073, 1079, 1081, 1090, 1094
Fontan, U.S. ex rel.; v. Uhl, 16 F.Supp. 428 (S.D.N.Y. 1936) ....................................................................................... 77
Forbes v. INS, 48 F.3d 439 (9th Cir. 1995) .............................................................................................................. 98–99
Forbes; U.S. v., 16 F.3d 1294 (1st Cir. 1994) ....................................................................................................... 172, 260
Ford v. Garcia, 289 F.3d 1283 (11th Cir. 2002) ......................................................................................................... 1223
Ford v. ICE, 294 F.Supp.2d 655 (M.D. Pa. 2003) ................................................................................................ 481, 491
Ford Models, Inc., Matter of; EAC 9217150797 (AAU Oct. 16, 1992) ...................................................................... 703
Forgue v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 401 F.3d 1282 (11th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................. 560, 572
Foroglou v. INS, 170 F.3d 68 (1st Cir.) ........................................................................................................................ 443
Foroglou v. Reno, 241 F.3d 111 (1st Cir. 2001) .........................................................................................485, 590, 1051
Forti v. Suarez-Mason, 672 F.Supp. 1531 (N.D. Cal. 1987) ...................................................................................... 1222
Fortino v. Quasar Co., 950 F.2d 389 (7th Cir. 1991) .................................................................................................... 741
Fortis, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 576 (BIA 1974) ........................................................................................................... 214
Fortiz, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 1199 (BIA 1998) ................................................................................................ 164, 976
Foster v. INS, 376 F.3d 75 (2d Cir. 2004) .................................................................................................................. 1137
Foster v. Townsley, 243 F.3d 210 (5th Cir. 2001) ....................................................................................309, 1127, 1221
Foti v. INS, 375 U.S. 217 (1963) ................................................................................................................................ 1081
Four Season Garment Cutting, 96-INA-443 (BALCA Sept. 14, 1999) ....................................................................... 945
Fox v. Encounters International, 318 F.Supp.2d 279 (D. Md. 2002) ........................................................................... 802
Fox; U.S. v., 766 F.Supp. 569 (N.D. Tex. 1991) .......................................................................................................... 247
Fragedela v. Thornburgh, 761 F.Supp. 1252 (W.D. La. 1991) .................................................................................. 1095
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                            1493

Francis v. Gonzales, 442 F.3d 131 (2d Cir. 2006) ..................................... 157, 204, 368–69, 371, 379, 959, 1177, 1296
Francis v. INS, 532 F.2d 268 (2d Cir. 1976) ................................................................................................31, 276, 1024
Francis v. Reno, 269 F.3d 162 (3d Cir. 2001) ..................................................... 172, 181, 190–91, 378, 1187–88, 1206
Francis Kellogg, 94-INA-465 (BALCA Feb. 8, 1998) ................................................................................................. 930
Franco de Jerez v. Burgos, 876 F.2d 1038 (1st Cir. 1989) ...............................................................................1221, 1230
Francois v. Gonzales, 448 F.3d 645 (3d Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................486, 1092
Francois v. INS, 283 F.3d 926 (8th Cir. 2002) ...................................................................................................574, 1043
Franco-Rosendo v. Gonzales, 454 F.3d 965 (9th Cir. 2006) ...................................................................................... 1064
Franco Wood Crafting, Inc., 98-INA-131 (BALCA Dec. 22, 1998) ........................................................................... 923
Frango v. Gonzales, 437 F.3d 726 (8th Cir. 2006) ..................................................................................................... 1139
Frank, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 657 (DD 1966) .................................................................................................... 877, 949
Franklin, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 867 (BIA 1994),
          aff’d, Franklin v. INS, 72 F.3d 571 (8th Cir.), cert. denied, 519 U.S. 834 (1996) .............................. 71, 75, 78
Franklin v. Barry, 909 F.Supp. 21 (D.D.C. 1995) ..............................................................................................301, 1203
Frech v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 491 F.3d 1277 (11th Cir. 2007) ...........................................................................273, 327, 816
Fred 26 Importers, Inc. v. DHS, 445 F.Supp.2d 1174 (C.D. Cal. 2006) ....................... 681–84, 1086, 1117, 1170, 1175
Freeman, In re; 489 F.3d 966 (9th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................................. 1106
Freeman v. Gonzales, 444 F.3d 1031 (9th Cir. 2006) ............................... 508, 642–43, 775, 803, 828, 839, 1117, 1186
Freeport-McMoRan Oil & Gas Co. v. FERC, 962 F.2d 45 (D.C. Cir. 1992) .............................................................. 353
Frentescu, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 244 (BIA 1982) ................................................................................79, 430, 479–80
Frias-Gomez; U.S. v., 262 F.Supp.2d 11 (E.D.N.Y. 2003) .......................................................................................... 236
Friedberger v. Schultz, 616 F.Supp. 1315 (D.C. Pa. 1985) ................................................................................662, 1149
Friedman, 89-INA-220 (BALCA 1990) ....................................................................................................................... 918
Friedrich; U.S. v., 402 F.3d 842 (8th Cir. 2005) .................................................................................................432, 1320
Friend v. Reno, 172 F.3d 638 (9th Cir. 1999) .............................................................................................34, 1299, 1322
Frigon, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 164 (Comm. 1981) .................................................................................................... 674
Frios-Trujillo; U.S. v., 9 F.3d 875 (10th Cir. 1993) ..................................................................................................... 260
Frometa; Commonwealth v., 555 A.2d 92 (Pa. 1989) .................................................................................................. 214
Fruchtman v. Kenton, 531 F.2d 946 (9th Cir. 1976) .................................................................................................... 214
Fu, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 985 (BIA 2006) .............................................................................................................. 1009
Fualaau, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 475 (BIA 1996) ................................................................................................... 74, 77
Fuchs v. District Director, INS, 329 F.2d 114 (1st Cir. 1964) ................................................................................... 1311
Fuentes, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 658 (BIA 1988) ............................................................................................... 455, 588
Fuentes, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 227 (BIA 1991) ....................................................................................................... 793
Fuentes, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec 893 (BIA 1997) ...................................................................................................... 1302
Fuentes v. INS, 765 F.2d 886 (9th Cir. 1985), vacated, 844 F.2d 699 (9th Cir. 1988) ............................................. 1064
Fuentes-Barahona; U.S. v., 111 F.3d 651 (9th Cir. 1997) .................................................................................... 259, 261
Fuentes-Campos, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 905 (BIA 1997) ...................................................................31, 117, 977, 982
Fuentes-Cruz v. Gonzales, 489 F.3d 724 (5th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................... 82
Fueyo, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 84 (BIA 1989) ................................................................................................1014, 1042
Fujii, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 495 (DD 1967) .............................................................................................................. 784
Fuller v. INS, 144 F.Supp.2d 72 (D. Conn. 2000) ........................................................................1095, 1145, 1162, 1193
Full Gospel Portland Church v. Thornburgh, 730 F.Supp. 441 (D.D.C. 1988),
          rev’d in part, 927 F.2d 628 (D.C. Cir. 1991) .......................................... 683, 828, 904, 906, 1145, 1180, 1237
Fun Wong v. U.S., 373 F.3d 952 (9th Cir. 2004) ....................................................................................................... 1124
Furnco Construction Corp. v. Waters, 438 U.S. 567 (1978) ...................................................................................... 1278
Furr’s/Bishop’s Cafeterias; U.S. v., 2 OCAHO no. 330 (May 28, 1991),
          aff’d, 976 F.2d 1366 (10th Cir. 1992) .......................................................................................................... 1264
Future Construction, 03-INA-243 (BALCA Nov. 30, 2004) ....................................................................................... 939
F- y G-, Matter of; 4 I&N Dec. 717 (BIA 1952) .......................................................................................................... 220


                                                                              G
G, Matter of; 1 I&N Dec. 73 (BIA 1941) ....................................................................................................................... 83
G, Matter of; 1 I&N Dec. 225 (BIA 1942) .......................................................................................................69, 85, 367
G-, Matter of; 1 I&N Dec. 403 (BIA 1943) .................................................................................................................... 80
G-, Matter of; 2 I&N Dec. 235 (BIA 1945) .................................................................................................................... 81
G-, Matter of; 3 I&N Dec. 808 (BIA 1949) .................................................................................................................. 220
G, Matter of; 6 I&N Dec. 9 (BIA 1953) ......................................................................................................................... 87
G-, Matter of; 7 I&N Dec. 114 (BIA 1956) .................................................................................................................... 72
G, Matter of; 7 I&N Dec. 731 (BIA 1958) ................................................................................................................... 806
G, Matter of; 8 I&N Dec. 315 (BIA 1959) ..................................................................................................................... 82
G., Matter of; 9 I&N Dec. 89 (BIA 1960) .................................................................................................................... 797
1494                                                                                               KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

G, Matter of; 9 I&N Dec. 159 (AG 1961) ..................................................................................................217, 378, 1206
G-, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 764 (BIA 1993) ..................................................................................................53, 153, 584
G-A-, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 366 (BIA 2002) ............................................................................490, 513, 524, 544, 576
Gaberov v. Mukasey, 516 F.3d 590 (7th Cir. 2008) .........................................................................................1029, 1059
Gabryelsky, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 750 (BIA 1993) ...........................................................115, 331, 977, 984, 1007–8
Gabuniya v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 463 F.3d 316 (3d Cir. 2006) ....................................................................... 462, 562
G-A-C-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 83 (BIA 1998) ......................................................................................................... 852
Gadda, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 645 (BIA 2003) ................................................................................................... 355–56
Gadda v. Ashcroft, 363 F.3d 861 (9th Cir. 2004) ......................................................................................................... 355
Gafoor v. INS, 231 F.3d 645 (9th Cir. 2000) ....................................................................................456, 528, 1044, 1202
Gaglioti, Matter of; 10 I&N Dec. 719 (BIA 1964) ......................................................................................................... 83
Gaglioti, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 677 (Comm. 1974) .................................................................................................. 101
Gailius v. INS, 147 F.3d 34 (1st Cir. 1998) ........................................................................................537, 542, 604, 1178
Galaviz-Medina v. Wooten, 27 F.3d 487 (10th Cir. 1994), cert. denied, 513 U.S. 1086 (1995) ............300, 1095, 1098
Galaviz-Zamora v. Brady Farms, Inc., 230 F.R.D. 499 (W.D. Mich. 2005) ............................................................. 1271
Galeana-Mendoza v. Gonzales, 465 F.3d 1054 (9th Cir. 2006) ............................................................................... 73, 78
Galicia v. Ashcroft, 396 F.3d 446 (1st Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................ 358, 469
Galicia-Cardenas; U.S. v., 443 F.3d 553 (7th Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................. 215
Galicia-Delgado; U.S. v., 130 F.3d 518 (2d Cir. 1997) ................................................................................................ 258
Galina v. INS, 213 F.3d 955 (7th Cir. 2000) ............................................................................463, 527, 542, 1030, 1044
Galinda-Gallego; U.S. v., 244 F.3d 728 (9th Cir. 2001) ...................................................................................... 188, 260
Galindo-Hernandez; U.S. v., 674 F.Supp. 979 (E.D.N.Y. 1987) ................................................................................. 283
Gall v. United States, 552 U.S.___, 128 S.Ct. 586 (2007) ................................................................................... 255, 258
Gallarde v. INS, 486 F.3d 1136 (9th Cir. 2007) ......................................................................................................... 1311
Gallardo, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 210 (BIA 1996) ......................................................................................295, 520, 643
Gallego v. INS, 663 F.Supp. 517 (W.D. Wis. 1987) .................................................................................................... 146
Gallego v. INS, 674 F.Supp. 280 (W.D. Wis. 1987) .................................................................................................. 1139
Gallegos v. Haggerty, 689 F.Supp. 93 (N.D.N.Y. 1988) .........................................................284–86, 1219, 1229, 1256
Gallo-Alvarez v. Ashcroft, 266 F.3d 1123 (9th Cir. 2001) ........................................................................................ 1200
Galo-Garcia v. INS, 86 F.3d 916 (9th Cir. 1996) ......................................................................................................... 429
Galvan v. Press, 347 U.S. 522 (1954) ............................................................................................................................. 31
Galvan-Rodriguez; U.S. v., 169 F.3d 217 (5th Cir. 1999) ........................................................................................... 179
Galvez v. Lewis, 56 F.Supp.2d 637 (E.D. Va. 1999) ...................................................................143, 297–98, 308, 1109
Galvez-Letona v. Kirkpatrick, 54 F.Supp.2d 1218 (D. Utah 1999) ........................................................................... 1312
Galvez-Melgarejo; U.S. v., 4 OCAHO no. 684 (Sept. 9, 1994) ................................................................................... 266
Galvez Pineda v. Gonzales, 427 F.3d 833 (10th Cir. 2005) .....................................................348–49, 1060, 1139, 1159
Galvez-Vergara v. Gonzales, 484 F.3d 798 (5th Cir. 2007) .............................................................386, 394, 1165, 1169
Gama-Gonzales; U.S. v., 469 F.3d 1109 (7th Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................. 257
Gambashidze v. Ashcroft, 381 F.3d 187 (3d Cir. 2004) .............................................................................................. 462
Gamero v. INS, 367 F.2d 123 (9th Cir. 1966) .............................................................................................................. 860
Gameros-Hernandez v. INS, 883 F.2d 839 (9th Cir. 1989) .......................................................................................... 375
Gandara-Salinas; U.S. v., 327 F.3d 1127 (10th Cir. 2003) ........................................................................................... 282
Gandarillas-Zambrana v. BIA, 44 F.3d 1251 (4th Cir. 1995) ....................................................................351, 358, 1041
Gando-Coello v. INS, 857 F.2d 25 (1st Cir. 1988) ..................................................................................................... 1082
Gando-Coello v. INS, 888 F.2d 197 (1st Cir. 1989) ................................................................................................... 1063
Gandziami-Mickhou v. Gonzales, 445 F.3d 351 (4th Cir. 2006) ......................................................................... 458, 490
Gantus-Bobadilla, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 777 (BIA 1971) ...................................................................................... 1307
Gao v. Ashcroft, 299 F.3d 266 (3d Cir. 2002) ....................................................................................................558, 1037
Gao v. BIA, 482 F.3d 122 (2d Cir. 2007) ..................................................................................................................... 561
Gao v. Gonzales, 424 F.3d 122 (2d Cir. 2005) ..................................................................................................... 449, 562
Gao v. Gonzales, 440 F.3d 62 (2d Cir. 2006) .........................................................................................452–53, 468, 581
Gao v. Gonzales, 464 F.3d 728 (7th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................................................... 1047
Gao v. Gonzales, 467 F.3d 33 (1st Cir. 2006) .............................................................................................................. 567
Gao v. Gonzales, 481 F.3d 173 (2d Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................................... 1159
Gao v. Jenifer, 185 F.3d 548 (6th Cir. 1999) .......................................................................................................... 38, 887
Gao v. Mukasey, 508 F.3d 86 (2d Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................................... 585
Gao v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 400 F.3d 963 (2d Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................... 547
Garavito v. INS, 901 F.2d 173 (1st Cir. 1990) ............................................................................................................. 645
Garay v. INS, 620 F.Supp. 11 (N.D. Cal. 1985) ............................................................................................................. 89
Garay v. Slattery, 23 F.3d 744 (2d Cir. 1994) ..................................................................................................1082, 1174
Garay-Burgos; U.S. v., 961 F.Supp. 1321 (D. Ariz. 1997) .................................................................................. 231, 275
Garberding v. INS, 30 F.3d 1187 (9th Cir. 1994) .................................................................................31, 219, 276, 1145
Garcetti v. Ceballos, 543 U.S. 1186 (2005) .................................................................................................................. 448
Garcia, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 521 (BIA 1966) ..................................................................................................... 72, 79
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                            1495

Garcia, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 653 (BIA 1978) .......................................................................................328, 837, 1006
Garcia, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 254 (BIA 1996) ....................................................................................................... 1010
Garcia, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 179 (BIA 2007) ................................................................................................... 995–96
Garcia v. Ashcroft, 368 F.3d 1157 (9th Cir. 2004) .............................................................................................970, 1194
Garcia v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 329 F.3d 1217 (11th Cir. 2003) .......................................................76, 273, 341, 1111
Garcia v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 462 F.3d 287 (3d Cir. 2006) ............................................................................ 169, 353
Garcia v. Baker, 765 F.Supp. 426 (N.D. Ill. 1990) .............................................................................................622, 1148
Garcia v. Bolden, 691 F.2d 1172 (5th Cir. 1982) ....................................................................................................... 1029
Garcia v. Gonzales, 455 F.3d 465 (4th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................ 176, 179
Garcia v. Gonzales, 500 F.3d 615 (7th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................ 447, 602
Garcia v. INS, 7 F.3d 1320 (7th Cir. 1993) .................................................................................................................. 481
Garcia v. INS, 31 F.3d 441 (7th Cir. 1994) ..............................................................................................98–99, 402, 798
Garcia v. INS, 733 F.Supp. 1554 (M.D. Pa. 1990) ....................................................................................................... 301
Garcia v. Meza, 235 F.3d 287 (7th Cir. 2000) .............................................................................................................. 244
Garcia v. Pasquareto, 812 N.Y.S.2d 216 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. 2004) .................................................................................. 1269
Garcia v. Schweiker, 829 F.2d 396 (3d Cir. 1987) ..................................................................................................... 1239
Garcia v. Secy. of Labor, 10 F.3d 276 (5th Cir. 1993) ............................................................................................... 1180
Garcia v. Smith, 674 F.2d 838 (11th Cir. 1982) ........................................................................................................... 511
Garcia v. Taylor, 40 F.3d 299 (9th Cir. 1994) ..........................................................................................300, 1095, 1105
Garcia v. U.S., 666 F.2d 960 (5th Cir. 1982) .............................................................................................................. 1220
Garcia v. U.S., 826 F.2d 806 (9th Cir. 1987) .............................................................................................................. 1219
Garcia; U.S. v., 452 F.3d 36 (1st Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................................. 225
Garcia v. Yeutter, 756 F.Supp. 581 (D.D.C. 1990) .................................................................................................... 1150
Garcia-Alzugaray, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 407 (BIA 1986) ....................................................................................... 501
Garcia-Cortez v. Ashcroft, 366 F.3d 749 (9th Cir. 2004) ...................................................................................270, 1028
Garcia-Echaverria v. U.S., 376 F.3d 507 (6th Cir. 2004) .........................................................119, 170, 982, 1094, 1150
Garcia-Echaverria; U.S. v., 374 F.3d 440 (6th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................422, 1192
Garcia-Flores, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 325 (BIA 1980) ..............................................................................279, 283, 362
Garcia-Flores v. Gonzales, 477 F.3d 439 (6th Cir. 2007) .......................................................................................... 1159
Garcia-Garrocho, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 423 (BIA 1986) ......................................................................................... 480
Garcia Gomez v. Gonzales, 498 F.3d 1050 (9th Cir. 2007) .............................................................................1027, 1040
Garcia-Guzman v. Reno, 65 F.Supp.2d 1077, 1090 ..................................................................................................... 340
Garcia-Guzman v. Reno, 65 F.Supp.2d 1077 (N.D. Cal. 1999) .........................................................325, 340, 343, 1125
Garcia-Jimenez v. Gonzales, 488 F.3d 1082 (9th Cir. 2007) .............................................................................973, 1014
Garcia-Jurado; U.S. v., 281 F.Supp.2d 498 (E.D.N.Y. 2003) ...................................................................................... 236
Garcia Linares, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 254 (BIA 1996) .............................................................................................. 88
Garcia-Lopez v. Ashcroft, 334 F.3d 840 (9th Cir. 2003) ............................................................................................... 70
Garcia-Lopez v. INS, 923 F.2d 72 (7th Cir. 1991) ....................................................................................................... 971
Garcia-Madruga, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 436 (BIA 2008) ...........................................................................182–84, 187
Garcia-Maldonado v. Gonzales, 491 F.3d 284 (5th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................75, 78, 212
Garcia-Marrufo v. Ashcroft, 376 F.3d 1061 (10th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................408, 1131
Garcia-Martinez v. Ashcroft, 371 F.3d 1066 (9th Cir. 2004) .......................................................................437, 449, 457
Garcia-Martinez v. DHS, 448 F.3d 511 (2d Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................ 346
Garcia-Martinez; U.S. v., 228 F.3d 956 (9th Cir. 2000) ....................................................................................... 226, 234
Garcia-Mateo v. Keisler, 503 F.3d 698 (8th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................... 960
Garcia-Melendez v. Ashcroft, 351 F.3d 657 (5th Cir. 2003) .............................................................................987, 1020
Garcia-Meza v. Mukasey, 516 F.3d 535 (7th Cir. 2008) .......................................................................................... 75, 77
Garcia-Mir v. Meese, 788 F.2d 1446 (11th Cir. 1986),
         cert. denied sub nom. Ferrer-Mazorra v. Meese, 479 U.S. 889 (1986) ......................................................... 144
Garcia-Mir v. Smith, 766 F.2d 1478 (11th Cir. 1985),
         cert. denied sub nom. Marquez-Medina v. Meese, 475 U.S. 1022 (1986) ..............143, 591, 1142, 1168, 1203
Garcia-Plaxcencia v. Ashcroft, No. CV 04-1067-PA (D. Or. 2004) ............................................................................ 983
Garcia-Quintero v. Gonzales, 455 F.3d 1006 (9th Cir. 2006) ............................................54, 113, 363, 972, 1185, 1290
Garcia-Ramirez v. Gonzales, 423 F.3d 935 (9th Cir. 2005) ...............................................................................990, 1211
Garcia-Ramos v. INS, 775 F.2d 1370 (9th Cir. 1985) .......................................................................................... 508, 579
Garcia-Reyes, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 830 (BIA 1988) ....................................................................................381, 1039
Garcia-Rico; U.S. v., 46 F.3d 8 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 115 S.Ct. 2596 (1996) .......................................................... 260
Garcia-Rodriguez, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 438 (BIA 1978) ....................................................................................... 784
Garcia-Rubio v. INS, 703 F.Supp. 859 (S.D. Cal. 1989) ............................................................................................. 244
Garcia-Trigo v. U.S., 671 F.2d 147 (5th Cir. 1982) ..................................................................................................... 214
Garland Community Hosp., 89-INA-271 (BALCA 1991) ........................................................................................... 928
Garland I.S.D., Matter of; EAC 06 216 52028 (AAO Sept. 8, 2006) .......................................................................... 682
Garner, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 215 (BIA 1975) ......................................................................................................... 787
Garrett v. City of Escondido, 465 F.Supp.2d 1043 (S.D. Cal. 2006) ............................................................................. 38
1496                                                                                              KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Garrido-Morato v. Gonzales, 485 F.3d 319 (5th Cir. 2007) ......................................................................................... 200
Garrison v. OCK Construction Ltd., 864 F.Supp. 134 (D. Guam 1993) ................................................................... 1150
Garrovillas v. INS, 156 F.3d 1010 (9th Cir. 1998) ...............................................................................460, 465, 559, 588
Garza v. Lappin, 253 F.3d 918 (7th Cir. 2001) ........................................................................................................... 1228
Garza-Moreno v. Gonzales, 489 F.3d 239 (6th Cir. 2007) .........................................................................272, 381, 1167
Gasanova; U.S. v., 332 F.3d 297 (5th Cir. 2003) ......................................................................................................... 240
Gastelum-Almeida; U.S. v., 298 F.3d 1167 (9th Cir. 2002) ........................................................................................ 252
Gatcliffe v. Reno, 23 F.Supp.2d 581 (D.V.I. 1998) ....................................................................................1309–10, 1325
Gattem v. Gonzales, 412 F.3d 758, (7th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................ 167–68
Gaudin v. Remis, 379 F.3d 631 (9th Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................................... 618
Gaudin; U.S. v., 115 S.Ct. 2310 (1995) ................................................................................................................ 97, 1319
Gavilan-Cuate v. Yetter, 276 F.3d 418 (8th Cir. 2002) ......................................................................................188, 1100
Gawaran, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 938 (BIA 1995) .................................................................................353, 1010, 1025
Gay; U.S. v., 7 F.3d 200 (11th Cir. 1993) ..................................................................................................................... 229
Gaynor Gardens Homes, Inc. 07-INA-269 (BALCA Mar. 24, 2008) ......................................................................... 945
G.C. Construction Corp., 88?INA-20 (BALCA 1988) ................................................................................................ 924
G-C-L-, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 359 (BIA 2002) ..............................................................................................590, 1058
G-D-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 1132 (BIA 1999) ...............................................................................................590, 1055
Ge v. Ashcroft, 367 F.3d 1121 (9th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................................. 584
Geach v. Chertoff, 444 F.3d 940 (8th Cir. 2006) ......................................................................................854, 1136, 1144
Gebin v. Mineta, 231 F.Supp.2d 971 (C.D. Cal. 2002) .................................................................................................. 32
Gebre v. Rice, 462 F.Supp.2d 186 (D. Mass. 2006) ...........................................................................................814, 1107
Gebreeyesus v. Gonzales, 482 F.3d 952 (7th Cir. 2007) ..................................................366, 538, 540, 560, 1057, 1165
Gebremaria v. Ashcroft, 378 F.3d 734 (8th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................540, 1048, 1200
Gebremichael v. INS, 10 F.3d 28 (1st Cir. 1993) ............................................ 453, 460, 463, 573, 601, 994, 1044, 1178
Gebresadik v. Gonzales, 491 F.3d 846 (8th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................ 570
Gee v. INS, 875 F.Supp. 666 (N.D. Cal. 1994) ......................................................................................1184, 1187, 1205
Gegiow v. Uhl, 239 U.S. 3 (1915) ..................................................................................................................31, 59, 1092
Gelman v. Ashcroft, 372 F.3d 495 (2d Cir. 2004) ................................................................................................ 200, 206
Gemechu v. Ashcroft, 387 F.3d 944 (8th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................ 571, 603
Gencorp, 87-INA-659 (BALCA Jan. 13, 1988) (en banc) ........................................................................................... 916
General Atomic Co., Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 532 (Comm. 1980) .............................................................................. 681
General Dynamics Corp.; U.S. v., 3 OCAHO no. 517 (May 6, 1993) .........................................1272, 1274, 1278, 1280
Generi v. Ashcroft, 2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 6396 (W.D. Mich. 2004) ................................................................ 975, 990
Gene R. McHam, 08-INA-44 (BALCA Feb. 11, 2008) ............................................................................................... 938
Georcely v. Ashcroft, 375 F.3d 45 (1st Cir. 2004) ...................................................................................394, 1079, 1194
George; U.S. v., 869 F.2d 333 (7th Cir. 1989) ..................................................................................................... 214, 223
Georgis v. Ashcroft, 328 F.3d 962 (7th Cir. 2003) ...................... 531, 538, 545, 556, 565, 598, 1021, 1038, 1178, 1180
Georgiu v. INS, 90 F.3d 374 (9th Cir. 1996) ................................................................................................................ 986
Gerbier v. Holmes, 280 F.3d 297 (3d Cir. 2002) ..................................................................................169, 171, 173, 191
Geronimo v. Mukasey, 535 F.Supp.2d 808 (W.D. Tex. 2008) ..........................................................................320, 1327
Gerrero v. Moyer, 738 F.Supp. 1164 (N.D. Ill. 1990) ........................................................................................511, 1106
Gertsenshteyn, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 111 (BIA 2007) ..................................................................................... 195, 369
Getachew v. INS, 25 F.3d 841 (9th Cir. 1994) .........................................................................................528, 1027, 1043
Getahun v. OCAHO, 124 F.3d 591 (3d Cir. 1997) ................................................................................1247, 1258, 1273
Gete v. INS, 121 F.3d 1285 (9th Cir. 1997) ........................................................................................................244, 1133
Ghadessi v. INS, 797 F.2d 804 (9th Cir. 1986) ..........................................................................................583, 592, 1048
Ghaelian v. INS, 717 F.2d 950 (6th Cir. 1983) ........................................................................................................... 1082
Ghahremani v. Gonzales, 498 F.3d 993 (9th Cir. 2007) .......................................................347, 1059, 1072, 1075, 1078
Ghaly v. INS, 58 F.3d 1425 (9th Cir. 1995) .........................................................................439, 506, 801, 826–27, 1152
Ghanem v. Upchurch, 481 F.3d 222 (5th Cir. 2007) ..........................................................................................830, 1113
Gharadaghi, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 311 (BIA 1985) .................................................................................501, 506, 509
Ghasemimehr v. Gonzales, 427 F.3d 1160 (8th Cir. 2005 ......................................................................................... 1058
Ghassan v. INS, 972 F.2d 631 (5th Cir. 1992) .........................................................................................986, 1037, 1053
Ghassan, 972 F.2d 631 (5th Cir. 1992) ....................................................................................................................... 1036
Ghebllawi v. INS, 28 F.3d 83 (9th Cir. 1994) .............................................................................................................. 605
Ghebrehiwot v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 467 F.3d 344 (3d Cir. 2006) ..............................467, 487, 526, 540, 1134, 1200
Ghebremedhin v. Ashcroft, 385 F.3d 1116, modified, 392 F.3d 214 (7th Cir. 2004) ..............440, 443, 576, 1039, 1199
Gherebi v. Bush, 338 F.Supp.2d 91 (D.D.C. 2004) ............................................................................................310, 1099
Gherebi v. Bush, 374 F.3d 727 (9th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................................310, 1099
Ghounem v. Ashcroft, 378 F.3d 740 (8th Cir. 2004) .......................................................................352, 392, 1161, 1193
Giambanco v. INS, 531 F.2d 141 (3d Cir. 1976) ............................................................................................216–17, 963
Gian, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 242 (BIA 1965) ...................................................................................................... 74, 209
Giap v. INS, 311 F.Supp.2d 438 (S.D.N.Y. 2004) .........................................................................320, 1093, 1197, 1328
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                               1497

Giday v. Gonzales, 434 F.3d 543 (7th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................399, 441, 556, 564, 1041
Giday v. INS, 113 F.3d 230 (D.C. Cir. 1997) ............................................................................................................... 391
Giddings v. Chandler, 979 F.2d 1104 (5th Cir. 1992) ......................................................................................1107, 1150
Giglio v. Neeley, 208 F.2d 337 (7th Cir. 1953) .............................................................................................................. 71
Gilaj v. Gonzales, 408 F.3d 275 (6th Cir. 2005) ...................................................................................272, 360, 381, 437
Gilbert v. U.S., 489 F.Supp.2d 150 (N.D.N.Y. 2006) .................................................................................................. 225
Gill v. Ashcroft, 335 F.3d 574 (7th Cir. 2003) ...............................................................................................208, 218–19
Gill v. INS, 420 F.3d 82 (2d Cir. 2005) ............................................................................74, 77, 1134, 1137, 1144, 1188
Gilliard; U.S. v., 133 F.3d 809 (11th Cir. 1998) ........................................................................................................... 360
Ginebra; State v., 511 So.2d 960 (Fla. 1987) ................................................................................................................ 214
Ginters v. Cangemi, 419 F.Supp.2d 1124 (D. Mass. 2006) ...............................................................................802, 1112
Giova v. Rosenberg, 379 U.S. 18 (1964) .................................................................................................................... 1082
Gipson v. INS, 284 F.3d 913 (8th Cir. 2002) ............................................................................................................. 1175
Giraldo; U.S. v., 45 F.3d 509 (1st Cir. 1995) ................................................................................................................ 246
Giraldo-Hernandez v. INS, 1989 WL 39684 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 12, 1989) ................................................................... 1084
Giri v. Keisler, 507 F.3d 833 (5th Cir. 2007) .............................................................................................................. 1159
Girma v. INS, 283 F.3d 664 (5th Cir. 2002) ................................................................................................................. 456
Girosky-Garibay; U.S. v., 176 F.Supp.2d 705 (W.D. Tex. 2001) ................................................................................ 236
Gisbert v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 988 F.2d 1437 (5th Cir. 1993) .......................................................................................... 143
Gishta v. Gonzales, 404 F.3d 972 (6th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................................ 379
Gittens v. Menifee, 428 F.3d 382 (2d Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................................ 1092
Giusto v. INS, 9 F.3d 8 (2d Cir. 1993) .......................................................................................................................... 982
Gizzo v. INS, 510 F.Supp.2d 210 (S.D.N.Y. 2007) ................................................................................................... 1325
Gjeci v. Gonzales, 451 F.3d 416 (7th Cir. 2006) ..........................................................................................331, 339, 353
Gjerzai v. Gonzales, 435 F.3d 800 (7th Cir. 2006) ...............................................................456, 529, 536, 538, 557, 564
Gjolaj v. USCIS, 468 F.3d 140 (2d Cir. 2006) ..................................................................................................... 446, 604
Gjonaj v. INS, 47 F.3d 824 (6th Cir. 1995) .................................................................................................................. 483
Gjyzi v. Ashcroft, 386 F.3d 710 (6th Cir. 2004) .........................................................................................595, 598, 1129
Gladysz v. Donovan, 595 F.Supp. 50 (N.D. Ill. 1984) ................................................................................................. 951
Glaros v. INS, 416 F.2d 441 (5th Cir. 1969) ................................................................................................................ 364
G-L-C-, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 359 (BIA 2002) ...................................................................................................... 1055
Glendale Family Medical Center, 95-INA-40 (BALCA Oct. 3, 1996) ............................................................... 881, 923
Global Export/Import Link v. USCIS, 423 F.Supp.2d 703 (E.D. Mich. 2006) .................................................733, 1113
Globenet, Inc. v. Attorney General, ___ F.Supp. ___ No. 88-1261 (D.D.C. Jan. 10, 1989) ....................................... 685
Gloria; U.S. v., 494 F.2d 477 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 419 U.S. 955 (1974) .................................................................. 83
Glover; U.S. v., 431 F.3d 744 (11th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................................ 177
G-N-C-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 281 (BIA 1998) ................................................ 315, 321, 340, 408, 1013, 1019, 1032
Godfrey, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 790 (BIA 1971) ..................................................................................................... 1036
Goel v. Bion Healthcare Staffing LLC, 07-LCA-21 (ALJ July 18, 2007) ................................................................... 691
Goel v. Gonzales, 490 F.3d 735 (9th Cir. 2007) .........................................................................................360, 590, 1062
Golden Bridge Restaurant LLC, 07-PER-99 (BALCA Dec. 18, 2007) ....................................................................... 913
Golden Dragon Chinese Restaurant, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 238 (Comm. 1984) ..................................................... 714
Goldeshtein v. INS, 8 F.3d 645 (9th Cir. 1993) ............................................................................71–72, 74–75, 83, 1163
Goldstein v. Moatz, 445 F.3d 747 (4th Cir. 2006) ...................................................................................................... 1232
Gomes v. Ashcroft, 311 F.3d 43 (1st Cir. 2002) ..............................................................................54, 116, 201, 981–82
Gomes v. Gonzales, 429 F.3d 1264 (9th Cir. 2005) ...............................................................467, 577, 1049, 1173, 1196
Gomes v. Gonzales, 473 F.3d 746 (7th Cir. 2007) ...............................................................................435, 542, 575, 604
Gomez v. Ashcroft, 293 F.Supp.2d 162 (D. Conn. 2003) .................................................................................... 178, 197
Gomez v. F&T Int’l LLC, 842 N.Y.S.2d 298 (S.Ct. June 25, 2007) ......................................................................... 1271
Gomez v. Gonzales, 425 F.3d 543 (8th Cir. 2005) ....................................................................................................... 602
Gomez v. INS, 947 F.2d 660 (2d Cir. 1991) .........................................................................................452, 455, 495, 580
Gomez; U.S. v., 38 F.3d 1031 (8th Cir. 1994) .............................................................................................................. 230
Gomez-Arauz v. McNary, 746 F.Supp. 1071 (W.D. Okl. 1990) .......................................................................796, 1176
Gomez-Arauz v. McNary, 779 F.Supp. 1308 (W.D. Okl. 1991) ...................................................854, 1164, 1236, 1267
Gomez Chavez v. Perryman, 308 F.3d 796 (7th Cir. 2002) ................................................................................... 47, 157
Gomez-Giraldo, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 957 (BIA 1995) .......................................................................977, 1205, 1211
Gomez-Gomez, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 522 (BIA 2002) .............................................................364–65, 374, 389, 396
Gomez-Guerra; U.S. v., 485 F.3d 301 (5th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................. 180
Gomez-Lopez v. Ashcroft, 393 F.3d 882 (9th Cir. 2005) ................................................................964, 971, 1000, 1120
Gomez-Orozco; U.S. v., 28 F.Supp.2d 1092 (C.D. Ill. 1998), rev’d, 188 F.3d 422 (7th Cir. 1999) ................... 228, 797
Gomez-Ortiz; U.S. v., 62 F.Supp.2d 508 (D.R.I. 1999) ....................................................................................... 171, 260
Gomez-Saballos v. INS, 79 F.3d 912 (9th Cir. 1996) ..................................................................................447, 450, 529
Gonahasa v. INS, 181 F.3d 538 (4th Cir. 1999) .............................................................................................464–65, 589
Goncalves v. INS, 6 F.3d 830 (1st Cir. 1993) ............................................................................................................. 1053
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Goncalves v. Reno, 144 F.3d 110 (1st Cir. 1998), cert. denied, 119 S.Ct. 1140 (1999) .......................1093, 1184, 1211
Gondinez-Rabadan; U.S. v., 289 F.3d 630 (9th Cir. 2002) .......................................................................................... 230
Gontcharova v. Ashcroft, 384 F.3d 873 (7th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................... 535
Gonzales v. DHS, 508 F.3d 1227 (9th Cir. 2007) ......................... 88, 95, 406, 845, 849, 1014, 1107, 1121, 1182, 1185
Gonzales v. Duenas-Alvarez, 549 U.S. ___, 127 S.Ct. 815 (2007) .................................73, 181–83, 187, 190, 193, 196
Gonzales v. Oregon, 546 U.S. 243 (2005) ........................................................................................................1181, 1185
Gonzales v. Tchoukhrova, 127 S.Ct. 57 (2006) ..........................................................................................451, 606, 1198
Gonzales v. Thomas, 547 U.S. 183 (2006) ...............................................................................451, 528, 606, 1044, 1198
Gonzales; U.S. v., 484 F.3d 712 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 127 S.Ct. 3031 (2007) ........................................................ 169
Gonzales-Gomez v. Achim, 441 F.3d 532 (7th Cir. 2006) .................................................................................. 170, 191
Gonzalez, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 134 (BIA 1977) ............................................................................................. 217, 963
Gonzalez, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 644 (BIA 1993) ..................................................................................................... 155
Gonzalez v. Ashcroft, 369 F.Supp.2d 442 (S.D.N.Y. 2005) ................................................................................ 168, 184
Gonzalez v. Chertoff, 454 F.3d 813 (8th Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................... 33, 403
Gonzalez v. INS, 82 F.3d 903 (9th Cir. 1996) ............................................................................................440, 527, 1044
Gonzalez v. INS, 867 F.2d 1108 (8th Cir. 1989) ........................................................................................................ 1229
Gonzalez v. INS, 996 F.2d 804 (6th Cir. 1993) .................................................................................................... 268, 986
Gonzalez v. McNary, 765 F.Supp. 721 (S.D. Fla.), aff’d, 980 F.2d 1418 (11th Cir. 1993) ........................................ 318
Gonzalez v. McNary, 980 F.2d 1418 (11th Cir. 1993) ................................................................................................. 610
Gonzalez, Matter of; No. A35 294 664 (BIA Mar. 12, 1982) ...................................................................................... 222
Gonzalez v. O’Connell, 355 F.3d 1010 (7th Cir. 2004) .......................... 142, 208, 296, 298, 306, 1109, 1137–38, 1145
Gonzalez v. Reno, 212 F.3d 1338 (11th Cir. 2000) ..............................................................36, 431, 441, 517, 519, 1183
Gonzalez v. Reno, 325 F.3d 1228 (11th Cir. 2003) ....................................................................................1220–21, 1230
Gonzalez v. Rivkind, 858 F.2d 657 (11th Cir. 1988) ............................................................................................. 244–45
Gonzalez; U.S. v., 112 F.3d 1325 (7th Cir. 1997) ........................................................................................................ 261
Gonzalez; U.S. v., 429 F.3d 1252 (9th Cir. 2005 ...............................................................................125, 233, 403, 1211
Gonzalez-Alvarado v. INS, 39 F.3d 245 (9th Cir. 1994) ......................................................................................... 74, 79
Gonzalez-Alvarado; U.S. v., 477 F.3d 648 (8th Cir. 2007) .......................................................................................... 215
Gonzalez-Batoon v. INS, 767 F.2d 1302 (9th Cir. 1985), aff’d en banc, 791 F.2d 681 (9th Cir. 1986) .........1065, 1170
Gonzalez-Camarillo, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 937 (BIA 1997) ................................................................................... 114
Gonzalez-Carballo; U.S. v., 519 F.3d 1232 (10th Cir. 2008) ....................................................................................... 255
Gonzalez-Chavez; U.S. v., 122 F.3d 15 (8th Cir. 1997) ............................................................................................... 226
Gonzalez-Coronado; U.S. v., 419 F.3d 1090 (10th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................. 197, 224
Gonzalez-Escalante, Matter of; No. A35 294 644 (BIA Mar. 12, 1982) ..................................................................... 223
Gonzalez-Gonzalez v. Ashcroft, 390 F.3d 649 (9th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................ 987, 996
Gonzalez-Gonzalez v. Weber, 472 F.3d 1198 (10th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................. 1092
Gonzalez-Hernandez v. Ashcroft, 336 F.3d 995 (9th Cir. 2003) ......................................................................... 462, 464
Gonzalez-Julio v. INS, 34 F.3d 820 (9th Cir. 1994) ............................................................................................... 31, 271
Gonzalez-Lopez, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 644 (BIA 1993) ...............................................................................386, 1019
Gonzalez-Maldonado v. Gonzales, 487 F.3d 975 (5th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................... 963
Gonzalez-Mendoza; U.S. v., 985 F.2d 1014 (9th Cir. 1993) ........................................................................232, 302, 351
Gonzalez-Muro, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 472 (BIA 2008) ................................................................................320, 1324
Gonzalez-Oropeza v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 321 F.3d 1331 (11th Cir. 2003) ........................................999, 1021, 1119, 1127
Gonzalez-Rivera v. INS, 22 F.3d 1441 (9th Cir. 1994) ..............................................................................278, 281, 1037
Gonzalez-Roque; U.S. v., 301 F.3d 39 (2d Cir. 2002) .................................................................232–33, 237, 239, 1156
Gonzalez-Ruiz; U.S. v., 369 F.Supp.2d 1151 (N.D. Cal. 2005) .................................................................................. 225
Gonzalez-Sandoval v. INS, 910 F.2d 614 (9th Cir. 1990) ........................................................................................... 165
Gonzalez-Silva, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 218 (BIA 2007) ................................................................................... 205, 987
Gonzalez-Torres; U.S. v., 309 F.3d 594 (9th Cir. 2002) ..............................................................227, 229, 231, 242, 251
Gonzalez-Valerio; U.S. v., 342 F.3d 1051 (9th Cir. 2003) ................................................................................... 178, 235
Gonzalez-Vera v. Kissinger, 449 F.3d 1260 (D.C. Cir. 2006) ................................................................................... 1225
Gonzalo v. Thornburgh, 761 F.Supp. 1264 (W.D. La. 1991) .................................................................................... 1097
Good Earth Gardens Centers, 03-INA-284 (BALCA Nov. 5, 2004) ........................................................................... 939
Goodman v. Keohane, 663 F.2d 1044 (11th Cir. 1981) ............................................................................................. 1096
Good Samaritan Hosp. v. Shalala, 508 U.S. 402 (1993) ............................................................................................ 1187
Goolcharan, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 5 (BIA 2001) ................................................................................................... 1051
Goonsuwan v. Ashcroft, 252 F.3d 383 (5th Cir. 2001) ......................................................................................349, 1138
Gorbach v. Reno, 219 F.3d 1087 (9th Cir. 2000) .............................................................................................1184, 1322
Gorbach v. Reno, No. C-98-0278R (W.D. Wash. Feb. 14, 2001) ............................................................................. 1322
Gorchev & Gorchev Graphic Design, 89-INA-118 (BALCA Nov. 29, 1990) ............................................................ 943
Gordon, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 52 (BIA 1989) .......................................................................................................... 975
Gordon v. Ashcroft, 283 F.Supp.2d 435 (D. Mass. 2003) .................................................................................... 116, 981
Gordon v. INS, 36 F.3d 249 (2d Cir. 1994) .................................................................................................................. 353
Gordon; U.S. v., 513 F.3d 659 (7th Cir. 2008) ...............................................................................................229–30, 257
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                             1499

Gormley v. Ashcroft, 364 F.3d 1172 (9th Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................... 439, 441
Gottesman v. INS, 33 F.3d 383 (4th Cir. 1994) ............................................................................................855, 1082–83
Gottesman v. INS, 922 F.Supp. 605 (N.D. Ga. 1996) .................................................................................................. 855
Gousse v. Ashcroft, 339 F.3d 91 (2d Cir. 2003) ................................................................................................... 168, 197
Gouveia v. INS, 980 F.2d 814 (1st Cir. 1980) .............................................................................................................. 986
Gouveia; U.S. v., 467 U.S. 180 (1984) ......................................................................................................................... 350
G-Q-, Matter of; 9 I&N Dec. 376 (BIA 1961) ............................................................................................................ 1053
GR, Matter of; 2 I&N Dec. 733 (BIA 1946) .................................................................................................................. 77
Grace Korean United Methodist Church v. Chertoff, 437 F.Supp.2d 1174 (D. Or. 2005) ......................................... 883
Gracidas-Ulibarry; U.S. v., 231 F.3d 1188 (9th Cir. 2000) .......................................................................................... 225
Grageda v. INS, 12 F.3d 919 (9th Cir. 1993) ................................................................................................................. 76
Graham v. Caston, 568 F.2d 1092 (5th Cir. 1978) ..................................................................................................... 1133
Graham v. Connor, 109 S.Ct. 1865 (1989) ................................................................................................................... 284
Graham v. INS, 998 F.2d 194 (3d Cir. 1993) ............................................................................................................... 976
Graham v. Mukasey, 519 F.3d 549 (6th Cir. 2008) ...................................................................................................... 403
Graham v. Richardson, 403 U.S. 365 (1971) ............................................................................................................ 30, 37
Graham; U.S. v., 169 F.3d 787 (3d Cir.), cert. denied, 528 U.S. 845 (1999) ..............................................181, 198, 260
Graham; U.S. v., 927 F.Supp. 619 (W.D.N.Y. 1996) ................................................................................................... 171
Graham, 88-INA-102 (BALCA 1990) .......................................................................................................................... 932
Grajeda-Perez; U.S. v., 727 F.Supp. 1374 (E.D. Wash. 1989) .................................................................................... 221
Gramatikov v. INS, 128 F.3d 619 (7th Cir. 1997) ......................................................................................527, 542, 1197
Granados, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 726 (BIA 1979) ....................................................................................................... 78
Granados-Oseguera v. Gonzales, 464 F.3d 993 (9th Cir. 2006) ..........................................................33, 276, 345, 1141
Grand China, Inc.; U.S. v., 376 F.Supp.2d 1150 (D.N.M. 2005) .......................................................143, 297, 308, 1108
Grant v. Zemski, 54 F.Supp.2d 437 (E.D. Pa. 1999) ................................................................................305, 1142, 1145
Grass v. Gonzales, 418 F.3d 876 (8th Cir. 2005) ........................................................ 332, 849, 1075, 1114, 1126, 1167
Grava v. INS, 205 F.3d 1177 (9th Cir. 2000) ...............................................................................................448, 515, 589
Grayned v. City of Rockford, 408 U.S. 104 (1972) .................................................................................................... 1213
Grazley, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 330 (BIA 1973) ......................................................................................................... 80
Great Bend Packing Co.; U.S. v., 6 OCAHO no. 835 (Feb. 13, 1996) ............................................................1259, 1262
Great Earth Co.; U.S. v., 9 OCAHO no. 1070 (June 1, 2001) .................................................................................... 1280
Greater Boston Television Corp. v. FCC, 444 F.2d 841 (D.C. Cir. 1970) ................................................................. 1170
Greater Emanuel Temple, Inc., Matter of; EAC 93 100 51628 (AAU Oct. 27, 1993) ................................................ 884
Great Lakes Airlines v. C.A.B. of U.S., 291 F.2d 354 (9th Cir. 1961) ........................................................................ 337
Great Wall, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 142 (R.C. 1977) .................................................................................................. 904
Green; State v., 944 So.2d 208 (Fla. 2006) ................................................................................................................... 221
Green v. INS, 46 F.3d 313 (3d Cir. 1995) .................................................................................................................... 397
Greene v. U.S., 376 U.S. 149 (1964) .......................................................................................................................... 1210
Greenidge v. INS, 263 F.Supp.2d 696 (S.D.N.Y. 2003) .............................................................................................. 982
Greenwood, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 417 (BIA 1983) ................................................................................................. 785
Greg’s Collision Center, Inc. 05-INA-121 (BALCA Aug. 10, 2006) .......................................................................... 923
Gressin, Matter of; No. A72 457 702 (AAU Sept. 13, 1993) ....................................................................................... 785
Grieveson; U.S. v., 110 F.Supp.2d 880 (S.D. Ind. 2000) ............................................................................................. 228
Griffin v. Breckenridge, 403 U.S. 88 (1971) .............................................................................................................. 1218
Griffin v. Singletary, 17 F.3d 356 (11th Cir. 1994) .................................................................................................... 1203
Griffiths, Applicaation of; 413 U.S. 717 (1973) ............................................................................................................. 38
Griffiths v. INS, 243 F.3d 45 (1st Cir. 2001) ......................................................................................207, 212, 966, 1183
Griffo v. McCandless, 28 F.2d 287 (E.D. Pa. 1928) ...................................................................................................... 77
Grigoryan v. Keisler, 515 F.3d 999 (9th Cir. 2007) ..................................................................................................... 343
Grigous v. Gonzales, 460 F.3d 156 (1st Cir. 2006) ...................................................................................................... 384
Grijalva, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 713 (BIA 1988) ............................................................................................... 370, 959
Grijalva, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 27 (BIA 1995) ......................................................................................................... 391
Grijalva, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 472 (BIA 1996) ...............................................................................343, 347, 387, 394
Grijalva v. Ilchert, 815 F.Supp. 328 (N.D. Cal. 1993) .....................................................................................1170, 1176
Grimson v. INS, 934 F.Supp. 965 (N.D. Ill. 1996) ....................................................................................................... 870
Grinberg, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 911 (BIA 1994) .................................................................................848, 1008, 1207
Grinberg v. Swancia, 478 F.Supp.2d 1350 (S.D. Fla. 2007) ..............................................1088, 1105, 1114, 1118, 1121
Grodzki v. Reno, 950 F.Supp. 339 (N.D. Ga. 1996) ....................................................................................138, 303, 306
Groza v. INS, 30 F.3d 814 (7th Cir. 1994) ................................................................................................................... 986
Grullon, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 12 (BIA 1989) .......................................................................................................... 209
Grullon v. Ashcroft, 374 F.3d 137 (2d Cir. 2004) ...................................................................................................... 1102
Grullon v. Mukasey, 409 F.3d 107 (2d Cir. 2007) .................................................................................1137, 1144, 1146
Grullon v. Mukasey, 509 F.3d 107 (2d Cir. 2007) ..................................................................................................... 1133
Grupee v. Gonzales, 400 F.3d 1026 (7th Cir. 2005) .....................................................................................558, 565, 579
1500                                                                                              KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Gu v. Gonzales, 454 F.3d 1014 (9th Cir. 2006) ....................................................................................364, 545, 550, 603
Guadalupe-Cruz v. INS, 240 F.3d 1209 (9th Cir. 2001),
         opinion corrected, 250 F.3d 1271 (9th Cir. 2001) .............................................................975, 990, 1003, 1201
Guadardo; U.S. v., 40 F.3d 102 (5th Cir. 1994) ........................................................................................................... 177
Guadarrama-Garcia v. Acosta, 217 F.Supp.2d 802 (S.D. Tex. 2002) .......................................................................... 784
Guadian-Salazar; U.S. v., 824 F.2d 344 (5th Cir. 1987) .............................................................................................. 253
Guan v. BIA, 345 F.3d 47 (2d Cir. 2003) ..................................................................................................................... 474
Guan v. Gonzales, 432 F.3d 391 (2d Cir. 2005) .........................................................................................554, 569, 1042
Guan v. INS, 49 F.3d 1259 (7th Cir. 1995) ................................................................................................................ 1063
Guarino v. Uhl, 107 F.2d 399 (2d Cir. 1939) ........................................................................................................... 73, 80
Guaylupo-Moya v. Gonzales, 423 F.3d 121 (2d Cir. 2005) ................................ 125, 199, 275, 278, 322, 1208–9, 1211
Guaylupo-Moya v. Gonzales, 423 F.3d 121 (2d Cir. 2005) ......................................................................................... 278
Gubbels v. Hoy, 261 F.2d 952 (9th Cir. 1958) ....................................................................................................... 74, 209
Guchshenkov v. Ashcroft, 366 F.3d 554 (7th Cir. 2004) ...................................................................401, 442, 604, 1030
Guentchev v. INS, 77 F.3d 1036 (7th Cir. 1996) ........................................................................................................ 1197
Guerra, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 37 (BIA 2006) ........................................................................................................... 293
Guerra v. Sutton, 783 F.2d 1371 (9th Cir. 1986) ......................................................................................286, 1220, 1229
Guerra-Soto v. Ashcroft, 397 F.3d 637 (8th Cir. 2005) ...................................................274, 341, 960, 967, 1000, 1120
Guerrero-Barajas; U.S. v., 240 F.3d 428 (5th Cir. 2001) ............................................................................................. 282
Guerrero de Nodahl v. INS, 407 F.2d 1405 (9th Cir. 1969) ........................................................................................... 76
Guerrero-Guerrero v. Clark, 687 F.Supp. 1022 (E.D. Va. 1988) ................................................................................. 224
Guerrero-Perez v. INS, 242 F.3d 727 (7th Cir.), reh’g denied, 256 F.3d 546 (7th Cir. 2001) ..............167–68, 172, 364
Guerrero-Santana v. Gonzales, 499 F.3d 90 (1st Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................ 340
Guerrier; U.S. v., 428 F.3d 76 (1st Cir. 2005) .............................................................................................................. 228
Guevara, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 238 (BIA 1991) ....................................................................................362, 376, 1034
Guevara v. Gonzales, 450 F.3d 173 (5th Cir. 2006) ..................................................................................................... 315
Guevara v. Gonzales, 477 F.3d 456 (7th Cir. 2007) .........................................................................................1032, 1036
Guevara-Flores v. INS, 786 F.2d 1242 (5th Cir. 1986) ................................................................................................ 580
Guevara-Martinez; U.S. v., 268 F.3d 751 (8th Cir. 2001) ............................................................................................ 228
Gui v. INS, 280 F.3d 1217 (9th Cir. 2002) .................................................................................................487, 589, 1037
Guidry; U.S. v., 406 F.3d 314 (5th Cir. 2005) .............................................................................................................. 251
Guillaume v. Gonzales, 504 F.3d 68 (1st Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................... 469
Guillen-Garcia v. INS, 60 F.3d 340 (7th Cir. 1995) ................................................................................................... 1043
Guillen-Garcia v. INS, 999 F.2d 199 (7th Cir. 1993) ................................................................................................... 986
Guinto v. INS, 774 F.2d 991 (9th Cir. 1985) ................................................................................................................ 761
Guiot, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 393 (DD 1973) ............................................................................................................ 860
Guirola-Beeche v. DOJ, 662 F.Supp. 1414 (S.D. Fla. 1987) .............................................................................300, 1166
Guled v. Mukasey, 515 F.3d 872 (8th Cir. 2008) ......................................................................................................... 960
Gulf Oil Co. v. Bernard, 452 U.S. 89 (1981) .............................................................................................................. 1207
Gulla v. Gonzales, 498 F.3d 911 (9th Cir. 2007) .......................................................................................................... 509
Gulliver Preparatory School, 87-INA-549 (BALCA 1988) ......................................................................................... 929
Gunaydin, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 326 (BIA 1982), aff’d, 742 F.2d 776 (3d Cir. 1984) ........................................... 861
Gunaydin v. INS, 742 F.2d 776 (3d Cir. 1984) ............................................................................................................ 158
Gunera; U.S. v., 479 F.3d 373 (5th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................................. 230
Guo v. Ashcroft, 361 F.3d 1194 (9th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................529, 533, 559, 576
Guo v. Ashcroft, 386 F.3d 556 (3d Cir. 2004) ............................................................................544, 560, 563, 585, 1050
Guo v. DOJ, 422 F.3d 61 (2d Cir. 2005) ...................................................................................................................... 485
Guo v. Gonzales, 463 F.3d 109 (2d Cir. 2006) ...................................................................490, 514, 568, 572, 585, 1057
Gupta, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 477 (DAC 1970) ......................................................................................................... 664
Gurbisz v. INS, 675 F.Supp. 436 (N.D. Ill. 1987) ..................................................................................1084, 1155, 1165
Gurung v. Ashcroft, 371 F.3d 718 (10th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................................... 392
Guti v. INS, 908 F.2d 495 (9th Cir. 1990) ..........................................................................................................300, 1095
Gutierrez, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 562 (BIA 1988) ..................................................................................................... 155
Gutierrez, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 479 (BIA 1996) ..................................................................................................... 380
Gutierrez v. Ada, 528 U.S. 250 (2000) ....................................................................................................................... 1207
Gutierrez v. Ashcroft, 289 F.Supp.2d 555 (D.N.J. 2003) ............................ 274, 342, 344, 960, 1095, 1097, 1162, 1193
Gutierrez v. Ilchert, 682 F.Supp. 467 (N.D. Cal. 1988) .......................................................................140, 143–44, 1283
Gutierrez v. Ilchert, 702 F.Supp. 787 (N.D. Cal. 1988) ............................................................................................... 143
Gutierrez v. INS, 323 F.2d 593 (9th Cir. 1963), cert. denied, 377 U.S. 910 (1964) .................................................... 212
Gutierrez-Alba; U.S. v., 128 F.3d 1324 (9th Cir. 1997) ............................................................................................... 227
Gutierrez-Almazan v. Gonzales, 491 F.3d 341 (7th Cir. 2007) .......................................................................1027, 1040
Gutierrez-Centeno v. INS, 99 F.3d 1529 (9th Cir. 1996) ............................................................................................. 994
Gutierrez-Chavez v. INS, 298 F.3d 824 (9th Cir. 2002),
         amended on denial of reh’g, 337 F.3d 1023 (9th Cir. 2003) ...............................................................380, 1093
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                              1501

Gutierrez-Morales v. Homan, 461 F.3d 605 (5th Cir. 2006) ..............................................................................341, 1160
Gutierrez-Roque v. INS, 954 F.2d 769 (D.C. Cir. 1992) .........................................................................528, 1044, 1062
Gutnik v. Gonzales, 469 F.3d 683 (7th Cir. 2006) .....................................................................................323, 612, 1020
Guyadin v. Gonzales, 449 F.3d 465 (2d Cir. 2006) ..........................................................................................1022, 1121
Guy Santiglia v. Sun Microsystems, Inc. Case No. 03-076 (ARB July 29, 2005) ...................................................... 691
Guzman, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 722 (BIA 1999) ...................................................................................................... 386
Guzman v. INS, 318 F.3d 911 (9th Cir. 2003) .................................................................................................1033, 1052
Guzman v. INS, 327 F.3d 11 (1st Cir. 2003) ........................................................................................................ 438, 489
Guzman; People v., 172 Cal. Rptr. 34 (Ct. App. 1981) ................................................................................................ 214
Guzman v. Tippy, 130 F.3d 64 (2d Cir. 1997) ............................................................................................................... 35
Guzman v. Yakima Fruit and Cold Storage, 9 OCAHO no. 1066 (Apr. 12, 2001) ................................................... 1275
Guzman-Andrade v. Gonzales, 407 F.3d 1073 (9th Cir. 2005) .................................................................1025, 1287–88
Guzman-Bera; U.S. v., 216 F.3d 1019 (11th Cir. 2000) ....................................................................................... 197, 224
Guzman-Ocampo; U.S. v., 236 F.3d 233 (5th Cir. 2000) ............................................................................................ 226
Gwaduri v. INS, 362 F.3d 1144 (9th Cir. 2004) ......................................................................................................... 1234
G-Y-R-, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 181 (BIA 2001) ............................................................................................... 323, 388


                                                                               H
H-, Matter of; 1 I&N Dec. 581 (BIA 1943) .................................................................................................................... 82
H-, Matter of; 6 I&N Dec. 90 (BIA 1954) .................................................................................................................... 220
H-, Matter of; 6 I&N Dec. 358 (BIA 1954) .................................................................................................................... 81
H, Matter of; 6 I&N Dec. 470 (BIA 1954) ................................................................................................................... 798
H, Matter of; 7 I&N Dec. 249 (BIA 1956) ................................................................................................................... 963
H-, Matter of; 7 I&N Dec. 301 (BIA 1956) .................................................................................................................... 79
H, Matter of; 7 I&N Dec. 616 (BIA 1957) ..................................................................................................................... 79
H., Matter of; 9 I&N Dec. 640 (BIA 1962) .................................................................................................................. 797
H, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 611 (BIA 1992) .................................................................................................135, 511, 643
H-, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 611 (BIA 1992) ................................................................................................................ 511
H-, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 693 (Assoc. Comm. 1993), see Immigration Assistance Project of L.A. County
H-, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 337 (BIA 1996) ....................................................... 372, 442, 454, 457, 460, 462, 464, 468
H-A-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 728 (BIA 1999) ................................................................330, 793, 825, 837, 1007, 1054
Habchy v. Gonzales, 471 F.3d 858 (8th Cir. 2006) ....................................................................347–48, 385, 1058, 1060
Habeeb v. Castloo, 434 F.Supp.2d 899 (D. Mont. 2006) ...................................................................................289, 1221
Habtegaber v. Jenifer, 256 F.Supp.2d 692 (E.D. Mich. 2003) ............................................................................... 412–13
Habtemicael v. Ashcroft, 360 F.3d 820 (8th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................... 485
Habtemicael v. Ashcroft, 370 F.3d 774 (8th Cir. 2004) ....................................................................................... 441, 488
Hadayat v. Gonzales, 458 F.3d 659 (7th Cir. 2006) ...................................................... 151, 794, 848, 1125, 1136, 1144
Haddad, Matter of; 10 I&N Dec. 785 (R.C. 1964) ....................................................................................................... 650
Haddad v. Ashcroft, 221 F.Supp.2d 799 (E.D. Mich. 2002) ........................................................................................ 339
Haddad v. Gonzales, 437 F.3d 515 (6th Cir. 2006) .................................................................................................... 1058
Hadera v. Gonzales, 494 F.3d 1154 (9th Cir. 2007) ..................................................................................................... 409
Hadjimehdigholi v. INS, 49 F.3d 642 (10th Cir. 1995) ................................................................................................ 380
Hafer v. Melo, 502 U.S. 21 (1991) ............................................................................................................................. 1217
Haftlang v. INS, 790 F.2d 140 (D.C. Cir. 1986) ..........................................................................................591–92, 1065
Haggerty; U.S. v., 886 F.Supp. 709 (D.S.D. 1995) ...................................................................................................... 172
Haghi v. Russell, 744 F.Supp. 249 (D. Colo. 1990) ................................................................................................... 1168
Hagi-Salad v. Ashcroft, 359 F.3d 1044 (8th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................... 468
Haider v. Gonzales, 438 F.3d 902 (8th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................ 321, 390
Haile v. Gonzales, 421 F.3d 493 (7th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................441, 472, 1062
Hailemichael v. Gonzales, 454 F.3d 878 (8th Cir. 2006) .....................................................................590–91, 609, 1062
Haim, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 641 (BIA 1988) ................................................................................................... 154, 387
Haim v. Islamic Republic of Iran, 425 F.Supp.2d 56 (D.D.C. 2006) ......................................................................... 1226
Haitian Centers Council v. Sale, 817 F.Supp. 336 (E.D.N.Y. 1993) ............................................................................. 56
Haitian Centers Council, Inc. v. Sale, 823 F.Supp. 1028 (E.D.N.Y. 1993) .........................................35, 144, 518, 1086
Haitian Refugee Center v. Baker, 953 F.2d 1498 (11th Cir. 1992), cert. denied, 502 U.S. 1112 (1992)
          .......................................................................................................... 33, 113, 431, 518, 1088, 1132, 1148, 1164
Haitian Refugee Center v. Civiletti, 503 F.Supp. 442 (S.D. Fla. 1980), aff’d and modified sub nom.
         Haitian Refugee Center v. Smith, 676 F.2d 1023 (5th Cir. 1982) ...............................431, 506, 530, 578, 1147
Haitian Refugee Center v. Meese, 791 F.2d 1489 (11th Cir. 1986) ...........................................................1233–34, 1237
Haitian Refugee Center v. Nelson, 694 F.Supp. 864 (S.D. Fla. 1988), aff’d, 872 F.2d 1555 (11th Cir. 1989),
         aff’d sub nom. McNary v. HRC, Inc., 498 U.S. 479 (1991) ..........................................37, 379, 1107, 1294–95
Haitian Refugee Center v. Smith, 676 F.2d 1023 (5th Cir. 1982) . 381, 508–9, 519, 606, 1085, 1133, 1140, 1142, 1158
1502                                                                                               KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Hajbeh v. Loiselle, 490 F.Supp.2d 669 (E.D. Va. 2007) .............................................................................................. 412
Hajdu, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 497 (BIA 1978) .......................................................................................................... 111
Hakeem v. INS, 273 F.3d 812 (9th Cir. 2001) ............................................................................................575, 595, 1129
Halabi, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 105 (BIA 1974) ................................................................................................. 158, 649
Halabi v. Ashcroft, 316 F.3d 807 (8th Cir. 2003) ......................................................................................................... 999
Halaim v. INS, 358 F.3d 1128 (9th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................................. 493
Hall, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 203 (BIA 1982) ..................................................................................................... 649, 835
Hall v. INS, 167 F.3d 852 (4th Cir. 1999) .................................................................................................................... 203
Hall v. McLaughlin, 864 F.2d 868 (D.C. Cir. 1989) ..........................................................................................936, 1170
Hall v. SBA, 695 F.2d 175 (5th Cir. 1983) ................................................................................................................... 398
Hall v. U.S., 773 F.2d 703 (6th Cir. 1985) .................................................................................................................. 1240
Hallman v. INS, 879 F.2d 1244 (5th Cir. 1989) ......................................................................................................... 1236
Hallock v. Bonner, 281 F.Supp.2d 425 (N.D.N.Y. 2003) .......................................................................................... 1221
Halo v. Gonzales, 419 F.3d 15 (1st Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................................... 1040
Halper; U.S. v., 490 U.S. 435 (1989) ............................................................................................................................ 275
Hamama v. INS, 78 F.3d 233 (6th Cir. 1996) ..........................................................................................275, 1183, 1212
Haman v. Gonzales, 449 F.3d 834 (8th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................1074, 1090, 1110, 1131
Hamaya v. McElroy, 797 F.Supp. 186 (E.D.N.Y. 1992) .........................................................................36, 54, 144, 773
Hamburg-American Line v. U.S., 291 U.S. 420 (1934) ............................................................................................... 265
Hamdan v. Gonzales, 425 F.3d 1051 (7th Cir. 2005) ...............................................................274, 316, 960, 1022, 1112
Hamdan v. INS, 98 F.3d 183 (5th Cir. 1996) .............................................................................72, 75–76, 78, 165, 1163
Hamdan v. Rumsfeld, 126 S.Ct. 2749 (2006) ............................................................................................................... 310
Hamdi v. Rumsfeld, 542 U.S. 507 (2004) .................................................................................................................... 310
Hamid v. Ashcroft, 336 F.3d 465 (6th Cir. 2003) ........................................................................................................ 346
Hamid v. Gonzales, 417 F.3d 642 (7th Cir. 2005) ......................................... 272, 359–60, 594, 1074, 1079, 1110, 1131
Hamida v. Gonzales, 478 F.3d 734 (6th Cir. 2007) ...................................................................................................... 569
Hamide; U.S. v., 914 F.2d 1147 (9th Cir. 1990) .......................................................................................................... 279
Hamilton v. Gonzales, 485 F.3d 564 (10th Cir. 2007) .........................................................830, 1073, 1078, 1085, 1114
Hammer v. INS, 195 F.3d 836 (6th Cir. 1999) ..................................................................................................... 161, 397
Hamoui v. Ashcroft, 389 F.3d 821 (9th Cir. 2004) ...................................................................................................... 513
Hampton v. Mow Sun Wong, 426 U.S. 88 (1976) ......................................................................................................... 32
Hamzehi v. INS, 64 F.3d 1240 (8th Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................................ 467
Hana v. Gonzales, 400 F.3d 472 (6th Cir. 2005) .................................................................................................... 859–60
Hana v. Gonzales, 503 F.3d 39 (1st Cir. 2007) ...................................................................................................595, 1129
Hanaj v. Gonzales, 446 F.3d 694 (7th Cir. 2006) .........................................................................................529, 535, 564
Hanan v. Mukasey, 519 F.3d 760 (8th Cir. 2008) ...................................................................................................... 1110
Hanan v. U.S., 402 F.Supp.2d 679 (E.D. Va. 2005) ..................................................................................................... 221
Han Cao v. Upchurch, 496 F.Supp.2d 569 (E.D. Pa. 2007) .............................................................................1087, 1104
Handa v. Clark, 401 F.3d 1129 (9th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................643, 1096, 1161
Handa v. Crawford, 401 F.3d 1129 (9th Cir. 2005) ....................................................................................................... 52
Handley, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 269 (BIA 1978) ...................................................................................................... 784
Haniatakis, Matter of; 376 F.2d 728 (3d Cir. 1967) ..................................................................................................... 963
Hanif v. DHS, 472 F.Supp.2d 914 (E.D. Mich. 2007) .................................................. 802, 827, 830, 1086, 1113, 1142
Hanif v. Gantner, 369 F.Supp.2d 502 (S.D.N.Y. 2005) ...................................................................................1107, 1150
Hann, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 196 (BIA 1982) ........................................................................................................... 798
Hansl; U.S. v., 439 F.3d 850 (8th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................................ 432
Haoua v. Gonzales, 472 F.3d 227 (4th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................524, 581, 597
Haoud v. Ashcroft, 350 F.3d 201 (1st Cir. 2003) ...................................................................................1021, 1164, 1180
Harchenko v. INS, 379 F.3d 405 (6th Cir. 2004) ...........................................................................969, 1055, 1058, 1164
Harisiades v. Shaughnessy, 342 U.S. 580 (1952) ...........................................................................................30, 153, 275
Harlow v. Fitzgerald, 457 U.S. 800 (1982) ................................................................................................................. 1229
Harrell; U.S. v., 894 F.2d 120 (5th Cir. 1990) .............................................................................................................. 280
Harriott v. Ashcroft, 277 F.Supp.2d 538 (E.D. Pa. 2003) ....................................................317, 1012, 1235, 1239, 1304
Harris v. Hawaii Dep’t of Education, 6 OCAHO no. 922 (1997) .............................................................................. 1273
Harris v. Nelson, 394 U.S. 286 (1969) ..............................................................................................................1088, 1101
Harris v. Sullivan, 968 F.2d 263 (2d Cir. 1992) ......................................................................................................... 1238
Harris Corp., 88-INA-293 (BALCA 1989) .................................................................................................................. 943
Hartman v. Elwood, 255 F.Supp.2d 510 (E.D. Pa. 2003) ............................................................................................ 981
Hartooni v. INS, 21 F.3d 336 (9th Cir. 1994) .....................................................................546, 548, 559, 574, 599, 1037
Harutyunyan v. Gonzales, 421 F.3d 64 (1st Cir. 2005) ................................................................................443, 447, 600
Harvest Office Services, Inc t/a The Catalyst Group, 05-INA-111 (BALCA Dec. 7, 2006) ...................................... 925
Hasalla v. Ashcroft, 367 F.3d 799 (8th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................................... 1022
Hasan v. Ashcroft, 380 F.3d 1114 (9th Cir. 2004) .......................................................................................448, 513, 589
Hasan v. Ashcroft, 397 F.3d 417 (6th Cir. 2005) ....................................................................................................... 1135
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                               1503

Hasanaj v. Ashcroft, 385 F.3d 780 (7th Cir. 2004) .............................................................................................. 328, 439
Hashi v. Chertoff, 535 F.Supp.2d 1125 (S.D. Cal. 2008) ............................................................................................. 412
Hashish v. Gonzales, 442 F.3d 572 (7th Cir. 2006) ..........................................................................................73, 80, 965
Hassain v. Mukasey, 510 F.3d 739 (7th Cir. 2007) ...................................................................................................... 298
Hassan v. Ashcroft, 388 F.3d 661 (8th Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................................ 603
Hassan v. Gonzales, 403 F.3d 429 (6th Cir. 2005) .......................................................................................363, 400, 570
Hassan v. Gonzales, 484 F.3d 513 (8th Cir. 2007) .....................................................................................517, 581, 1159
Hassan v. INS, 66 F.3d 266 (10th Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................................... 216
Hassan v. INS, 927 F.2d 465 (9th Cir. 1991) ............................................................................................................... 124
Hassanein v. Ashcroft, 380 F.3d 324 (8th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................................... 571
Haswanee v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 471 F.3d 1212 (11th Cir. 2006) .........................................328, 330, 332, 825, 848, 1005
Hatami v. Chertoff, 467 F.Supp.2d 637 (E.D. Va. 2006) ...............................................................................142, 296–97
Hatami v. Ridge, 270 F.Supp.2d 763 (E.D. Va. 2003) ............................................................................................... 1126
Havens Realty Corp. v. Coleman, 455 U.S. 363 (1982) ............................................................................................. 1151
Haxhiu v. Mukasey, 519 F.3d 685 (7th Cir. 2008) .............................................................................................588, 1160
Haynes v. DHS, (M.D. Pa. July 8, 2005), 2005 WL 1606321 ..................................................................................... 307
Hazzard v. INS, 951 F.2d 435 (1st Cir. 1991) ....................................................................................985, 1035–36, 1176
H.C. LaMarche Enterprises Inc., 87-INA-607 (BALCA Oct. 27, 1988) ..................................................................... 941
He v. Ashcroft, 328 F.3d 593 (9th Cir. 2003) .................................................................. 559, 599, 1038–39, 1178, 1199
He v. Chertoff, 528 F.Supp.2d 879 (N.D. Ill. 2008) ................................................................................................... 1103
He v. Gonzales, 501 F.3d 1128 (9th Cir. 2007) .......................................................................................................... 1057
Head Money Cases (Edye v. Robertson), 112 U.S. 580 (1884) ..................................................................................... 29
HealthAmerica, 06-PER-1 (BALCA July 16, 2006) (en banc) ...........................................................913, 950–51, 1185
Healy and Goodchild, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 22 (BIA 1979) ............................................................................. 98, 644
Heaven v. Gonzales, 473 F.3d 167 (5th Cir. 2006) ..........................................................................975, 989, 1003, 1211
He Chun Chen v. Ashcroft, 376 F.3d 215 (3d Cir. 2004) ..................................................................542, 554, 569, 1042
Heckler v. Chaney, 470 U.S. 821 (1985) ..........................................................................................................1163, 1165
Heckler v. Ringer, 466 U.S. 602 (1984) ..................................................................................................................... 1108
Hector; INS v., 479 U.S. 85 (1986) .....................................................................................................................994, 1002
Heitland, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 563 (BIA 1974) ...................................................................................................... 737
Heitland v. INS, 551 F.2d 495 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 434 U.S. 819 (1977) ............................................................. 1204
Heller v. Doe, 509 U.S. 312 (1993) ................................................................................................................................ 30
Hem v. Maurer, 458 F.3d 1185 (10th Cir. 2006) ........................................................................118, 979, 1186, 1209–10
Hemblen, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 739 (BIA 1974) ..................................................................................................... 279
Henderson v. INS, 157 F.3d 106 (2d Cir. 1998) .......................................................................................299, 1093, 1098
Henderson v. Mayor of New York, 92 U.S. 259 (1875) .................................................................................................. 3
Hendrix v. INS, 583 F.2d 1102 (9th Cir. 1978) ...................................................................................................... 99, 402
Heng v. Gonzales, 493 F.3d 46 (1st Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................................ 561
Hengan v. INS, 79 F.3d 60 (7th Cir. 1996) ...................................................................................................469, 544, 606
Heng Meng Lin v. Ashcroft, 247 F.Supp.2d 679 (E.D. Pa. 2003) .................................................................51, 144, 413
Hennessey’s Tavern, 88-INA-531 (BALCA 1989) ...................................................................................................... 918
Henriquez v. Ashcroft, 269 F.Supp.2d 106 (E.D.N.Y. 2003) ..................................................................301, 1138, 1304
Henry v. ICE, 493 F.3d 303 (3d Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................................. 179
Henry v. INS, 8 F.3d 426 (7th Cir. 1993) ................................................................................................................... 1053
Henry v. INS, 74 F.3d 1 (1st Cir. 1996) ......................................................................................................370, 986, 1169
Henry v. INS, 552 F.2d 130 (5th Cir. 1977) ................................................................................................................. 444
Henry; U.S. v., 111 F.3d 111 (11th Cir. 1997) ............................................................................................................. 226
Henry; U.S. v., 604 F.2d 908 (5th Cir. 1979) ................................................................................................................. 35
Hensel v. OCAHO, 38 F.3d 505 (10th Cir. 1994) ...................................................................................................... 1279
Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424 (1983) ................................................................................................................ 1240
Hensley v. Municipal Court, 411 U.S. 345 (1973) ..................................................................................................... 1094
Herbert v. Ashcroft, 325 F.3d 68 (1st Cir. 2003) .................................................................................................. 327, 393
Hermanowski v. Farquharson, 39 F.Supp.2d 148 (D.R.I. 1999) ......................................................................1089, 1142
Hermina-Sague v. U.S., 416 F.Supp. 217 (D.P.R. 1976) ........................................................................................... 1148
Hermoso-Garcia; U.S. v., 413 F.3d 1085 (9th Cir. 2005) .................................................................................... 177, 228
Hernandez, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 7 (BIA 1979) ....................................................................................................... 782
Hernandez, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 224 (BIA 1996) ................................................................................................... 381
Hernandez v. Ashcroft, 345 F.3d 824 (9th Cir. 2003) ................................................ 378, 795, 797, 803, 823, 834, 991,
          ..................................................................................................... 1000, 1004, 1121, 1123, 1175–76, 1185, 1206
Hernandez v. Casillas, 520 F.Supp. 389 (S.D. Tex. 1981) ........................................................................................... 135
Hernandez v. Chandler, ___ F.Supp. ___, No. CA 3-88-0224-R (N.D. Tex. June 23, 1989) ..................................... 774
Hernandez v. Cremer, 913 F.2d 230 (5th Cir. 1990) ..................................................................................37, 1151, 1325
Hernandez v. Gonzales, 424 F.3d 42 (1st Cir. 2005) ..................................................... 142, 297, 420, 1073, 1090, 1112
Hernandez v. Gonzales, 437 F.3d 341 (3d Cir. 2006) ................................... 274, 960, 975, 990, 993, 1003, 1091, 1211
1504                                                                                             KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Hernandez v. M/V Rajaan, 848 F.2d 498 (5th Cir. 1988) .......................................................................................... 1270
Hernandez v. Reno, 91 F.3d 776 (5th Cir. 1996) ..............................................................................................1184, 1289
Hernandez v. Reno, 238 F.3d 50 (1st Cir. 2001) .......................................................................................................... 341
Hernandez v. Reno, 258 F.3d 806 (8th Cir. 2001) ........................................................................................................ 433
Hernandez v. Texas, 347 U.S. 475 (1954) ...................................................................................................................... 39
Hernandez v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 513 F.3d 1336 (11th Cir. 2008) .................................................................................. 177
Hernandez; U.S. v., 189 F.3d 785 (9th Cir. 1999) ........................................................................................................ 230
Hernandez; U.S. v., 347 F.Supp.2d 375 (S.D. Tex. 2004) ........................................................................................... 253
Hernandez; U.S. v., 477 F.3d 210 (5th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................................ 282
Hernandez; U.S. v., 913 F.2d 568 (8th Cir. 1990) ........................................................................................................ 240
Hernandez; U.S. v., 913 F.2d 1506 (10th Cir. 1990) ..................................................................................175, 842, 1286
Hernandez-Almanza v. INS, 547 F.2d 100 (9th Cir. 1976) ........................................................................................ 1013
Hernandez-Alvarez v. Gonzales, 432 F.3d 763 (7th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................... 167, 189
Hernandez-Avalos v. INS, 50 F.3d 842 (10th Cir. 1995) ...................................................................................404, 1107
Hernandez-Avalos; U.S. v., 251 F.3d 505 (5th Cir. 2001) ........................................................................................... 259
Hernandez-Baena v. Gonzales, 417 F.3d 720 (7th Cir. 2005) ..................................................................................... 439
Hernandez-Barrera v. Ashcroft, 373 F.3d 9 (1st Cir. 2004) ...............................................................................459, 1111
Hernandez-Casillas, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 262 (AG 1991) ............................................................................. 977, 984
Hernandez-Castillo v. Moore, 436 F.3d 516 (5th Cir. 2006) ....................................................................................... 979
Hernandez-Cordero v. INS, 819 F.2d 558 (5th Cir. 1987) ...............................................................................1002, 1171
Hernandez de Anderson v. Gonzales, 497 F.3d 927 (9th Cir. 2007) ........................ 118, 318, 979, 992, 1000, 1209–10
Hernandez-Fierros; U.S. v., 453 F.3d 309 (6th Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................... 215
Hernandez-Franco; U.S. v., 189 F.3d 1151 (9th Cir. 1999), cert. denied, 503 U.S. 1206 (2000) ....................... 240, 243
Hernandez-Garcia; U.S. v., 284 F.3d 1138 (9th Cir. 2002) .......................................................................................... 241
Hernandez-Garza v. INS, 882 F.2d 945 (5th Cir. 1989) .......................................................................159, 357, 365, 380
Hernandez-Gil v. Gonzales, 476 F.3d 803 (9th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................... 339, 350
Hernandez-Gonzalez v. Moyer, 907 F.Supp. 1224 (N.D. Ill. 1995) ............................................................................ 483
Hernandez-Gonzalez; U.S. v., 495 F.3d 55 (3d Cir. 2007) .......................................................................................... 258
Hernandez-Guadarrama v. Ashcroft, 394 F.3d 674 (9th Cir. 2005) ..................................159, 357, 362, 365, 375, 1183
Hernandez-Guardado; U.S. v., 228 F.3d 1017 (9th Cir. 2000) .................................................................................... 241
Hernandez-Guerrero; U.S. v., 147 F.3d 1075 (9th Cir. 1998) ................................................................................ 30, 227
Hernandez-Guerrero; U.S. v., 963 F.Supp. 933 (S.D. Cal. 1997) .................................................................................. 29
Hernandez-Hernandez; U.S. v., 291 F.Supp.2d 490 (W.D. Tex. 2003) ....................................................................... 230
Hernandez-Hernandez; U.S. v., 327 F.3d 703 (8th Cir. 2003) ..................................................................................... 232
Hernandez-Hernandez; U.S. v., 519 F.3d 1236 (10th Cir. 2008) ................................................................................. 229
Hernandez-Herrera; U.S. v., 279 F.3d 1213 (9th Cir. 2001) ........................................................................................ 227
Hernandez-Luis v. INS, 869 F.2d 496 (9th Cir. 1989) .................................................................................54, 381, 1179
Hernandez-Mancilla v. INS, 246 F.3d 1002 (7th Cir. 2001) .................................................................................. 182–83
Hernandez-Martinez v. Ashcroft, 329 F.3d 1117 (9th Cir. 2003),
         reh’g denied 343 F.3d 1075 (9th Cir. 2003) ........................................................................................ 72, 76, 78
Hernandez-Martinez v. Ashcroft, 343 F.3d 1075 (9th Cir. 2003) ................................................................193, 367, 370
Hernandez-Mezquita v. Ashcroft, 293 F.3d 1161 (9th Cir. 2002) ............................................................................... 996
Hernandez-Montealegre; U.S. v., 445 F.Supp.2d 646 (E.D. Va. 2006) ....................................................................... 262
Hernandez-Montiel v. INS, 225 F.3d 1084 (9th Cir. 2000) .........................................................437, 452–53, 581, 1111
Hernandez-Moran v. Gonzales, 408 F.3d 496 (8th Cir. 2005) ...........................................................................348, 1060
Hernandez Nodarse v. U.S., 166 F.Supp.2d 538 (S.D. Tex. 2001) .............................................................................. 144
Hernandez-Ochoa; U.S. v., 346 F.Supp.2d 380 (D.R.I. 2004) ..................................................................................... 233
Hernandez-Ortez v. Godinez, 1988 WL 129997, No. 88-C-5925 (N.D. Ill. Nov. 30, 1988) .................................... 1230
Hernandez-Ortiz v. Gonzales, 496 F.3d 1042 (9th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................. 517, 573
Hernandez-Ortiz v. INS, 777 F.2d 509 (9th Cir. 1985) ..............................................................................450, 592, 1172
Hernandez-Patino v. INS, 831 F.2d 750 (7th Cir. 1987) ............................................................................................ 1171
Hernandez-Ponce, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 613 (BIA 1988) ................................................................................. 84, 201
Hernandez-Puente, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 335 (BIA 1991) ..........................................................318, 841, 1012, 1043
Hernandez-Reyes; U.S. v., 114 F.3d 800 (8th Cir. 1999) ............................................................................................. 262
Hernandez-Rodriguez; U.S. v., 170 F.Supp.2d 700 (N.D. Tex. 2001) ........................................................................ 237
Hernandez-Villanueva; U.S. v., 473 F.3d 118 (4th Cir. 2007) ..................................................................................... 257
Hernandez-Vivas v. INS, 23 F.3d 1557 (9th Cir. 1994) ............................................................................................... 326
Herrera, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 43 (BIA 2001) ........................................................................................................ 1029
Herrera-Inirio v. INS, 208 F.3d 299 (1st Cir. 2000) ................................................................................................. 207–8
Herrera-Ochoa; U.S. v., 245 F.3d 495 (5th Cir. 2001) ......................................................................................... 230, 280
Herrera-Ordones; U.S. v., 190 F.3d 504 (7th Cir. 1999) .............................................................................................. 229
Herrera-Priego, Matter of (EOIR, Lamb, IJ, New York July 10, 2003) .................................................................... 1269
Hetzer v. INS, 420 F.2d 357 (9th Cir. 1970) ................................................................................................................ 672
Heuer v. U.S. Secy. of State, 20 F.3d 424 (11th Cir. 1994) ....................................................................................... 1327
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                               1505

Hibi; INS v., 414 U.S. 5 (1973) ....................................................................................................................316–17, 1011
Higareda-Ramirez; U.S. v., 107 F.Supp.2d 1248 (D. Hawaii 2000) ............................................................................ 232
Higuit v. Gonzales, 433 F.3d 417 (4th Cir. 2006) ..........................................................................432, 1075, 1078, 1121
Hilaire; Commonwealth v., 777 N.E. 2d 804 (Mass. 2002) ......................................................................................... 213
Hilao v. Estate of Marcos, 103 F.3d 767 (9th Cir. 1997) ........................................................................................... 1222
Hill, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 81 (BIA 1981), rev’d, Hill v. INS, 714 F.2d 1470 (9th Cir. 1983) ................................. 58
Hill v. Lockhart, 474 U.S. 52 (1985) ............................................................................................................................ 223
Hill v. Republic of Iraq, 328 F.3d 680 (D.C. Cir. 2003) ............................................................................................ 1227
Hillel Hebrew Academy, 90-INA-572 (BALCA Mar. 4, 1992) .................................................................................. 941
Himri v. Ashcroft, 378 F.3d 932 (9th Cir. 2004) ..........................................................................409, 411, 459, 467, 526
Hinds; U.S. v., 803 F.Supp. 675 (W.D.N.Y. 1992) ...................................................................................................... 258
Hines v. Davidowitz, 312 U.S. 52 (1941) ....................................................................................................................... 38
Hines, 88-INA-510 (BALCA Apr. 9, 1990) ................................................................................................................. 946
Hinojosa, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 34 (BIA 1979) ....................................................................................................... 976
Hinojosa-Perez; U.S. v., 208 F.3d 832 (9th Cir. 2000) ................................................................................................ 233
Hira, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 824 (BIA 1966), aff’d (AG 1966) ................................................................................. 647
Hird/Blaker v. Sava, 712 F.Supp. 1095 (S.D.N.Y. 1989),
          final judgment, 764 F.Supp. 872 (S.D.N.Y. 1991) ..............................................................................683, 1175
Hirsch v. INS, 308 F.2d 562 (9th Cir. 1962) .................................................................................................................. 82
Hirsch; U.S. v., 308 F.2d 562 (9th Cir. 1962) ................................................................................................................. 82
Hiseh v. PMC-Sierra, Inc., 9 OCAHO no. 1096 (2003) ............................................................................................. 1280
H-M-, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 683 (BIA 1993) ...........................................................................441–42, 464, 528, 1044
Hmaidan v. Ashcroft, 258 F.Supp.2d 832 (E.D. Ill. 2003) ........................................................................................... 420
H-N-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 1039 (BIA 1999) .......................................................................................121, 609, 1015
Ho, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 692 (BIA 1976). .............................................................................................................. 836
Ho, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 206 (Assoc. Comm. 1998) ................................................................................891–92, 894
Ho v. Greene, 204 F.3d 1045 (10th Cir. 2000) ........................................................................................................... 1125
Hodel v. Aguirre, 260 F.Supp.2d 695 (N.D. Ill. 2003) ............................................................................................... 1145
Hodgers-Durgin v. De La Vina, 199 F.3d 1037 (9th Cir. 1999) (en banc) ................................................................ 1151
Hoffa v. U.S., 385 U.S. 293 (1966) ............................................................................................................................... 286
Hoffmann v. U.S., 53 F.Supp.2d 483 (D.D.C. 1999) ................................................................................................. 1221
Hoffman Plastic Compounds, Inc. v. NLRB, 535 U.S. 137 (2002) ........................................................................... 1268
Holasek v. DOJ, 123 F.Supp.2d 1126 (N.D. Ill. 2000) ......................................................................1104–5, 1108, 1122
Holden v. Bowen, 668 F.Supp. 1042 (N.D. Ohio 1986) ............................................................................................ 1240
Holder v. Gonzales, 499 F.3d 825 (8th Cir. 2007) ..................................................................................................... 1025
Holder; U.S. v., 936 F.2d 1 (1st Cir. 1991) ................................................................................................................... 221
Holland; U.S. v., 876 F.2d 1533 (11th Cir. 1989) ................................................................................................ 232, 238
Holy Land Foundation v. Ashcroft, 333 F.3d 156 (D.C. Cir. 2003), cert. denied 124 S.Ct. 1506 (2004) .................. 108
Holy Virgin Protection Cathedral v. Chertoff, 499 F.3d 658 (7th Cir. 2007) ....................................................830, 1113
Holzapfel v. Wyrsch, 259 F.2d 890 (3d Cir. 1958) ...................................................................................................... 164
Homayun v. Cravener, 39 F.Supp.2d 837 (S.D. Tex. 1999) ..............................................................................378, 1206
Hong Kong TV Video Program, Inc. v. Ilchert, 685 F.Supp. 712 (N.D. Cal. 1988) .........................................685, 1234
Hongsathirath v. Ashcroft, 322 F.Supp.2d 203 (D. Conn. 2004) ................................................................................. 178
Hongyok v. Gonzales, 492 F.3d 547 (5th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................... 601
Hoosier Care, Inc. v. Chertoff, 482 F.3d 987 (7th Cir. 2007) ...................................................................................... 906
Hope v. ICE, 349 F.Supp.2d 490 (E.D.N.Y. 2004) ............................................................................................422, 1121
Hope v. Pelzer, 536 U.S. 730 (2002) .......................................................................................................................... 1229
Hopkins Dodge Sales, Inc.; U.S. v., 707 F.Supp. 1078 (D. Minn. 1989) .................................................................. 1231
Hoque v. Ashcroft, 367 F.3d 1190 (9th Cir. 2004) .......................................................................443, 456, 536, 543, 557
Hor v. Gonzales, 421 F.3d 497 (7th Cir. 2005) ..................................................... 533, 598, 607, 959, 1130, 1179, 1193
Horizon Science Academy, 06-INA-46 (BALCA Mar. 8, 2007) ................................................................................ 919
Hosein v. Gonzales, 452 F.3d 401 (5th Cir. 2006) ..................................................................................................... 1150
Hossain v. Ashcroft, 381 F.3d 29 (1st Cir. 2004) ...............................................................................................269, 1026
Hosseini v. Gonzales, 471 F.3d 953 (9th Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................ 490, 512
Hosseinian, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 453 (BIA 1987) .................................................................................................. 798
Hosseinpour, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 191 (BIA 1975) .......................................................................................... 617–18
Hotel Group of America, 89-INA-195 (BALCA Mar. 10, 1992) ................................................................................ 945
Hotel & Restaurant Emp. Union v. Attorney General, 804 F.2d 1256 (D.C. Cir. 1986),
           vacated, 808 F.2d 847 (D.C. Cir. 1987) ...................................................................................................... 1150
Hotel & Restaurant Emp. Union v. Smith, 594 F.Supp. 502 (D.D.C. 1984),
          aff’d by divided court, 846 F.2d 1499 (D.C. Cir. 1988) ................................................................................ 493
Hou, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 513 (BIA 1992) ...................................................................................202, 268, 378, 1206
Houston v. Lack, 487 U.S. 266 (1988) ....................................................................................................................... 1025
Houston Music Institute, 07-INA-271 (BALCA Jan. 16, 2008) .................................................................................. 945
1506                                                                                                       KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Houston’s Restaurant, 03-INA-237 (BALCA Sept. 27, 2004) .................................................................................... 947
Hovespian; U.S. v., 359 F.3d 1144 (9th Cir. 2004) ........................................................... 200, 964, 1124, 1308–9, 1326
Hovsepian; U.S. v., 422 F.3d 883 (9th Cir. 2005) (en banc) ............................................................................1307, 1310
Howard v. INS, 930 F.2d 432 (5th Cir. 1991) .............................................................................................................. 397
Howell v. INS, 72 F.3d 288 (2d Cir. 1995) ................................................................................................................ 1142
Hoxha v. Ashcroft, 319 F.3d 1179 (9th Cir. 2003) .......................................................................................467, 525, 579
Hoxha v. Gonzales, 432 F.3d 919 (8th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................................ 571
Hoxha v. Gonzales, 446 F.3d 210 (1st Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................................ 567
Hoxha v. Levi, 465 F.3d 554 (3d Cir. 2006) ...............................................................................................485, 499, 1154
Hoxhallari v. Gonzales, 468 F.3d 179 (2d Cir. 2006) ..................................................................................461, 464, 561
H-R-, Matter of; 7 I&N Dec. 651 (R.C. 1958) ............................................................................................................. 617
Hranka, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 491 (BIA 1978) ........................................................................................................ 121
HRC v. Nelson ............................................................................................................................................................... 380
H.R. Shaikh & Co., LLP, 06-INA-57 (BALCA Dec. 18, 2006) .................................................................................. 923
Hrubec v. INS, 828 F.Supp. 251 (S.D.N.Y. 1993) ...................................................................................300, 1029, 1045
Hsieh v. PMC-Sierra, Inc., 9 OCAHO no. 1100 (2003) .......................................................................................1278–80
Hsieh, 88-INA-540 (BALCA 1989) ............................................................................................................................. 918
Hsin-Yung; U.S. v., 97 F.Supp.2d 24 (D.D.C. 2000) ..................................................................................................... 33
Hsiung, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 201 (Assoc. Comm. 1998) ................................................................................. 891–92
Huaman-Cornelio v. BIA, 979 F.2d 995 (4th Cir. 1992) ..................................................................................... 545, 601
Huang, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 190 (R.C. 1965) ................................................................................................. 749, 774
Huang, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 749 (BIA 1988) ................................................................................................. 773, 859
Huang v. Ashcroft, 390 F.3d 1118 (9th Cir. 2004) .......................................................................................485, 492, 514
Huang v. Gonzales, 403 F.3d 945 (7th Cir. 2005) ................................................................400, 534, 548, 554, 558, 565
Huang v. Gonzales, 438 F.3d 65 (1st Cir. 2006) .......................................................................................................... 567
Huang v. Gonzales, 453 F.3d 142 (2d Cir. 2006) .........................................................................................399, 551, 557
Huang v. Gonzales, 453 F.3d 942 (7th Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................540, 570, 584
Huang v. INS, 47 F.3d 615 (3d Cir. 1995) ................................................................................................................. 1025
Huang v. INS, 421 F.3d 125 (2d Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................................... 584–85
Huang v. INS, 436 F.3d 89 (2d Cir. 2006) .............................................................. 477, 516, 593, 605, 608, 1168, 1175
Huang v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 429 F.3d 1002 (11th Cir. 2005) ...............................................................................587, 1041
Huante; People v., 571 N.E.2d 736 (Ill. 1991) ............................................................................................................. 214
Hubbard Richard Community Council v. City of Detroit, 901 F.Supp. 1255 (E.D. Mich. 1995) ............................ 1085
Huck v. Attorney General, 676 F.Supp. 10 (D.D.C. 1987) .......................................................................................... 664
Huckenbeck, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 118 (R.C. 1969) ............................................................................................... 682
Hudson v. Esperdy, 290 F.2d 879 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 368 U.S. 918 (1961) ............................................................ 76
Hudson v. U.S., 118 S.Ct. 488 (1997) .......................................................................................................................... 267
Hudson v. U.S., 522 U.S. 93 (1997) ........................................................................................................................... 1264
Huerta v. Gonzales, 443 F.3d 753 (10th Cir. 2006) ..........................................................................349, 385, 1024, 1060
Huerta-Guevara v. Ashcroft, 321 F.3d 883 (9th Cir. 2003) ...............................................................183, 367, 370, 1144
Huerta-Rodriguez; U.S. v., 335 F.Supp.2d 1019 (D. Neb. 2005) ................................................................................ 254
Huesca v. Rojas Bakery, 4 OCAHO no. 654 (1994) .................................................................................................. 1273
Huete, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 250 (BIA 1991) .................................................................................................. 323, 390
Huey, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 5 (BIA 1968) ............................................................................................................. 1005
Hughes, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 289 (Comm. 1982) ................................................................................................... 727
Hughes v. Ashcroft, 255 F.3d 752 (9th Cir. 2001) ..................................................................................................... 1303
Hughes Aircraft Co. v. U.S. ex rel. Schumer, 117 S.Ct. 1871 (1997) ........................................................................ 1209
Huicochea-Gomez v. INS, 237 F.3d 696 (6th Cir. 2001) ...................................................................................341, 1026
Humanitarian Law Project v. DOJ, 352 F.3d 382 (9th Cir. 2003) ............................................................................... 104
Humphries v. Palm, Inc., 9 OCAHO no 1112 (2004) ................................................................................................ 1279
Humphries v. Various Federal U.S. INS Employees, 164 F.3d 936 (5th Cir. 1999) ...........309, 1125, 1156, 1221, 1225
Hung, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 178 (Comm. 1967) ...................................................................................................... 500
Hunt v. Washington State Apple Advertising Comm’n, 432 U.S. 333 (1977) .......................................................... 1153
Hunter v. Bryant, 502 U.S. 224 (1991) ....................................................................................................................... 1230
Hurtado v. Reno, 34 F.Supp.2d 1261 (D. Colo. 1999) ................................................................................................. 147
Hussain v. Chertoff, 486 F.Supp. 196 (D. Mass. 2007) ............................................................................................. 1325
Hussain v. Gonzales, 424 F.3d 622 (7th Cir. 2005) ......................................................................................272, 366, 570
Hussain v. Gonzales, 477 F.3d 153 (4th Cir. 2007) ..........................................................................................1033, 1199
Hussain v. Mukasey, 510 F.3d 739 (7th Cir. 2007) ..........................................................................................145, 307–8
Hussain v. Mukasey, 518 F.3d 534 (7th Cir. 2008) ......................................................................................103, 973, 988
Hussein v. Gonzales, 474 F.Supp. 1265 (M.D. Fla. 2007) ......................................................................................... 1326
Hussein Al Nasser; U.S. v., 479 F.3d 1166 (9th Cir. 2007) ......................................................................................... 256
Hussien v. INS, 817 F.2d 63 (9th Cir. 1986) .............................................................................................................. 1159
Husssain v. Gonzales, 477 F.3d 153 (4th Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................. 1032
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                             1507

Hyatt Regency Lake Tahoe; U.S. v., 6 OCAHO no. 879 (May 16, 1996) ................................................................ 1274
Hyder v. Keisler, 506 F.3d 388 (5th Cir. 2007) ..................................................................................................71, 82–83
Hysi v. Gonzales, 411 F.3d 847 (7th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................................... 535


                                                                                I
Iannuzzelli v. Lovett, __ So.2d ___ (Fla. App. 3d Dist. May 7, 2008) .......................................................................... 66
Iao v. Gonzales, 400 F.3d 530 (7th Cir. 2005) ..................................................................................................... 577, 604
Iasu v. Chertoff, 426 F.Supp.2d 1124 (S.D. Cal. 2006) ............................................................................................. 1071
Iasu v. Smith, 511 F.3d 881 (9th Cir. 2007) .....................................................................................................1072, 1091
Iavorski v. INS, 232 F.3d 124 (2d Cir. 2000) ...........................................................................................349, 1059, 1186
Ibarra-Flores v. Gonzales, 439 F.3d 614 (9th Cir. 2006) ........................................................1074, 1079, 1110, 1177–79
Ibarra-Galindo; U.S. v., 206 F.3d 1337 (9th Cir. 2000), cert. denied, 121 S.Ct. 837 (2001) .................................... 1206
Ibarra-Terrazas v. Gonzales, 461 F.3d 1046 (8th Cir. 2006) ...................................................................................... 1025
Iberia Airlines Flight No. 1B951, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 768 (BIA 1988) ............................................................. 1029
IBM Corp., 04-INA-12 (BALCA Mar. 4, 2005) .......................................................................................................... 926
IBP, Inc.; U.S. v., 7 OCAHO no. 949 (June 1, 1995) ................................................................................................. 1275
Ibragimov v. Gonzales, 476 F.3d 125 (2d Cir. 2007) .............................................................................51, 55, 853, 1022
Ibrahim, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 55 (BIA 1981) ...............................................................................................841, 1005
Ibrahim v. Chertoff, 529 F.Supp.2d 611 (E.D.N.C. 2007) ...............................................................................1087, 1104
Ibrahim v. Gonzales, 434 F.3d 1074 (8th Cir. 2006) ......................................................................477, 490, 514, 571–72
Ibrahim v. INS, 821 F.2d 1547 (11th Cir. 1987) ................................................................................................271, 1082
Ibrahim v. Titan Corp. 391 F.Supp.2d 10 (D.D.C. 2005) ........................................................................................... 1223
Ibrik v. INS, 108 F.3d 596 (5th Cir. 1997) ................................................................................................................. 1189
Ickes, Jr.; U.S. v., 393 F.3d 501 (4th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................................... 288
Iddir v. INS, 301 F.3d 492 (7th Cir. 2002) ................................................................ 814, 1103–4, 1123, 1145–46, 1155
Idowu; U.S. v., 105 F.3d 728 (D.C. Cir. 1997) ............................................................................................................. 227
Ige, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 880 (BIA 1994) ......................................................................................................... 993–95
Ignatova v. Gonzales, 430 F.3d 1209 (8th Cir. 2005) ................................... 505, 512, 516, 594, 792, 1075, 1114, 1129
Iheme v. Reno, 819 F.Supp. 1192 (E.D.N.Y. 1992) ..................................................................................................... 404
Ijoma v. INS, 854 F.Supp. 612 (D. Neb. 1993) .......................................................................................................... 1084
Ikama-Obambi v. Gonzales, 470 F.3d 720 (7th Cir. 2006) .................................................................................... 532–33
IKEA, Inc. v. DOJ, ___ F.Supp. ___, No. 87-2025 (D.D.C. Dec. 23, 1987) ............................................................... 730
IKEA U.S., Inc v. INS, 48 F.Supp.2d 22 (D.D.C. 1999) ..................................................................................... 729, 874
Ikenokwalu-White v. Gonzales, 495 F.3d 919 (8th Cir. 2007) ....................................... 802, 830, 1073, 1079–80, 1082
Ikenokwalu-White v. INS, 316 F.3d 798 (8th Cir. 2003) ...........................................................................964, 992, 1123
Ilchuk v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 434 F.3d 618 (3d Cir. 2006) .............................................................181, 183, 197, 443
Ilic-Lee v. Mukasey, 507 F.3d 1044 (6th Cir. 2007) ...................328, 330, 794–95, 837, 1006–7, 1046, 1049–50, 1054
Iliev v. INS, 127 F.3d 638 (7th Cir. 1997) .................................................................................................................... 399
Illinois Migrant Council v. Pilliod, 531 F.Supp. 1011 (N.D. Ill. 1982) ....................................................................... 284
Illinois Migrant Council v. Pilliod, 540 F.2d 1062 (7th Cir. 1976), modified, 548 F.2d 715 (7th Cir. 1977) ............. 281
Illinois Migrant Council v. Pilliod, 672 F.Supp. 1072 (N.D. Ill. 1987) ..................................................................... 1237
ILWU v. Meese, 891 F.2d 1374 (9th Cir. 1989) ............................................................................761, 1086, 1150, 1163
I-M-, Matter of; 7 I&N Dec. 389 (BIA 1957) ................................................................................................................ 96
Image Plant ___, Matter of; EAC 00 247 50368 (AAO Feb. 15, 2002) ...................................................................... 683
Immediate Business Systems, Inc. v. Richards, 645 F.Supp. 355 (N.D. Ga. 1986) .................................................... 874
Immigration Assist. Proj. of L.A. County v. INS, 709 F.Supp. 998 (W.D. Wash. 1989),
         aff’d sub nom. Legalization Assist. Project [etc].v. INS, 976 F.2d 1198 (9th Cir. 1992),
         vacated, INS v. Legalization Assist. Proj. of L.A. County Fed’n of Labor, 510 U.S. 1007 (1993),
         on remand 50 F.3d 789 (9th Cir. 1995), reinstated 306 F.3d 842 (9th Cir. 2002),
         overturning Matter of H, 20 I&N Dec. 693 (Assoc. Comm. 1993)
          ...................................................................................... 31, 276, 1150, 1155, 1188, 1203, 1281–83, 1285, 1288–89
Import S.H.K. Enterprises, Inc., 88-INA-52 (BALCA 1989) ...................................................................................... 941
Imran v. Keisler, 516 F.Supp.2d 967 (S.D. Iowa 2007) ............................................................................................. 1325
Incalza v. Fendi North America, Inc., 479 F.3d 1005 (9th Cir. 2006) .................... 631, 634, 697, 736, 742, 1268, 1270
Indianapolis, City of v. Edmond, 531 U.S. 32, 121 S.Ct. 447 (2000) .......................................................................... 287
Infanzon v. Ashcroft, 386 F.3d 1359 (10th Cir. 2004) .....................................................................................1118, 1167
Information Industries, Inc., 88-INA-82 (BALCA 1989) ............................................................................................ 930
Inmos Corp., 88-INA-326 (BALCA 1990) .................................................................................................................. 926
Innab v. Reno, 204 F.3d 1318 (11th Cir. 2000) ................................................................................................1163, 1184
Innawalli v. American Information Technology Corp. 05-LCA-165 (Sept. 29, 2006) ............................................... 692
Inocencio; U.S. v., 215 F.Supp.2d 1095 (D. Hawaii 2002) ........................................................................................ 1323
Inocencio; U.S. v., 328 F.3d 1207 (9th Cir. 2003) ..................................................................................................... 1323
1508                                                                                              KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

In re, see name of party
INS v., see other party
INS; U.S. v., ___ F.Supp. ___, No. 89-1813 (S.D.N.Y. 1989) .................................................................................... 295
Inspirational Coal, Inc., 86-INA-827 (1986) ................................................................................................................ 930
Intercommunity Center for Justice & Peace v. INS, 910 F.2d 42 (2d Cir. 1990) ...................................................... 1265
Interian-Mata; U.S. v., 363 F.Supp.2d 1246 (S.D. Cal. 2005) ..................................................................................... 234
Interior, Department of, v. Klamath Water Users Protective Ass’n, 121 S.Ct. 1060 (2001) ....................................... 335
Interior Developers, Inc. v. Chao, 521 F.Supp.2d 145 (D.P.R. 2007) ......................................................................... 927
International Auto Exc., Inc. v. Attorney General, 643 F.Supp. 616 (D.D.C. 1986) ........................................... 618, 727
International Brotherhood of Teamsters v. U.S., 431 U.S. 324 (1977) ...................................................................... 1263
International Contractors, Inc. & Technical Programming Services, Inc., 89-INA-278 (BALCA June 13, 1990) .........919
International Fidelity v. INS, 623 F.Supp. 45 (S.D.N.Y. 1985) ................................................................................... 300
International Molders v. Nelson, 674 F.Supp. 294 (N.D. Cal. 1987) ........................................................................... 285
International Molders & Allied Workers Local 164 v. Nelson, 102 F.R.D. 457 (N.D. Cal. 1983) ........................... 1203
International Molders & Allied Workers Local 164 v. Nelson, 799 F.2d 547 (9th Cir. 1986) .........................284, 1256
International Union of Bricklayers v. Meese, 616 F.Supp. 1387 (N.D. Cal. 1985) ..................................................... 646
International Union of Bricklayers & Allied Craftsman v. Meese, 761 F.2d 798 (D.C. Cir. 1985) ...................1149–50
International Union UAW v. Brock, 477 U.S. 274 (1986) ......................................................................................... 1151
Investigation of, see name of party
Investigation of Carolina Employers Ass’n, Inc., Matter of; 3 OCAHO no. 455 (1992) ................................1273, 1277
Iouri v. Ashcroft, 487 F.3d 76 (2d Cir. 2007) .............................................................................568, 969–70, 1011, 1192
Iqbal Ali v. Gonzales, 502 F.3d 659 (7th Cir. 2007) ..............................................................151, 332, 1113, 1120, 1125
Iran v. INS, 656 F.2d 469 (9th Cir. 1981) ..................................................................................................................... 376
Iredia v. INS, 981 F.2d 847 (5th Cir. 1993) .................................................................................................................. 165
Irish Dairy Board, Ltd., Matter of; No. A28 845 421 (AAU Nov. 16, 1989) .............................................................. 729
Irma Hernandez; U.S. v., 8 OCAHO no. 1043 (2000) ............................................................................................... 1262
Ironworkers Local 455 v. Lake Construction & Development, 7 OCAHO no. 964 (Sept. 12, 1997) ............1273, 1280
Irving v. U.S., 162 F.3d 154 (1st Cir. 1998) (en banc) ............................................................................................... 1219
Irving; U.S. v., 432 F.3d 401 (2d Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................................. 287
Irwin v. U.S. Dep’t of Veterans Affairs, 111 S.Ct. 453 (1990) .................................................................................. 1213
Isaraphanich v. Coughlin, 716 F.Supp. 119 (S.D.N.Y. 1989) ................................................................................ 38, 301
Isaraphanich v. Sava, 663 F.Supp. 120 (S.D.N.Y. 1987) ........................................................................................... 1095
Isber, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 676 (BIA 1993) ............................................................................................................ 801
I-S- & C-S-, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 432 (BIA 2008) ......................................................................................... 515, 523
Ishak v. Gonzales, 422 F.3d 22 (1st Cir. 2005) ....................................................................400, 1071, 1091, 1137, 1190
Islam v. Gonzales, 469 F.3d 53 (2d Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................................. 399
Islam; U.S. v., 418 F.3d 1125 (10th Cir. 2005) .................................................................................................... 246, 802
Islami v. Gonzales, 412 F.3d 391 (2d Cir. 2005) .................................................................................................. 444, 461
Ismaiel v. Mukasey, 516 F.3d 1198 (10th Cir. 2008) .........................................................................................552, 1139
Ismail v. Ashcroft, 396 F.3d 970 (8th Cir. 2005) ......................................................................................................... 571
Isovic, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 361 (Comm. 1982) ..................................................................................................... 726
Israel v. INS, 785 F.2d 738 (9th Cir. 1986) ................................................................................................................ 1170
Issa v. Mueller, 486 F.Supp.2d 668 (E.D. Mich. 2007) .............................................................................................. 1325
Itaeva v. INS, 314 F.3d 1238 (10th Cir. 2003) ...........................................................................................643, 991, 1124
Itani v. Ashcroft, 298 F.3d 1213 (11th Cir. 2002) .................................................................................................. 83, 216
IT Ascent, Matter of; EAC 04 047 53189 (AAO Sept. 2, 2005) .......................................................................... 700, 731
Iturribarria v. INS, 321 F.3d 889 (9th Cir. 2003) ...........................................................................348, 1047, 1049, 1059
Ivanchukov; U.S. v., 405 F.Supp.2d 708 (E.D. Va. 2005) ........................................................................................... 253
Ivanishvili v. DOJ, 433 F.3d 332 (2d Cir. 2006) .................................................................................................. 575, 597
Ivanov v. Gonzales, 487 F.3d 635 (8th Cir. 2007) .............................................................................................591, 1062
Ivezaj v. INS, 84 F.3d 215 (6th Cir. 1996) .........................................................................................................400, 1202
Iwanowa v. Ford Motor Co., 67 F.Supp.2d 424 (D.N.J. 1999) .................................................................................. 1222
Iwasaki Images of America, 87-INA-656 (BALCA 1988) .......................................................................................... 924
Iwuchukwu v. City of Grand Prairie, TX, 6 OCAHO no. 915 (Feb. 25, 1997) ......................................................... 1279
Ixtlilco-Morales v. Keisler, 507 F.3d 651 (8th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................ 462
Iyamba v. INS, 244 F.3d 606 (8th Cir. 2001) ...........................................................................798, 974, 989, 1003, 1041
Iyengar v. Barnhart, 233 F.Supp.2d 5 (D.D.C. 2002) ................................................................................................. 1085
Iysheh v. Gonzales, 437 F.3d 613 (7th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................ 185, 194
Izatula, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 149 (BIA 1990) ................................................................................................. 450, 583
Izedonmwen v. INS, 37 F.3d 416 (8th Cir. 1994) .......................................................................................................... 82
Izmailov v. Reno, 263 F.3d 851 (8th Cir. 2001) .................................................................................................595, 1129
Izummi, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 169 (Assoc. Comm. 1998) ..................................... 318, 823, 890–95, 897, 899, 1043
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                              1509


                                                                                J
J, Matter of; 2 I&N Dec. 477 (BIA 1946) ....................................................................................................................... 75
Jaa v. INS, 779 F.2d 569 (9th Cir. 1986) ..................................................................................................318, 1011, 1084
Jaafar v. INS, 77 F.Supp.2d 360 (W.D.N.Y. 1999) ...................................................................................................... 181
Jaber v. Gonzales, 486 F.3d 223 (6th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................................ 1071
Jacinto v. INS, 208 F.3d 725 (9th Cir. 2000) ................................................................................................................ 271
Jacinto v. INS, 208 F.3d 725 (9th Cir. 2000) ................................................................................................................ 333
Jaggernauth v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 432 F.3d 1346 (11th Cir. 2005) ................................... 182–83, 375, 1048, 1190, 1196
Jahed v. Acri, 468 F.3d 230 (4th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................................................798, 1302
Jahed v. INS, 356 F.3d 991 (9th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................................449, 456, 582
Jahjaga v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 512 F.3d 80 (3d Cir. 2008) .....................................................1029, 1082, 1115, 1132
Jaime; U.S. v., 473 F.3d 178 (5th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................................ 287
Jaimez-Revolla v. Bell, 598 F.2d 243 (D.C. Cir. 1979) ................................................................................................. 89
Jain v. INS, 612 F.2d 683 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 446 U.S. 937 (1980) ....................................................................... 841
Jalil, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 679 (BIA 1988) ...................................................................................................774, 1304
Jalilian; U.S. v., 896 F.2d 447 (10th Cir. 1990) ............................................................................................................ 224
Jalloh v. Gonzales, 418 F.3d 920 (8th Cir. 2005) ......................................................................................................... 574
Jalloh v. Gonzales, 423 F.3d 894 (4th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................. 554, 571
Jalloh v. Gonzales, 498 F.3d 148 (2d Cir. 2007) .......................................................................................................... 465
Jallow v. Gonzales, 472 F.3d 569 (8th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................................ 571
Jama v. Gonzales, 431 F.3d 230 (5th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................409–10, 1091, 1195
Jama v. ICE, 543 U.S. 335 (2005), aff’g Jama v. INS, 329 F.3d 630 (8th Cir. 2003) .......................409–10, 1124, 1205
Jama v. INS, 22 F.Supp.2d 353 (D.N.J. 1998) .................................................................................................1218, 1222
Jama v. U.S., 343 F.Supp.2d 338 (D.N.J. 2004) ......................................................................................................... 1217
Jamal-Daoud v. Gonzales, 403 F.3d 918 (7th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................. 554
James v. Gonzales, 464 F.3d 505 (5th Cir. 2006) ...................................................................186–87, 190, 369–70, 1032
James v. Riley, 329 F.Supp.2d 570 (E.D. Pa. 2004) ............................................................................................ 118, 983
James v. U.S., 127 S.Ct. 1586 (2007) ........................................................................................................................... 196
James B. Beam Distilling Co. v. Georgia, 501 U.S. 529 (1991) ................................................................................ 1211
Jamieson v. Gonzales, 424 F.3d 765 (8th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................ 100, 341
Janko; U.S. v., 865 F.2d 1246 (11th Cir. 1989) ............................................................................................................ 224
Jankowski v. INS, 138 F.Supp.2d 269 (D. Conn. 2001), rev’d, 291 F.3d 172 (2d Cir. 2002) ........................1099, 1145
Jankowski-Burczyk v. INS, 291 F.3d 172 (2d Cir. 2002) ......................................................................36, 125, 277, 842
Janus and Janek, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 866 (BIA 1968) .................................................................................. 442, 444
Janusiak v. INS, 947 F.2d 46 (3d Cir. 1991) ......................................................................................................528, 1044
Janvier v. U.S., 793 F.2d 449 (2d Cir. 1986) ........................................................................................................ 217, 223
Jan-Xin Zang v. FBI, 756 F.Supp. 705 (W.D.N.Y. 1991) ............................................................................................ 337
Jarad v. Gonzales, 461 F.3d 867 (7th Cir. 2006) ..........................................................................1020, 1022, 1119, 1121
Jaramillo v. INS, 1 F.3d 1149 (11th Cir. 1993) ..................................................................................................977, 1183
Jara-Navarrette v. INS, 813 F.2d 1340 (9th Cir. 1986) .......................................................................................... 994–95
Jara Riero and Jara Espinol, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 267 (BIA 2007) ........................................................................ 847
Jarbough v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 483 F.3d 184 (3d Cir. 2007) ........................................................................ 359, 399
Jarecha v. INS, 417 F.2d 220 (5th Cir. 1969) ............................................................................................................. 1179
Jauregui; U.S. v., 314 F.3d 961 (8th Cir. 2003) ............................................................................................................ 261
Javanmard; U.S. v., 767 F.Supp. 1109 (D. Kan. 1991) ................................................................................................ 221
Javier-Camarena, Matter of; Case No. A91 996 032 (BIA Aug. 17, 1993) ................................................................. 160
Jay v. Boyd, 351 U.S. 345 (1956) .......................................................................................................................824, 1171
J-B-N- & S-M-, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 208 (BIA 2007) ........................................................................................... 455
JBR Gourmet Food, 03-INA-279 (BALCA Nov. 18, 2004) ........................................................................................ 925
J-E-, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 291 (BIA 2002) ...........................................................................486, 491, 513, 524, 1182
Jean, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 373 (AG 2002),
          aff’d, Jean v. Gonzales, 452 F.3d 392 (5th Cir. 2006) ............................................77, 121, 124, 198, 258, 434,
          ................................................................................................. 476, 513, 574, 611, 613, 1015, 1023, 1025, 1027
Jean v. Dorelien, 431 F.3d 776 (11th Cir. 2005) ..................................................................................................1223–24
Jean v. Gonzales, 435 F.3d 475 (4th Cir. 2005) .....................................................................327, 331, 1075, 1078, 1120
Jean v. Gonzales, 461 F.3d 87 (1st Cir. 2006) .............................................................................................................. 567
Jean v. Nelson, 472 U.S. 846 (1985), aff’g 727 F.2d 957 (11th Cir. 1984) ......... 30–32, 34, 143–44, 431, 509, 518–19,
          ............................................................................................................. 606, 1085, 1101, 1140, 1168, 1202, 1207
Jean v. Nelson, 863 F.2d 759 (11th Cir. 1988) .....................................................................................1233–35, 1238–40
Jean-Baptiste v. Reno, 144 F.3d 212 (2d Cir. 1998) .................................................................................................. 1126
Jean-Baptiste; U.S. v., 395 F.3d 1190 (11th Cir. 2005) ..........................................................................1182, 1308, 1320
Jean-Joseph, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 294 (BIA 2007) ................................................................................................. 356
1510                                                                                               KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Jean-Pierre v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 500 F.3d 1315 (11th Cir. 2007) ....................................... 486–87, 1072, 1074–75, 1131
Jeanty v. Bulger, 204 F.Supp.2d 1366 (S.D. Fla. 2002) aff’d sub nom.
           Moise v. Bulger, 321 F.3d 1336 (11th Cir.), cert. denied, 540 U.S. 1016 (2003) ..........144, 1086, 1089, 1118
Jeffries & Co., 02-INA-48 (Mar. 14, 2002) .................................................................................................................. 927
Jefrey v. INS, 710 F.Supp. 486 (S.D.N.Y. 1989) .............................................................................................1104, 1235
Jenco v. Islamic Republic of Iran, 154 F.Supp.2d 27 (D.D.C. 2001) ........................................................................ 1228
Jenkins v. INS, 108 F.3d 195 (9th Cir. 1997) ............................................................................................................. 1245
Jenkins; U.S. v., 5 OCAHO no. 743 (Mar. 24, 1995), aff’d, Jenkins v. U.S., 108 F.3d 195 (9th Cir. 1997) .......1258, 1260
Jerezano v. INS, 169 F.3d 613 (9th Cir. 1999) ..................................................................................................... 394, 396
Jeronimo v. Murff, 157 F.Supp. 808 (S.D.N.Y. 1957) ................................................................................................. 165
Jeune v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 476 F.3d 199 (3d Cir. 2007) ........................................................................170, 192–93
J-F-F-, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 912 (AG 2006) .........................................................................489, 523–24, 1023, 1035
Jhaveri Diamond Corp., 94-INA-621 (BALCA Apr. 12, 1996) .................................................................................. 946
J-H-S-, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 196 (BIA 2007) ................................................................................................. 584, 586
Jian v. INS, 28 F.3d 256 (2d Cir. 1994) ........................................................................................................................ 325
Jiang v. Gonzales, 425 F.3d 649 (9th Cir. 2005) ..........................................................................................156, 843, 853
Jiang v. Gonzales, 474 F.3d 25 (1st Cir. 2007) ..................................................................................................... 366, 600
Jiang v. Gonzales, 485 F.3d 992 (7th Cir. 2007) ..........................................................................................446, 564, 577
Jiang v. Gonzales, 500 F.3d 137 (2d Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................... 517, 585
Jiang v. Houseman, 904 F.Supp. 971 (D. Minn. 1995) ..............................................................327, 331, 339, 343, 1037
Jian Hui Shao v. BIA, 465 F.3d 497 (2d Cir. 2006) ...........................................................................................568, 1198
Jibril v. Gonzales, 423 F.3d 1129 (9th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................................ 559
Jideonwo v. INS, 224 F.3d 692 (7th Cir. 2000) .......................................................................................................... 1212
Jilin Pharmaceutical USA, Inc. v. Chertoff, 447 F.3d 196 (3d Cir. 2006) .........................................830, 874, 906, 1113
Jimenez; U.S. v., 921 F.Supp. 1054 (S.D.N.Y. 1995) .................................................................................................. 237
Jimenez-Alcala; U.S. v., 353 F.3d 858 (10th Cir. 2003) .............................................................................................. 319
Jimenez-Angeles v. Ashcroft, 291 F.3d 594 (9th Cir. 2002) ..................................................................1001, 1126, 1212
Jimenez-Borja; U.S. v., 378 F.3d 853 (9th Cir. 2004) .......................................................................................... 230, 235
Jimenez-Lopez, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 738 (BIA 1993) ........................................................................................... 156
Jishiashvili v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 402 F.3d 386 (3d Cir. 2005) ............................................................................. 565
J-J-, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 976 (BIA 1997) ..............................................................................1025, 1051, 1055, 1057
J.J.L.C., Inc.; U.S. v., 1 OCAHO no. 154 (Apr. 13, 1990) ......................................................................................... 1259
JN Distributor, 03-INA-242 (BALCA Nov. 30, 2004) ................................................................................................ 928
Jo v. Gonzales, 458 F.3d 104 (2d Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................................ 487
Joaquin-Porras v. Gonzales, 435 F.3d 172 (2d Cir. 2006) ...................................................................474, 580, 601, 852
Jobe v. INS, 238 F.3d 96 (1st Cir. 2001) ...................................................................................................................... 385
Jobson v. Ashcroft, 326 F.3d 367 (2d Cir. 2003) ................................................................................................. 176, 181
Jogi v. Voges, 480 F.3d 822 (7th Cir. 2007) .....................................................................................................1204, 1217
John Doe I v. Meese, 690 F.Supp. 1572 (S.D. Tex. 1988) ...............................................................................1203, 1267
John Doe No. 1 v. Georgia Dep’t of Public Safety, 147 F.Supp.2d 1369 (N.D. Ga. 2001) .................................... 38–39
John Lehne & Sons, 89-INA-267, 89-INA-313 (BALCA May 1, 1992) .................................................................... 935
Johnny’s Famous Reef Restaurant, 96-INA-135 (BALCA Oct. 27, 1997) ................................................................. 924
John Roe I v. Bridgestone Corp., 492 F.Supp.2d 988 (S.D. Ind. 2007) ..................................................................... 1223
Johns v. DOJ, 653 F.2d 884 (5th Cir. 1981) ............................................................................................................... 1101
Johnson v. Ashcroft, 286 F.3d 696 (3d Cir. 2002) ...................................................................................592, 1035, 1169
Johnson v. Ashcroft, 378 F.3d 164 (2d Cir. 2004) ...................................................... 316, 351, 1034, 1096, 1161, 1193
Johnson v. Eisentrager, 339 U.S. 763 (1950) ......................................................................................................... 33, 622
Johnson v. Georgia Highway Express, 488 F.2d 714 (5th Cir. 1974) ........................................................................ 1240
Johnson v. Gonzales, 416 F.3d 205 (3d Cir. 2005) ................................................................................1232, 1235, 1239
Johnson v. Gonzales, 478 F.3d 795 (7th Cir. 2007) ...........................................................................................980, 1055
Johnson v. INS, 962 F.2d 579 (7th Cir. 1992) ............................................................................................................ 1013
Johnson v. INS, 971 F.2d 340 (9th Cir. 1992) ...................................................................................................... 201, 366
Johnson v. Robinson, 415 U.S. 361 (1974) ................................................................................................................ 1133
Johnson; U.S. v., 391 F.3d 67 (2d Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................................... 233
Johnson; U.S. v., 773 F.Supp. 114 (N.D. Ill. 1991), aff’d, 962 F.2d 579 (7th Cir. 1992) ........................................... 958
Johnson; U.S. v., 962 F.2d 579 (7th Cir. 1992) ............................................................................................................ 221
Johnson, Johnson and Roy, Inc., 94-INA-504 (BALCA July 13, 1994) ..................................................................... 924
Johnson-Laird, Inc. v. INS, 537 F.Supp. 52 (D. Or. 1981) .................................................................................. 724, 726
Johnson, Lane & Gallagher v. Secy. of Labor, ___ F.Supp. ___ (W.D. Wash. 1985) ........................................ 930, 952
Jonel, Inc.; U.S. v., 7 OCAHO no. 967 (1997) ........................................................................................................... 1251
Jones v. Blanas, 393 F.3d 918 (9th Cir. 2004) ...................................................................................................... 148, 292
Jones v. City of Columbus, GA, 120 F.3d 248 (11th Cir. 1997) ................................................................................ 1212
Jones v. Cunningham, 371 U.S. 236 (1963) ............................................................................................................... 1094
Jones v. DeWitt Nursing Home, 1 OCAHO no. 189 (June 29, 1990) ....................................................................... 1280
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                             1511

Jones v. DHS, 325 F.Supp.2d 551 (E.D. Pa. 2004) ..................................................................................320, 1096, 1328
Jones v. Espy, 10 F.3d 690 (9th Cir. 1993) .......................................................................................................1238, 1240
Jones v. Flowers, 547 U.S. 220 (2006) ......................................................................................................................... 391
Jones v. Lujan, 883 F.2d 1031 (D.C. Cir. 1989) ......................................................................................................... 1231
Jones; U.S. v., 125 F.3d 1418 (11th Cir. 1997) .......................................................................................................... 1233
Jones; U.S. v., 149 F.3d 364 (5th Cir. 1998) ........................................................................................................ 281, 287
Joo v. INS, 813 F.2d 211 (9th Cir. 1987) ..................................................................................................397, 1031, 1139
Joram Rosenfeld, 99-INA-158 (BALCA Jan. 6, 2000) ................................................................................................ 919
Jordan v. Ashcroft, 296 F.Supp.2d 249 (D. Conn. 2003) ........................................................................................... 1100
Jordan v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 424 F.3d 320 (3d Cir. 2005) .............................................................................. 1302–3
Jordan v. De George, 341 U.S. 223 (1951) ...................................................................................69, 83, 268, 1163, 1213
Jordison v. Gonzales, 501 F.3d 1134 (9th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................... 179
Jorge-Tzoc v. Gonzales, 435 F.3d 146 (2d Cir. 2006) .................................................................517, 544, 573, 585, 597
Jorgji v. Mukasey, 514 F.3d 53 (1st Cir. 2008) .................................................................................................... 466, 600
Joseph, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 799 (BIA 1999) ......................................................................................................... 304
Joseph v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 421 F.3d 224 (3d Cir. 2005) ........................................................................1071, 1196
Joseph v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 445 F.3d 123 (3d Cir. 2006) .................................................................................... 174
Joseph v. Landon, 679 F.2d 113 (7th Cir. 1982) ........................................................................................................ 1019
Joshi v. Ashcroft, 389 F.3d 732 (7th Cir. 2004) .........................................................................384–85, 388, 1059, 1061
Joshi v. INS, 720 F.2d 799 (4th Cir. 1983) ..................................................................................................................... 55
Joubert v. Barnhart, 396 F.Supp.2d 1320 (S.D. Fla. 2005) .......................................................................................... 864
Joumaa v. Gonzales, 446 F.3d 244 (1st Cir. 2006) .................................................................................1051, 1058, 1137
Journal v. Keisler, 507 F.3d 9 (1st Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................................... 600
Joya-Martinez; U.S. v., 947 F.2d 1141 (4th Cir. 1991) ................................................................................................ 227
Joyful Manor, 01-INA-157 (BALCA Mar. 27, 2002) .................................................................................................. 944
J-P-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 33 (BIA 1998) ........................................................................................................ 393, 395
J-S-, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 520 (AG 2008) ............................................................................................................... 586
Juarez, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 664 (BIA 1988) .......................................................................................................... 480
Juarez, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 340 (BIA 1991) .......................................................................................................... 321
Juarez v. DOJ, 518 F.3d 54 (D.C. Cir. 2008) ............................................................................................................... 335
Juarez v. INS, 732 F.2d 58 (6th Cir. 1984) ................................................................................................................. 1162
Juarez-Duarte; U.S. v., 513 F.3d 204 (5th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................... 257
Juarez-Ramos v. Gonzales, 485 F.3d 509 (9th Cir. 2007) ..............................................................................133, 991–92
Juarez-Torres; U.S. v., 441 F.Supp.2d 1108 (D.N.M. 2006) ................................................................................ 279, 281
Jubilado v. INS, 819 F.2d 210 (9th Cir. 1987) ............................................................................................................... 54
Judulang v. Chertoff, 535 F.Supp.2d 1129 (S.D. Cal. 2008) ...............................................145, 294, 298, 307, 414, 520
Julmiste v. Ashcroft, 212 F.Supp.2d 341 (D.N.J. 2002) ....................................................................................... 492, 513
Jun Ying Wang v. Gonzales, 445 F.3d 993 (7th Cir. 2006) ......................................................................................... 458
Jupiter v. Ashcroft, 396 F.3d 487 (1st Cir. 2005) ...............................................................................274, 961, 967, 1052
Jurado, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 29 (BIA 2007) ...................................................................70, 80–81, 974, 976, 989–90
Jurado-Gutierrez v. Greene, 190 F.3d 1135 (10th Cir. 1999) ......................................................................117, 277, 982
Justiz-Cepero v. INS, 882 F.Supp. 1582 (D. Kan. 1995) ............................................................................................. 292
J-W-S-, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 185 (BIA 2007) ........................................................................................................ 585
J-Y-C-, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 260 (BIA 2007) ...............................................................................................546, 1039


                                                                              K
K, Matter of; 2 I&N Dec. 90 (BIA 1944) ....................................................................................................................... 80
K-, Matter of; 2 I&N Dec. 90 (BIA 1944) ...................................................................................................................... 81
K, Matter of; 3 I&N Dec. 48 (BIA 1947) ..................................................................................................................... 164
K-, Matter of; 4 I&N Dec. 108 (C.O. 1950) ................................................................................................................... 71
K, Matter of; 7 I&N Dec. 594 (BIA 1957) ............................................................................................................. 69, 367
K, Matter of; 9 I&N Dec. 121 (BIA 1960) ................................................................................................................... 216
K-, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 418 (BIA 1991) .............................................................................................................. 1024
K-A-, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 661 (BIA 2004) ..................................................................................................120, 1015
Kabongo v. INS, 837 F.2d 753 (6th Cir. 1988) .................................................................................................... 83, 1170
Kachina Country Day School, 98-INA-14 (BALCA Aug. 19, 1998) .......................................................................... 931
Kaczmarczyk v. INS, 933 F.2d 588 (7th Cir. 1991) ...................................................................................528, 969, 1044
Kadem; U.S. v., 317 F.Supp.2d 239 (W.D.N.Y.) 2004 ................................................................................................ 363
Kadia v. Gonzales, 501 F.3d 817 (7th Cir. 2007) .........................................................................................546, 549, 564
Kadic v. Karadzic, 70 F.3d 232 (2d Cir. 1995) ........................................................................................................... 1222
Kaganovich v. Gonzales, 470 F.3d 894 (9th Cir. 2006) .............................................................................323, 612, 1134
Kahane v. Secy. of State, 700 F.Supp. 1162 (D.D.C. 1988) ...................................................................................... 1324
1512                                                                                               KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Kahane v. Shultz, 653 F.Supp. 1486 (E.D.N.Y. 1987) ............................................................................................... 1323
Kaharudin v. Gonzales, 500 F.3d 619 (7th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................. 467
Kahn, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 122 (BIA 1972) ........................................................................................................... 806
Kahn v. Elwood, 232 F.Supp.2d 344 (M.D. Pa. 2002) .....................................................................................1108, 1192
Kahn v. INS, 36 F.3d 1412 (9th Cir. 1994) ........................................................................................................985, 1184
Kaho v. Ilchert, 765 F.2d 877 (9th Cir. 1985) ..........................................................................................784, 1163, 1204
Kahy, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 803 (BIA 1988) ........................................................................................................... 801
Kairys v. INS, 981 F.2d 937 (7th Cir. 1992) ................................................................................................................ 397
Kaiser v. Ashcroft, 390 F.3d 653 (9th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................................. 466, 469
Kaiser Aerospace and Electronics Corp., Matter of; A75 653 615, CSC (AAO Mar. 28, 2003) ................................ 878
Kaiser Aluminum & Chemical Corp. v. Bonjorno, 493 U.S. 974 (1990) .................................................................. 1210
Kalal v. Gonzales, 402 F.3d 948 (9th Cir. 2005) ..................................................................................754, 840, 846, 855
Kalaw v. Ferro, 651 F.Supp. 1163 (W.D.N.Y. 1987) ................................................................................................. 1288
Kalaw v. INS, 133 F.3d 1147 (9th Cir. 1997) ............................................................................................................. 1123
Kalejs v. INS, 10 F.3d 441 (7th Cir. 1993) ................................................................................................................... 161
Kalil v. Utica City School District, 9 OCAHO no. 1103 (2003) ................................................................................ 1280
Kalilu v. Mukasey, 516 F.3d 777 (9th Cir. 2008) .............................................................................156, 503–4, 843, 853
Kaliski v. District Director, 620 F.2d 214 (9th Cir. 1980) ........................................................................................... 781
Kalitani v. Ashcroft, 340 F.3d 1 (1st Cir. 2003) ........................................................................................................... 547
Kalkouli v. Ashcroft, 282 F.3d 202 (2d Cir. 2002) .................................................................................................... 1122
Kalouma v. Gonzales, 512 F.3d 1073 (9th Cir. 2008) .................................................................................................. 523
Kalubi v. Ashcroft, 364 F.3d 1134 (9th Cir. 2004) .............................................................................................. 477, 605
Kamagate v. Ashcroft, 385 F.3d 144 (2d Cir. 2004) ........................................................................188, 190, 1156, 1161
Kamalthas v. INS, 251 F.3d 1279 (9th Cir. 2001) ........................................................................................514, 560, 596
Kamara v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 420 F.3d 202 (3d Cir. 2005) ................................ 271, 316, 489, 499, 524, 588, 595,
          ................................................................................................... 606, 1040, 1074, 1078, 1086, 1090, 1092, 1131
Kamara v. INS, 149 F.3d 904 (8th Cir. 1998) .............................................................................................................. 390
Kambolli v. Gonzales, 449 F.3d 454 (2d Cir. 2006) .................................................................................................. 1022
Kamheangpatiyooth v. INS, 597 F.2d 1253 (9th Cir. 1979) ...................................................................................... 1001
Kam Kuo Foods Corp., 92-INA-395 (BALCA Oct. 23, 1993) .................................................................................... 946
Kanacevic v. INS, 448 F.3d 129 (2d Cir. 2006) .......................................................... 507, 511, 516, 554, 568, 593, 643
Kanagasundram, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 963 (BIA 1999) ..........................................................................132, 511, 643
Kandamar v. Gonzales, 464 F.3d 65 (1st Cir. 2006) ............................................. 33–34, 149, 151, 279, 315, 971, 1127
Kane, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 258 (BIA 1975) ............................................................................................................ 859
Kaneda, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 677 (BIA 1979) ........................................................................................................ 223
Kanga, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 1206 (BIA 2000) ....................................................................................................... 100
Kanivets v. Gonzales, 424 F.3d 330 (3d Cir. 2005) ...................................... 329, 395, 794, 837, 967, 1007, 1031, 1053
Kanivets v. Riley, 286 F.Supp.2d 460 (E.D. Pa. 2003) ..........................................................541, 585, 1095, 1129, 1192
Kanivets v. Riley, 320 F.Supp.2d 297 (E.D. Pa. 2004) ......................................................................541, 576, 595, 1129
Kankamalage v. INS, 335 F.3d 858 (9th Cir. 2003) .....................................................................................475–76, 1210
Kantoni v. Gonzales, 461 F.3d 894 (7th Cir. 2006) ......................................................................................436, 580, 604
Kanyi v. Gonzales, 406 F.3d 1087 (8th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................... 349, 385
Kao & Lin, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 45 (BIA 2001) .......................................................................................99, 127, 993
Kapcia v. INS, 944 F.2d 702 (10th Cir. 1991) ............................................................................................465, 603, 1178
Kaplan v. Chertoff, 481 F.Supp. 2d 370 (E.D. Pa. 2007) ...................................................................................864, 1087
Kaplan v. Chertoff, No. 06-5304 (E.D. Pa. Mar. 5, 2008) ........................................................................................... 864
Karageorgious v. Ashcroft, 374 F.3d 152 (2d Cir. 2004) .................................................................................1001, 1211
Karaj v. Gonzales, 462 F.3d 113 (2d Cir. 2006) .................................................................................................525, 1134
Karaouni; U.S. v., 379 F.3d 1139 (9th Cir. 2004) ....................................................................100, 162, 249, 1253, 1329
Karapetian v. INS, 162 F.3d 933 (7th Cir. 1998) ...............................................................................................578, 1170
Karim v. Gonzales, 424 F.3d 109 (1st Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................. 352, 971
Karina’s Bakery, 03-INA-199 (BALCA Aug. 4, 2004) ............................................................................................... 944
Karmali v. INS, 707 F.2d 408 (9th Cir. 1983) ....................................................................................................725, 1084
Karnival Fashion, Inc.; U.S. v., 5 OCAHO no. 783 (Aug. 21, 1995) ........................................................................ 1262
Karnuth v. U.S. ex rel. Arbro, 279 U.S. 231 (1929) ..................................................................................................... 647
Karouni v. Gonzales, 399 F.3d 1163 (9th Cir. 2005) .................................................... 453, 530, 545, 578–79, 581, 583
Kasbati v. District Director, 805 F.Supp. 619 (N.D. Ill. 1992) ............................................................................ 56, 1283
Kashani v. Nelson, 793 F.2d 818 (7th Cir. 1986) .......................................................................................509, 606, 1139
Kasinga, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 357 (BIA 1996) ............................................ 444, 447, 454, 457, 469, 560, 581, 1034
Kasneci v. Gonzales, 415 F.3d 202 (1st Cir. 2005) ...................................................................................................... 568
Kasnecovic v. Gonzales, 400 F.3d 812 (9th Cir. 2005) ....................................................................553, 572, 1022, 1180
Kassar; U.S. v., 47 F.3d 562 (2d Cir. 1995) .................................................................................................................. 262
Kastigar v. U.S., 406 U.S. 441 (1972) .......................................................................................................................... 362
Kastnerova v. U.S., 365 F.3d 980 (11th Cir. 2004) ...................................................................................................... 498
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                               1513

Kataria v. INS, 232 F.3d 1107 (9th Cir. 2000) .............................................................................................463, 529, 534
Katebi v. Ashcroft, 396 F.3d 463 (1st Cir. 2005) ......................................................................................................... 859
Katigbak, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 45 (Reg. Com. 1971) .............................................................................823, 899, 904
Katkhordeh; U.S. v., 477 F.3d 624 (8th Cir. 2007) ...................................................................................................... 248
Katsis v. INS, 997 F.2d 1067 (3d Cir. 1993) .............................................................................................................. 1053
Katz v. U.S., 389 U.S. 347 (1967) ................................................................................................................................ 286
Kaur v. Ashcroft, 379 F.3d 876 (9th Cir. 2004) ...................................................................533, 536, 550, 555, 559, 566
Kaur v. Ashcroft, 388 F.3d 734 (9th Cir. 2004) ...........................................................................................270, 357, 572
Kaur v. BIA, 413 F.3d 232 (2d Cir. 2005) .................................................................................................................. 1048
Kaur v. Chertoff, 489 F.Supp.2d 52 (D.D.C. 2007) ................................................................................................... 1106
Kaur v. Gonzales, 418 F.3d 1061 (9th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................ 557, 571
Kaur v. INS, 237 F.3d 1098 (9th Cir. 2001) ................................................................................................................. 337
Kavasji v. INS, 675 F.2d 236 (7th Cir. 1982) ............................................................................................................. 1082
Kavazanjian; U.S. v., 623 F.2d 730 (1st Cir. 1980) ........................................................................................................ 52
Kawakita v. U.S., 343 U.S. 717 (1952) ...................................................................................................................... 1318
Kawasaki, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 864 (DAC 1968) .................................................................................................. 663
Kaweesa v. Gonzales, 450 F.3d 62 (1st Cir. 2006) ...................................................................................................... 393
Kay v. Ashcroft, 387 F.3d 664 (7th Cir. 2004) .............................................................................386, 394, 590–91, 1063
Kay v. Ehrler, 499 U.S. 432 (1991) ..................................................................................................................1231, 1240
Kayembe v. Ashcroft, 334 F.3d 231 (3d Cir. 2003) .........................................................540, 546, 563, 597, 1039, 1041
Kayrouz v. Ashcroft, 261 F.Supp.2d 760 (E.D. Ky. 2003) .......................................................................................... 170
Kazemi, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 49 (BIA 1984) .........................................................................................122, 153, 155
K.C.B., Matter of; 6 I&N Dec. 374 (BIA 1954) ............................................................................................................. 58
K.C.P. Food Co. v. Sava, 623 F.Supp. 1080 (S.D.N.Y. 1985) ................................................................................... 1166
Keane v. Chertoff, 419 F.Supp. 2d 597 (S.D.N.Y. 2006) ......................................................................1088, 1106, 1164
Kebe v. Gonzales, 473 F.3d 855 (7th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................596, 1057
Kebede v. Ashcroft, 366 F.3d 808 (9th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................... 554, 581
Kebede v. Gonzales, 481 F.3d 562 (8th Cir. 2007) .............................................................................................. 514, 602
Kechkar v. Gonzales, 500 F.3d 1080 (10th Cir. 2007) ...............................................................................100, 162, 1253
Keh Tong Chen v. AG, 546 F.Supp. 1060 (D.D.C. 1982) ........................................................................................... 663
Kekich, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 198 (BIA 1984) ...................................................................................................... 1324
Kelava v. Gonzales, 434 F.3d 1120 (9th Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................. 120, 983
Kelley; U.S. v., 712 F.2d 884 (1st Cir. 1983) ............................................................................................................... 398
Kellici v. Gonzales, 472 F.3d 416 (6th Cir. 2007) ...................................................................................................... 1073
Kellman v. District Director, 750 F.Supp. 625 (S.D.N.Y. 1990) ......................................................................... 138, 302
Kelly, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 446 (BIA 2008) ......................................................................................................... 1037
Kelly v. Farquharson, 256 F.Supp.2d 93 (D. Mass. 2003) .................................................................................275, 1145
Kelly v. Robinson, 479 U.S. 36 (1986) ....................................................................................................................... 1208
Kelly v. U.S. Postal Service, 492 F.Supp. 121 (S.D. Ohio 1980) .............................................................................. 1146
Kelly; U.S. v., 888 F.2d 732 (11th Cir. 1989) .............................................................................................................. 398
Kelso v. DOS, 13 F.Supp.2d 12 (D.D.C. 1998) .......................................................................................................... 1317
Kendall v. INS, 261 F.Supp.2d 296 (S.D.N.Y. 2003) .................................................................................................. 301
Kendall v. Mooney, 273 F.Supp.2d 216 (E.D.N.Y. 2003) .................................................................................182, 1138
Kenkhuis v. INS, 2003 WL 22124059 (W.D.Tex. Mar. 7, 2003) ................................................................................ 891
Kennedy, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 242 (BIA 1969) ...........................................................................................157, 1031
Kennedy v. Mendoza-Martinez, 372 U.S. 144 (1963) ............................................................................................... 1318
Kent v. Dulles, 357 U.S. 116 (1958) ............................................................................................................................... 32
Kentucky v. Fuartado, 170 S.W.3d 384 (Ky. 2005) ..................................................................................................... 214
Kenyeres v. Ashcroft, 538 U.S. 1301 (2003) ....................................................................................................1108, 1192
Keo v. Ashcroft, 341 F.3d 57 (1st Cir. 2003) ............................................................................................................... 601
Keo Chan v. Gonzales, 413 F.3d 161 (1st Cir. 2005) .......................................................................................1052, 1192
Kepilino v. Gonzales, 454 F.3d 1057 (9th Cir. 2006) .................................................................................................... 87
Kerciku v. INS, 314 F.3d 913 (7th Cir. 2003) ..............................................................................................269, 357, 572
Kessler v. Strecker, 307 U.S. 22 (1939) ...................................................................................................................... 1092
Keyte, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 158 (BIA 1990) ......................................................................................157, 1029, 1031
Khalaj v. Cole, 46 F.3d 828 (8th Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................................... 1175
Khalayleh v. INS, 287 F.3d 978 (10th Cir. 2002) ........................................................................................................ 185
Khalifah, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 107 (BIA 1995) ................................................................................................ 293–94
Khalik, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 518 (BIA 1980) ........................................................................................................... 81
Khalil v. Ashcroft, 337 F.3d 50 (1st Cir. 2003) .................................................................................................... 439, 577
Khan, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 138 (BIA 1977) ........................................................................................................... 737
Khan v. Ashcroft, 352 F.3d 521 (2d Cir. 2003) .................................................................................................... 119, 982
Khan v. Ashcroft, 374 F.3d 825 (9th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................................... 273, 379
Khan v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 448 F.3d 226 (3d Cir. 2006) ............................................327, 329–32, 848, 1006, 1115
1514                                                                                             KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Khan v. Barber, 253 F.2d 547 (9th Cir. 1958), cert. denied, 357 U.S. 920 (1958) ........................................................ 82
Khan v. DOJ, 494 F.3d 255 (2d Cir. 2007) .......................................................................................................1024, 1040
Khan v. Fasano, 194 F.Supp.2d 1134 (S.D. Cal. 2001) ............................................................................................... 413
Khan v. Gonzales, 481 F.Supp.2d 638 (W.D. Tex. 2006) ............................................................................................ 415
Khan v. Gonzales, 495 F.3d 31 (2d Cir. 2007) .......................................................................1047, 1072, 1074–75, 1137
Khan v. INS, 237 F.3d 1143 (9th Cir. 2001) ........................................................................................................ 367, 538
Khan v. Meissner, 921 F.Supp. 2 (D.D.C. 1995) ..............................................................................................1288, 1296
Khan v. Mukasey, 517 F.3d 513 (7th Cir. 2008) ........................................................................................................ 1167
Khan; U.S. v., 324 F.Supp.2d 1177 (D. Colo. 2004) ....................................................................................279, 289, 363
Khanani; U.S. v., 502 F.3d 1281 (11th Cir. 2007) ..................................................................................188, 239, 242–43
Kharaiti Ram Samras v. U.S., 125 F.2d 879 (9th Cir. 1945) .......................................................................................... 29
Kharana v. Gonzales, 487 F.3d 1280 (9th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................... 185
Kharkhan v. Ashcroft, 336 F.3d 601 (7th Cir. 2003) .................................................................................458, 999, 1119
Khattak v. Ashcroft, 332 F.3d 250 (4th Cir. 2003) ..................................................................................................... 1212
Khattak v. Ashcroft, 332 F.3d 250 (4th Cir. 2003) ..................................................................................................... 1020
Kheireddine v. Gonzales, 427 F.3d 80 (1st Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................... 1167
Khelifa v. Chertoff, 433 F.Supp.2d 836 (E.D. Mich. 2006) ....................................................................................... 1326
Khem v. Ashcroft, 342 F.3d 51 (1st Cir. 2003) ............................................................................................................ 601
Kho v. Keisler, 505 F.3d 50 (1st Cir. 2007) ....................................................................................................467–68, 546
Khodagholian v. Ashcroft, 335 F.3d 1003 (9th Cir. 2003) ..........................................................................859–60, 1179
Kholyavskiy v. Achim, 443 F.3d 946 (7th Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................299, 1097
Kholyavskiy v. Schlecht, 479 F.Supp.2d 897 (E.D. Wis. 2007) ........................................................410, 1232, 1235–36
Khorrami v. Rolince, 493 F.Supp.2d 1061 (N.D. Ill. 2007) ......................................................................................... 309
Khotesouvan v. Morones, 384 F.3d 1046 (9th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................413, 1155
Khotesouvan v. Morones, 386 F.3d 1298 (9th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................ 411
Khourassany v. INS, 208 F.3d 1096 (9th Cir. 2000) ..................................................................................439, 492, 1200
Khourn, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 1041 (BIA 1997) .................................................................................................. 72, 84
Khouzam v. Ashcroft, 361 F.3d 161 (2d Cir. 2004) ...............................................................................469, 482–83, 488
Khouzam v. Hogan, 497 F.Supp.2d 615 (M.D. Pa. 2007) ........................ 491–92, 1073, 1079, 1094, 1125, 1131, 1158
Khouzam v. Hogan, 529 F.Supp.2d 543 (M.D. Pa. 2008) ...........................................................................262, 485, 492
Khulumani v. Barclay Nat. Bank Ltd., 504 F.3d 254 (2d Cir. 2007) ...................................................................1223–24
Khup v. Ashcroft, 376 F.3d 898 (9th Cir. 2004) ........................................................................491, 524, 576, 579, 1199
Kiam; U.S. v., 432 F.3d 524 (3d Cir. 2005) ......................................................................................................... 275, 363
Kiang; U.S. v., 175 F.Supp.2d 942 (E.D. Mich. 2001) ........................................................................................ 73, 1321
Kiareldeen v. Ashcroft, 273 F.3d 542 (3d Cir. 2001) ................................................................................................. 1235
Kiareldeen v. Reno, 71 F.Supp.2d 402 (D.N.J. 1999) ................................................................142, 297, 365, 373, 1109
Kibinda v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 477 F.3d 113 (3d Cir. 2007) .................................................................................. 601
Kids “R” Us, 89-INA-311 (BALCA Jan. 28, 1991) ..................................................................................................... 934
Kifleyesus v. Gonzales, 462 F.3d 937 (8th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................. 504
Kilburn v. Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, 376 F.3d 1123 (D.C. Cir. 2004) ......................................... 1227
Kilburn v. The Republic of Iran, 441 F.Supp.2d 74 (D.D.C. 2006) ........................................................................... 1226
Kim, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 758 (A.C. 1968) ............................................................................................................ 876
Kim, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 144 (BIA 1979) ............................................................................................................... 80
Kim v. Ashcroft, 340 F.Supp.2d 384 (S.D.N.Y. 2004) .............................................................................................. 1083
Kim v. District Director, 586 F.2d 713 (9th Cir. 1978) ........................................................................................ 735, 738
Kim v. Gonzales, 458 F.3d 40 (2d Cir. 2006) ...............................................................................................552, 556, 562
Kim v. Gonzales, 468 F.3d 58 (1st Cir. 2006) ...................................................................................................... 120, 984
Kim v. U.S., No. C90-1163 WD (W.D. Wash. 1993) ................................................................................................ 1219
Kim; U.S. v., 193 F.3d 567 (2d Cir. 1999) ........................................................................................................... 239, 242
Kimbrough v. United States, 128 S.Ct.558 (2007) ....................................................................................................... 255
Kimumwe v. Gonzales, 431 F.3d 319 (8th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................. 581
Kingston; U.S. v., 966 F.Supp. 183 (S.D.N.Y. 1997) .................................................................................................. 199
King & Yang, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 502 (BIA 1978) ....................................................................281, 362, 761, 1255
Kirk v. INS, 927 F.2d 1106 (9th Cir. 1991) ................................................................................................................ 1257
Ki Se Lee v. Ashcroft, 368 F.3d 218 (3d Cir. 2004) .................................................................................................... 187
Kiyomi’s Fitting Room, 86-INA-469 (BALCA 1986) ................................................................................................. 936
K-L-, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 654 (BIA 1993) ............................................................................................................ 203
Klawitter v. INS, 970 F.2d 149 (6th Cir. 1992) .................................................................................................... 580, 602
Kleindienst v. Mandel, 408 U.S. 753 (1972) ................................................................. 30–31, 34, 110, 833, 1148, 1168
Klementanovsky v. Gonzales, 501 F.3d 788 (7th Cir. 2007) .......................................................31, 124, 126, 276, 1014
Kllokoqi v. Gonzales, 439 F.3d 336 (7th Cir. 2006) ....................................................................................543, 558, 564
Kloeti, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 295 (R.C. 1981) .......................................................................................................... 725
Klonis v. Davis, 13 F.2d 630 (2d Cir. 1926) ................................................................................................................. 268
Knapik v. Ashcroft, 384 F.3d 84 (3d Cir. 2004) .......................................................................................72, 74, 78, 1183
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                             1515

Knauff, U.S. ex rel.; v. Shaughnessy, 338 U.S. 537 (1950) ........................................................................................... 35
Knezevic v. Ashcroft, 367 F.3d 1206 (9th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................459, 462, 469
Knight; U.S. v., 490 F.3d 1268 (11th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................250, 1330
Knights of the Ku Klux Klan v. East Baton Rouge Parish School Bd., 735 F.2d 895 (5th Cir. 1984) ..................... 1240
Knoetze v. DOS, 634 F.2d 207 (5th Cir. 1981) ............................................................................................................ 627
Knoetze v. DOS, 634 F.2d 207 (5th Cir. 1981), cert. denied, 454 U.S. 823 (1981) ..........................................627, 1180
Knutsen v. Gonzales, 429 F.3d 733 (7th Cir. 2005) ...........................................................................................185, 1184
Ko v. Gonzales, 421 F.3d 453 (7th Cir. 2005) ...................................................................................................... 388, 401
Kobugabe v. Gonzales, 440 F.3d 900 (7th Cir. 2006) .................................................................................................. 461
Kochlani, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 128 (BIA 2007) ...........................................................................................79–80, 83
Koden, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 739 (BIA 1976), aff’d, Koden v. INS, 564 F.2d 228 (7th Cir. 1977) ...................... 356
Kodwo, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 479 (BIA 2008) ................................................................................................ 372, 798
Kofa v. INS, 60 F.3d 1084 (4th Cir. 1995) ................................................................................................................... 481
Kohama, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 257 (A.C. 1978) ........................................................................................................ 60
Kohli v. Gonzales, 473 F.3d 1061 (9th Cir. 2007) ....................................................................................................... 321
Kokar v. Gonzales, 478 F.3d 803 (7th Cir. 2007) ...................................................................................................... 1028
Kolender v. Lawson, 461 U.S. 352 (1983) ................................................................................................................. 1208
Koliada v. INS, 259 F.3d 482 (6th Cir. 2001) ...................................................................................................... 464, 541
Kolios v. INS, 532 F.2d 786 (1st Cir.), cert. denied, 429 U.S. 884 (1976) .................................................................. 217
Kolkevich v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 501 F.3d 323 (3d Cir. 2007) ..................................................................1072, 1091
Kolman v. Shalala, 39 F.3d 173 (7th Cir. 1994) ......................................................................................................... 1237
Koloamatangi, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 548 (BIA 2003) .............................................................................114, 972, 988
Kolster v. Ashcroft, 188 F.Supp.2d 60 (D. Mass. 2002) .............................................................................................. 976
Komarenko v. INS, 35 F.3d 432 (9th Cir. 1994) .......................................................................................................... 476
Kon v. Gonzales, 400 F.3d 1225 (9th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................................ 1161
Konan v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 432 F.3d 497 (3d Cir. 2005) ............................................442, 449, 453, 573, 587, 597
Kondakova v. Ashcroft, 383 F.3d 792 (8th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................................. 571
Kone; U.S. v., 307 F.3d 430 (6th Cir. 2002) ................................................................................................................. 247
Konishi v. INS, 661 F.2d 818 (9th Cir. 1981) ............................................................................................................ 1180
Konstantinova v. INS, 195 F.3d 528 (9th Cir. 1999) ..................................................................................1033–34, 1053
Koon v. U.S., 518 U.S. 81 (1996) ......................................................................................................................... 253, 261
Kooritzky v. Herman, 6 F.Supp.2d 1 (D.D.C. 1997), rev’d, 178 F.3d 1315 (D.C. Cir. 1999) ..............1231, 1235, 1238
Kooritzky v. Reich, 17 F.3d 1509 (D.C. Cir. 1994) ................................................................................................... 1086
Koos v. Holm, 204 F.Supp.2d 1099 (W.D. Tenn. 2002) .............................................................................................. 423
Kopunec v. Nelson, 801 F.2d 1226 (10th Cir. 1986) ................................................................................................. 1231
Korablina v. INS, 158 F.3d 1038 (9th Cir. 1998) ...........................................................................440, 460–61, 478, 576
Kordic v. Esperdy, 279 F.Supp. 880 (D.N.Y. 1967) .................................................................................................... 143
Koreh; U.S. v., 856 F.Supp. 891 (D.N.J. 1994) .......................................................................................................... 1321
Korematsu v. U.S., 323 U.S. 214 (1944) ........................................................................................................................ 32
Korniejew v. Ashcroft, 371 F.3d 377 (7th Cir. 2004) .................................................................................................. 570
Korsunskty v. Gonzales, 461 F.3d 847 (7th Cir. 2006) .............................................................................................. 1135
Korvah v. Brown, 66 F.3d 809 (6th Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................................ 667
Korvah v. Brown, 66 F.3d 809 (6th Cir. 1995) .......................................................................................................... 1163
Korwek v. Hunt, 827 F.2d 874 (2d Cir. 1987) ............................................................................................................ 1203
Korytnyuk v. Ashcroft, 396 F.3d 272 (3d Cir. 2005) ................................................ 400, 1034, 1042, 1050, 1063, 1123
Kosak v. Aguirre, 519 F.3d 210 (3d Cir. 2008) ..........................................................................................784, 787, 1181
Kosak v. Devine, 439 F.Supp.2d 410 (E.D. Pa. 2006) ......................................................................................... 784, 788
Kossov v. INS, 132 F.3d 405 (7th Cir. 1998) .............................................................................270, 410, 460, 469, 1146
Kostadinov; U.S. v., 734 F.3d 905 (2d Cir. 1984) ........................................................................................................ 747
Kotasz v. INS, 31 F.3d 847 (9th Cir. 1994) .......................................................................................................... 467, 527
Kothandaraghipathy v. DHS, 396 F.Supp.2d 1104 (D. Ariz. 2005) ............................................................................ 414
Kotliar, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 124 (BIA 2007) .............................................................................................139, 303–4
Kotte, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 449 (BIA 1978) .................................................................................................330, 1006
Kouanchao v. USCIS, 358 F.Supp.2d 837 & 840 (D. Minn. 2005) ........................................................................... 1316
Koudriachova v. Gonzales, 490 F.3d 255 (2d Cir. 2007) ...............................................................................449, 451–52
Kouljinski v. Keisler, 505 F.3d 534 (6th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................. 476, 601
Kourski v. Ashcroft, 355 F.3d 1038 (7th Cir. 2004) ................................................................529–30, 535–36, 557, 564
Koutcher v. Gonzales, 494 F.3d 1133 (7th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................... 1191
Kovac v. INS, 407 F.2d 102 (9th Cir. 1969) ......................................................................................................... 438, 440
Koval v. Gonzales, 418 F.3d 798 (7th Cir. 2005) .................................................................................359, 440, 541, 575
Kovalev, U.S. ex rel.; v. Ashcroft, 223 F.Supp.2d 688 (E.D .Pa. 2002) ..........................................................1093, 1113
Kowalczyk v. INS, 245 F.3d 1143 (10th Cir. 2001) ...............................................................317, 528, 1011, 1030, 1043
Kowalski, Matter of; 10 I&N Dec. 159 (BIA 1963) ..................................................................................................... 160
Kozak v. Gonzales, 502 F.3d 34 (1st Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................. 390, 392
1516                                                                                              KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Koziel; U.S. v., 954 F.2d 831 (2d Cir. 1992) ................................................................................................................ 216
Kozulin v. INS, 218 F.3d 1112 (9th Cir. 2000) ............................................................................................................ 458
KPMG Peat Marwick of Puerto Rico v. INS, 943 F.2d 91 (1st Cir. 1991) ............................................................... 1256
Kpomassie; U.S. v., 323 F.Supp.2d 894 (W.D. Tenn. 2004) ....................................................................................... 250
Kracun v. U.S., 392 F.Supp.2d 594 (S.D.N.Y. 2005) .................................................................................................. 814
Krasnopivtsev v. Ashcroft, 382 F.3d 832 (8th Cir. 2005) ..............................................................371–72, 380, 439, 575
Krastev v. INS, 292 F.3d 1268 (10th Cir. 2002) ..........................................................................................460, 463, 547
Krazoun v. Ashcroft, 350 F.3d 208 (1st Cir. 2003) ..................................................................................795, 1054, 1064
Kreager v. Solomon & Flanagan P.A., 775 F.2d 1541 (11th Cir. 1985) .................................................................... 1230
Krecioch v. U.S., 316 F.3d 684 (7th Cir. 2003) .......................................................................................................... 1231
Kreines v. U.S., 33 F.3d 1105 (9th Cir. 1994) ............................................................................................................ 1241
Krishnamoorthy v. Ridge, 2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 8381 (N.D. Ill. May 19, 2003) .................................................... 807
Krivonos, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 292 (BIA 2007) ..................................................................................................... 356
Krotova v. Gonzales, 416 F.3d 1080 (9th Cir. 2005) ...................................................................................440, 446, 576
Krouchevski v. Ashcroft, 344 F.3d 670 (7th Cir. 2003) ............................................................................................... 547
Krougliak v. INS, 289 F.3d 457 (7th Cir. 2002) ......................................................................................................... 1033
Krstic; U.S. v., 528 F.Supp.2d 1245 (D. Or. 2007) ...................................................................................................... 247
K-R-Y- and K-C-S-, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 133 (BIA 2007) ............................................................................ 434, 472
K-S-, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 715 (BIA 1993) ..................................................................................................459, 1024
K Super KQ-1541 A.M., 88-INA-397 (BALCA 1989) ............................................................................................... 921
Kubon v. INS, 913 F.2d 386 (7th Cir. 1990) ................................................................................................................ 525
Kubrick; U.S. v., 444 U.S. 111 (1979) ........................................................................................................................ 1213
Kucharski, 2000-INA-116 (BALCA Sept. 18, 2002) ................................................................................................... 951
Kuciemba v. INS, 92 F.3d 496 (7th Cir. 1996) ............................................................................................................ 400
Kuh v. INS, 758 F.2d 370 (9th Cir. 1985) ........................................................................................................1083, 1204
Kuhai v. INS, 199 F.3d 909 (7th Cir. 1999) ......................................................................................................... 410, 469
Kuhali v. Reno, 266 F.3d 93 (2d Cir. 2001) .......................................................................................174, 199, 203, 1089
Kumar v. Gonzales, 439 F.3d 520 (9th Cir. 2006) ..................................................................................................... 1022
Kumar v. Gonzales, 444 F.3d 1043 (9th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................449, 536, 556–58, 574
Kumar; U.S. v., 6 OCAHO no. 833 (Feb. 6, 1996) ...................................................................................................... 267
Kumarasamy v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 453 F.3d 169 (3d Cir. 2006) ...................................1073, 1079, 1090, 1094–95
Kumho Tire Company, Ltd. v. Carmichael, 526 U.S. 137 (1999) ............................................................................... 359
Kumpf; U.S. v., 438 F.3d 785 (7th Cir. 2006) .............................................................................................................. 622
Kungys v. U.S., 485 U.S. 759 (1988) .........................................................................................97, 503, 963, 1207, 1319
Kuqo v. Ashcroft, 391 F.3d 856 (7th Cir. 2004) .......................................................................................................... 379
Kurfees v. INS, 275 F.3d 332 (4th Cir. 2001) ..................................................................................................1100, 1136
Kurt Salmon Assoc., Inc., 87-INA-636 (BALCA 1988) .............................................................................................. 925
Kuschchak v. Ashcroft, 366 F.3d 597 (7th Cir. 2004) ......................................................................................... 272, 328
K-V-D-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 1163 (BIA 1999) ...........................................................................170, 190, 259, 1024
Kwai Fun Wong v. U.S., 373 F.3d 952 (9th Cir. 2004) .......................................................35, 144, 309, 1083, 1220–21
Kwong Hai Chew v. Colding, 344 U.S. 590 (1953) .....................................................................................36, 773, 1092


                                                                               L
L-, Matter of; 1 I&N Dec. 324 (BIA 1942) .................................................................................................................... 82
L, Matter of; 4 I&N Dec. 556 (BIA 1951) .................................................................................................................. 1043
L, Matter of; 6 I&N Dec. 349 (BIA 1954) .................................................................................................................... 160
L, Matter of; 9 I&N Dec. 14 (BIA 1960) ...................................................................................................................... 337
L, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 553 (BIA 1992) .......................................................................................................... 511, 643
Labojewski v. Gonzales, 407 F.3d 814 (7th Cir. 2005) ..............................................................................406, 849, 1211
Laboski v. Ashcroft, 387 F.3d 628 (7th Cir. 2004) .................................................................................................... 1025
Lacap v. INS, 138 F.3d 518 (3d Cir. 1998) ................................................................................................................ 1299
Lacey v. Gonzales, 499 F.3d 514 (6th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................. 643, 839
Lacey v. U.S., 74 F.Supp.2d 13 (D.D.C. 1999) ................................................................................................1218, 1222
L.A. Closeout, Inc. v. DHS, 513 F.3d 940 (9th Cir. 2007) ...............................................................632, 678, 1086, 1182
Ladha v. INS, 215 F.3d 889 (9th Cir. 2000) ............................................................ 357, 529, 534, 545, 576, 1023, 1167
Ladha v. INS, 215 F.3d 889 (9th Cir. 2000) ................................................................................................................. 533
LaDuke v. Nelson, 762 F.2d 1318 (9th Cir. 1985) .............................................................................285–86, 1151, 1235
Lafarga v. INS, 170 F.3d 1213 (9th Cir. 1999) .............................................................................................70, 198, 1117
Lafond, 01-INA-154 (BALCA July 25, 2002) ............................................................................................................. 923
Lafontant v. Aristide, 844 F.Supp.128 (S.D.N.Y. 1994) ............................................................................................ 1228
LaFontant v. INS, 135 F.3d 158 (D.C. Cir. 1998) ...................................................................................................... 1102
La Franca v. INS, 413 F.2d 686 (2d Cir. 1969) ............................................................................................................ 326
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                           1517

Lagandaon v. Ashcroft, 383 F.3d 983 (9th Cir. 2004) .............................................................................989, 1000, 1120
LaGrand Case (Germany v. U.S.), 2001 I.C.J. 104 (June 27) ...................................................................................... 401
La Grotta, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 110 (BIA 1972) .................................................................................................... 800
LaGuerre v. Reno, 164 F.3d 1035 (7th Cir. 1998), cert. denied, LaGuerre v. Reno 528 U.S. 1153 (2000) ....... 117, 982
Lahmidi v. INS, 149 F.3d 1011 (9th Cir. 1998) ........................................................................................................... 387
Lahrar v. Gonzales, 485 F.Supp.2d 705 (E.D. Va. 2007) ........................................................................................... 1326
Lai, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 188 (R.C. 1969) .............................................................................................................. 664
Laija-Garcia; U.S. v., 347 F.Supp.2d 350 (W.D. Tex. 2004) ....................................................................................... 289
Laing v. Ashcroft, 370 F.3d 994 (9th Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................................ 1099
Laipenieks, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 433 (BIA 1983), rev’d, 750 F.2d 1427 (9th Cir. 1985) .....................432, 436, 440
Laipenieks v. INS, 750 F.2d 1427 (9th Cir. 1985) .............................................................................................111, 1042
Lal v. INS, 255 F.3d 998 (9th Cir. 2001) amended on reh’g 268 F.3d 1148 (9th Cir. 2001) ...........463–34, 1169, 1187
Lalani v. Perryman, 105 F.3d 334 (7th Cir. 1997) ..............................................................................................826, 1164
Lam, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 432 (BIA 1978) ............................................................................................................. 841
Lam, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 15 (BIA 1981) ............................................................................................................... 512
Lambert, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 340 (BIA 1965) ........................................................................................................ 79
Lam Garden Chinese Restaurant, 08-PER-14 (BALCA Dec. 17, 2007) ..................................................................... 912
Landeros-Mendez; U.S. v., 206 F.3d 1354 (10th Cir. 2000) ........................................................................................ 226
Landgraf v. USI Film Products, 511 U.S. 244, 265, 114 S.Ct. 1483 (1994) .....................................................118, 1208
Landin-Zavala v. Gonzales, 488 F.3d 1150 (9th Cir. 2007) ......................................................................................... 991
Landon v. Plasencia, 459 U.S. 21 (1982) .........................................................................36, 55, 134, 144, 151, 154, 773
Lane v. Tillinghast, 38 F.2d 231 (1st Cir. 1930) ............................................................................................................. 79
Langhorne v. Ashcroft, 377 F.3d 175 (2d Cir. 2004) ................................................................................................. 1302
Lanza v. Ashcroft, 389 F.3d 917 (9th Cir. 2004) ....................................................................540, 543, 1021, 1130, 1180
Lapka v. Chertoff, 517 F.3d 974 (7th Cir. 2008) ........................................................................................................ 1270
Lara v. Trominski, 216 F.3d 487 (5th Cir. 2000) ...........................................................................346, 1013, 1043, 1063
Lara-Cazares v. Gonzales, 408 F.3d 1217 (9th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................... 176, 181
Lara-Chacon v. Ashcroft, 345 F.3d 1148 (9th Cir. 2003) ....................................................................168, 193, 201, 370
Lara-Ruiz v. INS, 241 F.3d 934 (7th Cir. 2001) ...................................................................125, 167, 194, 277, 369, 377
Lara-Torres v. Ashcroft, 383 F.3d 968 (9th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................................ 341
Larimi v. INS, 782 F.2d 1494 (9th Cir. 1986) ............................................................................................................ 1202
Larin-Ulloa v. Gonzales, 462 F.3d 456 (5th Cir. 2006) ................................... 180, 192–93, 210, 370, 1163, 1165, 1172
Larry Douglas, Ltd., Matter of; 88-INA-130 (BALCA 1988) ................................................................................... 1237
Larry Douglas, Ltd., 88-INA-130 (BALCA 1988) ...................................................................................................... 952
L.A. Rubber Co., 89-INA-58 (BALCA 1989) .............................................................................................................. 925
Laryea v. U.S., 300 F.Supp.2d 404 (E.D. Va. 2004) .................................................................................................. 1307
Lasa Marketing Firms; U.S. v., 1 OCAHO no. 106 (Nov. 27, 1989) ........................................................................ 1272
Lasprilla v. Ashcroft, 365 F.3d 98 (1st Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................................ 847
Laszcz v. Ashcroft, 381 F.3d 611 (7th Cir. 2004). ..................................................................................................... 1123
Lata v. INS, 204 F.3d 1241 (9th Cir. 2000) ......................................................................................................1041, 1139
Latifi v. Gonzales, 430 F.3d 103 (2d Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................... 554, 562
Latin American Enterprises, Inc. d/b/a Telelink Inc., 08-INA-82 (BALCA Mar. 3, 2008) ........................................ 922
Lato v. Attorney General, 773 F.Supp. 973 (W.D. Tex. 1991) .................................................................................... 292
Lattab v. Ashcroft, 384 F.3d 8 (1st Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................406, 849, 1183, 1211
Latu v. Ashcroft, 375 F.3d 1012 (10th Cir. 2004) ............................................................125, 277, 315, 325, 1100, 1126
Latu; U.S. v., 479 F.3d 1153 (9th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................................ 175, 842
Lau v. INS, 445 F.2d 217 (D.C. Cir.), cert. denied, 404 U.S. 864 (1971) ................................................................... 280
Laureano, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 1 (BIA 1983) .........................................................................................799–800, 847
Laurent v. Ashcroft, 359 F.3d 59 62–63 (1st Cir. 2004) .............................................................................................. 400
Laurenzo, 87-INA-603 (BALCA 1988) ....................................................................................................................... 932
Lauretta v. Herman, No. CV 97-4479 WJR (C.D. Cal. Aug. 6, 1997) ........................................................................ 952
Lauvik v. INS, 910 F.2d 658 (9th Cir. 1990) ......................................................................617, 735, 738–39, 1170, 1175
Lavender v. Kurn, 327 U.S. 645 (1946) ................................................................................................................ 547, 568
Lavira v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 478 F.3d 158 (3d Cir. 2007) ............................................................................ 481, 487
Law Offices of Jean-Pierre Karnos, 03-INA-18 (BALCA May 20, 2004) .................................................................. 919
Law Offices of Manulkin, Glaser & Bennett; U.S. v., 1 OCAHO no. 100 (Oct. 27, 1989) ...................................... 1280
Lawrence, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 418 (BIA 1975) .............................................................................................. 644–45
Lawrence, In re; 448 F.Supp.2d 572 (S.D.N.Y. 2006) .....................................................................................1071, 1091
Lawrence v. Gonzales, 446 F.3d 221 (1st Cir. 2006) .........................................................................114, 978, 983, 1160
Lawrence; U.S. v., 991 F.Supp. 149 (W.D.N.Y. 1998) .............................................................................................. 1197
Lawrence Weinstein and Toni Albanese, 05-INA-00009 (BALCA 2006) ................................................................. 932
Lawrence Weinstein & Toni Albanese, 05-INA-00009 (BALCA 2006) .................................................................... 948
Lawson v. Gerlinski, 332 F.Supp.2d 735 (M.D. Pa. 2004) ..................................................145, 307, 316, 499, 521, 588
Lawyers Comm. for Human Rights v. INS, 721 F.Supp. 552 (S.D. N.Y. 1989) ................................................. 129, 335
1518                                                                                            KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Lazar v. Gonzales, 500 F.3d 469 (6th Cir. 2007) .............................................................................................503–4, 552
Lazarescu v. U.S., 199 F.2d 898 (4th Cir. 1952) ............................................................................................................ 53
Lazarte, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 214 (BIA 1996) .................................................................................................. 97, 127
Lazo v. Gonzales, 462 F.3d 53 (2d Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................................ 1032
Lazo-Majano v. INS, 813 F.2d 1432 (9th Cir. 1987) ........................................................................................... 450, 580
Lazo-Ortiz; U.S. v., 136 F.3d 1282 (11th Cir. 1998) .............................................................................................. 259–60
L-D-E-, Matter of; 8 I&N Dec. 399 (BIA 1959) .......................................................................................................... 963
Le v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 196 F.3d 1352 (11th Cir. 1999) .............................................................................................. 1163
Le v. Waters, 863 F.Supp. 1104 (N.D. Cal. 1994) ....................................................................................................... 851
Leader v. Blackman, 744 F.Supp. 500 (S.D.N.Y. 1990) ..............................................................................138, 169, 302
League of United Latin American Citizens, see LULAC
League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) v. INS, see Catholic Social Services v. Meese
Leal-Cruz; U.S. v., 431 F.3d 667 (9th Cir. 2005) ......................................................................................................... 243
Leal-Rodriquez v. INS, 990 F.2d 939 (7th Cir. 1993) .................................................................................................... 54
Leal Santos v. Gonzales, 495 F.Supp.2d 180 (D. Mass. 2007) ..........................................................................363, 1301
Leal Santos v. Mukasey, 516 F.3d 1 (1st Cir. 2008) ....................................................................................153, 319, 377
Lebanese Arak Corp., 87-INA-683 (BALCA 1989) .................................................................................................... 927
Lebrun v. Thornburgh, 777 F.Supp. 1204 (D.N.J. 1991) ..................................................................................... 33, 1300
LeClerc v. Webb, 419 F.3d 405 (5th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................................. 38
Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., 127 S.Ct. 2162 (2007) ........................................................................... 1276
Ledesma-Valdes v. Sava, 604 F.Supp. 675 (S.D.N.Y. 1985) ..............................................................152, 518–19, 1097
Lee, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 911 (BIA 1966) .............................................................................................................. 782
Lee, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 187 (R.C. 1975) .............................................................................................................. 739
Lee, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 275 (Comm. 1978) ........................................................................................................... 89
Lee v. Ashcroft, 268 F.Supp.2d 150 (E.D.N.Y. 2003) ................................................................................................. 320
Lee v. Ashcroft, 368 F.3d 218 (3d Cir. 2004) ....................................................................................................... 185, 188
Lee v. Gonzales, 410 F.3d 778 (5th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................................... 1094
Lee v. Ziglar, 237 F.Supp.2d 914 (N.D. Ill. 2002) ....................................................................................................... 871
Le Floch, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 251 (BIA 1969) ...................................................................................................... 122
Legal Assistance for Vietnamese Asylum Seekers v. DOS, 45 F.3d 469 (D.C. Cir. 1995),
          remanded, 117 S.Ct. 378 (1996), remanded, 104 F.3d 1349 (1997) ........................................622, 1152, 1184
Legal Assistance for Vietnamese Asylum Seekers v. DOS, 74 F.3d 1308 (D.C. Cir. 1996) .................................... 1156
Legal Assistance for Vietnamese Asylum Seekers v. DOS, 104 F.3d 1349 (D.C. Cir. 1997) ....................34, 830, 1164
Legalization Assistance Project of L.A. v. INS, see Immigration Assistance Project of L.A. County v. INS
Leguizamo-Medina v. Gonzales, 493 F.3d 772 (7th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................. 1119
Lehmann v. Carson, 353 U.S. 685 (1957) ...................................................................................................................... 79
Lehmann v. U.S., 353 U.S. 685 (1957) ................................................................................................................. 268, 274
Lei, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 113 (BIA 1998) ....................................................................................................... 347, 395
Leia v. Ashcroft, 393 F.3d 427 (3d Cir. 2005) ..................................................................................................... 367, 538
Leitao v. Reno, 311 F.3d 453 (1st Cir. 2002) ...............................................................................................119, 361, 983
Leiva-Montalvo v. INS, 173 F.3d 749 (9th Cir. 1999) .................................................................................460, 463, 478
Lekarczyk; U.S. v., 354 F.Supp.2d 883 (W.D. Wis. 2005) ..............................................................................1309, 1320
Lema v. INS, 341 F.3d 853 (9th Cir. 2003) ........................................................................................................414, 1102
Lemeshko v. Wrona, 325 F.Supp.2d 778 (E.D Mich. 2004) ....................................................300, 351, 423, 1095, 1154
Lemhammad, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 316 (BIA 1991) ...............................................................358, 791–92, 968, 1204
Lemos-Garcia v. Weiss, 797 F.Supp. 126 (D. Conn. 1991) ....................................................................................... 1082
Lemus, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 373 (BIA 2007) ................................................................................................... 90, 845
Lemus v. Gonzales, 489 F.3d 399 (1st Cir. 2007) ...................................................................................................... 1052
Lemus-Galvan v. Mukasey, 518 F.3d 1081 (9th Cir. 2008) .............................................................................1111, 1131
Lemus-Rodriguez v. Ashcroft, 350 F.3d 652 (7th Cir. 2003) ....................................................................202, 987, 1111
Lendo v. Gonzales, 493 F.3d 439 (4th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................327, 329–31, 848, 1006
Lendy Muller, 98-INA-237 (BALCA Sept. 17, 1999) ................................................................................................. 926
Lenea v. Lane, 882 F.2d 1171 (7th Cir. 1989) .............................................................................................................. 360
Lengkong v. Gonzales, 478 F.3d 859 (8th Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................. 458
Leng May Ma v. Barber, 357 U.S. 185 (1958) ............................................................................................................... 51
Lenhard v. Wolff, 443 U.S. 1306 (1979) .................................................................................................................... 1153
Lennon v. INS, 527 F.2d 187 (2d Cir. 1975) ..............................................................................85, 215, 378, 1013, 1206
Lennon v. U.S., 387 F.Supp. 561 (S.D.N.Y. 1975) ...................................................................................................... 315
Lennon; U.S. v., 372 F.3d 535 (3d Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................................ 230–31
Leocal v. Ashcroft, 543 U.S. 1 (2004) ....................................................... 175–76, 180, 193, 378, 1111, 1187–88, 1206
Leon-Davila v. INS, 19 F.3d 1370 (11th Cir. 1994) ..................................................................................................... 980
Leon-Hernandez v. INS, 926 F.2d 902 (9th Cir. 1991) ................................................................................................ 165
Leon-Orosco and Rodriguez-Colas, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 136 (AG 1984) ..................................431, 444, 591, 1023
Leon Paz; U.S. v., 340 F.3d 1003 (9th Cir. 2003) ........................................................................................................ 236
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                                             1519

Leos-Maldonado; U.S. v., 302 F.3d 1061 (9th Cir. 2002) ............................................................................................ 228
Lepe-Guitron v. INS, 16 F.3d 1021 (9th Cir. 1994) ..................................................................................................... 976
Lepofsky, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 718 (BIA 1974) ..................................................................................................... 155
Lepore; U.S. v., 304 F.Supp.2d 183 (D. Mass. 2004) .................................................................................................. 178
Lerma de Garcia v. INS, 141 F.3d 215 (5th Cir. 1998) .............................................................................................. 1122
Lethbridge, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 444 (BIA 1965) .................................................................................................... 81
Lettman, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 365 (BIA 1998),
           aff’d, Lettman v. Reno, 207 F.3d 1368 (11th Cir. 2000) .............................................................200, 206, 1183
Levin v. Islamic Republic of Iran, 529 F.Supp.2d 1 (D.D.C. 2007) .......................................................................... 1227
Levy; U.S. v., 440 F.Supp.2d 162 (E.D.N.Y. 2006) ..................................................................................................... 251
Lewis v. Gonzales, 481 F.3d 125 (2d Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................................ 1303
Lewis v. INS, 194 F.3d 539 (4th Cir. 1999) .......................................................................................199–200, 206, 1111
Lewis v. Thompson, 252 F.3d 567 (2d Cir. 2001) ......................................................................................................... 32
Leyva, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 118 (BIA 1977) ............................................................................................................ 79
Leyva v. Ashcroft, 380 F.3d 303 (7th Cir. 2004) .............................................................................................1081, 1119
Leyva-Licea v. INS, 187 F.3d 1147 (9th Cir. 1999) .......................................................................................84, 169, 202
L-G-, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 89 (BIA 1995) ......................................................................................170–71, 190, 1023
Lhanzom v. Gonzales, 430 F.3d 833 (7th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................... 564
Li, Matter of ................................................................................................................................................................. 1181
Li, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 514 (BIA 1975) ................................................................................................................... 88
Li, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 700 (BIA 1993) ......................................................................................................... 783, 787
Li, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 13 (BIA 1995) ...................................................................................................783–84, 1036
Li, In re; 71 F.Supp.2d 1052 (D. Hawaii 1999) ............................................................................................................ 434
Li v. Ashcroft, 356 F.3d 1153 (9th Cir. 2004) ..............................................................................................436, 438, 587
Li v. Ashcroft, 378 F.3d 959 (9th Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................................ 554, 572
Li v. Ashcroft, 389 F.3d 892 (9th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................................................ 369
Li v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 400 F.3d 157 (3d Cir. 2005) .................................................................435, 440, 546, 1166
Li v. Chertoff, 482 F.Supp.2d 1172 (S.D. Cal. 2007) ............................................................................1088, 1106, 1108
Li v. Chertoff, 490 F.Supp.2d 130 (D. Mass. 2007) ................................................................................................... 1306
Li v. Gonzales, 405 F.3d 171 (4th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................................... 584
Li v. Gonzales, 416 F.3d 681 (7th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................................... 448
Li v. Gonzales, 420 F.3d 500 (5th Cir. 2005) ....................................................................................................... 442, 577
Li v. Greene, 767 F.Supp. 1087 (D. Colo. 1991) .................................................................................................... 143–44
Li v. Keisler, 505 F.3d 913 (9th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................1232, 1236, 1238
Li v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 488 F.3d 1371 (11th Cir. 2007) ..............................................................................585, 596, 1057
Liadov, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 990 (BIA 2006), aff’d, Liadov v. Mukasey, 518 F.3d 1003 (8th Cir. 2008) ..............1025
Liadov v. Mukasey, 518 F.3d 1003 (8th Cir. 2008) ................................................................................................... 1024
Liang v. INS, 206 F.3d 308 (3d Cir. 2000), cert. denied,sub nom. Rodriguez v. INS, 533 U.S. 949 (2001) ........... 1197
Liao v. DOJ, 293 F.3d 61 (2d Cir. 2002) ...................................................................................................................... 584
Library of Congress v. Shaw, 478 U.S. 310 (1986) ..........................................................................................1213, 1240
Lico’s Tree Service, 01-INA-124 (BALCA 2002) ....................................................................................................... 940
Lie v. Ashcroft, 396 F.3d 530 (3d Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................................... 441
Li Fang Lin v. Mukasey, 517 F.3d 685 (4th Cir. 2008) ...............................................................................513, 546, 583
Lignomat USA, Ltd., 88-INA-276 (BALCA 1989) ..................................................................................................... 937
Li Hing of Hong Kong v. Levin, 800 F.2d 970 (9th Cir. 1986) .........................................................................622, 1147
Liljeberg v. Health Services Acquisition Corp., 108 S.Ct. 2194 (1988) ...................................................................... 398
Lim v. Ashcroft, 375 F.3d 1011 (10th Cir. 2004) ....................................................................................................... 1191
Lim v. INS, 224 F.3d 929 (9th Cir. 2000) ............................................................................................450, 525, 574, 583
Limsico v. INS, 951 F.2d 210 (9th Cir. 1991) ........................................................................................1050, 1065, 1172
Lin, 89-INA-28 (BALCA 1990) ................................................................................................................................... 931
Lin, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 219 (BIA 1982) ................................................................................................................ 52
Lin v. Ashcroft, 371 F.3d 18 (1st Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................................ 531, 539
Lin v. Ashcroft, 377 F.3d 1014 (9th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................327, 339, 374
Lin v. Ashcroft, 385 F.3d 748 (7th Cir. 2004) ...................................................................................................... 535, 565
Lin v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 441 F.3d 193 (2d Cir. 2006) ......................................................................................... 601
Lin v. Chertoff, 522 F.Supp.2d 1309 (D. Colo. 2007) .....................................................................................1091, 1103
Lin v. DOJ, 413 F.3d 188 (2d Cir. 2005) ...................................................................................................................... 569
Lin v. DOJ, 416 F.3d 184 (2d Cir. 2005) ..................................................................................................586, 1166, 1189
Lin v. DOJ, 432 F.3d 156 (2d Cir. 2005) ......................................................................................................444, 489, 491
Lin v. DOJ, 459 F.3d 255 (2d Cir. 2006) .................................................................................................................... 1186
Lin v. DOJ, 473 F.3d 48 (2d Cir. 2006) ..............................................................................................................585, 1200
Lin v. Gonzales, 434 F.3d 1158 (9th Cir. 2006) ...........................................................................................536, 558, 566
Lin v. Gonzales, 435 F.3d 708 (7th Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................................... 1062
Lin v. Gonzales, 445 F.3d 127 (2d Cir. 2006) ....................................................................531, 536, 549, 562, 604, 1166
1520                                                                                               KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Lin v. Gonzales, 472 F.3d 1131 (9th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................................... 587
Lin v. Gonzales, 473 F.3d 979 (9th Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................1054, 1206
Lin v. Gonzales, 503 F.3d 4 (1st Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................................. 567
Lin v. INS, 238 F.3d 239 (3d Cir. 2001) ....................................................................................................................... 443
Lin v. Secy. of DHS, 485 F.Supp.2d 263 (W.D.N.Y. 2007) ...................................................................................... 1326
Lindahl v. Office of Personnel Mangement, 470 U.S. 768 (1985) ............................................................................ 1132
Linda R.S. v. Richard D., 410 U.S. 614 (1973) .......................................................................................................... 1151
Lindems v. Mukasey, 530 F.Supp.2d 1044 (E.D. Wis. 2008) .........................................................................1087, 1103
Lindenberg v. INS, 657 F.Supp. 154 (D.D.C. 1987) .................................................................................................... 885
Lindh v. Murphy, 521 U.S. 320 (1997) ...................................................................................................................... 1209
Linea Area Nacional de Chile S.A. v. Sale, 865 F.Supp. 971 (E.D.N.Y. 1994),
          aff’d, 65 F.3d 1034 (2d Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................................... 1186
Ling, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 35 (R.C. 1968) ...................................................................................................... 683, 883
Ling Yang v. Mukasey, 514 F.3d 278 (2d Cir. 2008) ................................................................................................ 1121
Lin-Jian v. Gonzales, 489 F.3d 182 (4th Cir. 2007) .............................................................514, 549, 560, 563, 572, 597
Lin Li Hua v. DOJ, 453 F.3d 99 (2d Cir. 2006) ..................................................................................................... 561–62
Linnas, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 302 (BIA 1985) ......................................................................................................... 410
Linnas v. INS, 790 F.2d 1024 (2d Cir. 1986) ............................................................................................................... 275
Lino v. Gonzales, 467 F.3d 1077 (7th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................. 845, 849
Linville v. Barrows, 489 F.Supp. 2d 1278 (W.D. Okla.2007) .............................................................................1087–88
Lipman; U.S. v., 133 F.3d 726 (9th Cir. 1998) ............................................................................................................. 261
Lisbey v. Gonzales, 420 F.3d 930 (9th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................................ 178
Liti v. Gonzales, 411 F.3d 631 (6th Cir. 2005) .............................................................................................465, 531, 551
Little v. U.S., 35 F.Supp.2d 538 (E.D. Mich. 1999) ..................................................................................................... 245
Little Mermaid Restaurant, 87-INA-675 (BALCA 1988) ............................................................................................ 917
Liu v. Ashcroft, 372 F.3d 529 (3d Cir. 2004) ...............................................................................367, 538, 553, 556, 563
Liu v. Ashcroft, 380 F.3d 307 (7th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................438, 517, 1041
Liu v. DOJ, 13 F.3d 1175 (8th Cir. 1994) ..................................................................................................................... 969
Liu v. DOJ, 455 F.3d 106 (2d Cir. 2006) ...................................................................................................................... 568
Liu v. Gonzales, 439 F.3d 109 (2d Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................................ 1190
Liu v. INS, 274 F.3d 533 (D.C. Cir. 2001) ................................................................................................................. 1155
Liu v. INS, 508 F.3d 716 (2d Cir. 2007) .....................................................................................................1072, 1074–75
Liu v. Novak, 509 F.Supp.2d 1 (D.D.C. 2007) .......................................................................................1087, 1104, 1118
Liu v. Waters, 55 F.3d 421 (9th Cir. 1995) ................................................................................................................. 1136
Li Wang v. INS, 872 F.2d 685 (5th Cir. 1989) ...................................................................................................966, 1181
Li Wu Lin v. INS, 238 F.3d 239 (3d Cir. 2001) ........................................................................................................... 589
Li Zu Guan v. INS, 453 F.3d 129 (2d Cir. 2006) ...........................................................................534, 536, 548, 561–62
L-K-, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 677 (BIA 2004) ............................................................................436, 505, 576, 836, 847
L-L-, Matter of; 9 I&N Dec. 324 (BIA 1961) ................................................................................................................ 98
Llanos-Agostadero; U.S. v., 486 F.3d 1194 (11th Cir. 2007) ...................................................................................... 177
Lleo-Fernandez v. INS, 989 F.Supp. 518 (S.D.N.Y. 1998) ....................................................................................... 1138
Lo v. Ashcroft, 341 F.3d 934 (9th Cir. 2003) ...............................................................................................343, 345, 394
Loa-Herrera v. Trominski, 231 F.3d 984 (5th Cir. 2000) ................................ 142–43, 297, 308, 858, 1088, 1109, 1151
Locicero, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 805 (BIA 1966) .............................................................................................. 774, 964
Lockett v. INS, 245 F.3d 1126 (10th Cir. 2001) ......................................................................................................... 1005
Lockhart v. Chertoff, No. 1:07CV823 (N.D. Ohio Jan. 7, 2008), 2008 WL 80225 ..........................................775, 1152
Lodge, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 500 (BIA 1987) ........................................................................................................ 1027
Loews Anatole Hotel, 89-INA-230 (BALCA June 12, 1990) ..................................................................................... 924
L-O-G-, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 413 (BIA 1996) ..................................................................................1002, 1050, 1065
Logan, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 367 (BIA 1980) ...................................................................................................... 75, 84
Logue v. U.S., 412 U.S. 521 (1973) ............................................................................................................................ 1218
Lok, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 101 (BIA 1981) .............................................................................................................. 560
Lok v. INS, 548 F.2d 37 (2d Cir. 1977) ..............................................................................................................378, 1206
Lolong v. Gonzales, 484 F.3d 1173 (9th Cir. 2007) (en banc) ..........................................................447, 468, 603, 1032
Loma Linda Foods, Inc., 89-INA-289 (BALCA 1991) ................................................................................................ 944
Lombera-Valdovinos; U.S. v., 429 F.3d 927 (9th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................... 227, 231
London Typographers, Inc. v. Sava, 628 F.Supp. 570 (S.D.N.Y. 1986) .........................................................1171, 1175
Long v. DHS, 436 F.Supp.2d 38 (D.D.C. 2006) .......................................................................................................... 335
Long v. Gonzales, 420 F.3d 516 (5th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................................ 1030
Long v. Gonzales, 422 F.3d 37 (1st Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................................. 567
Longstaff, Matter of; 716 F.2d 1439 (5th Cir. 1983), cert. denied, Longstaff v. INS, 467 U.S. 1219 (1984) .... 58, 1309
Longwood Village Restaurant, Ltd. v. Ashcroft, 157 F.Supp.2d 61 (D.D.C. 2001) .........................................903, 1157
Lonyem v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 352 F.3d 1338 (11th Cir. 2003) .........................................................395, 1020, 1025, 1029
Lopes v. Gonzales, 468 F.3d 81 (2d Cir. 2006) ......................................................................................324, 388–89, 392
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                           1521

Lopes v. Keisler, 505 F.3d 58 (1st Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................................... 177
Lopez, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 725 (BIA 1971) ............................................................................................................ 78
Lopez, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 183 (BIA 1975) .......................................................................................................... 366
Lopez, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 16 (BIA 1998) .......................................................................................................... 1047
Lopez v. Aran, 699 F.Supp. 365 (D.P.R. 1988) .......................................................................................................... 1229
Lopez v. Ashcroft, 267 F.Supp.2d 150 (D. Mass. 2003) .............................................................................................. 396
Lopez v. Ashcroft, 366 F.3d 799 (9th Cir. 2004) .........................................................................................437, 457, 463
Lopez v. Ezell, 716 F.Supp. 443 (S.D. Cal. 1989) ..................................................................................................... 1286
Lopez v. Garriga, 917 F.2d 63 (1st Cir. 1990) ............................................................................................................ 1150
Lopez v. Gonzales, 549 U.S. ___, 127 S.Ct. 625 (2006) ................................................... 170, 172–73, 190–91, 259–60
Lopez v. Heinauer, 332 F.3d 507 (8th Cir. 2003) ....................................................................................................... 1195
Lopez v. Henley, 416 F.3d 455 (5th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................1182, 1309
Lopez v. INS, 184 F.3d 1097 (9th Cir. 1999) ............................................................................................................... 384
Lopez v. INS, 758 F.2d 1390 (10th Cir. 1985) ............................................................................................................. 288
Lopez v. INS, 775 F.2d 1015 (9th Cir. 1985) ............................................................................................................... 448
Lopez v. INS, No. 78-1912-WMB (C.D. Cal. Aug. 20, 1992) .................................................................................... 290
Lopez v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 504 F.3d 1341 (11th Cir. 2007) .......................................................................................... 446
Lopez; U.S. v., 445 F.3d 90 (2d Cir. 2006) .................................................................................................................. 233
Lopez; U.S. v., 484 F.3d 1186 (9th Cir. 2007) (en banc) ....................................................................................... 97, 240
Lopez; U.S. v., 521 F.2d 437 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 423 U.S. 995 (1975) ................................................................. 242
Lopez; U.S. v., 940 F.Supp. 920 (E.D. Va. 1996) ........................................................................................................ 423
Lopez-Alegria v. Ilchert, 632 F.Supp. 932 (N.D. Cal. 1986) ..................................................................................... 1084
Lopez-Alvarado v. Ashcroft, 381 F.3d 847 (9th Cir. 2004) .....................................................................987, 1000, 1121
Lopez-Amaro, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 668 (BIA 1993),
         aff’d, Lopez-Amaro v. INS, 25 F.3d 986 (11th Cir. 1994), cert. denied, 115 S.Ct. 1093 (1995) ........ 203, 206
Lopez-Barrios, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 203 (BIA 1990) .....................................................................152, 154, 320, 387
Lopez-Castellanos v. Gonzales, 437 F.3d 848 (9th Cir. 2006) ................................................200, 964, 993, 1000, 1210
Lopez-Chamu; U.S. v., 373 F.Supp.2d 1014 (C.D. Cal. 2005) .................................................................................... 363
Lopez-Chavez v. Ashcroft, 383 F.3d 650 (7th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................970, 1194
Lopez de Hincapie v. Gonzales, 494 F.3d 213 (1st Cir. 2007) .................................................................................... 457
Lopez De Jesus v. INS, 312 F.3d 155 (5th Cir. 2002) ........................................................................................123, 1212
Lopez-Dominguez v. Gonzales, 428 F.3d 1156 (8th Cir. 2005) .......................................................................... 205, 987
Lopez-Elias v. Reno, 209 F.3d 788 (5th Cir. 2000) .............................................................................................. 184, 190
Lopez-Flores v. DHS, 376 F.3d 793 (8th Cir. 2004) ....................................................................................88, 839, 1008
Lopez-Flores v. DHS, 387 F.3d 773 (8th Cir. 2004) ....................................................................................407, 845, 849
Lopez-Flores; U.S. v., 275 F.3d 661 (7th Cir. 2001) .................................................................................................... 231
Lopez-Galarza v. INS, 99 F.3d 954 (9th Cir. 1996) ............................................................................................. 460, 580
Lopez-Gomez v. Ashcroft, 263 F.3d 442 (5th Cir. 2001) ............................................................................................ 468
Lopez-Gonzalez; U.S. v., 183 F.3d 933 (9th Cir. 1999) ............................................................................................... 226
Lopez-Iraeta; U.S. v., 129 F.3d 1206 (11th Cir. 1997) .......................................................................................250, 1329
Lopez-Lopez v. Aran, 844 F.2d 898 (1st Cir. 1988) .................................................................................................... 287
Lopez-Mejia v. INS, 798 F.Supp. 625 (C.D. Cal. 1992) .............................................................................................. 404
Lopez-Mendoza; INS v., 468 U.S. 1032 (1984) ........................................................................................................... 278
Lopez-Meza, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 1188 (BIA 1999) ..............................................................................72, 76, 78, 83
Lopez-Molina v. Ashcroft, 368 F.3d 1206 (9th Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................ 1109
Lopez-Monzon, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 280 (Comm. 1979) ...................................................................................... 127
Lopez-Moreno; U.S. v., 420 F.3d 420 (5th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................. 280
Lopez-Ortiz; U.S. v., 313 F.3d 225 (5th Cir. 2002), cert. denied, 537 U.S. 1135 (2003) ...........................237, 333, 961
Lopez-Patino; U.S. v., 391 F.3d 1034 (9th Cir. 2004) .......................................................................................... 177, 194
Lopez-Rayas v. INS, 828 F.2d 1134 (5th Cir. 1987) .................................................................................................. 1287
Lopez-Reyes v. Gonzales, 496 F.3d 20 (1st Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................ 381
Lopez-Reyes v. INS, 79 F.3d 908 (9th Cir. 1996) ..............................................................................................551, 1038
Lopez-Ruiz v. Ashcroft, 298 F.3d 886 (9th Cir. 2002) .............................................................................................. 1081
Lopez-Soto v. Ashcroft, 383 F.3d 228 (4th Cir. 2004) .................................................................................458, 488, 573
Lopez-Tellez v. INS, __ F.Supp. __, No 96-1432-BTM (CGA) (S.D. Cal. Sept. 26, 1996) ......................138, 303, 306
Lopez-Umanzor v. Gonzales, 405 F.3d 1049 (9th Cir. 2005) ......................................................................270, 359, 991
Lopez-Urenda v. Ashcroft, 345 F.3d 783 (9th Cir. 2003) ............................................................................................ 325
Lopez-Valdez; U.S. v., 102 F.Supp.2d 728 (W.D. Tex. 2000) .................................................................................... 281
Lopez-Valdez; U.S. v., 178 F.3d 282 (5th Cir. 1999) .................................................................................................. 281
Lopez-Vasquez; U.S. v., 1 F.3d 751 (9th Cir. 1993) ....................................................................................232, 238, 351
Lopez-Vasquez; U.S. v., 227 F.3d 476 (5th Cir. 2000) ................................................................................232, 239, 258
Lord v. Chertoff, 526 F.Supp.2d 435 (S.D.N.Y. 2007) ....................................................................................1232, 1236
Lorenzo v. Mukasey, 508 F.3d 1278 (10th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................. 406–7
Lorenzo-Gonzales v. Gonzales, 419 F.3d 754 (8th Cir. 2005) ..................................................................................... 602
1522                                                                                               KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Lori Discolo, 07-PERM-108 (BALCA Dec. 17, 2007) ................................................................................................ 910
Lorillard v. Pons, 434 U.S. 575 (1978) ....................................................................................................................... 1205
Lorisme v. INS, 129 F.3d 1441 (11th Cir. 1997) ............................................................................604, 1044, 1178, 1191
Los Angeles, City of v. Lyons, 461 U.S. 95 (1983) ................................................................................................... 1151
Louie, Matter of; 10 I&N Dec. 223 (BIA 1963) ........................................................................................................... 994
Louis v. Meissner, 530 F.Supp. 924 (S.D. Fla. 1981) ....................................................................152, 324, 351, 518–19
Louis v. Meissner, 532 F.Supp. 881 (S.D. Fla. 1982) ................................................................................................ 1154
Louis v. Nelson, 544 F.Supp. 973 (S.D. Fla. 1982), aff’d, 472 U.S. 846 (1985) .......................................135, 518, 1086
Louisiana Philharmonic Orchestra v. INS, 44 F.Supp.2d 800 (E.D.La. 1999) ................................................1170, 1175
Louisiana Philharmonic Orchestra v. INS, 2000 WL 282785 (E.D. La. Mar. 15, 2000) ........................683, 1045, 1171
Louis-Martin v. Ridge, 322 F.Supp.2d 556 (M.D. Pa. 2004) .....................................................361, 397, 492, 512, 1142
Louis Padnos Iron & Metal Co.; U.S. v., 3 OCAHO no. 414 (1992) ........................................................................ 1273
Loulou v. Ashcroft, 354 F.3d 706 (8th Cir. 2003) ......................................................................................547, 969, 1020
Lovell v. INS, 52 F.3d 458 (2d Cir. 1995) .................................................................................................................... 325
Lovo, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 746 (BIA 2005) .................................................................................................... 797, 800
Lozada, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 637 (BIA), aff’d, 857 F.2d 10 (1st Cir. 1988) .... 154, 313, 344, 350, 963, 1002, 1048
Lozada v. Deeds, 498 U.S. 430 (1991) ......................................................................................................................... 223
Lozada v. INS, 857 F.2d 10 (1st Cir. 1988) ........................................................................................................275, 1027
Lozano v. City of Hazleton, 496 F.Supp.2d 477 (M.D. Pa. 2007) .................................................37–39, 1150–51, 1217
Lozano; U.S. v., 138 F.3d 915 (11th Cir. 1998) ........................................................................................................... 260
Lozano-Giron v. INS, 506 F.2d 1073 (7th Cir. 1974) .................................................................................................... 81
L-S-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 645 (BIA 1999) ....................................................................................................... 479–80
L-S-J-, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 973 (BIA 1997) .......................................................................................................... 481
Lu v. Ashcroft, 259 F.3d 127 (3d Cir. 2001) ........................................................................................................ 154, 346
Lu-Ann Bakery Shop, Inc. v. Nelson, 705 F.Supp. 7 (D.D.C. 1988) ........................................................................... 904
Lubale v. Gonzales, 484 F.3d 1078 (8th Cir. 2007) ..................................................................................................... 966
Lubo; U.S. v., 262 F.Supp.2d 727 734 (W.D. Tex. 2003) ............................................................................................ 237
Lucacela v. Reno, 161 F.3d 1055 (7th Cir. 1998) ...................................................................................................... 1191
Lucaj v. Gonzales, 425 F.3d 203 (2d Cir. 2005) ......................................................................................................... 1195
Luciana v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 502 F.3d 273 (3d Cir. 2007) .................................................................................. 503
Luciano-Vicente v. INS, 786 F.2d 706 (5th Cir. 1986) .............................................................................................. 1202
Lucio; U.S. v., 428 F.3d 519 (5th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................................ 175, 251
Lucio-Lucio; U.S. v., 347 F.3d 1202 (10th Cir. 2003) ......................................................................................... 176, 180
Lue; U.S. v., 134 F.3d 79 (2d Cir. 1998) ........................................................................................................................ 32
Lugo-Guadiana, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 726 (BIA 1968) ........................................................................................... 560
Luis v. INS, 196 F.3d 36 (1st Cir. 1999) ..........................................................................................................1055, 1116
Luis-Rodriguez, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 747 (BIA 1999) .................................................................................160, 1031
Lujan v. National Wildlife Federation, 110 S.Ct. 3177 (1990) .................................................................................. 1212
Lujan-Armendariz v. INS, 222 F.3d 728 (9th Cir. 2000) .................................................208, 217, 219, 331, 1184, 1207
Lukowski v. INS, 279 F.3d 644 (8th Cir. 2002) .........................................................................30, 125, 277, 1165, 1167
Lukwago v. Ashcroft, 329 F.3d 157 (3d Cir. 2003) .................................................... 443, 451–53, 489, 546, 597, 1178
LULAC v. Bredesen, 500 F.3d 523 (6th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................. 39, 1151
LULAC v. INS, 956 F.2d 914 (9th Cir. 1992), see Catholic Social Services v. Meese
LULAC v. Pasadena School Dist., 662 F.Supp. 443 (S.D. Tex. 1987) ..................................................................... 1272
LULAC v. Wilson, 997 F.Supp. 1244 (C.D. Cal. 1997) ........................................................................................ 38, 864
Lum, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 55 (BIA 1964) .............................................................................................................. 784
Lumaj v. Gonzales, 446 F.3d 194 (1st Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................................ 567
Lumaj v. Gonzales, 462 F.3d 574 (6th Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................................ 601
Lumanauw v. Mukasey,, 510 F.3d 5 (1st Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................... 600
Luna, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 385 (BIA 1983) ............................................................................................................ 798
Luna v. INS, 709 F.2d 126 (1st Cir. 1983) ................................................................................................................. 1065
Luna v. Ridge, 436 F.Supp.2d 1163 (S.D. Cal. 2006) ................................................................................................ 1229
Luna; U.S. v., 436 F.3d 312 (1st Cir. 2006) .................................................................................................................. 235
Luna-Rodriguez v. INS, 104 F.3d 313 (10th Cir. 1997) ............................................................................................... 994
Luntungan v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 449 F.3d 551 (3d Cir. 2006) .........................................................385, 1052, 1061
Luo v. Coultice, 178 F.Supp.2d 1135 (C.D. Cal. 2001) ............................................................................................. 1104
Lusingo v. Gonzales, 420 F.3d 193 (3d Cir. 2005) .............................................................................................. 354, 604
Lutheran Medical Center, 91-INA-302 (BALCA May 26, 1993) ............................................................................... 924
Lutwak v. U.S., 344 U.S. 604 (1954) ............................................................................................................................ 799
Luu-Le v. INS, 224 F.3d 911 (9th Cir. 2000) ......................................................................................................... 85, 202
Luviano, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 235 (BIA 1996) ....................................................................................................... 218
Luviano, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 718 (AG 2005) ........................................................................................................ 217
Luyon Corp, 07-PERM-27 (BALCA June 12, 2007) ........................................................................................... 911, 913
L-V-C, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 594 (BIA 1999) ..................................................................................................... 72, 83
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                              1523

L-V-C-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 594 (BIA 1999) .......................................................................................................... 83
L-V-K-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 976 (BIA 1999) ...................................................................................................... 1033
Lwin v. INS, 144 F.3d 505 (7th Cir. 1998) ...................................................................................................450, 453, 573
Ly v. Hansen, 351 F.3d 263 (6th Cir. 2003) ...................................................................................31, 139, 145, 306, 520
Lyden v. Howerton, 731 F.Supp. 1545 (S.D. Fla. 1990) ............................................................................................ 1239
Lynch v. Cannatella, 810 F.2d 1363 (5th Cir. 1987) ....................................................................35, 144, 148, 292, 1229
Lyons v. Pearce, 298 Or. 554 (1985) ............................................................................................................................ 217
Lyons v. Pearce, 676 P.2d 905 (Or. App. 1984) ........................................................................................................... 214
Lyons v. Pearce (Lyons II), 694 P.2d 969, 978 (Or. 1985) .......................................................................................... 214


                                                                              M
M, Matter of; 2 I&N Dec. 131 (BIA 1944) ..................................................................................................................... 69
M-, Matter of; 2 I&N Dec. 686 (BIA 1946) ................................................................................................................... 81
M-, Matter of; 2 I&N Dec. 721 (BIA/AG 1946) ...................................................................................................... 79–80
M-, Matter of; 3 I&N Dec. 272 (BIA 1948) ................................................................................................................... 81
M-, Matter of; 7 I&N Dec. 140 (BIA 1956) ................................................................................................................... 58
M, Matter of; 7 I&N Dec. 144 (BIA 1956) ..................................................................................................................... 79
M, Matter of; 7 I&N Dec. 251 (BIA 1956) ..................................................................................................................... 87
M, Matter of; 7 I&N Dec. 556 (BIA 1957) ................................................................................................................... 798
M, Matter of; 7 I&N Dec. 601 (BIA 1957) ................................................................................................................... 799
M-, Matter of; 7 I&N Dec. 643 (Reg. Comm. 1958) .......................................................................................1300, 1302
M, Matter of; 8 I&N Dec. 24 (AG 1958) ...................................................................................................................... 726
M, Matter of; 8 I&N Dec. 118 (BIA 1958) ................................................................................................................... 782
M-, Matter of; 9 I&N Dec. 118 (BIA 1960) ................................................................................................................. 963
M, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 861 (Comm. 1989) .................................................................................................209, 1284
Ma, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 70 (BIA 1974) ................................................................................................................. 798
Ma, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 394 (BIA 1991) ............................................................................................................... 823
Ma v. Ashcroft, 208 F.3d 815 (9th Cir.),
         aff’d, 121 S.Ct. 2491 (2001), on remand, 257 F.3d 1095 (9th Cir. 2001) .................................................... 412
Ma v. Ashcroft, 361 F.3d 553 (9th Cir. 2004) ...................................................................................................... 586, 797
M.A. v. INS, 899 F.2d 304 (4th Cir. 1990),
         aff’g Matter of A-G-, 19 I&N Dec. 502 (BIA 1987) ...................... 443, 450, 544, 591, 596, 1063, 1065, 1172
M.A. v. Reno, 114 F.3d 128 (9th Cir. 1997) ............................................................................................................... 1147
Ma v. Reno, 208 F.3d 815 (9th Cir. 2000) .................................................................................................................. 1208
Maashio v. INS, 45 F.3d 1235 (8th Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................................. 986
Mabasa v. Gonzales, 455 F.3d 740 (7th Cir. 2006) ..................................................................................574, 1076, 1129
Mabikas v. INS, 358 F.3d 145 (1st Cir. 2004) ....................................................................................................601, 1062
Mabugat v. INS, 937 F.2d 426 (9th Cir. 1991) ..................................................................................................... 442, 962
Machado v. State, 839 A.2d 509 (R.I. 2003) ................................................................................................................ 213
Maciel-Vasquez; U.S. v., 458 F.3d 994 (9th Cir. 2006) ....................................................................................... 254, 257
Macintosh; U.S. v., 283 U.S. 605 (1931) .................................................................................................................... 1310
Macleod v. INS, 327 F.2d 453 (9th Cir. 1964) ............................................................................................................. 315
Macotaj v. Gonzales, 424 F.3d 464 (6th Cir. 2005) ...........................................................................................970, 1192
Mada Luna v. Fitzpatrick, 813 F.2d 1006 (9th Cir. 1987) .......................................................................................... 1088
Madany v. Smith, 696 F.2d 1008 (D.C. Cir. 1983) ...................................................................................................... 906
Madeira v. Affordable Hous. Found., Inc., 469 F.3d 219 (2d Cir. 2006) .................................................................. 1271
Madej, U.S. ex rel.; v. Schomig, 223 F.Supp.2d 968 (N.D. Ill. 2002) ......................................................................... 401
Madjakpor v. Gonzales, 406 F.3d 1040 (8th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................... 578
Madni, Inc. t/a Silver and Watch Palace, 04-INA-75 (Mar. 3, 2005) .......................................................................... 921
Madrane v. Hogan, 520 F.Supp.2d 654 (M.D. Pa. 2007) .............................................................................145, 307, 521
Madrid-Tavarez v. INS, 999 F.2d 111 (5th Cir. 1993) ................................................................................................. 976
Madrigal, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 323 (BIA 1996) ............................................................................................. 204, 368
Madriz-Alvarado v. Ashcroft, 383 F.3d 321 (5th Cir. 2004) .........................................................................208, 217–19
Madu v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 470 F.3d 1362 (11th Cir. 2006) ...................................... 1073, 1079, 1081, 1090, 1094, 1124
Maduka v. Meissner, 114 F.3d 1240 (D.C. Cir. 1997) ............................................................................................... 1233
Maduno; U.S. v., 40 F.3d 1212 (11th Cir. 1994) ....................................................................................1305, 1323, 1329
Magala v. Gonzales, 434 F.3d 523 (7th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................957, 1053
Magana, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 111 (BIA 1979) ....................................................................................................... 402
Magana-Pizano v. INS, 200 F.3d 603 (9th Cir. 1999) ........................................................................................119, 1211
Magdeleno de Morales v. INS, 116 F.3d 145 (5th Cir. 1997) ...................................................................................... 394
Maghradze v. Gonzales, 462 F.3d 150 (2d Cir. 2006) .......................................................................388, 393, 592, 1062
Maghsoudi v. INS, 181 F.3d 8 (1st Cir. 1999) ..................................................................................................... 75, 1030
1524                                                                                               KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Magnuson v. Baker, 911 F.2d 330 (9th Cir. 1990) ..................................................................................................... 1317
Magtanong v. Gonzales, 494 F.3d 1190 (9th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................ 1025
Mahabir v. Ashcroft, 387 F.3d 32 (1st Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................................ 903
Mahadeo v. Reno, 226 F.3d 3 (1st Cir. 2000), cert. denied, Ashcroft v. Mahadeo, 121 S.Ct. 2590 ...............1093, 1197
Mahal, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 409 (BIA 1967) .......................................................................................................... 787
Mahamat v. Gonzales, 430 F.3d 1281 (10th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................. 1139
Maharaj v. Ashcroft, 295 F.3d 963 (9th Cir. 2002) ..........................................................................................1107, 1192
Maharaj v. Gonzales, 450 F.3d 961 (9th Cir. 2006) (en banc) ............................................................................... 470–71
Mahedo; Commonwealth v., 397 Mass. 314 (1986) .................................................................................................... 214
Maher, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 680 (R.C. 1968) ......................................................................................................... 883
Mahini v. INS, 779 F.2d 1419 (9th Cir. 1986) ............................................................................................................. 480
Mahler v. Eby, 264 U.S. 32 (1924) ............................................................................................................................. 1092
Mahmood v. Gonzales, 427 F.3d 248 (3d Cir. 2005) .................................................................................348, 385, 1060
Mahmoud v. Gonzales, 485 F.3d 175 (1st Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................. 795
Mai v. Gonzales, 473 F.3d 162 (5th Cir. 2007) ............................................................. 343, 350, 974, 1014, 1049, 1172
Maikovskis v. INS, 773 F.2d 435 (2d Cir. 1985), cert. denied, 476 U.S. 1182 (1986) ............................................... 111
Maindrond v. Ashcroft, 385 F.3d 98 (1st Cir. 2004) ........................................................................350, 593, 1049, 1063
Maine State Building and Construction Trades Council, AFL-CIO
         v. Chao, 265 F.Supp.2d 105 (D. Me. 2003) ................................................................................................. 1112
Maini v. INS, 212 F.3d 1167 (9th Cir. 2000) ............................................................................................................... 576
Maiwand v. Gonzales, 501 F.3d 101 (2d Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................... 323
Majd v. Gonzales, 446 F.3d 590 (5th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................................................... 601
Majidi v. Gonzales, 430 F.3d 77 (2d Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................... 552, 569
Maka v. INS, 904 F.2d 1351 (9th Cir. 1990), amended 932 F.2d 1352 (9th Cir. 1991),
         aff’g Maka’s Akamia Serv.; U.S. v., 1 OCAHO no. 36 (Dec. 15, 1988) ......................1180, 1255, 1260, 1264
Makadji v. Gonzales, 470 F.3d 450 (2d Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................460, 471–72
Makatengkeng v. Gonzales, 495 F.3d 876 (8th Cir. 2007) .......................................................................................... 441
Makhoul v. Ashcroft, 387 F.3d 75. 82 (1st Cir. 2004) ................................................................................................. 450
Maknojiya v. Gonzales, 432 F.3d 588 (5th Cir. 2005) ......................................................................................... 389, 392
Makonnen v. INS, 44 F.3d 1378 (8th Cir. 1995) ................................................................................467, 527, 578, 1200
Malagon De Fuentes v. Gonzales, 462 F.3d 498 (5th Cir. 2006) ...................................................................55, 125, 276
Malak v. Gonzales, 419 F.3d 533 (6th Cir. 2005) ...................................................................................................... 1025
Maldonado-Coronel v. McElroy, 943 F.Supp. 376 (S.D.N.Y. 1996) ......................................................811, 1106, 1149
Maldonado-Cruz, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 509 (BIA 1988),
         rev’d, Maldonado-Cruz v. INS, 883 F.2d 788 (9th Cir 1989) ....................................................................... 448
Maldonado-Cruz v. INS, 883 F.2d 788 (9th Cir. 1989) .......................................................................441, 448, 450, 583
Maldonado-Galindo v. Gonzales, 456 F.3d 1064 (9th Cir. 2006) ..............................................................974, 988, 1211
Maldonado-Perez v. INS, 865 F.2d 328 (D.C. Cir. 1989) ............................................................................326, 387, 519
Maldonado-Ramirez; U.S. v., 216 F.3d 940 (11th Cir. 2000) ..............................................................197, 224, 260, 262
Malek v. INS, 198 F.3d 1016 (7th Cir. 2000) ............................................................................................................... 570
Malenge; U.S. v., 472 F.Supp.2d 269 (N.D.N.Y. 2007) .............................................................................................. 248
Malhi v. INS, 336 F.3d 989 (9th Cir. 2003) ...............................................................................................794, 837, 1034
Malik; State v., 680 P.2d 770 (Wash. 1984) ................................................................................................................. 214
Malone, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 730 (BIA 1966) ............................................................................................1013, 1043
Malta, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 656 (BIA 2004) ................................................................................................... 176, 181
Malta-Espinoza v. Gonzales, 478 F.3d 1080 (9th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................... 176, 181
Malty v. Ashcroft, 381 F.3d 942 (9th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................................ 1057
Malvoisin v. INS, 268 F.3d 74 (2d Cir. 2001) ............................................................................................................ 1189
Mamana v. Gonzales, 436 F.3d 966 (8th Cir. 2006) .................................................................................................... 571
Mamedov v. Ashcroft, 387 F.3d 918 (7th Cir. 2004) .........................................................................................576, 1029
Mamoka v. INS, 43 F.3d 184 (5th Cir. 1995) .....................................................................................................841, 1005
Mamouzian v. Ashcroft, 390 F.3d 1129 (9th Cir. 2004) ..............................................................448, 456, 477, 589, 606
Mancebo-Santiago; U.S. v., 875 F.Supp. 1030 (S.D.N.Y. 1995) ................................................................................. 227
Mancera, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 79 (BIA 1998) ........................................................................................................ 390
Manchisi, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 132 (BIA 1967), overruled by Matter of Diniz;
         reinstated by Matter of Da Lomba, 16 I&N Dec. 616 (BIA 1978) .....................................................801, 1009
Mandarino v. Ashcroft, 318 F.Supp.2d 13 (D. Conn. 2003 .....................................................................299, 1097, 1145
Mandoli v. Acheson, 344 U.S. 133 (1952) ................................................................................................................. 1319
Mandycz; U.S. v., 447 F.3d 951 (6th Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................................ 1321
Mangabat, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 75 (BIA 1972),
         aff’d sub nom. Cabuco-Flores v. INS, 477 F.2d 108 (9th Cir. 1973) ................................................1010, 1023
Mangaser, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 28 (BIA 1983) ...................................................................................................... 672
Manjoukis, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 705 (DD 1971) .................................................................................................... 753
Manneh, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 272 (BIA 1977) ....................................................................................................... 156
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                         1525

Manragh; U.S. v., 428 F.Supp.2d 130 (E.D.N.Y. 2006) .............................................................................................. 237
Manrique, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 58 (BIA 1995) ...................................................................................................... 218
Mansoori v. INS, 32 F.3d 1020 (7th Cir. 1994) .................................................................................................... 213, 481
Mansour, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 306 (DD 1965) ................................................................................................. 663–64
Mansour v. Ashcroft, 390 F.3d 667 (9th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................................... 439
Mansour v. Gonzales, 470 F.3d 1194 (6th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................119, 983, 1050
Mansour v. INS, 230 F.3d 902 (7th Cir. 2000) ..................................................................................................... 514, 560
Mansur v. Albright, 130 F.Supp.2d 59 (D.D.C. 2001) .....................................................................622, 627, 1148, 1163
Mantell v. INS, 798 F.2d 124 (5th Cir. 1986) ....................................................................................................... 275, 350
Manwani v. DOJ, 736 F.Supp. 1367 (W.D.N.C. 1990) ............................................................................................... 796
Manwani v. INS, 736 F.Supp. 1367 (W.D.N.C. 1990) .................................................................................................. 34
Manzano-Garcia v. Gonzales, 413 F.3d 462 (5th Cir. 2005) .................................................................1063, 1115, 1120
Manzo-Fontes v. INS, 53 F.3d 280 (9th Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................774, 1180
Manzo-Jurado; U.S. v., 457 F.3d 928 (9th Cir. 2006) .................................................................................................. 281
Manzoor v. Chertoff, 472 F.Supp.2d 801 (E.D. Va. 2007) ........................................................................................ 1326
Manzoor v. DOJ, 254 F.3d 342 (1st Cir. 2001) .................................................................................................... 463, 468
Manzueta v. Ashcroft, 206 F.Supp.2d 386 (W.D.N.Y. 2002) ...................................................................................... 973
Manzur v. DHS, 494 F.3d 281 (2d Cir. 2007) .............................................................................................................. 445
Maple Derby, Inc., 89-INA-185 (BALCA 1991) ......................................................................................................... 926
Mapother v. DOJ, 3 F.3d 1533 (D.C. Cir. 1993) .......................................................................................................... 336
Mapouya v. Gonzales, 487 F.3d 396 (6th Cir. 2007) .................................................... 357, 400, 490, 542–43, 552, 563
Mapoy v. Carroll, 185 F.3d 224 (4th Cir. 1999) ...............................................................................................1081, 1126
Mapp v. Reno, 241 F.3d 221 (2d Cir. 2001) .....................................................................................136, 298, 1093, 1193
Maravilla Maravilla v. Ashcroft, 381 F.3d 855 (9th Cir. 2004) .................................................................340, 350, 1049
Marcello v. Bonds, 349 U.S. 302 (1955) reh’g denied, 350 U.S. 856 (1955) ...........................................273, 275, 1085
Marcel Watch Corp.; U.S. v., 1 OCAHO no. 169 (1990) .......................................................................................... 1276
Marchena, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 355 (BIA 1967) ...................................................................................................... 83
Marciano v. INS, 450 F.2d 1022 (8th Cir. 1971) ...................................................................................................... 72, 79
Marcos v. Gonzales, 410 F.3d 1112 (9th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................437, 525, 555, 566
Marcu v. INS, 147 F.3d 1078 (9th Cir. 1998) ............................................................................................................... 603
Marcus v. Shalala, 17 F.3d 1033 (7th Cir. 1994) ........................................................................................................ 1239
Marczak v. Greene, 971 F.2d 510 (10th Cir. 1992) ..................................................................................143, 1101, 1168
Mardones v. McElroy, 197 F.3d 619 (2d Cir. 1999) ............................................................................................ 838, 958
Margalli-Olvera v. INS, 43 F.3d 345 (8th Cir. 1994) .........................................................................................252, 1169
Margos v. Gonzales, 443 F.3d 593 (7th Cir. 2006) .................................................................................................... 1138
Maria v. McElroy, 68 F.Supp.2d 206 (E.D.N.Y. 1999) .....................................................................................322, 1212
Maria Gonzalez, 07-PERM-24 (BALCA Apr. 25, 2007) ............................................................................................ 910
Mariel Cubans, Matter of; 822 F.Supp. 192 (M.D. Pa. 1993) .................................................................................... 1096
Marin, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 581 (BIA 1978) ................................................................................114, 155, 985, 1009
Marincas v. Lewis, 92 F.3d 195 (3d Cir. 1996) ............................................................................................379, 398, 511
Marin-Navarette; U.S. v., 244 F.3d 1284 (11th Cir. 2001) ....................................................167–68, 172, 191, 198, 260
Marino v. INS, 537 F.2d 686 (2d Cir. 1976) ........................................................................................................ 212, 220
Marion General Hospital, 86-INA-37 (BALCA 1986) ................................................................................................ 930
Mariscal-Sandoval v. Ashcroft, 370 F.3d 851 (9th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................. 51, 1192
Maritime Management, Inc. v. U.S., 242 F.3d 1326 (11th Cir. 2001) ....................................................................... 1231
Mariuta v. Gonzales, 411 F.3d 361 (2d Cir. 2005) ..................................................................................................... 1122
Mark Carter; U.S. v., 6 OCAHO no. 897 (Oct. 29, 1996) .......................................................................................... 1257
Markovski v. Gonzales, 486 F.3d 108 (4th Cir. 2007) .................................................................................754, 840, 846
Marku v. Ashcroft, 380 F.3d 982 (6th Cir. 2004) ......................................................................................................... 589
Marmolejo-Campos v. Gonzales, 503 F.3d 922 (9th Cir. 2007) .................................................................................... 76
Marnul; U.S. v., 3 OCAHO no. 441 (July 21, 1992) .................................................................................................. 1246
Marolf; U.S. v., 277 F.3d 1156 (9th Cir. 2002) ............................................................................................................ 246
Marquez, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 160 (BIA 1990) ...................................................................................................... 783
Marquez v. INS, 105 F.3d 374 (7th Cir. 1997) ........................................................................................................... 1030
Marquez-Almanzar v. INS, 418 F.3d 210 (2d Cir. 2005) ..................................................................................319, 1190
Marquez-Marquez v. Gonzales, 455 F.3d 548 (5th Cir. 2006) .................................................................................. 1301
Marrero v. INS, 990 F.2d 772 (3d Cir. 1993) ...................................................................................................1053, 1162
Marrero, 86-INA-470 (BALCA 1986) ......................................................................................................................... 939
Marrero Pichardo v. Ashcroft, 374 F.3d 46 (2d Cir. 2004) ....................................................................1144, 1156, 1190
Marroquin, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 705 (AG 2005) ............................................................................................ 217, 222
Marshall v. Barlow’s Inc., 436 U.S. 307 (1978) .................................................................................................285, 1256
Marshall v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 444 F.3d 837 (6th Cir. 2006) ............................................................................... 1232
Marshall v. Reno, 915 F.Supp. 426 (D.D.C. 1996) ....................................................................................263, 301, 1221
Mars Jewelers, Inc. v. INS, 702 F.Supp. 1570 (N.D. Ga. 1988) .................................................................................. 729
1526                                                                                             KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Mart v. Beebe, 94 F.Supp.2d 1120 (D. Or. 2000) ..................................................................................1084, 1118, 1123
Marta Fashions Sportswear, 95-INA-193 (BALCA Feb. 3, 1998) ...................................................................... 882, 927
Marte; U.S. v., 356 F.3d 1336 (11th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................................ 227
Martin, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 226 (BIA 1982) .............................................................................77, 197, 217, 223–24
Martin, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 491 (BIA 2002) .........................................................................................177, 179, 205
Martin v. Gantner, 443 F.Supp.2d 367 (E.D.N.Y. 2006) ..................................................................................... 186, 378
Martin v. Hadix, 119 S.Ct. 1998 (1999) ..................................................................................................................... 1209
Martin v. Heckler, 773 F.2d 1145 (11th Cir. 1985) ..........................................................................................1231, 1236
Martin v. Mukasey, 517 F.3d 1201 (10th Cir. 2008) .................................................................................................. 1159
Martinez, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 399 (BIA 1983) ..................................................................................................... 782
Martinez v. DHS, 502 F.Supp.2d 631 (E.D. Mich. 2007) ....................................................810, 1083, 1120, 1123, 1140
Martinez v. Gonzales, 463 F.Supp.2d 569 (E.D. Va. 2006) ....................................................................................... 1326
Martinez v. Gonzales, 504 F.Supp.2d 887 (C.D. Cal. 2007) ................................................................145, 307, 415, 421
Martinez v. INS, 970 F.2d 973 (1st Cir. 1992) ........................................................................................................... 1179
Martinez v. Lockyer, 453 F.Supp.2d 1150 (C.D. Cal. 2006) .............................................................................213, 1101
Martinez v. Mecca Farms, Inc., 213 F.R.D. 601 (S.D. Fla. 2002) ...................................................................1203, 1269
Martinez v. Mukasey, 508 F.3d 255 (5th Cir. 2007) ..........................................................................184, 186, 196, 1020
Martinez v. Mukasey, 519 F.3d 532 (5th Cir. 2008) ................................. 53, 125, 182, 184, 187, 378, 842, 1183, 1206
Martinez v. Nygaard, 820 F.2d 1024 (9th Cir. 1987),
         superseded by 831 F.2d 822 (9th Cir. 1987) ..........................................................................280, 283, 285, 289
Martinez v. Ray’s Bar-B-Que, No. 04B00054 (Dec. 19, 2005) ................................................................................. 1277
Martinez v. Reich, 934 F.Supp. 232 (S.D. Tex. 1996) .......................................................................................716, 1157
Martinez v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 446 F.3d 1219 (11th Cir. 2006) .................................................................999, 1075, 1078
Martinez; U.S. v., 434 F.3d 1318 (11th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................................225, 227, 257
Martinez-Aguero v. Gonzales, 459 F.3d 618 (5th Cir. 2006) ......................................................35, 309, 1220–21, 1229
Martinez-Amaya; U.S. v., 67 F.3d 678 (8th Cir. 1995) ................................................................................................ 238
Martinez-Benitez v. INS, 956 F.2d 1053 (11th Cir. 1992) ...................................................................211, 214, 960, 986
Martinez-Cabrera v. Thornburgh, ___ F.Supp. ___, No. B-19-126 (S.D. Tex. Oct. 5, 1986) .................................. 1162
Martinez-Camargo v. INS, 282 F.3d 487 (7th Cir. 2002) .................................................................................... 276, 283
Martinez-De Bojorquez v. Ashcroft, 365 F.3d 800 (9th Cir. 2004) ...................................................................270, 1030
Martinez-Fuerte; U.S. v., 428 U.S. 543 (1976) ..................................................................................................... 278, 287
Martinez-Garcia v. Ashcroft, 366 F.3d 732 (9th Cir. 2004) ....................................................................................... 1086
Martinez-Garcia; U.S. v., 268 F.3d 460 (7th Cir. 2001) ............................................................................................... 189
Martinez-Gonzalez, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 1035 (BIA 1997) ................................................................................... 782
Martinez-Lopez v. Gonzales, 454 F.3d 500 (5th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................ 322
Martinez-Maldonado v. Gonzales, 437 F.3d 679 (7th Cir. 2006) ............................................................999, 1022, 1119
Martinez-Martinez; U.S. v., 442 F.3d 539 (7th Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................... 215
Martinez-Mendoza v. Champion Intern. Corp., 340 F.3d 1200 (11th Cir. 2003) ...................................................... 1203
Martinez-Merino v. Keisler, 504 F.3d 1068 (9th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................ 407
Martinez-Montoya v. INS, 904 F.2d 1018 (5th Cir. 1990) ......................................................................209, 1042, 1284
Martinez Ortiz v. Ashcroft, 361 F.3d 480 (8th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................ 999
Martinez-Perez v. Ashcroft, 417 F.3d 1022 (9th Cir. 2005) .........................................................................183, 194, 368
Martinez-Piedras v. INS, 354 F.Supp.2d 1149 (S.D.Cal. 2005) ............................................................1195, 1197, 1328
Martinez-Recinos, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 175 (BIA 2001) ....................................................................................... 189
Martinez-Rocha; U.S. v., 337 F.3d 566 (6th Cir. 2003) ............................................................................................... 237
Martinez-Rosas v. Gonzales, 424 F.3d 926 (9th Cir. 2005) ...........................................................999, 1075, 1092, 1119
Martinez-Salazar; U.S. v., 318 F.Supp.2d 127 (S.D.N.Y. 2004) ................................................................................. 261
Martinez-Sanchez v. INS, 794 F.2d 1396 (9th Cir. 1986) ............................................................................................ 559
Martinez-Serrano v. INS, 94 F.3d 1256 (9th Cir. 1996), cert. denied, 118 S.Ct. 49 (1997) ..................................... 1189
Martinez-Vazquez v. INS, 346 F.3d 903 (9th Cir. 2003) ............................................................................................. 152
Martinez-Villalva; U.S. v., 232 F.3d 1329 (10th Cir. 2000) ..........................................................................197, 224–25
Martinez-Vitela; U.S. v., 193 F.3d 1047 (9th Cir. 1999) ...................................................................................407, 1013
Martinez-Vives; U.S. v., 475 F.3d 48 (1st Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................. 256
Martinez-Zapata, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 424 (BIA 2007) .......................................................86, 125, 202–3, 211, 962
Martinez-Zelaya v. INS, 841 F.2d 294 (9th Cir. 1988) ......................................................................................352, 1027
Martin Kaplan, 00-INA-23 (BALCA July 2, 2001) ............................................................................................. 927, 932
Martins v. INS, 972 F.2d 657 (5th Cir. 1992) ....................................................................................................... 476, 481
Martus; U.S. v., 138 F.3d 95 (2d Cir. 1998) ................................................................................................................. 227
Maryam v. Gonzales, 421 F.3d 60 (1st Cir. 2005) .............................................................................................441, 1058
Maryland Parkway Building, 97-INA-119 (BALCA Sept. 4, 1998) ........................................................................... 930
Mashi v. INS, 585 F.2d 1309 (5th Cir. 1978) ............................................................................................................... 655
Mashiri v. Ashcroft, 383 F.3d 1112 (9th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................................... 438
Masnauskas v. Gonzales, 432 F.3d 1067 (9th Cir. 2005) ....................................................................................... 34, 276
Mason v. Brooks, 862 F.2d 190 (9th Cir. 1988) ........................................................................................................... 143
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                            1527

Masonry Masters, Inc. v. Nelson, 105 F.3d 708 (D.C. Cir. 1997) .......................................................................1238–39
Masonry Masters, Inc. v. Thornburgh, 742 F.Supp. 682 (D.D.C. 1990) .........................................905, 938, 1170, 1187
Masonry Masters, Inc. v. Thornburgh, 875 F.2d 898 (D.C. Cir. 1989) ....................................................................... 904
Masri, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 1145 (BIA 1999) .............................................................................................1204, 1286
Massala Prince Reffell v. Prairie View A&M University, OCAHO no. 1057 (2000) .............................................. 1279
Massieu v. Reno, 91 F.3d 416 (3d Cir.) ...................................................................................................................... 1136
Massieu v. Reno, 915 F.Supp. 681 (D.N.J. 1996) rev’d 91 F.3d 416 (3d Cir. 1996) ......................................1158, 1213
Massoumi-Demaghi v. Weiss, 631 F.Supp. 1525 (D. Conn. 1986) ............................................................................. 298
Masters, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 125 (DD 1969) ........................................................................................................ 877
Master Video Productions, Inc., 88-INA-419 (BALCA 1989) .................................................................................... 942
Mastroyanis v. DOL, No. A88-089 Civ (D. Alaska May 5, 1989) ...................................................................... 907, 948
Maswai; U.S. v., 419 F.3d 822 (8th Cir. 2005) .............................................................................................248, 375, 778
Matar v. Dichter, 500 F.Supp.2d 284 (S.D.N.Y. 2007) .............................................................................................. 1225
Mathews v. Diaz, 426 U.S. 67 (1976) ....................................................................................................................... 32, 37
Mathews v. Eldridge, 424 U.S. 319 (1975) ................................................................................37, 382, 950, 1143, 1146
Mathews v. INS, 170 F.Supp.2d 99 (D. Mass. 2001) ................................................................................................. 1167
Matovski v. Gonzales, 492 F.3d 722 (6th Cir. 2007) .......................................... 272, 321, 808, 842–44, 900–901, 1005
Matsuk v. INS, 247 F.3d 999 (9th Cir. 2001) .....................................................................................198, 484, 593, 1114
Matsumaru; U.S. v., 244 F.3d 1092 (9th Cir. 2001) ............................................................................................... 98, 739
Matti, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 43 (BIA 1984) .............................................................................................800, 1009–10
Mattis v. INS, 774 F.2d 965 (9th Cir. 1985) .....................................................................................................1065, 1172
Maturin; U.S. v., 499 F.3d 1243 (11th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................................ 192
Matus-Leva; U.S. v., 311 F.3d 1214 (9th Cir. 2002) .................................................................................................... 239
Maul-Valverde; U.S. v., 10 F.3d 544 (8th Cir. 1993) ........................................................................................... 259, 261
Maung; U.S. v., 320 F.3d 1305 (11th Cir. 2003) .......................................................................................................... 261
Mawalla v. Chertoff, 468 F.Supp.2d 177 (D.D.C. 2007) ...............................................................................901–2, 1123
Max-George v. Reno, 205 F.3d 194 (5th Cir. 2000), vacated, 121 S.Ct. 2585 (2001) ................1156, 1161, 1193, 1197
Maxwell v. INS, 331 F.Supp.2d 599 (N.D. Ohio 2004) ............................................................................................. 1053
Mayers v. Reno, 175 F.3d 1289 (11th Cir. 1999) .......................................................... 274, 342, 960, 1093, 1125, 1211
Maynard v. CIA, 986 F.2d 547 (1st Cir. 1993) ............................................................................................................ 336
Maynard v. INS, 129 F.3d 438 (8th Cir. 1997) .......................................................................................................... 1082
Mayo v. Ashcroft, 317 F.3d 867 (8th Cir. 2003) ........................................................... 99, 127, 1015, 1037, 1039, 1199
Mayo v. Schiltgen, 921 F.2d 177 (8th Cir. 1990) ................................................................................................. 99, 1166
Mayock v. INS, ___ F.Supp. ___, No. C-85-5169-Cal (N.D. Cal. May 22, 1992) ..................................................... 334
Maysa, Inc., 98-INA-259 (BALCA May 21, 1999) ..................................................................................................... 938
Mayton; U.S. v., 335 F.2d 153 (5th Cir. 1964) ........................................................................................................... 1263
Mazariegos v. INS, 241 F.3d 1320 (11th Cir. 2001) ..................................................................................469, 604, 1185
Mazur v. INS, 957 F.Supp. 1041 (N.D. Ill. 1997) ...................................................................................................... 1218
Mazzillo v. Day, 15 F.2d 391 (S.D.N.Y. 1926) .............................................................................................................. 77
M.B. v. Quarantillo, 301 F.3d 109 (3d Cir. 2002) ..........................................................................889, 1083, 1086, 1164
M-B-A-, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 474 (BIA 2002) ............................................................................................... 491, 524
M. Balachandran & V.G. Veerubhotla, 03-INA-136 (BALCA Sept. 13, 2004) ......................................................... 932
Mbea v. Gonzales, 482 F.3d 276 (4th Cir. 2007) .........................................................................................117, 177, 979
M-C-, Matter of; 9 I&N Dec. 280 (BIA 1961) ............................................................................................................. 155
McAllister v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 444 F.3d 178 (3d Cir. 2006) .....................................71, 104, 107, 160, 470, 1111
McAllister v. Gonzales, 444 F.3d 176 (3d Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................ 1180
McBrearty v. Perryman, 212 F.3d 985 (7th Cir. 2000) ..........................................................................1121, 1138, 1197
McBride v. INS, 238 F.3d 371 (5th Cir. 2000) ...........................................................................................974, 989, 1003
McCarthy v. Madigan, 112 S.Ct. 1081 (1992) ........................................................................................................... 1142
McCarthy v. U.S., 394 U.S. 459 (1969) ........................................................................................................................ 223
McClendon v. Jackson Television Inc., 603 F.2d 1174 (5th Cir. 1979) .................................................................... 1144
McCleskey v. Zant, 499 U.S. 467, 111 S.Ct. 1454 (1991) ......................................................................................... 1102
McCoy v. U.S., 758 F.Supp. 299 (E.D. Pa. 1991) ..............................................................................................244, 1164
McDaniel; U.S. v., 463 F.2d 129 (5th Cir. 1972) ......................................................................................................... 281
McDonald v. Gonzales, 400 F.3d 684 (9th Cir. 2005) .................................................................................101, 163, 359
McDonnell Douglas; U.S. v., 2 OCAHO no. 351 (1991) ................................................................................1273, 1279
McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green, 411 U.S. 792 (1973) ........................................................................................ 1278
McElrath v. Goodwin, 713 F.Supp. 299 (E.D. Ark. 1988) ........................................................................................... 282
McGowan, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 898 (DD 1966) .................................................................................................... 682
McGrath v. Kristensen, 340 U.S. 162 (1950) ............................................................................................................... 100
McGuire v. INS District Director, 804 F.Supp. 1229 (N.D. Cal. 1992) ...................................................................... 643
McKee, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 332 (BIA 1980) ............................................................................795, 797, 799, 802–3
McKenzie v. Savoretti, 200 F.2d 546 (5th Cir. 1952) .................................................................................................... 71
McLaughlin v. A.B. Chance Co., 842 F.2d 724 (4th Cir. 1988) ................................................................................ 1255
1528                                                                                               KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

McLaughlin v. Kings Island, 849 F.2d 990 (6th Cir. 1988) ....................................................................................... 1255
McLean v. Crabtree, 173 F.3d 1176 (9th Cir. 1999) .................................................................................................... 301
McLean v. INS, 901 F.2d 204 (1st Cir. 1990) ............................................................................................................ 1176
McLean v. Slattery, 839 F.Supp. 188 (E.D.N.Y. 1993) ............................................................................................... 300
McMann v. Richardson, 397 U.S. 759 (1970) .............................................................................................................. 223
McMillan, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 605 (BIA 1981) .................................................................................................... 780
McMullen, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 90 (BIA 1984) ............................................................................................. 432, 482
McMullen v. INS, 658 F.2d 1312 (9th Cir. 1981) ................................................................................................ 447, 530
McMullen v. INS, 788 F.2d 591 (9th Cir. 1986) .................................................................................................. 482, 499
McNamara v. Korean Air Lines, 863 F.2d 1135 (3d Cir. 1988), cert. denied, 493 U.S. 944 (1989) .......................... 741
McNary v. Haitian Refugee Center, Inc., 498 U.S. 479 (1991) ....................................... 606, 1083–84, 1132–33, 1149,
         ................................................................................................................................1165, 1202, 1268, 1288, 1296
McNaughton, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 569 (BIA 1978) ........................................................................................... 74, 80
McNeil v. Kennedy, 298 F.2d 323 (D.C. Cir. 1962) .................................................................................................... 366
McNeir v. San Francisco State Univ., 9 OCAHO no. 1074 (Sept. 17, 2001) ............................................1272, 1279–80
McNier v. San Francisco State University College of Business, 8 OCAHO no. 1030 (1999) .................................. 1279
M-D-, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 1180 (BIA 1998), rev’d, Diallo v. INS, 232 F.3d 279 (2d Cir. 2000) ............... 529, 531
M-D-, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 540 (BIA 2002) .............................................................................................323, 390–91
M-D-, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 138 (BIA 2007) .......................................................................................361, 1024, 1035
Mead Corp.; U.S. v., 121 S.Ct. 2164 (2001) ............................................................................................................... 1184
Meas v. Ashcroft, 363 F.3d 729 (8th Cir. 2004) ...........................................................................................380, 464, 540
Mece v. Gonzales, 415 F.3d 562 (6th Cir. 2005) .................................................................................................. 541, 563
Medellin v. Bustos, 854 F.2d 795 (5th Cir. 1988) ........................................................................................................ 919
Medellin v. Texas, 128 S.Ct. 1346 (2008) ............................................................................................................ 245, 402
Medellin-Reyes v. Gonzales, 435 F.3d 721 (7th Cir. 2006) .............................................................................1091, 1190
Medhin v. Ashcroft, 350 F.3d 685 (7th Cir. 2003) ....................................................................................................... 441
Medical University of South Carolina, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 266 (R.C. 1978) .............................................. 877, 949
Medina, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 506 (R.C. 1970) ....................................................................................................... 883
Medina, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 611 (BIA 1976) ..............................................................................................72, 74–75
Medina, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 734 (BIA 1988) ..........................................................................................430–31, 478
Medina v. Ashcroft, 393 F.3d 1063 (9th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................. 201–2
Medina v. Gonzales, 404 F.3d 628 (2d Cir. 2005) .....................................................................................505, 963, 1182
Medina v. INS, 993 F.2d 499 (5th Cir.), reh’g denied, 1 F.3d 312 (1993) .................................................................. 315
Medina v. U.S., 92 F.Supp.2d 545 (E.D. Va. 2000) .......................................................................309, 1125, 1127, 1218
Medina v. U.S., 259 F.3d 220 (4th Cir. 2001) ............................................................................................................ 1219
Medina; U.S. v., 3 OCAHO no. 485 (Feb. 5, 1993) ................................................................................................... 1257
Medina; U.S. v., 236 F.3d 1028 (9th Cir. 2001) ........................................................................................................... 235
Medina-Garcia; U.S. v., 918 F.2d 4 (1st Cir. 1990) ..................................................................................................... 241
Medina-Hincapie v. DOS, 700 F.2d 737 (D.C. Cir. 1983) ........................................................................................... 337
Medina-Morales v. Ashcroft, 371 F.3d 520 (9th Cir. 2004) ................... 780, 1063–64, 1115, 1119, 1121–22, 1175–76
Medrano, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 216 (BIA 1990) .........................................................................................1053, 1287
Medrano-Villatoro v. INS, 866 F.2d 132 (5th Cir. 1989) ........................................................................................... 1028
Meghani v. INS, 236 F.3d 843 (7th Cir. 2001) .................................................................................................1030, 1043
Mehilli v. Gonzales, 433 F.3d 86 (1st Cir. 2005) ...........................................................................594, 1075, 1078, 1128
Mei Chai Ye v. DOJ, 489 F.3d 517 (2d Cir. 2007) .............................................................................................. 553, 568
Mei Juan Zheng v. Mukasey, 514 F.3d 176 (2d Cir. 2008) .......................................................................................... 503
Mejia, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 6 (BIA 1976) ......................................................................................................... 365–66
Mejia v. Ashcroft, 298 F.3d 873 (9th Cir. 2002) ........................................................................................449, 588, 1160
Mejia v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 498 F.3d 1253 (11th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................ 445
Mejia v. Gonzales, 499 F.3d 991 (9th Cir. 2007) ............................................................ 124, 126, 1119–20, 1182, 1210
Mejia v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 498 F.3d 1253 (11th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................... 436, 599
Mejia; U.S. v., 461 F.3d 158 (2d Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................................. 215
Mejia-Carrillo v. INS, 656 F.2d 520 (6th Cir. 1981) .................................................................................................... 993
Mejia-Orellana v. Gonzales, 502 F.3d 13 (1st Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................ 972
Mejia-Paiz v. INS, 111 F.3d 720 (9th Cir. 1997) ......................................................................................................... 578
Mejia-Rodriguez v. Reno, 178 F.3d 1139 (11th Cir. 1999) .......................................... 37, 349, 1002, 1051, 1055, 1060
Mejias-Ruiz v. INS, 51 F.3d 358 (2d Cir. 1995) ........................................................................................................ 1030
Mejico Express, 02-INA-56 (BALCA July 16, 2002) ........................................................................................... 942–43
Mejina-Andino, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 533 (BIA 2002) ........................................................................................... 374
Mekhael v. Mukasey, 509 F.3d 326 (7th Cir. 2007) .........................................................................................1040, 1057
Mekhoukh v. Ashcroft, 358 F.3d 118 (1st Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................443, 1022
Mel v. Ashcroft, 393 F.3d 737 (7th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................................... 81
Melendez v. DOJ, 926 F.2d 211 (2d Cir. 1991) .................................................................................498, 530, 596, 1178
Melendez-Torres; U.S. v., 420 F.3d 45 (1st Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................ 262
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                          1529

Melgar de Torres v.Reno, 191 F.3d 307 (2d Cir. 1999) ............................................................................................... 539
Melhem v. Gonzales, 500 F.3d 78 (1st Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................................ 567
Melian v. INS, 987 F.2d 1521 (11th Cir. 1993) ..................................................................................................976, 1140
Melkonian v. Ashcroft, 320 F.3d 1061 (9th Cir. 2003) ............................................... 273, 400, 466, 468, 477, 508, 599
Melnitsenko v. Mukasey, 517 F.3d 42 (2d Cir. 2008) ..................... 279, 793, 837, 1007, 1050, 1054, 1135, 1169, 1172
Melo, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 883 (BIA 1997) ............................................................................................................ 293
Melo v. Ashcroft, 364 F.Supp.2d 183 (D.R.I. 2005) ............................................................................................ 115, 981
Mema v. Gonzales, 474 F.3d 412 (7th Cir. 2007) ................................................................276, 333, 468, 558, 564, 578
Membreno v. Gonzales, 425 F.3d 1227 (9th Cir. 2005) (en banc) ..................................................................1173, 1196
Memije v. Gonzales, 481 F.3d 1163 (9th Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................... 277
Mena v. City of Simi Valley, 332 F.3d 1255 (9th Cir. 2003) ..................................................................................... 1217
Mendenhall; U.S. v., 446 U.S. 544 (1980) ........................................................................................................... 278, 280
Mendes, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 833 (BIA 1994) .........................................................................................331, 791–92
Mendes v. INS, 197 F.3d 6 (1st Cir. 1999) ...............................................................................................792, 1116, 1136
Mendez, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 296 (BIA 1996) ..................................................................................................... 1008
Mendez v. INS, 563 F.2d 956 (9th Cir. 1977) ............................................................................................................ 1162
Mendez; U.S. v., 514 F.3d 1035 (10th Cir. 2008) ........................................................................................................ 251
Mendez-Alcaraz v. Gonzales, 464 F.3d 842 (9th Cir. 2006) ....................................................119, 1051, 1060, 1161–62
Mendez-Gutierrez v. Ashcroft, 340 F.3d 865 (9th Cir. 2003) ....................................................................353, 511, 1164
Mendez-Gutierrez v. Gonzales, 444 F.3d 1168 (9th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................. 1200
Mendez-Hernandez; U.S. v., 747 F.Supp. 846 (D.P.R. 1990) ..................................................................................... 302
Mendez-Morales v. INS, 119 F.3d 738 (8th Cir. 1997) ............................................................................................... 200
Mendez-Morales; U.S. v., 384 F.3d 927 (8th Cir. 2004) .............................................................................................. 234
Mendez-Moralez, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 296 (BIA 1996) ..........................................................................36, 124, 842
Mendez-Moranchel v. Ashcroft, 338 F.3d 176 (3d Cir. 2003) ...........................................................................999, 1118
Mendez-Reyes v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 428 F.3d 187 (3d Cir. 2005) ............................................................... 990, 992
Mendiola-Sanchez v. Ashcroft, 381 F.3d 937 (9th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................... 1001
Mendonca v. INS, 52 F.Supp.2d 155 (D. Mass.), aff’d, 201 F.3d 427 (1st Cir. 1999) ....................................1095, 1122
Mendoza v. INS, 16 F.3d 335 (9th Cir. 1994) ................................................................................................................ 56
Mendoza v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 327 F.3d 1283 (11th Cir. 2003) .................................................................595, 1020, 1129
Mendoza; U.S. v., 390 F.Supp.2d 925 (N.D. Cal. 2005) .............................................................................................. 231
Mendoza v. Zirkle Fruit Co., 301 F.3d 1163 (9th Cir. 2002) ..................................................................................... 1271
Mendoza-Carrillo; U.S. v., 107 F.Supp.2d 1098 (D.S.D. 2000) .................................................................................. 281
Mendoza-Iribe; U.S. v., 198 F.3d 742 (9th Cir. 1999) ................................................................................................. 260
Mendoza-Lopez; U.S. v., 7 F.3d 1483 (10th Cir. 1993), cert. denied, 511 U.S. 1036 (1994) ..........232, 261, 351, 1026
Mendoza Manimbao v. Ashcroft, 329 F.3d 655 (9th Cir. 2003) ..........................................................546, 555, 1037–38
Mendoza-Mata; U.S. v., 322 F.3d 829 (5th Cir. 2003) ................................................................................................. 235
Mendoza-Mazariegos v. Mukasey, 509 F.3d 1074 (9th Cir. 2007) ..................................................................... 326, 339
Mendoza-Perez v. INS, 902 F.2d 760 (9th Cir. 1990) ..................................................................................525, 545, 578
Mendoza-Reyes; U.S. v., 331 F.3d 1119 (9th Cir. 2003) ............................................................................................. 174
Mendoza-Sandino, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 1236 (BIA 2000) ........................................................974, 989, 1003, 1182
Menendez-Donis v. Ashcroft, 360 F.3d 915 (8th Cir. 2004) ........................................................................437, 580, 603
Menghesha v. Gonzales, 450 F.3d 142 (4th Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................ 372, 456
Mengistu v. Ashcroft, 355 F.3d 1044 (7th Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................592, 1166
Menjivar v. Gonzales, 416 F.3d 918 (8th Cir. 2005) .................................................................................................... 447
Menjivar, Matter of; No. A70 117 167 (AAU Dec. 27, 1994) ..................................................................................... 888
Mentor v. INS, 834 F.Supp. 133 (E.D. Pa. 1993) ....................................................................................................... 1138
Meraz-Enriguez; U.S. v., 442 F.3d 331 (5th Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................... 181
Meraz-Valeta; U.S. v., 26 F.3d 992 (10th Cir. 1994) ...........................................................................226, 230, 235, 238
Meraz-Vargas; U.S. v., 35 F.Supp.2d 1272 (D. Kansas 1998) .................................................................................... 328
Mercedes-Mercedes; U.S. v., 851 F.2d 529 (1st Cir. 1988) ......................................................................................... 224
Merchant v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 461 F.3d 1375 (11th Cir. 2006) ...........................................328, 330, 332, 825, 848, 1006
Merida-Turcios v. Reno, No. CV 94-5220 (C.D. Cal. July 1, 1996) ........................................................................... 522
Meriko Tamaki Wong, 90-INA-407 (BALCA Jan. 27, 1992) ..................................................................................... 950
Merkt; U.S. v., 764 F.2d 266 (5th Cir. 1985) ......................................................................................................... 240–41
Merkt; U.S. v., 794 F.2d 950 (5th Cir. 1986) ............................................................................................................... 241
Mersereau v. Ingham, 875 F.Supp. 148 (W.D.N.Y. 1995) .................................................................................. 144, 791
Merza-Reyes v. Gonzales, 436 F.3d 842 (8th Cir. 2006) ...................................................................................999, 1119
Mesa Airlines v. U.S., 951 F.2d 1186 (10th Cir. 1991) .............................................................................................. 1280
Mesa Airlines; U.S. v., 1 OCAHO no. 74 (OCAHO no. 1989) ................................................................................. 1275
Mesa Airlines, 1 OCAHO no. 74 (1989) .................................................................................................................... 1274
Messina v. USCIS, __F.Supp.2d __, 2006 WL 374564 (E.D. Mich. Feb. 16, 2006) .................................................. 783
Mester Mfg. v. INS, 879 F.2d 561 (9th Cir. 1989) ..................................................................................................... 1265
Mester Mfg. Co. v. INS, 879 F.2d 561 (9th Cir. 1989) ....................................................................1180, 1250–51, 1264
1530                                                                                               KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Mester Mfg. Co. v. INS, 900 F.2d 201 (9th Cir. 1990) ..............................................................................1236–37, 1264
Mester Mfg. Co.; U.S. v., 1 OCAHO no. 18 (June 17, 1988) .................................................................................... 1260
Mester Mfg. Co., Inc. v. INS, 879 F.2d 561 (9th Cir. 1989) ...................................................................................... 1247
Metro Bank, N.A., 04-INA-20 (BALCA Nov. 30, 2004) ............................................................................................ 926
Metroplex Distributors, 88-INA-249 (May 22, 1989) (en banc) ................................................................................. 940
Mewengkank v. Gonzales, 486 F.3d 737 (1st Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................. 567
Mexico Bakery, Inc.; U.S. v., 2 OCAHO no. 315 (Apr. 12, 1991) ............................................................................ 1246
Meyersiek v. USCIS, 445 F.Supp.2d 202 (D. R.I. 2006) ........................................................................................... 1309
Meza, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 257 (BIA 1991) ................................................................................................... 120, 985
Meza-Manay v. INS, 139 F.3d 759 (9th Cir. 1998) .....................................................................................450, 463, 573
Meza-Soria; U.S. v., 935 F.2d 166 (9th Cir. 1991) .............................................................................................. 238, 397
Mezrioui v. INS, 154 F.Supp.2d 274 (D. Conn. 2001) ................................................................................................ 981
Mezvrishvili v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 467 F.3d 1292 (11th Cir. 2006) .....................................450, 567, 575, 577, 599, 1040
Mgoian v. INS, 184 F.3d 1029 (9th Cir. 1999) ............................................................................................447, 573, 599
Miah v. Ashcroft, 346 F.3d 434 (3d Cir. 2003) ............................................................................................................ 531
Miah v. Mukasey, 519 F.3d 784 (8th Cir. 2008) ......................................................................602, 795, 837, 1007, 1054
Miccousukee Resort & Conv. Ctr, In re; 9 OCAHO no. 1114 (Dec. 10, 2004) ........................................................ 1277
Michael v. INS, 48 F.3d 657 (2d Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................................... 1202
Michael v. Slattery, 852 F.Supp. 211 (S.D.N.Y. 1994) ................................................................................................ 606
Michael Hertz Assoc., Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 558 (Comm. 1988) ...................................................................... 681–83
Michel, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 1101 (BIA 1998) .................................... 126, 153, 333, 343, 381, 403, 518, 848, 1014
Michel v. INS, 206 F.3d 253 (2d Cir. 2000) .........................................................................................82, 165, 328, 1183
Mickeviciute v. INS, 327 F.3d 1159 (10th Cir. 2003) ............................................................591, 596, 1050, 1063, 1172
Middlebury College, 01-INA-136 (BALCA Jan. 24, 2002) ........................................................................................ 948
Mignott; U.S. v., 184 F.3d 1288 (11th Cir. 1999) ........................................................................................................ 262
Miguel v. INS, 359 F.3d 408 (6th Cir. 2004) ....................................................................................................... 280, 362
Miguel-Miguel v. Gonzales, 500 F.3d 941 (9th Cir. 2007) ............................................................480, 1144, 1210, 1213
Mihalev v. Ashcroft, 388 F.3d 722 (9th Cir. 2004) ............................................................437, 453, 457, 513, 599, 1130
Mihaylov v. Ashcroft, 379 F.3d 15 (1st Cir. 2004) ......................................................................................462, 550, 561
Mikhael v. INS, 115 F.3d 299 (5th Cir. 1997) ....................................................................................................525, 1163
Mikhailevitch v. INS, 146 F.3d 384 (6th Cir. 1998) .................................................................................................... 436
Miljkovic v. Ashcroft, 376 F.3d 754 (7th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................444, 1166, 1190
Millard, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 175 (BIA 1965) ...................................................................................................... 1014
Miller, Matter of; 02-LCA-00004 (Feb. 7, 2003) ......................................................................................................... 692
Miller v. Albright, 118 S.Ct. 1428 (1998) .................................................................................................................. 1152
Miller v. Christopher, 96 F.3d 1467 (D.C. Cir. 1996) ................................................................................................ 1168
Miller v. INS, 762 F.2d 21 (3d Cir. 1985) ......................................................................................................82, 124, 963
Miller v. INS, ___ F.Supp.2d ___, Civ. No. 7:01CV00178 (W.D. Va. May 28, 2001) ............................................ 1326
Millian-Zamora v. Ashcroft, 228 F.Supp.2d 272 (E.D.N.Y. 2002) .....................................................276, 381–82, 1093
Milligan, Ex Parte; 71 U.S. 2 (1866) ............................................................................................................................ 310
Milosevic v. Ridge, 301 F.Supp.2d 337 (M.D. Pa. 2003) ................................................................................1140, 1145
Minasyan v. Gonzales, 401 F.3d 1069 (9th Cir. 2005) .....................................................................................1143, 1302
Minatsis v. Brown, 713 F.Supp. 1056 (S.D. Ohio 1989) ....................................................................................... 795–96
Mindseye v. Ilchert, 1985 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 17986, No. C-84-6199-FJW (N.D. Cal. July 11, 1987) ....................... 682
Minei, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 430 (R.C. 1965) .......................................................................................................... 647
Mingkid v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 468 F.3d 763 (11th Cir. 2006) ..........................................................................504–5, 1156
Minker; U.S. v., 350 U.S. 179 (1956) ......................................................................................................................... 1256
Minkova, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 1161 (BIA 1999) ................................................................................................... 775
Minnesota Mining and Mfg. Co. (3M), Matter of; No. A27 228 517 (AAU Oct. 24, 1989) ...................................... 685
Minwalla v. INS, 706 F.2d 831 (8th Cir. 1983) .................................................................................................... 520, 591
Mir v. Federal Bureau of Prisons, 3 OCAHO no. 510 (Apr. 20, 1993) ..................................................................... 1279
Mirabal-Balon v. Esperdy, 188 F.Supp. 317 (S.D.N.Y. 1960) ...................................................................................... 87
Miraldo, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 704 (BIA 1974) ....................................................................................................... 798
Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1966) ....................................................................................232, 275, 278, 363, 422
Miranda; INS v., 459 U.S. 14 (1982) ..........................................................................................................317, 803, 1011
Miranda v. Reno, 238 F.3d 1156 (9th Cir. 2001), cert. denied, Miranda v. Ashcroft 534 U.S. 1018 (2001) ........... 1096
Miranda Alvarado v. Gonzales, 449 F.3d 915 (9th Cir. 2006) ...........................................................432, 1185–86, 1189
Miranda-Lores v. INS, 17 F.3d 84 (5th Cir. 1994) ....................................................................................................... 341
Miranda-Ramirez; U.S. v., 309 F.3d 1255 (10th Cir. 2002) ........................................................................................ 231
Mireles v. Gonzales, 433 F.3d 965 (7th Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................272, 1119
Mireles-Valdez v. Ashcroft, 349 F.3d 213 (5th Cir. 2003) ......................................................274, 961, 990, 1000, 1120
Mironescu, In re extradition of; 296 F.Supp.2d 632 (M.D.N.C. 2003) ................................................................ 485, 499
Mironescu v. Costner, 345 F.Supp.2d 538 (M.D.N.C. 2004) .............................................................................. 485, 499
Miroslaw Kusmirek, 2000-INA-116 (BALCA 2001) .................................................................................................. 951
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                            1531

Mirzoyan v. Gonzales, 457 F.3d 217 (2d Cir. 2006) .................................................................................................... 440
Miscellaneous Firearms, Explosives; U.S. v., 399 F.Supp.2d 881 (C.D. Ill. 2005) .................................................... 244
Mischalski v. Ford Motor Co., 935 F.Supp. 203 (E.D.N.Y 1996) ............................................................................. 1270
Mitchell; U.S. v., 388 F.3d 1139 (8th Cir. 2004) .......................................................................................................... 249
Mitchell v. Worldwide Underwriter Ins. Co., 967 F.2d 565 (11th Cir. 1992) ........................................................... 1279
Mitreva v. Gonzales, 417 F.3d 761 (7th Cir. 2005) ...................................................................................................... 602
Mitsuye Endo, Ex Parte, 323 U.S. 283 (1944) ........................................................................................................... 1096
Mizrahi v. Gonzales, 492 F.3d 156 (2d Cir. 2007) .........................................................................................84, 201, 215
M-J-F, Matter of; No. 96-4 (BAR Oct. 15, 1996) ...................................................................................................... 1324
M.N. Auto Electric Corp., 00-INA-165 (BALCA Aug. 8, 2001) .......................................................................... 943–45
Moab v. Gonzales, 500 F.3d 656 (7th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................. 553, 581
Moallin v. Cangemi, 427 F.Supp.2d 908 (D. Minn. 2006) ........... 142, 145, 297, 307, 412, 414, 420, 1073, 1090, 1112
Moayedi v. CBP, 310 F.Supp.2d 73 (D.D.C. 2007) ............................................................................................... 334–36
Mobile v. Bolden, 446 U.S. 55 (1980) ........................................................................................................................ 1208
Modica-Linos; U.S. v., 399 F.Supp.2d 1114 (E.D. Wash. 2005) ................................................................................. 235
Modular Container Systems, Inc., 89-INA-228 (BALCA July 16, 1991) (en banc) ........................................... 916, 937
Moeller, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 65 (BIA 1976) ......................................................................................................... 218
Mogharrabi, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 439 (BIA 1987) .........................................................447, 466, 515, 525, 545, 582
Mohamed v. Ashcroft, 395 F.3d 835 (8th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................... 571
Mohamed v. Ashcroft, 396 F.3d 999 (8th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................... 458, 468
Mohamed v. Gonzales, 436 F.3d 79 (3d Cir. 2006) ...........................................................................................814, 1106
Mohamed v. Gonzales, 477 F.3d 522 (8th Cir. 2006) ................................................................275, 374, 379, 487, 1071
Mohamed v. Tebrake, 371 F.Supp.2d 1043 (D. Minn. 2005) ...................................................................................... 374
Mohammad v. Slattery, 842 F.Supp. 1553 (S.D.N.Y. 1994) .............................................................................154, 1142
Mohammad Hussain v. Keisler, 505 F.3d 779 (7th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................1072, 1124
Mohammadi-Motlagh v. INS, 727 F.2d 1450 (9th Cir. 1984) ................................................................................... 1082
Mohammed v. Ashcroft, 261 F.3d 1244 (11th Cir. 2001) ............................................................................................ 199
Mohammed v. Gonzales, 400 F.3d 785 (9th Cir. 2005) ...............................................................342, 454, 464, 486, 581
Mohammed v. Keisler, 507 F.3d 369 (6th Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................. 601
Mohammed v. Reno, 309 F.3d 95 (2d Cir. 2002) .......................................................................117, 982, 1107, 1191–92
Mohammed v. Sullivan, 866 F.2d 258 (8th Cir. 1989) ........................................................................................ 300, 404
Mohideen v. Gonzales, 416 F.3d 567 (7th Cir. 2005) .................................................................................................. 456
Moin v. Ashcroft, 335 F.3d 415 (5th Cir. 2003) .........................................................................856, 859, 1022, 1179–80
Mojica v. Reno, 970 F.Supp. 130 (E.D.N.Y. 1997) .........................................................................................1098, 1211
Mojica-Linos; U.S. v., 399 F.Supp.2d 1115 (W.D. Wash. 2005) ................................................................................ 181
Mojsilovic v. INS, 156 F.3d 743 (7th Cir. 1998) .......................................................................................................... 443
Molaire v. Smith, 743 F.Supp. 839 (S.D. Fla. 1990) ......................................................................152–53, 340, 343, 518
Molathwa v. Ashcroft, 374 F.3d 661 (8th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................................... 970
Molathwa v. Ashcroft, 390 F.3d 551 (8th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................................... 603
Molenda v. INS, 998 F.2d 291 (5th Cir. 1993) ............................................................................................................. 165
Molina v. INS, 981 F.2d 14 (1st Cir. 1992) ................................................................................................208, 328, 1212
Molina v. Sewell, 983 F.2d 676 (5th Cir. 1993) .................................................................................54–55, 151, 153–54
Molina-Amezcua v. INS, 6 F.3d 646 (9th Cir. 1993) ................................................................................................... 165
Molina-Camacho v. Ashcroft, 393 F.3d 937 (9th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................... 1032
Molina de Massenet v. Gonzales, 485 F.3d 661 (1st Cir. 2007) .................................................................................. 792
Molina-Estrada v. INS, 293 F.3d 1089 (9th Cir. 2002) ......................................................................461, 542, 988, 1114
Molina-Morales v. INS, 237 F.3d 1048 (9th Cir. 2001) ...............................................................................437, 450, 580
Molinaro v. New Jersey, 396 U.S. 365 (1970) ........................................................................................................... 1064
Momennia v. Estrada, 268 F.Supp.2d 679 (N.D. Tex. 2003) ............................................................................... 316, 499
Momin v. Gonzales, 447 F.3d 447 (5th Cir. 2006) vacated 462 F.3d 497 (5th Cir. 2006) .................................1144–45
Mompongo v. Gonzales, 406 F.3d 512 (8th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................ 602
Moncada, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 62 (BIA 2007) .................................................................................86, 125, 202, 962
Moncada-Pelaez; U.S. v., 810 F.2d 1008 (11th Cir. 1987) .......................................................................................... 302
Monell v. Dep’t of Social Services, 436 U.S. 658 (1978) .......................................................................................... 1217
Monet v. INS, 791 F.2d 752 (9th Cir. 1986) ......................................................................................................... 855, 972
-Monet v. INS, 791 F.2d 752 (9th Cir. 1986) ............................................................................................................... 855
Mongiovi v. Karnuth, 30 F.2d 825 (S.D.N.Y. 1929) ...................................................................................................... 78
Monjaraz-Munoz v. INS, 327 F.3d 892 (9th Cir. 2003) ............................................................................................... 394
Monreal, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 56 (BIA 2001) ........................................................................................................ 993
Montano-Bentancourt; U.S. v., 151 F.Supp.2d 794 (W.D. Tx. 2001) ................................................................. 236, 391
Montano Cisneros v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 514 F.3d 1224 (11th Cir. 2008) ....................................................385, 394, 1052
Montecino v. INS, 915 F.2d 518 (9th Cir. 1990) ........................................................................................379, 447, 1030
Montenegro v. Ashcroft, 355 F.3d 1035 (7th Cir. 2004) ...................................................................................... 212, 275
Montenegro v. INS, 245 F.Supp.2d 936 (C.D. Ill. 2003) ..................................................................................... 118, 979
1532                                                                                              KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Monter v. Gonzales, 430 F.3d 546 (2d Cir. 2005) ................................................................................97, 325, 792, 1319
Montero v. Cobb, 937 F.Supp. 88 (D. Mass. 1996) ...........................................................138, 298, 303, 306, 420, 1141
Montero v. INS, 124 F.3d 381 (2d Cir. 1997) ............................................................................................279, 322, 1268
Montero-Martinez v. Ashcroft, 277 F.3d 1137 (9th Cir. 2002) ...............................................................988, 1121, 1132
Montero-Ubri v. INS, 229 F.3d 319 (1st Cir. 2000) ....................................................................................................... 81
Montes v. Meese, ___ F.Supp. ___ (C.D. Cal. 1987),
         aff’d sub nom. Montes v. Thornburgh, 919 F.2d 531 (9th Cir. 1990) ...........................1085, 1231, 1234, 1239
Montes-Lopez v. Gonzales, 486 F.3d 1163 (9th Cir. 2007) ...............................................................................339, 1021
Montes-Pineda; U.S. v., 445 F.3d 375 (4th Cir. 2006) ......................................................................................... 215, 257
Montgomery College, 94-INA-584 and 585 (BALCA July 18, 1996) ........................................................................ 948
Montgomery Ward v. FTC, 691 F.2d 1322 (9th Cir. 1982) .......................................................................895, 897, 1210
Montgomery Ward & Co., 691 F.2d 1322 (9th Cir. 1982) ........................................................................................ 1210
Montiel-Barraza v. INS, 275 F.3d 1178 (9th Cir. 2002) .............................................................................................. 180
Montilla v. INS, 926 F.2d 162 (2d Cir. 1991) ................................................. 269, 276, 343, 351, 378, 381, 1181, 1206
Montoya de Hernandez; U.S. v., 473 U.S. 531 (1985) ................................................................................................. 286
Montoya-Robles; U.S. v., 935 F.Supp. 1196 (D. Utah 1996) ...................................................................................... 363
Montoya-Ulloa v. INS, 79 F.3d 930 (9th Cir. 1996) .................................................................................................... 436
Moody v. Sorokina, 40 A.D.3d 14 (N.Y. App. Div. 2007) ............................................................................................ 66
Moore, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 711 (BIA 1971) ........................................................................................................... 80
Moore v. Ashcroft, 251 F.3d 919 (11th Cir. 2001) .................................. 30, 124–25, 185, 277, 1079, 1156, 1161, 1193
Moore v. District Director, 956 F.Supp. 878 (D. Neb. 1997) ..................................................................................... 1175
Moore v. United Kingdom, 384 F.3d 1079 (9th Cir. 2004) ....................................................................................... 1228
Moore; U.S. v., ___ F.Supp. ___, No. 89A (E.D. Va. Mar. 10, 1989) ....................................................................... 1256
Moosa v. INS, 171 F.3d 994 (5th Cir. 1999) ......................................................... 163, 207, 212, 318, 1011, 1122, 1205
Moraga, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 195 (BIA 2001) ....................................................................................................... 782
Morales, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 130 (BIA 1996) .............................................................................................498, 1031
Morales v. Gonzales, 478 F.3d 972 (9th Cir. 2007) .............................................................73, 76, 479, 488, 1117, 1131
Morales v. INS, 208 F.3d 323 (1st Cir. 2000) ............................................................................................................ 1040
Morales v. Yeutter, 952 F.2d 954 (7th Cir. 1991) ..................................................................................1085, 1288, 1294
Morales-Alegria v. Gonzales, 449 F.3d 1051 (9th Cir. 2006) ..................................................................188, 1134, 1139
Morales-Alvarado v. INS, 655 F.2d 172 (9th Cir. 1989) ............................................................................................. 212
Morales Apolinar v. Mukasey, 514 F.3d 893 (9th Cir. 2008) .............................................................................. 342, 345
Morales-Fernandez v. INS, 418 F.3d 1116 (10th Cir. 2005) ..................................................146, 157, 308, 412–13, 417
Morales-Izquierdo v. Gonzales, 486 F.3d 484 (9th Cir. 2007) (en banc) ................................273, 275, 406, 1182, 1187
Morales-Morales v. Ashcroft, 384 F.3d 418 (7th Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................ 991
Morales-Palacios; U.S. v., 369 F.3d 442 (5th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................. 225
Morales-Quinones; U.S. v., 812 F.2d 604 (10th Cir. 1987) ................................................................................. 243, 252
Morales-Ramirez v. Reno, 209 F.3d 977 (7th Cir. 2000) .............................................................................206, 311, 978
Morales-Rosales; U.S. v., 838 F.2d 1359 (5th Cir. 1988) ............................................................................................ 239
Morales-Tovar; U.S. v., 37 F.Supp.2d 846 (W.D. Tex. 1999) ..................................................................................... 226
Morales-Vargas; U.S. v., 5 OCAHO no. 732 (Mar. 13, 1995) ..................................................................................... 266
Morales Ventura v. Ashcroft, 348 F.3d 1259 (10th Cir. 2003) ..........................................................................999, 1119
Morales-Villagomez v. Smith, 1996 WL 622451, No. C96-1141C (W.D. Wash. July 21, 1996) ..............138, 303, 306
Moran v. Ashcroft, 395 F.3d 1089 (9th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................... 122, 962
Moran-Enriquez v. INS, 884 F.2d 420 (9th Cir. 1989) ................................................................................................ 333
Moreira, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 41 (BIA 1979) ......................................................................................................... 780
Moreno; U.S. v., 561 F.2d 1321 (9th Cir. 1977) .......................................................................................................... 241
Moreno-Bravo v. Gonzales, 463 F.3d 253 (2d Cir. 2006) ................................................................................1091, 1195
Moreno-Cebrero v. Gonzales, 485 F.3d 395 (7th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................... 115, 981
Moreno-Duque; U.S. v., 718 F.Supp. 254 (D. Vt. 1989) ............................................................................................. 241
Moreno-Hernandez; U.S. v., 397 F.3d 1248 (9th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................ 198
Moreno-Morante v. Gonzales, 490 F.3d 1172 (9th Cir. 2007) ..................................................................................... 988
Moreno-Vargas; U.S. v., 315 F.3d 489 (5th Cir. 2002) ................................................................................................ 286
Moret v. Karn, 746 F.2d 989 (3d Cir. 1984) ...............................................................................................143, 146, 1166
Morgan v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 432 F.3d 226 (3d Cir. 2005) ................................................................................ 1302
Morgan v. Gonzales, 445 F.3d 549 (2d Cir. 2006) .....................................................................................329, 825, 1006
Morgan v. Gonzales, 495 F.3d 1084 (9th Cir. 2007) ..................................... 252, 316–17, 499, 1011, 1144, 1146, 1200
Morgan v. Keisler, 507 F.3d 1053 (6th Cir. 2007) .......................................................................................114, 118, 982
Morgan; U.S. v., 346 U.S. 502 (1954) .......................................................................................................................... 221
Morgovsky v. DHS, 517 F.Supp.2d 581 (D. Mass. 2007) ......................................................................................... 1104
Morici Bros. Fresh Fish Daily, 03-INA-149 (BALCA Aug. 13, 2004) ....................................................................... 942
Morillo-Cedron v. District Director, 452 F.3d 1254 (11th Cir. 2006) ....................................................................... 1232
Morin; U.S. v., 80 F.3d 124 (4th Cir. 1996) .................................................................................................319–20, 1182
Morisath v. Smith, 988 F.Supp. 1333 (W.D. Wash. 1997) ......................................................................271, 1127, 1143
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                         1533

Moro v. INS, 58 F.Supp.2d 854 (N.D. Ill. 1999) ..............................................................................................1125, 1127
Morrobel v. Thornburgh, 744 F.Supp. 725 (E.D. Wa. 1990) ............................................................................... 138, 302
Mortera-Cruz v. Gonzales, 409 F.3d 246 (5th Cir. 2005) ......................................................................88, 95, 845, 1182
Morton v. Mancari, 417 U.S. 535 (1974) ................................................................................................................... 1207
Morton v. Ruiz, 415 U.S. 199 (1974) ...............................................................................................................1088, 1186
Mosa v. Rogers, 89 F.3d 601 (9th Cir. 1996) .....................................................................................................559, 1038
Moser v. United States, 341 U.S. 41 (1951) ............................................................................................................... 1311
Moses; U.S. v., 94 F.3d 182 (5th Cir. 1996) .............................................................................................249, 1305, 1329
Mosleh v. Strapp, 992 F.Supp. 874 (N.D. Tex. 1998) ................................................................................................ 1310
Mosquera-Perez v. INS, 3 F.3d 553 (1st Cir. 1993) ..................................................................................................... 481
Mostafa v. Ashcroft, 395 F.3d 622 (6th Cir. 2005) .............................................................................................. 490, 530
Motta v. District Director, 61 F.3d 117 (1st Cir. 1995) .............................................................................................. 1158
Mouawad v. Gonzales, 485 F.3d 405 (8th Cir. 2007) ..............................................................458, 487, 594, 1128, 1165
Mouelle v. Gonzales, 416 F.3d 923 (8th Cir. 2005) vacated 126 S.Ct. 2964 (2006) ..................................156, 843, 853
Mountain High Knitting, Inc. v. Reno, 51 F.3d 216 (9th Cir. 1995) ............................................................................ 289
Mouren-Laurens Oil Co., Inc., 91-INA-236 (BALCA Aug. 11, 1992) ....................................................................... 931
Mourillon, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 122 (BIA 1981) .................................................................................................... 780
Mousa v. INS, 223 F.3d 425 (7th Cir. 2000) ......................................................................................................439, 1041
Moussa v. INS, 302 F.3d 823 (8th Cir. 2002) .............................................................. 320, 798, 1143, 1147, 1302, 1328
Moussa v. Jenifer, 389 F.3d 550 (6th Cir. 2004) ......................................................................................422, 1093, 1126
Movimiento Democracia, Inc. v. Chertoff, 417 F.Supp. 2d 1343 (S.D. Fla. 2006) .................................435, 1150, 1153
Movsisian v. Ashcroft, 395 F.3d 1095 (9th Cir. 2005) .............................................................................442, 1064, 1172
Mowrer, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 613 (BIA 1981) ............................................................................................... 780, 803
Moy, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 121 (Comm. 1967) ....................................................................................................... 500
M-P-, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 786 (BIA 1994) .......................................................................................................... 1050
M & R Plating Corp., 87-INA-355 (DOL 1987) .......................................................................................................... 924
Mrvica v. Esperdy, 376 U.S. 560 (1964) ............................................................................................................397, 1031
Mr. Z Enterprises, Inc.; U.S. v., 1 OCAHO no. 288 (Jan. 11, 1991) ......................................................................... 1246
M-S-, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 125 (BIA 1995) ..................................................................................................507, 1037
M-S-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 349 (BIA 1998) ............................................................................................................ 383
Mudric v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 469 F.3d 94 (3d Cir. 2006) ...........................................................271, 317, 520, 1011
Muehler v. Mena, 544 U.S. 93, 100–01, 125 S.Ct. 1465 (2005) .................................................................................. 281
Mueller, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 268 (BIA 1965) ......................................................................................................... 79
Mufied v. Mukasey, 508 F.3d 88 (2d Cir. 2007) .......................................................................................................... 467
Mugalli v. Ashcroft, 258 F.3d 52 (2d Cir. 2001) .................................................................................................. 167, 219
Muhanna v. Gonzales, 399 F.3d 582 (3d Cir. 2005) ....................................................................................269, 504, 549
Muhur v. Ashcroft, 355 F.3d 958 (7th Cir. 2004) ..............................................................................401, 447, 576, 1199
Muhur v. Ashcroft, 382 F.3d 653 (7th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................1232, 1235, 1239
Muigai v. INS, 682 F.2d 334 (2d Cir. 1982) ............................................................................................................... 1197
Mu Ju Li v. Mukasey, 515 F.3d 575 (6th Cir. 2008) ..............................................................................1048, 1190, 1196
Mukamusoni v. Ashcroft, 390 F.3d 110 (1st Cir. 2004) ........................................................................534–35, 537, 539
Mukherjee v. INS, 793 F.2d 1006 (9th Cir. 1986) ........................................................................................................ 318
Mulanga v. Ashcroft, 349 F.3d 123 (3d Cir. 2003) ......................................................................................371, 532, 554
Mulenga, Matter of; A22 199 560 (Chicago, Ill.) ......................................................................................................... 774
Mullai v. Ashcroft, 385 F.3d 635 (6th Cir. 2004) ......................................................................................................... 969
Mullane v. Center Hanover Bank & Trust Co., 339 U.S. 306, 314 (1950) .................................................................. 391
Mullen-Cofee v. INS, 976 F.2d 1375 (11th Cir. 1992),
         amended on denial of reh’g, 986 F.2d 1364 (11th Cir. 1993) ...........................220, 276, 341, 958, 1002, 1181
Muller, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 637 (BIA 1978) ......................................................................................................... 859
Mulligan v. Schultz, 848 F.2d 655 (5th Cir. 1988) ..................................................................................................... 1149
Mungongo v. Gonzales, 479 F.3d 531 (7th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................... 1047
Muni v. INS, 891 F.Supp. 440 (N.D. Ill. 1995) ............................................................................................................ 870
Munoz v. Ashcroft, 339 F.3d 950 (9th Cir. 2003) ........................................................................................273, 961, 998
Munoz; U.S. v., 412 F.3d 1043 (9th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................................ 240
Munoz-Cerna; U.S. v., 47 F.3d 207 (7th Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................... 259–60
Munoz-Santana v. INS, 742 F.2d 561 (9th Cir. 1984) ................................................................................................. 338
Munoz-Santos, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 205 (BIA 1990) ............................................................................................ 325
Munoz-Yepez v. Gonzales, 465 F.3d 347 (8th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................973, 1014, 1111
Munroe v. Ashcroft, 353 F.3d 225 (3d Cir. 2003) ........................................................................................................ 186
Munsingwear; U.S. v., 340 U.S. 36 (1950) ................................................................................................................. 1158
Muradin v. Gonzales, 494 F.3d 1208 (9th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................... 490, 605
Murillo v. Musegades, 809 F.Supp. 487 (W.D. Tex. 1992) .................................................280, 282–84, 287, 289, 1203
Murillo v. Rite Stuff Foods, Inc., 65 Cal. App. 4th 833 (2d Dist. 1998) ................................................................... 1271
Murillo-Espinoza v. INS, 261 F.3d 771 (9th Cir. 2001) ....................................................................................... 207, 217
1534                                                                                              KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Murillo-Salmeron v. INS, 327 F.3d 898 (9th Cir. 2003) ................................................................................................ 78
Muro-Inclan; U.S. v., 249 F.3d 1180 (9th Cir. 2001) ................................................................................................... 235
Murphy v. INS, 54 F.3d 605 (9th Cir. 1995) ....................................................................................365, 375, 1177, 1301
Murphy, 91-INA-281 (BALCA Aug. 17, 1992) .......................................................................................................... 945
Murray v. Ashcroft, 285 F.Supp.2d 664 (E.D. Pa. 2003) ............................................................................................. 368
Murray v. Ashcroft, 321 F.Supp.2d 385 (D. Conn. 2004) ............................................................................................ 315
Murray v. Carrier, 477 U.S. 478 (1986) ........................................................................................................................ 213
Murray v. Northrop Grumman Information Technology, Inc. 444 F.3d 169 (2d Cir. 2006) ....................12, 1218, 1230
Murray v. The Schooner Charming Betsy, 6 U.S. (2 Cranch) 64 (1804) .................................................................. 1208
Murtano v. C.R. England, Inc., 9 OCAHO no. 1116 (2005) ...................................................................................... 1274
Murtuza v. Gonzales, 427 F.3d 508 (7th Cir. 2005) ..................................................................................................... 389
Musabelliu v. Gonzales, 442 F.3d 991 (7th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................ 441
Mussaleen; U.S. v., 35 F.3d 692 (2d Cir. 1994) ........................................................................................................... 241
Mussie v. INS, 172 F.3d 329 (4th Cir. 1999) ............................................................................................................... 471
Mustanich v. Mukasey, 518 F.3d 1084 (9th Cir. 2008) ......................................................................................317, 1012
Mustata v. DOJ, 179 F.3d 1017 (6th Cir. 1999) ......................................................................................................... 1125
Mutascu v. Gonzales, 444 F.3d 710 (5th Cir. 2006) ..................................................................................................... 183
M/V Guadalupe, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 67 (BIA 1968) ............................................................................................ 264
M/V Saru Meru, 20 I&N Dec. 592 (BIA 1992) ........................................................................................................... 264
Mwangi v. Ashcroft, 388 F.3d 623 (8th Cir. 2004) ...................................................................................................... 603
Mwani v. Bin Laden, 417 F.3d 1 (D.C. Cir. 2005) ..................................................................................................... 1224
Mwembie v. Gonzales, 443 F.3d 405 (5th Cir. 2006) ..................................................................................454, 458, 558
Mwongera v. INS, 187 F.3d 323 (3d Cir. 1999) .............................................................................................98, 644, 647
Myat Thu v. Attorney General of the USA, 510 F.3d 405 (3d Cir. 2007) ...................................................466, 539, 582


                                                                               N
N, Matter of; 5 I&N Dec. 173 (Comm. 1953) .............................................................................................................. 885
N-, Matter of; 8 I&N Dec. 466 (BIA 1956) .................................................................................................................... 81
N, Matter of; 8 I&N Dec. 660 (BIA 1960) ................................................................................................................... 164
N, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 760 (Comm. 1988) .......................................................................................................... 1282
NAACP v. U.S. Sugar Corp., 84 F.3d 1432 (D.C. Cir. 1996) ..........................................................................1150, 1156
Naaman; U.S. v., 813 F.2d 1577 (9th Cir. 1987) .......................................................................................................... 247
Nabulwala v. Gonzales, 481 F.3d 1115 (8th Cir. 2007) .....................................................................................446, 1036
Nadarajah v. Gonzales, 443 F.3d 1069 (9th Cir. 2006) ......................................................140, 143, 145, 308, 421, 1169
Naderpour v. INS, 52 F.3d 731 (8th Cir. 1995) .......................................................................................................... 1025
Nadler v. INS, 737 F.Supp. 658 (D.D.C. 1989) ................................................................................................1235, 1239
Naeem v. Gonzales, 469 F.3d 33 (1st Cir. 2006) .................................................................................................. 838, 967
Nafi, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 430 (BIA 1987) ............................................................................................................. 154
Nagahi v. INS, 219 F.3d 1166 (10th Cir. 2000) ......................................................................................................... 1325
Nagaro-Garbin; U.S. v., 653 F.Supp. 586 (E.D. Mich. 1987) ...................................................................................... 214
Nagi El Moraghy v. Ashcroft, 331 F.3d 195 (1st Cir. 2003) ........................................................................................ 543
Nago, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 446 (BIA 1978) ........................................................................................................... 740
Nagoulko v. INS, 333 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2003) ................................................................................................. 439, 577
Nahatchevska v. Ashcroft, 317 F.3d 1226 (10th Cir. 2003) ....................................................................................... 1189
Nahrvani v. Gonzales, 399 F.3d 1148 (9th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................. 472
Naidoo v. INS, 39 F.Supp.2d 755 (W.D.La. 1999) .................................................................................................... 1126
Naik v. Naik, No. A-6270-05T5 (N.J. Super. Apr. 14, 2008) ........................................................................................ 66
Nail v. Martinez, 391 F.3d 678 (5th Cir. 2004) .......................................................................................................... 1231
Nair v. Coultice, 162 F.Supp.2d 1209 (S.D. Cal. 2001) .................................................... 699–700, 731, 1083, 1186–87
Naizgi v. Gonzales, 455 F.3d 484 (4th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................ 463, 465
Najaf-Ali v. Meese, 653 F.Supp. 833 (N.D. Cal. 1987) ......................................................................................... 36, 153
Najafi v. INS, 104 F.3d 943 (7th Cir. 1997) .........................................................................................455, 466, 526, 576
Najera-Boria v. McElroy, 1995 WL 151775 (E.D.N.Y. June 14, 1996) ..................................................................... 522
Naji v. Nelson, 113 FRD 548 (N.D. Ill. 1986) .............................................................................................................. 338
Najjar v. Ashcroft, 257 F.3d 1262 (11th Cir. 2001) ................................................................................................... 1042
Nakamoto v. Ashcroft, 363 F.3d 874 (9th Cir. 2004) .................................................................................159, 800, 1116
Nakaranurack v. U.S., 68 F.3d 290 (9th Cir. 1995) .................................................................................................... 1144
Nakibuka v. Gonzales, 421 F.3d 473 (7th Cir. 2005) ...........................................................................437, 449, 575, 578
Nakimbugwe v. Gonzales, 475 F.3d 281 (5th Cir. 2007) .................................................................474, 595, 1078, 1129
Nakoi, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 208 (BIA 1972) ............................................................................................................ 76
N-A-M-, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 336 (BIA 2007) .........................................................................................370, 479–80
Namio, Matter of; 14 I&N Dec. 412 (BIA 1973) ......................................................................................................... 963
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                              1535

Namo v. Gonzales, 401 F.3d 453 (6th Cir. 2005) ....................................................................................................... 1201
Nancy, Ltd., 88-INA-358 (BALCA 1989), rev’d , Nancy, Ltd. v. Dole, No. 89-2257-Civ-Scott
          (S.D. Fla. Aug. 8, 1990), aff’d per curiam, No. 90-5857 (11th Cir. 1991) ........................................... 942, 945
Nand, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 336 (BIA 1964) ........................................................................................................... 366
Naoum v. A.G., 300 F.Supp.2d 521 (N.D. Ohio 2004) ................................................................................................ 322
Naragan v. Ilchert, 799 F.Supp. 1047 (N.D. Cal. 1992) ............................................................................................... 422
Naranjo-Aguilera v. INS, 30 F.3d 1106 (9th Cir. 1994) .........................................................................1154, 1288, 1296
Narayan v. Ashcroft, 384 F.3d 1065 (9th Cir. 2004) ..........................................................................................435, 1033
Narayan v. Ashcroft, 384 F.3d 1065 (9th Cir. 2004) .................................................................................................... 435
Narcisco y Digamon, Matter of; No. K-87-1818 (D. Md. 1988) ............................................................................... 1237
Narenji v. Civiletti, 617 F.2d 745 (D.C. Cir. 1979), cert. denied, 446 U.S. 957 (1980) ........................................ 34, 273
Narvaez-Gomez; U.S. v., 489 F.3d 970 (9th Cir. 2007) ....................................................................................... 175, 180
Nascimento v. INS, 274 F.3d 26 (1st Cir. 2001) ..............................................................................................1173, 1196
Nasir v. INS, 122 F.3d 484 (7th Cir. 1997) .................................................................................................................. 364
Nason v. INS, 394 F.2d 223 (2d Cir. 1968), cert. denied, 393 U.S. 830 (1968) .................................................... 82, 165
Nath v. Gonzales, 467 F.3d 1185 (9th Cir. 2007) .....................................................................................211, 1117, 1120
National Ass’n of Manufacturers v. DOL, 1996 WL 420868 (D.D.C. July 22, 1996) ............................689, 1086, 1154
National Ass’n of Mfrs. v. DOL, 159 F.3d 597 (D.C. Cir. 1998) ....................................................................1231, 1236
National Cable & Telecommunications Ass’n v. Brand X, 545 U.S. 967 (2005) ...........88, 95, 406, 845, 849, 1181–83
National Center for Immigrants Rights, Inc. v. INS, 791 F.2d 1351 (9th Cir. 1986),
          vacated , 481 U.S. 1009 (1987), reaff’d, 913 F.2d 1350 (9th Cir. 1990), vacated, 502 U.S. 183 (1991) .......1143
National Center for Immigrants Rights, Inc. v. INS, 913 F.2d 1350 (9th Cir. 1990),
          rev’d, 502 U.S. 183 (1991) ........................................................................................................................... 1085
National Collegiate Recreation Services v. Chertoff, 447 F.Supp.2d 527 (D. S.C. 2006) ................................744, 1116
National Collegiate Recreation Services v. Powell, No. 9:02cv02676 (D.S.C. Nov. 26, 2002) .............673, 1170, 1176
National Cotton Council of America v. Lyng, ___ F.Supp. ___ (N.D. Tex. 1988) ................................................... 1294
National Council of Churches v. Egan, No. 79-2959-Civ-WMH (S.D. Fla. Aug. 29, 1979) .................................... 1267
National Council of La Raza, et al. v. DOJ, 411 F.3d 350 (2d Cir. 2005) ................................................................... 337
National Council of Resistance of Iran v. DOS, 251 F.3d 192, 196 (D.C. Cir. 2001) ................................................. 108
National Credit Union Administration v. First National Bank and Trust Co., 118 S.Ct. 927 (1998) .............1149, 1151
National Ctr. for Immigrants Rights; INS v., 502 U.S. 183 (1991) ...................................................................294, 1204
National Hand Tool Corp. v. Pasquarell, 889 F.2d 1472 (5th Cir. 1989) .................................................................... 729
National Institute for Petroleum & Energy Research, 88-INA-535 (BALCA 1989) .................................................. 927
National Railroad Passenger Corp. v. Morgan, 536 U.S. 101 (2002) ........................................................................ 1276
Nativi-Gomez v. Ashcroft, 344 F.3d 805 (8th Cir. 2003) .................................................................................... 274, 961
Naton v. Bank of California, 649 F.2d 691 (9th Cir. 1981) ....................................................................................... 1013
Naufahu, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 904 (R.C. 1966) .............................................................................................. 883, 949
Naujalis v. INS, 240 F.3d 642 (7th Cir. 2001) .............................................................................................................. 161
Naulu, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 351 (BIA 1986) .......................................................................................................... 806
Navarijo-Barrios v. Ashcroft, 322 F.3d 561 (8th Cir. 2003) ................................................................................ 540, 553
Navarrete, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec 138 (BIA 1967) ................................................................................................... 1300
Navarro v. Mukasey, 518 F.3d 729 (9th Cir. 2008) ................................................................................................... 1004
Navarro-Aispura v. INS, 53 F.3d 233 (9th Cir. 1995) ..............................................................................55–56, 136, 852
Navarro-Chalan v. Ashcroft, 359 F.3d 19 (1st Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................ 279
Navarro-Lopez v. Gonzales, 503 F.3d 1063 (9th Cir. 2007) (en banc) .....................................71, 73, 83, 192, 196, 216
Navarro-Miranda v. Ashcroft, 330 F.3d 672 (5th Cir. 2003) .................................................................1050, 1055, 1189
Navas v. INS, 217 F.3d 646 (9th Cir. 2000) ......................................................................................................... 450, 544
Navas-Acosta, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 586 (BIA 2003) ............................................................................................. 319
Navia-Duran v. INS, 568 F.2d 803 (1st Cir. 1977) .............................................................................................. 279, 284
Nazakat v. INS, 981 F.2d 1146 (10th Cir. 1992) ........................................................................................................ 1027
Nazarova v. INS, 171 F.3d 478 (7th Cir. 1999) ....................................................................................270, 386, 394, 396
N-B-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 590 (BIA 1999) ..................................................................................................154, 1061
Ndiaye; U.S. v., 434 F.3d 1270 (11th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................................................... 242
N’Diom v. Gonzales, 442 F.3d 494 (6th Cir. 2006) .....................................................................................343, 345, 598
Ndom v. Ashcroft, 384 F.3d 743 (9th Cir. 2004) .......................................................................442, 449, 460, 527, 1160
Ndreko v. Ridge, 351 F.Supp.2d 904 (D. Minn. 2004) ....................................................................................1103, 1197
Neely v. U.S., 300 F.2d 67 (9th Cir. 1962) ..................................................................................................................... 72
Neely & Whylie, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 864 (BIA 1966) ................................................................................. 158, 649
Negele v. Ashcroft, 368 F.3d 981 (8th Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................................ 111
Negeya v. Gonzales, 417 F.3d 78 (1st Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................. 539, 600
Negrete-Rodriguez v. Mukasey, 518 F.3d 497 (7th Cir. 2008) ..................................................................174, 192, 1213
Nehme v. INS, 252 F.3d 415 (5th Cir. 2001) .........................................................................................29, 1111, 1303–4
Neill, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 331 (BIA 1975) ............................................................................................................ 647
Nelson, Matter of; 873 F.2d 1396 (11th Cir. 1989) .................................................................................................... 1286
1536                                                                                              KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Nelson v. INS, 232 F.3d 258 (1st Cir. 2000) ................................................................................................................ 374
Nelson v. Reno, 204 F.Supp.2d 1355 (S.D. Fla. 2002), aff’d without opinion, 61 Fed. Appx. 670 (Table) .............. 858
Nemetz v. INS, 647 F.2d 432 (4th Cir. 1981) ....................................................................................................... 29, 1309
Neto-Domingos, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 310 (BIA 1975) .......................................................................................... 799
Neufeld-Neufeld; U.S. v., 338 F.3d 374 (5th Cir. 2003) .............................................................................................. 282
Nevada Lifestyles, Inc., d/b/a Commercial Drapery Cleaners; U.S. v., 3 OCAHO no. 518 (May 10, 1993) ........... 1246
Nevarez-Martinez v. INS, 326 F.3d 1053 (9th Cir. 2003) ............................................................................................ 184
Neven Skalko Reproductions, 00-INA-38 (BALCA May 2, 2000) ............................................................................. 938
New Consumer Products, 87-INA-706 (BALCA 1988) .............................................................................................. 943
New El Rey Sausage Co.; U.S. v., 1 OCAHO no. 66 (July 7, 1989), aff’d, 925 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991) ............ 1251
New England Nuclear Corp., 80-INA-272 (DOL 1981) .............................................................................................. 925
News Press v. DHS, 489 F.3d 1173 (11th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................... 335, 337
New York v. Burger, 482 U.S. 691 (1987) ................................................................................................................. 1256
New York, City of; v. Baker, 878 F.2d 507 (D.C. Cir. 1989) .............................................................................. 113, 622
New York, City of; v. U.S., 179 F.3d 29 (2d Cir. 1999) ........................................................................................ 38, 291
New York State Dep’t of Transp. (NYSDOT), Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 215 (Acting Assoc. Comm. 1998) ............. 877
Neyor v. INS, 155 F.Supp.2d 127 (D.N.J. 2001) ................................................................................................213, 1101
Ng, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 63 (BIA 1979) ............................................................................................................... 1010
Ng v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 436 F.3d 392 (3d Cir. 2006) ......................................................................178, 1185, 1187
Ng v. INS, 804 F.2d 534 (9th Cir. 1986) .................................................................................................................... 1065
Ngai, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 245 (BIA 1984) ............................................................................................................ 124
Ngan, Matter of; 10 I&N Dec. 725 (BIA 1964) ........................................................................................................... 963
Ngarurih v. Ashcroft, 371 F.3d 182 (4th Cir. 2004) .....................................................................465, 601, 969–70, 1194
Ng Fung Ho v. White, 259 U.S. 276 (1922) ......................................................................................................... 268, 318
Ngiraingas v. Sanchez, 495 U.S. 182 (1990) .............................................................................................................. 1217
Ngongo v. Ashcroft, 397 F.3d 821 (9th Cir. 2005) ...................................................................................................... 825
Ng Sui Wing v. U.S., 46 F.2d 755 (7th Cir. 1931) ......................................................................................................... 79
Ngure v. Ashcroft, 367 F.3d 975 (8th Cir. 2004) .....................................................................................603, 1022, 1164
Nguyen v. Ashcroft, 366 F.3d 386 (5th Cir. 2004) ....................................................................................................... 179
Nguyen v. B.I. Inc. 435 F.Supp.2d 1109 (D. Or. 2006) ............................................................................................... 419
Nguyen v. District Director, 400 F.3d 255 (5th Cir. 2005) .................................................................................. 274, 960
Nguyen v. INS, 53 F.3d 310 (10th Cir. 1995) .............................................................................................................. 198
Nguyen v. INS, 533 U.S. 53 (2001) ..........................................................................................................30, 33–34, 1300
Nguyen v. INS, 991 F.2d 621 (10th Cir. 1993) .................................................................................................... 165, 480
Nguyen v. Reno, 211 F.3d 692 (1st Cir. 2000) ............................................................................................................... 75
Nguyen; U.S. v., 73 F.3d 887 (9th Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................................... 241
Nguyen; U.S. v., 255 F.3d 1335 (11th Cir. 2001) ........................................................................................................ 405
Nguyen; U.S. v., 465 F.3d 1128 (9th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................................................... 250
Nguyen Da Yen v. Kissinger, 528 F.2d 1194 (9th Cir. 1975) ..........................................................................1168, 1203
Ngwana v. Att’y Gen. of U.S., 40 F.Supp.2d 319 (D. Md. 1999) .............................................................................. 1310
Ngwanyia v. Ashcroft, 302 F.Supp.2d 1076 (D. Minn. 2004) ...........................................................................608, 1185
Ni v. BIA, 439 F.3d 177 (2d Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................................................ 486
Ni v. DOJ, 424 F.3d 172 (2d Cir. 2005) ....................................................................................................................... 569
Niam v. Ashcroft, 354 F.3d 652 (7th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................................359–60, 604, 1030
Niang v. Gonzales, 422 F.3d 1187 (10th Cir. 2005) .....................................................................................453, 560, 582
Niang v. Gonzales, 492 F.3d 505 (4th Cir. 2007) .......................................................................277, 438, 465, 517, 1012
Niang v. Mukasey, 511 F.3d 138 (2d Cir. 2007) ....................................................................................461, 536, 548–49
Nibagwire v. Gonzales, 450 F.3d 153 (4th Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................. 392
Nicacio v. INS, 797 F.2d 700 (9th Cir. 1985) ...................................................................................281, 285, 1151, 1255
Nice v. Turnage, 752 F.2d 431 (9th Cir. 1985) ............................................................................................................. 738
Nicholas v. INS, 590 F.2d 802 (9th Cir. 1979) ........................................................................................................... 1013
Nichols; U.S. v., 142 F.3d 857 (5th Cir. 1998) ............................................................................................................. 283
Nickman v. Mesa Air Group, 9 OCAHO no. 1113 (2004) ..................................................................................1272–77
Nicodemus v. Chrysler Corp., 596 F.2d 152 (6th Cir. 1979) ....................................................................................... 398
Nicolas v. Nicolas, 444 So.2d 1118 (Fla. 3d DCA 1984) ............................................................................................ 798
Niftaliev v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 504 F.3d 1211 (11th Cir. 2007) ................................................445, 529–30, 534, 546, 599
Nigussie v. Ashcroft, 383 F.3d 531 (7th Cir. 2004) ...........................................................................................570, 1130
Nijhawan v. Att’y Gen., __F.3d ___ (3d Cir. May 2, 2008) ................................................................................ 186, 195
Nikbin v. Islamic Republic of Iran, 471 F.Supp.2d 53 (D.D.C. 2007) ...................................................................... 1226
Nikijuluw v. Gonzales, 427 F.3d 115 (1st Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................... 447
Nikoi v. Attorney General, 939 F.2d 1065 (D.C. Cir. 1991) ................................................................................ 749, 774
Nikrodhanondha v. Reno, 202 F.3d 922 (7th Cir. 2000) .............................................................................................. 799
Njai v. U.S., 484 F.Supp.2d 1040 (D. Ariz. 2007) .....................................................................................100, 162, 1253
Njang v. Gonzales, 403 F.3d 577 (8th Cir. 2005) ....................................................................................................... 1205
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                                     1537

N-J-B-, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 812 (BIA 1997) ........................................................................................................... 10
N-J-B-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 1057 (BIA 1997) ..................................................................................................... 1004
Njenga v. Ashcroft, 386 F.3d 335 (1st Cir. 2004) ..............................................................................................600, 1137
Njuguna v. Ashcroft, 374 F.3d 765 (9th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................516, 545, 605, 1029
Nkacoang v. INS, 83 F.3d 353 (11th Cir. 1996) ........................................................................................................... 969
N-K- & V-S-, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 879 (BIA 1977) ............................................................................154, 350, 1048
NLRB v. Bell Aerospace Co. Div. of Textron, Inc., 416 U.S. 267 (1974) ................................................................ 1213
NLRB v. Catholic Bishop of Chicago, 440 U.S. 490 (1979) ..................................................................................... 1207
NLRB v. Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers, 391 U.S. 418 (1968) ........................................... 1142
NLRB v. Wayne Transport, 776 F.2d 745 (7th Cir. 1985) ......................................................................................... 1212
N-M-A-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec 312 (BIA 1998) ........................................................................................................ 465
N-M-A-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 312 (BIA 1998) ....................................................................................................... 462
NMA v. Ridge, 286 F.Supp.2d 469 (E.D. Pa. 2003) .................................................................................................... 413
Nnadika v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 484 F.3d 626 (3d Cir. 2007) .............................. 607, 1073, 1079, 1081, 1090, 1094
Nobelman v. American Savings Bank, 508 U.S. 324 (1993) ..................................................................................... 1205
Noble v. Keisler, 505 F.3d 73 (7th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................................ 1036
Nodarse v. Barnhart, 319 F.Supp.2d 1333 (S.D. Fla. 2004) ......................................................................................... 864
Noel; U.S. v., 231 F.3d 833 (11th Cir. 2000) ....................................................................................................... 232, 263
Noh v. INS, 248 F.3d 938 (9th Cir. 2001) ..........................................................................................................627, 1168
Nolan, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 539 (BIA 1988) .................................................................................................... 74, 220
Nolan v. Holmes, 334 F.3d 189 (2d Cir. 2003) ............................................................................1092, 1116, 1183, 1309
Nolasco, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 632 (BIA 1999) ...................................................................974, 977, 989, 1002, 1005
Nolasco v. U.S., 358 F.Supp.2d 224 (S.D.N.Y. 2004) ...............................................................115, 299, 408, 980, 1097
Nolasco-Rosas; U.S. v., 286 F.3d 762 (5th Cir. 2002) ................................................................................................. 240
Nolhak Inc., 05-INA-114 (BALCA Aug. 2, 2006) ...................................................................................................... 916
Noorani v. Smith, 810 F.Supp. 280 (W.D. Wash. 1993) ........................................................................................ 143–44
Norani v. Gonzales, 451 F.3d 292 (2d Cir. 2006) ............................................................................1057–58, 1064, 1172
Noriega-Lopez v. Ashcroft, 335 F.3d 874 (9th Cir. 2003) .................................................1032, 1096, 1141, 1161, 1193
Noriega-Perez v. U.S., 179 F.3d 1166 (9th Cir. 1999) ........................................................................................... 267–68
Norma Diamond, 02-INA-122 (BALCA Sept. 4, 2003) .............................................................................................. 944
North American Industries, Inc. v. Feldman, 722 F.2d 893 (lst Cir. 1983) ...............................................715, 900, 1149
North Jersey Media Group, Inc. v. Ashcroft, 308 F.3d 198 (3d Cir. 2002),
         cert. denied, 123 S.Ct. 2215 (2003) ............................................................................................................... 339
Northwest Immigrant Rights Project v. USCIS, No. 88-379R (Aug. 24, 2007) ........................................................ 1286
Northwest Immigrants Rights Project v. INS, 709 F.Supp. 998, amended in part, 717 F.Supp. 1444 (W.D.
         Wash. 1989) .................................................................................................................................................. 1283
Norwest Bank Minneapolis, N.A., 87-INA-658 (BALCA 1988) ................................................................................ 943
Nose v. Attorney General, 993 F.2d 75 (5th Cir. 1993) ....................................................................................... 642, 644
Notash v. Gonzales, 427 F.3d 693 (9th Cir. 2005) .............................................................................................72–74, 81
Novoa-Umania v. INS, 896 F.2d 1 (1st Cir. 1990) .............................................................................................448, 1178
Nowak v. INS, 94 F.3d 390 (7th Cir. 1996) ............................................................................................................... 1190
Nreka v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 408 F.3d 1361 (11th Cir. 2005) ..................................................507, 511, 516, 536, 593, 643
Nsukami v. INS, 890 F.Supp. 170 (E.D.N.Y. 1995) .................................................................................................. 1138
Ntangsi v. Gonzales, 475 F.3d 1007 (8th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................ 524, 609
Nugent v. Ashcroft, 367 F.3d 162 (3d Cir. 2004).................................................................................................. 182, 187
Nu Look Cleaners of Pembroke Pines, Inc.; U.S. v., 1 OCAHO no. 274 (Dec. 5, 1990) ...................................1257–58
Nunes v. Ashcroft, 348 F.3d 815 (9th Cir. 2003), rehearing en banc denied, 375 F.3d 810 (9th Cir. 2004) .......1100, 1102
Nunez-Garcia; U.S. v., 262 F.Supp.2d 1073 (C.D. Cal. 2003) ....................................................................372, 1319–20
Nunez-Payan v. INS, 815 F.2d 384 (5th Cir. 1987) ............................................................................................... 85, 212
Nunez-Rodelo; U.S. v., 378 F.3d 877 (9th Cir. 2004) .................................................................................................. 226
Nuru v. Gonzales, 404 F.3d 1207 (9th Cir. 2005) ..........................................................................400, 443, 456–57, 487
Nwakanma v. Ashcroft, 352 F.3d 325 (6th Cir. 2003) .......................................................................................970, 1194
Nwankwo v. Reno, 819 F.Supp. 1186 (E.D.N.Y. 1993) .............................................................................................. 404
Nwankwo v. Reno, 828 F.Supp. 171 (E.D.N.Y. 1993) .............................................................................................. 1099
Nwaokolo v. INS, 314 F.3d 303 (7th Cir. 2002) ........................................................... 277, 517, 582, 1162, 1191, 1194
Nwene; U.S. v., 20 F.Supp.2d 716 (D.N.J. 1998) ................................................................................................ 228, 260
Nwogu v. Gonzales, 491 F.3d 80 (2d Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................................ 1196
Nwokoma, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 899 (BIA 1994) ........................................................................................... 276, 788
Nwolise v. INS, 4 F.3d 306 (4th Cir. 1993) ................................................................................................................ 1053
Nyaga v. Ashcroft, 323 F.3d 906 (11th Cir. 2003) ...................................................................................814, 1106, 1155
Nyama v. Ashcroft, 357 F.3d 812 (8th Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................273, 358, 531
Nyirenda v. INS, 279 F.3d 620 (8th Cir. 2002) .............................................................................................................. 53
Nyquist v. Mauclet, 432 U.S. 1 (1977) ........................................................................................................................... 38
1538                                                                                               KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK


                                                                               O
O, Matter of; 3 I&N Dec. 193 (BIA 1948) ..................................................................................................................... 75
O, Matter of; 4 I&N Dec. 301 (BIA 1951) ..................................................................................................................... 75
O-, Matter of; 4 I&N Dec. 301 (BIA 1951) .............................................................................................................. 77, 81
O, Matter of; 7 I&N Dec. 539 (BIA 1957) ................................................................................................................... 165
O-, Matter of; 8 I&N Dec. 295 (BIA 1959) .......................................................................................................... 151, 823
O, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 344 (BIA 1997) ................................................................................................................. 146
O-, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 871 (Comm. 1988) ......................................................................................................... 1287
Obaigbena, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 533 (BIA 1988) ................................................................................................. 1036
Obaigbena, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 533 (BIA 1988) ................................................................................................... 826
Obale v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 453 F.3d 151 (3d Cir. 2006) ...................................................................553, 970, 1080
Obando, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 278 (BIA 1977) ....................................................................................................... 782
Obasohan v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 479 F.3d 785 (11th Cir. 2007) .............................................................................. 186, 195
Obioha v. Gonzales, 431 F.3d 400 (4th Cir. 2005) .....................................................................................972, 988, 1120
Obleshchenko v. Ashcroft, 374 F.3d 654 (8th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................ 970
Obleshchenko v. Ashcroft, 392 F.3d 970 (8th Cir. 2004) ......................................................272, 274, 340–41, 519, 961
O’Brien v. Moore, 395 F.3d 499 (4th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................................ 1236
O’Brien; U.S. v., 391 U.S. 367 (1968) .......................................................................................................................... 315
O’Bryan v. Holy See, 490 F.Supp. 2d 826 (W.D. Ky. 2005) ..................................................................................... 1226
Ocampo, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 1301 (BIA 2000) .................................................................................................... 965
Ocampo-Duran v. Ashcroft, 254 F.3d 1133 (9th Cir. 2001) ................................................................................ 164, 166
Ocasio v. Ashcroft, 375 F.3d 105 (1st Cir. 2004) .......................................................................................358, 365, 1160
O’Cealleagh, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 976 (BIA 2006) .................................................................................................. 71
Ocha-Carillo v. Gonzales, 2006 U.S. App. LEXIS 3513 (8th Cir 2006) ................................................................... 1167
Ochave v. INS, 254 F.3d 859 (9th Cir. 2001) ....................................................................................................... 437, 580
Ochoa v. Gonzales, 406 F.3d 1166 (9th Cir. 2005) .............................................................................................. 450, 454
Ochoa-Amaya v. Gonzales, 479 F.3d 989 (9th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................... 810
Ochoa-Carrillo v. Gonzales, 437 F.3d 842 (8th Cir. 2006) ...................................................................................... 406–8
Ochoa-Carrillo v. Gonzales, 446 F.3d 781 (8th Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................ 1102
O’Connor; U.S. v., 158 F.Supp.2d 697 (E.D. Va. 2001) ...................................................................................... 248, 897
O-D-, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 1079 (BIA 1998) .........................................................................................529, 535, 605
Oddo v. Reno, 17 F.Supp.2d 529 (E.D. Va. 1998) ....................................................................................................... 801
Oddo v. Reno, 17 F.Supp.2d 529 (E.D. Va. 1998) ..................................................................................................... 1152
O’Donovan-Conlin v. DOS, 255 F.Supp.2d 1075 (N.D. Cal. 2003) ......................................................................... 1300
Oestereich v. Selective Service Systems Local Board No. 11, 393 U.S. 233 (1968) ................................................ 1133
Office 36, Inc. v. Herman, No. CV 97-4200 SVW (C.D. Cal. Sept. 10, 1997) ........................................................... 952
Office of Personnel Management v. Richmond, 496 U.S. 414 (1990) ...................................................................... 1012
Oforji v. Ashcroft, 354 F.3d 609 (7th Cir. 2003) ..........................................................................................277, 517, 582
Ofosu v. McElroy, 98 F.3d 694 (2d Cir. 1996) ................................................................................................1159, 1191
Ofosu v. McElroy, 933 F.Supp. 237 (S.D.N.Y. 1995) ................................................................................................. 432
Ogbolumani v. USCIS, 523 F.Supp.2d 864 (N.D. Ill. 2007) ...........................................................................1117, 1121
Ogbudimkpa v. Ashcroft, 342 F.3d 207 (3d Cir. 2003) ...................................................................485, 492, 1092, 1100
O’Georgia v. DOJ, 370 F.Supp.2d 657 (N.D. Ohio 2005) ........................................................................................... 301
Oguachuba v. INS, 706 F.2d 93 (2d Cir. 1983) .......................................................................................................... 1236
Oguejiofor v. Att’y Gen., 277 F.3d 1305 (11th Cir. 2002) .................................................................119, 961, 982, 1109
Ogundipe v. DHS, 295 F.Supp.2d 513 (E.D. Pa. 2003) ............................................................................................... 403
Oh v. Gonzales, 406 F.3d 611 (9th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................................ 1025
Ojeda-Escobar; U.S. v., 218 F.Supp.2d 839 (W.D. Tex. 2002) ................................................................................... 236
Ojeda-Terrazas v. Ashcroft, 290 F.3d 292 (5th Cir. 2002) .............................................................................407–8, 1132
O-J-O-, Matter of; 21 I&N Dec. 381 (BIA 1996) ................................................................................................... 993–94
Ojo v. INS, 106 F.3d 680 (5th Cir. 1997) ................................................................................................................... 1102
Okabe v. INS, 671 F.2d 863 (5th Cir. 1982) ........................................................................................................... 71, 211
Okafor v. Gonzales, 456 F.3d 531 (5th Cir. 2006) ....................................................................................................... 319
Okeezie v. Chertoff, 462 F.Supp.2d 731 (W.D. Tex. 2006) ....................................................................................... 1091
Okeke v. Gonzales, 407 F.3d 585 (3d Cir. 2005) .....................................................................114, 974, 989, 1003, 1116
Okoh, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 864 (BIA 1994) .................................................................................................157, 1031
Okoro v. INS, 125 F.3d 920 (5th Cir. 1997) ........................................................................................................... 80, 165
Okoroha v. INS, 715 F.2d 380 (8th Cir. 1983) .....................................................................................82, 381, 542, 1166
Okpa v. INS, 266 F.3d 313 (4th Cir. 2001) ........................................................................................99, 126, 1014, 1128
Okuda; U.S. v., 675 F.Supp. 1552 (D. Haw. 1987) ...................................................................................................... 263
Olabanji v. INS, 973 F.2d 1232 (5th Cir. 1992) ................................................................................................... 358, 365
Olaguez-Garcia v. INS, 152 F.3d 1005 (7th Cir. 1998) ............................................................................................. 1100
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                               1539

Olajide v. ICE, 402 F.Supp.2d 688 (E.D. Va. 2005) ..................................................................................413, 415, 1155
Olaniyan v. District Director, 796 F.2d 373 (10th Cir. 1986) .................................................................................... 1083
Olatunji v. Ashcroft, 387 F.3d 383 (4th Cir. 2004) ..............................................................55, 136, 308, 1094, 1209–10
O’Laughlin v. The Pritchard Corp., 972 F.Supp. 1352 (D. Kan. 1997) ..................................................................... 1270
Oliva v. DOJ, 433 F.3d 229 (2d Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................278, 988, 1208
Oliva-Muralles v. Ashcroft, 328 F.3d 25 (1st Cir. 2003) ...................................................................................492, 1137
Olivares, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 148 (BIA 2001) ............................................................................................180, 1023
Olivares v. INS, 685 F.2d 1174 (9th Cir. 1982) ........................................................................................................... 812
Olivares-Rangel; U.S. v., 324 F.Supp.2d 1218 (D.N.M. 2004) ................................................................................... 281
Oliveira-Ferreira v. Ashcroft, 382 F.3d 1045 (9th Cir. 2004) ...................................................................................... 173
Oliver v. INS, 517 F.2d 426 (2d Cir. 1975) .................................................................................................................. 319
Oliver v. U.S., 466 U.S. 170 (1984) .............................................................................................................................. 285
Oloteo v. INS, 643 F.2d 679 (9th Cir. 1981) ................................................................................................................ 855
Olowo v. Ashcroft, 368 F.3d 692 (7th Cir. 2004) ........................................................................................277, 517, 582
Oloyede; U.S. v., 982 F.2d 133 (4th Cir. 1992) .................................................................................................... 242, 285
Olquin, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 896 (BIA 2006) ........................................................................................................... 76
Olsen v. Albright, 990 F.Supp.31 (D.D.C. 1997) ......................................................................................................... 622
Olujoke v. Gonzales, 411 F.3d 16 (1st Cir. 2005) ..............................................................................................568, 1033
Oluyemi v. INS, 902 F.2d 1032 (1st Cir. 1990) ........................................................................................................... 971
Olvera v. INS, 504 F.2d 1372 (5th Cir. 1974) .............................................................................................................. 339
Olvera-Morales v. Sterling Onions, Inc., 322 F.Supp.2d 211 (N.D.N.Y. 2004) ....................................................... 1270
Omagah v. Ashcroft, 288 F.3d 254 (5th Cir. 2002) ..........................................................................71, 82–83, 964, 1180
Omar v. INS, 298 F.3d 710 (8th Cir. 2002) ........................................................................................................179, 1187
Omar v. Mueller, 501 F.Supp.2d 636 (D.N.J. 2007) ........................................................................................1088, 1104
Omar v. Mukasey, 517 F.3d 647 (2d Cir. 2008) ........................................................................................................... 346
O’Mara, 96-INA-113 (BALCA Dec. 11, 1997) ........................................................................................................... 918
Omar Construction, 05-INA-135 (BALCA Dec. 18, 2006) ......................................................................................... 943
Omari v. Gonzales, 419 F.3d 303 (5th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................185, 190, 196
Ombongi v. Gonzales, 417 F.3d 823 (8th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................... 571
Omega Contractor, Inc., 88-INA-37 (BALCA 1989) .................................................................................................. 927
Omni Capital Int’l Ltd. v. Rudolf Wolff & Co., 484 U.S. 97 (1987) ......................................................................... 1224
Omni Packaging v. INS, 940 F.Supp. 42 (D.P.R. 1996) ............................................................................1233–34, 1237
Omni Packaging, Inc. v. INS, 733 F.Supp. 500 (D.P.R. 1990) ................................................................906, 1170, 1180
Omni Packaging, Inc. v. INS, 930 F.Supp. 28 (D.P.R. 1996) ............................................................318, 729, 874, 1012
Omolo v. Gonzales, 452 F.3d 404 (5th Cir. 2006) ....................................................................................................... 319
Onabanjo; U.S. v., 351 F.3d 1064 (11th Cir. 2003) ..........................................................................................1306, 1329
Ondina-Mendez v. Sugar Creek Packing Co., 9 OCAHO no. 1085 (2002) ..............................................1273–74, 1276
One 48 Foot White Colored Sailboat Named Libertine; U.S. v., 59 F.Supp.2d 362 (D.P.R. 1999) .................246, 1235
One 1976 Mercedes Benz 280S; U.S. v., 618 F.2d 453 (7th Cir. 1980) ...................................................................... 246
One 1982 Buick Regal; U.S. v., 670 F.Supp. 808 (N.D. Ill. 1987) .............................................................................. 244
One 1982 Chevrolet Crew-Cab Truck; U.S. v., 810 F.2d 178 (8th Cir. 1987) .................................................... 242, 244
One 1982 Ford Pick-Up; U.S. v., 873 F.2d 947 (6th Cir. 1989) .................................................................................. 241
One 1982 Oldsmobile Cutlass; U.S. v., 709 F.Supp. 1542 (W.D. Okla. 1989) ........................................................... 245
One 1982 Toyota; U.S. v., 642 F.Supp. 335 (N.D. Ill. 1986) ....................................................................................... 241
One 1983 Homemade Vessel Named Barracuda; U.S. v., 625 F.Supp. 893 (S.D. Fla. 1986) .................................... 244
One 1983 Homemade Vessel Named Barracuda; U.S. v., 858 F.2d 643 (11th Cir. 1988) ......................................... 245
One 1984 Chevrolet Trans Star; U.S. v., 623 F.Supp. 625 (D. Conn. 1985) ............................................................... 244
One 1984 Chevrolet Truck; U.S. v., 682 F.Supp. 1221 (N.D. Ga. 1988) .................................................................... 244
One 1984 Chevrolet Truck; U.S. v., 701 F.Supp. 213 (N.D. Ga. 1988) ....................................................241, 246, 1235
One 1984 Ford Pickup Truck; U.S. v., No. CA 3-88-2291-R (N.D. Tex. Aug. 30, 1989) .......................................... 244
One 1984 Ford Van; U.S. v., 826 F.2d 918 (9th Cir. 1987) ......................................................................................... 244
One 1984 Ford Van; U.S. v., 873 F.2d 1281 (9th Cir. 1989) .............................................................................246, 1234
One 1985 Ford F-250 Pickup; U.S. v., 702 F.Supp. 1308 (E.D. Mich. 1988) ............................................................. 244
One 1988 Chevrolet Cheyenne Half-Ton Pickup Truck; U.S. v., 357 F.Supp.2d 1321 (S.D. Ala. 2005) .................. 246
One 1989 Mercedes Benz; U.S. v., 971 F.Supp. 124 (W.D.N.Y. 1997) ...................................................................... 244
One Beechcraft King Air 300 Aircraft; U.S. v., 107 F.3d 829 (11th Cir. 1997) .......................................................... 244
One Lear Jet Aircraft; U.S. v., 617 F.Supp. 769 (S.D. Fla. 1985) ................................................................................ 245
One Parcel of Real Property; U.S. v., 682 F.Supp. 694 (D.R.I. 1988) ......................................................................... 245
One “Piper” Aztec “F” De Luxe Model 250 PA 23 Aircraft Bearing Serial, No. 27- 7654057; U.S. v.,
          321 F.3d 355 (3d Cir. 2003) ........................................................................................................................... 244
One Single Family Residence; U.S. v., 13 F.3d 1493 (11th Cir. 1994) ....................................................................... 246
Onikoyi v. Gonzales, 454 F.3d 1 (1st Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................969, 1112
Onsongo v. Gonzales, 457 F.3d 849 (8th Cir. 2006) .................................................................................................... 537
Onsongo v. Gonzales, 457 F.3d 849 (8th Cir. 2007) ....................................................................................555, 565, 571
1540                                                                                               KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Ontiveros-Lopez v. INS, 213 F.3d 1121 (9th Cir. 2000) ....................................................................................346, 1139
Ontunez-Tursios v. Ashcroft, 303 F.3d 341 (5th Cir. 2002) ........................................................................................ 489
Onwubiko v. U.S., 969 F.2d 1392 (2d Cir. 1992) ........................................................................................................ 289
Onwumaegbu v. Gonzales, 470 F.3d 405 (1st Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................ 126
Onyeme v. INS, 146 F.3d 227 (4th Cir. 1998) ...................................................................................................330, 1034
Onyido, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 552 (BIA 1999) ................................................................................................ 187, 189
Onyinkwa v. Ashcroft, 376 F.3d 797 (8th Cir. 2004) .........................................................................................332, 1114
Oparah, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 1 (BIA 2000) ................................................................................................1033, 1052
Open Evangelical Church, 03-INA-225 (BALCA Sept. 7, 2004) ............................................................................... 939
Opere v. INS, 267 F.3d 10 (1st Cir. 2001) .................................................................................................................... 963
Opferkuch, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 158 (BIA 1979) ................................................................................................... 647
Opoka v. INS, 94 F.3d 392 (7th Cir. 1996) ..............................................................................................993, 1065, 1201
Oracle USA, Inc., 06-INA-26, 29 (BALCA Aug. 21, 2006) ............................................................................... 940, 947
Orantes-Hernandez v. Gonzales, 504 F.Supp.2d 825 (C.D. Cal. 2007) ...................................................544, 1107, 1152
Orantes-Hernandez v. Smith, 541 F.Supp. 351 (C.D. Cal. 1982) and 685 F.Supp. 1488 (C.D. Cal. 1988),
          aff’d, 919 F.2d 549 (9th Cir. 1990) ...........................37, 152, 339, 351, 518–19, 523, 1085, 1107, 1152, 1158
Ord, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 285 (R.C. 1982) ............................................................................................................. 675
Ordonez v. Educational Employment Enterprise, 1 OCAHO no. 293 (Feb. 1, 1991) ............................................... 1280
Ordonez v. INS, 137 F.3d 1120 (9th Cir. 1998) .................................................................................................994, 1171
Ordonez v. INS, 345 F.3d 777 (9th Cir. 2003) .................................................................................839, 958, 1050, 1065
Orehhova v. Gonzales, 417 F.3d 48 (1st Cir. 2005) ..................................................................................................... 340
Orekoya v. Mooney, 330 F.3d 1 (1st Cir. 2003) .................................................................................................338, 1222
Orelien v. Gonzales, 467 F.3d 67 (1st Cir. 2006) ......................................................................................................... 600
Orellana; U.S. v., 405 F.3d 360 (5th Cir. 2005) ...........................................................................................175, 251, 495
Orellana-Blanco; U.S. v., 294 F.3d 1143 (9th Cir. 2002) .............................................................................247, 797, 802
Orhorhaghe v. INS, 38 F.3d 488 (9th Cir. 1994) .......................................................................................................... 278
Oriakhi; U.S. v., 57 F.3d 1290 (9th Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................................. 287
Orichitch v. Gonzales, 421 F.3d 595 (7th Cir. 2005) .......................................................794, 838, 957, 967, 1049, 1053
Orient Hotel Group, Inc., 95-INA-496 (BALCA July 22, 1997) ................................................................................. 931
Orihuela; U.S. v., 320 F.3d 1302 (11th Cir. 2003) ............................................................................................... 170, 173
Orlando, City of ; v. Florida, 751 F.Supp. 974 (M.D. Fla. 1990) ................................................................................... 38
Orlov v. Howard, 523 F.Supp.2d 30 (D.D.C. 2007) ...............................................................................1088, 1104, 1115
Ornelas v. Ruiz, 161 U.S. 502 (1896) ........................................................................................................................... 499
Ornelas-Chavez v. Gonzales, 458 F.3d 1052 (9th Cir. 2006) ................................................................446, 488, 541–42
Oropeza-Wong v. Gonzales, 406 F.3d 1135 (9th Cir. 2005) .....................................................................789, 792, 1115
Orozco v. INS, 911 F.2d 539 (11th Cir. 1990) ...................................................................................................301, 1095
Orozco v. Mukasey, 521 F.3d 1068 (9th Cir. 2008) ............................................................................................. 153, 834
Orozco; U.S. v., 191 F.3d 578 (5th Cir. 1999) ..................................................................................................... 282, 287
Orozco-Gonzalez; U.S. v., 60 F.Supp.2d 599 (W.D. Tex. 1999) ................................................................................. 228
Orquera v. Ashcroft, 357 F.3d 413 (4th Cir. 2003) ..........................................................................................1282, 1288
Orr v. Hawk, 156 F.3d 651 (6th Cir. 1998) ................................................................................................................ 1185
Ortega v. Rowe, 796 F.2d 765 (5th Cir. 1986) ...................................................................................144, 148, 292, 1229
Ortega v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 416 F.3d 1348 (11th Cir. 2005) ......................................................................................... 816
Ortega-Ascanio; U.S. v., 376 F.3d 879 (9th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................222, 236, 333
Ortega-Cabrera, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 793 (BIA 2005) ........................................................................................... 987
Ortega-Cervantes v. Gonzales, 501 F.3d 1111 (9th Cir. 2007) ............................................................................ 300, 834
Ortega de Robles v. INS, 58 F.3d 1355 (9th Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................... 976
Ortega-Mendez v. Gonzales, 450 F.3d 1010 (9th Cir. 2006) ....................................................................................... 179
Ortega-Mendoza; U.S. v., 981 F.Supp. 694 (D.D.C. 1997) ......................................................................................... 261
Ortega-Rodriguez v. U.S., 507 U.S. 234 (1993) ......................................................................................................... 1159
Ortiz v. INS, 179 F.3d 1148 (9th Cir. 1999) .......................................................................................347, 492, 998, 1139
Ortiz v. Meissner, 179 F.3d 718 (9th Cir. 1999) .........................................................................................1084–85, 1287
Ortiz; U.S. v., 6 OCAHO no. 889 (Aug. 30, 1996) ...................................................................................................... 267
Ortiz-Araniba v. Keisler, 505 F.3d 39 (1st Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................. 446
Ortiz-Cornejo v. Gonzales, 400 F.3d 610 (8th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................ 991
Ortiz-Delgado; U.S. v., 451 F.3d 752 (11th Cir. 2006) ..........................................................................177, 254, 256–57
Ortiz-Gutierrez; U.S. v., 36 F.3d 80 (9th Cir. 1994) ..................................................................................................... 229
Ortiz-Lopez; U.S. v., 24 F.3d 53 (9th Cir. 1994) .......................................................................................................... 238
Ortiz-Lopez; U.S. v., 385 F.3d 1202 (9th Cir. 2004) .................................................................................................... 234
Ortiz-Salas v. INS, 992 F.2d 105 (7th Cir. 1993) ...........................................................................353, 1030, 1035, 1167
Ortiz-Villegos; U.S. v., 49 F.3d 1435 (9th Cir. 1995) .................................................................................................. 229
Osaghae v. INS, 942 F.2d 1160 (7th Cir. 1991) ...........................................................................526–27, 1044, 1166–67
Oscar; U.S. v., 496 F.2d 492 (9th Cir. 1974) ................................................................................................................ 231
Osei v. INS, 305 F.3d 1205 (10th Cir. 2002) ......................................................................................349–50, 1048, 1169
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                            1541

Oseiwusu, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 19 (BIA 1998) .............................................................................................. 136, 295
O-S-G-, Matter of; 24 I&N Dec. 56 (BIA 2006) ........................................................................................................ 1047
Osiemi; U.S. v., 980 F.2d 344 (5th Cir. 1993) .............................................................................................................. 247
Osmani v. INS, 14 F.3d 13 (7th Cir. 1994) .........................................................................................................410, 1030
Osorio v. INS, 10 F.3d 1034 (4th Cir. 1993) ......................................................................................................199, 1212
Osorio v. INS, 18 F.3d 1017 (2d Cir. 1994) .....................................................................450, 457, 512, 578, 1030, 1186
Osorio v. INS, 99 F.3d 928 (9th Cir. 1996) ................................................................................................463, 551, 1038
Osses v. McElroy, 287 F.Supp.2d 199 (W.D.N.Y. 2003) ..................................................................................197, 1096
Osterloh, Matter of; 34 F.2d 223 (S.D. Tex. 1929) ...................................................................................................... 398
Osuch v. INS, 970 F.2d 394 (7th Cir. 1992) ............................................................................................................... 1197
Osuchukwu v. INS, 744 F.2d 1136 (5th Cir. 1984) .................................................................................................... 1172
O’Sullivan, Matter of; 10 I&N Dec. 320 (BIA 1963) .......................................................................................... 209, 222
O’Sullivan v. USCIS, 372 F.Supp.2d 1097 (N.D. Ill. 2005), aff’d, 453 F.3d 809 (7th Cir. 2006) ........................... 1310
O’Sullivan v. USCIS, 453 F.3d 809 (7th Cir. 2006) ........................................................................................1188, 1314
Otarola v. INS, 270 F.3d 1272 (9th Cir. 2001) .............................................................. 316, 975, 990, 1003, 1012, 1200
Ouda v. INS, 324 F.3d 445 (6th Cir. 2003) ....................................................................................................435, 439–40
Ouk v. Gonzales, 464 F.3d 108 (1st Cir. 2006) ..................................................................................................600, 1137
Ouk v. Keisler, 505 F.3d 63 (1st Cir. 2007) .................................................................................................................. 600
Oveissi v. Islamic Republic of Iran, 498 F.supp.2d 268 (D.D.C. 2007) .................................................................... 1226
Oviawe v. INS, 853 F.2d 1428 (7th Cir. 1988) ............................................................................................................ 216
Owens v. Republic of Sudan, 374 F.Supp.2d 1 (D.D.C. 2005) .................................................................................. 1226
Oyama v. California, 332 U.S. 633 (1948) ..................................................................................................................... 39
Oyebanji v. Att’y Gen. of the U.S., 418 F.3d 260 (3d Cir. 2005) ................................................................................ 176
Oyebanji v. Gonzales, 418 F.3d 260 (3d Cir. 2005) ...........................................................................................181, 1074
Oyedeji v. Ashcroft, 332 F.Supp.2d 747 (M.D. Pa. 2004) ................................................................................... 414, 421
Oyekunle v. Gonzales, 498 F.3d 715 (7th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................... 598
Ozcan, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 301 (BIA 1975) .......................................................................................................... 968
Ozdemir v. INS, 46 F.3d 6 (5th Cir. 1995) ................................................................................................................. 1037
O-Z- & I-Z-, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 23 (BIA 1998) ........................................................................436, 460, 576, 1055
Ozkok, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 546 (BIA 1988) .................................................... 10, 157, 207, 217–18, 220, 315, 331


                                                                              P
P, Matter of; 2 I&N Dec. 117 (BIA 1944) ...................................................................................................................... 79
P-, Matter of; 4 I&N Dec. 373 (BIA 1951) ..................................................................................................................... 82
P-, Matter of; 4 I&N Dec. 610 (A.G. 1952) .................................................................................................................. 798
P-, Matter of; 6 I&N Dec. 193 (BIA 1954) ..................................................................................................................... 72
P-, Matter of; 6 I&N Dec. 400 (BIA 1954) ..................................................................................................................... 82
P-, Matter of; 6 I&N Dec. 795 (BIA 1955) ..................................................................................................................... 81
P, Matter of; 8 I&N Dec. 167 (BIA 1958) .................................................................................................................... 774
P, Matter of; 8 I&N Dec. 424 (BIA 1959) .................................................................................................................... 165
P, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 823 (Comm. 1988) .....................................................................................................1282–84
Pacheco v. INS, 546 F.2d 448 (lst Cir. 1976), cert. denied, 430 U.S. 985 (1977) ....................................................... 165
Pacheco; U.S. v., 225 F.3d 148 (2d Cir. 2000) ..................................................................................................... 198, 260
Pacheco-Diaz; U.S. v., 506 F.3d 545 (7th Cir. 2007) reh’g denied 513 F.3d 776 (7th Cir. 2008) .............................. 173
Pacheco-Medina; U.S. v., 212 F.3d 1162 (9th Cir. 2000) .................................................................................... 229, 231
Padash v. INS, 358 F.3d 1161 (9th Cir. 2004) ................................................................................................808–9, 1205
Padavan v. U.S., 82 F.3d 23 (2d Cir. 1996) ................................................................................................................ 1158
Padilla v. Ashcroft, 334 F.3d 921 (9th Cir. 2003) ..........................................................................................89, 407, 849
Padilla v. Gonzales, 397 F.3d 1016 (7th Cir. 2005) ................................................................................................. 73, 82
Padilla v. Gonzales, 470 F.3d 1209 (7th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................209, 1055, 1091, 1142
Padilla; Rumsfeld v., 542 U.S. 426 (2004) ...........................................................................298–99, 310, 1094, 1096–99
Padilla-Agustin v. INS, 21 F.3d 970 (9th Cir. 1994) ....................................................................................37, 268, 1027
Padilla-Caldera v. Gonzales, 453 F.3d 1237 (10th Cir. 2006) .................................................95, 845, 1163, 1185, 1207
Padilla-Padilla v. Gonzales, 463 F.3d 972 (9th Cir. 2006) .................................... 969, 989, 1021, 1141–42, 1144, 1208
Padilla-Reyes; U.S. v., 247 F.3d 1158 (11th Cir. 2001) ............................................................................................... 167
Padula v. INS, 537 F.Supp. 563 (D. Conn. 1982) ...................................................................................................... 1084
Pagan, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 547 (BIA 1999) .................................................................................................. 781, 824
Pagnerre, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 688 (BIA 1971) ...................................................................................................... 780
Pak v. Reno, 196 F.3d 666 (6th Cir. 1999) .......................................................................................................1184, 1211
Paktorovics v. Murff, 260 F.2d 610 (2d Cir. 1958) ...................................................................................................... 143
Pal v. INS, 204 F.3d 935 (9th Cir. 2000) ....................................................................................................271, 547, 1039
Palacios, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 434 (BIA 1998) .........................................................................................175–77, 193
1542                                                                                              KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Palacios-Casquete; U.S. v., 55 F.3d 557 (11th Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................ 229
Palacios-Martinez; U.S. v., 845 F.2d 89 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 488 U.S. 844 (1988) ............................................... 232
Palacios-Quinonez; U.S. v., 431 F.3d 471 (5th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................... 168
Palacios-Suarez; U.S. v., 418 F.3d 692 (6th Cir. 2005) .......................................................................................... 171–72
Palavra v. INS, 287 F.3d 690 (8th Cir. 2002) ...............................................................................................410, 1177–78
Palciauskas v. INS, 939 F.2d 963 (11th Cir. 1991) ...................................................................................................... 397
Palelei, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 716 (BIA 1979) ......................................................................................................... 784
Pallares-Galan; U.S. v., 359 F.3d 1088 (9th Cir. 2004) ..................................................................168, 197, 233, 235–36
Palma v. Verdeyen, 676 F.2d 100 (4th Cir. 1982) ........................................................................................................ 143
Palma-Mazariegos v. Gonzales, 428 F.3d 30 (1st Cir. 2005) ............................................................................... 464, 539
Palma-Mazariegos v. Keisler, 504 F.3d 144 (1st Cir. 2007) ............................................................................1048, 1054
Palmer v. INS, 4 F.3d 482 (7th Cir. 1993) .................................................................................................................... 124
Palmer v. Reddy, 622 F.2d 463 (9th Cir. 1980) ............................................................................................................ 780
Pal-Mil Enterprises, d/b/a McDonald’s, 89-INA-251 (BALCA Mar. 29, 1991) ......................................................... 935
Palomino v. Ashcroft, 354 F.3d 942 (8th Cir. 2004) .................................................................................................... 990
Palomino-Rivera; U.S. v., 258 F.3d 656 (7th Cir. 2001) .............................................................................................. 261
Pan v. Gonzales, 445 F.3d 60 (1st Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................................... 600
Pan v. Gonzales, 489 F.3d 80 (1st Cir. 2007) ....................................................................................................... 556, 567
Pan v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 449 F.3d 408 (2d Cir. 2006) ................................................................................................... 586
Panas v. Reno, 114 F.Supp.2d 283 (S.D.N.Y. 2000) ..................................................................................34, 1150, 1154
Panchevre v. DOJ, 922 F.2d 1229 (5th Cir. 1991) ..................................................................................................... 1029
Pancho Villa Rest. v. DOL, 796 F.2d 596 (2d Cir. 1986) ............................................................................................ 923
Pang v. BUSCIS, 448 F.3d 102 (2d Cir. 2006) .......................................................................................................... 1041
Pang v. USCIS, 448 F.3d 102 (2d Cir. 2006) .......................................................................................503, 549, 553, 562
Panganiban, Matter of; 13 I&N Dec. 581 (DAC 1970) ................................................................................................ 682
Pangilinan; INS v., 486 U.S. 875 (1988), reh’g denied, 487 U.S. 1264 (1988) ................................317, 1012, 1321–22
Panjwani v. Ashcroft, 401 F.3d 626 (5th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................1059, 1140
Panola Land Buying Ass’n v. Clark, 844 F.2d 1506 (11th Cir. 1988) ....................................................................... 1233
Panrit v. INS, 19 F.3d 544 (10th Cir. 1994) ..........................................................................................................1040–41
Pantoja de Garcia; U.S. v., No. 84-391 (S.D. Cal. 1984) ............................................................................................. 363
Panzardi-Alvarez; U.S. v., 678 F.Supp. 353 (D.P.R. 1988) ......................................................................................... 398
Papa v. U.S., 281 F.3d 1004 (9th Cir. 2002) ...........................................................................................1218, 1220, 1224
Papageorgiou v. Gonzales, 413 F.3d 356 (3d Cir. 2005) .......................................... 594, 1072, 1078, 1090, 1110, 1131
Papageorgiou v. Gonzales, 413 F.3d 356 (3d Cir. 2005) ........................................................................................... 1131
Papaila v. Uniden America Corp., 51 F.3d 54 (5th Cir. 1995), cert. denied, 116 S.Ct. 187 (1995) ............................ 741
Papayzan, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 568 (BIA 1992) ..................................................................................................... 206
Paradise Produce, Inc., 90-INA-463 (BALCA Apr. 30, 1992) .................................................................................... 925
Paramasamy v. Ashcroft, 295 F.3d 1047 (9th Cir. 2002) .................. 401, 509, 532, 548, 550, 559, 580–81, 1040, 1168
Parcham v. INS, 769 F.2d 1001 (4th Cir. 1985) .........................................................................................964, 971, 1174
Paredes-Urrestarazu v. INS, 36 F.3d 801 (9th Cir. 1994) ..................................................................219, 959, 986, 1038
Paredez; State v., 101 P.3d 799 (Ariz. 2004) ................................................................................................................ 214
Parga-Rosas; U.S. v., 238 F.3d 1209 (9th Cir. 2001) ........................................................................................... 229, 231
Parinejad v. ICE, 501 F.Supp.2d 280 (D. Mass. 2007) ....................................................................................1151, 1153
Paripovic v. Gonzales, 418 F.3d 240 (3d Cir. 2005) ....................................................................................271, 359, 435
Paris Bakery Corp., 88-INA-337 (BALCA 1990) ........................................................................................................ 937
Park, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 436 (1975) ..................................................................................................................... 662
Park v. California, 202 F.3d 1146 (9th Cir. 2000) ...................................................................................................... 1095
Park v. City of Atlanta, 120 F.3d 1157 (11th Cir. 1997) ............................................................................................ 1218
Park v. Gonzales, 450 F.Supp.2d 1153 (D. Or. 2006) .................................................................................................. 828
Park v. Gonzales, 450 F.Supp. 2d1153 (D. Or. 2006) .................................................................................................. 829
Park Woodworking, Inc., 90-INA-93 (BALCA Jan. 29, 1992) (en banc) ................................................................... 916
Parmelee; U.S. v., 42 F.3d 387 (7th Cir. 1994) ............................................................................................................ 241
Parodi, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 608 (BIA 1980) ................................................................................................216, 1014
Parra v. Perryman, 172 F.3d 954 (7th Cir. 1999) .......................................................................................142, 297, 1109
Parrilla v. Gonzales, 414 F.3d 1038 (9th Cir. 2005) ............................................................................................. 166, 194
Partible v. INS, 600 F.2d 1094 (5th Cir. 1979) ..................................................................................................... 351, 518
Partyka v. Attorney General, 417 F.3d 408 (3d Cir. 2005) ............................................................................75, 77, 1188
Parvez v. Keisler, 506 F.3d 93 (1st Cir. 2007) ............................................................................................................ 1062
Pasadena Typewriter v. DOL, ___ F.Supp. ___ (C.D. Cal. 1984) ............................................................................... 936
Pascal v. Mukasey, 514 F.3d 483 (6th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................................ 450
Pascual v. Mukasey, 514 F.3d 483 (6th Cir. 2007) ...................................................................................................... 464
Pasha v. Gonzales, 433 F.3d 530 (7th Cir. 2005) .............................................................................................1021, 1142
Pasillas-Gaytan; U.S. v., 192 F.3d 864 (9th Cir. 1994) .............................................................................................. 1329
Pasquini v. Morris, 700 F.2d 658 (11th Cir. 1983) .................................................................................1013, 1088, 1149
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                            1543

Passenger Cases (Smith v. Turner), 48 U.S. (7 How.) 283 (1849) ............................................................................ 3, 29
Pastor-Camarena v. Smith, 977 F.Supp. 1415 (W.D. Wash. 1997) .............. 138, 298, 303, 306, 420, 1109, 1141, 1145
Patel, Matter of; 15 I&N Dec. 666 (BIA 1976) ....................................................................................138, 291, 293, 520
Patel, Matter of; 16 I&N Dec. 600 (BIA 1978) ........................................................................................592, 1035, 1169
Patel, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 260 (BIA 1985), aff’d, Patel v. INS, 803 F.2d 804 (5th Cir. 1986) ............................ 387
Patel, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 394 (BIA 1986) ..................................................................................................968, 1031
Patel, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 774 (BIA 1988) ............................................................................................................ 796
Patel, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 368 (BIA 1991) ........................................................................................................ 51, 53
Patel v. Ashcroft, 294 F.3d 465 (3d Cir. 2002) ............................................................................................................. 188
Patel v. Ashcroft, 375 F.3d 693 (8th Cir. 2004) ............................................................ 793, 795, 799, 1033, 1054, 1064
Patel v. Ashcroft, 378 F.3d 610 (7th Cir. 2004) .....................................................................................1029, 1061, 1162
Patel v. Ashcroft, 401 F.3d 400 (6th Cir. 2005) .................................................................................................178, 1187
Patel v. Gonzales, 432 F.3d 685 (6th Cir. 2005) .................................................................................................126, 1013
Patel v. Gonzales, 442 F.3d 1011 (7th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................................348, 385, 1060
Patel v. Gonzales, 470 F.3d 216 (6th Cir. 2006) .......................................................................................969, 1032, 1159
Patel v. Gonzales, 496 F.3d 829 (7th Cir. 2007) ........................................................................................................... 346
Patel v. Landon, 739 F.2d 1455 (9th Cir. 1984) ............................................................................................................. 55
Patel v. McElroy, 143 F.3d 56 (2d Cir. 1998) ............................................................................................................ 1002
Patel v. Mukasey, __F.3d __, 2008 WL 1874579 (5th Cir. 2008) ............................................................................... 216
Patel v. Quality Inn South, 846 F.2d 700 (11th Cir. 1988) ......................................................................................... 1269
Patel v. Reno, 134 F.3d 929 (9th Cir. 1997) .................................................................... 621–22, 833, 1104, 1148, 1152
Patel v. Rice, 403 F.Supp.2d 560 (N.D. Tex. 2005) ................................................................................................... 1326
Patel v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 334 F.3d 1259 (11th Cir. 2003) ........................................... 119, 983, 1050, 1096, 1110, 1162
Pater Noster H.S., 88-INA-131 (BALCA 1988) .......................................................................................................... 941
Patino, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 74 (BIA 2001) .......................................................................................................... 1026
Patrick, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 726 (BIA 1988) ......................................................................................................... 782
Patrol & Guard Enterprises, Inc.; U.S. v., 8 OCAHO no. 1040 (2000) ...............................................................1273–74
Pat’s Pizza Ristorante, 97-INA-396 (BALCA Feb. 24, 1998) ..................................................................................... 950
Paul v. Gonzales, 444 F.3d 148 (2d Cir. 2006) .............................................................................512–13, 560, 596, 1057
Paul v. INS, 348 F.3d 43 (2d Cir. 2003) ..................................................................................................................... 1195
Paul v. INS, 521 F.2d 194 (5th Cir. 1975) .................................................................................................................... 542
Paulino v. Connery, 766 F.Supp. 209 (S.D.N.Y. 1991) ....................................................................................... 301, 404
Paulino-Jimenez v. INS, 279 F.Supp.2d 313 (S.D.N.Y. 2003) ............................................................................ 116, 981
Paulus, Matter of; 11 I&N Dec. 274 (BIA 1965) ........................................................................................................... 85
Paunescu v. INS, 76 F.Supp.2d 896 (N.D. Ill. 1999) .............................. 814, 841, 1104, 1106, 1117, 1123, 1125, 1159
Pavlova v. INS, 441 F.3d 82 (2d Cir. 2006) .................................................................................................400, 446, 562
Pavlovic, Matter of; 17 I&N Dec. 407 (BIA 1980) ...................................................................................................... 782
Pavlovich v. Gonzales, 476 F.3d 613 (8th Cir. 2007) .......................................................................................... 409, 602
Pavlyk v. Gonzales, 469 F.3d 1082 (7th Cir. 2006) ............................................................................................. 448, 454
Paxton v. INS, 745 F.Supp. 1261 (E.D. Mich. 1990), dismissed as moot, 925 F.2d 1465 (6th Cir. 1991) ......138, 169, 302
Payne-Barahona v. Gonzales, 474 F.3d 1 (1st Cir. 2006) ..................................................................................277, 1153
Payo v. Heyes, 754 F.Supp. 164 (N.D. Cal. 1991) ....................................................................................................... 301
Pazandeh, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 884 (BIA 1989) ..................................................................................................... 796
Pazcoguin v. Radcliffe, 292 F.3d 1209 (9th Cir. 2002) ....................................................................69, 85, 367, 823, 832
PC Club, 99-INA-189 (BALCA 1999) ......................................................................................................................... 927
P-C-M-, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 432 (BIA 1991) ................................................................................................. 293–94
Pearl Meadows Mushroom Farm, Inc. v. Nelson, 723 F.Supp. 432 (N.D. Cal. 1989) ................................280, 284, 286
Peck v. U.S., 470 F.Supp. 1003 (S.D.N.Y. 1979) ....................................................................................................... 1217
Pede v. Gonzales, 442 F.3d 570 (7th Cir. 2006) .........................................................................................327, 329, 1006
Pedreros v. Keisler, 503 F.3d 162 (2d Cir. 2007) ...............................................................................................329, 1006
Pedro-Mateo v. INS, 224 F.3d 1147 (9th Cir. 2000) ....................................................................................441, 455, 458
Pedroza-Padilla v. Gonzales, 486 F.3d 1362 (9th Cir. 2007) ...........................................................................1212, 1281
Peking Gourmet, 88-INA-323 (BALCA 1989) ............................................................................................................ 941
Pelich v. INS, 329 F.3d 1057 (9th Cir. 2003) ............................................................................................................... 414
Pelinkovic v. Ashcroft, 366 F.3d 532 (7th Cir. 2004) .................................................................................................. 443
Pena v. Kissinger, 409 F.Supp. 1182 (S.D.N.Y. 1976) .............................................................................................. 1148
Pena-Cabanillas v. U.S., 394 F.2d 785 (9th Cir. 1968) ................................................................................................ 226
Pena-Diaz, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 841 (BIA 1994) .........................................................................................994, 1064
Pena-Muriel v. Gonzales, 489 F.3d 438 (1st Cir. 2007),
          reh’g denied, 510 F.3d 350 (1st Cir. 2007) ..................................... 119, 209, 271, 592, 983, 1050, 1054, 1162
Penn v. U.S., 1987 WL 10833 (E.D.N.Y. 1987) ........................................................................................................ 1219
Penner, Matter of; 18 I&N Dec. 49 (Comm. 1982) ................................................................................................ 728–29
Pennsylvania Dep’t of Public Welfare v. Davenport, 495 U.S. 552 (1990) .............................................................. 1205
Pennsylvania Dep’t of Corrections v. Yeskey, 118 S.Ct. 1952 (1998) ...................................................................... 1204
1544                                                                                              KURZBAN’S IMMIGRATION LAW SOURCEBOOK

Penuliar v. Ashcroft, 435 F.3d 961 (9th Cir. 2006) .............................................................................................. 180, 370
Peon v. Thornburgh, 765 F.Supp. 155 (S.D.N.Y. 1991) ....................................................................................299, 1098
People v., see other party
People’s Mujahedin Organization of Iran v. DOS, 182 F.3d 17 (D.C. Cir.), cert. denied, 529 U.S. 1104 (2000) ...........108
Pepaj v. Mukasey, 509 F.3d 725 (6th Cir. 2007) ....................................................................346, 594, 1074, 1078, 1128
Peppercorn, Inc. v. Ridge, ___ F.Supp.2d ___, No. 04-20667-CIV-HIGHSMITH (S.D.Fla. May 10, 2005) ......... 1170
Pequeno-Martinez v. Trominski, 281 F.Supp.2d 902 (S.D. Tex. 2003) ............................................167, 207, 210, 1099
Perales v. Casillas, 903 F.2d 1043 (5th Cir. 1990) ...................................................................................826, 1164, 1267
Perales v. Casillas, 950 F.2d 1066 (5th Cir. 1992) .....................................................................................1231, 1239–40
Perales v. Reno, 48 F.3d 1305 (2d Cir. 1995) ............................................................................................................. 1154
Perales v. Thornburgh, 967 F.2d 798 (2d Cir. 1992),
          vacated and remanded sub nom. Reno v. Perales, 113 S.Ct. 3027 (1993) .......................................1012, 1284
Perales-Cumpean v. Gonzales, 429 F.3d 977 (10th Cir. 2005) ................................................................991, 1000, 1119
Peralta v. Gonzales, 441 F.3d 23, (1st Cir. 2006) .............................................................................975, 990, 1003, 1211
Peralta-Espinoza; U.S. v., 413 F.Supp.2d 970 (E.D. Wis. 2006) ......................................................................... 171, 191
Peralta-Taveras v. Attorney General, 488 F.3d 580 (2d Cir. 2007) ...................................................................973, 1014
Peralt-Reyes; U.S. v., 131 F.3d 956 (11th Cir. 1997) ................................................................................................... 225
Perdomo-Padilla v. Ashcroft, 333 F.3d 964 (9th Cir.) cert. denied,124 S.Ct. 1041 (2004) ........................................ 319
Pereira, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 169 (BIA 1984) ....................................................................................................... 1010
Pereira v. U.S. Attorney General, 258 Fed. Appx. 277 (11th Cir. 2007) ...........................................................385, 1060
Pereira v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 258 Fed. Appx. 277 (11th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................ 349
Perez, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 701 (DD 1968) ............................................................................................................ 682
Perez, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 689 (BIA 1999) ................................................................ 113–14, 972, 974–76, 989–90
Perez, Matter of; 22 I&N Dec. 1325 (BIA 2000) ................................................................................................. 181, 184
Perez v. Ashcroft, 236 F.Supp.2d 899 (N.D. Ill. 2002) ............................................................................886, 1085, 1185
Perez v. Elwood, 294 F.3d 552 (3d Cir. 2002) .............................................................................................118, 207, 275
Perez v. Greiner, 296 F.3d 123 (2d Cir. 2002) .............................................................................1095, 1155, 1161, 1193
Perez v. INS, 72 F.3d 256 (2d Cir. 1995) ...........................................................................................................375, 1286
Perez v. INS, 96 F.3d 390 (9th Cir. 1996) .................................................................................................................... 994
Perez v. INS, 979 F.2d 299 (3d Cir. 1992) ................................................................................................................... 404
Perez v. Loy, 356 F.Supp.2d 172 (D. Conn. 2005) ........................................................................................480–81, 488
Perez v. Mukasey, 516 F.3d 770 (9th Cir. 2008) .......................................................................................................... 387
Perez v. Neubert, 611 F.Supp. 830 (D.N.J. 1985) ........................................................................................................ 300
Perez v. U.S., 502 F.Supp.2d 301 (N.D.N.Y. 2006) ..................................................................................................... 213
Perez; U.S. v., 330 F.3d 97 (2d Cir. 2003) .................................................................................................................... 236
Perez; U.S. v., 443 F.3d 772 (11th Cir. 2006) .............................................................................................................. 240
Perez-Alvarez v. INS, 857 F.2d 23 (1st Cir. 1988) ......................................................................................525, 539, 578
Perez-Andrade, Matter of; 19 I&N Dec. 433 (BIA 1987) .......................................................................................... 1027
Perez-Arellano v. Smith, 279 F.3d 791 (9th Cir. 2002) ............................................................................................. 1232
Perez-Contreras, Matter of; 20 I&N Dec. 615 (BIA 1992) ..............................................................................75, 77, 203
Perez-Enriquez v. Ashcroft, 411 F.3d 1079 (9th Cir. 2004) ......................................................................................... 158
Perez-Enriquez v. Gonzales, 463 F.3d 1007 (9th Cir. 2006) (en banc) .................................................1182, 1199, 1295
Perez-Funez v. District Director, 619 F.Supp. 656 (C.D. Cal. 1985) ........................................................................... 518
Perez-Gonzalez v. Ashcroft, 379 F.3d 783 (9th Cir. 2004)
          motion to reconsider denied 403 F.3d 1116 (2005) ................. 88, 95, 406, 845, 849, 1014, 1120, 1182, 1185
Perez-Lastor v. INS, 208 F.3d 773 (9th Cir. 2000) .............................................................................................. 271, 380
Perez-Martin v. Ashcroft, 394 F.3d 752 (9th Cir. 2005) ........................................................................1132, 1288, 1296
Perez-Munoz v. Keisler, 507 F.3d 357 (5th Cir. 2007) ................................................................................................ 178
Perez-Nunez; U.S. v., 368 F.Supp.2d 1265 (D.N.M. 2005) ......................................................................................... 254
Perez-Olalde; U.S. v., 328 F.3d 222 (6th Cir. 2003) .................................................................................................... 225
Perez-Oropeza v. INS, 56 F.3d 43 (9th Cir. 1995) ....................................................................................................... 159
Perez-Perez v. Hanberry, 781 F.2d 1477 (11th Cir. 1986) ................................................................................... 152, 351
Perez-Perez; U.S. v., 337 F.3d 990 (8th Cir. 2003) ...................................................................................................... 263
Perez-Perez; U.S. v., 512 F.3d 514 (9th Cir. 2008) .............................................................................................. 254, 257
Perez-Ponce; U.S. v., 62 F.3d 1120 (8th Cir. 1995) ..................................................................................................... 235
Perez Quintanilla, Matter of; A 97 383 010 (AAO June 7, 2007) .......................................................................... 887–88
Perez-Rodriguez v. INS, 3 F.3d 1074 (7th Cir. 1993) ................................................................................155, 861, 1010
Perez Suriel de Batista v. Gonzales, 494 F.3d 67 (2d Cir. 2007) ................................................................................. 122
Perez-Valdera; U.S. v., 899 F.Supp. 181 (S.D.N.Y. 1995) .......................................................................................... 387
Perez Vargas, Matter of; 23 I&N Dec. 829 (BIA 2005),
          vacated, Perez-Vargas v. Gonzales, 478 F.3d 191 (4th Cir. 2007) .................. 807–8, 843–44, 900–901, 1047
Pergega v. Gonzales, 417 F.3d 623 (6th Cir. 2005) .............................................................................................. 556, 563
Perinpanathan v. INS, 310 F.3d 594 (8th Cir. 2002) .................................................................................................... 470
Perkins; U.S. v., 166 F.Supp.2d 1116 (W.D. Tex. 2001) ............................................................................................. 290
TABLE OF CASES                                                                                                                                             1545

Perkovic v. INS, 33 F.3d 615 (6th Cir. 1994) ...........................................................................579, 593, 606, 1082, 1201
Perla-Tate, 90-INA-175 (BALCA Dec. 4, 1992) (en banc), aff’d on recon. (Feb. 10, 1992) ............................. 881, 923
Perlera-Escobar v. EOIR, 894 F.2d 1292 (11th Cir. 1990) ........................................................................579, 604, 1178
Perlman v. DOJ, 312 F.3d 100 (2d Cir.) reaff’d on remand 380 F.3d 110 (2d Cir. 2004) .......................................... 337
Perrault Landscape Contracting, LLC, 07-PER-08 (BALCA Apr. 6, 2007) ............................................................... 911
Perry v. Gonzales, 472 F.Supp.2d 623 (D.N.J. 2007) ................................................................................................ 1326
Perry-Torres v. DOS, 404 F.Supp.2d 140 (D.D.C. 2005) ............................................................................................ 335
Persaud v. McElroy, 225 F.Supp.2d 420 (S.D.N.Y. 2002) .......................................................................................... 179
Pervaiz v. Gonzales, 405 F.3d 488 (7th Cir. 2005) ..................................................................347, 384, 390, 1060, 1173
Pesikoff v. Secy. of Labor, 501 F.2d 757 (D.C. Cir.), cert. denied, 419 U.S. 1038 (1974) ................................. 907, 952
Peters v. Ashcroft, 383 F.3d 302 (5th Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................84, 201, 215
Peters v. U.S., 853 F.2d 692 (9th Cir. 1988) ................................................................................................................. 288
Peterson, Matter of; 12 I&N Dec. 663 (BIA 1968) ...................................................................................................... 800
Peterson v. Neme, 222 Va. 477, 281 S.E.2d 869 (1981) .......