Essentials of Immigration Law by ygs12945

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									                           DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

PREFACE ....................................................................................................................... ix
SUBJECT MATTER INDEX ........................................................................................ 249

CHAPTER 1: THE ADMINISTRATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF IMMIGRATION
  LAW AND IMMIGRANTS’ RIGHTS UNDER THE CONSTITUTION.................1
    The Study of Immigration Law .......................................................................1
       Agencies Involved in the Administration of the Immigration Laws...2
       A Brief History of Immigration................................................................4
           From the Revolution to the Civil War ..............................................4
           Post–Civil War......................................................................................5
           Restrictionism—Turn of the Century...............................................6
           The McCarran-Walter Act of 1952 and Its Aftermath...................8
           1960s Reform—Immigration Act of 1965.................................... 10
           Worldwide Quota, the Refugee Act, and the Select
               Commission (Late 1970s–Early 1980s)................................... 11
           Enforcement: IRCA and IMFA (Late 1980s)............................... 13
           Liberal Reform (Early 1990s) .......................................................... 14
       Restriction—AEDPA and IIRAIRA (End of the 20th Century)..... 16
           Human Rights and Business Efficiency (2000) ............................ 18
           Security (Post-9/11).......................................................................... 18
    Immigrants and the Constitution ................................................................. 21

CHAPTER 2: INADMISSIBILITY, DEPORTABILITY, WAIVERS, AND
  RELIEF FROM REMOVAL ........................................................................... 25
    Overview.......................................................................................................... 25
    Application of the Inadmissibility and Deportability Provisions ............ 26
       Returning Lawful Permanent Residents ............................................... 30
       Parole ......................................................................................................... 31
       Pre-Hearing Detention............................................................................ 32
       Detention of Persons in Removal Proceedings................................... 34
       Post–Removal Order Detention............................................................ 35
                                                                 xi
xii                                                   ESSENTIALS OF IMMIGRATION LAW, 2ND ED.

           Alternatives to Detention ....................................................................... 35
           Burdens of Proof ..................................................................................... 36
           Expedited Removal ................................................................................. 38
           Regular Removal Hearing....................................................................... 40
           Summary Removal for Non–LPR Aggravated Felons....................... 42
           Terrorist Removal Hearing..................................................................... 43
        Grounds of Inadmissibility and Deportability and Waivers..................... 44
           Health-Related Grounds......................................................................... 46
           Criminal Grounds .................................................................................... 47
               What Is a Conviction for Purposes of Inadmissibility and
                   Deportability?.............................................................................. 48
               Crimes Involving Moral Turpitude ................................................ 50
               Controlled Substances ...................................................................... 51
               Other Criminal-Related Provisions ................................................ 51
               Aggravated Felony ............................................................................ 52
               Crimes Involving Moral Turpitude ................................................ 54
               Firearms Offenses............................................................................. 55
               Controlled Substances ...................................................................... 55
               Other Deportable Offenses............................................................. 55
           Security and Foreign Policy Grounds ................................................... 58
           Economic Grounds ................................................................................. 62
           Immigration Law Violations .................................................................. 64
           Quasi-Criminal and Moral Grounds ..................................................... 68
           Miscellaneous Grounds........................................................................... 70
        Additional Relief from Removal .................................................................. 72
           Temporary Relief ..................................................................................... 73
           Permanent Relief...................................................................................... 74

CHAPTER 3: PROTECTION FROM HARM ......................................................81
    Overview.......................................................................................................... 81
    The Standards of the Refugee Definition and Bars from Meeting It ..... 82
    Refugee Procedures........................................................................................ 89
    Asylum Procedures......................................................................................... 90
       Recent Enactments Affecting Asylum.................................................. 91
    Withholding of Removal ............................................................................... 91
TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                                                                     xiii

        Convention Against Torture ......................................................................... 92
        Temporary Protected Status (TPS) .............................................................. 94

CHAPTER 4: NONIMMIGRANT VISAS: TEMPORARY ADMISSION
  TO THE UNITED STATES ................................................................................. 97
    Overview.......................................................................................................... 97
    Doctrine of Dual Intent................................................................................. 99
    Visa Application and Admission Procedure............................................. 100
    Advisory Opinions ......................................................................................... 98
    Extension and Change of Status ................................................................ 102
        Extension and Reinstatement of Status.............................................. 103
        Change of Status .................................................................................... 103
    Transition to Permanent Residence: Adjustment of Status.................... 104
    Visa Waiver Program ................................................................................... 105
    Categories of Nonimmigrant Visas............................................................ 106
        Tourism ................................................................................................... 106
            B-1 ..................................................................................................... 106
            B-2 ..................................................................................................... 107
        Educational ............................................................................................. 107
            F-1 ..................................................................................................... 107
            J-1 ...................................................................................................... 108
            M-1 .................................................................................................... 109
        Special and Family-Related Visas ........................................................ 109
            K Visas.............................................................................................. 110
            V Visas.............................................................................................. 110
        Work or Business................................................................................... 111
            B-1 ..................................................................................................... 111
            E Visas .............................................................................................. 112
            H Visas.............................................................................................. 112
                 H-1B........................................................................................... 112
                 H-1C........................................................................................... 114
                 H-2A and H-2B........................................................................ 115
                 H-3.............................................................................................. 116
            I Visas ............................................................................................... 116
            L Visas .............................................................................................. 117
xiv                                                    ESSENTIALS OF IMMIGRATION LAW, 2ND ED.

                  O Visas ............................................................................................. 118
                  P Visas .............................................................................................. 119
                  Q Visas ............................................................................................. 119
                  R Visas .............................................................................................. 120
                  TN Visas........................................................................................... 121
               Law Enforcement-Related Visas ......................................................... 122
                  S Visas............................................................................................... 122
                  T Visas .............................................................................................. 123
                  U Visas.............................................................................................. 124
               Governmental or Quasi-Governmental ............................................. 124
                  A Visas.............................................................................................. 124
                  G Visas ............................................................................................. 124
               Miscellaneous.......................................................................................... 125

CHAPTER 5: IMMIGRANT VISAS: LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENCE ......... 127
    Introduction................................................................................................... 127
    The Petition Requirement ........................................................................... 129
    Routes to Permanent Residency................................................................. 130
        Immigrant Visa Process ........................................................................ 130
        Adjustment of Status............................................................................. 130
    Quotas ............................................................................................................ 132
    Family-Based Immigrants............................................................................ 133
        Recognized Family Relationships ........................................................ 136
            Spouse............................................................................................... 137
            Child.................................................................................................. 138
            Parent................................................................................................ 140
            Sibling ............................................................................................... 140
        Preservation of Benefits for Children of Immigrants ...................... 141
    Employment-Based Immigrants................................................................. 141
            Employment Preferences............................................................... 142
            First Preference (EB-1). ................................................................. 142
            Second Preference (EB-2). ............................................................ 143
            Third Preference (EB-3). ............................................................... 144
            Fourth Preference (EB-4). ............................................................. 145
TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                                                                    xv

                Fifth Preference (EB-5).................................................................. 145
            Labor Certification Procedures............................................................ 147
        Diversity Immigrants.................................................................................... 151
        Special Relief Programs Granting Permanent Residency ....................... 152
        Visa Processing Procedures ........................................................................ 153
            Immigrant Visa Processing................................................................... 153
            Adjustment of Status............................................................................. 154
        Revocation of Petitions................................................................................ 154
        Loss of Permanent Residency..................................................................... 155

CHAPTER 6: ADMINISTRATIVE AND JUDICIAL REVIEW ................................. 157
    Introduction................................................................................................... 157
    Administrative Review ................................................................................. 154
        Admissions Process. .............................................................................. 159
        Asylum..................................................................................................... 159
        Claims to U.S. Citizenship. ................................................................... 160
        Discretionary Relief from Removal. ................................................... 161
        Employment-Based Preference Petitions and
             Employment-Related Nonimmigrant Visa Classifications. ...... 161
        Employer Sanctions............................................................................... 161
        Extension of Status................................................................................ 162
        Family-Based Preference Petitions...................................................... 162
        Labor Certification................................................................................. 162
        Naturalization and Revocation. ........................................................... 162
        Nonimmigrant Change of Status......................................................... 162
        Nonimmigrant Visa Petitions............................................................... 162
        Overseas Visa Petitions......................................................................... 163
        Temporary Protected Status................................................................. 163
        Waivers. ................................................................................................... 163
    Motions to Reopen or Reconsider ............................................................. 164
    Appeals to the BIA....................................................................................... 167
    Review by the Attorney General or Secretary of Homeland Security .. 168
    Judicial Review .............................................................................................. 168
        Petitions for Review of Final Orders of Removal ............................ 172
        Review in Non-Removal Matters ........................................................ 173
xvi                                                   ESSENTIALS OF IMMIGRATION LAW, 2ND ED.

              Matters Not Reviewable ....................................................................... 175
              Review in Non-Reviewable Matters.................................................... 176
              Deference and Judicial Review ............................................................ 177

CHAPTER 7: U.S. CITIZENSHIP ........................................................................... 181
    Overview........................................................................................................ 181
    Citizenship vs. Permanent Residency ........................................................ 181
    Acquiring Citizenship................................................................................... 182
        Citizenship at Birth................................................................................ 183
        Citizenship through Naturalization..................................................... 185
        Other Naturalization Programs ........................................................... 187
        Naturalization Decisions and Oath Administration ......................... 187
        Derivative Citizenship........................................................................... 188
    Loss of Citizenship....................................................................................... 188
        Voluntary Relinquishment.................................................................... 189
        Denaturalization..................................................................................... 190
    Citizenship Procedure .................................................................................. 191
Appendices
Key Definitions and Concepts............................................................................... 195
Abbreviations and Acronyms................................................................................. 211
Immigrant Classifications and Visas ..................................................................... 219
Nonimmigrant Visa Classifications ....................................................................... 223
Conversion Table: 8 USC to INA ......................................................................... 233
Selected Bibliography and Electronic Resources ................................................ 235

								
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