CAI-Asia Center Business Plan by ygs12945

VIEWS: 11 PAGES: 35

									                                                         Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

                        Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities (CAI-Asia) Center
                                             Business Plan
                                     July 2007 – December 2006


I.      Introduction

1.     The Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities (CAI-Asia) Center (www.cleanairnet.org/center)
was established in June 2007 as a non-stock, non-profit corporation in the Philippines. The CAI-
Asia Center incorporates the earlier CAI-Asia Secretariat located in the Asian Development
Bank (ADB). The CAI-Asia Center acts as the Secretariat to the CAI-Asia Partnership
(www.cleanairnet.org/Partnership). The CAI-Asia Center is governed by its Articles of
Incorporation and By-laws approved by its Board of Trustees (BoT).1

2.     The By-laws of the CAI-Asia Center call for the development of a two-year Business
Plan. The CAI-Asia Center Business Plan aims to contribute to the implementation of the CAI-
Asia Partnership Strategy. 2 It should be realized, however, that many of the other member
organizations of the CAI-Asia Partnership will also undertake activities to support the
implementation of the Partnership Strategy.

3.     The Business Plan proposed in this document covers the period July 2007 – December
2008. The Business Plan 2007-2008 has been prepared by the CAI-Asia Center in consultation
with CAI-Asia local networks and takes into account the contents of major CAI-Asia Center
programs and projects for the period 2007-2008 which have already been approved or which
have been submitted to funding agencies.3

4.     The Business Plan will be updated in December 2007 following a review of the activities
of the CAI-Asia Center over the first six months of operation. Preparation for the second
Business Plan covering the period January 2009 – December 2010 will commence in the
second half of 2008. The CAI-Asia Center Business Plan also forms the basis for the budget of
the CAI-Asia Center, which is described in Section V. B.


II.     Mission of the CAI-Asia Center

5.     The CAI-Asia Center shares the mission of the CAI-Asia Partnership to promote and
demonstrate innovative ways to improve the air quality of Asian cities through partnerships and
sharing experiences.




1
   See http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/articles-71258_incorp.pdf for the Articles of Incorporation and
   http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/articles-71258_bylaws.pdf for the By-laws of the CAI-Asia Center. See
   http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/propertyvalue-26889.html#h2_2 for overview of the Trustees of the CAI-
   Asia Center
2
  See http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/articles-71771_strategy.doc for the Draft CAI-Asia Partnership Strategy
   2007-2010.
3
  This includes the Sustainable Mobility in Asia (SUMA) program, funded by Sida through the ADB; the M3 program
   on Management of Energy, Management of Urban Air Quality, and Mitigation of Climate Change, submitted for
   funding to Norway; and the project on improved use of Information Communication Technology (ICT) which is
   under discussion with the ADB.
                                                             CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                           CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                                  Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                          Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

III.       Outputs

6.   The activities of the CAI-Asia Center in the period up to December 2008 will have two
common themes:

           1.       Consolidation of prior CAI-Asia strengths under the new CAI-Asia Center. Many
                    of the activities will be a continuation of activities already started prior to the
                    formal establishment of the CAI-Asia Center. These activities will help to
                    establish the role and reputation of the CAI-Asia Center as the main regional
                    convener on urban air quality which the CAI-Asia Secretariat had built up since
                    2001; and
           2.       Co-benefits of urban air quality management, energy management and climate
                    change mitigation. The CAI-Asia Center‟s immediate focus will be on improving
                    urban air quality management in Asia. However, the CAI-Asia Center will, in most
                    of its activities, seek synergies with efforts to improve energy management and
                    the mitigation of climate change.4

7.         The outputs of the CAI-Asia Center are classified in 5 categories:

           1.       Organizational Development
           2.       Knowledge Management
           3.       Capacity Building
           4.       Networking and Policy Development
           5.       Investment and Implementation Facilitation


           A.       Organizational Development

Performance Indicator: The CAI-Asia Center established as an independent legal entity (i.e., all administrative
and financial procedures are functioning smoothly, ensuring its sustainability)

                    1)    Keeping old friends and making new ones

                          a. Regional Organizations

8.     The CAI-Asia Center, in the next two years, will have to make the transition from being a
program hosted by ADB to becoming an independent organization. The success and
sustainability of a small-scale organization like the CAI-Asia Center will depend on the manner
in which it will be able to develop alliances and linkages with important strategic partners. The
choice of partners should reflect the strategic priorities of the CAI-Asia Center. It is important to
maintain and strengthen the linkages with the ADB, World Bank, United States Environmental
Protection Agency (US EPA), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), United Nations
Centre for Regional Development (UNCRD), and AQM-related regional non-governmental
organizations (NGO)s in Asia such as the World Conservation Union (IUCN).

9.      The CAI-Asia Center should aim to establish or improve linkages with other regional
organizations which CAI-Asia has had relatively less contact with so far. These include but are
not limited to: United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN-
ESCAP), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), United

4
    See http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/article-71843.html for a more in depth explanation of the co-benefits
     approach and an analysis of the status of the co-benefits approach in Asia.
                                                               CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                             CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                                  Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                       Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN–HABITAT), Association of Southeast Asian
Nations (ASEAN), and South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).

10.     The CAI-Asia Center aims to develop Memorandums of Agreement (MoA) or
Memorandums of Understanding (MoU) (or similar instruments) with these organizations to
establish a structured coordination and cooperation which goes beyond ad hoc coordination and
cooperation. Such organizations can also opt for a voting or non-voting membership.

                       b. Bilateral development organizations and international foundations

11.    The CAI-Asia Center will continue to maintain and expand ties with bilateral
development agencies. This includes but is not limited to: German Technical Cooperation (GTZ),
Norway, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) and the US EPA and
United States Agency for International Development (USAID).           Important international
foundations that the CAI-Asia Center will attempt to maintain relationships with include the
Clinton Foundation, the Energy Foundation, and the Hewlett Foundation. The relationship with
these organizations can be structured through a MoU or in some cases a voting or non-voting
membership in the CAI-Asia Center.

                       c. Private Sector organizations

12.    Private sector companies with an interest in urban air quality can be an important
resource for the CAI-Asia Center as a voting or non-voting member.5 In addition to the financial
contribution the knowledge transfer from such companies is as important. Initial private sector
members could include: Asian Clean Fuels Association (ACFA), Corning, and Shell6.

                       d. National government agencies and City governments.

13.     The CAI-Asia Center faces the challenge of maintaining and expanding the ties that
have been made with national government agencies and city governments during the period
2001 – 2007 under CAI-Asia. The NGO status of the CAI-Asia Center may make it difficult for
some government agencies to establish formal links with the CAI-Asia Center. The CAI-Asia
Center encourages these organizations to join the CAI-Asia Partnership as a member. In some
cases, especially where the CAI-Asia Center will have direct project implementation activities
involving specific national or city government agencies, the CAI-Asia Center will enter into
separate agreements which can be either a MoU or MoA, or simply an exchange of letters in
which both organizations agree to cooperate on specific activities.

14.   In order to increase the engagement of strategic partners in the CAI-Asia Center, the
number of members of the Board of Trustees could be increased. This will, however, require the
approval by the Board of the organization‟s membership application.

                 2) Governance

                       a. Status of the organization


5
  Private sector members will be acknowledged on the CAI-Asia website and in all major printed public relations
   materials of the CAI-Asia Center. The level of coverage will be linked to the level of funding. Private sector
   members also receive preferential rates in case they decided to sponsor BAQ 2008.
6
  The organizations have supported CAI-Asia in the past as a private sector member and have indicated an interest
   to continue doing so.
                                                            CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                          CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                              Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                        Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

15.     The CAI-Asia Center has been registered as a non-stock, non-profit organization in the
Philippines. To increase its relevance, to facilitate its work with national and city governments
and to enhance its fund raising capacity, the CAI-Asia Center will study the options of evolving
into a regional NGO which continues to be based either in the Philippines or in another country
in Asia. A proposal will be submitted to the Board of Trustees before June 2008 which gives an
overview and the pros and cons of these options. The next steps will be determined by the
outcome of discussions in the Board of Trustees.

                            b. Membership

16.      Attachment 1 gives an overview of the current membership of the CAI-Asia Center. It is
expected that the current membership of seven members can increase if some of the previous
CAI-Asia private sector members, as well as donor organizations of the CAI-Asia Center, decide
to join the CAI-Asia Center as a voting or a non-voting member7.

                            c. Board of Trustees

17.    The Board of Trustees of the CAI-Asia Center currently consists of seven persons.8 A
review will take place prior to June 2008 to determine whether there is a need to increase the
number of Trustees. A proposal to this effect will be put forth by the BoT, if required, to the
membership in the 2009 Annual meeting which according to the By-laws of the CAI-Asia Center
is scheduled for the third Monday in June 2009 in Manila.

                            d. Operational Manual

18.    The Administrative and Financial procedures for the CAI-Asia Center are documented in
the Operational Manual (OM).9 The OM is new and untested and it is expected that changes will
be required in the OM to ensure that it is relevant and practical. Changes, where and when
required, will be made by the CAI-Asia Center and discussed with major donors before they are
submitted to the BoT for approval.

                   3. CAI-Asia Local Networks

19.    Prior to incorporation of the CAI-Asia Center, CAI-Asia used to have seven local
networks in seven countries: China, Indonesia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka and Viet
Nam. The CAI-Asia Partnership Council will acknowledge these local networks provided that
they meet the criteria outlined in the Partnership Operating Guidelines. 10

20.     The CAI-Asia Center has developed a local network strategy which outlines how the
CAI-Asia Center will work with the local networks in implementing the CAI-Asia Center Business
Plan.11

21.     The CAI-Asia Center will support the creation of additional local networks to be
established in 2007-2008 in India, Mongolia and possibly Thailand, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and
Cambodia.12
7
  Sida has already indicated its interest to join as a voting member based on its contribution to the SUMA project,
   which is implemented by the CAI-Asia Center through a Letter of Agreement with ADB.
8
  See http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/propertyvalue-26889.html#h2_2 for an overview of the BoT members.
9
  See http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/article-71912.html for the online version of the OM
10
     See http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/articles-71193_guidelines.pdf
11
      See http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/articles-60220_strategy07_08.doc for the CAI-Asia Center local
     network strategy 2007-2008.
                                                             CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                           CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                                Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                           Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan



22.     The CAI-Asia Center is considering establishing branch offices in China and India in
support of the activities of the local networks in these countries. These branch or representative
offices can be considered as an intermediate step towards becoming independent organizations.
In other countries with a CAI-Asia local network, the CAI-Asia Center aims to enter into
Memorandums of Agreement to provide assistance to organizations acting as the Secretariat to
the local networks.

23.    The CAI-Asia Center is expected to provide limited financial assistance to branch or
representative offices and to organizations it has concluded a MoU with. Usually, such financial
assistance will be contingent on the local contribution of funds.

                    4. CAI-Asia Center staffing and management

24.    The CAI-Asia Center staffing currently consists of 10 persons, see Attachment 2 for an
overview of staffing and the organizational structure of the CAI-Asia Center. The staffing can
expand to about 15 during the period 2007-2008 in case new programs and projects to be
implemented by the CAI-Asia Center are approved and implementation starts.

25.    The CAI-Asia Center is managed on a day-to-day basis by the Deputy Executive
Director, while the overall management will be exercised by the Executive Director. Periodic
evaluations will be carried out with the aim to facilitate a taking over of the tasks of the
Executive Director by the Deputy Executive Directors in the coming two years.

26.    The CAI-Asia Center is outsourcing certain functions, or is planning to do so. This
includes accounting and payroll services, media and legal services.

27.     The CAI-Asia Center staff is the single most important resource of the organization and
all efforts will be made to further develop this resource. This includes regular performance
evaluations and staff development plans which include the possibility for short-term training. The
CAI-Asia Center management will develop a special plan to strengthen the management
capacities of mid-level management: Division heads and Unit heads. Increasing the
management capacities of this level of staff is the most immediate way of increasing the
implementation capacity of the organization.


               B. Knowledge Management

Performance Indicator: The CAI-Asia Center is accepted as an authoritative, knowledge base on urban air
quality in Asia



28.    The knowledge management (KM) activities of the CAI-Asia Center will compliment the
CAI-Asia Partnership Strategy, and at the same time they will help to strengthen the internal KM
of the CAI-Asia Center. A Knowledge Management strategy is under preparation and will be
submitted to the Board of Trustees for approval before December 2007.

29.    Pending the finalization of its Knowledge Management strategy, the CAI-Asia Center will
focus on three main activities in the period up to December 2007:

12
     Read more about the proposed CAI-Asia local network in India at http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/article-
     71894.html
                                                               CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                             CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                                  Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                         Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan



             a. To set up a workable KM system within the Center where project and program
                documents are organized, easily accessible, and quick to update. This will be
                done by a combination of the following :

                     setting up the intranet (1-2 months),
                     consistent physical filing of hardcopies in a central location (after moving into
                      the new office), and
                     establishing (and strictly following) a filing protocol (currently in development)

             b. To strengthen information collection and dissemination efforts in general AQM in
                Asia. The main aim is to have an up-to-date overview of AQM information on the
                CAI-Asia website. The CAI-Asia Center will work increasingly with the CAI-Asia
                local networks and strategic knowledge partners. In addition to the
                documentation on the CAI-Asia website the CAI-Asia Center will also utilize the
                information collected in the updating of the annual Compendium of AQM
                Programs in Asia.

             c. Information collection and documentation in the areas of (a) emissions inventory
                and source apportionment, and (b) co-benefits of urban air quality management
                and climate change mitigation. The focus will not just be limited to gathering large
                quantities of research data, but rather it should be targeted at generating actual
                knowledge in the form of best practices or innovative solutions. The key idea is
                that this knowledge should be in a format that policy makers can quickly digest.
                In other words, CAI-Asia Center will perform a synthesizing function, similar to
                what was done with the Country Synthesis Reports on Urban Air Quality
                Management in Asia (CSR). 13 But unlike the CSRs in their current form, the
                knowledge that the CAI-Asia Center generates will exist more as a dynamic
                document (not a static version of a PDF report) in online form.14

             d. The CAI-Asia Center is discussing with ADB the implementation of a project on
                Knowledge Management and ICT. This could also include the nomination as a
                regional knowledge hub on air quality issues. Once approved the CAI-Asia
                Center will engage a small group of IT professionals based in Manila (or in
                another country in Asia) to create a database-driven website that will effectively
                document information better than the current content-management system. In the
                short- to medium-term, the new website will exist as a value-added service of the
                CAI-Asia website. In the medium- to long-term it will replace the CAI-Asia
                website.15

             e. Exploring the use of new ICT applications for the activities of the CAI-Asia
                Center. This includes the use of webcasting, increased use of on-line
                documentation services for videos and photographs.16,17


13
   See http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/article-70822.html for an overview of the current CSRs.
14
   The only limiting factor here is the technical infrastructure that the Center will inherit: the Newtenberg Engine
   (content management system)
15
   (Among the planned features of the new website is the ability to tailor content to specific users. eg., technical
   people will have a homepage that's different from policy makers.)
16
   The scale of these activities will depend on the approval of the KM-ICT project.
17
     See http://www.flickr.com/photos/7576220@N04/ for current overview of pictures on flickr and
   http://www.youtube.com/my_videos of videos on you tube.
                                                             CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                           CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                                 Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                        Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

             C. Capacity Building

Performance Indicator: The CAI-Asia Center is able to contribute to the generation of adequate capacity for
effective urban AQM in Asia



30.     The capacity building activities of the CAI-Asia Center up to December 2008 will consist
of:

             a. Documentation of capacity building materials on the CAI-Asia website. It is
                envisaged that the over the years this will serve as the main online depository of
                AQM related training materials.
             b. Initially the CAI-Asia Center will limit its activities to the active dissemination of
                information on the available online materials. Later, in 2008, as part of the new
                project on KM and ICT, a concept will be developed for online learning making
                use of the training materials available online. The implementation of such online
                training courses will most likely take place only in 2009 and beyond.
             c. Joint training activities with the CAI-Asia local networks. This can be in the form
                of basic air quality management training courses as currently planned in China,
                Pakistan and the Philippines, or more comprehensive training programs such as
                the Chinese Improved Training System on Air Quality Management (CITSAM).18
             d. Capacity building activities under the SUMA and the M3 project.19

31.    The CAI-Asia Center itself does not have an extensive training capacity and will, as
much as possible, work with other organizations in the facilitation and delivery of AQM training.
Considering the wide range of topics where training is required the CAI-Asia Center will also not
be able to develop such capacity.


             D. Networking and Policy Development

Performance Indicator: The CAI-Asia Center is able to expand its role as convener of AQM-related policy
forums

             1) Networking

32.     Networking has been a main strength for CAI-Asia in the past and should also be a main
strength of the CAI-Asia Center. Apart from the overall networking at the regional level and the
CAI-Asia local networks, which were described above, the CAI-Asia Center will focus on the
following main networking activities:

             a. Regional Forum on Environment and Health.20 The CAI-Asia Center will help
                to facilitate the sub-group on urban air quality management in the thematic
                working group on air quality management, in this initiative focusing on East and
                South-East Asia, which is coordinated by UNEP and the World Health
                Organization (WHO).



18
   Read more about the proposed CITSAM project at http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/article-71736.html
19                                                 3
   See the logical framework for the SUMA and M project in Attachment 3
20
   Read more about the Regional Forum on Environment and Health at
   http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/article-71511.html
                                                            CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                          CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                               Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                          Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

             b. Climate Action Network. This is a new regional network which is being
                established by UNEP to strengthen the participation of Asian countries in formal
                and informal negotiations and discussions on Climate Change. The input of the
                CAI-Asia Center will be in the areas of knowledge management and capacity
                building and will focus on the co-benefits approach.

             c. Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum (GAPF).21 CAI-Asia is one of the main
                partners in this forum, together with UNEP, the Stockholm Environmental
                Institute, the International Union of Air Pollution Prevention Associations
                (IUAPPA), and the Secretariat of the Convention on Long Range Transport of Air
                Pollutants (LRTAP). The CAI-Asia Center represents the urban scale of air
                pollution in Asia and its role focuses on the development and facilitation of a
                policy consensus on urban air quality management in Asia and possibly on
                certain knowledge management activities.

             d. Regional Initiative on Sustainable Urban Transport in Asia (RISUTA). This is
                an initiative which is still under development. It builds on the work carried out in
                the Environmentally Sustainable Transport (EST) Forum and aims to bring
                together stakeholders that have an Asian wide interest in urban transport. This
                will include organizations with a focus on knowledge management, capacity
                building, policy dialogue and implementation of urban transport programs.22

33.    Apart from these 4 regional initiatives where the CAI-Asia Center will have a substantial
engagement, the CAI-Asia Center will also coordinate with other regional or global partnerships.
This includes but is not limited to: the Asian Clean Fuels Association, the City Development in
Asia Initiative, the Global Transport Knowledge Partnership, the Methane to Markets
Partnership, The Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles, the Partnership for Clean In-door
Air.23

34.    To facilitate networking among organizations and persons working on AQM in Asia the
CAI-Asia Center will continue to host the CAI-Asia Listerv.24 The CAI-Asia Center will work with
the CAI-Asia local networks to establish or maintain country specific listservs.25

35.    Networking can facilitate knowledge management through the better exchange of
information, it can support policy development and it can also lead to the identification of new
programs and projects.26

             2) Policy Development

36.    The CAI-Asia Center will support efforts to develop a policy consensus at the regional,
national and the local levels. Considering its status as a NGO it can not take on the

21
   Read more about GAPF at http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/article-59659.html
22
    See http://xxx (URL to be generated).
23
   See http://www.acfa.org.sg/, , http://www.gtkp.com/, http://www.methanetomarkets.org/, http://www.unep.org/pcfv/,
http://www.pciaonline.org/ for the all the partnerships and initiatives mentioned
24
   Please go to http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/propertyvalue-19583.html to read more about the Listserv and
   how to join it.
25
     Currently local listservs exist for Philippines (PartnershipforCleanAir@yahoogroups.com), Sri-Lanka
   (cleanairsrilanka@yahoogroups.com) and Nepal (can-n@yahoogroups.com)
26
   Networking among the local networks of CAI-Asia in South Asia can possibly result in the setting up of a regional
   project in South Asia. This could be possibly in cooperation with the School for South Asian studies at the National
   University of Singapore.
                                                              CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                            CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                                   Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                              Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

responsibility for formal policy development and it will seek active cooperation with
organizations at the regional, national and local level that do have a formal policy mandate.

37.        The following policy initiatives are planned for the period up to December 2008:

                a. The development of a long-term vision on urban air quality. This policy document
                   will be developed in support of the Second governmental meeting on urban air
                   quality which is scheduled for May-June 2008;
                b. Strategic framework on Urban Air Quality Management, Energy Management,
                   and Climate Change Mitigation. This will be part of the M3 project and will build
                   on the Status of the Co-benefits Approach in Asia paper that the CAI-Asia Center
                   has prepared together with the Manila Observatory.27
                c. Guidelines on: (i) the integration of 2 wheelers in urban transport in Asia; (ii)
                   construction of infrastructure for 2-3 wheelers as part of overall transport
                   infrastructure; and (iii) social impact assessment guidelines for sustainable urban
                   transport projects.
                d. The formulation of national- or city-based AQM policies and strategies. Currently
                   is planned that the CAI-Asia Center will contribute to: (i) AQM strategy for
                   Western China, (ii) Clean Air Act for Viet Nam; (iii) integrated AQM Action plan
                   for Hanoi, Viet Nam; and (iv) integrated AQM strategy for Kanpur, India.

38.     It is likely that the CAI-Asia Center will become engaged in other policy initiatives at the
national or local level. The CAI-Asia Center, in its decision whether to become involved in such
national or city level policy and strategy formulation, will asses the learning effect for the CAI-
Asia Center and the Asian region and the extent to which the CAI-Asia Center will be able to
integrate its core message of co-benefits.


                3) Meetings

39.     The CAI-Asia Center expects to organize the following regional meetings and workshops
in the period up to December 2008.

                                                         Table 1

                           Overview of Meetings Organized by CAI-Asia Center
                                       July 2007 – December 2008

Name Meeting                               Timing - Location                        Remarks
Planning workshop M3 project               September 2007, location tbd             Participants include key
                                                                                    partners in the M3 project
4th. Regional Dialogue of Air              16-17 October, 2007,                     In coordination with UNEP
Quality Initiatives and                    Bangkok
Programs in Asia
Coordination meeting CAI-                  October or November 2007,                Closed meeting for
Asia local networks                        location tbd                             representatives of the CAI-
                                                                                    Asia local networks
Development Partners‟                      Fourth quarter 2007 and first            To discuss the long-term
Meetings in China, Indonesia,              quarter 2008                             vision on urban air quality in

27
     See http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/article-71843.html for a draft of this paper.
                                                                 CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                               CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                                    Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                          Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

Name Meeting                             Timing - Location                      Remarks
India, Mongolia, Nepal,                                                         Asia
Pakistan, Philippines, Sri
Lanka, and Vietnam
Regional workshop on                     February 2008, Ho Chi Minh             As part of the APPH project,
Linkages of Air Pollution,               City                                   together with ADB and the
Poverty and Health                                                              Health Effects Institute
Coordination meeting CAI-                April –May 2008, location tbd          Closed meeting for
Asia local networks                                                             representatives of the CAI-
                                                                                Asia local networks
Second Governmental                      May or June 2008, Bangkok              In coordination with UNEP
Meeting on Urban Air Quality
CAI-Asia Center Annual                   3 rd. Monday in June 2008,
Meeting 2008                             Manila
Better Air Quality (BAQ 2008)            October or November 2008,
Workshop                                 location to be confirmed
CAI-Asia Partnership Meeting             October or November 2008               This meeting will be held as a
                                                                                pre-event to the BAQ 2008
                                                                                workshop

40.     In addition to these regional meetings and workshops the CAI-Asia Center will also help
to organize various workshops and meetings at the national and city levels. In the majority of
cases, CAI-Asia local networks or other organizations will take the lead and the CAI-Asia Center
will be a co-organizer or supporter. These workshops and meetings as well as the regional
workshops and meetings will be documented at http://www.cleanairnet.org/calendar.

41.    The CAI-Asia Center is invited on a regular basis to speak at workshops and
conferences. This offers a good opportunity for networking and to disseminate information on
the activities of the CAI-Asia Partnership and CAI-Asia Center. The CAI-Asia Center will
coordinate the participation of the Chairperson of the CAI-Asia Partnership, the Board of
Trustees of the CAI-Asia Center and staff of the CAI-Asia Center in various workshops. The
CAI-Asia Center will also help prepare the presentations to be delivered at workshops and
conferences on behalf of the CAI-Asia Partnership and the CAI-Asia Center.28


               E. Investment and Implementation Facilitation


Performance Indicator: The CAI-Asia Center has contributed to the identification of financing models for
effective urban AQM in Asia and has assisted in raising funds for the development and implementation of
AQM programs and projects

42.    The CAI-Asia Center will document AQM-related programs and projects as part of its
annual Compendium of AQM programs and projects in Asia.

43.    The CAI-Asia Center will serve as the Secretariat for a CAI-Asia Partnership Committee
which will be established to discuss existing and future financing arrangements for AQM in Asia.



28
     The general rule is that presentations can be prepared but that no formal papers will be prepared unless agreed
     upon on a case by case basis.
                                                              CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                            CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                                 Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                           Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

The CAI-Asia Center will also work actively with its local networks and members of the CAI-Asia
Partnership to identify and develop project proposals which will then be implemented by these
local networks and Partnership members. In support of this objective the CAI-Asia Center will
develop and maintain an overview of funding opportunities on the CAI-Asia website.


III.       Summary Key CAI-Asia Center programs and projects in 2007-2009

44.    The CAI-Asia Center will implement projects which have a direct relationship with the
Mission and outputs of the CAI-Asia Center as described in Chapter II.

45.        Currently the following projects are planned for the period up to December 2008.29

                        1.         SUMA

46.     The Sustainable Urban Mobility in Asia program focuses on (i) improving urban air
quality, (ii) improving road safety, and (iii) reducing transport‟s contribution to climate change.
This will be accomplished primarily through the assistance to Asian countries and cities to
strengthen the formulation and implementation of sustainable transport policies. The Program is
supported by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) and builds on
the Partnership for Sustainable Urban Transportation in Asia (PSUTA) implemented by the
Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities (CAI-Asia) and EMBARQ-World Resources Institute (WRI)
Center for Sustainable Transportation (formerly Center for Transportation and Environment)
which also received funding support from Sida. SUMA recognizes the importance of stronger
partnerships with organizations with similar activities in Asia, as such, SUMA is being
implemented in partnership with EMBARQ - World Resources Institute Center for Sustainable
Transportation, the United Nations Centre for Regional Development (UNCRD), German
Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ) Sustainable Urban Transport Project (SUTP), Interface
for Cycling Expertise (I-CE), and the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP).

                        2.         M3

47.     The "Mainstreaming Cobenefits to Climate Change Mitigation, Energy Management and
Air Quality Management in Asia" (M3) Project will contribute towards encouraging and enabling
the decision-makers in Asia to internalize the linkages between energy management, air quality
management and climate change mitigation and start to address them in an integrated manner.
The project is in support of CAI-Asia's aim to promote the widespread application of the co-
benefits approach in Asia. The project will be implemented through four major components –
knowledge management, capacity building, networking and policy dialogues on a region-wide
scale but with a number of activities focused on China and India. M3 is expected to be funded by
the Government of Norway and will be implemented by the CAI-Asia Center in collaboration with
the following main partners: Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU), Norwegian Pollution
Control Authority (SFT), Center for International Climate and Environmental Research
(CICERO), ECON, United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) and the Air and
Waste Management Association (AWMA).

                        3.         ICT

48.  ADB is circulating a technical assistance proposal that aims to use information and
communications technology (ICT) to aid in the generation and transfer of air quality knowledge
29
     For the logical frameworks of these projects see Attachment 3
                                                               CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                             CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                             Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                       Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

(i.e., best practices, solutions, policy inputs). The project will (i) establish and support a
dedicated online air quality knowledge-base, using open standards and state-of-the-art web
services; (ii) build capacity in selected countries by developing and applying web-based
communication applications to make it easier to help AQM stakeholders to share and use
knowledge; and (iii) facilitate AQM policy development and discussion through innovative online
communication tools. The technical assistance is estimated to cost $500,000 to be financed on
a grant basis by ADB‟s e-Asia and Knowledge Partnership Fund established by the Government
of Korea. It will be implemented through the CAI-Asia Center and its local networks.


                     4.         PAPA Program

49.     Another important CAI-Asia program is the Public Health and Air Pollution in Asia
(PAPA) program 30 . The program started in 2002 aims to document and synthesize existing
research on health impacts of urban air pollution in Asia and build capacity of local scientists to
conduct health studies that are of direct use in the decision making process in the future. PAPA
is implemented by the Health Effects Institute (HEI) and is funded through a series of grants,
directly awarded to HEI.

                     5.         Other CAI-Asia Center Programs

50.    In addition to the three projects described above there are other projects where the CAI-
Asia Center will be involved as one of the implementing partners. These include:

             a.        Mitigating the Impacts of Air Pollution on Health, Economic Development
                       and Environment: Further Development of Regional and Global systems of
                       the Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum (GAPF).31 This Sida-funded project
                       has three main objectives/component: (i) Strengthening inter-governmental
                       networks at the regional scale ;(ii) Greater harmonization of technical
                       systems and information and assessment processes within and between
                       the regions and capacity building based on them; and (iii) Promoting
                       consensus among policy, scientific and NGO communities to underpin
                       emergence of regional, hemispheric and global action. The project is led by
                       UNEP, IUAPPA, and SEI. The CAI-Asia Center‟s main contribution to this
                       project in 2007-2008 will be the Second Governmental Meeting on Urban
                       Air Quality which it will co-organize with UNEP. Discussions are still
                       ongoing for other inputs to the project.

             b.        Air Pollution, Poverty and Health Effects in Ho Chi Minh City (APPH).32 This
                       project funded by ADB and implemented through a Letter of Agreement
                       with the Health Effects Institute (HEI) focuses on studying the linkages
                       between air pollution, health impacts and poverty in Ho Chi Minh City. The
                       CAI-Asia Center is expected to be involved in the awareness raising
                       component and an assessment how the research outcomes can be of
                       relevance to AQM policy in Ho Chin Minh City and in Viet Nam. A Letter of
                       Agreement is being drafted between ADB and the CAI-Asia Center.


30
    See http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/article-48844.html and http://www.healtheffects.org/Asia/papasan-
   home.htm
31
   For more information on GAPF, visit http://www.gapforum.org/.
32
   See http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/article-59500.html for a description of the APPH project.
                                                           CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                         CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                              Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

           a.        Risks and Adaptation from Climate Change in Biodiversity Corridors
                     Conservation Initiative (BCI) Pilot Sites in PRC, Thailand and Viet Nam.
                     This project, which is part of a large environmental program for the Greater
                     Mekong Sub-region (GMS) Core Environment Program (CEP) implemented
                     by the ADB, will assess the impact of Climate change as well as regional air
                     pollution on biodiversity, agricultural productivity, food security, forest
                     productivity and water resources. The climate change and regional air
                     pollution component that the CAI-Asia Center will be involved in will be
                     implemented by Murdoch University in Perth, Australia and the Stockholm
                     Environmental Institute.

           c.        Megacities in Asia: Climate Change and Air Pollution Outlook (MACAO).
                     This project, which has been submitted for funding to the European Union,
                     will focus on studying the effects of air pollutants and greenhouse gas
                     emissions from megacities on local-to-global air pollution and climate, as
                     well as the effect of changing global climate on regional and local air
                     pollution in selected cities. The contribution of the CAI-Asia Center would
                     be to provide data on urban air quality, development scenarios and air
                     quality management plans.

                    5) CAI-Asia Local Network Projects

51.     The CAI-Asia Center also supports its local networks in the development and
implementation of projects which support the business plans of the local networks. Currently the
following projects are under development or have been improved and are under development:

           a. China:

                      CITSAM Project

                The Chinese Improved Training System for Air Quality Management (CITSAM)
                Program will contribute to the goal of an improved AQM capacity in China by
                moving from the current ad hoc or project-based training delivery toward a more
                systematic, sustainable, and institutionalized training system. The program will
                be implemented by CAI-Asia in cooperation with the China State Environmental
                Protection Administration, Center for Environmental Education and
                Communication, Tsinghua University, and development partners. It will be
                implemented in two phases. Phase 1 is an 18-month period within which it is
                expected that “the AQM training system is developed and implementation is
                initiated.” In Phase 2, it is expected that “the AQM training system is fully
                implemented.” The program outputs are: (i) AQM training for senior officials of
                provinces and cities in China has been strengthened, (ii) Comprehensive AQM
                training system has been developed and translated into a SEPA regulation on
                training, and (iii) Technical training courses for AQM professionals have been
                developed and delivered. Italy and Norway have expressed interest in supporting
                the program while the US Environmental Protection Agency, the Air and Waste
                Management Association, and the World Bank Institute, have expressed
                willingness to provide technical support to the program.

                      Improving Air Quality Management in Selected Chinese Cities:
                       Transforming Knowledge into Action

                                                      CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                    CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                  Draft 16 July, 2007
                                    Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan



   The China State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA) and CAI-Asia
   established the CAI-Asia Project Office (CPO) in July 2005. The CPO is hosted
   by the Chinese Research Academy for Environmental Sciences (CRAES) in
   Beijing and its network of Chinese cities includes Changsha, Chengdu,
   Chongqing, Guiyang, Guangzhou, Harbin, Hangzhou, Lanzhou, Luoyang,
   Qingdao, Suzhou, Taiyuan, Tianjin, and Urumuqi. Activities for 2007 funded
   through the Energy Foundation and ADB include: (i) two AQM training courses: a
   basic AQM training course and an advanced training course on emission
   inventory with participants from the Environmental Protection Bureaus (EPBs)
   who are responsible for AQM in their cities; (ii) a workshop to disseminate best
   practices demonstrating improved air quality achieved through sustainable urban
   transport and other AQM measures; and (iii) two pilot projects on AQM and/or
   sustainable urban transport in selected cities. These activities are expected to be
   completed by December 2007. Energy Foundation has committed to fund CPO‟s
   activities in 2007 with a grant of $75,000.

         Policy Development Support Facility

   Research funds are available under the EU Policy Development Support Facility
   (PDSF) in China. CAI-Asia and the CAI-Asia China Project Office have started
   discussions with academic institutions and SEPA to come up with about 4 to 5
   policy research topics which SEPA can prioritize in its request to the EU for
   funding under the PDSF. Among the possible topics which are being discussed
   are: (i) emissions from shipping, which Europe and State of California, USA have
   started to work on, (ii) ozone and PM2.5 standards, or (iii) environmental impact of
   coal-to-liquid projects..

b. Philippines

         AQM Training for Cities in the Philippines

   The Partnership for Clean Air (PCA) and the League of Cities of the Philippines
   are developing a training program for city governments in the last quarter of 2007.
   The training will be conducted in two phases: (i) basic air quality management
   training to be administered to all 118 cities and subsequently, (ii) an in-depth
   training for selected cities on priority areas in the cities‟ AQM action plan
   formulated during the basic AQM training. For the second stage training, cities
   will be selected based on their commitment to pursue the program after training,
   their drive to become the pilot model for other cities, and the urgency to address
   the specific local air pollution concern. The Local Government Finance and
   Development (LOGOFIND) Project under the Department of Finance will provide
   the funding for this training program.

         Operationalizing Citizen’s Suit of the Philippine Clean Air Act

   The World Bank awarded the Partnership for Clean Air, Inc. (PCA) in the
   Philippines a grant of P480,000 (about US$10,000) to support the project on
   "Operationalizing the Citizen's Suit of the Clean Air Act." The project seeks to
   develop a mechanism for empowerment of civil society to use the citizen suit
   provision of the Philippine Clean Air Act. The project is expected to be completed

                                          CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                        CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                      Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                 Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

               by 31 December 2007. This grant is made as part of the 2007 Small Grants
               Program. At the end of the project, a copy of a draft Implementing Rules and
               Regulations for the Citizen‟s Suit Provision shall be approved by the Department
               of Transportation and Communication. In addition, at least 50 pilot cases of
               reported smoke-belching vehicles shall have undergone the mechanisms of
               Citizen‟s Suit developed by the project. A complete database of entries reported
               by civil society, number of Notices to Sue, and number of cases filed shall be part
               of the project completion report. Promotional materials will be printed and
               distributed to program partners. Educational primers will be printed to increase
               awareness of the public, especially those reported by citizens, on the health and
               environmental impact of air pollution from each specified sources (mobile,
               stationary or area).

                     Tricycle Management and Retrofit Project for Clean Air

               The “Tricycle Management and Retrofit Project for Clean Air” is being developed
               by Envirofit, a non-profit organization specializing in the retrofitting of 2-stroke
               engines, the Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities (CAI-Asia), and the Partnership
               for Clean Air (PCA to provide assistance to LGUs in addressing the air pollution
               problems associated with the increasing number of tricycles and continued
               proliferation of in-use 2-stroke tricycles. The activities of the project will focus on
               these major components – information and education campaign, capacity
               building for policy-making in LGUs and capacity building for tricycle operators,
               drivers, and their associations on technical aspects of preventive maintenance
               and improved tricycle operations, and pilot implementation of retrofitting in-use 2-
               stroke tricycles. The implementation of these components will focus on three pilot
               cities in Metro Manila which have yet to be selected. Program implementation will
               possibly start in the 4th Quarter of 2007 and run until the end of 3rd Quarter of
               2008. The Project will run for 1 year but can be replicated to other LGUs
               depending on the commitment of the Department of Transportation and
               Communication to provide support and the commitment of LGUs to address the
               problem with respect to tricycles. The possible sources of funding for this project
               are: (i) Road Board Funds from the Department of Transportation and
               Communication, and (ii) a grant from the Petroleum Institute of the Philippines.

52.     In addition to the projects in China and the Philippines the CAI-Asia Center is also
actively discussing with the Pakistan Clean Air Network (PCAN), its local network in Pakistan,
on the development of projects. Initial discussions have also started on the development of a
project in Mongolia where the CAI-Asia Center is planning to set up a local network in the
coming year. It is hoped that the examples of China and the Philippines will inspire the
remaining local networks to initiate the development of joint projects with the CAI-Asia Center.


       V. CAI-Asia Resource Mobilization

               A.     Funding of CAI-Asia Center

                      1)      Program and Project Funding

53.      The bulk of funding for the CAI-Asia Center comes from programs and projects which
are fully, or partially implemented by the CAI-Asia Center. Table 2 gives an overview of: (i) Core

                                                       CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                     CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                     Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                         Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

projects implemented by the CAI-Asia Center, (ii) projects where the CAI-Asia Center is a co-
implementer, and (iii) projects which are implemented by, or in support of, CAI-Asia local
networks.

                                               Table 2
                                Project Funding for the CAI-Asia Center

Name project                  Donor               Amount                    Duration             Status
A. Core Projects implemented by CAI-Asia Center
Sustainable Urban          ADB-Sida          $ 2,000,000                         3 years           Approved,
Mobility in Asia                                                                                     under
                                                                                                 implementation
Strengthening the use of       ADB             $ 500,000                         2 years             Under
ICT in AMQ                                                                                        development
(M3) Climate Change           Norway          $1,554,000                         3 years            Proposal
Mitigation, Energy                                                                                 submitted
Management, and Air
Quality Management
B. Projects with CAI-Asia as co-implementing organization
APPH                           ADB             $100,000                         6 months             Under
                                                                                                  development
MACAO                            European               $ 170,000                4 years            Proposal
                                  Union                                                            submitted
                                                                   33
GAPF                               Sida                $ 130,000                 3 years           Approved,
                                                                                                      under
                                                                                                 implementation
            34
Paramount                        European                $ 70,000                3 years           Approved,
                                  Union                                                               under
                                                                                                 implementation
Climate Change                   ADB-GMS                 $ 50,000                2 years         Approved, sub-
Implementation                                                                                    contract with
Framework                                                                                           Murdoch
                                                                                                   University
                                                                                                      under
                                                                                                   discussion
C. CAI-Asia local network projects
        35
CITSAM                       Norway                    $ 1,000,000             18 months              Under
                                                                                                   development
Tricycle Project                Philippines            $ 1,000,000               3 years              Under
            36
Philippines                     Road User                                                          development
                                   Fund
Implementing the                World Bank               $ 10,000                 1 year           Approved,
Citizen‟s suit in the                                                                                under
            37
Philippines                                                                                      implementation
AQM Training for local          LOGOFIND                   Tbd                    1 year             Under
governments in the                                                                                development

33
   This is the planed budget for the development of the Long term vision on improved air quality in Asian Cities and
   the second governmental meeting on urban air quality in Asia.
34
   The funds for the project do not flow through the CAI-Asia Center but are managed by an EU contractor who
   actively coordinates with the CAI-Asia Center on the use of funds.
35
   The majority of the funds will not flow through the CAI-Asia Center but be disbursed directly by the donor
   organizations.
36
   The majority of the funds will not flow through the CAI-Asia Center but be disbursed directly by the donor
   organizations
37
   Funding goes directly to PCA, the CAI-Asia local network in the Philippines
                                                             CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                           CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                                 Draft 16 July, 2007
                                               Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

Name project               Donor         Amount                Duration          Status
Philippines
Improving Air Quality         Energy           $ 75,000             1 year          Approved
Management in Selected      Foundation
Chinese Cities:
Transforming Knowledge
into Action
Policy Development          European       About $ 250,000           Tbd             Under
Support Facility             Union                                                development
(China)


54.     Under these projects, especially the larger ones, funds will be passed on by the CAI-
Asia Center as sub-grants to other organizations that are involved with the implementation of
the project. Under the SUMA project, for example, there will be at least 5 sub-grants.

55.    The CAI-Asia Center charges an administrative fee for project implementation, which in
most cases is 15% of funds covering activities directly implemented by the CAI-Asia Center and
5% for sub-grants passing through the CAI-Asia Center.

                      2)      Membership fees from Private Sector and other organizations

56.     The CAI-Asia Center also has income from private sector and other members. Currently
these include:

                      a.      Shell, $ 50,000 per year
                      b.      Corning, $ 12,500 per year
                      c.      ACFA, $ 15,000 per year

57.     In the past CAI-Asia was supported by a larger number of private sector members and
efforts will be made to increase the number of private sector members again now that the
organizational restructuring of CAI-Asia has been completed.

       B.      Budget July 2007 – December 2008

58.     The budget for the period June 2007 – December 2008 is $ 3,143,000, (see table 3).
The budget will be modified, in case one or more projects will not be approved, or if additional
projects are added to the business plan for the period July 2007 – December 2008. The Board
of Trustees will be informed through quarterly narrative and financial reports.

59.     The CAI-Asia Center will adopt a system of a rolling budget framework. This will ensure
that the CAI-Asia Center always has a budgeting horizon of at least 18 months.

                  In December 2007 the budget will be updated and the running time will be
                   extended to December 2009.
                  In June 2008, the budget will be revised as required but the running time of
                   the budget will remain to be up to December 2009
                  In December 2008, the budget will be updated and the running time will be
                   extended to December 2010.




                                                     CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                   CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                 Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                      Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan



                                                Table 3
                                       CAI-Asia Center Budget
                                      July 2007 – December 2008
                                             (‘000 USD)38

                                                      AUGUST 2007 - DECEMBER 2008
                                                 3                                                    39
 0                               SUMA        M        ICT  GAPF      APPH   CC                 IB-S        Total


 A. Remuneration                   349       175      177       37.5        25        15        130         955

 B. Travel and Per Diem             35       76        8         10          5       2.5         7          184
 C. Trainings, Workshops,
 Meetings and Seminars              20       175       6         46         50        25         19         250
 D. Sub-Grants                    1,179      235       0                                          -        1,459
 E. Equipments                      11       10        34                                        51         119
 F. Miscellaneous                   28       30        9                     5                   93         176
 G. Administration Fee             121       124       41       16.5        15       7.5
 TOTAL                            1,743      825      275        110       100        50        300        3,143


60.     CAI-Asia Center will in addition to the two year budget also provide on a regular basis a
forecast of available resources beyond the two year budget horizon. This to monitor the medium
term financial sustainability of the organization

        C.        Resource mobilization

61.    The expected funding level is about $ 3,143,00 for the first eighteen months ( 54 %
funds disbursed directly by the CAI-Asia Center and 46% sub-grants to cooperating
organizations). For the CAI-Asia Center to grow in a sustainable manner it is planned to have a
grow of about 15-20% per year, while ensuring that at least 40% of the budget is allocated to
sub-grants.

62.     Other indicators for the financial health of the CAI-Asia Center are:

                    The number of organizations contributing program and project funding to the
                     CAI-Asia Center. It is expected that for July – 2007 – December 2008 this will
                     be 3-4. This number should be increased to 4-5.
                    The number of projects implemented by the CAI-Asia Center over the next
                     eighteen months is 5-6. This number should be in the range of 5-7.
                    The number of members from the private sector and other organizations
                     paying an annual membership fee is expected to be 3 for the coming 12
                     months. This should be increased to 5-7. The emphasis in soliciting
                     membership fees will be on multi-year commitments and untied funds. The
38
   This budget only includes projects which have been approved or which are expected to be approved and funds
   which flow through the CAI-Asia Center
39
   IB-S stands for Institution Building and Support and is funded mainly from contributions from private sector
   members to the CAI-Asia Center
                                                            CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                          CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                             Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                          Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

                         possibility of endowments will be considered and proposed to possible
                         funding organizations.

63.     The sustainability of CAI-Asia Center will be determined by the level of funding it will be
able to generate for its local networks. To ensure that this is monitored it will become part of the
regular monitoring to the BoT. Fundraising for projects implemented through local networks will
be conducted jointly with the local networks. In 2007 and 2008 fundraising activities will focus on
India and on some of the smaller local networks.

64.   The Better Air Quality (BAQ) 2008 workshop is considered as separate project in the
CAI-Asia Center accounts and calls for separate fund raising activities40. The tentative budget,
based on previous workshops and initial assessment of indicative costs of BAQ 2008 in
Bangkok is about $ 500,000 - $ 650,000. Thai government has indicated possible funding of
$200,000, UN-ESCAP a possible contribution of $ 50,000 and the CAI-Asia Center is planning
$150,000 from the M3 project as a contribution to the costs of BAQ 2008.

VI.        Kong Ha Air Quality Management Award

65.    The CAI-Asia Center will be responsible for the administration of the Kong Ha award
which has been established by the CAI-Asia Partnership in memory of Kong Ha, the third
chairperson of CAI-Asia who died in April 2007. The award, which will be awarded once every
two years, in conjunction with the BAQ workshops will honor persons or organizations that have
made special contributions to the cause of AQM in Asia. The CAI-Asia Center will set up an
awards committee chaired by the previous Chairperson of CAI-Asia, Dr. Supat
Wangwongwatana, who was one of the four recipients of the 2006 AQM Champion awards. The
award will be handed out for the first time at BAQ 2008.

VII.       Reporting

66.        The CAI-Asia Center will submit different types of reports:

                    A.      Reporting to donor organizations
                                 Narrative and financial reports as specified in the Letter of
                                  Agreements or contracts with the concerned donors. In most
                                  cases this will be based on project specific log-frame and project
                                  budgets. Approval will be sought from the donor organizations that
                                  the narrative reports for projects implemented by the CAI-Asia
                                  Center are posted on the CAI-Asia website on special web-pages
                                  created for these projects.

                    B.      Reporting to Board of Trustees
                                 Quarterly narrative reports based on Outputs of CAI-Asia Center,
                                  and summary of project implementation. After approval of the
                                  reports by the BoT these quarterly reports will be posted on the
                                  CAI-Asia website.
                                 Quarterly financial report covering overall finances of the
                                  organization. After approval of the reports by the BoT these
                                  quarterly reports will be posted on the CAI-Asia website.


40
     The BAQ 2008 workshop will be included in the CAI-Asia Center budget in the December 2007 revision.
                                                              CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                            CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                                Draft 16 July, 2007
                            Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

C.   Reporting to Members
          Annual narrative report based on Goal, Outcome and Outputs of
           the Organization
          (Audited) financial report plus updated budget for subsequent
           years. After approval by the BoT and the external auditor this
           report will also be posted on the CAI-Asia website.




                                   CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                 CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                               Draft 16 July, 2007
                                            Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

                                   Attachment 1
                             Membership CAI-Asia Center41



CAI-Asia Center Members

                   Name                              Designation
Jiming Hao                                  Chairperson, BoT
Charles Melhuish                            Treasurer
Cornelius R.H.M. Huizenga                   Interim Executive Director
Elisea Gozun                                Member, BoT
Daniel Greenbaum                            Member, BoT
Francis Estrada                             Member, BoT
Shreekant Gupta                             Member, BoT
Member Candidates
Sida
Asian Clean Fuels Association (ACFA)
Shell
Corning Incorporated




41
     As per 15 July 2007
                                                   CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                 CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                               Draft 16 July, 2007
                                               Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

                                        Attachment 2
                            Organogram and CAI-Asia Center Staffing

                                       2 A. Organogram42




42
     As oper 15 July 2007
                                                      CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                    CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                  Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                             Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

                                      2 B. CAI-Asia Center Staffing List43

                                              Name                                Designation


                                                       A. Management
                                              Cornie Huizenga Interim Executive Director
                                                 Sophie Punte Deputy Executive Director

                                        B. Finance Administrative Services Division
                                                          N.N. Head
                                                  Agatha Diaz Senior Administrative
                                                               Assistant
                                              Gianina Panopio Administrative Assistant
                                               Jerey Estrada44 Accounts

                                    C. Strategic Linkages/Capacity Building Division
                                              Glynda Bathan Head Strategic
                                                              Linkages/Capacity Building
                                                              Division
                                          C. Knowledge Management Division
                                                 Michael Co Head Knowledge
                                                              Management Division
                                               D. Service Delivery Division
                                              Air Quality Management Unit
                                        May Antoniette Ajero Air Quality Management Unit
                                                              Head
                                                         Transport Unit
                                                 Herbert Fabian Transport Unit Head
                                                  Aurora Ables Transport Specialist
                                                    Stationary Source Unit
                                                            NN




43
     Expected initial staffing list
44
     This position is part of the contract with the external accounting company
                                                                CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                              CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                                Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                                Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

                                                      Attachment 3

                                        Logical Frameworks of Key Projects

                                 SUMA DESIGN AND MONITORING FRAMEWORK

 Design                                Performance               Data Sources/Reporting           Assumptions
Summary                              Targets/Indicators               Mechanisms                     and Risks
Impact                                                                                       Assumption
Air pollution levels have           Improvements up to           CAI-Asia, UNEP, eKH        AQM and SUT
stabilized in major Asian            10% in air quality                                         sufficiently prioritized
cities with some cities              trends for SO2, TSP,                                       by local and national
improving air quality for            PM10 compared to                                           governments
selected parameters                  2005
                                    Stabilization of current                                Risk
                                     levels of NOx and O3                                     Lack of coordination
                                     at 2005 levels               Global Road Safety           among development
                                    Road safety,                  Partnership national         agencies in supporting
                                     congestion, and               and local-level policy       urban AQM and SUT
                                     access to transport for       documents                    in Asia
                                     the poor, women, the
                                     elderly, and children
                                     integrated in AQM and
                                     SUT policies and
                                     programs
Outcome                                                                                      Assumptions
Better integration of AQM          AQM capability of             CAI-Asia benchmarking      Development
and     SUT      into     the       Asian cities improved          study of urban AQM           agencies other than
strategies,         policies,       (as defined in CAI-            capabilities                 ADB take an active
programs, and projects of           Asia‟s benchmarking           Policy documents and         interest in AQM and
DMCs          and           of      study)                         survey by the CAI-Asia       SUT
development        agencies       Status and importance           secretariat with inputs    Local and national
such as ADB                         of AQM and SUT                 from local CAI-Asia          governments prioritize
                                    increased in policy            networks                     AQM and SUT
                                    documents of DMCs
                                    and development                                           Risks
                                    agencies on the                                           Limited absorption
                                    environment,                                                 capacity in Asian
                                    transport, energy, and        CAI-Asia compendium           cities and countries for
                                    urban development              of AQM programs and           increased AQM and
                                  More AQM and SUT                projects in Asia and          SUT assistance
                                   activities supported by         CSPs and CSPUs for
                                   ADB as well as other            the period beyond 2006
                                   bilateral and
                                   multilateral agencies
                                   than in 2000–2004
                                  Desirability and
                                   feasibility of an ADB-
                                   wide Sustainable
                                   Transport Initiative
                                   (STI) to be established
                                   by August 2007




                                                                  CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                                   Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                           Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

 Design                            Performance              Data Sources/Reporting             Assumptions
Summary                          Targets/Indicators              Mechanisms                      and Risks
Outputs                         An effective AQM              CAI-Asia website and       Assumption
1.    AQM      and   SUT         information system             AMIS documents             Local, national and
knowledge management             (AMIS) established in                                       regional groups
                         a
system institutionalized         cooperation with                                            acknowledge the
at the regional, national        UNEP and other                                              priority of knowledge
and local levels                 programs, such as the                                       management and
                                 RAPIDC Program                                              make regular
                                CAI-Asia website              User statistics              information available.
                                 users increased by at
                                 least 25% and                                             Risk
                                 feedback from users                                       Development
                                 remains positive.                                            agencies are
                                AQM and SUT                   11 country fact sheets        confronted with
                                 decision makers and            and 4–6 CAI-Asia              conflicting priorities,
                                 ADB staff receive              newsletters                   and environmental
                                 regular information on                                       priorities are reduced.
                                 AQM and SUT in the
                                 form of country fact
                                 sheets and
                                 newsletters and have
                                 increased awareness
                                 on AQM and SUT.
                                At least three studies       Final reports on
                                 on AQM and SUT are            studies conducted
                                 undertaken
2. Increased number and         Minimum of 10 small-          Proposal and              Assumption
strengthened                     scale interventions in         documents                  Priority for urban AQM
implementation of AQM            support of AQM and             summarizing results          reflected in DMC
and SUT activities in            SUT approved and                                            policy documents and
DMCs and development             successfully                                                strategy documents of
agencies                         implemented                                                 development
                                10 concept papers to          Concept papers               agencies, primarily
                                 identify new AQM-                                           ADB, and key
                                 and SUT-related                                             countries and cities in
                                 programs formulated                                         CAI-Asia network
                                 and endorsed by the
                                 main stakeholders                                        Risks
                                Minimum of three full-        Pre-feasibility studies    Government‟s
                                 fledged pre-feasibility                                     unwillingness to
                                 studies on SUT                                              allocate funds for
                                 investment projects                                         implementing
                                 successfully                                                proposals or to
                                 completed and                                               borrow funds for “soft”
                                 submitted for funding                                       AQM and SUT
                                Specialized inputs            Requests for                 projects that show no
                                 made to minimum of             assistance and               direct and tangible
                                 five ongoing                   project reports              financial return
                                 sustainable transport                                     Weak interagency
                                 projects                                                    institutional capacity
                                                                                             and lack of incentives
                                                                                             to implement
                                                                                             complex, multisector
                                                                                             projects that make
                                                                                             only marginal
                                                             CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                           CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                               Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                             Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

Design                              Performance               Data Sources/Reporting              Assumptions
Summary                           Targets/Indicators               Mechanisms                      and Risks
                                                                                               contributions to the
                                                                                               core institutional
                                                                                               mandates
3. Capacity for AQM and          CATNet-Asia                    Revised structure and     Assumptions
SUT enhanced                      strengthened and                business plan and          Agreement among
                                  functioning as                  MoUs with training           partners on
                                  regional coordinator            organizations                prioritization of
                                  on AQM and SUT                                               training topics,
                                  training                       Training records             methodology, and
                                 40 master trainers                                           delivery structures
                                  trained and at least                                       Trained persons
                                  100 trainers                   Curricula, teaching          remain long enough in
                                 At least 4 training             materials, training          their jobs to
                                  courses developed               records                      implement what they
                                  and delivered for at                                         have learned.
                                  least 800 participants
                                  in training courses
4. Networking for AQM            Regional coordination          Regional coordination     Assumption
and SUT strengthened at           mechanisms for AQM              meetings and MOUs          Stakeholders at
the regional, national, and       and SUT enhanced                                             regional, national and
local levels                     At least six CAI-Asia          Local network                local levels willing to
                                  local networks                  strategies and               cooperate
                                  institutionalized with          business plans and
                                  substantial SUT                 MoUs with local           Risk
                                  component                       networks                    Sustainability of
                                 SUSTRAN„s role as                                              national and local
                                  virtual thematic               SUSTRAN activity               networks is limited
                                  network on SUT in               record                         due to dependence
                                  Asia has been                                                  on external donor
                                  strengthened.                                                  support
                                 Virtual BRT network
                                  for Asia has been              Network description,
                                  developed and                   membership list and
                                  formalized and is               activity record
                                  functioning.
5. Policies for AQM and          SUT and air quality            Minutes of meetings,      Assumption
SUT       developed   at          policies have been              policy documents           Regional
regional, national, and           integrated in the                                            organizations are
local levels                      regional policy                                              willing to coordinate
                                  discussions initiated                                        CAI-Asia Center AQM
                                  or coordinated by                                            and SUT activities and
                                  UNESCAP, UNCRD,                                              have capacity to
                                  ASEAN, AWGESC,                                               actively engage in and
                                  SAARC and other                                              participate in relevant
                                  groups                                                       meetings and CAI-
                                 Minimum of two                 National and city-level      Asia Center follow-up.
                                  national and at least           strategies
                                  three city-level policy
                                  initiatives where the
                                  TA has promoted the
                                  integration of SUT
                                  and air quality policies
                                  in an integrated policy
                                  framework
                                                               CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                             CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                                 Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                            Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

Design                             Performance               Data Sources/Reporting             Assumptions
Summary                          Targets/Indicators               Mechanisms                      and Risks
6.    Concept for ADB‟s          Draft concept paper           Draft concept paper      Assumption
involvement    in   SUT           outlining rationale,                                     DMC stakeholders
developed and discussed           objectives, and                                            maintain increased
                                  functioning of ADB                                         interest in SUT
                                  STI developed by
                                  March 2007                                              Risk
                                 Consensus building            Workshop designs,         Regional departments
                                  process among ADB              website, workshop           in ADB have adequate
                                  and regional                   reports, country            capacity to initiate
                                  stakeholders                   consultations               sustainable transport
                                  designed and                                               activities.
                                  implemented by July
                                  2007
7. Program coordination,         CAI-Asia Secretariat          CAI-Asia Secretariat
monitoring, and evaluation        strengthened to                structure
mechanisms      developed         coordinate
and implemented                   implementation of TA
I.                               Program coordination          Meeting documents
                                  forum meetings                 and minutes
                                  conducted on
                                  biannual basis
                                 Regular meetings with         Meeting documents
                                  relevant communities           and minutes
                                  of practice in ADB
                                 Independent external          Evaluation TOR and
                                  reviews of TA                  reports
                                  activities after year 1
                                  and at end of the
                                  Project carried out.          Financial and
                                 Reporting to external          progress reports
                                  aid agencies carried
                                  out in a timely manner

Activities with Milestones
                                                                     a
1. AQM and SUT knowledge management system institutionalized at the regional,
    national, and local levels with extensive use of web based communications
         1.1 Establish eKH in coordination with UNEP and other programs, such as
             RAPIDC Program
         1.2 Design and implement follow up of AQM capability benchmarking study
             to assess progress in establishing AQM capabilities in Asian cities
         1.3 Restructure CAI-Asia website to improve access and usability and
             strengthen linkage with ADB knowledge management system
         1.4 Compose country fact sheets on AQM status and programs for local
             decision makers and ADB staff
         1.5 Develop, produce, and distribute 4–6 CAI-Asia newsletters to about 750
             relevant stakeholders
        1.6 Conduct at least three studies. Possible topics include: (a) integration of
             air quality planning, land-use planning and sustainable transport
             planning; (b) modernization of public transport and public-private
             partnerships for SUT systems completed; (c) carbon saving from SUT
             completed; (d) potential of cycling and other forms of NMT as
             contribution to sustainable transport and AQM; and (e) guidelines for
             social assessment of urban transport
         1.7 Agree on a framework of cooperation or distribution of labor among
                                                              CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                            CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                               Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                         Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

Design                             Performance             Data Sources/Reporting          Assumptions
Summary                          Targets/Indicators             Mechanisms                  and Risks
              partner organizations on knowledge generation and management for
              AQM and SUT
2.   Increased number and strengthened implementation of AQM and SUT
     activities in DMCs and development agencies
          2.1 Approve and review a minimum of 10 small-scale interventions in
               support of AQM and SUT
          2.2 Approve and review 10 concept papers to identify new AQM- and SUT-
               related programs
          2.3 Approve and review a minimum of three full-fledged pre-feasibility
               studies on SUT investment projects
          2.4 Approve and oversee inputs to a minimum of five ongoing sustainable
               transport projects
          2.5 Develop and disseminate mainstreaming note on AQM and SUT in
               development agencies with special emphasis on ADB
          2.6 Conduct AQM and SUT briefings for regional departments in ADB with
               an AQM and SUT portfolio and a minimum of 3 brown bag seminars
          2.7 Develop an AQM and SUT briefing package for use in other
               development agencies.
3.       Capacity for AQM and SUT enhanced
          3.1 Strengthen coordination of CATNet-Asia to improve quantity and
               quality of AQM and SUT training in Asia
          3.2 Develop and conduct training of trainers and follow-up training in CAI-
               Asia member countries
          3.3 Conduct SUT workshops as part of BAQ 2006
4.   Networking for AQM and SUT strengthened at the regional, national, and local
     levels
         4.1 Organize regional coordination meetings with AQM and SUT initiatives
              and programs in Asia
         4.2 Promote cooperation through MoUs with regional AQM and SUT
              programs to strengthen coordination
         4.3 Organize capacity-building workshops aimed at assisting CAI-Asia local
              networks in incorporating and implementing a SUT component in its
              strategies and business plans
         4.4 Develop and implement a capacity-building program to strengthen
              SUSTRAN‟s role as the virtual thematic network on SUT in Asia
         4.5 Develop a BRT network connecting organizations and cities with BRT
              activities
5.   Policies for AQM and SUT developed at regional, national, and local levels
         5.1 Conduct regional policy discussions on SUT and AQM with UNESCAP,
              UNCRD, ASEAN, AWGESC, SAARC, and other groups
         5.2 Conduct a minimum of two national and at least three city-level policy
              initiatives where the TA has promoted the integration of SUT and air
              quality policies in a policy framework
         5.3 Promote the introduction of AQM activities in cities that until now have
              no or only partial AQM systems
         5.4 Conduct policy dialogue with key decision makers in 5–7 countries
         5.5 Use policy dialogue results and other information sources in providing
              inputs into a minimum of four ADB country partnership strategy (CPS)
              reports
         5.6 Prepare a co-benefits mainstreaming note that promotes a combined
              approach to climate change mitigation and urban AQM
         5.7 Promote the development and/or updating of AQM and SUT strategies
              in partnership between local CAI-Asia networks and development
              agency members of CAI-Asia

                                                              CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                            CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                           Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                            Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

Design                              Performance               Data Sources/Reporting                Assumptions
Summary                           Targets/Indicators               Mechanisms                        and Risks
6. Concept for ADB‟s involvement in SUT developed and discussed
        6.1 Review SUT activities of ADB, other development agencies as well as
            of ADB DMCs
        6.2 Review developments in SUT in terms of technology and policies
        6.3 Assess and clarify the conceptual linkages between SUT, AQM, and
            energy efficiency
        6.4 Write STI paper
        6.5 Conduct consultations within ADB and in DMCs on desirability and
            feasibility of ADB STI concept
7. Program coordination, monitoring and evaluation mechanisms developed and
    implemented
        7.1 Strengthen CAI-Asia secretariat‟s capacity to coordinate implementation
            of the TA
        7.2 Organize Program Coordination Forum meetings on a biannual basis
        7.3 Organize regular meetings with relevant communities of practice in ADB
        7.4 Conduct a follow-up evaluation survey on CAI-Asia with the clear
            objective to establish future AQM priorities
        7.5 Conduct two external reviews of the TA
        7.6 Undertake timely financial and progress reporting to external aid
            agencies and within ADB
        7.7 Develop detailed guidelines for feasibility studies


               ADB = Asian Development Bank, AMIS = AQM information system, AQM = air quality management, ASEAN
    = Association of Southeast Asian Nations, AWGESC = ASEAN Working Group on Environmentally Sustainable Cities,
    BRT = Bus Rapid Transit, CAI-Asia = Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities, CATNet-Asia = Clean Air Training Network
    for Asia, CSP = country strategy and program, CSPU = country strategy and program update DMC = developing
    member country, eKH = environment knowledge hub, MOU = memorandum of understanding, NMT = nonmotorized
    transport, NOx = nitrogen oxide, O3 = ozone PM10 = particulate matter less than 10 microns in diameter, RAPIDC =
    regional air pollution in developing countries, RSES = Environment and Social Safeguard Division, SAARC = South
    Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, SO2 = sulfur dioxide, STI = Sustainable Transport Initiative, SUSTRAN =
    Sustainable Transport Action Network for Asia and the Pacific, SUT = sustainable urban transport, , TA = technical
    assistance, TOR = terms of reference, TSP = total suspended particulate, UNCRD = United Nations Center for
    Regional Development, UNEP = United Nations Environment Program, UNESCAP = United Nations Economic and
    Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific.
    a
       Institutionalized means that a long-term solution has been developed with respect to who will be responsible for
       information collection on AQM at the regional level in Asia




                                                                CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                              CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                                   Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                          Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

                                            M3 - Logical Framework

 Design                    Performance                     Data Sources/Reporting      Assumptions
Summary                    Targets/Indicators              Mechanisms                  and Risks
Impact
Asian countries and        National and local AQM          CAI-Asia and its local
cities will increasingly   programs and projects on        networks, Ministries of
address air pollution,     energy planning, AQM and        Environment in the
energy and climate         climate change mitigation in    different countries, UNEP
change problems in an      Asia are increasingly           and other development
integrated manner.         interconnected                  agency partners with
                                                           AQM projects

                           Investments in energy           CAI-Asia compendium of
                           infrastructure in Asia          AQM programs and
                           increasingly reflect linkage    projects in Asia and
                           to the AQ and Climate           supporting reports from
                           Change agenda                   development agencies for
                                                           the period beyond 2007
Outcome                                                                                Assumptions
Policymakers in Asia       At a regional level decision    CAI-Asia website            Development agencies
are better equipped to     makers in Asia show a           Workshop Reports            including ADB take an
deal with air pollution,   greater awareness of the        News paper articles         active interest in AQM
energy and climate         value of the importance of
change issues in an        cobenefits approach to                                      Local and national
integrated manner.         AQM, energy planning and                                    governments prioritize
                           climate change mitigation.                                  AQM and climate change

                           At least 3 cities or sub-       Country Synthesis           Risk
                           regions in the recipient        Reports (CSR) on Urban      Development agencies
                           countries or regions of the     AQM in Asia.                are confronted with
                           projects have adopted or                                    conflicting priorities, and
                           formulated formal policies                                  environmental priorities
                           which reflect an integrated                                 are reduced.
                           approach to AQM, Climate
                           Change Mitigation and                                       Emerging acceptance of
                           Energy planning.                                            cobenefits approach is not
                                                                                       maintained
Outputs                    Emerging technical and          CAI-Asia knowledge           Assumption
1 Asian knowledge          scientific understanding and    products and publications   Local, national and
base on inter-linkages     knowledge on climate                                        regional groups
between climate            change, energy and air                                      acknowledge the value of
change, energy and air     pollution issues and their                                  improved knowledge
quality management         inter-linkages has been                                     management and make
has been improved          translated for easy                                         information available on
                           understanding of policy                                     regular basis.
                           makers and general public.

                           Norwegian knowledge base        Workshop reports, CAI-      CAI-Asia Center can
                           on climate change, air          Asia knowledge products     mobilize additional
                           quality and energy and their    and publications and        resources from a project
                           inter-linkages has been         letters/emails from CAI-    (Korean Fund) to
                           transferred to wider            Asia members                implement knowledge
                           community in Asia.                                          management and ICT on
                                                                                       AQM project
                           An effective and improved       CAI-Asia website
                                                              CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                            CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                            Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                               Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

Design                     Performance                          Data Sources/Reporting        Assumptions
Summary                    Targets/Indicators                   Mechanisms                    and Risks
                           AQM information system,
                           incorporating climate
                           change has been
                           incorporated in the CAI-Asia
                           website.
2. Capacity Building to    At least two Integrated              Curricula, teaching           Assumption
address climate change     training modules addressing          materials, training records
mitigation, energy         climate change, energy and                                         Resources for e-learning
planning and air quality   air pollution in Asia are                                          and distance learning
management in an           developed and made                                                 courses are available e.g.
integrated manner has      available to CAI-Asia                                              under new CAI-Asia ICT
been initiated.            training programs and                                              and Knowledge
                           interested parties.                                                Management Project.

                           Training modules have been           Workshop agenda and
                           tested in at least 2 relevant        proceedings, participants
                           side events to regional              lists
                           meetings or workshops

                           E-learning course on                 CAI-Asia and partner
                           modules addressing climate           websites
                           change, energy and air
                           pollution in Asia has been
                           developed and delivered

3. CAI-Asia Network        Database of contacts of AQ           CAI-Asia website, network     Risks
has been expanded to         managers working on energy         description, membership       Sustainability of national
include better               and stationary sources             list and activity record      and local networks is
representation from          related issues.                                                  limited due to dependence
Asian Energy and           Increased participation of
                                                                                              on external donor support
Climate Change               private sector (energy and         BAQ 2008 participants
constituencies.              industries) in CAI-Asia            list, workshop                Private sector
                             activities including the Better    proceedings                   (manufacturing and
                             Air Quality Workshop (BAQ)                                       energy industries)
                             2008 and at least two other                                      unwilling to share
                             related forums.                                                  information often
                                                                                              considered „confidential‟
                                                                                              and unwilling to
                                                                                              participate in CAI-Asia
                                                                                              activities.
4. Integrated policy       A Regional Strategic                 Stakeholder consultation      Assumption
concepts addressing        Framework to manage                  records, CAI-Asia website     Regional organizations
AQM, energy                climate change, air pollution                                      are willing to coordinate
management and             and energy issues in an                                            with CAI-Asia Center on
climate change             integrated manner has been                                         Energy and Climate
mitigation have been       developed, discussed and                                           Change issues
developed at regional,     disseminated
national, and local                                                                           Authorities in recipient
levels.                    Main co-benefit principles           Long Term Vision              countries provide active
                           are integrated in the “Long          document                      contribution to project
                           term vision for improved air                                       implementation
                           quality in Asian cities”,
                           under preparation for the                                          Risks
                           second governmental                                                National/local

                                                                CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                              CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                                   Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                               Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

Design                     Performance                          Data Sources/Reporting      Assumptions
Summary                    Targets/Indicators                   Mechanisms                  and Risks
                           meeting on urban air quality                                    governments are
                           in Asia.                                                        confronted with conflicting
                                                                                           priorities, and
                           Clean Air Act formulation in         Draft legislation          environmental priorities
                           Viet Nam has been initiated                                     are reduced.
                           and initial drafts reflect inter-
                           linkages between climate                                        Change in political
                           change mitigation, energy                                       leadership leading to
                           planning and air quality                                        change in priorities.
                           management

                           National AQM Action Plan             Publication Action plan,
                           for Western China,                   workshop proceedings
                           demonstrating inter-linkages         and provincial and city
                           between climate change               policy documents
                           mitigation, energy planning
                           and air quality management
                           has been developed and
                           agreed upon by major
                           stakeholders.

                           City level AQM policy                Policy documents
                           concept in Kanpur,India
                           reflecting inter-linkages
                           between climate change
                           mitigation, energy planning
                           and air quality management
                           has been developed and
                           disseminated

                           Project has contributed              Project records
                           short term policy guidance
                           in at least 5 cases following
                           requests

Activities with Milestones                                                                  Inputs
2. Knowledge Management
        1.1      To study new literature on co-benefits and summarize in more               Norwegian Ministry of
             accessible manner                                                              Foreign Affairs (MFA)
        1.2      To update CAI-Asia website in a regular manner with materials              channeled through the
             reflecting inter-linkages between Energy planning and management;              Norwegian Embassy in
             climate change mitigation and AQM ;                                            Bangkok
        1.3      To synthesize relevant Norwegian knowledge base and knowledge               NOK 9 million
             products on energy planning and management; climate change
             mitigation and AQM and disseminate through CAI-Asia website,                  Norwegian Partners
             network and relevant meeting and fora                                         (NILU, CICERO and SFT)
        1.4      To synthesize relevant US-EPA and AWMA knowledge base and                  technical expertise
             knowledge products on energy planning and management; climate                     and knowledge
             change mitigation and AQM and disseminate through CAI-Asia                        products
             website, network and relevant meeting and fora
        1.5      To strengthen the CAI-Asia website with respect to energy and             USEPA and AWMA
             stationary sources of air pollution as well as climate change materials;       staff time and
        1.6      To document projects, discussions and studies that adopt the                 technical expertise
             cobenefits approach of reducing air pollution and saving carbon from

                                                                CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                              CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                                 Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                         Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

Design                     Performance                     Data Sources/Reporting        Assumptions
Summary                    Targets/Indicators              Mechanisms                    and Risks
             energy (and industry) sector;                                               CAI-Asia Center
       1.7      To develop, in cooperation with CAI-Asia Knowledge and ICT                staff time and other in-
             project new and innovate manners to disseminate co-benefits                    kind contribution
             information

3. Capacity Building
      2.1 To develop training modules which address climate change, energy
            and air pollution in Asia in an integrated manner.
      2.2 To conduct two side events to test training modules developed
      2.3 To disseminate training materials developed and encourage their use
            in e.g. CAI-Asia AQM training program in China as well as by other
            groups
      2.4 To integrate training materials developed in pilot e-learning course
            developed under CAI-Asia Knowledge and ICT program

3.   Networking
        3.1 To carry out an institutional mapping of organizations, institutions,
             persons and projects working on energy and stationary sources at
             regional level in Asia and in-depth for selected member countries of
             CAI-Asia and document on CAI-Asia website
        3.2 To organize in coordination with CAI-Asia local networks periodic round
             tables on the integration of Climate Change mitigation, energy planning
             and management and AQM
        3.3 To organize Better Air Quality Workshop (2008) that will bring together
             AQ managers and stakeholders working on energy and stationary
             sources related issues.

4.   Policy Dialogues
        4.1 To develop Regional Strategic Framework to promote integrated
              management of Climate Change mitigation, energy and AQ.
        4.2 To conduct stakeholder consultations on the draft Regional Strategic
              Framework
        4.3 To provide technical assistance to Viet Nam in drafting of Viet Nam
              Clean Air Act.
        4.4 To provide technical assistance to Western China in drafting the a
              strategic framework and action plan that will strengthen AQM capability
              of Western Chinese cities, including an initial benchmarking of existing
              AQM capabilities in Western China
        4.5 To provide assistance to selected Indian state in drafting of State level
              AQM policy concept reflecting inter-linkages between climate change
              mitigation, energy planning and air quality management
        4.6 To solicit requests for ad-hoc policy guidance on integration of Climate
              Change mitigation, energy planning and management and AQM




                                                              CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                            CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                              Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                             Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

           KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT DESIGN AND MONITORING FRAMEWORK

Design Summary                      Performance                       Data Sources /         Assumptions
                                    Targets / Indicators              Reporting              and Risks
                                                                      Mechanisms
Impact

AQM capability in Asia is           No. of countries that have        Country Synthesis
increasingly improved through       AQM standards or updated          Reports
better formulation and              policies and standards is
implementation of policies at the   increased.                        Stakeholder meetings
regional, national, and local
level.                                                                SUMA program

Outcome
                                                                                             Risk
Air quality management policies     Distance learning programs        SUMA program           Alternative delivery
in Asia increases in relevance      institutionalized in at least 3   AWMA                   mechanism to knowledge
and effectiveness through           cities                                                   management is outright
institutionalization of knowledge                                                            rejected by stakeholders in
transfer through ICT.               Communities of Practice           Local networks         favor of traditional approach
                                    established for 5 AQ themes                              to interaction

                                                                                             Low bandwidth, unreliable
                                                                                             Internet connections
Outputs                                                                                      Assumptions

1. AQM knowledge base is            New CAI-Asia website              CAI-Asia Center        Suitable institutions and
established                         launched on AQM                   SUMA                   willingness to share info in
                                                                      Norwegian project      knowledge base
                                                                      Local networks
                                                                      ADB CoPs
                                                                      AWMA
                                                                      MoE


2. Web-based communication          ICT tools created and             -same as above-
tools developed and applied         implemented for 3                                        Programmatic coordination
                                    countries/cities                                         with local network strategy


3. AQM policy development and       Virtual coordination              -same as above-        Buy-in from environmental
implementation at the regional,     meetings (webcasts)                                      ministries of DMCs
national and local level            successfully organized in 3
                                    case studies                                             Risks

                                                                                             Incompatible data formats;
                                                                                             lack of automated
                                                                                             syndication system

                                                                                             Lack of funds to support
                                                                                             local networks

                                                                                             Insufficient cooperation from
                                                                                             national government




                                                               CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                             CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                                     Draft 16 July, 2007
                                                          Agenda 5b & 8a Draft CAI-Asia Center Business Plan

Design Summary                     Performance                   Data Sources /       Assumptions
                                   Targets / Indicators          Reporting            and Risks
                                                                 Mechanisms
Activities with Milestones                                                            Inputs

1. knowledge base                                                                     ADB

a. Consultation with stakeholders (Jul-Sep 2007)                                         Consultants: $320,000
b. Recruitment of IT firm (Jul-Sep 2007)                                                 Travel: $25,000
c. Development of knowledge base (Sep 2007-Feb 2008)                                     Communication: $5,000
d. Testing (Mar 2008)                                                                    Equipment/Software:
e. Soft launch – beta version (Apr 2008)                                                  $70,000
                                                                                         Training: $25,000
2. capacity building                                                                     Printing: $5,000
                                                                                         Contingencies (10%):
a. Identify region and theme for DL course (Sep 2007)                                     $50,000
b. Needs assessment / IT capacity assessment (Aug 2007, Aug 2008)
c. Course development (Mar-Aug 2008, Mar-Aug 2009)
d. Course delivery (Mar 2008, Sep 2008, Mar 2009)

3. policy development

a. Identification of case studies (Sep 2007)
b. Virtual stakeholder meetings (2007-2008)
c. 2nd / 3rd Governmental Meeting




                                                             CAI-Asia Center Annual Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                           CAI-Asia Center Second Board Of Trustees Meeting, 24 July 2007
                                                                                            Draft 16 July, 2007

								
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