Close Reading The Great Gatsby Chapter Two and Three by xku55522


									Close Reading The Great Gatsby Chapter Two and Three

“This is a valley of ashes-a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat into ridges and
hills and grotesque gardens, where ashes take the forms of houses and chimneys and
rising smoke and finally, with a transcendent effort, of men who move dimly and already
crumbling through the powdery air. Occasionally a line of grey cars crawls along an
invisible track, gives out a ghastly creak and comes to rest, and immediately the ash-grey
men swarm up with leaden spades and stir up an impenetrable cloud which screens their
obscure operations from your sight” (Gatsby, p 27).

   1. Diction: circle all repeated words. Double circle words that seem significant to
      you in terms of tone or theme. Check verbs and adjectives.
   2. Imagery: Underline imagery and figures of speech (metaphor, simile,
      personification). Note any patterns or groupings of images.
   3. Syntax: describe the syntax, note sentence length, construction, patterns,
      punctuation, and rhythms. Consider how the syntax contributes to tone and theme.
   4. Sound devices: double underline alliteration, assonance, internal rhyme,
      consonance, and onomatopoeia.
   5. What point of view is the passage told in? Put a square around the evidence.
   6. --------- Put a dotted line where the passage could be broken into sections.
   7. Use arrows to connect and parts that seem related.

8 Tone: Describe the tone of this passage using specific examples from the passage to
support your assertion.

9 Theme: What does the valley of ashes represent? Consider the evidence you have
collected in marking your passage. Also consider: the name of the setting, and the
contrast of this setting to East/West Egg. Use evidence from the passage to support your

Close reading Chapter Three:

“He smiled understandingly-much more than understandingly. It was one of those rare
smiles with a quality of eternal reassurance in it, that you may come across four or times
in life. It faced-or seemed to face-the whole external world for an instant, and then
concentrated on you with an irresistible prejudice in your favor. It understood you just so
far as you wanted to be understood, believed in you as you would like to believe n
yourself and assured you that it had precisely the impression of you that, at your best, you
hoped to convey. Precisely at that point it vanished-and I was looking at an elegant young
rough-neck, a year two over thirty, whose elaborate formality of speech just missed being
absurd” (Gatsby, p52-53).

Repeat steps 1-8.
9. What does Gatsby represent to Nick? Use evidence from the passage to support your

                                 Chapter five close reading
    Take notes on these as you read, you should be able to come up with these kinds of
questions on your own by the end of the unit. For part of your exam you will choose part
                           of the book and do this on your own.
1. Close reading- definition
  a. –Answers rooted in the text
  b. –re-reading: 2= passes through the material
  c. –main idea
  d. –inference
  e. –generalization
  f. –prediction
  g. –vocabulary choice, diction, connotation
  h. –choice of detail
  i. –tone (feeling)
  j. –rephrasing, restate an idea
  k. –contrast

 Draw (with a partner) the quotation listing from page 89…….I walked out the back
 way to page 90….to, He literally glowed; without a word……..

 When you are done answer the following questions with a partner:
       1. How does the weather mirror the chapter’s tone on pages 89-90?
       2. Who is Kant and why would Nick make a reference to Kant in this part of
           the novel?
       3. How is Gatsby’s house described? How is this description, and the
           metaphor used, appropriate in developing the theme of class?
       4. How is Nick’s yard contrasted with Gatsby's house? What words accentuate
           the dismal nature of Nick’s house?
       5. What choice of words in the first paragraph reinforces the theme of rich vs.
       6. “Immediate decline’- refers to who and foreshadows what possible event in
           Gatsby’s life?
       7. Why would Gatsby make a nervous circuit?
       8. How does the black wreath contribute to the tone?
       9. The weather changes in paragraph two- what reason (other than
           meteorology) might there be for this change?
       10. What style device and vivid imagery does Fitzgerald use to shift the tone in
           paragraph 2? What does this tone suggest?
       11. What is ironic about Gatsby and Daisy’s position on the couch in paragraph
       12. What is the tone of the third paragraph, what words contribute to that tone?
       13. Why are they looking at each other, “as if some questions had been asked?”
       14. What words and images does Fitzgerald use to show the change in Gatsby?
15. What does, “without a word or a gesture of exultation a new well being
    radiated from him and seemed to fill the room” mean?
16. Briefly contrast the tone and imagery of paragraph 1 with paragraph 2.
17. How does the final paragraph of this section connect to the theme of
illusion vs. reality?
Homework-----Read Chapters 7
---Write a newspaper/police article (with name of newspaper, headline and
photo/drawing or police department, badge number, rank etc.) of the accident.
Make sure to interview George, Gatsby, Daisy, Nick, Negro and Michaelis,
Tom. Include the details of who traveled with whom to and from the hotel.

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