Close Reading The Great Gatsby Chapter Two and Three “This is a valley of ashes-a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat into ridges and hills and grotesque gardens, where ashes take the forms of houses and chimneys and rising smoke and finally, with a transcendent effort, of men who move dimly and already crumbling through the powdery air. Occasionally a line of grey cars crawls along an invisible track, gives out a ghastly creak and comes to rest, and immediately the ash-grey men swarm up with leaden spades and stir up an impenetrable cloud which screens their obscure operations from your sight” (Gatsby, p 27). 1. Diction: circle all repeated words. Double circle words that seem significant to you in terms of tone or theme. Check verbs and adjectives. 2. Imagery: Underline imagery and figures of speech (metaphor, simile, personification). Note any patterns or groupings of images. 3. Syntax: describe the syntax, note sentence length, construction, patterns, punctuation, and rhythms. Consider how the syntax contributes to tone and theme. 4. Sound devices: double underline alliteration, assonance, internal rhyme, consonance, and onomatopoeia. 5. What point of view is the passage told in? Put a square around the evidence. 6. --------- Put a dotted line where the passage could be broken into sections. 7. Use arrows to connect and parts that seem related. 8 Tone: Describe the tone of this passage using specific examples from the passage to support your assertion. 9 Theme: What does the valley of ashes represent? Consider the evidence you have collected in marking your passage. Also consider: the name of the setting, and the contrast of this setting to East/West Egg. Use evidence from the passage to support your assertion. Close reading Chapter Three: “He smiled understandingly-much more than understandingly. It was one of those rare smiles with a quality of eternal reassurance in it, that you may come across four or times in life. It faced-or seemed to face-the whole external world for an instant, and then concentrated on you with an irresistible prejudice in your favor. It understood you just so far as you wanted to be understood, believed in you as you would like to believe n yourself and assured you that it had precisely the impression of you that, at your best, you hoped to convey. Precisely at that point it vanished-and I was looking at an elegant young rough-neck, a year two over thirty, whose elaborate formality of speech just missed being absurd” (Gatsby, p52-53). Repeat steps 1-8. 9. What does Gatsby represent to Nick? Use evidence from the passage to support your assertion. Chapter five close reading Take notes on these as you read, you should be able to come up with these kinds of questions on your own by the end of the unit. For part of your exam you will choose part of the book and do this on your own. 1. Close reading- definition a. –Answers rooted in the text b. –re-reading: 2= passes through the material c. –main idea d. –inference e. –generalization f. –prediction g. –vocabulary choice, diction, connotation h. –choice of detail i. –tone (feeling) j. –rephrasing, restate an idea k. –contrast Draw (with a partner) the quotation listing from page 89…….I walked out the back way to page 90….to, He literally glowed; without a word…….. When you are done answer the following questions with a partner: 1. How does the weather mirror the chapter’s tone on pages 89-90? 2. Who is Kant and why would Nick make a reference to Kant in this part of the novel? 3. How is Gatsby’s house described? How is this description, and the metaphor used, appropriate in developing the theme of class? 4. How is Nick’s yard contrasted with Gatsby's house? What words accentuate the dismal nature of Nick’s house? 5. What choice of words in the first paragraph reinforces the theme of rich vs. poor? 6. “Immediate decline’- refers to who and foreshadows what possible event in Gatsby’s life? 7. Why would Gatsby make a nervous circuit? 8. How does the black wreath contribute to the tone? 9. The weather changes in paragraph two- what reason (other than meteorology) might there be for this change? 10. What style device and vivid imagery does Fitzgerald use to shift the tone in paragraph 2? What does this tone suggest? 11. What is ironic about Gatsby and Daisy’s position on the couch in paragraph 2? 12. What is the tone of the third paragraph, what words contribute to that tone? 13. Why are they looking at each other, “as if some questions had been asked?” 14. What words and images does Fitzgerald use to show the change in Gatsby? 15. What does, “without a word or a gesture of exultation a new well being radiated from him and seemed to fill the room” mean? 16. Briefly contrast the tone and imagery of paragraph 1 with paragraph 2. 17. How does the final paragraph of this section connect to the theme of illusion vs. reality? Homework-----Read Chapters 7 ---Write a newspaper/police article (with name of newspaper, headline and photo/drawing or police department, badge number, rank etc.) of the accident. Make sure to interview George, Gatsby, Daisy, Nick, Negro and Michaelis, Tom. Include the details of who traveled with whom to and from the hotel.
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