The Planets !

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The Planets ! Powered By Docstoc
					      The Planets!
Lori Berger, Miriam Pohlig, Jocelyn Hess
In Mrs. Martinez’s 6th grade
classroom, the class begins
their discussion on the planet
Earth.
         “Does anyone know the three layers of the
         Earth?” Mrs. Martinez asks.




     “Well, there is a top, a middle and a
     bottom, isn’t there?” Phillip says.


“Yes, there is,” says Mrs. Martinez, “but
does anyone know there specific
names?”



       GeeGee raises her hand and answers,
       “I remember reading that the
       outermost layer is the crust, the middle
       layer is the mantle, and the center
       layer is the core.”
“Great answer GeeGee! Now let’s review what the layers are
made of,” says Mrs. Martinez. “The core is made of the elements
iron and nickel, and is the most dense layer of the Earth. The
mantle is made of different types of relatively dense rock, and is
the largest layer. The crust is the outer most layer, the ground that
we walk on, and is made of less dense rocks composed of
oxygen and silicon.”




                              Linda, with a puzzled look on her
                              face asks, “What about the other
                              planets in the solar system? What
                              are they made of?”
                    “That’s a great question, Linda,”
                    says Mrs. Martinez. “Why don’t we
                    go to the computer and research
                    some of them to find out.”




As the students gather
around the computer, the
computer begins to flicker
and flash, and suddenly they
are zapped into the screen.
“That was a sweet ride, but where are we?”
questions Tom.




                                 “Well, by the looks of it, I would say that we
                                 are standing on Mars,” says Mrs. Martinez.
“How can you tell?” exclaimed the class.




                                       “Well, one unique attribute of Mars is that
                                       it is red, much like what we are now
                                       standing on.” Mrs. Martinez answers.
                                     “Can anyone see any similarities
                                     between Mars and Earth?” asks Mrs.
                                     Martinez.




“It looks to me like Mars is also
composed of dense rocks,” GeeGee
answers.
“CORRECT! Just like Earth, the
other three planets closet to the sun,
known as the inner planets- Mercury
Venus and Mars, are made of dense
rocks that contain a lot of the
elements iron, magnesium and
silica.”
               “If Mars is composed of dense rock
               like the Earth, why can’t humans live
               on it?” asks Linda.

          “Well Linda,” states Mrs. Martinez, “Mars’
          atmosphere is not suitable for human life.
          Unlike Earth’s atmosphere, which is
          composed mostly of oxygen, Mars has a
          much thinner atmosphere composed of
          over 95% carbon dioxide, which is
          harmful to humans.”


“OOHHHH!!!” sighed the class in unison.
                                         As the students discuss their new
                                         knowledge of the inner planets, Julie
                                         wonders out loud, “Does anyone know
                                         where Hammy is?”




The students look around and soon find
Hammy standing next to a space shuttle. The
students then pile in, with Mrs. Martinez at the
wheel, and blast off to another planet.
 Soon Mrs. Martinez tells the class to look out their
 windows at the planet Jupiter as they hover in
 space.
 Linda asks, “Why can’t we get out?”




“Well you see Linda, unlike the
first four planets, the next four
planets, including Jupiter, Saturn,
Uranus, and Neptune are
considered gaseous planets,
because they are made of light
elements such as hydrogen and
helium. So if we were to try and
land, there would be no hard
surface to land on.”
                      “Mrs. Martinez?” asks Julie,
                      “What are the dark and light
                      belts surrounding Jupiter?”




“Those belts are part of the
atmosphere, which is also mainly
hydrogen and helium. Within these
belts are storm systems. An example
of this is the great red spot that you
can see. This storm system has lasted
over 300 years!!!”
As the class travels to their next destination, Phillip glances out
the window and notices something around one of the planets.
He then asks Mrs. Martinez, “What are those around that
planet?”


                                          “I am glad you asked,” says Mrs.
                                          Martinez. “Those happen to be the
                                          rings of Saturn, which consist of ice
                                          and water, and may even include
                                          rocky particles with ice coatings. The
                                          reason that the rings are made of ice
                                          and not just water is because Saturn
                                          is located so far away from the Sun
                                          that the heat from the sun doesn’t
                                          reach it.”
                                          “OHH, no wonder I was getting cold,”
                                          gasps Benny.
“Well, you are about to get a lot colder.
We are headed to Pluto, the smallest
and the coldest of the nine planets,”
teased Mrs. Martinez.
       “Just how cold is it, Mrs. Martinez?”
       questions Tom.

                      “Well Tom, Pluto is approximately
                      negative 400 degrees Fahrenheit,”
                      answers Mrs. Martinez. “Does anyone
                      know why it is so cold?”




“Well since Pluto is the furthest
away from the Sun it doesn’t
receive any heat,” replies
GeeGee.

                                    “That’s correct,” states Mrs.
                                    Martinez. “Since Pluto is so far
                                    away from the Sun it is frozen solid,
                                    much like a block of ice, including
                                    the gases that make up its
                                    atmosphere.”
Julie comments, “Hey guys, I think Hammy is
getting hungry. Should we be heading back?”
                                               “Oh my, You’re right
                                              Julie! It’s almost lunch
                                               time,” exclaims Mrs.
                                              Martinez. “Everyone to
                                                   the computer.”




  Once again the students
  were zapped into the
  computer.
They arrive back in class all chattering
about their unique adventure.
Once the class quiets down Mrs. Martinez
says, “I hope everyone enjoyed today’s
lesson on the inner and outer planets. With
all this excitement I sure did work up an
appetite. Lets head to lunch.”
    Review discussion for Inner and
            Outer Planets
Inner Planets                               Outer Planets
-Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars            -Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and
                                            Pluto
-Composed of dense rock made of the         -Considered the gaseous planets,
elements silica, iron, and magnesium.       composed of the elements hydrogen and
                                            helium.
-Earth’s atmosphere is composed mainly of   -These planets are less dense than the
oxygen which allows for human life.         inner planets.
                                            -Jupiter’s atmosphere is mainly hydrogen
                                            and helium and forms alternating dark and
-Mars has a much thinner atmosphere         light belts around the planet.
composed of mainly carbon dioxide.
                                            -The planet Pluto is frozen most of the year,
                                            including the gases that form its
                                            atmosphere.
                           Fun Facts!
   Mercury’s surface is highly cratered and very old.
   Venus is the brightest object in our solar system besides the sun and moon.
   Earth’s surface is considered to be very young.
   Mars has permanent ice caps at both poles.
   Jupiter has a great red spot, which is a storm system that has lasted over
    300 years.
   Saturn has very thin rings composed of ice and ice coated rock particles.
   Uranus has no soil surface and spins on its side.
   Neptune has winds that reach up to 600 miles per hour.
   Pluto is the smallest and coldest planet and is frozen solid.