"From Tough as Nails to Painted Nails A Tribute"
From Tough as Nails to Painted Nails A Tribute to Women in Construction Management 40 Years of Change Presented by: Melissa Robins-Cesar, CCM & Tommy Thomas, CCM Introduction 40 Years Ago In Modern Day Washington, DC “Building Up Interest For Young Women In Construction” By Chris Curran June 9, 2000 From The Campus News Stephanie Ann White, Anderson High School 1st Job – Centex Rooney Construction Company “I became interested because my father works for a construction firm. He used to bring his work home with him, and take me to his office when I was little. The first year in the program was rough, trying to fit in with all the guys. As years progressed, we became one of the guys.” Karen Hellyer, Milford 1st Job – Clark Construction “Construction Management has opened the doors to more career opportunities for women. It has been tough, but it takes dedicated women to lay the foundation and build the path for women of the future. I like to think in 10 to 15 years it will no longer be a novelty that only nine women are graduating in construction science. I believe all nine of us are sincerely indebted to the teachers and parents who have both encouraged and believe in us through this long journey in a male- dominated field” Jamie Pursley, Franklin (OH) High School Went on to finish Architectural Engineering Construction is a unique field of study. Being a female in construction is even more unique, but as the years progress, I am seeing more and more females in construction. I realize that this field is still a male-dominated field, but it is slowly changing. If there is one issue I would like everyone to understand, it is to give women a chance. Women can perform just as well as any man. We all need to be a little more open-minded. There’s always something we can all learn from someone else regardless of the person’s gender. I know that I’ll struggle in my future…everyone will, but I also know that I can succeed if I put my mind to it.” Women In Engineering B.S. Degrees Conferred Year Total Students Women Number & % 1976-77 40,078 1,961 4.9% 2002-03 75,031 15,114 20.1% 2003-04 76,003 15,282 20.1% 2004-05 75,666 14,813 19.6% “A Comprehensive Evaluation of Women in Engineering Programs” “The Women’s Experiences in College Engineering (WECE) project is the first cross institutional, April 2002 longitudinal examination of undergraduate women’s experiences and retention/persistence in engineering majors programs. The study was funded by both the National Science Foundation and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and conducted by Goodman Research Group, Inc. (GRG), a research company specializing in program evaluation. This executive summary presents the methods, findings, and conclusions from the WECE study. The WECE project was driven by the increased funding and attention given to support activities for women in undergraduate engineering programs. Over the past decade, the consistently low representation of women in undergraduate engineering and in the engineering workforce has continued to challenge educators, researchers, and policymakers as they search for a clearer understanding of what contributes to these low numbers. While women make up 56.8% of the total U.S. workforce, only 8.5% of the country’s engineers are women. On average, women compose only 20% of enrollment in engineering schools and are both less likely to choose an engineering major and more likely to switch out of one than are men. In response to such statistics, over the past 15 years, a number of formal Women in Engineering (WIE) programs have been developed at universities across the country to assist in recruiting and retaining women in engineering majors. These programs offer academic and social support for female engineering undergraduates: mentoring, study and laboratory skills workshops, career exploration, social opportunities and support, outreach activities, scholarships and awards, and newsletters.” Statistics ”About the Women in Engineering Program The Women in Engineering (WIE) Program in the Clark School of Engineering at the University of Maryland was established in January 1995 through a grant from the Sloan Foundation. WIE is dedicated to promoting the role of women in the field of engineering. Our focus is on the recruitment of prospective female engineering students and the retention of current undergraduate and graduate female engineering students.” CMAA 570 out of 5,000 (12%) Members are Women 5 of 25 Chapter Presidents are Women (20%) From 04 to 07 – 6 Chapter Presidents/Women 105 out of 1054 CCM’s are Women (10%) 1 Women is in the CMAA College of Fellows – Ms. Christine Keville, FCMAA of Keville Enterprises Over 12% of the attendees at the CMAA Chicago National Conference last year were Women “PWC's members represent a broad spectrum of the industry that serves real estate owners, developers, facilities & property managers and public agencies. They include general construction and specialty contractors; A & E firms, environmental services and suppliers of all kinds of goods and services. Because our core client industries have many and diverse needs, PWC also draws representatives from the services sector: law and accounting firms, insurance/surety & bonding companies, banks and financial services, graphic designers, printers, computer consultants, travel agencies, marketing specialists and more.” Women Construction Owners & Executives USA “WCOE was conceived in 1983 by 11 women who envisioned a national association to custom fit their unique business needs in the construction industry. They formed Women Construction Owners & Executives, USA to promote opportunities and business for women-owned firms and policy-making executives in the construction industry. Today, the association continues to grow, adding members and establishing chapters across the country. WCOE's member-businesses include general contractors, top-level policy-making executives, architects, engineers, construction project managers, subcontractors and other business women and professionals related to the construction industry. Many women join WCOE for its legislative clout and the strength that comes from one unified voice. The association's legislative network provides a vehicle to impact legislation favorable to business women in the industry. With strategic alliance partners such as Associated Builders and Contractors (ABC), Women Impacting Public Policy (WIPP), The National Association of Minority Contractors (NAMC), The National Association of Women Business Owners (NAWBO), and the American Subcontractors Association (ASA). WCOE continues to advocate and influence the national agenda affecting women-owned businesses.” THE HISTORY OF NAWIC “The National Association of Women in Construction (NAWIC) began as Women in Construction of Fort Worth, founded on September 11, 1953 by Doris Efird and 15 other women who were looking for a support system. These women were all actively employed in the construction industry and had been doing business with each other for years when they decided to finally meet face to face. The founding members of Women in Construction of Fort Worth were Alice Ashley, Ida Mae Bagby, Carolyn Balcomb, Sue Bowling, Margaret Bubar, Margaret Cleveland, Era Dunn, Doris Efird, Ronda Farrell, Hazel Floyd, Jimmie Blazier, Nina Ruth Jenkins, Ethel McKinney, Irene Moates, Mildred Tarter and Edna Mae Tucker. This progressive group of women had the foresight to create an atmosphere where they could network and support each other professionally as well as personally. This support system gave them the confidence to reach for and achieve their goals. When describing this group of women, Alice Ashley said, “We were women with electricity in our veins, cement dust on our shoes, sawdust on our minds … busy, busy, busy, filthy things.” NAWIC's objectives are: “To unite for the mutual benefit of the women who are actively engaged in the various phases of the construction industry. To promote cooperation, fellowship and a better understanding among members of the Association. To promote education and contribute to the betterment of the construction industry. To encourage women to pursue and establish careers in the construction industry. To provide members an awareness of the legislative process and legislation as it relates to the construction industry. TODAY'S NAWIC Since its founding, NAWIC, an international non-profit organization, has grown to a membership of 5,500 women with more than 179 chapters. In its 51 years of service to its members, NAWIC has advanced the causes of all women in construction whose careers range from business ownership to the skilled trades. With almost 900,000 women working in construction today, the industry is becoming more accepting of their non-traditional roles.” U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety & Health Administration "Women in the Construction Workplace: Providing Equitable Safety and Health Protection" Submitted to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), June 1999 “As increasing numbers of women enter the construction trades, concerns about their health and safety are growing. In addition to the primary safety and health hazards faced by all construction workers, there are safety and health issues specific to female construction workers. The small percentage of females within the construction trades and the serious health and safety problems unique to female construction workers have a circular effect. Safety and health problems in construction create barriers to women entering and remaining in this field. In turn, the small numbers of women workers on construction worksites foster an environment in which these safety and health problems arise or continue. Sources of information for this report include a survey of tradeswomen conducted by CWIT and two research studies by NIOSH. The key findings and recommendations are organized into seven categories: Workplace Culture; Sanitary Facilities; Personal Protective Equipment; Ergonomics; Reproductive Hazards; Health and Safety Training; and Injury and Illness Data and Research. Similar concerns surfaced in all three studies. The prevalence of a hostile workplace, restricted access to sanitary toilets, protective clothing and equipment in the wrong sizes, and poor on-the-job training-these were significant issues that adversely impacted women's ability to perform their jobs safely. Many of the identified problems are amenable to change through engineering, behavioral, or administrative intervention. The recommendations in this report are directed at employers, labor unions, manufacturers, training programs, supervisors, and workers. Improving the work conditions for women in the construction trades will not only ensure their health and safety, it will also serve to attract and retain women as workers during a critical time of labor shortages in this industry.” “ Galech Bunreach na LEireann Article 41, Section 22 In particular the State recognized by her life within the home, Women gives to the State a support without which the common good could not be achieved. The State shall, therefore, endeavor to ensure that Mothers shall not be obliged by economic necessity to Engage in Labour to the neglect of their duties in the home. The Irish Constitution Adopted in 1937 Remains in effect Today I was born 10 years later How many of you thought we were reading a passage from the 1700’s From the Potato Famine Museum Strokestown, Ireland Taped Interview Successful Experienced Women in CM Taped Interview Women New To The Field of CM Taped Interview Women Studying CM in College Let’s Hear From You Now Dream Picture Dream Picture “The Impossible Dream” To dream the impossible dream To fight the unbeatable foe To bear with unbearable sorrow To run where the brave dare not go To right the unrightable wrong To love pure and chaste from afar To try when your arms are too weary To reach the unreachable star This is my quest, to follow that star No matter how hopeless, no matter how far To fight for the right, without question or pause To be willing to march into hell for a heavenly cause And I know, if I’ll only be true to this glorious quest That my heart will lie peaceful and calm When I’am laid to my rest And the world will be better for this That one WOMEN, scorned and covered with scars Still strove with HER last ounce of courage To reach the un-reach-a-ble star Questions?