COPS and Homeland Security - June 2004 by Mythri


									U.S. Department of Justice
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services

                                   Fact Sheet                                   

                                          COPS and Homeland Security
"9-11   AND OTHER RECENT           Background                              The three agencies jointly advertise
                                                                           their resources through a variety of
EVENTS HAVE TAUGHT   A MERICA      Now more than ever, the security of     methods, including a web site,
                                   our nation, our people, and our It
THAT WE CAN BE MORE                infrastructures is of the utmost        is a single point of access for
                                   concern and importance. And, more       counterterrorism training
EFFECTIVE FIGHTING CRIME AND       than ever, the responsibility of        opportunities and related materials
                                   responding to terrorist threats falls   from the federal government and
PREVENTING TERRORISM WHEN          directly on the shoulders of state,     private and nonprofit organizations.
                                   local, and tribal law enforcement and   The site provides information on
LAW ENFORCEMENT AND OTHER          their government and community          training and technical assistance,
                                   partners.                               funding, research and statistics,
SECTORS ARE PREPARED TO                                                    equipment, planning and risk
                                   The Office of Community Oriented        assessment, publications, legislation,
WORK TOGETHER TO ENSURE            Policing Services (COPS) is deeply      victim assistance, and community
                                   involved in supporting law              preparedness.
OUR COLLECTIVE SAFETY."            enforcement and their partners
                                   through partnerships with federal       In 2003, a professional development
                                   government agencies and other           counterterrorism training module for
                                   organizations, grants and funding,      law enforcement executives was
                COPS D IRECTOR     training, publications, community       piloted at both the COPS annual
                                   policing programs, and conferences.     conference and the National Sheriffs'
                  C ARL R. P EED                                           Association conference.
                                   COPS/FBI/BJA Partnership–In
                                   March 2003, the COPS Office, the        The FBI and COPS are delivering
                                   Federal Bureau of Investigation         the BJA-funded State and Local
                                   (FBI), and the Bureau of Justice        Anti-terrorism Training (SLATT)
                                   Assistance (BJA) of the U.S.            through the COPS network of local
                                   Department of Justice discussed         Regional Community Policing
                                   ways to enhance counterterrorism        Institutes (RCPIs). Details are under
                                   training and technical assistance to    "Training".
                                   state, local, and tribal law
                                   enforcement. These discussions led      Partnership with PERF–With
                                   to several accomplishments:             funding from the COPS Office, the
Police Executive Research Forum (PERF)                enforcement agencies in 42 states and Puerto
conducted a project entitled Community                Rico, will fund 370 additional community
Policing in a Security Conscious World. The           policing officers. Under UHP, the grants
project included five executive sessions in           provide 75% of the total salary and benefits for
which law enforcement leaders explored,               each new officer during a three-year period, up
debated, and exchanged information on                 to a maximum of $75,000 per officer. Since
providing community policing services in a            1994, the COPS Office has funded more than
security conscious world. The five sessions           118,000 officers in 13,000 law enforcement
were: Improving Federal-Local Partnerships;           agencies.
Working with Diverse Communities;
Bioterrorism; Intelligence; and Homeland              One of the major issues facing the emergency
Security. So far, white papers have been              services sector is the inability of emergency
published on the first two sessions. See              service workers, including the law enforcement,
"Publications", for details.                          fire service, and emergency medical service
                                                      communities to communicate when the need
Grants and Funding–In fiscal year 2003, the           arises. In 2003, the COPS Office awarded
COPS Office awarded $60 million in Homeland           more than $66 million to agencies to address
Security Overtime Program (HSOP) grants to            the growing need for interoperable
294 agencies in 50 states and the District of         communications technology. This year, COPS
Columbia. The HSOP initiative was developed           received approximately $80 million for this
by the COPS Office to supplement officer              effort. The 2004 COPS Interoperable
overtime salaries over the one-year grant period      Communications Technology Program will be
in support of homeland security and community         targeted to invited jurisdictions. The
policing efforts. HSOP grants pay for officer         applications will be sent to law enforcement
overtime during homeland security training and        agencies requesting proposals that are multi-
other law enforcement activities designed to          jurisdictional and multi-disciplinary.
help prevent acts of terrorism and other violent
or drug-related crimes. The grants also can be        Training–The RCPIs, whose creation was
used to fund overtime for officers replacing          funded by COPS in 1997, provide
colleagues on military reserve duty and to            comprehensive, innovative community policing
support the overtime work of nonsupervisory,          education, training, and technical assistance to
sworn personnel such as intelligence officers,        COPS grantees across the country. As a result
crime analysts, undercover officers, and others       of the COPS/FBI/BJA partnership, the RCPI
who work on homeland security or terrorism            training partnerships, serving all 50 states, are
task forces.                                          certified to teach the FBI/BJA SLATT
                                                      curriculum. Currently, 12 RCPIs are working
In March 2004, the COPS Office announced a            in partnership with local FBI field offices to
second grant program awarding $27.1 million           deliver SLATT. In these classes, the FBI and
in grants to local police and sheriffs' offices for   RCPI trainers teach counterterrorism and officer
hiring additional officers under the COPS             safety strategies to state, local, and tribal law
Universal Hiring Program (UHP). The goal of           enforcement personnel. In less than a year,
this grant program is to make communities             COPS and the FBI together have trained more
safer by helping increase the number of               than 5,000 law enforcement officers.
community policing officers on patrol in local
jurisdictions. The grants, awarded to 85 law
Several RCPIs have also adapted the SLATT           community leaders and advocates, sheriffs,
curriculum to train citizens in aspects of          police chiefs, and federal law enforcement
counterterrorism awareness. The Missouri RCPI       officials offered practical suggestions for
has a class entitled "Homeland Security on your     meeting the needs of diverse communities and
Block." The Kentucky RCPI has offered a             protecting against future terrorist threats,
"Terrorism Awareness" class in diverse settings     providing insights on interviewing and
such as banks, restaurants, and hospitals,          interrogation, bias crimes, racial profiling, and
focusing on their unique vulnerabilities. The       immigration enforcement.
class is scheduled to be taped for local access
public television in July 2004.                     Local Law Enforcement Responds to Terrorism
                                                    – Lessons in Prevention and Preparedness is a
COPS is expanding its partnership with the FBI      COPS Innovations publication that discusses the
and BJA, in continuing to develop                   resources that the police may want to consider
counterterrorism roll call training programs for    when developing their terrorism prevention and
line officers involving short segments of various   response plans.
aspects of the counterterrorism curriculum that
would be presented to officers during their roll    Connecting the Dots for a Proactive Approach,
calls.                                              written by three COPS staffers, explores how to
                                                    harness the power of community policing to
Publications–The COPS Office has produced           secure the homeland. Originally, it was
several publications on counterterrorism topics,    published in the fourth quarter 2003 issue of
including the following:                            Border and Transportation Security magazine.

Protecting Your Community from Terrorism:           A Police Response to Terrorism in the Homeland
Strategies for Local Law Enforcement, Volume 1      is a CD produced by the COPS-funded RCPI of
– Improving Local-Federal Partnerships is a         Wichita State University. It provides resources
white paper resulting from the first forum on       related to almost every dimension of homeland
Community Policing in a Security Conscious          security, including training curricula on
World conducted by PERF with funding from           counterterrorism, emergency response,
the COPS Office. Sheriffs, police chiefs, FBI       intelligence, preparedness, weapons of mass
special agents, antiterrorist experts, and other    destruction, and other related topics.
experts discussed the practical and real concerns
of those who must decide how to use their           Future Publications
personnel and other resources to address
terrorism and competing demands for service.        Planned for publication at the end of 2004, the
The participants looked at how local and federal    tentatively titled An Intelligence Guide for State,
agencies work together and what should be done      Local, and Tribal Law Enforcement is a joint
to improve cooperation.                             COPS/FBI/BJA publication covering
                                                    intelligence issues and guidance on information
Protecting Your Community from Terrorism:           collection and storage that meet federal
Strategies for Local Law Enforcement, Volume 2      guidelines and minimize exposure to liability.
– Working with Diverse Communities is the
white paper resulting from PERF's second forum      The COPS Office is also preparing a guide on
on Community Policing in a Security Conscious       the best practices for reducing the fear of
World. In this session, ethnically diverse
                             terrorism and a homeland security        terrorism and preparing to assist
COPS offers a variety of     curriculum for schools.                  potential victims.
publications, products,
and training opportunities
                             The "STAR" toolkit, a homeland           Conferences–The COPS Office
to advance community
policing and support its     security/disaster preparedness           sponsors and participates in a variety
grant programs. COPS         community resources assessment           of conferences, most of which
publications and products    tool, will be available this fall from   include sessions on homeland
offer insights and           the RCPIs and the National Sheriffs'     security and counterterrorism issues.
experiences from others      Association.                             The June 2004, COPS conference,
in the field addressing                                               Community Policing for America's
specific problems            The COPS Office and the                  Future, for example, includes 11
including:                   International Association of Chiefs      workshops on the various aspect of
                             of Police (IACP), along with a           homeland security and
   Local Law                 number of private security               counterterrorism.
   Enforcement               associations, sponsored a national
   Responds To               policy summit to examine how             Other Sources of Information–
   Terrorism                 public law enforcement agencies and      The COPS Office maintains a list of
   Applying Community        private security could better            guides and reports from various
   Policing Principles
                             collaborate to make communities          sources, such as PERF and the
                             safer. A forthcoming COPS/IACP           International Association of Chiefs
   Connecting the Dots
   Community Policing:       report will synthesize the summit        of Police; training and technical
   Now More Than Ever        discussions and identify a number of     resources from FEMA, the
   Protecting Your           policy recommendations.                  Department of Homeland Security,
   Community From                                                     and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco,
   Terrorism: Strategies     Community Policing–The                   Firearms and Explosives among
   for Local Law             philosophy behind community              others; and links to resources such
   Enforcement               oriented policing can be directed        as the White House Homeland
 • Volume 1: Local-          toward concerns involved with            Security page and the U.S.
    Federal Partnerships     homeland security and of trying to       Government Counterterrorism web
 • Volume 2: Working         prevent terrorist activities and other   site. This information is available
    With Diverse             crimes before they occur. It requires    on the COPS web site under
    Communities              law enforcement officials to rethink     Community Policing
                             public security procedures and           Topics/Homeland Security.
COPS also sponsors           practices to maximize the full
training opportunities and
                             potential of their resources. Many       Contact COPS
conferences to give law
                             local entities are using their COPS
professionals an             grants to strengthen their response to   For more information, call the
opportunity to learn,        possible terrorism by improving data
                                                                      COPS Office Response Center at
network, and exchange        and intelligence collection and
                             processing; increasing their capacity    800.421.6770, or visit COPS
ideas. All COPS
                             to address terrorism by capitalizing     Online at
publications and training
opportunities are posted     on technological advancements;
at COPS Online at            maintaining open communications          with other public safety agencies;
                             and responding to citizen fears about
                                                                                         Updated June 18, 2004

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