Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies 1992 - July 1993 by Mythri

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									Census: State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies


Advance for Release at 5 P.M. EDT             BJS
Friday, July 2, 1993                          202-307-0784

     The nation's more than 17,000 state and local police and
sheriff's departments had 840,647 full-time employees as of
June 30, 1992, the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
announced today. BJS, a Department of Justice agency, said
603,465 of these men and women (or 72 percent) were sworn
officers with general arrest authority and 237,182 (28
percent) were non-sworn civilian employees.

     "These same state and local law enforcement agencies also
employed about 90,000 part-timers, including 39,200 part-time
sworn officers," noted acting BJS director Lawrence A.
Greenfeld.

     "During the last six years the number of civilian
personnel in police and sheriff's departments has grown about
twice as fast as the number of sworn officers, " Greenfeld
said. "Between 1986 and 1992, total full-time employment in
police and sheriff's agencies grew by 17 percent. This
included a 13 percent increase in the number of full-time
sworn officers and a 28 percent increase in civilian
personnel."

     Among law enforcement agencies, sheriff's departments had
the largest gains--28 percent more full-time officers and 48
percent more full-time civilians than in 1986. Such growth may
have been the result of increases in local jail populations--
between 1986 and 1992 the number of local jail inmates
increased more than 50 percent. Most sheriff's departments
operate jails and provide courtroom security in addition to
law enforcement functions. Last year 81 percent of the
nation's sheriff's offices operated jails, compared to 4
percent of the local police departments and none of the state
police agencies.

     Idaho and Louisiana were the only states in which at
least half of all full-time law enforcement officers were in
sheriff's departments.

     BJS said that as of June 30, 1992, there were 17,360
state and local law enforcement agencies, of which 12,504 were
local general purpose, 49 state police (each state except
Hawaii), These special police agencies (60,926 full-time
employees, of which 41,371 were sworn officers), included
airport, part, transit, school, housing and public college and
university police departments.

     General purpose local police agencies had 476,193 full-
time employees last year (373,024 or 78 percent sworn),
sheriff's departments had 224,958 (136,090 or 61 percent
sworn) and state police agencies had 78,570 (52,980 or 67
percent sworn).

     The 25 largest agencies and the number of their full-time
employees and sworn officers were:

     New York City.................35,753     (28,812)sworn
     Chicago.......................15,008     (12,605)
     Los Angeles County Sheriff....11,771     ( 7,960)
     Los Angeles (City)............10,710     ( 7,900)
     Philadelphia.................. 7,221     ( 6,347)
     Calif. State Highway Patrol... 8,894     ( 6,062)
     Washington, D.C. (City)....... 5,750     ( 4,889)
     Cook County (ILL.) Sheriff.... 5,620     ( 4,801)
     New York City Transit......... 4,766     ( 4,409)
     Houston....................... 6,038     ( 4,262)

     Pennsylvania State Police.....   5,232   (   4,075)
     New York State Police.........   4,684   (   4,013)
     Detroit.......................   4,463   (   3,852)
     Dallas........................   3,678   (   2,878)
     Baltimore.....................   3,352   (   2,822)
     Texas (state).................   5,605   (   2,789)
     Harris County (Texas) Sheriff.   3,223   (   2,731)
     Nassau County (New York)......   3,844   (   2,717)
     New York City Schools.........   3,000   (   2,700)
     New Jersey State Police.......   3,550   (   2,572)

     Metro-Dade County (Florida)...   3,607   (   2,512)
     New York City Housing.........   2,754   (   2,481)
     Suffolk County (New York).....   2,830   (   2,328)
     Massachusetts State Police....   2,579   (   2,070)
     Milwaukee.....................   2,566   (   2,063)

     Nationwide there were 24 full-time officers for every
10,000 residents, of whom 15 were local police officers, 5
sheriff's officers, 2 state police officers and 2 special
police officers. Excluding the nation's capital, which had 89
sworn officers per 10,000 residents, New York State had the
highest per capita ratio of full-time sworn officers to
residents among the states--38 per 10,000 inhabitants-followed
by Louisiana (34), New Jersey(34), Illinois (31) and
Massachusetts (27).

     Single copies of the "Census of State and Local Law
Enforcement Agencies, 1992" (NCJ-142972) as well as other BJS
statistical bulletins and reports may be obtained from the
National Criminal Justice Reference Service, Box 6000,
Rockville, MD 20850. The telephone number is 1-800-732-3277.

     Data from the tables and graphs used in many BJS reports
can be made available to news organizations in spreadsheet
files on 5 1/4" and 3 1/2" diskettes by calling (202)-307-0784.
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