PELAHATCHIE Science Curriculum Map

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					                                                           PELAHATCHIE Science Curriculum Map                                                                 FINAL Draft
                                                                  I= Introduce, E= Emphasize, M= Master, P= Pretest                                               May 2002
                                                                                                     st
  Content Area                     Kindergarten                                               1 Grade                                                            2nd Grade
                                                                                    Life Science
    Scientific   I-Collect/model/construct graphs using real objects         I-Use nonstandard and standard units to explore length        E-Use appropriate tools and terms to explore
                 I-Interpret/analyze data in graphical form (bar graph,      I-Compare weight of objects                                    measurements
     Process/      pictograph, etc.)                                         I-Explore and estimate capacity/volume of various             E-Estimate/measure length, mass, weight, and
    Technical    I-Measure using nonstandard units                             containers in nonstandard units                              capacity/volume using standard units of measure (inch,
     Writing     I-Model/discuss terms of comparison (more/less, shorter     I-Explore the concept of hot/cold using a non-mercury           foot, yard, centimeter, meter, ounce, pound, gram,
                   taller, heavier/lighter, hotter/colder, before/after)       thermometer                                                   kilogram, cup, pint, quart, liter)
                 I-Investigate volume/capacity (holds more, less or about                                                                  E-Categorize measurement terms according to length,
                   the same) using different shape containers and                                                                            mass, weight and volume
                   materials                                                                                                               E-Use convincing arguments to justify selection of a
                 I-Illustrate how careers of community helpers relate to                                                                     specific unit of measure for given unit
                   science
                 I-Utilize scientific processes such as predicting,
                   observing, gathering data, drawing conclusions
                 I-Participate in group experience chart to record results
                   of scientific investigations
    Plants and   I-Explore proper nutrition and hygiene, keeping area        I-Define characteristics of mammal, reptile, bird,            E-Compare/contrast physical and behavioral
                   neat and clean                                              amphibian                                                     characteristics of different species of living things
     Animals     I-Classify foods by Food Pyramid                            I-Compare/contrast reptiles/amphibians                        I-Analyze suitability of different environments in meeting
                 I-Recognize good dental hygiene                             I-Examine function of plant parts                               needs of plants and animals
                 I-Classify animals as farm, zoo, pet, wild or ocean         I-Label parts of plant (root, stem, leaves, flower, petals)   E-Explain how plants are a food source of living
                   according to appearance and action                        I-Identify what plants need to grow (air, light, water,         organisms and relate to food chain
                 I-Identify animals by habitat                                 soil)                                                       I-Dissect/explain functions of parts of seed
                 I-Differentiate between humans, other animals and           I-Plant a seed
                   plants                                                    I-Observe sequence of life cycle of plant
                 I-Illustrate parts of a plant                               I-Compare/contrast seeds and bulbs
                 I-Identify major external parts of living organisms         I-Label parts of insect
                   (human, insects, plants)                                  I-Identify common insects
                                                                             I-Differentiate between helpful/harmful insects
                                                                             I-Sequence life cycle of insects
                                                                             I-Investigate insect homes
                                                                             I-List insects common to local neighborhood
     Genetics    I-Compare similarities between parents and offspring
     Systems     I-Identify the 5 senses                                     I-Locate major organs of human body (heart, lungs,            E-Describe function of major internal organs (heart,
                 I-Identify major external human body parts (knee,             brain, intestines, stomach ) and describe job of each        brain, lungs, liver, kidneys, intestines)
                   wrist, elbow, etc.)                                       I-List habits damaging to organs                              E-Investigate digestive system
                 I-Draw a person with 6 body parts                           I-Explain importance of good diet and exercise
                                                                             I-Locate head, neck, shoulder, arm, hand, fingers, hips,
                                                                               ribs, thigh, knee, ankle, foot, toes

Page 1 of 14
                                                               PELAHATCHIE Science Curriculum Map                                                          FINAL Draft
                                                                      I= Introduce, E= Emphasize, M= Master, P= Pretest                                         May 2002
                                                                                                      st
  Content Area                        Kindergarten                                                  1 Grade                                                   2nd Grade
  Classification   I-Select/describe objects by size, color, shape, texture,   I-Classify animals according to external features        E-Classify animals in vertebrate category (fish, bird,
                     use                                                         (scales, feathers, fur, etc.)                           mammal, reptile, amphibian)
                   I-Classify sounds (fast/slow, loud/soft)                    I-Identify Mississippi animals and determine which
                   I-Classify materials by texture (smooth/rough,                category they belong (mammal, reptile, bird,
                     soft/hard), taste (sweet/sour) and smell                    amphibian)
                     (pleasant/unpleasant)                                     I-Compare/contrast objects according to size, shape,
                   I-Classify objects as living or non-living based on           color, texture, use
                     characteristics
  Environment      I-Demonstrate knowledge of fire safety                      I-Define pollution and tell how it affects land          E-Define endangered species
                                                                               I-Generate options other than polluting                  I-Design/construct compost pile
                                                                               I-Create a poster promoting a litter-free world          I-Observe benefits of composting in community
                                                                               I-Define recycling
                                                                               I-List products that can be recycled
                                                                               I-Participate in re cycling at school/community
                                                                               I-Differentiate between endangered/extinct
                                                                               I-Research endangered animals
                                                                               I-Discuss hibernation and migration
                                                                               I-Identify prey and predators
                                                                               I-Discuss importance of animal’s ability to camouflage
                                                                                   Physical Science
    Scientific     I-Collect/model/construct graphs using real objects         I-Use nonstandard and standard units to explore length   I-Collect/compare seasonal temperatures using
                   I-Interpret/analyze data in graphical form (bar graph,      I-Compare weight of objects                                Fahrenheit thermometer
     Process/        pictograph, etc.)                                         I-Explore and estimate capacity/volume of various        E-Use appropriate tools and terms to explore
    Technical      I-Measure using nonstandard units                             containers in nonstandard units                          measurements
     Writing       I-Model/discuss terms of comparison (more/less, shorter     I-Explore the concept of hot/cold using a non- mercury   E-Estimate/measure length, mass, weight, and
                     /taller, heavier/lighter, hotter/colder, before/after)      thermometer                                              capacity/volume using standard units of measure (inch,
                   I-Investigate volume/capacity (holds more, less or about                                                               foot, yard, centimeter, meter, ounce, pound, gram,
                     the same) using different shape containers and                                                                       kilogram, cup, pint, quart, liter)
                     materials                                                                                                          E-Categorize measurement terms according to length,
                   I-Participate in group experience chart to record results                                                              mass, weight and volume
                     of scientific investigations
      Motion
      Energy       I-Distinguish between warmer/cooler using a                                                                          I-Demonstrate heat and light as forms of energy
                     thermometer                                                                                                        I-Identify colors of spectrum
                                                                                                                                        I-Demonstrate how sound travels through different media
                                                                                                                                          (wood, plastics, water, air)




Page 2 of 14
                                                            PELAHATCHIE Science Curriculum Map                                                               FINAL Draft
                                                                   I= Introduce, E= Emphasize, M= Master, P= Pretest                                              May 2002
                                                                                                     st
  Content Area                       Kindergarten                                           1 Grade                                                              2nd Grade
                                                                              Earth & Space Science
    Scientific    I-Collect/model/construct graphs using real objects         I-Use nonstandard and standard units to explore length      E-Use appropriate tools and terms to explore
                  I-Interpret/analyze data in graphical form                  I-Compare weight of objects                                   measurements
     Process/       (bar graph, pictograph, etc.)                             I-Explore and estimate capacity/volume of                   E-Estimate/measure length, mass, weight, and
    Technical     I-Measure using nonstandard units                             various containers in nonstandard units                    capacity/volume using standard units of measure (inch,
     Writing      I-Model/discuss terms of comparison (more/less,             I-Explore the concept of hot/cold using a non-                foot, yard, centimeter, meter, ounce, pound, gram,
                    shorter/taller, heavier/lighter, hotter/colder,             mercury thermometer                                        kilogram, cup, pint, quart, liter)
                    before/after)                                                                                                         E-Categorize measurement terms according to length,
                  I-Investigate volume/capacity (holds more, less or about                                                                  mass, weight and volume
                    the same) using different shape containers and
                    materials
                  I-Participate in group experience chart to record results
                    of scientific investigations
 Space/ Weather   I-Identify Earth as a planet                                I-Identify different types of weather (sunny, rainy,        E-List/describe 9 planets in order
                  I-Describe Earth according to shape and physical              cloudy, windy, snowy)                                     E-Identify sun as star
                    make-up (land, water, air)                                I-Draw picture of favorite weather type and explain         E-Describe apparent shapes of moon from week to week
                  I-Distinguish characteristics of the seasons                  choice in sentences using invented spelling               E-Identify moon’s phases as parts of cycle of regular
                  I-Describe weather safety and differences by using          I-Record daily weather for a month and graph                 change
                    terms related to weather                                  I-Compare/contrast monthly weather graph                    E-Describe different cloud types and weather associated
                  I-Compare/contrast day and night                            I-Identify/describe 4 seasons and describe                   with each
                  I-Describe appearance of sun in the sky                       environmental changes during each season
                  I-Describe appearance of stars/moon in the sky              I-Group major holidays according to season
                  I-Describe appearance of clouds in the sky                  I-Explain how sun rises in east/sets in west
                                                                              I-Identify phases of moon (full, half, crescent) and
                                                                                describe how position of moon changes as earth
                                                                                rotates
                                                                              I-Describe how position of stars changes as earth rotates
                                                                              I-Illustrate day/night with globe and flashlight
                                                                              I-Name 9 planets in order from sun and give
                                                                                characteristics of each
                                                                              I-Identify sun as star
                                                                              I-Label earth as planet on which we live
                                                                              I- Explain why people can’t live on other planets
                                                                              I-Explain how sun is source of energy
  Earth History   I-Distinguish between continents as landforms and           I-Label features of Earth’s surface (mountains, lakes,      I-Create model depicting major layers of Earth
                    oceans and large bodies of water                            oceans, rivers)                                           I-Discover/explore characteristics of various earth
                                                                              I-Label 4 oceans and discuss continents                       materials (clay, silt, sand, pebbles, gravel)
                                                                              I-Explain difference between ocean/continent
      Cycles                                                                                                                              I-Define water cycle


Page 3 of 14
                                                           PELAHATCHIE Science Curriculum Map                                                             FINAL Draft
                                                                  I= Introduce, E= Emphasize, M= Master, P= Pretest                                           May 2002
                                                                                                     st
  Content Area                     Kindergarten                                                    1 Grade                                                   2nd Grade
    Ecology      I-Identify substances that can be recycled                  I-Define pollution and list the major causes
                 I-Determine how environmental hazards can affect            I-Explore ways to prevent pollution
                   organisms living in specific areas
                                                                                     Chemistry
    Scientific   I-Collect/model/construct graphs using real objects         I-Use nonstandard and standard units to explore length   E-Use appropriate tools and terms to explore
                 I-Interpret/analyze data in graphical form (bar graph,      I-Compare weight of objects                               measurements
     Process/      pictograph, etc.)                                         I-Explore and estimate capacity/volume of various        E-Estimate/measure length, mass, weight, and
    Technical    I-Measure using nonstandard units                             containers in nonstandard units                         capacity/volume using standard units of measure (inch,
     Writing     I-Model/discuss terms of comparison (more/less, shorter     I-Explore the concept of hot/cold using a non-mercury      foot, yard, centimeter, meter, ounce, pound, gram,
                   taller, heavier/lighter, hotter/colder, before/after)       thermometer                                             kilogram, cup, pint, quart, liter)
                 I-Investigate volume/capacity (holds more, less or about                                                             E-Categorize measurement terms according to length,
                   the same) using different shape containers and                                                                       mass, weight and volume
                   materials
                 I-Participate in group experience chart to record results
                   of scientific investigations
      Matter     I-Demonstrate the interactions between magnets and          I-Identify solids, liquids, gases as states of matter    I-Discuss concept that matter takes up space
                   objects                                                   I-Classify objects as solid/liquid/gas                   E-Classify solids/liquids/gases as states of matter
                 I-Identify a solid and a liquid                             I-Observe demonstration of transformation of solid to      according to their characteristics
                 I-Identify objects that sink/float                            liquid to gas                                          E-Determine properties of states of matter by
                                                                             I-Manipulate magnets to demonstrate interaction of         experimenting
                                                                               magnets and other objects                              E-Manipulate magnets to show that they are only
                                                                                                                                        attracted to certain metals
    Elements

  Content Area                        3rd Grade                                               4th Grade                                                      5th Grade
                                                                                    Life Science
    Scientific   E-Identify/compare difference among length,                 E-Measure given objects using specified scientific       E-Demonstrate ability to use simple measuring devices
                   weight/mass, capacity/volume                                measurement                                              using metric and English units
     Process/    E-Choose appropriate units of measure for length,           E-Select, use, compare, and convert within appropriate   I-Complete a science fair project, including writing of
    Technical      weight, volume                                              standard system of measurement                           hypothesis, investigations and conclusions
     Writing     I-Convert between pints, quarts, gallons                    E-Identify attributes of length, weight, volume, mass,
                 I-Convert miles to feet and yards                             time and temperature using English and metric units
                 I-Compare metric to English measures                          of measure
                 I-Measure length in mm, m and km                            I-Calculate/solve problems with elapsed time
                 I-Measure mass in g and kg
                 I-Measure volume in ml an dl
                 I-Measure temperature in Celsius and Fahrenheit
                 I-Use manipulatives and gridded regions to determine
                   area of shapes
Page 4 of 14
                                                             PELAHATCHIE Science Curriculum Map                                                        FINAL Draft
                                                                 I= Introduce, E= Emphasize, M= Master, P= Pretest                                          May 2002
                                          rd                                                      th
  Content Area                          3 Grade                                                 4 Grade                                                    5th Grade
   Plants and      E-Label flower parts and tell functions                I-Compare food chains and food webs                       I-Investigate organization in organisms (cell, tissue,
                   I-Demonstrate photosynthesis                           I-Compare/contrast adaptations necessary for                organs, organ systems, whole organisms, ecosystems)
    Animals                                                                 plants/animals to survive in different habitats         I-Explore ecosystems and biomes
                                                                                                                                    I-Identify/describe/illustrate roles among producers,
                                                                                                                                      consumers, decomposers in food web
                                                                                                                                    I-Investigate resources that promote growth of
                                                                                                                                      populations in ecosystems
     Genetics      I-Identify/classify different seed types                                                                         I-Define/recognize examples of sexual and asexual
                   I-Compare/contrast dicot and monocot seeds                                                                         reproduction
                   I-Explain germination of seeds                                                                                   I-Explore traits used to classify individual inheritance
                   I-Explain pollination                                                                                              patterns
     Systems       I-Label major bones of human body
                   I-Explain function of skeletal system
  Classification
  Environment      E-Compare/contrast terms endangered and extinct        E-Describe how external forces (heat, wind, water)
                   E-Identify causes of endangerment and extinction        affect earth’s surface
                   E-Discuss solutions to endangerment and extinction     E-Use maps to identify watershed and run-off patterns
                   E-Define pollution, list types and solutions            of local areas
                   E-Identify helpful/harmful human actions on            E-Describe ways to protect air we breathe
                    environment                                           E-Recognize need for water conservation
                                                                          E-Discuss ways to protect/manage organisms in
                                                                           environment
                                                                              Physical Science
    Scientific     E-Identify/compare difference among length,            E-Measure given objects using specified scientific        E-Demonstrate ability to use simple measuring devices
                     weight/mass, capacity/volume                           measurement                                               using metric and English units
     Process/      E-Choose appropriate units of measure for length,      E-Select, use, compare, and convert within appropriate    I-Complete a science fair project, including writing of
    Technical        weight, volume                                         standard system of measurement                            hypothesis, investigations and conclusions
     Writing       I-Convert between pints, quarts, gallons               E-Identify attributes of length, weight, vol ume, mass,
                   I-Convert miles to feet and yards                        time and temperature using English and metric units
                   I-Compare metric to English measures                     of measure
                   I-Measure length in mm, m and km                       I-Calculate/solve problems with elapsed time
                   I-Measure mass in g and kg
                   I-Measure volume in ml an dl
                   I-Measure temperature in Celsius and Fahrenheit
                   I-Use manipulatives and gridded regions to determine
                     area of shapes
      Motion                                                                                                                        I-Explore/measure/graph motion of an object
                                                                                                                                    I-Explore/measure effect of force on an object
      Energy                                                              I-Differentiate energy as potential or kinetic            I-Design/construct simple and compound machines
Page 5 of 14
                                                            PELAHATCHIE Science Curriculum Map                                                                  FINAL Draft
                                                                      I= Introduce, E= Emphasize, M= Master, P= Pretest                                              May 2002
                                         rd                                                           th
  Content Area                         3 Grade                                                       4 Grade                                                        5th Grade
                                                                              I-Identify/explore forms of energy (heat, sound, light,       I-Design/construct electrical circuits (open, closed, series,
                                                                                electricity)                                                  parallel)
                                                                              I-Demonstrate use of sun as energy source                     I-Design/construct an electromagnet
                                                                              Earth & Space Science
    Scientific    E-Identify/compare difference among length,                 E-Measure given objects using specified scientific            E-Demonstrate ability to use simple measuring devices
                    weight/mass, capacity/volume                                measurement                                                   using metric and English units
     Process/     E-Choose appropriate units of measure for length,           E-Select, use, compare, and convert within appropriate        I-Complete a science fair project, including writing of
    Technical       weight, volume                                              standard system of measurement                                hypothesis, investigations and conclusions
     Writing      I-Convert between pints, quarts, gallons                    E-Identify attributes of length, weight, volume, mass,
                  I-Convert miles to feet and yards                             time and temperature using English and metric units
                  I-Compare metric to English measures                          of measure
                  I-Measure length in mm, m and km                            I-Calculate/solve problems with elapsed time
                  I-Measure mass in g and kg
                  I-Measure volume in ml an dl
                  I-Measure temperature in Celsius and Fahrenheit
                  I-Use manipulatives and gridded regions to determine
                    area of shapes
 Space/ Weather   I-Locate/identify constellations as imaginary patterns of   I-Explain why apparent size of object depends on              I-Investigate structure of atmosphere, hydrosphere,
                    stars remaining in fixed shape night to night               distance from observer                                        lithosphere
                  I-Describe nature of stars as distant suns that appear      E-Describe interaction between earth, sun, moon,              E-Explore how Earth’s motion defines day and year and
                    small/faint due to distance                                 planets in solar system                                       influences phases of moon and eclipses
                  E-Collect daily weather data for one month in weather       E-Describe apparent motion of constellations in night         E-Explain/illustrate how tilt of Earth’s axix and Earth’s
                    journal                                                     sky                                                           revolution around sun create seasons
                  E-Use weather data from journal to construct graphs         E-Locate/identify planets as bright, shining bodies that
                                                                                move in front of constellations
                                                                              I-Explain nature of telescopes (collect light, enlarge size
                                                                                of distant objects to reveal unseen features)
                                                                              I-Describe physical features of moon/planets
                                                                              E-Analyze/predict weather using weather instruments
                                                                                (thermometer, anemometer, rain gauge, barometer,
                                                                                hygrometer)
                                                                              E-Recognize/collect data of extreme weather conditions


  Earth History   I-Describe 3 major layers of Earth                          I-Group landform examples by forces that may have             I-Analyze processes that cause changes in Earth
                  I-Examine/identify rock types (metamorphic,                   created them                                                E-Explore fossils as indicators of how life and
                    sedimentary, igneous)                                                                                                     environmental conditions changed
                  I-Discuss places fossils can be found
                  I-Relate how internal forces affect Earth surface
                    (earthquake, volcano)

Page 6 of 14
                                                         PELAHATCHIE Science Curriculum Map                                                         FINAL Draft
                                                               I= Introduce, E= Emphasize, M= Master, P= Pretest                                        May 2002
                                         rd                                                   th
  Content Area                         3 Grade                                               4 Grade                                                   5th Grade
     Cycles      I-Label/illustrate water cycle
    Ecology
                                                                                Chemistry
    Scientific   E-Identify/compare difference among length,            E-Measure given objects using specified scientific       E-Demonstrate ability to use simple measuring devices
                   weight/mass, capacity/volume                           measurement                                              using metric and English units
     Process/    E-Choose appropriate units of measure for length,      E-Select, use, compare, and convert within appropriate   I-Complete a science fair project, including writing of
    Technical      weight, volume                                         standard system of measurement                           hypothesis, investigations and conclusions
     Writing     I-Convert between pints, quarts, gallons               E-Identify attributes of length, weight, volume, mass,
                 I-Convert miles to feet and yards                        time and temperature using English and metric units
                 I-Compare metric to English measures                     of measure
                 I-Measure length in mm, m and km                       I-Calculate/solve problems with elapsed time
                 I-Measure mass in g and kg
                 I-Measure volume in ml an dl
                 I-Measure temperature in Celsius and Fahrenheit
                 I-Use manipulatives and gridded regions to determine
                   area of shapes
      Matter     I-Define chemical and physical changes                 I-Observe that matter occupies space and has             E-Observe/explore physical and chemical properties such
                 I-Demonstrate chemical and physical changes              mass/volume                                              as density, boiling/freezing points, solubility of a
                 I-Compare/contrast chemical/physical changes           E-Demonstrate transformations of states of matter         substance
                                                                        E-Explore/classify physical changes                      E-Explore/observe/discuss/record physical and chemical
                                                                                                                                  changes in everyday substances
    Elements                                                                                                                     E-Recognize elements that combine chemically to produce
                                                                                                                                  compounds




Page 7 of 14
                                                                 PELAHATCHIE Science Curriculum Map                                                              FINAL Draft
                                                                       I= Introduce, E= Emphasize, M= Master, P= Pretest                                             May 2002
                                              th                                                         th
  Content Area                              6 Grade                                                7 Grade                                                          8th Grade
                                                                                         Life Science
 Scientific Process/   E-Demonstrate ability to use simple measuring devices      E-Demonstrate ability to use simple measuring devices       E-Demonstrate ability to use simple measuring devices
 Technical Writing       for metric and English units                               for metric and English units                               for metric and English units
                       E-Predict/measure length of diffe rent classroom objects   E-Predict/measure length of different classroom objects     E-Predict/measure length of different classroom objects
                         using standard and non-standard measures                   using standard and non-standard measures                   using standard and non-standard measures
    Plants and         I-Construct a model of plant and animal cells              I-Determine how organisms co-exist in their
                       E-Compare/contrast plant/animal cell parts by creating       environments
     Animals             a diagram                                                I-Demonstrate that cells interact with their
                       I-Evaluate significance of resources required for            environment
                         organisms                                                I-Investigate homeostasis as it relates to plants and
                       I-Investigate worm adaptations (movement,                    animals
                         protection, conservation of moisture)                    E-Compare/contrast plant and animal cells through
                       E-Explore ways organisms adapt to environment                 investigation
                       I-Compare/contrast roles among producers, consumers,       I-Describe process of respiration and use of its products
                         decomposers in food web by creating Venn diagram         E-Describe process of photosynthesis and use of its
                       I-Manipulate resources that promote growth by                products
                         planting seeds in cold, warm, light, dark, water, no
                         water and observe
                       I-Compare/contrast two different organisms
                         (crickets/grasshoppers) on a graph
     Genetics          E-Differentiate between sexual/asexual reproduction        E-Explore processes of reproduction and heredity of         E-Analyze genetic continuity of organisms
                       I-Research an organism to determine how it reproduces        organisms                                                 I-Compare/contrast genotype and phenotype
                         and write a paragraph to explain                         I-Distinguish genes as sections of DNA molecules that       I-Explain advantages/disadvangages of hybrid and
                       I-Determine how traits are used to classify individual       carry genetic code for inherited traits                     purebred species of plants/animals
                         inherited patterns                                       I-Examine homozygous and heterozygous traits                I-Define meiosis by relating process to genetic community
                       E-Graph dominant and recessive traits                      I-Explain mitosis and relate to organisms growth and        E-Examine genes as section of DNA molecule that carries
                                                                                    repair processes                                            genetic code for inherited traits
                                                                                                                                              I-Investigate chromosomal abnormalitites
                                                                                                                                              I-Solve Punnett squares
                                                                                                                                              E-Define mitosis
     Systems                                                                      I-Illustrate parts of digestive system and interaction of   E-Analyze structure and function of living systems
                                                                                    each part                                                 E-Analyze body systems and their functions
                                                                                  I-Illustrate parts and interaction between respi ratory     E-Identify parts of and show interaction between
                                                                                    and circulatory systems                                     reproductive and endocrine systems
                                                                                  I-Illustrate parts of excretory system and interaction of   E-Examine diseases that result of body system failures or
                                                                                    each part                                                   infection by other organisms
  Classification
  Environment          I-Compare water collected from a variety of sources and    E-Examine survival strategies of organisms over many        E-Examine physical factors of populations as related to
                         the organisms within                                      generations                                                 formation of ecosystems
                       I-Observe an area on campus and record living              E-Apply concepts of adaptation by analyzing how             E-Analyze adaptation of representative organisms to
Page 8 of 14
                                                                PELAHATCHIE Science Curriculum Map                                                             FINAL Draft
                                                                       I= Introduce, E= Emphasize, M= Master, P= Pretest                                           May 2002
                                              th                                                          th
  Content Area                              6 Grade                                                   7        Grade                                              8th Grade
                         organisms and how they react                              organisms are classified into groups and sub-groups        aquatic or terrestrial environments
                       I-Relate environmental changes and characteristics that    E-Research animal adaptations and behaviors as relate d   I-Evaluate effects of urbanization on aquatic or
                         influence extinction of a species                         to survival strategies                                     terrestrial environments
                       I-Construct a visual display listing reasons an organism   E-Explain how natural and man-made pressures cause        E-Analyze how predation and food webs help structure
                         researched became extinct                                 extinction                                                 communities
                       I-Debate reasons for extinction of a species               E-Explore environmental factors of population that        E-Determine economic factors that influence regulation
                                                                                   influence formation of ecosystems                          and behavior of organisms
                                                                                  E-Investigate environmental concerns of land, water,      I-Appraise economic factors associated with regulations
                                                                                    and air                                                   and protection of the environment
                                                                                  E-Describe/discuss how natural barriers can cause the     E-Explain environmental degradation to include
                                                                                    development of new species                                overpopulation, biodiversity, sea-level rise, and
                                                                                                                                              enhanced greenhouse effect
                                                                                      Physical Science
 Scientific Process/   E-Demonstrate ability to use simple measuring devices      E-Demonstrate ability to use simple measuring devices     E-Demonstrate ability to use simple measuring devices
 Technical Writing      for metric and English units                                for me tric and English units                            for metric and English units
                       E-Predict/measure length of different classroom objects    E-Predict/measure length of different classroom objects   E-Predict/measure length of different classroom objects
                        using standard and non-standard measures                    using standard and non-standard measures                 using standard and non-standard measures
      Motion           E-Analyze/measure/graph motion of an object                I-Investigate Newton’s Laws of Motion                     E-Illustrate wave motion in different media
                       E-Experiment with effect of force on objects               I-Apply Newton’s 3 Laws of Motion using simple
                                                                                    machines
                                                                                  I-Design/construct simple and complex machines
                                                                                  I-Measure/graph motion of objects by its position,
                                                                                    direction of motion and speed
      Energy           I-Create a potential/kinetic energy toy                    E-Investigate sun as major source of energy               E-Measure transfer of heat between 2 objects using
                       I-Observe/manipulate energy as potential or kinetic        I-Compare/contrast how 3 forms of thermal energy flow       Celsius scale
                       I-Investigate forms of energy (heat, sound, light,         I-Research one or more sources of energy (nuclear,        I-Research/discuss energy transformation
                         electricity)                                               solar, wind)                                            I-Convert one energy form to another
                       I-Investigate electrical current                                                                                     E-Analyze mechanical waves and electromagnetic waves
                       E-Recognize/experiment with sun as source of energy
                                                                                  Earth & Space Science
 Scientific Process/   E-Demonstrate ability to use simple measuring devices      E-Demonstrate ability to use simple measuring devices     E-Demonstrate ability to use simple measuring devices
 Technical Writing       for metric and English units                               for metric and English units                             for metric and English units
                       E-Predict/measure length of different classroom objects    E-Predict/measure length of different classroom objects   E-Predict/measure length of different classroom objects
                         using standard and non-standard measures                   using standard and non-standard measures                 using standard and non-standard measures
 Space/ Weather        E-Explain structure of atmosphere, hydrosphere,            I-Distinguish between chemical and physical
                         lithosphere in a replica                                   weathering
                       E-Demonstrate how Earth’s motion influences day,           E-Explain causes of lunar phases, eclipses, seasons
                          year, phases of moon                                    I-Explain the relationship between distance and light-
                       I-Construct a model of Earth and system of planets           travel time
                       E-Demonstrate motion of Earth that affects seasons         I-Describe deep-sky objects visible from Earth
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                                                                PELAHATCHIE Science Curriculum Map                                                              FINAL Draft
                                                                        I= Introduce, E= Emphasize, M= Master, P= Pretest                                           May 2002
                                              th                                                          th
  Content Area                              6 Grade                                                   7        Grade                                               8th Grade
                       E-Explore how gravity influences motion of all            I-Describe Milky Way as galaxy we belong to
                         celestial bodies                                        I-Describe our galaxy in terms of its components and
                                                                                   our location within it
                                                                                 I-Describe spiral nebulae as distant galaxies
                                                                                 E-Describe different galaxies in terms of shape and level
                                                                                   of activity
                                                                                 E-Use weather maps to analyze/predict weather
                                                                                 E-Construct weather map to forecast weather over a
                                                                                   region, giving temperature in degrees Celsius
                                                                                 E-Describe all galaxy shapes
                                                                                 I-Determine average distance Earth travels through
                                                                                   space each day using equation for circumference and
                                                                                   93M miles as radius
  Earth History        I-Examine changes and processes that alter Earth’s        I-Identify minerals by using tests for streak, cleavage,
                         system                                                    fracture, hardness, special gravity and special
                       I-Construct timeline to show make-up of Earth from          properties
                         past to present                                         E-Explore composition and changes of earth system
                       E-Analyze fossils as indicators of how life and           I-Explain how crustal movements result in earthquake,
                         environmental conditions have changed                     volcano, mountain formation
                       E-Identify era in which certain fossils existed           I-Identify forces causing erosion and deposition to
                                                                                   create landforms
                                                                                 E-Research landforms and fossils specific to Mississippi
                                                                                 I-Compare properties and composition of salt water and
                                                                                   fresh water
                                                                                 I-Identify stages of geological timetable and discuss how
                                                                                   environment changed in each period
                                                                                 I-Discuss Mississippi’s geological areas
                                                                                 I-Describe methods/tools used in dating rocks
                                                                                 I-Understand concept of original horizontality
                                                                                 I-Define plate tectonics, continental drift theory,
                                                                                   mountain building process, subduction, remelting
     Cycles
     Ecology           I-Explore importance of taking care of the environment

                                                                                         Chemistry
 Scientific Process/   E-Demonstrate ability to use simple measuring devices     E-Demonstrate ability to use simple measuring devices       E-Demonstrate ability to use simple measuring devices
 Technical Writing      for metric and English units                              for metric and English units                                for metric and English units
                       E-Predict/measure length of different classroom objects   E-Predict/measure length of different classroom objects     E-Predict/measure length of different classroom objects
                        using standard and non-standard measures                  using standard and non-standard measures                    using standard and non-standard measures
      Matter           E-Analyze properties such as density, boiling point,      E-Determine/measure experimentally boiling point,

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                                                         PELAHATCHIE Science Curriculum Map                                       FINAL Draft
                                                               I= Introduce, E= Emphasize, M= Master, P= Pretest                    May 2002
                                       th                                                         th
  Content Area                       6 Grade                                                  7        Grade                       8th Grade
                   solubility of a substance                                melting point, density, solubility
                 E-Record/interpret physical and chemical changes using   I-Relate density to mass and vol ume
                  everyday substances                                     E-Understand that chemical and physical properties
                                                                            determine a substance identity
                                                                          E-Investigate chemical and physical properties of
                                                                            matter
                                                                          I-Determine experimentally physical and chemical
                                                                            properties including density, conductivity, and
                                                                            reactions with water, acids and bases
    Elements     E-Differentiate between common elements that combine     E-Recognize elements that will combine to form
                   chemically to produce compounds                          compounds
                                                                          I-Compare common metals, non-metals and
                                                                            metalloids by name, symbol and characteristics
                                                                          E-Interpret information given on periodic table to
                                                                            predict reactions between elements
                                                                          I-Write simple formulas for compounds
                                                                          I-Distinguish among atoms, ions, molecules
                                                                          E-Determine density of regular and irregular objects
                                                                          I-Determine experimentally how acidic and basic as
                                                                            substance is using pH scale indicator
                                                                          I-Understand factor label method for unit conversions
                                                                            in metric system
                                                                          I-Understand the mole
                                                                          I-Determine formula masses




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                                          PELAHATCHIE Science Curriculum Map                                                      FINAL Draft
                                            I= Introduce, E= Emphasize, M= Master, P= Pretest                                         May 2002
  Content Area         Physical Science                               Biology                                        Human Anatomy & Physiology
                                                           Life Science
 Scientific Process/                                E-Utilize critical and scientific problem solving in      E-Utilize critical and scientific problem solving in
 Technical Writing                                    designing and performing biological research and          designing and performing biological research and
                                                     experimentation                                           experimentation
                                                                                                              M-Demonstrate proper use/care of scientific equipment
                                                                                                              E-Observe/practice safety in lab
                                                                                                              E-Apply components of scientific processes
                                                                                                              E-Communicate results of scientific investigation
    Plants and
     Animals
     Genetics                                       M-Investigate biochemical basis of life
                                                    M-Investigate cell structures, functions and methods of
                                                     reproduction
                                                    M-Investigate principles, mechanisms, methodology of
                                                     classical and molecular genetics
     Systems                                        M-Analyze and relate structure and function in living     E-Identify cavities of body and locate essential organs
                                                     systems                                                  E-Identify structure/function of body systems, explore
                                                    M-Dissect fetal pigs                                        interactions among systems and investigate major
                                                                                                                disorders/diseases associated with each
                                                                                                              E-Investigate integumentary, muscular, nervous,
                                                                                                                endocrine, digestive, respiratory, circulatory, lymphatic,
                                                                                                                 urinary reproductive and skeletal systems
  Classification                                                                                              E-Describe basic organization of body using appropriate
                                                                                                                anatomical concepts
                                                                                                              E-Define anatomy, physiology, homeostasis
                                                                                                              I-Describe anatomical position and apply anatomical
                                                                                                                terms, terms of direction and planes of section
                                                                                                              E-Explore relationship of cell to more complex levels of
                                                                                                                organization within body
                                                                                                              E-Describe structure/function of components of typical
                                                                                                                animal cell
                                                                                                              I-Name 4 major categories of tissues and compare
                                                                                                                location, structure, function of each
                                                                                                              E-Relate plasma membrane structure to active and
                                                                                                                passive transport mechanisms
  Environment                                       M-Investigate concepts of natural selection as they
                                                     relate to diversity of life
                                                    M-Investigate interdependence and interactions that
                                                     occur within an ecosystem

Page 12 of 14
                                                              PELAHATCHIE Science Curriculum Map                                              FINAL Draft
                                                                        I= Introduce, E= Emphasize, M= Master, P= Pretest                       May 2002
  Content Area                     Physical Science                                                    Biology                         Human Anatomy & Physiology

    Scientific    E-Demonstrate proper use and care of scientific               E-Utilize critical and scientific problem solving in
                    equipment                                                    designing and performing biological research and
     Process/     E-Observe/practice safe procedures in classroom and            experimentation
    Technical       lab
     Writing      E-Integrate computer and calculator in classroom and
                    lab
                  E-Apply scientific processes/methods in classroom and
                    lab investigations
                  E-Investigate interrelationship of science technology
                    and society
                  E-Communicate results of scientific investigations in
                     oral, written and graphic form
                  E-Research current scientific topics using various
                    references
     Motion       I-Analyze relationship between rate of motion and a
                    fixed point
                  I-Relate physical forces and systems that control earth
                  I-Understand conservation of energy
                  E-Describe how wave motion can be calculated and
                    predicted

     Energy       I-Investigate electrical flow controlled by circuit           M-Investigate transfer of energy from sun to living
                    components                                                   systems
                  I-Explore light and its characteristics

                                                                                Earth & Space Science
   Scientific
    Process/
   Technical
    Writing
 Space/ Weather
  Earth History
     Cycles
    Ecology

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                                                         PELAHATCHIE Science Curriculum Map                                                        FINAL Draft
                                                                I= Introduce, E= Emphasize, M= Master, P= Pretest                                      May 2002
  Content Area                   Physical Science                                         Biology                                      Human Anatomy & Physiology
                                                                                 Chemistry
    Scientific   E-Demonstrate proper use and care of scientific         E-Utilize critical and scientific problem solving in   E-Utilize critical and scientific problem solving in
                  equipment                                               designing and performing biological research and       designing and performing biological research and
     Process/    E-Observe/practice safe procedures in classroom and      expe rimentation                                       experimentation
    Technical     lab
     Writing     E-Integrate computer and calculator in classroom and
                  lab
                 E-Apply scientific processes/methods in classroom and
                  lab investigations
                 E-Investigate interrelationship of science technology
                  and society
                 E-Communicate results of scientific investigations in
                   oral, written and graphic form
                 E-Research current scientific topics using various
                   references
      Matter     E-investigate matter using measurements and
                  mathematical expressions
                 E-Illustrate composition of matter using system of
                  nomenclature
                 E-Investigate chemical changes in matter
    Elements     E-Analyze subatomic, atomic and molecular structure                                                            E-Discuss biochemical composition of human body
                   of matter                                                                                                    E-Identify major elements that form bulk of body matte r
                                                                                                                                E-Explain relationship among atoms, molecules,
                                                                                                                                  elements, compounds
                                                                                                                                E-Explain importance of water
                                                                                                                                E-Describe concept of pH
                                                                                                                                I-Name 4 major groups of organic substances and give
                                                                                                                                  functions of specific members of group




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