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JAR 145 Course Part 1

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					                                   oint Aviation Authorities
    THE JAA MAINTENANCE DIVISION
            & COSCAP - SA




           n

               .      .
        JAR 145 & OPS Subpart M
          TRAINING COURSE
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                                             oint Aviation Authorities




    The Joint Aviation Authorities
                (JAA)



    An introduction to the JAA, its maintenance
    policy and in particular JAR-145 & OPS -1
    (Maintenance aspects).



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                JAA OBJECTIVES
    • To ensure through co-operation on regulation,
      common high levels of aviation safety within the
      member states.
    • To achieve a cost effective safety system so as to
      contribute to an efficient aviation industry.
    • To contribute,through the uniform applications of
      common standards, to fair and equal competition
      within the member states.
    • To promote, through international co-operation,
      the JAA standards and system to improve the
3     safety of aviation world- wide.
                                                         oint Aviation Authorities




                JAA MEMBERSHIP

    Only countries who are members of ECAC (European
      Civil Aviation Conference) are eligible to join the JAA.

    At present there are 38 member states of ECAC and 34
       member states of the JAA, 24 of which are full
       members.




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           AUSTRIA     LUXEMBOURG       BULGARIA
           BELGIUM     MALTA            CYPRUS
           Czech Rep   MONACO           ESTONIA
ALBANIA    DENMARK     NETHERLANDS      HUNGARY
ARMENIA    FINLAND     NORWAY           LATVIA
UKRAINE    FRANCE      PORTUGAL         LITHUANIA
           GERMANY     ROMANIA          MOLDOVA
           GREECE      SLOVENIA         *MACEDONIA
           ICELAND     SPAIN            POLAND
           IRELAND     SWEDEN           SLOVAK Rep.
 Croatia   ITALY       SWITZERLAND      *(Former Yugoslav
                                        Republic of Macedonia)
           TURKEY      UNITED KINGDOM
           JAA Full Members (24)
                JAA (34)

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                ECAC (38)      As on May 2001
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     EC Council Regulation on Technical
          Harmonisation 3922/91
    The EU regulation on the harmonisation of technical
    requirements and procedures applicable to civil aircraft
    became effective on 1 January 1992.

    The effect of this regulation is to give the force of
    “European” law to those JARs specified in the regulation
    including automatic recognition. It therefore follows that
    compliance with and automatic recognition of the JARs
    specified in the regulation is mandatory for the EU JAA-
    NAA states from the date on when a particular JAR is
    gazetted.
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         EU Council Regulation on
         Technical Harmonisation

    JAR-145 approved maintenance organisation is one
    JAR specified in the EU regulation and therefore with
    the force of law the EU requires compliance with JAR-
    145 and the automatic recognition of such JAR-145
    approvals granted by one JAA-NAA by any other JAA-
    NAA without further technical evaluation but subject to
    compliance with the common procedures




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         EU Council Regulation on
         Technical Harmonisation

    The common procedures applicable to JAR-145 are
    specified in the Joint Maintenance Procedures “blue
    book”.

    Failure to comply with JAR-145 or the associated
    common procedures are the only basis for non-
    recognition and would need to be made known to the
    EU.



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             Two stage Membership

• Full Members

• Candidate Members

     – Access to meetings, but

     – No voting rights

     – No automatic recognition of approvals

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     EUROPEAN MAINTENANCE
FULL MEMBER NATIONAL AUTHORITIES - 24
REGIONAL OFFICES                        - 55
MAINTENANCE SURVEYORS                   - 500
MAINTENANCE ORGANISATIONS               - 2100
OPERATORS                               - 2400
As on May 2001
TOTAL ORGANISATIONS APPROVED/ACCEPTED -   3240
(OF WHICH 1830 IN EUROPE, 1250 IN U.S.A AND
  155 IN THE REST OF THE WORLD )
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                                     JAA Structure
                                              JAA Board




                                            JAA Committee
                                                                             IPAP
                  FAA/TCA
                                                    Executive Board
                                                          (6)          NAAs/     XIndustry
                                            Secretary General




     Regulation      Certification    Maintenance       Operations         Licensing         Research
                                                                                             Committee

                                              C
                                      DIR     O
                                              M                                        Admin.       Support
                                              M                                        Director     Services


                  Sub-Committees, Working/Study Groups, Joint Teams etc.
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              JAA SET UP
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                          GOVERNING
                JAA                        IPAP
                Board
                      JAA
                    Committee

                      Chief           EXECUTIVE
Central JAA         Executive

 Cert    Lic.    Maint.   Ops.   Regul. Resource &
 Div     Div.     Div     Div     Div Development
                                           Div

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         Maintenance Committee
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       Industry Representation (1)
AEA:      Association European Airlines

EURACA: European Air Carrier Association

AECMA:    Association Europeenne des
          Constructeurs de Materiel Aerospatial.

ERA:      European Regional Airlines

EHA:      European Helicopter Association
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          Maintenance Committee
        Industry Representation (2)
AEI:      Aircraft Engineers International

ECOGAS: European Council of General Aviation
        Support

EBAA:     European Business Aviation Association

ITF:      International Transport Workers Federation

EIMG      European Independent Maintenance
          Group
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      Primary role of the JAA
       Maintenance Division


     To help all JAA National Authorities
     establish common standards of
     compliance with maintenance JARs such
     that mutual recognition has credibility.



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         Commercial Air Transport


                             JAR 66
     JAR OPS    JAR 145



                             JAR 147




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        Commercial Air Transport


     JAR OPS   OPERATORS REQUIREMENT INCLUDES
               SUBPART M MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT
     JAR 145   MAINTENANCE ORGANISATION
               REQUIREMENT
     JAR 66    CERTIFYING STAFF FOR JAR 145

     JAR 147   TRAINING ORGANISATIONS FOR JAR 66
               CERTIFYING STAFF

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             RESPONSIBILITIES
     The operator is responsible for ensuring the
     safe operation of his/her aircraft including
     ensuring the completion of all necessary
     maintenance.

     The JAR 145 organisation is responsible for
     carrying out the operators necessary
     maintenance to the required standard.

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                                                 oint Aviation Authorities



     Joint Aviation Requirements (JAR’s)
     • Section 1

       – Requirements

     • Section 2

       – Acceptable Means of Compliance (AMC)

       – Interpretative / Explanatory Material
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     JAA Administrative and Guidance
                Material
Section 1     Section 2         Section 3   Section 4      Section 5
General       Maintenance Certification     Operation      Licensing
Information               •Part 1 to 4      •Part 1        •Part 1 to 4
              •Part 1
              General                       General
              Information                   Information
              •Part 2                       •Part 2
              Procedures                    Procedures
              •Part 3                       •Part 3
              Temporary                     Temporary
              Guidance                      Guidance
              •List of Maint.               •Part 4
              Organisations                 AOCRegister

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                                JAR-66
     • Covers certifying staff primarily for JAR-145

     • Limited to release of aircraft 5700kg & above

     • Status: Effective June 1998

     • Mandatory after June 2001

     • Small a/c draft proposal now with the Maintenance Committee.
       Possible NPA second quarter 2000.



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                                JAR-66
     • Certifying staff will be granted a JAR-66 aircraft maintenance
       licence in one or more of the following categories;

     • A - Certifying mechanic

     • B1 - Certifying technician mechanical

     • B2 - Certifying technician avionic

     • C - Certifying base maintenance engineer



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                                 JAR-66

     • The JAR-66 aircraft maintenance licence will contain the basic
       A, B1, B2 and C categories

     • Except for category A it will contain type ratings

     • Will be in a standardised JAA format

     • Will be issued by the JAA full member Authorities and be
       recognised by all others



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                                                          oint Aviation Authorities




                            JAR-66
     • The JAR-66 aircraft maintenance licence alone does
       not permit the holder to release to service an aircraft
       used for commercial air transport

     • It in addition requires the JAR-145 organisation to
       issue a JAR-145 certification authorisation to permit
       release of such aircraft on behalf of the JAR-145
       organisation



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                                                                     oint Aviation Authorities

                                    JAR 66
                                              BMCE/C

   Base             BMT/B1                                        BMT/B2
Maintenance                                    BMM


                                          Mechanic

                    LMCT/B1                                       LMCT/B2
    Line
Maintenance
                                              LMCM/A

(Pre-flight
                                              Mechanic
 Check)


26                                              Release to       Exchangeable
 Certifying staff      non Certifying staff     Service by....   Personnel
                                                              oint Aviation Authorities




             JAR 66 PROTECTED RIGHTS

     1. Existing national licence to be converted to JAR 66 AML
        within 10 years with limitations as necessary.

     2. Converted to full JAR 66 AML if standards meet full
        requirement of JAR 66.

     3. Standards check by JAA before (2) conversion.




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                                                       oint Aviation Authorities


      Bilateral Aviation Safety Agreement
                     (BASA)

     1. BASA is State to State agreement to recognise each
        others systems via implementation procedures.

     2. Maintenance Implementation Procedure (MIP) is for
        maintenance.

     3. Signature of MIP activates maintenance part.

     4. The basic BASA must be signed before any
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        implementation procedure can be signed.
                                                         oint Aviation Authorities




         Fundamental principle for MIP
     1. A JAA accepted American FAR-145 Repair Station
        will certify compliance with FARs plus any differences
        between FAR and JAR.

     2. A JAR-145 European Maintenance Organisation
        holding FAR-145 will certify compliance with JARs
        plus any differences between FAR and JAR. For
        Components a JAA Form One is used.




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                                                        oint Aviation Authorities


      JAA Acceptance of American FAR-
            145 Repair Stations



     1. Quality Audit System as in JAR 145.

     2. Access for JAA or FAA acting on behalf of JAA

     3. Accountable Manager Commitment as in JAR 145



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     JAA Acceptance of American FAR-145
               Repair Stations


     4. Supplement to inspection procedures manual.

     5. Acceptance of other differences.

     6. Receive maintenance international standardisation
        teams (MIST).



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                         MIST Teams


     MIST Teams use a standard format to question the NAA
       and sample a selection of industry organisations for
       compliance with JARs such as 145.

     MIST Team findings are discussed with the NAA before
       being finalised into the need for corrective action.

     Failure to correct within agreed timescales can lead to
       the country approvals not being recognised by other
       member states.
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                                                                      oint Aviation Authorities


                        MIST OBJECTIVE
     1. To help FAA staff understand the differences between JAR-145 and
        FAR 43/145 from the JAA point of view.

     2. To look at each FAA regions working practices for compatibility with
        JAA procedures.

     3. By snapshot audits of a representative sample of FAR-145 repair
        stations, check for compatibility with JAR-145.

     NOTE: Any FAR-145 repair station found significantly out of compliance
       with FAR-145 or JAA supplementary conditions will be removed from
       JAA list.


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                   oint Aviation Authorities




     JAA WEBSITE


      www.jaa.nl




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