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					                                        saavtoro jgufi:



                                adiqciis erovnuli centri




sarCevi

I Tavi     _ sawavlo programis struqtura                   3
II Tavi    _ Tambaqos moxmarebis profilaqtikis roli        11
III Tavi   _ saubrebi mozardebTan                          16
IV Tavi    _ saswavlo programa                             25
V Tavi     _ jansaRi skola _ jansaRi mozardi        47




 damatebiTi informaciebi: Tbilisi, gamcemliZis q. 21
 telefoni: 94 12 08




                                              Tbilisi




                                                2
  masalebi gankuTvnilia skolis maswavleblebisaTvis, romlebic dakavebulni arian 12-
dan 17 wlis asakis mozardebTan muSaobiT. programis struqtura gaTvlilia klasis
farglebSi Tambaqos wevis profilaqtikuri saqmianobisaTvis da moicavs Semdeg ZiriTad
mimarTulebebs:




 mocemul nawilSi ganxilulia mozardis pirovnuli ganviTarebis etapebi da cnobebi maTi Taviseburebebis, interesebis,
midrekilebebis da logikis Sesaxeb, rac dakavSirebulia programuli Tematikis mravalferovnebasTan da saqmianobis
ZiriTad mimarTulebebTan;




 mocemul nawilSi maswavleblebs rekomendacia eZlevaT rogor unda imuSaon mSoblebTan da ra formebiT unda
Caayenon isini saqmis kursSi im sakiTxebTan dakavSirebiT, rasac maTi Svilebi swavloben;




 Mmocemul nawilSi Sekrebilia rekomendaciebi, romelTa saSualebiT maswavleblebi uzrunvelyofen sazogadoebis farTo
fenebis (jandacvis,ganaTlebis, kulturis, sportis, samRvdeloebis, mas-mediis) CarTvas Sidasaskolo programebSi; aseve,
rogor CaerTon maTi aRsazrdelebi sazogadoebaSi cxovrebis jansaRi wesis damkvidrebis saqmeSi;




                                                         3
 programiT gaTvaliswinebul yovel gakveTilSi miTiTebulia swavlebis mizani, maswavlebisaTvis aucilebeli
rekomendacia, swavlebis mimarTuleba da saSualebebi.




 programiT rekomendirebulia Sualeduri da saboloo testebi, romelTa gamoyenebiT
maswavlebels saSualeba eZleva daadginos programis mimdinareobis efeqturoba.
 avtorTa mxridan rekomendacias warmoadgens mozardebisaTvis aRniSnuli testebis
winaswar ar gacnoba.




  saswavlo programis kursi dafuZebulia centralur ideaze, romlis arsi advilad SeiZleba
gadaeces mozardebs. mTavar mosazrebas Seadgens termini ,,erTi mTliani" anu
janmrTeloba unda gavigoT, rogorc erTi mTliani, romelic urTierTdakavSirebuli
nawilebisagan Sedgeba. sakmarisia erT-erT nawilSi adgili hqondes raime gadaxras, es
daetyoba yvela danarCen nawils, e.i. janmrTelobas.


aucilebelia vicodeT, rogor funqcionirebs Cveni organizmi, ra SemTxvevaSia yvela
misi sistema janmrTeli.



  mniSvnelovania Tu rogor aRviqvamT informacias; agreTve, codna imisa, Tu sad
SeiZleba saWiro informaciis miReba da rogor moxdeba miRebuli informaciis
realizacia. aucilebelia sxvadasxva wyaroebidan miRebuli informaciis Segrovebisa da
analizis unari da misi mimarTva sakuTari organizmis janmrTelobis ganmtkicebis
saqmeSi.



  sakuTari grZnobebis aRqma da gadmocemis SesaZleblobi. damokidebulebis
gansazRvra sakuTar TavTan da garSemomyofebTan saSualebas iZleva grZnobebi
gadmoices sxvebisTvis gasagebi formebiT da SinaarsiT. aucilebelia mTeli rigi
emociebis marTva da gansazRvra - romelia maTgan misaRebi da romeli - ara.




                                                  4
 mniSvnelovania pirovnulobis SegrZneba da srulyofili damokidebulebis Camoyalibeba
rogorc sakuTar TavTan, aseve ojaxis wevrebTan, megobrebTan, sapirispiro sqesis
warmomadgenlebTan. aucilebelia siaxleebis Zebna da maTi farTod gamoyeneba amave
adamianebTan mimarTebaSi.



 rogor yalibdeba piraduli ,,me", rogoria TviTSegrZnebisa da TviTrealizaciis xarisxi, ras
gvinda mivaRwioT da ras vgulisxmobT warmatebaSi. yovel adamians TviTrealizaciis
sakuTari mimarTuleba gaaCnia, rac damokidebulia im RirebulebebTan,
miswrafebebTan da fsiqo-emociur interesebTan, romelic TiToeul adamianSi
TandaTanobiT viTardeba da mis socialur daniSnulebas gansazRvravs.



  Cvens mier dasaxelebul aspeqtebs didi mniSvneloba aqvs adamianis
janmrTelobisaTvis, gamoxatavs Cveni arsebobis arss da gansazRvravs pirovnul
mTlianobas.




 swavlebis ramdenime meTodi arsebobs, Tumca mizani erTia - moswavlem Tavad unda
aiRos pasuxismgebloba swavlaze. aucilebelia, mozardebis mxridan iniacitivis
gamomJRavneba da gamomJRavnebuli iniacitivis stimulireba maswavleblis mier.
maswavleblis movaleobaa gakveTilze Seqmnas iseTi garemo, romelic misaRebia
mozardisaTvis. rac mTavaria, maswavleblisa da mozardis damokidebuleba kardinalurad
unda gansxvavdebodes im damokidebulebisagan, romelic Cveulebriv saswavlo
gakveTilze SeimCneva. mozardi swrafad aRiqvams aRniSnul cvlilebas, rac masSi
dadebiT emociebs gamoiwvebs da Sinaganad ganamzadebs aqtiuri poziciis dakavebaSi.
sainteresoa, rom maswavlebelsa da mozards Soris gansxvavebuli damokidebulebis
Camoyalibeba - misaRebia Tavad maswavleblisaTvis Tu igi auditorias miiCnevs ara
rogorc mxolod moswavleebad, aramed, upirveles yovlisa, rogorc Tanamoazreebad.



aRqmis xarisxi 5%



                                           5
  leqcia masalis gadmocemis struqturul_organizaciuli formaa, romliTac maswavlebeli
sargeblobs. miuxedavad dadebiTi Tvisebebisa, leqcias sakmaod uaryofiTi
maxasiaTeblebi gaaCnia, gansakuTrebiT im SemTxvevaSi, roca is droSia gawelili, ar
aris ganmtkicebuli TvalsaCinoebis masalebiT da ar iTvaliswinebs mozardebis aqtiur
monawileobas. leqcia mozards pasiuri msmenelis rols aniWebs. Tu leqciis Catareba
aucileblobad iqneba miCneuli, umjobesia maswavleblis mier mowveuli iqnas
mozardebisaTvis ucxo specialistebi, magaliTad: eqimebi an fsiqologebi. aseT
SemTxvevaSi, mozardebis mxridan garkveul interes gamoiwvevs klasSi ucxo pirovnebis
Sesvla, interesi ar ganeldeba Tu leqciis mimdinareoba ar aRemateba 8_10 wuTs.



aRqmis xarisxi 20%

 individualuri an koleqtiuri kiTxva swavlebis aucilebel meTods warmoadgens.
magram, iseve rogorc leqcia, kiTxva ar iZleva informaciis Rrma Sinaarsobrivi aRqmis
saSualebas. kiTxvis meTodis aRqmis xarisxi izrdeba swavlebis sxva meTodebTan
kavSirSi.




aRqmis xarisxi 20 %

  aRniSnuli meTodi dakavSirebulia garkveul teqnikur sirTuleebTan. miuxedavad
amisa, Tu skolas gaaCnia video-vizualuri masalebis Cvenebis saSualeba, aucilebelia
maswavleblis mier winaswar iqnas ganxiluli sademonstracio masala. mozardebSi
aRqmis xarisxi TiTqmis ormagdeba, Tu filmis demonstrirebis Semdeg moxdeba misi
garCeva, romlis drosac, maswavlebeli mxolod diskusiisa da kamaTis makoordinirebeli
roliT Semoifargleba.



aRqmis xarisxi 30 %

 TvalsaCinoebis masalebi unda iyos mravalferovani, advilad aRqmadi. Tumca,
TvalsaCinoebis masalebis xarisxis dacva, masalaTa Tanmimdevruli urTierTSenacvleba
garkveul finansur xarjebTan aris dakavSirebuli. Tu skola uZluria saWiro Tanxebis

                                         6
mopovebaSi, gacilebiT efeqturi iqneba TvalsaCinoebis        masalebis   damzadeba
mozardebis mier da TiToeuli masalis garCeva klasebSi.



aRqmis xarisxi 50 %

  erT-erTi mniSvnelovani meTodia, romlis sworad warmarTvis SemTxvevaSi aRqmis
xarisxi SeiZleba sagrZnoblad gaizardos. didi mniSvneloba aqvs maswavleblis unars -
warmarTos diskusia. SeiZleba gamovyoT garkveuli wesi, romelic diskusiaSi
monawileTa mxridan daculi unda iyos. mozardebis mier sadiskusio wesebis aTviseba
damokidebulia maswavleblis mxridan Semdegi momentebis daregulirebaze:
 I.    urTierTmosmenis unari - mosaubrem bolomde unda gamoTqvas sakuTari
 mosazreba. roca mosaubre amTavrebs saubars, meorem mokled unda gaanalizos
 pirvelis mier gamoTqmuli mosazrebebi da mxolod amis Semdeg gadavides sakuTar
 msjelobaze. kargi iqneba Tu maswavleblis mier daculi icneba Semdegi
 Tanamimdevroba:
  Temas irCevs maswavlebeli. magaliTad, ,,Tambaqos weva da sqesobrivi
 garTulebebi". Temis garSemo azrs sityvierad ayalibebs araumetes 1-3 wuTis
 ganmavlobaSi;
 ZiriTadi saTqmelis Semdeg maswavlebeli asrulebs Tavis saubars ise, rom ar
sruldeba azri an dasrulebul azrs erTvis kiTxvis niSani, magaliTad, ,,Cemi azriT,
axalgazrdobaSi Tambaqos weva impotenciis upirvelesi winapirobaa, Tumca……...",
amis Semdeg mimarTavs konkretul moswavles da sTxovs gaanalizos mis mier
naTqvami da imsjelos aRniSnul sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT;
 rac mTavaria, aseTi moswavlis SerCeva unda xdebodes meyseulad da ara
winaswari SerCeviT;
 kargi iqneba Tu maswavlebeli ara sityvierad, aramed raime nivTis gadacemis (
magaliTad, gasaRebi ) gziT airCevs mosaubres, romelmac Tavis mxriv igive nivTi
saubris dasrulebisTanave unda gadasces sxva moswavles (sapirispiro sqesis
warmomadgenels).

2. saubrobs mxolod erTi - mosmena da moTxovna, rom isaubros mxolod erTma - aris
ori ZiriTadi wesi, romelic erTmaneTs avsebs.
3. saubari Temis garSemo - xSir SemTxvevaSi moswavlis msjeloba cdeba Temis
CarCoebs, rasac maswavleblis mxridan unda mohyves moswavlis SeCereba da kiTxvis
dasma: ,,gTxov, amixsna, ra kavSiri aqvs Sens naTqvams ZiriTad TemasTan?", am
kiTxvis Semdeg, mozardi Seecdeba naTqvami Temas daukavSiros da Tu igrZno, rom es
SeuZlebelia - Tavad miubrundeba ZiriTad sakiTxs.


                                        7
4. azrTa gaziareba – aucilebelia, rom yvela moswavles mieces azris gamoTqmis
saSualeba, Tundac mcdaris. ,,bevri fiqrobs iseve rogorc Sen, magram, cnobilia rom, . . .
"- aseTi unda iyos maswavleblis reaqcia. rasac misi mxridan argumentirebuli msjeloba
da mtkiceba unda mohyves 1-2 wuTis ganmavlobaSi. aseTi midgomiT, moswavle
uxerxul mdgomareobaSi ar vardeba, ar uqreba msjelobaSi monawileobis survili; metic,
misi mcdari azris srulfasovani ganmarteba saSualebas aZlevs srulyofilad aiTvisos swori
informacia.
5. poziciis pativiscema - maswavleblis mizania msjelobaSi mTeli klasis CarTva.
magram, Tu romelime moswavle ar moindomebs diskusiaSi monawileobis miRebas, ar
unda moxdes savaldebulo wesiT misi CarTva.
6. poziciis dacva - maswavlebelma moswavleebi unda daarwmunos, rom nebismier
azrs, Tundac mcdars, pativiscema esaWiroeba. ar SeiZleba klasma dascinos an sxva
miuRebeli formiT SeaCeros Tanaklaseli mxolod imisaTvis, rom mas mcdari azri
gaaCnia.
7. moswavleTa pativiscema - ar SeiZleba diskusiebis dros maswavleblis mier erTi an
ramodenime moswavlisaTvis prioritetis miniWeba. maswavlebels unda axsovdes, rom
msjelobis momentSi yvela Tanasworia da gunduri principi bolomde unda iqnas
SenarCunebuli.
 garda CamoTvlilisa, maswavlebelma unda uzrunvelyos Semdegi wesebis dacva:
 8. mosmenis kultura;
 9. moswavlis mier warmoTqmuli azris sruli gaazreba;
 10. axsnis SesaZlebloba;
 11. kiTxvebis SerCeva Tanasworobis principebis gaTvaliswinebiT;
 12. dasmul kiTxvaze, srulyofili (Tundac mcdari) pasuxis mosmena;
 13. magaliTebis SerCeva.




 swavlebis meTodebidan gansakuTrebuli efeqti gaaCnia praqtikuli
 qmedebebis Seswavlas (70%) da moswavlis mier maswavleblis rolis
 aTvisebas (90%). mocemuli saswavlo programa yuradRebas
 ZiriTadad am or meTodze amaxvilebs.




                                           8
  avtorebis mier mowodebuli meTodebi xSir SemTxvevaSi klasis mcire jgufebad
dayofas moiTxovs. jgufebad dayofa ar xdeba winaswar mofiqrebuli principiT
(mwevelebi da aramwevelebi, vaJebi da gogonebi da
a. S.), Cven SemogTavazebT ,,gaTvlis" meTods. vTqvaT, klasSi 40 moswavlea,
gaaTvlevineT bavSvebs 1-dan 5-is CaTvliT. gaTvlis Sedegad, erT jgufSi moxvdebian
yoveli pirvelebi, meore jgufSi - yoveli meoreebi da a. S. amrigad Camoyalibdeba 8
moswavlisagan Semdgari xuTi jgufi. moswavleebis jgufebad dayofis Semdeg 2-3 wuTis
ganmavlobaSi unda moxdes Sida jgufuri principebis dadgena. Cveulebriv, am drois
periodSi moswavleebi Tavad arkvevn da anawileben rolebs - jgufis lideris (kapitnis),
inteleqtualis, sxarti gonebis da sxva aseTi niSnebiT funqciaTa gadanawilebas. Tu klasSi
davamkvidrebT jgufuri gadanawilebis princips, amiT saswavlo programis efeqturobis
xarisxs gavzrdiT. garda amisa, Semdegi gadanawilebebi Tavad mozardebis iniciativiT
da maT mierve dadgenili wesebiT moxdeba.




                                           9
 Tambaqos moxmarebiT gamowveuli mZime Sedegebis gacnobiereba Tambaqos
wevis profilaqtikis mniSvnelovani nawilia. ZiriTadi mizania moswavleTa mier
gadawyvetilebis miReba, rom ar moswion sigareti. miuxedavad Tambaqos
moxmarebisadmi damokidebulebis Camoyalibebis mravali xelSemwyobi faqtorisa,
mozards unda SeeZlos am faqtorebis mimarT winaaRmdegobis gaweva: mozardebSi
mwevelTa raodenobis Semcirebas mxolod Tambaqos mavneobis Sesaxeb codna ver
uzrunvelyofs.
  gamokvlevebma dagvarwmunes, rom mozardebma ase Tu ise ician Tambaqos weviT
gamowveuli uaryofiTi Sedegebis Sesaxeb, magram mainc ewevian, rasac Semdegnairad
xsnian:
    Tambaqos moxmareba mamSvidebs;
   mowyenilobisas dros avsebs;
   mexmareba wonis daklebaSi;
   yvela Cemi megobari eweva;
   cxovreba savsea stresebiT;
   gamoviyurebi mozrdilad;
   me Tavisufali var;
   amaSi raRac aris, rac Zalian momwons.
 miuxedavad mravalmxrivi mtkicebisa, rom Tambaqos moxmareba iwvevs mravlobiT
daavadebas da sicocxlis xangrZlivobis sagrZnob klebas, mozardebi mainc ewevian.




      programis bazas didaqtikuri Teoria Seadgens, romelic mozardebis Tambaqosgan
    TavSekavebis mastimulirebel, yvelaze efeqtur saSualebebs gamoyofs. ZiriTadi idea
    xazs usvams mtkice janmrTelobas da maqsimaluri informaciis fonze cxovrebis wesis
    arCevis Tavisuflebas.

      ZiriTadi aqcenti keTdeba ricxobriv maCveneblebze. programaSi monawileebma unda
      icodnen, rom Zalian bevria iseTi, vinc cxovrebis jansaR wes irCevs da amasTanave garSemo
      myofTagan didi simpatiebiT sargeblobs.




                                              10
 Tambaqos wevis profilaqtika yuradRebas amaxvilebs Semdegze:
 mozardTa didi nawili ar eweva;
 ar unda moxdes mozardTa dajgufeba ,,eweva - ar ewevas" principiT;
 sigaretis gadagdebiT mozardebi exmarebian rogorc sakuTar Tavs,             aseve
  sazogadoebas;
 aqtiur mowevasTan erTad pirovnebas did zarals ayenebs ,,pasiuri weva".




 maT aqvT SesaZleblobebi da Sinagani siZliere, raTa miiRon dadebiTi
  gadawyvetilebebi;
 Tanatolebis mxridan zewolis arseboba, zewolaze mtkice winaaRmdegobis gawevis
  SesaZleblobebi;
 konkretuli argumentebi cxovrebis jansaRi wesis sasargeblod .




 Tambaqos moxmarebis Sedegad gamowveuli mavne Sedegebis Sesaxeb mSoblebis
srulyofili informireba aucilebeli momentia, romelic Sekravs samkuTxeds: ojaxi –
mozardi _ skola.
  saswavlo programa moicavs ,,saubrebi mozardebTan Tambaqos wevis mavneblobis
Sesaxeb", romelsac maswavlebelTa daxmarebiT mSoblebi unda gaecnon. е

         е

 saswavlo    programa     iTvaliswinebs    mozardebSi     fasilitatorTaе(programis
TanamdgomTa) institutis Camoyalibebas. maswavlebeli valdebulia saswavlo programis
dasawyisSive moswavleebs acnobos, rom maTgan SeirCeva fasilitatorebi. fasilitatorTa
SerCevis momentSi maswavlebelma unda gaiTvaliswinos Semdegi:




                                        11
   saswavlo programis mimdinareobiT moswavlis daintereseba;
   saswavlo programiT gaTvaliswinebul RonisZiebebSi moswavlis aqtiuri monawileoba;
   moswavlis liderobis da socialurad aqtiurobis unari;
   amave dros, fasilitatoris SerCevisas maswavlebeli ar unda daeyrdnos:
   moswavlis akademiuri daswrebis maCveneblebs;
   moswavlis yofaqcevas da mis damokidebulebas (Tundac uaryofiTs da garTulebuls)
    skolisa da maswavleblis mimarT;
   moswavlis damokidebulebas sigaretis wevis mimarT;, anu eweva Tu ar eweva sigarets;




 ukeTesi iqneba Tu fasilitatorTa jgufis CamoyalibebaSi mweveli mozardebic
miiReben monawileobas.
  saswavlo programaSi fasilitatori lideris funqciebs kisrulobs, axorcielebs programiT
gaTvaliswinebul RonisZiebebs da qmnis Tambaqos moxmarebis sawiinaaRmdego
saerTo saskolo programas.




  Sidasaskolo programa moicavs rogorc avtorTa mier rekomendirebuli meTodebis
gavrcobas sxvadasxva klasebSi, aseve SemoqmedebiT, sportul-gamajansaRebel,
inteleqtualur da sxvadasxva saxis RonisZiebebs mozardTa interesebisa da
midrekilebebis gaTvaliswinebiT, raSic skola da maswavleblebi erTmniSvnelovan
daxmarebas uweven.           mniSvnelovania fasilitatorTaTvis stimulirebis formebis
daweseba. fasilitators skola unda daexmaros cxovrebis jansaRi wesis popularizaciis
mizniT, sazogadoebisaTvis da mozardebisaTvis cnobili pirovnebebis mowvevaSi.

   skola fasilitatorTaTvis uzrunvelyofs samuSao pirobebis Seqmnas. Tavis mxriv,
fasilitatorma icis, rom misi muSaoba im SemTxvevaSia efeqturi, roca Sidasaskolo
programis mimdinareobisas fasilitatorTa jgufi mudmiv Sevsebas miiRebs mozardTa
mxridan - gansakuTrebiT mwevel mozardTa gaerTianebis gziT, romlebic garda imisa,
rom gamoTqvaven survils Tambaqos wevis profilaqtikur RonisZiebebSi
monawileobaze, Tavad gadaagdeben sigarets.

  skolis administraciam, ganaTlebis municipalurma samsaxurma unda uzrunvelyos
Tambaqos moxmarebis sawinaaRmdego saskolaTaSoriso RonisZiebebis Catareba,

                                          12
sxvadasxva skolebSi fasilitatorTa muSaobisa da Sidasaskolo programebis efeqturobis
gansazRvra. aseT aqtivobas gansakuTrebuli efeqti miecema Tu RonisZiebebi
warimarTeba Sejibrebis principiT, xolo gamarjvebuli skolebi gamocxaddebian jansaR
skolebad.

  jandacvis adgilobrivi samsaxurebi da Tambaqos moxmarebis sawinaaRmdego
profiluri organizaciebi gasweven sarekomendacio muSaobas da maswavleblebTan erTad
fasilitatorebs   daexmarebian      Sidasaskolo    programebis    Camoyalibebasa da
ganxorcielebaSi, fasilitatorTa da skolebis saqmianobaTa popularizaciaSi.




 saswavlo programis efeqturad ganxorcieleba mniSvnelovnad damokidebulia
programis warmarTvelze anu maswavlebelze. programaSi monawile maswavleblis
SerCeva programis erT-erTi umTavresi faqtoria. SerCevas skolis administracia
axorcielebs.




  saswavlo klasis damrigebeli, an
  socialurad aqtiuri maswavlebeli, an
  sigaretis wevis problemiT dainteresebuli maswavlebeli, an
  aramweveli maswavlebeli, an
  maswavlebeli, romelsac Tambaqos wevis Sedegad (iseve, rogorc mis    ojaxs) garkveuli zarali
   miadga, an
  skolis fsiqologi, an
  moswavleTaTvis gansakuTrebulad avtoritetuli maswavlebeli, an
  mravalmxrivi ganaTlebis mqone maswavlebeli, an
  msjelobis, diskusiebis warmarTvis, logikuri azrovnebis gansakuTrebuli unariT dajildoebuli
   maswavlebeli;




                                             13
    saswavlo programis uSualo xelmZRvanelia skolis direqtoris                moadgile
    saorganizacio da (an) saskolo programis gareSe saqmianobis dargSi.




         maswavleblis mier mSoblebisaTvis misawodebeli informacia
'
,,Cem SvilTan mimarTebaSi sigaretis weva ar aris yvelaze mTavari problema"
,,eweva? gaizrdeba, daWkviandeba!"
,,eweva? bavSvebis umravlesoba sinjavs sigarets"

 Tqven SeSfoTebuli xarT imiT, rom Tqveni bavSvi eweva? ra Tqma unda, iseTi
problemebi, rogoricaa skolis niSnebi, profesiis arCeva, narkotikebi da sqesobrivi
cxovreba gacilebiT rTulad gamoiyurebian, magram nu ecdebiT am CamonaTvalidan
sigaretis amoSlas. sigaretis wevis mimarT mozardis miCvevam SeiZleba uaryofiTi
zegavlena moaxdinos ara mxolod mis janmrTelobaze, aramed mis               SromiT
nayofierebaze da akademiur miswrafebaze.
 Tambaqos moxmareba ar aris mxolod janmrTelobis problema, amitom Tqveni Careva
unda iyos drouli, sanam mozardi moswevs pirvel sigarets an sigaretis weva Znelad
gadasalaxav mavne Cvevad gadaiqceva.
 TiTqos Zneli asaxsnelia, ratom iwyeben adamianebi sigaretis wevas, miuxedavad
amisa, yovelwliurad milionobiT mozardi akeTebs arCevans sigaretis sasargeblod. erT-
erTi maTgani SeiZleba Tqveni Svili gaxdes.

                    ratom iwyeben mozardebi sigaretis mowevas?




                                            14
 ZiriTadi mizezi samia: ewevian maTi megobrebi, mSoblebi, ufrosi da-Zmebi.
 agreTve, mozardebSi dabali TviTSefasebis arseboba da sakuTari ,,me"-s Secvlis
 gzebis Zieba. mozardebis sxva qmedebebsac igive mizezebi udevs safuZvlad.




 sruliad bunebrivia, Tu mozards survili aqvs moiqces mozrdilviT, iyos damoukidebeli
da hqondes sakuTari azri.

Tqven rogor unda moiqceT?
miiRoT mkacri zomebi, romlebic krZalaven mowevas?
Svili CaketoT saxlSi, Tu sakmao pativiscemiT ar epyroba Tqvens survilebs?
damaloT yvela sigareti, saferfleebi, romlebic saxlSi gagaCniaT?

   arsebobs ukeTesi gamosavali - ratom ar unda daexmaroT Svils (romelic gardatexis
 asakSi imyofeba), miiRos gadawyvetileba ar moswios sigareti an Secvalos
 gadawyvetileba, Tuki man ukve daiwyo sigaretis moweva?
  mzrunveli mSoblis mxardaWera unda eyrdnobodes informacias, romlis Sesaxebac
 mozardi, SesaZloa, arasodes dafiqrebula.




 mozardebi ufro metad dakavebulni arian dRevandeli dRiT, vidre imaze fiqriT, Tu ra
eliT maT 10 an 20 wlis Semdeg. amitom, mozardis darwmunebisas - ar moswio sigareti
- nu ecdebiT muq ferebSi dauxatoT momavali. es ar imoqmedebs.
  mozardis iZuleba ar moswios sigareti, SeiZleba mxolod misTvis axlobeli da gasagebi
mizezebiT - garegnobiT, fizikuri mdgomareobiT, TviTSefasebiT. magaliTad:

 mowevasTan dakavSirebulia usiamovno suni piridan da Tmebidan, yviTeli laqebi TiTebze da
  kbilebze;
 pirveli nafazis dartymidan ramdenime wamSi filtvebSi kancerogenuli nivTierebebi xvdebian, xolo
  pirveli sigaretis mowevidan ramdenime wuTis Semdeg xSirdeba guliscema, izrdeba sisxlis wneva,
  viTardeba yelisa da Tvalebis gaRizianeba, sisxlSi naxSirmJava gazi Seiwoveba. rac arc iseTi kargi
  saCuqaria Seni organizmisaTvis;




                                                15
  Cvens droSi iyo janmrTeli - Tanamedroveobis niSania. amitom, mozardebi fizikur
ganviTarebas did yuradRebas uTmoben. cnobierad Tu qvecnobierad isini janmrTelobas
irCeven.
  janmrTelobis done es aris janmrTelobis im ,,raodenobis" maCvenebeli, romelic
adamians gaCnia. is gamoixateba im adamianebs Soris gansxvavebaSi, romelTagan erTi
Znelad Tu gaivlis 1 km-s fexiT, xolo meores ZaluZs maraTonis garbena. garda amisa,
janmrTelobis done gamoixateba gansxvavebaSi im adamianTa Soris, vinc sworad
ikvebeba, fizikurad aqtiuria, SeuZlia dasveneba da arc sigarets eweva, im adamianTan,
romelic ikvebeba aranormalurad, naklebad moZraobs da dReSi or kolof sigarets eweva.


 adamianebi, romlebic sakuTar Tavs scemen pativs, didad afaseben sakuTar janmrTelobas da,
 rogorc wesi, ar ewevian sigarets.



 myari zneobrivi faseulobebis sistemisa da mkafiod gamokveTili miznebis mqone
adamianebi swrafad gaigeben, ratom SeiZleba SeuSalos xeli sigaretis mowevam maT
miRwevebs. sportsmenTa umravlesoba ar eweva, radganac icis, rom moweva
uaryofiTad moqmedebs maT Sedegebze. is, Tu rogor vepyrobiT sakuTar Tavs,
mJRavndeba Cvens damokidebulebaSi sigaretis wevis, aseve, sxva mavne qcevebTan
mimarTebaSi, romlebic Cveni janmrTelobis dones aqveiTeben.



                                       gagrZeleba

  Tqven, rogorc mSobeli, ukeT icnobT sakuTar Svils, amitom gaecaniT
rekomendaciaTa mocemul nusxas da gamoscadeT is midgomebi, romlebic ufro
Sesaferisad geCvenebaT. winaswar dagegmeT bavSvTan Tqveni saubari. girCevT,
yovelTvis daiwyoT, Tu ramdenad bevrs niSnavs Svili TqvenTvis, ojaxisaTvis,
ramdenad ganicdiT misi janmrTelobis mdgomareobas.
 Tu Tqveni Svili sarkis win did dros atarebs, gamoiyeneT misi daintereseba
   garegnobiT. SesTavazeT ifiqros, rogor Sexedavs misi axlo megobari, Tu piridan
   Tmebidan da tansacmlidan Tambaqos kvamlis usiamovno suni igrZnoba, aseve sxva
   niSnebs, romlebic sigaretis wevas Tan axlavs;



                                           16
 Tu Tqveni Svili sportiT aris gatacebuli, auxseniT, rom aranair fizikur varjiSs, sports
  da srulfasovan kvebas ar SeuZliaT sigaretis weviT organizmisaTvis miyenebuli
  zianis Sevseba. ,,yvela eweva" - iyaviT mzad am argumentisaTvis, dausaxeleT
  gamoCenili sportsmenebi da dausabuTeT, rom mxolod jansaRi midgomis saSualebiT
  SesZles maT warmatebebis miRweva;

 mTavari sakiTxia - Tanatolebis yuradRebis miqceva, risTvisac mozardebi xSirad
  sigaretsac iyeneben, Tumca, ukeTesia Tu am mizniT isini sakuTar fizikur siZlieres
  gamoiyeneben;

 mozardebs axasiaTebT damoukideblobisaken miswrafeba, Tumca, bolos da bolos
  isini xSirad ise iqcevian, rogorc yvela. Tanatolebis mcdelobis - gadaibiron mozardi
  mwevelobisaken - winaaRmdeg brZola advili ar aris. Tqven SegiZliaT daarwmunoT
  Svili, rom Tanatolebis winaSe is daicavs Tavis damoukideblobas da
  gamoamJRavnebs Sinagan siZlieres, amiT mxolod pativiscemas moipovebs;

 nu moeqceviT rogorc bavSvs! ,,me sakmaod didi var imisaTvis, rom mqondes
  sakuTari azri!" - albaT, TqvenTvis nacnobi sityvebia. SeecadeT daeTanxmoT: ,,Sen,
  ra Tqma unda, marTali xar. arCevani Senzea, magram me minda, rom awon-dawono
  yvelaferi, sanam miiReb iseT gadawyvetilebas, romelic gavlenas moaxdens mTels
  Sens Semdgom cxovrebaze". amis Semdgom gadadiT sakiTxze, rom adamiani,
  romelic arCevans sigaretis sasrgeblod gaakeTebs, kontrols hkargavs cxovrebaze.
  isaubreT janmrTelobis Sesazlo gauaresebaze;

 Zalian xsirad mozardi darwmunebuli ar aris sakuTar TavSi, ufro metic, sakuTar
  Tavs aZlevs ufro dabal Sefasebas, vidre es sinamdvileSia. Tambaqos produqciis
  reklamam SeiZleba didi'zegavlena moaxdinos mozardebze, romlebic eswrafvian
  amaRldnen garSemomyofTa TvalSi. rekomendirebulia, mozardTan erTad
  daaTvalieroT Jurnalebi, isaubroT im miznebze, romlebic ama Tu im sareklamo
  kompanias amoZravebs;

 SesTavazeT Svils gaesaubros romelime mwevel mozrdils (naTesavs, mezobels an
  axlobels), visac is pativs scems da hkiTxos mas: rom SeiZlebodes daiwyebda Tu ara
  sigaretis wevas Tavidan. mwevelTa absoluturi umravlesoba am SekiTxvas
  uaryofiTad pasuxobs.




                                           17
 mSoblebi, ufrosi da-Zmebi mozardisaTvis aSkara misabaZ magaliTs warmoadgenen.
amitomac, Tu isini ewevian, mozardi Tvlis, rom amaSi cudi araferi ar aris. miuxedavad
yvela dasabuTebisa, romelsac Tqven gamoiyenebT sigaretis wevis winaaRmdeg,
araefeqturi iqneba - Tu Tavad eweviT. daisaxeT mizani: daanebeT sigaretis wevas Tavi.
dae, amaSi Tqveni Svili dagexmaroT. iyaviT gulaxdili. auxseniT, ratom da risi gavleniT
gaxdiT mweveli, mouyeviT ras grZnobT, roca iRviZebT diliT, ra aris qoSini da rogori
Znelia sigaretis mowevis survilis gadalaxva, roca sigareti ar gaqvs.
 isaubreT, Tu rogor daiwyeT sigaretis moweva manamde, sanam TqvenTvis cnobili
gaxdeboda am Cvevis damRupveloba. Tqveni miswrafeba gulwrfelia: sigaretis wevaze
uaris Tqma Tqveni bavSvisaTvis saukeTeso magaliTi iqneba, xolo Tqveni filtvebisaTvis
saukeTeso saCuqari.


 ar SewyvitoT erTmaneTTan saubrebi - risi gakeTeba SeiZleba da risi ara!




 xeli SeuwyveT ojaxis wevrebs srulhyon sxvadasxva situaciaSi urTierTobis Cvevebi:
  yvelaze trivialuri kamaTidan dawyebuli (magaliTad, vin unda garecxos WurWeli),
  iseTi seriozuli sakiTxebis gadaWriT damTavrebuli, rogoricaa sigaretis moweva - ar
  mowevis sakiTxi;
 yvelanairad ecadeT gaigoT ra aqvs gunebaSi, ras fiqrobs Tqveni Svili ama Tu im
  sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT; yuradReba miaqcieT naTqvamis dedaazrs da ara
  warmoTqmul sityvebs;
 pativi eciT mozardis grZnobebs im SemTxvevaSic ki, Tu isini sworad ar migaCniaT,
  ar daamciroT igi, ar moaqcioT gamanadgurebeli kritikis qveS;
 Tavi daanebe moZvelebul Wkuis swavlebas. erideT zogad frazebs: ,,roca me viyavi
  Sens asakSi...» da a. S. amis magivrad personificireba gaukeTeT Tqvens gancdebs
  sityva ,,me"-s saSualebiT. magaliTad: ,,me Zalian vRelav Sens janmrTelobaze" da
  a.S.
 ar dagaviwydeT Seqeba - qeba yvela adamianisaTvis udidesi stimulia, magram ar
  moaxdinoT amiT manipulireba, am SemTxvevaSi Tqven aucileblad dahkargavT
  bavSvis ndobas;
 Tu pirveli mcdeloba uSedegod damTavrda, ar danebdeT da ukan ar daixioT.
  SeecadeT Tqvensas miaRwioT sxva meTodebiT. SeiZleba saWiro gaxdes garkveuli
  dro, rom Tqveni Tvalsazrisi ,,mivides mis Segnebamde"




                                          18
 Tu ojaxSi ramdenime mwevelia, sigaretis gadagdeba umjobesia moxdes erTdrouli
  SeTanxmebiT. ojaxi Tavisufldeba sigaretis mowevisagan!
 yovelma mwevelma Tavad airCios, Tu rogor daanebos Tavi sigaretis mowevas;
 SesTavazeT, rom mozardma yvelas ganucxados sigaretze Tavis danebebis Sesaxeb;
 mozardTan erTad daniSneT ,,sigaretis wevaze uaris Tqmis dRe"
 moacileT saxlidan yvelaferi, rac mowevasTan aris dakavSirebuli;
 uzrunvelyaviT ojaxis wevrebi uSaqro saReWi reziniT, sawuwni kamfetiT, xiliT, bostneuliT da
  wvenebiT;
 gaamxneveT ojaxi da uCveneT piradi magaliTi;
 daarwmuneT erTmaneTi, rom warumateblobis SemTxvevaSi ar danebdebiT;
 sigaretis wevaze Tavis danebebis pirvel dReebSi ecadeT iyoT iseT adgilebSi, sadac ar ewevian;
 organizeba gauketeT im dRis aRniSvnas, rodesac ojaxma uari Tqva sigaretis mowevaze.




                          informacia maswavleblebisaTvis




                                            19
 warmarTvisaTvis aucilebelia vicodeT, Tu ratom ewevian mozardebi. amis mizezi,
ZiriTadad, samia:
 ewevian misi megobrebi;
 ewevian misi ojaxis wevrebi;
 ewevian maTTvis avtoritetuli pirovnebebi da garSemomyofebi.



 unda axsovdes, rom mozardebi sigaretis wevisadmi damokidebulebis mixedviT iyofian
or ZiriTad nawilad:
1. mozardebi romlebic ukve ewevian;
2. mozardebi, romlebic potenciuri mwevelebi arian.



 amocana ormagia:
1. mwevelma mozardebma unda gadaagdon sigareti;
2. potenciurad mwevel mozardebs unda CamouyalibdeT Tambaqosadmi negatiuri
   damokidebuleba da ar moswion sigareti.




   Tambaqos kultura miekuTvneba ZaRlyurZenasebrTa ojaxs. igi xasiaTdeba
    kolofiseburi nayofiT da izrdeba Savmiwa tenian niadagze, subtropikul zonaSi;
   Tambaqos foTlis qimiuri Semadgenlobaa: nikotini 1-4%, naxSirwylebi 2-20%,
    organuli mJavebi 5-17%, cilebi 1-13%, eTerebi 0,1-1,7%;



                                       20
   nikotini mcenareuli warmoSobis alkaloidia, romelic uaryofiT zemoqmedebas axdens
    centralur da vegetatur nervul sistemaze, nikotini iseTive warmoSobisaa rogorc
    morfini;
   nikotini CasunTqul kvamlTan erTad Cadis filtvebSi, swrafad gadadis sisxlSi da
    Tavis tvins aRwevs 8 wamSi;
   nikotini mcire doziT aRagznebs centralur nervul sistemas da sunTqvis centrs.
    aZlierebs nerwyvis gamoyofas, aviwrovebs gugas, iwvevs majiscemisa da arteriuli
    wnevis momatebas;
   sigaretis mowevisas organizmisaTvis nikotinis saSiSi koncentraciaa 0,5 mgr/m.
    nikotinis es koncentracia SeiZleba dagrovdes saSualo moculobis oTaxSi 8 Reri
    sigaretis mowevis SemTxvevaSi;
   nikotinis garda, Tambaqos kvamli Seicavs 4000-mde nivTierebas, romelTa Soris
    umravlesoba janmrTelobisaTvis mavnea;
   Tambaqos wvis Sedegad warmoqmnil komponentTa erTobliobas (garda nikotinuri
    alkaloidebisa) fisi ewodeba;
   erTi Reri sigareti Seicavs 0,3-dan 2 mgr-mde nikotins da 8_35 mgr- mde fiss;
   Tu adamiani dReSi eweva 20 Rer sigarets, wlis ganmavlobaSi mis filtvebSi ileqeba 1
    litri fisi;
   Tambaqos kvamli Seicavs 15 saxis simsivnis warmomqmnel nivTierebas
    (kancerogens);
   Tambaqos wvisas warmoiqmneba ZiriTadi da gverdiTi kvamli. ZiriTadi kvamli
    xvdeba mwevelis organizmSi da iwvevs sxvadasxva paTologiebis ganviTarebas;
   gverdiTi kvamli vrceldeba haerSi da ufro saSiSia, radgan is Seicavs 4-5-jer met
    naxsirJangs, 3-jer met nikotins da fiss, 45-jer met amiaks, 4-jer met benzpirens.




            ,,sworia" - ,,arasworia"!



1. erT-erTi mTavari mizezi, risTvisac mozardebi ewevian aris is, rom gamoiyurebodnen
   ,,ise rogorc yvela";


                                          21
2. aramwevelebi avadmyofoben sasunTqi sistemis daavadebiT pasiuri mwevelobis
   gamo;
3. nerviulobis dros Tambaqos moxmareba amSvidebs;
4. Tu adamiani yoveldRiurad erT kolof sigarets eweva, mis filtvebSi wlis ganmavlobaSi
   1 litri Tambaqos fisi ileqeba;
5. fizikuri varjiSebi aneitraleben Tambaqos weviT gamowveul uaryofiT Sedegebs;
6. erTi kolofi sigareti sakmarisia guliscemis aCqarebisaTvis, arteriuli wnevis
   momatebisa da filtvebis JangbadiT momaragebis darRvevisaTvis;
7. mwevelTa umravlesobas siamovnebas hgvris sigaretis moweva da ar apireben mis
   gadagdebas;
8. Tambaqos moweva gulis daavadebebis gamomwvevi erT-erTi umTavresi faqtoria;
9. mozardTa umravlesobas unari aqvs sigareti gadaagdos nebismier dros;
10.Tu mozardi erToba sigaretiT saSiSi araferia, amiT Cveva ar Camoyalibdeba.


1.   sworia,                                      6. ar aris swori,
2.   sworia,                                      7. ar aris swori,
3.   sworia,                                      8. sworia,
4.   ar aris swori,                               9. ar aris swori,
5.   sworia,                                      10.ar aris swori.




                                            I gakveTili




 gakveTilis amocanaa mozardebisaTvis TvalsaCinoebis masalebis gamoyenebiT
Tambaqos kvamlSi Semavali nikotinisa da fisis filtvebze swrafi zemoqmedebis
Cveneba.


    plastmasis gamWirvale boTli;
    plastelini;
    rezinis mili, sigrZiT 5-7 sm;
    bamba;
    Tambaqos nawarmi (ukeTesia ufiltro);


                                                22
 asanTi.


  boTlis sacobze unda amoiWras rezinis milis diametris xvreli, rezinis mili moTavsdes
xvrelSi. garSemo SemovavloT plastelini. manamde boTlis fskerze movaTavsoT bambis
mcire burTulebi ise, rom fskeri daifaros. xelis moWeriT gamovdevnoT boTlidan haeri,
movukidoT sigarets cecxli da movaTavsoT igi rezinis milSi, mokidebuli mxariT gareT.
nel- nela avuSvaT boTls xeli, rasac boTlSi haerTan erTad Tambaqos kvamlis
moxvedrac mohyveba (boTlze xelis gaSveba unda moxdes nela da Tanabrad).



 rogor gamoiyureba bambis burTulebi eqsperimentis Semdeg?
 rogor gamoiyureba boTlis SigTavsi?
 ras fiqrobT, rogor gamoiyureba mwevelis zemo sasunqi gzebi da filtvebi Tambaqos
  kvamlis SesunTqvisas. ra Sedegi SeiZleba gamoiwvios aman?




amoiReT bamba boTlidan da wausviT igi cocxali mcenaris foTols, daakvirdiT ra
mouva mcenares.




                                  II gakveTili




am masalis Seswavlis Sedegad moswavles unda SeeZlos sigaretis weviT gamowveuli
Tundac erTi daavadebis daxasiaTeba.




                                         23
mieciT moswavleebs davaleba Seiswavlon sakiTxi literaturis gamoyenebiT.




 Tu xelT ar mogepovebaT Sesabamisi literatura, moiZieT igi Tavad moswavleebis da
fasilitatorebis daxmarebiT, mimarTeT jandacvis adgilobriv samsaxurebs.




 mweveli mSoblebis axalSobilebs pnevmoniiT da bronqitiT daavadebis 2-jer meti
  riski aqvT sicocxlis pirvel weliwadSi;
 mwevelTa colebs 4-jer meti Sansi aqvT gardaicvalon filtvis kiboTi, vidre
  aramwevelis colebs;
 mwevelis pulsi 10-20 dartymiT metia, vidre aramwevelis. es ki niSnavs, rom wlis
  ganmavlobaSi mwevelis guli 5-10 milionobiT met SekumSvas akeTebs, vidre
  aramwevelis guli;
 35-44 wlis asakSi Tambaqos moxmareba 86%-iT, xolo 45-54 wlis asakSi 152%-iT
  zrdis sikvdilianobis risks;
 50 wlamde asakis adamianebSi miokardis infarqtis SemTxvevaTa 95% mwevelebze
  modis;
 mwevelebi 2,5-jer ufro xSirad avaddebian respiratoruli paTologiebiT;
 filtvis kiboTi daavadebulTa 90%- mwevelia;
 Tambaqos moxmareba iwvevs 27 kategoriis daavadebas - avTvisebian simsivneebs,
  kardiovaskularul daavadebebs, respiratorul da pediatriul paTologiebs;
 mxolod mwevelebs emarTebaT qveda kidurebis sisxlZarRvTa Seviwroeba, rasac
  gangrena mohyveba. agreTve, nikotinuri sibrmave;
 saboloo jamSi mwevelebi 3,5-jer ufro avadmyofoben, vidre aramwevelebi;
 saqarTveloSi sigaretis wevis Sedegad yovelwliurad 8-12 aTasi adamiani iRupeba,
  msoflioSi 3-4 milioni.




                                        24
I gakveTili - informaciisa da literaturis miwodeba moswavleebisaTvis. umjobesia
klasis dayofa jgufebad (ix. Tavi ,,mcire jgefebis swavleba") da jgufisaTvis erTiani
davalebis micema.

II gakveTili - jgufebis mosmena, miRebuli Sedegebis gansja da diskusia.


                                          III gakveTili




1. moswavleTa darwmuneba, rom sigaretis weva mxolod uaryofiT Sedegebs iwvevs;
2. sigaretis wevisadmi dadebiTi arCevanis uaryofiTi Sefaseba;



TamaSi ,,plusebi da minusebi";




        gadaimeoreT Tambaqos moxmarebiT gamowveulli uaryofiTi Sedegebi.




     Tambaqos moxmarebis moklevadiani uaryofiTi Sedegebi vlindeba sigaretis
                             mowevisTanave:

   gulis cemis gaxSireba;
   arteriuli wnevis zrda;
   yelis lorwovani garsis gaRizianeba;
   naxSirJangis sisxlSi SeRweva;
   filtvebSi kancerogenebis moxvedra;


                                               25
 haeris mowamvla;
 Tvalis lorwovani garsis gaRizianeba.

             Tambaqos moxmarebiT gamowveuli sxva uaryofiTi Sedegebi:

 tuCis, enis, sasis, saylapavi milis lorwovanni garsis dazianeba, rac gemovnebis SegrZnebis klebas
  iwvevs;
 mSrali xvela;
 arasasiamovno suni piris Rrudan;
 piris Rrus infeqciebi;
 gamonayari saxeze;
 kbilze yviTeli nadebis warmoqmna, kbilis emalis dazianeba;
 normaluri sunTqvis darRveva;
 gamZleobis, maxsovrobis da mxedvelobis daqveiTeba;
 sxvadasxva daavadebebis mimarT organizmis brZolisunarianobis Sesusteba.

        Tambaqos moxmarebiT gamowveuli grZelvadiani uaryofiTi Sedegebi:

 avTvisebiani simsivneebi: filtvis, bronqebis, piris Rrus, enis, saylapavi milis, xorxis, Tirkmelzeda
  jirkvlis, Sardis buStis, RviZlis, mkerdis, kuWqveSa jirkvlis, traqeis, Sardsadenis, saSvilosnos;
 kardiovaskularuli daavadebebi: koronaruli arteriebis dazianeba, stenokardia, miokardis infarqti,
  periferiuli sisxlZarRvebis dazianeba, aortis anevrizma, insulti, aTerosklerozi, arteriuli hipertenzia;
 sasunTqi sistemis daavadebebi:qronikuli bronqiti da emfizema, pnevmonia, gripi, bronquli asTma,
  tuberkulozi, qronikuli obstruqciuli daavadebebi;
 saWmlis momnelebeli sistemis daavadebebi;
 saWmlis momnelebeli sistemis daavadebebi: mwvave gastriti, wylulovani daavadebebi, qronikuli
  hepatiti, koliti.




 mozardebi xSirad axseneben, rom roca ewevian sigarets gamoiyurebian ufro
 damajereblad, sigareti maT awynarebs da Tavisuflebis SegrZnebas umZafrebs.
  maswavlebelma unda auxsnas, rom es Sexedulebebi mcdaria da sigaretis wevis
 uaryofiTi zemoqmedebis mravalferovnebis fonze, maTi amdagvari argumentebi
 ususurad gamoiyureba.



                                               TamaSi




                                                  26
 gayaviT klasi oTx jgufad, TiToeul jgufs hyavs lideri (kapitani),
romelic warmarTavs jgufis msjelobas da qaRaldze iwers pasuxebs.

                                    ^I jgufis amocana _
           ,, sigaretis wevis moklevadiani uaryofiTi Sedegebis CamoTvla."
                                    II jgufis amocana _
            ,, sigaretis wevis grZelvadiani uaryofiTi Sedegebis CamoTvla."
                                   III jgufis amocana _
             ,, sigaretis wevis grZelvadiani dadebiTi Sedegebis CamoTvla."
                                   ^IV jgufis amocana _
           ,, sigaretis wevis moklevadiani dadebiTi Sedegebis CamoTvla."

 pasuxebis gacemaze unda gamoiyos araumetes sami wuTisa, TiToeulma jgufma
pasuxi unda gasces oTxive sakiTxs. sabolood, pasuxebi xmamaRla cxaddeba liderebis
mier, xolo maswavlebeli adasturebs pasuxTa siswores. srulyofil swor pasuxze _ 3 qula,
arasrulyofil swor pasuxze _ 1 qula, araswor pasuxze _ 0 qula.
aucilebelia, rom aseTi gakveTili ganmeorebiT Catardes yovel sam TveSi, xolo
gamarjvebuli gundebisaTvis dawesdes Tundac elementaruli stimuli.

ГГГШГГШ ваипврт          упрокгелгл


                                  kiTxva_pasuxebi


kiTxva: sigaretis mowevisas adamiani SeisunTqavs imave Sxamian gazs, romelsac
Seicavs avtomobilis gamonabolqvi. ra hqvia am gazs?
pasuxi: naxSirJangi. naxSirJangi Sxamiani gazia, romelic sisxlSi uerTdeba wiTel
ujredebs da amcirebs Jangbadis raodenobas.

kiTxva: saSualod ramden kancerogens Seicavs erTi Reri sigareti _ 4?, 8?, 12?, 15?.
pasuxi: yoveli Reri sigareti saSualod Seicavs 15 saxis kancerogens.

kiTxva: sigaretis mowevis mizeziT romeli organo ziandeba sagrZnoblad, filtvebis
garda?
pasuxi: guli. sigaretis moweva aris gulis daavadebebis gamomwvevi erT-erTi
umTavresi mizezi.

kiTxva: marTalia, rom fizikuri varjiSebi amcireben sigaretis weviT gamowveuli
uaryofiTi Sedegebis risks?

                                          27
pasuxi: ar aris marTali. Tu adamiani eweva, fizikuri varjiSebi da sportis veranairi
saxeoba daavadebis risks ver amcirebs. metic, sigaretis wevasTan erTad Ffizikuri
datvirTva gansakuTrebul risks uqmnis organizms.

kiTxva: Tu adamiani dReSi 20 Rer sigarets eweva, ra raodenobis fisi daileqeba mis
filtvebSi erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi?
pasuxi: 1 litramde.

kiTxva: marTalia Tu ara, rom sigaretis weva Zlier miCvevas iwvevs?
pasuxi: diax. sigaretis weva iwvevs rogorc fizikurs, aseve fsiqikur damokidebulebas, es
aris umTavresi mizezi, ris gamoc mwevelebi ver agdeben sigarets.
kiTxva: daasaxeleT Tundac erTi mizezi, ris gamoc orsulobis periodSi Tambaqos
moxmareba gansakuTrebul safrTxes qmnis?
pasuxi: orsulobis periodSi qalis mier Tambaqos moxmarebam SeiZleba gamoiwvios
gauTvaliswinebeli aborti, mkvdradmSobiaroba, nayofis ganuviTarebloba.

kiTxva: daasaxeleT mwevelTa is procentuli maCvenebeli, romelsac survili aqvs
gadaagdos sigareti. 25, 65, 85 Tu 100% ?
pasuxi: 85%.

kiTxva: ras niSnavs ,,pasiuri weva"?
pasuxi: ,,pasiuri wevis" arsi mdgomareobs imaSi, rom aramweveli Tambaqos kvamls
CaisunTqavs MmwevelTa garemocvaSi yofnis dros, rac pasiur mwevelebSi
daavadebebis ganviTarebis igive risks qmnis, rogorc mwevelebSi. gansakuTrebiT
saSiSia, roca pasiuri mweveli daavadebulia asTmiT, gulisa da sasunTqi sistemebis
paTologiebiT.

 kiTxva: marTalia Tu ara rom adamianma rac ufro meti icis Tambaqos moxmarebis
mavneblobis Sesaxeb, miT ufro didia imis Sansi, rom ar moswevs sigarets?
 pasuxi: marTalia.

 kiTxva: daasaxeleT sami iseTi moqmedeba, romlis drosac sigaretis moweva
SeuZlebelia?
 pasuxi: Sxapis miReba, curva, kalaTburTis TamaSi da a.S.

 kiTxva: daasaxeleT sami mizezi, ris gamoc mozardebi da axalgazrdebi amjobineben
ar moswion sigareti?
 pasuxi: pirvel rigSi Tambaqos suns autaneli suni aqvs, romelic amodis piris Rrudan,
gamjdaria tansacmelze, CayviTlebuli kbilebi da xelebi, rac gansakuTrebiT TvalSi
sacemia sawinaaRmdego sqesis waRmomadgenelisaTvis.

                                            28
 aramweveli megobrebi_ maTi jansaRi damokidebuleba sakuTari Tavisa da garemos
mimarT.
 aramweveli mSoblebi_ miuxedavad asakisa, maTi mtkice janmrTeloba.


 kiTxva: daasaxeleT ori problema, romelic damaxasiaTebelia mweveli mSoblebis
SvilebisaTvis?
 pasuxi: bronqitiTa da pnevnomiiT xSiri avadmyofoba.

 kiTxva: ramdeni Reri sigaretia saWiro, rom filtvebSi dairRves haerisa da sisxlis
normaluri balansi?
 pasuxi: erTi Reri sigareti sakmarisia, rom gaxSirdes guliscema, gaizardos arteriuli
wneva, filtvebSi dairRves normaluri sisxlis mimoqceva da Jangbadis miwodeba.




                                 IV gakveTili




  gakveTilis Semdeg moswavlem unda daasaxelos janmrTelobisaTvis Tundac 5
uaryofiTi Sedegi, romelic Tambaqos moxmarebisagan gamomdinareobs.



 mTel klass unda auxsnaT, rom is vinc sigaretis mowevas gadawyvitavs, sruliad sxva
adamianad Camoyalibdeba. aqcenti gakeTebuli unda iqnas im uaryofiT Sedegebze,
rasac Tambaqos moxmareba iwvevs. uaryofiTi Sedegebis CamoTvla mosTxoveT
moswavleebs. pasuxebi unda daiweros dafaze.



TamaSi ,,ewevi _ riskav"




                                         29
 TamaSis dawyebamde gadaimeoreT saswavlo programis wina masalebi.
kiTxva_pasuxebs ,,ewevi_ riskav" SegiZliaT daumatoT sakuTari kiTxvebi.
moswavleebis mier arasworad gacemuli pasuxebisaTvis moamzadeT ,,defeqtebi" ,anu
raime iseTi nivTebi (mag. daxatuli CayviTlebuli kbilebi, damtvreuli kalmistari
a.S),romlebic maT gadaecemaT. Tu dro saSualebas iZleva ,,defeqti" moamzadebineT
Tavad bavSvebs. SesaZlebelia ,,defeqtebis" momzadeba wina dRiT.




   gamoucxadeT moswavleebs, rom isini iTamaSeben ,,ewevi-riskav" TamaSs. dayaviT
klasi sam an oTx jgufad. jgufebs mieciT 1 wuTi liderebis asarCevad. Tqven kiTxulobT
kiTxvas kiTxvis garSemo jgufebi msjeloben, xolo pasuxobs is jgufi romelic pirvelad
awevs xels. Tu jgufis pasuxi sworia mas 10 qula ewereba (qulebis aTvla aucileblad
naCvenebi unda iyos dafaze). Tu pasuxi arasworia _ jgufs eZleva ,,defeqti", xolo pasuxis
gacemis ufleba gadaecema danarCen jgufebs.
  sami defeqtis miRebis SemTxvevaSi jgufi iTiSeba TamaSidan. mogebulia jgufi,
romelic met qulas daagrovebs.



  aRniSnuli gakveTilis ganmeoreba aucilebelia 2 an 3 TveSi erTxel, amasTan daicaviT
Semdegi principi: gakveTilis pirvelad Catarebis SemTxvevaSi moswavleebma ar unda
icodnen Tqvens mier momzadebuli kiTxvebi da pasuxebi. analogiurad gakveTilis
Semdgomi Catarebis win, ramodenime dRiT adre kiTxvebi gaacaniT zepirad, ise, rom
moswavleebma SesZlon Canawerebis gakeTeba (Tqven mxolod miuTiTeT, nu
daavalebT Caweras).




   1. eweviT Tu ara sigarets?                    7. eweva Tu ara sigarets Tqveni
   1.1 diax                                      meuRle (megobari)?

                                           30
1.2 ara                                     7.1 diax
                                            7.2 ara

2. rodis daiwyeT sigaretis moweva?
2.1 14 wlamde asakSi                        8. gicdiaT Tu ara rodisme sigaretis
2.2 18 wlisTvis                             gadagdeba?
2.3 21 wlis mere                            8.1 diax
                                            8.2 ara

3. ratom daiwyeT sigaretis moweva?
3.1 Cemi megobrebi eweodnen
3.2 Cemi mSoblebi eweodnen                  9. Tu "diax", ramdenjer?
3.3 eweoda Cemi Zma an da                   9.1 erTxel
3.4 Sevcvale Cemi imiji                     9.2 orjer
3.5 mindoda vyofiliyavi Tavisufali          9.3 3-dan 5-mde
3.6 Tavi mozrdilad warmovidgine             9.4 5-ze metjer
3.7 moswonda Cems megobar gogonas
an vaJs
3.8 sxva (miuTiTeT)

4. dReSi ramden Rers eweodiT                10. TvliT Tu ara, rom sigareti
daswyisSi?                                  mavne zemoqmedebas axdens
4.1 10 Rerze naklebs                        Tqvens janmrTelobaze?
4.2 erT kolofamde                           10.1 diax
4.3 erT kolofze mets                        10.2 ara

5. dReSi ramden        Rers   eweviT        11. arCevanis ufleba, rom gqondeT,
amJamad?                                    daiwyebdiT isev sigaretis mowevas?
5.1 10 Rerze naklebs                        11.1 diax
5.2 erT kolofamde                           11.2 ara
5.3 erT kolofze mets
5.4 2 kolofze mets

6. eweva Tu ara sigarets Tqveni             12. gindaT Tu ara iyoT aramweveli?
megobrebis umravlesoba?                     12.1 diax
6.1 diax                                    12.1 ara
6.2 ara




                                       31
                                  V gakveTili




  доаоолаораражаджадааааааауоакк      олш шшововрр лооРРлоо
  moswavleebs garkveuli Sexeduleba unda SeeqmnaT mwevelTa Cvevebisa da maTi
Tambaqosadmi damokidebulebis Sesaxeb.




æ     dayaviT klasi sam an oTx jgufad. jgufebma unda airCion liderebi. liderebs
gadaeciT anketis ori egzemplari. yovel moswavles TiTo. auxseniT mTel klass, rom
monawileobas iReben sigaretis wevasTan dakavSirebuli sakiTxebis anketirebaSi.
moswavleebma kiTxvebze pasuxi unda miiRon ojaxis wevrebisagan, naTesavebisagan,
mezoblebisagan, nacnobebisagan an ucnobebisagan. anketirebis Casatareblad mieciT 3-
5 dRe. anketirebis Catarebis Semdeg, TiToeul jgufs mieciT miRebuli informaciis
gadamuSavebis saSualeba, Sedegebze msjeloba unda moaxdinos jgufis liderma,
gaarCieT yvela anketa. warmarTeT diskusia.




     anketirebis meTodebi SeimuSaveT Tavad, fasilitatorTa jgufebis aqtiuri
    monawileobiT.




                                 VI gakveTili



                                        32
 moswavleebma unda gaicnobieron is dadebiTi mxareebi, rac Tambaqosagan
TavSekavebas mohyveba - rogorc janmrTelobis, aseve xasiaTis ganmtkicebis mizniT.



mocemuli gakveTilis Temaa - gadawyvetilebis miReba. naCvenebi unda iqnas, Tu
ramdenad didi mniSvneloba aqvs mtkice xasiaTs sigaretis gadagdebis (ar mowevis)
saqmeSi.



  waukiTxeT klass ori erTmaneTisagan gansxvavebuli mozardis aRwera. wakiTxvis
Semdeg erTi meoreze miyolebiT swrafad gamokiTxeT moswavleebi mozardebis
dadebiTi da uaryofiTi Tvisebebis Sesaxeb.




   I mozardi - "iyo mozardi - xSir SemTxvevaSi rTulia. sruliad moulodnelad miwevs
sxvadasxva gadawyvetilebebis miReba. ra Tqma unda, Cems mSoblebs megobrebs
yvelaferze pasuxi gamzadebuli aqvT. me - ara! gasuli paraskevi usazizRresi dRe iyo
Cems cxovrebaSi. me CaviWeri gamocdaSi, amocana sikvdiliviT mZime iyo, veraferi
ver gavuge. Semdeg, saukeTeso megobari amixirda, rom Tu ar gavyvebodi kalaTburTis
varjiSze Zalian ewyineboda da SeiZleba davekarge kidec. mec gavyevi - sxva ra meqna.
vijeqi varjiSze uazrod - radgan kalaTburTi CemTvis araferia. Tumca, kargad arc vici,
am cxovrebaSi "Cemi" ra aris. amasTan, mSoblebTan dava damewyo, isini miyvirian.
me Zalian minda, rom Tavi damanebon!".

   II mozardi - "CemTvis bevri ram mniSvnelovania - megobrebi, ojaxi, skola. rTulia
magram, yovelTvis vaxerxeb yvelafrisTvis dro gamovnaxo, radgan yvelaferi es
momwons. gadavwyvite ufro didi yuradReba davuTmo algebras, vinaidan, am saganSi
ar minda iseve miWirdes, rogorc gasul wels. mSoblebs movelaparake SabaT-kviris
garTobis Sesaxeb, maT Tanxmoba ganmicxades. kinaRam damaviwyda, miuxedavad,
rom rTulia, gadavwyvite beqas Tavi davanebo, is Cemi Rirsi ar aRmoCnda, sruliad ar
vfiqrob ras ityvian amis Sesaxeb Cemi saukeTeso megobrebi".


                                         33
 am teqstebis wakiTxvis Semdeg moswavleebma unda gaarCion mozardebs Soris
gansxvaveba.

  I mozardi - rTulad iRebs gadawyvetilebas. advilad eqceva TanasworTa gavlenis
qveS. ar hyofnis individualoba. aqvs TviTSefasebis dabali unari. gansazRvruli ara aqvs
cxovrebis mizani. orWofaa.

  II mozardi - yvelafers aRwevs Tavad. ar eSinia gadawyvetilebis miRebis, maT Soris
gadawyvetilebebisa, romlebsac piradi cxovrebis Secvla mohyveba. aqvs gansazRvruli
miznebi. TviTdajerebulia. ar eqceva TanasworTa gavlenis qveS.

  maswavlebelma unda gaarkvios romel mozards aniWeben upiratesobas moswavleebi
da _
                                     ratom?
 am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT unda gaimarTos msjeloba da diskusia.

             meore kiTxva, rac aucileblad unda daesvas moswavleebs:

 ori mozardidan, romels aqvs ufro meti Sansi, rom daiwyos sigaretis moweva? ratom?
am kiTxvaze mokle pasuxebi CamowereT dafaze. magaliTad:

I mozardi:
 ara aqvs mtkice xasiaTi,
 aklia TviTdajereba.

  miRebuli Sedegebi gaanalizeT xmamaRla, im motiviT, rom Tambaqos moxmarebis
dawyeba dakavSirebulia yvela im uaryofiT TvisebebTan, rac mozards gaaCnia.




   mocemuli ori teqstis Sesabamisad maswavlebels SeuZlia Seadginos sxva variantebi,
  amave mizniT, unda daixmaros fasilitatorebi. aucilebelia aseTi gakveTilis Catareba 2-3
  TveSi erTxel.



                                          34
moqmedebis adgili: wvimian amindSi "sacobSi" moxvedrili manqana, romelic
adgilidan ver iZvris.
 moqmedi pirebi: Teona da beqa, romlebic ramodenime Tvea icnoben erTmaneTs da
xSirad xvdebian.
 beqa: arcerTi manqana ar moZraobs (sigarets Rrmad moqaCavs), vfiqrob, didi xani
mogviwevs aq lodini.
 Teona: me winaaRmdegi ar var. SesaniSnavi koncerti iyo, ise, rom aq dgoma da lodini
wvrilmania (Teona ramodenimejer axvelebs).
 beqa: me mgoni, mTeli qalaqis manqanebs aq mouyriaT Tavi.
 Teona: ar SegiZlia fanjara gaaRo? (axvelebs), rac aq gaviWedeT, es Seni meore
sigaretia, veRar vsunTqav.
 beqa: Sen marTali xar, mapatie (xsnis fanjaras, magram wvima asvelebs. amitom,
saswrafod fanjaras zeviT wevs).
 Teona: (gaRizianebuli) maSin iqneb Caaqro sigareti!
 beqa: (aseve gaRizianebuli) ra Tqma unda. ise, dRes pirvelad Civixar Cemi sigaretis
gamo.
 Teona: es imitom, rom pirvelad movxvdi Caketil manqanaSi SenTan erTad (xsnis
fanjaras, haers Rrmad CaisunTqavs da isev fanjaras wevs maRla).
  beqa: oRond dramatizmi ar ginda!
 Teona: es dramatizmi ki ara, realobaa, Tavs ise vgrZnob TiTqos saferfleSi viwve.
 beqa: kargi, dawynardi, sigaretic damTavrda, kmayofili xar?
 Teona: arc ise, sigaretis naxevari kvamli Cems filtvebSia.
 beqa: kargi ra, ar mokvdebi. me miyvars roca vewevi, amiT vmSviddebi. Senc
damSviddi. ginda gasinjo?! (beqa iRebs kolofidan sigarets da awvdis Teonas)...

 maswavlebelma moswavleebs unda mosTxovos aRniSnuli situaciis dasruleba:
 ra upasuxa Teonam?
 ra reaqcia mohyva beqas mxridan Teonas pasuxs?
 rogor Sefasda beqas saqcieli?
 rogor moiqceoda moswavle vaJi beqas adgilas?
 rogor moiqceoda moswavle gogona Teonas adgilas?



                                         35
 qaRaldze dawerili siuJeti gaaTamaSebineT moswavleebs, mosTxoveT klass
dabolovebis sxvadasxva variantebi. warmarTeT msjeloba da diskusia. aucilebelia,
situaciuri TamaSis ganmeoreba 2-3 TveSi erTxel. Semdegi situaciuri TamaSisaTvis
siuJeturi Tema Tavad moswavleebs daawerineT.




                                 VIIgakveTili




  gakveTilis Semdeg moswavlem unda icodes sigaretis gadagdebis Tundac erTi
praqtikuli da fiziologiuri Sedegi. manve unda gaicnobieros, rom gansakuTrebuli
pativiscema esaWiroeba im adamians, romelmac sigareti gadaagdo da amiT Sinagani
simtkice da siZliere gamoiCina.



 Tu moswavleebs yofil mwevelebTan saubari hqondaT im sirTuleebTan dakavSirebiT,
rac sigaretis gadagdebis momentSi maT ganicades, didia Sansi, rom mwevel mozardebs
sigaretis gadagdebis mimarT garkveuli SiSi gauCndebaT.



MmoiwvieT klasSi yofili mweveli, sTxoveT mohyves Tavisi gamocdilebis Sesaxeb.
ZiriTadi Tema unda aigos Semdegi kiTxvebis garSemo:

1. rogor upasuxa organizmma sigaretis gadagdebas?
2. rogor afasebs sakuTar janmrTelobas mwevelobis periodSi? AamJamad?

                                        36
3. rodis ufro bednieri iyo _ roca eweoda Tu amJamad?




 daurigeT an CaawerineT moswavleebs ,,praqtikuli rCevebi sigaretis gadagdebis
msurvelTaTvis”




 acnobe Sens megobrebs, mSoblebs, naTesavebs, rom sigarets anebeb Tavs. rac ufro
  met adamians ecodineba amis Sesaxeb, miT metia pasuxismgebloba da sityvis
  gautexelobis mcdeloba;
 nu Caifiqreb sigaretis Tavis danebebas ,,sabolood”_ sigareti jer erTi dRiT gadaagde,
  Semdeg kidev erTi dRiT da a.S.
 winaswar daTqvi is dRe, roca ar moswev, gansakuTrebulad moemzade da aseve
  gansakuTrebulad daxvdi am dRes;
 gadaagde yvelaferi, rac mowevas mogagonebs _ saferfle, sanTebela da a.S.;
 SeiZine uSaqro saReWi rezina, svi stafilos wveni an wyali;
 SeuTanxmdi mwevel megobrebs da erTad scadeT sigaretis Tavis danebeba.


 ……... Tu sigarets daanebeb Tavs _ e. i. sakuTar Tavs marTav, es ki cxovrebaSi Zalian
 wagadgeba.

   …... rom Sensave sityvas did pativs scem da gaufrTxildi sxvebis TvalSi undobloba ar
 daimsaxuro.




                                 VIII gakveTili




                                          37
G gakveTilis Semdeg mozardebs unda ganuviTardeT Tambaqos moxmarebaze sruli
warmodgena.




gadaimeoreT Tambaqos MmoxmarebasTan dakavSirebuli yvela uaryofiTi faqtori
G




                  TamaSi ,,Tqven ras moimoqmedebdiT?”

TamaSis warmarTva miandeT fasilitators, romelic svams kiTxvebs.



1. warmoidgineT, rom Tavad xarT mSobeli da gaigeT, rom Tqveni Svili eweva, ras
   moimoqmedebdiT?
2. Mmxolod vaJebs: gyavT Seyvarebuli, is staJiani mwevelia, ara da iciT, rom Tu
   moweva gaagrZela, colad moyvanis SemTxvevaSi amiT sakuTari Svilis sicocxles
   daayenebs safrTxis qveS. ras moimoqmedebdiT?
3. Mmxolod gogonebs: Tqveni Svili orsuladaa da eweva sigarets, ras
   moimoqmedebdiT?
4. DdiskoTekaze gaicaniT sawinaaRmdego sqesis warmomadgeneli, romelic Zalian
   mogewonaT, is bevrs eweva da miuxedavad imisa, rom Tqven ar eweviT, mainc
   daJinebiT gTavazobT sigarets, ras moimoqmedebdiT?
5. Mmegobari sigaretis wevas Tavs anebebs, Tqven es ar SegiZliaT, ras
   moimoqmedebdiT?
6. Tqven gTavazoben erT-erTis arCevas: janmrTeloba, simdidre, kariera, dideba,
   megobroba, romels airCevdiT, ras moimoqmedebdiT?


                                        38
7. Tqven mogewonaT gogo (an vaJi), gaicaniT, rom gaicina, SeamCnieT, rom sigaretis
   wevisgan kbilebi gayviTlebuli hqonda, piridan arasasiamovno suni amosdioda, ras
   moimoqmedebdiT?
8. MmoxvdiT iseT sazogadoebaSi, sadac yvela eweva, Tqven ar eweviT da arc
   Tambaqos kvamli gsiamovnebT, ras moimoqmedebdiT?
9. MmoxvdiT iseT sazogadoebaSi, sadac aravin eweva, Tqven eweviT, ara da am
   wresTan Tqveni urTierToba sistematuria da xangrZlivi, amave dros _ sasiamovnoc,
   ras moimoqmedebdiT?
10. Tqveni megobris mama mwevelia, amave dros Zalian avadmyofi, ras
   moimoqmedebdiT?

                                           P

1. vesaubrebodi Tambaqos moxmarebis mavneblobis Sesaxeb, Tu saubrebi ar
    gaWrida, vurCevdi miemarTa eqimisaTvis;
2. gogo arc sakuTar janmrTelobas scems pativs da arc momavali Svilis janmrTelobas,
    e.i. mas ojaxi ar ainteresebs, vurCevdi gadaagdos sigareti, Tu rcevam ar imoqmeda,
    sakuTari Svilis Momavals sigaretis gulisTvis ver gavwirav, davSordebi.
3. Aavuxsni mosalodnel Sedegebs, kategoriulad movTxovdi sigaretis gadagdebas, Tu
    moTxovnam ar gasWra, eqimTan an fsiqologTan miviyvandi;
4. Uukulturo yofila, davemSvidobebi, vinaidan aseTisagan momavalSi uaresia
    mosalodneli;
5. Sevecdebi droebiT mainc gaverido;
6. janmrTelobas, radgan Tu janmrTeli viqnebi, danarCenis miRweva isedac SeiZleba;
7. ar mesiamovneba;
8. maT pativi ar sces Cems janmrTelobas, arc moubodiSebiaT, me mgoni sxva
    sakiTxebSic aseve moiqcevian, davfiqrdebi, Rirs ki aseT xalxTan urTierToba?
9. Nnamdvilad ver davkargav aseT xalxs, Tanac sigaretis gamo. MmaTTan
    urTierToba albaT saukeTeso stimuli iqneba sigaretis gadasagdebad;
10. Mmegobris mamas moridebiT vetyodi, rom arsebobs iseTi dawesebulebebi, sadac
    sigaretis gadagdebaSi daexmarebian.


 fasilitatorebis mier dasmul kiTxvaze pasuxs iZleva is moswavle, romelic pirvelad
aiwevs xels, adgilidan wamoZaxebisaTvis moswavle unda moixsnas TamaSidan.




                                          39
     stimulisaTvis kargi iqneba Tu winaswar gamoacxadebT kiTxvebs;
     saukeTeso mopasuxe SeiyvaneT fasilitatorTa jgufSi da aqtiurad CarTeR saskolo programis
      ganxorcielebaSi


M



 aSS_Si da evropaSi sul ufro Zlierdeba Tambaqos wevis sawinaaRmdego moZraoba;
 dasavleTis qveynebis umetesobaSi Tambaqos weva guSindeli dRis modad iTvleba,
  xolo cxovrebis jansaRi wesi _ dRevandel da xvalindel modad;
 Tambaqos weva cud tonadaa aRiarebuli, mweveli mozardi aucileblad araprestiJul
  pirovnebad iTvleba;
 AaSS-Si axalgazrdis mier sazogadoebaSi sigaretis moweva samarcxvino saqcielad
  iTvleba;
 DdasavleTis qveynebSi sigaretis mweveli axalgazrda susti da uprincipo adamianis
  simboloa;
 Hholivudis varskvlavTa umravlesoba aqtiurad ibrZvis Tambaqos winaaRmdeg;
 AaSS-Si da evropis qveynebSi mwevel adamians gaunaTlebels uwodeben;
 DdasavleTSi mweveli ukulturo adamianad iTvleba, romelic vnebs rogorc sakuTar,
  aseve sxvis janmrTelobas;
 fizikuri simtkice, Tambaqosagan Tavisufali samegobro wre dasavleT qveynebis
  axalgazrdebis stilia, rasac ganuxrelad icaven;
 Tanamedrove axalgazrdebi jansaRi cxovlrebis wess irCeven;
 iyo mweveli_aRar niSnavs, rom xar Zlieri, piriqiT, iyo mweveli niSnavs, rom xar
  uZluri.




 gamoacxadeT skola Tambaqos kvamlisagan Tavisufal zonad, akrZaleT moweva
  skolis SenobaSi;

 mouwodeT skolis pedagogiur koleqtivs, gagebiT moekidnon Tqvens progresul
  gadawyvetilebas;



                                           40
 daexmareT maswavleblebs        programiT    gaTvaliswinebuli   RonisZiebebisa   da
  gakveTilebis organizebaSi;

 daexmareT fasilitatorebs iniciativis gamomJRavnebasa da realizaciaSi;

 gaesaubreT e. w. ,,rTul aRsazrdelebs da uzrunvelyaviT maTi CarTva saskolo
  programaSi.




                                         41

				
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posted:5/31/2010
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