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Abortion(6) Powered By Docstoc
                                                     William Ardill, MD

I.      Background Statistics
        A.    “Abortion is the most frequently performed surgery on adults in America. One out of four babies
              conceived in the United States is surgically aborted (with an unknown but growing number of
              chemical abortions.) …. There are about 1.37 million reported abortions in this country every
              year…. There have been nearly 40 million U.S. surgical abortions since abortion was legalized in
              1973…. 3,753 abortions occurring everyday…” Randy Alcorn, ProLife Answers to ProChoice
              Arguments, p.37.
        B.    25% women sitting in American churches have had an abortion
II.     Humanness and Personhood [Who are we?]
        A.    Theological (Christian) - Sanctity of life worldview
              1.     God created human life. He said it was “good” and it is precious to Him. Sanctity means
                     “holiness” and we believe in the sanctity of human life because of God‟s view of human
              2.     Image of God (Gen. 1:27-31)
                           a)     Man was uniquely created in the “image of God” (Mind, will and emotions and capacity for
                                  relationship with Him). He has a unique place in creation and a special relationship with God.
                           b)     It is not as important how man relates to God but how God relates to man. God loves man, made
                                  him in His image and sent His son to die for men. If humanness or personhood were defined on
                                  what we can or cannot do, many – from fetus to elderly on respirator – would not qualify.
                    3.     “Thou shalt not murder”
                           a)     After Cain killed Abel, God cursed Cain. (Gen. 4:15)
                           b)     After the flood, God told Noah that whoever sheds man‟s blood, by man shall that individual‟s
                                  blood be shed. (Gen. 9:5,6)
                           c)     God‟s commandment against killing human life (Ex. 20:13) verifies sanctity of human life. Other
                                  laws regarding murder and subsequent penalties further verify this.
                           d)     Jesus supported the moral law of God and expanded on this prohibition against taking human life.
                    4.     The unborn as “persons”
                           a)     The unborn are referred to as persons in the Bible (Ps. 51:5; Ps. 139:13-16; Jer. 1:5; Lk. 1:44) and
                                  there is continuity between the prenatal and postnatal life of a human being in Scripture. Preborn
                                  are referred to as persons so have the „worth‟ or sanctity of any human life.
                           b)     When Moses complained that he could not lead Israel because of a speech problem, the LORD
                                  said to him, "Who gave man his mouth? Who makes him deaf or mute? Who gives him sight or
                                  makes him blind? Is it not I, the LORD? Now go; I will help you speak and will teach you what to
                                  say." Ex 4:10-12 NIV. God made him “imperfect” so does God make „mistakes?‟ Is an „imperfect‟
                                  child a valid reason for abortion?
                           c)     The Law also stated that if a pregnant woman was assaulted accidentally and had a miscarriage
                                  and her child died, compensation would be the same as if she had died. (personhood of the
                                  unborn) Ex. 21:22-24
                    5.     Soul (basic differences in worldviews of „what is man?‟)
                           a)     Naturalism teaches there is no soul or spiritual dimension to man.
                           b)     Mormonism teaches that the soul is pre-existent waiting in heaven for a body.
                           c)     Christianity teaches the immortality of the soul not its pre-existence.
        B.          Genetic
                    1.    “Like produces like” so humans produce humans. The product of human conception then
                          is human with a distinctive unique genetic makeup. It is different than either parent and
                          distinct from either parent. Human genetic chromosome complement defines humanness
                          and in toto the product is human.

Abortion - Ardill                                                                                                                  26
        C.          Secular – various criteria for “humanness” or “personhood” [Human and NOT person?]
                    1.     Humanness defined by place (inside or outside womb)
                          a)      Does address or location define humanness? Part of mother?
                    2.    Dependency (supported by mother)
                          a)      Suggests „parasitic‟ relationship so not entitled to same rights as host-mother.
                          b)      Does this apply to neonates and elderly on ventilators as well?
                    3.    Time or age of development – “viability”
                          a)      Roman Empire: Child not considered human until it walked and talked.
                          b)      Dr. Peter Singer, bioethics professor at Princeton University, says, “Babies and infants should be
                                  declared non-persons because they are not rational and self-aware and are replaceable, like
                                  chickens and other farm yard animals. No babies should be granted any legal protection until at
                                  least one month after birth.”
                          c)      Humanness now „earlier‟ because of technology. Are preemies born now more „human‟ than those
                                  unborn children of the same age 50 years ago?
                          d)      How can our humanness change with time? Is an infant „more human‟ than a fetus? Is an elderly
                                  person „more human‟ than an infant is?
                          e)      “Would you kill this infant a minute before he was born, or a minute before that, or a minute
                                  before that, or a minute before that?”
                    4.    “Potential” – fetus is only „potential‟ human not real human
                          a)      We are all “in process” so how can immaturity define our humanness?
                          b)      If it is OK to kill a fetus because it is less mature than a baby, is it less evil to then kill a child than
                                  an adult because it is less mature?
                          c)      Technically a fetus has MORE human potential than an elderly person does!
                    5.    Value
                          a)      Utilitarian (How useful or functional is it to mother or society?)
                                  (1)       Changing criteria, inconsistent with adult standards
                                  (2)       “Deformed” – both nonfunctional and an economic burden to the mother and society.
                          b)      Economic – affordable, contributory, not a burden
                          c)      Emotional – “loved”; If not loved, somehow „not human‟!
III.    Abortion
        A.     Definition: the loss or expulsion from the womb of a living embryo or fetus before it has reached
               a stage of viability
        B.     Types: Spontaneous and Induced – D&C, vacuum, hysterectomy, saline, and drugs
        C.     Timeline of human life - At what stage is “it” human or a person? This determines acceptable
               contraception (prevention of conception) or birth control.

STAGE                          Contraception or Birth control method
Sperm and egg (23              BCP (prevent ovulation); Barrier methods prevent fertilization (condom,
chromosomes each)              diaphragm, BTL and vasectomy); forbidden by Roman Catholics
Fertilized egg – zygote
(46 chromosomes =
human species)
Implanted egg                  IUD and morning after pill (RU486)
Embryo                         Abortion
Fetus                          Abortion; partial birth abortion; kill living aborted fetus?

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        D.   Justifications for Abortion
Place         Fetus in wrong place so not human and OK to abort.
Dependency Fetus dependent on mother so not human and OK to abort.
Time          Defined by stage of development, then fetus “immature” so OK to abort.
Potential     If fetus only “potential” human, OK to abort.
Value         Economic, emotional, societal (“unwanted”) [Birth defects, birth control, sex selection,
              social, economic reasons, rape, incest]
Rights        Women‟s reproductive rights (birth control) superior to fetus‟s rights.
Self-defense If fetus threatens mother‟s life, abortion justified in self-defense. (tubal pregnancy, uterine
              cancer) (Selective reduction of multiples?)

                    1.   “Value of life” vs. “sanctity of life”
                         a)      Secular humanism – defines man as an evolved mass of molecules. When the “mass of molecules”
                                 becomes human is an arbitrary definition. So the question is, does this „thing‟ have „value‟?
                         b)      Allows abortion and euthanasia because man‟s worth/value is based on economic (affordable),
                                 emotional (loved, wanted) or societal (useful/productivity) rationalizations.
                         c)      Sliding scale of human worth (handicapped, retarded, coma, senile) which extends beyond the
                                 womb. Criminals are morally handicapped and are more of an economic liability so should they
                                 all be killed! Handicapped and elderly are economic burdens, so should die, etc. Leads to
                                 infanticide in cases of malformed babies.
                         d)      Human worth is inherent from God not how one is labeled or perceived.

                    2.   Women‟s reproductive rights (vs. right to life = conflicting values)
                         a)      Dr. Eileen McDonaugh, professor at Northeastern University, teaches that the unborn child is a
                                 violent and dangerous intruder into a woman‟s body justifying the use of deadly force to repel it.
                         b)      Based on woman‟s right to control her body. If fetus is only tissue in her body and not another
                                 human or person, she can decide or have “choice” on what to do with it.
                         c)      “Pro-choice” allows a woman to decide without her parents, spouse or anyone else‟s input on what
                                 she will do with this “growth” in her womb. Decision based on the “value” to her of this not the
                                 “sanctity” of all life.
                         d)      If the fetus is a part of her, then she has 20 toes, 20 fingers, and twice the normal genetic
                                 complement! Can‟t be a “part” of her. She has a nurturing role of the fetus inside her as she has
                                 when the baby is born and dependant on her.
                         e)      When is the “choice” really made? Are there consequences to our choices?
                         f)      In contrast to the “rights of the unborn.” Slavery analogy – no rights and no advocates.

                    3.   Is abortion ever justifiable? (not mandatory)
                         a)      Life of the mother in jeopardy (< 1% of all abortions)
                                 (1)       Conflict of absolutes. Higher principle law – Self-defense of mother. (life of the mother vs.
                                           life of the baby. Lying in war to save a life. Killing a thief to protect your family. Discuss with
                                           mother and family if possible.
                         b)      Is abortion OK for rape or incest? (~1% of all abortions) Birth defects and so on?
                                 (1)       „Unwanted‟ is not valid criteria.
                                 (2)       „Not perfect‟ is not valid criteria

                    4.   Summary
                         a)      Is it a baby - “human”?
                                 (1)       No
                                           (a)     Abortion can be justified at any time for any reason. It is arbitrary - from
                                                   destroying embryo for research to partial birth abortion to infanticide.
                                           (b)     First it is personal choice, next it will be the state‟s choice (duty)

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                                     (2)      Yes
                                              (a)      Is the mother‟s life in jeopardy?
                                                       (i)      No – then no abortion justifiable
                                                       (ii)     Yes – self-defense of mother

         E.         Complications of Abortion
                    1.    Mother
                           a)        100,000 miscarriages /year from complications of prior abortions
                           b)        At least 10% immediate physical complications
                           c)        20-50% long term complications usually in reproductive system
                           d)        Risk of reproductive damage highest for teenagers and women who abort their first pregnancy
                           e)        90% experience emotional and psychiatric stress after abortion and up to 10% require professional
                                     psychiatric treatment
                           f)        Breast cancer – abortion link?
                    2.     Fathers – emotional and psychiatric stress and loss

IV.      Medical Professional Implications of Abortion
         A.    Respect for life. Goal of career to preserve life.
         B.    First rule of medicine is “First do no harm.”
         C.    “If in doubt, don‟t shoot.”
         D.    Amniocentesis – should it be done if abortion is being considered?
         E.    Selective reduction in multiple pregnancies? Kill some to save some?

V.       Legal controversy of Abortion
         A.     Constitution addresses inalienable right to life of persons.
         B.     Dred Scott Supreme Court decision of 1873: Slaves (Unborn) are not citizens or persons so have
                no rights. Black man (The unborn) becomes legal person only when set free (born). If you don‟t
                agree, nobody is forcing you to be a slave owner (have an abortion). Don‟t impose your morality
                on somebody else. A (wo) man has the right to do with his property (it) what (s) he wants. Isn‟t
                slavery (abortion) really merciful? After all, every black man (child) has the right to be protected
                from a cruel and unloving world.
         C.     Roe v. Wade January 22, 1973
                1.       Stated a new personal liberty existed in the Constitution – the liberty of a woman to
                         procure the termination of her pregnancy at any time in its course on her demand. It states
                         right of mother supercedes right to life of unborn.
         D.     Inconsistencies from state to state in abortion laws. OK to kill “fetus” if “not wanted”. Illegal to
                kill if “wanted”
                1.       27 states in U.S. treat killing an unborn child as homicide.
                           a)        1987 – Fetal Homicide law – Minnesota
                           b)        1993 – Utah: Killing an unborn child is murder
                           c)        2001: Kansas – Physician/patient relationship with fetus OK.
                           d)        2002: States may classify fetus as “unborn child” eligible for government prenatal health care.
         E.         Inconsistencies of fetal surgery and abortion in modern medicine.
“The Supreme Court has declared the unborn baby to be a nonperson. Yet, a paternity action can be brought by a pregnant woman as
soon as she knows she is pregnant. Some states have statutes on their books that say that the abortionist must make every effort to
resuscitate the baby he has just aborted. An unborn baby can be injured in an accident and at a later date, after he is born, can sue the
person who injured him. A fetus can inherit an estate and take precedence over a person who is already born, as soon as the fetus is
born himself.” Koop, The Right to Live, The Right to Die, p. 57.

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VI.     What is the role or response of the church to abortion? (Alcorn, pp. 343-350)
        A.     Churches‟ responses range from extremes of doing nothing to killing abortionists. Is killing
               abortionists justifiable? Higher principle of killing the killers? @#$
        B.     Recognize Strategy of Abortionists
               1.      Change language and wording so not offensive. Avoid using terms like “baby”,
                       “embryo”, “termination” etc.
               2.      Use words like “rights” and “freedom”, “tissue”, “products of conception”
               3.      Make the woman the victim
               4.      Attack the antiabortionists – character, motives, practices
               5.      Focus on extreme and rare cases that are rare and difficult

        C.          Stop the carnage
                    1.     Church action
                           a)     Pray for those seeking help with an unwanted pregnancy
                           b)     The Church must be committed to adopt the „unwanted‟ we save
                           c)     Personal involvement with an unwed mothers and their children. Crisis Pregnancy Center.
                                  Adoption of “unwanted” children. Impact of Ultrasound in persuading mothers not to abort.
                    2.     Education inside and outside the walls of the church
                           a)     Educate yourself and others about abortion in church, school, community, Internet, etc.
                           b)     ProLife organizations and ProLife activities involvement
                           c)     Public awareness through newspapers, posters, billboards, ProLife rallies and marches
                    3.     Legislation and political action in the community and government
                           a)     Should there be laws against abortion? Enact legislation against or restricting abortion. How
                                  would you enforce them? Should the woman and the abortionist be penalized? How?
                           b)     Run for political office as a ProLife candidate
                           c)     Contact legislatures and help initiate ProLife and Profamily legislation
                    4.     Confront the abortionists
                           a)     Contact physicians, clinics and hospitals performing abortions and express your opinion
                           b)     Picket places doing abortions
                           c)     Hand out literature to women entering abortion clinics
        D.          Help the wounded
                    1.     Post-abortion counseling and prayer
                    2.     Counseling Education Principles
                           a)     Teach chastity and purity
                           b)     Premarital counseling and birth control
                           c)     Don‟t condemn the sinner. Love the sinner and condemn the sin! More than ever the church needs
                                  to tell the world God loves the mother and the child and so do we.

VII.    Resources
        A.    Books
              1.     Alcorn, Randy, ProLife Answers to ProChoice Arguments, Multnomah Publishers, 2000.
              2.     Koop, C. E., The Right to Live; The Right to Die, Tyndale House, 1976.
              3.     Colson, C., How Now Shall We Live, Tyndale House.
              4.     Schaeffer, Francis, How Should We Then Live.
        B.    Web sites
              1.     ProLife sites: www.nrlc.org (National Right to Life); www.mdrtl.org (Maryland Right to
                     Life); www.epm.org/aborbibl.html (Randy Alcorn “Biblical Perspectives on Unborn

                    2.     ProAbortion sites: www.naral.org; www.fight4choice.com

Abortion - Ardill                                                                                                                 30

Jun Wang Jun Wang Dr
About Some of Those documents come from internet for research purpose,if you have the copyrights of one of them,tell me by mail vixychina@gmail.com.Thank you!