The Articles of Incorporation for the Arizona National Guard by yah17499


									                      Published by the Arizona National Guard Historical Society, Inc.     Fall 2009 Issue 36

    The Arizona National Guard Historical Society is             events, persons, and other historical information relat-
a private non-profit corporation established under the           ing ...the military service of Arizonans in wars and other
laws of Arizona and consistent with the Internal Revenue         military actions in Arizona and around the world.”
Code. It is the sponsor of the Arizona Military Museum.              On July 14, 1978 the Arizona National Guard General
The Historical Society’s purposes are: “To enhance the           Staff dedicated a portion of the old arsenal building for a
appreciation of the history of Arizona and the contribu-         museum for the Historical Society.
tions of the Militia of Arizona and the Arizona National             In January 1980 the director and officers were elected
Guard to the State of Arizona and to the Nation...” (By-         who were commited to creating the museum. They did
laws, Article I, Section 1). To accomplish its purposes,         most of the demolition and construction to establish the
the Historical Society shall strive: “ discover and         museum.
memorialize the history of the Military of Arizona, the              In December 1980 the Adjutant General designated
Arizona National Guard, and the general military history         the museum an official permanent historical activity of
of Arizona, and to establish and maintain a museum on            the Arizona National Guard.
land leased, owned, or otherwise controlled by the Soci-             In April 1981 the General Staff dedicated the space
ety.” (Id.). The policy statement states that the Historical     for the East Room of the museum.
Society is “ portray events, persons, and other histori-        On September 12, 1981 the Arizona Military Mu-
cal information relating to...the military service of Ari-       seum had its Grand Opening.
zonans in wars and other military actions in Arizona and             On July 13, 1999, the Arizona National Guard Histor-
around the world.”                                               ical Society and the Arizona National Guard executed a
    The Articles of Incorporation for the Arizona Na-            Memorandum of Understanding reaffirming their histori-
tional Guard Historical Society were executed on March           cal relationship and mutual support.
28, 1975.                                                            On September 30, 2006, the Arizona Military Mu-
    The Historical Society was incorporated on April 25,         seum celebrated the 25th anniversary of its opening.
1975 with the aforementioned purposes and the added                  On September 11, 2008, the Museum was designated
purpose as stated in its policy statement: “ portray        an official Arizona Centennial Legacy Project.
Courier Page 2

         Published by the Arizona
 Published by the Arizona
 National Guard Historical                                        Arizona National Guard
 Society, 5636 E. McDowell Rd,
 Phoenix, AZ 85008-3495                                              Historical Society
  Joseph Abodeely

 Vice President:
  Thomas Quarelli
                                                                  REPORT TO THE MEMBERSHIP
  Anna Kroger                                                   Dear Members and Friends:
 Treasurer:                             The museum is open to the public again after closure for roof repairs. Since
  Klaus Foerst                      our last report to you, many good things have happened to the museum. Your
 Board of Director Members:
                                    Arizona Military Museum is an “Official Arizona Centennial Project.” We received
  Jean McColgin                     the Connecting to Collections Bookshelf reference books for preservation and
  Dan Mardian                       conservation of library and archival materials from AASLH. We received a Grant
  Harry Hensell                     from the Arizona Historical Society to purchase materials for preserving and
  Mary Hensell
  Eugene Cox
                                    conserving archival materials. We restored a jeep and put it inside the museum. We
  George Notarpole                  restored and enhanced all of our displays. We got our computer back on line, and
  Trudie Cooke                      we are on line on two websites. Google “Arizona Military Museum.” If you need
   Bill Porter                      help, have your grandchildren show you how to find the museum on the internet.
  John Lyon
                                    They know how.
 Ex-Officio Board Member:               We have progressed greatly due to the hard work of your Board of Directors
  MG Hugo Salazar                   presently listed and due to the work of those who have previously served. We also
                                    owe a debt of gratitude to the Adjutant General, MG Salazar, his staff, the FMO, the
                                    security force, CSMS, the DEMA webmaster, and the Arizona Memory Project for
 Museum Hours:                      all of their support without which we could not have accomplished many things.
 Saturday and Sunday                    “A museum is a non-profit, permanent institution in the service of society
 1:00pm - 4:00pm
                                    and its development, open to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches,
 Admission: Free                    communicates and exhibits the tangible and intangible heritage of humanity and
                                    its environment for the purposes of education, study and enjoyment.” (ICOM
 How to Contact Us:                 Statutes, adopted by the 22nd General Assembly (Vienna, Austria, 24 August 2007).
 Phone: 602.267.2676
                                        The Arizona Military Museum continues to operate consistent with that
 Or: 602.253.2378                   definition. There are no paid employees, and the Officers and Directors on the
 Fax: 602.253.3342                  Board are a working Board of Directors who have created and maintained the
                                    museum since its opening in 1980 to the public. We know that the economy is tight
                                    now, and museums and the arts and humanities are not a high priority for many
 Editors:                           people. If you appreciate the Arizona Military Museum, will you help by becoming
 Joseph Abodeely and Trudie         a member of the Historical Society or giving a donation or a bequest to the Arizona
 Cooke                              National Guard Historical? Make your check payable to AZNGHS (not to the
 Submit inquiries and address       museum). This will entitle you to The Courier, our informative newsletter, voting
 changes to the Arizona Military    rights, and notices of key museum events. You will also help us pay operating
 Museum, 5636 E. McDowell Rd,       expenses.
 AZ 85008-3495.
                                                          Joseph E. Abodeely, COL, USA (Ret.)
                                                          President, AZ National Guard Historical Society
                                                                                                                        Courier Page 3
(Editor’s note: This article was contributed by Jim Turner, former Historian, and recently retired from the
Arizona Historical Society. Jim is presently a free-lance writer and can be reached at

British Biographer becomes Arizona History Hero
     In later life, Mickey Free, nee Felix Telles, told his neighbors year after year. After thirty years in the making, the Arizona
that he was “sittin’ on top of a peach tree and [nine Apaches] told Historical Society published Mickey Free: Apache Captive,
him to come down and he did, and they took him away.” The Interpreter, and Indian Scout this past November. Radbourne’s
Apaches captured him on John Ward’s (his stepfather’s) ranch. British understatement that he felt “considerable satisfaction”
Felix was thirteen at the time. The date was January 27, 1861, is understandable.
and we are just finding out the details from the captives’ point          Through exhausting research, Radbourne shows that
of view 145 years later, thanks to biographer extraordinaire Mickey Free (nicknamed after a free-spirited character in
Allan Radbourne.                                                                               popular novels) was present at almost
     Now a semi-retired manufacturing                                                          every important Apache encounter in
training consultant, Radbourne grew up                                                         Arizona and Mexico from the 1870s
in the English Midlands, addicted in his                                                       through the 1890s. There were only
youth to local Saturday matinee 1950s                                                          about three pictures of Mickey Free
Westerns. By the 1960s he began read-                                                          when he began his research. There are
ing American magazines such as True                                                            more than a dozen new ones in his new
West and Frontier Times, where he en-                                                          book.
countered elusive references to young                                                               John Welch, former Historic Preser-
Telles, who grew up to become the                                                              vation Officer at Fort Apache, said Rad-
Apache Scout and interpreter, Mickey                                                           bourne’s book “embraces the chaotic
Free. Radbourne published his first arti-                                                      and unsettling morass of relationships,
cle on Mickey Free in 1972 for the Eng-                                                        losses, travels, and seemingly insignifi-
lish Westerners Society.                                                                       cant events in a way that sheds gracious,
     The capture of Felix Telles led to a                                                      scintillating light on a place, period, and
major event in Arizona frontier history                                                        people that we are still learning how to
known as the Bascom Affair. Cochise                                                            treat justly through scholarly writing.”
and his people were blamed for the                                                             Edwin Sweeney, author of Cochise:
boy’s capture, which triggered decades                                                         Chiricahua Apache Chief and Mangas
of retaliation and reprisal from all sides.                                                    Coloradas, said that Radbourne’s book
Vague and incorrect stories arouse about Mickey Free Apachee Scout                             takes Mickey Free from an obscure foot-
Telles from the outset. Most common was                                                       note in Arizona history and recognizes
the “fact” that he was half Irish and half Indian. As is too often him as an important interpreter on the subject of Apache res-
the case, Arizona history books of a wider scope took these ervations.
accounts at face value and repeated them through time, thus               “There is nothing new under the sun” according to
compounding the error.                                                Ecclesiastes, and one would think that should apply to Arizona
     But Radbourne dug into firsthand accounts, reading U.S. territorial history, considering the relatively short span of time
Army Lt. John Bourke’s diaries in the Reading Room of the and number of authors approaching it. However, dedicated
British Library and getting microfilm copies of documents and writers such as Allan Radbourne show us that there are new
newspapers from the U.S. National Archives and the Arizona and exciting things to be learned about Arizona, even though it
Historical Society. Patiently and persistently Radbourne may take scholars from England and other parts of the world to
tracked the Apache Scout, undaunted by difficulties of distance, point this out. By the way, Radbourne says that his fondness for
contacting foremost authors on Apaches and the Arizona watching Western movies did not impair his fascination with
soldiers, including Dan Thrapp and Constance Altshuler.               the realities of frontier history!
     Radbourne said, “my greatest good fortune was                        Mr. Radbourne’s book recently won a national award from
corresponding with the Arizona Historical Society’s Research the American Association of State and Local History.
Librarian non pariel, Lori Davisson.” Through Lori he met
his field researcher, Joyce Jauch. She visited Fort Apache,
San Carlos, and other Arizona locations and conducted oral                To purchase the book, call the Arizona Historical Society
history interviews with Mickey Free’s friends, descendents, and       Publications Department at (520) 617-1160.
     Discouraged by lack of time and money, Radbourne’s wife
Marion and his American friends encouraged him to persevere
Courier Page 4
(Editor’s note: the following was contributed by Arizona’s Official Historian, Marshall Trimble.)

     War always takes its toll on a nation’s best and brightest. In     his personal diary provide a window into the heart and soul of a
times of crisis they are always the first to step up and volunteer      young man who was a product of what Tom Brokaw called, “The
for military service, the first to take on the most dangerous           Greatest Generation.” They reveal a strong sense of patriotism,
assignments. They go off to fight for their country for the             courage and devotion to duty that was so characteristic of those
noblest of reasons, and all too often they give their lives in the      turbulent times. They also reveal the deep love and devotion
service of their country while still in the flower of youth.            of a young man for his family and religion.
     Among those was Grant Turley of Aripine. He grew up on                  Grant was part of that generation of young people who spent
a small cow ranch in the Mogollon Rim. Carefree summer days             their adolescence growing up in the throes of worst economic
were spent working cattle and wrangling dudes. He learned               depression this nation has ever seen. They reached maturity
about family values in the close-knit Mormon community                  during a period when America and the rest of the free world
where he was raised. In school he was an outstanding student            faced its greatest crisis. The Nazi Germany occupied most of
athlete. He had a high school sweetheart and a bright future            Europe and the Japanese Imperial Army appeared unstoppable
ahead. Then came the war.                                               as they swept across Southeast Asia and the Pacific.
     War changed forever, the lives and dreams of millions of                Their personal lives were put on hold, in many instances
young people like Grant Turley. A few weeks after Pearl Harbor,         permanently, when they answered their country’s call to arms.
he was in Phoenix taking flying lessons at Sky Harbor. At the age       They said goodby to sweethearts, family, and friends, rolled up
of 20 he volunteered for the Air Corps and trained to become            their sleeves and did what they had to do in the hope that their
a fighter pilot. He and his high school sweetheart Kitty Ballard        sacrifice would make this world a better place.
were married just before he shipped out. He went into action                 “Grant was very patriotic,” his brother Stan Turley recalls.
in the fall of 1943 and in just ten days of action over the skies       “He truly believed in what he was fighting for. He was confident,
of Europe became Arizona’s first World War II Ace.                      quiet and studious but he was also stubborn, determined and
     Ace is the coveted word for a pilot who shoots down at             very competitive.”
                                                                             Grant was the son of Fred and Wilma Turley, and the younger
                                                                        brother of Stan Turley, who later served the state legislature
                                                                        as Speaker of the House and President of the Senate. They
                                                                        grew up on the family’s Sundown Ranch at Aripine in Navajo
                                                                             Grant was born at the ranch on a Sunday morning, June 18,
                                                                        1922. A neighbor Aunt Elsie Flake delivered him. He descended
                                                                        from a long line of frontier stock. His great-grandfather, William
                                                                        J. Flake donated land from his ranch to found the town of
                                                                        Snowflake, and along with Erastus Snow, lent his name to the
                                                                        community. Flake a cattleman of renown, was the first Arizonan
                                                                        enshrined in the National Cowboy Hall of Fame in Oklahoma
                                                                        City, OK.
                                                                             His brother Stan was just 16 months older and as youths
                                                                        they were inseparable. Wherever Stan went his brother was
   Republic P-47 Thunderbolt                                            on his boot heels. “Every time I turned around I nearly bumped
least five enemy planes in aerial combat. Grant flew nearly             into him,” Stan says.
50 missions out of England, including the first raid on Berlin.              The Turley boys attended the small grade school at Aripine
According to his fellow fighter pilots, the Arizona cowboy with         and when it came time to go to high school they moved into
the family ranch brand painted on the side of his plane was             Snowflake and lived with relatives. Their summers were spent
fearless. On one mission he came upon a flight of ten German            on the Sundown Ranch. Besides working cattle, the Turley’s ran
ME-109’s. With dauntless daring he dove his P-47 Thunderbolt            a boy’s camp for youngsters from back east.
into the group of German fighter planes shooting down two                    Grant was a good student and was valedictorian of the
before the air battle ended. For this intrepid bravery he was           Class of 1940 at Snowflake High School. His favorite subjects
awarded the Silver Star. He shot down a total of seven confirmed        were math and science. He was also an outstanding athlete.
German planes and destroyed two more on the ground giving               It ran in the family. Two years earlier Stan had been the first
him just one short of being a double ace.                               athlete from northern Arizona to be named to the Arizona All-
    Grant’s poignant letters to his wife and family, along with         State Football Team.
                                                                                                                       Courier Page 5
     In high school Grant was a strapping 6’2” and weighed            time up in the plane was April 20. In his diary he wrote: “Gee, it
180 pounds. His proudest sports achievement was being                 was a thrill to open up 2,000 horses on a 13,000 crate. The day
named captain of his football team. He was also on the varsity        I have been dreaming about.”
basketball team was captain of the track team his junior and               On May 19, 1943 Kitty arrived to stay with him until he
senior years.                                                         shipped out for Europe. She remained until July 23 when orders
     During his senior year Grant was selected to the All-            came for him to pack his gear. He took her to the train station
Northern Arizona Football Team.                                       where they shed tears and said good-by. He wrote in his diary:
     World War II weighed heavy on the members of Snowflake           “A good-by and Kitty was gone, taking most of me with her. It
High School’s 1939 football team. Twenty of the twenty-three          gave me the most empty feeling I have ever had.”
members of the team went into the service and six or 30%                   Kitty later wrote of the poignant parting: “Just as we were
were killed before the war ended.                                     pulling out of the station I looked up and there he was walking
     In the fall of 1940, Grant went off to Brigham Young             down the aisle of the train. The conductor had asked him
University where he joined his brother Stan. Both were on             if he would like to ride as far as the base. Who would have
football scholarships. Grant didn’t care for the damp climate         ever thought they were to be the last few minutes of our lives
at Provo, UT and he missed the ranch and his horse, Comet.            together.”
Following a serious knee injury he returned home and enrolled              A week later Grant was in New Haven, Connecticut. With a
for the spring semester at Eastern Arizona Jr. College. The           few hours to kill before reporting he headed to New York City
following fall he attended Arizona State Teachers College at          where Stan was serving his Mormon mission.
Tempe, AZ. Knee surgery had ended his football career so he                “The last time I saw Grant,” Stan says, “was in New York
took up boxing and did pretty well. He had a match in Phoenix         City. He looked real sharp in his Air Corps uniform. I was still on
one night, won on a decision and was paid $3.00 prize money.          my mission, wearing a pair of old trousers with the seat badly
     Meanwhile his high school romance with Kathleen “Kitty”          worn. He said, ‘No brother of mine has to wear a pair of pants
Ballard, the younger sister of one of his teammates at Snowflake      like that,’ and he bought me a new suit. We said ‘good bye’ and
High, was turning into a serious love affair.                         I never saw him again.”
     In February 1941 he started ground school at Phoenix Sky              On August 4, 1943 he arrived in Scotland. It was also his
Harbor in preparation to becoming a pilot. He took to the sky         and Kitty’s first anniversary.
naturally and soon was as comfortable in an airplane as he was             On August 5 he wrote from “Somewhere in England.”
riding Comet. A letter home mentioned how crowded the skies           He was at Duxford Air Force Base, north of London. It was a
over Sky Harbor were. Sometimes there were, “as many as ten           former Royal Air Force base that had been turned over to the
or twelve planes circling at the same time.”                          Americans. Because of wartime restrictions every letter was
     By late March he was flying solo and when he took his flight     censored. Servicemen couldn’t give details of where he was
test in May he finished at the top of his class.                      or his activities. At home the headline above an article in the
     Orders came in early August to report to the Air Corps           Holbrook newspaper said: “Grant M. Turley Now In England As
Classification Center in Nashville,TN. the next week. He and          U.S. Fighter Pilot.”
Kitty decided to get married before he left so on August 4th               The article went on to say, “Second Lt. Grant M. Turley,
1942 they were joined in wedlock at Holbrook, AZ. The next            21, son of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Turley of Snowflake, has arrived
day he boarded the train for Nashville.                               at an Eighth Air Force fighter station “somewhere in England”
     The next weeks were lonely. His letters professed a deep         according to information received in Holbrook this week.……In
love for his new wife, his family and his faith. Over the next few    May, 1942, Grant decided to give up broncho bustin’ and cattle
months he went through basic and advanced flight training.            raising (and dude wrangling) for another active career.”
Because of his size Grant was assigned to twin-engine planes at            Bad weather and a shortage of fighter planes kept him
first but he wanted to be a fighter pilot and he eventually was       grounded the first few weeks. Most of the time was spent
re-assigned to fighters.                                              attending lectures, ground school and aircraft recognition
     On March 25, 1943, Grant was awarded his wings and               classes.
the gold bar of a second lieutenant. He also received an                   In a letter dated August 16, 1942 he wrote: “You can’t
expert rating on aerial gunnery. Following graduation he was          realize how “shut off” from home I feel. We are kept fairly busy
given a ten-day leave to return to Kitty and Arizona for a brief      and so one just doesn’t get homesick. …I certainly miss the
honeymoon. Most of his leave was spent on a passenger train.          ranch. Would give anything to drop in for a couple of weeks.
While he was home, the two traveled to Mesa, AZ. where they           Ride Comet for me. Tell all the folks hello.”
had their marriage vows sealed in the Mormon Temple.                       On the 27th he wrote again, “I miss the ranch a lot—the
     A couple of days later he boarded the train for Florida          horses meant more to me than anything, I guess.” To help
where he would await assignment as a pilot. His diary for             overcome the loneliness he put photos of Kitty, Comet and the
April 6, 1943: “I have never had a more empty, lost feeling than      ranch near his bunk.
I have right now. It is really tough leaving Kitty.”                       He was also getting restless. He wrote in his diary on
     In Tallahassee, FL, he was assigned to fly the P-47. His first   September 1: War entering its 5th year. Prospects rather bright.
Courier Page 6
This waiting around is bad. I have gone to school all my life.            Grants letters to his parents frequently mentioned how he
Even though the classes here are relatively important. I can’t       was holding the line against alcohol. Each time a flyer went
help but be impatient. I WANT TO FLY.” On the 23rd he wrote:         out on a mission there was always the possibly he wouldn’t
Am all set to go into enemy territory now. All they have to do is    make it back. Pilots lived as if there was no tomorrow and for
ASK ME. (tell me really)”                                            many there wasn’t. They lived fast and drank a lot in between.
      Grant’s wish came true on October 9 when he flew his first     Grant’s religion opposed drinking and despite the temptation,
combat mission over Belgium. It was routine and he didn’t see        he resisted.
any action. He didn’t have his own plane and crew yet so the              In his diary he wrote: “No Flying. Big party last night, but I
missions were infrequent. On November 3rd he made his first          didn’t go. They really got drunk.”
flight over Germany.                                                      In a letter to Kitty he wrote: “All the parties here are drunken
      Bad weather kept the fighters grounded much of the time.       brawls. I can’t go to them and not drink, and so I just don’t go.
Still he was able to complete ten combat missions by November        I have your picture before me and that helps.”
9 to qualify for the Air Medal. A few days later he had his own           His fighter group flew in a “four ship flight” where each
P-47 Thunderbolt.                                                    plane is able to cover the other. “They say,” he wrote, “that
      The Republic P-47 was a great fighter plane. It was powered    no one has ever been shot out of a ‘four ship flight’ (in this
by a 2,000 hp Pratt-Whitney Double Wasp engine and its               group), and our losses are very low compared to other groups.”
maximum speed was 433 mph. It’s effective operating radius           He went on to write: “The old timers still maintain that a fellow
with extra gas tanks was 475 miles. It was equipped with eight-      can never be shot down if he sees his opponent. As long as four
.50 caliber Browning machine guns and bombs could be carried         ships stay together and give each other cross cover, there is no
under the fuselage or wings.                                         reason to be surprised. It is the stragglers who ‘get it.’ ”
      He inscribed “Kitty” in bold letters just below the cockpit.        For good luck he carried a picture of Kitty in the cockpit
Next to her name was a painting of the family ranch crest, a         and a lock from Comet’s mane. He would need all the luck he
cow’s head over a pattern of Turley family brands. Next to the       could get because when Grant finally got in the dogfights with
brands were small swastikas signifying the number if German          German fighters, it came fast and furious.
fighters he’d shot down in combat. Rows of small bombs were               On January 31, 1943 he wrote in his diary: “First time to
painted next to the swastikas, one for each combat mission,          drop live bombs. Bombed Glispy Field in Holland. We plastered
most as cover for the American B-17 Flying Fortress bombers          the field pretty good. Dived from 15,000 to 5,000 feet before
and B-24 Liberators flying missions over France and Germany.         releasing bombs. The flak was thick, really was a thrill.”
      The range of the P-47’s didn’t allow them to fly cover              Although he’d flown many missions, Grant still hadn’t fired his
for the bombers all the way into the heart of Germany. One           guns at an enemy plane. Then on February 10 he shot down his
group escorted them out so far then returned to England while        first enemy plane. He came upon a flight of ten German fighters
another went out to escort them home. It between they were           and plunged into battle
on their own against the preying German ME 109’s. Grant wrote             “We were bounded at 26,000 feet by these jokers. Well,
in his diary on November 13th: “The Jerry had 200-300 planes         yours truly and his wingman got on their tails finally and followed
over the target (Bremen). Pretty tough I guess. Don’t know           them down. I shot three bursts on the way down, then when
how many Forts (B-17 Flying Fortresses) made out—probably            their leader leveled off on the deck got a second burst from dead
suffered quite a bit. Lost 15 fighters—destroyed 9. Not a very       astern. He blew up and went into the deck from 300 feet. Looked
good ratio. I wish that we would get larger belly tanks and get      like one big splash of flames when he hit the ground. I then got on
                                                                     the tail of the second and he crash-landed in flames.”
in on some of the fun. Our Group didn’t even see any fighters.
                                                                          On the way home he encountered another German fighter.
Haven’t fired my guns in combat, but haven’t been fired at
                                                                     Once again Lady Luck smiled on Grant. “Saw one 109 coming out,
                                                                     but he didn’t see us. I was out of ammo by this time. Boy was I
      On November 30th he made his 21st sortie (combat mission)
                                                                     glad to see England.”
qualifying him for an Oak Leaf Cluster for his Air Medal.                 Lt. Grant Turley had bagged his first two kills.
Another article in the Holbrook newspaper called the former               A United Press communiqué out of London had this to say
Navajo County cowboy, “A member of the oldest operational            about the February 10 sortie: “Smashing through savage attacks
Thunderbolt fighter group in England—excepting a unit                by German planes, American airmen yesterday left the German
composed of a few former Eagle Squadron fliers—Lt. Turley 21,        aircraft manufacturing city of Brunswick in flames and won a
has been flying regularly this fall and winter over here in the      heroic victory against overwhelming odds in a blazing air battle in
so-called “Big Leagues” of fighters.”                                which at least 84 Nazi planes were shot out of the sky.
      He had the fighter pilot’s admiration for a good plane, no          In probably the hardest fought sky encounter of the war,
matter who was flying it. When he first saw the German ME109         United States pilots chalked up a new record by shooting down
(Messerschmitt) and 190 Focke-Wulf up close, as near as 200          55 Nazi planes while bomber gunners bagged 29.”
yards he had this to say, “They are beautiful planes and really           Grant had mixed feelings about his two aerial victories: “Right
fly.”                                                                now it worries me that I have caused the death of one man and
                                                                                                                         Courier Page 7
probably another. War is Hell. I guess I’ll get callused. However, it   three German 190’s down to the deck. Grant got on the tail of
is nicer to say ‘ships destroyed’ and not think of the pilots.”         one and shot it down. He’d turned his attention to another but a
     In a letter home February 10, he described the battle and like     third German
a bronc-riding rodeo cowboy praising the horse he rode rather           had positioned
than boast about his own abilities he wrote, “We are flying a           himself behind
wonderful plane.” Then he wrote prophetically, “With spring on          Grant’s plane
the way, the air war should intensify.”                                 and opened
     The next day over France he bagged another. “I bounced a           up with his
109 and got a good burst, saw strikes all over the cockpit and          guns. Grant’s
wing roots and a lot of smoke. He went straight down and out of         wingman last
control. I am sure the pilot had had it.”                               saw him as
     He pulled back through some clouds and got into a dogfight         he dove into
with a German squadron commander, but neither pilot could               some clouds
get the advantage and they broke it off. “He was plenty good,”          in pursuit of
he wrote, “I only got a couple of 90 degree deflection shots at         a       German
him.”                                                                   fighter plane
     On the way home, and low on gas he shot down a FW190               with another
                                                                        enemy plane on his tail.
                                                                             Lt. Grant Turley became an ace in just ten days. He shot down
                                                                        his first two German planes on February 10. He got two more the
                                                                        next day. His fifth kill, making him an Ace came on February 20.
                                                                        Four days later he got another. He got his last one on March 6
                                                                        although it wasn’t credited to his record because there was no
                                                                        film confirmation. A small camera was mounted on the P-47 that
                                                                        kicked on when the guns fired. This was to confirm kills and was
                                                                        also used to enable pilots to know which part of the enemy plane
                                                                        was most vulnerable.
                                                                             Since Grant’s plane was shot down that same day, it was
                                                                        impossible to check the camera for the confirmation. His wingman
                                                                        did, however, confirm the kill.
ME-109                                                                       A few days later, on March 17 Kitty received a telegram
on take off. Tracer and flak were all around but he managed to          informing her that her husband was missing in action. She
escape unscathed, arriving home with only 17 gallons of gas left        received another telegram several months later, on September
in his tanks.                                                           23rd, confirming her husband’s death on March 6, 1944.
     The next day they escorting some B-17’s over France. The                After Grant was shot down, the Germans pulled his body
mission was uneventful and on the way home Turley and seven             from the wreckage and gave him a burial. After the war he was
other pilots strafed a German airfield. He opened fire from about       re-buried in a military grave in Liege, Belgium.
250 yards out destroying a plane as it was taking off. They also             Grant’s brother Stan was on a mission for the Mormon Church
destroyed two other fighter planes on the ground.                       when the war broke out. As soon as his mission was completed he
     By this time the media was getting interested in the tall,         rushed home and enlisted. Stan was in basic training at Amarillo,
rugged Arizonan. A correspondent from NBC interviewed him.              Texas when word came his brother had been killed in action. Up
He modestly shrugged off the publicity saying “it was all in a day’s    to then he’d kept his faith that Grant was only missing in action
work.”                                                                  and would come home safely.
     On Sunday, March 26, 1944 the headline in an article in the             Kitty, only twenty when she lost her husband would
Arizona Republic referred to him as the, “Snowflake Storm.” The         eventually re-marry. She remained in Holbrook where she later
story read: “A tall, raw-boned ex-cowboy who used to punch              served as mayor of the town.
cows on a ranch near Snowflake, but who now is “punching”                    In addition to his Air Medal, Grant was awarded the Purple
Hitler Airmen shot down four German planes on two successive            Heart and Distinguished Flying Cross. In November 1945 Grant
days during missions to Brunswick and Frankfort.”                       was awarded the Silver Star posthumously “For gallantry in action
     Tragically, a few days before the article appeared, Grant          against the enemy….”
Turley had been reported missing in action.                                  In 1983 Stan visited his brother’s grave at the Ardennes
     Grant Turley flew his last mission on March 6, 1944. He was        Cemetery in Belgium. “We searched over thousands of white
in a flight with three other P-47’s escorting some bombers when         crosses,” he said, “before finding Grant’s. At the very moment
German fighter planes attacked. Turley and some other fighters          we found his grave a flight of NATO aircraft flew over. The timing
peeled off to intercept them. A furious dogfight ensued and             couldn’t have been more symbolic.”
everyone became separated. Grant and his wingman chased
Courier Page 8

           Theda Bara Adopts Arizona Troops
           By Trudie Cooke

     The Great War to end all wars, World War 1, saw the entry of               Along with Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford and Douglas Fair-
America into this great conflict of nations. While the United States      banks, Theda was an effective war bond salesperson. It is said that
was in the throes of calling up men to fight, the silent film indus-      in 1917 on the steps of New York City Public Library Theda sold
try in Hollywood, CA, made their contribution to the patriotic cause      $70,000 in war bonds in a single afternoon. She returned in Novem-
felt by selling war bonds and by having                                   ber of 1917 and earned an additional $300,000.
the most popular and famous film stars                                          At the height of her career, she was the hottest sex symbol to hit
adopt troops readying themselves for                                      the motion picture screen. She was portrayed as the vamp, a sexually
the bloody conflict outside the borders                                   insatiable woman, the lethal se-
of America.                                                               ductress who sucks the life out of
     On Feb 11, 1918, the soldiers of                                     a man, then abandons him, leav-
Arizona requested Theda Bara adopt the                                    ing only chaos and destruction
158th Infantry Regiment in a telegram                                     in her wake. Today the descrip-
sent to the famous silent film star. The                                  tive term vamp derives from this
telegram read:                                                            image of Theda Bara, the Fox
                                                                          Studios character creation. She
                                                                          in her real life was anything but
                                                                          the vamp.
                                                                                In an act of incredible brav-
                                                                          ery and compassion, Theda Bara
                                                                          visited veteran’s hospitals while
                                           158th Infantry Regiment se-    the 1918-1919 flu pandemic
                                      lected you for its Godmother by     swept across America. By Octo-
                                      unanimous vote today. This reg-     ber 1918 nearly 196,000 people
                                      iment composed of Arizona men       had died of influenza in America
                                      all sincere admirers of yourself.   alone. Worldwide, forty million
                                      Mary Pickford has adopted           people lost their lives. No more
                                      143rd artillery Regiment here.      severely was this loss felt than in the high number of young military
                                      Will be greatly disappointed if     men who perished of influenza before ever seeing the battlefield.
                                      you turn us down. Please wire             In one of Theda Bara’s last interviews in the 1950s, she was asked
                                      your acceptance at once.            why so many believed the silent films so readily and deeply. Theda
                                           As Robert J. Avrech wrote in   responded with two words: “glamour and mystery. To understand
his biographical sketch of the actress, “This request from the 158th      those days, you must consider that people believed what they saw on
was profoundly touching to the patriotic movie star.” Theda Bara was      the screen. Nobody had destroyed the great illusion. Now they know
introduced to her adopted Godsons by Governor George W. P. Hunt,          it’s all make-believe…It’s the stars themselves who have been failing
Arizona’s first governor, on Division Review Day, Camp Kearny, CA,        the fans. People have always been hungry for glamour—they still
an event captured by photograph in June 1918. It was said she broke       are. But it takes showmanship and a constant sense of responsibility
down and wept as she spoke to the star struck soldiers.                   to hold their interest. A star mustn’t allow her public to see her in
     “My heart is too full – words can’t come. This has been the most     slacks. She should dress beautifully at all times—I don’t mean in a
glorious day of my whole life.”                                           bizarre way. She must live their dreams for them and remain a figure
     The soldiers responded by rewriting their marching song, doing       of mystery. Glamour is the most essential part of Hollywood.”
their maneuvers to “Vamp, Vamp, Vamp, The Boys are Marching!”                   That is why the men of the 158th Infantry Regiment called her
     Theda Bara was born Theodosia Burr Goodman, 1885 – 1955, in          “the swell lady” or “the great lady” in their letters home. She was
Cincinnati, Ohio. Fox Studios publicity created a past life for Theda.    forever remembered by these men as “the gracious lady.”
Their creation portrayed Theda as being born in the shadows of the
Egyptian pyramids and the pampered child of a French actress and an       Avrech, Robert J., Seraphic Secret, Website: All
Italian sculptor. They further embellished the story by having Theda      of the quoted material comes from this website.
speak to the press with a heavy French accent.                            The long photo of the 158th Infantry Regiment, Camp Kearny, CA:
     In reality, Theda, a childhood nickname, led a quiet and scandal     Governor George W. P. Hunt introduces Theda Bara to the 158th Infantry
                                                                          Regiment, Camp Kearny, CA, on Division Review Day in June 1918.
free private life. She was known to be a voracious reader who did not
                                                                          Photograph courtesy of the Arizona Military Museum.
drink alcohol, go to night clubs, take drugs or indulge in wild sexual
                                                                          Other photographs were taken from various sources: Silent Ladies &
escapades. She worked hard in the motion picture industry and is said     Gents, Theda Bara: Photo Galleries, , http://
to have wisely invested her considerable earnings.              
                                                                                                      Courier Page 9
Arizona’s Unmanned Aerial Vehicles                          powers the air vehicle. According to The Air Force Fact
By Joe Abodeely
                                                            Sheet the RQ-1A needs 5,000 by 125 feet of a hard
    History                                                 surface runway. In addition, the vehicle requires line-of-
    Predator UAV’s have been operational in Bosnia          sight with the GCS and all support components for the
since 1995. Their intelligence gathering capabilities       Predator system must be at a single location.
have been exploited by NATO, UN, and US forces.                 The air vehicle can be broken-down into six primary
According to the Air Force, the Predator is a “Joint        parts and packed into a container known as the “coffin.”
Forces Air Commander-owned theater asset for recon-         The satellite communication system consists of a 20-
naissance, surveillance and target acquisition in support   foot satellite dish and its associated support equipment.
of the Joint Force commander.” Because the Predator         This satellite system is especially important because
is unmanned it is suitable for deployment in “moderate      it provides the Predator aerial vehicle to communicate
risk areas”, unsecured air space, “open ocean environ-      beyond line-of-sight with its GCS. The benefits of this
ments, and biological or chemical contaminated envi-        component system are that it can be easily deployed
ronments.” In addition, as the October 2001 attacks in      around the world.
Afghanistan and more recent actions have illustrated,           The sensors include an electro-optic/infrared (EO/
the Predator can now perform a search and destroy mis-      IR) with a zoom lens and a spotter lens and a synthetic
sion with no apparent risk to US military personnel.        aperture radar (SAR). The ground control station con-
                                                            sists of a pilot position and a payload operator position,
                                                            which are interchangeable, a Data Exploitation, Mis-
                                                            sion Planning and Communications (DEMPC) position
                                                            where imagery is annotated and initially exploited, and
                                                            a SAR workstation. The GCS is housed in a 30 ft x 8 ft
                                                            x 8 ft commercial van.
                                                                The current data dissemination is through a Special
                                                            Compartmented Information (SCI) satellite communica-
                                                            tions (SATCOM) system that allows transmission and
                                                            receipt of secure voice and National Imagery Transmis-
                                                            sion Format (NITF) imagery data. The TS II physically
                                                            consists of two High Mobility Multi-purpose Wheeled
                                                            Vehicles (HMMWVs) and two trailer-mounted SAT-
                                                            COM antennas. Sensor imagery is disseminated from
                                                            the Predator ground control station via the Trojan Spirit
                                                            II SATCOM system using the Joint Deployable Intel-
                                                            ligence Support System (JDISS) and the Joint World-
    Predator A                                              wide Intelligence Communications System (JWICS).
    The Predator system was designed to provide con-        Live video is disseminated through the Joint Broadcast
stant intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance to     System (JBS).
US strategic and tactical forces.
    The Predator Medium Altitude Endurance (MAE)                Predator B (Reaper)
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) was developed as an               The turboprop-powered Predator B, designated MQ-
Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD)            9B by the US Air Force and referred to as the Hunter-
from January 1994 to June 1996. The Predator system         Killer, flies faster, higher and carries more weapons than
is composed of three parts: the air vehicle with its as-    the Predator. The Honeywell TP331-10 engine provides
sociated sensors and communications equipment, the          a maximum airspeed of 260 knots and a cruise speed for
ground control station (GCS), and the product or data       maximum endurance of 150-170 knots. The MQ-9B can
dissemination system. One Predator system has four air      carry a payload mix of 1,500 lb. on each of its two in-
vehicles with sensors and data links, one Ground Con-       board weapons stations, 500-600 lb. on the two middle
trol Station (GCS), and one Trojan Spirit II SATCOM         stations and 150-200 lb. on the outboard stations.
system.                                                         Reaper, (also known as Predator B) an outgrowth of
    The air vehicle is a mid-wing monoplane with a          the combat proven Predator A UAV, became operational in
slender fuselage housing the payload and fuel, a high       2007 and as it began flying combat missions over Af-
aspect ratio wing, and inverted-V tails. A four-cylin-      ghanistan. This Medium Altitude Long Endurance UAV
der Rotax engine that requires 100-octane aviation gas      overcomes most of the difficulties encountered with previ-
Courier Page 10

ous UAVs that commonly must compromise between                     Defense News notes that “unlike Predator, the ERMP will
conflicting demands for payload, speed, altitude, speed       be able to take off and land automatically”-- handing off the
and persistence. With an operational ceiling of 50,000ft,     trickiest parts of piloting a drone to a computer. This means
and higher cruising speed, Reaper can cover a larger area,    that the ERMP can be flown by young enlisted men, instead
under all weather conditions carrying payloads of more        of by the ex-fighter pilots, who now operate the Predator fleet.
than 1.5 tons. The aircraft is powered by a single Honey-     The Army sees the drones staying up in the air for 72 hours
well TP331-10 engine provides a maximum airspeed of           straight; the Predator, by comparison, can’t even manage a
260 knots and a cruise speed for maximum endurance of         whole day in flight, right now. While it’s airborne, the Army
150-170 knots.                                                expects the ERMP to snoop on enemies, relay communica-
    The Reaper is capable of carrying maximum internal        tions, identify targets -- and blow stuff up, if need be. It’ll start
payload of 800 lbs, and it will carry more advanced sen-      out with Hellfire missiles, same as the Predator. Other weap-
sors at weight almost twice as the MQ-1. Furthermore,         ons may be added, later on.
The Reaper can carry much more external stores, up                 The Sky Warrior carries multiple payloads and has wing
to 3,000 pounds total–1,500 on each of its two inboard        hard-points for carriage of external stores including expend-
weapons stations, or 500-600 lb. on the two middle sta-       able sensors and weapons. Up to four Hellfire / Viper-Strike
tions and 150-200 lbs. on the outboard stations. In total,    weapons could be carried. Unlike the US Air Force Predator,
the aircraft can carry up to 14 Hellfire missiles, compared   Army Warriors will be configured to fly autonomously. The
with two carried on the Predator. The Reaper can stay         system will utilize the ‘One Station’, the US Army standard
airborne for up to 14 hours fully loaded and has a 50,000     STANAG 4586 compatible UAV GCS also used for the con-
foot operational ceiling.                                     trol of the RQ-7B Shadow, MQ-5B Hunter and future com-
    Trading off some of the missiles, Predator B can          bat system’s Vertical take-off and Landing UAV (FireScout
carry laser guided bombs, such as the GBU-12. MQ-9            VTUAV). The use of a common ground station offers better
is equipped with both Lynx II SAR and the MTS-B 20”           utilization of available assets and manpower skills.
gimbal, an improved, extended range version of the MQ-
9’s EO payload. It is equipped with an L-3 Communica-             214th Reconnaissance Group
tions Tactical Common Data-link (TCDL).                            In February, 2009, a ceremony at Davis Monthan Air
    The radar system on the Predator B also represents        Force Base signified the start of a new military unit. The
an upgrade over the Predator A.                               Arizona Air National Guard’s 214th Reconnaissance Groups,
                                                              stationed at Davis Monthan Air Force Base, Tucson, AZ, was
     Army Picks Drone (Warrior)                               activated in August of 2007 and has been flying 24/7 armed
     The Army has finally settled on a company to build       combat operations since then. In February 2009 at a ceremony
its next generation of long-range killer drones, according    at Davis-Monthan, Maj. Gen. Hugo E. Salazar accepted the
to Defense Daily. General Atomics, maker of the wildly        Air Force Outstanding Unit Award for the 214th. The group
successful Predator robo-plane, got the $214 million con-     operates the MQ-1B, better known as the Predator. Their mis-
tract to build the Extended Range Multi-Purpose drones.       sion: Intelligence Surveillance & Armed Reconnaissance.
                                                                                                                                 Courier Page 11
(Editor’s note: the following was contributed by Historical                      This discovery by Coast Guardsman Charles Harris set off a
Society Board member, Gene Cox. Gene was a Captain, USMC,                   series of events that would unite the hero’s headstone to his grave
during the Tet Offensive in 1968 in the Republic of Viet Nam.               site after a 17 year delay.
His reinforced marine company of tanks and infantry were                         It was simply that at
actively engaged in the fighting between the marines and North              that time the family did not
Vietnamese Army troops which resulted in the marines retaking               have the money to ship the
the ancient walled city of Hue back from the NVA).                          headstone the 1000 mile
                                                                            trip to Moreila, Michoa-
SEVENTEEN YEAR JOURNEY                                                      can, Mexico. The Veterans
                                                                            Administration can only
     Having spent the night with his girlfriend, the retired U.S.           bury on United States soil or
Coast Guardsman reached under the bed to find his shoes. Upon               on a United States posses-
doing this, his hand smashed into solid granite! With motivated             sion. To complicate things,
curiosity he tried sliding the large stone out but it would not             CPL Jimenez was a Mexican
move, so, he moved the bed. To his astonishment he was looking              citizen. To have an intern-
at a grave headstone that read:                                             ment ceremony in Morelia,
                                                                            Mexico opened up contro-
                      JOSE F. JIMENEZ                                       versy. Mexican newspapers
                     MEDAL OF HONOR                                         claimed Mexico, like Viet-
                   CPL U.S. MARINE CORPS                                    nam, was a “victim” of an
                          VIETNAM                                           American invasion. “To pay
                                                                                                               Jose F. Jimenez CPL US Marine Corps
                  MAR 20 1946   AUG 28 1969                                 homage to someone who served in an interventionist army is very
                                                                            strange” said La Voz de Michoacan, the city of Moerlia’s largest
     Coast Guardsman Charles Harris (retired), in total shock,              newspaper. Some critics even suggested shipping his bones to
asked Basilia Jimenez, “Who is this?”                                       the United States saying, “We don’t need to celebrate the Vietnam
      Basilia answered, “My son.”                                           War here.” During the war Morelia raised $400,000.00 to ship
      “How long has this been here?” he asked.                              medical supplies to the North Vietnamese Army.
     She responded, “17 years.”                                                  In spite of all the resistance, the group of Americans and
     “He received the Medal of Honor?” Harris asked, his eyes               Mexicans prevailed and CPL Jimenez and his headstone were
getting bigger.                                                             united at long last. The city of Morelia turned out with a Mexi-
      “Yes,” said Basilia, “given to me by President Nixon as Jose          can Marine Burial Detail. Politicians, educators and the citizenry
was killed in action in Vietnam.”                                           glowed with pride. One said, “We should not be here to debate
      Harris had to ask, “Where is the medal now?”                          the Vietnam War. Jimenez was not about Vietnam. He had guts
      She replied, “In my top dresser drawer.”                              and he did what he thought was best.” Mexico and the United
      Exhausted, finally he asked her, “Where is Jose buried?”              States of America became a little closer because of CPL Jose
      She responded, “Morelia, Mexico.”                                     Jimenez Medal of Honor.

                                                                 His Citation
The President of the United States takes great pride in presenting the MEDAL OF HONOR posthumously to:

                                                    LANCE CORPORAL JOSE F. JIMENEZ
                                                      UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS
For service set forth in the following

   For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a Fire Team Leader with
Company K, Third Battalion, Seventh Marines, First Marine Division in operations against the enemy in the Republic of Vietnam. On 28
August 1969, while Company K was conducting a reconnaissance in force operation in Quang Nam Province, the lead platoon was pinned
down by small arms, automatic weapons, and antiaircraft weapons fire from North Vietnamese Army soldiers concealed in well-camouflaged
emplacements. Realizing the need for immediate action, Lance Corporal Jimenez, seizing the initiative, plunged into high grass which covered
the area and sighting a North Vietnamese Army soldier to his front, killed him with an accurate burst of rifle fire. Determined to silence the dev-
astating fire from the antiaircraft weapon, he charged across the twenty meters of fire-swept terrain and, with rifle fire and grenades, destroyed
the position and killed the gunner. Shouting encouragement to his companions, Lance Corporal Jimenez continued his aggressive forward
movement and came upon another enemy soldier. Lance Corporal Jimenez crawled to the man’s emplacement and killed him by dropping a
grenade in the hole. Observing two additional hostile soldiers who were firing automatic weapons from a trench line fifteen meters distant, he
slowly maneuvered to within ten feet of the men and, with full knowledge of the vicious fire raking the area, delivered withering automatic rifle
fire into the trench line, killing both soldiers. Although by now the target of concentrated fire from hostile snipers intent upon halting his assault
Lance Corporal Jimenez continued to press his relentless advance, but as he moved to aggressively attack a sixth hostile soldier whom he had
detected in a tree line, he was mortally wounded by sniper fire. Lance Corporal Jimenez’s indomitable courage, aggressive fighting spirit and
unfaltering devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his
life for his country.

LCpl. Jose F. Jimenez was born in Mexico City, Mexico on 20 March 1946. He joined the Marine Corps on 7 June 1968 in Phoenix, AZ.
Courier Page 12
You Might be a Crew Chief IF.....                              buttered and jellied, and slapped under the emergency wash
                                                               station in 30 deg weather?
You’ve ever said, “Oh yes sir, it’s supposed to look like You know in your heart that your jet is female.
You’ve ever sucked LOX to cure a hangover.                You refer to ANY machine as “she.”

You know what JP4/JP5 tastes like.                             You refer to QA as “the enemy.”

You’ve ever used a piece of safety wire as a toothpick.        You hate Ops, Maintenance Control, QA, and cops.

You’ve ever had to say, “My boots are still black!” (or ever   You know the international marshalling sign for “pull your
spray-painted them black)                                      head out of your ass.”

You have ever used soot from the tailpipe to blacken your      You’ve ever worked weekend duty on a jet that isn’t flying
boots.                                                         on Monday.

You believe the aircraft has a soul.                           You’ve wanted the jet to start just so you can warm up.

You talk to the aircraft.                                      You can’t remember half of your co-workers real names...
                                                               only their nicknames.
The only thing you know about any city is where the good You fix 30 million dollar jets, but can’t figure out what’s
bars are.                                                wrong with your $150 lawnmower.
You know more about your co-workers than you do about Your toolbox at home has wheels and foam cutouts, just
your own family.                                         like the ones at work.
You can’t figure out why maintenance officers exist.     Some of the tools in your toolbox at home are etched.
You ever wished the pilot would just say, “Great aircraft!”    If the way you measure the cost of living in other countries
You think everyone who isn’t a Crew Chief is a wimp.           is by the price of a beer at a bar. And best of all…

You have ever “pre-flighted” in really bad weather only to     People who read this will understand… because
learn that the flight was canceled hours ago.
                                                               they’re all crew chiefs!
Your spouse refuses to watch any aviation shows or attend
air shows with you.
You have ever looked for pictures of “your” jet in aviation
books and magazines.
You can’t figure out why two weeks of advance per-diem is       The AZ National Guard Historical Society would like to
gone after three days.                                                    welcome two new life members:
You can sleep anywhere, anytime. But as soon as the                   John J. Lyon and Stephen P. Brauss
engines shut down you are wide awake.                               Thank you for your generous dontations!
You have ever used a wheel chock, or a tow bar for a
You have ever stood on wheel chocks to keep your feet
                                                                  WILL YOU HELP THE MUSEUM?
                                                                There are no paid employees, and the Officers and Di-
You have ever used a pair of Dykes to trim a fingernail.
                                                                rectors on the Board are a working Board of Directors
You have ever pulled the gun switch while riding brakes.        who created and maintained the museum since 1980 and
You have ever started a jet inside the hanger!                  opened it to the public. If you appreciate what they have
                                                                done and continue to do, will you help by becoming a
You have ever wiped leaks right before a crew show.             member of the Historical Society or giving a donation
All you care about is the flying schedule and your days         or a bequest to the Arizona National Guard Historical
off.                                                            Society? Make your check out to AZNGHS (not to the
You have ever bled hydraulic fluid into a Gatorade bottle       museum). This will entitle you to The Courier, our in-
or soda can because you are too lazy to go get a hydraulic      formative newsletter, voting rights, and notices of key
bucket and the Hazmat keys.                                     museum events—and help us pay operating expenses.
If have you ever been tackled, duct taped to a tow bar,
covered in PET and sand, egged, sour-milked, peanut

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