Anatomy, Physiology, Pathophysiology

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					                Anatomy, Physiology, & Pathophysiology
Cardiovascular System: Cardiac Output and Stroke Volume:

For each of the following conditions or factors in Column A, identify the expected effect on the conditions
or factors in Column B: (example: Increase SV with constant HR == (increase) CO


                           Conditions:         Will Result in       Expected Effects:
                              [A]                   ==                    [B]
                       Increase Sympathetic
                                                     ==         (      ) HR
                       Cardiac Stimulation
                       Moderate Increase
                                                     ==         (     ) SV
                       in Preload
                       Increase EDV                  ==         (     ) Preload
                       Decrease Cardiac                         (     ) SV and
                                                     ==
                       Contractility                            (     ) CO
                       Decrease SV
                       such as with
                                                     ==         (     ) ESV
                       congestive heart
                       failure (CHF)
                                                                (     ) EDV and
                       Increase ESV                  ==
                                                                (     ) Preload
                       Excessively                              (     ) SV
                                                     ==
                       Increased EDV                            (     ) CO
                       Increased activation
                       of beta1 receptors            ==         (     ) SA node activity
                       on SA node
                                                                (     ) P-R interval
                       Excessively high                         (     ) ventricular fill time
                       (>160beats/min)               ==         (     ) EDV
                       HR                                       (     ) Preload
                                                                (     ) SV
                       Moderate to Intense                      (     ) HR
                       (but not maximal)             ==         (     ) SV
                       Exercise                                 (     ) CO
                       Hypertension
                                                     ==         (     ) Afterload
                       (Increased BP)
                                                                (     ) ESV
                       Increased Afterload           ==
                                                                (     ) SV