Course Title Plant Biotechnology

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					                                                      Course Title: Plant Biotechnology

Unit: 1    Career Opportunities

     Content          Students will:
 Standard(s) and      1. Identify career opportunities associated with plant biotechnology.
    Depth of                 Examples: environmental chemist, genetic engineer, plant breeder, plant physiologist
   Knowledge
    Level(s):


   Learning           Students will:
Objective(s) and      1. Identify career and entrepreneurship opportunities and expectations.
   Depth of
  Knowledge
   Level(s):



    Essential         What are some career opportunities associated with plant biotechnology?
   Question(s):

                                                   Suggested Instructional Activities Rigor &         Suggested Materials, Equipment and
             Content Knowledge
                                                        Relevance Framework (Quadrant)                        Technology Resources
  I. Career Opportunities                        Lecture                                          Computer and printer
        A. Bioengineers                          Guest speakers                                   CDs
        B. Biotechnologist                       Inquiry                                          Videos
        C. Field Evaluation Technicians          Field trips                                      Support materials
        D. Greenhouse Assistants                 Case study                                       Teacher designed materials
        E. Plant Laboratory Assistants
        F. Plant Breeders
        G. Research Associates
  II. Entrepreneurship
        A. Career Service Representatives
        B. Public Affairs/Communications
             Specialist
        C. Sales Representatives
  III. Expectations
        A. Soil media Technicians
        B. Media Prep Technicians
       C.   Quality Assurance Auditors
       D.   Validation Technicians

     Unit             Participation in discussion, research report, group investigation report
  Assessment:

 Unit/Course          Students will participate in Career Development Events and Personal S.A.E.
CTSO Activity:


  Unit/Course         Students will complete a report on a chosen career.
  Culminating
   Product:


Course/Program Credential(s):      Credential      Certificate      Postsecondary Degree         University Degree
□ Other:
                                                        Course Title: Plant Biotechnology

Unit: 2    Safety

     Content           Students will:
 Standard(s) and       2. Identify safety considerations and procedures required for plant biotechnology.
    Depth of                  Examples: biohazards, chemical hazards, laboratory protocol, waste disposal
   Knowledge
    Level(s):


   Learning            Students will:
Objective(s) and       1. Explain why accidents occur.
   Depth of            2. Describe ways to prevent accidents.
  Knowledge            3. Identify personal protective equipment and how it is used.
   Level(s):



    Essential          What are some safety considerations and procedures for plant biotechnology?
   Question(s):

                                                    Suggested Instructional Activities Rigor &           Suggested Materials, Equipment and
             Content Knowledge
                                                         Relevance Framework (Quadrant)                          Technology Resources
  I. Safety Considerations and Procedures         Guest speakers                                     Computer and printer
      A. Accidents defined                        Case studies                                       CDs
      B. Accident prevention                      Inquiry                                            Software
      C. Personal protective equipment            Research                                           Handouts
                                                  Worksheets                                         Videos
                                                  Field trips                                        Lab equipment
                                                                                                     Student equipment


     Unit              Participation in discussion, homework, inventories, posters, scenarios
  Assessment:

 Unit/Course
CTSO Activity:
  Unit/Course        Students will design a safety program for working in the biotechnology industry.
  Culminating
   Product:


Course/Program Credential(s):     Credential     Certificate     Postsecondary Degree        University Degree
□ Other:
                                                     Course Title: Plant Biotechnology

Unit: 3   Botany Concepts

     Content        Students will:
 Standard(s) and    3. Identify the twelve plant kingdom divisions.
    Depth of             • Classifying native Alabama plants using dichotomous keys.
   Knowledge        4. Describe phylogenetic relationships between plants and other organisms.
    Level(s):            • Classifying plants as vascular or nonvascular
                         • Classifying seed-bearing and spore-bearing plants
                         • Classifying plants as gymnosperms or angiosperms
                         • Contrasting monocots dicots
                         • Describe mutualism among algae and fungi in lichens
                    5. List plant adaptations required for life on land.
                         • Describing the alternation of generations in plants
                         • Comparing characteristics of algae and plants
                    6. Identify major types of plant tissues found in roots, stems, and leaves.
                            Examples: parenchyma, sclerenchyma, collenchyma
                         • Critiquing tissue culturing procedures
                                  Example: callus production
                    7. Identify roots, stems, and leaves
                            Examples: roots-tap, fibrous
                                         stems-herbaceous, woody
                                         leaves-simple, compound
                    8. Explain the importance of soil type, texture, and nutrients to plant growth.
                         • Describing water and mineral absorption plants
                         • Analyzing the roles of capillarity and turgor pressure
                         • Using hydroponics for growing plants
                    9. Explain plant cell processes, including light-dependant and light independent reactions of photosynthesis, glycolysis, aerobic
                        respiration, and transport.
                    10. Describe plant responses to various stimuli.
                         • Identifying effects of hormones on plant growth
                                  Examples: gibberellin, cytokinin, auxin
                         • Differentiating among phototropism, gravitropism, and thigmotropism
                         • Propagating plants with cuttings and commercially available rooting hormones for prop plants with cuttings
                    11. Identify life cycles of mosses, ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms.
                    12. Describe the structure and function of flower parts.
                         • Describing seed germination, development, and dispersal
                         • Germinating monocot and dicot seeds
                        • Dissecting seed types to compare anatomical characteristics
                        • Comparing the germination rates of various seeds
                   13. Describe various natural and artificial methods of vegetative propagation.
                          Examples: natural- stem runners, rhizomes, bulbs, tubers
                                         artificial- cutting, grafting, layering
                        • Monitoring asexual plant propagation through leaf and stem cuttings
                   14. Describe the ecological and economic importance of plants.
                          Examples: ecological-algae-producing oxygen, bioremediation, soil preservation
                                         economic-food, medication, timber, fossil fuels, clothing
                        • Analyzing effects of human activity on the plant world
                   15. Identify viral, fungal, and bacterial plant diseases and their effects.
                          Examples: viral-tobacco mosaic, Rembrandt tulips;
                                         fungal-mildew, rust
                                         bacterial-black rot


   Learning        Students will:
Objective(s) and   1. Describe the system used in the classification of native Alabama plants.
   Depth of        2. Classify native Alabama plants using dichotomous keys.
  Knowledge        3. Describe the difference between vascular and nonvascular plants.
   Level(s):       4. Determine if plants are seed bearing or spore bearing.
                   5. Determine if plants are gymnosperms or angiosperms.
                   6. Describe the differences between monocots and dicots.
                   7. Determine the mutual relationship among algae and fungi in lichens.
                   8. Discuss the alternation of generations of plants.
                   9. Compare the characteristics of plants and algae.
                   10. Describe the techniques of tissue culture.
                   11. Discuss the plant tissues in the roots, stems and leaves.
                   12. Explain the variations found in root structures, stems, and leaves.
                   13. Trace the movement of minerals, water, and nutrients in plants.
                   14. Identify the requirements for hydroponics plant production.
                   15. Describe the various hydroponics systems.
                   16. Compare the activity in a plant during exposure to light and periods of darkness.
                   17. Identify plant growth regulators and their functions.
                   18. Explain plant tropisms.
                   19. Describe commercial uses of plant growth regulators.
                   20. Discuss the various life-cycles of plants.
                   21. Explain the differences in sexual and asexual reproduction in plants.
                   22. Discuss the differences between monocot and dicot.
                   23. Identify the major parts of seeds and their function.
                    24.   Compare the germination rate of seeds.
                    25.   State the primary methods of asexual reproduction and give examples of plants typically propagated by each method.
                    26.   Explain environment and the issues associated with maintaining a good environment.
                    27.   Explain the ecological and economical importance of plants.
                    28.   Define plant disease and identify the conditions necessary for a plant disease to develop.



 Essential          What criteria should a student need to discuss the role of plants?
Question(s):

          Content Knowledge                       Suggested Instructional Activities Rigor &           Suggested Materials, Equipment and
                                                     Relevance Framework (Quadrant)                           Technology Resources
I. Twelve Plant Kingdoms Divisions              Application cards                                  Application cards
    A. Plant Divisions                          Collaborative learning                             Handouts
           1. Rhodophyta                        Flash cards                                        Checklists
           2. Cryptophyta                       Worksheets                                         Lead questions
           3. Dinophyta                         Memorization                                       Computer and printer
           4. Xanthophyta                       Laboratory                                         Textbooks
           5. Chrysophyta                       Experiments                                        Internet
           6. Bacillariophyta                   Application cards                                  Rubric for project
           7. Phaeophyta                        Case studies/scenarios                             Reference books
           8. Chlorophyta                       Research                                           Supplies
           9. Prasinophyta                      Guided practice                                    PowerPoint Presentation
           10. Charophyta                       Guest Speakers                                     Lab Supplies
           11. Euglenophyta                     Demonstrations
           12. Bryophyta                        Inquiry
    B. Phylogenetic relationships               Learning Logs
           1. Vascular                          Instructional Technology
           2. Nonvascular                       PowerPoint Presentation
           3. Seed-bearing
           4. Spore-bearing
           5. Gymnosperms
           6. Angiosperms
           7. Monocots
           8. Dicots
           9. Mutualism (algae, fungi)
    C. Plant adaptations
           1. Alterations of generations
           2. Comparing characteristics
    D. Major plant tissues
             1. Tissue culturing
      E.   Types of roots, stems, and leaves
      F.   Soil types, texture, and nutrients
             1. Water and mineral absorption
             2. Capillarity and turgor
                  pressure
             3. Hydroponics
      G.   Plant cell processes
      H.   Plant stimuli response
             1. Effects of hormones
             2. Tropisms
             3. Propagating
      I.   Identify life cycles
      J.   Structure and function of flower
           parts
             1. Seed germination,
                  development and dispersal
             2. Germinating Monocot and
                  Dicot
             3. Dissecting seeds
             4. Germination rates
      K.   Natural and artificial germination
             1. Asexual propagation
      L.   Ecological and economic
           importance
             1. Effects of human activity
      M.   Viral, fungal, and bacterial disease

    Unit              Tests, research report, performance tasks, oral presentations, checklist, demonstrations, checklist, group project, essays,
 Assessment:          experiments, and teacher observations

 Unit/Course          Students will participate in Nursery and Landscape Career Development event and personal S.A.E.
CTSO Activity:


 Unit/Course          Students will create a PowerPoint presentation culminating the information for discussing the role of plants.
 Culminating
  Product:
Course/Program Credential(s):   Credential   Certificate   Postsecondary Degree   University Degree
□ Other:
                                                        Course Title: Plant Biotechnology

Unit: 4    Biotechnology Advancement

     Content           Students will:
 Standard(s) and       16. Explain the historical development of plant biotechnology.
    Depth of                  Examples: making cheese, wine, bread; distilling vinegar; pickling fruits and vegetables
   Knowledge
    Level(s):


    Learning           Students will:
 Objective(s) and      1. Identify medical advancements in plant biotechnology.
    Depth of                  Examples: insulin, vaccines, vitamin enrichment of grains, therapeutic proteins
   Knowledge           2. Describe environmental advancements in plant biotechnology.
    Level(s):                 Examples: reduced pesticide usage, lower energy requirements, disease-resistant plants, herbicide-resistant plants,
                                          bioremediation, phytoremediation
                       3. Describe food product advancements in plant biotechnology, in genetic alteration and selective breeding.
                              Examples: increase yield, potatoes with higher solid content, higher protein peanuts, tomatoes with longer shelf life,
                                          Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn
                       4. Replicating a historical use of biotechnology.
                              Examples: making bread, cheese, yogurt, sauerkraut


    Essential          What are the advancements in plant biotechnology?
   Question(s):

             Content Knowledge                       Suggested Instructional Activities Rigor &            Suggested Materials, Equipment and
                                                        Relevance Framework (Quadrant)                            Technology Resources
  I. Historical Development of Plant               Research report                                     Computer and printer
     Biotechnology                                 Inquiry                                             Textbooks
      A. Medical advancements                      Instructional technology                            Support materials
              1. Insulin                           Lecture                                             PowerPoint Presentation
              2. Vaccines                          Research project                                    Charts
              3. Vitamin enrichment of grains      Case study                                          Video
              4. Therapeutic proteins              Homework                                            Supplies
      B. Environmental advancements                Guest speakers                                      Rating charts
              1. Reduced pesticide usage           Experiment                                          Rubrics
              2. Lower energy requirements         Guided practice                                     Checklists
             3. Disease-resistant plants            Collaborative learning                              Teacher designed materials
             4. Herbicide-resistant plants          PowerPoint Presentation
             5. Bioremediation
             6. Phytoremediation
       C.   Food product advancements
             1. Increased yield
             2. Potatoes with higher solid
                  content
             3. Higher protein peanuts
             4. Tomatoes with longer shelf life
             5. Bacillus thuringiensis corn
       D.   Historical biotechnology
             1. Bread
             2. Cheese
             3. Yogurt
             4. Sauerkraut


Unit Assessment:       Tests, performance tasks, essays, oral presentations, experiments, online activities, teacher observations, rubrics, computer
                       presentations, extended task assignments

 Unit/Course
CTSO Activity:


  Unit/Course          Students will create a research project based on the advancements in biotechnology.
  Culminating
   Product:


Course/Program Credential(s):       Credential     Certificate      Postsecondary Degree        University Degree
□ Other:
                                                      Course Title: Plant Biotechnology

Unit: 5    Applied Genetics and Biotechnology Concepts

     Content          Students will:
 Standard(s) and      17. Describe methods of genetic engineering.
    Depth of                 Example: tissue culturing, plant breeding, genetic modification
   Knowledge          18. Explain the concept of hybridization as it relates to plant biotechnology.
    Level(s):         19. Evaluate properties of plants for selecting superior plants for harvest.
                             Example: cold tolerance, salt tolerance, ripening rate, higher starch content, vitamin A content, water and mineral
                                          absorption


   Learning           Students will:
Objective(s) and      1. Extract DNA from plant cells.
   Depth of           2. Define genetically modified.
  Knowledge           3. Explain how vectors are used to insert DNA into an organism.
   Level(s):          4. Describe the process of splicing DNA into plants.
                      5. Discuss hybridization.
                      6. Discuss the process selecting superior plants.

    Essential         What is the method and purpose in selecting plants for genetic engineering?
   Question(s):

                                                   Suggested Instructional Activities Rigor &            Suggested Materials, Equipment and
             Content Knowledge
                                                        Relevance Framework (Quadrant)                          Technology Resources
  I. Methods of Genetic Engineering              Laboratory                                         CDs
      A. Extracting DNA from plants              Experiment                                         Textbooks
             1. Extracting DNA                   Lecture                                            Reference books
             2. Splicing DNA                     Guest speaker                                      Rubrics
             3. Inserting DNA                    Field trip/virtual field trip                      Handouts
      B. Explain the concept of                  PowerPoint Presentation                            Supplies
           hybridization                         Inquiry                                            Videos
             1. Hybrid vigor                     Observation log                                    Software
             2. Improvement by selection         Learning logs                                      Lab supplies
             3. Selective breeding                                                                  Student equipment
      C. Properties for selection                                                                   Computer and printer
             1. Cold tolerance                                                                      Video camera & monitor
             2. Salt tolerance                                                                      Websites
                3. Ripening rate                                                                         Internet
                4. Higher starch content                                                                 Teacher design materials
                5. Vitamin A
                6. Water and mineral absorption


     Unit               Tests, performance tasks, extended response exercises, checklist, projects, research projects, rating scales
  Assessment:

Unit/Course             Student will participate in the Nursery and landscape Career Development event and personal SAE.
CTSO Activity:


Unit/Course             Students will create a research project outlining the advantages and disadvantages of genetic engineering of plants.
Culminating
Product:


Course/Program Credential(s):        Credential      Certificate      Postsecondary Degree        University Degree
□ Other:
                                                      Course Title: Plant Biotechnology

Unit: 6    Social and Environmental Impacts of Biotechnology

     Content          Students will:
 Standard(s) and      20. Identify public agencies that conduct research and regulate the usage of plant biotechnology.
    Depth of                 Examples: United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Food and
   Knowledge                               Drug Administration (FDA)
    Level(s):              • Describing positive and negative aspects of labeling genetically modified organisms for import and export.
                           • Evaluating the effects of plant hormones on plants, animals, and human growth and development.
                                    Examples: indigenous hormones, intentionally introduced hormones, unintentionally introduced hormones
                           • Describing how public opinion on marketing, sales, labeling, and government regulations affect plant products grown
                               in the United States.


   Learning           Students will:
Objective(s) and      1. Describe positive and negative aspects of labeling genetically modified organisms for import and export.
   Depth of           2. Evaluate the effects of plants hormones on plants, animals, and human growth and development.
  Knowledge                  Examples: indigenous hormones, intentionally introduced hormones, unintentionally introduced hormones
   Level(s):          3. Describe how public opinion on marketing, sales, labeling, and government regulations affect plant products grown in the
                          United States.
                      4. Testing foodstuffs for the presence of genetically modified organisms.


    Essential         What agencies regulate the usage of plant biotechnology?
   Question(s):

                                                  Suggested Instructional Activities Rigor &          Suggested Materials, Equipment and
             Content Knowledge
                                                      Relevance Framework (Quadrant)                         Technology Resources
  I. Public Agencies that Research and          PowerPoint Presentation                           Computer and Printer
     Regulate Plant Biotechnology               Research                                          Textbooks
      A. Positive and negative aspects of       Case studies/scenarios                            Handouts
            labeling                            Inquiry                                           Supplies
      B. Effects of plant hormones              Guest speakers                                    Software
              1. Indigenous hormones            Lecture                                           Support materials
              2. Intentionally introduced       Group investigation                               Rubrics
                   hormones                     Listen-think-pair-share                           Handouts
              3. Unintentionally introduced     Two minute talks
                   hormones
       C.   Affect of public opinion
       D.   Testing foodstuffs

     Unit              Tests, open-ended questions, oral presentations, experiments, group projects, case studies, debates, computer presentations,
  Assessment:          teacher observations

 Unit/Course           Students will participate in the Nursery Landscape Career Development Event and personal S.A.E.
CTSO Activity:


  Unit/Course          Students will produce a research project discussing how plant biotechnology is regulated and what agencies perform the
  Culminating             regulation.
   Product:


Course/Program Credential(s):          Credential   Certificate     Postsecondary Degree        University Degree
□ Other: