United States Patent: 4948503
( 1 of 1 )
United States Patent
, et al.
August 14, 1990
Oil filter cover in combination with an oil filter cartridge
The invention relates to a filter for cleaning lubricating oil, especially
for internal combustion engines of motor vehicles, with a filter case
which, when installed, is in an at least approximately upright position.
It has a cylinder-shaped oil filter cartridge and an inlet for the dirty
oil flowing through the filter cartridge, plus an outlet for clean oil
connected to the central interior part of the filter case and situated in
a base at the bottom end of the filter case. A drain passage at the bottom
end of the filter case becomes connected to the inlet chamber of the
filter case whenever the filter cartridge is removed, plus a closure which
cuts the drain passage off from the filter case. The filter in accordance
with the invention is distinguished by the fact that the closure is a
valve body which is axially displaceable in the drain passage and which
forms a valve together with at least one constriction in the drain
passage, that the valve body is pre-biased in the opening direction by a
first, weaker spring, and that the valve body can be biased in the closing
direction by a second, stronger spring which, when the filter cartridge is
inserted into the filter case, thrusts against its end facing the valve
Baumann; Dieter (Greven-Gimbte, DE), Prinz; Norbert (Greven, DE)
Ing. Walter Hengst GmbH & Co. KG
November 1, 1988
Foreign Application Priority Data
Nov 04, 1987
Current U.S. Class:
210/232 ; 210/238; 210/445; 210/DIG.17
Current International Class:
B01D 29/11 (20060101); B01D 35/153 (20060101); B01D 35/14 (20060101); B01D 027/08 (); B01D 027/10 ()
Field of Search:
References Cited [Referenced By]
U.S. Patent Documents
Pandelena et al.
Raines et al.
Hogh et al.
Foreign Patent Documents
Primary Examiner: Fisher; Richard V.
Assistant Examiner: Millard; Wanda L.
Attorney, Agent or Firm: Felfe & Lynch
What is claimed is:
1. An oil filter cover in combination with an oil filter cartridge comprising:
an oil filter cover and a filter cartridge which together include one or more releasable snap fasteners and which are fastened together solely by said one or more releasable snap fasteners, the cover having on its inside several spring tongues
with catch projections arranged in a circle and projecting into the interior of the filter cartridge, the filter cartridge having a circular catch indentation for the catch projections to form snap fasteners.
2. An oil filter cover in combination with an oil filter cartridge in accordance with claim 1 in which the indentation in the filter cartridge is a circular waisted recess in an end face of the cartridge.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The invention relates to a filter for cleaning lubricating oil, especially for internal combustion engines of motor vehicles, having a filter case disposed in an at least approximately upright position when installed, and having also a
cylinder-shaped oil filter cartridge inserted therein. The filter has also an oil inlet for the contaminated oil flowing around the cartridge and an oil outlet provided in a base at the bottom end of the filter case for filtered oil, this clean oil
outlet being connected to the internal central part of the filter case. The filter also has a drain at the bottom end of the filter case; the drain can be connected to the inlet chamber of the filter case by removing the oil filter cartridge, and has a
closure which shuts the drain off from the filter case.
An oil filter of the kind just described as disclosed in DE-OS No. 35 38 589. In this filter the closure is an annular, elastic sealing lip disposed externally on the bottom end of the filter cartridge when the latter is in the installed state;
the sealing lip sealingly engages the inside wall of the filter case and is pointed in the normal oil flow direction in the manner of a circumferential check valve. When the filter cartridge is removed from the case the sealing lip arrives at an
especially shaped area of the case wall, thereby opening the drain for the purpose of emptying the filter case before the cartridge is completely removed from the case. This oil filter does not have any functional disadvantage, but in practical
application it has been found that the sealing lip represents a relatively large percentage of the cost of the filter, or, more precisely, of the filter cartridge. This is because the cost of manufacture is substantially higher in comparison to a simple
sealing ring, and a high-quality material has to be used in order to assure the necessary resistance to heat. Furthermore, the sealing lip has to be provided new for each cartridge since both the lip and the cartridge are discarded after use.
The problem therefore presents itself of creating an oil filter of the kind described above, which will not have the disadvantages described, and which can be made at much lower cost.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The solution of this problem is accomplished in accordance with the invention by an oil filter of the kind described above, which is characterized in that the closure is a valve body which is axially displaceable in the drain, and which together
with at least one constriction of the drain passage forms a valve; that the valve body is biased in the opening direction by a first, weaker spring, and that the valve can be biased in the closing direction by a second, stronger spring, and this spring
thrusts against the filter cartridge at its end facing the valve body when the cartridge is inserted into the filter case.
By this arrangement of the valve body and the two springs, the operation of the new oil filter will be the same as in the oil filter of the state of the art, and at the same time a considerable cost saving will result. This is because, on the
one hand, the material and manufacturing costs of the valve body and the two springs are decidedly lower than those of an elastic sealing lip, and on the other hand the closure, consisting of the filter body and the two springs, is now a part of the
filter case, and no longer part of the throw-away filter cartridge.
To assure the desired function of the closure, namely of closing the drain when the filter cartridge is inserted and releasing it when the filter cartridge is removed, provision is made for the filter case to have a cover which can be screwed or
snapped or clamped onto it, whose inside surface will engage the filter cartridge inserted in the case while exerting a force in the axial direction against its extremity adjacent the cover. As a result no special means for locking the filter cartridge
Provision is furthermore made for the cover and the filter cartridge to be joined together. With this embodiment, when the cover is loosened, e.g., by unscrewing, the filter cartridge will move in synchronism with it, and when the cover comes
away from the case the cartridge will be pulled slightly out of the case. This will open the drain early and the oil in the filter case will have enough time to flow out of the case through the drain, e.g., into a motor oil drain pan.
A preferred manner of joining the cover and the filter cartridge is snap-fastening. For this purpose provision is advantageously made for the cover to have on its inside a plurality of spring tongues provided with catch projections and extending
into the interior of the filter, and for the filter cartridge to have on its cover end a circumferential internal groove or a plurality of depressions arranged in a circle to engage the catch projections. The depression in the filter cartridge is
preferably a circumferential groove within a recess in the end of the cartridge. By these means an easy-to-release fastening between cover and cartridge is created, by which axial forces can be exerted on the cartridge in both directions to a sufficient
degree. At the same time the changing of the filter cartridge becomes easier and can be performed with less chance of soiling the hands. Furthermore, the cover is thus reusable.
Other possibilities for joining the cover and filter cartridge are to cement them together or to cast directly in the interior of the cover a casting composition to accommodate and hold the end of the filter material body of the filter cartridge. These methods of joining are especially simple and inexpensive but they virtually exclude any reuse of the cover.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
A preferred embodiment of the invention will now be explained with the aid of a drawing, wherein:
FIG. 1 is a longitudinal section of an oil filter with cartridge inserted, partially in elevation, and
FIG. 2 is again, a longitudinal section of the oil filter of FIG. 1 with the filter cartridge partially withdrawn.
DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
In FIG. 1, the embodiment of the oil filter 1 consists essentially of a filter case 2 with base 20, a replaceable oil filter cartridge 6 inserted into the case 2, and a screw cover 7 terminating the upper end of the case. The longitudinal axis
of the filter case 2 slants upwardly, so that the filter case 2 assumes an approximately upright position. The base 20 of the filter case 2 is angled away from the longitudinal axis of the case 2 and terminates in a substantially vertical flange 20'
which serves for attaching the oil filter 1 to an internal combustion engine, not shown, of a motor vehicle. As indicated by the flow arrows, the base 20 serves to carry oil in and out of the filter. Dirty oil passes through an oil inlet 21 in the
upper, rear part of the base 20 into an inlet chamber 23 surrounding the filter cartridge 6 where it distributes itself over the circumference of the cartridge 6. After flowing through the filter cartridge 6, or more precisely through its body of filter
material 60, the now-clean oil collects in the interior 24 of the filter 1 and flows from there, as indicated by the arrows, through a central oil outlet 22 and the base 20. The inlet chamber 23 and the inner area 24 of the oil filter 1 are separated
from one another by a sealing ring 62, preferably of rubber, placed at the bottom end 64 of the filter cartridge 6, and by the cover 7 at the upper end 63 of the cartridge 6.
In the bottom part of the base 20 is a drain passage 25 which serves to drain the oil in the case 2 of the oil filter 1 when the filter cartridge 6 is replaced. But, in the normal operation of the oil filter 1, i.e., when the filter cartridge 6
is in place, the drain passage 25 must be closed. For this purpose a valve body 3 is inserted into the drain passage 25 below the filter cartridge 6 and together with the constriction 26 of the passage 25 forms a valve. The valve body 3 is of a
rotationally symmetrical configuration and has a broader head 30 facing the filter cartridge 6, and a thinner guide end 31 extending from the head downwardly into the passage 25. In the working state of the oil filter 1 represented in FIG. 1, i.e., with
the filter cartridge 6 inserted and the lid 7 tightly screwed on, the valve body 3 is pressed to its closed position by means of a coil spring 5 disposed between the head 30 of the valve body 3 and the bottom end surface 64 of the filter cartridge 6.
Under the head 30 of the valve body 3 can be seen another spring 4, here a tapered coil spring, which is made weaker than the previously described spring 5. Spring 4 biases the valve body 3 in its opening direction, but in the state of the oil
filter 1 in FIG. 1, the force produced by spring 4 is less than the force exerted by spring 5 on the valve body 3, so that the valve body assumes its closed position.
As the filter cartridge 6 is withdrawn from the case 2 of the oil filter 1, the upper, stronger spring 5 is relieved, so that the force exerted by this spring 5 on the valve body 3 is gradually reduced and finally eliminated. This enables the
lower spring 4 to move the valve body 3 to its open position. This state of the oil filter 1 is represented in FIG. 2 of the drawing. As it can be seen in FIG. 2, the filter cartridge is pushed upward by a certain amount relative to the filter case 2.
The sealing ring 62 is now free, so that the inlet chamber 23 and the interior chamber 24 of the filter case are in communication with one another. Due to the upward displacement in the drain passage 25 of valve body 3, produced by spring 4, the drain
passage 25 is now open and permits oil to flow down from the interior of the filter case 2, both from inlet chamber 23 and from the interior chamber 24. As a result, when the filter cartridge 6 is replaced, it is accompanied by only a very small amount
of oil, appreciably reducing the danger of environmental pollution by the oil.
To assure the proper operation of the valve body 3 it is necessary for the filter cartridge 6 to exert an axial force on the spring 5. In order to secure the cartridge in the position in which it is shown in FIG. 1, the cover 7 of the filter
case 2 is constructed so that it contacts the end 63 of the filter cartridge and exerts an axial thrust against it. Furthermore, in the embodiment of the oil filter in FIG. 1, the filter cartridge 6 and the cover 7 are releasably joined together. For
this purpose the cover 7 has on its inside 70 a plurality of spring tongues 71 and 71', of which two are visible in FIG. 1. The spring tongues 71 and 71' are disposed on a circle concentric with the longitudinal axis of the filter case 2 and project
from the inside 70 of the cover into the interior of the filter case 2. At their inner end the spring tongues 71 and 71' have outwardly protruding catch projections 72 and 72' which, when the filter cartridge 6 is inserted into the case 2, engage in a
matching indentation 65 in the upper end 63 of the filter cartridge. As a result, axial forces can be applied to the filter cartridge 6 by the cover in both directions. The cover 7 is joined to the filter case 2 in the embodiment of the oil filter 1
that is here represented, by screwing.
Finally, FIG. 1 also shows bodies 61 and 61' of a casting composition, created in the top and bottom ends 63 and 64 of the filter cartridge 6, into which the body of the filter material is embedded at its extremities.
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