Attitudes toward Out-of-Home Care over 18 Months: Changing Perceptions of Youths in Foster Care by ProQuest


This article seeks to uncover children's evolving views of placement and to delineate characteristics associated with positive and negative attitude change over time. The authors used a subsample drawn from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being. The subsample of 290 youths age seven and older who had been in out-of-home placement during the first 18 months of this study was analyzed by using latent transition analysis (LTA) to understand how children's views of placement changed over time and what covariates might be associated with these changes. A three-class solution was the most stable at both time points and highlighted three different sets of perceptions about out-of-home care. The LTA provides additional detail demonstrating that the majority of youths did not change their attitudes over the 18 month time span, particularly those who are very happy or very unhappy in their current placements. Age, gender, and mental health status were related to particular types of transitions. The results demonstrate the heterogeneity of experiences for youths in out-of-home care and highlight the need for tailored policies and interventions to assist youths in processing such experiences. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]

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