Capacity of Hospitals to Partner with Academia to Meet Experiential Education Requirements for Pharmacy Students

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					                  American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 2008; 72 (5) Article 117.

SPECIAL ARTICLES
Capacity of Hospitals to Partner with Academia to Meet Experiential
Education Requirements for Pharmacy Students
This article also appears in the American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 2008; 65:e53-71.

        Purpose. Current hospital and health-system participation in and the future capacity for experiential
        education for pharmacy students was investigated.
        Methods. An online survey of ASHP members identified as U.S. pharmacy directors was conducted to
        assess their current and future involvement in partnering with colleges and schools to meet the
        experiential education requirements for doctor of pharmacy students and the current status of the
        student learning experiences. Questionnaire items examined the factors on which expanded involve-
        ment in experiential education would depend, the nature of support provided by colleges and schools,
        the types of experiences available for students, respondents’ perceptions of factors influencing the
        quality of experiential education, the value 
				
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Description: Current hospital and health-system participation in and the future capacity for experiential education for pharmacy students was investigated. An online survey of ASHP members identified as U.S. pharmacy directors was conducted to assess their current and future involvement in partnering with colleges and schools to meet the experiential education requirements for doctor of pharmacy students and the current status of the student learning experiences. Questionnaire items examined the factors on which expanded involvement in experiential education would depend, the nature of support provided by colleges and schools, the types of experiences available for students, respondents' perceptions of factors influencing the quality of experiential education, the value of experiential education to the sites, respondents' challenges and concerns about experiential education, and respondents' current capacity and projections for introductory and advanced experiences through 2012. Data from 549 respondents were analyzed. Most respondents indicated that they had conducted advanced experiences for their 2007 graduates and anticipated that they would continue to do so. Among the top challenges identified regarding advanced experiences were concerns about time to serve and be trained as preceptors and a lack of standardization and coordination among colleges and schools. Hospitals forecasting their future capacity to accommodate students indicated that their projections were highly dependent on the number of pharmacists at their hospitals. Many respondents noted that their capacity projections were tied to their ability to expand clinical services at their hospitals. A survey of pharmacy directors suggested an ability of U.S. hospitals to conduct advanced experiential education opportunities for pharmacy students through 2012 and to expand introductory experiences.
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