With natural resources becoming seriously disrupted, indigenous hunters and gatherers saw themselves forced to consider the culprit of that ecological damage, the newly introduced European cattle, as a last resort in staving off starvation. Very frustrating are the virtually countless occurrences of missing words: "It was against the law for a Native American to testify against a Euro-American [in?] California Courts" (59); "this significant armed Indian force seemed to be a greater threat to settler safety and to commerce along the Trinity Trail than had [been?] normal up to that time" (73).
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"Killing for Land in Early California: Indian Blood at Round Valley 1856-1863"Please download to view full document