The 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review Report calls on DoD to shift its "portfolio of capabilities" toward irregular, catastrophic, and disruptive challenges.2 A new dimension of challenges is addressed by DoD Directive 3000.05, "Military Support for Stability, Security, Transition, and Reconstruction Operations," which elevates stability operations (SO) to a priority on par with combat operations and categorizes the full spectrum of conflict into one of three descriptors: offense, defense, and stability operations.3 The fact that U.S. policy now directs U.S. forces to prepare for irregular challenges, such as counterinsurgency (COIN) operations and SO, in the anticipated era of persistent conflict emphasizes the need to closely examine roles in supporting current operations. Stability operations (SO) include various military missions, tasks, and activities conducted outside the United States in coordination with other instruments of national power to maintain or re-establish a safe and secure environment, provide essential government services, emergency infrastructure reconstruction, and humanitarian relief9 Joint Publication 3-0 specifies that commanders must integrate and synchronize SO with offensive and defensive operations within each campaign phase, and that SO planning must begin when joint operation planning is initiated.10 Incorporating this guidance, and that of the six-phase campaign construct from Joint Pubs. 3-0/5-0, will have SO continuously planned for from Phase 0 shaping activities, through Operation Plan (OPLAN) activation, and until shaping activities can be resumed.
U.S. Army Component Roles in the ROA NAtiONAl SecuRity RepORt Contemporary Operational Environment By COL Vince Price, USA T he recently published Joint Oper- tions,” which elevates stab
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