Students And The California State Budget Budget Tutorial Overview by icecube

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									      Students And The
California State Budget
         Budget Tutorial
Overview
 State Budget Funding And Process
 Budget Process Timeline
 College Affordability
 College Access
 Investing in Higher Education
 CSSA’s Budget Advocacy
 Student Power!
State Budget Funding and
Process
         California State Budget:
         Piece of legislation with the
         single largest impact to
         Californians each year.
State Budget Funding
 General Fund –generated from income
 taxes from individuals and business, sales taxes,
 and other taxes on things like insurance.
 Special Funds –       This money is form taxes
 reserved for special purposes like transportation
 and local health and public safety.
Funding Sources




         Source www.nextten.org
State Spending




         Source: www.nextten.org
  Budget Process Timeline
July 9 –                         October –                     January –
September 15                     January 10                    February
Department directors and         The governor evaluates the    The budget proposal is
agency heads initiate detailed   requests as reviewed by the   introduced in both the
reviews and proposals            Department of Finance and     Assembly and the
development to arrive at         sends his or her proposed     Senate as identical
specific requests for each       budget to the Legislature.    budget bills. The
program. These requests are                                    Legislative Analyst
then sent to the Department                                    prepares an extensive
of Finance for review.                                         analysis of the budget
                                                               bill, which becomes the
                                                               starting point for budget
                                                               subcommittee hearings
                                                               in the Senate and
                                                               Assembly
 Budget Process Timeline
March – April Late April –                                        June 15 –
The budget bills are sent
from each house to their  June 15                                 July 1
respective budget              The budget committee of each       The governor receives the
committees. The bills are      house considers the                budget bill and has until
                               subcommittees’ reports and
then broken down by                                               July 1, the start of the fiscal
                               sends a revised budget bill to
subject and assigned to the    the floor for evaluation by the    year, to sign or veto the
appropriate subcommittees      full body. Each house discusses    budget bill. The bill
by subject areas. After        and then votes on its version of   becomes law as soon as it
completion of the hearings,    the budget bill. The differences   is signed by the governor
each subcommittee votes        between the Assembly and           due to its status as an
                               Senate versions of the budget
and then sends its report to                                      urgency measure.
                               bill are worked out in a
the full budget committee      conference committee made up
                               of three members from each
                               house. Upon completion of its
                               review, the conference
                               committee submits a single
                               version of the budget to both
                               houses. The Senate and
                               Assembly each vote on this final
                               version before it is sent to the
                               governor.
 Budget Committees
    California State Assembly Committee on Budget

Subcommittee 1: Health and Human Services

Subcommittee 2: Education Finance

Subcommittee 3: Resources


Subcommittee 4: State Administration


Subcommittee 5: Information Technology and Transportation
 Budget Committees
           California State Senate Committee on
                 Budget and Fiscal Review

Subcommittee 1: Education


Subcommittee 2: Resources


Subcommittee 3: Health


Subcommittee 4: State Administration
California State University
Budget
          CSU’s Budget Includes:
          Enrollment (i.e. student access)
          Base Budget (i.e. quality)
          Student Fees (i.e. affordability)
          Academic Prep and EOP (i.e. diversity)
State Spending for Higher
Education Decreasing
CSU Support Declining
Institutional Support as Percentage of Total Budget has
                   Declined Over Time
                        00-01          02-04         05-07
Instruction             44.4%          46.3%         45.6%
Academic Support        14.2%          13.1%         12.9%
Student Services        10.0%          9.7%          9.9%
Institutional Support   15.2%          14.6%         12.9%
Plan Operations         9.4%           9.2%          10.9%
Financial Aid           4.8%           5.5%          6.8%
Research, Public
                        2.0%           1.6%          1.0%
Service, SWP

                         Source: CSU Budget Center
Declining State Support
Impacting College
Affordability
Affordability: Student Fees
Due to state budget cuts, state university fees
have increased every year in the past seven
years with exception of the 2006 election year.

Student fees have more than doubled from
$1428 to $3048 since 2001/2002 academic year.
          CSU Fee History
                                                          CSU Fee History, Average CSU Academic Year Resident,
                                                                      Undergradutate Student Fees
State University Fees (6.1 units or greater)




                                               $3,500
                                                                                                                                                    $3,048
                                               $3,000                                                                                  $2,772
                                                                                                             $2,520       $2,520
                                               $2,500                                           $2,334
                                                                                   $2,046
                                               $2,000
                                                         $1,428       $1,507
                                               $1,500

                                               $1,000

                                                $500

                                                  $0
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                                                                                                 Academic Year
Affordability:
Fee Increases 2008-09
  Recommend Board of Trustees
  Increase Student Fee Rates
                                           2008-09
      Student         Academic Year
                                        Academic Year
   Classification        Increase
                                          Fee Rate

  Undergraduate            $276              $3,046

  Teacher
                           $324              $3,540
  Credential
  Graduate and Post
                           $342              $3,756
  baccalaureate


  State and Fee Operating Funds Only

                      Source: CSU Budget Center
Affordability: Student Debt
 About two-thirds of recent graduates
 carry student loans and their average
 debt has increased by more than
 50% over the past decade after
 accounting for inflation




             Source: Project on Student Debt
Affordability:
Cost of Attendance
 2007-08 Cost of Attendance (9 Months)
             At Home        On Campus Off Campus

 Fees        $3,215         $3,215         $3,215

 Book/Supp   $1,348         $1,348         $1,348

 Room/Bd     $3,466         $8,892         $9,489

 Trans       $1,113         $1,025         $1,151

 Personal    $2,362         $2,303         $2,404

 Total       $11,504        $16,783        $17,587

                      Source: CSU Budget Center
Affordability: Financial Aid




          Source: CSU Budget Center
Declining State Support
Impacts College Access
Access to the CSU
The CSU has asked for revenue to
increase enrollment by 2.5 percent or
10,000 students for 2008/2009. Funding
was not granted.

For this reason 10,000 qualified students
were denied the opportunity to attend



              Source: Alliance for the CSU
CSU Response to 2008-
2009 Support Budget




         Source: CSU Budget Center
Access for Underserved
Communities in Jeopardy

Limiting access to the CSU will fall hardest on
Latino, African-American, Native-American, low-
income and first-generation students and
veterans who rely on the state university to get
a college education.
Demographic Projections

                             • The pipeline of
                             students in K-12 is
                             two- third’s students
                             of color, and it is
                             critical to the state’s
                             future that more
                             students from
                             underserved
                             communities attend
                             college.




          Source: The Alliance for the CSU
Why Should the State
Invest in Higher
Education?
          Economic, Fiscal,
          Social Effects
Investing in the CSU
Higher Education is part of the solution
to a troubled economy

CSU graduates nearly 90,000 students
into the state’s workforce each year
State Need for Graduates


                       •The CSU supplies the
                       majority of the workforce in
                       key industries including
                       51% in nursing, 85%in
                       education, 52% in
                       agriculture, 65% in
                       business and 82% in public
                       administration




        Source: The Alliance for the CSU
Return on Investment

For every dollar the state invests in the CSU,
$4.41 is generated in economic activity. A $300
million cut to the CSU means a $1 billion loss to
the economy.
Student Advocacy
        Challenges, Success and
                 Power
Student Advocacy
Challenges:
   ‘Auto pilot' spending    Campus based fee
   (ex.Prop 98) means       referendums.
   less discretionary
   funds.
                            Misconception that
                            college is affordable.
   In bad budget times,
   CSU funding is cut and
   BOT raises fees to       Many big decisions
   generate revenue.        happen when student
                            leaders are
   Competing interest       transitioning.
   groups.
CSSA Budget Advocacy
Successes
  Student fee freezes and a roll   ‘Put a face’ on issues with
  back in the late 90’s.           polished student testimony.

  Stopped excess unit fees.        Built coalitions with other
                                   organizations.
  Supported base budget
  increases.                       Hosted the Budget Summit
                                   and other events.
  Restored set aside for
  institutional aid from 25% to    Expanded financial aid to
  33%.                             qualify older students.

  Restored Academic Preparation    Students for California’s
  program funding.                 Future March for Higher
                                   Education.
Student Power!
Coalitions
   Build coalitions: UCSA, CCC Students, CFA,
   CSU, EOP, MALDEF, CalPIRG, UAW, & more
   Annual Student Budget Summit

Organizing
   Campus education, letter writing, call-in days,
   recruitment to events

Lobby Corps
   in-district and at the capitol; budget
   committee hearing testimony.

Media/ Press
  Media events at the capitol and on campuses.
 Contact
For more information about how to get involved contact the California State Student
Association.

Office of Government Relations
921 11th Street, Suite 501, Sacramento, Ca 95814
Office: (916) 441-4514 Fax: (916) 441-6350

Office of University Affairs
401 Golden Shore, Suite 135, Long Beach, CA 90802-4210
Office: (562) 951-4025 Fax: (562) 951-4860


  “The fight for the CSU Budget is a fight for California’s future.”

								
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