Materials and Processes of Outdoor Interpretive Signs

Document Sample
Materials and Processes of Outdoor Interpretive Signs Powered By Docstoc
					Materials and Processes of Outdoor
   Outdoor Interpretive Signs
        Interpretive Signs




                         – CA State Parks
What we will cover…

• Needs

• Budget Considerations
• Examples of Costs
• Design Process

• Materials for the Outdoors
  • advantages                 – Wowhaus & Patricia
                                 Bruning Design
  • disadvantages
What’s best for my project?

  – The material you select should be
    solution driven ….
What’s driving my project?

• ….but it is often driven by
  budget and resources

• What do you need to contract
  and what can you do
  internally?
Budget Considerations:

• You may need to budget for the following:
  – Interpretive Plan
  –   Topic research
  –   Graphic design and text development
  –   Images and illustrations
  –   Fabrication costs
       • panel, stand, tactile elements, installation,
         supervision, etc
  – Annual maintenance and repair
  – Contract administration costs
  – Cost increases from time project is
    scoped to when it finally gets built
How to get good results without a
long arduous journey?

• Hire a designer with a
  graphic and interpretive
  background

• You will still need to
  allocate staff time and
  resources
                             – CA State Parks
Costs: Rio de Los Angeles

 • 2007
 • One kiosk and six trail
 signs
 • Design by CA State Parks
 • Metalwork fabricated by
 Stone Imagery
 •Graphic panels fabricated
 by iZone Imaging                          – CA State Parks


  – Total cost $30K of which $5K for metalwork, $2K for
    the panels
Staff Time: Rio de Los Angeles
 • Environmental Scientist
 • Interpreter
 • Translator for Spanish text
 • Design of the stands
 • Graphic Design
 • Project management
 • Additional fabrication
 • Installation Crew
 • Monitor                       – CA State Parks
Costs: Map Panel

• Pio Pico: 2003
• Designed and
fabrication by Stone
Imagery
• CA State Parks
supplied



 – Total cost $2,500 (in 2003) Minimal staff time
Costs: Heritage Wall Murals

• 2003
• Hand painted

•Designed and
fabricated by the art
students at Rio
Hondo college


 – Total Cost $12,000 (2003)
Steps to designing your sign:
1. Define the project
2. Research
3. Gather graphics, facts, experts   – Artefact Design

4. Layout exhibit with draft text.
5. Write. Edit. Review. Rewrite.
6. Add graphics, captions, fine
tune your design.

Sounds simple
                                       – The Acorn Group
Schematic Design: Define the project

• Walk the trail
• Brainstorm ideas
• Test your ideas
• Consider Accessibility




                           – CA State Parks
Design Development:

• Gather Data and Images
  •Remember to record the sources
• Initial Concepts
  • Layout draft text and images
  • Get rough prices
• Concept Development
  • Refine the ideas
  • Get tight comps of any illustrations
• Formative Evaluation                     – CA State Parks
Design Development:

Final Design
• Final rewrites and proofreading
• Place final art and photos
• Prepare fabrication drawings
• Reviews and approvals
  – Copyrights and permissions
  – Sign offs and approvals
                                    – CA State Parks
  – Accessibility review
Accessibility: Some things to consider
• Location –
wheelchair access
• Surface change for
cane detection
• Type size and contrast
• If it is an interactive, like the rotating – CA State Parks
wheel panel, make sure it can be
manipulated by someone with a closed fist.
Accessibility: Don’t do this
Pre-production, fabrication and
installation:
                 • printing contract

                 • get files ready for the
                 printer

                 • fabrication contract
                 •review of submittals and
                 progress

                 • coordination of installation
Close out:

             • document completion

             • maintenance manual

             • create a trail of who, what,
             where, and when

             • back up of important files
             including working files, cad
             files, image scans
So what material is best?

• It all depends. With today’s technology you
can print on anything.
                                    – Big Picture


• Nothing is
vandal proof
and everything
requires
maintenance
Exterior Grade High Pressure Laminate


(+) Good Color – Resistant to
moisture and temp. Will not
deteriorate if surface is vandalized.
Custom shapes are possible.
Vandal resistant. Self supporting at
½” thickness. 10-year guarantee.


(-) 200 dpi- softer than some other methods
Can be vandalized with sharp objects

                          Aprox. $60-75 per sq. ft. @ ½” thick
               Fiberglass Embedded

(+) Full Color and
resolution.
                                                – CA State Parks
Vandal resistant.
10-year guarantee.

(-) Must be framed or supported.
Problems with fading, yellowing and
material breakdown in high sun areas
Can be damaged by sharp objects
                        Aprox. $40-50 per sq. ft. @ 1/6’thick
                 Fused Polycarbonate

(+) Similar to High Pressure
Laminate but allows for 1400 dpi
resolution.
Image is protected under
sacrificial coat.
Made of 65% recycled content
Can be backlit

(-) The top surface is softer than         – Rhino, Aardvark
HPL so it damages easily. It can             Graphic Solutions
be rubbed out.
                        Aprox. $60-75 per sq. ft. @ ½” thick
                Engraved Stone


(+) Tactile
Elegant look
Handles sun, moisture and
temperature changes well

(-) Can be cracked or broken
with a heavy blunt force
                                    – Stone Imagery

     Aprox. $125-$250 per sq. ft.
            Photo-Etched Stone

(+) Elegant look
High amount of detail
Handles sun, moisture and
temperature changes well

(-) Can be cracked or broken with a
heavy blunt force. Can be refinished if     – Stone Imagery
vandalized by spray paint
                                 Aprox. $350 per sq. ft.
                Porcelain Enamel

                                             – Jerry Stone & Associates
(+) Beautiful color and
image quality
Resistant to vandalism by
painting or engraving.
                            – Image supplied by
25 year warranty              KVO –Leslie Stone
                              and Associates
(-) Cost
Must be framed or supported
Damage due to heavy blunt force            – Deneen Powell Atelier
that cracks the surface and starts
corrosion                              Aprox. $250 per sq. ft.
                  Laminated Print

Flat bed printing technology allows you to
print directly onto materials up to 1- ½” thick

 (+) Cost effective
    Claim- 2 years life span


 (-) Not typically vandal resistant so
 use in a controlled area
                                         –Stone Imagery
           Vinyl - Prints & Banners

You can either print digitally on on vinyl or use
 solid color vinyl.
 (+) Quick production time and low cost
 Good temporary solution at 2 – 7 years
 For a panel use PVC backer
 Available at most local sign shops

 (-) Must be framed or supported if thinner stock
 Prone to fading and not very vandal resistant
                                      Aprox. $10-$13 per sq. ft.
         Hand Made Routed Wood

(+) Warm, rustic and hand
made feel.
Low maintenance
Tactile and easy to touch up

(-) 1” high text is min. size
Clean and seal annually.
                                             – Schmeeckle Reserve
No warranty but estimate 3-5 yrs
before artwork needs to be repainted
Can be damaged by sharp objects and
some chemicals.                     Aprox. $50-$65 per sq. ft.
                                    @ 2” thick cedar
            Machine Routed Wood

(+) More of a precision feel
Finer detail is possible
Tactile and easy to touch up
Can be reproduced easily if needed

(-) Warranty NA Estimate 3-5 yrs
before artwork needs to be repainted           – Wood Products Signs
Can be damaged by sharp objects
and some chemicals.
                                       Aprox. $50-$65 per sq. ft.
                                       @ 1” Exterior Plywood
                    Routed Plastic

                             – Schmeeckle Reserve

(+) Tactile
Recycled material




(-) Low maintenance
Somewhat limited on colors                          – Wood Product Signs
Can be damaged with sharp objects
                                       Aprox. $50 per sq. ft.
                     Other Materials


Porcelain Tile




  – Rohnert Park Library,
  – Images supplied by Tile Artisans   Aprox. $150 per sq. ft.
              Other Materials

Metal
  • There is a lot of creativity
  possible when a material is
  in the right hands




                                   – Deneen Powell Atelier
                 Creative Ideas
Play with the senses and don’t
forget our youngest visitors!




                                   – Deneen Powell Atelier




                              – Image supplied by
                                Stone Imagery
       – Schmeeckle Reserve
• Sandra Farrell
• sfarrell@parks.ca.gov




               – Image supplied by K. Beery
                    Graphic Designers

                         • Acorn Naturalists-Jennifer Rigby
                            •http://www.acorn-group.com/


                         • Artefact Design
                            •http://www.purecorn.com/artefact/index.html


– Artefact Design
                         • Deneen Powell Atelier
                            •http://www.dpadesign.com

                         • Stone Imagery
                            •http://www.dpadesign.com
                    Graphic Designers

                         • Acorn Naturalists-Jennifer Rigby
                            •http://www.acorn-group.com/


                         • Artefact Design
                            •http://www.purecorn.com/artefact/index.html


– Artefact Design
                         • Deneen Powell Atelier
                            •http://www.dpadesign.com

                         • Stone Imagery
                            •http://www.dpadesign.com
       What’s On The Disk

• Folders
   • Designers and Fabricators
   • Graphic Panel Maintenance
   • Handouts
   • Power Point Presentation
   • Resources
   • Sign Materials
   • Web Links
Illustrators


 •Wendy Shaul, wendy357@comcast.net
 916-456-7518


 • Science-Art.com