PEPS: Promoting an Energy- efficient Public Sector OVERVIEW CSD-14 May 4, 2006 Laura Van Wie McGrory Edgar Villaseñor Franco Philip Coleman OUTLINE 1) Why focus on the public sector? 2) PEPS partnership – goals, strategy & current projects 3) PEPS: Future directions Why the Public Sector? 1) Save energy, money, pollution and carbon – Large, cost-effective savings potential (>20%) – Historically low energy prices 2) Policy credibility 3) Market presence – Government is a large % of GDP – Biggest energy user – Biggest buyer of energy-using products 4) Market leadership (influence buyers & sellers) – Entry point for new technology – Implied endorsement – Example for others 5) Support Agenda 21 and Johannesburg Plan of Implementation principles – Integrate energy efficiency into policies, planning, and O&M of . . . public sector. Government:10-20% of GDP 60 Government Spending as % of GDP 50 40 Malaysia Australia 30 New Zealand Mexico 20 So. Korea US 10 Thailand China, Philippines, Russia Japan 0 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 Source: World Bank 2002 Per Capita GDP (US$) Government Leadership Number of Units Transforms the Market Efficiency “Market pull”: standards Information, Rebates, Public Sector Leadership Original Distribution RD&D New Distribution Efficiency Building Blocks of Public Sector EE Program Building Building Tracking Retrofits Benchmarks Savings New Public Energy-Efficient Buildings Purchasing Product Infrastructure: Life-Cycle Testing & Street Lighting Cost Criteria Labels Capable, Trained, & Motivated Staff! PEPS Partnership • PEPS Partners – Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory – ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability – Alliance to Save Energy – IIEC – In-country partners: CSC (China), CONAE (Mexico) • PEPS Goals – Help government agencies achieve direct energy and cost savings, with societal benefits (pollution prevention, reduced pressure on energy supply systems). – Mobilize public buying power and leadership to move the market toward energy-efficient products and services. PEPS Strategy • Information and Decision Tools — Energy savings estimation software (EST) — Guidebook — Website • Technical Assistance to Governments — Mexico — China — India — South Africa — APEC Economies Program Categories 1) Policies and targets 2) Public buildings (existing, new) 3) Energy-efficient government procurement 4) Public infrastructure: efficiency, renewable energy – Water/wastewater, transit, fleets, roads, public lighting and other public services 5) Information, training, incentives, and recognition PEPS Information and Decision Tools • EST (Energy Savings Tool) – Spreadsheet application to estimate savings from E-E purchasing – Translated into Spanish and Chinese – Mexico: Municipalities trained in use of tool to estimate energy, cost, and pollution savings – China: Used to estimate savings from government purchasing of office equipment, lighting, and TVs • Guidebook – Leading the Way: A Guide to Efficient Energy Use in the Public Sector – Peer review – Spring, 2006 – Expected publication – Summer, 2006 • Website: www.pepsonline.org Guidebook and EST PEPS Energy Savings Tool (version 1.0) Website: www.pepsonline.org PEPS in Mexico • Municipal Purchasing Project: – USAID funded – Builds on ICLEI‟s Cities for Climate Protection (CCP) network – Eight cities participated in pilot – Purchasing guidelines and technical specifications • office equipment, interior lighting, public street lighting – Regulations (Normas) drafted for each municipality – Three training workshops • Initial Results (through 2005): – Energy-efficient procurements by four cities – Estimated annual savings in the four cities: • 5,000+ MWh • $726,000 • 3,295 metric tons of CO2e PEPS in Mexico: Next Steps • Expand training to at least 15 new cities in 2006 – Create critical mass of experience to help mainstream EE considerations within municipal procurement processes – Promote sharing of experiences among cities – Emphasis on targeted workshops, web tools, telephone, email – Two small grants awarded to municipalities to assist with purchase of energy-efficient products • Include additional products – e.g., motors, refrigerators, air conditioners, pumping systems • Extend program to federal government – leverage relationship between PEPS and CONAE (PEPS staff member housed at CONAE) • Outreach to Latin American region Lessons Learned (1) • Key mistake: Overly ambitious beginning – Tried to replicate and expand on mature U.S. federal purchasing program in short time frame. – Counted on resources at federal level, without proving concept first. – Focused just on technical tools, rather than reinforcing tool applications through conducting actual procurements to show results. Initial foray with Mexican federal government was unsuccessful; had to be abandoned when key collaborators left agency and critical mass had not yet been reached. Lessons Learned (2) • Start small, get foothold – Started municipal effort with just eight municipalities and eight products. – Launched program within one year, gaining confidence of cities and developing momentum for expansion. – Focused on getting tangible results at a pilot level to allow for stronger expansion and improved government buy-in. – Success at municipal level has resulted in renewed interest (and resources) at federal level. PEPS in China • Partners: – CSC (China Standardization Center, formerly CECP) – National Development Reform Commission – Ministry of Finance • Co-sponsors: Energy Foundation, US EPA • Goals: – Develop and implement mandatory policy for energy- efficient government purchasing – Support expanded public sector efficiency initiative (―short-listed‖ in study for next National Energy Plan) PEPS in China (Cont’d.) • Government Procurement Project: – Energy-efficient government procurement to complement recently adopted testing and labeling – International workshop, Beijing (Sept. 2003) – Procurement Policy Issued (Dec. 15, 2004) • Expanded Public Sector E-E Initiative: – International Symposium, Kunming (Aug. 2004) – China-US Study Tour (Nov. 2004) as groundwork for broader public sector initiatives (2005+) – Public sector energy efficiency on ―short list‖ in study for next National Energy Plan PEPS in China: Next Steps • Aid CSC in implementation of procurement policy • Expand program to new products – Help with product selection, specs development • Tracking and feedback • Harmonize procurement specs with other APEC economies – Initial focus: Japan, South Korea • Help expand the policy agenda for public sector energy efficiency Lessons Learned (1) • Factors contributing to the rapid adoption of the new Procurement Law: – An enabling policy in place – Existing structures on which to build – Immediate need (energy crisis) – Existence of a nationally authorized energy efficiency labeling program – A simple beginning – High-level political endorsement Lessons Learned (2) • The rapid adoption of the Procurement Law came with several tradeoffs: – Low level of authority – Insufficient training – Insufficient information materials PEPS in India: Maharashtra • Funded by USAID Mission and USEPA • Began February, 2005 • Goal: Long-term strategy for public building EE • Activities: – Pilot procurement for energy-efficient lighting – Standard scope and format for building energy audits – Standardize building energy use data collection for benchmarking – Case studies of exemplary projects – Technical assistance in identifying and implementing pilot retrofit projects – Training materials for professionals supporting energy efficiency in public buildings PEPS in India: Next Steps • Follow-on Work with Maharashtra Public Works Dept: Expansion of EPA/AID Work and Proposal to Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP): – Create energy management screening toolkit: • knowledge-based model for more efficient energy auditing • performance-based framework to implement O&M measures – Train building managers and energy auditors in use of toolkit – Develop briefings for executives on positive benefits of timely intervention – Pilot-test application of toolkit in 2–4 commercial buildings PEPS in South Africa • Activities to Date – Energy in Cities Conference; federal workshop (2003) – ICLEI municipal energy-efficiency pilot project - Ekurhuleni (2005) PEPS in APEC Economies • Activities to Date – International Symposium on Government Sector Energy Management (Kunming, China, 8/04); proceedings posted on ESIS Web site – Scoping study for APEC procurement harmonization • Next Steps (proposed projects) – ―Government Sector Energy Management Best Practices (GEMP)‖ – ―Information Sharing on Financing Public Sector Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Projects‖ PEPS: Future Directions • Project follow-through: – China, Mexico, India, South Africa • New opportunities: – Regional initiative in Latin America – Regional initiative in APEC region • New sponsors (“base” funding) • Expand partner base – Europe/OECD/G8 involvement – WSSD Partnership (9/05+) Future Directions (Cont’d.) • Expand/update tools – Disseminate PEPS Guide – Building benchmarking – Project finance toolkit • Capacity building – Working exchange visits – Harmonize government purchasing criteria – International “Standards of Practice” Putting Public Sector Energy Efficiency on the Map EU Purchasing (PROST) ICLEI Workshop APEC, Kunming Beijing US Study Tours ECEEE 2003 „97,‟05 China Kuwait Procurement Mexico India Public Procure- Bldgs. ment Kerala Procurement Workshop Workshops Capetown Energy Cities Conf.