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					Word Endings


Created by Randy Stark and Terry Day 1999
  When to double

                         Examples

  When to just add

                       Try your skills

When to drop the “e”

                         Flowchart
When to double
                          Double when you find a short
                          vowel next to the last letter


           bat ..batting
1) Is it short?
2) Is it next to the last letter?
                                    If yes, then
                                    double the last letter
When to double
Double when you
find a short vowel
next to the last letter
                          sad … sadder
                          wag … wagging
fat ..fatter
                          pot … potted
Should you double?
Double when you find a short
vowel next to the last letter

   run ?         Yes!           running
   walk ?         No
   slip ?        Yes !          slipped
   log ?         Yes !          logger
When to just add
Just add the ending when there
are two letters after the short
vowel or when there is a long
vowel sound


     walk                         walking
          1     2
                                      Just add
When to just add
Just add the ending when there
are two letters after the short
vowel or when there is a long
vowel sound


     land                         landed
         1     2
                                     Just add
When to just add
Just add the ending when there
are two letters after the short
vowel or when there is a long
vowel sound


     rain                         raining
Long a sound                         Just add
When to just add
Just add the ending when there
are two letters after the short
vowel or when there is a long
vowel sound


     weak                         weaker
  Long e sound                       Just add
When to drop the “e”
Drop the “e” on the
end when it is silent

   take          take        taking
 Silent “e”                  Add ending
              Drop the “e”
When to drop the “e”
Drop the “e” on the
end when it is silent

   nice          nice        nicer
 Silent “e”                  Add ending
              Drop the “e”
When to drop the “e”
Drop the “e” on the
end when it is silent

   bake          bake        baked
 Silent “e”                  Add ending
              Drop the “e”
                          Double
Examples
Double when you
find a short vowel
next to the last letter
                           trip …tripped
mad …madder               clip …clipper
trim …trimming            got …gotten
wet …wetter               ship …shipped
                              Just add
 Examples
Just add the ending when there
are two letters after the short
vowel or when there is a long
                                   will …willing
vowel sound

 spill …spilled               print ...printer
 think …thinking                  plant …planted
 want …wanted                 dress … dressing
                              Just add
 Examples
Just add the ending when there
are two letters after the short
vowel or when there is a long
                                   neat …neater
vowel sound

 meet … meeting               eat … eaten
 rain … raining                   clean … cleaner
 sail … sailed                keep … keeper
                        Drop “e”
Examples
Drop the “e” on the
end when it is silent    wave …waving

make … maker             bike … biker
rate … rated             take … taking
face … facing            name … naming
 Find the rule
using a flowchart
Find the last inside vowel.
                              No
Is it a long vowel sound?
                      Yes
Find the last inside vowel.
Is it a long vowel sound?
                        Yes
   Does it use a
   silent “e” at
   the end?
   Yes       No
Find the last inside vowel.
Is it a long vowel sound?
                        Yes
   Does it use a
   silent “e” at
   the end?
   Yes

Drop the “e”
and add the
ending
Find the last inside vowel.
Is it a long vowel sound?
                        Yes
   Does it use a
   silent “e” at
   the end?
             No

             Just add the
             ending
Find the last inside vowel.
                              No
Is it a long vowel sound?
                               Is there just 1
                               consonant after the
                               short vowel?

                               Yes            No
Find the last inside vowel.
                                  No
Is it a long vowel sound?
                                     Is there just 1
                                     consonant after the
                                     short vowel?

                                     Yes

                            Double the last
                            consonant and
                            add ending
Find the last inside vowel.
                              No
Is it a long vowel sound?
                               Is there just 1
                               consonant after the
                               short vowel?

                                              No

                                         Just add the
                                         ending
                                              Overview
Find the last inside vowel.
                                  No
Is it a long vowel sound?
                        Yes          Is there just 1
   Does it use a                     consonant after the
   silent “e” at                     short vowel?
   the end?                          Yes            No
   Yes       No
                            Double the last    Just add the
Drop the “e” Just add the   consonant and      ending
and add the ending          add ending
ending
1 - 10

11 - 20




 21- 30

 31 - 40
cut + ing
A cuting
B cutting
pot      + ed
A   potted
B   poted
take      + ing
A   takeing
B   taking
chain      + ed
A   chained
B   chainned
talk     + ed
A   talked
B   talkked
milk      + ing
A   milkking
B   milking
rut      + ed
A   rutted
B   ruted
blame     + ed
A   blamed
B   blameed
slip     + ing
A   sliping
B   slipping
big      + er
A   biger
B   bigger
eat      + ing
A   eating
B   eatting
want      + ing
A   wantting
B   wanting
pull      + ed
A   pulled
B   pulllled
spell      + ed
A   spellled
B   spelled
big      + est
A   biggest
B   bigest
log     + ing
A   loging
B   logging
cup     + ed
A   cupped
B   cuped
quit      + er
A   quiter
B   quitter
plug      + ed
A   plugged
B   pluged
hand      + ed
A   handded
B   handed
make         + er
A   makeer
B   maker
yell      + ing
A   yellling
B   yelling
pop     + ed
A   poped
B   popped
trade      + ing
A   tradeing
B   trading
face        + ed
A   facd
B   faced
ask      + ing
A   askking
B   asking
flash      + ed
A   flashhed
B   flashed
hike      + ing
A   hikking
B   hiking
small       + est
A   smalllest
B   smallest
braid      + ed
A   braidded
B   braided
great       + est
A   greatest
B   greattest
ship      + ing
A   shiping
B   shipping
joke      + ing
A   jokeeing
B   joking
rule         + er
A   ruller
B   ruler
crawl      + ed
A   crawlled
B   crawled
clean      + ed
A   cleanned
B   cleaned
hop      + ing
A   hopping
B   hoping
need      + ed
A   needded
B   needed
skin     + ed
A   skined
B   skinned
race         + er
A   racer
B   raccer
drip     + ed
A   dripped
B   driped
No

				
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posted:2/22/2008
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