Environmental Issues in Rural Development - (climate change impacts by zqq12999

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									Environmental Issues in Rural
       Development -
  (climate change impacts,
 adaptation and mitigation)
     H t i de Haen, Göttingen
     Hartwig d H    Götti

      Second European Forum on
     Sustainable Rural Development
        Berlin, 18 – 21 June 2007
                   Outline

! Role of agriculture in poverty reduction
! Ecosystem services for rural livelihoods
! Climate change
  ! Scenarios for Africa
  ! Mitigation
  ! Adaptation to climate change
! Conclusions


                                             2
3
Ecosystem Services for Human
         Livelihoods




                               4
                                                  3.1
             Climate zones 1961-90




                                                  3.2
                                                  5

Climate Zones 2080 – IPCC Scenario A1(Source IIASA)
Number of Natural Disasters
       1975 - 2005




                              6
   Impacts of
   I      t f
climate change
     in Africa


            7
                                      Number of Undernourished in Africa
                                        Under Different IPCC Scenarios
                                      350
Poeple at Risk of Hunger (millions)



                                      300

                                      250
                                                                                                              A2
                                      200                                                                     B2
                  H




                                      150                                                                     B1
                                                                                                              A1
                                      100

                                       50

                                       0
                                            2000   2010 2020 2030   2040 2050 2060   2070 2080
                                                                                                          8
                                                                                          Source: Fischer et al.,
                                                                                                  2002
Clean Development Mechanism
     Adaptation to Climate Change
      Examples for Rural Areas
! Impact assessments, monitoring, early warning;
! Land use planning;
! Upgrading physical infrastructures;
! Adapting farming systems, for example:
   ! expanding or improving irrigation systems,
   ! diversifying production structures away from the
     emerging drought or moisture risks,
   ! breeding plants and animals with greater pest
     resistance and tolerance to new stress factors,
! Insurance and new risk transfer mechanisms;
! Adaptations in rangeland and wildlife management.
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Vision for the future




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