Package holiday by qqv75767

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									Package Holiday in Shade



      Term Paper submitted
    For British Culture Course
    To Professor Xiao Huiyun




          Name: Wu Beilin
             No.:0919
                            Package Holiday in Shade
Thesis statement:

    Package holidays have once been very fashionable among people. But with the emergences

of more travel alternatives, the growth of low-cost airlines and accommodation as well as the

independence holidays more tourists want, traditional package tours have lost much of their

popularity. However, package holidays will not die.



Outline:

    Ⅰ. The brief information on package holidays

       A. The definition of package holiday

       B. The development of package holiday

     Ц. The advantages of package holidays in the past

       A. The well-prepared and fixed schedule of package holidays

       B. Safety, reliability and cheap transportation provided by package holidays

       C. Tour guide and ready-made entertainment included in package holidays

     Ш. The increasing drawbacks with package holidays today

       A. Losing popularity with the emergence of more travel alternatives

       B. Not that obvious reliability on package holidays

           1. Declining favourites on package holidays because of cheaper transportation and

              accommodation

           2. Increasing organizations responsible for the safety of independent travellers

       C. Increasing desires to control over the holidays without the preparations made in package

           holidays

    IV. Solutions to the fading package holidays

       A. Measures already being used both in Britain and in China

       B. Suggested ways to promote package holidays

    V. Conclusion
                              Package Holiday in Shade

     A rough idea of the term “package holiday” can be gained by knowing the meaning of

“package”. The exact meaning of a package holiday or package tour is a tour that “consists of

transport and accommodation advertised and sold together by a vendor known as a tour operator.

Other services may be provided like a hire car, activities or outings during the holiday. Transport

is typically a charter flight to a foreign country”1. To explain it in simple way, the package tour

will include getting there and staying there, it may include meals and activities and will usually

include the services of a Holiday Rep while you are on holiday. You pay the money to the Travel

Agent and everything is arranged for you. What you have to do is turn up on the day.


     The first package tour was organised by Thomas Cook. He chartered a train on 5 July 1841 to

take a group of temperance campaigners from Leicester to a rally in Loughborough, twenty miles

away.2 Since then, package holidays developed in a very rapid speed. In 1970s, this new forms of

traveling enabled the British people to go abroad to have a look at the other part of the world.

Then over the past decade, the development of the package holiday industry over the past decade

has given many people in Britain as well as in China the opportunity to visit and spend holidays at

destinations which were previously visited mainly by the rich and fortunate. At that time, Most

UK families chose to go on package holidays because of the convenience they offer. And as

people of that period had limited knowledge on traveling, they completely relied on the tour

operators to decide and prepare everything for them. As a result, packages holidays have

wined a lot of supporters. In the whole tourism industry, it just like a red flower in a

black-and-white film, adding colour to people’s life. Regarding this, several reasons can help to

explain the prosperity of package holidays in the past.


     Firstly, in the old days, people knew little about the outside world. As they desire to know

more and see more, they turned to package holidays, which have prepared and fixed all the

necessary things for tourists. They just paid one all-inclusive price in advance and then everything

— flights, transfers, accommodation and possibly food, outings and entertainment — was laid on
for them. It was as convenient as buying a bottle of cola on the street. Secondly, package holidays

are good value for money because of the safety, reliability and cheap price they provided. The

transportation in the old days was not that well-developed. As a result, people feared to travel to

far away without any guarantee. In this way, package holidays including insurance encouraged

people to travel. Also, the package tour operator needed to make block bookings for travel,

accommodation and so on, so they were able to offer lower prices than you would be able to find

as an individual. Larger operators also offer free or cut-price child places on some of their

holidays. Some do special packages for single parents too. Many people find it reassuring to know

that their holiday is all paid for before they even get on the plane, so that all they need to take is a

little spending money for souvenirs and drinks. Thirdly, tour guide meant a lot to the people in the

past as they had limited access to get information. That is to say, tour guide being a service

including in the package holidays played an essential part in people, especially in young families’

learning the new culture. "This is why lots of people who would previously never have dreamed

going on a package holiday suddenly see the benefits once they have a young family," says Sean

Tipton, "There will be a coach at the airport waiting to take you to your hotel and the places of

interest.”3, Due to the above, package holidays have once been the preference by travelers.


     But in the recent years, package holidays have become less fashionable. Over the past five

years, the UK market for overseas package holidays has grown at the relatively modest rate of just

over 4% a year. This rate of growth is around the same as that experienced in the UK market for

overseas holiday travel as a whole.4 According to the news released in the year 2003, the

popularity of package holidays has been the first time fallen to the lowest point since 1970 and

also “for the first time, the number of families choosing to arrange a trip themselves will outstrip

the number going on package holidays”5. The similar things happened in China as the travel

agencies report that in the year 2005, the overseas package tours have not been able to generate as

much popular interest as usual. More and more tourists together with holidaymakers are turning

their backs on the traditional package holidays. However, these are not unreasonable.


     The disadvantages of package holidays are becoming more and more obvious as the society

is developing. Frankly, package holidays once in the sun are being put in the shade now. First of
all, more travel alternatives such as road trips and online travel clubs are emerging, which lessen

the tourists to book holidays through the travel agency. As is known to all, the people working as

the travel agent or the tour operator are all entitled to earn a living. So when tourists book their

package holidays through the travel agency, there must be a cut from the money they paid, which

is considered to be profits of the agency. In other words, tourists pay more than real need when

booking a package holiday. Resulting from this, greater use of the on-line bookings has simplified

the process as it was cheaper than visiting a travel agent. Statistic shows that about 40 percent of

independent holidays were booked on the internet compared with 27 percent who had gone

through a travel agent.6


     Second, tourists pay lower price for the same thing shown in the travel agency as more

budget airlines and accommodations appear. Air remains the dominant mode of transport used by

UK holiday takers. Three-quarters of all independent holidays are taken from the UK by air.

Low-cost airlines really help a lot in saving money.7 In China, more and more low cost air-tickets

are offered for tourists. But as airplane is not as popular as in UK, the change in this aspect is not

that obvious. Moreover, some organizations responsible for the safety of independent travelers are

developing quickly. For example, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FOC) gives travel

advice and offer help when necessary to the independent travelers. It also holds lecture on how to

act under the dangerous conditions insisting that prevention is better than cure8, while in China,

increasing amount of the self-employed small travel agency offer the same help, but without

holding a lecture.


     Third, package holidays tend to be quite structured, so are not suitable if tourists want lots of

flexibility and freedom on holiday. Mintel said British tourists were likely to book at least 24

million independent holidays in 2004, equivalent to 55 percent of the holiday bookings market -

up from fewer than 22 million in 2003. The number of people booking independently has grown

60 per cent between 1998 and 2004, with expenditure on these holidays more than doubling from

just over £5.5 billion in 1998 to an estimated £11.7 billion in 20049. Travel agencies in China

report a drop in bookings, too, whereas previous years often saw price hikes of up to 20 percent.

These statistics tell us that tourists want to control their own holidays. For instance, they want to
plan their own schedules as package holidays cannot be that flexible; they want to experience the

real traditional culture as in package holidays, tourists only walk around in a hurry having a rough

idea of the city; they want to make friends with the local people, but not to listen to the guide

shouting about when and where to gather.


     There is no doubt that the package holiday is in decline but to use the word “death” would

not be correct. It is more like the patient is sick. Hence, solutions need to be found. There are

measures already being used now. Mark Wright, managing director of independent travel agent

Adventure Company in Britain, said: "We specialise in off-the-beaten-track holidays and have

sold 40 per cent more this year.” A spokeswoman for TUI10 said she has also begun to offer

flight-only deals to meet the change in the demand of package holidays11. In China, road trips

have been organized as package tour in order to attract the rising automobile owners. Promotion is

also necessary. The travel agency must think out some new ideas of organizing package tours.

Like the idea of recreational ecotourism promoted by Jerome F. Agrusa12


     In this paper, I have discussed mainly on the fading package holidays both in Britain and in

China. What I really want to point out is not the disadvantages of package holidays, but how to let

the sun shine again on them. Drawbacks do exist, nevertheless, developing new methods to dwarf

them is much more important. As regards to the current situation in the tourism industry in the two

countries, package holidays will survive and grow more and more prosperous. Finally, they will

become the main force behind the big boom in tourism in the UK and in China.
                                                          Notes

1
     Quoted from Wikipedia
2
     Information from Wikipedia
3
     Quoted from the spokesman for the Association of British Travel Agents
4
     The report UK Overseas Package Holiday Market, Research and Market
5
     Quoted from the news By Kate McKay, Evening Standard
6
     Statistics from a survey by the research company Mintel
7
     Ibid
8
     Information from Travel Advice by Rachel Briggs
9
     Statistics from a survey by the research company Mintel
10
     the parent company that owns Thomson Holidays, Lunn Poly and Britannia Airways
11
     Quoted from the news By Kate McKay, Evening Standard
12
     Dept. of Hotel, Restaurant & Tourism Management, University of Southwestern Louisiana,
     USA




                                     Bibliography

http://thescotsman.scotsman.com/business.cfm?id=2318582005
http://business.scotsman.com/ebusiness.cfm?id=1275312004
Take me on a holiday that helps. Mark Rowe. UK: 2005.

Ecotourism and Sustainable Development of the Maya Rain Forest in Central America.

Jerome F. Agrusa, & Julie Guidry. USA.

								
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