Learning Disabilities and Behavioral Disorders • Boys are approximately three times as likely to be diagnosed with ADD or ADHD as girls. • One study found boys referred for Percentage of Children, age 5-17 w ith ADHD, possible ADD/ADHD approximately 10 Learning Disability, or Behavioral Difficulties, By times as often as girls, leading some to Gender speculate about the possibility of referral 12 10 bias based on a misunderstanding of Percentage 8 normal-range male activity and 6 behavior. 4 Boys • One survey of physicians found that 2 Girls 0 teachers and school personnel are often ADHD Learning Behavioral the first to suggest that a child has ADD Disability Difficulty or ADHD. • Diagnoses of ADD & ADHD have increased among children under the age of seven, including diagnoses of toddlers. • Boys are diagnosed with learning disabilities and behavioral disorders at a rate nearly twice that of girls. • Boys are diagnosed with mental retardation at a rate nearly 1/3 higher than that of girls. • Approximately 50% more boys are diagnosed with speech impairments than girls.
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