Darfur, Sudan: the first genocide of the 21st century Conflict Snapshot: Where we are: R. For five years, the Government of Sudan and its allies the Janjaweed militia have N ile waged a campaign to wipe out the Fur, Massalit, and Zaghawa people. For five years, the Sudanese Army and the Janjaweed have moved from village to village, following the same brutal pattern: carpet bomb the village in the morning, SUDAN ride in on horseback, kill the men, rape the women, burn every last hut, and drive B lu W h ite N ile e N the survivors into the harsh desert. ile DARFUR After five years, over 400,000 innocent Darfuris have been killed, over 2.5 million REGION driven from their homes, and thousands of villages lie burnt and abandoned. How we got here: • The genocide in Darfur began in February, 2003. The US Government called it “genocide” in 2004. Darfur is an underdeveloped and marginalized region in the west of Sudan, which is the largest country in Africa. The region is home to many diverse ethnic groups, all • The government of Sudan and of whom are Muslim and all of whom suffer from a lack of development in Darfur Janjaweed militias have been targeting ethnic minority populations in the region In 2003, a group of rebels from Darfur attacked a government base in attempt to gain representation, development, and rights for Darfur. In order to wipe out the • Their primary targets are members of rebels, the government of Sudan set out to eliminate the entirety of the ethnic the Fur, Zaghawa, and Massalit tribes populations to which they were linked, namely the Fur, Massalit, and Zaghawa tribes of Darfur. • More than 400,000 have been killed, and 2.5 million displaced The government of Sudan recruited and armed militia from rival tribes, known as the • An international peacekeeping force has Janjaweed to assist in waging the genocidal campaign that continues to this day. been authorized and partially deployed, but is under-equipped, under-funded, and short-staffed Why we care: • A peace agreement signed in 2006 has Darfur is the first genocide of the 21st century – it is our mission to ensure it is the been consistently violated since just after last. its signing STAND: a Student Anti-Genocide Coalition, is uniting students around the world to form a permanent anti-genocide constituency. • The rebel groups first involved in the conflict have now split into dozens of We are working towards a world in which the international community protects different factions civilian from genocidal violence and elected officials are held accountable for their • Humanitarian aid workers are often action, or inaction, in the face of genocide. targets of violence, prompting many organizations to cease their operations It is up to students to take the concrete steps to make this genocide-free world a reality. Join the anti-genocide generation. Log onto www.standnow.org • Violence has been increasing in recent months as efforts toward Donations made through STANDFast go directly to Genocide Intervention Network’s Civilian Protection Program. Donations can be made online at www.standnow.org. Learn more about STANDFast and GI-NET’s Civilian Protection Program by visiting STAND’s website, www.standnow.org.
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