Kennedy and Johnson by maclaren1

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									 Kennedy and Johnson




Liberal Ascendancy and Turmoil,
           1961-1961
            1960 Election
• Nixon v. Kennedy
• Catholic Issue
• TV Debate
• JFK through Bobby intervened to secure
  MLK’s release from jail
• Close election—118,000 popular votes
  difference and 303 to 219 in electoral
  college
              JFK Cabinet
• ―Best and Brightest‖ – ―Whiz Kids‖
• ―I just wish one of them had run for sheriff
  once.‖ Sam Rayburn.
• Robert McNamara headed Defense; Robert
  Kennedy was AG
Jack and Bobby
     Apex of American Liberalism
―Let the word go forth from this time and place, that the torch
has been passed to a new generation of Americans

 . . . Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that
we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship,
support any friend, oppose any foe, to assure the survival and
success of liberty;

And so, my fellow Americans, ask not what your country can
do for you—ask what you can do for your country.
    Domestic Policy Initiatives
• Faced opposition from Southern
  segregationist Democrats
• Alliance for Progress
• Peace Corps
• Trade Expansion Act
• Housing Act/Area Redevelopment Act
               Civil Rights
•   Freedom Rides
•   James Meredith and Ole Miss
•   MLK and Birmingham
•   Washington Mall March
James Meredith
              Foreign Policy

•   Bay of Pigs
•   Berlin Crisis
•   Cuban Missile Crisis
•   Assassination of Diem
Lee Harvey Oswald
JFK’s funeral: JFK, Jr., Salutes His Father’s
Funeral caisson, Caroline and JFK, Jr., place
JFK’s P.T. 109 pin on their father’s grave;
Jackie and Teddie walk behind the caisson.
                        LBJ
• Kennedy Assassination     • Elementary and
  and LBJ’s use of it
                              Secondary School Act
• War on Poverty
• Economic Opportunity      • Appalachian
  Bill (Job Corps, Head       Redevelopment Act
  Start, Work Study—etc.)
                            • 1965 Immigration Act
• Great Society
• 1964 Election vs. Barry   • 435 Total Bills of
  Goldwater                   Great Society
• Medicare/Medicaid           Legislation
• 1964 CRA
• 1965 VRA
                Black Power
• Freedom Summer
• Frustration with slow pace of social and economic
  change
• Riots in Watts, Chicago, Cleveland, Newark, and
  Detroit (1965-67)
• Problems with defacto versus dejure segregation
• Black Panthers—Huey Newton and Eldridge
  Cleaver
• Malcolm X
                Vietnam
•   Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
•   1965—Ground troops committeed
•   Mission Creep
•   Ia Drang Conflict
•   Anti-war movement at home
•   Tet Offensive
Vietnamese Civilians Killed by American Service
Personnel at My Lai—March 16, 1968
Search and Destroy Mission
   1968—The Year Everything
        Went Wrong
• Tet Offensive
• Assassinations of MLK and RFK
• Riots and police brutality at Chicago
  Democratic Convention
• Nixon and Silent Majority
Robert
Kennedy

								
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