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[...] al-Walid' s impact and the implications of his complicated character for modern historians will be examined. [...] they appear in widely disparate sources, yet present compatible doctrinal positions.
Reinterpreting al-Walid b. Yazid Steven Judd Southern Connecticut State University Al-Walid b. Yazid (r. 125–126/743–744) is arguably the most viliﬁed member of the Umayyad dynasty. He had the distinction of being the last universally recognized Umayyad caliph, since none of his successors—Yazid b. al-Walid, who deposed him in 126/744, Yazid’s brother and successor Ibrahim, and Marwan b. Muhammad, who sought to avenge al-Walid—gained widespread obedience. Despite the obvious ﬂaws of his detractors and other contemporaries, it was al-Walid who became the caricature of Umayyad depravity, impiety, and licentiousness. Later Arabic sources often used al-Walid to represent the evils of his age,
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