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UNACCEPTABLE SOLUTIONS TO ETHNIC CONFLICT: THE 1923 CALAMITY OF POPULATION EXPULSIONS by ProQuest

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This paper argues that the forced population exchanges that took place in the Balkans after WWI did not result or even contribute to peaceful coexistence between the warring factions. Contrary to the perception that the exchanges proved to be a viable solution to protracted inter-ethnic violence, this paper argues that the succession of violence was not the result of ethnic separation, but the result of positive changes made in the international system and their corresponding impact on local institutional nationalistic agendas. However, the violence continued regardless of ethnic separation whenever the international system failed to reduce the aggressive policies of nationalistic agendas. For that matter, the 1923 population exchanges, far from supporting the notion that they produced stability and peaceful coexistence, produced additional violence and suffering. This case study suggests that forced ethnic separation is a source of further violence rather than a remedy for violence. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]

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