Despite gender equality being recognized as a legitimate goal for humanity and stipulated in the Millennium Development Goals, progress is still slow, with gender norms and perceptions proving a challenge in many countries, including Cambodia. Trade, undoubtedly an important aspect of globalization, has notable impact on growth, employment and business opportunities, according to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. It influences income distribution between men and women, and can have significant consequences for social and gender equality. Cambodia remains one of the poorest countries in East Asia with 34% of households living below the national poverty line. The labor force participation rate for women in Cambodia is very high by regional standards, with 71% of all women aged 15 and older in the workforce. As a country in transition, Cambodia is in the process of implementing the legal frameworks and administrative measures needed to move to a modern and democratic state.